(19)
(11)EP 2 357 713 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/18

(21)Application number: 09831828.0

(22)Date of filing:  30.11.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01M 10/42  (2006.01)
H02J 7/00  (2006.01)
H01M 10/0525  (2010.01)
H01M 10/48  (2006.01)
G01R 31/36  (2006.01)
H01M 10/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2009/070111
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/067724 (17.06.2010 Gazette  2010/24)

(54)

BATTERY DEVICE

BATTERIEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE BATTERIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.12.2008 JP 2008313524

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.08.2011 Bulletin 2011/33

(73)Proprietors:
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc.
    Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka 810-8720 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NISHIDA, Takehiko
    Nagasaki-shi Nagasaki 851-0392 (JP)
  • HASHIZAKI, Katsuo
    Nagasaki-shi Nagasaki 850-8610 (JP)
  • ADACHI, Kazuyuki
    Fukuoka-shi Fukuoka 810-8720 (JP)
  • MURAKAMI, Shinji
    Fukuoka-shi Fukuoka 810-8720 (JP)
  • KURAYAMA, Kouji
    Fukuoka-shi Fukuoka 810-8720 (JP)
  • FUJITA, Hirofumi
    Fukuoka-shi Fukuoka 810-8720 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 806 592
JP-A- 2002 110 259
JP-A- 2009 089 486
WO-A2-2007/134320
JP-A- 2003 209 932
US-A- 6 020 717
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    {Technical Field}



    [0001] The present invention relates to battery apparatuses.

    {Background Art}



    [0002] As an example of a method for setting identification information in a network having a plurality of devices connected thereto, one disclosed in Japanese Unexamined Patent Application, Publication No. 2004-193643 (PTL 1) is known in the related art. PTL 1 discloses a technique in which a terminal to be newly connected transmits a connection request message containing provisional identification information to other terminals and sets the provisional identification information as its identification information unless it receives, as a response thereto, a conflict message indicating a terminal having identification information conflicting with the provisional identification information from the other terminals that have received the connection request message.

    [0003] In addition, for example, Publication of Japanese Patent No. 3549676 (PTL 2) discloses a technique in which a central unit regularly transmits an allocation request message for identification information to a plurality of terminals connected thereto via a network and allocates new identification information to a terminal newly connected to the network if the central unit receives a reply to the allocation request message from the new terminal.

    [0004] Also, in US-A-6,020,717 (PTL3) there is described a monitoring apparatus for a series assembly of battery modules. Voltage monitoring units are connected in parallel to each of battery modules constituting a battery pack, and they measure the voltages; photocouplers which receive outputs of the units as the primary inputs generate secondary outputs which are electrically insulated from the primary inputs; and the secondary outputs are transmitted to an external control apparatus.

    [0005] Also, in WO 2007/134320 A2 PTL4) there is described a multi-configurable, scalable, redundant battery module with multiple fault tolerance. An energy delivery system includes at least one string of two or more energy delivery modules electrically coupled in series. Each energy delivery module includes one or more energy delivery devices for storing and delivering electrical current, and a module monitor for monitoring and controlling each of the energy delivery devices. Each string of energy delivery modules includes a string communication path accessible to each of the energy delivery modules, wherein the module monitor of each energy delivery module is operable to communicate information associated with its energy delivery module through the string communication path. Each string also includes a string manager device for communicating with each module monitor in the string, through the string communication path. The energy delivery system also includes a system controller for communicating with each string manager device through a system communication path.

    [0006] Also, in EP 1 806 592 A1 (PTL5) there is described a method and system for monitoring battery stacks. The monitoring system monitors voltage of a stack of batteries. Each battery has a plurality of cells. A monitoring unit is associated with each battery and measures voltage across a selected cell. A first monitoring unit and a second monitoring unit measure the same cell. The first and second measurements are used to calculate a correction factor which can be used to correct a set of measurements made by one of the monitoring units. The monitoring units are arranged in chain, with adjacent units in the chain being connected by a communication interface in which data is transmitted as signaling voltage levels between interface units. The interface units of a pair of monitoring units use the same signaling voltage levels.

    {Citation List}


    {Patent Literature}



    [0007] 

    {PTL 1} Japanese Unexamined Patent Application, Publication No. 2004-193643

    {PTL 2} Publication of Japanese Patent No. 3549676

    {PTL3} US-A-6,020,717

    {PTL4} WO 2007/134320 A2

    {PTL5} EP 1 806 592 A1


    {Summary of Invention}


    {Technical Problem}



    [0008] The invention disclosed in PTL 1 above, however, has a problem in that it cannot manage identification information in ascending or descending order because the terminal to be newly connected generates a request message using provisional identification information.

    [0009] The invention disclosed in PTL 2 above, on the other hand, has a problem in that it imposes a communication load because it regularly transmits an allocation request message.

    [0010] An object of the present invention, which has been made to solve the above problems, is to provide a battery apparatus capable of avoiding an increased communication load and allocating identification information matching the physical connection order of row batteries.

    {Solution to Problem}



    [0011] To solve the above problems, the present invention employs the following solutions.

    [0012] The present invention provides a battery apparatus according to claim 1.

    [0013] In this configuration, of the plurality of battery management means for managing the battery statuses of the individual row batteries, the battery management means located at one end is connected to the central management means with the first communication line, and the individual battery management means are daisy-chained with the second communication lines. The plurality of connection switching means are provided in the individual second communication lines to switch the connection and disconnection between the battery management means, and upon granting of identification information to each of the battery control means through communication with the central management means, the battery control means turns on the connection switching means between the battery management means and another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management means to communicate with the central management means. Thus, in granting of identification information, identification information is granted to the most upstream battery management means connected to the central management means via the first communication line, and then the most upstream battery management means turns on the connection switching means between the battery management means and another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management means to communicate with the central management means. In this way, the central management means grants identification information in order from the battery management means located upstream.

