(19)
(11)EP 2 359 069 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.11.2013 Bulletin 2013/47

(21)Application number: 09795698.1

(22)Date of filing:  10.12.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F24C 15/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2009/008825
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/066423 (17.06.2010 Gazette  2010/24)

(54)

suction hood

Absaughaube

Hotte de cuisine


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.06.2009 EP 09007739
10.12.2008 EP 08021414
10.12.2008 EP 08021415

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.08.2011 Bulletin 2011/34

(73)Proprietor: Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.
1130 Brussel (BE)

(72)Inventors:
  • CORLEONI, Francesco
    I-47014 Meldola (IT)
  • CATALOGNE, Cedric, Damien
    I-33035 Torreano di Martignacco (IT)

(74)Representative: Baumgartl, Gerhard Willi et al
Electrolux Dienstleistungs GmbH Group Intellectual Property
90327 Nürnberg
90327 Nürnberg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 1 887 286
WO-A-89/11926
JP-A- 2000 266 385
JP-A- 2005 317 205
EP-A1- 1 118 820
FR-A1- 2 843 054
JP-A- 2004 332 967
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a suction hood, preferably a vortex generator or tornado suction means.

    [0002] WO 89/11926 describes a ventilating system for mechanical local exhaustion of gases such as vapour, steam, airborne suspensions and the like, said system partly comprising a number of injection nozzles and/or blowers which give the air a downwards flow, and partly one or more exhaustion channels which, from above, suck out around the axis of the airstream, wherein the nozzles and/or the blowers are mounted around one or more centrally located exhaust channels and disembogue in the same plane as these, and the direction of injection is tangential in relation to the flow.

    [0003] EP 1 887 286 A1 describes a fume extractor hood, preferably of the type intended for use above cooking surfaces or the like in professional kitchens, comprising an upper planar horizontal member adapted to capture and collect vapours and gases flowing up from a cooktop lying therebelow, where the vapours and fumes to be extracted are generated, a suction conduit that is open in the middle region of said upper planar horizontal member, first suction means associated to said suction conduit and adapted to suck in the fumes and vapours therefrom and blow them outside, wherein such means comprise a suction fan associated to said conduit and ventilation means adapted to impart a whirling motion about a vertical axis to the mixture of air and other gases contained in the volume below said upper planar horizontal member.

    [0004] Known or traditional suction hoods, which also can be denominated as destructor hoods, range hoods, kitchen hoods, stove hoods, exhaust hoods, cooker hoods, extraction hoods, cooking canopy or ventilation hoods, are used to remove airborne grease, combustion products, smoke, odours and/or heat and steam, which is generated usually by a cooking process on a cooktop, normally by a combination of filtration and evacuation of the air. They usually comprise three main components: A skirt or capture panel to contain the rising gases (also known as the "effluent plume"), one or more grease filters, and a fan or tangential blower for forced ventilation.

    [0005] The fans or blowers create, when activated, an area of low pressure which takes effect spherically around the hood.

    [0006] The airborne grease, combustion products, smoke, odours, heat and steam generated by the cooking of food on the cooktop rise naturally in a vertical motion due to gravity effect, and enter the effective area of the hood to be captured by the low pressure area.

    [0007] The traditional hoods as described above present at least relatively low efficiency in treating the fumes from the cooktop as they suck-up equally air from the surrounding environment. FIG la shows such a hood 1', where the gas is sucked in from all sides along paths shown by arrows 74'.

    [0008] The pressure field 71' of a traditional hood 1' over a cooktop 7' is shown in FIG 1b. The pressure field represents the effective suction volume of the hood.

    [0009] In is an object of invention, to improve the characteristics of the suction means and the hood, especially the suction characteristics, preferably in a cost-effective way.

    [0010] This object is solved by a suction hood according to claim 1. Advantageous embodiments can be derived especially from the dependent claims.

