(19)
(11)EP 2 434 836 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 11175459.4

(22)Date of filing:  26.07.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H05B 6/36  (2006.01)
H05B 6/10  (2006.01)

(54)

Induction heating device and method for controlling the same

Induktionswärmevorrichtung und Steuerungsverfahren dafür

Dispositif de chauffage par induction et procédé de commande correspondant


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.09.2010 TW 099132653

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.03.2012 Bulletin 2012/13

(73)Proprietor: Chung Yuan Christian University
Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 320 (TW)

(72)Inventors:
  • Chen, Shia-Chung
    Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 320 (TW)
  • Chang, Jen-An
    Jhongli-City, Taoyuan County 320 (TW)
  • Lin, Yu-Zeng
    Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 320 (TW)

(74)Representative: dompatent von Kreisler Selting Werner - Partnerschaft von Patent- und Rechtsanwälten mbB 
Deichmannhaus am Dom Bahnhofsvorplatz 1
50667 Köln
50667 Köln (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 925 421
US-A- 5 500 511
US-B2- 6 960 746
WO-A1-96/20823
US-B1- 6 897 419
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a control method for an induction heating device capable of using a magnetic conductive plate to control the distribution as well as the strength of the magnetic field induced thereby.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In any dynamic mold temperature control application, the key affecting factors generally are the speed and uniformity of heating. With respect to the speed of heating, there are already many conventional induction heating structures and applications that not only can achieve a satisfactory speed of heating, but also is capable of doing so while achieving significant energy efficiency with a power conversion rate that is higher than 90%.

    [0003] For instance, one of which is a mold having separate heating and cooling device disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,402,501, in which the mold is designed to be an assembly of two sub-molds according to its separately disposed heating system and cooling system, by that the sub-molds, being comparatively small in size, can be rapidly preheated by the heating system during the mold clamping stroke in mold assembling. Moreover, by embedding the high frequency induction heating coil of the heating system inside grooves formed on the surface of its corresponding sub-mold, not only the time required for the preheating can be shortened, but also the heating efficiency is improved.

    [0004] Another such device is a device for advancing even distribution of high cycle wave magnetism, that is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,919,545. The device for advancing even distribution of high cycle wave magnetism uses a coil body having characteristics of conducting high cycle wave magnetism energy. The coil body is coiled in such a way that appears to have undulating distributed layers structure. A plurality of neighboring coil parts is annularly formed to become the coil body. Magnetism goes through any two neighboring coil parts will not repel or counteract each other because the neighboring coil parts are not on the same plane. Thus the present invention can advance high cycle wave magnetic field distributed more evenly.

    [0005] In addition, further another such device is a device for instantly preheating dies, which is disclosed in U.S. Pat. NO. 6,960,746. The device for instantly pre-heating dies includes an inductive heating coil disposed between two dies. The inductive heating coil includes a spiral shape for generating high frequency induction heat energy. When the dies are separated by a mechanical arm, the inductive heating coil is disposed between die surfaces of the dies, so that high frequency induction heat can act on a die contact part, to allow the die contact part to be pre-heated instantly. As result, not only its pre-heating efficiency is enhanced and the electric energy can also be saved, but also the melted plastic material may be ensured to smoothly flow inside the die contact parts.

    [0006] As disclosed in the aforesaid patents, a device using induction coils as its heating system is able to heat a mold rapidly or even instantly. However, the issue of uniform heating, which is another important factor relating to the performance of using an induction coil for heating a mold, is still remained to be overcome.

    [0007] US 5,500,511 and WO 96/20823 disclose inductive welding systems comprising an inductive coil.

    [0008] Induction heating is a means of raising the temperature of conductive parts by the transfer of electrical energy from a high-frequency induction coil, which sets up a field of magnetic flux for energizing a target workpiece in such a way that current is caused to flow around its surface. However, since the surfaces of most target workpieces, such as a mold, are not flat, the magnetic field induced by the coil will concentrated at the surface variations of the workpiece including corners and sharp edges, where they are easily overheated. In addition, since the induction coil is generally being disposed spirally surrounding a target workpiece, the greatest part of the heat generated is on the surface of the workpiece that is diminishing rapidly toward the center thereof, so that uniform heating is difficult.

