(19)
(11)EP 2 322 291 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.02.2019 Bulletin 2019/07

(21)Application number: 09808016.1

(22)Date of filing:  17.07.2009
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B08B 3/02(2006.01)
G02F 1/13(2006.01)
H01L 21/304(2006.01)
H01L 21/67(2006.01)
B05B 1/20(2006.01)
G02F 1/1333(2006.01)
B05B 13/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2009/003382
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/021080 (25.02.2010 Gazette  2010/08)

(54)

SYSTEM COMPRISING A CLEANING DEVICE ADAPTED TO EJECT HIGH-PRESSURE CLEANING LIQUID AND AN OBJECT TO BE CLEANED

SYSTEM MIT EINER REINIGUNGSVORRICHTUNG ZUM AUSSTOßEN VON HOCHDRUCKREINIGUNGSFLÜSSIGKEIT UND EINEM ZU REINIGENDEN GEGENSTAND

SYSTÈME COMPRENANT UN DISPOSITIF DE NETTOYAGE ADAPTÉ POUR ÉJECTER UN LIQUIDE DE NETTOYAGE À HAUTE PRESSION ET UN OBJET À NETTOYER


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.08.2008 JP 2008213878

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.05.2011 Bulletin 2011/20

(73)Proprietor: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Kobe-shi, Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • AOKI, Yoshiaki
    Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)
  • KUGE, Morimasa
    Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)
  • TSUJITA, Keiji
    Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)
  • TANAKA, Hideyuki
    Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)
  • NOMURA, Mitsuru
    Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)

(74)Representative: Busch, Thomas 
Leinweber & Zimmermann Rosental 7 / II. Aufgang
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2002 045 803
JP-A- 2005 238 109
JP-A- 2002 045 803
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention generally relates to a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus (also referred to as a water jet washing machine) which ejects a high-pressure washing liquid to flat plate materials such as FPDs (flat panel displays), for example, liquid crystal panels, plasma panels, solar panels, or organic EL (electro luminance) panels, large-sized plate glasses, or semiconductor wafers, and washes them. More specifically, the present invention relates to a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus which is used to eject a high-pressure washing liquid (including high-pressure water) to remove contaminants which cause a low yield, such as fine particles, organic matters, metal impurities on glass substrate surfaces in manufacturing steps of the liquid crystal displays or the semiconductor wafers, has a simple structure and achieves a cost reduction.

    Background Art



    [0002] As the above high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus, there has been proposed an apparatus in which a holder attached with a plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles arranged is rotated (moved in a circular shape) or pivoted in a conical shape to eject a high-pressure washing liquid from the washing apparatus to objects in a direction perpendicular to the objects, thereby washing surfaces of the objects with the high-pressure washing liquid ejected from the ejecting nozzles (e.g., see Japanese Patent No. 2705719). This apparatus includes convergent nozzles which eject the high-pressure washing liquid in a single straight-line shape.

    [0003] Commonly, nozzles used in the conventional washing apparatus are cone-type nozzles ejecting a washing liquid spreading in a conical shape or fan-type nozzles ejecting a washing liquid spreading in a sector shape. When these nozzles are used, it is not necessary to rotate the holder in a circular shape or pivot it because a jet of the washing water diffuses with a great width, unlike the apparatus disclosed in the above publication.

    [0004] On the other hand, the washing apparatus in the above publication uses the convergent ejecting nozzles ejecting the washing liquid in a single straight-line shape without diffusing, and therefore, an energy density of the ejected washing liquid is very high and is several tens times as high as that of the cone-type nozzles or the fan-type nozzles. This can remove the contaminants on the washed surface and wash the objects very effectively. However, regions (areas) of the objects to which the washing liquid is applied are very small, and only localized regions are washed. In other words, regions to which the washing water is not applied are large and these regions cannot be washed.

    [0005] As a solution to this, the present inventors discovered a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing method and apparatus in which a plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles eject a washing liquid in a single straight-line shape to the objects to wash them, while moving the objects at a constant speed, the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles are arranged on a common holder to be spaced apart from each other and are oriented in the same direction so as to face the objects, and the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles are rotated integrally with the holder to eject the high-pressure washing liquid to the objects and filed a patent application (Laid open Japenese Patent Application Publication No. 2009-106845.

    [0006] As another prior art associated with the above washing apparatus, there is disclosed a washing apparatus including a detector means for detecting specified regions attached with more contaminants than those of other regions within surfaces of the objects, a retaining means for retaining the objects in a tilted state along a direction in which the objects are conveyed, a conveyor means for conveying the objects retained by the retaining means in the conveying direction, a discharge means for discharging a washing liquid to the surfaces of the objects, and a moving means for moving the discharge means along a width direction of the objects which is orthogonal to the conveying direction, within the surface of the object, and the discharge means selectively discharges the washing liquid to the specified regions (see for example, Japanese Laid-Open Patent Application Publication No. 2006-10947).
    JP 2002-45803 discloses a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus comprising a bar-shaped holder, wherein a plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles are arranged at constant intervals along the longitudinal direction of the bar-shaped holder. The holder is reciprocatingly rotatable along its longitudinal axis within a predetermined rotational angle, and an object to be washed is conveyed in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal axis of the bar-shaped holder or in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the bar-shaped holder.
    JP 2005-238109 also discloses a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus comprising a bar-shaped holder, wherein a plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles are arranged at constant intervals along the longitudinal direction of the bar-shaped holder. An object is conveyed in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal axis of the bar-shaped holder, and the bar-shaped holder is swingable in a direction intersecting the moving direction of the object, e.g. in a direction orthogonal to the moving direction of the object. Thereby, the entire surface of the object is cleaned.

