(19)
(11)EP 2 347 863 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 11151914.6

(22)Date of filing:  24.01.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B25C 1/08(2006.01)

(54)

A method for controlling an internal combustion engine tool and the thus controlled tool

Verfahren zur Steuerung eines Verbrennungsmotorwerkzeugs und das so gesteuerte Werkzeug

Procédé de commande d'un outil à moteur à combustion interne et l'outil ainsi commandé


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.01.2010 FR 1050525

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.07.2011 Bulletin 2011/30

(73)Proprietor: Société de Prospection et d'Inventions Techniques -SPIT
26500 Bourg Les Valence (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Grandjean, Pascale
    07500 Guilherand-Granges (FR)
  • Cordeiro, Pierre
    26250 Livron su Drome (FR)
  • Dreveton, Jean-Michel
    26000 Valence (FR)

(74)Representative: HGF Limited 
3rd Floor Central Square South Orchard Street Newcastle
Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3AZ
Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3AZ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 388 394
FR-A1- 2 887 958
US-A1- 2006 283 909
US-B1- 6 722 550
WO-A2-2007/061808
US-A1- 2006 042 574
US-B1- 6 213 370
US-B1- 6 934 140
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention has its origin in the problem of the responses to the control impulsions from solenoid valves for injecting and dosing the driving fuel in the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine of so-called gas-driven fastening tools arranged for driving fastening elements of the nail or staple type in supporting materials.

    [0002] Such a solenoid valve acts as a tap, being arranged between a fuel cartridge and the combustion chamber, being opened for some time so that an appropriate fuel dose flows from the cartridge into the combustion chamber.

    [0003] Schematically, a solenoid valve could comprise a magnetic core perforated with a flowing channel extending between an intake mouthpiece and an ejection mouthpiece, with an intermediary cavity wherein a spring membrane is located, carrying a valve for the ejection mouthpiece being distorted under the action of a magnetic field created in the core by a current crossing a core surrounding coil. At rest, the membrane is not distorted and the valve thereof plugs the ejection mouthpiece. When the coil is switched on and crossed by a current, the membrane becomes distorted and the valve thereof uncovers the flowing hole of the ejection mouthpiece; then the solenoid valve opens.

    [0004] Controlling a solenoid valve, that is controlling the opening thereof, occurs through a voltage slot intended, by its ascending front edge, to open the solenoid valve and close it via its descending front edge. Practically (Figs. 1 and 2) the current starts to be established in the coil, at the time tm, at the ascending front edge of the controlling slot, for progressively increasing upon a transient rise during which the core remains at rest. Only after a small current drop, practically instantaneous, at a time to, does the core reach its activated state, from which the solenoid valve is considered as being opened. After such a current drop, the value of the current increases so as to rapidly reach its high level where it is kept until the descending front edge of the control voltage slot, at the time td. The solenoid valve still remains opened beyond that, as the descending front edge of the voltage slot is followed by an increased voltage up to its neutral level; in two times, separated by a small drop ending at the time tf, where the solenoid valve is closed, if the discharge of the coil of the solenoid valve is stabilized by a circuit comprising a Zener diode. Otherwise, the current signal in the coil is subjected, at the time tf, to a small rise after the beginning of its drop. The solenoid valve thus remains opened during the period To



    [0005] Finally, the ascending and descending front edges of the voltage control slot occur at times tm and td and the solenoid valve remains opened from the time to to the time tf. As fuel dosing in the combustion chamber of the tool depends on the opening time of the solenoid valve and thus also on the time intervals TON = to - tm and TOFF = tf - td, the problem lying at the origin of the invention of the present application is the scattering of the intervals TON and TOFF varying from one solenoid valve to the other, for both electric as well as mechanical reasons.