    [0014] In the above battery apparatus, at the start of granting of identification information, the central management means may transmit a first request requesting allocation of identification information to the battery management means connected thereto via the first communication line. The battery management means that has received the first request may transmit a first response containing identification information that the battery management means possesses to the central management means and turn on the connection switching means between the battery management means and another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management means to communicate with the central management means. The central management means that has received the first response may store the identification information contained in the first response received from the battery management means and transmit a second request containing next identification information generated on the basis of a predetermined rule to the another battery management means. The another battery management means that has received the second request may store the identification information contained in the received second request as identification information thereof, transmit a second response notifying the central management means that the battery management means has stored the identification information to the central management means, and turn on the connection switching means between the another battery management means and yet another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof.

    [0015] This allows the central management means to smoothly grant identification information to each of the battery management means.

    [0016] The present invention also provides a battery apparatus having the features of claim 3.

    [0017] In this configuration, of the plurality of battery management means for managing the battery statuses of the individual row batteries, the battery management means located at one end is connected to the central management means with the first communication line, and the individual battery management means are daisy-chained with the second communication lines. Upon granting of identification information to each of the battery control means through communication with the central management means, the battery control means transmits a power-on instruction to another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management means to communicate with the central management means. Thus, in granting of identification information, identification information is granted to the most upstream battery management means connected to the central management means via the first communication line, and then the most upstream battery management means powers on another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management means to communicate with the central management means. In this way, the central management means grants identification information in order from the battery management means located upstream.

    [0018] In the above battery apparatus, at the start of granting of identification information, the central management means may transmit a first request requesting allocation of identification information to the battery management means connected thereto via the first communication line. The battery management means that has received the first request transmits a first response containing identification information that the battery management means possesses to the central management means, turns on the connection switching means between the power supply thereof and the power supply of another battery management means located immediately downstream thereof, and transmits a power-on instruction to the another battery management means to enable the another battery management means to communicate with the central management means. The central management means that has received the first response stores the identification information contained in the first response received from the battery management means and transmits a second request containing next identification information generated on the basis of a predetermined rule to the another battery management means. The another battery management means that has received the second request stores the identification information contained in the received second request as identification information thereof, transmits a second response notifying the central management means that the another battery management means has stored the identification information to the central management means, turns on the connection switching means between the power supply thereof and the power supply of a battery management means located immediately downstream thereof, and transmits a power-on instruction to the battery management means located immediately downstream thereof.

    [0019] This allows the central management means to smoothly grant identification information to each of the battery management means.

    [0020] In the above battery apparatus, the central management means may allocate the identification information in ascending or descending order.

    [0021] Thus, if the central management means allocates the identification information in ascending or descending order, it can allocate the identification information in ascending or descending order in association with the order in which the batteries connected to the central management means are arranged so that the battery status information acquired from the individual battery management means can be associated with the order in which they are physically arranged, thus allowing easy management.

    [0022] In the above battery apparatus, the central management means may transmit the second request until there is no battery management means that does not transmit the second response.

    [0023] Thus, if the central management means transmits the second request until there is no battery management means that does not transmit the second response, it can detect all battery management means.

    [0024] In the above battery apparatus, the central management means may store the number of battery management means in advance and, when granting the identification information, generate an error output if the number of pieces of identification information granted to the battery management means differs from the number of battery management means stored in advance.

    [0025] Thus, because the central management means stores the number of battery management means in advance, it compares the number of pieces of identification information, granted to the battery management means, sent from the battery management means with the number stored in advance and generates an error output if they differ. This allows an error in the battery management means to be output by an easy method.

    [0026] In the above battery apparatus, the central management means may re-grant identification information to each of the battery management means if the number of battery management means that the central management means stores is changed.

    [0027] Thus, because the central management means re-grants identification information to the battery management means if the number of battery management means that the central management means stores is changed, correct identification information can be managed even if the number of battery management means is changed during operation. In addition, the number of battery management means is changed by, for example, a maintenance tool.

    {Advantageous Effects of Invention}



    [0028] The present invention provides the advantageous effect of avoiding an increased communication load and enabling allocation of identification information matching the physical connection order of the row batteries.

    {Brief Description of Drawings}



    [0029] 

    {Fig. 1} Fig. 1 is a diagram schematically showing the configuration of a battery apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    {Fig. 2} Fig. 2 is a diagram schematically showing the configuration of a battery apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention.


    {Description of Embodiments}



    [0030] An embodiment of a battery apparatus according to the present invention will be described below with reference to
    the drawings.

    First Embodiment



    [0031] Fig. 1 is a diagram schematically showing the configuration of a battery apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    [0032] As shown in Fig. 1, a battery apparatus 100 according to this embodiment has a main configuration including a plurality of battery management sections (battery management means) 10a, 10b, and 10c; a central management section (central management means) 20; a first communication line 30; second communication lines 40; a row battery group including a plurality of row batteries 50a, 50b, and 50c; and switching devices 60a, 60b, and 60c.

    [0033] The row batteries 50a, 50b, and 50c are basically composed of a battery cell or a plurality of series-connected battery cells. Each battery cell has a voltage sensor (not shown) for detecting the voltage of the battery cell and a temperature sensor (not shown) for detecting the temperature thereof. Detection results from the voltage sensor and the temperature sensor are output to the battery management section 10 provided for each row battery 50. Whereas the row batteries 50 are each composed of four battery cells in this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 1, the present invention is not limited thereto. In addition, the above secondary batteries are, for example, lithium-ion batteries or lead-acid batteries.

