(19)
(11)EP 2 439 040 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/04

(21)Application number: 09845563.7

(22)Date of filing:  04.06.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29C 41/28  (2006.01)
B29D 7/01  (2006.01)
B29C 41/38  (2006.01)
B29K 1/00  (2006.01)
B29C 41/24  (2006.01)
C08J 5/18  (2006.01)
B29C 41/34  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2009/002966
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/140721 (09.12.2010 Gazette  2010/49)

(54)

WIDE CASTING BELT, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A WIDE FILM, AND WIDE FILM

BREITGIESSBAND, VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINER BREITEN FOLIE UND BREITE FOLIE

COURROIE DE COULÉE LARGE, PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION D'UN FILM LARGE, ET FILM LARGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.04.2012 Bulletin 2012/15

(73)Proprietor: Berndorf Band GmbH
2560 Berndorf (AT)

(72)Inventors:
  • KIM, Hyukjun
    Daejeon 305-761 (KR)
  • CHUNG, Kwangjin
    Daejeon 305-761 (KR)
  • LEE, Cholho
    Daejeon 302-776 (KR)
  • HWANG, Yooseock
    Daejeon 305-761 (KR)
  • CHOI, Juntae
    Daejeon 305-509 (KR)
  • CHUNG, Kinam
    Daejeon 305-761 (KR)

(74)Representative: Burger, Hannes 
Anwälte Burger & Partner Rechtsanwalt GmbH Rosenauerweg 16
4580 Windischgarsten
4580 Windischgarsten (AT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2007/125729
JP-A- 9 207 151
JP-A- H10 244 587
JP-A- 2007 065 184
KR-A- 20080 088 522
US-A1- 2007 030 417
WO-A1-2008/023502
JP-A- H09 207 151
JP-A- 2002 254 452
KR-A- 20050 027 066
KR-A- 20090 110 082
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field Of Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a wide casting belt, and more particularly, to a wide (width) casting belt used for manufacturing a gel type film by casting a dope in manufacturing a film used for a polarizer of a liquid crystal display or an optical compensation film.

    [0002] The present invention also relates to a method for manufacturing a wide film using the wide casting belt described above and a wide film manufactured this method.

    BACKGROUND Of The Art



    [0003] A cellulose acylate film has high transparency and a mechanical strength, and favorable dimensional stability with minimal dependency on humidity and temperature. Accordingly, this film is broadly used as a support for optical materials requiring such characteristics as described above. In general, the cellulose acylate film is manufactured by casting a dope containing a polymer dissolved in a solvent, over a non-discontinuous (that is, 'continuous') support.

    [0004] A casting method may be classified into two types that include a belt casting and a drum casting in respect of the kinds of continuous supports. The belt casting is a method wherein a dope is casted on a belt, a some amount of solvent is dried and stripped off (detached) and a film is transported to a post-stage process, while the drum casting is a method wherein a dope is casted over a drum and stripped off with substantially little drying, and a film is transported to a post-stage process.

    [0005] The belt casting generally controls dry conditions and is useful for manufacturing a variety of films, while the drum casting may attain high speed casting, thus enabling mass production. Both the foregoing methods have a disadvantage in that the continuous support, that is, the belt and the drum must be minutely surface-processed to produce a film having the clean surface required for a liquid display.

    [0006] In order to minutely process the surface of the continuous support, both the belt and the drum must undergo surface abrasion with high precision. For the belt, a belt made of stainless steel is fabricated through grinding and abrasion. The drum is fabricated by nickel plating and hard chromium plating a carbon steel drum then abrasion thereof.

    [0007] Although the drum does not involve problems, the belt must have a joint 11 formed to link both ends of the belt, thus forming a continuous support as shown in FIG. 1. Joint formation may be accomplished through welding and, in general, the welding method includes tig welding, laser welding, etc. The welding may be conducted before or after abrasion. Since a welded part may remain on the belt after welding, the welded part should be clearly abraded even without encountering problems during film formation. However, the welded part cannot be completely removed, instead, is visibly distinguishable. Accordingly, when a polarizer or an optical compensation film is manufactured using the prepared cellulose acylate, some products may be used after cutting out a welding line therefrom.

    [0008] In recent years, as a liquid crystal display tends to be increased in a size, widths of a polarizer and an optical compensation film are increased in response to the increase in size described above. Accordingly, in order to the tendency of an increase in width and to allow increase of product yield in manufacturing polarizer and optical compensation films, there are needs for development of an improved cellulose acylate film and for widening thereof.

    [0009] The drum may be fabricated into a drum having a width of 2030 mm or more, in turn enabling production of a wide film. On the other hand, it is known that the belt production is limited to realize a belt having a maximum width of 2030 mm. Therefore, referring to FIG. 2, in order to fabricate a belt having a width of 2030 mm or more, two different belts may be welded in a length direction. Meanwhile, since a central joint Cc formed through welding between a first belt 10 and a second belt 20, the prepared film has a mark caused by the central joint Cc, in turn encountering difficulty in the use thereof.

    [0010] The casted dope on the belt is stripped off and formed into a film by a tenter and a drier. The film is slightly shrunk in a width direction after casting to a stripping operation, and optionally subjected to stretching in the tenter. In a drying process using the drier, the film does not show high numerical variation. In order to smoothly transport a normal film and maintain overall characteristics of the film, a trimming process of cutting both ends of the film is adopted wherein the casting process is conducted at one or two sites after casting, tenter processing, drying, etc.

