(19)
(11)EP 2 355 494 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 11153877.3

(22)Date of filing:  09.02.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04N 21/422(2011.01)
H04N 21/442(2011.01)
H04N 21/462(2011.01)
H04H 60/45(2008.01)
H04N 5/44(2011.01)
H04N 21/4415(2011.01)
H04N 21/45(2011.01)
H04N 21/466(2011.01)
H04N 5/445(2011.01)

(54)

Tracking user remote signatures

Verfolgung von Benutzerfernsignaturen

Suivi de signatures d'utilisateur à distance


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.02.2010 US 702925

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.08.2011 Bulletin 2011/32

(73)Proprietor: DISH Technologies L.L.C.
Englewood, CO 80112 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Burton, David Robert
    Skipton, Yorkshire (GB)
  • Ward, Martyn Ross
    Bingley, Yorkshire BD16 4PJ (GB)

(74)Representative: Reeve, Nicholas Edward 
Reddie & Grose LLP The White Chapel Building 10 Whitechapel High Street
London E1 8QS
London E1 8QS (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-98/31114
US-A1- 2002 129 368
US-A1- 2005 243 061
US-A- 4 805 222
US-A1- 2005 138 658
US-A1- 2007 033 607
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] Implementations discussed herein are generally directed to an apparatus and method for determining an identity of a user through use of an input device.

    Background



    [0002] Set-top boxes or other client devices that operate to receive satellite or cable programming may provide customized output to users. For example, a set-top box may provide targeted advertisement or a programming guide that includes a list of favorite channels. A favorite channel listing may be explicitly entered by a user on some set-top boxes. Other set-top boxes may be programmed to automatically identify commonly viewed channels and to list these channels as favorites. In such environments, a problem arises where the set-top box is used by multiple individuals, as is common in many households. Specifically, a set-top box may list a channel as a favorite that is frequently watched by some but not all of the users of the set-top box. For those users of the set-top box that do not frequently view that particular channel, a favorites list that includes the channel may appear to be inaccurate. Accordingly, it would be desirable for a set-top box or other receiver to be able to identify which of a number of different possible users is currently using the receiver. In this way, the set-top box or receiver may provide customized output that accurately reflects the true likes and needs of individual users.

    [0003] US 2005/138658 discloses a method that continuously monitors program sources for determining programs of interest to a user. In particular, a dexterity profile of user (or unique viewer signatures) is created by measuring generic parameters during the use of a remote control, i.e. timing, pressure, and duration of button presses.

    [0004] US 2002/129368 discloses a method of characterizing viewers by monitoring viewer's interactivity, e.g. via a remote control unit, with the set-top receiver. In particular, viewer profiles are generated based on viewing habits and preferences of each viewer.

    [0005] US2005/243061 discloses a system in which a free pointer device filters pointer movements resulting from tremors of the user's hand, and uses these to develop a tremor pattern with which to identify the user.

    [0006] US4805222 discloses a device and method for verifying the identity of an individual based on keystroke dynamics, comprising a keyboard for the inputting of data in the form of alphanumeric character by keystrokes, a timing encoder coupled to the keyboard for timing periods between keystrokes, a CPU coupled to RAM and to the timing encoder for generating a template for the individual, the template comprising a first plurality of features based upon a first set of time periods between keystrokes from a first set of keystrokes of the individual and the CPU determining a plurality of extracted features based upon a second set of time periods from a second set of keystrokes, and comparing the template to the plurality of extracted features such that the identity of the individual may be verified.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] The invention is defined in the independent claims to which reference should now be made. Advantageous features are set out in the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic illustration of components and features associated with implementations discussed herein;

    Fig. 2 is an illustration of example profiles for a first and second user;

    Fig. 3 is a flow chart that illustrates a method in accordance with embodiments discussed herein; and

    Fig. 4 is another flow chart that illustrates a method in accordance with embodiments discussed herein.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0009] Implementations discussed herein are directed to an apparatus and method for identifying a particular user of an electronic device, such as a set-top box or receiver. Using the methods described herein, a user is identified by the manner in which she uses an input device, such a wireless remote. Each individual user of the receiver is assigned a profile that includes values for a number of information points that serve to distinguish the user from other user's of the receiver. Such information points include the length of time in which the user typically holds down a key, and may include one or more other information points such as the keys that she typically uses, and the time of day the she typically uses the receiver. Other information points that may be used to identify a user are described herein. With a user identified through tracking of her usage of a input device, customized content such as target advertisements or programming suggestions may be provided. While the systems and methods described herein are discussed with specific reference to a set-top box or receiver, it should be understood that other implementations may be realized in other electronic devices. For example, the systems and methods described herein may be implemented in mobile or cellular phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), digital cameras, personal computers, workstations, and the like.

    [0010] As used herein, a "receiver" may be any device capable of receiving video content included in a broadcast or other program service transmission from a service provider. For example, a receiver may include a set-top box, a cable box, general purpose computer, and so on. A receiver may also include a cable modem or raster that receives streaming video. As used herein, a "service provider" may include any entity that provides a program service transmission to a receiver such as, without limitation, a satellite television distributor, a direct television provider or a cable television company. It should be understood that the term "program service transmission" generally embraces not only satellite or terrestrial broadcasts and/or narrowcasts but also transmission of information across any wired or wireless transmission medium. Accordingly, a "program service transmission" encompasses transmission of information across a cable network (for example from a cable headend to cable receiver), an Internet or other computer-accessible medium (including a local area network, wide-area network, and so on), including Internet protocol television transmissions, a wireless network such as a radio frequency or infrared network, and so on.

    [0011] Fig. 1 is a schematic illustration of a general operating environment showing components and features of embodiments discussed herein. Fig. 1 includes a service provider 104 that transmits or otherwise provides a program service transmission to a receiver 108. The receiver 108 may be associated with or located near an individual, business or other entity, user or subscriber that receives a program service transmission from the service provider 104. The program service transmission may be received through a subscription to the service. Generally the terms "user" and/or "subscriber" refer to an individual or company who receives a program service transmission. This may include those who have purchased a subscription to the program service transmission. Additionally, the terms "user" and/or "subscriber" may refer to individuals who have been given access to the program service transmission through promotional offers and/or other non-fee-based agreements.