    Summary of the Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0007] As described above, the washing density increases as a rotational speed for rotating the holder in a circular shape is increased, but the holder or the overall apparatus including the holder vibrates growingly. This vibration acceleration increases with a square of the rotational speed. Therefore, in a hand-held washing apparatus disclosed in Patent No. 2705719, it is difficult for an operator to continue a washing operation while holding the washing apparatus with hands. If the number of nozzles attached on the holder is made twice or three times more, an overall length of the holder increases, and an outer diameter of the holder increases significantly. This is unsuitable as the hand-held washing apparatus.

    [0008] The apparatus disclosed in Japanese Laid-Open Patent Application Publication No. 2006-10947 is adapted to intensively wash the specified regions of the objects which are attached with more contaminants and not to wash the entire objects uniformly.

    [0009] A washing apparatus 70 disclosed in the above previous application has a configuration in which a holder 71 attached with a plurality of high-pressure water ejecting nozzles 72 are rotated in a circular shape within a horizontal plane by eccentric rotation of drive shafts 74 at both sides of the holder 71 to carry out washing, as shown in Fig. 12. For this reason, a bending moment of an isosceles triangle shape acts on the holder 71 by a force in Y-direction in Fig. 12. Therefore, the holder 71 needs to have a cross-sectional stiffness to withstand the bending moment. To increase the stiffness of the holder 71, the apparatus increases in size and weight. Correspondingly, eccentric rotation drive units 73 and drive motors at both sides must be enhanced in performance, causing a high cost and an increased vibration to outside things. To ensure a closed washing room 76, it is necessary to provide a predetermined gap (in the direction of arrows G in Fig. 12) between each of supports 75 extending laterally from both sides of the holder 71 rotatable in a circular-shape and the corresponding side wall 77 and to seal the gap. Such a seal structure is complex.

    [0010] The present invention has been developed under the circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide a system comprising a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus and an object to be washed which is simpler in structure than the system of the previous application, and achieves reduction of a size, a weight, and a cost, suppress a vibration of the apparatus during washing, and enables uniform and efficient washing.

    Solution to Problem



    [0011] To solve the above problem, a system comprising a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus and an object to be washed of the present invention is provided in accordance with new claim 1.

    [0012] In accordance with the above configuration, the plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles perform a reciprocating rotational movement (rotational movement occurring clockwise and counterclockwise alternately in repetition) within a predetermined rotational angle around the longitudinal axis of the holder, along with the holder, and the plurality of ejecting nozzles eject the high-pressure washing liquid in a straight-line shape. Therefore, a high washing ability is obtained. In addition, the holder reciprocatingly rotates with the predetermined rotational angle in the direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the holder and the high-pressure washing liquid is ejected uniformly to the substantially entire object over a width direction. Thus, washing unevenness is less likely to occur. Furthermore, if a movement speed of the object is increased, a reciprocating rotation time is reduced, or a reciprocating rotational angle is reduced to achieve high-speed washing, a vibration acceleration of the holder or the overall apparatus including the holder does not increase and a vibration is suppressed.

    [0013] The ejecting nozzles may be arranged along the longitudinal direction of the holder on a lower surface of the holder; the holder may be provided with a high-pressure washing liquid feed passage which extends along the longitudinal direction of the holder in a straight-line shape and communicates with the ejecting nozzles; one end of a flexible high-pressure washing liquid feed pipe may be coupled to an end portion of the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage; and rotary shafts may be attached to longitudinal both end surfaces of the holder such that the rotary shafts are rotatable integrally with the holder.

    [0014] In accordance with this configuration, the rotary shafts at the both sides of the holder are rotatably supported by, for example, bearings, and a reciprocating rotational force is given to the holder via a crank mechanism, a motor, etc to reciprocatingly rotate it. The holder is pivoted around the axis with a pivot range (rotational angle θ) which is as small as about 10 degrees to 30 degrees. Therefore, the flexible high-pressure washing liquid feed pipe is bent to absorb a displacement of the end portion of the holder during the pivot movement of the holder. The high-pressure washing liquid supplied to the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage through the high-pressure washing liquid feed pipe is ejected substantially uniformly from the ejecting nozzles facing (communicating with) the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage.

    [0015] The holder may be a block body having a rectangular cross-section in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the holder, tubular members with a rectangular cross-section which open toward the holder may be provided integrally with one end portions of the rotary shafts, both end portions of the block body may be fittingly inserted into the tubular members, respectively, and each of the end portions of the block body may be fastened integrally to the tubular member by a bolt penetrating the end portion of the block body and the tubular member.

    [0016] In accordance with this configuration, the holder formed by the block body is surely attached integrally to the rotary shaft and it is possible to prevent the bolt from coming loose and the rotary shaft from disengaging from the holder inadvertently.

    [0017] The holder may be supported at both sides thereof such that the holder is rotatable around the longitudinal axis and is movable along the longitudinal direction. The holder may be reciprocatingly rotatable around the longitudinal axis within a predetermined rotational angle and is reciprocatingly movable within a predetermined dimension in the longitudinal direction.

    [0018] In accordance with this configuration, the holder is rotated (pivoted) along the longitudinal axis and performs a reciprocating movement (reciprocating movement in a straight line direction) in the longitudinal direction (long axis) of the holder while the washing liquid is ejected under a high-pressure from a plurality of ejecting nozzles. In addition, there is a time lag between a direction changing point around the longitudinal axis of the holder and a direction changing point in the longitudinal direction of the holder, and therefore, the high-pressure washing liquid is not ejected intensively to a specified region on the object.

