(19)
(11)EP 2 333 347 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/44

(21)Application number: 10193404.0

(22)Date of filing:  02.12.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04D 29/32  (2006.01)
F04D 29/66  (2006.01)

(54)

Axial flow fan with hub isolation slots

Axialstromlüfter mit Nabenisolationsschlitzen

Ventilateur à flux axial avec fentes d'isolation du moyeu


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 03.12.2009 US 630122

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.06.2011 Bulletin 2011/24

(73)Proprietor: Robert Bosch GmbH
70469 Stuttgart (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Nicgorski, Dana F.
    Salem, Massachusetts 01970 (US)
  • Sterne, Adam H.
    Boca Raton, FL 33486 (US)
  • Strupp, Michael
    76448 Durmersheim (DE)

(74)Representative: DREISS Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Friedrichstrasse 6
70174 Stuttgart
70174 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102005 006 183
FR-A1- 2 816 380
DE-U1- 9 205 097
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to axial flow fans as defined in the preamble of claim 1, and more particularly to axial flow fans for use in vehicle engines-cooling systems. Such an axial flow fan is known of from DE102005 006183.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Typical vehicle engine-cooling systems include an electric motor and an axial flow fan coupled to an output shaft of the motor. Axial flow fans typically include a hub coupled to the output shaft of the motor and a plurality of blades extending radially from the hub. The hub of the axial flow fan is typically shaped to allow the motor to be at least partially recessed into the hub to reduce the space requirement of the assembled motor and axial flow fan. A plurality of radially-extending ribs are also typically incorporated with the hub to stiffen the structure of the axial flow fan. If a ventilated or air-cooled motor is employed, the ribs may also help cool the motor by functioning as a centrifugal fan to pull cooling air through the motor.

    [0003] Axial flow fans are often designed to minimize noise and vibration during operation. Some vehicle engine-cooling systems may suffer from higher than desirable levels of noise, vibration, and harshness ("NVH") caused by, for example, motor cogging torque, axial cogging forces, torque ripple, and axial ripple forces which can excite resonant modes in the structure of the axial flow fan. To reduce the NVH caused by the axial flow fan, isolation apertures or slots are often formed in the hub of the axial flow fan.

    [0004] DE 10 2005 006 183 A1 relates to an axial flow fan having a hub with apertures. Axially extending protrusions are provided coaxially to the apertures.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] When using isolation apertures or slots in the hub, however, small amounts of water or other liquids may pass through the isolation slots during operation of the vehicle and contact the motor recessed within the hub, potentially causing damage to the motor.

    [0006] The invention provides, in one aspect, an axial flow fan including a hub rotatable about a central axis. The hub includes a front face and a cylindrical portion. The axial flow fan also includes a plurality of blades extending radially outwardly from the cylindrical portion of the hub, and an aperture through the front face of the hub. The aperture is at least partially defined by a first surface oriented non-parallel with the front face. The axial flow fan further includes a lip positioned on an interior surface of the front face of the hub, the lip having a second surface adjacent the first surface that at least partially overlaps the aperture and provides a tortuous passageway through the aperture, and a rib extending radially along the interior surface of the front face of the hub.

    [0007] Other features and aspects of the invention will become apparent by consideration of the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] 

    FIG. 1 is a front perspective view of a first construction of an axial flow fan of the invention.

    FIG. 2 is a rear perspective view of a portion of the axial flow fan of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is a front view of a portion of the axial flow fan of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 1 along line 4-4 in FIG. 3.

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 1 along line 5-5 in FIG. 3.

    FIG. 6 is a front perspective view of a second construction of an axial flow fan of the invention.

    FIG. 7 is a rear perspective view of a portion of the axial flow fan of FIG. 6.

    FIG. 8 is a front view of a portion of the axial flow fan of FIG. 6.

    FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 6 along line 9-9 in FIG. 8.

    FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the axial flow fan of FIG. 6 along line 10-10 in FIG. 8.



