(19)
(11)EP 2 358 279 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 09827885.6

(22)Date of filing:  20.11.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61F 2/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2009/006223
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/059234 (27.05.2010 Gazette  2010/21)

(54)

SOFT TISSUE REPAIR PROSTHESIS AND, EXPANDABLE DEVICE

PROTHESE ZUR WEICHGEWEBEREPARATUR UND DEHNBARE VORRICHTUNG

PROTHÈSE DE RÉPARATION DE TISSU MOU ET DISPOSITIF EXTENSIBLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2009 US 247163 P
21.11.2008 US 199884 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.08.2011 Bulletin 2011/34

(73)Proprietor: C.R.Bard, Inc.
Murray Hill, NJ 07974 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • DAROIS, Roger, E.
    Foster RI 02825 (US)
  • JACENE, Michael, Frank
    Blackstone, MA 01504 (US)
  • LEE, Michael
    Barrington, RI 02806 (US)
  • COLESANTI, Anthony
    Bristol, RI 02809 (US)
  • BRANN, James
    East Greenwich, RI 02818 (US)
  • LONGO, Richard, Vincent
    North Kingstown, RI 02852 (US)
  • GROETELAARS, John
    Barrington, RI 02806 (US)
  • SMITH, Tara
    Wakefield, RI 02879 (US)

(74)Representative: Grey, Ian Michael et al
Venner Shipley LLP 200 Aldersgate
London EC1A 4HD
London EC1A 4HD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/065653
US-A- 5 333 624
US-A1- 2008 195 121
US-B1- 6 488 653
US-B2- 6 866 676
US-B2- 7 048 698
WO-A2-2008/045635
US-A1- 2007 100 369
US-B1- 6 379 368
US-B2- 6 755 868
US-B2- 6 913 614
US-B2- 7 101 381
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] One technique for repairing a soft tissue defect, such as an abdominal wall hernia, involves inserting an implantable prosthesis, such as a mesh patch or plug, into an intra-abdominal space, positioning the prosthesis relative to the wall defect, and then, if desired, securing the prosthesis with tacks, sutures, and/or adhesives.

    [0002] To deliver the prosthesis intra-abdominally, the prosthesis may be rolled up, folded or otherwise collapsed into a reduced profile and then inserted through a small incision or a trocar and into the intra-abdominal space. The prosthesis is then unfurled and positioned relative to the defect.

    [0003] A hernia repair device is known from US2008195121A1, and has the features recited in the precharacterising portion of claim 1.

    [0004] A hernia repair device according to the invention is characterised by the features recited in the characterising portion of claim 1.

    [0005] Preferred features of the hernia repair device according to the invention are recited in the dependent claims.

    [0006] Various embodiments of the present invention provide certain advantages. Not all embodiments of the invention share the same advantages and those that do may not share them under all circumstances.

    [0007] Further features and advantages of the present invention, as well as the structure of various embodiments that incorporate aspects of the invention are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0008] The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention will be appreciated more fully from the following drawings, wherein like reference characters designate like features, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis according to one embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the soft tissue repair prosthesis shown in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a top view of the expandable device shown in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis according to another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the soft tissue repair prosthesis shown in FIG. 4;

    FIG. 6 is a top view of the expandable device shown in FIG. 4;

    FIG. 7 is a top view of an expandable device according to another embodiment;

    FIG. 8 is a detailed view of a portion of an expandable device according to one embodiment;

    FIG. 9 is a top view of an expandable device according to another embodiment;

    FIG. 10 is a bottom view of an expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis according to one embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 113 is a partial view of an expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis according to another embodiment.