    [0012] A receiver 108 may include a tuner 112 operable to receive the program service transmission signal from the service provider 104 and a decoder 116 to decode the received signal. The decoder 116 may be programmed to decrypt or otherwise decode some or all of the received signal in accordance with purchases and selections made by a user. In connection with embodiments that operate in the context of a satellite television service, the service provider 104 may provide a program service transmission through an uplink center. The uplink center may include a transmitter or other equipment operable to transmit a modulated signal having data representing audio and/or visual content. The modulated signal may be received at a satellite, which in turn retransmits the modulated signal to be received at one or more terrestrial locations. The retransmitted signal may be received from the satellite at one or more satellite dishes, which are typically associated with one or more receivers.

    [0013] Again, it should be noted that embodiments may operate with different product transmission services. Accordingly, although a satellite system is provided as an example of a program service transmission system, it should be understood that other networks or broadcasts for transmitting data may be used by alternative embodiments. For example, embodiments may be implemented in connection with a cable service. In this case, the service provider 104 and the receiver 108 may communicate over a communication path that includes various combinations of local and wide area networks and/or the Internet. In such embodiments, the receiver 108 may be configured to access a web site, a file transfer protocol (FTP) site, a file sharing system or site, and so on.

    [0014] The receiver 108 may additionally include a processor 120 operable to run executable code in connection with various functions associated with the receiver 108. For example, the processor 120 may display graphics, images, animations or other content on a TV/monitor 124, such as a television (TV) or monitor. The receiver 108 and/or the TV/monitor may be associated with a speaker 126. In the case of receiving commands or other information relating to changes to the account status, the processor 120 may be further operable to initiate or facilitate transmission of one or more messages to the service provider 104. The processor 120 may be further operable to recall and display stored content, such as a purchased or recorded videos or programs.

    [0015] The receiver 108 may include or be associated with a memory or other storage device 128, such as magnetic or optical storage. The storage device 128 may be operable to store data received from the decoded satellite signal. The storage device 128 may be volatile or nonvolatile memory implemented using any suitable technique or technology such as, for example, random access memory (RAM), disk storage, flash memory, solid state and so on. The storage device 128 may be located within the receiver 108 or separately from the receiver 108. The storage device may removable in nature. The stored data set may include audio and/or visual content to be transmitted and displayed through the TV/monitor 124. Generally, audio visual content may include still images, video images, animation and/or audio. Portable Network Graphics (PNG) or other appropriate formats, such as for example, Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG) -2, MPEG-4 may be used to display an image or video. As a result commands or setting from a user, videos or other program may be stored locally in storage 128. Stored program may include for example recorded broadcasts, pay-per-view items and/or buffered portions of a live video broadcast.

    [0016] The processor 120 may perform such tasks as executing commands received from a user. User commands may be sent to the receiver 108 through a user input device 132 such as remote or other wireless device. As used herein, a "user input device" may include any device operable to receive input from a user and to convey the input to the receiver 108. In one embodiment, the user input device 132 may be a hand-held device having a number of buttons or keys on a key pad 134 that when actuated by a user cause the user input device 132 convey information to the receiver 108 using a suitable communication means, such as an infrared signal. The user input device 132 may include a pointing device or functionality that allows the user to control the position of a cursor that is displayed on the TV/monitor 124. For example, the user input device 132 may include a track ball or glide plane that may be manipulated to control cursor movements. The user input device 132 may include a motion sensor or accelerometer that allows a user to control displayed items or graphics, such as a cursor, through movements of his or her hand or arm that cause a displacement of the user input device 132. It should be appreciated that other input devices such as a computer mouse or touch screen may be used and other communication means, wired or wireless, may be used. Information sent to the receiver 108 may include, for example, a command to change the displayed channel, a command to pause and/or rewind a displayed program, a command to record a particular program, a command to purchase a pay-per-view item. Commands sent to the receiver 108 may be entered through a dedicated display menu.

    [0017] The storage device 128 may additionally store an application, file, module or other data that is useable by the processor 120. As used herein, an application or module includes processor executable code that may be run to carry out one or more functions associated with the receiver 108. "Processor executable code" includes any computer-readable media or commands that may be ultimately interpreted by a processor, such as HTML or XML files that are rendered into user-viewable applications by an application executed by the processor.

    [0018] One such processor-executable application is an input signal analyzer 136, which operates to generate one or user profiles 140 from signals received from the input device 132. Each profile 140 is associated with a particular user and includes a number of information points that define a characteristic manner in which the user operates the input device 132. One such information point is the duration of time in which a user typically holds down a key when that key is pressed on the key pad 134 of the user input device 132. This information point may be a range of time durations specified in an appropriate unit, such as seconds. It may be the case that the various users of the receiver 108 vary in the duration of time in which they typically hold down a key, and that this information point may be sufficient by itself to distinguish between the users of the device. For example, say that a first user typically holds down a key for a duration in the range of 1-2 seconds, and a second user typically holds down a key for a duration in the range of 3-4 seconds. In this instance, profiles for the first and second users may include these ranges as information points and thereby provide data to distinguish between the first and second users. If the time in which the first and second users typically hold down a key is not so clearly distinguishable, or if there are other users of the receiver 108 that typically hold down keys for a similar amount of time, the profiles 140 may include additional information points in order to properly distinguish between all users of the receiver 108. Profiles 140 having additional information points are described in greater detail below.

    [0019] The input signal analyzer 136 is operable analyze signals received from the input device 132 in order to determine values or parameters for certain information points that may be used to identify a particular user. For example, when transmitting a command corresponding to a certain key press, the input device 132 may send a number of redundant command codes. One command code may be sufficient to cause to the receiver 108 to carry out the appropriate command, but several of the same codes may be sent depending on the length of time in which the user presses the key. Additionally, an input device 132 that incorporates an infrared red (IR) blaster may send a number of redundant codes so that the receiver 108 has a better chance of receiving the command. In this case, the number of redundant codes that are received may depend on the length of time in which the user holds down the key. Typically, a receiver 108 discards the redundant command codes and executes the command only once. In accordance with embodiments described herein, the redundant command codes are not discarded but rather counted or otherwise analyzed by the input signal analyzer 136 in order to infer or otherwise determine the length of time in which a key was pressed. Other operations of the input signal analyzer 136 are described herein.