    [0019] A common motor may give a rotational force to the rotary shafts of the holder to reciprocatingly rotate the rotary shafts around the longitudinal axis while permitting a reciprocating movement of the rotary shafts in the longitudinal direction, and may give a force (reciprocating driving force in a straight line direction) to the rotary shafts of the holder to cause the rotary shaft to perform a reciprocating linear movement in the longitudinal direction while permitting a rotation of the rotary shafts around the longitudinal direction.

    [0020] In accordance with this configuration, the holder performs a reciprocating movement smoothly in a straight-line shape at constant pitches in the longitudinal direction while pivoting the holder around the longitudinal axis. Therefore, the high-pressure washing liquid is ejected to the object so as to draw a desired oval shape as well as a circular shape to wash it, and washing uniformity is ensured flexibly. In addition, the common motor causes the holder to perform the pivot movement and the reciprocating movement in the longitudinal direction concurrently. Thus, two operations can occur in synchronization with a simple structure.

    [0021] A reciprocating rotation stroke distance of the holder around the longitudinal axis may be equal to a reciprocating stroke distance of the holder in the longitudinal direction.

    [0022] In accordance with this configuration, the washing liquid can be ejected to the object so as to draw a perfect circle shape. The high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of the system of the present invention has a simpler structure than the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of a previous application, and achieves substantially the same washing action as that of the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of the previous application. An acceleration of the holder in the forward and backward direction is balanced more easily than that of the washing apparatus of the previous application. Therefore, the washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of the system of the present invention is handled easily.

    Advantageous Effects of the Invention



    [0023] The high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of the system of the present invention has the above configuration and achieves the following advantageous effects. To be specific, a plurality of ejecting nozzles reciprocatingly rotate within a predetermined angle range around the longitudinal axis along with the holder. During this rotation, the plurality of ejecting nozzles eject the washing liquid to the object under a high-pressure. When the holder is reciprocatingly pivoted around the longitudinal axis, the holder is tilted (e.g., tilting angle of 10 degrees to 20 degrees) with respect to the direction in which the object is conveyed, as shown in Fig. 1A, thereby forming a washing trajectory with a zigzag shape (bellows shape) as shown in Fig. 8B. Thereby, a washing region with a constant width is formed over a width (direction orthogonal to the direction in which the object is conveyed) of the object. Since the object is conveyed at a constant speed to get across the washing region, the washing liquid is ejected to the entire surface of the object uniformly and with a high washing density under a high-pressure, a high washing ability is obtained and washing unevenness is less likely to be generated. Since the holder is pivoted around the axis to perform washing, a vibration acceleration is not increased and a vibration is suppressed even if a high-speed operation is achieved. Thus, a washing effect with a high washing density is obtained. The washing apparatus of the system of the present invention can reduce stiffness of the holder, reduce a weight of a rotation support structure such as bearings, reduce a vibration, and significantly reduce a manufacturing cost, as compared to the washing apparatus of the previous application in which the holder is rotated within a horizontal plane.

    [0024] The washing apparatus of the system of the present invention is installed within a washing room closed, called a clean room, without a need to a provide a gap (between holder support portion 75 and washing room side wall 77) shown in Fig. 12, and therefore a seal mechanism is simplified.

    [0025] Since the holder performs the reciprocating linear movement in the longitudinal direction in addition to the reciprocating rotation around the longitudinal axis, the washing liquid is ejected to the object so as to draw a perfect circle shape or an oval shape and wash it, a washing performance which is substantially as high as that of the washing apparatus of the previous application is attained, a structure is simple and a significant cost reduction is achieved as compared the washing apparatus of the previous application. In addition, by adjusting a timing of the reciprocating linear movement of the holder and a stroke distance of the holder, a washing trajectory with a desired oval shape as well as a washing trajectory with a perfect circle shape is drawn. As a result, washing uniformity is achieved with higher flexibility.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0026] 

    Fig. 1A is a plan view of a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of a system according to the present invention.

    Fig. 1B is a front view of the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of Fig. 1A.

    Fig. 1C is a view taken in the direction of arrows along A.

    Fig. 2A is a cross-sectional view of a holder of the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of Fig. 1A.

    Fig. 2B is a cross-sectional view of the holder according to modification example 1.

    Fig. 2C is a perspective view schematically showing an external appearance of the entire holder of Fig. 2B.

    Fig. 2D is a cross-sectional view of the holder according to modification example 2.

    Fig. 3A is a cross-sectional view of the holder according to modification example 3, taken along a-a of Fig. 3B.

    Fig. 3B is a cross-sectional view taken along b-b of Fig. 3A.

    Fig. 3C is a cross-sectional view taken along c-c of Fig. 3B.

    Fig. 4A is a side view showing a piston and crank mechanism of the washing apparatus of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4B is a cross-sectional view taken along b-b of Fig. 4A.

    Fig. 5A is a view showing a method for changing a pivot angle θ of the holder (ejecting nozzle) in the piston and crank mechanism of Fig. 4.

    Fig. 5B is a view showing a method for changing the pivot angle θ of the holder (ejecting nozzle) in the piston and crank mechanism of Fig. 4.

    Fig. 5C is a view showing a method for changing the pivot angle θ of the holder (ejecting nozzle) in the piston and crank mechanism of Fig. 4.

