(19)
(11)EP 2 387 849 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 10732203.4

(22)Date of filing:  19.01.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 7/00  (2011.01)
A01B 69/00  (2006.01)
A01B 69/04  (2006.01)
A01B 79/00  (2006.01)
G05D 1/02  (2020.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2010/021334
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/083496 (22.07.2010 Gazette  2010/29)

(54)

RASTER GRID BASED AGRICULTURAL VEHICLE GUIDANCE AND VARIABLE RATE CHEMICAL APPLICATION METHOD AND SYSTEM

RASTERBASIERTE STEUERUNG EINES LANDWIRTSCHAFTLICHEN FAHRZEUGS UND VERWALTUNG VON CHEMISCHEN SPRÜHEN UND VERFAHREN DAZU

MÉTHODE DE GUIDAGE D'UN VÉHICULE AGRICOLE ET D'APPLICATION D'UN TRAITEMENT CHIMIQUE BASÉ SUR UNE GRILLE MATRICIELLE ET SYSTÈME ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.01.2009 US 145542 P
18.01.2010 US 689184

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.11.2011 Bulletin 2011/47

(73)Proprietor: AgJunction LLC
Calgary, AB T2G 3C4 (CA)

(72)Inventors:
  • McCLURE, John, A.
    Scottsdale, AZ 85260-3880 (US)
  • COLLINS, Dennis, M.
    Overgaard, AZ 85933 (US)

(74)Representative: Georgiou, Sarah Caroline 
Williams Powell Staple Court 11 Staple Inn Buildings
London WC1V 7QH
London WC1V 7QH (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2003 187 577
US-A1- 2007 021 913
US-B1- 6 266 595
US-B1- 6 501 422
US-A1- 2006 178 825
US-A1- 2007 021 913
US-B1- 6 266 595
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This application claims priority in U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/145,542, filed Jan. 17, 2009.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0002] The present invention relates generally to automated equipment control using a raster-based database, including vehicle navigation and guidance using global navigation satellite system (GNSS), inertial navigation system (INS) and other positioning inputs, and machine control functions such as variable-rate chemical applications in agricultural spraying.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0003] GNSS technology advanced vehicle and machine guidance and control in various technical fields, including the field of agricultural guidance by enabling reliable, accurate systems, which are relatively easy to use. GNSS guidance systems are adapted for displaying directional guidance information to assist operators with manually steering the vehicles. For example, the OUTBACK® steering guidance system, which is available from Hemisphere GPS LLC of Calgary, Alberta, Canada and is covered by U.S. Pat. No. 6,539,303 and No. 6,711,501, includes an on-board computer capable of storing various straight-line and curved ("contour") patterns. An advantage of this system is its ability to retain field-specific cultivating, planting, spraying, fertilizing, harvesting and other patterns in memory. This feature enables operators to accurately retrace such patterns. Another advantage relates to the ability to interrupt operations for subsequent resumption by referring to system-generated logs of previously treated areas. The OUTBACK S steering guidance system, and related product offerings from Hemisphere GPS LLC, utilize "near point search method" technology, which logs GPS-defined positions along swath edges, the nearest of which are located for placing the edge of the next swath against the last.

    [0004] Another type of GPS guidance utilizes "form line following," wherein vectors, which can be straight-line (A-B) or curved (contour), are computed based on equipment widths offset from the previously-driven form lines. A disadvantage with this type of system is that initial form lines must be driven and delineated based upon which subsequent form lines must be computed and followed. Significant computer overhead can be occupied with such tasks, whereby trade-offs are required between component costs and system responsiveness.

    [0005] GNSS vehicle guidance equipment using the above techniques is available as a steering guide with a graphical user interface (GUI) for manually-steered vehicles, and also with an autosteer function for automatically steering the vehicle along all or part of its travel path. Automated systems can also control an agricultural procedure or operation, such as spraying, planting, tilling, harvesting, etc. Examples of such equipment are shown in U.S. Pat. No. 7,142,956. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2004/0186644 shows satellite-based vehicle guidance control in straight and contour modes. U.S. Pat. No. 7,162,348 i discloses an articulated equipment position control system and method whereby a working component, such as an implement, can be guided independently of a motive component, such as a tractor. The implement can optionally be equipped with its own GNSS antenna and/or receiver for interacting with a tractor-mounted GNSS system.

    [0006] Ideally crops would be planted in perfectly straight, evenly-spaced rows. Guidance through such fields would consist of following relatively simple straight-line patterns. Such guidance modes are commonly referred to as straight line or "A-B" in reference to the equipment traveling in a straight line from point A to point B in a repeating pattern in order to cover an entire field, which is typically flat and rectangular and therefore efficiently divided into multiple, parallel swaths. However, field conditions in many areas are not suitable for A-B guidance. For example, hilly terrain sometimes requires the formation of constant-elevation terraces.

    [0007] Guidance systems accommodate such irregular conditions by operating in "contour following" modes consisting of curvilinear tracks defined by multiple GNSS points along which the equipment is guided. Initial planting passes made with manual and visually-guided navigation, which may or may not be supplemented with GNSS navigational aids, can cause crop rows to deviate from straight lines. Accommodating such irregular crop rows in subsequent operations (e.g., spraying and harvesting) may require the equipment to deviate from straight- line passes.

    [0008] "Tramline" (sometimes referred to as "match tracks") is another operating mode available with some modern GNSS guidance systems. In tramline operating mode the existing crop rows are relatively well protected because the equipment follows or "matches" the previously-driven passes. The equipment wheels or tracks are thus confined between the crop rows. Machine damage from running over crops is thus avoided, or at least minimized.

    [0009] Preferably a system embodying an aspect of the present invention would avoid the drawbacks inherent in the previous systems described above and be adaptable to various machine control applications, including variably controlling the output of individual nozzles in agricultural sprayers. In particular, raster (e.g., bitmap) data bases can be used with previously- defined world geodetic systems, such as WGS 84, thereby eliminating overhead-intensive tasks such as continuously running extensive searches for points along the edges of previously-driven swaths or computing form lines.