    [0020] In the above example, the input signal analyzer 136 measures values or parameters for an information point on a signal that is typically received from a input device 132. Using information that would otherwise be discarded by the receiver 108, the input signal analyzer 136 is able to determine information that may identify a particular user. In other embodiments, the input signal analyzer 136 may be programmed to recognize certain specialized commands or transmissions sent from the input device 132 that convey information about the manner in which a user operates the input device 132. In this regard, the input device 132 may include an input analyzer 144 that operates to measure information point values as the user presses the keys 134. In one embodiment, the input analyzer 144 may include a clock or other timing mechanism that measures a time interval that starts when the user presses a key and ends when the user releases the key. In other embodiments, the duration of the key press may be determined indirectly be measuring or otherwise analyzing certain circuit characteristics, such a switch bounce times. Once these information point values are determined, they may be sent to the receiver 108. The information point values may be sent to the receiver 108 in a transmission that includes the command that corresponds to the key that was pressed. Alternatively, the information point values may be sent in a separate command or transmission.

    [0021] Fig. 2 is an illustration of two example user profiles. The first profile 208 and the second profile 212 each include values or ranges of values for an number of information points 204. The first information point 216 shown in Fig. 2 is a duration of a typical key press. The first information point 216 is described above and may, in some instances, be used by itself to distinguish between a user associated with the first profile 208 and a user associated with the second profile 212. In the example shown in Fig. 2, the user associated with first profile 208, typically holds down a key for 1-2 seconds, and the user associated with the second profile 212 typically holds down a key for 3-4 seconds. Other information points 204 may also be used to distinguish between the user associated with the first profile 208 and the user associated with the second profile 212.

    [0022] The second information point 220 shown in Fig. 2 indicates a frequently used key. The key pad 134 includes a number of keys, some of which may be used preferentially by a particular user. For example, one user may prefer to scroll or "surf" through all the channels before deciding on a particular channel to view. For this user, the "channel up" or "channel down" key may be frequently used. Another user may have a favorite channel that she frequently tunes to by directly entering the channel's number. For this user, a certain number key or combination of number key may be frequently used. Referring to the example profiles shown in Fig. 2, the first profile 208 indicates that the "EPG" key is frequently used. Accordingly, in contrast to a "channel surfer," the user associated with first profile 208 may prefer to use the electronic programming guide to select a channel to view. The second profile 212 indicates that the "Volume Up" key is frequently used. Accordingly, the user associated with the second profile 212 may be hard of hearing or otherwise prefer a higher volume. The second information point 220 may be used alone or in combination with other information points to distinguish between various users of the receiver 108.

    [0023] The third information point 224 shown in Fig. 2 indicates a typical number of key press repetitions. It may be the case that a particular user presses a particular key a number of times when using the input device 132 to send a single command to the receiver 108. Techniques similar to those described above in connection with the first information point 216 may be used to evaluate user behavior associated with the third information point 224. Specifically, multiple key presses that occur together may result in a group of redundant command codes being sent to the receiver 104 in a series having a number of breaks that correspond to a time when the key is not pressed. The input signal analyzer 136 may count these breaks in the series of redundant command codes to thereby count the number of times that a user repeats a key press. Similarly, in other embodiments, the input analyzer 144 associated with input device 132 may count the number of repeated key presses and transmit this information to the receiver 108 alone or in combination with the command corresponding to the key press. The third information point 220 may be used alone or in combination with other information points 220 to distinguish between various users of the receiver 108.

    [0024] The fourth information point 228 indicates a preferred channel. It may be the case that a user of the receiver 108 has one or favorite channels that she typically watches. In this regard, the input signal analyzer 136 may operate to record which channel or channels a user most frequently watches. A number of criteria may be used to determine which of a number viewed channels is recorded as the user's preferred channel. In one embodiment, the channel which is viewed for the longest period of time is regarded as a preferred channel. In other embodiments, a channel that is viewed first may be regarded as a user's preferred channel. In the example shown in Fig. 2, the user associated with the first profile 208 prefers the channel "MSNBC." The user associated with the second profile 212 prefers the channel "HBO." The fourth information point 224 may be used alone or in combination with other information points to distinguish between various users of the receiver 108.

    [0025] The fifth information point 232 shown in Fig. 2 indicates typical time in which the receiver 108 is used to view programming. In connection with collecting data for the fifth information point 232, the receiver 108 or the user input 132 may include a clock or other mechanism for keeping time. In the example shown in Fig. 2, the user associated with the first profile 208 has a preferred viewing time of 10:00-10:30 PM. The user associated with the second profile 212 has a preferred viewing time of 5:30-6:30 PM. The fifth information point 232 may be used alone or in combination with other information points to distinguish between various users of the receiver 108.

    [0026] The sixth information point 236 shown in Fig. 2 includes a typical pressure on a key. In connection with acquiring data for the sixth information point 236, the input device 132 may have resistive switch or other pressure sensitive mechanism associated with one or more commonly used keys on the key pad 134. In this way, the input analyzer 144 may be operable to measure the pressure exerted by a user's finger when she presses a key. By way of example, the profiles shown in Fig. 2 include a 2 psi pressure typically exerted by the user associated with the first profile 208 and a 6 psi pressure typically exerted by the user associated with second profile 212. The data acquired in connection with the sixth information point 236 may be conveyed from the input device 132 to the receiver 108 alone or in combination with the command that is associated with the key press. The sixth information point 236 may be used alone or in combination with other information points to distinguish between various users of the receiver 108.

    [0027] It should be appreciated that the information points 204 shown in Fig. 2 do not represent an exhaustive list of possible information points 204 useable in connection with the systems and methods described herein. Moreover, it should be appreciated that not all the additional information points 204 shown in Fig. 2 will be needed for every implementation. The particular information points 204 that are used to define profiles in a given system will depend on details specific to that system such as the layout of the key pad 134, the number and type of channels offered by the service provider 104, and so on. In designing a particular system, empirical data may used to determine information points 204 that provide greater variability from user to user. Those information points that tend to take on different values or ranges of values depending on which user is operating the input device may be given greater weight in defining a profile. In some embodiments numerical weights may be assigned to the information points 204 and evaluated according in determining value for distinguishing between different users.

    [0028] Fig. 3 is flow chart 300 that illustrates an operation of the input signal analyzer 136. As mentioned above, the input signal analyzer 136 may be an executable application running on the processor 120 associated with receiver 108. The input signal analyzer 136 is operable to generate user profiles based on signals received from the input device. Beginning at operation 304, the receiver 108 receives a command from the input device 132. Typically, the command received at operation 304 operates to at least cause the receiver 108 to take some action in connection with displaying programming content. If such a command is received in operation 304, the receiver 108 may proceed to execute the appropriate receiver action prior to any analysis of the command data to identify a particular user. For example, if the command specifies a channel change, the receiver may change the channel that is tuned by tuner 112 prior to analyzing the command to determine information about how the user operates the input device 132. In some embodiments, the command received in operation 304 may include information complied by the input device 132 for identifying user behavior or characteristics. Following operation 304, operation 308 may be executed.

