(19)
(11)EP 2 378 912 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 10733745.3

(22)Date of filing:  06.01.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A43C 15/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2010/020272
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/085375 (29.07.2010 Gazette  2010/30)

(54)

PERSONAL TRACTION DEVICE

PERSÖNLICHE ZUGVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE TRACTION PERSONNEL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.01.2009 US 146263 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.10.2011 Bulletin 2011/43

(73)Proprietor: Implus Footcare LLC
Durham, NC 27709-3925 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • LAGRAND, Kate
    Portland, OR 97239 (US)
  • WALL, Marjory A.
    Portland, OR 97239 (US)

(74)Representative: Beattie, Alex Thomas Stewart et al
Forresters IP LLP Skygarden Erika-Mann-Strasse 11
80636 München
80636 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/016854
GB-A- 753 016
US-A- 2 280 555
US-A- 4 366 850
US-A- 5 318 087
US-A1- 2003 131 502
US-B1- 6 209 230
US-B2- 7 428 788
FR-A1- 2 561 589
US-A- 1 408 388
US-A- 3 025 901
US-A- 4 836 259
US-A- 5 909 945
US-A1- 2006 144 493
US-B1- 6 860 304
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] This invention pertains to personal traction devices that can be worn over footwear such as shoes or boots so that traction mechanisms extend over the sole of the shoe for increasing the traction of the sole.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] There are many versions of personal traction devices that can be mounted to shoes, boots, or the like, for increasing traction when walking on ice or snow-covered surfaces.

    [0003] Such devices often include stretchable mounting straps that are configured to grasp the toe and heel portions of the boot. The traction mechanisms are connected to the straps and may be in the form of chains, flexible material with embedded metal studs, or other material with roughened or irregular surfaces that extend across the sole of the boot, usually in the vicinity of the sole that underlies the heel and metatarsal portion of the foot.

    [0004] A number of factors must be considered when designing such traction devices. For example, some mechanisms that provide very good traction, such as outwardly projecting metal spikes, may suffer from rapid wear or be uncomfortable to walk on for a length of time, especially when one is in an environment where the walking surface may change between dry, hard surfaces and icy or snow-packed surfaces. Also, it is difficult to durably mount metallic members, such as spikes or studs, to a flexible cross strap or the like. To this end, some designs provide for replacing dislodged or worn spikes, which necessarily increases the cost and complexity of the device.

    [0005] Some mechanisms that extend across the sole of the shoe or boot, such as relatively low-profile chains or coiled spring-like members may be more comfortable to the user, but they typically have less aggressive traction characteristics.

    [0006] The present invention is directed to a personal traction device that provides a traction mechanism that is very comfortable underfoot, while providing excellent traction over slippery surfaces as well as excellent long-term wear.
    US3025901 discloses a tyre chain. The disclosure relates to improvements in tyre chains which have one of the side chains thereof in two sections to speed and facilitate mounting of the chain on the tyre and refers more particularly to such a tyre chain with a simplified connection means to speed and ease central connection or disconnection of the two section side chain and also with cross chains of such construction as to speed and facilitate mounting and dismounting of the chain on the tyre.
    US1408388 discloses an antislip sandal, having a tread attached thereto. The tread is formed from transverse and longitudinal strands of chains positioned under the sole of the sandal, and held in place by a marginal strand of chain and by elastic, contractile retainers. A roller tread or ball may be carried on a spindle link which is attached to the strands of chains, to provide additional traction.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0007] 

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a personal traction device in accord with the present invention shown mounted to a boot.

    Fig. 2 is a plan view of a forward or toe assembly component of the personal traction device.

    Fig. 3 is a plan view of a rear or heel assembly component of the personal traction device.

    Fig. 4 is a perspective, enlarged view of one embodiment of a cleat component of the personal traction device.

    Fig. 5 is an end view of the cleat of Fig. 4.

    Fig. 6 shows a side view of a portion of a traction device.

    Fig. 7 is a perspective, enlarged view of another embodiment of a cleat component of the personal traction device.

    Fig. 8 is an end view of the cleat of Fig. 7.

    Fig. 9 is a side view taken along lines 9 - 9 of Fig. 8.

    Fig. 10 is a side view taken along lines 10 - 10 of Fig. 8.


    DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0008] Fig 1 illustrates the traction device 20 mounted to a boot 22. A generally ringshaped elastomeric member 24 is stretched around the boot, above the sole of the boot. The elastic properties of that member 24, as well as the friction between the member and the boot, secure that member in place.

    [0009] The elastomeric member 24 is formed with several downwardly projecting tabs 26. Each tab 26 is formed with an aperture for receiving a connector link 28 of a cable assembly 30, 32 that extends across the sole (underside) of the shoe as described more fully below.

    [0010] Fig. 2 is a plan view of the forward or toe cable assembly 30 of the personal traction device. This assembly comprises a single length of stainless wire rope 34, shown in dashed lines, and preferably having a 0.0625-inch (1.6 mm) diameter. The ends of the rope 34 are overlapped and fastened by a crimp 36.

    [0011] Crimps 38 are also applied in two places near the forward part of the rope to define two spaced-apart, forward connector loops 40 in the rope. Each of these loops is captured by one of the above mentioned connector links 28 that extend from each tab 26 of the elastomeric member 24.

    [0012] Similarly, crimps 42 are applied in two places near the rearward part of the rope to define two spaced-apart, reward connector loops 44 in the rope. Each of these loops is also captured by a connector link 28 that extends from a tab 26 of the elastomeric member 24.

    [0013] With continued reference to Fig. 2, the overall wire rope 34 can be considered as having four segments, each segment extending between a connector loop. For example, a transverse segment 46 of the assembly extends between the forward connector loops 40. Another transverse segment 46 extends between the rearward connector loops 42. A lengthwise segment 48 extends between a forward connector loop 40 and rearward loop 44 on each side of the assembly.

    [0014] As seen in Fig. 2, the segments are arranged in a generally trapezoidal shape, with the two lengthwise segments extending along, but not parallel to, the long centerline 50 of the assembly (that centerline corresponding to the centerline of the boot to which the assembly is attached). The two transverse segments 46 extend generally across and perpendicular to that centerline 50.

    [0015] Each segment of the wire rope 34 is strung or threaded with cleats 52 and spacers 70 such that a spacer 70 is located between each cleat 52. Figs. 4 and 5 respectively illustrate in enlarged perspective and end views the details of on embodiment of a cleat 52 made in accordance with the present invention.

    [0016] In particular, each cleat 52 depicted in the embodiment of Figs. 4 and 5 is formed of durable metal, such as stainless steel, and is generally cross-shaped. The cleat includes a round through-passage 54 having a diameter (eg, 0.0781 inches or 2.0 mm) that is slightly larger than that of the wire rope that slides through the passage. Accordingly, the threaded cleat is free to rotate about the rope 34.

    [0017] The cross-shaped cleat 52 defines several edges where two surfaces meet. For example, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, a first edge 56 of the cleat is defined by the junction of the two surfaces shown at 58 and 60. Another such edge 56' is defined by the junction of the two other surfaces shown at 58' and 60.' It is noteworthy that this pair of first edges 56, 56' are parallel to one another and reside in a common plane, which is indicated by the "ground" line 62 in Fig. 5.

    [0018] The cleat 52 is symmetrical about its center. Accordingly, a pair of second edges 64, 64' matching but opposite to the first pair 56, 56' are defined on the opposing side of the cleat. Those edges 64, 64' are respectively defined by the junctions of surfaces 74, 76 and 74', 76' and likewise disposed in a common plane, which is shown by the "sole" line 66 in Fig. 5. Plane 66 is parallel to the opposing plane 62.

    [0019] The configuration of the first set of edges 56, 56' as shown in Fig. 5, orients those edges to be pointing downwardly in the direction as shown by arrows "D" in Fig. 5. In this regard, a line that bifurcates the angle between the two surfaces that form the edge 56, 56' is aligned with the direction that the edge is "pointing." Thus, in Fig. 5 the edges 56, 56' are pointing in the downwardly direction "D," normal to the plane 62.

    [0020] On the opposite side of the cleat 52, the second set of edges 64, 64' as shown in Fig. 5 are oriented so that those edges are pointing upwardly as indicated by arrows "U" in Fig. 5, perpendicular to the plane 66 in which the edges are disposed.