    [0010] Heretofore there has not been available a raster-based contour swathing system and method with the advantages and features of the present invention.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0011] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method as claimed in claim 1. According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system as claimed in claim 10. In the practice of the present invention, a system and method are provided for automatically guiding and controlling vehicles and equipment using GNSS for defining a raster- based database of pixels defining either an entire area to be treated, or a subset through which a vehicle travels. For example, agricultural equipment comprising a tractor and an implement can be equipped with a vector position and heading sensor subsystem including a GNSS receiver and antennas and an optional inertial navigational system (INS) with X, Y and Z axis sensors for sensing equipment attitude changes through six degrees of freedom. Such sensors typically comprise gyroscopes and/or accelerometers. A 2D map array comprises an XY grid of pixels, which is scalable according to the requirements of a particular operation. Guidance operations are accomplished by marking pixels as "applied" when treated on an equipment pass. Subsequent passes can guide off of the applied pixel areas, using "target" aim point pixels and/or swath-width spacing to one side or the other of the applied areas. Moreover, machine control functions can actuate certain operations based on equipment position. For example, spray nozzles on a sprayer implement can be selectively and individually actuated over areas to be sprayed.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Fig. 1 is a plan view of agricultural equipment equipped with GNSS and (optionally) INS guidance and control systems, shown in operation on a field defined by an XY array of pixels.

    Fig. 2 is a block diagram of a GNSS/INS/RTK tractor and implement system for implementing the raster-based guidance system and method.

    Figs. 3a and 3b show a flowchart of a raster-based guidance method.

    Fig. 4 is a flowchart of another aspect of the raster-based guidance method using target pixels.

    Fig. 5 is a flowchart of another aspect of the raster-based guidance method.

    Fig. 6 is a flowchart of another aspect of the raster-based guidance method.

    Fig. 7 is a flowchart of another aspect of the raster-based guidance method including spray nozzle control.

    Fig. 8a is a diagram of material application parameters on exiting a treated area.

    Fig. 8b is another diagram of material application parameters on entering an area to be treated.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS


    I. Introduction and Environment



    [0013] As required, detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present invention in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.

    [0014] Certain terminology will be used in the following description for convenience in reference only and will not be limiting. For example, up, down, front, back, right and left refer to the invention as oriented in the view being referred to. The words "inwardly" and "outwardly" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of the embodiment being described and designated parts thereof. Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) are broadly defined to include GPS (U.S.), Galileo (proposed), GLONASS (Russia), Beidou (China), Compass (proposed), IRNSS (India, proposed), QZSS (Japan, proposed) and other current and future positioning technology using signals from satellites, using single or multiple antennae, with or without augmentation from terrestrial sources. Inertial navigation systems (INS) include gyroscopic (gyro) sensors, accelerometers and similar technologies for providing output corresponding to the inertia of moving components in all axes, i.e. through six degrees of freedom (positive and negative directions along transverse X, longitudinal Y and vertical Z axes). Yaw, pitch and roll refer to moving component rotation about the Z, X and Y axes respectively. Said terminology will include the words specifically mentioned, derivatives thereof and words of similar meaning.

    II. Guidance and Control System 4.



    [0015] Referring to the drawings in more detail, the reference numeral 2 generally designates a piece of agricultural equipment, which is equipped with a raster-based guidance and control system 4 embodying an aspect of the present invention. Without limitation on the generality of equipment 2, a motive component 6 is connected to a working component 7 through an optional articulated connection or hitch 34 (collectively comprising the equipment or vehicle 2). Also by way of example, the motive component 6 can comprise a tractor or other vehicle and the working component 7 can comprise a ground-working implement. However, the system 4 can be applied to other equipment configurations for a wide range of other applications. Such applications include equipment and components used in road construction, road maintenance, earthworking, mining, transportation, industry, manufacturing, logistics, etc.

    [0016] FIG. 1 shows the equipment 2 operating on a portion of a field 10 with an array of XY pixels 50, which are used for providing guidance and controlling the operation of the implement 7, which can comprise a sprayer with individual nozzles 8.

    [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic block diagram showing the components of the GNSS guidance/control system 4. The tractor 6 components include a GNSS receiver 12 including a first vehicle antenna 21, an optional second vehicle antenna 22, an RF (down) converter 14, a tracking device 16 and an optional rover RTK receiver 18. A guidance processor CPU 23 includes a GUI display 24, a microprocessor 26 and a media storage device 28. Vehicle steering 30 and INS components 31 (e.g., gyroscopes and/or accelerometers) are connected to the guidance processor 23. GNSS-derived data is transferred from the GNSS receiver 12 to the guidance processor CPU 23. The implement 7 can include a first implement antenna 41 and an optional second implement antenna 42, which are connected to the vehicle GNSS receiver 12 and provide GNSS data thereto.

    [0018] An implement steering subsystem 36 receives steering commands from the guidance processor CPU 23 via a CAN bus 32 or some other suitable connection, which can be wireless. The implement 7 is mechanically connected to the vehicle 6 by a hitch 34, which can be power-driven for active implement positioning in response to implement steering commands, or a conventional mechanical linkage. The hitch 34 can be provided with sensors for determining relative attitudes and orientations between the vehicle 6 and the implement 7. Examples of such an articulated connection and an implement steering system are described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,865,465, No. 7,162,348 and No. 7,460,942. The implement 8 can comprise any of a wide range of suitable implements, such as planting, cultivating, harvesting and spraying equipment. For example, spraying applications are commonly performed with a boom 5, which can be equipped for automatic, selective control of multiple nozzles 8 and other boom operating characteristics, such as height, material dispensed, etc. By way of example and without limitation, the implement 7 can comprise an agricultural sprayer with a spray nozzle control 38 connected to the guidance processor CPU 23 by the CAN bus 32 for individually controlling the spray nozzles 8.

    [0019] The GNSS/INS guidance and control system 4 can be configured in various combinations of components and thereby accommodate a wide range of guidance and control operations. For example, RTK guidance can be accommodated with a base 44 including an RTK receiver 46 and an RTK transmitter 48, which can be mounted at a fixed-position reference point in the general vicinity of fields being worked by the equipment 2. Moreover, various combinations of receivers and antennas can be used on the vehicle 6 and/or the implement 7, including single frequency (L1 only) and dual frequency (L1 and L2). Various forms of signal correction can also be utilized, including Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS), Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) and private subscription services.