    [0029] In operation 308, a determination is made as to whether the command is one that explicitly identifies a user. A command that explicitly identifies a user may be received in connection with a mode of operation where the receiver 108 is "trained" to recognize a particular user. Specifically, the user may enter a command or series commands at the input device 132 that tells the receiver 108 that a particular user is currently using input device 132. In this mode of operation, the input signal analyzer 136 need not attempt to match received signal patterns to existing profiles 140 or determine if the received signals correspond to a new user. Rather, the input signal analyzer 136 may collect data for various information points and record that data in a profile 140 for the user identified by the command received in operation 304. Accordingly, if in operation 308, the command identifies a particular user, a profile 140 corresponding to that user may be created or retrieved and configured to receive data in operation 320. If, in operation 308, the command did not identify a user, operation 312 may be executed.

    [0030] In operation 312, the input signal analyzer 136 determines if the command fits a particular existing profile 140. Operation 312 may include analyzing the command to determine values or parameters for one or more information points 204, such as those shown in Fig. 2. For example, the input signal analyzer 136 may count the number of repeat codes associated with the command to determine a duration of time in which the user pressed the key that resulted in the command being sent to the receiver 108. In so doing, the input signal analyzer 136 may determine a match between the current user and a stored user profile 140 based on the first information point 216. If needed, the input analyzer 136 may also look for matches on one or more additional information points 204 in order determine that a particular profile 140 corresponds to the current user of the input device 132. If, in operation 312, the input signal analyzer 136 determines that the command fits an existing profile 140, operation 320 may be executed. If the command does not fit an existing profile 140, operation 316 may be executed. In operation 316, the input signal analyzer 136 determines if the command received in operation 304 is sufficient to define a new profile 316. Here, the current user does not match any of the existing profiles 140 and the input signal analyzer 136 attempts to acquire enough data regarding the manner in which the new user operates the input device 132 such that the data will distinguish the new user from those users associated with existing profiles 140. It should be appreciated that in determining the sufficiency for the command received in operation 304 for this purpose, the input signal analyzer 136 may use also user other data accumulated from past commands received by the receiver 108. If the received data is not sufficient in quantity or in quality to establish a distinguishing profile for the user, operation 304 may follow operation 316. Specifically, the receiver 108 awaits the next command from which the input signal analyzer 136 may acquire further data for the current user. If, however, the accumulated data is sufficient to establish a profile, operation 320 may be executed following operation 316.

    [0031] In operation 320, the current user of the input device 132 is known and, accordingly, the current user's profile 340 is active. The current user may have been identified by an explicit identifying command entered into the input device 132. Alternatively, a particular user may have been recognized though data analysis that shows a correspondence with her user profile 140. In other cases, data analysis of the signals may have revealed a new user and, accordingly resulted in the establishing of a new profile 140. In this case, the user may be promoted to entered her name so that it is properly associated with the new profile. Following operation 320, operation 324 may be executed.

    [0032] In operation 324, content may be output to the TV/monitor 124 or speaker 126 that is specific to the current user of the input device 132. Specifically, the receiver 108 may output programming suggestions that are tailored to the current user's likes and dislikes. The current user's likes and dislikes may be determined or inferred based on information contained in her profile 140. This may include certain information points 204 that relate to preferred programming content. Alternatively, her profile may contain a favorites listing that she has entered of that has accumulated over time. In addition to programming suggestions, the receiver 108 may also display advertisements or other promotional materials that are directed or targeted towards the current user of the input device 132.

    [0033] In some instances, the person who operates the input device 132 may make channel selections that do not correspond to her personal preferences. A group of people may be present and the choices made by the user may reflect the viewing preferences of the group. By way of further example, a parent may make a channel selection for a child who will view the program or other content displayed on the TV/monitor 124. Accordingly, in operation 324, the input signal analyzer 136 may make allowances for the fact the user of the input device 132 may differ from the viewer of the program selected by use of the input device 132. The input signal 136 may take certain actions if input selections from a known user differ substantially for the user's known preferences. In one embodiment, the user input analyzer 136 may seek confirmation from the user that she is in fact the intended viewer of the selected programs or other displayed content. This confirmation may be in the form of a question in a graphical user interface provided as output to the TV/monitor 124. In other embodiments, the user input analyzer 136 may suspend displaying target advertisements or other user-specific content.

    [0034] Accordingly, if the user input analyzer 136 determines that the user who is operating the user input device 132 is or may not actually be the viewer of the selected program, operation 324 may be by-passed. Following operation 324, operation 328 may be executed.

    [0035] In operation 328, the receiver 108 receives the next command from the input device 132. The command received in operation 328 is input by a user and may operate to cause the receiver 108 to take a particular action in connection with displaying programming, such as a channel change or a volume change. In operation 332, the command received in operation 328 is analyzed by the input signal analyzer 136. Specially, the command is analyzed to determine if it was entered by the user associated with currently active profile 140. If the command fits within the parameters or information points defined in the currently active profile, the input signal analyzer 136 may determine that the input device 132 has not changed hands and is still held by the same person. If this is the case and the input device 132 is determined to not have changed hands, operation 324 may again follow operation 332. If, however, the command received in operation 328 indicates that the input device 132 has changed hands, operation 308 may be executed. In this way, the recently received command is analyzed as described above to identify or establish a profile 140.

    [0036] In some embodiments, input device 132 may be provided with certain hardware and/or programming that is operable to identify when the input device 132 changes hands. In one embodiment this may include capacitive tracker or grid associated with the exterior of the input device that discharges or is otherwise responsive to a human hand releasing the device. When such an occurrence is detected, a transmission may be sent to receiver 108 indicating that the input device 132 has changed hands.

    [0037] Fig. 4 is a flow chart 400 that illustrates an operation of the input analyzer 144. As mentioned above, the input analyzer 144 may run on the input device 132 and operate to analyze inputs entered by a user through the key pad 134. Initially, in operation 404, a key is press by a user. Specifically, the user enters a command to be transmitted to the receiver 108 by pressing a key on the key pad 134. The command so entered is typically one that causes the receiver to take a particular action associated with displaying programming content, such as a channel change. Once the command is entered through the key pad in operation 404, the command may be transmitted by the input device 132 to the receiver 108 in operation 408. Following operation 408, operation 412 may be executed.

