(19)
(11)EP 2 442 912 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 10788505.5

(22)Date of filing:  17.06.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B05B 1/34(2006.01)
B05B 1/02(2006.01)
B05B 1/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B05B 1/3436; B05B 1/02; B05B 1/00
(86)International application number:
PCT/AU2010/000747
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/144960 (23.12.2010 Gazette  2010/51)

(54)

SPRAY NOZZLE SEAL MEANS

SPRÜHDÜSENABDICHTMITTEL

MOYEN D'ÉTANCHÉITÉ DE BUSE DE PULVÉRISATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.06.2009 AU 2009902786

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.04.2012 Bulletin 2012/17

(73)Proprietor: Spray Nozzle Engineering Pty. Limited
Cheltenham, Victoria 3192 (AU)

(72)Inventors:
  • MORGAN, Sean
    Cheltenham, Victoria 3192 (AU)
  • MORGAN, Stuart
    Cheltenham Victoria 3192 (AU)

(74)Representative: Cummings, Sean Patrick et al
Keltie LLP No.1 London Bridge
London SE1 9BA
London SE1 9BA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-99/11382
GB-A- 180 387
US-A- 4 991 778
US-B1- 6 394 366
WO-A1-2006/077388
GB-A- 2 453 231
US-A1- 2005 139 700
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    AREA OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] This invention relates to the area of spray nozzles and means for sealing these when in use. In particular the invention relates not only to an improved sealing means but to such a means which is compact without compromising the internal strength of the nozzle components.

    BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION



    [0002] Spray nozzle type devices customarily consist of a nozzle body extending from a fluid inlet end to a fluid outlet end the interior of which body defines a central bore housing, among other possible components, a swirl device and an orifice disc.

    [0003] It is well known for an outlet face of the orifice disc to abut a landing defined by an inner periphery of the nozzle cap about a central bore and to be provided with a seat between the disc and cap.

    [0004] In the prior art it has been known to provide a compressive seal at the front of the nozzle, between the inner housing and the orifice disc, using a flat washer seal.

    [0005] Such a washer seal does not provide for particularly reliable sealing at elevated pressure and temperature, with the flat seal likely to be squeezed out of the mating surfaces under some conditions.

    [0006] Other types of sealing means are used in spray nozzle assemblies for example a new system has been developed which uses two independent O ring seals in compression (as opposed to a common axial body seal coupled with a front compressive seal) to form the pressure containing function for the entire nozzle assembly, whereby one O ring resides at the front of the assembly within the nozzle cap, and provides a seal between the orifice disc and the inner nozzle cap housing, and the other seal exists at the rear sealing face of the nozzle cap housing where it engages the face of the housing body via a screwed mechanism, forming the final seal.

    [0007] Another type of seal described in US2005139700A1 provides an elongate seal holder that can be easily withdrawn from the surrounding body to replace the seal.

    [0008] This new sealing method allows for much higher pressure ratings than were possible with the prior art.

    [0009] A further improved sealing method used in the prior art is an O ring seal groove situated inside the inner cap housing within the lower periphery of the nozzle cap, designed to conform to known sealing gland dimension standards, and allowing for correct sealing between the orifice disc and the inner cap housing. This arrangement however reduces the pressure retaining wall thickness between the inner depth of the o-ring groove and the outer surface of the housing, whose outer profile form is restricted by the need to prevent impeding the emitted spray from the orifice disc, thus compromising the mechanical strength of the housing itself.

    [0010] In this prior art, the nozzle disc typically abuts a single radial mating surface inboard of the O-ring groove in the nozzle cap, with the outer diameter of the orifice disc being free and unsupported at the outer O-ring groove, which is flush with the accommodating diameter of the disc housing bore and larger in diameter than the orifice disc due to normal clearance requirements.

    [0011] This typical arrangement provides little mechanical support for the compressive forces required to create an adequate face to face seal without gaps. Also, when such required compressive forces are applied, a bending moment is applied to this radial mating surface inboard of the O-ring groove, placing a bending stress upon the thinner area between the outer face of the component housing the seal groove, and the innermost O-ring groove depth, which can result in failure of this innermost radial mating surface, and in worst case scenarios, cause this entire middle section to push outward and fracture away. Thus this arrangement is not conducive to high pressure operation.