    [0020] The GNSS receiver 12 disclosed herein can be adapted for various satellite navigational systems, and can utilize a variety of SBAS technologies. Technology is also available for continuing operation through satellite signal interruptions, and can be utilized with the system 4. The antennas 21, 22 can be horizontally aligned transversely with respect to a direction of travel of the tractor 6, i.e. parallel to its transverse X axis. The relative positions of the antennas 21, 22 with respect to each other can thus be processed for determining yaw, i.e. rotation with respect to the vertical Z axis. The INS 31 can include inertial sensors (e.g., gyroscopes and accelerometers) for detecting and measuring inertial movement with respect to the X, Y and Z axes corresponding to yaw, roll and pitch movements in six degrees of freedom. Signals from the receiver 12 and the INS sensors are received and processed by the microprocessor 26 based on how the system 4 is configured and programmed.

    III. Raster-based Guidance and Control Method



    [0021] Figs. 3a and 3b show a method of raster-based guidance and control according to an aspect of the present invention. From a start 40 the system 4 is initialized at 42, including setting a pixel grid resolution at 44. Without limitation, pixel grid resolution in the approximate range of 0.05 meters to 5 meters can be useful for various operations, depending on the desired accuracy.

    [0022] Setup of a raster-based database (DB) of XY pixel grid pages 48 occurs at 46. An example of a pixel grid page 48 is shown in Fig. 1 and includes multiple pixels 50. Pixel grid pages can cover entire fields, or, alternatively from decision box 51, can be freeform and automatically expandable in any direction through a tiling method at step 52. An exemplary preferred method is to use a rectangular grid based on WGS 84 comprising GPS-based coordinates for generating a grid page at 48. Scale factors for latitude and longitude are set at 56 and an initial reference point is defined at 58. A location in the grid area can be generated at 60 on a GIS system, such as the MapStar™ program available from Hemisphere GPS of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, or in real-time in the field on the guidance system 4. Locations in the grid area are defined by the number of pixels east-west (EW) and north-south (NS) from the reference location at 62. A linear or multidimensional database is accessed at 64 using the XY pixel indices computed at 62. The database can be accessed and read and/or written to (R/W) at 64.

    [0023] In an exemplary field spraying operation using the sprayer 7, the equipment 2 is driven in an initial pass at 66 in a "swath" mode with its swath width comprising one of the operating parameters whereby all pixels covered by the spray boom 5 are marked as "applied" (50a in Fig. 1) at step 68. On a subsequent adjacent pass, the database around the spray boom end locations is examined for the closest applied pixel 50a at 70, which is designated 50d (tested and applied) in Fig. 1, and is then used for instantaneous guidance control at 72, either through a visual GUI at 74 and/or an autosteering function at 76.

    [0024] As shown in Fig. 1, the operator can thereby drive against previously covered (applied) pixels 50a. The database can be programmed for "unapplied" 50e and "applied" 50a pixel status conditions. Other pixel status conditions can include "vehicle track" 50b, "unapplied test" 50c, "applied test" 50d, "unapplied" 50e, "under-applied" 50f and "over-applied" 50g (Fig. 1). The process continues via a loop through the "another pass" decision box 78 until complete or interrupted, whereafter an application map showing database values, pixel status, equipment positions and headings is computed at 80 and output at 82 with the operation ending at 84.

    [0025] Fig. 4 shows another method of guidance using the vehicle 6 location, swath (e.g., spray boom 5) width and direction of travel. From start 86, initialize 88 and detect guidance 90, vehicle track/target pixels 50b (Fig. 1) ahead of the equipment 2 are "walked up" from the center of the vehicle 6 to a point ahead using either a Bresenham-type algorithm at 91 or by directly computing a track/target pixel 50b ahead at 92. Then the unapplied test pixels 50c to the side of the track/target pixel 50b are tested for "applied" status at 93. Upon detecting an applied test pixel 50d at 94, its distance away from the track/target pixel 50b relative to the implement swath width (i.e. "offset" generally equal to half of the swath width) is obtained at 95, related to swath width at 96, used to determine guidance at 97 and the method ends at 98.

    [0026] As shown in Fig. 5, a similar method can be used for computing guidance using two dimensions (2D). From start 102 and initialize 104, multiple scans to the side of the vehicle and different distances ahead of it are tested at 106, 108 respectively to detect previously-applied areas along curves at 110 and to implement curve guidance at 112. The output can be provided visually via a GUI 24 and/or used in an autosteering algorithm at 114. Speed control at 116 and end-of-row turnaround at 118, 120 can be enabled and optimized. The method ends at 122.

    [0027] Fig. 6 shows a variation comprising a 3D method using the altitudes of the different pixels for adjusting guidance and steering. From a start 124 vehicle dynamics are input as operating parameters at 126, guidance is detected at 128 and pixel altitudes are input at 130. For example, the method can compensate by remaining closer to the applied area to adjust for vehicle downhill slippage and hillside chemical spray patterns at 132. Such 3D information can also correspond to crop heights with the system making suitable adjustments, also at 132. The method ends at 134.

    [0028] Fig. 7 shows another method of the invention involving sprayer nozzle control. From a start 140 the nozzle and spray dynamics are initialized at 142. A chemical spray prescription map including the positions represented by pixels and target chemical application rates (e.g. gallons per acre) is input at 144. Operation commences as the spray boom crosses an area at 146 and flow rate is computed based on desired coverage (i.e. prescription database value) and vehicle speed at 148. The database is read for the locations of the spray nozzles at 150 whereby their pixel-defined locations are used for determining chemical applications and nozzle control at 152. At 154 the dispensing rate for one or more of the nozzles 8 is reduced to zero if the equipment 2 travels outside the predetermined application area, e.g., field 10. A comparison with the prescription occurs at 156 followed by reapplication as necessary at 158 followed by measure actual applied rate and update prescription database to reflect remaining application at 159 followed by a loop back to 146. The process shown in Fig. 7 is continuous in the sense that the operator can start and stop at any time and the sprayer will only dispense when located over a pixel 50 with a non-zero prescription database value. Thus, the field 50 is completely treated when all of its pixels 50 have zero prescription database values, and the system will no longer dispense.

    [0029] In conjunction with the methods described above, variable rate control can be accomplished using multiple channels for individual nozzle control of chemical applications. For example, the CAN bus 32 communicates individual nozzle control commands from the processor 23 to the spray nozzles 8, which can be monitored and boom pressure controlled thereby for correct calibration. Individual nozzle flow rate control across the entire spray boom accommodates swath overlaps whereby spray nozzle output would be reduced or shut off. Nozzles 8 can also be shut off upon entry into previously-applied areas and no-spray areas, such as outside the field boundaries.

