(19)
(11)EP 2 424 141 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 11168205.0

(22)Date of filing:  31.05.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04J 14/02(2006.01)
G02F 2/00(2006.01)
H04J 14/08(2006.01)
H01S 3/10(2006.01)

(54)

Optical network system, optical multiplexing apparatus, and receiving apparatus

Optisches Netzwerksystem, optische Multiplexing-Vorrichtung und Empfangsvorrichtung

Système de réseau optique, appareil de multiplexage optique et appareil de réception


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.08.2010 JP 2010191694

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.02.2012 Bulletin 2012/09

(73)Proprietor: FUJITSU LIMITED
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Kato, Tomoyuki
    Kanagawa, 211-8588 (JP)
  • Watanabe, Shigeki
    Kanagawa, 211-8588 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 199 846
US-A1- 2008 080 856
JP-A- 2001 183 711
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The embodiments discussed herein are related to an optical network system and an optical multiplexing apparatus for combining information on a carrier light, and a receiving apparatus.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Traditionally, WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) is known as a technique for optical multiplex transmission of information. With WDM it is possible to multiplex optical signals with different wavelengths and transmit plural pieces of information by one optical fiber. Such an example is disclosed by the document JP2001 183711, Matsushita, published on 6 July 2001.

    [0003] Formerly the following relay station using a phase conjugate light was proposed. The relay station is located between a sending station and a receiving station and is connected to them via an optical transmission line. The relay station includes a phase conjugate light generator including a signal light and excitation light supply section which supplies an input signal light from the sending station and an excitation light to a nonlinear optical medium and a signal light and phase conjugate light extraction section which extracts an output signal light and a phase conjugate light generated by the input signal light and the excitation light supplied to the nonlinear optical medium and a modulator which modulates the excitation light by monitor data specific to the relay station. The relay station transmits a nwdulated phase conjugate light including the monitor data to the receiving station (see, for example, Japanese Patent No. 3436310).

    [0004] With WDM, however, there is a limit to accuracy in setting wavelength for a signal light or the resolution of an optical multiplexer and demultiplexer. As a result, it is difficult to realize high density multiplexing. Accordingly, there is a limit to the number of optical signals which can be multiplexed. The document JP 2001 183711 A describes an optical frequency multiplex signal by which intensity strength modulation is carried out by a frequency multiplex signal input into an input terminal. A combining part combines the optical frequency multiplex signal input into a station flashing caution signal output from a station light source, and an input terminal, and outputs it to a optical-frequency-conversion part. The optical frequency conversion part carries out optical frequency conversion of the optical frequency multiplex signal by light wave mixing by a nonlinear effect. JP 2001 183711 A describes further a optical-frequency conversion apparatus provided with a signal source from a station, a station light source, the combining part, the optical frequency conversion part, a output optical filter part, a photoelectric converter, and a band pass filter part.

    [0005] The document EP 2 199 846 A1 describes a continuous light output from a light source input to an optical pulse generating device. Control pulse light that is output from a control pulse light oscillator and including periodic pulses of light also input to the optical pulse generating device. An optical switch of the optical pulse generating device generates pulse light from the continuous light by clipping the input continuous light according to the variation of emission intensity of the input control pulse light.

    [0006] The Document US 2008/080856 A1 describes an optical signal quality monitor device including a local oscillator that generates a local oscillation signal, with which a mixer mixes an input optical signal to output a mixed signal, of which at least one beat component a filter that extracts. An intensity detector detects intensity of the extracted beat component.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] The present invention was made under the background circumstances described above. An object of the present invention is to provide an optical network system which can multiplex-transmit more pieces of information in high density.

    [0008] According to an aspect of the present invention, an optical network system, according to claim 2, includes a transmission line along which a carrier light propagates and an optical multiplexing apparatus, according to claim 1, placed in the transmission line, the optical multiplexing apparatus including a control light generator which generates a control light obtained by modulating an intensity-modulated light by a data signal and a multiplexer which combines the control light with the carrier light for modulating the carrier light in a nonlinear optical medium in the transmission line by the control light. The embodiments that do not fall under the scope of the claims have to be interpreted as examples useful for understanding the invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0009] 

    FIG. 1 illustrates an optical network system according to a first embodiment;

    FIG. 2 illustrates an optical network system according to a second embodiment;

    FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an optical multiplexing apparatus;

    FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a control light generator;

    FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a control light generator according to a third embodiment;

    FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a control light generator according to a fourth embodiment;

    FIG. 7 is a block diagram of a control light generator according to a fifth embodiment;

    FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a control light generator according to a sixth embodiment;

    FIG. 9 is a block diagram of a receiving apparatus according to a seventh embodiment;

    FIG. 10 is a block diagram of a receiving apparatus according to an eighth embodiment;

    FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a receiving apparatus according to a ninth embodiment; and

    FIG. 12 is a block diagram of a receiving apparatus according to a tenth embodiment.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0010] Embodiments will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.

    (First Embodiment)



    [0011] Fig. 1 illustrates an optical network system according to a first embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 1, an optical network system includes a transmission line 1 and an optical multiplexing apparatus 2. The optical multiplexing apparatus 2 includes a control light generator 2a and a multiplexer 2b.

    [0012] A carrier light propagates along the transmission line 1. A carrier light is, for example, a CW (Continuous Wave) light.

    [0013] The control light generator 2a generates a control light obtained by modulating an intensity-modulated light by a data signal. For example, the control light generator 2a combines two lights at different optical frequencies and generates a beat light intensity-modulated at a frequency corresponding to the difference between the two optical frequencies. The control light generator 2a then generates a control light by intensity-modulating the generated beat light by a data signal.

    [0014] The multiplexer 2b combines the control light with the carrier light in order to modulate the carrier light in a nonlinear optical medium 1a in the transmission line 1 by the control light. The nonlinear optical medium 1a is, for example, an optical fiber used as the transmission line 1. The carrier light which propagates along the transmission line 1 is all-optical modulated in the nonlinear optical medium 1a on the basis of, for example, the control light. For example, the multiplexer 2b may be a WDM coupler, a power coupler, or an Array Waveguide Grating (AWG).

    [0015] As stated above, the optical network system modulates an intensity-modulated light by a data signal to generate a control light. The optical network system then modulates a carrier light which propagates along the transmission line 1 by the control light generated. As a result, the carrier light can multiplex-transmit information in high density on the basis of control lights.

    (Second Embodiment)



    [0016] A second embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

    [0017] FIG. 2 illustrates an optical network system according to a second embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 2, an optical network system includes optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n, a receiving apparatus 12, and a transmission line 13. The optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n and the receiving apparatus 12 are placed in the transmission line 13. The transmission line 13 is, for example, a nonlinear optical medium such as an optical fiber.

    [0018] A carrier light propagates along the transmission line 13. The carrier light is a CW light. Alternatively, the carrier light is a baseband modulated signal light modulated at a bit rate which is sufficiently low compared with the beat frequencies of control lights combined with the carrier light by the optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n.

    [0019] For example, a data signal to be transmitted by the carrier light is transmitted from an apparatus (not illustrated) to the optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n. This data signal is transmitted as, for example, an electrical signal. The optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n generate lights at different beat frequencies, modulate the generated lights by the data signal transmitted, and generates control lights. The optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n combine the control lights obtained by modulating the generated lights by the data signal with the carrier light.

    [0020] The carrier light is modulated according to the optical intensity of a control light combined therewith. For example, the carrier light is all-optical modulated by the nonlinear optical medium according to the optical intensity of a control light.

    [0021] The receiving apparatus 12 receives the carrier light which propagates along the transmission line 13, performs a demodulation process, and acquires a data signal transmitted from each of the optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, ..., and 11n.