    Fig. 6A is a side view showing a washing liquid ejecting state of the washing apparatus of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 6B is a view showing a trajectory of the washing liquid ejected from the ejecting nozzle of the holder of the washing apparatus of Fig. 1 onto an object.

    Fig. 6C is a view showing a relationship of a distance (stand-off) from the ejecting nozzle to the object between a location just below the holder and a location of a maximum pivot angle (θ) in the washing apparatus of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 6D is a view showing a relationship of a washing ability between the location just below the holder and the location of the maximum pivot angle (θ) in the washing apparatus of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 7 is a graph showing a relationship between a distance (stand-off) from the ejecting nozzle to the object and the washing ability, and a relationship between the distance and a washing ability corresponding to a time for which the washing liquid ejected penetrates an aluminum foil.

    Fig. 8A is a view showing trajectories (zigzag patterns) of the high-pressure washing liquid ejected from two adjacent ejecting nozzles in the holder of the washing apparatus of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 8B is a view showing a state in which the object is conveyed to get across a washing region formed by overlapping trajectories of the high-pressure washing liquid ejected from four ejecting nozzles, and washed.

    Fig. 9A is a front view and a side view of a state where a washing liquid feed pipe is coupled to one end of the holder of the washing apparatus of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 9B is a front view and a side view of the washing liquid feed pipe according to modification example 1, and a state where the washing liquid feed pipe which is a high-pressure hose is coupled.

    Fig. 9C is a front view and a side view of the washing liquid feed pipe according to modification example 2, and a state where a spiral metal-made washing liquid feed pipe is coupled.

    Fig. 9D is a front view and a side view of the washing liquid feed pipe according to modification example 3, and a state where one end of a stiff fixed washing liquid feed pipe is coupled to an end portion of a rotary shaft via a swivel joint.

    Fig. 10 is a plan view showing a washing apparatus of a previous application, having a configuration in which a holder attached with a plurality of high-pressure water ejecting nozzles is rotated in a circular shape within a horizontal plane while drive shafts at both sides are eccentrically rotated.


    Description of the Embodiments



    [0027] Hereinafter, an embodiment of a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 of the system according to the present invention will be described.

    [0028] Fig. 1A is a plan view of a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 according to the system of Embodiment 1 of the present invention. Fig. 1B is a front view of the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 of Fig. 1A. Fig. 1C is a view taken in the direction of arrows along A of Fig. 11A. Fig. 2A is a cross-sectional view of a holder 2 of the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 of Fig. 1A.

    [0029] As shown in Figs. 1A ∼ 1C, the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 is a swingable (pivotable or reciprocatingly rotatable) washing apparatus, and includes a holder 2 with a circular cross-section. As shown in Fig. 2A, for example, the holder 2 has a structure in which a block-like nozzle unit 4 which is open at a lower end 4a is integrally attached by welding to a lower surface of a cylindrical pipe body 2a in a longitudinal direction and a plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles 3 are arranged within the nozzle unit 4 to be spaced apart from each other.

    [0030] As shown in Fig. 1A, the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 is configured in such a manner that the holder 2 is tilted at about an angle α with respect to a width direction of a rectangular object x and a length of the holder body 2a is not less than a length (length in width direction) across the object x, when viewed from above in a normal line direction of a washed surface of the object x. To be more specific, the holder 2 is disposed such that its longitudinal both ends protrude from the object x when viewed from above. At both sides of the holder 2 outside a washing room 10, rotary shafts 2b are supported by bearing devices 7, respectively such that they are rotatable around a longitudinal axis of the holder 2. Each bearing device 7is formed by a support base including a bearing. As shown in Fig. 1B, the body 2a is disposed inside the washing room 10, and the rotary shafts 2b protrude outward through side walls 10b of the washing room 10 extending vertically. An opening space 10c is formed on each side wall 10b through which the rotary shaft 2b protrudes outward, and a ring-shaped seal is which is not shown is mounted in a gap between the opening space 10c and the rotary shaft 2b.

    [0031] The holder 2 is reciprocatingly rotatable within a predetermined rotational angle θ around its longitudinal axis by a piston and crank mechanism. As shown in Fig. 4B, one end of a lever 21 is attached to the rotary shaft 2b by a sleeve-like rotation transmission member 27 such that the lever 21 is rotatable integrally with the rotary shaft 2b. As shown in Fig. 4A, one end of a crank 23 rotatable in one direction (e.g., clockwise) by a servo motor 22 is coupled to an opposite end of the lever 21 via a connecting rod 24 such that the crank 23 and the lever 21 are rotatable by a crank pin 25 and a piston pin 26. A counterweight 23a is provided integrally at an opposite end side (opposite side of the crank pin 25) of the crank 23. With this configuration, when the crank 23 rotates in one direction (e.g., clockwise), the piston pin 26 of the lever 21 reciprocatingly rotates by θ (e.g., 30 degrees) around the rotary shaft 2b to reciprocatingly rotate the rotary shaft 2b around a center location S. Thereby, the holder 2 reciprocatingly rotates by the rotational angle θ around its longitudinal axis and pivoted, so that a washing liquid is ejected under a high-pressure from respective ejecting nozzles 3 on the lower surface of the holder 2 to surfaces of the objects x.

    [0032] In this embodiment, the ejecting nozzles 3 are designed to reciprocatingly rotate by θ1 of 30 degrees around the rotational center S of the holder 2. As shown in Fig. 5A, a rotation radius of the crank 23 is r1 and a rotation radius of the lever 21 is R1. In this case, a pivot stroke of the lever 2 is S1.