    [0034] The battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c are daisy-chained with the second communication lines 40, and of the plurality of battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c, the battery management section located at one end, namely, the battery management section 10a, is connected to the central management section 20 with the first communication line 30. The plurality of battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c have the plurality of connection switching sections (connection switching means) 60a, 60b, and 60c, respectively, in the second communication lines 40 between the battery management sections to switch the connection and disconnection between the battery management sections. In addition, all the connection switching sections 60a, 60b, and 60c are turned off in the initial state.

    [0035] Each of the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c, upon determination of its identification information through communication with the central management section 20, stores the determined identification information and turns on the connection switching section between that battery management section and another battery management section located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management section to communicate with the central management section 20.

    [0036] For example, upon receiving a request for allocation of identification information, namely, a first request, from the central management section 20 (details will be described later), the battery management section 10a transmits a first response containing identification information that the battery management section 10a possesses to the central management section 20 and turns on the connection switching section 60a between the battery management section 10a and another battery management section 10b located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management section 10b to communicate with the central management section 20. In this embodiment, the central management section 20 side is defined as being upstream, and the side opposite to the central management section 20 is defined as being downstream, as viewed from the battery management section 10a connected to the central management section 20 with the first communication line.

    [0037] The central management section 20 grants unique identification information to each of the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c and, after granting identification information, acquires information about the battery statuses of the row batteries 50a, 50b, and 50c from the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c, respectively, for management. In this embodiment, the central management section 20 allocates the above unique identification information in ascending order.

    [0038] For example, at the start of granting of identification information, the central management section 20 transmits a first request requesting allocation of identification information to the battery management section 10a via the first communication line 30. Upon receiving a response to the first request, namely, a first response, from the battery management section 10a, the central management section 20 stores the identification information contained in the first response in association with the battery management section 10a, generates a second request containing next identification information (for example, an identification number), and transmits the second request to another battery management section 10b connected by the operation of the battery management section 10a.

    [0039] Upon receiving a second response from the battery management section 10b, the central management section 20 stores the identification information contained in the second response in association with the battery management section 10b, generates a second request containing information next to that identification information, and transmits the second request to another battery management section 10c connected by the operation of the battery management section 10b. Furthermore, the central management section 20 repeatedly transmits second requests a predetermined number of times (for example, three times) and, if no second response is received, determines that there is no battery management section that is to return a second response and terminates the allocation of identification information.

    [0040] In this way, the central management section 20 allocates identification information in order of the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c and stores the identification information for the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c in association with the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c.

    [0041] In addition, the central management section 20 may store the number of battery management sections to be connected in advance and, when granting identification information, may generate an error output if the number of pieces of identification information granted to the battery management sections differs from the number of battery management sections 10 stored in advance.

    [0042] The number of battery management sections to be connected may be freely rewritable by the user or may be rewritable by a dedicated tool such as software.

    [0043] After completing the allocation of identification information, the central management section 20 starts normal communication with the battery management sections 10. Specifically, after granting identification information, the central management section 20 acquires battery information about the row batteries 50a, 50b, and 50c connected to the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c, respectively, from the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c for management. The battery information is, for example, a voltage value received from the voltage sensor provided for each row battery and a temperature value received from the temperature sensor provided for each row battery.

    [0044] Thus, the central management section 20 manages the battery status of each row battery and, for example, if any row battery is in an abnormal condition (such as an abnormal terminal-to-terminal voltage or overcurrent), outputs error information to, for example, a PC interconnected to the central management section 20.

    [0045] Next, the operation of the battery apparatus 100 according to this embodiment will be described using Fig. 1.

    [0046] First, at the start of granting of identification information, the central management section 20 generates a first request requesting allocation of identification information and transmits the first request to the battery management section 10a connected thereto via the first communication line 30. The battery management section 10a that has received the first request generates a response containing identification information (for example, "0001") that the battery management section 10a possesses, namely, a first response, transmits the first response to the central management section 20, and turns on the connection switching section 60a between the battery management section 10a and the battery management section 10b located immediately downstream thereof to enable the battery management section 10b to communicate with the central management section 20.

    [0047] The central management section 20 that has received the first response stores the identification information, for the battery management section 10a, contained in the first response in association with the battery management section 10a. The central management section 20 then transmits a second request containing the next identification information "0002" generated from the identification information "0001" for the battery management section 10a on the basis of a predetermined rule to the battery management section 10b.

    [0048] The battery management section 10b that has received the second request stores the identification information "0002" contained in the received second request as its identification information, transmits a second response notifying the central management section 20 that the battery management section 10b has stored the identification information to the central management section 20, and turns on the connection switching section 60b between the battery management section 10b and the battery management section 10c located immediately downstream thereof.

    [0049] Thus, the identification information "0003" is allocated to the battery management section 10c by the same process.

    [0050] As described above, in the battery apparatus according to this embodiment, the battery management section 10a is connected to the central management section 20 with the first communication line 30, and in granting of identification information, identification information is granted to the most upstream battery management section 10a connected to the central management section 20 via the first communication line 30, and then the most upstream battery management section 10a turns on the connection switching section 60a between the battery management section 10a and another battery management section 10b located immediately downstream thereof to enable the other battery management section 10b to communicate with the central management section 20. In this way, the central management section 20 grants identification information in order from the battery management section 10a located upstream to allocate the identification information in the order in which the batteries are physically arranged. This allows smooth allocation of identification information to the battery management sections 10a, 10b, and 10c.

    [0051] At the same time, the identification information can be allocated in ascending or descending order so that the order of the identification information matches the order in which the row batteries are connected. In this case, for example, if any row battery is in an abnormal condition, it is possible to quickly determine which row battery and battery cell is in an abnormal condition.