    [0022] FIG. 2 illustrates optical spectra 14a, 14b, 14c, and 14n of the carrier light which propagates along the transmission line 13. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectra indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. In addition, FIG. 2 illustrates electrical spectra 15a, 15b, and 15n of the control lights combined with the carrier light by the optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, and 11n respectively. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the electrical spectra indicate a frequency and power respectively.

    [0023] vc indicated in the optical spectra is the optical frequency of the carrier light which propagates along the transmission line 13. f1, f2, and fN indicated in the electrical spectra are the beat frequencies of the control lights generated by the optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b, and 11n respectively.

    [0024] The carrier light is modulated according to the optical intensity of a control light combined therewith. As a result, the optical spectra 14b, 14c, and 14n illustrated in FIG. 2 are obtained as optical spectra of the carrier light which propagates along the transmission line 13.

    [0025] That is to say, with the optical network system illustrated in FIG. 2, the optical multiplexing apparatus 11a, 11b,..., and 11n generate lights at different beat frequencies, modulate them by a data signal, and combine them with a carrier light (hereinafter also referred to as frequency division multiplexing). This makes it possible to combine each control light with the carrier light without exercising relative wavelength control between them with great accuracy.

    [0026] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an optical multiplexing apparatus. As illustrated in FIG. 3, an optical multiplexing apparatus 20 includes a control light generator 21, an optical multiplexer 22, an all-optical modulator 23, and an optical filter 24. The optical multiplexing apparatus 20 is placed in a transmission line. A carrier light Ec(j) propagates along the transmission line.

    [0027] An optical spectrum 31 of the carrier light Ec(j) is illustrated in FIG. 3. The optical multiplexing apparatus 20 combines a control light with the carrier light Ec(j). As a result, a carrier light Ec(j+1) is obtained. An optical spectrum 32 of the carrier light Ec(j+1) is also illustrated in FIG. 3. In addition, an electrical spectrum 33 of a control light Esj outputted by the control light generator 21 is illustrated in FIG. 3. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of each of the optical spectra 31 and 32 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the electrical spectrum 33 indicate a frequency and power respectively.

    [0028] vc of FIG. 3 indicates the optical frequency of the carrier light Ec. A frequency fs indicates the beat frequency of the control light. "j" in FIG. 3 indicates that the optical multiplexing apparatus 20 combines the control light with the carrier light jth in an optical network system.

    [0029] The control light generator 21 generates a light intensity-modulated at the frequency fs (light the intensity of which changes periodically at the frequency fs, for example). Hereinafter the frequency fs may be referred to as the optical subcarrier frequency and the light intensity-modulated at the frequency fs may be referred to as the subcarrier light.

    [0030] A data signal (not illustrated) to be transmitted by, for example, the carrier light Ec(j) is inputted to the control light generator 21. The control light generator 21 generates the control light Esj obtained by modulating the subcarrier light generated by the data signal. Hereinafter the control light Esj may be referred to as the optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0031] The optical multiplexer 22 combines the carrier light Ec(j) which propagates along the transmission line and the optical subcarrier modulated signal generated by the control light generator 21. For example, the optical multiplexer 22 may be a WDM coupler, a power coupler, or an Array Waveguide Grating (AWG).

    [0032] The carrier light Ec(j) and the optical subcarrier modulated signal combined are inputted to the all-optical modulator 23. The all-optical modulator 23 uses a nonlinear optical medium for all-optical modulating the carrier light Ec(j) on the basis of the optical subcarrier modulated signal, and combines the optical subcarrier modulated signal with the carrier light Ec(j).

    [0033] Optical phase modulation based on cross phase modulation, optical intensity modulation based on an optical parametric effect, or the like can be used as all-optical modulation by a nonlinear optical medium. An optical fiber, periodically poled lithium niobate, a semiconductor optical amplifier, an optical waveguide with a high refractive index contrast, such as a silicon wire waveguide, or the like can be used as a nonlinear optical medium. An optical fiber used as a transmission line may be used for all-optical modulating the carrier light Ec(j) on the basis of the optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0034] The optical filter 24 allows a light the wavelength of which is λc to pass. λc is the wavelength of the carrier light Ec(j). That is to say, the optical filter 24 rejects the control light combined with the carrier light Ec(j) by the optical multiplexer 22 from propagating to the next stage.

    [0035] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of the control light generator. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the control light generator includes light sources 41a and 41b, an optical multiplexer 42, and an optical intensity modulator 43.

    [0036] An optical spectrum 51 of the optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 43 is illustrated in FIG. 4. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectrum 51 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. In addition, a waveform 52 of the optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 43 is illustrated in FIG. 4. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the waveform 52 indicate time and power respectively.

    [0037] The light sources 41a and 41b output CW lights at different optical frequencies v1 and v2.

    [0038] The optical multiplexer 42 combines the lights outputted from the light sources 41a and 41b. As a result, a subcarrier light is outputted from the optical multiplexer 42. The subcarrier light has a beat frequency given by



    [0039] That is to say, a beat light (subcarrier light) had sinusoidal intensity at a frequency corresponding to the difference between the optical frequencies of the lights outputted from the light sources 41a and 41b is outputted from the optical multiplexer 42. As indicated by a solid line of the waveform 52, for example, a subcarrier light at the frequency f is outputted from the optical multiplexer 42. For example, the optical multiplexer 42 may be a WDM coupler, a power coupler, or an Array Waveguide Grating (AWG).

    [0040] A data signal to be transmitted via a transmission line is transmitted from an apparatus (not illustrated) to the optical intensity modulator 43. The data signal is, for example, an electrical signal. The optical intensity modulator 43 intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the optical multiplexer 42 by the data signal, and outputs an optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0041] For example, the optical intensity modulator 43 outputs an optical subcarrier modulated signal like that indicated by a solid line of the waveform 52. A dashed line of the waveform 52 indicates the waveform of the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 43. The optical spectrum 51 is an optical spectrum of this optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0042] The optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 43 is inputted to, for example, the optical multiplexer 22 illustrated in FIG. 3, and is combined with a carrier light. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is controlled so that the optical subcarrier modulated signal and the carrier light will have the same state of polarization. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is then combined with the carrier light.

    [0043] The optical intensity modulator 43 is, for example, a lithium niobate optical modulator or an EA (Electro-Absorption) modulator. Alternatively, the optical intensity modulator 43 is a nonlinear optical medium such as an optical fiber, periodically poled lithium niobate, a semiconductor optical amplifier, or a silicon wire waveguide. If the optical intensity modulator 43 is a nonlinear optical medium, then the optical intensity modulator 43 E/O-converts the data signal transmitted thereto, and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the optical multiplexer 42 by the E/O-converted data signal. If the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 43 is an optical signal, then the optical intensity modulator 43 inputs it directly to a nonlinear optical medium and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light.

    [0044] As has been described, the optical network system generates a beat light (subcarrier light), modulates the subcarrier light by a data signal, and generates an optical subcarrier modulated signal. The optical network system then modulates a carrier light which propagates along the transmission line by the generated optical subcarrier modulated signal. As a result, the carrier light can transmit the data signal by wide-band modulation based on the optical intensity of the optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0045] As indicated in the optical spectrum 14n of FIG. 2, for example, frequency division multiplexing is performed. Therefore, a terahertz-level wide band can be secured.

    [0046] Furthermore, it is possible to generate a subcarrier signal which is an electrical signal, modulate the subcarrier signal by a data signal, and generate a control light by the use of the subcarrier signal which is an electrical signal and which is modulated by the data signal. In this case, however, a high-frequency oscillator for high frequencies is necessary and wide-band frequency division multiplexing is difficult. With the control light generator illustrated in FIG. 4, on the other hand, a beat light is generated by controlling the optical frequencies of lights outputted from the two light sources, and is modulated by a data signal. This enables wide-band frequency division multiplexing.

