(19)
(11)EP 2 343 770 A2

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(88)Date of publication A3:
15.07.2010

(43)Date of publication:
13.07.2011 Bulletin 2011/28

(21)Application number: 09823775.3

(22)Date of filing:  22.10.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01M 10/50  (2006.01)
H01M 2/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2009/006121
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/050695 (06.05.2010 Gazette  2010/18)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
AL BA RS

(30)Priority: 27.10.2008 US 258696

(71)Applicant: LG Chem, Ltd.
Youngdungpo-gu Seoul 150-721 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOETTING, William
    Davisburg, MI 48350 (US)
  • PAYNE, Josh
    Royal Oaks, MI 48073 (US)
  • TOM, Kwok
    Madison Heights, MI 48071 (US)

(74)Representative: HOFFMANN EITLE 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Arabellastraße 4
81925 München
81925 München (DE)

  


(54)BATTERY MODULE COMPRISING A COOLING MANIFOLD WITH PORTED SCREWS, AND METHOD FOR COOLING THE BATTERY MODULE


(57) A battery module having a cooling manifold is provided. The battery module includes a plurality of battery cell assemblies having a plurality of heat exchangers. The battery module further includes a first cooling manifold having a first inlet aperture extending therethrough and a first plurality of outlet apertures extending therethrough. The battery module further includes a first plurality of ported screws disposed through the first plurality of outlet apertures and configured to fluidly and physically couple the plurality of heat exchangers to the first cooling manifold.




Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] This application is a continuation-in-part of pending United States patent application number 12/164,627, filed June 30, 2008, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] This application relates generally to a battery module having a cooling manifold with ported screws and a method for cooling the battery module.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0003] Battery packs generate heat during usage. To prevent degradation of the battery packs, the battery packs should be cooled. However, an existing cooling system may not uniformly cool battery cells in a battery pack. The inventors herein have recognized that if battery cells in a battery pack are not uniformly cooled, the battery cells can undesirably have differing operational characteristics including differing output voltages.

[0004] Accordingly, the inventors herein have recognized a need for a battery module having a cooling manifold that eliminates and/or reduces the above mentioned deficiency

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0005] A battery module in accordance with an exemplary embodiment is provided. The battery module includes a plurality of battery cell assemblies having a plurality of heat exchangers. The battery module further includes a first cooling manifold having a first inlet aperture extending therethrough and a first plurality of outlet apertures extending therethrough. The battery module further includes a first plurality of ported screws disposed through the first plurality of outlet apertures and configured to fluidly and physically couple the plurality of heat exchangers to the first cooling manifold.

[0006] A method for cooling a battery module in accordance with another exemplary embodiment is provided. The battery module has a plurality of battery cell assemblies and a first cooling manifold. The plurality of battery cell assemblies has a plurality of heat exchangers. The method includes routing fluid through a first inlet aperture of the first cooling manifold into the first cooling manifold. The first cooling manifold further includes a first plurality of outlet apertures extending therethrough. The method further includes routing the fluid through a first plurality of ported screws disposed through the first plurality of outlet apertures to the plurality of heat exchangers of the battery cell assemblies to cool the plurality of battery cell assemblies.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0007] Figure 1 is a schematic of a system for cooling a battery module in accordance with an exemplary embodiment;

[0008] Figure 2 is a schematic of a battery module in accordance with another exemplary embodiment,;

[0009] Figure 3 is an exploded schematic of a battery cell assembly utilized in the battery module of Figure 2;

[0010] Figure 4 is a sectional schematic of the battery module of Figure 2;

[0011] Figure 5 is an exploded schematic of a cooling manifold utilized in the battery module of Figure 2;

[0012] Figure 6 is a schematic of a manifold portion of the cooling manifold of Figure 5; and

[0013] Figure 7 is another schematic of the manifold portion of the cooling manifold of Figure 5.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF AN EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENT



[0014] Referring to Figure 1, a system 10 for cooling a battery module 16 is illustrated. The system 10 includes a reservoir 12, a pump 14, and conduits 17, 18 and 19. The reservoir 12 holds a fluid therein. The pump 14 pumps the fluid from the reservoir 12 via the conduit 17. Thereafter, the pump 14 pumps the fluid into the battery module 16 via the conduit 18. The battery module 16 includes a cooling manifold 40, heat exchangers, and a cooling manifold 42 that will be explained in greater detail below. The cooling manifold 40 is configured to provide a substantially equal flow rate of the fluid through each ported screw fluidly coupled to each of the respective heat exchangers in the battery module 16 such that the battery cells therein have a substantially equal amount of heat energy removed from the battery cells. Thus, all of the battery cells in the battery module 16 are maintained at a substantially similar temperature resulting in the battery cells having uniform operational characteristics including output voltages. The cooling manifold 42 receives the heated fluid from the heat exchangers in the battery module 16 through ported screws fluidly coupled to the heat exchangers, and routes the heated fluid through the conduit 19 back to the reservo ir 12. A battery cell assembly is defined as a housing having a battery cell therein. A battery module is defined as at least two battery cell assemblies physically or electrically coupled together.