    [0006] Otherwise stated, the Applicant raised the problem of compensating the opening time drift for the solenoid valves and thus, keeping under control fuel doses in the combustion chamber of so-called gas-driven fastening tools. Furthermore, the Applicant raised the more general problem of the electrical device drift for feeding fuel into the combustion chamber of gas-driven fastening tools, such devices comprising a valve opening under the action of a current in a component created by a voltage control signal. This is indeed the case still of a piezoelectric injecting device. It should be noticed that the quartz of a piezoelectric injecting device is for the injecting device what the coil is for the solenoid valve.

    [0007] Thus, first of all the invention relates to a control method for an internal combustion engine hand tool, for driving, in a supporting medium, fastening elements under the action, upon a shot, of firing, in a combustion chamber of the engine, a driving fuel transferred into the chamber from a fuel cartridge through a fuel intake electrical device (1), the device (1) comprising a valve which, upon each shot opens in an intake position, under the action of a current (IA) in a component created by a voltage injection control signal (Uv), a method characterized in that, during a first of a series of shots and after the beginning of the control signal, there is detected the time to of a current drop upon the transient current rise, and, the opening period To of the valve being predetermined, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with an estimated period TOFF, of a first rise of the voltage injection control signal following the beginning of the current signal drop in said component or a rise, following the beginning of the current signal drop in said component.

    [0008] Depending on whether the discharge of the coil of the solenoid valve - the component the current of which opens the valve - is stabilized or not by a voltage controlling circuit comprising for example a Zener diode, the period TOFF starts at the time td and ends either upon the first rise of the voltage injection control signal, or at the small rise of the current signal in the coil following the drop thereof.

    [0009] In the first case of the voltage stabilisation, as perfectly described in the French patent 2,887,958, if it is a Zener diode, which becomes passing as soon as its threshold voltage is reached, it causes a rapid discharge of the coil and a rapid rise of the voltage control signal: the period TOFF is short and practically constant from one shot to the other. The scattering of TOFF is very weak.

    [0010] Instead of a Zener diode, a plurality of control diodes could be proposed.

    [0011] In contrast, in the second case, with no stabilisation Zener diode, the voltage control signal rises very slowly. At the time tf of the closing contact, the valve closes, resulting in a slight rise of the current in the coil.

    [0012] It is to be understood that practically, the response time of the valve for the fuel intake electric devices does not significantly change from one shot to another, so that it is indeed sufficient to only implement the control method of this invention from time to time and not upon every shot, although this would also be possible. It is still to be noticed that the period of the small voltage drop following the first rise, in the case of the stabilisation by a Zener diode, could be considered as negligible.

    [0013] In the case where the discharge of the component, from the fuel intake electric device and the current of which opens the valve, is stabilised, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with a practically constant period TOFF of a first rise of the voltage injection control signal.

    [0014] If the discharge of component, from the fuel intake electric device and the current of which opens the valve, is not stabilised, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with an estimated period TOFF, of a rise, following the beginning of the drop thereof, of the current signal in said component.

    [0015] In such a case, the true period TOFF of the current signal rise in said component following the beginning of the drop thereof is measured at the time td and is substituted for the estimated period TOFF at least for the following shot following the series of shots.

    [0016] The voltage injection control signal Uv is a slot; the control signal may be the envelope of a series of pulses, including of a generator PWM (pulse width modulation).

    [0017] By means of this invention, modifications, alternatives and other alterations of the solenoid valves and piezoelectric injectors are well compensated. The injection and dosage openings thereof are optimized.

    [0018] This invention also relates to an internal combustion engine hand tool, for driving in a supporting material fastening elements under the action, upon a shot, of the firing, in a combustion chamber of the engine, of a driving fuel transferred in the chamber from a cartridge of fuel by a fuel intake electric device, the device comprising a valve which, upon each shot, opens in the intake position under the action of a current (IA) in a component created by a voltage injection control signal (Uv), said tool being characterized in that it further comprises a current measurement member in series with the fuel intake electric device and a microcontroller arranged for receiving the outlet signal of the current measurement member and the injection control signal (Uv) of the intake device and computing the opening time of the fuel intake device.

