(19)
(11)EP 2 421 393 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.02.2013 Bulletin 2013/08

(21)Application number: 09787712.0

(22)Date of filing:  24.04.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A42B 3/32  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IT2009/000186
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/122586 (28.10.2010 Gazette  2010/43)

(54)

IMPACT ABSORBING LINER WITH ADJUSTMENT DEVICE

STOSSDÄMPFUNGSEINLAGE MIT VERSTELLVORRICHTUNG

DOUBLURE ABSORBANT LES CHOCS MUNIE D'UN DISPOSITIF D'AJUSTEMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.02.2012 Bulletin 2012/09

(73)Proprietor: Alpinestars Research S.R.L.
31010 Coste di Maser (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • MAZZAROLO, Giovanni
    I-31010 Coste di Maser (Treviso) (IT)
  • ROGERS, David
    Boston, MA 02210 (US)
  • HALL, Edward
    Montreal, QC H2X 2T7 (CA)
  • NOORDZIJ, Duco
    Roxbury, MA 02119 (US)

(74)Representative: Dragotti, Gianfranco et al
Dragotti & Associati srl Via Paris Bordone 9
31100 Treviso
31100 Treviso (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 10 218 269
US-A- 4 239 106
US-A1- 2006 225 187
FR-A- 2 539 010
US-A- 5 765 234
US-A1- 2007 266 481
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to an impact absorbing liner for use as part of a helmet, provided with an adjustment device.

    [0002] Various protective helmets are known and are commercially available.

    [0003] Many protective helmets, especially those used during sporting activities, utilize a construction based on three primary components. The first component is a rigid exterior shell which protects the user against crushing hazards, sharp objects penetration and abrasion. Made of fiber-reinforced composites or thermoplastics, like polycarbonate, this shell is also able, in the event of an accident, to dissipate the impact energy by spreading the impact forces into a second primary component.

    [0004] This second primary component is an impact absorbing liner situated adjacent to the exterior helmet shell. It has an interior shape corresponding to the user's head and is designed to absorb forces resulting from impact thereby reducing the amount of force passed on to the head.

    [0005] In order to absorb higher impact forces, the materials used for this second component are relatively rigid, like expanded polystyrene, and thereby not soft or compressible enough to adapt to different head shapes or sizes.

    [0006] Therefore, to fit a helmet to the shape and size of different heads, common practice is to use a third component, a comfort liner. This comfort liner resides on the interior of the impact liner adjacent to the head and is usually made of a combination of soft foam and fabric materials which can flex and compress under a small amount of pressure. In this way, the comfort liner can change its shape and thereby conforms to that of the head inside the helmet.

    [0007] The greater the deviation between the shape of a user's head and the shape of the rigid impact liner interior, the worse a comfort liner and subsequent helmet performs. This is because in order for the comfort liner to be considered comfortable it must also be soft and compliant. In order for a helmet to be considered stable, the connection between the head and the impact liner must be rigid and secure. This creates a contradictory requirement inherent to the comfort liner system in that it needs to be soft and conformal and yet also rigid and secure. Therefore, it is difficult for helmets comprising of these three primary components to be comfortable and stable unless the rigid impact liner is very close in shape and size to that of the user's head. In this way, the comfort liner can be soft and conformal while having the support and stability of the rigid impact liner right beside it.

    [0008] To achieve this result, most helmet manufacturers try and offer a variety of helmet shapes and/or sizes to help customers find one that most closely matches that of their own head. This approach works reasonably well, but it is often difficult and expensive for manufacturers to make enough helmet shapes and sizes to adequately fit all of the population. In reality, some people find helmets that fit them great, some people find helmets that fit them ok, and some people cannot ever find a helmet that is comfortable and also stabile / secure.

    [0009] The comfort / fitting / security issue is a common challenge to all helmets that use rigid exterior materials in their construction. Because of this, different methods for affecting the interior shape of the helmet liner have been developed By allowing the interior shape of a helmet liner to change and adjust to that of the head of a wearer, less demand is placed on the comfort liner materials to provide support and stability. This in turns allows them to be softer and more compliant and hence more comfortable.