    [0009] Before any embodiments of the invention are explained in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the following drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways. If within the scope of the appended claims.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] FIG. 1 illustrates a first construction of an axial flow fan 10 of the invention. Although not shown, the fan 10 may be coupled to an output shaft of a motor (e.g., an electric motor) which, in turn, may be supported by a fan shroud or another component in the vehicle engine-cooling system in which the fan 10 is utilized. The fan shroud may be positioned adjacent a heat exchanger (e.g., a radiator), such that rotation of the fan 10 about a central axis 16 generates an airflow through the heat exchanger.

    [0011] The fan 10 includes a hub 14 having a front face 18 that extends in a generally radial direction with respect to the central axis 16, and is coupled to the output shaft of the motor for co-rotation with the output shaft. The front face 18 may be coupled to the motor output shaft using any of a number of components and methods known in the art (e.g., using fasteners or clips, by welding, using adhesives, using an interference or press-fit, etc.). Further, the front face 18 of the hub 14 may be coupled directly to the motor output shaft, or an adapter may be used between the front face 18 of the hub 14 and the motor output shaft. Although the front face 18 of the hub 14 is illustrated as having a draft angle and a circumferential groove 22 formed therein (see also FIG. 5), the front face 18 may alternatively be substantially flat or planar, and the groove 22 may be omitted.

    [0012] With reference to FIG. 1, the hub 14 also includes a cylindrical portion 26 extending axially from the front face 18, in the direction of the central axis 16. Although not shown, the motor is at least partially recessed into the hub 14 when attached to the fan 10, such that the cylindrical portion 26 of the hub 14 at least partially overlaps the motor housing. Alternatively, the motor may be coupled to the fan 10 such that the motor is not recessed into the hub 14. With continued reference to FIG. 1, the fan 10 also includes a plurality of blades 30 extending radially outwardly from the cylindrical portion 26 of the hub 14. The tips of the blades 30 are interconnected by a band 34 extending circumferentially around the fan 10. The band 34 may help stabilize the tips of the blades 30 during rotation of the fan 10, however, the band 34 may be omitted in alternative constructions of the fan 10.

    [0013] With reference to FIG. 2, the fan 10 further includes a plurality of ribs 38 coupled to the hub 14 and arrayed about the central axis 16. Specifically, the ribs 38 extend from an interior side 42 of the hub 14, and extend both in a radial direction along the front face 18 and in an axial direction along the cylindrical portion 26 of the hub 14. As such, the ribs 38 are generally L-shaped as shown in FIG. 2, however, other shapes may be utilized to conform with the shape of the hub 14. In the illustrated construction of the axial flow fan 10, the ribs 38 are evenly distributed about the hub 14 to structurally reinforce the front face 18 and the cylindrical portion 26 of the hub 14. Alternatively, the ribs 38 may be unequally or irregularly spaced or distributed about the hub 14. In addition, the ribs 38 function as centrifugal fan blades when the fan 10 is rotated to generate an airflow through or around the motor to cool the motor. Alternatively, the ribs 38 may be primarily configured to generate an airflow through or around the motor, without structurally reinforcing the hub14.

    [0014] With reference to FIGS. 1 and 3, the fan 10 includes a plurality of isolation apertures or slots 46 through the front face 18 of the hub 14. In the illustrated construction of the axial flow fan 10, the slots 46 are evenly distributed or arrayed about the central axis 16 to attenuate or damp any NVH emanated by the fan 10. Alternatively, the slots 46 may be unevenly distributed about the central axis 16, or distributed on the hub 14 in any of a number of different ways or patterns according to the particular NVH characteristics of the fan 10. Each of the slots 46 is generally shaped as an "I," having a radially-extending portion 50 disposed between spaced generally laterally-extending portions 54, 58. In the illustrated construction of the fan 10, each of the laterally-extending portions 54, 58 of each of the slots 46 is oriented circumferentially with respect to the central axis 16. However, the laterally-extending portions 54, 58 are each generally oriented at a right angle with respect to the length of the radially-extending portion 50 of the slot 46. Further, the laterally-extending portion 54 of each of the slots 46 nearer the central axis 16 has a shorter circumferential length than the laterally-extending portion 58 of the respective slots 46 further from the central axis 16. Alternatively, the laterally-extending portions 54, 58 of the slots 46 may have different lengths than that shown in the drawings.