    [0019] Preferably, the microcontroller comprises a processing circuit for detecting the mechanical opening and closing of the intake electric device.

    [0020] Advantageously, the fuel intake device is controlled by a power stage controlled by a circuit in the microcontroller for computing the opening time of the intake device and connected, at the input, to the processing circuit of the microcontroller.

    [0021] In the case where the fuel intake device is a solenoid valve, comprising a coil, the current measurement member is in series with the coil.

    [0022] Advantageously, there is provided a voltage protecting and controlling and stabilizing circuit in parallel on the intake device, this could comprise a discharge diode and a voltage control Zener diode, both able to be serially mounted.

    [0023] This invention will be better understood reading the following description of the implementation of the control method and the preferred embodiment of the hand tool of this invention, referring to the appended drawing wherein:
    • Fig. 1 is the diagram of a voltage control slot for opening the valve of the fuel intake device in the combustion chamber of the hand tool and the diagram of the resulting current signal in the component directly controlling the valve, the discharge of such a component being stabilised by a Zener diode;
    • Fig. 2 is the diagram of a voltage control slot for opening the valve of the fuel intake device in the combustion chamber of the hand tool and the diagram of the resulting current signal in the component directly controlling the valve, the discharge of such a component being not stabilised;
    • Fig. 3 shows the block diagram of the control circuit of the fuel intake device of the tool; and
    • Fig. 4 is the diagram of a voltage control slot for opening the valve of the fuel intake device in the combustion chamber of the hand tool and the diagram of the resulting pressure signal in a pressure sensor in the outlet of the fuel intake device.


    [0024] Fig. 1 has already been described herein above. It should only be stated here that on the two diagrams being represented thereon, that of the voltage impulsion and that of the current impulsion, the time is represented thereon in abscissa in seconds (s) and in ordinate, the current I is represented thereon in amperes (A), on the left, for the current impulsion IA, the voltage U is represented thereon in volts (V), on the right, for the voltage impulsion Uv.

    [0025] The tool, the control circuit of which will be described of the fuel intake electric device in the combustion chamber and thus the method for its control is a hand tool of the nailing device type, with a fuel intake solenoid valve 1, comprising a coil 15 causing the opening of the solenoid valve and the intake into the combustion chamber of the tool from a gas cartridge 16 through an intake manifold 17.

    [0026] It should be noticed that the invention also applies to a stapler, a driller, or even to an anchoring resin injecting device. This invention applies to a solenoid valve but also to any other intake device comprising an intake valve, such as for example a piezoelectric injecting device.

    [0027] To take again the example of the solenoid valve 1, it is thus controlled by a microcontroller 2. It is mounted serially, in this particular case, its coil 15, with a current measurement member 3 and controlled in voltage by a power stage 4.

    [0028] The power stage 4 is mounted, at the outlet, in parallel on the serial assembly of the solenoid valve 1 and the current measurement member 3, across the battery (5, 6) of the tool at the input. It is to be noticed that the terminal 6 of the battery is earthed. A voltage protecting and controlling circuit 7 is mounted in parallel on the assembly 1, 3 as well as on the power stage 4. The power stage 4 is here a power transistor stage. The circuit 7 comprises here a protecting diode 18 for the power stage 4, wherein the coil 15 can discharge, and, here still, a voltage controlling Zener diode 19, in series with the discharge diode 18 so as to reduce the discharge period and well stabilize it. Such an assembly is perfectly described in French patent 2,887,958. The current measurement member 3 essentially comprises a resistor. The microcontroller 2 comprises an analog-digital converter 8, a signal processing circuit 9 and a computation circuit 10 for calculating the opening time of the solenoid valve 1.

    [0029] The computation circuit 10 is connected, at the outlet, to the control input 13 of the power stage 4, and, at the input, to the processing circuit (9). The current measurement member 3, delivering a current signal, is connected to one 11 of the inputs of the converter 8, another input 12 of the converter being connected to the control outlet 14 of the power stage 4 delivering a voltage signal.