    [0011] According to claim 1, the invention relates to a suction hood, preferably vortex hood or tornado hood, comprising

    a) a vortex generator which can generate a vortex air stream (336, 436, 536),

    a1) wherein the vortex air stream comprises an at least substantially circular, cyclone, vortex and/or helix like air movement,

    a2) such that fumes or smoke can be pulled into the suction hood by the vortex air stream,

    b) stabilizing means for improving the stability of the vortex air stream, so that the vortex air stream is stable over time, wherein the vortex air stream does not dwindle or reappear and/or its position does not move over time,
    wherein

    c1) the vortex air stream rotates around an axis and/or

    c2) the vortex generator is arranged around an or the axis,

    d) wherein the stabilizing means tilts or can tilt the axis of the vortex generator and/or the vortex air stream with respect to a vertical direction,

    e) such that especially, in case the suction hood is mounted at a wall, the vortex air stream is or can be directed away from the wall.



    [0012] When the suction hood is mounted in front of a wall this can reduce the effects of the wall and improve the vortex stability, as the vortex air stream can be deformed, in case it is arranged too close to a wall.

    [0013] An improved stability of the vortex air stream makes it possible to pull in the fumes in a more effective way. A vortex air stream with an improved stability is normally a vortex air stream which has a shape below the vortex generator which is extending as far as possible downwards and which is as close as possible to a cylindrical form.

    [0014] The vortex air stream is stable over time, wherein the vortex air stream especially does not dwindle to reappear again and/or its position does not move over time. However, there is preferably, especially dependent on the distance from the vortex generator, a point of rupture where the vortex air stream disappears or disperses. Improving the stability of the vortex air stream therefore preferably means that the distance after which the vortex air stream disappears is made as long as possible.

    [0015] Preferably, the suction hood comprises a suction channel and/or a diffuser, wherein preferably the suction channel is arranged above the diffuser. Preferably the diffuser is arranged above the vortex generator and/or between the suction channel and the vortex generator, so that the diffuser adapts the cross section of the vortex generator to the cross section of the suction channel. In this case, it is possible that the suction channel has a smaller cross section than the vortex generator, so that the vortex generator can preferably be operated with a cross section which corresponds to at least part of the area to be sucked, especially the cooking area, whereas the suction channel can preferably be operated with an at least relatively small cross section so that the necessary space and costs are minimized or reduced.

    [0016] Preferably, the stabilizing means is the or a diffuser, on which the vortex generator is or can be attached, wherein the diffuser comprises an inclined bottom side, so that the vortex generator is or can be hold in an inclined position and/or the stabilizing means is an intermediate part between the diffuser and the vortex generator, wherein the upper side of the intermediate part is inclined with respect to the bottom side, so that the vortex generator is hold in an inclined position and/or the stabilizing means is implemented by an inclined upper side of the vortex generator, so that the vortex generator is hold in an inclined position.

    [0017] Preferably, the stabilizing means is a, preferably ring shaped, skirt for at least partially surrounding the vortex air stream and/or for at least partially surrounding the inner surface of the vortex generator, wherein for improving the stability of the vortex air stream or for activating the vortex air stream, the skirt can be shifted down from a first position to a second position, wherein in the first position, the skirt is arranged at least substantially inside the vortex generator, wherein in the second position, the skirt is arranged at least substantially below the vortex generator so that the vortex generator is extended downwards, wherein preferably the skirt is slidably fixed along the inner surface of the vortex generator. This embodiment enlarges the area in which the vortex air stream is guided so that it can maintain its stability at least down to an area which is further downwards with respect to the suction hood.

    [0018] Preferably, the stabilizing means are suction means, by which air is sucked vertically towards the suction hood at least partially around the vortex air stream,
    so that the radial losses of the vortex generator are reduced, wherein the suction means preferably sucks with a low suction volume, wherein preferably the suction means is attached at the suction channel, so that the laterally sucked air is or can be mixed with the vortex air stream. Also this embodiment reduces the diffusion of the vortex air stream so that its stability is enhanced.

