(19)
(11)EP 2 374 710 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/47

(21)Application number: 10765923.7

(22)Date of filing:  05.10.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B63B 25/16(2006.01)
B63B 17/00(2006.01)
B63J 99/00(2009.01)
B63H 21/14(2006.01)
B63B 11/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2010/006786
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/046313 (21.04.2011 Gazette  2011/16)

(54)

FLOATING STRUCTURE WITH FUEL TANK FOR GAS FUEL

SCHWIMMENDE STRUKTUR MIT EINEM BRENNSTOFFGASTANK

STRUCTURE FLOTTANTE EQUIPEE D'UN RESERVOIR A COMBUSTIBLE POUR COMBUSTIBLE GAZEUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.10.2009 KR 20090098984

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.10.2011 Bulletin 2011/41

(73)Proprietor: Daewoo Shipbuilding&Marine Engineering Co., Ltd.
Seoul 100-180 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Sung Jun
    Seoul 131-200 (KR)
  • BYUN, Yoon Chul
    Seoul 153-765 (KR)
  • LEE, Won Joon
    Seoul 131-781 (KR)

(74)Representative: Jehle, Volker Armin et al
Bosch Jehle Patentanwaltsgesellschaft mbH Flüggenstrasse 13
80639 München
80639 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 072 885
FR-A1- 2 876 981
JP-A- 2006 300 319
KR-A- 20090 010 614
US-A- 6 135 044
WO-A1-2008/075882
JP-A- 2006 248 257
JP-A- 2006 300 319
KR-A- 20090 018 868
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a floating structure with a fuel gas tank.

    [0002] Generally, various ships such as a bulk carrier, a container ship, a passenger ship, or the like, have employed a fuel supply system using heavy oil (HFO or MDO) for example, bunker C oil, which is a liquid fuel, as propulsion fuel.

    [0003] In the existing fuel supply system, if heavy oil, or the like, used as fuel combusts, the results from the combustion causes serious environmental pollution due to various harmful substances included in the exhaust gas. Since a demand for preventing environmental pollution is increasingly regulated throughout the whole world, regulations for a propulsion apparatus using heavy oil as fuel oil have correspondingly been reinforced. As a result, costs have been increasingly increased in order to meet these regulations.

    [0004] In addition, when oil prices have considerably increased due to factors such as depletion of fossil fuel, localized unrest, or the like, several operational problems such as the rapid increase of fuel expenses of a ship using heavy oil as fuel, etc., are caused.

    [0005] Therefore, research into a fuel supply system, etc., using clean fuel such as LNG (or, LPG, CNG, DME, etc.), that is a liquefied or gaseous fuel without using heavy oil (or, MDO) or using the minimum amount of heavy oil as fuel oil for various ships, but mainly using LNG (or, LPG, CNG, DME, etc.) as fuel when heavy oil (or MDO) becomes expensive or standards required for environmental protection are increased, and only use heavy oil (or, MDO) when heavy oil (or MDO) is cheap or environmental standards are less restricted has been continuously conducted.

    [0006] In the document EP 2 072 885 A1, there is described a method and apparatus for the supply of natural gas. Liquefied natural gas is stored in a battery of LNG storage tanks, and submerged pumps are used to transfer the LNG to a secondary storage vessel.

    [0007] In the document JP 2006 300319 A, there is described a liquefied natural gas storage tank comprising two continuous sealing walls and two heat insulating walls.
    It is an object of the invention to provide a floating structure with which, in particular, the safety of a vessel with a fuel gas tank may be improved.
    According to the invention, there is provided a floating structure as defined by the features of the independent claim. Further advantageous features of the invention are defined by the dependent claims.

    [0008] According to an exemplary embodiment, a floating structure is provided with a fuel gas tank having advantages of efficiently using a space by disposing a fuel gas tank for storing a gaseous fuel to be fed to a dual fuel propulsion system disposed under a cabin area. According to an embodiment, a floating structure is provided with the fuel gas tank for storing a gaseous fuel supplied to the dual fuel propulsion system disposed under the cabin area. As a result, it is possible to efficiently use the space in the hull and over the upper deck.