    (Third Embodiment)



    [0047] A third embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. The third embodiment differs from the second embodiment in the structure of a control light generator. An optical network system according to the third embodiment is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 2, and its description will be omitted. In addition, an optical multiplexing apparatus is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 3 (but differs in the structure of the control light generator), and its description will be omitted.

    [0048] FIG. 5 is a block diagram of the control light generator according to the third embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the control light generator includes light sources 61a and 61b, an optical intensity modulator 62, and an optical multiplexer 63.

    [0049] An optical spectrum 71 of an optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical multiplexer 63 is illustrated in FIG. 5. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectrum 71 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. In addition, a waveform 72 of the optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical multiplexer 63 is illustrated in FIG. 5. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the waveform 72 indicate time and power respectively.

    [0050] The light sources 61a and 61b output CW lights at different optical frequencies vcw and vs.

    [0051] A data signal to be transmitted via a transmission line is transmitted from an apparatus (not illustrated) to the optical intensity modulator 62. The optical intensity modulator 62 intensity-modulates the light outputted from the light source 61b by the data signal, and outputs the intensity-modulated light to the optical multiplexer 63.

    [0052] The optical intensity modulator 62 is, for example, a lithium niobate optical modulator or an EA modulator. Alternatively, the optical intensity modulator 62 is a nonlinear optical medium. If the optical intensity modulator 62 is a nonlinear optical medium, then the optical intensity modulator 62 E/O-converts the data signal transmitted thereto, and intensity-modulates the light outputted from the light source 61b by the E/O-converted data signal. If the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 62 is an optical signal, then the optical intensity modulator 62 inputs it directly to the nonlinear optical medium and intensity-modulates the light outputted from the light source 61b.

    [0053] The optical multiplexer 63 combines the light outputted from the light source 61a and the light outputted from the optical intensity modulator 62. An optical spectrum of the light outputted from the optical multiplexer 63 is indicated by the optical spectrum 71. The light outputted from the light source 61a and the light outputted from the optical intensity modulator 62 are combined and the optical subcarrier modulated signal is outputted from the optical multiplexer 63. The optical subcarrier frequency of the optical subcarrier modulated signal is given by



    [0054] That is to say, a subcarrier light intensity-modulated at a frequency corresponding to the difference between the optical frequencies of the lights outputted from the light sources 61a and 61b is intensity-modulated by the data signal and the optical subcarrier modulated signal obtained is outputted from the optical multiplexer 63. For example, the optical multiplexer 22 may be a WDM coupler, a power coupler, or an Array Waveguide Grating (AWG).

    [0055] For example, the optical multiplexer 63 outputs an optical subcarrier modulated signal like that indicated by a solid line of the waveform 72. A dashed line of the waveform 72 indicates the waveform of the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 62.

    [0056] The optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical multiplexer 63 is inputted to, for example, the optical multiplexer 22 illustrated in FIG. 3, and is combined with a carrier light. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is controlled so that the optical subcarrier modulated signal and the carrier light will have the same state of polarization. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is then combined with the carrier light.

    [0057] As has been described, the control light generator modulates a light outputted from one light source by a data signal and combines the modulated light with a light outputted from the other light source. By doing so, an optical subcarrier modulated signal can be outputted.

    (Fourth Embodiment)



    [0058] A fourth embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the second and third embodiments a single optical subcarrier modulated signal is combined with a carrier light. In the fourth embodiment a plurality of optical subcarrier modulated signals which are independent of one another are multiplexed and are combined with a carrier light. An optical network system according to the fourth embodiment is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 2, and its description will be omitted. In addition, an optical multiplexing apparatus is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 3 (but differs in the structure of a control light generator), and its description will be omitted.

    [0059] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the control light generator according to the fourth embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the control light generator includes light sources 81a, 81b,..., and 81n, optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m, and an optical multiplexer 83.

    [0060] An optical spectrum 91 of a light outputted from the optical multiplexer 83 is illustrated in FIG. 6. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectrum 91 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively.

    [0061] The light sources 81a, 81b,..., and 81n output CW lights at different optical frequencies vcw, vs1,..., and vsn.

    [0062] Data signal D1,..., and Dn to be transmitted via a transmission line are transmitted from an apparatus (not illustrated) to the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m respectively. For example, the data signal D1,..., and Dn are transmitted from different apparatus (not illustrated) or one apparatus (not illustrated).

    [0063] The optical intensity modulator 82a intensity-modulates the light outputted from the light source 81b by the data signal D1 and outputs the intensity-modulated light to the optical multiplexer 83. Similarly, the optical intensity modulator 82m intensity-modulates the light outputted from the light source 81n by the data signal Dn and outputs the intensity-modulated light to the optical multiplexer 83.

    [0064] Each of the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m is, for example, a lithium niobate optical modulator or an EA modulator. Alternatively, each of the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m is a nonlinear optical medium. If the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m are nonlinear optical media, then the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m E/O-convert the data signals transmitted thereto, and intensity-modulate the lights outputted from the light sources 81b,..., and 81n, respectively, by the E/O-converted data signals. If the data signals transmitted to the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m are optical signals, then the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m input them directly to the nonlinear optical media and intensity-modulate the lights outputted from the light sources 81b,..., and 81n respectively.

    [0065] The optical multiplexer 83 combines the light outputted from the light source 81a and lights outputted from the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m. An optical spectrum of a light outputted from the optical multiplexer 83 is indicated by the optical spectrum 91. The light outputted from the light source 81a and the lights outputted from the optical intensity modulators 82a,..., and 82m are combined and n optical subcarrier modulated signals are outputted from the optical multiplexer 83. The optical subcarrier frequencies of the n optical subcarrier modulated signals are given by

    where j is 1 to n (n is the number of the light sources 81b,..., and 81n).

    [0066] That is to say, the optical subcarrier modulated signal obtained by intensity-modulating a subcarrier light sinusoidal-modulated at a frequency corresponding to the difference between the optical frequencies of the lights outputted from the light sources 81a and 81b by the data signal D1 is outputted from the optical multiplexer 83. Similarly, the optical subcarrier modulated signal obtained by intensity-modulating a subcarrier light sinusoidal-modulated at a frequency corresponding to the difference between the optical frequencies of the lights outputted from the light sources 81a and 81n by the data signal Dn is outputted from the optical multiplexer 83. In this case, these optical subcarrier modulated signals are combined and are outputted from the optical multiplexer 83. The optical subcarrier modulated signals outputted from the optical multiplexer 83 are inputted to, for example, the optical multiplexer 22 illustrated in FIG. 3, and are combined with a carrier light. The optical subcarrier modulated signals are controlled so that the optical subcarrier modulated signals and the carrier light will have the same state of polarization. The optical subcarrier modulated signals are then combined with the carrier light.

    [0067] The instantaneous optical power of the combined optical subcarrier modulated signals is high and crosstalk increases in the nonlinear optical media. Accordingly, for example, an optical dispersive medium may be placed on the output side of the optical multiplexer 83 to pass the optical subcarrier modulated signals outputted from the optical multiplexer 83 through the optical dispersive medium. This can control an increase in crosstalk in the nonlinear optical media.

    [0068] As has been described, the control light generator includes the plurality of light sources which output lights at different optical frequencies, modulates subcarrier lights obtained on the basis of these lights by the plurality of data signals, and combines optical subcarrier modulated signals obtained. By doing so, the combined optical subcarrier modulated signals can be generated.