    [0033] To make the rotational angle θ smaller than θ1, a rotational angle θ2 and a pivot stroke S2 can be made smaller than θ1 and S1, respectively by reducing the rotation radius of the crank 23 from, for example, r1 to r2, as shown in Fig. 5B. For example, as shown in Fig. 5C, if the rotation radius R1 of the lever 21 is increased to R2, the pivot stroke of the lever 21 is S1, but a rotational angle θ3 is smaller than θ1.

    [0034] The washing liquid (including washing water) ejected from each ejecting nozzle 3 is ejected in a single straight-line shape under a high-pressure. The washing liquid of the single straight-line shape, which is ejected from the ejecting nozzle 3, has a higher washing ability (washing force). Although the washing liquid ejected from each ejecting nozzle 3 is a single straight-line shape, the holder 2 is pivoted around its longitudinal axis in a state where the holder 2 is slightly tilted with respect to the width direction of the object x, and the object x is conveyed at a predetermined speed by a conveyor mechanism (not shown) such as a roller conveyor. Therefore, by adjusting the speeds of the holder 2 and the object x, the substantially entire surface of the object x can be washed.

    [0035] Fig. 2B is a cross-sectional view of the holder 2 according to modification example 1. Fig. 2C is a perspective view schematically showing an external appearance of the entire holder of Fig. 2B. In this example, the body 2a of the holder 2 is formed by a bar-like block body 31 of a tube shape with a rectangular cross-section. The block body 31 has at a center axis portion thereof a high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32 with a rectangular cross-section, extending along a longitudinal direction thereof. The block body 31 has a plurality of through-holes 33 formed vertically at locations between which the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32 is interposed, at longitudinal both end portions or at locations spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction thereof. The nozzle unit 4 is integrally fastened to the lower surface of the body 2a by bolts 8 with heads 8a, and is formed by a block body having a tube shape with a rectangular cross-section and the open lower end 4c and extending continuously in the longitudinal direction. The nozzle unit 4 has threaded holes 40 into which threaded portions 8b of the bolts 8 are threaded, with the ejecting nozzle 3 interposed between them. In this example, the holder 2 is coupled by large-sized bolts. A washing liquid feed pipe 9 (see Fig. 3B) such as a high-pressure hose formed of flexible metal or flexible rubber and reinforced by winding a metal blade (wire) around its outer peripheral surface is coupled to one end portion of the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32.

    [0036] Fig. 2D shows modification example 2 of the holder 2. The holder 2 of Fig. 2D is basically identical to that of Fig. 2B and is different from the same in that a size and a weight are reduced in the holder 2 of Fig. 2D. In this example, the holder 2 of Fig. 2D is different in that since the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32 has a smaller cross-sectional area, the washing liquid feed pipe 9 is coupled to each of both end portions of the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32. In addition, the holder 2 of Fig. 2D is different in that since a cylindrical potion 4b below the cylindrical portion 4a is larger in outer diameter than the cylindrical portion 4a of the nozzle unit 4 to which the ejecting nozzle 3 is mounted.

    [0037] Figs. 3A ∼ 3C are cross-sectional views showing modification example 3 of the holder 2. The body 2a is formed of a block body of a tube shape with a rectangular cross-section. As shown in Fig. 3A, the body 2a is integral with the nozzle unit 4, and is provided with the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32 with a circular cross-section extending along the longitudinal direction. The holder 2 is provided with the rotary shafts 2b at both sides of the body 2a such that the rotary shaft 2b are rotatable integrally with the body 2a. To be specific, as shown in Fig. 3C, a horse-shoe portion 2c is provided integrally at one end portion of the rotary shaft 2b such that the horse-shoe portion 2c opens in a portion facing the body 2a and opens in upper and lower sides. The body 2a and the both side portions of the nozzle unit 4a are fittingly inserted into the horse-shoe portions 2c of the respective rotary shafts 2b. A through-hole 5 is formed through the end portion of the horse-shoe portion 2c and the end portion of the nozzle unit 4 to penetrate laterally, as shown in Figs. 3B and 3C. They are coupled integrally in such a manner that a bolt 6 is inserted through the through-hole 5, a nut 6a is threadingly engaged therewith, and the bolt 6 and the nut 6a are tightened together. As shown in Fig. 3B, the rotary shaft 2b is provided with a cylindrical protrusion 2d which is fitted into the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32. The protrusion 2d is fitted into the end portion of the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32 in a state where an O-ring 34 is fitted around the protrusion 2d, thereby sealing it. A connecting hole 4d is formed at the end portion of the nozzle unit 4 to connect the high-pressure washing liquid feed pipe 9 such that the connecting hole 4d faces the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32. As shown in Fig. 9A, one end of the metal-made feed pipe 9 which is flexible is connected to the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage 32. The opposite end of the metal-made feed pipe 9 is connected to a high-pressure washing liquid pump (not shown). The high-pressure washing liquid pump feeds the high-pressure washing liquid to the respective ejecting nozzles 3 of the nozzle unit 4 through the metal-made feed pipe 9, and then through the high-pressure water feed passage 32 of the holder 2 which is connected at one end to the pipe 9. The high-pressure water is ejected from the each of the ejecting nozzles 3 in a single straight-line shape. The metal-made high-pressure washing liquid feed pipe 9 may be, for example, entirely gently curved so long as it is flexible. Figs. 9B ∼ 9D show modification examples 1 ∼ 3 of the washing liquid feed pipe 9. Fig. 9B shows a washing liquid feed pipe 9' formed by a high-pressure hose, and Fig. 9C shows a state where a spiral metal-made washing liquid feed pipe 9" is coupled. Fig. 9D shows a state where one end of a fixed washing liquid feed pipe 11 with high stiffness is coupled to the end portion of the rotary shaft 2b via a swivel joint 12.