    [0015] With respect to FIG. 4, the ribs 38 are angularly aligned, with respect to the central axis 16, with the radially-extending portion 50 of the respective slots 46. In addition, each of the ribs 38 includes a free edge 62 that lies in a plane 66 substantially parallel to and spaced from an interior surface 70 of the front face 18 (see FIG. 5). As a result, the free edge 62 of each of the ribs 38 is unattached to the interior surface 70 of the front face 18 along the length of the radially-extending portion 50 of the slot 46 with which the ribs 38 are associated.

    [0016] With continued reference to FIG. 5, the axial fan 10 includes a lip 74 at least partially overlapping the laterally-extending portion 54 of each of the slots 46. Specifically, the laterally-extending portion 54 of each of the slots 46 is at least partially defined by a first surface 78 oriented non-parallel with the front face 18, and the lip 74 includes a second surface 82 adjacent the first surface 78 that at least partially overlaps the laterally-extending portion 54 of the slot 46. In other words, the first surface 78 and the second surface 82 share a common edge 86 or intersect each other at the common edge 86. Further, the lip 74 overlaps the laterally-extending portion 54 of the slot 46 on the interior side 42 of the hub 14, such that the lip 74 extends over, underlies, or covers at least a portion of the laterally-extending portion 54 of the slot 46 proximate the interior surface 70 of the front face 18. Alternatively, the lip 74 may be positioned to overlap, overlie, or cover at least a portion of the laterally-extending portion 54 of the slot 46 proximate an exterior surface 90 of the front face 18.

    [0017] In the illustrated construction of the axial fan 10, the second surface 82 of each lip 74 is substantially coplanar with the plane 66 and the free edge 62 of the rib 38 with which the lip 74 is associated. Consequently, the second surface 82 of each of the lips 74 is also unattached to the interior surface 70 of the front face 18 along the length of the laterally-extending portion 54 of each of the respective slots 46. Alternatively, the second surface 82 may be misaligned with the plane 66, such that the second surface 82 is disposed either above or below the plane 66.

    [0018] With reference to FIG. 4, each of the ribs 38 includes opposed first and second sides 94, 98 defining therebetween the thickness of the rib 38. While the lip 74 shown in cross-section in FIG. 5 is coupled to and extends from the first side 94 of the rib 38, the axial fan 10 includes a second lip 102 coupled to and extending from the second side 98 of each of the ribs 38 (see FIG. 2). In a similar manner as the first lip 74, the second lip 102 includes a third surface 106 (see FIG. 3) adjacent the first surface 78 to at least partially overlap or underlie the laterally-extending portion 54 of the slot 46. The first and second lips 74, 102 are substantially identical, such that the respective surfaces 82, 106 of the lips 74, 102 are coplanar with each other and coplanar with the free edge 62 of the respective rib 38 to which the lips 74, 102 are coupled. As a result, the respective surfaces 82, 106 of the first and second lips 74, 102 and the free edge 62 of the associated rib 38 appear to be a continuous surface along the length of the laterally-extending portion 54 of each of the slots 46. Alternatively, the respective surfaces 82, 106 of the lips 74, 102 may not be coplanar with the free edge 62 of the rib 38, such that the collective surfaces of the lips 74, 102 and the rib 38 when viewed through the laterally-extending portion 54 of each of the slots 46 would appear to be discontinuous. As a further alternative, the lips 74, 102 may be combined and formed as a single, continuous piece that is separate and distinct from the rib 38.

    [0019] With reference to FIG. 5, the axial fan 10 includes a third lip 110 extending from the first side 94 of each of the ribs 38, and a fourth lip 114 (see FIGS. 2 and 3) extending from the second side 98 of each of the ribs 38 to at least partially overlap the laterally-extending portion 58 of each of the slots 46. Specifically, the laterally-extending portion 58 of each of the slots 46 is at least partially defined by a surface 118 (see FIG. 5) oriented non-parallel with the front face 18, and each of the lips 110, 114 includes a surface 122, 126 adjacent the surface 118 that at least partially overlaps the laterally-extending portion 58 of the slot 46. In other words, the respective surfaces 118, 122 and 118, 126 share a common edge 130 or intersect each other at the common edge 130. Further, the lips 110, 114 overlap the laterally-extending portion 58 of the slot 46 on the interior side 42 of the hub 14, such that the lips 110, 114 extend over, underlie, and cover at least a portion of the laterally-extending portion 58 of the slot 46 proximate the interior surface 70 of the front face 18. Alternatively, one or both of the lips 110, 114 may be positioned to overlap or cover at least a portion of the laterally-extending portion 58 of the slot 46 proximate the exterior surface 90 of the front face 18.