    [0019] Preferably, the suction hood is designed as a vented hood, which is preferably connected to a duct system for extracting the sucked air out of a room, especially a kitchen, and/or the suction hood is designed as a recirculating hood, wherein it preferably comprises a filter, especially an activated charcoal filter, preferably to remove odour and smoke particles from the air, wherein the suction hood, after sucking in the air from a room, especially a kitchen, blows the preferably cleaned air back into the room again.

    [0020] Preferably, the vortex generator comprises an at least substantially cylindrical interior and/or lateral openings towards the substantially cylindrical interior for guiding the air with a tangential component with respect to the cylindrical interior and/or fans or blowers for blowing air into the lateral openings.

    [0021] Preferably, the suction hood comprises means which can generate an at least substantially horizontal air stream and/or the suction hood can be operated with the at least substantially horizontal air stream and/or with the vortex air stream.

    [0022] The invention will now be described in further details with references to the schematic figures, in which
    FIG 1a, 1b
    show conventional hoods, as described above,
    FIG 1c
    outlines the concept of a tornado suction hood,
    FIG 1d
    shows the pressure field of a hood system according to FIG 1c,
    FIG 2
    shows a suction hood according to the invention with a tiltable vortex generator in an untilted position,
    FIG 3
    shows a suction hood according to the invention with a tiltable vortex generator in a tilted position,
    FIG 4
    shows a suction hood with a movable skirt not forming part of the invention, in a first position,
    FIG 5
    shows the suction hood with a movable skirt not forming part of the invention in a second position and in which
    FIG 6
    shows a suction hood with lateral suction means not forming part of the invention.


    [0023] FIG 1c outlines the concept of a tornado suction hood 1. The arrows 75 represent the rotating column of air and the arrows 74 represent the suction draft. The combination of these two flows generates the tornado. The air is sucked in through air inlets 101, 102 and therefore pushed into the suction channel 13.

    [0024] The pressure field 71 of such a hood system 1 is shown in FIG 1d. The pressure field represents the effective suction volume of the hood. The generated vortex between the cooktop 7 and the hood 1 sucks in the fume from the cooktop 7 in a swirling motion.

    [0025] FIG 2 and FIG 3 show a suction hood 2, 3 with a cylindric upper part 21, 31 as suction channel and a conical lower part 22, 32 as diffuser, on whose bottom a vortex generator 23, 33 is mounted. The diffuser adapts the diameter of the vortex channel to the diameter of the suction channel.

    [0026] The vortex generator 23, 33 sucks in air from the side and blows it with a tangential component into the interior 234, 334 of the vortex generator, so that a vortex is formed in the interior 234, 334 which continues downwards as a vortex air stream 236, 336 around an axis 231, 331.

    [0027] FIG 3 shows a conical lower part 32 with an inclined bottom surface, on which the vortex generator 33 is mounted. By mounting on the inclined bottom surface of the conical lower part 32, the vortex generator 33 is tilted, which is shown in FIG 3, and therefore, also the axis 331 of the vortex air stream 331 is tilted. The suction hood 3 is mounted next to a wall 34. When the vortex generator 33 is tilted, the effect of the wall 34 is reduced and therefore the stability of vortex is improved. Therefore, the conical lower part 32 works, in this embodiment, as a stabilizing means for the vortex generator 33, as the vortex generator is or can be hold in an inclined position.

    [0028] As an alternative, the stabilizing means can be an intermediate part between the diffuser and the vortex generator, wherein the upper side of the intermediate part is inclined with respect to the bottom side, so that the vortex generator is hold in an inclined position.

    [0029] As a further alternative, the stabilizing means is implemented by an inclined upper side of the vortex generator, so that the vortex generator is hold in an inclined position. Furthermore, a pivoting mechanism can be installed between the suction channel 31 and the vortex generator 33 so that the inclination of the vortex generator 33 can be adjusted as desired.