    [0052] In addition, because the central management section 20 stores the number of battery management sections to be connected in advance, it can output a lack of the number of battery management sections 10 connected in an easy manner by comparing the number of battery management sections to be connected, stored in advance, with the number of pieces of identification information granted.

    [0053] Whereas the processing for the battery apparatus in the embodiment described above is assumed to be implemented by hardware, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the processing can be separately implemented by software (battery apparatus control program) based on output signals from the sensors. In this case, the battery apparatus includes a CPU, a main storage device such as a RAM, and a computer-readable recording medium on which a program for implementing the entire processing or part thereof is recorded. The CPU retrieves the program recorded on the recording medium and executes manipulations and operations of information to implement the same processing as the hardware described above.

    [0054] Here, a computer-readable recording medium refers to, for example, a magnetic disk, a magneto-optical disk, a CD-ROM, a DVD-ROM, or a semiconductor memory. In addition, the computer program can be distributed to a computer via a communication network and be executed by the computer that has received the program.

    [0055] Whereas the central management section 20 in the battery apparatus according to this embodiment stores the number of battery management sections to be connected in advance, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the number of battery management sections to be connected may be variable by, for example, a maintenance tool during operation. In this case, additionally, the central management section 20 regrants identification information to each battery management section. This allows all battery management sections to be continuously managed even if the number of battery management sections to be connected is changed during operation.

    [0056] In addition, whereas the battery management sections 10 are provided for the individual row batteries in the battery apparatus according to this embodiment, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, it is possible to provide the battery management sections for the individual battery cells, and it is also possible to divide the battery cells into groups and provide the battery management sections 10 for the individual groups.

    [0057] In addition, whereas three series-connected row batteries have been taken as an example of the row batteries in the battery apparatus according to this embodiment, the present invention is not limited thereto, and particularly, no upper limit is set.

    [0058] In addition, whereas the central management section 20 repeatedly transmits second requests three times in the battery apparatus according to this embodiment, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the number of times second requests are repeatedly transmitted may be freely set by the user.

    [0059] In addition, the normal terminal-to-terminal voltage range and temperature limits of the battery cells described above may be freely set by design.

    [0060] In addition, whereas the central management section 20 allocates unique identification information in ascending order, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the allocation may be performed in descending order.

    [0061] In addition, whereas the central management section 20 in the battery apparatus according to this embodiment allocates unique identification information in ascending order, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the allocation may be performed in descending order.

    Second Embodiment



    [0062] Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described using Fig. 2.

    [0063] In the first embodiment described above, identification information is allocated to each battery management section by sequentially connecting the second communication lines 40'; this embodiment differs in that identification information is sequentially allocated to each battery management section by sequentially powering on each battery management section.

    [0064] For a battery apparatus 200 according to this embodiment, a description of the points common to the first embodiment will be omitted, and only differing points will be described.

    [0065] As shown in Fig. 2, battery management sections 10a', 10b', and 10c' are daisy-chained with the second communication lines 40', and of the plurality of battery management sections 10a', 10b', and 10c', the battery management section located at one end, namely, the battery management section 10a', is connected to the central management section 20 with the first communication line 30'. In addition, each of the battery management sections 10a', 10b', and 10c', specifically the battery management section 10a, upon determination of its identification information through communication with the central management section 20, stores the determined identification information and powers on another battery management section 10b' located immediately downstream thereof. In this embodiment, a connection switching section 70a disposed in a third communication line 90 provided in addition to the second communication lines 40' is turned on, and a signal instructing the battery management section 10b' to be powered on is output to the battery management section 10b' via the third communication line 90.

    [0066] Thus, the battery management section 10b' is enabled to communicate with the central management section 20 via the second communication lines 40' and identification information is allocated to the battery management section 10b' by the same process as in the first embodiment described above. Upon completion of granting of identification information to the battery management section 10b', similarly, a signal instructing the battery management section 10c' to be powered on is output from the battery management section 10c' via the third communication lines 90, thus powering on the battery management section 10c'. Thus, the battery management section 10c' is enabled to communicate with the central management section 20 via the second communication lines 40' and identification information is allocated to the battery management section 10c'.

    [0067] In this way, as in the first embodiment described above, the desired identification information can be sequentially granted by sequentially powering on the battery management sections 10a', 10b', and 10c'.

    {Reference Signs List}



    [0068] 

    10a, 10b, 10c, 10a', 10b', 10c' battery management section

    20 central management section

    30, 30' first communication line

    40, 40' second communication line

    50a, 50b, 50c row battery

    60a, 60b, 60c connection switching section

    70a, 70b, 70c connection switching section

    90 third communication line

    100 battery apparatus




    Claims

    1. A battery apparatus comprising:

    a row battery group including a plurality of series-connected row batteries (50a, 50b, 50c) including one or more battery cells;

    a plurality of battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c), corresponding to the individual row batteries, configured to manage the battery statuses of the corresponding row batteries;

    central management means (20) configured to grant unique identification information to the individual battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c) and configured to acquire information about the battery statuses of the row batteries from the respective battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c) for management;

    second communication lines (40) with which the plurality of battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c) are daisy-chained; and

    a first communication line (30) with which, of the plurality of battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c), the battery management means (10a) located at one end is connected to the central management means (20);

    characterized by

    a plurality of connection switching means (60a, 60b, 60c), provided in the individual second communication lines (40) between the battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c), configured to switch the connection and disconnection between the battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c) and the central management means (20);

    wherein each battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c) is configured to turn off its connection switching means (60a, 60b, 60c) in an initial state [see section [0028]]; and

    each of the battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c), upon determination of identification information thereof through communication with the central management means (20), is configured to store the determined identification information and configured to turn on the connection switching means (60a, 60b, 60c) between the battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c) and another battery management means (10b, 10c) located immediately downstream thereof to enable the another battery management means (10b, 10c) to communicate with the central management means (20).


