(19)
(11)EP 2 373 834 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
31.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/31

(21)Application number: 10729095.9

(22)Date of filing:  04.01.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B05D 5/06(2006.01)
C25D 11/24(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2010/070010
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/078836 (15.07.2010 Gazette  2010/28)

(54)

COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND PREPARING METHOD OF THE SAME

VERBUNDWERKSTOFF UND VERFAHREN ZU SEINER HERSTELLUNG

MATÉRIAU COMPOSITE ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE PRÉPARATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.01.2009 CN 200910104942

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.10.2011 Bulletin 2011/41

(73)Proprietor: BYD Company Limited
Shenzhen 518118 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • GAO, Chunnan
    Guangdong 518118 (CN)
  • LU, Ping
    Guangdong 518118 (CN)
  • LI, Aihua
    Guangdong 518118 (CN)
  • CHEN, Liang
    Guangdong 518118 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gulde & Partner 
Patent- und Rechtsanwaltskanzlei mbB Wallstraße 58/59
10179 Berlin
10179 Berlin (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 1 908 243
JP-A- 56 098 494
JP-A- 2010 037 604
US-A1- 2004 000 490
US-A1- 2009 169 838
FR-A1- 2 682 130
JP-A- 62 238 396
US-A- 4 066 516
US-A1- 2007 028 402
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a composite material, more particularly to a composite material with gradually changed color.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] The current method for preparing a color oxide layer on the surface of aluminum or aluminum alloy based materials comprises the steps of: (1) forming an anodic oxide film layer by anodizing the aluminum or aluminum alloy surface in sulfuric acid; (2) dyeing the anodized oxidation film layer in a solution containing an organic dye, and sealing it to obtain various surface colors. However, this method can only form a single color, and it may not be used for forming multiple colors.

    [0003] And currently, spraying or printing process is mainly used to form a gradient color layer on the aluminum or aluminum alloy surface. For example, the gradient change of single color may be obtained by controlling the thickness of the inks on the surface. However, the surface treated with spraying or printing process loses its metal gloss and hand feeling, and it is uneven and easily scratched or wore out.

    [0004] US2007/0028402 discloses a decoration method of dyeing an anodic oxidation film disposed on an aluminum substrate. The process includes a dyeing step and a decolorizing step for adjusting the degree of decolorize subsequent to the dyeing step, wherein the depth of of immersion in the decolorizing solution is changed such as to provide graduation expression by continuous tone in the degree of decolorize.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] In view of thereof, the present invention aims to solve at least one of the problems existing in the prior art. Therefore, there remains an opportunity to provide a composite material with an even, metal gloss, uneasily scratched and wore out surface with gradually changed color and a method of preparing the same.

    [0006] According to one aspect of the invention, a composite material according to claim 1 comprises an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate with an anodic oxide film layer having micropores; and two or more kinds of dye is filled in the micropores. The amount of the same kind of dye is gradient distributed on at least part of the substrate.

    [0007] According to the invention, the substrate is aluminum or aluminum alloy.

    [0008] According to another embodiment of the invention, two kinds of dyes are filled in the micropores, with the amount of one kind being gradient distributed in a direction along the substrate, while the other kind is being gradient distributed in an opposite direction along the substrate.

    [0009] According to another aspect of the invention, a method for preparing a composite material according to claim 4, is provided, which comprises the steps of: providing an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate; anodizing the substrate surface to form an anodized oxidation film layer having micropores; and dyeing the anodic oxide film layer by filling the micropores with at least two kind of dyes. The substrate is immerged into the dye. The dyeing time duration of different parts along the substrate is controlled to make an amount of the same kind of dye gradient distributed on at least a part of the substrate.

    [0010] Other variations, embodiments and features of the present disclosure will become evident from the following detailed description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] These and other aspects and advantages of the invention will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following descriptions taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:
    Fig. 1 shows a composite material with gradually changed single color.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] A composite material provided by the present invention comprises an aluminum or aluminum alloy may substrate with an anodic oxide film layer having micropores; and two or more kinds of dye filled in the micropores. The amount of the same kind of dye is gradient distributed in at least part of the micropores.