    [0020] In the illustrated construction of the axial fan 10, the respective surfaces 122, 126 of the lips 110, 114 are substantially coplanar with the plane 66 and the free edge 62 of the ribs 38 with which the lips 110, 114 are associated. Consequently, the respective surfaces 122, 126 of the lips 110, 114 are also unattached to the interior surface 70 of the front face 18 along the length of the laterally-extending portion 58 of each of the respective slots 46.

    [0021] The third and fourth lips 110, 114 are substantially identical, such that the respective surfaces 122, 126 of the lips 110, 114 are coplanar with each other and coplanar with the free edge 62 of the respective rib 38 to which the lips 110, 114 are coupled. As a result, the respective surfaces 122, 126 of the third and fourth lips 110, 114 and the free edge 62 of the associated rib 38 appear to be a continuous surface along the length of the laterally-extending portion 58 of each of the slots 46. Alternatively, the respective surfaces 122, 126 of the lips 110, 114 may not be coplanar with the free edge 62 of the rib 38, such that the collective surfaces 122, 126 of the lips 118, 122 and the free edge 62 of the rib 38 when viewed through the laterally-extending portion 58 of each of the slots 46 would appear to be discontinuous. As a further alternative, the lips 110, 114 may be combined and formed as a single, continuous piece that is separate and distinct from the rib 38.

    [0022] In the illustrated construction of the axial fan 10, the lips 74, 102, 110, 114 are integrally formed with the ribs 38 and the front face 18 as a single piece (e.g., using a molding process, a casting process, etc.). Alternatively, the lips 74, 102, 110, 114 may be configured as separate and distinct components from the ribs 38 and the front face 18, and the separate lips 74, 102, 110, 114 may be attached to the front face 18 in any of a number of different ways (e.g., by fastening, welding, brazing, adhering, etc.). As a further alternative, some or all of the lips 74, 102, 110, 114 may be integrally formed on an intermediate plate, and the intermediate plate may be attached to the front face 18 in any of a number of different ways (e.g., by fastening, welding, brazing, adhering, etc.).

    [0023] During the operation of the axial flow fan 10, the combination of the free edges 62 of the respective ribs 38 being aligned with the corresponding radially-extending portions 50 of each of the slots 46, and the lips 74, 102 and 110, 114 overlapping the laterally-extending portions 54, 58 of each of the slots 46, provides a tortuous passageway through each of the slots 46, thereby reducing the amount of water or liquid intrusion through the front face 18 of the hub 14. In other words, any water that may enter the slots 46 from the exterior surface 90 cannot pass directly through the front face 18 and the interior 42 of the hub 14 via a straight-line pathway. The surfaces 82, 106, 122, 126 and the free edges 62 of the respective ribs 38 prevent any straight-line passage of water through the front face 18. This functionality is achieved while at the same time not affecting the attenuating or damping function of the isolation slots 46.

    [0024] FIG. 6 illustrates a second construction of an axial flow fan 10a of the invention, with like components being labeled with like reference numerals, with the letter "a." With reference to FIGS. 6 and 8, the fan 10a includes a plurality of isolation apertures or slots 134 through the front face 18a of the hub 14a. In the illustrated construction of the axial flow fan 10a, the slots 134 are evenly distributed or arrayed about the central axis 16a to attenuate or damp any NVH emanated by the fan 10a. Alternatively, the slots 134 may be unevenly distributed about the central axis 16a, or distributed on the hub 14a in any of a number of different ways or patterns according to the particular NVH characteristics of the fan 10a. Each of the slots 134 is oriented on the front face 18a in a radial direction with respect to the central axis 16a.

