(19)
(11)EP 2 444 214 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2013 Bulletin 2013/48

(21)Application number: 11001704.3

(22)Date of filing:  01.03.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B26D 7/26  (2006.01)
B26D 1/24  (2006.01)

(54)

Tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines

Werkzeugwechselvorrichtung für Schneideinheit von Schermaschinen

Dispositif de changement d'outil pour unité de coupe dans une machine a cisaillement


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.10.2010 IT MI20101931

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.04.2012 Bulletin 2012/17

(73)Proprietor: Elio Cavagna S.r.l.
26832 Galgagnano (LO) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • Cavagna, Attilio
    26832 Galgagnano (Lodi) (IT)

(74)Representative: Lecce, Giovanni 
UFFICIO BREVETTI CALCIATI S.r.l. Via Fratelli Ruffini, 9
20123 Milano
20123 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 700 675
JP-A- 6 218 686
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to a tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines.

    [0002] More in particular, the present invention relates to a tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines especially of the longitudinal type, apt to work on paper, cardboard, plastic films, various coupled materials, aluminium, fabric, non woven, glass fibre, carbon fibre and similar.

    [0003] As is known, the shearing machines called "longitudinal" perform the shearing of the material employing multiple and diverse techniques such as, for example, the "scissor", pressure or blade shearing; the different shearing techniques are selected in function of the thickness of the material to be sheared and of the speed of execution of the shearing operation and, therefore, in function of the production needs.

    [0004] To perform the shearing operation, said machines employ cutting tools named "knives", defined by circular blades or by single cutting elements mounted on circular discs turnably stabilized respect to a tool holder or blade holder comprising the devices and the means apt to allow the translation of the blade or cutting element during the shearing operative phases.

    [0005] The variation of the type of material to be sheared and/or the different production needs, require the change of the cutting tool which is performed through the detachment of the tool thereof respect to the tool holder.

    [0006] An example of a prior art tool changer upon which the preamble of claim 1 is based is described in EP-A-1700675.

    [0007] In some traditional shearing machines, the tool change operation is performed through a rotation of the tool thereof after releasing and partially extracting it with translatory movement; the same movements shall also be performed for the insertion of the new cutting tool.

    [0008] However, said tool change procedure implies some considerable drawbacks related to the need to perform rotation movements respect to a horizontal plane in order to correctly centre the tool respect to the tool holder; a non correct centring implies consequent shearing errors and therefore a low quality final product.

    [0009] A further drawback of said tool change procedure consists in the complexity of tool change resulting in not quick change times with the consequent increases in production costs.

    [0010] JP6218686 discloses a changing tool device suitable for suppressing the inadvertent stops of a robot during tools separation operation and connection operation of a second unit, disposed on a placing board, with respect to a first unit; said changing tool device is pneumatic driven and has just the function to move a portion of the first unit so as to allow coupling/uncoupling of the first unit with respect to the second unit.

    [0011] In other types of shearing machines the tool change respect to the tool holder is performed through the release of a lever forming also the guiding element for the tool thereof.

    [0012] In this case as well the drawback connected to the complex, as well as not quick tool change and the consequent production costs can be found.

    [0013] A further drawback of the traditional tool change devices consists in the management of the compressed air required for the upwards and downwards movement of the tool respect to the product to be processed; the devices thereof, in fact, according to embodiment cited hereinbefore, require complex paths for the air characterised by a high level of construction accuracy and, thence, very expensive.

    [0014] The object of the invention is to obviate the drawbacks discussed hereinabove.

    [0015] More in particular, the object of the invention is to provide a tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines that allows an easy as well as quick tool change not affected by centring and positioning errors.

    [0016] A further object of this invention is to provide a tool change device apt to allow a simple and easy management of compressed air for the movement of the shearing components; this with the purpose of allowing a quick connection of the components apt to allow the feed of compressed air to the cutting tool.

    [0017] A further object of the present invention is to provide a tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines suitable for ensuring a high level of resistance and reliability over time and moreover, such as to be easily and inexpensively constructed.

    [0018] These and other objects are achieved by the tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines of the present invention, defined in claim 1, which comprises mechanical means for a quick coupling/centring and extraction and with translatory movement between a tool or blade holder head and a tool holder and means for a direct and quick feed of compressed air.

    [0019] The construction and functional features of the tool change device for working apparatus of shearing machines of the present invention shall be better understood from the following detailed description, wherein reference is made to the annexed drawings showing a preferred and non-limiting embodiment thereof, and wherein:

    figure 1 schematically shows an axonometric view of a working apparatus of shearing machines provided with the tool change device of the invention;

    figure 2 schematically shows a partially exploded axonometric view of the working apparatus provided with the device of the invention;

    figure 3 shows a partially sectioned schematic side view of the tool holder provided with the tool change device of the invention.



    [0020] With reference to said figures, the tool change device for working apparatus 10 of sharing machines of the present invention, globally indicated with reference numeral 12 in the figures, comprises a block 14, on the lower front thereof is stabilized a tool or blade holder head 16 defined by a support 15 whereon is stabilized a protection casing 20 partially covering a blade 18, preferably circular shaped.