[0015] Referring to Figure 2, the battery module 16 includes battery cell assemblies 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 and cooling manifolds 40 and42. Because the battery cell assemblies 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 have a substantially similar configuration, only the battery cell assembly 20 will be described in greater detail below. Referring to Figure 3, the battery cell assembly 20 includes a frame member 60, a battery cell 62, a securement member 64, a battery cell 66, a frame member 68, a securement member 70, a heat exchanger 72, a battery cell 74, and a frame member 76. The frame members 60 and 68 are provided to support the battery cell 62, the securement member 64, and the battery cell 66 therebetween. The frame members 68 and 76 are provided to support the securement member 70, the heat exchanger 72, and the battery cell 74 therebetween. In one exemplary embodiment, the battery cells 62, 66, 74 are lithium-ion battery cells. During operation, the cooling manifold provides a predetermined flow rate of fluid through the heat exchanger 72 such that heat energy is removed from the battery cells 62, 66 and 74 that are thermally coupled to the heat exchanger 72 such that the battery cells 62, 66 and 74 are maintained at a substantially similar temperature.

[0016] Referring to Figures 4 and 5, a structure of the cooling manifold 40 will now be explained. The cooling manifold 40 includes a manifold portion 80, a plurality of ported screws such as ported screws 82, 84, a cover plate 86, a gasket 88, and a plurality of o-rings such as o-ring 89.

[0017] The manifold portion 80 includes a peripheral wall 90, a rear wall 92 coupled to the peripheral wall 90, and a flow diverter 94 coupled to the rear wall 92. In one exemplary embodiment, the manifold portion 80 is constructed from plastic. Of course, in alternative embodiments, the manifold portion 80 could be constructed from other materials such as steel, ceramics, or metal alloys for example. The peripheral wall 90 includes a front end 110 and a rear end 112. Further, the peripheral wall 90 has a top portion with an aperture 114 extending therethrough. The aperture 114 receives fluid from the pump 14 (shown in Figure 1). Still further, the peripheral wall 90 includes a plurality of threaded apertures 150, 152, 154, 156, 158, 160, 162, 164 extending into the front end 110 of the peripheral wall 90 for receiving mounting screws therein for coupling the cover plate 86 to the manifold portion 80.

[0018] Referring to Figures 6 and 7, the rear wall 92 includes outlet apertures 180, 182, 184, 186, 188, 190, 192, 194 and 196 extending therethrough for receiving ported screws therethrough. The ported screws route fluid from an interior region of the cooling manifold 40 to the battery cell assemblies 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36, respectively. It should be noted that although only ported screws 82, 84 are shown, each of the apertures 180, 182, 184, 186, 188, 190, 192, 194 and 196, would have a corresponding ported screw extending therethrough. Referring to Figures 2, 6 and 7, the ported screws extend through the apertures 180, 182, 184, 186, 188, 190, 192, 194 and 196 are received in the apertures 280, 282, 284, 286, 288, 290, 292, 294, 296, respectively in the battery cell assemblies 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, respectively. The apertures 280, 282, 284, 286, 288, 290, 292, 294, 296 fluidly communicate with respective heat exchangers in the battery module 16. Because the ported screws have a substantially similar structure, only the structure of the ported screw 82 will be described. In particular, referring to Figure 5, the ported screw 82 includes a head portion 230, a threaded portion 232, and an aperture 234 extending through both the headed portion 230 and the threaded portion 232. Thus, the ported screws allow fluid communication between an interior region of the cooling manifold 40 and the heat exchangers in the battery module 16. In one exemplary embodiment, the ported screws are constructed from steel. Of course, other materials for constructing the ported screws are contemplated.