    [0025] With reference to FIGS. 7 and 9, the ribs 38a are angularly aligned, with respect to the central axis 16, with only some of the slots 134. Particularly, the ribs 38a are angularly aligned with every other slot 134 or alternating slots 134 in the array. Alternatively, the ribs 38a may be aligned with some of the slots 134 in any of a number of different patterns. With reference to FIG. 10, each of the ribs 38a includes a free edge 62a that lies in a plane 66a substantially parallel to and spaced from an interior surface 70a of the front face 18a. As a result, the free edge 62a of each of the ribs 38a is unattached to the interior surface 70a of the front face 18a along the length of the slot 134.

    [0026] With reference to FIG. 9, the axial fan 10a includes a lip 138 at least partially overlapping each of the slots 134 which are not aligned with a corresponding rib 38a. Specifically, each of the slots 134 is at least partially defined by a surface 142 oriented non-parallel with the front face 18a, and the lip 138 includes a surface 146 adjacent the surface 142 that at least partially overlaps the slot 134. In other words, the two surfaces 142, 146 share a common edge 150 or intersect each other at the common edge 150. Further, the lip 138 overlaps the slot 134 on the interior side 42a of the hub 14a, such that the lip 138 extends over, underlies, and covers at least a portion of the slot 134 proximate the interior surface 70a of the front face 18a. Alternatively, the lip 138 may be positioned to overlap, overlie, or cover at least a portion of the slot 134 proximate an exterior surface 90a of the front face 18a.

    [0027] In the illustrated construction of the axial fan 10a, the surface 146 of each of the lips 138 is spaced from the interior surface 70a of the front face 18a in a direction parallel with the central axis 16a. Consequently, the surface 146 of each of the lips 138 is unattached to the interior surface 70a of the front face 18a along the length of the slot 134. In the illustrated construction of the axial fan 10a, the lips 138 are integrally formed with the front face 18a as a single piece (e.g., using a molding process, a casting process, etc.). Alternatively, the lips 138 may be configured as separate and distinct components from the front face 18a, and the separate lips 138 may be attached to the front face 18a in any of a number of different ways (e.g., by fastening, welding, brazing, adhering, etc.). As a further alternative, some or all of the lips 138 may be integrally formed on an intermediate plate, and the intermediate plate may be attached to the front face 18a in any of a number of different ways (e.g., by fastening, welding, brazing, adhering, etc.).

    [0028] During the operation of the axial flow fan 10a, the combination of the free edges 62a of the respective ribs 38a being aligned with some of the slots 134, and the lips 138 overlapping the remainder of the slots 134, provides a tortuous passageway through each of the slots 134, thereby reducing the amount of water or liquid intrusion through the front face 18a of the hub 14a. In other words, any water that may enter the slots 134 from the exterior surface 90a cannot pass directly through the front face 18a and the interior 42a of the hub 14a via a straight-line pathway. The surfaces 146 of the respective lips 138 and the free edges 62a of the respective ribs 38a prevent any straight-line passage of water through the front face 18a. This functionality is achieved while at the same time not affecting the attenuating or damping function of the isolation slots 134.


    Claims

    1. An axial flow fan (10; 10a) comprising:

    a hub (14; 14a) rotatable about a central axis (16; 16a), the hub (14; 14a) including a front face (18; 18a) and a cylindrical portion (26; 26a);

    a plurality of blades (30; 30a) extending radially outwardly from the cylindrical portion (26; 26a) of the hub (14; 14a); and

    an aperture (46) through the front face (18; 18a) of the hub (14; 14a), the aperture (46) at least partially defined by a first surface (78; 142) oriented non-parallel with the front face (18; 18a);

    characterized in that it further comprises:

    a lip (74; 138) positioned on an interior surface (70; 70a) of the front face (18; 18a) of the hub (14; 14a), the lip (74) having a second surface (82; 146) adjacent the first surface (78; 142) that at least partially overlaps the aperture (46) and provides a tortuous passageway through the aperture (46); and

    a rib (38) extending radially along the interior surface (70; 70a) of the front face (18; 18a) of the hub (14; 14a).


     
    2. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 1, wherein the first surface (78; 142) and the second surface (82; 146) share a common edge (86; 150).
     
    3. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 1, wherein the lip (74; 138) at least partially overlaps the aperture (46) on an interior side of the hub (14; 14a).
     