    [0030] After conversion of the current values IA and of the voltage values Uv, the processing circuit 9 determines, upon each shot, the time to and the resulting time td, knowing To and having upon the first shot, or the first one of a series, determined the practically constant value of TOFF. If the circuit 7 did not comprise any Zener diode, the processing circuit 9, upon each shot or, even better, upon each shot of a series of shots, would have measured the true period TOFF for the following shot.

    [0031] Otherwise stated, the processing circuit 9, would detect the mechanical opening and closing of the solenoid valve 1 at the times to and tf. As far as the computation circuit 10 is concerned, it would calculate for the time td of triggering of the descending front edge of the control impulsion of the power stage 4 using the formula:



    [0032] Alternatively, and within the context of a strictly similar identical concept, for apprehending the time to, from which the solenoid valve should be considered as opened, the time tf, when the solenoid closes, and the time td when the end of the injection control signal should be triggered, one could implement, no longer with the current/voltage signals, but with the signals as being delivered by a pressure sensor at the outlet of the intake device detecting fuel output.

    [0033] In the case of a pressure sensor 20 mounted in the manifold 17 (Figs. 3, 4), at the time to, the pressure increases since the valve of the solenoid valve 1 opens and at the time tf, the pressure starts to decrease as the solenoid valve closes.

    [0034] Thus, this invention also relates to a method for controlling an internal combustion engine hand tool, for driving in a supporting material fastening elements under the action, upon a shot, of the firing, in a combustion chamber of the engine, of a driving fuel transferred in the chamber from a fuel cartridge by a fuel intake electric device, the device comprising a valve which, upon each shot opens in an intake position, under the action of a current (IA) in a component created by a voltage injection control signal (Uv), and a pressure sensor being mounted at the outlet of the intake device, said method being characterized in that, upon the first one of a series of shots and after the beginning of the control signal, the time to is detected of the opening of the valve detecting the opening thereof through a rise of the pressure in the outlet of the intake device, and, the opening period To of the valve being predetermined, the end of the signal of the injection control is detected, at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with an estimated period TOFF, elapsing from the end of the injection control signal until the time tf of closing of the valve being detected by a pressure decrease at the outlet of the intake device, the true period TOFF of the pressure drop following the beginning of the current drop (td) is measured and is substituted for the estimated period TOFF at least for the following shot of the series of shots.

    [0035] The voltage injection control signal remains of the same nature as previously.

    [0036] This invention further relates to the tool as described above with, in addition, the pressure sensor at the outlet of the solenoid valve.


    Claims

    1. A controlling method for an internal combustion engine hand tool, for driving in a supporting material fastening elements under the action, upon a shot, of the firing, in a combustion chamber of the engine, of a driving fuel transferred in the chamber from a fuel cartridge (16) by a fuel intake electric device (1), the device (1) comprising a valve which, upon each shot, opens in an intake position, under the action of a current (IA) in a component (15) created by a voltage injection control signal (Uv),
    said method being characterized in that, upon the first one of a series of shots and after the beginning of the control signal, the time to is detected of a drop of current during the transient rise of current and, the opening period To of the valve being predetermined, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with a period TOFF, of a first rise of the voltage injection control signal following the beginning of the drop of the current signal in said component (15) or the rise, following the beginning of the drop thereof, of the current signal in said component (15).
     
    2. A controlling method according to claim 1, characterized in that it is implemented upon each shot.
     
    3. A controlling method as claimed in one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the discharge of the component, from the fuel intake electric device and the current of which opens the valve, being stabilised, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with a practically constant period TOFF of a first rise of the voltage injection control signal.
     
    4. A controlling method according to one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the discharge of the component, from the fuel intake electric device and the current of which opens the valve, being not stabilised, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To following the time to, reduced with an estimated period TOFF, of a rise, following the beginning of the drop thereof, of the current signal in said component.
     