    [0010] Hockey helmets achieve this shape changing ability by making the rigid components of the helmets in two or more pieces that are allowed to move relative to one another. The user can move said pieces, usually the front and the back halves of the helmet, toward or away from each other to change the interior shape and size of the liner.

    [0011] This liner adjustment system is suitable for this kind of helmet but it can not provide adequate energy impact dissipation or structural integrity to protect against hazards found in motorsport.

    [0012] Bicycle helmets and hard-hats often utilize a fourth component that resides inside of the impact liner to assist and sometimes replace the function of the comfort liner component. These helmets utilize a flexible circumferal adjustment strap attached to a turn-dial knob or ratchet mechanism that is able to tighten the strap when it is rotated. By tightening the strap, the circumference of the strap decreases and it changes its shape in order to match with the user's head. However, because the tightening of the strap is not dependent on the compression of an arbitrary amount of foam like that of traditional comfort liners, it does not create greater or lesser pressure points. This results in an improved helmet liner that is not considered to be too tight in some locations and too loose in others.

    [0013] While liner adjustment technology that uses a circumferal adjustment strap can offer improvements in helmet fit and comfort over traditional comfort liner foam solutions, it is not stable or secure enough to support helmets that weigh more than approximately 600 grams. This is why they are most commonly used in bicycle, ski/snowboard, and hard-hat style helmets. Unfortunately, the heavier a helmet becomes, the worse the performance of a traditional strap based system becomes.

    [0014] US 5, 765,234 discloses a helmet with size adjusting means comprising a plurality of cylindrical blocks which are inserted into threaded orifices in the helmet shell and are individually adjusted by screwing in or out as required to adjust the interior shape and size of the helmet.

    [0015] The added protection required for helmets used in motorsports related activities typically results in helmets weighing greater than 600 grams. Because of this, circumferential strap adjustment technology has never been adopted for this type of helmet.

    [0016] The object of the invention is to provide an helmet which solves the above mentioned problems and drawbacks.

    [0017] In particular, the object of the present invention is to provide an helmet which can be easily adapted to the size and shape of the user's head.

    [0018] These and other objects are achieved by the impact absorbing liner according to claim 1.

    [0019] The advantages and the characteristic features of the invention will emerge more clearly from the following description of a preferred, but not exclusive, embodiment of the impact absorbing liner which refers to the accompanying figures in which:

    Figure 1 shows a cross sectional view of an helmet according to the invention;

    Figure 2 shows a bottom view of an helmet liner according to the invention;

    Figure 3 shows a view like figure 2 with padding means;

    Figure 4 shows a front view of the helmet liner according to the invention;

    Figure 5 shows a view like figure 4 with padding means;

    Figure 6 shows a side view of the helmet liner according to the invention;

    Figure 7 shows a view like figure 6 with the adjusting strap;

    Figure 8 shows a cross-sectional view of the helmet liner along the plane VIII-VIII of figure 7;

    Figure 9 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the helmet along the plane IX-IX of figure 1;

    Figure 10 shows a perspective bottom view of the helmet liner;

    Figure 11 shows a perspective bottom view of figure 10 with the adjustment block in forward position.



    [0020] In the following description of the impact absorbing liner of the invention, as internal there will be indicated the part or component of the impact absorbing liner relatively closer to the user's head and as external the part or component relatively farther.

    [0021] Similarly, as front there will be indicated the part or component of the impact absorbing liner relatively closer to the user's face and as rear the part or component relatively closer to the occipital bone of the user.

    [0022] With reference first of all to figures 1 and 2, the helmet 10 comprises an external shell 20, an impact absorbing liner 30 and a comfort liner 40.

    [0023] The impact absorbing liner 30 comprises adjustable means 32 which allow for the size and shape adjustment inside of the helmet to the user's head.

    [0024] According to a preferred embodiment, the adjustable means 32 may consist of a plurality of blocks 32 having a generally rectangular shape or however these blocks 32 could be envisaged to be of any shape as the design commands.

    [0025] These adjustable means 32 are made of impact absorbing materials including but not limited to expanded polystyrene and expanded polypropylene.