    [0038] Thus far, several modification examples of the holder 2 have been described as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, but the present invention is not limited to these examples. Although not shown, a downstream side of the high-pressure pump is coupled to a tank storing washing liquid or washing water.

    [0039] Fig. 6B shows a trajectory of the washing liquid ejected from the ejecting nozzle 3 of the holder 2 onto the object x. At location B where an ejecting direction of the washing liquid from the ejecting nozzle 3 of the holder 2 changes into an opposite direction, a pivot movement speed of the ejecting nozzle 3 is zero. Therefore, at the direction changing location B, an ejecting time of the washing liquid with respect to the object x is longer than that of other region. Generally, when the ejecting time increases, the washing ability is enhanced, causing washing unevenness. However, in the washing apparatus of the present invention, its influence is lessened. As shown in Fig. 6C, when a distance from the ejecting nozzle 3 to the object x right under the ejecting nozzle 3 is L, a distance LA from the ejecting nozzle 3 to the direction changing location B on the object x is L/cos θ. When L= 100mm, and θ = 22.5 degrees, LA = L/cos22.5 = 108.2mm. The direction changing location B is 8.2mm farther from the ejecting nozzle 3 than the location A right under the ejecting nozzle 3. As a result, the washing ability is reduced, and therefore a difference in the washing ability is reduced even when the washing time increases as described below.

    [0040] Fig. 7 is a graph showing a relationship between the distance (stand-off) from the ejecting nozzle 3 to the object x and the washing ability, and depicting a relationship between a time for the washing liquid is ejected through an aluminum foil and a distance. As can be seen, the washing ability reduces when the distance increases from 100mm of L to 108mm of LA.

    [0041] Since the washing liquid is ejected to the object x in a direction perpendicular to the object x right under the ejecting nozzle 3, 100% of an ejecting force F of the washing liquid acts on the object x, while an ejecting force Fv is reduced to Fcos θ because the force acts on the object x in the direction changing location B such that the ejecting force Fv is tilted at the angle θ.

    [0042] For the above reason, at the direction changing location B, the washing ability is lower in terms of stand-off and angle than the location A right under the object x. Therefore, an increase in the washing ability which would be caused by the fact that the pivot movement speed is zero, is lessened.

    [0043] In accordance with the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 of the system of the above example, as shown in Fig. 8A, the holder 2 is pivoted (reciprocatingly rotated) around its axis while ejecting the washing liquid in a single straight-line shape from the respective ejecting nozzles 3 under a high-pressure in a state where the holder 2 is tilted at an angle α with respect to a conveying direction (arrow) of the object x. That is, in accordance with the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus 1 of this embodiment, the washing liquid ejected from the ejecting nozzles 3 arranged with nozzle pitches P on the lower surface of the holder 2 is swung, thereby forming a continuous zigzag-shaped washing trajectory J as shown in Fig. 8A. Fig. 8B shows trajectories (zigzag patterns) of the high-pressure washing liquid ejected from the four ejecting nozzles 3. In this example, because of a relationship between the conveying speed of the object x and the pivot speed of the ejecting nozzle 3, the object x conveyed in the arrow direction moves across a washing region K formed by superposing the trajectories of the high-pressure washing liquid ejected from the four ejecting nozzles 3 arranged with nozzle pitches P, as shown in Fig. 8B. As a result, the substantially entire surface of the object x is washed with the washing liquid.

    [0044] Thus far, several examples of the high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus of the present invention are described, but the present invention is not limited to these. For example, although in the above examples, ejecting nozzles 3 are aligned at constant intervals on the lower surface of the holder 2, they may be arranged in two or three rows in zigzag shape at equal intervals.


    Claims

    1. System comprising a high-pressure washing liquid ejecting washing apparatus and an object (X) to be washed, the apparatus comprising
    a bar-shaped holder (2); and
    a plurality of high-pressure washing liquid ejecting nozzles (3) arranged at constant intervals along a longitudinal direction of the bar-shaped holder (2), the holder (2) being supported at both sides in a longitudinal direction thereof such that the holder (2) is rotatable around its longitudinal axis, the apparatus (1) being configured such that the holder (2) is reciprocatingly rotatable around the longitudinal axis within a predetermined rotational angle (d) and that the ejecting nozzles (3) can eject a high-pressure washing liquid to a to-be-washed surface of the object (X) in a single straight-line shape to wash the object (X) while the object (X) is conveyed at a constant speed in a conveying direction with respect to the holder (2),
    wherein the holder (2) has a length which is not less than a length in width direction across the object (X), the width direction being orthogonal to the conveying direction, such that both the longitudinal ends of the holder (2) protrude from the object (X) when viewed from above in a normal line direction of the surface to be washed characterized in that the holder (2) is disposed such that the holder (2) is tilted with respect to the conveying direction by having an angle (α) between the longitudinal direction of the holder (2) and the width direction, when viewed from above in the normal line direction of the surface to be washed.
     
