(19)
(11)EP 2 405 976 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/17

(21)Application number: 10751096.8

(22)Date of filing:  09.03.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A63B 21/062(2006.01)
A63B 71/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2010/050268
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/104463 (16.09.2010 Gazette  2010/37)

(54)

EXERCISE APPARATUS AND A WEIGHT SELECTION SYSTEM

ÜBUNGSGERÄT UND GEWICHTSAUSWAHLSYSTEM

APPAREIL D'ENTRAÎNEMENT ET SYSTÈME DE SÉLECTION DE POIDS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.03.2009 SE 0900300

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.01.2012 Bulletin 2012/03

(73)Proprietor: Thulin, Mats
182 56 Danderyd (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • KJELLBERG, Otto
    S-531 58 Lidköping (SE)

(74)Representative: Ström & Gulliksson AB 
Box 5275
102 46 Stockholm
102 46 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2006/065954
US-A- 5 306 221
US-A1- 2008 305 936
US-S1- D 519 173
US-A- 5 123 885
US-A1- 2007 004 569
US-B1- 7 608 021
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates generally to an exercise apparatus, and more particularly to a weight selection system, with which a user can select a desired amount of weight from a stack of weights.

    [0002] To be able to select a desirable amount of weight is a common feature in almost all exercise apparatuses. One widely spread method is to use a stem that goes down through central apertures provided in each plate of the weight stack and wherein an insertion pin can be inserted through a hole on the side of each weight plate and a corresponding hole in the stem. When the insertion pin is inserted in the side hole of the weight plate and through the corresponding hole in the stem it will pickup the weight in which it has been inserted and all the weights that are placed above this plate of the weight stack, when a user pulls up the weight stack. Thus, all the plates that are below the insertion pin will not be selected.

    [0003] There are several problems with this popular weight selection system. One problem is that the side hole of the weight plate must be aligned with the corresponding hole in the stem. The extent of this problem will vary depending on the allowed tolerance of the thickness of the weight plates. Due to the accumulated thickness deviation this problem is usually most severe for the top or bottom one or two holes of the central stem. This will cause a problem for a user trying to insert the insertion pin in these holes. The easiest way to solve this problem is to use very tight tolerances during the manufacturing of the weight plates. However, the big disadvantage with this solution is of course that this will increase the overall costs for the exercise apparatus.

    [0004] A second problem is that the insertion pin easily gets lost. One solution to this problem is to use a cable and tie it to the exercise machine. Even if this is done, it sometimes happens that the cable is cut away to make it user-friendlier.

    [0005] A third problem is that a user needs to get close to the weight stack when he changes his training load. If another person for some reason operates the exercise machine during that time, there is a possibility that the user gets hurt or squeezed by falling weights.

    [0006] U.S. patent no. 5,306,221 discloses a weight adjusting device for selecting a number of weight plates in a weight stack. Latch levers are attached to each weight plate for rotation in a horizontal and vertical plane between a release position and a latch position. The latch levers are provided in a space created by support legs that extend downwardly from the side faces of the weight plate.

    [0007] Thus, there is a need for an exercise machine, where the tolerances of the weight plates are not crucial to the function of the weight stack. There is also a need for a solution where the pin or other weight selection mechanism cannot get lost and thus jeopardize the function of the exercise machine. It would also be desirable with an exercise machine which is safe and where the weights can be selected without the danger of getting hurt.

    [0008] Thus, the objective problem to be solved by the present invention is to accomplish an exercise machine with weight selector means that are very reliable and where parts of the weight selection system cannot get lost, even if there are some variations in tolerance for the individual weight plates in the weight stack.

    [0009] The present invention solves this problem by providing an exercise apparatus having a weight stack comprising a set of weights vertically stacked on each other, which weights have a central aperture formed therein through which a lifting stem is downwardly insertable and wherein each weight is provided with weight selector means, which are pivotally engagable with said lifting stem for connecting and locking a selectable number of weights to the central lifting stem as defined by claim 1.

    [0010] According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided an exercise apparatus, wherein the weight stack is protected with a cover for preventing a user to come close to the weight stack and wherein the weight selector means are actuatable from the outside of the cover by means of an actuating rod.