    [0009] Therefore, it is in need of a heating means capable of rapid heating while ensuring heating uniformity.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0010] In view of the disadvantages of prior art, the primary object of the present invention is to provide a method for controlling an induction heating device, in that a magnetic conductive plate is provided to work in conjunction with an induction coil in a manner that a magnetic field applied upon a target object is deteriorated or enhance with respect to the positioning of the magnetic conductive plate relative to the induction coil so as to control the distribution of the magnetic field accordingly, and thus improve the heating efficiency and the heating uniformity as well.

    [0011] The present invention provides a method for controlling induction heating device, as defined in claim 1.

    [0012] By disposing the magnetic conductive plate at a side of the induction coil that is neighboring to the target object, the lines of magnetic field induced from the induction coil that are proximate to the magnetic conductive plate are attracted thereby, causing a portion of those magnetic lines to be blocked from being transmitted to the target object; and by disposing the magnetic conductive plate at a side of the induction coil that is away from the target object, the magnetic field relating to an area of the target object that is corresponding to the magnetic conductive plate is enhanced as soon as the magnetic conductive plate is magnetized by the lines of magnetic field induced from the induction coil.

    [0013] In an example, the target object is an insert received inside a mold.

    [0014] In an example, the magnetic conductive plate is made of a magnetic powder core

    [0015] In an example, the magnetic conductive plate is made of a soft magnetic material.

    [0016] In an example, the thickness of the magnetic conductive plate is about 3 mm.

    [0017] In an example, the thickness of the magnetic conductive plate is preferably to be larger than 5 mm.

    [0018] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the target object is configured with at least one corner, which is an area of the target object where distance measured from the induction coil to the area is varying; and when the magnetic conductive plate is positioned between the induction coil and the target object, the magnetic conductive plate is located at a position corresponding to the corner so as to be used as a shield for blocking the magnetic field and thus weakening the magnetic filed applied on the corner.

    [0019] In an example, when the induction coil is being disposed spirally surrounding the target object and the magnetic conductive plate is disposed at the side of the induction coil that is away from the target object, the magnetic conductive plate is located at a position corresponding to the middle of the induction coil so as to enhance the magnetic filed relating to the middle of the induction coil.

    [0020] Further scope of applicability of the present application will become more apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter. However, it should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0021] The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description given herein below and the accompanying drawings which are given by way of illustration only, and thus are not limitative of the present invention and wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing an induction heating device according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 2 is a flow chart depicting steps performed in a control method for induction heating device according to the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram showing a magnetic conductive plate that is positioned at a side of an induction coil proximate to a target object so as to be used as a shield for blocking the magnetic field and thus weakening the magnetic filed applied on the area of the target object corresponding to the position of the magnetic conductive plate.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram showing a magnetic conductive plate that is positioned at a side of an induction coil away from a target object so as to enhance the magnetic field applied on the area of the target object that is corresponding to the position of the magnetic conductive plate.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0022] For your esteemed members of reviewing committee to further understand and recognize the fulfilled functions and structural characteristics of the invention, several exemplary embodiments cooperating with detailed description are presented as the follows.

    [0023] Please refer to FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, which are a schematic diagram showing an induction heating device according to an embodiment of the invention; a flow chart depicting steps performed in a control method for induction heating device according to the present invention; a schematic diagram showing a magnetic conductive plate that is positioned at a side of an induction coil proximate to a target object so as to be used as a shield for blocking the magnetic field and thus weakening the magnetic filed applied on the area of the target object corresponding to the position of the magnetic conductive plate; and a schematic diagram showing a magnetic conductive plate that is positioned at a side of an induction coil away from a target object so as to enhance the magnetic field applied on the area of the target object that is corresponding to the position of the magnetic conductive plate.

    [0024] As shown in FIG. 1, a induction heating device 1 of the invention is composed of an induction coil 10 and a magnetic conductive plate 2 in a manner that the induction coil 10 is arranged for enabling the same to move relative to a target object 3, such as an insert received inside a mold, so as to be used for heating the target object 3 after being excited; and the magnetic conductive plate 2 is disposed proximate to the induction coil 10 for blocking or enhancing the magnetic field resulting from the excited induction coil 10 according to the variation of its positioning.