    [0009] Aspects of the present invention are directed to a soft tissue repair prosthesis, such as a patch, plug, or patch and plug combination, for repairing, augmenting or reconstructing a muscle or tissue wall, such as a chest wall or abdominal wall, and that has particular application for repairing a hernia defect and for reconstruction of the chest wall. An expandable device is provided for delivering, locating and/or positioning the soft tissue repair prosthesis at the surgical site. The soft tissue repair prosthesis is carried by, tethered to, or otherwise operatively connected with the expandable device, such that manipulation of the expandable device will effect the shape, location and/or positioning of the soft tissue repair prosthesis. The expandable device has a reduced configuration suitable for introduction to the surgical site and an expanded configuration for deploying, locating and/or positioning the soft tissue repair prosthesis. Expansion of the expandable device, when carrying or otherwise integrated with the soft tissue repair prosthesis, causes the soft tissue repair prosthesis to transform from a reduced delivery profile to an enlarged shape suitable for the desired procedure, such as extending over, under, or filling a hernia defect. The expandable device is in the form of a balloon or other inflatable bladder. The soft tissue repair prosthesis may be mounted to, or otherwise integrated with, the expandable device, and then the combined components may be reduced in size, such as by rolling, folding, or otherwise collapsing, and then inserting through a trocar or small incision into the abdominal cavity or other surgical site. Expansion of the expandable device by inflation will in turn cause the soft tissue repair prosthesis to move into an expanded configuration suitable for the intended procedure. For example, where the soft tissue repair prosthesis is a mesh sheet and has been rolled up with an associated balloon, inflation of the balloon will cause the mesh sheet to unroll or otherwise expand into an enlarged shape which can then be positioned relative to the defect.

    [0010] Aspects of the present invention are directed to an arrangement for operatively connecting an expandable device with a soft tissue repair prosthesis. The expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis are detachably connected. One or more loops releasably connects the expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis. The loops may loosely connect the components together in the reduced profile, or the loops may not contribute to attachment of the expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis until one or both of the expandable device and soft tissue repair prosthesis are in an expanded configuration.

    [0011] Other aspects of the present invention are directed to various approaches to hoist, locate, center or position the prosthesis relative to the defect, and yet further aspects of the present invention are directed to indicia on the expandable device for positioning the prosthesis relative to the hernia defect.

    [0012] Turning to FIGS. 1-3, the expandable device has a plurality of outwardly extending arms 12. In this embodiment, the expandable device 10 is shaped like a starfish. As discussed in greater detail below, it should be appreciated that the expandable device may be shaped differently in other embodiments. For example, it is contemplated that the expandable device may be circular, rectangular, lattice shaped or irregular shaped as the invention is not so limited.

    [0013] As shown in FIG. 3, the expandable device 10 may have an open center portion 14. The open portion may minimize the size or bulk of the expandable device when the expandable device 10 is rolled or folded into a reduced profile configuration. This may assist with the insertion of the expandable device 10, such as through a small incision or a trocar. In one embodiment, the expandable device is asymmetric about the axis which the expandable device is folded or rolled. In this respect, overlap of the arms 12 of the expandable device 10 is minimized if not avoided, reducing the overall profile of the collapsed expandable device. Smaller profiles may be desired to facilitate or permit use with narrow trocar diameters and small incisions.

    [0014] As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, an inflation port 20 is positioned on the end of a radially extending arm 12 of the expandable device. As set forth below, in another embodiment, the inflation port 20 may extend from a different location of the expandable device, and may for example extend from a center portion of the expandable device 10. An inflation tube 22 runs to the inflation port 20. The inflation tube 22 may be detachably secured to the inflation port 20 so that the tube 22 can be removed after inflation. The inflation tube 22 may pass through a trocar (not shown) to outside of the patient for connection to an inflation source, such as a syringe. The invention is not limited to a particular inflation medium. A gas, such as air, may be employed, as may be a liquid, such as saline. Other suitable mediums will be apparent to one of skill in the art.

    [0015] The expandable device 10 is removably connected with the soft tissue repair prosthesis 30 by one or more attachment components.The attachment component is at least one loop 40 extending from the prosthesis 30. The loop has a predetermined size compatible for securing with a portion of the expandable device. The loop is sized to connectably receive a portion of the expandable device when it reaches an expanded configuration. The loops may define an opening that closely fits around the connecting portion of the expandable device only in the expanded configuration, or the loops may closely fit around the connecting portion in both the reduced profile and expanded configuration. The loops may be compliant or non-compliant, and the loop opening may expand in response to expansion of the expandable device. For example, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, a plurality of loops 40 may extend from the soft tissue repair prosthesis 30 and one or more arms 12 of the expandable device 10 may extend into the loops 40, removably connecting the expandable device with the soft tissue repair prosthesis. In this respect, the loops may be similar to a belt loop and portions of the expandable device may be configured to fit in the loops. These loops may be formed of a resorbable or a non-resorbable material, as the invention is not limited in this respect. It should be appreciated that the loops 40 are secured to the prosthesis as shown in FIG. 2 and thereafter secured to the expandable device.