    4. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 1, wherein the second surface (82; 146) lies in a plane substantially parallel to and spaced from the interior surface (70; 70a) of the front face (18; 18a).
     
    5. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 1, wherein the aperture (46) includes a radially-extending, first portion (50) and a second portion (54) extending substantially laterally from the first portion (50), and wherein the second surface (82; 146) of the lip (74; 138) at least partially overlaps the second portion (54) of the aperture (46).
     
    6. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 5, wherein the rib (38; 38a) is aligned with the radially-extending, first portion (50) of the aperture (46).
     
    7. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 6, wherein the rib (38; 38a) includes an edge 62; 62a) that lies in a plane substantially parallel to and spaced from the interior surface (70; 70a) of the front face (18; 18a).
     
    8. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 6, wherein the rib (38; 38a) includes opposed first and second sides (94, 98) defining a thickness of the rib (38; 38a), and wherein the lip (74; 138) is coupled to and extends from the first side (94) of the rib (38).
     
    9. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 8, wherein the lip is a first lip (74), wherein the axial flow fan (10; 10a) further includes a second lip (102) coupled to and extending from the second side (98) of the rib (38; 38a), and wherein the second lip (102) includes a third surface (106) adjacent the first surface (78; 142) and coplanar with the second surface (82; 146) of the first lip (74).
     
    10. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 6, wherein the aperture (46) includes a third portion (58) radially spaced from the second portion (54) and extending substantially laterally from the first portion (50), wherein the third portion (58) of the aperture (46) is at least partially defined by a third surface (118) oriented non-parallel with the front face (18; 18a), and wherein the axial flow fan (10; 10a) further includes a second lip (102) having a fourth surface (122) adjacent the third surface (118) that at least partially overlaps the third portion (58) of the aperture (46) and provides a tortuous passageway through the third portion (58) of the aperture (46).
     
    11. The axial flow fan (10; 10a) of claim 1, wherein the aperture (46) extends radially with respect to the central axis (16; 16a).
     
    12. The axial flow fan (10a) of claim 11, wherein the rib (38a) is misaligned with the aperture (46).
     
    13. The axial flow fan (10a) of claim 12, wherein the aperture (46) is a first aperture, and wherein the axial flow fan (10a) includes a second radially-extending aperture aligned with the rib (38a).
     
    14. The axial flow fan of claim 1, wherein the aperture is a first aperture having a laterally-extending portion, and wherein the axial flow fan includes a second aperture through the front face of the hub, the second aperture having a radially-extending portion with respect to the central axis.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Axialgebläse (10; 10a), das Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Nabe (14; 14a), die um eine Mittelachse (16; 16a) drehbar ist, wobei die Nabe (14; 14a) eine Vorderseite (18; 18a) und einen zylindrischen Abschnitt (26; 26a) umfasst;

    mehrere Flügel (30; 30a), die sich von dem zylindrischen Abschnitt (26; 26a) der Nabe (14; 14a) radial nach außen erstrecken; und

    eine Öffnung (46) durch die Vorderseite (18; 18a) der Nabe (14; 14a), wobei die Öffnung (46) wenigstens teilweise durch eine erste Oberfläche (78; 142) definiert ist, die nicht parallel zu der Vorderseite (18; 18a) orientiert ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Lippe (74; 138), die an einer inneren Oberfläche (70; 70a) der Vorderseite (18; 18a) der Nabe (14; 14a) positioniert ist, wobei die Lippe (74) eine zweite Oberfläche (82; 146) angrenzend an die erste Oberfläche (78; 142) aufweist, die die Öffnung (46) wenigstens teilweise überdeckt und einen Zwangsdurchgang durch die Öffnung (46) bereitstellt; und

    eine Rippe (38), die sich entlang der inneren Oberfläche (70; 70a) der Vorderseite (18; 18a) der Nabe (14; 14a) radial erstreckt.


     
    2. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Oberfläche (78; 142) und die zweite Oberfläche (82; 146) eine gemeinsame Kante (86; 150) haben.
     
    3. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lippe (74; 138) die Öffnung (46) an einer Innenseite der Nabe (14; 14a) wenigstens teilweise überdeckt.
     