[0019] Referring to Figure 6, the flow diverter 94 is coupled to the rear wall 92 and extends from the rear wall 92 toward the front end 110 of the peripheral wall 90. The flow diverter 94 is disposed below the inlet aperture 114. The flow diverter 94 is configured to receive fluid from the inlet aperture 114 and to divert the fluid so that a substantially equal flow rate of the fluid is obtained through the outlet apertures 180, 182, 184, 186, 188, 190, 192, 194 and 196 to respective heat exchangers in the battery cell assemblies 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36, respectively, for uniformly cooling the battery cell assemblies. In one exemplary embodiment, the flow diverter 94 comprises a plate 210 with grooves 212, 214, 216 on a top surface thereof that are spaced apart from one another. The grooves 212, 214, 216 extend from an end of the plate 210 proximate to the rear wall 92 toward the cover plate 86. Further, in one exemplary embodiment, the flow diverter 94 is configured such that the flow rate of fluid that is obtained through each outlet aperture is within ± 5% of a first flow rate.

[0020] Referring to Figure 5, the cover plate 86 is coupled to the front end 110 of the peripheral wall 90. In one exemplary embodiment, the cover plate 86 is constructed from plastic. Of course, in alternative embodiments, the cover plate 86 could be constructed from other materials such as steel, ceramics, or metal alloys for example. In an exemplary embodiment, the cover plate 86 includes apertures 250, 252, 254, 256, 258, 260, 262, 264 extending therethrough. Bolts 300, 302, 304, 306, 308, 310, 312 and 314 extend through the apertures 250, 252, 254, 256, 258, 260, 262 and 264, respectively, of the cover plate 88 and the apertures 150, 152, 154, 156, 158, 160, 162 and 164, respectively of the manifold portion 80 to couple the cover plate 88 to the manifold portion 80.

[0021] Referring to Figures 1 and 2, the cooling manifold 42 has a substantially similar structure as the cooling manifold 40. The cooling manifold 42 receives the heated fluid from the heat exchangers in the battery cell assemblies of the battery module 16 and returns the heated fluid to the reservoir 12, via the conduit 19.

[0022] The battery module 10 and method for cooling the battery module provide a substantial advantage over other battery modules and methods. In particular, the battery module and method provide a technical effect of utilizing ported screws to fluidly and physically couple a cooling manifold to heat exchangers in the battery module for routing a fluid to the heat exchangers to cool the battery module.

[0023] While the invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed for carrying this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims. Moreover, the use of the terms, first, second, etc. are used to distinguish one element from another. Further, the use of the terms a, an, etc. do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one of the referenced items.


Claims

1. A battery module, comprising:

a plurality of battery cell assemblies having a plurality of heat exchangers;

a first cooling manifold having a first inlet aperture extending therethrough and a first plurality of outlet apertures extending therethrough; and

a first plurality of ported screws disposed through the first plurality of outlet apertures and configured to fluidly and physically couple the plurality of heat exchangers to the first cooling manifold.


 
2. The battery module of claim 1, further comprising:

a second cooling manifold having a first plurality of inlet apertures extending therethrough and a first outlet aperture extending therethrough; and

a second plurality of ported screws disposed through the first plurality of inlet apertures and configured to fluidly and physically couple the plurality of heat exchangers to the second cooling manifold.


 
3. The battery module of claim 1, wherein each screw of the first plurality of ported screws has a head portion coupled to a threaded portion, and an aperture extending through both the head portion and the threaded portion.
 
4. The battery module of claim 1, wherein each screw of the first plurality of ported screws are constructed from steel.
 
5. The battery module of claim 1, wherein the first cooling manifold is constructed of plastic.
 
6. The battery module of claim 1, wherein each battery cell assembly has a battery cell.
 
7. A method for cooling a battery module, the battery module having a plurality of battery cell assemblies and a first cooling manifold, the plurality of battery cell assemblies having a plurality of heat exchangers, the method comprising:

routing fluid through a first inlet aperture of the first cooling manifold into the first cooling manifold, the first cooling manifold further having a first plurality of outlet apertures extending therethrough; and

routing the fluid through a first plurality of ported screws disposed through the first plurality of outlet apertures to the plurality of heat exchangers of the battery cell assemblies to cool the plurality of battery cell assemblies.


 
8. The method of claim 7, further comprising:

routing the fluid from the plurality of heat exchangers through a second plurality of ported screws disposed through a first plurality of inlet apertures of a second cooling manifold and into the second cooling manifold; and

routing the fluid through a first outlet port of the second cooling manifold.


 




Drawing















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description