    [0026] In a preferred embodiment as shown in figure 6, the impact absorbing liner 30 is provided with six blocks 32, three blocks for each side with respect to the central vertical symmetry plane of the helmet.

    [0027] These blocks 32 are arranged in locations starting at the temple area, over the ears, and around the area of the occipital bone, thereby surrounding the perimeter of the head with the exception of the forehead.

    [0028] The inside of each block 32 lies adjacent to comfort liner 40.

    [0029] In a preferred embodiment, as shown in figures 3 and 5, on the internal side of each block 32 a pad 42 is attached with means suitable to fix it in a known manner. Said pad 42 lies between the block 32 and the comfort liner 40.

    [0030] Each block 32 has, mounted on its external face, a coupling pin 36 consisting of a central body ending with a widened extension.

    [0031] The blocks 32 are housed into correspondingly shaped through cavities 34 provided in the impact absorbing liner 30. These cavities 34 connect the internal side and the external side of the impact absorbing liner 30 and are shaped, as shown in figure 8, so as to prevent any side displacement of the blocks 32, except for the movement towards or away from the user's head. With reference to the figures 10 and 11, the blocks 32 can move only in the direction marked by the arrows F.

    [0032] On each external side of impact absorbing liner 30, a flexible strap 50a, 50b is mounted. Said strap 50a, 50b is permanently fixed to front of liner 30 by means of hardware 52 which does not affect the impact absorption characteristics of impact absorbing liner 30, and it is housed into a groove 56 which provides a slide guide for the strap 50a, 50b. The groove 56, in fact, prevents the strap 50a, 50b from being blocked between the impact liner 30 and the external shell 20. The strap 50a, 50b is also laterally constrained by this groove 56 so that it cannot move up or down with respect to the horizontal plane of the impact absorbing liner.

    [0033] The strap 50a, 50b is attached to the blocks 32 by means of key slots 54 which engage the coupling pins 36. Said key slots 54 allow the strap 50a, 50b to slide front to back while the blocks 32 and the strap 50a, 50b are adjoined side-to-side.

    [0034] The strap 50a, 50b is also connected to an actuation mechanism 58 positioned on the rear part of the impact absorbing liner 30. According to a preferred embodiment shows in figure 4 and 5, said actuation mechanism 58 consists of a ratchet mechanism comprising a knob 60. By rotating of the knob 60, the length of the strap 50a, 50b can be changed.

    [0035] Usually, when the knob 60 is rotated in a clockwise direction, the straps 50a, 50b will be pulled together towards the rear part of the helmet, thereby decreasing the overall circumference of the straps 50a, 50b, whereas, if the knob 60 is rotated in a counter clockwise direction, the straps 50a, 50b will be loosened thereby increasing the overall circumference of the straps 50a, 50b.

    [0036] In another embodiment (not shown) the actuation mechanism 58 consist of a sliding locking lever that is suitable to increase or decrease the circumference of the straps 50a, 50b in a known manner.

    [0037] It should be noted that the ratchet mechanism and the sliding locking lever are self locking devices so as to prevent the changing of the strap 50a, 50b length without deliberate user input to the actuation mechanism 58.

    [0038] For example, the knob 60 can be locked to prevent any user input from increasing or decreasing of the overall circumference of the straps 50a, 50b.

    [0039] Hereafter the operation of the adjustment device of the impact absorbing liner 30 will be described.

    [0040] When the user wears the helmet 10, he has to check that the helmet 10 is stable and secured on his head. In fact, as before mentioned, also if the size of the helmet 10 fits quite properly on the user's head, the helmet 10 could be still slightly tight or large.

    [0041] If the user, for example, feels that there is a gap between his temples and the pads 42, he can adjust the impact absorbing liner 30 by operating on the knob 60.

    [0042] With a simple hand movement, the user can rotate in a clockwise direction the knob 60 and, in this way, the user can decrease the overall circumference of the straps 50a, 50b. As the straps 50a, 50b are connected to the blocks 32 by means of the pins 36 which engage the key slots 54, when the length of straps 50a, 50b decreases, the blocks 32 are forced to move toward the user's head, as shown in figures 10 and 11.

    [0043] As a consequence of the movement of the blocks 32 toward the user's head, the size of the inside of the helmet liner 30 is modified eliminating the gap between the user's head and the comfort liner 40.