    [0038] In operation 412, the input analyzer 144 may analyze the key press received in operation 404 to determine information point data that may be used in identifying or establishing a user profile. In one embodiment, this may include measuring the pressure on a resistive switch. In other embodiments, this may include measuring the length of time that a key remains pressed by a user when she enters a command. If, in operation 412, information point data is acquired by the input analyzer 144, this data may be transmitted to the receiver in operation 416. Following operation 416, operation 404 may again be executed.

    [0039] It should be noted that the method illustrated by flow chart 400 includes analysis of key presses to acquire information point data. However, in accordance with certain embodiments, the input analyzer 144 may also acquire data from other sources. For example, in one embodiment, the input device 132 is equipped with a capacitive grid that operates at or near the exterior of the device 132 and is operable to determine specific locations on the device 132 that are in contact with the user's hand. These locations may be tracked to define a characteristic manner in which the device is held by the various users. This information may be recorded and conveyed to the receiver 108 for incorporation in one or more user profiles 140.

    [0040] In some embodiments, a reset feature may be provided that allows a user to clear the stored information point data out of her profile 140. Following this the input signal analyzer 136 and/or the input analyzer 144 may operate to acquire new data to thereby reestablish the user's profile 140. A user may wish to reset her profile if she discovers that the stored information point data is leading to inaccurate results. Alternatively, it may be the case that the user's characteristic manner of operating the input device 132 may change. Such change may occur, for example, in the event that the user suffers an injury or other disabling event that alters her motor skills.

    [0041] As mentioned above, the methods described herein are discussed with specific reference to a set-top box or receiver, but may be realized in other electronic devices. In one example, the methods described herein may be used to identify users of a cellular phone. A keyboard or keypad used to enter telephone numbers, text or other data into the phone may be monitored to determine characteristic ways in which a user enters data. Such data may be used to establish on or more user profiles. While a cellular phone may typically have only one user, the methods described herein may be used for security purposes. For example, if someone other than the phone's owner is using the phone, this may be detected by the profiling methods discussed herein. In response, the cellular phone may take certain actions such as requesting entry of a password, initiating a service call that reports unauthorized use of the phone, and/or disabling the phone. For cellular phones that include a capacitive grid or other mechanism for detecting touch areas, a characteristic hand position or way of holding the phone be used to identify the user for security purposes. In another embodiment, the methods described herein may be used to provide additional security for keyboards or key pads that are used to enter personal identification numbers (PINs) or other access codes. For example, if a PIN number is associated with a user profile derived from the manner in which the associated person operates a key pad, an additional level of security may be provided. Specifically, unauthorized use of a PIN number or other access code may be detected when the unauthorized person's manner of using a keyboard or keypad fails to match the profile associated with the authorized user.

    [0042] The foregoing merely illustrates certain principles of embodiments. Various modifications and alterations to the described embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art in view of the teachings herein.


    Claims

    1. A method of identifying a user of a receiver (108), the receiver having a tuner (112) operable to receive a program service transmission having a plurality of channels, and the tuner (112) being operable to select one of the channels responsive to a command received from an input device (132) and to prepare the channel to be output in a data signal to a display device (124);
    the method comprising:

    receiving a first plurality of commands at a receiver (108) from a user input device (132) associated with the receiver (108), the user input device (132) having a key pad with a plurality of keys (134), and being operable to transmit the first plurality of commands from the user input device to the receiver based on the user pressing a key of the key pad, each command including a group of identical command codes and the number of command codes corresponding to a length of time in which the key is pressed;

    determining first data values for a first information point (216) based on the first plurality of commands received at the receiver (108), the data values corresponding to a length of time in which the user presses a key (134) of the key pad, and being calculated by counting the number of identical command codes in each group of identical command codes, and the first information point (216) defining a characteristic button press time for the first user;

    determining second data values for at least a second information point (220) based on the first plurality of commands received at the receiver (108), the second data values determined by recording which keys (134) are pressed by a user, and the second information point (220) defining a characteristic group of commonly pressed buttons for the first user;

    establishing a first profile (140) for the first user, based on the first and second information points (216, 220) determined from the first and second data values in the first plurality of received commands; and

    having established the first profile, determining whether a second plurality of received commands fit the first profile, and if yes, identifying the first user, and if no, establishing a second profile for a second user based on first (216) and second information points (220) determined from first and second data values in the second plurality of received commands.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, comprising:

    determining third data values for a third information point (224), based on either the first or second plurality of commands received at the receiver (108), the third data values corresponding to the number of key presses repeated by the first user or second user respectively; and

    establishing the first or second profile (140) based on the third information point (224).


     
    3. The method of claim 1 or 2, comprising:

    determining fourth data values for a fourth information point (228), by recording which channels remain output from the receiver for longer than a pre-determined time; and

    establishing the first or the second profile (140) based on the fourth information point (228).


     
    4. The method of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the receiver (108) includes a clock, and the method further comprises:

    determining fifth data values for a fifth information point (232) by recording a time of day in which commands are received from the user input device (132); and

    establishing the first or the second profile (140) based on the fifth information point (232).


     
    5. A receiver (108), comprising:

    a tuner (112) operable to receive a program service transmission having a plurality of channels, the tuner (112) being operable to select one of the channels responsive to a command received from an input device (132), the user input device (132) having a key pad with a plurality of keys (134), and being operable to transmit the first plurality of commands from the user input device (132) to the receiver based on the user pressing a key of the key pad, each command including a group of identical command codes and the number of command codes corresponding to a length of time in which the key is pressed;

    a memory (128) connected to the tuner (112), the memory including a tangible storage medium operable to store computer readable data and instructions;

    a processor (120) operable to run computer executable code stored in the memory (128), the processor (120) operable to output data to the display device (124); and

    an input signal analyzer (136) including instructions stored in the memory (128) and running on the processor (120), the input signal analyzer (136) operable to:

    receive a first plurality of commands from a user input device (132) associated with the receiver (108), the user input device (132) having a key pad with a plurality of keys (134), and being operable to transmit the first plurality of commands from the user input device to the receiver based on the user pressing a key of the key pad, each command including a group of identical command codes and the number of command codes corresponding to a length of time in which the key is pressed;

    determine first data values for a first information point (216) based on the first plurality of commands received at the receiver (108), the data values corresponding to a length of time in which the user presses a key (134) of the key pad, and being calculated by counting the number of identical command codes in each group of identical command codes, and the first information point (216) defining a characteristic button press time for the first user;

    determine second data values for at least a second information point (220) based on the first plurality of commands received at the receiver (108), the second data values determined by recording which keys (134) are pressed by a user, and the second information point (220) defining a characteristic group of commonly pressed buttons for the first user;

    establish a first profile (140) for the first user, based on the first and second information points (216, 220) determined from the first and second data values in the first plurality of received commands; and

    having established the first profile, determine whether a second plurality of received commands fit the first profile, and if yes, identifying the first user, and if no, establishing a second profile for a second user based on first (216) and second information points (220) determined from first and second data values in the second plurality of received commands.


