(19)
(11)EP 2 396 924 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
16.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/20

(21)Application number: 10741410.4

(22)Date of filing:  12.02.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 12/12  (2006.01)
G06F 9/44  (2018.01)
H04L 12/28  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2010/000898
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/093193 (19.08.2010 Gazette  2010/33)

(54)

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING REMOTE USER INTERFACE SERVICE

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR BEREITSTELLUNG EINES FERNBENUTZEROBERFLÄCHENDIENSTES

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL SERVANT À FOURNIR UN SERVICE D'INTERFACE UTILISATEUR DISTANTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.02.2009 US 152321 P
30.12.2009 KR 20090134930

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.12.2011 Bulletin 2011/51

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 443-742 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Kwang-Kee
    Seoul 138-240 (KR)
  • ADAMS, Glenn A.
    Cambridge, MA 02138 (US)
  • BYUN, Sung-Wook
    Suwon-si Gyeonggi-do 443-773 (KR)

(74)Representative: HGF Limited 
Saviour House 9 St. Saviourgate
York YO1 8NQ
York YO1 8NQ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 484 259
KR-A- 20050 104 397
KR-B1- 100 801 004
US-A1- 2008 201 695
WO-A1-03/058575
KR-B1- 100 739 795
US-A1- 2008 034 029
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for providing a remote user interface (UI) service, and more particularly, to a method and apparatus for providing a remote UI service in which a remote UI client device that received encoded optimized scalable vector graphics (OSVG) information from a remote UI server device renders graphics represented by the OSVG information by using OSVG primitive application programming interfaces (API).

    Background Art



    [0002] A server executes various applications providing contents and requiring a user interface (UI) to a client device. The server represents graphics including contents and a UI as bitmap graphics or vector graphics.

    [0003] As networks have recently advanced, there are demands for various client devices such as a television (TV), a mobile device, etc., connected to a server through a network to receive graphics including contents and a UI from the server and to control applications executed in the server through various input/output interfaces of the client devices.

    [0004] In this instance, a client device has various specifications in terms of resolution, memory capacity, and network bandwidth, etc., and thus it is necessary to consider the environments of the client device.

    [0005] US-2008/201695-A1 discloses techniques for rendering computer graphics are described. The techniques include binarization of graphics files generated using a vector graphics language (e.g., Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)). In exemplary applications, the method is used for rendering video information in cellular phones, video game consoles, personal digital assistants (PDA), or laptop computers, among other video-enabled or audio/video-enabled wireless or wired devices.

    Disclosure of Invention


    Solution to Problem



    [0006] Certain embodiments of the present invention provide a method and apparatus for providing a remote UI service in which a remote UI client device that received encoded optimized scalable vector graphics (OSVG) information from a remote UI server device renders graphics represented by the OSVG information by using OSVG primitive application programming interfaces (API).

    [0007] Certain embodiments of the present invention also provide a computer readable recording medium having embodied thereon a computer program for executing the method.

    [0008] According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of providing a remote user interface, UI, service of a remote UI client device, the method comprising: receiving optimized scalable vector graphics, OSVG, information encoded so as to represent graphics comprising contents and a UI from a remote UI server device; decoding the encoded OSVG information; and rendering the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive application programming interface, API; wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device.

    [0009] According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of providing a remote UI service of a remote UI server device, the method comprising: executing an application providing contents and requiring a UI; encoding graphics comprising the contents and the UI to OSVG information; and transmitting the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device; wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device.

    [0010] According to a third aspect of the present invention there is provided a remote UI client device comprising: an OSVG information receiving unit arranged to receive OSVG information encoded so as to represent graphics comprising contents and a UI from a remote UI server device; an OSVG information decoding unit arranged to decode the encoded OSVG information; and a rendering unit arranged to render the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive API; wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device.

    [0011] According to a fourth aspect of the present invention there is provided a remote UI server device comprising: an application executing unit arranged to execute an application providing contents and requiring a UI; an OSVG information encoding unit arranged to encode graphics comprising the contents and the UI to OSVG information; and an OSVG information transmitting unit arranged to transmit the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device; wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0012] According to the current embodiment, the remote UI server device 120 represents graphics as OSVG information, not as a bitmap graphic, and provides the graphics to the remote UI client device 110, so that a remote UI service, which is extensible and may maintain the quality of the graphics, may be provided to the remote UI device 110 having various specifications in terms of resolution, memory capacity, network bandwidth, and the like.

    [0013] Furthermore, according to the current embodiment, the remote UI server device 120 binary-encodes text-based SVG information, and transmits OSVG information that only semantic information representing a changed state to represent the renewed graphics is encoded to the remote UI client device 110, so that the amount of the transmitted graphic information and a transmission time may be minimized, and consequently, a UI performance may be increased.