    [0044] Since the blocks 32 are held against the user's head by the flexible strap 50a, 50b, a different pressure can be exerted by each block 32 on the user's head thereby creating the right fit to the user's head without any localized pressure point, which may cause a heavy discomfort or even headache after a long ride. In this way, in addition to the size, the shape of the helmet liner 30 is changed, and as consequence the helmet 10 can be worn in a comfortable manner.

    [0045] At the same time the helmet 10 is stable and secured on the user's head: it will not move around or up and down on the user's head and in particular in case of accident it will be able to absorb the impact forces.

    [0046] On the contrary, if the user feels the helmet 10 a bit too tight on his head, he can adjust it following a similar procedure.

    [0047] By rotating the knob in a counter clockwise direction, the length of the straps 50a, 50b increases. As consequence each block 32 is able to slightly move back, in order to increase the size of the helmet liner. As before mentioned, each block 32 is independent of other blocks 32 and this also allows to modify the shape of the helmet liner in order to make the helmet more comfortable.

    [0048] When the user feels that the helmet 10 is worn in a comfortable manner, he can lock the knob 60 of the ratchet mechanism to prevent any accidental input from increasing or decreasing of the circumference of the strap. In this way, it's guaranteed that the helmet remains stable and secured on the user's head after the first adjustment.

    [0049] It should be noted that the adjustment device of the present invention does not affect the outer shell 20 and the comfort liner component 40 of the helmet 10. It is therefore applicable to a variety of safety helmet applications, and could also be adopted by existing helmets without needing any shell or comfort liner adaptation.

    [0050] From the above description it is clear that the impact absorbing liner object of the present invention has characteristics such as to solve advantageously the problems and drawbacks of the devices set out in the prior art.

    [0051] The present invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, but mechanically equivalent solutions are foreseeable falling within the scope of the following claims.


    Claims

    1. An impact absorbing liner (30) for use as part of a helmet (10) comprising adjustable means (32) which allow to adjust the interior size and shape of the impact absorbing liner (30), said adjustable means comprising a plurality of blocks (32), each block (32) being suitable to be displaceable toward or away from the head of the user independently of other blocks (32), by means of control means (50a, 50b) and an actuation mechanism (58),
    characterized in that
    said control means comprise a flexible strap (50a, 50b) mounted on each external side of the impact absorbing liner (30), said flexible straps (50a, 50b) being attached to each block (32) and being permanently fixed to the front of the impact absorbing liner (30) by means of hardware (52).
     
    2. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to claim 1, wherein said blocks (32) have a generally rectangular shape or any shape as the design commands and are made of impact absorbing materials.
     
    3. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that each block (32) is housed into a correspondingly shaped through cavity (34) provided in the impact absorbing liner (30).
     
    4. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to claim 3, wherein said through cavity (34) is shaped so as to prevent any side displacement of the blocks (32) except for the movement towards or away from the user's head.
     
    5. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that the blocks (32) are arranged in locations starting at temple area, over the ears and around the area of the occipital bone.
     
    6. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that each blocks (32) has mounted on its external face a coupling pin (36) consisting of a central body ending with a widened extension.
     
    7. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that said flexible strap (50a, 50b) is slidably attached to said blocks (32) by means of a key slots (54), each key slot (54) engaging said coupling pin (36) and allowing the flexible strap (50a, 50b) to slide front to back while the blocks (32) and the strap (50a, 50b) are adjoined side-to-side.
     
    8. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that said flexible strap (50a, 50b) is housed into a groove (56); said groove (56) laterally constraining the strap (50a, 50b) so that it cannot move up or down with respect to the horizontal plane of the impact absorbing liner (30).
     
    9. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that said flexible strap (50a, 50b) is connected to an actuation mechanism (58) positioned on the rear part of the impact absorbing liner (30).
     
    10. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, characterized in that the overall circumference of the flexible straps (50a, 50b) can be increased or decreased by acting on the actuation mechanism (58).
     
    11. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that said actuation mechanism (58) consists of a ratchet mechanism comprising a knob (60).
     