    [0011] Accordingly, considering a belt with a width of 2030 mm, a width of a film to be manufactured is 2.03 m or less. Further, in consideration of stability in practical casting, stretching at the tenter and removal of both ends of the film, a maximum width possibly obtained may be 1800 mm or less, thus entailing difficulty in manufacturing a film to be in accordance with the current widening trend. In JP H09 207 151 is described a method for producing a film by casting a polymer solution on a support to mold the same. As support is provided an endless belt having at least one welded part along the peripheral direction thereof. The flatness of the welded part is 1/150 or less and the length deviation of both end parts of the belt is 1 % or less of the average length of the belt used as a support. For forming a wide belt, a left belt and a right belt is arranged on the sides of a central belt and the belts are joined to each other by welding seams arranged in a longitudinal direction of the belt. The central belt, the left belt and the right belt all have the same width.

    [0012] In JP H10 244587 is described a method for manufacturing a polycarbonate film excellent in transparency that is useful for optical applications. The film is formed by solution casting. To avoid formation of wrinkles as well as of scratches due to rubbing during winding of the film, after solution casting, the solvent is removed to obtain a semi-dry film and then in the semi-dry state of the film, uneven rolls are used to roughen the surface of the film in portions arranged in longitudinal direction of the film at the left and right edge of the film.

    [0013] WO 2007/125729 describes a method for manufacturing an optical film having such a double refraction as can be used as the polarizing plate protecting film for a liquid crystal display device. A support belt having a width of 1.8 m or more is used for solution casting of the film wherein the support belt has portions at the left and right edge of a central portion running in the length direction of the support belt. The left and right portions are having a width (We) of about 2 to 25 % of the total width (W) of the support belt. In the left and right portions the support belt has a lower thickness than in the central portion. The thickness in left and right portions of the belt is about 5 to 20 % smaller than a thickness T in the central portion of the belt. In an alternative embodiment the modulus of longitudinal elasticity (Ee) of the two right and left end portions of the belt support is smaller by 5 to 20 % than the modulus € of longitudinal elasticity of the remaining portions containing the widthwise central portion of the belt support. For obtaining different moduli of longitudinal elasticity the side portions of the belt may e.g. thermally treated or the side portions are made of a different material than the central portion. The latter embodiment can be achieved by welding side portions to the sides of a central portions wherein the materials used for the side portions and for the central portion are different. The welding lines of the belt can be positioned in such manner that film portions formed on the welding lines can become substandard products.

    [0014] US 2007/0030417 describes an optical film manufactured by stretching a cellulose ester comprising needle-shaped particles and an additive selected from the group consisting of a polyester, a polyalcohol ester, a polycarboxylic acid ester and a polymer obtained by polymerizing an ethylenically unsaturated monomer, wherein the needle shaped particles exhibit negative birefringency in a stretching direction of the optical film.

    [0015] JP 2007-65184 describes an optical film which has no unevenness over whole width of the film, has a retardation value of substantially zero and has excellent flatness. In the manufacturing method of the optical film by a solution casting film-forming method, a first stretching process is started when residual solvent amount of a web is between 80 weight% and 120 weight% and a second stretching process is started when residual solvent amount of the web is between 10 weight% and 60 weight%. Thereby the optical film in which the retardation value of an in-plane direction (Ro) is between 0 and 5 and the retardation value of a thickness direction (Rt) is between -10 and 10 is manufactured.

    [0016] WO 2008/023502 describes an optical film having a reduced thickness and an increased width, which is free from bleedout with the elapse of time (during storage) in a continuous wound state, a method for manufacturing an optical film, and a polarizing plate using the optical film. The optical film is a plasticizer-containing optical film having an overall width of 1500 mm to 4000 mm produced by a solution casting method. The amount of the plasticizer present in the center portion in the surface side of the optical film is determined as value A by TOF-SIMS. The amount of the plasticizer present in the center portion in the back side is determined as value B by the TOF-SIMS. Value X is determined based on the values A and B. The amount of the plasticizer present in the end portion in the surface side of the optical film is determined as value A' by TOF-SIMS, and the amount of the plasticizer present in the end portion of the back side is determined as value B' by the TOF-SIMS. Value X' is determined based on the values A' and B'. The X value is different from and larger than the X' value.

    SUMMARY


    Technical Problem



    [0017] An object of the present invention is to provide a wide casting belt that allows manufacturing of a film of high quality with minimized parts having low optical quality.

    [0018] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a wide film using a wide casting belt without having a mark part in the central part due to belt welding.

    [0019] A still another object of the present invention is to provide a wide film manufactured using said method, said wide film having a mark part in the central part due to belt welding.

    Technical Solution



    [0020] In one general aspect, a wide casting belt to cast a polymer solution in order to form a gel type film comprising:
    • a central belt having a central transverse belt joint formed by welding;
    • a left belt having a left transverse belt joint formed by welding, and having a right end connected to a left end of the central belt in a length direction of the central belt, to form a left joint between the central belt and the left belt; and
    • a right belt having a right transverse belt joint formed by welding, and having a left end connected to a right end of the central belt in the length direction of the central belt, to form a right joint between the central belt and the right belt,
    wherein, after the left joint and the right joint are formed, the central transverse belt joint, the left transverse belt joint and the right transverse belt joint are formed by continuous welding only one time, so that the central transverse belt joint, the left transverse belt joint and the right transverse belt joint are positioned on the same straight line.