    [0014] Furthermore, according to the current embodiment, even when the kinds of input/ output interfaces of the remote UI server device 120 are limited, user-friendliness in that applications executed in the remote UI server device 120 may be controlled through various input/output interfaces of the remote UI client device 110 is provided.

    [0015] Furthermore, according to the current embodiment, the remote UI server device 120 implements various applications providing contents and requiring a UI independently with standardized or non-standardized remote UI service platform in a method of providing a subordinate remote UI service, so that requirements of a standardized application implementation environment (for example, OpenCable Application Platform: OCAP) may be satisfied, and a remote UI service may be provided to the remote UI client device 110, as well.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0016] The above and other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in detail exemplary embodiments thereof with reference to the attached drawings in which:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a method of providing a remote UI service according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a process for providing an OSVG-based remote UI service, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating a process for processing an input event, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating a structure of a remote UI server device according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 5 is a block diagram illustrating a structure of a remote UI client device according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention



    [0017] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of providing a remote UI service of a remote user interface (UI) client device, the method including: receiving optimized scalable vector graphics (OSVG) information encoded so as to represent graphics including contents and a UI from a remote UI server device; decoding the encoded OSVG information; and rendering the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive application programming interface (API).

    [0018] The encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded, and also is information that only semantic information representing a changed state is encoded when the remote UI server device renews graphics.

    [0019] The decoding of the encoded OSVG information includes decoding the encoded OSVG information to the text-based OSVG information, and parsing each OSVG primitive API.

    [0020] The OSVG primitive API includes at least one from among the group consisting of Define Viewport, Define Transform, Define Color, Define Gradient, Define Path, Define Image, Define Font, Define Group, Define Animation, Push Transform, Pop Transform, Stroke Path, Fill Path, Draw Image, Draw Glyphs, Draw Text, Draw Group, and Animate.

    [0021] The OSVG primitive API includes at least one from among from among the group consisting of Query Screen, Query Viewport, Query Font Metrics, Query Glyph Metrics, Query Memory, Query Instrumentation, Define Event, Reserve Event, Release Event, Remove Definition, and Capture Raster.

    [0022] The method further includes generating an input event for controlling an application executed in the remote UI server device on the basis of an external input; encoding the input event using a value defined in a predetermined protocol; and transmitting the encoded input event to the remote UI server device.

    [0023] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of providing a remote UI service of a remote UI server device, the method including: executing an application providing contents and requiring a UI; encoding graphics including the contents and the UI to OSVG information; and transmitting the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device.

    [0024] The application is implemented using local APIs including JAVA abstract window toolkit (AWT) APIs and home audio/video interoperability (HAVI) APIs, and the encoding of the graphics is executed using APIs encoding to OSVG information.

    [0025] The method further includes mapping the local APIs to the OSVG encoding APIs.

    [0026] The encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded, and also is information that only semantic information representing a changed state is encoded when the remote UI server device renews graphics.

    [0027] The method further includes: receiving from the remote UI client device an encoded input event for controlling the application; decoding the input event to a value defined in the application; and executing the application so as to control the application using the decoded input event.

    [0028] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a computer readable recording medium having embodied thereon a computer program for executing the method.

    [0029] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a remote UI client device including: an OSVG information receiving unit for receiving OSVG information encoded so as to represent graphics including contents and a UI from a remote UI server device; an OSVG information decoding unit for decoding the encoded OSVG information; and a rendering unit for rendering the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive API.

    [0030] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a remote UI server device including: an application executing unit executing an application for providing contents and requiring a UI; an OSVG information encoding unit encoding graphics including the contents and the UI to OSVG information; and an OSVG information transmitting unit transmitting the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device.

    Mode for the Invention



    [0031] The present general inventive concept will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which exemplary embodiments of the present general inventive concept are shown. In the drawings, like reference numerals denote like elements, and the sizes and thicknesses of elements may be exaggerated for clarity.

    [0032] FIG. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a method of providing a remote user interface (UI) service, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    [0033] A remote UI server device 120 is a network-based device executing various applications providing contents and requiring a UI. The remote UI server device 120 includes various consumer electronics (CE) devices such as a set-top box, or the like. The applications executed in the remote UI server device 120 may be implemented using local application programming interfaces (APIs) including JAVA abstract window toolkit (AWT) APIs and home audio/video interoperability (HAVI) APIs. However, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that various other implementations are possible.

    [0034] A remote UI client device 110 is a network-based device including various input/ output interfaces and includes a TV and mobile devices.