    [0021] Considering further the cleat shown in Fig. 5, the lower or ground plane 62 may be considered the surface (such as an ice-covered walkway) upon which the cleat 52 bears when fastened to the sole of a boot as shown in Fig. 1. The opposing plane 66, in this instance, corresponds to the underside or sole of the boot 22.

    [0022] Consequently, all of the cleats of the device, when pressed between the sole 66 and ground surface 62 by the weight of the wearer, will have a downwardly pointing pair of sharp edges forced into the icy surface for providing excellent traction. In this regard, the configuration of the cleat (as described above) is such that when pressed between two planes (Fig. 5) it will assume a stable equilibrium position. Specifically, the cleat rotates about the rope 24 by an amount sufficient to direct a pair of edges to rest upon or point to the lower surface, and an opposing pair of edges points to or engages the surface of the upper plane.

    [0023] In one embodiment, the outermost radial surfaces of the cleat, such as surface 60' is formed to be slightly arched or convexly curved, which curvature may enhance the tendency of the cleat to arrive at its stable equilibrium orientation just discussed. It is contemplated, however, that such surfaces could also be flat, and the cleat would still move to its stable equilibrium orientation (Fig. 5) when pressed between two generally parallel planes.

    [0024] As noted, the cleat is symmetrical so that the cleat shown in Fig. 5 will assume a stable equilibrium orientation at any one of four different positions. That is, the cleat will assume a stable equilibrium orientation when rotated by any integer multiple of 90 degrees beyond what is shown in Fig. 5. Put another way, a third pair of edges 80, 80' and opposing fourth pair of edges 82, 82' are formed in the cleat 52 to function in the same manner as the above-discussed first and second edge pairs in instances where the cleat happens to be rotated 90 degrees from the orientation shown in Fig. 5.

    [0025] It is noteworthy that the effect of the upwardly pointing edges of the cleat (edges 64 and 64' in Fig. 5), in addition to helping to stabilize the cleat in the position where the opposing edges point directly into the slippery surface 62, is to provide cutting edges pointed toward the underside of the shoe. These edges tend to shear through ice, snow and other debris that may on occasion move between the cleat and the sole. In this regard, the upwardly pointing cleat edges provide a self-cleaning action for preventing unwanted buildup of material on the device.

    [0026] Although the cleat shown in the figures has inner corners defining a 90-degree angle, it is contemplated that those corners could also be formed as concave curves, as shown by the dashed lines 88 in Fig. 5.

    [0027] The opposing end faces 90 of the cleat are flat and reside in planes perpendicular to the long axis of the passage 54 in the cleat. It will be appreciated that where the end surfaces 90 join the edges (such as edges 56' or 64' shown in Fig. 4) there is defined a relatively sharp point 92 in the cleat. Consequently, each end of the cleat has associated with it eight sharp points 92. The wire rope upon which the cleats are carried is free to bend slightly to accommodate irregular surfaces, walking motions, etc. Consequently, the numerous sharp points 92 of the cleat will dig into the icy surface for enhancing traction, preventing sliding and otherwise supplement the traction provided by the edges discussed above.

    [0028] The spacers 70 mentioned above (See Figs. 1, 2, and 6) are hollow, cylindrical members, preferably made of stainless steel. As shown in Fig. 6, the outer diameter of the spacers is significantly less that the maximum cross sectional width of the cleats 52. As a result, the numerous sharp points 92 of the cleats are exposed (for supplementing traction) by a degree much greater than would be the case if the cleats were threaded adjacent to one another with no such spacers.

    [0029] Fig. 3 shows in plan view the rearward or heel cable assembly 32 of the personal traction device. This assembly comprises a single length of stainless wire rope 94, having a 0.0625-inch (1.6 mm) diameter and shown in dashed lines. The ends of the rope 94 are fastened by a crimp 96. This assembly includes alternating cleats 52 and spacers 70 configured and arranged as described above in connection with the toe cable assembly 30.

    [0030] Apex loops 98 are threaded onto the wire rope at each of three corners of the triangular-shaped heel assembly. Alternatively, crimps could be used instead of or in addition to these loops to define and stabilize the shape of the assembly. Each of the apex loops 98 is captured by a corresponding connector link 28 that extends from each tab 26 of the elastomeric member 24.

    [0031] With continued reference to Fig. 3, the overall wire rope 94 can be considered as having three segments, each segment extending between an apex loop 98. For example, a transverse segment 100 of the assembly extends between the two forward apex loops.