    5. A controlling method according to claim 4, wherein the true period TOFF of the rise of the current signal in said component following the beginning of the drop thereof is measured at the time td and is substituted for the estimated period TOFF at least for the following one of the series of shots.
     
    6. A controlling method according to claim 1, wherein a pressure sensor (20) is mounted at the outlet of the intake device (1), said method being characterized in that, upon the first one of a series of shots and after the beginning of the control signal, the time to of the opening of the valve detecting the opening thereof is detected through a pressure increase at the outlet of the intake device, and, the opening period To of the valve being predetermined, the end of the injection control signal is triggered at the time td, after a period To, following the time to, reduced with an estimated period TOFF, elapsing from the end of the injection control signal, until the time tf of closing of the valve being detected by the decrease of pressure at the outlet of the intake device (1), the true period TOFF of the drop of pressure following the beginning of the drop of current (td) is measured and is substituted for the estimated period TOFF at least for the following shot of the series of shots.
     
    7. A controlling method according to one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the voltage injection control signal (Uv) is a slot.
     
    8. A controlling method according to one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the voltage injection control signal (Uv) is the envelope of a series of impulsions.
     
    9. An internal combustion engine hand tool, for driving in a supporting material fastening elements under the action, upon a shot, of the firing of a driving fuel in an engine combustion chamber, transferred in the chamber from a fuel cartridge (16) by a fuel intake electric device (1, 15), the device (1) comprising a valve which, upon each shot, opens in an intake position under the action of a current (IA) in a component (15) created by a voltage injection control signal (Uv), said tool being characterized in that it further comprises a current measurement member (3) in series with the fuel intake electric device (1) and a microcontroller (2) arranged for receiving the outlet signal of the current measurement member (3), and the control impulsion (Uv) for the intake device (1) and compute (10) the opening time of the fuel intake device (1).
     
    10. A hand tool according to claim 9, wherein the microcontroller (2) comprises a processing circuit (9) for detecting the mechanical opening and closing of the intake electric device (1).
     
    11. A hand tool according to claim 10, wherein the fuel intake device (1) is controlled by a power stage (4) controlled by a circuit (10) of the microcontroller (2) for calculating the opening time of the intake device and connected, at the input, to the processing circuit (9) of the microcontroller (2).
     
    12. A hand tool according to one of claims 9 to 11, wherein the fuel intake device is a solenoid valve (1) comprising a coil (15) and the current measurement member (3) is operated in series with the coil (15).
     
    13. A hand tool according to one of claims 9 to 12, wherein there is provided a voltage protecting, controlling and stabilisation circuit (7) in parallel on the intake device (1).
     
    14. A hand tool according to claim 13, wherein said protecting and controlling circuit comprises a Zener diode (19) for voltage protection and stabilisation control.
     
    15. A hand tool according to claim 14, wherein the Zener diode (19) is serially mounted with a discharge diode (18).
     
    16. A hand tool according to one of claims 8 to 14, wherein there is provided a pressure sensor (20) at the outlet of the fuel intake device (1).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Steuern eines brennkraftmaschinenbetriebenen Handwerkzeugs zum Eintreiben von Befestigungselementen in ein Trägermaterial unter der Wirkung, bei einem Setzvorgang, des Zündens, in einer Brennkammer der Kraftmaschine, eines Antriebskraftstoffs, der in die Kammer von einer Brennstoffkartusche (16) durch eine elektrische Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung (1) übertragen wird, wobei die Vorrichtung (1) ein Ventil umfasst, das sich, bei jedem Setzvorgang, unter der Wirkung eines Stroms (IA) in einer Komponente (15) in eine Einlassposition öffnet, der durch ein Spannungseinspeisungssteuersignal (Uv) erzeugt ist,
    wobei das Verfahren dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass, bei dem ersten einer Reihe von Setzvorgängen und nach dem Beginn des Steuersignals, der Zeitpunkt to durch einen Stromabfall während des vorübergehenden Stromanstiegs detektiert wird und der Öffnungszeitraum To des Ventils vorbestimmt ist, wobei das Ende des Einspeisungssteuersignals ausgelöst wird zu dem Zeitpunkt td, nach einem Zeitraum To, auf den Zeitpunkt to folgend, reduziert um einem Zeitraum TOFF, eines ersten Anstiegs des Spannungseinspeisungssteuersignals auf den Beginn des Abfalls des Stromsignals in der Komponente (15) folgend oder des Anstiegs, auf den Beginn des Abfalls davon folgend, des Stromsignals in der Komponente (15).
     