    12. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to claim 9 or 11, characterized in that said actuation mechanism (58) consists of a sliding locking lever.
     
    13. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, wherein the actuation mechanism (58) is a self locking device so as to prevent the changing of the strap (50a, 50b) length without deliberate user input to the actuation mechanism (58).
     
    14. An impact absorbing liner (30) according to any preceding claims, wherein the actuation mechanism (58) can be locked to prevent any user input from increasing or decreasing of the circumference of the straps (50a, 50b).
     
    15. A helmet (10) comprising an impact absorbing liner (30) according to claim 1 to 14.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) zur Verwendung als Teil eines Helms (10) umfassend einstellbare Mittel (32), welche es erlauben, die interne Größe und Form der stoßabsorbierenden Auskleidung (30) durch Mittel zur Steuerung (50a, 50b) und einen Einstellmechanismus (58) einzustellen, wobei die einstellbaren Mittel eine Vielzahl von Blöcken (32) umfassen und jeder Block (32) dazu geeignet ist, unabhängig von den anderen Blöcken (32) zum Kopf des Benutzers hin- oder davon wegbewegt zu werden,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Mittel zur Steuerung ein flexibles Band (50a, 50b) umfassen, welches auf jeder Außenseite der stoßabsorbierenden Auskleidung (30) montiert ist, wobei die flexiblen Bänder (50a, 50b) durch Beschläge (52) an jedem Block (32) befestigt und dauerhaft an der Vorderseite der stoßabsorbierenden Auskleidung (30) fixiert sind.
     
    2. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Blöcke (32) eine im Allgemeinen rechteckige Form oder irgendeine Form, die durch das Design vorgegeben wird, haben und aus stoßabsorbierenden Materialien gemacht sind.
     
    3. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Block (32) in einem entsprechenden in der stoßabsorbierenden Auskleidung (30) bereitgestellten durchgeformten Hohlraum (34) untergebracht ist.
     
    4. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei der Hohlraum (34) so geformt ist, dass jegliche seitliche Bewegung der Blöcke (32) außer der Bewegung zum Kopf des Benutzers hin oder davon weg, verhindert wird.
     
    5. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Blöcke (32) in Positionen, die in der Schläfengegend beginnen, über den Ohren und um die Gegend des Hinterhauptbeins herum angebracht werden.
     
    6. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Block (32) auf seine äußere Oberfläche einen Kupplungsstecker (36) montiert hat, der aus einem zentralen Körper besteht, welcher mit einem verbreiterten Fortsatz endet.
     
    7. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das flexible Band (50a, 50b) mittels einer Keilnut (54) verschiebbar an den Blöcken (32) befestigt ist, wobei jede Keilnut (54) mit dem Kupplungsstecker (36) in Eingriff steht und dem flexiblen Band (50a, 50b) erlaubt, vor und zurück zu gleiten, während die Blöcke (32) und das Band (50a, 50b) Seite an Seite nebeneinander liegen.
     
    8. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das flexible Band (50a, 50b) in einer Fuge (56) untergebracht ist, wobei die Fuge (56) das Band (50a, 50b) seitlich so einschränkt, dass es sich nicht aufwärts oder abwärts in Bezug auf die horizontale Ebene der stoßabsorbierenden Auskleidung (30) bewegen kann.
     
    9. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das flexible Band (50a, 50b) mit einem Betätigungsmechanismus (58) verbunden ist, der am hinteren Teil der stoßabsorbierenden Auskleidung (30) positioniert ist.
     
    10. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Gesamtumfang der flexiblen Bänder (50a, 50b) durch Betätigung des Betätigungsmechanismus' (58) erhöht oder verringert werden kann.
     
    11. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß Anspruch 9 oder 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Betätigungsmechanismus (58) aus einem Ratschenmechanismus besteht, der einen Knopf (60) umfasst.
     
    12. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß Anspruch 9 oder 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Betätigungsmechanismus (58) aus einem gleitenden Feststellhebel besteht.
     
    13. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Betätigungsmechanismus (58) eine selbstblockierende Vorrichtung ist, so dass die Änderung der Länge des Bands (50a, 50b) ohne willentliches Betätigen des Betätigungsmechanismus' (58) durch den Benutzer verhindert wird.
     