    FIG. 1 is a side cross-sectional view schematically showing a floating structure with a dual fuel propulsion system according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a side cross-sectional view schematically showing a floating structure with a dual fuel propulsion system according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a diagram for explaining a method for additionally mounting another type of fuel tank in a floating structure designed and built to have only one type of a fuel tank;

    FIG. 4 is a side cross-sectional view schematically showing a floating structure with a dual fuel propulsion system according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a diagram for explaining a concept selectively receiving different types of fuel in the same space according to the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a side view schematically showing a floating structure when a fuel gas tank is disposed under a cabin area;

    FIG. 7 is a magnified view of a major part of FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a side view schematically showing a floating structure when a fuel gas tank is disposed under a freight loading area; and

    FIG. 9 is a magnified view of major parts of FIG. 8.

    <DESCRIPTION OF THE SYMBOLS IN MAIN PORTIONS OF THE DRAWINGS>
    1:hull 1a:bow portion
    1b:stern portion 1c:additional hull portion
    1d:opening 3:fuel tank for liquid fuel
    4:fuel gas tank 5:propulsion apparatus
    7:storage tank 9:removable fuel tank
    101a:upper deck 102:cabin area
    104:fuel tank 105:propulsion apparatus
    106:engine room 108: machine room
    114:freight loading area 115:freight
    116:coffer dam 118:barrier rib

    [Best Mode]



    [0009] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a floating structure with a fuel gas tank storing a gaseous fuel used as fuel while floating at sea. The floating structure with the fuel gas tank includes: a cabin area disposed on an upper deck of the floating structure; a fuel gas tank disposed under the cabin area in the hull of the floating structure; and a blocking member disposed between the cabin area and the fuel gas tank to secure the safety of the cabin area.

    [0010] The blocking member may be a coffer dam formed to have a void space between a pair of bulk heads.

    [0011] The blocking member may be a barrier rib capable of blocking heat and gas generated during a fire.

    [0012] The barrier rib may be disposed between the coffer dam and the cabin area to be able to block heat and gas generated during a fire.

    [0013] A machine room for treating fuel stored in the fuel gas tank may be disposed over the fuel gas tank and the coffer dam may be disposed between the machine room and the cabin area.

    [0014] The barrier rib may be disposed between the coffer dam and the cabin area to be able to block heat and gas generated during a fire.

    [0015] The machine room for treating fuel stored in the fuel gas tank may be disposed over the fuel gas tank and the barrier rib may be disposed between the machine room and the cabin area.

    [0016] The fuel stored in the fuel gas tank may be a liquefied gas and the machine room may include at least one of a re-condenser, a pump, a cooler, a vaporizer, and a boil off gas compressor for treating the liquefied gas to be used in a propulsion apparatus or a power generation apparatus.

    [0017] The floating structure may further include a propulsion apparatus using a gaseous fuel stored in the fuel gas tank as fuel.

    [0018] The propulsion apparatus may be a high pressure gas injection engine or a low pressure gas injection engine capable of generating power using dual fuel. In addition, the propulsion apparatus may be a gas turbine.

    [0019] The fuel gas tank may be removed from the hull. The floating structure may further include the fuel tank for liquid fuel stored to use at least one of heavy oil and diesel oil as fuel.

    [0020] The fuel gas tank may be an independent tank capable of storing a liquefied gas.

    [0021] The floating structure may be a ship that can be voyaged under one's own power by the propulsion apparatus, wherein the ship may be a container ship.

    [0022] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a floating structure with a fuel gas tank storing a gaseous fuel used as fuel while floating at sea. The floating structure with the fuel gas tank includes: a cabin area disposed on an upper deck of the floating structure; a fuel gas tank disposed under the cabin area in the hull of the floating structure; and a coffer dam disposed between the cabin area and the fuel gas tank and a barrier rib capable of blocking heat and gas generated during a fire, in order to secure the safety of the cabin area.

    [0023] A space other than the cabin area on the upper deck of the floating structure may be a freight loading space capable of loading freights.

    [0024] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a ship with a fuel gas tank storing a gaseous fuel used as fuel while floating at sea. The ship includes: a cabin area disposed on an upper deck of the ship; a fuel gas tank disposed under the cabin area in the hull of the ship; and a blocking member disposed between the cabin area and the fuel gas tank to secure the safety of the cabin area, and a propulsion apparatus generating propulsive force using a gaseous fuel stored in the fuel gas tank as fuel.

    [Mode for Invention]



    [0025] Hereinafter, a floating structure having a dual fuel propulsion system according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0026] FIGS. 1 to 4 are a schematic side view of a floating structure with a dual fuel propulsion system according to various exemplary embodiments.