    [0030] The pixel status in the method of the present invention includes information on the chemical(s) application rates(s). As the spray boom 5 crosses the treatment area the database is read for each nozzle 8 location and the desired rates per area, e.g. gallons per acre. The nozzle flow rate is then adjusted to the required output, e.g., in gallons per minute (GPM) based on the current nozzle speed. The amount of coverage during turning of the vehicle can also vary according to the nozzle locations in the turn, with the outermost nozzle 8 traveling fastest (requiring the greatest flow rate) and the innermost nozzle traveling slowest (requiring the least flow rate). Such speeds can vary considerably in turns and are accommodated by the system 4.

    [0031] Alternative algorithms can be utilized for managing chemical application. For example, in a "rate reduction to zero" algorithm the application rates can be progressively reduced on one or more passes as required to "zero out" the applied material quantities across the boom widths whereby on subsequent passes the applied rate will be zero gallons per acre. Alternatively, in an "as applied map" algorithm the application rates can be read back in real time from the processor 23 and subtracted from the desired target rate per pixel and written back as the remaining desired rates with a flag indicating partial application marking the partially-treated (under-applied) pixels 50f. The real time database display reflects the remaining rates required for each pixel, the remaining chemical required for the completion of the field area and the remaining quantities available.

    [0032] Various output information can be provided to an operator, e.g., indicating pixel status originally and currently, "as applied" mapping and remaining chemical application rates by pixel for job completion. By individually controlling the flow rates at the nozzles 8, the desired prescription map area rate can be achieved, thereby optimizing variable rate coverage for increased crop production. Less-experienced operators can be accommodated because the system 4 reduces the likelihood of over-application or application outside the field perimeter.

    [0033] Figs. 8a and 8b show conditions encountered at field perimeters (i.e. area boundaries). Fig. 8a shows a preemptive shut off as the vehicle approaches the area boundary. Programming the system 4 with such "look-ahead" capabilities can prevent chemical application beyond the area boundary. Fig. 8b shows commencing application upon entering a coverage area, which can occur in phases with a first applied material quantity, from which the remaining quantity of material to be applied can be determined in order to achieve the target chemical application.

    [0034] It is to be understood that the invention can be embodied in various forms, and is not to be limited to the examples discussed above.


    Claims

    1. A method of using a processor (26) for guiding a vehicle (6) including motive and working components over an area being treated by the working component (7), the method comprising the steps of :

    receiving GNSS positioning signals with a guidance system (12);

    providing said GNSS positioning signals as input to said processor (23);

    computing GNSS-based positioning for said vehicle (6) with said processor;

    defining a GNSS-defined reference point on said area (10) and storing the reference point coordinates with said processor;

    during an initial pass over said area with said vehicle, treating portions of said area (66) with said working component;

    the method being characterized by the steps of:

    providing an XY pixel grid (50) corresponding to the area (10);

    providing a raster-based database page (48) comprising said XY pixel grid for said area;

    computing X and Y pixel indices (62) based on said GNSS-based vehicle position in relation to said reference point with said processor;

    with said processor marking pixels (50d) in the XY pixel grid corresponding to said treated area portions as treated pixels;

    detecting a vehicle direction of travel (90) along a vehicle path (50b) with said guidance system;

    walking up the pixels (91) from the XY pixel grid along the vehicle path to a target pixel (50b);

    testing pixels in the XY pixel grid that are alongside said vehicle path (93) for the treated conditions based on a swath width (96) of said working component (7); and

    guiding said vehicle (97) towards said target pixel (50b) based on said treated condition pixel information of pixels alongside said vehicle path.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional step of:

    controlling said vehicle working component using said treated pixel information (72); and

    predefining said pixel grid page (48) to cover said area or a vehicle track through said area.


     
    3. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional steps of:

    defining additional raster-based XY pixel grid pages in said area (51);

    expanding said database by tiling said pixel grid pages over said area (52);

    generating X and Y scale factors for said database (56); and

    relating said X and Y scale factors to latitude and longitude respectively (56).


     
    4. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional steps of:
    computing X and Y pixel indices based on the difference between current GNSS-defined position coordinates and the reference position coordinates (62).
     
    5. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional steps of:

    providing a sensor connected to said working component (7);

    providing output from said sensor to said processor (23) corresponding to the operation of said working component on said area; and

    marking each said pixel (50) treated by said working component using said sensor output (68).


     
    6. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional steps of:

    providing a display device (24) on said vehicle;

    providing an output from said processor to said display device depicting pixel conditions and the vehicle position on said pixel grid page;

    providing an autosteer system on said vehicle;

    with said processor generating steering commands (72) using the marked pixel information and said XY pixel page database;

    outputting said steering commands to said autosteer system (76) for automatically steering said vehicle over said area;

    computing an application map (80) for said area corresponding to treatments of pixels therein with said working component; and

    guiding said vehicle with said application map while treating said pixels; and

    marking treated pixels as treated.


     
    7. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional steps of:

    testing multiple scans to the side of said vehicle path for treated pixels (106);

    testing multiple distances ahead for treated pixels (108);

    detecting a curve condition defined by treated pixels (110);

    guiding said vehicle along said curve using said treated pixel information (112);

    providing said vehicle with speed control (116);

    programming said processor to control said vehicle speed control (116);

    detecting an end-of-row condition in said area (118); and

    guiding said vehicle through a turnaround using said speed control (120).


     
    8. The method of claim 1, which includes the additional steps of:

    preprogramming said processor with variables corresponding to vehicle performance dynamics (126);

    determining altitudes of said pixels with said GNSS system (130); and

    adjusting guidance and steering for vehicle slippage, sloping surface chemical spray patterns and crop heights using said vehicle performance dynamics and said pixel altitudes (132).