    [0016] It should be appreciated that the size of the loop 40 is based upon the size of the portion of the expandable device 10 that would be received within the loop 40. In one embodiment, the loop has a diameter of approximately 2 cm to approximately 10 cm. In another embodiment, the loop has a diameter of at least approximately 5 cm. One of skill in the art would recognize that the loop 40 may be sized to be slightly larger than the expandable device to accommodate the expandable device 10 within the loop 40.

    [0017] In the particular embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the loops 40 are spaced apart and discretely formed. As illustrated, each loop may terminate in a knot or weld that prevents the loop 40 from detaching from the prosthesis 30. As discussed in greater detail below, in another embodiment, the loops 40 are part of an integral structure, such as a running suture.

    [0018] It should be appreciated that the loops 40 may be formed from a variety of materials, as the invention is not limited in this respect. In one embodiment the loops 40 are formed from suture material, such as but not limited to polyglycolic acid (PGA), or Vicryl® which is a polyglactin absorbable suture material. In another embodiment, the loops 40 are formed from soft tissue repair fabric, such as, but not limited to expanded polytetrafluorethylene (ePTFE). The loops may be configured to encourage tissue infiltration, to resist tissue infiltration, or to provide localized and differing tissue infiltration properties. For example, and without limitation, the loops may be formed of a barrier material, include a barrier material, and/or include a coating or surface treatment that discourages, or encourages, tissue ingrowth.

    [0019] It should also be recognized that the expandable device 10 may also be formed from a variety of materials, as the invention is not limited in this respect. In one embodiment, the expandable device is formed of polyurethane, and may, for example, be formed of nylon coated polyurethane. The expandable device may be formed of two layers of nylon coated polyurethane that together form a chamber for the introduction of air.

    [0020] As illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, a tether 50 is coupled to the soft tissue repair prosthesis 30 to assist in hoisting, locating and/or positioning the soft tissue repair prosthesis, and the expandable device if it still is connected therewith. As shown, in one embodiment, the soft tissue repair prosthesis has a first side and a second side where at least one attachment component (the loops 40) extend from the first side of the prosthesis and the tether 50 extends from the second side of the prosthesis. The tether 50 may be formed from a suture, soft tissue repair fabric, or other material as should be apparent to one of skill in the art. The tether may be resorbable or permanent. The tether may be singular or include a plurality of tether segments, for example the tether 50 may include a plurality of sutures or strips that are spaced about the prosthesis. The tether 50 may be secured approximately at the center of the prosthesis 30, or surrounding the center of the prosthesis, such that the center of the prosthesis can more readily be aligned with the center of the hernia defect. However, as should be apparent to one of skill in the art, the invention is not limited to a tether that focuses forces at or about the center of the soft tissue repair prosthesis. With the soft tissue repair prosthesis deployed and expanded in the intra-abdominal space, a suture-grasping device (not shown) may be provided to grasp the tether and hoist the prosthesis 30 towards the defect and/or to position the soft tissue repair prosthesis against the abdominal wall. As shown, in one embodiment, the tether 50 includes a loop 52 adapted for grasping and manipulation by a surgical instrument or the physician's hands. Once the soft tissue repair prosthesis 30 is positioned relative to the defect, sutures, fasteners, adhesives or the like may be applied to fixate the prosthesis 30 in place.

    [0021] After placement of the prosthesis 30, the loops 40 may be left in place or, instead, removed. As an example, and without limitation, an instrument may be employed to cut the loops. It may be desirable to separate the soft tissue repair prosthesis from the expandable device prior to removing the loops. The soft tissue repair prosthesis may be separable from an expanded expandable device and, in certain embodiments, it may facilitate separation by at least partially reducing the size of the expandable device by at least partially deflating the expandable device. As mentioned above, it is also contemplated that the loops 40 are resorbable.

    [0022] It is also contemplated that in one embodiment, one or more of the loops 40 may be used as transfacial sutures to secure the prosthesis 30 around the defect. In other words, the expandable device 10 may be detached from the prosthesis 30 without cutting and/or removing some or all of the loops 40. Such loops 40 themselves, or cut into strands, may then be used to secure the prosthesis. It also is contemplated that sutures, distinct from the tether, may be pre-attached to the soft tissue repair prosthesis and used to secure the implant relative to the defect.