    [0027] As shown in FIG. 1, a floating structure having a dual fuel propulsion system includes a plurality of fuel tanks 3 and 4 for storing fuel in a hull 1 and a propulsion apparatus 5 generating propulsive force by fuel fed from the fuel tanks 3 and 4.

    [0028] The dual fuel propulsion system may be configured to include the above-mentioned plurality of fuel tanks 3 and 4 and propulsion apparatus 5 and a pipe capable of feeding fuel received in each of the fuel tanks 3 and 4 to the propulsion apparatus 5.

    [0029] The floating structure used herein implies a marine plant such as oil FPSO while floating anywhere at sea at normal times, in addition to various ships such as a bulk carrier, a container ship, a passenger ship, or the like.

    [0030] As shown in FIG. 1, when the floating structure is a bulk carrier, a liquid cargo carrier, etc., it may include at least one storage tank 7 capable of storing freights in addition to the fuel tanks 3 and 4. The storage tanks 7 may also receive freights usable as fuel. In this case, it is to be noted that it is different from fuel stored in the fuel tank in the specification since it is handled as freight, not fuel.

    [0031] According to the exemplary embodiment, a liquefied fuel such as heavy oil (HFO) or diesel oil (MDO), etc., generally widely used as fuel for the propulsion apparatus may be stored in a part of the fuel tanks 3 and 4 (i.e., a fuel tank 3 for liquid fuel) and any one of the gaseous fuels such as LPG, LNG, DME, CNG, or the like, may be stored in the remaining fuel tank (i.e., a fuel tank 4 for fuel gas).

    [0032] The liquid fuel and gaseous fuel used herein are determined according to whether fuel fed to the propulsion apparatus, that is, the engine is liquid or gas. This means fuel such as heavy oil, diesel oil, etc., maintaining a liquid state when being fed to the propulsion apparatus is referred to as a liquid fuel and fuel such as LNG, LPG, DME, CNG, or the like, fed as a gas state when being fed to the propulsion apparatus even though a liquid state or a gas state is present when being stored in the fuel tank is referred to as gas fuel.

    [0033] Generally, as fuel other than heavy oil, it is preferable to use fuel gas containing hydrocarbon components, such as LNG, LPG, CNG, or the like.

    [0034] LNG, i.e., liquefied natural gas is generated by liquefying natural gas collected from a gas field, wherein the main component of the liquefied natural gas is methane. LNG is advantageous in respects to space efficiency because its volume can be reduced to approximately 1/600 when being liquefied by lowering the temperature or applying pressure, but should be charged in a specifically insulated tank or container to keep temperature at a boiling point or less during transportation and storage, since it has a low boiling point of approximately -162°C.

    [0035] LPG, i.e., liquefied petroleum gas is generated by cooling and liquefying heavy hydrocarbon (two or more carbon atoms) component generated at the time of collecting crude oil from an oil field or purifying crude oil or heavy hydrocarbon component collected together at the time of collecting natural gas at a relatively low pressure (6 ~ 7 kg/cm2). LPG is advantageous in terms of storage and transportation because the volume thereof is reduced to approximately 1/250 at the time of liquefying, wherein the main component thereof is propane and butane and may include a small amount of ethane, propylene, butylene, or the like.

    [0036] CNG, i.e., compressed natural gas is generated by compressing natural gas at approximately 20 MPa to use the natural gas as fuel.

    [0037] DME, i.e., dimethyl ether is a kind of ether and has lower flammability than LPG and less toxicity, and has a small environmental effect since a small amount of exhaust fume is generated during combustion due to high oxygen concentration.

    [0038] Each of the fuel tanks 3 and 4 includes an appropriate insulation system and sealing system according to a type of fuel to be received. In particular, an example of the fuel tank receiving liquefying gas such as LNG, LPG, or the like, may include a membrane type tank or an independent type tank that has been used in the liquefying gas storage tank field.

    [0039] Although FIG. 1 shows that both the fuel tank 3 for liquid fuel and the fuel gas tank 4 (for example, LNG, LPG, DME, CNG, or the like) are mounted in the hull 1 of the floating structure, the fuel tank 3 for liquefied fuel may be modified to be mounted in the hull 1 of the floating structure and the fuel gas tank 4 may be modified to be mounted on the deck of the floating structure. In addition, the fuel gas tank 4 may be modified to be mounted in the hull 1 of the floating structure and the fuel tank 3 for liquid fuel may be modified to be mounted on the deck of the floating structure.