     
    9. The method of claim 1 wherein said vehicle comprises a sprayer and said working component includes a spray boom with opposite ends and multiple spray nozzles positioned therealong, which method includes the additional steps of:

    preprogramming said processor with variables corresponding to nozzle and spray dynamics (142);

    inputting a prescription map of pixels and desired chemical application rates at said pixels (144);

    computing a flow rate based on desired coverage and vehicle speed (148);

    reading said pixel database for nozzle locations (150);

    controlling nozzle operations based on said nozzle locations (152);

    blocking chemical flow from said nozzles at locations outside desired coverage areas (154);

    comparing applied chemical information to said prescription map (156);

    reapplying chemicals to underapplied pixels (158);

    measuring actual applied chemical rates (159); and

    updating said prescription database to reflect remaining necessary chemical applications (159).


     
    10. A system for guiding a vehicle including motive and working components over an area being treated by the working component which system comprises:

    a processor (23) on the vehicle;

    a GNSS guidance system (12) connected to the processor and adapted for providing GNSS positioning signals as input to said processor;

    said processor being adapted for computing GNSS-based positioning for said vehicle;

    said processor being adapted for defining and storing the coordinates of a GNSS-defined reference point on said area (11) being treated;

    the system being characterized in that the area is represented by a raster-based XY pixel grid and further characterized in that :

    said processor being adapted for computing X and Y pixel indices (62) based on said GNSS defined vehicle position in relation to said reference point;

    said processor being adapted for marking pixels (68) corresponding to said treated area portions as treated;

    said processor being adapted for guiding said vehicle over said area utilizing said treated pixel information (72);

    said processor being further adapted to:

    detect a vehicle direction of travel with said GNSS guidance system (90); walk up the pixels in the vehicle direction of travel to a target pixel (91);

    test pixels alongside said vehicle path for treated conditions based on a swath width of said working component (93); and

    guide said vehicle towards said target pixel using said treated condition pixel information of pixels alongside said vehicle path (97).


     
    11. The system according to claim 10, which includes:

    said vehicle comprising a sprayer and said working component including a spray boom with opposite ends and multiple spray nozzles positioned along said spray boom (142);

    said processor being preprogrammed with variables corresponding to nozzle and spray dynamics (142);

    said processor being adapted to receive as input a prescription map of pixels and desired chemical application rates at said pixels (144);

    said processor being adapted for computing a flow rate based on desired coverage and vehicle speed (148); and

    said processor being adapted for corresponding nozzle locations to said pixel database and controlling nozzle operations based on said nozzle locations, including blocking chemical flow from said nozzles at locations outside desired coverage areas (150), comparing applied chemical information to said prescription map, reapplying chemicals to under-applied areas (156), measuring actual applied chemical rates and updating the prescription database to reflect remaining necessary chemical applications (159).


     
    12. The system according to claim 10, which includes:

    an autosteer system for automatically steering said vehicle over said area (114); and

    said processor being adapted for outputting steering commands to said autosteer system for automatically steering said vehicle over said area (114).


     
    13. The system according to claim 10, which includes:
    testing multiple scans to the side of said vehicle path for treated pixels, testing multiple distances ahead for treated pixels, detecting a curve condition defined by treated pixels and guiding said vehicle alongside said curve using said treated pixel information (110).
     
    14. The system according to claim 10, which includes:

    said GNSS system being adapted for determining altitudes of said pixels; and

    said processor being adapted for adjusting guidance and steering for vehicle slippage, sloping surface chemical spray patterns and crop heights using said vehicle performance dynamics and said pixel altitudes (130).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Verwenden eines Prozessors (26) zum Führen eines Fahrzeugs (6), aufweisend Antriebs- und Arbeitskomponenten, über einen Bereich, welcher durch die Arbeitskomponente (7) bearbeiten wird, wobei das Verfahren die Schritte aufweist:

    Empfangen von GNSS-Positionierungssignalen mit einem Leitsystem (12);

    Bereitstellen der GNSS-Positionierungssignale als Eingabe für den Prozessor (23); Berechnen einer GNSS-basierten Positionierung für das Fahrzeug (6) mit dem Prozessor;

    Definieren eines GNSS-definierten Referenzpunktes auf dem Bereich (10) und

    Speichern der Referenzpunkt-Koordinaten mit dem Prozessor;

    während eines anfänglichen Überfahrens des Bereichs mit dem Fahrzeug, Bearbeiten von Teilen des Bereichs (66) mit der Arbeitskomponente,

    wobei das Verfahren durch folgende Schritte gekennzeichnet ist:

    Bereitstellen eines XY Pixelgitters (50), welches zu dem Bereich (10) korrespondiert;

    Bereitstellen einer Raster-basierten Datenbankseite (48), die das XY Pixelgitter für den Bereich aufweist;

    Berechnen von X und Y Pixelindizes (62) mit dem Prozessor basierend auf der GNSS-basierten Fahrzeugposition in Relation zu dem Referenzpunkt;

    wobei der Prozessor Pixel (50d) in dem XY Pixelgitter, welche zu den bearbeiteten Teilen des Bereichs korrespondieren, als bearbeitete Pixel markiert;

    Erfassen einer Fahrzeug-Bewegungsrichtung (90) entlang eines Fahrzeugwegs (50b) mit dem Leitsystem;

    Hinaufgehen der Pixel (91) von dem XY Pixelgitter entlang des Fahrzeugweges zu einem Zielpixel (50b);

    Testen von Pixeln in dem XY Pixelgitter, die entlang dem Fahrzeugweg (93) liegen, auf die bearbeiteten Bedingungen basierend auf einer Schwadenbreite (96) der Arbeitskomponente (7); und

    Führen des Fahrzeugs (97) zu dem Zielpixel (50b) basierend auf der bearbeiteten-Bedingung-Pixelinformation von Pixeln entlang des Fahrzeugwegs.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches den zusätzlichen Schritt aufweist:

    Steuern der Fahrzeug-Arbeitskomponente unter Verwendung der bearbeiteten Pixelinformation (72); und

    Vordefinieren der Pixelgitterseite (48), um den Bereich oder einen Fahrzeugweg durch den Bereich abzudecken.


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:

    Definieren zusätzlicher Raster-basierter XY Pixelgitterseiten in dem Bereich (51);

    Expandieren der Datenbank durch Kacheln der Pixelgitterseiten über den Bereich (52);

    Erzeugen von X und Y Skalierungsfaktoren für die Datenbank (56); und

    Beziehen der X und Y Skalierungsfaktoren jeweils auf die Breite und Länge (56).