     
    2. The battery apparatus according to claim 1, wherein, at the start of identification information, the central management means (20) is configured to transmit a first request requesting allocation of identification information to the battery management means (10a) connected thereto via the first communication line (30);
    the battery management means (10a) that has received the first request is configured to transmit a first response containing identification information that the battery management means (10a) possesses to the central management means (20) and configured to turn on the connection switching means (60a) between the battery management means (10a) and another battery management means (10b) located immediately downstream thereof to enable the another battery management means (10b) to communicate with the central management means (20);
    the central management means (20) that has received the first response is configured to store the identification information contained in the first response received from the battery management means (10a) and configured to transmit a second request containing next identification information generated on the basis of a predetermined rule to the another battery management means (10b); and
    the another battery management means (10b) that has received the second request stores the identification information contained in the received second request as identification information thereof, is configured to transmit a second response notifying the central management means (20) that the battery management means (10b) has stored the identification information to the central management means (20), and configured to turn on the connection switching means (60b) between the another battery management means (10b) and yet another battery management means (10c) located immediately downstream thereof.
     
    3. A battery apparatus comprising:

    a row battery group including a plurality of series-connected row batteries (50a, 50b, 50c) including one or more battery cells;

    a plurality of battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c'), corresponding to the individual row batteries, configured to manage the battery statuses of the corresponding row batteries, each of the plurality of battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c') having a power supply;

    central management means (20) configured to grant unique identification information to the individual battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c') and configured to acquire information about the battery statuses of the row batteries from the respective battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c') for management;

    second communication lines (40) with which the plurality of battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c') are daisy-chained;

    a first communication line (30) with which, of the plurality of battery management means, the battery management means (10a') located at one end is connected to the central management means (20); and

    third communication lines (90) with which the plurality of power supplies are connected;

    characterized by

    a plurality of connection switching means (70a, 70b, 70c), provided in the individual third communication lines (90) between the power supplies, configured to switch the connection and disconnection between the power supplies;

    wherein each of the battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c') is configured to turn off its connection switching means (70a, 70b, 70c) ;

    wherein each the battery management means (10b', 10c') other than the most upstream battery management means (10a') connected to the central management means (20) via the first communication line (30) is configured to power off its the power supply in an initial state;

    each of the battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c'), upon determination of identification information thereof through communication with the central management means (20), is configured to store the determined identification information; and

    each of the battery management means (10a', 10b', 10c') is configured to turn on the connection switching means (70a, 70b, 70c) between the power supply thereof and the power supply of another battery management means (10b', 10c') located immediately downstream thereof, and configured to transmit a power-on instruction to the another battery management means (10b', 10c') to enable the another battery management means (10b', 10c') to communicate with the central management means (20).


     
    4. The battery apparatus according to claim 3, wherein, at the start of granting of identification information, the central management means (20) is configured to transmit a first request requesting allocation of identification information to the battery management means (10a') connected thereto via the first communication line (30);
    the battery management means (10a') that has received the first request is configured to transmit a first response containing identification information that the battery management means (10a') possesses to the central management means (20), configured to turn on the connection switching means (70a) between the power supply thereof and the power supply of another battery management means (10b') located immediately downstream thereof, and configured to transmit a power-on instruction to the another battery management means (10b') to enable the another battery management means (10b') to communicate with the central management means (20) ;
    the central management means (20) that has received the first response is configured to store the identification information contained in the first response received from the battery management means (10a') and configured to transmit a second request containing next identification information generated on the basis of a predetermined rule to the another battery management means (10b'); and
    the another battery management means (10b') that has received the second request is configured to store the identification information contained in the received second request as identification information thereof, configured to transmit a second response notifying the central management means (20), that the another battery management means (10b') has stored the identification information to the central management means (20), configured to turn on the connection switching means (70b) between the power supply thereof and the power supply of a battery management means (10c') located immediately downstream thereof, and configured to transmit a power-on instruction to the battery management means (10c') located immediately downstream thereof.
     
    5. The battery apparatus according to one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the central management means (20) is configured to allocate the identification information in ascending or descending order.
     
    6. The battery apparatus according to claim 2 or 4, wherein the central management means (20) is configured to transmit the second request until there is no battery management means that does not transmit the second response.
     
    7. The battery apparatus according to one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the central management means (20) is configured to store the number of battery management means in advance and, when granting the identification information, is configured to generate an error output if the number of pieces of identification information granted to the battery management means differs from the number of battery management means stored in advance.
     