    [0023] The prosthesis 30 may be formed of a porous material, such as a knit, woven or non-woven fabric, or may be composed of a solid, substantially non-porous, or microporous material. The prosthesis may be formed of one or more layers of the same or dissimilar material. The prosthesis may be formed with portions that are tissue infiltratable and other portions that are non-tissue infiltratable, providing selected areas of the repair device with different tissue ingrowth and adhesion resistant properties. The prosthesis may be formed of permanent material, resorbable material, or a combination of permanent and resorbable materials. It should be appreciated that the prosthesis may be formed of any biologically compatible material, synthetic or natural, suitable for repairing a tissue or muscle wall defect as would be apparent to one of skill in the art. The prosthesis may be formed into a patch, plug or combination patch and plug.

    [0024] In one embodiment, the prosthesis 30 is formed from a mesh fabric, such as a sheet of knitted polypropylene monofilament mesh fabric. The sheet may have a thickness of approximately 0.356mm (0.014 inches) and may be knitted from polypropylene monofilament having a diameter of approximately 0.107mm (0.0042 inches). When implanted, the polypropylene mesh promotes rapid tissue or muscle ingrowth into and around the mesh structure. Alternatively, other surgical materials which are suitable for tissue or muscle reinforcement and defect correction may be utilized including BARD MESH (available from C.R. Bard, Inc.), SOFT TISSUE PATCH (microporous ePTFE - available from W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc.); SURGIPRO (available from US Surgical, Inc.); TRELEX (available from Meadox Medical); PROLENE and MERSILENE (available from Ethicon, Inc.); and other mesh materials (e.g., available from Atrium Medical Corporation). Biologic materials, including XENMATRIX, COLLAMEND, and ALLOMAX (all available from C.R. Bard, Inc.) or COOK SURGISIS (available from Cook Biomedical, Inc.) may also be used. Resorbable materials, including polyglactin (VICRYL -- available from Ethicon, Inc.) and polyglycolic acid (DEXON -- available from US Surgical, Inc.), may be suitable for applications involving temporary correction of tissue or muscle defects. It also is contemplated that the fabric may be formed from multifilament yarns and that any suitable method, such as knitting, weaving, braiding, molding and the like, may be employed to form the mesh material. It should be appreciated that when the soft tissue repair prosthesis is in the form of a sheet, it may be configured in many shapes, including, but not limited to flat, concave, and convex, and may, for example, be in the form of a square, rectangle, circle, or ellipse.

    [0025] Turning now to FIGS. 4-6, another illustrative embodiment of an expandable device 60 is discussed in greater detail. In this embodiment, the expandable device 60 is lattice shaped and has a plurality of outwardly extending arms 62. The expandable device 60 includes an open center portion 64 which, as mentioned above, may minimize the size or bulk of the expandable device 60 when the expandable device is rolled or folded into a reduced profile configuration. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 6, an inflation port 20 allows the expandable device to be inflated or otherwise expanded into a larger profile configuration. In this particular embodiment, the inflation port 20 is positioned on an end of an outwardly extending arm 62 of the expandable device. It should be recognized that the expandable device 62 may be inflated with a gas, such as air, or the expandable device may be filled with a liquid, such as saline, to reach an expanded profile. Other inflation mediums are contemplated as should be apparent to one of skill in the art.

    [0026] As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, a plurality of loops 70 are secured to the prosthesis 30 and the loops 70 are configured to receive portions of the expandable device 60, removably connecting the expandable device and the prosthesis. The plurality of loops 70 may be part of a continuum, or integrated structure, such as a running suture, such that a plurality of loops 70 are formed with the same length of suture. Similar to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the loops 70 extend through the prosthesis and one or more arms 62 of the expandable device 60 extend into the loops 70 to secure the expandable device with the prosthesis. It should be appreciated that in one embodiment, the size of the loops 70 may be adjustable. For example, in one embodiment, the size of the loops 70 may be adjustable by pulling the loop 70 through the prosthesis. The prosthesis 30 also includes a tether 50, which further may be provided with a loop 52 on one end, to assist in hoisting, locating and/or positioning the soft tissue repair prosthesis.

    [0027] Once the prosthesis 30 is secured in place, the loops 70 may be cut and removed from the expandable device/prosthesis interface. It is also contemplated that the loops 70 may not need to be cut to detach the expandable device from the prosthesis, as the loops 40 may be configured such that the arm 62 of the expandable device may slide out of the loop and/or the loops may be configured to be absorbable within the body. The expandable device 60 is deflated or otherwise transformed into its reduced profile configuration and the expandable device may be withdrawn from the intra-abdominal space through a trocar.