    [0030] FIG 4 and FIG 5, which do not form part of the invention show a suction hood 4 with a vortex generator 43. Again, the suction hood comprises a cylindric upper part 41 and a conical lower part 42, on whose bottom a vortex generator 43 is mounted.

    [0031] The vortex generator 43 sucks in air from the side and blows it with a tangential component into the interior 434 of the vortex generator, so that a vortex is formed in the interior 434 which continues downwards as a vortex air stream 436 around an axis 431.

    [0032] Here, the stabilizing means is implemented as a skirt 433 which has a ring shaped form and which surrounds the inner surface of the vortex generator 43 and which surrounds the vortex air stream 436 in its upper portion.

    [0033] For improving the stability of the vortex air stream, the skirt 433 can be shifted down from a first, upper position to a second, lower position.

    [0034] In the first position, which is shown in FIG 4, the skirt 433 is arranged substantially inside the vortex generator 43.

    [0035] In the second position, which is shown in FIG 5, the skirt 433 is arranged mostly below the vortex generator 43 so that the vortex generator 43 is extended downwards. This extension enlarges the cylindrical part of the suction area so that a vortex air stream 436 with higher stability can be formed.

    [0036] As an alternative, which also does not form part of the invention, the vortex generation can be blocked in the first position, as the lateral openings towards the substantially cylindrical interior for guiding the air with a tangential component with respect to the cylindrical interior can be blocked by the skirt 433. In this case, a horizontal air stream can be generated inside the suction channel 41 which sucks the air directly into the suction channel.

    [0037] FIG 6 shows another solution not forming part of the invention, wherein the stabilizing means 54 are suction means, by which a lateral suction 541 towards the suction hood 5 can be generated around the vortex air stream 536, so that the radial losses of the vortex generator 536 are reduced, The suction means 54 sucks with a low suction volume.

    [0038] By reducing the radial losses, the lateral suction 541 also improves the stability of the vortex.

    [0039] The suction hood in the shown embodiments is a vented hood, which is preferably connected to a duct system for extracting the sucked air out of a room, especially a kitchen.

    [0040] As an alternative or in addition, the suction hood can also be a recirculating hood, preferably with a filter, especially an activated charcoal filter, wherein the suction hood sucks the air in from the room air, especially in a kitchen, and blows the air back into the room again.

    [0041] The vortex generator comprises an at least substantially cylindrical interior and lateral openings towards the substantially cylindrical interior for guiding the air with a tangential component with respect to the cylindrical interior and fans or blowers for blowing air into the lateral openings.

    [0042] The vortex air stream is stable over time. This means that the vortex air stream does not dwindle to reappear again and that its position does not move over time. However, there is, dependent on the distance from the vortex generator, a point of rupture where the vortex air stream disappears or disperses. Improving the stability of the vortex air stream therefore means that the distance after which the vortex air stream disappears is made as long as possible.

    [0043] The suction hood can comprise, which is not shown in the figures, means which can generate an at least substantially horizontal air stream. In this case, the suction hood can be operated with the at least substantially horizontal air stream and/or with the vortex air stream.

    Reference signs



    [0044] 
    1, 2, 4, 5
    suction hoods
    21, 41, 51
    suction channels
    22, 42, 52
    diffusers
    23, 43, 53
    vortex generators
    231, 431, 531
    axis
    541
    lateral suction area
    234, 434, 534
    vortex interior area
    236, 436, 536
    vortex air stream
    24, 34
    wall
    433
    skirt
    7, 7'
    cooktops
    71, 71'
    pressure fields
    74, 75, 74'
    air movement