    [0021] The central belt joint connecting the central belt, the left belt joint connecting the left belt and the right belt joint connecting the right belt may be arranged in the same straight line. A width of the left belt and a width of the right belt may range from 300 to 700 mm, respectively. The central belt joint, the left belt joint and the right belt joint may be formed, respectively, at an angle of 0° to 25° to a transverse face of the wide casting belt. Further, the left joint, the right joint, as well as the central belt joint, the left belt joint and the right belt joint, may be formed through welding.

    [0022] In another general aspect, a method for manufacturing a wide film using the wide casting belt described above comprises:
    • casting a dope containing a cellulose triacetate solution on the wide casting belts of any one of claims 1 to 5, to form a gel type film;
    • stretching the gel type film stripped off from the wide casting belt, using a tenter;
    • a first trimming process of removing a mark part caused by gripping left and right parts of the stretched film using the tenter during stretching;
    • drying the film obtained from the first trimming process, using a dryer;
    • a second trimming process of removing some parts at left and right sides of the film after the drying process to obtain trimmed parts at the left and right sides of the film;
    • marking the trimmed parts at the left and right sides of the film after the second trimming process; and
    • winding the marked film.


    [0023] The dope may include a solvent such as methylene chloride or methanol and a plasticizer, other than the cellulose triacetate, have a solid content comprising the cellulose triacetate and the plasticizer of 15 to 25 wt.%, and a mixing ratio of the solvents, that is, methylene chloride and methanol may range from 80 to 95 wt.% and 5 to 20 wt.%, respectively, while the plasticizer may be contained in an amount of 5 to 20 wt.%, relative to 100 wt.% of the cellulose triacetate. If the gel type film stripped off from the wide casting belt has a width of CW and the film obtained from the stretching process has a width of TW, the film has CW≥1300 mm; and CW×0.9≤TW≤CW ×1.3.

    [0024] In still another general aspect, a wide film manufactured using the method described above is provided.

    [0025] A width of a part formed between the left joint and the right joint through casting may be 1500 mm or more. Also, if an intrafacial retardation is Re and a facial retardation is Rth, the wide film may have 0≤Re≤5 nm; and 0≤Rth≤100 nm. The wide film may have a thickness of 40 to 80µm. The wide film may further include a mark part formed from the left and right joints. Further, Anti-slipping mark parts are formed between the left end of the film and the mark part formed by the left joint, and between the right end of the film and the mark part formed by the right joint, respectively, in order to prevent damage of the film due to film slip during winding

    Advantageous Effects



    [0026] According to the present invention, a wide film having a width of 1500 mm or more may be advantageously manufactured without having a mark part caused by belt welding at the central part.

    [0027] In addition, the present invention may attain advantages in that requirements of a film regarding intrafacial retardation, facial retardation and film thickness can be satisfied even without increasing a stretching rate of the film during stretching, and a film having a desired width may be easily manufactured.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0028] 

    FIGS. 1 and 2 are perspective views showing a casting belt in the related art;

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing Example 1;

    FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view showing Example 1;

    FIG. 5 illustrates a flow diagram of Example 2;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic block diagram showing an apparatus for implementation of Example 2;

    FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the stripping operation shown in FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the stretching operation shown in FIG. 6;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the first trimming operation shown in FIG. 6;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the second trimming operation shown in FIG. 6; and

    FIG. 11 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the marking operation shown in FIG. 6.


    [Detailed Description of Main Elements]



    [0029] 
    100: wide casting belt 110: central belt
    120: left belt 130: right belt
    111: central belt joint 121: left belt joint
    131: right belt joint    
    Wc: width of central belt Wl: width of left belt
    Wr: width of right belt    
    Cl: left joint Cr: right joint
    100T: caster 200: stripping roller
    300: tenter 400: first trimmer
    500: dryer 600: second trimmer
    700: marking press 800: winding roller

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0030] Embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail by the following examples with reference to accompanying drawings.

    EXAMPLE 1



    [0031] Example 1 relates to a wide casting belt according to the present invention.

    [0032] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of Example 1 and FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of Example 1.

    [0033] As described in the following Example 2, in order to form a film using a polymer solution, operations including: casting a dope containing the polymer solution on a belt; stripping a gel type film formed in the casting operation; stretching the stripped film through a tenter; drying the stretched film; and winding the dried film, may be conducted.

    [0034] Example 1 relates to a wide casting belt used for casting, that is, a wide casting belt that casts a dope containing a polymer solution to form a belt used for casting, that is, a gel type film.

    [0035] Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, the wide casting belt 100 in Example 1 has a central belt 110, a left belt 120 and a right belt 130.

    [0036] Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, the central belt 110 has a central belt joint 111, wherein the central belt joint 111 is a transverse joint connecting upper and lower ends of the central belt 110, to form a continuous belt. The central belt joint 111 may be formed by welding and, here, the welding may be tig welding or laser welding. In the casting operation, the central belt joint 111 is located in the middle region of a film to be completed as a final product, thus requiring high quality surface abrasion to prevent marks from remaining due to the joint.

    [0037] Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, the left belt 120 and the right belt 130 have respectively a left belt joint 121 and a right belt joint 131. Each of the left belt joint 121 and the right belt joint 131 may be a transverse joint similar to the central belt joint 111. However, unlike the central belt joint 111, both the left belt joint 121 and the right belt joint 131 need not have high quality surface abrasion. Surface abrasion may be conducted, sufficient enough that a film does not tear at the left belt joint 121 and/or the right belt joint 131 in manufacturing the film or operation failure does not occur.