    [0028] As mentioned above, an inflation tube 22 may be detachably secured to the inflation port 20 and the inflation tube 22 may pass through a trocar (not shown) to enable inflation of the expandable device from outside of the body. It is also contemplated that a one-way inflation valve could be used so that once the expandable device is inflated, the inflation tube 22 may be removed from the trocar to free up the trocar for other instruments. The inflation tube 22 may either be detached from the inflation port 20 and removed from the body, or the inflation tube may be tucked back into the intra-abdominal space and may be removed with the expandable device.

    [0029] Furthermore, it is also contemplated that the expandable device may be inflated through an inflation port positioned on the underside of the expandable device. The inflation port may be grasped to both inflate and manipulate the expandable device.

    [0030] FIGS. 7 and 8 illustrate a feature for facilitating connection of one or more loops with the expandable device. At least one indentation 84 is provided on the expandable device which receives a loop 40, 70. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the indentations 84 are reduced dimensioned regions of the expandable device and the indentations may be shaped to prevent the loop 40, 70 from undesirably sliding off and detaching from the expandable device 80. In one embodiment, the indentations 84 are circumferential, such that they extend substantially around the arm of the expandable device, although an interrupted or partially circumferential indentation also is contemplated. In another embodiment, the indentation may be formed by the region between two spaced apart protrusions on the expandable device.

    [0031] Once the prosthesis is secured in place over the defect, the loop 40, 70 may be cut away from the indentation 84, or the loop 40, 70 may be slid over the indentation 84 to detach the expandable device 80 from the prosthesis 30. It should be appreciated that once the expandable device is deflated or otherwise transformed into its reduced profile configuration, it may be easier to dislodge the loop from the indentation 84 in the expandable device 80.

    [0032] As mentioned above, a tether 50 is secured to the prosthesis to assist in hoisting the prosthesis and the expandable device up to the defect. The inflation tube 22 may also be used to hoist the prosthesis and the expandable device up to the defect. In particular, as shown in FIG. 9, in one embodiment, the inflation tube 22 may be secured to an inflation port 20 at approximately the center of the prosthesis 30 and the inflation tube 22 may pass through the prosthesis 30. After the prosthesis 30 is inserted into the intra-abdominal space and positioned below the hernia defect, a suture-grasping device (not shown) may be passed through the skin in the middle of the defect. The inflation tube 22 may be pulled upward with the grasping device to hoist the prosthesis 30 into position against the abdominal wall. As shown, in one embodiment, the inflation tube 22 is secured to the center of the prosthesis 30 such that the prosthesis 30 can more readily be aligned with the center of the hernia defect. Once the prosthesis 30 is pulled up and positioned relative to the defect, the prosthesis 30 may be fixated to the margins of the defect using sutures, fasteners, adhesives or the like in accordance with any of the techniques known to one of ordinary skill in the art. As shown in the embodiment of FIG. 9, the inflation tube 22 may extend through the prosthesis, and may for example, extend through the mesh of the prosthesis. After inflation, the inflation tube 22 may be disconnected from the inflation port 20 such that the tube 22 can be removed through the defect. Thereafter, the expandable device 90 can be detached from the prosthesis and deflated, such that the expandable device can be removed from the body.

    [0033] FIG. 10 illustrates a bottom view of an expandable device 100 and a prosthesis 30 positioned to cover a defect 110 (shown in dashed lines as it may not be visible through the prosthesis 30). In this embodiment, the expandable device 100 has indicia 102, which, in this particular embodiment is similar to a ruler and may assist in centering the prosthesis 30 relative to the defect 110 and/or measuring the amount that the prosthesis overlaps the defect. In one embodiment, the indicia 102 may include numeric indicia. Although the defect 110 may not be visible through the prosthesis, the location of the defect may be detected during a palpation, as the prosthesis 30 may move slightly into the defect 110, indicating the perimeter of the defect. By adjusting the orientation of the expandable device, the indicia 102 may be used to measure the amount of overlap of the prosthesis in one or more directions. The position of the prosthesis 30 may then be adjusted accordingly. For example, the indicia 102 may be used for referencing a predetermined location for positioning an edge of a hernia defect relative to the prosthesis such that the prosthesis overlaps the edge of the defect a predetermined distance.