    Claims

    1. Suction hood (3, 4, 5), preferably vortex hood or tornado hood, comprising

    a) a vortex generator (33, 43, 53) which can generate a vortex air stream (336, 436, 536),

    a1) wherein the vortex air stream comprises an at least substantially circular, cyclone, vortex and/or helix like air movement,

    a2) such that fumes or smoke can be pulled into the suction hood (3, 4, 5) by the vortex air stream,

    b) stabilizing means (32, 433, 54) for improving the stability of the vortex air stream, so that the vortex air stream is stable over time, wherein the vortex air stream does not dwindle or reappear and/or its position does not move over time
    wherein

    c1) the vortex air stream (336, 436, 536) rotates around an axis (331, 431, 531) and/or

    c2) the vortex generator (33, 43, 53) is arranged around an or the axis (331, 431, 531),
    characterized in that

    d) the stabilizing means (222) tilts or can tilt the axis (331) of the vortex generator (33) and/or the vortex air stream (331) with respect to a vertical direction,

    e) such that especially, in case the suction hood is mounted at a wall (34), the vortex air stream (331) is or can be directed away from the wall (34).


     
    2. Suction hood according to claim 1,

    a) comprising a suction channel (31, 41, 51) and a diffuser (32, 42, 52),

    b) wherein preferably the suction channel is arranged above the diffuser.


     
    3. Suction hood according to claim 2,
    wherein the diffuser is arranged above the vortex generator (33, 43, 53) and/or between the suction channel and the vortex generator, so that the diffuser adapts the cross section of the vortex generator (33, 43, 53) to the cross section of the suction channel.
     
    4. Suction hood according to any one of the preceding claims,

    a) wherein the stabilizing means (32) is the or a diffuser, on which the vortex generator (33) is or can be attached, wherein the diffuser comprises an inclined bottom side, so that the vortex generator is or can be hold in an inclined position and/or

    b) wherein the stabilizing means is an intermediate part between the diffuser (32) and the vortex generator (33), wherein the upper side of the intermediate part is inclined with respect to the bottom side, so that the vortex generator is hold in an inclined position and/or

    c) wherein the stabilizing means is implemented by an inclined upper side of the vortex generator (33), so that the vortex generator is hold in an inclined position.


     
    5. Suction hood according to one of the preceding claims,

    a) wherein the stabilizing means (433) is a, preferably ring shaped, skirt for at least partially surrounding the vortex air stream (436) and/or for at least partially surrounding the inner surface of the vortex generator (43),

    b) wherein for improving the stability of the vortex air stream or for activating the vortex air stream, the skirt (433) can be shifted down from a first position to a second position,

    c) wherein in the first position, the skirt is arranged at least substantially inside the vortex generator (43),

    d) wherein in the second position, the skirt is arranged at least substantially below the vortex generator (43) so that the vortex generator is extended downwards,

    e) wherein preferably the skirt is slidably fixed along the inner surface of the vortex generator.


     
    6. Suction hood according to one of the preceding claims,

    a) wherein the stabilizing means are suction means (54), by which air is sucked vertically towards the suction hood (5) at least partially around the vortex air stream (536),

    b) so that the radial losses of the vortex generator (536) are reduced,

    c) wherein the suction means (54) preferably sucks with a low suction volume and/or

    d) wherein preferably the suction means (54) is attached at the suction channel (51), so that the laterally sucked air (541) is mixed with the vortex air stream.


     
    7. Suction hood according to one of the preceding claims,

    a) wherein the suction hood is a vented hood, which is preferably connected to a duct system for extracting the sucked air out of a room, especially a kitchen, and/or

    b) wherein the suction hood is a recirculating hood, preferably with a filter, especially an activated charcoal filter, wherein the suction hood sucks the air in from a room, especially a kitchen, and blows the air back into the room again.


     
    8. Suction hood according to one of the preceding claims,

    a) wherein the vortex generator comprises an at least substantially cylindrical interior and/or

    b) lateral openings towards the substantially cylindrical interior for guiding the air with a tangential component with respect to the cylindrical interior and/or

    c) fans or blowers for blowing air into the lateral openings.