    [0011] Further objects, features, and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description of several embodiments of the invention, wherein various aspects of the invention will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 shows a perspective view of an exercise apparatus having the weight selector means according to the present invention,

    Figure 2 shows a front view of the weight stack of the exercise apparatus according to the present invention,

    Figure 3 is a bottom view of a single weight plate showing the two different levels of the first recess formed therein,

    Figure 4 is a top view of the single weight plate showing the locking means provided thereon,

    Figure 5 shows a detailed view of the weight selector means,

    Figure 6 shows a detailed view of the lifting stem,

    Figure 7 shows the weight stack and the actuating rod through which the weight selector means are actuatable, and

    Figure 8 is a view from above of the weight stack showing the driver and the claw member for actuating the weight selector.



    [0012] Figure 1 shows a perspective view of an exercise apparatus 2 having weight selector means 4 according to the present invention. The exercise apparatus further comprises a weight stack 6, a cable 8, a pulley system 10 and a handle 12. The weight stack 6 is used to oppose a given exercise motion, exerted by a user pulling the handle 12, through the cable 8 and pulley 10 system. The exercise apparatus 2 may also comprise a seat 13 on which the user may sit when he or she is performing the exercise motion. There is no obligation that the exercise apparatus comprises a seat 13. The use of a seat 13 or other supports, such as breast supports, leg supports etc. is dependent on the type of exercise machine 2 used. It should be understood that the weight selection means according to the present invention is not dependent on the type of exercise apparatus 2 used and may be used with any exercise apparatus as long as it is provided with a weight stack.

    [0013] Figure 2 shows a detailed front view of the weight stack 6 itself. The weight stack 6 comprises a set of individual weight plates 14 vertically stacked on each other. The number of weight plates 14 is dependent on the type of exercise apparatus and the type of load that a user desires. As is clearly evident by figure 2, each individual weight plate 14 is provided with its individual weight selector means 4. Figure 2 also gives an indication of a lifting stem 16 that is inserted through central apertures provided in the individual weight plates 14. The weight selector means 4 are pivotally engagable with the lifting stem 16 for connecting and locking a selectable number of weights to the central lifting stem 16. The design of the lifting stem 16 will be more closely described below in conjunction with figure 6.

    [0014] Figure 3 is a detailed bottom view of a single weight plate 14 showing a first recess 18 designed for receiving the weight selector means 4. The weight selector means 4 is shown in figure 5. As mentioned above, each weight plate 14 comprises a through hole or an aperture 20 through which the lifting stem 16 is insertable. The aperture 20 is preferably provided in the middle of the weight plate 14 in order to balance the weight plate or plates when they are lifted. The first recess 18 is provided on the underside of the weight plate 14 and is in connection with the central aperture 20. There are at least two different levels or depths of the first recess 18. The first recess 18 is designed in such a way that the weight selector means 4 is pivotable between two different positions, wherein a first position corresponds to when the weight selector means 4 are in a non-selected position and a second deeper position corresponds to when the weight selector means 4 are in a selected position.

    [0015] When the weight selector is in the second deeper position it will safely stay there until a user changes its position. When the selected weight plates are lifted, the weight selector 4 will be pushed against the bottom of the second deeper position by the weights that it carries. Thus, it will not be possible for the weight selector 4 to "accidentally" slip into the first position during the time when the exercise motion is performed.

    [0016] When the weight selector means 4 are in the first non-selected position it is important that it stays there during the exercise motion, i.e. when the selected number of weights are moved up en down. In order to secure that the weight selector means 4 are looked there is provided looking means 22 (see figure 4) on the topside of the weight plate 14. This means that the locking means 22 for an individual weight plate is provided on the weight plate that is lying directly underneath the weight plate in question. In a preferred embodiment of the invention the locking means 22 is a spring-biased ball, which is designed for engagement with a second recess provided on the weight selector means 4, which will be described closer below in conjunction with figure 5.

    [0017] Figure 5 shows a detailed view of the weight selector means 4. The weight selector 4 comprises a first hook-shaped end 24, which is adapted to fit around a horizontal peripheral groove (to be described below) of the lifting stem 16. A second actuating end 26 of the weight selector 4 extends outside of the weight stack 6. The shape of the second actuating end 26 and how far it extends outside the weight stack is dependent on how the weights are being selected. If the weight is to be selected directly by the user of the exercise apparatus it may be beneficial if it is finger friendly and extends outside the weight stack long enough for a user to readily take a firm grip thereon.