    [0034] FIG. 7 illustrates another embodiment of an expandable device 80 having indicia 102. The expandable device 100 may further include indicia such as, but not limited to markers, arrows, or other indicia to help to orient the expandable device and prosthesis and/or to indicate selected extraction points on the expandable device where the expandable device should be grasped to remove the expandable device from the body. The indicia may also be used to show the long axis about which the expandable device may be rolled to insert into the body. Furthermore, indicia may be used to indicate the locations of the attachment components. In one embodiment, the indicia is visible, and may for example include colored markings. In another embodiment, the indicia may only be visible with special imaging tools, and in yet another embodiment, the indicia may be tactile such that the indicia includes a surface that a user can sense by touch.

    [0035] Turning now to FIG. 11, another embodiment of an expandable device with indicia is illustrated. For simplification, only a portion of an expandable device 220 and prosthesis 200 are illustrated, and as discussed above, a plurality of attachment components 240 removably connect the expandable device 220 with the prosthesis 200. In this embodiment, the expandable device 220 includes a tab 270 which includes indicia 260. This indicia is for referencing a predetermined location for positioning an edge 250 of a hernia defect (shown in dashed lines) relative to the prosthesis 200 such that the prosthesis 200 overlaps the edge 250 of the defect a predetermined distance "d". In this particular embodiment, the prosthesis 200 is secured with the expandable device 220 such that the outer perimeter of the prosthesis is approximately 1 cm away from the edge of the tab 270. The tab 270 includes indicia 260 which includes a plurality of markings that are spaced apart approximately 1cm. Thus, a user is able to use the indicia 260 such that the prosthesis 200 overlaps the edge 250 of the defect a predetermined distance "d" which is equal to 4 cm in the illustrative embodiment. In one embodiment, the predetermined distance is between approximately 3 cm - approximately 5 cm. However, it should be appreciated that the predetermined distance may vary based upon the particular defect and prosthesis.

    [0036] One method of repairing a hernia defect includes inserting a soft tissue repair prosthesis and an expandable device into an abdominal space where the expandable device is removably connected to the soft tissue repair prosthesis and where the expandable device includes indicia referencing a predetermined location, expanding the expandable device, and positioning the prosthesis around a hernia defect in an abdominal wall by positioning an edge of the hernia defect at the indicia referencing the predetermined location such that the prosthesis overlaps the edge of the defect a predetermined distance.

    [0037] It should be appreciated that various embodiments of the present invention may be formed with one or more of the above-described features. The above aspects and features of the invention may be employed in any suitable combination as the present invention is not limited in this respect. It should also be appreciated that the drawings illustrate various components and features which may be incorporated into various embodiments of the present invention. For simplification, some of the drawings may illustrate more than one optional feature or component. However, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed in the drawings. It should be recognized that the present invention encompasses embodiments which may include only a portion of the components illustrated in any one drawing figure, and/or may also encompass embodiments combining components illustrated in multiple different drawing figures.

    [0038] It should be understood that the foregoing description of various embodiments of the invention are intended merely to be illustrative thereof and that the scope of the invention is defined by the claims appended hereto.


    Claims

    1. A hernia repair device, comprising:

    a soft tissue repair prosthesis (30) having a first side and a second side;

    at least one attachment component coupled to the prosthesis and extending outwardly from the first side of the prosthesis, the at least one attachment component being at least one loop (70) extending from the prosthesis (30);

    a tether (50) coupled to the prosthesis (30) and extending outwardly from the second side of the prosthesis (30), wherein manipulation of the tether (50) allows hoisting, locating and/or positioning of the soft tissue repair prosthesis (30),

    characterised by an expandable device (10) that is inflatable with an inflation medium and which, when expanded, is configured to position the prosthesis (30) adjacent the hernia defect, and wherein the at least one loop (70) has a predetermined size and is configured to receive a portion of the expandable device (10) to removably connect the prosthesis (30) with the expandable device (10).


     
    2. The hernia repair device of claim 1, wherein the tether (50) is coupled to the prosthesis (30) at approximately the center of the prosthesis (30).
     
    3. The hernia repair device of claim 1 or 2, wherein the tether (50) is formed from suture material.
     
    4. The hernia repair device of any preceding claim, wherein one end of the tether (50) includes a loop (52) configured to grasp the tether (50).
     