    [0035] The remote UI server device 120 encodes graphics including contents and a UI to optimized scalable vector graphics (OSVG) information and provides the encoded OSVG information to the remote UI client device 110 remotely through a network.

    [0036] The remote UI server device 120 maps application local APIs to OSVG-based graphic encoding APIs, executes an OSVG encoding independently on the application local APIs, and then transmits the encoded OSVG information to the remote UI client device 110.

    [0037] A scalable vector graphics (SVG), which is a language based on extensible markup language (XML) to represent two-dimensional graphics, is an XML graphics standard proposed by the world wide web consortium (W3C). The SVG allows three types of graphic objects including images, text, and vector graphic shapes.

    [0038] The OSVG information is information represented by optimizing SVG information. The OSVG information optimizes the SVG information by binary-encoding the SVG information and encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in order to represent renewed graphics.

    [0039] The remote UI client device 110 decodes the encoded OSVG information received from the remote UI server device 120, and then renders the graphics represented by the OSVG information by using an OSVG primitive API.

    [0040] The remote UI client device 110 receives various control commands, text, etc., from a user, encodes them, and then transmits the encoded input event to the remote UI server device 120. The remote UI server device 120 decodes the input event, provides the input event to an application requiring the input event, and then executes the application.

    [0041] According to the current embodiment, the remote UI server device 120 represents graphics as OSVG information, not as a bitmap graphic, and provides the graphics to the remote UI client device 110, so that a remote UI service, which is extensible and may maintain the quality of the graphics, may be provided to the remote UI client device 110 having various specifications in terms of resolution, memory capacity, network bandwidth, and the like.

    [0042] Furthermore, according to the current embodiment, the remote UI server device 120 binary-encodes text-based SVG information, and transmits OSVG information that only semantic information representing a changed state to represent the renewed graphics is encoded to the remote UI client device 110, so that the amount of the transmitted graphic information and a transmission time may be minimized, and consequently, a UI performance may be increased.

    [0043] Furthermore, according to the current embodiment, even when the kinds of input/ output interfaces of the remote UI server device 120 are limited, user-friendliness in that applications executed in the remote UI server device 120 may be controlled through various input/output interfaces of the remote UI client device 110 is provided.

    [0044] Furthermore, according to the current embodiment, the remote UI server device 120 implements various applications providing contents and requiring a UI independently with standardized or non-standardized remote UI service platform in a method of providing a subordinate remote UI service, so that requirements of a standardized application implementation environment (for example, OpenCable Application Platform: OCAP) may be satisfied, and a remote UI service may be provided to the remote UI client device 110, as well.

    [0045] FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a process for providing an OSVG-based remote UI service, according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0046] In operation 230, a remote UI server device 220 executes an application providing contents and requiring a UI. The application may be implemented using local APIs including JAVA AWT APIs and HAVI APIs. However, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that other implementations are possible.

    [0047] In operation 240, the remote UI server device 220 encodes graphics including contents and a UI to OSVG information. The remote UI server device 220 encodes the graphics to the OSVG information using APIs encoding to OSVG information. The remote UI server device 220 maps application local APIs to OSVG encoding APIs, and then executes an OSVG encoding independently on the application local APIs.

    [0048] The encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded. The encoded OSVG information is also information that only semantic information representing a changed state is encoded, when the remote UI server device 220 renews graphics.

    [0049] In operation 250, the remote UI server device 220 transmits the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device 210.

    [0050] In operation 260, the remote UI client device 210 decodes the received encoded OSVG information. The remote UI client device 210 decodes the encoded OSVG information to text-based OSVG information and parses each OSVG primitive API.

    [0051] In operation 270, the remote UI client device 210 renders the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive API.

    [0052] The OSVG primitive API includes at least one from among the group consisting of "Define Viewport", "Define Transform", "Define Color", "Define Gradient", "Define Path", "Define Image", "Define Font", "Define Group", "Define Animation", "Push Transform", "Pop Transform", "Stroke Path", "Fill Path", "Draw Image", "Draw Glyphs", "Draw Text", "Draw Group", and "Animate".

    [0053] The "Define Viewport" defines an area where graphics are to be rendered in a coordinate space. The "Define Transform" defines an affine transformation that converts a coordinate in a two-dimensional coordinate space. The "Define Color" defines a color. The "Define Gradient" defines a gradient that exhibits a gradual color effect.

    [0054] The "Define Path" defines an arbitrary shape representing an outline in successive dots. The "Define Image" defines a two-dimensional raster image, for example, a joint photographic coding experts group (JPEG) image. The "Define Font" defines a font.