    [0038] Referring to FIG. 4, an angle of the central belt joint 111 to a transverse face of the central belt 110, an angle of the left belt joint 121 to a transverse face of the left belt 120, and an angle of the right belt joint 131 to a transverse face of the right belt 130 may be substantially identical to one another and indicated as θ, wherein θ may range from 0° to 25°.

    [0039] Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, a width Wc of the central belt 110 may be 2030 mm, which is known to be the maximum belt width in the related art, while widths Wl and Wr of the left belt 120 and the right belt 130, respectively, may range from 300 to 700 mm.

    [0040] Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, the left belt 120 is connected and is integrated with the central belt 110 while forming a left joint Cl between a right end of the left belt 120 and a left end of the central belt 110 in a length direction. That is, the left belt 120 is connected and integrated with the central belt 110 while forming the left joint Cl between the left belt 120 and the central belt 110.

    [0041] Similarly, the right belt 130 is connected and integrated with the central belt 110 while forming a right joint Cr between a left end of the right belt 130 and a right end of the central belt 110 in a length direction. That is, the right belt 130 is connected and integrated with the central belt 110 while forming the right joint Cr between the right belt 130 and the central belt 110.

    [0042] Referring to FIG. 3, the left belt 120 and the right belt 130 are connected to the central belt 110, resulting in a wide casting belt 100.

    [0043] Meanwhile, the left joint Cl and the right joint Cr may be formed by welding, wherein the welding may include tig welding, laser welding, etc. The left joint Cl and The right joint Cr need not have high quality surface abrasion, contrary to the central belt joint 111. Instead, surface abrasion may be conducted, sufficient enough that a film does not tear at the left joint Cl and/or the right joint Cr in manufacturing the film or operation failure does not occur.

    [0044] Referring to FIG. 3, the central belt joint 111, the left belt joint 121, and the right belt joint 131 may be provided on the same straight line. Also, the central belt joint 111, the left belt joint 121, and the right belt joint 131 may be formed by welding only one time after the left joint Cl and the right joint Cr are formed.

    EXAMPLE 2



    [0045] Example 2 relates to a method for manufacturing a wide film using the wide casting film described in Example 1.

    [0046] FIG. 5 is a flow diagram of Example 2, FIG. 6 is a schematic block diagram showing an apparatus for implementation of Example 2; FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the stripping operation shown in FIG. 6; FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the stretching operation shown in FIG. 6; FIG. 9 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the first trimming operation shown in FIG. 6; FIG. 10 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the second trimming operation shown in FIG. 6; and FIG. 11 is a schematic view showing the film obtained from the marking operation shown in FIG. 6.

    [0047] Referring to FIG. 5, Example 2 includes a casting operation S210, a stripping operation S220, a stretching operation S230, a first trimming operation S240, a drying operation S250, a second trimming operation S260, a marking operation S270 and a winding operation S280.

    [0048] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the casting operation S210 produces a gel type film using a caster 100T. The caster 100T includes a belt on which a dope containing a polymer solution is cast, wherein the belt is substantially the wide casting belt 100 in Example 1. The dope may have solid content comprising of cellulose triacetate and a plasticizer ranging from 15 to 25 wt.%, while a solvent is a mixed solution of methylene chloride and methanol. A mixing ratio of methylene chloride and methanol may range from 80:20 to 95:5, in a ratio by weight. Additionally, 5 to 20 wt.% of plasticizer, 0.5 to 2 wt.% of UV protector, 0.1 to 1 wt.% of anti-blocking agent, 0.1×10-4 to 100×10-4 wt.% of dye, etc., may be included in relation to 100 wt.% of cellulose triacetate. Referring to FIG. 3, in the wide casting belt 100, a width Wc of the central belt 110 is 2030 mm, a width Wl of the left belt 120 is 400 mm, and a width Wr of the right belt 130 is 400 mm. When the wide casting belt 100 is rotated by a rotator (no reference numeral is assigned in the figure), the solvent contained in the dope having cast on the wide casting belt 100 is evaporated, thus resulting in a gel type film. Meanwhile, in the casting operation S210, the dope undergoes casting to render the film acquired by the stripping operation S220 to have a width of 2630 mm.

    [0049] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the gel type film formed in the casting operation S210 is stripped off from the wide casting belt 100 by a stripping roller 200 in the stripping operation S220. A solvent residue during stripping is controlled in the range of 20 to 40 wt.%. Referring to FIG. 7, the film F220 acquired in the stripping operation S220 comprises a central part F11 stripped off from the central belt 110, a left part F21 stripped off from the left belt 120 and a right part F31 stripped off from the right belt 130. A width of the central part F11 is 2030 mm and widths of the left part F21 and the right part F31 are 300 mm, respectively, thereby resulting in a total width of 2630 mm.

    [0050] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the stretching operation S230 uses a tenter 300 to stretch the film F220 obtained from the stripping operation S220. In the stretching operation S230, left and right sides of the film F220 are gripped by a tenter pin (no reference numeral is assigned in the figure) or a tenter clip (no reference numeral is assigned in the figure) and a length thereof in a width direction extends 5%, compared to before the stretching. The stretching operation may also involve a drying process. Referring to FIG. 8, a width of the central part F12 in the film F230 obtained from the stretching operation S230 is 2131.5 mm while width of the left part F22 and the right part F32 are 315 mm, respectively, thus resulting in a total width of 2761.5 mm.