    2. The system according to claim 1,
    wherein the ejecting nozzles (3) are arranged along the longitudinal direction of the holder (2) on a lower surface of the holder (2);
    the holder (2) is provided with a high-pressure washing liquid feed passage (32) which extends along the longitudinal direction of the holder (2) in a straight-line shape and communicates with the ejecting nozzles (3);
    one end of a flexible high-pressure washing liquid feed pipe (9) is coupled to an end portion of the high-pressure washing liquid feed passage (32); and
    rotary shafts (2b) are attached to longitudinal both end surfaces of the holder (2) such that the rotary shafts (2b) are rotatable integrally with the holder (2).
     
    3. The system according to claim 1,
    wherein the holder (2) is a block body (31) having a rectangular cross-section in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the holder (2), tubular members with a rectangular cross-section which open toward the holder (2) are provided integrally with one end portions of the rotary shafts (2b), both end portions of the block body (31) are fittingly inserted into the tubular members, respectively, and each of the end portions of the block body (31) is fastened integrally to the tubular member by a bolt penetrating the end portion of the block body (31) and the tubular member.
     
    4. The system according to claim 1,
    the holder (2) is supported at both sides thereof such that the holder (2) is rotatable around the longitudinal axis and is movable along the longitudinal direction, and
    the holder (2) is reciprocatingly rotatable around the longitudinal axis within a predetermined rotational angle (ϑ) and is reciprocatingly movable within a predetermined dimension in the longitudinal direction.
     
    5. The system according to claim 4, wherein a common motor (22) gives a rotational force to the rotary shafts (2b) of the holder (2) to reciprocatingly rotate the rotary shafts (2b) around the longitudinal axis while permitting a reciprocating movement of the rotary shafts (2b) in the longitudinal direction, and
    the common motor (22) gives a force to the rotary shafts (2b) of the holder (2) to cause the rotary shaft (2b) to perform a reciprocating linear movement in the longitudinal direction while permitting a rotation of the rotary shafts (2b) around the longitudinal direction.
     
    6. The system according to claim 4, wherein a reciprocating rotation stroke distance of the holder (2) around the longitudinal axis is equal to a reciprocating stroke distance of the holder (2) in the longitudinal direction.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. System mit einer Reinigungsvorrichtung zum Ausstoßen von Hochdruckreinigungsflüssigkeit und einem zu reinigenden Gegenstand (X), wobei die Vorrichtung umfasst:

    eine stabförmige Halterung (2); und

    eine Mehrzahl von Düsen (3) zum Ausstoßen von Hochdruckreinigungsflüssigkeit, die in gleichmäßigen Abständen entlang einer Längsrichtung der stabförmigen Halterung (2) ausgerichtet sind, wobei die Halterung (2) an beiden Seiten in einer Längsrichtung davon so gelagert ist, dass die Halterung (2) sich um ihre Längsachse drehen kann, wobei die Vorrichtung (1) derart konfiguriert ist, dass die Halterung (2) innerhalb eines vorbestimmten Drehwinkels (ϑ) um die Längsachse hin und her gedreht werden kann, und dass die Ausstoßdüsen (3) eine Hochdruckreinigungsflüssigkeit auf eine zu reinigende Oberfläche des Gegenstandes (X) ausstoßen können, während der Gegenstand (X) mit einer gleichbleibenden Geschwindigkeit in einer Beförderungsrichtung in Bezug auf die Halterung (2) befördert wird,

    wobei die Halterung (2) eine Länge aufweist, die nicht kürzer ist als eine Länge in einer Richtung der Breite des Gegenstands (X), wobei die Richtung der Breite rechtwinklig zu der Beförderungsrichtung verläuft, so dass beide Längsenden der Halterung (2) von dem Gegenstand (X) hervorstehen bei einer Betrachtung von oben in einer normalen Linienrichtung der zu reinigenden Oberfläche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Halterung (2) derart angeordnet ist, dass die Halterung (2) in Bezug auf die Beförderungsrichtung geneigt ist, indem sie einen Winkel (α) zwischen der Längsrichtung der Halterung (2) und der Richtung der Breite aufweist bei einer Betrachtung von oben in einer normalen Linienrichtung der zu reinigenden Oberfläche.


     
    2. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    die Ausstoßdüsen (3) entlang der Längsrichtung der Halterung (2) auf einer unteren Fläche der Halterung (2) ausgerichtet sind;

    die Halterung (2) mit einem Zufuhrkanal (32) für Hochdruckreinigungsflüssigkeit versehen ist, der sich entlang der Längsrichtung der Halterung (2) in Form einer geraden Linie erstreckt und mit den Ausstoßdüsen (3) in Verbindung ist;

    ein Ende eines flexiblen Zufuhrrohrs (9) für Hochdruckreinigungsflüssigkeit mit einem Endabschnitt des Zufuhrkanals (32) für Hochdruckreinigungsflüssigkeit gekoppelt ist; und

    Drehwellen (2b) derart an beiden Längsendflächen der Halterung (2) angebracht sind, dass die Drehwellen (2b) sich einstückig mit der Halterung (2) drehen.


     
    3. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei:
    es sich bei der Halterung (2) um einen Blockkörper (31) mit einem in einer rechtwinklig zu der Längsrichtung der Halterung (2) verlaufenden Richtung rechteckigen Querschnitt handelt, Rohrstücke mit einem rechteckigen Querschnitt, die in Richtung der Halterung (2) offen sind, einstückig mit einem Endabschnitt der Drehwellen (2b) vorgesehen sind, beide Endabschnitte des Blockkörpers (31) jeweils in einer Presspassung in die Rohrstücke eingeführt sind, und jeder der Endabschnitte des Blockkörpers (31) mittels eines Bolzens, der durch den Endabschnitt des Blockkörpers (31) und das Rohrstück hindurchgeht, einstückig an dem Rohrstück befestigt ist.
     