     
    6. The receiver of claim 5, wherein the input signal analyzer (136) is operable to:

    determine third data values for a third information point (224), based on either the first or second plurality of commands received at the receiver (108), the third data values corresponding to the number of key presses repeated by the first user or second user respectively; and

    establish the first or second profile (140) based on the third information point (224).


     
    7. The receiver of claim 5 or 6, wherein the input signal analyzer (136) is operable to:

    determine fourth data values for a fourth information point (228), by recording which channels remain output from the receiver for longer than a pre-determined time; and

    establish the first or the second profile (140) based on the fourth information point (228).


     
    8. The receiver of claim 5, 6 or 7, wherein the receiver (108) includes a clock, and the input signal analyzer (136) is operable to:

    determine fifth data values for a fifth information point (232) by recording a time of day in which commands are received from the user input device (132); and

    establish the first or the second profile (140) based on the fifth information point (232).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Identifizieren eines Benutzers eines Empfängers (108), wobei der Empfänger einen Tuner (112) hat, der zum Empfangen einer Programmdienstübertragung mit einer Vielzahl von Kanälen funktionell ist, und der Tuner (112) zum Auswählen von einem der Kanäle, auf einen von einer Eingabevorrichtung (132) her empfangenen Befehl ansprechend, und zum Vorbereiten des Kanals auf die Ausgabe in einem Datensignal an eine Anzeigevorrichtung (124) funktionell ist;
    wobei das Verfahren Folgendes aufweist:

    Empfangen einer ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen an einem Empfänger (108) von einer dem Empfänger (108) zugeordneten Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132), wobei die Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132) ein Tastenfeld mit einer Vielzahl von Tasten (134) hat und zum Übertragen der ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen von der Benutzereingabevorrichtung zum Empfänger auf Basis des Betätigens einer Taste des Tastenfelds durch den Benutzer funktionell ist, wobei jeder Befehl eine Gruppe identischer Befehlscodes beinhaltet und die Anzahl von Befehlscodes einer Dauer entspricht, in der die Taste betätigt wird;

    Bestimmen erster Datenwerte für einen ersten Informationspunkt (216) auf Basis der am Empfänger (108) empfangenen ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen, wobei die Datenwerte einer Dauer entsprechen, in der der Benutzer eine Taste (134) des Tastenfelds betätigt, und durch Zählen der Anzahl identischer Befehlscodes in jeder Gruppe identischer Befehlscodes berechnet werden, und wobei der erste Informationspunkt (216) eine kennzeichnende Tastenbetätigungszeit für den ersten Benutzer definiert;

    Bestimmen zweiter Datenwerte für wenigstens einen zweiten Informationspunkt (220) auf Basis der am Empfänger (108) empfangenen ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen, wobei die zweiten Datenwerte durch Aufzeichnen, welche Tasten (134) von einem Benutzer betätigt werden, bestimmt werden und wobei der zweite Informationspunkt (220) eine kennzeichnende Gruppe häufig betätigter Tasten für den ersten Benutzer definiert;

    Erstellen eines ersten Profils (140) für den ersten Benutzer auf Basis der ersten und zweiten Informationspunkte (216, 220), die anhand der ersten und zweiten Datenwerte in der ersten Vielzahl empfangener Befehle bestimmt werden; und

    nach Erstellen des ersten Profils Bestimmen, ob eine zweite Vielzahl von empfangenen Befehlen zu dem ersten Profil passt, und, wenn ja, Identifizieren des ersten Benutzers, und, wenn nein, Erstellen eines zweiten Profils für einen zweiten Benutzer auf Basis von ersten (216) und zweiten Informationspunkten (220), die anhand erster und zweiter Datenwerte in der zweiten Vielzahl empfangener Befehle bestimmt werden.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, das Folgendes aufweist:

    Bestimmen dritter Datenwerte für einen dritten Informationspunkt (224) auf Basis von entweder der ersten oder der zweiten am Empfänger (108) empfangenen Vielzahl von Befehlen, wobei die dritten Datenwerte der Anzahl von durch den ersten Benutzer bzw. den zweiten Benutzer wiederholten Tastenbetätigungen entsprechen; und

    Erstellen des ersten oder des zweiten Profils (140) auf Basis des dritten Informationspunkts (224).


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, das Folgendes aufweist:

    Bestimmen vierter Datenwerte für einen vierten Informationspunkt (228) durch Aufzeichnen, welche Kanäle länger als eine vorbestimmte Zeit vom Empfänger ausgegeben bleiben; und

    Erstellen des ersten oder des zweiten Profils (140) auf Basis des vierten Informationspunkts (228).


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, wobei der Empfänger (108) eine Uhr enthält und das Verfahren ferner Folgendes aufweist:

    Bestimmen fünfter Datenwerte für einen fünften Informationspunkt (232) durch Aufzeichnen einer Tageszeit, in der Befehle von der Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132) her empfangen werden; und

    Erstellen des ersten oder des zweiten Profils (140) auf Basis des fünften Informationspunkts (232).