    4. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite Oberfläche (82; 146) in einer Ebene im Wesentlichen parallel zu der inneren Oberfläche (70; 70a) der Vorderseite (18; 18a) liegt und von dieser beabstandet ist.
     
    5. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Öffnung (46) einen radial verlaufenden, ersten Abschnitt (50) und einen zweiten Abschnitt (54), der sich im Wesentlichen seitlich von dem ersten Abschnitt (50) erstreckt, umfasst, und wobei die zweite Oberfläche (82; 146) der Lippe (74; 138) den zweiten Abschnitt (54) der Öffnung (46) wenigstens teilweise überdeckt.
     
    6. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Rippe (38; 38a) auf den radial verlaufenden ersten Abschnitt (50) der Öffnung (46) ausgerichtet ist.
     
    7. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Rippe (38; 38a) eine Kante (62; 62a) umfasst, die in einer Ebene im Wesentlichen parallel zu der inneren Oberfläche (70; 70a) der Vorderseite (18; 18a) liegt und von dieser beabstandet ist.
     
    8. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Rippe (38; 38a) einander gegenüberliegende erste und zweite Seiten (94, 98) umfasst, die eine Dicke der Rippe (38; 38a) definieren, und wobei die Lippe (74; 138) mit der ersten Seite (94) der Rippe (38) gekoppelt ist und sich von dieser erstreckt.
     
    9. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Lippe eine erste Lippe (74) ist, wobei das Axialgebläse (10; 10a) ferner eine zweite Lippe (102) aufweist, die mit der zweiten Seite (98) der Rippe (38; 38a) gekoppelt ist und sich von dieser erstreckt, und wobei die zweite Lippe (102) eine dritte Oberfläche (106) angrenzend an die erste Oberfläche (78; 142) und koplanar zu der zweiten Oberfläche (82; 146) der ersten Lippe (74) umfasst.
     
    10. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Öffnung (46) einen dritten Abschnitt (58) umfasst, der von dem zweiten Abschnitt (54) radial beabstandet ist und sich im Wesentlichen seitlich von dem ersten Abschnitt (50) erstreckt, wobei der dritte Abschnitt (58) der Öffnung (46) wenigstens teilweise durch eine dritte Oberfläche (118) definiert ist, die nicht parallel zu der Vorderseite (18; 18a) orientiert ist, und wobei das Axialgebläse (10; 10a) ferner eine zweite Lippe (102) umfasst, die eine vierte Oberfläche (122) angrenzend an die dritte Oberfläche (118) aufweist, die den dritten Abschnitt (58) der Öffnung (46) wenigstens teilweise überdeckt und einen Zwangsdurchgang durch den dritten Abschnitt (58) der Öffnung (46) bereitstellt.
     
    11. Axialgebläse (10; 10a) nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich die Öffnung (46) in Bezug auf die Mittelachse (16; 16a) radial erstreckt.
     
    12. Axialgebläse (10a) nach Anspruch 11, wobei die Rippe (38a) nicht auf die Öffnung (46) ausgerichtet ist.
     
    13. Axialgebläse (10a) nach Anspruch 12, wobei die Öffnung (46) eine erste Öffnung ist und wobei das Axialgebläse (10a) eine zweite radial verlaufende Öffnung umfasst, die auf die Rippe (38a) ausgerichtet ist.
     
    14. Axialgebläse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Öffnung eine erste Öffnung ist, die einen seitlich verlaufenden Abschnitt aufweist, und wobei das Axialgebläse eine zweite Öffnung durch die Vorderseite der Nabe aufweist, wobei die zweite Öffnung einen radial verlaufenden Abschnitt in Bezug auf die Mittelachse aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) comprenant :

    un moyeu (14, 14a) mobile en rotation autour d'un axe central (16, 16a), ce moyeu (14, 14a) ayant une face frontale (18, 18a) et une partie cylindrique (26, 26a),

    un ensemble de pales (30, 30a) s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur à partir de la partie cylindrique (26, 26a) du moyeu (14, 14a), et