    [0051] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the first trimming operation S240 uses a first trimmer 400 to cut predetermined parts of the left and right sides of the film F230 obtained from the stretching operation S230. Referring to FIGS. 8 and 9, an area removed in the first trimming operation S240 includes parts of about 150 mm, respectively, apart from both ends of the left part F22 and the right part F32 in the film F230 acquired in the stretching operation S230. The area removed in the first trimming operation S240 also includes a part, which is present in each of the left part F22 and the right part F32 of the film F230 acquired in the stretching operation S230 and gripped and marked by the tenter 300 during stretching. Referring to FIG. 9, a width of the central part F13 of the film F240 obtained from the first trimming operation S240 is 2131.5 mm while widths of the left part F23 and the right part F33 are 165 mm, respectively, thus resulting in a total width of 2461.5 mm.

    [0052] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the drying operation S250 is conducted to dry the film obtained from the first trimming operation s240 using a dryer 500. The drying operation S250 may use any dryer generally used in the related art.

    [0053] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the second trimming operation S260 uses a second trimmer 600 to cut determined parts of the left and right sides of the film (no reference numeral is assigned in the figure) acquired in the drying operation S250. Referring to FIG. 10, an area removed in the second trimming operation S260 includes parts of about 150 mm, respectively, apart from both ends of the left part and the right part in the film (no reference numeral is assigned in the figure) acquired in the drying operation S250. The second trimming operation S260 may be conducted to smoothly transport the film and maintain overall characteristics of the film. Referring to FIG. 10, a width of the central part F16 of the film F260 obtained from the second trimming operation S260 is 2131.5 mm while widths of the left part F26 and the right part F36 are 15 mm, respectively, thus resulting in a total width of 2161.5 mm.

    [0054] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the marking operation S270 may be conducted to mark determined sites of the left part F26 and right part F36 of the film 260 obtained from the second trimming operation S260. The marking process may be implemented by any typical method using a marking press 700 in the related art. FIG. 11 illustrates the film F270 obtained from the marking operation S270. Referring to FIG. 11, a part to be marked may be present in a region between a point impressed 2 mm from the left end to a point impressed 12 mm from the same in a width direction, as well as a region between a point impressed about 2 mm from the right end to a point impressed 12 mm from the same in a width direction. That is, the marking is given to the left part F27 and the right part F37, respectively. The marking operation S270 may prevent the film from being damaged by film slip while winding the film, prevent a black belt from being generated after film winding, and enable the film to be wound in large quantities while winding.

    [0055] Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the winding operation S280 may wind the film F260 obtained from the marking operation s270 around a winding roller 800.

    [0056] Accordingly, referring to FIG. 11, the film in Example 2 may have a central part F17 with a width of 2131.5 mm present between marked parts formed by the left joint Cl and the right joint Cr, as well as left and right parts F27 and F37 having a width of 15 mm marked, respectively, in the marking operation S270.

    COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1



    [0057] To a continuous support belt having a width of 2030 mm formed as shown in FIG. 1, a dope was casted to a width of 1830 mm and then was stripped off. A solvent residue during stripping was controlled in the range of 20 to 40 wt.%. After connecting the belt to a tenter, the film was stretched 5% in a width direction of the film and, after outputting the film from the tenter, each of left and right ends of the film was cut by 150 mm. The end-cut film was dried using a dryer and the left and right ends of the dried film were cut again by 150 mm, respectively. After then, marking was conducted at an area of 12 mm from an inner side of 2 mm from each film end, that is, a distance of about 10 mm, followed by winding, thereby resulting in a final film having a width of 1321.5 mm.

    COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 2



    [0058] To a region between a first belt 10 and a second belt 20 shown in FIG. 2, a dope was casted using a wide casting belt having a central joint Cc by welding, and then, stripped off. The first belt 10 and the second belt 20, respectively, were a continuous support belt having a width of 2030 mm. The dope was casted on the wide casting belt to a width of 3860 mm, and then, stripped off. A solvent residue during stripping was controlled in the range of 20 to 40 wt.%. After connecting the belt to a tenter, the film was stretched 5% in a width direction of the film and, after outputting the film from the tenter, each of the left and right ends of the film was cut by 150 mm. The end-cut film was dried using a dryer and the left and right ends of the dried film were cut again by 150 mm, respectively. Then, marking was conducted at an area of 12 mm from an inner side by 2 mm from each film end, that is, a distance of about 10 mm, followed by winding, thereby resulting in a final film having a width of 3453 mm.

    [0059] According to Comparative Example 1, a film having an overall width of 1321.5 mm including the marked part may be obtained.

    [0060] A film resulted from Comparative Example 2 is a wide film having a width of 3453 mm, wherein a part marked by the joint Cc is included at the center of the film. In the case where the film is cut in a length direction around the part marked by the joint Cc, the film may have a width of 1726.5 mm.

    [0061] On the other hand, the wide film in Example 2 may have a central part F17 having a width of 2131.5 mm present between marked parts formed by the left joint Cl and the right joint Cr. That is, Example 2 may provide a film having a larger width than the maximum width of a film obtainable from Comparative Example 2, wherein a marked part is not included in the center thereof, even when a total width of the wide casting belt 100 is smaller than a belt width described in Comparative Example 2.