    8. The battery apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the central management means (20) is configured to re-grant identification information to each of the battery management means (10a, 10b, 10c, 10a', 10b', 10c') if the number of battery management means that the central management means (20) stores is changed.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Batterievorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine Reihenbatteriegruppe, welche eine Vielzahl von in Serie verbundenen Reihenbatterien (50a, 50b, 50c) beinhaltet, welche eine oder mehrere Batteriezellen beinhalten;

    eine Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c), welche den einzelnen Reihenbatterien entsprechen und konfiguriert sind, die Batteriestatus der entsprechenden Reihenbatterien zu verwalten;

    zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20), welche konfiguriert sind, den individuellen Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c) eindeutige Identifikationsinformationen zu erteilen, und konfiguriert sind, Informationen über die Batteriestatus der Reihenbatterien von den entsprechenden Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c) zur Verwaltung zu erfassen;

    zweite Kommunikationsleitungen (40) mit welchen die Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c) in Reihe verbunden sind; und

    eine erste Kommunikationsleitung (30), über welche, aus der Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c), das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a), welches sich an einem Ende befindet, mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) verbunden ist;

    gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Vielzahl von Verbindungsumschaltmitteln (60a, 60b, 60c), welche in den einzelnen zweiten Kommunikationsleitungen (40) zwischen den Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c) bereitgestellt und konfiguriert sind, die Verbindung und Trennung zwischen den Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c) und dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) umzuschalten;

    wobei jedes Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a, 10b, 10c) konfiguriert ist, sein Verbindungsumschaltmittel (60a, 60b, 60c) in einem Anfangszustand abzuschalten [siehe Abschnitt [0028]]; und

    jedes der Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a, 10b, 10c), bei Bestimmung von Identifikationsinformationen davon durch Kommunikation mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20), konfiguriert ist, die bestimmten Identifikationsinformationen zu speichern, und konfiguriert ist, die Verbindungsumschaltmittel (60a, 60b, 60c) zwischen den Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a, 10b, 10c) und einem anderen Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b, 10c), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, einzuschalten, um das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b, 10c) für die Kommunikation mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) zu aktivieren.


     
    2. Batterievorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei zu Beginn der Identifikationsinformationen das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, eine erste Anforderung zu übertragen, welche Zuteilung von Identifikationsinformationen an das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a) anfordert, welches damit über die erste Kommunikationsleitung (30) verbunden ist;
    das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a), welches die erste Anforderung erhalten hat, konfiguriert ist, eine erste Rückmeldung, welche Identifikationsinformationen enthält, über die das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a) verfügt, an das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) zu übertragen, und konfiguriert ist, das Verbindungsumschaltmittel (60a) zwischen dem Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a) und einem anderen Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, einzuschalten, um das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b) für die Kommunikation mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) zu aktivieren;
    das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20), welches die erste Rückmeldung erhalten hat, konfiguriert ist, die in der ersten von dem Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a) erhaltenen Rückmeldung enthaltenen Identifikationsinformationen zu speichern, und konfiguriert ist, eine zweite Anforderung, welche nächste Identifikationsinformationen enthält, welche auf der Grundlage einer vorbestimmten Regel erzeugt wurden, an das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b) zu übertragen; und
    das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b), welches die zweite Anforderung erhalten hat, die in der erhaltenen zweiten Anforderung enthaltenen Identifikationsinformationen als Identifikationsinformationen davon speichert, konfiguriert ist, eine zweite Rückmeldung zu übertragen, welche das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) benachrichtigt, dass das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b) die Identifikationsinformationen in dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) gespeichert hat, und konfiguriert ist, das Verbindungsumschaltmittel (60b) zwischen dem anderen Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b) und noch einem anderen Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10c), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, einzuschalten.
     
    3. Batterievorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine Reihenbatteriegruppe, welche eine Vielzahl von in Serie verbundenen Reihenbatterien (50a, 50b, 50c) beinhaltet, welche eine oder mehrere Batteriezellen beinhalten;

    eine Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a', 10b', 10c'), welche den einzelnen Reihenbatterien entsprechen und konfiguriert sind, die Batteriestatus der entsprechenden Reihenbatterien zu verwalten, wobei jedes aus der Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a', 10b', 10c') eine Stromversorgung aufweist;

    zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20), welche konfiguriert sind, den individuellen Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a' 10b', 10c') eindeutige Identifikationsinformationen zu erteilen, und konfiguriert sind, Informationen über die Batteriestatus der Reihenbatterien von den entsprechenden Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a', 10b', 10c') zur Verwaltung zu erfassen;

    zweite Kommunikationsleitungen (40) mit welchen die Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln (10a', 10b', 10c') in Reihe verbunden sind; und

    eine erste Kommunikationsleitung (30), über welche, aus der Vielzahl von Batterieverwaltungsmitteln, das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a), welches sich an einem Ende befindet, mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) verbunden ist; und

    dritte Kommunikationsleitungen (90), mit welchen die Vielzahl von Stromversorgungen verbunden sind;

    gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Vielzahl von Verbindungsumschaltmitteln (70a, 70b, 70c), welche in den jeweiligen dritten Kommunikationsleitungen (90) zwischen den Stromversorgungen bereitgestellt und konfiguriert sind, die Verbindung und Trennung zwischen den Stromversorgungen umzuschalten;

    wobei jedes der Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a', 10b', 10c') konfiguriert ist, sein Verbindungsumschaltmittel (70a, 70b, 70c) abzuschalten;

    wobei jedes der Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b', 10c') außer dem am weitesten davor gelegenen Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a'), welches mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) über die erste Kommunikationsleitung (30) verbunden ist, konfiguriert ist, seine die Stromversorgung in einem Anfangszustand abzuschalten;

    jedes der Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a', 10b', 10c') bei Bestimmung von Identifikationsinformationen davon durch Kommunikation mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, die bestimmten Identifikationsinformationen zu speichern; und

    jedes der Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a', 10b', 10c') konfiguriert ist, die Verbindungsumschaltmittel (70a, 70b, 70c) zwischen der Stromversorgung davon und der Stromversorgung eines anderen Batterieverwaltungsmittels (10b', 10c'), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, einzuschalten, und konfiguriert ist, eine Einschaltanweisung an das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b', 10c') zu übertragen, um das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b', 10c') für die Kommunikation mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) zu aktivieren.