    [0055] The "Define Group" defines a group consisting of a Path, an Image, and a Font. The "Define Animation" defines an animation in which contents of a vector graphic vary according to time.

    [0056] The "Push Transform" executes a conversion requirement. The "Pop Transform" executes a conversion withdrawal. The "Stroke Path" draws an outline. The "Fill Path" fills an arbitrary shape represented in an outline. The "Draw Image" renders a two-dimensional raster image. The "Draw Glyphs" renders a font of an outline. The "Draw Text" renders a series of glyphs consisting of at least one font. The "Draw Group" renders a group consisting of a Path, an Image, and a Font. The "Animate" renders contents of a vector graphic that varies according to time.

    [0057] The OSVG primitive API further includes at least one from among the group consisting of "Query Screen", "Query Viewport", "Query Font Metrics", "Query Glyph Metrics", "Query Memory", "Query Instrumentation", "Define Event", "Reserve Event", "Release Event", "Remove Definition", and "Capture Raster".

    [0058] The "Query Screen" inquires about a screen that is a basic coordinate space where graphics are to be rendered. The "Query Viewport" inquires about an area where graphics are to be rendered in a coordinate space.

    [0059] The "Query Font Metrics" inquires about properties of a font. The "Query Glyph Metrics" inquires about properties of an outline font. The "Query Memory" inquires about properties of a memory. The "Query Instrumentation" inquires about a graphic tool. The "Define Event" defines an event. The "Reserve Event" registers an event. The "Release Event" cancels the registration of the event. The "Remove Definition" cancels definitions about various graphic objects and graphic formats. The "Capture Raster" captures a two-dimensional raster image.

    [0060] FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating a process for processing an input event, according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0061] In operation 330, a remote UI client device 310 generates an input event for controlling an application executed in a remote UI server device 320 on the basis of an external input.

    [0062] In operation 340, the remote UI client device 310 encodes the input event using a value defined in a predetermined protocol. The predetermined protocol includes a universal plug and play (UPnP) RemoteUI standard and a consumer electronics association (CEA) 2014 standard. However, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that other protocols for encoding the input event may be applied.

    [0063] In operation 350, the remote UI client device 310 transmits the encoded input event to the remote UI server device 320.

    [0064] In operation 360, the remote UI server device 320 decodes the received encoded input event to a value defined in the application.

    [0065] In operation 370, the remote UI server device 320 executes the application to control the application using the decoded input event.

    [0066] FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating a structure of a remote UI server device 400 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0067] The remote UI server device 400 includes an application executing unit 410, an OSVG information encoding unit 420, and an OSVG information transmitting unit 430.

    [0068] The application executing unit 410 executes an application providing contents and requiring a UI. The application is implemented using local APIs including JAVA AWT APIs and HAVI APIs.

    [0069] The remote UI server device 400 may further include an API mapping unit (not shown) that maps application local APIs to OSVG encoding APIs.

    [0070] The OSVG information encoding unit 420 encodes graphics including contents and a UI to OSVG information using APIs encoding to the OSVG information mapped by the API mapping unit.

    [0071] The encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded. The encoded OSVG information is also information that only semantic information representing a changed state is encoded, when the remote UI server device 400 renews graphics

    [0072] The OSVG information transmitting unit 430 transmits the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device 500.

    [0073] The remote UI server device 400 further includes an input event receiving unit (not shown) and an input event decoding unit (not shown).

    [0074] The input event receiving unit receives from the remote UI client device 500 an encoded input event for controlling an application.

    [0075] The input event decoding unit decodes the input event to a value defined in the application.

    [0076] The application executing unit 410 executes the application to control the application using the decoded input event.

    [0077] FIG. 5 is a block diagram illustrating a structure of the remote UI client device 500 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0078] The remote UI client device 500 includes an OSVG information receiving unit 510, an OSVG information decoding unit 520, and a rendering unit 530.

    [0079] The OSVG information receiving unit 510 receives OSVG information encoded so as to represent graphics including contents and a UI from the remote UI server device 400.

    [0080] The OSVG information decoding unit 520 decodes the encoded OSVG information. The OSVG information decoding unit 520 decodes the encoded OSVG information to text-based OSVG information and parses each OSVG primitive API.

    [0081] The rendering unit 530 renders the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive API.

    [0082] The OSVG primitive API includes at least one from among the group consisting of "Define Viewport", "Define Transform", "Define Color", "Define Gradient", "Define Path", "Define Image", "Define Font", "Define Group", "Define Animation", "Push Transform", "Pop Transform", "Stroke Path", "Fill Path", "Draw Image", "Draw Glyphs", "Draw Text", "Draw Group", and "Animate".