    [0062] In Example 1, the gel type film stripped off from the wide casting belt 100 has a width of 2030 mm at the central part F11 thereof while the left part F21 and the right part F31 of the film have a width 300 mm, respectively, thus having the total width of 2630 mm. On the other hand, for the film F230 obtained from the stretching operation S230, the central part F12 has a width of 2131.5 mm while the left part F22 and the right part F32 have a width of 315 mm, respectively, thus having the total weight of 2761.5 mm. However, the present invention is not particularly limited to the foregoing. For instance, according to other embodiments, in the case where a width of the gel type film stripped off from the wide casting belt 100 is CW and a width of the film resulted from the stretching operation is TW, the film may have CW≥ 1300 mm and CW×0.9≤ TW≤ CW×1.3.

    EXAMPLE 3



    [0063] Example 3 relates to a wide film manufactured using the wide casting belt described in Example 1. Although Example 3 (the wide film) may be manufactured by the method according to Example 2, it is not necessary to manufacture Example 3 (the wide film) according to the method of Example 2.

    [0064] As described above, Example 3 regards to a wide film manufactured using the wide casting belt in Example 1, and the wide film of Example 3 may include a part having a width of 1500 mm or more formed between the left joint Cl and the right joint Cr through casting.

    [0065] Since Example 3 provides the wide film manufactured using the wide casting belt described in Example 1, the marked parts formed by the left joint Cl and the right joint Cr may be included. In addition, in order to prevent damage due to a film slip while winding, anti-slipping mark parts may be further formed between the left end of the film and the marked part formed by the left joint Cl, and between the right end of the film and the marked part formed by the right joint Cc, respectively.

    [0066] If an intrafacial retardation is Re and a facial retardation is Rth, the wide film in Example 3 may have Re≤ 5 nm and 0≤ Rth≤ 100 nm. Although it is occasionally difficult to control the intrafacial retardation Re and the facial retardation Rth where a stretching rate is increased to increase the width of the final film, Example 3 can enable manufacturing of a film having a desired width even if the stretching rate is decreased, thereby easily controlling both the intrafacial retardation Re and the facial retardation Rth.

    [0067] Further, the wide film obtained in Example 3 may have a thickness ranging from 40 to 80 µm.


    Claims

    1. A wide casting belt to cast a polymer solution in order to form a gel type film, comprising:

    - a central belt (110) having a central transverse belt joint (111) formed by welding;

    - a left belt (120) having a left transverse belt joint (121) formed by welding, and having a right end connected to a left end of the central belt (110) in a length direction of the central belt (110), to form a left joint (Cl) between the central belt (110) and the left belt (120); and

    - a right belt (130) having a right transverse belt joint (131) formed by welding, and having a left end connected to a right end of the central belt (110) in the length direction of the central belt (110), to form a right joint (Cr) between the central belt (110) and the right belt (130),

    characterised in that, after the left joint (Cl) and the right joint (Cr) are formed, the central transverse belt joint (111), the left transverse belt joint (121) and the right transverse belt joint (131) are formed by continuous welding only one time, so that the central transverse belt joint (111), the left transverse belt joint (121) and the right transverse belt joint (131) are positioned on the same straight line.
     
    2. The wide casting belt of claim 1, wherein a width of the left belt (120) and a width of the right belt (130) range from 300 to 700 mm, respectively.
     
    3. The wide belt of claim 1, wherein the central belt joint (111), the left belt joint (121) and the right belt joint (131) are formed, respectively, at an angle of 0° to 25° to a transverse face of the wide casting belt.
     
    4. A method for manufacturing a wide film using the wide casting belt of any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising:

    - casting a dope containing a cellulose triacetate solution on the wide casting belts of any one of claims 1 to 5, to form a gel type film;

    - stretching the gel type film stripped off from the wide casting belt, using a tenter;

    - a first trimming process of removing a mark part caused by gripping left and right parts of the stretched film using the tenter during stretching;

    - drying the film obtained from the first trimming process, using a dryer;

    - a second trimming process of removing some parts at left and right sides of the film after the drying process to obtain trimmed parts at the left and right sides of the film;

    - marking the trimmed parts at the left and right sides of the film after the second trimming process; and

    - winding the marked film.


     
    5. The method of claim 4, wherein the dope includes a solvent such as methylene chloride or methanol and a plasticizer, other than the cellulose triacetate; and wherein the dope has a solid content comprising the cellulose triacetate and the plasticizer of 15 to 25 wt.%, and a mixing ratio of the solvents, that is methylene chloride and methanol ranges from 80 to 95 wt.% and 5 to 20 wt.%, respectively, while the plasticizer is contained in an amount of 5 to 20 wt.%, relative to 100 wt.% of the cellulose triacetate.
     
    6. The method of claim 5, wherein, if the gel type film stripped off from the wide casting belt has a width of CW and the film obtained from the stretched process has a width of TW, the film has CW ≥ 1300 mm; and CW x 0.9 ≤ TW ≤ CW x 1.3.
     
    7. A wide film manufactured by a method according to of any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein a width of a part (F16) formed between the left joint and the right joint through casting is 1500 mm or more and wherein, if an intrafacial retardation is Re and a facial retardation is Rth, the wide film has 0 ≤ Re ≤ 5 nm; and 0 ≤ Rth ≤ 100 nm..
     