    (Fifth Embodiment)



    [0069] A fifth embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the fifth embodiment a mode-locked laser is used for generating an optical subcarrier modulated signal. An optical network system according to the fifth embodiment is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 2, and its description will be omitted. In addition, an optical multiplexing apparatus is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 3 (but differs in the structure of a control light generator), and its description will be omitted.

    [0070] FIG. 7 is a block diagram of the control light generator according to the fifth embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 7, the control light generator includes a mode-locked laser 101 and an optical intensity modulator 102.

    [0071] An optical spectrum 111 of a light outputted from the mode-locked laser 101 is illustrated in FIG. 7. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectrum 111 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. In addition, an optical spectrum 112 of a light outputted from the optical intensity modulator 102 is illustrated in FIG. 7. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectrum 112 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. Furthermore, a waveform 113 of the optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 102 is illustrated in FIG. 7. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the waveform 113 indicate time and power respectively.

    [0072] A light (subcarrier light) at a repetition frequency fm indicated in the optical spectrum 111 illustrated in FIG. 7 is outputted from the mode-locked laser 101. A light at a repetition frequency fm is outputted from the mode-locked laser 101.

    [0073] A data signal to be transmitted via a transmission line is transmitted from an apparatus (not illustrated) to the optical intensity modulator 102. The optical intensity modulator 102 intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the mode-locked laser 101 by the data signal, and outputs the optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0074] For example, the optical intensity modulator 102 outputs an optical subcarrier modulated signal like that indicated by a solid line of the waveform 113. A dashed line of the waveform 113 indicates the waveform of the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 102.

    [0075] The optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 102 is inputted to, for example, the optical multiplexer 22 illustrated in FIG. 3, and is combined with a carrier light. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is controlled so that the optical subcarrier modulated signal and the carrier light will have the same state of polarization. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is then combined with the carrier light.

    [0076] The optical intensity modulator 102 is, for example, a lithium niobate optical modulator or an EA modulator. Alternatively, the optical intensity modulator 102 is a nonlinear optical medium. If the optical intensity modulator 102 is a nonlinear optical medium, then the optical intensity modulator 102 E/O-converts the data signal transmitted thereto, and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the mode-locked laser 101 by the E/O-converted data signal. If the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 102 is an optical signal, then the optical intensity modulator 102 inputs it directly to the nonlinear optical medium and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the mode-locked laser 101.

    [0077] As has been described, the control light generator can generate a high-frequency optical subcarrier modulated signal by the use of the mode-locked laser on which a band limit based on a relaxation oscillation frequency of laser is not placed.

    (Sixth Embodiment)



    [0078] A sixth embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the sixth embodiment a light source which generates a short pulse and an optical time division multiplexer are used for generating a subcarrier light. An optical network system according to the sixth embodiment is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 2, and its description will be omitted. In addition, an optical multiplexing apparatus is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 3 (but differs in the structure of a control light generator), and its description will be omitted.

    [0079] FIG. 8 is a block diagram of the control light generator according to the sixth embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 8, the control light generator includes a pulse light source 121, an optical time division multiplexer 122, and an optical intensity modulator 123.

    [0080] A waveform 131 of a pulse light outputted from the pulse light source 121 is illustrated in FIG. 8. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the waveform 131 indicate time and power respectively. In addition, a waveform 132 of a light outputted from the optical time division multiplexer 122 is illustrated in FIG. 8. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the waveform 132 indicate time and power respectively. Furthermore, a waveform 133 of an optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 123 is illustrated in FIG. 8. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the waveform 133 indicate time and power respectively.

    [0081] As indicated by the waveform 131, the pulse light source 121 outputs a pulse light at a repetition frequency fp. The pulse light is a short pulse light and its width is sufficiently narrower than 1/(repetition frequency fp).

    [0082] The optical time division multiplexer 122 is a 1-to-k optical time division multiplexer. The optical time division multiplexer 122 frequency-converts the pulse light outputted from the pulse light source 121 to a repetition frequency fp x k and outputs it. For example, the optical time division multiplexer 122 outputs a pulse light at the repetition frequency fp x k like that indicated by the waveform 132.

    [0083] A data signal to be transmitted via a transmission line is transmitted from an apparatus (not illustrated) to the optical intensity modulator 123. The optical intensity modulator 123 intensity-modulates the pulse light (subcarrier light) outputted from the optical time division multiplexer 122 by the data signal, and outputs the optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    [0084] For example, the optical intensity modulator 123 outputs an optical subcarrier modulated signal like that indicated by a solid line of the waveform 133. A dashed line of the waveform 133 indicates the waveform of the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 123.

    [0085] The optical subcarrier modulated signal outputted from the optical intensity modulator 123 is inputted to, for example, the optical multiplexer 22 illustrated in FIG. 3, and is combined with a carrier light. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is controlled so that the optical subcarrier modulated signal and the carrier light will have the same state of polarization. The optical subcarrier modulated signal is then combined with the carrier light.

    [0086] The optical intensity modulator 123 is, for example, a lithium niobate optical modulator or an EA modulator. Alternatively, the optical intensity modulator 123 is a nonlinear optical medium. If the optical intensity modulator 123 is a nonlinear optical medium, then the optical intensity modulator 123 E/O-converts the data signal transmitted thereto, and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the optical time division multiplexer 122 by the E/O-converted data signal. If the data signal transmitted to the optical intensity modulator 123 is an optical signal, then the optical intensity modulator 123 inputs it directly to the nonlinear optical medium and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the optical time division multiplexer 122.

    [0087] As has been described, the control light generator generates a pulse light, controls a repetition frequency (optical subcarrier frequency) by the optical time division multiplexer, and generates an optical subcarrier modulated signal.

    (Seventh Embodiment)



    [0088] A seventh embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the seventh embodiment a receiving apparatus included in an optical network system will be described. The optical network system according to the seventh embodiment is the same as that illustrated in FIG. 2, and its description will be omitted.

    [0089] FIG. 9 is a block diagram of the receiving apparatus according to the seventh embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 9, the receiving apparatus includes an optical demultiplexer 141, local oscillation light sources 142a,..., and 142n, optical couplers 143a,..., and 143n, photodetectors 144a,..., and 144n, band-pass filters 145a,..., and 145n, and envelope detectors 146a,..., and 146n. The receiving apparatus illustrated in FIG. 9 performs down conversion by optical heterodyne detection and demodulates a data signal included in a carrier light.

    [0090] The receiving apparatus illustrated in FIG. 9 corresponds to, for example, the receiving apparatus 12 illustrated in FIG. 2. A light which propagates along a transmission line is inputted to the receiving apparatus illustrated in FIG. 9. In FIG. 2, the receiving apparatus 12 is placed in the transmission line. For example, however, a part of the light which propagates along the transmission line may be made by an optical coupler or the like to branch, and be outputted to the receiving apparatus.

    [0091] A carrier light which propagates along the transmission line is inputted to the optical demultiplexer 141. Lights at optical frequencies vx1,..., and vxn are combined with the carrier light. Hereinafter the carrier light inputted to the optical demultiplexer 141 may be referred to as the multiplexed optical signal.

    [0092] The optical frequencies vx1,..., and vxn of the multiplexed optical signal correspond to, for example, the optical frequencies vs1,..., and vsn of the CW lights outputted from the light sources 81b,..., and 81n, respectively, described in FIG. 6, and are given by

    where j is 1 to n (n is the number of the light sources 81b,..., and 81n).

    [0093] Alternatively, the difference f between the optical frequencies v1 and v2 of the CW lights outputted from the light sources 41a and 41b described in FIG. 4 differs among different optical multiplexing apparatus so that an optical subcarrier modulated signal and another optical subcarrier modulated signal combined with a carrier light will not overlap. For example, if a plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus each including the control light generator illustrated in FIG. 4 are placed in the transmission line, the plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus generate subcarrier lights at different optical subcarrier frequencies f1,..., and fn and generate optical subcarrier modulated signals. The optical frequencies vx1,..., and vxn of the multiplexed optical signal correspond to the optical subcarrier frequencies f1,..., and fn of the lights generated by the plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus, and are given by

    where j is 1 to n (n is the number of data signals multiplexed).