    2. Steuerverfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es bei jedem Setzvorgang implementiert wird.
     
    3. Steuerverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, wobei die Entladung der Komponente, von der elektrischen Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung und deren Strom das Ventil öffnet, stabilisiert ist, wobei das Ende des Einspeisungssteuersignals ausgelöst wird zu dem Zeitpunkt td, nach einem Zeitraum To, auf den Zeitpunkt to folgend, reduziert um einen praktisch konstanten Zeitraum TOFF eines erstes Anstiegs des Spannungseinspeisungssteuersignals.
     
    4. Steuerverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, wobei die Entladung der Komponente, von der elektrischen Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung und deren Strom das Ventil öffnet, nicht stabilisiert ist, wobei das Ende des Einspeisungssteuersignals ausgelöst wird zu dem Zeitpunkt td, nach einem Zeitraum To auf den Zeitpunkt to folgend, reduziert um einen geschätzten Zeitraum TOFF, eines ersten Anstiegs, auf den Beginn des Abfalls davon folgend, des Stromsignals in der Komponente.
     
    5. Steuerverfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der tatsächliche Zeitraum TOFF des Anstiegs des Stromsignals in der Komponente auf den Beginn des Abfalls davon folgend zu dem Zeitpunkt td gemessen wird und für den geschätzten Zeitraum TOFF mindestens für den folgenden der Reihe von Setzvorgängen substituiert wird.
     
    6. Steuerverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Drucksensor (20) an dem Auslass der Einlassvorrichtung (1) angebracht ist, wobei das Verfahren dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass, bei dem ersten einer Reihe von Setzvorgängen und nach dem Beginn des Steuersignals, der Zeitpunkt to des Öffnens des Ventils zum Detektieren des Öffnens davon durch eine Druckerhöhung an dem Auslass der Einlassvorrichtung detektiert wird, und der Öffnungszeitraum To des Ventils vorbestimmt ist, wobei das Ende des Einspeisungssteuersignals ausgelöst wird zu dem Zeitpunkt td, nach einem Zeitraum To, auf den Zeitpunkt to folgend, reduziert um einen geschätzten Zeitraum TOFF, der ab dem Ende des Einspeisungssteuersignals vergeht, bis der Zeitpunkt tf eines Schließens des Ventil durch die Druckverringerung an dem Auslass der Einlassvorrichtung (1) detektiert wird, wobei der tatsächliche Zeitraum TOFF des Druckabfalls auf den Beginn des Abfalls des Stroms (td) folgend gemessen wird und für den geschätzten Zeitraum TOFF mindestens für den folgenden Setzvorgang der Reihe von Setzvorgängen substituiert wird.
     
    7. Steuerverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei das Spannungseinspeisungssteuersignal (Uv) ein Schlitz ist.
     
    8. Steuerverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei das Spannungseinspeisungssteuersignal (Uv) die Einhüllende einer Reihe von Impulsen ist.
     