    8. The wide film of claim 7, wherein the wide film has thickness of 40 to 80 µm.
     
    9. The wide film of claim 7, comprising further a mark part formed by the left joint and right joint.
     
    10. The wide film of claim 9, wherein anti-slipping mark parts are formed between the left end of the film and the mark part formed by the left joint, and between the right end of the film and the mark part formed by the right joint, respectively, in order to prevent damage of the film due to film slip during winding.
     
    11. The wide film of claim 10, wherein the anti-slipping mark part is formed between a region impressed 2 mm form one end of each of the left joint and the right joint and a region impressed 12 mm form the same.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Breitgießband zum Gießen einer Polymerlösung um eine Geltypfolie zu bilden, umfassend:

    - ein zentrales Band (110), das einen durch Schweißen gebildeten, zentralen, schrägen Bandstoß (111) aufweist;

    - ein linkes Band (120), das einen linken, durch Schweißen gebildeten, schrägen Bandstoß (121) aufweist, und bei dem ein rechtes Ende an ein linkes Ende des zentralen Bands (110) in einer Längsrichtung des zentralen Bands (110) angeschlossen ist, um einen linken Stoß (Cl) zwischen dem zentralen Band (110) und dem linken Band (120) zu bilden; und

    - ein rechtes Band (130), das einen durch Schweißen gebildeten, rechten, schrägen Bandstoß (131) aufweist, und bei dem ein linkes Ende an das rechte Ende des zentralen Bands (110) in der Längsrichtung des zentralen Bands (110) angeschlossen ist, um einen rechten Stoß (Cr) zwischen dem zentralen Band (110) und dem rechten Band (130) zu bilden,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass, nachdem der linke Stoß (Cl) und der rechte Stoß (Cr) gebildet worden sind, der zentrale, schräge Bandstoß (111), der linke, schräge Bandstoß (121) und der rechte, schräge Bandstoß (131) durch kontinuierliches, nur einmaliges Schweißen so geformt werden, dass der zentrale, schräge Bandstoß (111), der linke, schräge Bandstoß (121) und der rechte, schräge Bandstoß (131) auf derselben geraden Linie liegen.
     
    2. Breitgießband nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Breite des linken Bands (120) und eine Breite des rechten Bands (130) jeweils von 300 bis 700 mm reichen.
     
    3. Breitband nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zentrale Bandstoß (111), der linke Bandstoß (121) und der rechte Bandstoß (131) jeweils in einem Winkel von 0° bis 25° zu einer Querfläche des Breitgießbands ausgebildet sind.
     
    4. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer breiten Folie unter Anwendung des Breitgießbands nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, umfassend:

    - Gießen eines eine Zellulosetriacetatlösung enthaltenden Wirkstoffs auf die Breitgießbänder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, um eine Geltypfolie zu bilden;

    - Spannen der Geltypfolie, die von dem Breitgießband abgezogen wurde, unter Anwendung eines Spannrahmens;

    - einen ersten Beschnittprozess zum Entfernen eines beschädigten Teils, der durch Erfassen von linken und rechten Teilen der gespannten Folie bei Anwenden des Spannrahmens während des Spannens verursacht wurde;

    - Trocknen der von dem ersten Beschnittprozess erhaltenen Folie unter Anwenden eines Trockners;

    - einen zweiten Beschnittprozess zum Entfernen einiger Teile an der linken und rechten Seite der Folie nach dem Trocknungsprozess, um an der linken und rechten Seite der Folie beschnittene Teile zu erhalten;

    - Markieren der beschnittenen Teile an der linken und rechten Seite der Folie nach dem zweiten Beschnittprozess und

    - Wickeln der markierten Folie.


     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Wirkstoff ein Lösungsmittel enthält wie Methylenchlorid oder Methanol und einen Weichmacher außer dem Zellulosetriacetat; und wobei der Wirkstoff einen Feststoffgehalt hat, der das Zellulosetriacetat und den Weichmacher mit 15 bis 25 Gew.-% umfasst, und ein Mischverhältnis der Lösungsmittel, das heißt von Methylenchlorid und Methanol, aufweist, das jeweils von 80 bis 95 Gew.-% und 5 bis 20 Gew.-% reicht, während der Weichmacher in einer Menge von 5 bis 20 Gew.-%, bezogen auf 100 Gew.-% des Zellulosetriacetats, enthalten ist.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei, wenn die Geltypfolie, die von dem Breitgießband abgezogen worden ist, eine Breite von CW aufweist und die aus dem Spannungsprozess erhaltene Folie eine Breite von TW aufweist, die Folie CW ≥ 1300 mm und CW x 0,9 ≤ TW ≤ CW x 1,3 enthält.
     
    7. Breitfolie, hergestellt mit einem Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 6, wobei eine Breite eines Teils (F16), der zwischen dem linken Stoß und dem rechten Stoß durch Gießen gebildet wurde, 1500 mm beträgt oder mehr und wobei, wenn eine Grenzflächenretardierung Re und eine Flächenretardierung Rth ist, die breite Folie 0 ≤ Re ≤ 5 nm und 0 ≤ Rth ≤ 100 nm enthält.
     
    8. Breite Folie nach Anspruch 7, wobei die breite Folie eine Dicke von 40 bis 80 µm aufweist.
     
    9. Breite Folie nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend einen durch den linken Stoß und rechten Stoß gebildeten markierten Teil.
     