     
    4. Batterievorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei zu Beginn der Erteilung von Identifikationsinformationen das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, eine erste Anforderung zu übertragen, welche Zuteilung von Identifikationsinformationen an das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a') anfordert, welches damit über die erste Kommunikationsleitung (30) verbunden ist;
    das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a'), welches die erste Anforderung erhalten hat, konfiguriert ist, eine erste Rückmeldung, welche Identifikationsinformationen enthält, über die das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a') verfügt, an das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) zu übertragen, konfiguriert ist, das Verbindungsumschaltmittel (70a) zwischen der Stromversorgung davon und der Stromversorgung eines anderen Batterieverwaltungsmittels (10b'), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, einzuschalten, und konfiguriert ist, eine Einschaltanweisung an das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b') zu übertragen, um das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b') für die Kommunikation mit dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) zu aktivieren;
    wobei das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20), welches die erste Rückmeldung erhalten hat, konfiguriert ist, die in der ersten von dem Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a') erhaltenen Rückmeldung enthaltenen Identifikationsinformationen zu speichern, und konfiguriert ist, eine zweite Anforderung, welche nächste Identifikationsinformationen beinhaltet, welche auf der Grundlage einer vorbestimmten Regel erzeugt wurden, an das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b') zu übertragen; und
    das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b'), welches die zweite Anforderung erhalten hat, konfiguriert ist, die in der erhaltenen zweiten Anforderung enthaltenen Identifikationsinformationen als Identifikationsinformationen davon zu speichern, konfiguriert ist, eine zweite Rückmeldung zu übertragen, welche das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) benachrichtigt, dass das andere Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10b') die Identifikationsinformationen in dem zentralen Verwaltungsmittel (20) gespeichert hat, konfiguriert ist, das Verbindungsumschaltmittel (70b) zwischen der Stromversorgung davon und der Stromversorgung eines Batterieverwaltungsmittels (10c'), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, einzuschalten, und konfiguriert ist, eine Einschaltanweisung an das Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10c'), welches sich unmittelbar nachfolgend davon befindet, zu übertragen.
     
    5. Batterievorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, die Identifikationsinformationen in ansteigender oder absteigender Reihenfolge zuzuteilen.
     
    6. Batterievorrichtung nach Anspruch 2 oder 4, wobei das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, die zweite Anforderung zu übertragen, bis es kein Batterieverwaltungsmittel gibt, welches die zweite Rückmeldung nicht überträgt.
     
    7. Batterievorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, die Anzahl der Batterieverwaltungsmittel beim Erteilen der Identifikationsinformationen im Voraus zu speichern, konfiguriert ist, eine Fehlerausgabe zu erzeugen, wenn die Anzahl von Identifikationsinformationsstücken, welche den Batterieverwaltungsmitteln erteilt ist, von der Anzahl der im Voraus gespeicherten Batterieverwaltungsmittel abweicht.
     
    8. Batterievorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) konfiguriert ist, Identifikationsinformationen jedem der Batterieverwaltungsmittel (10a, 10b, 10c, 10a', 10b', 10c') erneut zu erteilen, wenn die Anzahl der Batterieverwaltungsmittel, welche das zentrale Verwaltungsmittel (20) speichert, geändert wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de batterie comprenant :

    un groupe de batteries en rangée incluant une pluralité de batteries en rangée connectées en série (50a, 50b, 50c) incluant une ou plusieurs cellules de batterie ;

    une pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c), correspondant aux batteries en rangée individuelles, configurés pour gérer les états de batterie des batteries en rangée correspondantes ;

    un moyen de gestion central (20) configuré pour accorder des informations d'identification uniques aux moyens de gestion de batterie individuels (10a, 10b, 10c) et configuré pour acquérir des informations concernant les états de batterie des batteries en rangée depuis les moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c) respectifs pour gestion ;

    des deuxièmes lignes de communication (40) avec lesquelles la pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c) est en guirlande ; et

    une première ligne de communication (30) avec laquelle, parmi la pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c), le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a) situé au niveau d'une extrémité est connecté au moyen de gestion central (20) ;

    caractérisé par

    une pluralité de moyens de commutation de connexion (60a, 60b, 60c), disposés dans les deuxièmes lignes de communication individuelles (40) entre les moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c), configurés pour commuter la connexion et la déconnexion entre les moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c) et le moyen de gestion central (20) ;

    dans lequel chaque moyen de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c) est configuré pour désactiver son moyen de commutation de connexion (60a, 60b, 60c) dans un état initial [voir section [0028]] ; et

    chacun des moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c), lors de la détermination d'informations d'identification de ceux-ci par le biais d'une communication avec le moyen de gestion central (20), est configuré pour stocker les informations d'identification déterminées et configuré pour activer les moyens de commutation de connexion (60a, 60b, 60c) entre les moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c) et un autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b, 10c) situé juste en aval de ceux-ci pour permettre à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b, 10c) de communiquer avec le moyen de gestion central (20).


     
    2. Appareil de batterie selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, au début des informations d'identification, le moyen de gestion central (20) est configuré pour transmettre une attribution de demande de première requête d'informations d'identification au moyen de gestion de batterie (10a) connecté à celui-ci via la première ligne de communication (30);
    le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a) qui a reçu la première requête est configuré pour transmettre une première réponse contenant des informations d'identification que possède le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a) au moyen de gestion central (20) et configuré pour activer le moyen de commutation de connexion (60a) entre le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a) et un autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b) situé juste en aval de celui-ci pour permettre à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b) de communiquer avec le moyen de gestion central (20) ;
    le moyen de gestion central (20) qui a reçu la première réponse est configuré pour stocker les informations d'identification contenues dans la première réponse reçue depuis le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a) et configuré pour transmettre une deuxième requête contenant des informations d'identification suivantes générées sur la base d'une règle prédéterminée à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b) ; et
    l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b) qui a reçu la deuxième requête stocke les informations d'identification contenues dans la deuxième requête reçue en tant qu'informations d'identification de celui-ci, est configuré pour transmettre une deuxième réponse notifiant le moyen de gestion central (20) que le moyen de gestion de batterie (10b) a stocké les informations d'identification au moyen de gestion central (20), et configuré pour activer le moyen de commutation de connexion (60b) entre l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b) et encore un autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10c) situé juste en aval de celui-ci.
     