    [0032] Figs. 7 - 10 illustrate another embodiment of a cleat component of the present invention. This cleat 152 is formed of durable material comprising, for example, stainless steel. The cleat 152 is generally cross-shaped and can be considered as having a central core portion 153. The core 153 of the cleat has flat, opposing end faces 160 and has formed through it a round through-passage 154 having a diameter (e.g., 2.0 mm) that is slightly larger than that of the wire rope that slides through the passage.

    [0033] The passage 154 (like the earlier described passage 54) includes a central axis as shown in the figures as line 155 for reference purposes.

    [0034] Four spaced apart protrusions 157, 159, 161, 163 extend radially outwardly from the core 153 of the cleat 152. These protrusions are evenly spaced apart from one another and are generally plate-like members, preferably having thicknesses (Fig. 8) slightly greater than the diameter of the passage 154.

    [0035] In this embodiment, some of the protrusions are shaped to have sharp, bladed edges 165. Bladed edges are, for the purposes of this description, edges formed from surfaces that meet at an angle of less than 90 degrees. In the present embodiment, the bladed edges are provided on two diametrically opposed protrusions 161, 163 (See Figs. 7 and 10).

    [0036] Each bladed edge 165 is made up of the junction of two surfaces, one of which is a surface 167 that is formed so that it is inclined to be oblique (that is, neither parallel nor perpendicular) to the central axis 155 of the cleat. In this embodiment, that inclined surface 167 joins the extension of the end surface 160 of the cleat core (Fig. 10), thereby defining a tapered portion in the protrusion 161, 163 that terminates in the bladed edge 165. In a preferred embodiment, each protrusion 161, 163 has two inclined surfaces 167 and associated tapered portions, thus defining a bladed edge 165 on each of the opposite ends of the protrusion.

    [0037] It is contemplated that a single inclined surface may be formed to extend along the length of the cleat and thus define a single bladed edge on one end of the cleat. Moreover, it is also contemplated that the cleat could be made with the end surface 160 of the cleat oriented to be inclined oblique to the central axis and thus serving as the inclined surface that imparts a taper into the protrusion and form a bladed edge. (For instance, in Fig. 4, the end face 90 of that cleat 52 may be formed obliquely to the central axis of the passage 54 and thereby defining at edge 60 a bladed edge as discussed in the present embodiment.)

    [0038] It is noteworthy here that the bladed edges 165 described above are particularly useful for digging into ice-covered surfaces to improve traction. Moreover, all of the four protrusions may be formed with one or more such bladed edges. In the preferred embodiment, however, the other opposing pair of protrusions 157, 159 (See Figs. 7 and 9) are each shaped to define a wedge 169. For the purposes of this description, a wedge is considered to be the shape resulting from the junction of two surfaces with an angle of 90 degrees or more between them. In the present embodiment (see, in particular, Fig. 9), the wedge 169 is formed by two inclined surfaces that extend from opposing ends of the protrusion to join midway between those ends and define a sharp, outermost edge 171 of the wedge.

    [0039] In view of the foregoing description of the embodiment of Figs. 7 - 10 it can be seen that the protrusions 157, 159, 161, 163 are arranged around the central axis 155 (Fig. 7) in a manner such that each protrusions 161, 163 shaped to have opposing bladed edges 165 is adjacent to a protrusion 157, 159 that is shaped as a wedge with a central outermost edge 171. One advantage to arranging the protrusions in this alternating manner is to maintain sufficient material in the cross section of the cleat (that is, along the axis 155) to increase durability of the cleat over what it might be if blade edges were formed on all four protrusions.

    [0040] Moreover, in instances where, as in this embodiment, the protrusions are sized to extend radially outwardly by the same distance (see Fig. 8), the adjacent blade edges 165 and wedge edge 171 provide three tripodal points (shown at 175 in Fig. 7) that are disposed in a common plane and thus support the cleat 152 in a stable position upon a flat surface.

    [0041] It will be appreciated that a similar tripodal arrangement of points 175 is provided on four sides of the cleat 152 (that is, at 90 degree intervals). As a result, the cleat 152, when pressed between a shoe sole and ground surface by the weight of the wearer (those surfaces shown, for example at 62 and 66 in Fig. 5), will provide a downwardly facing tripod of sharp points 175 forced into the icy surface for providing excellent traction, as well as an upwardly projecting tripod of sharp points 175 to engage the sole of the shoe.