    [0013] The substrate is aluminum or aluminum alloy.

    [0014] The word 'gradient' refers to a change rate of the dye amount in the micropores. For example, the place of the anodic oxide film layer named Y contains dye with an amount of W, meanwhile its vertical place named dY with (W + dW), then 'dW' is named 'gradient' of the dye amount, namely the change rate of the dye amount.

    [0015] In some embodiments, there are the two kinds of dyes filled in the micropores, with the amount of one kind of dye gradient distributed in a direction along the substrate, while the other kind of dye is gradient distributed in an opposite direction along the substrate. There can also be more than two kinds of dyes and different kinds of dyes are gradient distributed in different directions along the substrate respectively. The dyes can have different color.

    [0016] The gradually changed color is formed on the substrate by forming the gradient distribution of the dyes. The gradually changed color refers to a color continuously changed from deep to light, or from light to deep, for example, gradually changed yellow is the color continuously changed from light yellow to deep yellow.

    [0017] The whole substrate of composite material can be gradually changed color as shown in Fig 1. In some embodiments, only a part of the substrate of the composite material has a gradually changed color, while another part is uniform color formed by a general dyeing method.

    [0018] The gradients of the same kind of dye in one direction along the substrate may be the same or not, if only gradually changed color is formed. To make the gradually changed color looks more artistic, the gradients of the same kind of dye in one direction along the substrate should be the same.

    [0019] The thickness of the anodic oxide film layer may be 5µm to 15µm. If the thickness of the anodic oxide film layer is too thin, the dyeing, particularly dyeing with deep color dyes, will be difficult and the surface capability will be less quality. Whereas if the anodic oxide film layer is too thick, the time duration of anodizing will be prolonged remarkably. In some embodiments, the thickness of the anodic oxide film layer may be 11µm to 14µm.

    [0020] The dyes may be any in the prior art, including azo dyes, anthraquinone dyes, nitro dyes and phthalocyanine dyes.

    [0021] The present invention also provide a method for preparing a composite material, which comprises the steps of: providing an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate; anodizing the substrate to form an anodic oxide film layer having micropores; and dyeing the anodic oxide film layer by filling the micropores with at least two kinds of dyes. The substrate is immerged into the dye. The dyeing time duration of different parts along the substrate is controlled to make an amount of the same kind of dye gradient distributed on at least a part of the substrate. That is to say that the gradient distribution is obtained by controlling the different parts of the substrate's anodized oxidation film layer to be dyed for different time duration.

    [0022] The substrate is aluminum or aluminum alloy.

    [0023] The composite material with gradually changed single color, as shown in Fig 1, may be obtained by controlling the anodized oxidation film layer immerged into one kind of dye in a first direction along the substrate with uniform speed.

    [0024] After the above first dyeing, the amount of dye in deep colored area is enough to fill most of the micropores on the anodic oxide film layer, while the amount of dye in light colored area is less to fill most of them. So the light colored area has more micropores with more space for following dyeing.

    [0025] If the composite material with gradually changed single color is further immerged into another kind of dye in a second direction by parallel rotation with an angle of 0° to 180° relative to the first direction, a composite material with gradually changed dual color will be obtained. According to one embodiment, the composite material with gradually changed single color may be immerged into another kind of dye in the direction opposite to the first direction, namely the parallel rotation angle is 180°, to obtain a more aesthetic gradually changed dual color surface.

    [0026] In some embodiments, the above dyeing process may be repeated for some times, with angles of parallel rotations all different from each other, to obtain a gradually changed multiple color surface.

    [0027] The method of controlling the anodized oxidation film layer immerged into dyes with uniform speed may be achieved by any methods generally known in this field. In some embodiments, a lifting device is used for controlling the dyeing time duration of different parts of the anodized oxidation film layer along the substrate.

    [0028] In some embodiments, the uniform speed may be 0.015 m to 0.02 m per minute.

    [0029] Higher the dyeing temperature is, faster the dyeing speed is. But if the dyeing temperature is extremely high, the quality of the dyeing will be impaired. In some embodiments, the dyeing temperature may be 25°C to 50°C.