    4. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    die Halterung (2) an beiden Seiten so gelagert ist, dass die Halterung (2) sich um die Längsachse drehen und entlang der Längsachse bewegen kann, und

    die Halterung (2) sich innerhalb eines vorbestimmten Drehwinkels (ϑ) um die Längsachse hin und her drehen kann und sich innerhalb einer vorbestimmten Abmessung in der Längsrichtung hin und her bewegen kann.


     
    5. System nach Anspruch 4, wobei ein gemeinsamer Motor (22) den Drehwellen (2b) der Halterung (2) eine Drehkraft verleiht, um die Drehwellen (2b) um die Längsachse hin und her zu drehen, während eine Hin-und-Her-Bewegung der Drehwellen (2b) in der Längsrichtung erlaubt wird, und
    wobei der gemeinsame Motor (22) den Drehwellen (2b) der Halterung (2) eine Antriebskraft verleiht, um zu bewirken, dass die Drehwellen (2b) eine Hin-und-Her-Bewegung in der Längsrichtung ausführen, während eine Drehbewegung der Drehwellen (2b) um die Längsrichtung erlaubt wird.
     
    6. System nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine hin- und hergehende Rotationshublänge der Halterung (2) um die Längsachse gleich einer hin- und hergehenden Hublänge der Halterung (2) in der Längsrichtung ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système comprenant un dispositif de lavage par éjection de liquide de lavage à haute pression et un objet (X) à laver, le dispositif comprenant :

    un support (2) en forme de barre, et

    une pluralité de buses d'éjection (3) de liquide de lavage à haute pression agencées à intervalles constants dans le sens longitudinal du support (2) en forme de barre, le support (2) étant supporté de chaque côté dans son sens longitudinal de manière que le support (2) puisse tourner sur son axe longitudinal, le dispositif (1) étant conçu de manière que le support (2) puisse tourner en va-et-vient sur l'axe longitudinal selon un angle de rotation prédéterminé (ϑ) et de manière que les buses d'éjection (3) puissent éjecter un liquide de lavage à haute pression vers une surface à laver de l'objet (X) pendant que l'objet (X) est transporté à une vitesse constante dans un sens de transport relatif au support (2) ;

    le support (2) présentant une longueur qui n'est pas inférieure à une longueur dans le sens de la largeur de l'objet (X), le sens de la largeur étant orthogonal au sens de transport, si bien que les deux extrémités longitudinales du support (2) ressortent de l'objet (X), selon une vue de dessus dans le sens linéaire normal de la surface à laver, caractérisé en ce que le support (2) est disposé de manière que le support (2) soit incliné par rapport au sens de transport en présentant un angle (α) entre le sens longitudinal du support (2) et le sens de la largeur, selon une vue de dessus dans le sens linéaire normal de la surface à laver.


     
    2. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    les buses d'éjection (3) sont agencées le long du sens longitudinal du support (2) sur une surface inférieure du support (2),

    le support (2) est doté d'un passage d'amenée (32) de liquide de lavage à haute pression orienté dans le sens longitudinal du support (2) selon une forme rectiligne et communiquant avec les buses d'éjection (3),

    une extrémité d'un tuyau flexible d'amenée (9) de liquide de lavage à haute pression est couplée à une partie terminale du passage d'amenée (32) de liquide de lavage à haute pression, et

    des arbres rotatifs (2b) sont rattachés aux deux surfaces terminales longitudinales du support (2) de manière que les arbres rotatifs (2b) puissent tourner d'un seul tenant avec le support (2).


     
    3. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :
    le support (2) est un corps formant bloc (31) présentant une section transversale rectangulaire dans un sens orthogonal au sens longitudinal du support (2), des éléments tubulaires de section transversale rectangulaire ouverts vers le support (2) sont prévus d'un seul tenant avec une partie terminale des arbres rotatifs (2b), les deux parties terminales du corps formant bloc (31) étant respectivement introduites avec ajustement dans les éléments tubulaires, chacune des parties terminales du corps formant bloc (31) étant fixée solidaire de l'élément tubulaire par un boulon pénétrant dans la partie terminale du corps formant bloc (31) et l'élément tubulaire.
     
    4. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    le support (2) est supporté des deux côtés de manière que le support (2) puisse tourner sur l'axe longitudinal et soit mobile le long du sens longitudinal, et

    le support (2) peut tourner en va-et-vient sur l'axe longitudinal selon un angle de rotation prédéterminé (ϑ) et est mobile en va-et-vient selon une dimension prédéterminée dans le sens longitudinal.


     
    5. Système selon la revendication 4, dans lequel un moteur commun (22) transmet une force de rotation aux arbres rotatifs (2b) du support (2) permettant de faire tourner en va-et-vient les arbres rotatifs (2b) sur l'axe longitudinal tout en permettant un mouvement de va-et-vient des arbres rotatifs (2b) dans le sens longitudinal, et
    le moteur commun (22) transmet une force aux arbres rotatifs (2b) du support (2) pour amener les arbres rotatifs (2b) à réaliser un mouvement linéaire de va-et-vient dans le sens longitudinal tout en permettant la rotation des arbres rotatifs (2b) autour du sens longitudinal.
     
    6. Système selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la longueur d'une course de rotation en va-et-vient du support (2) sur l'axe longitudinal est égale à la longueur d'une course en va-et-vient du support (2) dans le sens longitudinal.
     




    Drawing



































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description