    [0042] The embodiments illustrated and described are not intended to be exhaustive or limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to explain the principles of the invention and its application and practical use, and thereby enable others skilled in the art to utilize the invention. Modifications, therefore, may be made to the preferred embodiments while still falling within the scope of the claims.

    [0043] For example, each cable assembly could be modified to have more or fewer segments, or arranged in patterns other than the trapezoidal or triangular ones depicted here. Also, the tabs depending from the mounting strap may be equipped with rivets that capture one or more links for attachment to the loops on the wire rope. Such links may be bent or otherwise arranged so that the tab-to-wire rope connection rides smoothly over the boot. Moreover, it is also contemplated that many of the benefits of the configuration of the cleat 152 described above could be obtained if only three evenly spaced protrusions (rather than four) were employed.


    Claims

    1. A traction device (20) for mounting on a boot, comprising:

    an elastomeric member (24) for stretching around the boot;

    a cable assembly (30, 32) connected to the elastomeric member (24) and having an elongated segment (46, 48, 100);

    a cleat (52, 152) carried on the segment (46, 48, 100); the cleat (52, 152) having:

    an elongated core (153) through which extends a passage (54, 154) having a central axis, and through which passage (54, 154) fits the segment (46, 48, 100) so that the cleat (52, 152) is rotatably carried thereon;

    a protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) extending radially from the core (153) and including a first inclined surface (167) thereon that is oblique to the central axis of the passage (54, 154) to thereby shape the protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) such that the protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) tapers to a first bladed edge (165).


     
    2. The device (20) of claim 1 wherein the cleat (52, 152) includes at least three spaced apart protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) extending radially from the core (153), wherein the first inclined surface (167) is on at least one of the protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163).
     
    3. The device (20) of claim 2 wherein two of the spaced apart protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) extending radially from the core (153) include a second inclined surface (167) thereon that is oblique to the central axis of the passage (54, 154).
     
    4. The device (20) of claim 3 wherein the second inclined surface (167) on each of the two protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) shapes the associated protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) to taper to a bladed edge (165), thereby to provide at least three bladed edges (165) on the cleat (52, 152).
     
    5. The device (20) of claim 2 wherein the cleat (52, 152) includes on one of the protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) a second inclined surface (167) that joins the first inclined surface (167) to shape the protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) as a wedge having an outermost edge (171).
     
    6. The device (20) of claim 5 wherein the outermost edge (171) of the wedge is oblique to the central axis of the passage (54, 154).
     
    7. The device (20) of claim 1 wherein the cleat (52, 152) includes four protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) thereon and wherein each one of a first pair of the protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) extends radially from the core (153) and including a first inclined surface (167) thereon that is oblique to the central axis of the passage (54, 154) to thereby shape the associated protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) such that the protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) tapers to a first bladed edge (165), and
    wherein each one of a second pair of protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) is shaped to define a wedge having an outermost edge (171) that is oblique to the central axis of the passage (54, 154).
     
    8. The device (20) of claim 7 wherein the protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) are configured and arranged to provide a first set of three sharp points (175) in a first common plane for supporting the cleat (52, 152) on a flat surface.
     
    9. The device (20) of claim 8 wherein the protrusions (157, 159, 161, 163) are configured and arranged to provide a second set of three sharp points (175) in a second common plane that is substantially parallel to the first so that the cleat (52, 152) can be stably supported between two surfaces.
     
    10. The device (20) of claim 1 further comprising spacers (70) threaded on at least one segment (46, 48, 100) and located adjacent to the cleat (52, 152).
     
    11. The device (20) of claim 10 wherein the spacers (70) are cylindrical and extend from the segment (46, 48, 100) by a distance that is less than the maximum distance that a cleat (52, 152) extends from the segment (46, 48, 100).
     
    12. The device (20) of claim 1 wherein the passage (54, 154) extends between opposing end faces (90) of the core (153) and wherein the first inclined surface (167) is one of the end faces (90).
     