    [0083] The OSVG primitive API further includes at least one from among the group consisting of "Query Screen", "Query Viewport", "Query Font Metrics", "Query Glyph Metrics", "Query Memory", "Query Instrumentation", "Define Event", "Reserve Event", "Release Event", "Remove Definition", and "Capture Raster".

    [0084] The remote UI client device 500 further includes an input event generating unit (not shown), an input event encoding unit (not shown), and an input event transmitting unit (not shown).

    [0085] The input event generating unit generates an input event for controlling the application executed in the remote UI server device 400 on the basis of an external input.

    [0086] The input event encoding unit encodes the input event using a value defined in a predetermined protocol. The predetermined protocol includes a UPnP Remote UI standard and a CEA 2014 standard. However, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that other protocols for encoding an input event may be applied.

    [0087] The input event transmitting unit transmits the encoded input event to the remote UI server device 400.

    [0088] While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it will be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined by the following claims.

    [0089] For example, the remote UI server device 400 and the remote UI client device 500 according to exemplary embodiments of the present invention may include a bus coupled to units of each device illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, at least one processor coupled to the bus, and a memory that is coupled to the bus to store a command, a received message, or a generated message and is coupled to the at least one processor for executing the commands.

    [0090] The invention can be also embodied as computer readable codes on a computer readable recording medium. The computer readable recording medium is any data storage device that can store data which can be thereafter read by a computer system. Examples of the computer readable recording medium include read-only memory (ROM), random-access memory (RAM), CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, floppy disks, optical data storage devices, etc. The computer readable recording medium can also be distributed over network coupled computer systems so that the computer readable code is stored and executed in a distributed fashion.


    Claims

    1. A method of providing a remote user interface, UI, service of a remote UI client device (210), the method comprising:

    receiving (250) optimized scalable vector graphics, OSVG, information encoded so as to represent graphics comprising contents and a UI from a remote UI server device (220);

    decoding (260) the encoded OSVG information; and

    rendering (270) the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive application programming interface, API;

    wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device, wherein the encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the decoding (260) of the encoded OSVG information comprises decoding the encoded OSVG information to text-based OSVG information, and parsing each OSVG primitive API.
     
    3. The method of claim 1, wherein the OSVG primitive API comprises at least one from among the group consisting of Define Viewport, Define Transform, Define Color, Define Gradient, Define Path, Define Image, Define Font, Define Group, Define Animation, Push Transform, Pop Transform, Stroke Path, Fill Path, Draw Image, Draw Glyphs, Draw Text, Draw Group, and Animate.
     
    4. The method of claim 1, wherein the OSVG primitive API comprises at least one from among the group consisting of Query Screen, Query Viewport, Query Font Metrics, Query Glyph Metrics, Query Memory, Query Instrumentation, Define Event, Reserve Event, Release Event, Remove Definition, and Capture Raster.
     
    5. The method of claim 1, further comprising:

    generating an input event for controlling an application executed in the remote UI server device on the basis of an external input;

    encoding the input event using a value defined in a predetermined protocol; and

    transmitting the encoded input event to the remote UI server device.


     
    6. A method of providing a remote UI service of a remote UI server device (220), the method comprising:

    executing (230) an application providing contents and requiring a UI;

    encoding (240) graphics comprising the contents and the UI to OSVG information; and

    transmitting (250) the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device (210);

    wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device and wherein the encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded.


     
    7. The method of claim 6, wherein the application is implemented using local APIs comprising JAVA abstract window toolkit, AWT, APIs and home audio/video interoperability, HAVI, APIs, and the encoding of the graphics is executed using APIs encoding to OSVG information.
     
    8. The method of claim 7, further comprising mapping the local APIs to the OSVG encoding APIs.
     
    9. The method of claim 6, further comprising:

    receiving (350) from the remote UI client device (210) an encoded input event for controlling the application;

    decoding (360) the input event to a value defined in the application; and

    executing (370) the application so as to control the application using the decoded input event.


     
    10. A remote UI client device (210) comprising:

    an OSVG information receiving unit (510) arranged to receive (250) OSVG information encoded so as to represent graphics comprising contents and a UI from a remote UI server device (220);

    an OSVG information decoding unit (520) arranged to decode (260) the encoded OSVG information; and

    a rendering unit (530) arranged to render (270) the decoded OSVG information using an OSVG primitive API;

    wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device, wherein the encoded OSVG information is information that text-based OSVG information is binary-encoded.