    [0040] Meanwhile, an example of the propulsion apparatus 5 may include a low pressure gas injection engine such as, for example, dual fuel diesel electric (DFDE), a high pressure gas injection engine such as, for example, ME-GI (Gas Injection Engine available from Man B&W Co.), and a gas turbine, or the like. If the propulsion apparatus uses at least two types of fuels as fuel, any propulsion apparatus may be used.

    [0041] In the specification, the meanings "capable of using at least two types of fuels" include a concept of using a mixture of at least two types of fuels and a concept of selectively using at least one of two or more types of fuels, if necessary, while using at least the two types of fuel.

    [0042] FIG. 3 shows a diagram for explaining a method for additionally mounting the fuel gas tank 4 such as, different kind, for example, LNG, etc., in the floating structure designed and built to have, for example, only a fuel liquid tank 3.

    [0043] According to the method shown in FIG. 3, the hull of the floating structure is separated into two portions, that is, a bow portion 1a and a stern portion 1b by being divided at any position. An additional hull portion 1c having the fuel gas tank 4 embedded therein is inserted between the bow portion 1a and the stern portion 1b and is integrated into one hull by welding.

    [0044] According to the present invention, a method for additionally mounting the fuel tank in the hull as shown in FIG. 3 as well as a method for additionally mounting the fuel tank on the deck of floating structure as shown in FIG. 2 may be used.

    [0045] When the plurality of fuel tanks 3 and 4 capable of storing two or more kinds of fuels from the initial design are mounted in the hull 1 as shown in FIG. 1 or when the fuel gas tank 4 capable of storing different kind of fuel is added to the hull 1 as shown in FIG. 3, these fuel tanks 3 and 4 may be configured to permanently attach to the hull 1 and may be configured to be removed, if necessary, as shown in FIG. 4.

    [0046] As shown in FIG. 4, when the removable fuel tank 9 is provided, the fuel tank capable of storing fuel, that is more widely used, may be selectively mounted in consideration of the usage of fuel. As factors of determining the usage of fuel, it may depend on the kind of propulsion apparatus, the price of fuel, season, and environmental factor, or the like.

    [0047] For example, the fuel tank 3 for liquefied fuel such as heavy oil and the fuel gas tank 4 such as LNG, etc., are each installed in the hull 1 of the floating structure and the removable fuel tank 9 as the fuel tank for liquid fuel is additionally mounted in the hull of the floating structure if it is expected that the usage of liquid fuel among these fuels will be increased and the removable fuel tank 9 as the fuel gas tank may be additionally mounted if it is expected that the usage of the gas fuel will be increased.

    [0048] In addition, when the amount of the fuel is small, the removable fuel tank 9 is removed and the empty space in the hull formed thereby may be used as a space for loading freight.

    [0049] For example, since the gaseous fuel such as LNG, or the like, has density lower than the liquid fuel such as HFO, etc., the removable fuel tank 9 is removed when only the liquid fuel having relatively higher density is used and the space in the hull formed thereby is used as a freight loading space, etc., and then, when the gaseous fuel is mainly used, the fuel gas tank as the removable fuel tank 9 may be used by being mounted therein.

    [0050] In addition, according to the present invention, it may be configured to store different kinds of fuels in one space, for example, one fuel tank 3 or 4, if necessary, as shown in FIG. 5. For example, LNG or LPG may be selectively stored in the same space, if necessary, and heavy oil or diesel oil may be selectively stored in the same space, if necessary.

    [0051] As such, according to the present invention, different kinds of fuel tanks may be selectively received in one space as shown in FIG. 4 and different kinds of fuels may be selectively received in the same space as shown in FIG. 5.

    [0052] Hereinafter, an example when the dual fuel propulsion system is mounted as the propulsion apparatus and the present invention is applied to a container ship having the fuel gas tank for storing gaseous fuel to be fed to the dual fuel propulsion system will be described with reference to FIGS. 6 to 9.

    [0053] FIG. 6 is a side view for schematically showing the floating structure, i.e., the container ship when the fuel gas tank is mounted under the cabin area and FIG. 7 is a magnified view of the main parts of FIG. 6. FIG. 8 is a side view for schematically showing the floating structure, i.e., the container ship when the fuel gas tank is mounted under the freight loading area and FIG. 9 is a magnified view of the main parts of FIG. 8.