    [0018] In another embodiment of the present, the second actuating end 26 may have a different shape that is adapted to an end of a driver, which a user may operate through an actuating rod, one end of which is provided on a distance from the weight selector 4. This might be the case when a cover, due to safety reasons, protects the weight stack 6, i.e. when the user is prevented from coming close to the weight stack. An actuating rod may also be used when it is preferable to be able to perform the weight selection at the position where the exercise motion is carried out.

    [0019] Figure 5 further shows that the weight selector 4 comprises a middle pivoting section 28 around the axis of which the weight selector 4 is pivotable between its two positions. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the middle pivoting section of the weight selector is circular. The weight selector 4 also, as mentioned above, comprises a second recess 30 adapted for engagement with the locking means 22 provided on the upper side of each weight. However, there is no need to provide the top weight of the weight stack with the looking means, since it does not have any weight plates above it.

    [0020] The weight selector 4 may have a different design than the one shown in figure 5. The important thing is that the selector is pivotable between two positions, one in which it is in engagement with the lifting stem 16 and one in which it is not in engagement with the lifting stem 16 and in which position it is safely kept by some locking means. Thus, there are many options for a skilled person to design the first hook-shaped end 24 and the second actuating end 26 of the weight selector 4.

    [0021] Figure 6 shows a detailed view of the lifting stem 16. The lifting stem 16 has a substantially circular cross section and comprises a number of peripheral horizontal grooves 32 corresponding to the number of weight plates in the weight stack. The grooves 32 are in alignment with the first recesses 18 of the weight plate when the lifting stem 16 is fully inserted in the central apertures 20 of the weights. Thus, when the lifting stem 16 is fully inserted the desired amount of weights may be selected by turning a corresponding weight selector 4 around its pivoting axis. By doing this, the hook-shaped end 24 of the weight selector 4 will engage the lifting stem 4. The depth of the peripheral grooves may vary and be adapted to how heavy the weights are.

    [0022] Figure 7 shows the weight stack and the actuating rod 34 through which the weight selector 4 is actuatable. The actuating rod 34 is operatively connected to a driver 36, which is designed to move the weight selector 4 between its two positions. A saw tooth shaped slot 38 guides the movement of the actuating rod 34. When the actuating rod 34 rests in a tooth of said slot 38 it also, via the driver 36, holds the corresponding weight selector 4 in the second position, i.e. when the weight selector 4 is in engagement with the lifting stem 16. To change weights the actuating rod 34 is turned into the long slot of the saw tooth slot, during which movement the corresponding weight selector 4 is brought from the second to the first non-engaged position. In the long slot position the actuating rod 4 is free to run up and down in order to select the desirable weight. As soon as the desired weight has been reached the weight selector 4 may be brought into the engaged second position by turning the actuating rod 34 into the corresponding tooth of the saw tooth slot 38. Thus it is easy to select the desired number of weights from a distance, by using the actuating rod 38.

    [0023] Figure 8 is a view from above of the weight stack showing the driver 36 and a claw member 40 for actuating the weight selector 4. The shape and design of the claw member 40 is adapted to the size and design of the weight selector 4. It should be understood that there many other design options for a person skilled in the art for actuating the weight selector 4 from a distance.

    [0024] The use of the actuating rod 34 together with a driver and claw member 40 is very useful when the weight stack has to be protected by a cover due to safety reasons. For sake of simplicity the cover is not shown in figure 7 or 8.

    [0025] Thus, different embodiments of the present invention have been described. However, it shall be understood that even if the invention has been described with reference to preferred embodiments the invention is not limited thereto. There are many other embodiments and variations that are likewise within the scope of accompanying claims.


    Claims

    1. Exercise apparatus (2) comprising a weight stack (6) for opposing a given exercise motion through a cable (8) and pulley (10) system, said weight stack (6) comprising a set of weights (14) vertically stacked on each other, which weights (14) have a central aperture (20) formed therein through which a lifting stem (16) is downwardly insertable and wherein each weight (14) is provided with weight selector means (4), which are pivotally engagable with said lifting stem (16) for connecting and locking a selectable number of weights (14) to the central lifting stem (16), wherein the weight selector means (4) is fitted in a first recess (18) provided on the underside of each weight (14), said first recess (18) being in connection with the central aperture (20) of each weight (14), characterized in that said first recess (18) comprises at least two levels having different depths and wherein the weight selector means (4) is adapted to fit in the first level, corresponding to a first position of the weight selector means (4), when its weight (14) is not selected and to fit in the second deeper level, corresponding to a second position of the weight selector means (4), when its weight (14) is to be selected.
     