    9. Brennkraftmaschinenbetriebenes Handwerkzeug zum Eintreiben von Befestigungselementen in ein Trägermaterial unter der Wirkung, bei einem Setzvorgang, des Zündens eines Antriebskraftstoffs in einer Kraftmaschinenbrennkammer, der in die Kammer von einer Brennstoffkartusche (16) durch eine elektrische Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung (1, 15) übertragen wird, wobei die Vorrichtung (1) ein Ventil umfasst, das sich, bei jedem Setzvorgang, unter der Wirkung eines Stroms (IA) in einer Komponente (15) in eine Einlassposition öffnet, der durch ein Spannungseinspeisungssteuersignal (Uv) erzeugt ist, wobei das Werkzeug dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass es ferner ein Strommesselement (3) in Serie mit der elektrischen Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung (1) und eine Mikrosteuerung (2) umfasst, die angeordnet ist, das Ausgangssignal des Strommesselements (3) und den Steuerimpuls (Uv) für die Einlassvorrichtung (1) zu empfangen und die Öffnungszeit der Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung (1) zu berechnen (10).
     
    10. Handwerkzeug nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Mikrosteuerung (2) eine Verarbeitungsschaltung (9) zum Detektieren des mechanischen Öffnens und Schließens der elektrischen Einlassvorrichtung (1) umfasst.
     
    11. Handwerkzeug nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung (1) durch eine Leistungsstufe (4) gesteuert ist, die durch eine Schaltung (10) der Mikrosteuerung (2) gesteuert ist, um die Öffnungszeit der Einlassvorrichtung zu berechnen, und an dem Eingang mit der Verarbeitungsschaltung (9) der Mikrosteuerung (2) verbunden ist.
     
    12. Handwerkzeug nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 11, wobei die Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung ein Magnetventil (1) mit einer Spule (15) ist und das Strommesselement (3) in Serie mit der Spule (15) betrieben ist.
     
    13. Handwerkzeug nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12, wobei eine Spannungsschutz-, Steuer- und Stabilisierungsschaltung (7) parallel an der Einlassvorrichtung (1) bereitgestellt ist.
     
    14. Handwerkzeug nach Anspruch 13, wobei die Schutz- und Steuerschaltung eine Zenerdiode (19) für Spannungsschutz und Stabilisierungssteuerung umfasst.
     
    15. Handwerkzeug nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Zenerdiode (19) seriell an einer Entladungsdiode (18) angebracht ist.
     
    16. Handwerkzeug nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 14, wobei ein Drucksensor (20) an dem Auslass der Brennstoffeinlassvorrichtung (1) bereitgestellt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé permettant de commander un outil manuel à moteur à combustion interne, destiné à entraîner des éléments de fixation dans un matériau de support sous l'effet, suite à un tir, de l'allumage dans une chambre de combustion du moteur d'un combustible d'entraînement transféré dans la chambre depuis une cartouche de combustible (16) par un dispositif électrique d'admission de combustible (1), le dispositif (1) comprenant un clapet qui, à chaque tir, s'ouvre dans une position d'admission sous l'effet d'un courant (IA) dans un composant (15) créé par un signal de commande d'injection de tension (Uv),
    ledit procédé étant caractérisé en ce que, suite au premier d'une série de tirs et après le début du signal de commande, l'instant to d'une chute de courant pendant la montée de courant transitoire est détecté, et la période d'ouverture To du clapet étant prédéterminée, la fin du signal de commande d'injection est déclenchée à l'instant td, après une période To, suivant l'instant to, diminuée d'une période TOFF d'une première montée du signal de commande d'injection de tension suivant le début de la chute du signal de courant dans ledit composant (15) ou de la montée suivant le début de la chute de celui-ci, du signal de courant dans ledit composant (15).
     
    2. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il est mis en Ĺ“uvre à chaque tir.
     
    3. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel, étant donné que la décharge du composant à partir du dispositif électrique d'admission de combustible, et dont le courant ouvre le clapet, est stabilisée, la fin du signal de commande d'injection est déclenchée à l'instant td, après une période To suivant l'instant to, diminuée d'une période pratiquement constante TOFF d'une première montée du signal de commande d'injection de tension.
     