    [0054] In the container ship, a plurality of containers are loaded in the hull and on a upper deck 101a other than a cabin area 102 in which crewmen reside, an engine room 106 in which the propulsion apparatus 105 is mounted, a space in which the LNG fuel tank 104 is mounted, a machine room 108, or the like. When the size of the container ship is large, it is preferable to move from the stern of the cabin area 102 to the central portion of the hull to secure the field of view. As a result, the lower space of the cabin area 102, which is difficult to load containers, is used as a space where the LNG fuel tank 104 is disposed, in order to efficiently use the space. In the specification, the central portion of the hull implies a portion in front of the bow of the hull in which the propulsion apparatus 105 is mounted and does not necessarily imply the central portion of the length direction of the hull.

    [0055] The inventors propose a method for using liquefied gas such as LNG (or LPG, DME), etc., as fuel of the propulsion apparatus for propelling a cargo ship such as a container ship, in order to meet the price increase of liquid fuel, such as heavy oil or diesel oil, etc., while avoiding the increasingly reinforced environmental regulations. To this end, as the propulsion apparatus, the dual fuel propulsion system, such as the high pressure gas injection engine such as ME-GI and the low pressure gas injection engine such as DFDE capable of using the dual fuel as fuel, etc., is used.

    [0056] FIGS. 6 and 7 show that the ME-GI is used as the propulsion apparatus 105 and the LNG fuel tank 104 as the fuel gas tank is mounted under the cabin area 102 and FIGS. 8 and 9 show that the ME-GI is used as the propulsion apparatus 105 and the LNG fuel tank 104 as the fuel gas tank is installed under the freight loading area 114, but the present invention is not limited thereto. The heavy oil fuel tank as the fuel tank for liquid fuel for storing heavy oil to be used as fuel together with LNG in the propulsion apparatus 105 may be mounted under the cabin area 102, together with the LNG fuel tank 104 and may also be mounted in the hull.

    [0057] According to the present invention, at least one of the LNG fuel tank and the heavy oil fuel tank may be removed from the hull and may be replaced with other kinds of fuel tanks. In addition, according to the present invention, the number of LNG fuel tanks and the number of heavy oil fuel tanks mounted in the hull may be controlled according to the usage of fuel.

    [0058] The membrane type tank or the independent type tank may be used as the LNG fuel tank 104, in particular, an IMO type B tank may be used. That is, in order for the LNG fuel tank 104 to be removed from the inside of the hull, it is preferable to use the independent type tank. Among various kinds of independent tanks, the IMO type B tank where the hull protecting member is mounted below the tank (between the tank and the floor inside the hull) as a secondary barrier is preferably used.

    [0059] Various apparatuses for feeding fuel to the dual fuel propulsion system (gas injection engine) as the propulsion apparatus 105 are preferably disposed in the machine room 108 disposed over the LNG fuel tank 104. As the fuel feeding apparatus for supplying LNG to the engine as fuel, there are the re-condenser, the high pressure pump, the cooler, the high pressure vaporizer, the boil off gas compressor, or the like.

    [0060] When the liquefied gas in the extremely low temperature state is used as fuel, proper insulation is required for the fuel feeding apparatus, such that it is preferable that the LNG fuel tank 104 as the fuel tank and the machine room 108 are maximally close to each other. The increased distance between the LNG fuel tank 104 and the machine room 108 is not preferable, since heat loss is increased in view of the insulation aspect for the transferring pipe for LNG transfer.

    [0061] Further, as shown in FIG. 7, the machine room 108 is preferably disposed between the LNG fuel tank 104 and the cabin area 102. As described above, since it is difficult to load freights 115 such as a container, etc., under the cabin area 102, it is preferable to use this space as a space where the LNG fuel tank 104 will be disposed. Further, since it is preferable that the machine room 108 is close to the LNG fuel tank 104, it is preferable to dispose the machine room 108 over the LNG fuel tank 104 while being disposed under the cabin area 102.

    [0062] Further, it is preferable in terms of maintenance to dispose the machine room 108 between the cabin area 102 and the LNG fuel tank 104.

    [0063] In order to feed the LNG as fuel stored in the LNG fuel tank 104 to the ME-GI engine as the propulsion apparatus 105, the LNG is fed to the propulsion apparatus 105 through the machine room 108. In this case, in order to feed the LNG as fuel from the machine room 108 to the propulsion apparatus 105, a fuel feeding pipe may be mounted under the hull or at the side thereof.