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:
    Berechnen von X und Y Pixelindizes basierend auf der Differenz zwischen aktuellen GNSS-definierten Positionskoordinaten und den Referenz-Positionskoordinaten (62).
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:

    Bereitstellen eines Sensors, der mit der Arbeitskomponente (7) verbunden ist;

    Bereitstellen einer Ausgabe von dem Sensor an den Prozessor (23) korrespondierend zu dem Betrieb der Arbeitskomponente auf dem Bereich; und

    Markieren jedes der Pixel (50), die durch die Arbeitskomponente bearbeitet werden, unter Verwendung der Sensorausgabe.


     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:

    Bereitstellen einer Anzeigevorrichtung (24) an dem Fahrzeug;

    Bereitstellen einer Ausgabe von dem Prozessor an die Anzeigevorrichtung, die die Pixelbedingungen und die Fahrzeugposition auf der Pixelgitterseite darstellt;

    Bereitstellen eines Auto-Lenk-Systems an dem Fahrzeug;

    wobei der Prozessor Lenkkommandos (72) unter Verwendung der markierten Pixelinformation und der XY Pixelseiten-Datenbank erzeugt;

    Ausgeben der Lenkkommandos an das Auto-Lenk-System (76) zum automatischen Lenken des Fahrzeugs über den Bereich;

    Berechnen einer Anwendungskarte (80) für den Bereich korrespondierend zu Bearbeitungen von Pixeln darin mit der Arbeitskomponente; und

    Führen des Fahrzeugs mit der Anwendungskarte, während die Pixel bearbeitet werden; und

    Markieren bearbeiteter Pixel als bearbeitet.


     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:

    Testen einer Vielzahl von Abtastungen an der Seite des Fahrzeugwegs auf bearbeitete Pixel (106);

    Testen einer Vielzahl von vorausliegenden Entfernungen auf bearbeitete Pixel (108);

    Erfassen einer durch die bearbeiteten Pixel definierten Kurvenbedingung (110);

    Führen des Fahrzeugs entlang der Kurve unter Verwendung der bearbeiteten-Pixel-Information (112);

    Bereitstellen des Fahrzeugs mit einer Geschwindigkeitssteuerung (116);

    Programmieren des Prozessors, um die Geschwindigkeitssteuerung zu steuern (116);

    Erfassen einer Ende-der-Reihe Bedingung in dem Bereich (118); und

    Führen des Fahrzeugs durch eine Kehrtwendung unter Verwendung der Geschwindigkeitssteuerung (120).


     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, welches die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:

    Vorprogrammieren des Prozessors mit Variablen korrespondierend zur Fahrzeug-Leistungs-Dynamik (126);

    Bestimmen der Höhen der Pixel mit dem GNSS-System (130); und

    Einstellen der Führung und Lenkung für Fahrzeugschlupf, chemische Sprühmuster und Erntehöhen der geneigten Oberfläche unter Verwendung der Fahrzeug-Leistungs-Dynamik und der Pixelhöhen (132).


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Fahrzeug eine Sprüheinrichtung und die Arbeitskomponente einen Sprühausleger mit gegenüberliegenden Enden und einer Vielzahl von Sprühdüsen aufweist, die daran entlang positioniert sind, wobei das Verfahren die zusätzlichen Schritte aufweist:

    Vorprogrammieren des Prozessors mit Variablen korrespondierend zur Düsen- und Sprühdynamik (142);

    Eingeben einer Vorschrift-Karte von Pixeln und gewünschten chemischen Applikationsraten an den Pixeln (144);

    Berechnen einer Flussrate basierend auf der gewünschten Abdeckung und Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit (148);

    Lesen der Pixeldatenbank für Düsenpositionen (150);

    Steuern der Düsenoperationen basierend auf den Düsenpositionen (152);

    Blockieren des chemischen Flusses von den Düsen an Positionen außerhalb der gewünschten Abdeckungsbereiche (154);

    Vergleichen der eingesetzten chemischen Informationen mit der Vorschrift-Karte (156);

    Erneutes Einsetzen von Chemikalien an unter-eingesetzten Pixeln (158);

    Messen der tatsächlich eingesetzten chemischen Raten (159); und

    Aktualisieren der Vorschriften-Datenbank, um verbliebene notwendige chemische Anwendungen zu reflektieren (159).


     
    10. System zum Führen eines Fahrzeugs, aufweisend Antriebs- und Arbeitskomponenten, über einen Bereich, welcher durch die Arbeitskomponente bearbeiten wird, wobei das System aufweist:

    einen Prozessor (23) auf dem Fahrzeug;

    ein GNSS-Leitsystem (12), das mit dem Prozessor verbunden ist und das ausgebildet ist, um GNSS-Positionierungssignale als Eingabe für den Prozessor bereitzustellen;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um eine GNSS-basierte Positionierung für das Fahrzeug zu berechnen;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um die Koordinaten eines GNSS-definierten Referenzpunktes auf dem bearbeiteten Bereich (11) zu definieren und zu speichern;

    wobei das System dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, das der Bereich repräsentiert ist durch ein Raster-basiertes XY Pixelgitter, und weiterhin dadurch gekennzeichnet ist:

    dass der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um X und Y Pixelindizes (62) basierend auf der GNSS-definierten Fahrzeugposition in Relation zu dem Referenzpunkt zu berechnen;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um Pixel (68), welche zu den bearbeiteten Teilen des Bereichs korrespondieren, als bearbeitet zu markieren;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um das Fahrzeug über den Bereich unter Verwendung der bearbeiteten Pixelinformation (72) zu führen;

    wobei der Prozessor weiterhin ausgebildet ist um:

    eine Fahrzeug-Bewegungsrichtung mit dem GNSS-Leitsystem (90) zu erfassen;

    um die Pixel in der Fahrzeug-Bewegungsrichtung zu einem Zielpixel (91) hinaufzugehen;

    um Pixel entlang des Fahrzeugwegs auf bearbeitete Bedingungen basierend auf einer Schwadenbreite der Arbeitskomponente (93) zu testen; und

    um das Fahrzeugs in Richtung des Zielpixels unter Verwendung der bearbeiteten-Bedingung-Pixelinformation von Pixeln entlang des Fahrzeugwegs (97) zu führen.