    [0012] A method used to reduce the need for an-0 ring groove in the inner cap, was to simply use an O-ring in compression, much like the flat washer, and not provide any sealing grooves for the proper sealing of the parts. In this case a cavity is provided between the disc and the housing cap. This variation has distinct pressure limitations where the sealing cavity formed conforms to no known sealing conventions.

    OUTLINE OF THE INVENTION



    [0013] It is an object of this invention to provide a seal arrangement which either ameliorates or removes the above sealing limitations in spray nozzles.

    [0014] The invention is a sealing means with a spray nozzle assembly comprising a nozzle cap and an orifice disc formed from tungsten carbide, the orifice disc comprising an outlet face that is directed towards a lower face of an inner periphery of the nozzle cap, wherein said sealing means comprises a groove at least partially accommodating a compressive seal in the surface of the outlet face of said orifice disc. The groove is located away from either edge of the outlet face of the orifice disc. The orifice disc comprises armour configured to reinforce the orifice disc.

    [0015] The armour may comprise an annular ring extending around the external periphery of the orifice disc.

    [0016] The outlet face of the orifice disc may comprise a bevelled edge. The armour comprises an inwardly extending flange that rests on the bevelled edge of the orifice disc.

    [0017] The groove in the orifice disc may be, in cross section, substantially rectangular with radiused lower corners.

    [0018] It is preferred that the resultant seal conform to known sealing gland standards.

    [0019] It is further preferred that the compressible material be an O-ring.

    [0020] The armour further limits the risk of failure at the O-ring groove within a typically brittle nozzle disc.

    [0021] In order that the invention may be more readily understood we shall describe by way of non limiting example a particular embodiment of the invention with reference to the accompanying diagrams.

    Brief Description of the Drawing Figures



    [0022] 

    Fig. 1 Shows a flat disc sealing means, according to the prior art;

    Fig. 2 Shows an O-ring seal without a housing groove, according to the prior art;

    Fig. 3 Shows an O-ring seal located in a groove in the nozzle retaining cap, according to the prior art;

    Fig. 4 Shows the O-ring seal located in a groove in an upper face of the orifice disc, not falling under the definition of the appended claims;

    Fig. 5 Shows the O-ring seal of the invention associated with an orifice disc provided with armour means.


    Brief Description of an Embodiment of the Invention.



    [0023] In a preferred embodiment of the invention 10 a sealing means 20 is provided within a spray nozzle assembly in a recess 50 below an upper face 41 of an orifice disc 40 and a lower face 31 of an inner periphery of a nozzle cap 30.

    [0024] The sealing means of the invention is a compressible material such as an O ring located in a groove 50 located within the upper face 41 of the orifice disc facing the lower face 31 of the inner periphery of the nozzle cap.

    [0025] The arrangement is such that tightening of the cap 30 of the nozzle assembly to the nozzle body causes compressive sealing by the O-ring. The resultant seal is designed to conform to known sealing gland standards.

    [0026] By locating the O-ring within a groove 50 in the orifice disc rather than the inner periphery 60 of the nozzle cap as shown in Figure 3 the peripheral flange is consequently stronger than the excised peripheral flange of Figure 3 and is able to withstand higher internal pressures.

    [0027] The orifice disc used in the invention is manufactured from tungsten carbide which is brittle and the presence of the groove tends to reduce its strength. For this reason armour means 60 as shown in Figure 5 are used to reinforce the orifice disc, thus limiting the risk of failure at the O-ring groove within a typically brittle nozzle disc.

    [0028] The provision of a groove residing within the orifice disc itself is most novel, and allows for the thicker wall thickness of the cap housing, and increased pressure retaining characteristics, whilst satisfying typical sealing conventions and standards.

    [0029] As discussed earlier the use of an O-ring seal in a relatively fitted groove in either the nozzle cap or the orifice disc provides a stronger and better arrangement than the seals shown in Figures 1 and 2. The provision of a groove in the nozzle cap periphery does act to weaken the cap in this area.

    [0030] The invention as shown in Figure 5 provides a significant added benefit in enclosing the seal groove cavity with two radial sealing faces each side of the radial groove. The preferred form of the invention, provides that not only is the O- ring groove eliminated from the nozzle cap, but also provides a significant addition of strength to the overall design of the nozzle cap allowing for far greater pressure excursions.