    une ouverture (46) au travers de la face frontale (18, 18a) du moyeu (14, 14a), cette ouverture (46) étant au moins partiellement définie par une première surface (78, 142) non orientée parallèlement à la face frontale (18, 18a),

    caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte en outre :

    une lèvre (74, 138) située sur la surface interne (70, 70a) de la face frontale (18, 18a) du moyeu (14, 14a), cette lèvre (74) ayant une seconde surface (82, 146) adjacente à la première surface (78, 142) qui chevauche au moins partiellement l'ouverture (46) et permet d'obtenir un passage sinueux au travers de l'ouverture (46), et

    une nervure (38) s'étendant radialement le long de la surface interne (70, 70a) de la face frontale (18, 18a) du moyeu (14, 14a).


     
    2. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 1, dans lequel la première surface (78, 142) et la seconde surface (82, 146) partagent un bord commun (86, 150).
     
    3. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 1, dans lequel la lèvre (74, 138) chevauche au moins partiellement l'ouverture (46) sur le côté interne du moyeu (14, 14a).
     
    4. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 1, dans lequel la seconde surface (82, 146) est située dans un plan essentiellement parallèle à la surface interne (70, 70a) de la face frontale (18, 18a) et situé à distance de celle-ci.
     
    5. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 1, dans lequel l'ouverture (46) comporte une première partie (50) s'étendant radialement et une seconde partie (54) s'étendant essentiellement latéralement à partir de la première partie (50), et la seconde surface (82, 146) de la lèvre (74, 138) chevauche au moins partiellement la seconde partie (54) de l'ouverture (46).
     
    6. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 5, dans lequel la nervure (38, 38a) est alignée avec la première partie (50) s'étendant radialement de l'ouverture (46).
     
    7. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 6, dans lequel la nervure (38, 38a) comporte un bord (62, 62a) qui est situé dans un plan essentiellement parallèle à la surface interne (70, 70a) de la face frontale (18, 18a) et situé à distance de celle-ci.
     
    8. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 6, dans lequel la nervure (38, 38a) comporte un premier et un second côtés opposés (94, 98) définissant l'épaisseur de la nervure (38, 38a), et la lèvre (74, 138) est couplée au premier côté (94) de la nervure (38) et s'étend à partir de celui-ci.
     
    9. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 8, dans lequel la lèvre est une première lèvre (74) et le ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) comporte en outre une seconde lèvre (102) couplée au second côté (98) de la nervure (38, 38a) et s'étendant à partir de celui-ci, et la seconde lèvre (102) comprend une troisième surface (106) adjacente à la première surface (78, 142) et coplanaire à la seconde surface (82, 146) de la première lèvre (74).
     
    10. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 6, dans lequel l'ouverture (46) comprend une troisième partie (58) située à distance radiale de la seconde partie (54) et s'étendant essentiellement latéralement à partir de la première partie (50), la troisième partie (58) de l'ouverture (46) est au moins partiellement définie par une troisième surface (118) non orientée parallèlement à la surface frontale (18, 18a), et le ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) comprend en outre une seconde lèvre (102) ayant une quatrième surface (122) adjacente à la troisième surface (118) qui chevauche au moins partiellement la troisième partie (58) de l'ouverture (46) et permet d'obtenir un passage sinueux au travers de la troisième partie (58) de l'ouverture (46).
     
    11. Ventilateur à flux axial (10, 10a) conforme à la revendication 1, dans lequel l'ouverture (46) s'étend radialement par rapport à l'axe central (16, 16a).
     
    12. Ventilateur à flux axial (10a) conforme à la revendication 11, dans lequel la nervure (38a) n'est pas alignée avec l'ouverture (46).
     
    13. Ventilateur à flux axial (10a) conforme à la revendication 12, dans lequel l'ouverture (46) est une première ouverture et le ventilateur à flux axial (10a) comporte une seconde ouverture s'étendant radialement alignée avec la nervure (38a).
     
    14. Ventilateur à flux axial conforme à la revendication 1, dans lequel l'ouverture est une première ouverture ayant une partie s'étendant latéralement et le ventilateur à flux axial comprend une seconde ouverture au travers de la face frontale du moyeu, cette seconde ouverture ayant une partie s'étendant radialement par rapport à l'axe central.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description