    10. Breite Folie nach Anspruch 9, wobei rutschsichere Markierungsteile zwischen dem linken Ende der Folie und dem von dem linken Stoß gebildeten Markierungsteil und zwischen dem rechen Ende der Folie und dem von dem rechten Stoß gebildeten Markierungsteil jeweils ausgebildet sind, um eine Beschädigung der Folie durch Folienrutschen während des Wickelns zu verhindern.
     
    11. Breite Folie nach Anspruch 10, wobei der rutschsichere Markierungsteil zwischen einem Bereich, der 2 mm von einem Ende des linken Stoßes und des rechten Stoßes eingedrückt ist, und einem Bereich, der 12 mm davon eingedrückt ist, ausgebildet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Courroie de coulée large destinée à couler une solution polymérique afin de former un film de type gel, comprenant :

    - une courroie centrale (110) ayant une jonction de courroie transversale centrale (111) formée par soudage ;

    - une courroie de gauche (120) ayant une jonction de courroie transversale de gauche (121) formée par soudage, et ayant une extrémité de droite reliée à une extrémité de gauche de la courroie centrale (110) dans une direction de longueur de la courroie centrale (110), afin de former une jonction de gauche (C1) entre la courroie centrale (110) et la courroie de gauche (120) ; et

    - une courroie de droite (130) ayant une jonction de courroie transversale de droite (131) formée par soudage, et ayant une extrémité de gauche reliée à une extrémité de droite de la courroie centrale (110) dans la direction de longueur de la courroie centrale (110), afin de former une jonction de droite (Cr) entre la courroie centrale (110) et la courroie de droite (130),

    caractérisée en ce que,
    une fois que la jonction de gauche (C1) et la jonction de droite (Cr) ont été formées, la jonction de courroie transversale centrale (111), la jonction de courroie transversale de gauche (121) et la jonction de courroie transversale de droite (131) sont formées par soudage continu une seule fois, de sorte que la jonction de courroie transversale centrale (111), la jonction de courroie transversale de gauche (121) et la jonction de courroie transversale de droite (131) soient positionnées sur la même ligne droite.
     
    2. Courroie de coulée large selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle une largeur de la courroie de gauche (120) et une largeur de la courroie de droite (130) sont comprises entre 300 et 700 mm, respectivement.
     
    3. Courroie de coulée large selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la jonction de courroie centrale (111), la jonction de courroie de gauche (121) et la jonction de courroie de droite (131) sont formées, respectivement, à un angle de 0° à 25° par rapport à une face transversale de la courroie de coulée large.
     
    4. Procédé de fabrication d'un film large à l'aide de la courroie de coulée large selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant :

    - la coulée d'un dopant contenant une solution de triacétate de cellulose sur les courroies de coulée larges selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, afin de former un film de type gel ;

    - l'étirage du film de type gel depuis la courroie de coulée large, à l'aide d'une rame continue ;

    - un premier processus d'ébavurage qui consiste à retirer une partie de marque provoquée par le serrage des parties de gauche et de droite du film étiré à l'aide de la rame continue pendant l'étirage ;

    - le séchage du film obtenu à partir du premier processus d'ébavurage, à l'aide d'un séchoir ;

    - un second processus d'ébavurage qui consiste à retirer certaines parties au niveau des côtés gauche et droit du film après le processus de séchage afin d'obtenir des parties ébavurées au niveau des côtés gauche et droite du film ;

    - le marquage des parties ébavurées au niveau des côtés gauche et droit du film après le second processus d'ébavurage ; et

    - l'enroulement du film marqué.


     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le dopant comprend un solvant tel que du chlorure de méthylène ou du méthanol et un agent plastifiant, autre que le triacétate de cellulose ; et dans lequel le dopant présente une teneur en solides comprenant le triacétate de cellulose et l'agent plastifiant de 15 à 25% en poids, et un rapport de mélange des solvants, c'est-à-dire du chlorure de méthylène et du méthanol, de 80 à 95% en poids et de 5 à 20% en poids, respectivement, tandis que l'agent plastifiant est contenu dans une quantité de 5 à 20% en poids, par rapport à 100% en poids du triacétate de cellulose.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel, si le film de type gel décollé de la courroie de coulée large possède une largeur de CW et le film obtenu à partir du processus d'étirage possède une largeur de TW, le film présente CW ≥ 1300 mm ; et CW x 0,9 ≤ TW ≤ CW x 1,3.
     
    7. Film large fabriqué par un procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 6, dans lequel une largeur d'une partie (F16) formée entre la jonction de gauche et la jonction de droite par coulage est de 1500 mm ou plus, et dans lequel, si un retard intrafacial est Re et un retard facial est Rth, le fim large présente 0 ≤ Re ≤ 5 nm ; et 0 ≤ Rth ≤ 100 nm.
     
    8. Film large selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le film large présente une épaisseur de 40 à 80 µm.
     
    9. Film large selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre une partie de marque formée par la jonction de gauche et la jonction de droite.
     
    10. Film large selon la revendication 9, dans lequel des parties de marques antidérapantes sont formées entre l'extrémité de gauche du film et la partie de marque formée par la jonction de gauche, et entre l'extrémité de droite du film et la partie de marque formée par la jonction de droite, respectivement, afin d'empêcher tout endommagement du film du au glissement du film pendant l'enroulement.
     
    11. Film large selon la revendication 10, dans lequel la partie de marque antidérapante est formée entre une zone imprimée à 2 mm d'une extrémité de chacune de la jonction de gauche et de la jonction de droite et une zone imprimée à 12 mm de celle-ci.
     




    Drawing

































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description