    [0094] The same applies to an optical multiplexing apparatus including the control light generator described in FIG. 5, 7, or 8.

    [0095] The optical demultiplexer 141 separates the multiplexed optical signal into n optical signal components and outputs them to the optical couplers 143a,..., and 143n.

    [0096] The local oscillation light sources 142a,..., and 142n output lights at optical frequencies vl1 and vln respectively.

    [0097] The n optical signal components into which the optical demultiplexer 141 separates the multiplexed optical signal and the lights outputted from the local oscillation light sources 142a,..., and 142n are inputted to the optical couplers 143a,..., and 143n. The optical couplers 143a,..., and 143n combine the n optical signal components into which the optical demultiplexer 141 separates the multiplexed optical and the lights outputted from the local oscillation light sources 142a,..., and 142n, and output lights obtained to the photodetectors 144a,..., and 144n.

    [0098] The photodetectors 144a,..., and 144n convert the optical power of the lights outputted from the optical couplers 143a,..., and 143n to electrical signals.

    [0099] Each of the band-pass filters 145a,..., and 145n extracts one signal component from an electrical signal outputted from the corresponding photodetector 144. Each of the band-pass filters 145a,..., and 145n allows a signal component at a frequency given by the following expression (6) to pass, and removes signal components at redundant frequencies.

    where k is 1 to n (n is the number of data signals multiplexed).

    [0100] A pass band for each of the band-pass filters 145a,..., and 145n is set to, for example, the frequency fik given by expression (6).

    [0101] The envelope detectors 146a,..., and 146n detect envelopes of the signal components outputted from the band-pass filters 145a,..., and 145n respectively. By doing so, the receiving apparatus can obtain the data signals transmitted from an optical multiplexing apparatus.

    [0102] As has been described, the receiving apparatus separates a carrier light into light components and combines the light components with lights outputted from the local oscillation light sources 142a,..., and 142n. The receiving apparatus then converts the power of lights obtained to electrical signals by the photodetectors 144a,..., and 144n, extracts signal components by the band-pass filters 145a,..., and 145n, and detects envelopes of the signal components by the envelope detectors 146a,..., and 146n. By doing so, data signals can be obtained.

    (Eighth Embodiment)



    [0103] An eighth embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the eighth embodiment a receiving apparatus converts a multiplexed optical signal received to an electrical signal by a photodetector and divides it by a divider. The receiving apparatus then separates the electrical signals divided by band-pass filters. By doing so, data signals are obtained.

    [0104] FIG. 10 is a block diagram of the receiving apparatus according to the eighth embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 10, the receiving apparatus includes a photodetector 151, a divider 152, band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n, and envelope detectors 154a,..., and 154n.

    [0105] An optical spectrum 161 of a multiplexed optical signal inputted to the photodetector 151 is illustrated in FIG. 10. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the optical spectrum 161 indicate an optical frequency and power respectively. In addition, an electrical spectrum 162 of a signal outputted from the photodetector 151 is illustrated in FIG. 10. The horizontal axis and vertical axis of the electrical spectrum 162 indicate a frequency and power respectively.

    [0106] The multiplexed optical signal including optical frequencies indicated by the optical spectrum 161 is inputted to the photodetector 151. The photodetector 151 converts the optical power of the multiplexed optical signal inputted to an electrical signal. Accordingly, an electrical signal at frequencies indicated by the electrical spectrum 162 is outputted from the photodetector 151.

    [0107] The divider 152 divides the electrical signal outputted from the photodetector 151 to the band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n (n is the number of data signals multiplexed into the multiplexed optical signal).

    [0108] Each of the band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n allows a signal component at a frequency given by the following expression (7) to pass.

    where k is 1 to n (n is the number of data signals multiplexed).

    [0109] That is to say, pass bands for the band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n are set to the optical subcarrier frequencies of optical subcarrier modulated signals generated by a plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus. As a result, electrical signals to which the optical subcarrier modulated signals combined with a carrier light are converted are outputted from the band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n.

    [0110] The envelope detectors 154a,..., and 154n detect envelopes of the signals outputted from the band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n. As a result, the receiving apparatus can obtain the data signals transmitted from the optical multiplexing apparatus.

    [0111] As has been described, the receiving apparatus converts a carrier light to a electrical signal by the photodetector 151 and divides it to the band-pass filters 153a,..., and 153n. The receiving apparatus then extracts signal components at optical subcarrier frequencies from the electrical signals divided, and detects their envelopes. As a result, the receiving apparatus can obtain data signals.

    (Ninth Embodiment)



    [0112] A ninth embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the ninth embodiment a receiving apparatus separates a multiplexed optical signal into signal components with determined wavelengths (at determined optical frequencies) by an optical demultiplexer, converts the signal components to electrical signals by photodetectors, and obtains data signals.

    [0113] FIG. 11 is a block diagram of the receiving apparatus according to the ninth embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 11, the receiving apparatus includes an optical wavelength demultiplexer 171 and photodetectors 172a,..., and 172n.

    [0114] A multiplexed optical signal including optical frequencies vx1,..., vxn is inputted to the optical wavelength demultiplexer 171. The optical wavelength demultiplexer 171 separates the multiplexed optical signal into lights at the optical frequencies vx1,..., vxn.

    [0115] The photodetectors 172a,..., and 172n convert the optical power of the lights into which the optical wavelength demultiplexer 171 wavelength(optical-frequency)-demultiplexes the multiplexed optical signal to electrical signals. As a result, data signals transmitted from optical multiplexing apparatus are outputted from the photodetectors 172a,..., and 172n.

    [0116] As has been described, the receiving apparatus separates a carrier light into light components at the optical frequencies vx1,..., vxn which are given by expression (5) and which correspond to the optical subcarrier frequencies f1,..., and fn of optical subcarrier modulated signals generated by the optical multiplexing apparatus by the optical wavelength demultiplexer 171. The receiving apparatus then converts the optical power of the light components to electrical signals by the photodetectors 172a,..., and 172n. By doing so, data signals can be obtained.

    (Tenth Embodiment)



    [0117] A tenth embodiment will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing. In the tenth embodiment a receiving apparatus separates a multiplexed optical signal into light components at different optical frequencies which form groups by an optical wavelength demultiplexer, and down-converts each light component by optical heterodyne detection. The receiving apparatus divides each down-converted signal by a divider, separates divided signals by band-pass filters pass bands for which correspond to optical subcarrier frequencies, and performs detection by detectors. By doing so, data signals can be obtained.

    [0118] FIG. 12 is a block diagram of the receiving apparatus according to the tenth embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 12, the receiving apparatus includes an optical wavelength demultiplexer 181, local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m, optical couplers 183a,..., and 183m, photodetectors 184a,..., and 184m, dividers 185a,..., and 185m, band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n, envelope detectors 187a,..., 187n,..., 189a,..., and 189n.

    [0119] A multiplexed optical signal is separated into light components at different optical frequencies which form groups by the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181. The number of the local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m, the number of the optical couplers 183a,..., and 183m, the number of the photodetectors 184a,..., and 184m, and the number of the dividers 185a,..., and 185m correspond to that of the optical frequency groups. The number of the band-pass filters 186a,..., and 186n corresponds to that of light components divided by the divider 185a (that of optical subcarrier modulated signals included in an optical frequency group). Similarly, the number of the band-pass filters 188a,..., and 188n corresponds to that of light components divided by the divider 185m. The envelope detectors 187a,..., 187n,..., 189a,..., and 189n correspond to the band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n respectively.