     
    5. Empfänger (108), der Folgendes aufweist:

    einen Tuner (112), der zum Empfangen einer Programmdienstübertragung mit einer Vielzahl von Kanälen funktionell ist, wobei der Tuner (112) zum Auswählen von einem der Kanäle, auf einen von einer Eingabevorrichtung (132) her empfangenen Befehl ansprechend, funktionell ist, wobei die Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132) ein Tastenfeld mit einer Vielzahl von Tasten (134) hat und zum Übertragen der ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen von der Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132) zum Empfänger auf Basis des Betätigens einer Taste des Tastenfelds durch den Benutzer funktionell ist, wobei jeder Befehl eine Gruppe identischer Befehlscodes beinhaltet und die Anzahl von Befehlscodes einer Dauer entspricht, in der die Taste betätigt wird;

    einen Speicher (128), der mit dem Tuner (112) verbunden ist, wobei der Speicher ein materielles Speichermedium ist, das zum Speichern von computerlesbaren Daten und Anweisungen funktionell ist;

    einen Prozessor (120), der zum Ausführen von im Speicher (128) gespeichertem Computer-ausführbarem Code funktionell ist, wobei der Prozessor (120) zum Ausgeben von Daten an die Anzeigevorrichtung (124) funktionell ist; und

    eine Eingangssignalanalyseeinrichtung (136), die im Speicher (128) gespeicherte Anweisungen aufweist und im Prozessor (120) ausgeführt wird, wobei die Eingangssignalanalyseeinrichtung (136) funktionell ist zum:

    Empfangen einer ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen von einer dem Empfänger (108) zugeordneten Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132), wobei die Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132) ein Tastenfeld mit einer Vielzahl von Tasten (134) hat und zum Übertragen der ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen von der Benutzereingabevorrichtung zum Empfänger auf Basis des Betätigens einer Taste des Tastenfelds durch den Benutzer funktionell ist, wobei jeder Befehl eine Gruppe identischer Befehlscodes beinhaltet und die Anzahl von Befehlscodes einer Dauer entspricht, in der die Taste betätigt wird;

    Bestimmen erster Datenwerte für einen ersten Informationspunkt (216) auf Basis der am Empfänger (108) empfangenen ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen, wobei die Datenwerte einer Dauer entsprechen, in der der Benutzer eine Taste (134) des Tastenfelds betätigt, und durch Zählen der Anzahl identischer Befehlscodes in jeder Gruppe identischer Befehlscodes berechnet werden und wobei der erste Informationspunkt (216) eine kennzeichnende Tastenbetätigungszeit für den ersten Benutzer definiert;

    Bestimmen zweiter Datenwerte für wenigstens einen zweiten Informationspunkt (220) auf Basis der am Empfänger (108) empfangenen ersten Vielzahl von Befehlen, wobei die zweiten Datenwerte durch Aufzeichnen, welche Tasten (134) von einem Benutzer betätigt werden, bestimmt werden und wobei der zweite Informationspunkt (220) eine kennzeichnende Gruppe häufig betätigter Tasten für den ersten Benutzer definiert;

    Erstellen eines ersten Profils (140) für den ersten Benutzer auf Basis der ersten und zweiten Informationspunkte (216, 220), die anhand der ersten und zweiten Datenwerte in der ersten Vielzahl empfangener Befehle bestimmt werden; und

    nach Erstellen des ersten Profils Bestimmen, ob eine zweite Vielzahl von empfangenen Befehlen zu dem ersten Profil passt, und, wenn ja, Identifizieren des ersten Benutzers, und, wenn nein, Erstellen eines zweiten Profils für einen zweiten Benutzer auf Basis von ersten (216) und zweiten Informationspunkten (220), die anhand erster und zweiter Datenwerte in der zweiten Vielzahl empfangener Befehle bestimmt werden.


     
    6. Empfänger nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Eingangssignalanalyseeinrichtung (136) funktionell ist zum:

    Bestimmen dritter Datenwerte für einen dritten Informationspunkt (224) auf Basis von entweder der ersten oder der zweiten am Empfänger (108) empfangenen Vielzahl von Befehlen, wobei die dritten Datenwerte der Anzahl von durch den ersten Benutzer bzw. den zweiten Benutzer wiederholten Tastenbetätigungen entsprechen; und

    Erstellen des ersten oder des zweiten Profils (140) auf Basis des dritten Informationspunkts (224).


     
    7. Empfänger nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Eingangssignalanalyseeinrichtung (136) funktionell ist zum:

    Bestimmen vierter Datenwerte für einen vierten Informationspunkt (228) durch Aufzeichnen, welche Kanäle länger als eine vorbestimmte Zeit vom Empfänger ausgegeben bleiben; und

    Erstellen des ersten oder des zweiten Profils (140) auf Basis des vierten Informationspunkts (228).


     
    8. Empfänger nach Anspruch 5, 6 oder 7, wobei der Empfänger (108) eine Uhr enthält und die Eingangssignalanalyseeinrichtung (136) funktionell ist zum:

    Bestimmen fünfter Datenwerte für einen fünften Informationspunkt (232) durch Aufzeichnen einer Tageszeit, in der Befehle von der Benutzereingabevorrichtung (132) her empfangen werden; und

    Erstellen des ersten oder des zweiten Profils (140) auf Basis des fünften Informationspunkts (232).


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'identification d'un utilisateur d'un récepteur (108), le récepteur ayant un syntoniseur (112) utilisable pour recevoir une transmission de service de programme ayant une pluralité de canaux, et le syntoniseur (112) étant utilisable pour sélectionner l'un des canaux en réponse à une commande reçue d'un dispositif d'entrée (132) et pour préparer le canal à sortir dans un signal de données à un dispositif d'affichage (124) ;
    le procédé comprenant :

    recevoir une première pluralité de commandes à un récepteur (108) d'un dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) associé au récepteur (108), le dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) ayant un clavier numérique avec une pluralité de touches (134), et étant utilisable pour transmettre la première pluralité de commandes du dispositif d'entrée utilisateur au récepteur sur la base du fait que l'utilisateur appuie sur une touche du clavier numérique, chaque commande comprenant un groupe de codes de commandes identiques et le nombre de codes de commandes correspondant à une longueur de temps durant laquelle la touche est enfoncée ;

    déterminer des premières valeurs de données pour un premier point d'information (216) sur la base de la première pluralité de commandes reçues au récepteur (108), les valeurs de données correspondant à une longueur de temps durant laquelle l'utilisateur appuie sur une touche (134) du clavier numérique, et étant calculées en comptant le nombre de codes de commandes identiques dans chaque groupe de codes de commandes identiques, et le premier point d'information (216) définissant une durée caractéristique de pression de bouton pour le premier utilisateur ;

    déterminer des deuxièmes valeurs de données pour au moins un deuxième point d'information (220) sur la base de la première pluralité de commandes reçues au récepteur (108), les deuxièmes valeurs de données étant déterminées en enregistrant quelles sont les touches (134) enfoncées par un utilisateur, et le deuxième point d'information (220) définissant un groupe caractéristique de boutons enfoncés ordinairement pour le premier utilisateur ;