     
    11. A remote UI server device (220) comprising:

    an application executing unit (410) arranged to execute (230) an application providing contents and requiring a UI;

    an OSVG information encoding unit (420) arranged to encode (240) graphics comprising the contents and the UI to OSVG information; and

    an OSVG information transmitting unit (430) arranged to transmit (250) the encoded OSVG information to a remote UI client device (210);

    wherein the encoded OSVG information is information obtained by encoding only semantic information representing a changed state in response to renewal of graphics by the remote UI server device.


     
    12. The remote UI server device (220) of claim 11, further comprising:

    an input event receiving unit arranged to receive (350) from the remote UI client device an encoded input event for controlling the application; and

    an input event decoding unit arranged to decode (360) the input event to a value defined in the application;

    wherein the application executing unit is arranged to control (370) the application using the decoded input event.


     
    13. A computer readable recording medium having embodied thereon a computer program for executing the method of claim 1 or claim 6.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Verfahren zur Bereitstellung eines Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Dienstes einer Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Clientvorrichtung (210), wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen (250) einer Information optimierter skalierbarer Vektorgrafiken (Optimized Scalable Vector Graphics, OSVG) von einer Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung (220), wobei die Information derart kodiert ist, dass sie Grafiken darstellt, die Inhalte und eine Benutzeroberfläche umfassen;

    Dekodieren (260) der kodierten OSVG-Information; und

    Darstellen (270) der dekodierten OSVG-Information anhand einer Anwendungsschnittstelle (Application Programming Interface, API) mit OSVG-Grundelementen,

    wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um eine Information handelt, die erfasst wird, indem lediglich semantische Informationen kodiert werden, die einen geänderten Status darstellen, wenn Grafiken durch die Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung erneuert werden,

    wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um die Information handelt, dass die textbasierte OSVG-Information binärkodiert ist.


     
    2. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Dekodierung (260) der kodierten OSVG-Information umfasst, dass die kodierte OSVG-Information in eine textbasierte OSVG-Information dekodiert wird und jede API mit OSVG-Grundelementen analysiert wird.
     
    3. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die API mit OSVG-Grundelementen zumindest ein Element aus der Gruppe umfasst, die "Darstellungsfenster definieren" (Define Viewport), "Formänderung definieren" (Define Transform), "Farbe definieren" (Define Color), "Gradient definieren" (Define Gradient), "Pfad definieren" (Define Path), "Bild definieren" (Define Image), "Schriftart definieren" (Define Font), "Gruppe definieren" (Define Group), "Animation definieren" (Define Animation), "Formänderung ausführen" (Push Transform), "Formänderung zurücknehmen" (Pop Transform), "Pfad nachziehen" (Stroke Path), "Pfad füllen" (Fill Path), "Bild zeichnen" (Draw Image), "Zeichen zeichnen" (Draw Glyphs), "Text zeichnen" (Draw Text), "Gruppe zeichnen" (Draw Group) und "Animieren" (Animate) umfasst.
     
    4. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die API mit OSVG-Grundelementen zumindest ein Element aus der Gruppe umfasst, die "Bildschirm abfragen" (Query Screen), "Darstellungsfenster abfragen" (Query Viewport), "Schriftarteigenschaften abfragen" (Query Font Metrics), "Zeicheneigenschaften abfragen" (Query Glyph Metrics), "Speicher abfragen" (Query Memory), "Komponenten abfragen" (Query Instrumentation), "Ereignis definieren" (Define Event), "Ereignis reservieren" (Reserve Event), "Ereignis freigeben" (Release Event), "Definition entfernen" (Remove Definition) und "Raster erfassen" (Capture Raster) umfasst.
     
    5. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, das weiter Folgendes umfasst:

    Erzeugen eines Eingabeereignisses zur Steuerung einer Anwendung basierend auf einer externen Eingabe, wobei die Anwendung in der Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung ausgeführt wird;

    Kodieren des Eingabeereignisses anhand eines Wertes, der in einem vorab bestimmten Protokoll definiert ist; und

    Übertragen des kodierten Eingabeereignisses an die Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung.


     
    6. Ein Verfahren zur Bereitstellung eines Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Dienstes einer Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung (220), wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Ausführen (230) einer Anwendung, die Inhalte bereitstellt und für die eine Benutzeroberfläche erforderlich ist;

    Kodieren (240) von Grafiken, die Inhalte und die Benutzeroberfläche umfassen, in OSVG-Informationen; und

    Übertragen (250) der kodierten OSVG-Information an eine Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Clientvorrichtung (210);

    wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um eine Information handelt, die erfasst wird, indem lediglich semantische Informationen kodiert werden, die einen geänderten Status darstellen, wenn Grafiken durch die Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung erneuert werden, und wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um die Information handelt, dass die textbasierte OSVG-Information binärkodiert ist.