    [0120] A multiplexed optical signal including optical frequencies vxl1,..., vxln,..., vxm1,..., and vxmn is inputted to the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181. Lights at optical frequencies vx11,..., and vx1n are combined with a carrier light by, for example, optical multiplexing apparatus each including the control light generator illustrated in FIG. 6. Similarly, lights at optical frequencies vxm1,..., and vxmn are combined with the carrier light by other optical multiplexing apparatus each including the control light generator illustrated in FIG. 6.

    [0121] The optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates the multiplexed optical signal into light components at different optical frequencies which form groups. For example, the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates light components at the optical frequencies vxl1,..., and vxln from the multiplexed optical signal and outputs them to the optical coupler 183a. Similarly, the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates light components at the optical frequencies vxm1,..., and vxmn from the multiplexed optical signal and outputs them to the optical coupler 183m.

    [0122] The local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m output lights at optical frequencies v11,..., and v1m respectively.

    [0123] The light components into which the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates the multiplexed optical signal and the lights outputted from the local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m are inputted to the optical couplers 183a,..., and 183m respectively. The optical couplers 183a,..., and 183m combine the light components into which the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates the multiplexed optical signal and the lights outputted from the local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m, respectively, and output lights obtained to the photodetectors 184a,..., and 184m respectively.

    [0124] The photodetectors 184a,..., and 184m convert the optical power of the lights outputted from the optical couplers 183a,..., and 183m, respectively, to electrical signals.

    [0125] The dividers 185a,..., and 185m divide the electrical signals outputted from the photodetectors 184a,..., and 184m respectively. The number of signals divided by each of the dividers 185a,..., and 185m corresponds to that of optical subcarrier modulated signals included in each of the light components into which the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates the multiplexed optical signal.

    [0126] Each of the band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n allows a signal at a frequency given by the following expression (8) to pass.

    where j is 1 to m (m is the number of the local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m) and k is 1 to n (n is the number of optical subcarrier modulated signals included in each of the light components into which the optical wavelength demultiplexer 181 separates the multiplexed optical signal).

    [0127] That is to say, pass bands for the band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n are set to frequencies corresponding to the difference between the optical frequencies of the lights outputted from the local oscillation light sources 182a,..., and 182m and the optical frequencies of lights outputted from the respective light sources of the plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus. In a word, pass bands for the band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n are set to frequencies corresponding to optical subcarrier frequencies. As a result, electrical signals to which the optical subcarrier modulated signals combined with the carrier light are converted are outputted from the band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n.

    [0128] The envelope detectors 187a,..., 187n,..., 189a,..., and 189n detect envelopes of the signals outputted from the band-pass filters 186a,..., 186n,..., 188a,..., and 188n. As a result, the receiving apparatus can obtain data signals transmitted from the optical multiplexing apparatus.

    [0129] As has been described, the receiving apparatus separates a multiplexed optical signal into light components at different frequencies which form groups by an optical wavelength demultiplexer, and down-converts each light component by optical heterodyne detection. The receiving apparatus then divides each down-converted signal by a divider, separates divideed signals by band-pass filters pass bands for which correspond to optical subcarrier frequencies, and performs detection by detectors. By doing so, data signals can be obtained.

    [0130] According to the system disclosed, information can be multiplex-transmitted in high density.

    [0131] All examples and conditional language recited herein are intended for pedagogical purposes to aid the reader in understanding the invention and the concepts contributed by the inventor to furthering the art, and are to be construed as being without limitation to such specifically recited examples and conditions, nor does the organization of such examples in the specification relate to a showing of the superiority and inferiority of the invention. Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions, and alterations could be made hereto without departing from the scope of the invention.


    Claims

    1. An optical multiplexing apparatus (20) placed in a transmission line (1, 13) comprising:a control light generator (21) which generates a control light (Esj) obtained by modulating an intensity-modulated light by a data signal; and a multiplexer (22) which combines the control light (Esj) with a carrier light (Ec(j)) propagating the transmission line (1, 13) and outputs a first combined optical signal;an all-optical modulator (23) which receives the first combined optical signal and combines the control light (Esj) with the carrier light (Ec(j)) by using a non linear optical medium for all-optical modulating the carrier light (Ec(j)) on the basis of the control light (Esj) and outputs an optical phase modulation signal; and an optical filter (24) which passes a light (Ec(j+1)) having the wavelength of the carrier light (Ec(j)) from the optical phase modulation signal, the optical multiplexing apparatus characterized by the control light generator (21) including a first light source (41a), a second light source (41b), an intensity-modulated light generation multiplexer (42) and a modulator (43) ;the first light source (41a) which outputs a first light (v 1) ;the second light source (41b) which outputs a second light (v2) different from the first light (v1) in optical frequency;the intensity-modulated light generation multiplexer (42) which combines the first light (v1) and the second light (v2), and outputs a subcarrier light having sinusoidal intensity at a frequency corresponding to the difference between optical frequencies of the first light (v1) and the second light (v 2) ;the modulator (43) which modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the intensity-modulated light generation multiplexer (42) by the data signal, the data signal transmitted via the transmission line (1, 13),wherein when the data signal transmitted to the modulator (43) is an electrical signal and the modulator (43) is a nonlinear optical medium, the modulator (43) E/O-converts the data signal transmitted thereto and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light outputted from the intensity-modulated light generation multiplexer (42) by the E/O-converted data signal, and wherein when the data signal transmitted to the modulator (43) is an optical signal, the modulator (43) inputs the data signal directly to a nonlinear optical medium and intensity-modulates the subcarrier light.
     
    2. An optical network system comprising:

    a transmission line (1, 13) along which a carrier light propagates; and

    an optical multiplexing apparatus according to claim 1.


     
    3. The optical network system according to claim 2 wherein: a plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus (11a,..., 11n) are placed in the transmission line (1, 13); and control light generators (2a, 21) included in the plurality of optical multiplexing apparatus (11a,..., 11n) generate lights intensity-modulated at different frequencies.
     
    4. The optical network system according to claim 2 wherein the control light generator (2a, 21) outputs the light intensity-modulated by a mode-locked laser (101).
     
    5. The optical network system according to claim 2 wherein the control light generator (2a, 21) includes:

    a pulse light source (121) which outputs a pulse light; and

    an optical time division multiplexer (122) which converts a repetition frequency of the pulse light and outputs the intensity-modulated light.


     
    6. The optical network system according to claim 2 further comprising a receiving apparatus (12) including:

    a demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) which separates the carrier light;

    a plurality of local oscillation light sources (142a,..., 142n, 182a,..., 182n) which output local lights;

    a plurality of local light multiplexers (143a,..., 143n, 183a,..., 183m) which combine light components into which the demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) separates the carrier light and the local lights outputted from the plurality of local oscillation light sources (142a,..., 142n, 182a,..., 182n) ;

    a plurality of photodetectors (143a,..., 143n, 184a,..., 184m) which convert lights outputted from the plurality of local light multiplexers (143a,..., 143n, 183a,..., 183m) to electrical signals; and

    a plurality of filters (145a,..., 145n, 153a,..., 153n, 186a,..., 186n, 188a,..., 188n) each of which extracts one signal component from an electrical signal.


     
    7. The optical network system according to claim 2 further comprising a receiving apparatus (12) including:

    a photodetector (151) which converts the carrier light to an electrical signal;

    a divider (152) which divides the electrical signal; and

    a plurality of filters (145a,..., 145n, 153a,..., 153n, 186a,..., 186n, 188a,..., 188n) which allow divided electrical signals at optical intensity frequencies of the intensity-modulated light to pass.