    2. Exercise apparatus (2) according to claim 1, in which the lifting stem (16) has a substantially circular horizontal cross section and comprises a number of horizontal peripheral grooves (32) corresponding to the number of weights in the weight stack (6) and which grooves (32) are in alignment with said first recesses (18) when the lifting stem (16) is fully inserted in the central apertures (20) of the weights (14).
     
    3. Exercise apparatus (2) according to claim 2, wherein the weight selector means (4) comprises a first hook-shaped end (24) adapted to fit around the horizontal peripheral groove (32) of the lifting stem (16), a second actuating end (26) extending outside the weight stack (6) and a middle pivoting section (28).
     
    4. Exercise apparatus (2) according to claim 3, wherein the middle pivoting section (28) of the weight selector means (4) is circular.
     
    5. Exercise apparatus (2) according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the weight selector means (4) further comprises a second recess (30) adapted for engagement with locking means (22) provided on the upper side of each weight (14).
     
    6. Exercise apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the locking means (22) is a spring-biased ball and the corresponding second recess (30) is circular.
     
    7. Exercise apparatus (2) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the weight stack (6) is protected with a cover for preventing a user to come close to the weight stack (6) and wherein the weight selector means (4) are actuatable from the outside of the cover by means of an actuating rod (34).
     
    8. Exercise apparatus (2) according to claim 7, wherein the actuating rod (34) is connected to a driver (36) which is arranged to actuate the weight selector means (4) by means of a claw member (40).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Trainingsvorrichtung (2), die einen Gewichtsstapel (6) aufweist, um einer gegebenen Trainingsbewegung durch ein Kabel (8) und ein Umlenkrollensystem (10) entgegenzuwirken, wobei der Gewichtsstapel (6) einen Satz von Gewichten (14) aufweist, die vertikal aufeinander gestapelt sind, wobei die Gewichte (14) eine zentrale Öffnung (20) haben, die darin ausgebildet ist, durch die ein Hebebolzen (16) nach unten einführbar ist und wobei jedes Gewicht (14) mit Gewichtsauswahlmitteln (4) versehen ist, die schwenkbar bzw. drehbar in Eingriff bringbar sind mit dem Hebebolzen (16) zum Verbinden und Verriegeln einer auswählbaren Anzahl von Gewichten (14) mit dem zentralen Hebebolzen (16), wobei die Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) in eine erste Vertiefung (18) eingepasst sind, die an der Unterseite jedes Gewichts (14) vorgesehen ist, wobei die erste Vertiefung (18) in Verbindung ist mit der zentralen Öffnung (20) jedes Gewichts (14), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Vertiefung (18) wenigstens zwei Ebenen mit unterschiedlichen Tiefen hat und wobei die Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) ausgelegt sind, um in die erste Ebene, entsprechend einer ersten Position der Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4), zu passen, wenn deren Gewicht (14) nicht ausgewählt ist, und um in die zweite tiefere Ebene, entsprechend einer zweiten Position der Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) zu passen, wenn deren Gewicht (14) ausgewählt werden soll.
     
    2. Trainingsvorrichtung (2) nach Anspruch 1, in der der Hebebolzen (16) einen im Wesentlichen kreisförmigen, horizontalen Querschnitt hat und eine Anzahl von horizontalen Umfangsnuten (32) entsprechend der Anzahl von Gewichten in dem Gewichtsstapel (6) hat und dessen Nuten (32) in Ausrichtung mit den ersten Vertiefungen (18) sind, wenn der Hebebolzen (16) vollständig in die zentralen Öffnungen (20) der Gewichte (14) eingeführt ist.
     
    3. Trainingsvorrichtung (2) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) ein erstes hakenförmige Ende (24), das ausgelegt ist, um um die horizontale Umfangsnut (32) des Hebebolzen (16) herum zu passen, ein zweites Betätigungsende (26), das sich außerhalb des Gewichtsstapels (6) erstreckt und einen mittleren, schwenkenden Abschnitt (28) aufweisen.
     