    4. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel, étant donné que la décharge du composant à partir du dispositif électrique d'admission de combustible, et dont le courant ouvre le clapet, n'est pas stabilisée, la fin du signal de commande d'injection est déclenchée à l'instant td, après une période To suivant l'instant to, diminuée d'une période estimée TOFF d'une montée, suivant le début de la chute de celui-ci, du signal de courant dans ledit composant.
     
    5. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la vraie période TOFF de la montée du signal de courant dans le composant suivant le début de la chute de celui-ci est mesurée à l'instant td et remplace la période estimée TOFF au moins pour le tir suivant de la série de tirs.
     
    6. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un capteur de pression (20) est monté au niveau de la sortie du dispositif d'admission (1), ledit procédé étant caractérisé en ce que, suite au premier tir d'une série de tirs et après le début du signal de commande, l'instant to de l'ouverture du clapet détectant l'ouverture de celui-ci est détecté par une augmentation de pression au niveau de la sortie du dispositif d'admission, et la période d'ouverture To du clapet étant prédéterminée, la fin du signal de commande d'injection est déclenchée à l'instant td, après une période To suivant l'instant to, diminuée d'une période estimée TOFF, allant de la fin du signal de commande d'injection jusqu'à l'instant tf de la fermeture du clapet qui est détectée par la diminution de pression à la sortie du dispositif d'admission (1), la vraie période TOFF de la chute de pression suivant le début de la chute de courant (td) est mesurée et remplace la période estimée TOFF au moins pour le tir suivant de la série de tirs.
     
    7. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel le signal de commande d'injection de tension (Uv) est un créneau.
     
    8. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel le signal de commande d'injection de tension (Uv) est l'enveloppe d'une série d'impulsions.
     
    9. Outil manuel à moteur à combustion interne, destiné à entraîner des éléments de fixation dans un matériau de support sous l'effet, suite à un tir, de l'allumage d'un combustible d'entraînement dans une chambre de combustion du moteur, transféré dans la chambre depuis une cartouche de combustible (16) par un dispositif électrique d'admission de combustible (1, 15), le dispositif (1) comprenant un clapet qui, à chaque tir, s'ouvre dans une position d'admission sous l'effet d'un courant (IA) dans un composant (15) créé par un signal de commande d'injection de tension (Uv),
    ledit outil étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre un élément de mesure de courant (3) en série avec le dispositif électrique d'admission de combustible (1) et un microcontrôleur (2) agencé pour recevoir le signal de sortie de l'élément de mesure de courant (3), et l'impulsion de commande (Uv) pour le dispositif d'admission (1) et pour calculer (10) le temps d'ouverture du dispositif d'admission de combustible (1).
     
    10. Outil manuel selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le microcontrôleur (2) comprend un circuit de traitement (9) pour détecter l'ouverture et la fermeture mécaniques du dispositif électrique d'admission (1).
     
    11. Outil manuel selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le dispositif d'admission de combustible (1) est commandé par un étage de puissance (4) commandé par un circuit (10) du microcontrôleur (2) pour calculer le temps d'ouverture du dispositif d'admission, et connecté en entrée au circuit de traitement (9) du microcontrôleur (2).
     
    12. Outil manuel selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 11, dans lequel le dispositif d'admission de combustible est une électrovanne (1) comprenant une bobine (15), et l'élément de mesure de courant (3) est actionné en série avec la bobine (15).
     
    13. Outil manuel selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12, dans lequel un circuit (7) de protection, de commande et de stabilisation de tension est prévu en parallèle avec le dispositif d'admission (1).
     
    14. Outil manuel selon la revendication 13, dans lequel ledit circuit de protection et de commande comprend une diode Zener (19) pour une protection de tension et une commande de stabilisation.
     
    15. Outil manuel selon la revendication 14, dans lequel la diode Zener (19) est montée en série avec une diode de décharge (18).
     
    16. Outil manuel selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 14, dans lequel un capteur de pression (20) est prévu à la sortie du dispositif d'admission de combustible (1).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description