    Claims

    1. A sealing means (20) with a spray nozzle assembly (10) comprising a nozzle cap (30) and an orifice disc (40) formed from tungsten carbide, the orifice disc comprising an outlet face that is directed towards a lower face of an inner periphery of the nozzle cap (30), wherein said sealing means (20) comprises a groove (50) at least partially accommodating a compressive seal in the surface of the outlet face of said orifice disc (40),

    wherein the groove (50) is located away from either edge of the outlet face of the orifice disc (40) and

    wherein the orifice disc comprises armour (60) configured to reinforce the orifice disc.


     
    2. The sealing means with a spray nozzle assembly (10) of Claim 1, wherein the armour comprises an annular ring extending around the external periphery of the orifice disc.
     
    3. The sealing means with a spray nozzle assembly (10) of Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein the outlet face of the orifice disc comprises a bevelled edge, and where in the armour comprises an inwardly extending flange that rests on the bevelled edge of the orifice disc.
     
    4. The sealing means with a spray nozzle assembly (10) of any preceding claim, wherein the groove in the orifice disc is, in cross section, substantially rectangular with radiused lower corners.
     
    5. The sealing means with a spray nozzle assembly (10) of any preceding claim, characterised in that said compressive seal is an O-ring.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dichtungsmittel (20) mit einer Sprühdüsenanordnung (10), die eine Düsenkappe (30) und eine aus Wolframkarbid ausgebildete Öffnungsscheibe (40) umfasst, wobei die Öffnungsscheibe eine Auslassfläche umfasst, die zu einer unteren Fläche eines Innenumfangs der Düsenkappe (30) gerichtet ist, wobei das Dichtungsmittel (20) eine Nut (50) umfasst, die wenigstens teilweise eine Druckdichtung in der Oberfläche der Auslassfläche der Öffnungsscheibe (40) aufnimmt,

    wobei die Nut (50) von jeder Kante der Auslassfläche der Öffnungsscheibe (40) entfernt gelegen ist und

    wobei die Öffnungsscheibe eine Panzerung (60) umfasst, die konfiguriert ist, um die Öffnungsscheibe zu verstärken.


     
    2. Dichtungsmittel mit einer Sprühdüsenanordnung (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Panzerung einen ringförmigen Ring umfasst, der sich um den Außenumfang der Öffnungsscheibe erstreckt.
     
    3. Dichtungsmittel mit einer Sprühdüsenanordnung (10) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Auslassfläche der Öffnungsscheibe eine abgeschrägte Kante umfasst und wobei die Panzerung einen sich nach innen erstreckenden Flansch umfasst, der auf der abgeschrägten Kante der Öffnungsscheibe aufliegt.
     
    4. Dichtungsmittel mit einer Sprühdüsenanordnung (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Nut in der Öffnungsscheibe im Querschnitt im Wesentlichen rechteckig mit abgerundeten unteren Ecken ist.
     
    5. Dichtungsmittel mit einer Sprühdüsenanordnung (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Druckdichtung ein O-Ring ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Moyen d'étanchéité (20) avec un ensemble buse de pulvérisation (10) comprenant un capuchon de buse (30) et un disque d'orifice (40) formé de carbure de tungstène, le disque d'orifice comprenant une face de sortie qui est dirigée vers une face inférieure d'une périphérie interne du capuchon de buse (30), dans lequel ledit moyen d'étanchéité (20) comprend une rainure (50) logeant au moins partiellement un joint à compression dans la surface de la face de sortie dudit disque d'orifice (40),

    dans lequel la rainure (50) est située à distance de l'un ou l'autre des bords de la face de sortie du disque d'orifice (40) et

    dans lequel le disque d'orifice comprend une armure (60) conçue pour renforcer le disque d'orifice.


     
    2. Moyen d'étanchéité avec un ensemble buse de pulvérisation (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'armure comprend une bague annulaire s'étendant autour de la périphérie externe du disque d'orifice.
     
    3. Moyen d'étanchéité avec un ensemble buse de pulvérisation (10) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel la face de sortie du disque d'orifice comprend un bord biseauté, et dans l'armure étant comprise une bride s'étendant vers l'intérieur qui repose sur le bord biseauté du disque d'orifice.
     
    4. Moyen d'étanchéité avec un ensemble buse de pulvérisation (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la rainure dans le disque d'orifice est, en coupe transversale, sensiblement rectangulaire avec des coins inférieurs arrondis.
     
    5. Moyen d'étanchéité avec un ensemble buse de pulvérisation (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ledit joint à compression est un joint torique.
     




    Drawing











    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description