    [0030] In some embodiments, the liquid level of the dye is kept in a certain level during the dyeing step. The liquid level of the dye may increase with the entry of the anodized oxidation film layer. Thus, to keep the product's surface gradually changed in color, it will be better to keep the liquid level of the dye in a certain level.

    [0031] In some embodiments, the method may include a sealing process after the dyeing. The sealing process is known in this field. For example, it may be carried out by placing the composite material into a sealing reagent with a concentration of 5 to 10 g/L at 80 to 100 °C for 15 to 25 minutes, and then drying it in a baking oven at 55 to 65 °C for 10 to 15 minutes.

    [0032] The anodizing technology may be a known method in this field. For example, it may be carried out by placing a substrate into an electrolyte as anode, and a steel plate is used as cathode. The electrolyte includes sulfuric acid solution with a concentration of 100 to 200 g/L and aluminum sulfate of about 5 to 10 g/L. The DC power voltage may be 10 to 15 V, and the anodizing time may be 20 to 40 minutes.

    [0033] In some embodiments, the substrate may be pre-treated before anodizing. The pretreatment may include the steps of:

    (1) Dewaxing and degreasing



    [0034] The substrate is placed into a solution of degreasing powder with a concentration of 30-50 g/L at 50-70 °C for 3-8 minutes, and then the degreasing powder solution on the substrate surface is removed by water.

    (2) Chemical polishing



    [0035] The above dewaxed and degreased substrate is placed into a mixed acid solution with a concentration of 650-750 g/L phosphoric acid and 150-250 g/L sulphuric acid for chemical polishing for 3-7 seconds. After polishing, the substrate is immediately transferred into water to wash off the acid on the substrate surface. Then it is placed into a 7-15 g/L sodium hydroxide solution for 5-15 minutes, and immediately transferred into water to wash off the alkali on the substrate surface.

    [0036] The following are various embodiments of the composite material and preparation methods according to the present disclosure.

    EXAMPLE 1


    1. Pretreatment


    (1) Dewaxing and degreasing



    [0037] The substrate material is 6061 aluminum alloy. The substrate is placed into a solution of degreasing powder with a concentration of 40 g/L (LD-208; Deshen Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. Shenzhen) at about 60 °C for 5 minutes, and then the degreasing powder solution on the substrate surface is removed by water.

    (2) Chemical polishing



    [0038] The substrate is then placed into a mixed acid solution with a concentration of 700 g/L phosphoric acid and 200 g/L sulphuric acid for chemical polishing for 5 seconds. After polishing, the substrate is immediately transferred into water to wash off the acid on the substrate surface. Then it is placed into a 10 g/L sodium hydroxide solution for 10 minutes, and then immediately transferred into water to wash off the alkali on the substrate surface.

    2. Anodizing



    [0039] The substrate after pretreatment is placed into an electrolyte as anode, and a steel plate is used as cathode. The electrolyte includes sulfuric acid solution with a concentration of 180 g/L and aluminum sulfate of 8 g/L. The DC power voltage is 13 V, and the anodizing time is 35 minutes. An anodic oxide film layer with a thickness of 13 mm is formed on the substrate surface, which it is placed into an oven and dried at 100 °C for 0.5 hours.

    3. Dyeing



    [0040] A yellow dye (Yellow 4G, Okuno New Technology Industries Co., Ltd. Hangzhou) with a concentration of 5g/L is used. The dyeing temperature is 45 to 55 °C, and pH 4.5 to 5.5. The substrate having uniform anodic oxide film layer is hanged on a lifting device. After the surface is blown dry by using compressed air, the hanging height of the substrate is gradually reduced by the lifting device with a uniform speed of 0.018 m per minute to make the substrate gradually dipped into the dye. The deepest colored part of the substrate is dyed for 3 minutes, and the lightest colored part is dyed for 5 seconds. The liquid level of the dye is kept in a certain level during the dyeing. The substrate is then taken out rapidly, washed, and sealed using a sealing agent (TOP DX-500, Okuno New Technology Industries Co., Ltd. Hangzhou) for 15 minutes.