    établir un premier profil (140) pour le premier utilisateur, sur la base du premier et du deuxième point d'information (216, 220) déterminés d'après les premières et deuxièmes valeurs de données dans la première pluralité de commandes reçues ; et

    ayant établi le premier profil, déterminer si une deuxième pluralité de commandes reçues s'adapte au premier profil, et le cas échéant, identifier le premier utilisateur, et dans la négative, établir un deuxième profil pour un deuxième utilisateur sur la base du premier (216) et du deuxième (220) point d'information déterminés d'après les premières et les deuxièmes valeurs de données dans la deuxième pluralité de commande reçues.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant :

    déterminer des troisièmes valeurs de données pour un troisième point d'information (224) sur la base soit de la première soit de la deuxième pluralité de commandes reçues au récepteur (108), les troisièmes valeurs de données correspondant au nombre de pressions de touche répétées par le premier utilisateur ou le deuxième utilisateur respectivement ; et

    établir le premier ou le deuxième profil (140) sur la base du troisième point d'information (224).


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant :

    déterminer des quatrièmes valeurs de données pour un quatrième point d'information (228), en enregistrant quels canaux demeurent sortis du récepteur pendant plus longtemps qu'un temps prédéterminé ; et

    établir le premier ou le deuxième profil (140) sur la base du quatrième point d'information (228).


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel le récepteur (108) comprend une horloge, et le procédé comprend en outre :

    déterminer des cinquièmes valeurs de données pour un cinquième point d'information (232) en enregistrant une heure du jour à laquelle des commandes sont reçues du dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) ; et

    établir le premier ou le deuxième profil (140) sur la base du cinquième point d'information (232).


     
    5. Récepteur (108), comprenant :

    un syntoniseur (112) utilisable pour recevoir une transmission de service de programme ayant une pluralité de canaux, le syntoniseur (112) étant utilisable pour sélectionner l'un des canaux en réponse à une commande reçue d'un dispositif d'entrée (132), le dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) ayant un clavier numérique avec une pluralité de touches (134), et étant utilisable pour transmettre la première pluralité de commandes du dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) au récepteur sur la base du fait que l'utilisateur appuie sur une touche du clavier numérique, chaque commande comprenant un groupe de codes de commandes identiques et le nombre de codes de commandes correspondant à une longueur de temps durant laquelle la touche est enfoncée ;

    une mémoire (128) connectée au syntoniseur (112), la mémoire comprenant un support de stockage tangible utilisable pour stocker des données et des instructions lisibles par ordinateur ;

    un processeur (120) utilisable pour passer du code exécutable par ordinateur stocké dans la mémoire (128), le processeur (120) étant utilisable pour sortir des données au dispositif d'affichage (124) ; et

    un analyseur de signaux d'entrée (136) comprenant des instructions stockées dans la mémoire (128) et passant sur le processeur (120), l'analyseur de signaux d'entrée (136) étant utilisable pour :

    recevoir une première pluralité de commandes d'un dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) associé au récepteur (108), le dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) ayant un clavier numérique avec une pluralité de touches (134), et étant utilisable pour transmettre la première pluralité de commandes du dispositif d'entrée utilisateur au récepteur sur la base du fait que l'utilisateur appuie sur une touche du clavier numérique, chaque commande comprenant un groupe de codes de commandes identiques et le nombre de codes de commandes correspondant à une longueur de temps durant laquelle la touche est enfoncée ;

    déterminer des premières valeurs de données pour un premier point d'information (216) sur la base de la première pluralité de commandes reçues au récepteur (108), les valeurs de données correspondant à une longueur de temps durant laquelle l'utilisateur appuie sur une touche (134) du clavier numérique, et étant calculées en comptant le nombre de codes de commandes identiques dans chaque groupe de codes de commandes identiques, et le premier point d'information (216) définissant une durée caractéristique de pression de bouton pour le premier utilisateur ;

    déterminer des deuxièmes valeurs de données pour au moins un deuxième point d'information (220) sur la base de la première pluralité de commandes reçues au récepteur (108), les deuxièmes valeurs de données étant déterminées en enregistrant quelles sont les touches (134) enfoncées par un utilisateur, et le deuxième point d'information (220) définissant un groupe caractéristique de boutons enfoncés ordinairement pour le premier utilisateur ;

    établir un premier profil (140) pour le premier utilisateur, sur la base du premier et du deuxième point d'information (216, 220) déterminés d'après les premières et deuxièmes valeurs de données dans la première pluralité de commandes reçues ; et

    ayant établi le premier profil, déterminer si une deuxième pluralité de commandes reçues s'adapte au premier profil, et le cas échéant, identifier le premier utilisateur, et dans la négative, établir un deuxième profil pour un deuxième utilisateur sur la base du premier (216) et du deuxième (220) point d'information déterminés d'après les premières et les deuxièmes valeurs de données dans la deuxième pluralité de commande reçues.


     
    6. Récepteur selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'analyseur de signaux d'entrée (136) est utilisable pour :

    déterminer des troisièmes valeurs de données pour un troisième point d'information (224) sur la base soit de la première soit de la deuxième pluralité de commandes reçues au récepteur (108), les troisièmes valeurs de données correspondant au nombre de pressions de touche répétées par le premier utilisateur ou le deuxième utilisateur respectivement ; et

    établir le premier ou le deuxième profil (140) sur la base du troisième point d'information (224).


     
    7. Récepteur selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel l'analyseur de signaux d'entrée (136) est utilisable pour :

    déterminer des quatrièmes valeurs de données pour un quatrième point d'information (228), en enregistrant quels canaux demeurent sortis du récepteur pendant plus longtemps qu'un temps prédéterminé ; et

    établir le premier ou le deuxième profil (140) sur la base du quatrième point d'information (228).


     
    8. Récepteur selon la revendication 5, 6 ou 7, dans lequel le récepteur (108) comprend une horloge, et l'analyseur de signaux d'entrée (136) est utilisable pour :

    déterminer des cinquièmes valeurs de données pour un cinquième point d'information (232) en enregistrant une heure du jour à laquelle des commandes sont reçues du dispositif d'entrée utilisateur (132) ; et

    établir le premier ou le deuxième profil (140) sur la base du cinquième point d'information (232).


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description