    5. The hernia repair device of any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the at least one attachment component includes a plurality of loops (70).
     
    6. The hernia repair device of any preceding claim, wherein the soft tissue repair prosthesis (30) is formed from a mesh fabric.
     
    7. The hernia repair device of any preceding claim, wherein the soft tissue repair prosthesis (30) is formed into a sheet.
     
    8. The hernia repair device of any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the soft tissue repair prosthesis (30) is formed into a plug.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Prothese zur Weichgewebereparatur (30), die eine erste Seite und eine zweite Seite aufweist;

    mindestens eine Anbringungskomponente, die mit der Prothese verbunden ist und sich nach außen von der ersten Seite der Prothese erstreckt, wobei die mindestens eine Anbringungskomponente mindestens eine Schlaufe (70) ist, die sich von der Prothese (30) erstreckt;

    eine Halteschnur (50), die mit der Prothese (30) verbunden ist und sich nach außen von der zweiten Seite der Prothese (30) erstreckt, wobei die Handhabung der Halteschnur (50) das Hochheben, Anordnen und/oder Positionieren der Prothese zur Weichgewebereparatur (30) ermöglicht,

    gekennzeichnet durch eine expandierbare Vorrichtung (10), die mit einem Aufblasmedium aufblasbar ist und die, wenn expandiert, zur Positionierung der Prothese (30) anliegend an den Herniendefekt konfiguriert ist, und wobei die mindestens eine Schlaufe (70) eine vorgegebene Größe aufweist und zur Aufnahme eines Teils der expandierbaren Vorrichtung (10) konfiguriert ist, um die Prothese (30) mit der expandierbaren Vorrichtung (10) entfernbar zu verbinden.


     
    2. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Halteschnur (50) mit der Prothese (30) an ungefähr der Mitte der Prothese (30) verbunden ist.
     
    3. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Halteschnur (50) aus Nahtmaterial ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach einem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei ein Ende der Halteschnur (50) eine Schlaufe (52) einschließt, die zum Ergreifen der Halteschnur (50) konfiguriert ist.
     
    5. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die mindestens eine Anbringungskomponente eine Vielzahl von Schlaufen (70) einschließt.
     
    6. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach einem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei die Prothese zur Weichgewebereparatur (30) aus einem Netzgewebe ausgebildet ist.
     
    7. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach einem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei die Prothese zur Weichgewebereparatur (30) zu einer Lage ausgebildet ist.
     
    8. Hernienreparaturvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Prothese zur Weichgewebereparatur (30) zu einem Pfropfen ("Plug") ausgebildet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de réparation de hernie, comprenant :

    une prothèse de réparation de tissu mou (30) ayant un premier côté et un deuxième côté ;

    au moins un composant de fixation couplé à la prothèse et s'étendant vers l'extérieur depuis le premier côté de la prothèse, ledit au moins un composant de fixation étant au moins une boucle (70) s'étendant depuis la prothèse (30) ;

    une attache (50) couplée à la prothèse (30) et s'étendant vers l'extérieur depuis le deuxième côté de la prothèse (30), la manipulation de l'attache (50) permettant le levage, la localisation et/ou le positionnement de la prothèse de réparation de tissu mou (30),

    caractérisé par un dispositif extensible (10) qui peut être gonflé avec un moyen de gonflage et qui, lorsqu'il est gonflé, est configuré pour positionner la prothèse (30) adjacente au défaut herniaire, et dans lequel ladite au moins une boucle (70) a une taille prédéterminée et est configurée pour recevoir une partie du dispositif extensible (10) afin de raccorder de manière amovible la prothèse (30) au dispositif extensible (10).


     
    2. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'attache (50) est couplée à la prothèse (30) approximativement au centre de la prothèse (30) .
     
    3. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel l'attache (50) est formée à partir de matériau de suture.
     
    4. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une extrémité de l'attache (50) comporte une boucle (52) configurée pour saisir l'attache (50).
     
    5. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel ledit au moins un composant de fixation comporte une pluralité de boucles (70).
     
    6. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la prothèse de réparation de tissu mou (30) est formée à partir d'un tissu à mailles.
     
    7. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la prothèse de réparation de tissu mou (30) est formée en une feuille.
     
    8. Dispositif de réparation de hernie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel la prothèse de réparation de tissu mou (30) est formée en un tampon.
     




    Drawing
























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description