     
    11. System nach Anspruch 10, welches aufweist:

    dass das Fahrzeug eine Sprüheinrichtung und die Arbeitskomponente einen Sprühausleger mit gegenüberliegenden Enden und einer Vielzahl von Sprühdüsen aufweist, die entlang des Sprühauslegers (142) positioniert sind, aufweist;

    wobei der Prozessor mit Variablen korrespondierend zur Düsen- und Sprühdynamik (142) vorprogrammiert ist;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um als Eingabe einer Vorschrift-Karte von Pixeln und gewünschten chemischen Applikationsraten an den Pixeln (144) zu empfangen;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um einer Flussrate basierend auf der gewünschten Abdeckung und Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit (148) zu berechnen;

    wobei der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um Düsenpositionen zu der Pixeldatenbank zu korrespondieren und um Düsenoperationen basierend auf den Düsenpositionen zu steuern, einschließend das Blockieren des chemischen Flusses von den Düsen an Positionen außerhalb der gewünschten Abdeckungsbereiche (150), das Vergleichen der eingesetzten chemischen Informationen mit der Vorschrift-Karte, das erneute Einsetzen von Chemikalien an unter-eingesetzten Bereichen (156), das Messen der tatsächlich eingesetzten chemischen Raten und das Aktualisieren der Vorschriften-Datenbank, um verbliebene notwendige chemische Anwendungen (159) zu reflektieren.


     
    12. System nach Anspruch 10, welches aufweist:

    ein Auto-Lenk-System zum automatischen Lenken des Fahrzeugs über den Bereich (114); und

    dass der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um Lenkkommandos an das Auto-Lenk-System auszugeben, um das Fahrzeug automatisch über den Bereich (114) zu lenken.


     
    13. System nach Anspruch 10, welches aufweist:
    Testen einer Vielzahl von Abtastungen an der Seite des Fahrzeugwegs auf bearbeitete Pixel, Testen einer Vielzahl von vorausliegenden Entfernungen auf bearbeitete Pixel, Erfassen einer durch die bearbeiteten Pixel definierten Kurvenbedingung und Führen des Fahrzeugs entlang der Kurve unter Verwendung der bearbeiteten-Pixel-Information (110).
     
    14. System nach Anspruch 10, welches aufweist:

    dass das GNSS-System ausgebildet ist, um Höhen der Pixel zu bestimmen; und

    dass der Prozessor ausgebildet ist, um die Führung und Lenkung für Fahrzeugschlupf, chemische Sprühmuster und Erntehöhen der geneigten Oberfläche unter Verwendung der Fahrzeug-Leistungs-Dynamik und der Pixelhöhen (130) einzustellen.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'utilisation d'un processeur (26) pour guider un véhicule (6) comprenant des composants moteurs et de travail, sur une zone qui est traitée par le composant de travail (7), le procédé comprenant les étapes :

    recevoir des signaux de positionnement GNSS avec un système de guidage (12) ;

    fournir lesdits signaux de positionnement GNSS en tant qu'entrée audit processeur (23) ;

    calculer un positionnement basé sur GNSS pour ledit véhicule (6) avec ledit processeur ;

    définir un point de référence défini par GNSS sur ladite zone (10) et stocker les coordonnées de point de référence avec ledit processeur ;

    pendant un passage initial sur ladite zone avec ledit véhicule, traiter des parties de ladite zone (66) avec ledit composant de travail ;

    le procédé étant caractérisé par les étapes :

    fournir une grille de pixels XY (50) correspondant à la zone (10) ;

    fournir une page de base de données basée sur matrice (48) comprenant ladite grille de pixels XY pour ladite zone ;

    calculer des indices de pixel X et Y (62) sur la base de ladite position de véhicule basée sur GNSS par rapport audit point de référence avec ledit processeur ;

    avec ledit processeur, marquer des pixels (50d) dans la grille de pixels XY correspondant auxdites parties de zone traitées, comme pixels traités ;

    détecter une direction de déplacement de véhicule (90) le long d'un trajet de véhicule (50b) avec ledit système de guidage ;

    monter les pixels (91) de la grille de pixels XY le long du trajet de véhicule jusqu'à un pixel cible (50b) ;

    tester des pixels dans la grille de pixels XY qui sont à côté dudit trajet de véhicule (93) pour les états traités sur la base d'une largeur de bande traitée (96) dudit composant de travail (7) ; et

    guider ledit véhicule (97) vers ledit pixel cible (50b) sur la base de ladite information de pixels d'état traité, des pixels à côté dudit trajet de véhicule.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    commander ledit composant de travail de véhicule à l'aide de ladite information de pixels traités (72) ; et

    prédéfinir ladite page de grille de pixels (48) pour couvrir ladite zone ou un trajet de véhicule à travers ladite zone.


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    définir des pages supplémentaires de grille de pixels XY basée sur matrice dans ladite zone (51) ;

    étendre ladite base de données par juxtaposition desdites pages de grille de pixels sur ladite zone (52) ;

    générer des facteurs d'échelle X et Y pour ladite base de données (56) ; et

    associer lesdits facteurs d'échelle X et Y à, respectivement, une latitude et une longitude (56).


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :
    calculer des indices de pixel X et Y sur la base de la différence entre des coordonnées de position définies par GNSS actuelles et les coordonnées de position de référence (62).
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    fournir un capteur relié audit composant de travail (7) ;

    fournir une sortie provenant dudit capteur audit processeur (23) correspondant au fonctionnement dudit composant de travail sur ladite zone ; et

    marquer chaque dit pixel (50) traité par ledit composant de travail à l'aide de ladite sortie de capteur (68) .


     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    fournir un dispositif d'affichage (24) sur ledit véhicule ;

    fournir une sortie provenant dudit processeur audit dispositif d'affichage, représentant des états de pixel et la position de véhicule sur ladite page de grille de pixels ;

    fournir un système de pilotage automatique sur ledit véhicule ;

    avec ledit processeur, générer des commandes de direction (72) à l'aide de l'information de pixels marqués et de ladite base de données de page de pixels XY ;

    délivrer lesdites commandes de direction audit système de pilotage automatique (76) pour diriger automatiquement ledit véhicule sur ladite zone ;

    calculer une carte d'application (80) pour ladite zone correspondant à des traitements de pixels à l'intérieur de celle-ci avec ledit composant de travail ; et

    guider ledit véhicule avec ladite carte d'application tout en traitant lesdits pixels ; et

    marquer des pixels traités, comme traités.