    [0025] As shown in FIG. 2, a control method for induction heating device comprises the steps of:

    S1: disposing an induction coil 10 at a position proximate to a target object 3 that is to be heated;

    S2: disposing a magnetic conductive plate 2 at a specific position proximate to the induction coil 10;

    S3: exciting the induction coil 10; and

    S4: varying the position of the magnetic conductive plate 3 for enhancing or blocking the magnetic field induced from the excited induction coil 10 so as to adjust the distribution of the magnetic field and thus enabling the target object 3 to be heated uniformly.



    [0026] In this embodiment, the induction heating device is composed of only one induction coil and only one magnetic conductive plate, but it is only for illustration and thus will not be limited thereby. Generally, there can be one induction coil working in conjunction with a plurality of magnetic conductive plates, or can be a plurality of induction coils working in conjunction with a plurality of magnetic conductive plates. Moreover, the target object 3 can be an insert 3A that is received inside a mold, as the one shown in FIG. 3. In addition, the magnetic conductive plate 2 can be made of a magnetic powder core or a soft magnetic material, into a shape selected from the group consisting of: blocks, sheets and the like; whereas the thickness of the magnetic conductive plate 2 can be manufactured larger than 3 mm, but is preferably to be larger than 5 mm.

    [0027] By varying the position of the magnetic conductive plate 3 for adjusting the distribution of the magnetic field induced by the induction coil 10, the heating of the target object 3 can be controlled accordingly.

    [0028] As shown in FIG. 3, when the target object 3 is an insert 3A having a cavity 31 formed therein, there is a corner 32 being formed which is an area of the insert 3A where distance measured from the induction coil 10 to the insert 3A is varying, resulting from the depth variation of the cavity 31. Consequently, for preventing the corner 32 from being affected by end effect during induction heating, the magnetic conductive plate 3 will be located at a side of the induction coil 10 proximate to the target object 3 at a position corresponding to the corner 32. Thereby, the lines of magnetic field induced from the induction coil 10 that are proximate to the magnetic conductive plate 3 will be attracted thereby for causing a portion of those magnetic lines to be blocked from being transmitted to the target object 3. Consequently, comparing with other magnetic lines, only a small portion of those magnetic lines neighboring to the magnetic conductive plate 3 can be transmitted to the target object 3 relating to the area corresponding to the magnetic conductive plate 3, so that the heating to the area of the target object 3 that is corresponding to the magnetic conductive plate 3 is weakened.

    [0029] As shown in FIG. 4, when the induction coil 10 is being disposed spirally surrounding the target object 3, the magnetic field inducted by the induction coil is generally at its weakest at the middle thereof that is going to adversely affect the heating uniformity of the target object 3. Therefore, the magnetic conductive plate 2 is disposed at a side of the induction coil away from the target object 3 at a position corresponding to the middle of the induction coil 10, by that the lines of magnetic field induced from the induction coil 10 that are proximate to the magnetic conductive plate 3 will be attracted thereby for magnetizing the same and thus causing the magnetic field relating to an area of the target object 3 that is corresponding to the magnetic conductive plate 3 to be enhanced as the magnetic conductive plate is located at the far side of the induction coil 10 with respect to the target object 3.

    [0030] To sum up, by disposing the magnetic conductive plate at a side of the induction coil that is neighboring to the target object, a portion of those magnetic lines will be shielded and blocked from being transmitted to the target object; on the other hand, by disposing the magnetic conductive plate at a side of the induction coil that is away from the target object, the magnetic field relating to an area of the target object that is corresponding to the magnetic conductive plate is enhanced. Therefore, by varying the position of the magnetic conductive plate with reference to the heating requirement of the target object, the distribution of the magnetic field induced by the induction coil can be controlled for achieving a satisfactory heating efficiency and good heating uniformity for the target object.

    [0031] With respect to the above description then, it is to be realized that the optimum dimensional relationships for the parts of the invention, to include variations in size, materials, shape, form, function and manner of operation, assembly and use, are deemed readily apparent and obvious to one skilled in the art, and all equivalent relationships to those illustrated in the drawings and described in the specification are intended to be encompassed by the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A control method for induction heating device, comprising the steps of:

    disposing at least one induction coil (10) at a position proximate to a target object (3) that is to be heated;

    disposing at least one magnetic conductive plate (2) at a specific position proximate to the at least one induction coil (10); and

    exciting the at least one induction coil (10);

    characterized in

    varying the position of the magnetic conductive plate (3) for enhancing or blocking the magnetic field induced from the excited induction coil and applied upon the target object (3) so as to adjust the distribution of the magnetic field, wherein the specific position where the at least one magnetic conductive plate (3) is located is a position on a side of the induction coil (10) proximate to the target object (3) for enabling the at least one magnetic conductive plate (2) to act as a shield for blocking the magnetic field induced from the at least one induction coil (10) or wherein the specific position where the at least one magnetic conductive plate (2) is located is a position on a side of the induction coil (10) away from the target object (3) for enhancing the magnetic field induced from the at least one induction coil (10).