     
    7. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Anwendung anhand lokaler APIs implementiert wird, die APIs mit einem abstrakten Fensterwerkzeugkasten (Abstract Window Toolkit, AWT) von JAVA und APIs mit Heim-Audio/Video-Interoperabilität (Home Audio/Video Interoperability, HAVI) umfassen, und wobei die Kodierung von Grafiken ausgeführt wird, indem APIs in OSVG-Informationen kodiert werden.
     
    8. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, das weiter die Zuordnung der lokalen APIs zu den in OSVG kodierten APIs umfasst.
     
    9. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei dieses weiter Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen (350) eines kodierten Eingabeereignisses zur Steuerung der Anwendung von der Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Clientvorrichtung (210);

    Dekodieren (360) des Eingabeereignisses in einen Wert, der in der Anwendung definiert ist; und

    Ausführen (370) der Anwendung, um die Anwendung anhand des dekodierten Eingabeereignisses zu steuern.


     
    10. Eine Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Clientvorrichtung (210), die Folgendes umfasst:

    eine OSVG-Informationsempfangseinheit (510), die eingerichtet ist, um eine OSVG-Information von einer Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung (220) zu empfangen (250), wobei die Information derart kodiert ist, dass sie Grafiken darstellt, die Inhalte und eine Benutzeroberfläche umfassen;

    eine OSVG-Informationsdekodierungseinheit (520), die eingerichtet ist, um die kodierte OSVG-Information zu dekodieren (260); und

    eine Darstellungseinheit (530), die eingerichtet ist, um die dekodierte OSVG-Information anhand einer API mit OSVG-Grundelementen darzustellen (270);

    wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um eine Information handelt, die erfasst wird, indem lediglich semantische Informationen kodiert werden, die einen geänderten Status darstellen, wenn Grafiken durch die Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung erneuert werden, und wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um die Information handelt, dass die textbasierte OSVG-Information binärkodiert ist.


     
    11. Eine Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung (220), die Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Anwendungsausführungseinheit (410), die eingerichtet ist, um eine Anwendung auszuführen (230), die Inhalte bereitstellt und für die eine Benutzeroberfläche erforderlich ist;

    eine OSVG-Informationskodierungseinheit (420), die eingerichtet ist, um Grafiken, die Inhalte und die Benutzeroberfläche umfassen, in OSVG-Informationen zu kodieren (240); und

    eine OSVG-Informationsübertragungseinheit (430), die eingerichtet ist, um die kodierten OSVG-Informationen an eine Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Clientvorrichtung (210) zu übertragen (250);

    wobei es sich bei der kodierten OSVG-Information um eine Information handelt, die erfasst wird, indem lediglich semantische Informationen kodiert werden, die einen geänderten Status darstellen, wenn Grafiken durch die Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung erneuert werden.


     
    12. Die Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Servervorrichtung (220) nach Anspruch 11, wobei diese weiter Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Eingabeereignis-Empfangseinheit, die eingerichtet ist, um ein kodiertes Eingabeereignis zur Steuerung der Anwendung von der Fernbenutzeroberflächen-Clientvorrichtung zu empfangen (350); und

    eine Eingabeereignis-Dekodierungseinheit, die eingerichtet ist, um das Eingabeereignis in einen Wert zu dekodieren (360), der in der Anwendung definiert ist;

    wobei die Anwendungsausführungseinheit eingerichtet ist, um die Anwendung anhand des dekodierten Eingabeereignisses zu steuern (370).


     
    13. Ein computerlesbares Aufzeichnungsmedium mit einem darauf gespeicherten Computerprogramm zur Ausführung des Verfahrens nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 6.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un procédé de fourniture d'un service d'interface utilisateur, UI, distant d'un dispositif client UI distant (210), le procédé comprenant :

    la réception (250) d'informations de graphiques vectoriels adaptables optimisés, OSVG, codées de façon à représenter des graphiques comprenant des contenus et d'une UI à partir d'un dispositif serveur d'UI distant (220),

    le décodage (260) des informations OSVG codées, et

    le rendu (270) des informations OSVG décodées au moyen d'une interface de programmation d'application, API, primitive OSVG,

    où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations obtenues par le codage d'informations sémantiques uniquement représentant un état modifié en réponse à un renouvellement de graphiques par le dispositif serveur d'UI distant

    où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations selon lesquelles des informations OSVG textuelles sont codées en binaire.


     
    2. Le procédé selon la Revendication 1, où le décodage (260) des informations OSVG codées comprend le décodage des informations OSVG codées en des informations OSVG textuelles, et l'analyse de chaque API primitive OSVG.
     