    [0041] The composite material is labeled B1.

    EXAMPLE 2



    [0042] The steps 1 and 2 are the same as those used in EXAMPLE 1.

    3. Dyeing



    [0043] A violet dye and a blue dye are used (Violet SLH; Blue 503; Okuno New Technology Industries Co., Ltd. Hangzhou) with concentrations of 5g/L respectively. The dyeing temperature is 45 to 55 °C, and pH 4.5 to 5.5. The substrate having uniform anodic oxide film layer is hanged on a lifting device. After the surface is blown dry by using compressed air, the hanging height of the substrate is gradually reduced by the lifting device with a uniform speed of 0.018 m per minute to make the substrate gradually dipped into the violet dye. The deepest color part of the substrate is dyed for 4 minutes, and the lightest color part is dyed for 1 seconds. The liquid level of the violet dye is kept in a certain level. The substrate is then taken out rapidly, washed and dried.

    [0044] Then the substrate is rotated in parallel with an angle of 180° relative to the violet dyeing direction, and gradually dipped into the blue dye by the lifting device. The deepest color part of the substrate is dyed for 3 minutes, and the lightest color part is dyed for 1 seconds. The liquid level of the blue dye is kept in a certain level. The substrate is then taken out rapidly, washed, and sealed using a sealing agent (TOP DX-500, Okuno New Technology Industries Co., Ltd. Hangzhou) for 15 minutes.

    [0045] The composite material is labeled B2.

    REFERENCE 1



    [0046] The steps 1 and 2 are the same as those used in EXAMPLE 1.

    3. Dyeing



    [0047] A yellow paint (AkzoNobel Chemical Co., Ltd. Guangdong) is sprayed on the substrate surface, and the spraying time is controlled to obtain a gradient color layer.

    [0048] The composite material is labeled D1.

    TESTING


    1. Glossiness Testing



    [0049] The glossiness of B1, B2 and D1 is tested at a temperature of 60 °C using A-4460 Lustre Meter (BYK Co. Germany). The instrument parameters include: aperture: 4mm; light source: D65; observed angle: 10°; and without specular reflection. The results are shown in table 1. The larger the glossiness is, the better the gloss is.

    2. Wear Resistance Testing



    [0050] The wear resistance of materials B1, B2 and D1 is tested by 7-1BB paper tape wear tester (Unkel Co., Ltd. Foshan). The worn-out circle numbers are shown in table 1. The larger the circle number is, the better the wear resistance performance is.

    3. Salt Mist Endurance Testing



    [0051] NaCl aqueous solutions with a mass fraction of 5% is sprayed on the materials B1, B2 and D1 at 35 °C in a salt-mist corrosion tester for 16 hours. The materials are taken out and placed into a constant temperature and humidity chamber with a temperature of 40 °C and a relative humidity of 80%. The time durations when the substrate surface becomes abnormal are recorded and shown in table 1. The longer the time duration is, the better the resistance to corrosion of the film layer is.
    Table 1
     Glossiness (Gs)Wear Resistance (Circle)Salt Mist Endurance (Hour)Appearance
    B1 59.3 2550 353 Smooth
    B2 58.7 2540 350 Smooth
    D1 35 1200 320 Pits


    [0052] As shown in table 1, the composite materials B1 and B2 have better coating qualities than D1.


    Claims

    1. A composite material comprising:

    an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate with an anodic oxide film layer having micropores; and

    two or more kinds of dyes filled in the micropores, wherein (i) in case of two dyes the amount of one kind of dye is being gradient distributed in a direction along the substrate, while the other kind of dye is being gradient distributed in an opposite direction along the substrate; or
    (ii) in case of more than two kinds dyes the amount of each of the dyes is being gradient distributed in different directions along the substrate respectively.


     
    2. The composite material of claim 1, wherein the anodic oxide film layer has thickness of 5µm to 15 µm.
     
    3. The composite material of claim 1, wherein the dye is selected from at least one of the group consisting of azo dyes, anthraquinone dyes, nitro dyes, and phthalocyanine dyes.
     