     
    9. Suction hood according to one of the preceding claims,

    a) wherein the suction hood comprises means which can generate an at least substantially horizontal air stream and/or

    b) wherein the suction hood can be operated with the at least substantially horizontal air stream and/or with the vortex air stream.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Absaughaube (3, 4, 5), vorzugsweise Wirbelhaube oder Tornadohaube, die folgendes umfasst:

    a) einen Wirbelgenerator (33, 34, 35), der einen Wirbelluftstrom (336, 436, 536) erzeugen kann,

    a1) wobei der Wirbelluftstrom eine wenigstens im wesentlichen kreisförmige, zyklon-, wirbel- und/oder spiralartige Luftbewegung umfasst,

    h2) so dass Dämpfe oder Rauch durch den Wirbelluftstrom in die Absaughaube (3, 4, 5) gezogen werden können,

    b) ein Stabilisierungsmittel (32, 433, 54) zur Verbesserung der Stabilität des Wirbelluftstroms, so dass der Wirbelluftstrom im Zeitverlauf stabil bleibt, wobei der Wirbelluftstrom nicht nachlässt oder mehrfach auftritt und/oder sich seine Position im Zeitverlauf nicht ändert, wobei

    c1) der Wirbelluftstrom (336, 436, 536) um eine Achse (331, 431, 531) rotiert und/oder

    c2) der Wirbelgenerator (33, 43, 53) um eine oder die Achse (331, 431, 531) angeordnet ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    d) das Stabilisierungsmittel (222) die Achse (331) des Wirbelgenerators (33) und/oder des Wirbelluftstroms (331) mit Bezug auf eine vertikale Richtung neigt oder neigen kann,

    e) so dass insbesondere dann, wenn die Absaughaube an einer Wand (34) montiert ist, der Wirbelluftstrom (331) von der Wand weg gelenkt wird oder gelenkt werden kann.


     
    2. Absaughaube gemäß Anspruch 1,

    a) die einen Absaugkanal (31, 41, 51) und einen Diffusor (32, 42, 52) umfasst,

    b) wobei vorzugsweise der Absaugkanal vorzugsweise über dem Diffusor angeordnet ist.


     
    3. Absaughaube gemäß Anspruch 2,
    wobei der Diffusor über dem Wirbelgenerator (33, 43, 53) und/oder zwischen dem Absaugkanal und dem Wirbelgenerator angeordnet ist, so dass der Diffusor den Querschnitt des Wirbelgenerators (33, 43, 53) an den Querschnitt des Absaugkanals anpasst.
     
    4. Absaughaube gemäß einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

    a) wobei das Stabilisierungsmittel (32) der oder ein Diffusor ist, an dem der Wirbelgenerator (33) angebracht ist oder angebracht werden kann, wobei der Diffusor eine geneigte Unterseite umfasst, so dass der Wirbelgenerator in einer geneigten Stellung gehalten wird oder gehalten werden kann, und/oder

    b) wobei das Stabilisierungsmittel ein Zwischenteil zwischen dem Diffusor (32) und dem Wirbelgenerator (33) ist, wobei die Oberseite des Zwischenteils mit Bezug auf die Unterseite geneigt ist, so dass der Wirbelgenerator in einer geneigten Stellung gehalten wird, und/oder

    c) wobei das Stabilisierungsmittel durch eine geneigte Oberseite des Wirbelgenerators (33) implementiert wird, so dass der Wirbelgenerator in einer geneigten Stellung gehalten wird.


     
    5. Absaughaube gemäß einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

    a) wobei das Stabilisierungsmittel (433) eine vorzugsweise ringförmige Schürze zur wenigstens teilweisen Umfassung des Wirbelluftstroms (436) und/oder zur wenigstens teilweisen Umfassung der Innenoberfläche des Wirbelgenerators (43) ist,

    b) wobei zur Verbesserung der Stabilität des Wirbelluftstroms oder zur Aktivierung des Wirbelluftstroms die Schürze (433) von einer ersten Position in eine zweite Position abwärts versetzt werden kann,

    c) wobei die Schürze in der ersten Position wenigstens im wesentlichen innerhalb des Wirbelgenerators (43) angeordnet ist,

    d) wobei die Schürze in der zweiten Position wenigstens im wesentlichen unter dem Wirbelgenerator (43) angeordnet ist, so dass sich der Wirbelgenerator abwärts erstreckt,

    e) wobei die Schürze vorzugsweise entlang der Innenoberfläche des Wirbelgenerators verschiebbar befestigt ist.