     
    8. The optical network system according to claim 2 further comprising a receiving apparatus (12) including:

    a demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) which separates the carrier light into light components at different optical frequencies; and

    a plurality of photodetectors (144a,..., 144n, 184a,... 184m) which convert the light components outputted from the demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) to electrical signals.


     
    9. The optical network system according to claim 2 further comprising a receiving apparatus (12) including:

    a demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) which separates the carrier light into light components at different optical frequencies which form groups;

    a plurality of local oscillation light sources (142a,..., 142n, 182a,..., 182n) which output local lights;

    a plurality of local light multiplexers (143a,..., 143n, 183a,..., 183m) which combine the light components into which the demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) separates the carrier light and the local lights outputted from the plurality of local oscillation light sources (142a,..., 142n, 182a,..., 182n) ;

    a plurality of photodetectors (144a,..., 144n, 184a,... 184m) which convert lights outputted from the plurality of local light multiplexers (143a,..., 143n, 183a,..., 183m) to electrical signals;

    a plurality of dividers (185a,..., 185m) which divide the electrical signals; and

    a plurality of filters (145a,..., 145n, 153a,..., 153n, 186a,..., 186n, 188a,..., 188n) which allow divided electrical signals at frequencies corresponding to optical intensity frequencies of the intensity-modulated light to pass.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Optische Multiplexing-Einrichtung (20), die in einer Übertragungsleitung (1, 13) platziert ist, umfassend: einen Steuerungslichtgenerator (21), der ein Steuerungslicht (Esj) erzeugt, das erhalten wird, indem ein intensitätsmoduliertes Licht durch ein Datensignal moduliert wird; und einen Multiplexer (22), der das Steuerungslicht (Esj) mit einem Trägerlicht (Ec(j)) kombiniert, das sich entlang der Übertragungsleitung (1, 13) ausbreitet, und ein erstes kombiniertes optisches Signal ausgibt; einen reinoptischen Modulator (23), der das erste kombinierte optische Signal empfängt und das Steuerungslicht (Esj) mit dem Trägerlicht (Ec(j)) kombiniert, indem er ein nichtlineares optisches Medium für reinoptisches Modulieren des Trägerlichts (Ec(j)) auf der Basis des Steuerungslichts (Esj) verwendet, und ein optisches Phasenmodulationssignal ausgibt; und ein optisches Filter (24), das ein Licht (Ec(j+1)), das die Wellenlänge des Trägerlichts (Ec(j)) aufweist, von dem optischen Phasenmodulationssignal durchlässt, wobei die optische Multiplexing-Einrichtung durch den Steuerungslichtgenerator (21) gekennzeichnet ist, der eine erste Lichtquelle (41a), eine zweite Lichtquelle (41b), einen intensitätsmodulierten Lichterzeugungsmultiplexer (42) und einen Modulator (43) beinhaltet; die erste Lichtquelle (41a), die ein erstes Licht (v 1) ausgibt; die zweite Lichtquelle (41b), die ein zweites Licht (v2) ausgibt, das sich von dem ersten Licht (v1) in optischer Frequenz unterscheidet; den intensitätsmodulierten Lichterzeugungsmultiplexer (42), der das erste Licht (v1) und das zweite Licht (v2) kombiniert und ein Subträgerlicht ausgibt, das eine Sinusintensität bei einer Frequenz aufweist, die dem Unterschied zwischen optischen Frequenzen des ersten Lichts (v1) und des zweiten Lichts (v 2) entspricht; den Modulator (43), der das Subträgerlicht, das von dem intensitätsmodulierten Lichterzeugungsmultiplexer (42) ausgegeben wird, durch das Datensignal moduliert, wobei das Datensignal über die Übertragungsleitung (1, 13) übertragen ist, wobei, wenn das Datensignal, das an den Modulator (43) übertragen ist, ein elektrisches Signal ist und der Modulator (43) ein nichtlineares optisches Medium ist, der Modulator (43) das an ihn übermittelte Datensignal E/O-umwandelt und das vom intensitätsmodulierten Lichterzeugungsmultiplexer (42) ausgegebene Subträgerlicht durch das E/Oumgewandelte Datensignal intensitätsmoduliert, und wobei, wenn das an den Modulator (43) übertragene Datensignal ein optisches Signal ist, der Modulator (43) das Datensignal direkt zu einem nichtlinearen optischen Medium eingibt und das Subträgerlicht intensitätsmoduliert.
     
    2. Optisches Netzwerksystem, umfassend: eine Übertragungsleitung (1, 13) entlang der sich ein Trägerlicht ausbreitet; und
    eine optische Multiplexing-Einrichtung nach Anspruch 1.
     
    3. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei: eine Vielzahl von optischen Multiplexing-Einrichtungen (11à, ..., 11n) in der Übertragungsleitung (1, 13) platziert sind; und Steuerungslichterzeuger (2a, 21), die in der Vielzahl von optischen Multiplexing-Einrichtungen (11à, ..., 11n) beinhaltet sind, Lichter erzeugen, die bei unterschiedlichen Frequenzen intensitätsmoduliert sind.
     
    4. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Steuerungslichterzeuger (2a, 21) das intensitätsmodulierte Licht durch einen modusgesperrten Laser (101) ausgibt.
     
    5. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Steuerungslichterzeuger (2a, 21) beinhaltet:

    eine Pulslichtquelle (121), die ein gepulstes Licht ausgibt; und

    einen optischen Zeitmultiplexer (122), der eine Wiederholungsfrequenz des Pulslichts umwandelt und das intensitätsmodulierte Licht ausgibt.


     
    6. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, weiter umfassend eine Empfangseinrichtung (12), beinhaltend:

    einen Demultiplexer (141, 171, 181), der das Trägerlicht teilt;

    eine Vielzahl von lokalen Oszillationslichtquellen (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n), die lokale Lichter ausgeben;

    eine Vielzahl von lokalen Lichtmultiplexern (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m), die Lichtkomponenten kombinieren, in die der Demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) das Trägerlicht und die lokalen Lichter, die von der Vielzahl von lokalen Oszillationslichtquellen (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n) ausgegeben werden, teilt;

    eine Vielzahl von Photodetektoren (143a, ..., 143n, 184a, ..., 184m), die Lichter, die von der Vielzahl von lokalen Lichtmultiplexern (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m) ausgegeben werden, zu elektrischen Signalen umwandeln; und

    eine Vielzahl von Filtern (145a, ..., 145n, 153a, ..., 153n, 186a, ..., 186n, 188a, ..., 188n), von denen jedes eine Signalkomponente aus einem elektrischen Signal extrahiert.


     
    7. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, weiter umfassend eine Empfangseinrichtung (12), beinhaltend:

    einen Photodetektor (151), der das Trägerlicht zu einem elektrischen Signal umwandelt;

    einen Dividierer (152), der das elektrische Signal dividiert; und

    eine Vielzahl von Filtern (145a, ..., 145n, 153a, ..., 153n, 186a, ..., 186n, 188a, ..., 188n), die dividierten elektrischen Signalen bei optischen Intensitätsfrequenzen des intensitätsmodulierten Lichts erlauben durchzugehen.


     
    8. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, weiter umfassend eine Empfangseinrichtung (12), beinhaltend:

    einen Demultiplexer (141, 171, 181), der das Trägerlicht in Lichtkomponenten bei unterschiedlichen optischen Frequenzen teilt; und

    eine Vielzahl von Photodetektoren (144a, ..., 144n, 184a, ..., 184m), die die Lichtkomponenten, die von dem Demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) ausgegeben werden, zu elektrischen Signalen umwandeln.