    4. A method for preparing a composite material, comprising the steps of:

    providing an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate;

    anodizing the substrate to form an anodic oxide film layer having micropores;

    and dyeing the anodic oxide film layer by filling the micropores with at least two kinds of dyes, wherein the substrate is immerged into the dye and characterized in that a dyeing time duration of different parts along the substrate is controlled to make (i) in case of two dyes the amount of one kind of dye being gradient distributed in a direction along the substrate, while the other kind of dye is being gradient distributed in an opposite direction along the substrate; or
    (ii) in case of more than two kinds dyes the amount of each of the dyes being gradient distributed in different directions along the substrate respectively.


     
    5. The method of claim 4, wherein the step of dyeing comprises controlling the anodized oxidation film layer immerged into one kind of dye in a first direction along the substrate with uniform speed to obtain a composite material with gradually changed single color.
     
    6. The method of claim 5, wherein the step of dyeing further comprises controlling the anodized oxidation film layer of the composite material with gradually changed single color immerged into another kind of dye in a second direction by parallel rotation with an angle of 0° to 180° relative to the first direction with uniform speed to obtain a composite material with gradually changed dual color.
     
    7. The method of claim 6, wherein the step is repeated for more than one time to obtain a composite material with gradually changed multiple color, wherein the angles of parallel rotations are all different from each other.
     
    8. The method of one of claims 5 - 7, wherein the uniform speed is in the range of 0.015 m to 0.02 m per minute.
     
    9. The method of claim 4, wherein a temperature of the dyeing step is in the range of 25°C to 50 °C.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verbundwerkstoff, umfassend:

    ein Aluminium- oder Aluminiumlegierungssubstrat mit einer anodisch erzeugten Oxidfilmschicht, die Mikroporen aufweist; und

    zwei oder mehr Arten von Farbstoffen, die in die Mikroporen gefüllt sind, wobei

    (i) im Fall von zwei Farbstoffen die Menge einer Art von Farbstoff in einer Richtung entlang des Substrats gradientenverteilt ist, während die andere Art von Farbstoff in einer entgegengesetzten Richtung entlang des Substrats gradientenverteilt ist; oder

    (ii) im Fall von mehr als zwei Arten von Farbstoffen die Menge jedes der Farbstoffe jeweils in unterschiedlichen Richtungen entlang des Substrats gradientenverteilt ist.


     
    2. Verbundwerkstoff nach Anspruch 1, wobei die anodisch erzeugte Oxidfilmschicht eine Dicke von 5 µm bis 15 µm aufweist.
     
    3. Verbundwerkstoff nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Farbstoff aus wenigstens einem der Gruppe bestehend aus Azofarbstoffen, Anthrachinonfarbstoffen, Nitrofarbstoffen und Phthalocyaninfarbstoffen ausgewählt ist.
     
    4. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Verbundwerkstoffs, das folgende Schritte umfasst:

    Bereitstellen eines Aluminium- oder Aluminiumlegierungssubstrats;

    Anodisieren des Substrats, um eine anodisch erzeugte Oxidfilmschicht mit Mikroporen auszubilden;

    und Färben der anodisch erzeugten Oxidfilmschicht durch Füllen der Mikroporen mit wenigstens zwei Arten von Farbstoffen, wobei das Substrat in den Farbstoff getaucht wird und dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Färbezeitdauer unterschiedlicher Teile entlang des Substrats gesteuert wird, um zu bewirken, dass

    (i) im Fall von zwei Farbstoffen die Menge einer Art von Farbstoff in einer Richtung entlang des Substrats gradientenverteilt ist, während die andere Art von Farbstoff in einer entgegengesetzten Richtung entlang des Substrats gradientenverteilt ist; oder

    (ii) im Fall von mehr als zwei Arten von Farbstoffen die Menge jedes der Farbstoffe jeweils in unterschiedlichen Richtungen entlang des Substrats gradientenverteilt ist.