    [0064] The LNG fuel tank 104 and the machine room 108 are classified as a risk area and the cabin area 102 disposed on the upper deck 101a is classified as a safety area. Therefore, when fire or leakage of fuel, i.e., LNG occurs in the LNG fuel tank 104 or the machine room 108 that is a risk area, there is a need to secure the safety of crewmen, passengers, or freights by blocking the safety area from the risk area.

    [0065] To this end, according to the present invention, a coffer dam 116 is formed over the machine room 108 and the deck between the coffer dam 116 and the cabin area 102 is formed of a barrier rib capable of blocking heat and gas, such as, for example, an A-60 barrier rib 118, etc., when fire occurs. The coffer dam 116 and the barrier rib 118 may serve as a blocking member for safety.

    [0066] FIGS. 7 and 9 show the A-60 barrier rib 118 as a barrier rib capable of blocking heat and gas, but the present invention is not limited thereto. Any barrier rib may be used if it can block heat and gas when fire occurs.

    [0067] Meanwhile, the bottom of the LNG fuel tank 104, i.e., the floor of the hull is formed of a duplication floor.

    [0068] The coffer dam 116 implies a structure where an empty space between a pair of bulk heads (barrier rib), that is, a void space is formed. In addition, the A-60 barrier rib 118 implies a barrier rib (formed by single gas tight bulkhead of all-welled construction) securing insulation and gas cutoff for 60 minutes when fire occurs.

    [0069] The coffer dam 116 and the barrier rib 118 may be used to partition between the freight loading area 114 and the LNG fuel tank 104 as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9. Although FIG. 9 shows that the machine room 108 is omitted and the coffer dam 116 is disposed over the LNG fuel tank 104, the machine room 108 may be disposed between the LNG fuel tank 104 and the coffer dam 116 as shown in FIG. 7.

    [0070] At least two LNG fuel tanks 104 may be disposed in parallel according to a width direction of the hull and the length of the LNG fuel tank 104 may have a dimension approximately corresponding to a container of a length of 40ft as shown in FIG. 9.

    [0071] According to the present invention, the LNG fuel tank 104 may be removably mounted from the hull and may store the gaseous fuel such as LPG, CNG, DME, etc., in addition to LNG. In addition, the fuel tank for liquid fuel storing liquid fuel such as heavy oil or diesel oil, etc., is mounted in parallel with the LNG fuel tank 104 in left or right or front and back directions and may be installed in a separate place in the hull.

    [0072] Although the example where the fuel tank for two different fuels is mounted in the floating structure is described above, the present invention may mount the fuel tank for at least three different fuels.

    [0073] Although the price and efficiency for each fuel may change according to times and several factors, the present invention may be used for propulsion by selectively employing the most efficient fuel at the present time. In addition, when the development of an electric propulsion system or a solar thermal system or a wind power generation system having excellent efficiency is completed in a short period of time, the present invention may configure a multi fuel propulsion system using the system.

    [0074] In addition, although the example where the fuel from the fuel tank is fed to the propulsion apparatus configured of the gas injection engine such as the ME-GI engine or the DFDE engine, or the like, is described, the fuel may be fed to the gas turbine, etc., in addition to the above-mentioned engines for power generation.

    [0075] As described above, although the floating structure with the fuel gas tank according to the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is not limited to the above exemplary embodiments and drawings and thus, may be variously modified and changed by those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains.


    Claims

    1. A floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) storing gaseous fuel used as fuel while floating at sea, comprising:

    a cabin area (102) disposed on an upper deck (101a) of the floating structure;

    the fuel gas tank (104) mounted in a hull of the floating structure below the upper deck (101a), characterized in that the structure further comprises:

    a blocking member mounted between the cabin area (102) and the fuel gas tank (104) such that the cabin area (102), the blocking member and the fuel gas tank (104) are arranged in order from the top along a vertical direction perpendicular to the upper deck and such that at least part of the cabin area (102), the blocking member and the fuel gas tank (104) are overlapping when viewed in the vertical direction,

    wherein the cabin area (102) is generally centrally located in the hull along a longitudinal direction of the hull between front and back thereof.


     
    2. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the blocking member is a coffer dam configured by forming a void space between a pair of bulkheads.
     
    3. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the blocking member is a barrier rib blocking heat and gas generated during fire.
     