     
    9. Optisches Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 2, weiter umfassend eine Empfangseinrichtung (12), beinhaltend:

    einen Demultiplexer (141, 171, 181), der das Trägerlicht in Lichtkomponenten bei unterschiedlichen optischen Frequenzen teilt, die Gruppen bilden;

    eine Vielzahl von lokalen Oszillationslichtquellen (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n), die lokale Lichter ausgeben;

    eine Vielzahl von lokalen Lichtmultiplexern (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m), die die Lichtkomponenten kombinieren, in die der Demultiplexer (141, 171, 181) das Trägerlicht und die lokalen Lichter, die von der Vielzahl von lokalen Oszillationslichtquellen (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n) ausgegeben werden, teilt;

    eine Vielzahl von Photodetektoren (144a, ..., 144n, 184a, ..., 184m), die Lichter, die von der Vielzahl von lokalen Lichtmultiplexern (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m) ausgegeben werden, zu elektrischen Signalen umwandeln;

    eine Vielzahl von Dividierern (185a, ..., 185m), die die elektrischen Signale dividieren; und

    eine Vielzahl von Filtern (145a, ..., 145n, 153a, ..., 153n, 186a, ..., 186n, 188a, ..., 188n), die dividierten elektrischen Signalen bei Frequenzen entsprechend optischer Intensitätsfrequenzen des intensitätsmodulierten Lichts erlauben durchzugehen.


     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de multiplexage optique (20) placé dans une ligne de transmission (1, 13) comprenant : un générateur de lumière de commande (21) qui génère une lumière de commande (Esj) obtenue en modulant une lumière modulée en intensité par un signal de données; et un multiplexeur (22) qui combine la lumière de commande (Esj) avec une lumière de porteuse (Ec(j)) propageant la ligne de transmission (1, 13) et sort un premier signal optique combiné ; un modulateur tout optique (23) qui reçoit le premier signal optique combiné et combine la lumière de commande (Esj) avec la lumière de porteuse (Ec(j)) en utilisant un support optique non linéaire pour une modulation tout optique de la lumière de porteuse (Ec(j)) sur la base de la lumière de commande (Esj) et sort un signal à modulation de phase optique ; et un filtre optique (24) qui laisse passer une lumière (Ec(j+1)) présentant la longueur d'onde de la lumière de porteuse (Ec(j)) du signal de modulation de phase optique, l'appareil de multiplexage optique étant caractérisé en ce que le générateur de lumière de commande (21) inclut une première source de lumière (41a), une seconde source de lumière (41b), un multiplexeur à génération de lumière modulée en intensité (42) et un modulateur (43) ; la première source de lumière (41a) qui sort une première lumière (v 1) ; la seconde source de lumière (41b) qui sort une seconde lumière (v 2) différente de la première lumière (v 1) en fréquence optique; le multiplexeur à génération de lumière modulée en intensité (42) qui combine la première lumière (v1) et la seconde lumière (v2), et sort une lumière de sous-porteuse présentant une intensité sinusoïdale à une fréquence correspondant à la différence entre des fréquences optiques de la première lumière (v1) et de la seconde lumière (v 2) ; le modulateur (43) qui module la lumière de sous-porteuse sortie du multiplexeur à génération de lumière modulée en intensité (42) par le signal de données, le signal de données transmis via la ligne de transmission (1, 13), dans lequel lorsque le signal de données transmis au modulateur (43) est un signal électrique et le modulateur (43) est un support optique non linéaire, le modulateur (43) effectue une conversion E/O du signal de données qui lui est transmis et module en intensité la lumière de sous-porteuse sortie du multiplexeur à génération de lumière modulée en intensité (42) par le signal de données ayant subi une conversion E/O, et dans lequel lorsque le signal de données transmis au modulateur (43) est un signal optique, le modulateur (43) entre le signal de données directement dans un milieu optique non linéaire et module en intensité la lumière de sous-porteuse.
     
    2. Système de réseau optique comprenant :

    une ligne de transmission (1, 13) le long de laquelle une lumière de porteuse se propage ; et

    un appareil de multiplexage optique selon la revendication 1.


     
    3. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel : une pluralité d'appareils de multiplexage optique (11a, ..., 11n) sont placés dans la ligne de transmission (1, 13) ; et des générateurs de lumière de commande (2a, 21) inclus dans la pluralité d'appareils de multiplexage optique (11a, ..., 11n) génèrent des lumières modulées en intensité à des fréquences différentes.
     
    4. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le générateur de lumière de commande (2a, 21) sort la lumière modulée en intensité par un laser à mode verrouillé (101).
     
    5. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le générateur de lumière de commande (2a, 21) inclut :

    une source de lumière pulsée (121) qui sort une lumière pulsée ; et

    un multiplexeur temporel optique (122) qui convertit une fréquence de répétition de la lumière pulsée et sort la lumière modulée en intensité.


     
    6. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre un appareil de réception (12) incluant :

    un démultiplexeur (141, 171, 181) qui sépare la lumière de porteuse ;

    une pluralité de sources de lumières d'oscillation locales (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n) qui sortent des lumières locales ;

    une pluralité de multiplexeurs de lumières locales (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m) qui combinent des composantes de lumière où le démultiplexeur (141, 171, 181) sépare la lumière de porteuse et les lumières locales sorties de la pluralité de sources de lumières d'oscillation locales (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n) ;

    une pluralité de photodétecteurs (143a, ..., 143n, 184a, ..., 184m) qui convertissent des lumières sorties de la pluralité de multiplexeurs de lumières locales (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183n) en signaux électriques ; et

    une pluralité de filtres (145a, ..., 145n, 153a, ..., 153n, 186a, ..., 186n, 188a, ..., 188n), chacun d'entre eux extrayant une composante de signal d'un signal électrique.


     
    7. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre un appareil de réception (12) incluant :

    un photodétecteur (151) qui convertit la lumière de porteuse en un signal électrique ;

    un diviseur (152) qui divise le signal électrique ; et

    une pluralité de filtres (145a, ..., 145n, 153a, ..., 153n, 186a, ..., 186n, 188a, ..., 188n) qui permettent à des signaux électriques divisés à des fréquences d'intensité optiques de la lumière modulée en intensité de passer.


     
    8. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre un appareil de réception (12) incluant :

    un démultiplexeur (141, 171, 181) qui sépare la lumière de porteuse en composantes de lumière à des fréquences optiques différentes ; et

    une pluralité de photodétecteurs (144a, ..., 144n, 184a, ... 184m) qui convertissent les composantes de lumière sorties du multiplexeur (141, 171, 181) en signaux électriques.


     
    9. Système de réseau optique selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre un appareil de réception (12) incluant :

    un démultiplexeur (141, 171, 181) qui sépare la lumière de porteuse en composantes de lumière à des fréquences optiques différentes qui forment des groupes ;

    une pluralité de sources de lumières d'oscillation locales (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n) qui sortent des lumières locales ;

    une pluralité de multiplexeurs de lumières locales (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m) qui combinent les composantes de lumière où le démultiplexeur (141, 171, 181) sépare la lumière de porteuse et les lumières locales sorties de la pluralité de sources de lumière d'oscillation locales (142a, ..., 142n, 182a, ..., 182n) ;

    une pluralité de photodétecteurs (144a, ..., 144n, 184a, ... 184m) qui convertissent des lumières sorties de la pluralité de multiplexeurs de lumières locales (143a, ..., 143n, 183a, ..., 183m) en signaux électriques ;

    une pluralité de diviseurs (185a, ..., 185m) qui divisent les signaux électriques ; et

    une pluralité de filtres (145a, ..., 145n, 153a, ..., 153n, 186a, ..., 186n, 188a, ..., 188n) qui permettent à des signaux électriques divisés à des fréquences correspondant à des fréquences d'intensité optiques de la lumière modulée en intensité de passer.


     




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    Cited references

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    Patent documents cited in the description