    13. The device (20) of claim 1 wherein the cleats (52, 152) are comprised of stainless steel.
     
    14. The device (20) of claim 1 wherein each protrusion (157, 159, 161, 163) includes flat, parallel opposing side surfaces.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Bodenhaftungsvorrichtung (20) zum Montieren an einem Stiefel, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein elastomeres Element (24) zum Spannen um den Stiefel;

    eine Seilanordnung (30, 32), die mit dem elastomeren Element (24) verbunden ist und ein längliches Segment (46, 48, 100) aufweist;

    eine Klampe (52, 152), die an dem Segment (46, 48, 100) getragen wird; wobei die Klampe (52, 152) Folgendes beinhaltet: einen länglichen Kern (153), durch den sich ein Kanal (54, 154) mit einer Mittelachse erstreckt, wobei das Segment (46, 48, 100) so durch den Kanal (54, 154) passt, dass die Klampe (52, 152) drehbar darauf getragen wird; einen Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163), der sich radial von dem Kern (153) erstreckt und eine erste geneigte Fläche (167) darauf aufweist, die schräg zur Mittelachse des Kanals (54, 154) ist, um dadurch den Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) so zu formen, dass sich der Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) zu einer ersten scharfen Kante (165) verjüngt.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Klampe (52, 152) wenigstens drei beabstandete Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) aufweist, die sich radial vom Kern (153) erstrecken, wobei die erste geneigte Fläche (167) auf wenigstens einem der Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) ist.
     
    3. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 2, wobei zwei der sich radial vom Kern (153) erstreckenden beabstandeten Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) eine zweite geneigte Fläche (167) darauf aufweisen, die schräg zur Mittelachse des Kanals (54, 154) ist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 3, wobei die zweite geneigte Fläche (167) auf jedem der zwei Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) den assoziierten Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) so formt, dass er sich zu einer scharfen Kante (165) verjüngt, um dadurch wenigstens drei scharfe Kanten (165) an der Klampe (52, 152) zu erzeugen.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Klampe (52, 152) auf einem der Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) eine zweite geneigte Fläche (167) aufweist, die sich an die erste geneigte Fläche (167) anschließt, um den Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) als einen Keil mit einer äußersten Kante (171) zu formen.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die äußerste Kante (171) des Keils schräg zur Mittelachse des Kanals (54, 154) ist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Klampe (52, 152) vier Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) darauf aufweist und wobei sich jeder aus einem ersten Paar der Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) radial vom Kern (153) erstreckt und eine erste geneigte Fläche (167) darauf aufweist, die schräg zur Mittelachse des Kanals (54, 154) ist, um dadurch den assoziierten Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) so zu gestalten, dass sich der Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) zu einer ersten scharfen Kante (165) verjüngt, und
    wobei jeder aus einem zweiten Paar Vorsprüngen (157, 159, 161, 163) so gestaltet ist, dass er einen Keil mit einer äußersten Kante (171) definiert, der schräg zur Mittelachse des Kanals (54, 154) ist.
     
    8. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) so konfiguriert und angeordnet sind, dass sie einen ersten Satz von drei scharfen Spitzen (175) in einer ersten gemeinsamen Ebene zum Tragen der Klampe (52, 152) auf einer flachen Fläche erzeugen.
     
    9. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Vorsprünge (157, 159, 161, 163) so konfiguriert und angeordnet sind, dass sie einen zweiten Satz von drei scharfen Spitzen (175) in einer zweiten gemeinsamen Ebene im Wesentlichen parallel zur ersten erzeugen, so dass die Klampe (52, 152) zwischen zwei Flächen stabil getragen werden kann.
     
    10. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 1, die ferner Abstandshalter (70) umfasst, die auf wenigstens ein Segment (46, 48, 100) aufgefädelt sind und sich neben der Klampe (52, 152) befinden.
     
    11. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Abstandshalter (70) zylindrisch sind und sich von dem Segment (46, 48, 100) um eine Distanz erstrecken, die geringer ist als die maximale Distanz, um die sich eine Klampe (52, 152) vom Segment (46, 48, 100) erstreckt.
     
    12. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich der Kanal (54, 154) zwischen gegenüberliegenden Endflächen (90) des Kerns (153) erstreckt und wobei die erste geneigte Fläche (167) eine der Endflächen (90) ist.
     
    13. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Klampen (52, 152) aus Edelstahl sind.
     