    4. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 2, wherein the barrier rib blocking heat and gas generated during fire is disposed between the coffer dam and the cabin area.
     
    5. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 2, wherein the machine room for treating fuel stored in the fuel gas tank is disposed over the fuel gas tank and the coffer dam is disposed between the machine room and the cabin area.
     
    6. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 5, wherein the barrier rib blocking heat and gas generated during fire is disposed between the coffer dam and the cabin area.
     
    7. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 3, wherein the machine room for treating fuel stored in the fuel gas tank is disposed over the fuel gas tank and the barrier rib is disposed between the machine room and the cabin area.
     
    8. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the fuel stored in the fuel gas tank is a liquefied gas, and
    the machine room is provided with at least one of a re-condenser, a pump, a cooler, a vaporizer, and a boil off gas compressor to use the liquefied gas in a propulsion apparatus or a power generation apparatus.
     
    9. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the floating structure further includes a propulsion apparatus using the gaseous fuel stored in the fuel gas tank as fuel.
     
    10. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 9, wherein the propulsion apparatus is a high pressure gas injection engine or a low pressure gas injection engine generating power by using dual fuel.
     
    11. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 9, wherein the propulsion apparatus is a gas turbine.
     
    12. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the fuel gas tank is removable from the hull.
     
    13. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 10, wherein the floating structure further includes a fuel tank for liquid fuel stored to use at least one of heavy oil and diesel oil as fuel.
     
    14. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the fuel gas tank is an independent tank storing liquefied gas.
     
    15. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 1, wherein the floating structure is a ship voyaged under one's own power by the propulsion apparatus.
     
    16. The floating structure with a fuel gas tank (104) of claim 15, wherein the ship is a container ship.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104), der gasförmigen Brennstoff speichert, der während des Fahrens auf See als Treibstoff verwendet wird, mit:

    einem Kabinenbereich (102), der sich auf einem oberen Deck (101 a) der schwimmenden Struktur befindet;

    dem Brenngastank (104), der in einem Rumpf der schwimmenden Struktur unter dem oberen Deck (101 a) angeordnet ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Struktur des Weiteren aufweist:

    ein Blockierelement, das zwischen dem Kabinenbereich (102) und dem Brenngastank (104) derart angeordnet ist, dass der Kabinenbereich (102), das Blockierelement und der Brenngastank (104) der Reihe nach von oben entlang einer vertikalen Richtung senkrecht zu dem oberen Deck angeordnet sind, und derart, dass wenigstens ein Teil des Kabinenbereichs (102), des Blockierelements und des Brenngastanks (104) von der vertikalen Richtung gesehen einander überlappen, wobei sich der Kabinenbereich (102) im Allgemeinen mittig im Rumpf entlang einer Längsrichtung des Rumpfs zwischen dessen Vorder- und Rückseite befindet.


     
    2. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Blockierelement ein Kofferdamm ist, der durch Ausbilden eines leeren Raums zwischen einem Paar von Spanten konfiguriert ist.
     
    3. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Blockierelement eine Sperrrippe ist, die Hitze und Gas, die während des Brennens erzeugt werden, blockiert.
     
    4. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Sperrrippe, die Hitze und Gas, die während des Brennens erzeugt werden, blockiert, zwischen dem Kofferdamm und dem Kabinenbereich angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Maschinenraum zum Verarbeiten des in dem Treibgastunnel Brenngastank gelagerten Treibstoffs über dem Brenngastank angeordnet ist und der Kofferdamm zwischen dem Maschinenraum und dem Kabinenbereich angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Sperrrippe, die Hitze und Gas, das während des Brennens erzeugt wird, blockiert, zwischen dem Kofferdamm und dem Kabinenbereich angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Maschinenraum zum Bearbeiten von Treibstoff, der in dem Brenngastank gelagert ist, über dem Brenngastank angeordnet ist und die Sperrrippe zwischen dem Maschinenraum und dem Kabinenbereich angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der in dem Brenngastank gelagerte Treibstoff Flüssiggas ist, und wobei der Maschinenraum mit wenigstens einem eines Rückverflüssigers, einer Pumpe, eines Kühlers, eines Verdampfers und eines Verdampfungsgaskompressors ausgestattet ist, um das Flüssiggas in einer Antriebsvorrichtung oder einer Stromerzeugungsvorrichtung zu verwenden.
     