    3. Le procédé selon la Revendication 1, où l'API primitive OSVG comprend au moins un élément du groupe se composant de Define Viewport, Define Transform, Define Color, Define Gradient, Define Path, Define Image, Define Font, Define Group, Define Animation, Push Transform, Pop Transform, Stroke Path, Fill Path, Draw Image, Draw Glyphs, Draw Text, Draw Group et Animate.
     
    4. Le procédé selon la Revendication 1, où l'API primitive OSVG comprend au moins un élément du groupe se composant de Query Screen, Query Viewport, Query Font Metrics, Query Glyph Metrics, Query Memory, Query Instrumentation, Define Event, Reserve Event, Release Event, Remove Definition et Capture Raster.
     
    5. Le procédé selon la Revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    la génération d'un événement d'entrée destiné à la commande d'une application exécutée dans le dispositif serveur d'UI distant en fonction d'une entrée externe,

    le codage de l'événement d'entrée au moyen d'une valeur définie dans un protocole prédéterminé, et

    la transmission de l'événement d'entrée codé au dispositif serveur d'UI distant.


     
    6. Un procédé de fourniture d'un service d'UI distant d'un dispositif serveur d'UI distant (220), le procédé comprenant :

    l'exécution (230) d'une application fournissant des contenus et exigeant une UI,

    le codage (240) de graphiques comprenant les contenus et l'UI en des informations OSVG, et

    la transmission (250) des informations OSVG codées à un dispositif client UI distant (210),

    où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations obtenues par le codage d'informations sémantiques uniquement représentant un état modifié en réponse à un renouvellement de graphiques par le dispositif serveur d'UI distant et où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations selon lesquelles des informations OSVG textuelles sont codées en binaire.


     
    7. Le procédé selon la Revendication 6, où l'application est mise en oeuvre au moyen d'API locales comprenant des API de boîte à outils de fenêtre abstraite, AWT, JAVA et des API d'interopérabilité audio/vidéo domestique, HAVI, et le codage des graphiques est exécuté au moyen d'API codant en informations OSVG.
     
    8. Le procédé selon la Revendication 7, comprenant en outre la mise en correspondance des API locales avec les API codant des OSVG.
     
    9. Le procédé selon la Revendication 6, comprenant en outre :

    la réception (350) à partir du dispositif client UI distant (210) d'un événement d'entrée codé destiné à la commande de l'application,

    le décodage (360) de l'événement d'entrée vers une valeur définie dans l'application, et

    l'exécution (370) de l'application de façon à commander l'application au moyen de l'événement d'entrée décodé.


     
    10. Un dispositif client UI distant (210) comprenant :

    une unité de réception d'informations OSVG (510) agencée de façon à recevoir (250) des informations OSVG codées de façon à représenter des graphiques comprenant des contenus et une UI à partir d'un dispositif serveur d'UI distant (220),

    une unité de décodage d'informations OSVG (520) agencée de façon à décoder (260) les informations OSVG codées, et

    une unité de rendu (530) agencée de façon à rendre (270) les informations OSVG décodées au moyen d'une API primitive OSVG,

    où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations obtenues par le codage d'informations sémantiques uniquement représentant un état modifié en réponse à un renouvellement de graphiques par le dispositif serveur d'UI distant, où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations selon lesquelles des informations OSVG textuelles sont codées en binaire.


     
    11. Un dispositif serveur d'UI distant (220) comprenant :

    une unité d'exécution d'application (410) agencée de façon à exécuter (230) une application fournissant des contenus et exigeant une UI,

    une unité de codage d'informations OSVG (420) agencée de façon à coder (240) des graphiques comprenant les contenus et l'UI en des informations OSVG, et

    une unité de transmission d'informations OSVG (430) agencée de façon à transmettre (250) les informations OSVG codées à un dispositif client UI distant (210),

    où les informations OSVG codées sont des informations obtenues par le codage d'informations sémantiques uniquement représentant un état modifié en réponse à un renouvellement de graphiques par le dispositif serveur d'UI distant.


     
    12. Le dispositif serveur d'UI distant (220) selon la Revendication 11, comprenant en outre :

    une unité de réception d'événement d'entrée agencée de façon à recevoir (350) à partir du dispositif client UI distant un événement d'entrée codé destiné à la commande de l'application, et

    une unité de décodage d'événement d'entrée agencée de façon à décoder (360) l'événement d'entrée vers une valeur définie dans l'application,

    où l'unité d'exécution d'application est agencée de façon à commander (370) l'application au moyen de l'événement d'entrée décodé.


     
    13. Un support d'enregistrement lisible par ordinateur possédant incorporé sur celui-ci un programme informatique destiné à l'exécution du procédé selon la Revendication 1 ou 6.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description