     
    2. The control method of claim 1, wherein the target object (3) is configured with at least one corner, which is an area of the target object (3) where distance measured from the induction coil (10) to the area is varying; and the magnetic conductive plate (2) is located at a position corresponding to the at least one corner.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Steuerverfahren für eine Induktionsheizvorrichtung mit den folgenden Schritten:

    Anordnen mindestens einer Induktionsspule (19) an einer Position nahe einem zu erwärmenden Zielobjekt (3);

    Anordnen mindestens einer magnetisch leitfähigen Platte (2) an einer spezifischen Position nahe der mindestens einen Induktionsspule (10); und

    Erregen der mindestens einen Induktionsspule (10);

    gekennzeichnet durch

    das Variieren der Position der magnetisch leitfähigen Platte (2) zur Verbesserung oder zum Blockieren des von der erregten Induktionsspule induzierten und auf das Zielobjekt (3) aufgebrachten Magnetfelds, um die Verteilung des Magnetfelds anzupassen, wobei die spezifische Position, an welcher sich die mindestens eine magnetisch leitfähige Platte (2) befindet, eine Position auf einer dem Zielobjekt (3) nahen Seite der Induktionsspule (10) ist, um es der mindestens einen magnetisch leitfähigen Platte (2) zu ermöglichen, als eine Abschirmung zum Blockieren des von der mindestens einen Induktionsspule (10) induzierten Magnetfelds zu wirken, oder wobei die spezifische Position, an welcher sich die mindestens eine magnetisch leitfähige Platte (2) befindet, eine Position auf einer von dem Zielobjekt (3) entfernten Seite der Induktionsspule (10) ist, um das von der mindestens einen Induktionsspule (10) induzierte Magnetfeld zu verbessern.


     
    2. Steuerverfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei welchem das Zielobjekt (3) mit mindestens einer Ecke ausgebildet ist, welche ein Bereich des Zielobjekts (3) ist, in welchem der von der Induktionsspule (10) zu dem Bereich gemessene Abstand variiert; und wobei die magnetisch leitfähige Platte (2) sich an einer Position befindet, welche der mindestens einen Ecke entspricht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de commande pour un dispositif de chauffage par induction, comprenant les étapes de :

    disposition d'au moins une bobine d'induction (10) à une position à proximité d'un objet cible (3) qui doit être chauffé ;

    disposition d'au moins une plaque conductrice magnétique (2) à une position spécifique à proximité de l'au moins une bobine d'induction (10) ; et

    excitation de l'au moins une bobine d'induction (10) ;

    caractérisé par

    la variation de la position de la plaque conductrice magnétique (3) pour renforcer ou bloquer le champ magnétique induit par la bobine d'induction excitée et appliqué sur l'objet cible (3), de façon à ajuster la distribution du champ magnétique, dans lequel la position spécifique où l'au moins une plaque conductrice magnétique (3) est située est une position sur un côté de la bobine d'induction (10) à proximité de l'objet cible (3) pour permettre à l'au moins une plaque conductrice magnétique (2) d'agir comme un écran pour bloquer le champ magnétique induit par l'au moins une bobine d'induction (10) ou dans lequel la position spécifique où l'au moins une plaque conductrice magnétique (2) est située est une position sur un côté de la bobine d'induction (10) loin de l'objet cible (3) pour renforcer le champ magnétique induit par l'au moins une bobine d'induction (10).


     
    2. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'objet cible (3) est configuré avec au moins un coin, qui est une zone de l'objet cible (3) où la distance mesurée à partir de la bobine d'induction (10) jusqu'à la zone varie ; et la plaque conductrice magnétique (2) est située à une position correspondant à l'au moins un coin.
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description