    9. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die schwimmende Struktur des Weiteren eine Antriebsvorrichtung aufweist, die den in dem Brenngastank gelagerten gasförmigen Brennstoff als Treibstoff verwendet.
     
    10. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Antriebsvorrichtung ein Hochdruckgaseinspritzmotor oder ein Niederdruckgaseinspritzmotor ist, der Strom durch Verwendung von Dualkraftstoff erzeugt.
     
    11. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Antriebsvorrichtung eine Gasturbine ist.
     
    12. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Brenngastank vom Rumpf abnehmbar ist.
     
    13. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 10, wobei die schwimmende Struktur des Weiteren einen Treibstofftank für Flüssigtreibstoff aufweist, der gelagert wird, um wenigstens eines von Schweröl und Dieselöl als Treibstoff zu verwenden.
     
    14. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Brenngastank ein unabhängiger Tank ist, der Flüssiggas lagert.
     
    15. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die schwimmende Struktur ein Schiff ist, das mit eigener Kraft durch die Antriebsvorrichtung fährt.
     
    16. Schwimmende Struktur mit einem Brenngastank (104) nach Anspruch 15, wobei das Schiff ein Containerschiff ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) stockant un combustible gazeux utilisé comme combustible en mer, comprenant :

    une zone de cabine (102) disposée sur un pont supérieur (101 a) de la structure flottante ;

    la cuve de gaz combustible (104) montée dans une coque de la structure flottante en-dessous du pont supérieur (101 a), caractérisée en ce que 1a structure comprend en outre :

    un élément de blocage monté entre la zone de cabine (102) et la cuve de gaz combustible (104) de telle manière que la zone de cabine (102), l'élément de blocage et la cuve de gaz combustible (104) sont agencés dans cet ordre à partir du haut le long d'un sens vertical perpendiculaire au pont supérieur et de telle manière qu'au moins une partie de la zone de cabine (102), l'élément de blocage et la cuve de gaz combustible (104) se chevauchent, vus dans le sens vertical,

    dans laquelle la zone de cabine (102) est généralement située centralement dans la coque le long d'un sens longitudinal de la coque entre l'avant et l'arrière de celle-ci.


     
    2. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément de blocage est un batardeau configuré en formant un espace vide entre une paire de cloisons.
     
    3. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément de blocage est une varangue barrière bloquant la chaleur et le gaz générés pendant un incendie.
     
    4. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle la varangue barrière bloquant la chaleur et le gaz générés pendant un incendie est disposée entre le batardeau et la zone de cabine.
     
    5. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle la salle des machines pour traiter un combustible stocké dans la cuve de gaz combustible est disposée au-dessus de la cuve de gaz combustible et le batardeau est disposé entre la salle des machines et la zone de cabine.
     
    6. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle la varangue barrière bloquant la chaleur et le gaz générés pendant un incendie est disposée entre le batardeau et la zone de cabine.
     
    7. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle la salle des machines pour traiter un combustible stocké dans la cuve de gaz combustible est disposée au-dessus de la cuve de gaz combustible et la varangue barrière est disposée entre la salle des machines et la zone de cabine.
     
    8. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le combustible stocké dans la cuve de gaz combustible est un gaz liquéfié, et
    la salle des machines est prévue avec au moins un parmi un recondenseur, une pompe, un refroidisseur, un vaporiseur, et un compresseur de gaz d'évaporation pour utiliser le gaz liquéfié dans un appareil de propulsion ou un appareil de génération d'énergie.
     
    9. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la structure flottante inclut en outre un appareil de propulsion utilisant le combustible gazeux stocké dans la cuve de gaz combustible comme combustible.
     
    10. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle l'appareil de propulsion est un moteur à injection de gaz haute pression ou un moteur à injection de gaz basse pression générant de l'énergie en utilisant deux combustibles.
     
    11. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle l'appareil de propulsion est une turbine à gaz.
     
    12. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la cuve de gaz combustible peut être enlevée de la coque.
     
    13. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle la structure flottante inclut en outre une cuve de combustible pour combustible liquide stocké pour utiliser au moins un parmi une huile lourde et un carburant diesel comme combustible.
     
    14. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la cuve de gaz combustible est une cuve indépendante stockant du gaz liquéfié.
     
    15. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la structure flottante est un navire se déplaçant avec sa propre énergie par l'appareil de propulsion.
     
    16. Structure flottante avec une cuve de gaz combustible (104) selon la revendication 15, dans laquelle le navire est un porte-conteneurs.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description