    4. Trainingsvorrichtung (2) nach Anspruch 3, wobei der mittlere, schwenkende Abschnitt (28) der Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) kreisförmig ist.
     
    5. Trainingsvorrichtung (2) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) weiter eine zweite Vertiefung (30) aufweisen, die zum Eingriff mit Verriegelungsmitteln (22) ausgelegt ist, die auf der Oberseite jedes Gewichts (14) vorgesehen sind.
     
    6. Trainingsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Verriegelungsmittel (22) ein federvorgespannter Ball sind und die entsprechende zweite Vertiefung (30) kreisförmig ist.
     
    7. Trainingsvorrichtung (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Gewichtsstapel (6) durch eine Abdeckung geschützt ist um zu verhindern, dass ein Nutzer in die Nähe des Gewichtsstapels (6) kommt und wobei die Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) von außerhalb der Abdeckung mittels einer Betätigungsstange (34) betätigbar sind.
     
    8. Trainingsvorrichtung (2) gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei die Betätigungsstange (34) mit einem Mitnehmer (36) verbunden ist, der angeordnet ist, um die Gewichtsauswahlmittel (4) mittels eines Greifgliedes (40) zu bewegen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil d'entraînement (2) comprenant un empilement de poids (6) pour s'opposer à un mouvement d'entraînement donné par le biais d'un système de câble (8) et de poulie (10), ledit empilement de poids (16) comprenant un ensemble de poids (14) verticalement empilés les uns sur les autres, lesquels poids (14) ont une ouverture centrale (20) formée à l'intérieur de ces derniers, à travers laquelle une tige de levage (16) peut être insérée vers le bas, et dans lequel chaque poids (14) est prévu avec un moyen de sélection de poids (4) qui peut être mis en prise de manière pivotante avec ladite tige de levage (16) pour raccorder et bloquer un nombre pouvant être sélectionné de poids (14) à la tige de levage centrale (16), dans lequel ledit moyen de sélection de poids (4) est monté dans un premier évidement (18) prévu sur la face inférieures de chaque poids (14), ledit premier évidement (18) étant en raccordement avec l'ouverture centrale (20) de chaque poids (14), caractérisé en ce que le premier évidement (18) comprend au moins deux niveaux ayant des profondeurs différentes et dans lequel le moyen de sélection de poids (4) est adapté pour être monté dans le premier niveau, correspondant à une première position du moyen de sélection de poids (4), lorsque son poids (14) n'est pas sélectionné et pour se monter dans le second niveau plus profond, correspondant à une seconde position du moyen de sélection de poids (4), lorsque son poids (14) doit être sélectionné.
     
    2. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la tige de levage (16) a une section transversale horizontale sensiblement circulaire et comprend un certain nombre de rainures périphériques horizontales (32) correspondant au nombre de poids de l'empilement de poids (6), et lesquelles rainures (32) sont alignées avec lesdits premiers évidements (18) lorsque la tige de levage (16) est complètement insérée dans les ouvertures centrales (20) des poids (14).
     
    3. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le moyens de sélection de poids (4) comprend une première extrémité en forme de crochet (24) adaptée pour se monter autour de la rainure périphérique horizontale (32) de la tige de levage (16), une seconde extrémité d'actionnement (26) s'étendant vers l'extérieur de l'empilement de poids (6) et une section de pivotement centrale (28).
     
    4. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la section de pivotement centrale (28) du moyen de sélection de poids (4) est circulaire.
     
    5. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le moyen de sélection de poids (4) comprend en outre un second évidement (30) adapté pour la mise en prise avec un moyen de blocage (22) prévu sur le côté supérieur de chaque poids (14).
     
    6. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le moyen de blocage (22) est une bille à ressort et le second évidement (30) correspondant est circulaire.
     
    7. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'empilement de poids (6) est protégé avec un couvercle pour empêcher un utilisateur de s'approcher de l'empilement de poids (6) et dans lequel les moyens de sélection de poids (4) peuvent être activés depuis l'extérieur du couvercle au moyen d'une tige d'actionnement (34).
     
    8. Appareil d'entraînement (2) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la tige d'actionnement (34) est raccordée à un dispositif d'entraînement (36) qui est agencé pour actionner le moyen de sélection de poids (4) au moyen d'un élément de griffe (40).
     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description