     
    6. Absaughaube gemäß einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

    a) wobei die Stabilisierungsmittel Absaugmittel (54) sind, mit denen Luft vertikal zur Absaughaube (5) wenigstens teilweise rund um den Wirbelluftstrom (536) abgesaugt wird,

    b) so dass die Radialverluste des Wirbelgenerators(536) reduziert werden,

    c) wobei das Absaugmittel (54) vorzugsweise mit einem geringen Absaugvolumen absaugt und/oder

    d) wobei das Absaugmittel (54) vorzugsweise am Absaugkanal (51) angebracht ist, so dass die seitlich abgesaugte Luft (541) mit dem Wirbelluftstrom gemischt wird.


     
    7. Absaughaube gemäß einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

    a) wobei die Absaughaube eine belüftete Haube ist, die vorzugsweise mit einem Rohrsystem zum Abführen der abgesaugten Luft aus einem Raum, insbesondere aus einer Küche, verbunden ist, und/oder

    b) wobei die Absaughaube eine Umlaufhaube, vorzugsweise mit einem Filter, insbesondere einem Aktivkohlefilter ist, wobei die Absaughaube die Luft von einem Raum absaugt, insbesondere von einer Küche, und die Luft wieder zurück in den Raum bläst.


     
    8. Absaughaube gemäß einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

    a) wobei der Wirbelgenerator einen wenigstens im wesentlichen zylindrischen Innenraum und/oder

    b) seitliche Öffnungen zu dem im wesentlichen zylindrischen Innenraum zur Führung der Luft mit einer Tangentialkomponente bezüglich des zylindrischen Innenraums und/oder

    c) Ventilatoren oder Gebläse zum Blasen der Luft in die seitlichen Öffnungen umfasst.


     
    9. Absaughaube gemäß einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

    a) wobei die Absaughaube Mittel umfasst, die einen wenigstens im wesentlichen horizontalen Luftstrom erzeugen können, und/oder

    b) wobei die Absaughaube mit dem wenigstens im wesentlichen horizontalen Luftstrom und/oder mit dem Wirbelluftstrom betrieben werden kann.


     


    Revendications

    1. Hotte aspirante (3, 4, 5), de préférence hotte à vortex ou hotte tornade, comprenant

    a) un générateur de vortex (33, 43, 53) apte à produire un écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire (336, 436, 536),

    a1) où l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire comprend un mouvement d'air au moins sensiblement similaire circulaire, semblable à un cyclone, un vortex et/ou à une hélice,

    a2) de sorte que des émanations ou fumées peuvent être aspirées dans la hotte aspirante (3, 4, 5) par l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire,

    b) un moyen de stabilisation (32, 433, 54) pour améliorer la stabilité de l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire de sorte que l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire est stable dans le temps, où l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire ne diminue pas pour réapparaître à nouveau et/ou sa position ne change pas avec le temps,

    c1) l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire (336, 436, 536) tourne autour d'un axe (331, 431, 531) et/ou c2) le générateur de vortex (33, 43, 53) est agencé autour d'un ou l'axe (331, 431, 531),
    caractérisée en ce que

    d) le moyen de stabilisation (222) bascule ou peut basculer l'axe (331) du générateur de vortex (33) et/ou l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire (331) relativement à une direction verticale,

    e) de sorte que spécialement, dans le cas où la hotte aspirante est montée sur un mur (34), l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire (331) est ou peut être dirigé au loin du mur (34) .


     
    2. Hotte aspirante selon la revendication 1,

    a) comprenant un canal d'aspiration (31, 41, 51) et un diffuseur (32, 42, 52),

    b) où de préférence le canal d'aspiration est agencé au-dessus du diffuseur.