    14. Stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Betätigungsmechanismus (58) blockiert werden kann, so dass die Erhöhung oder Verminderung des Umfangs des Bands (50a, 50b) durch Einwirken durch den Benutzer verhindert wird.
     
    15. Helm (10) umfassend eine stoßabsorbierende Auskleidung (30) gemäß Anspruch 1 bis 14.
     


    Revendications

    1. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) destinée à être utilisée comme faisant partie d'un casque (10), comprenant des moyens ajustables (32) qui permettent d'ajuster la taille intérieure et la forme de la doublure absorbant les chocs (30), lesdits moyens ajustables comprenant une pluralité de blocs (32), chaque bloc (32) étant approprié pour être déplaçable vers ou à distance de la tête de l'utilisateur indépendamment des autres blocs (32), au moyen de moyens de commande (50a, 50b) et d'un mécanisme d'actionnement (58),
    caractérisée en ce que :

    lesdits moyens de commande comprennent une sangle flexible (50a, 50b) montée de chaque côté externe de la doublure absorbant les chocs (30), lesdites sangles flexibles (50a, 50b) étant fixées à chaque bloc (32) et étant fixées de manière permanente à l'avant de la doublure absorbant les chocs (30) au moyen de quincaillerie (52).


     
    2. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits blocs (32) ont une forme généralement rectangulaire ou n'importe quelle forme en tant que commandes de conception et sont réalisés avec des matériaux absorbant les chocs.
     
    3. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que chaque bloc (32) est logé dans une cavité traversante (34) formée de manière correspondante, prévue dans la doublure absorbant les chocs (30).
     
    4. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle ladite cavité traversante (34) est formée afin d'empêcher tout déplacement latéral des blocs (32) excepté pour le mouvement vers ou à distance de la tête de l'utilisateur.
     
    5. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que les blocs (32) sont agencés dans des emplacements commençant au niveau de la zone des tempes, sur les oreilles et autour de la zone de l'os occipital.
     
    6. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que chaque bloc (32) a, montée sur sa face externe, une broche de couplage (36) se composant d'un corps central se terminant par une extension élargie.
     
    7. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite sangle flexible (50a, 50b) est fixée de manière coulissante sur lesdits blocs (32) au moyen de fentes de clavette (54), chaque fente de clavette (54) mettant en prise ladite broche de couplage (36) et permettant à la sangle flexible (50a, 50b) de coulisser d'avant en arrière alors que les blocs (32) et la sangle (50a, 50b) sont attenants côte à côte.
     
    8. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite sangle flexible (50a, 50b) est logée dans une rainure (56) ; ladite rainure (56) contraignant latéralement la sangle (50a, 50b) de sorte qu'elle ne peut pas monter ni descendre par rapport au plan horizontal de la doublure absorbant les chocs (30).
     
    9. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite sangle flexible (50a, 50b) est raccordée à un mécanisme d'actionnement (58) positionné sur la partie arrière de la doublure absorbant les chocs (30).
     
    10. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que la circonférence globale des sangles flexibles (50a, 50b) peut être augmentée ou diminuée en agissant sur le mécanisme d'actionnement (58).
     
    11. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon la revendication 9 ou 10, caractérisée en ce que ledit mécanisme d'actionnement (58) se compose d'un mécanisme d'encliquetage comprenant un bouton (60).
     
    12. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon la revendication 9 ou 11, caractérisée en ce que ledit mécanisme d'actionnement (58) se compose d'un levier de blocage coulissant.
     
    13. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le mécanisme d'actionnement (58) est un mécanisme à blocage automatique afin d'empêcher le changement de longueur de la sangle (50a, 50b) sans que l'utilisateur intervienne délibérément sur le mécanisme d'actionnement (58).
     
    14. Doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le mécanisme d'actionnement (58) peut être bloqué pour empêcher l'augmentation ou la diminution de la circonférence des sangles (50a, 50b) par l'intervention de l'utilisateur.
     
    15. Casque (10) comprenant une doublure absorbant les chocs (30) selon les revendications 1 à 14.
     




    Drawing

































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description