     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Schritt des Färbens ein Steuern der durch anodische Oxidation erzeugten Filmschicht, in eine Art von Farbstoff getaucht, in einer ersten Richtung entlang des Substrats mit einheitlicher Geschwindigkeit umfasst, um einen Verbundwerkstoff mit allmählich veränderter einziger Farbe zu erhalten.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Schritt des Färbens ferner ein Steuern der durch anodische Oxidation erzeugten Filmschicht des Verbundwerkstoffs mit allmählich veränderter einziger Farbe, in eine andere Art von Farbstoff getaucht, in einer zweiten Richtung durch parallele Rotation mit einem Winkel von 0° bis 180° bezogen auf die erste Richtung mit einheitlicher Geschwindigkeit umfasst, um einen Verbundwerkstoff mit allmählich veränderter zweifacher Farbe zu erhalten.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei der Schritt mehr als einmal wiederholt wird, um einen Verbundwerkstoff mit allmählich veränderter vielfacher Farbe zu erhalten, wobei die Winkel paralleler Rotationen alle voneinander verschieden sind.
     
    8. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 5-7, wobei die einheitliche Geschwindigkeit im Bereich von 0,015 m bis 0,02 m pro Minute liegt.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Temperatur des Färbeschritts im Bereich von 25 °C bis 50 °C liegt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Matériau composite, comprenant :

    un substrat d'aluminium ou d'alliage d'aluminium avec une couche de film d'oxyde anodique ayant des micropores ; et

    deux types ou plus de colorants remplissant les micropores,

    (i) en cas de deux colorants, la quantité d'un type de colorant étant distribuée de façon dégradée dans une direction le long du substrat, l'autre type de colorant étant distribué de façon dégradée dans une direction opposée le long du substrat ; ou

    (ii) en cas de plus de deux types de colorants, la quantité de chacun des colorants étant distribuée de façon dégradée dans différentes directions le long du substrat, respectivement.


     
    2. Matériau composite selon la revendication 1, la couche de film d'oxyde anodique ayant une épaisseur de 5 µm à 15 µm.
     
    3. Matériau composite selon la revendication 1, le colorant étant sélectionné parmi au moins un colorant du groupe se composant de : colorants azoïques, colorants anthraquinoniques, colorants nitrés et colorants phtalocyanines.
     
    4. Procédé pour préparer un matériau composite, comprenant les étapes de :

    fournir un substrat d'aluminium ou d'alliage d'aluminium ;

    anodiser le substrat pour former une couche de film d'oxyde anodique ayant des micropores ;

    et teindre la couche de film d'oxyde anodique en remplissant les micropores avec au moins deux types de colorants, le substrat étant immergé dans le colorant

    et caractérisé en ce que

    une durée de teinte de différentes parties le long du substrat est contrôlée pour

    (i) en cas de deux colorants, distribuer de façon dégradée la quantité d'un type de colorant dans une direction le long du substrat, l'autre type de colorant étant distribué de façon dégradée dans une direction opposée le long du substrat ; ou

    (ii) en cas de plus de deux types de colorants, la quantité de chacun des colorants étant distribuée de façon dégradée dans différentes directions le long du substrat, respectivement.


     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, l'étape de teinte comprenant le contrôle de la couche de film d'oxyde anodique immergée dans un type de colorant dans une première direction le long du substrat avec une vitesse uniforme pour obtenir un matériau composite avec une couleur unique variant de façon graduelle.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, l'étape de teinte comprenant en outre le contrôle de la couche de film d'oxyde anodique du matériau composite avec couleur unique variant de façon graduelle immergée dans un autre type de colorant dans une deuxième direction par rotation parallèle avec un angle de 0° à 180° par rapport à la première direction avec une vitesse uniforme pour obtenir un matériau composite à double couleur variant de façon graduelle.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, l'étape étant répétée plus d'une fois pour obtenir un matériau composite avec des couleurs multiples variant de façon graduelle, les angles des rotations parallèles étant tous différents les uns des autres.
     
    8. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 5-7, la vitesse uniforme étant dans la plage de 0,015 m à 0,02 m par minute.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 4, la température de l'étape de teinte étant dans la plage de 25 °C à 50 °C.
     




    Drawing








    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description