    3. Appareil de batterie comprenant :

    un groupe de batteries en rangée incluant une pluralité de batteries en rangée connectées en série (50a, 50b, 50c) incluant une ou plusieurs cellules de batterie ;

    une pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c'), correspondant aux batteries en rangée individuelles, configurés pour gérer les états de batterie des batteries en rangée correspondantes, chacun de la pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c') ayant une alimentation;

    un moyen de gestion central (20) configuré pour accorder des informations d'identification uniques aux moyens de gestion de batterie individuels (10a', 10b', 10c') et configuré pour acquérir des informations concernant les états de batterie des batteries en rangée depuis les moyens de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c') respectifs pour gestion ;

    des deuxièmes lignes de communication (40) avec lesquelles la pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c') est en guirlande ; et

    une première ligne de communication (30) avec laquelle, parmi la pluralité de moyens de gestion de batterie, le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a') situé au niveau d'une extrémité est connecté au moyen de gestion central (20) ; et

    des troisièmes lignes de communication (90) auxquelles sont connectées la pluralité d'alimentations ;

    caractérisé par

    une pluralité de moyens de commutation de connexion (70a, 70b, 70c), disposés dans les troisièmes lignes de communication individuelles (90) entre les alimentations, configurés pour commuter la connexion et la déconnexion entre les alimentations ;

    dans lequel chaque moyen de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c') est configuré pour désactiver son moyen de commutation de connexion (70a, 70b, 70c) ; et

    dans lequel chacun des moyens de gestion de batterie (10b', 10c') autres que le moyen de gestion de batterie le plus en amont (10a') connecté au moyen de gestion central (20) via la première ligne de communication (30) est configuré pour couper son alimentation dans un état initial ;

    chacun des moyens de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c'), lors de la détermination d'informations d'identification de ceux-ci par le biais d'une communication avec le moyen de gestion central (20), est configuré pour stocker les informations d'identification déterminées ; et

    chacun des moyens de gestion de batterie (10a', 10b', 10c') est configuré pour activer les moyens de commutation de connexion (70a, 70b, 70c) entre leur alimentation et l'alimentation d'un autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b', 10c') situé juste en aval de celui-ci, et configuré pour transmettre une instruction de mise sous tension à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b', 10c') afin de permettre à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b', 10c') de communiquer avec le moyen de gestion central (20).


     
    4. Appareil de batterie selon la revendication 3, dans lequel, au début de l'accord d'informations d'identification, le moyen de gestion central (20) est configuré pour transmettre une attribution de demande de première requête d'informations d'identification au moyen de gestion de batterie (10a') connecté à celui-ci, via la première ligne de communication (30) ;
    le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a') qui a reçu la première requête est configuré pour transmettre une première réponse contenant des informations d'identification que possède le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a') au moyen de gestion central (20), configuré pour activer le moyen de commutation de connexion (70a) entre l'alimentation de celui-ci et l'alimentation d'un autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b') situé juste en aval de celui-ci, et configuré pour transmettre une instruction de mise sous tension à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b') pour permettre à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b') de communiquer avec le moyen de gestion central (20) ;
    le moyen de gestion central (20) qui a reçu la première réponse est configuré pour stocker les informations d'identification contenues dans la première réponse reçue depuis le moyen de gestion de batterie (10a') et configuré pour transmettre une deuxième requête contenant des informations d'identification suivantes générées sur la base d'une règle prédéterminée à l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b') ; et
    l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b') qui a reçu la deuxième requête est configuré pour stocker les informations d'identification contenues dans la deuxième requête reçue comme des informations d'identification de celui-ci, configuré pour transmettre une deuxième réponse notifiant le moyen de gestion central (20) que l'autre moyen de gestion de batterie (10b') a stocké les informations d'identification au moyen de gestion central (20), configuré pour activer le moyen de commutation de connexion (70b) entre l'alimentation de celui-ci et l'alimentation d'un moyen de gestion de batterie (10c') situé juste en aval de celui-ci, et configuré pour transmettre une instruction de mise sous tension au moyen de gestion de batterie (10c') situé juste en aval de celui-ci.
     
    5. Appareil de batterie selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le moyen de gestion central (20) est configuré pour attribuer les informations d'identification dans un ordre ascendant ou descendant.
     
    6. Appareil de batterie selon la revendication 2 ou 4, dans lequel le moyen de gestion central (20) est configuré pour transmettre la deuxième requête jusqu'à ce plus aucun moyen de gestion de batterie ne transmette pas la deuxième réponse.
     
    7. Appareil de batterie selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel le moyen de gestion central (20) est configuré pour stocker le nombre de moyens de gestion de batterie à l'avance et, lors de l'accord des informations d'identification, est configuré pour générer une sortie d'erreur si le nombre d'éléments d'informations d'identification accordées au moyen de gestion de batterie diffère du nombre de moyens de gestion de batterie stockés à l'avance.
     
    8. Appareil de batterie selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le moyen de gestion central (20) est configuré pour ré-accorder des informations d'identification à chacun des moyens de gestion de batterie (10a, 10b, 10c, 10a', 10b', 10c') si le nombre de moyens de gestion de batterie (20) que stocke le moyen de gestion central change.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description