     
    3. Hotte aspirante selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le diffuseur est agencé au-dessus du générateur de vortex (33, 43, 53) et/ou entre le canal d'aspiration et le générateur de vortex, de sorte que le diffuseur adapte la section transversale du générateur de vortex (33, 43, 53) à la section transversale du canal d'aspiration.
     
    4. Hotte aspirante selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    a) où le moyen de stabilisation est le ou un diffuseur, sur lequel le générateur de vortex (33) est ou peut être fixé, où le diffuseur comprend un côté inférieur incliné de sorte que le générateur de vortex est ou peut être maintenu dans une position inclinée et/ou

    b) où le moyen de stabilisation est une partie intermédiaire entre le diffuseur (32) et le générateur de vortex (33), où le côté supérieur de la partie intermédiaire est incliné relativement au côté inférieur de sorte que le générateur de vortex est maintenu dans une position inclinée et/ou

    c) où le moyen de stabilisation est mis en oeuvre par un côté supérieur incliné du générateur de vortex (33) de sorte que le générateur de vortex est maintenu dans une position inclinée.


     
    5. Hotte aspirante selon l'une des revendications précédentes,

    a) où le moyen de stabilisation (433) est une collerette de préférence annulaire pour entourer au moins partiellement l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire (436) et/ou pour entourer au moins partiellement la surface intérieure du générateur de vortex (43),

    b) où pour améliorer la stabilité de l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire ou pour activer l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire, la collerette (433) peut être déplacée vers le bas d'une première position à une deuxième position,

    c) où dans la première position, la collerette est agencée au moins sensiblement à l'intérieur du générateur de vortex (43),

    d) où dans la deuxième position, la collerette est agencée au moins sensiblement en dessous du générateur de vortex (43) de sorte que le générateur de vortex est étendu vers le bas,

    e) où de préférence la collerette est fixée d'une manière coulissante le long de la surface intérieure du générateur de vortex.


     
    6. Hotte aspirante selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    a) où les moyens de stabilisation sont des moyens d'aspiration (54) par lesquels l'air est aspiré verticalement vers la hotte aspirante (5) au moins partiellement autour de l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire (536),

    b) de sorte que les pertes radiales du générateur de vortex (536) sont réduites,

    c) où le moyen d'aspiration (54) aspire de préférence avec un volume d'aspiration bas et/ou

    d) où de préférence, le moyen d'aspiration (54) est fixé au canal d'aspiration (51) de sorte que l'air aspiré latéralement (541) est mélangé avec l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire.


     
    7. Hotte aspirante selon l'une des revendications précédentes,

    a) où la hotte aspirante est une hotte aérée, qui est de préférence connectée à un système de conduite pour extraire l'air aspiré d'une pièce, spécialement d'un cuisine, et/ou

    b) où la hotte aspirante est une hotte de recirculation, de préférence avec un filtre, spécialement un filtre à charbon actif, où la hotte aspirante aspire l'air d'une pièce, spécialement d'une cuisine, et souffle l'air à nouveau dans la pièce.


     
    8. Hotte aspirante selon l'une des revendications précédentes,

    a) dans laquelle le générateur de vortex comprend un intérieur au moins sensiblement cylindrique et/ou

    b) des ouvertures latérales vers l'intérieur sensiblement cylindrique pour guider l'air avec une composante tangentielle relativement à l'intérieur cylindrique et/ou

    c) des ventilateurs ou soufflantes pour souffler l'air dans les ouvertures latérales.


     
    9. Hotte aspirante selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    a) où la hotte aspirante comprend des moyens aptes à produire un écoulement d'air au moins sensiblement horizontal et/ou

    b) où la hotte aspirante peut être amenée à fonctionner avec l'écoulement d'air au moins sensiblement horizontal et/ou avec l'écoulement d'air tourbillonnaire.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description