    14. Vorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei jeder Vorsprung (157, 159, 161, 163) flache, parallele, gegenüberliegende Seitenflächen aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de traction (20) destiné à être monté sur une botte, comprenant :

    un élément en élastomère (24) destiné à s'étirer autour de la botte ;

    un ensemble câble (30, 32) relié à l'élément en élastomère (24) et ayant un segment allongé (46, 48, 100) ;

    un crampon (52, 152) porté sur le segment (46, 48, 100) ; le crampon (52, 152) ayant :

    une partie centrale allongée (153) à travers laquelle s'étend un passage (54, 154) ayant un axe central, et à travers laquelle le passage (54, 154) s'ajuste au segment (46, 48, 100) de telle sorte que le crampon (52, 152) y est porté de manière rotative ;

    une saillie (157, 159, 161, 163) s'étendant radialement depuis la partie centrale (153) et incluant une première surface inclinée (167) sur celle-ci, laquelle est oblique par rapport à l'axe central du passage (54, 154) afin de donner ainsi une forme à la saillie (157, 159, 161, 163) telle que la saillie (157, 159, 161, 163) s'effile vers un premier bord à lame (165).


     
    2. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le crampon (52, 152) inclut au moins trois saillies espacées (157, 159, 161, 163) s'étendant radialement depuis la partie centrale (153), dans lequel la première surface inclinée (167) est sur une ou plusieurs des saillies (157, 159, 161, 163).
     
    3. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel deux des saillies espacées (157, 159, 161, 163) s'étendant radialement depuis la partie centrale (153) incluent une deuxième surface inclinée (167) sur celle-ci, laquelle est oblique par rapport à l'axe central du passage (54, 154).
     
    4. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la deuxième surface inclinée (167) sur chacune des deux saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) donne une forme à la saillie associée (157, 159, 161, 163) pour s'effiler vers un bord à lame (165), afin de fournir ainsi au moins trois bords à lame (165) sur le crampon (52, 152).
     
    5. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le crampon (52, 152) inclut sur une des saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) une deuxième surface inclinée (167) qui joint la première surface inclinée (167) pour donner une forme à la saillie (157, 159, 161, 163) comme un coin ayant un bord extérieur (171).
     
    6. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le bord extérieur (171) du coin est oblique par rapport à l'axe central du passage (54, 154).
     
    7. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le crampon (52, 152) inclut quatre saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) sur celui-ci et, dans lequel chaque saillie d'une première paire de saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) s'étend radialement depuis la partie centrale (153) et incluant une première surface inclinée (167) sur celle-ci, laquelle est oblique par rapport à l'axe central du passage (54, 154) afin de donner ainsi une forme à la saillie associée (157, 159, 161, 163) telle que la saillie (157, 159, 161, 163) s'effile vers un premier bord à lame (165), et
    dans lequel chaque saillie d'une deuxième paire de saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) est d'une forme permettant de définir un coin ayant un bord extérieur (171) qui est oblique par rapport à l'axe central du passage (54, 154).
     
    8. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel les saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) sont configurées et agencées pour fournir un premier ensemble de trois pointes acérées (175) dans un premier plan commun afin de soutenir le crampon (52, 152) sur une surface plate.
     
    9. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel les saillies (157, 159, 161, 163) sont configurées et agencées pour fournir un deuxième ensemble de trois pointes acérées (175) dans un deuxième plan commun qui est sensiblement parallèle au premier de telle sorte que le crampon (52, 152) peut être soutenu de façon stable entre deux surfaces.
     
    10. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre des espaceurs (70) enfilés sur un ou plusieurs segments (46, 48, 100) et situés adjacents au crampon (52, 152).
     
    11. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 10, dans lequel les espaceurs (70) sont cylindriques et s'étendent du segment (46, 48, 100) d'une distance qui est inférieure à la distance maximum der laquelle un crampon (52, 152) s'étend du segment (46, 48, 100).
     
    12. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le passage (54, 154) s'étend entre des faces d'extrémité opposées (90) de la partie centrale (153) et, dans lequel la première surface inclinée (167) est une des faces d'extrémité (90).
     
    13. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les crampons (52, 152) sont composés d'acier inoxydable.
     
    14. Dispositif (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque saillie (157, 159, 161, 163) inclut des surfaces latérales opposées parallèles et plates.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description