     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    tester de multiples balayages sur les côtés dudit trajet de véhicule pour des pixels traités (106) ;

    tester de multiples distances à l'avant pour des pixels traités (108) ;

    détecter un état de courbe défini par des pixels traités (110) ;

    guider ledit véhicule le long de ladite courbe grâce à ladite information de pixels traités (112) ;

    munir ledit véhicule d'une commande de vitesse (116) ;

    programmer ledit processeur pour commander ladite commande de vitesse de véhicule (116) ;

    détecter un état de fin de rangée dans ladite zone (118) ; et

    guider ledit véhicule sur un demi-tour à l'aide de ladite commande de vitesse (120).


     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, qui comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    préprogrammer ledit processeur avec des variables correspondant à une dynamique de performance de véhicule (126) ;

    déterminer des altitudes desdits pixels avec ledit système GNSS (130) ; et

    ajuster le guidage et la direction pour un glissement de véhicule, des motifs de pulvérisation de produit chimique sur surface en pente et des hauteurs de culture, à l'aide de ladite dynamique de performance de véhicule et desdites altitudes de pixel (132).


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit véhicule comprend un pulvérisateur et ledit composant de travail comprend une rampe de pulvérisation avec des extrémités opposées et de multiples buses de pulvérisation positionnées le long de celle-ci, lequel procédé comprend les étapes supplémentaires :

    préprogrammer ledit processeur avec des variables correspondant à des dynamiques de buse et de pulvérisation (142) ;

    entrer une carte de prescription de pixels et de taux d'application de produit chimique souhaités auxdits pixels (144) ;

    calculer un débit d'écoulement sur la base d'une couverture souhaitée et de la vitesse de véhicule (148) ;

    lire ladite base de données de pixels pour des emplacements de buse (150) ;

    contrôler des fonctionnements de buse sur la base desdits emplacements de buse (152) ;

    bloquer un écoulement de produit chimique à partir desdites buses à des emplacements à l'extérieur de zones de couverture souhaitées (154) ;

    comparer une information de produit chimique appliqué à ladite carte de prescription (156) ;

    réappliquer des produits chimiques aux pixels appliqués de manière insuffisante (158) ;

    mesurer des taux de produit chimique appliqué réels (159) ; et

    mettre à jour ladite base de données de prescription pour refléter des applications de produit chimique nécessaires restantes (159).


     
    10. Système pour guider un véhicule comprenant des composants moteurs et de travail, sur une zone qui est traitée par le composant de travail, lequel système comprend :

    un processeur (23) sur le véhicule ;

    un système de guidage GNSS (12) relié au processeur et adapté pour fournir des signaux de positionnement GNSS comme entrée audit processeur ;

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour calculer un positionnement basé sur GNSS pour ledit véhicule ;

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour définir et stocker les coordonnées d'un point de référence défini par GNSS sur ladite zone (11) qui est traitée ;

    le système étant caractérisé par le fait que la zone est représentée par une grille de pixels XY basée sur matrice et caractérisé en outre par le fait que :

    ledit processeur est adapté pour calculer des indices de pixel X et Y (62) sur la base de ladite position de véhicule définie par GNSS par rapport audit point de référence ;

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour marquer des pixels (68) correspondant auxdites parties de zone traitées, comme traités ;

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour guider ledit véhicule sur ladite zone en utilisant ladite information de pixels traités (72) ;

    ledit processeur étant en outre adapté pour :

    détecter une direction de déplacement de véhicule avec ledit système de guidage GNSS (90) ;

    monter les pixels dans la direction de déplacement de véhicule jusqu'à un pixel cible (91) ;

    tester des pixels à côté dudit trajet de véhicule pour des états traités sur la base d'une largeur de bande traitée dudit composant de travail (93) ; et

    guider ledit véhicule vers ledit pixel cible à l'aide de ladite information de pixels d'état traité, de pixels à côté dudit trajet de véhicule (97).


     
    11. Système selon la revendication 10, qui comprend :

    ledit véhicule comprenant un pulvérisateur et ledit composant de travail comprenant une rampe de pulvérisation avec des extrémités opposées et de multiples buses de pulvérisation positionnées le long de ladite rampe de pulvérisation (142) ;

    ledit processeur étant préprogrammé avec des variables correspondant à des dynamiques de buse et de pulvérisation (142) ;

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour recevoir comme entrée une carte de prescription de pixels et de taux d'application de produit chimique souhaités auxdits pixels (144) ;

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour calculer un débit d'écoulement sur la base d'une couverture souhaitée et de la vitesse de véhicule (148) ; et

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour faire correspondre des emplacements de buse à ladite base de données de pixels et commander des fonctionnements de buse sur la base desdits emplacements de buse, y compris bloquer un écoulement de produit chimique à partir desdites buses à des emplacements à l'extérieur de zones de couverture souhaitées (150), comparer une information de produit chimique appliqué à ladite carte de prescription, réappliquer des produits chimiques à des zones appliquées de manière insuffisante (156), mesurer des taux de produit chimique appliqué réels et mettre à jour la base de données de prescription pour refléter des applications de produit chimique nécessaires restantes (159).


     
    12. Système selon la revendication 10, qui comprend :

    un système de pilotage automatique pour diriger automatiquement ledit véhicule sur ladite zone (114) ; et

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour délivrer des commandes de direction audit système de pilotage automatique pour diriger automatiquement ledit véhicule sur ladite zone (114).


     
    13. Système selon la revendication 10, qui comprend :
    tester de multiples balayages sur les côtés dudit trajet de véhicule pour des pixels traités, tester de multiples distances à l'avant pour des pixels traités, détecter un état de courbe défini par des pixels traités et guider ledit véhicule parallèlement à ladite courbe à l'aide de ladite information de pixels traités (110).
     
    14. Système selon la revendication 10, qui comprend :

    ledit système GNSS étant adapté pour déterminer des altitudes desdits pixels ; et

    ledit processeur étant adapté pour ajuster le guidage et la direction pour un glissement de véhicule, des motifs de pulvérisation de produit chimique sur surface en pente et des hauteurs de culture, à l'aide de ladite dynamique de performance de véhicule et desdites altitudes de pixel (130).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description