    [0021] The blade 18 is supported and actuated in rotation through the friction action exerted by a counter-blade 22 located underneath the blade and operated by an electric motor (not shown in figure).

    [0022] The blade 18 is stabilized to the support 15 through bars 24, partially sliding in the support thereof so to adjust the vertical position of the blade 18 and locked with one or more dowels 26.

    [0023] The block 14 is fastened with the upper front opposed to the connection front with the tool 10, to a tool holder 28 stabilized respect to the structure of a shearing machine (not shown in the figure).

    [0024] Said tool holder, preferably on the opposed side respect to the side connecting to the block 14 and, consequently, with the blade holder 16, has adjustment elements 30 apt to allow a vertical adjustment or calibration of the same blade holder 16 and a connector 32, commonly of the adjustable type, for the connection with the feeding system of the compressed air required for the movement of the adjustment and control devices of the tool position and the shearing pressure on the counter-blade.

    [0025] during the operative phase; said adjustment elements, said connector and the adjustment and control devices of the position of the tool or blade 18, not being object of the present invention, shall not be discussed and described in detail.

    [0026] The blade holder 28, on the lower bottom surface connecting with the block 14, has an appendix 34 partially developed in vertical direction starting from an end of said lower bottom surface and a further appendix 36 developing partially and according to a horizontal direction starting from the end opposite the one wherefrom the appendix 34 develops.

    [0027] The appendix 34 and the further appendix 36 have a through hole 38 and a further through hole 40, formed respectively according to a horizontal and vertical direction; said holes have the function to house the components described hereinafter. A channel 39 is formed in the tool holder 28 in vertical direction and with an end communicating with the hole 38 of the appendix 34.

    [0028] In the block 14, in horizontal direction, is formed a duct 42 coaxial to the hole 38 of the appendix 34, said duct is connected with a connector 44 provided with a through axial hole and a cross hole reciprocally communicating and arranged inside the block 14, the connector 44 partially inserted in a further duct 46 formed in the support 15; a through hole 48 is formed in the block 14 coaxial to the further hole 40 of the further appendix 36 of the tool holder 28.

    [0029] Inside the hole 38 of the tool holder 28 is inserted a pin 50 or an equivalent mean having similar function, internally provided with two channels reciprocally communicating and orthogonal, a first passage 52 thereof is connected to the channel 39 of the tool holder 28 and a second passage 54 is connected with the duct 42 of the block 14.

    [0030] A screw or pivot 56 or equivalent retention mean is inserted in the hole 48 of the block 14 and in the further hole 40 of the further appendix 26 of the tool holder 28.

    [0031] The operation of the tool change device of the present invention, described in detail hereinabove with reference to its structural features, is described hereinafter.

    [0032] With particular reference to figures 1 and 2, is schematised the tool 16 respectively coupled and detached from the tool holder 28.

    [0033] The operator, in order to mount a new tool 16 on the tool holder 28, makes the block 14 shift respect to the tool holder 28, as indicated by the arrow "X", inserts the pin 50 in the duct 42 and abuts the block 14 thereof against the appendix 34 of the tool holder 28. Finally, inserting the screw or pivot 56 in the further hole 40 of the further appendix 36 and in the hole 48 of the block 14, the locking and mechanical centring of the tool respect to the tool holder is achieved.

    [0034] With regards to the passage of the compressed air required for the control of the blade or tool, the operator does not have to connect any pipe; in fact, the airflow, coming from a feeding pipe connected to the connector 32 through the channel 39, follows the pin 50 flowing through the first passage 52 and the second passage 54 and from here passes in the duct 42 of the block 14, crosses the further connector 44 to flow in the further duct 46 as indicated by the arrow "Y" in figure 3. In this way, the compressed airflow arrives directly to the tool without the need to connect again the pipes to connectors or valves.

    [0035] As can be noticed from the above, the advantages achieved by the device of the invention are clear.

    [0036] The tool change device for working apparatus of sharing machines of the present invention, advantageously allows to achieve a quick as well as easy replacement of tools, without the need to perform complex operations; said operation, moreover, is not affected by positioning and centring errors and, therefore, ensures optimal shearing quality over time.

    [0037] A further advantage is that the restoring of the compressed air flow is performed without the connection, or detachment, of feeding pipes to connectors or similar, but directly by attaching the tool on the tool holder, thanks to the fact that the flow of compressed air flows inside the tool holder and the blade holder and not through external components or elements; the optimal coupling and centring ensured by the device of the invention contributes to the correct flowing of the compressed air without obstacles on the path thereof.

    [0038] A further advantage is that the simplicity of execution of the tool change and the restoring of the compressed air flow, allows to perform the tool change in short time with consequent cost reduction and improvement of the production and work cycle times.

    [0039] Even if the invention has been described hereinbefore with particular reference to an embodiment thereof made by way of a non-limiting example only, several changes and variations will appear clearly to a man skilled in the art in the light of the above description. This invention therefore is intended to include any changes and variations thereof falling within the the scope of the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A tool change device (12) for working apparatus (10) of shearing machines, especially of the longitudinal type, apt to work on paper, cardboard, plastic films, various coupled materials, aluminium, fabric, non woven, glass fibre, carbon fibre and similar, characterised in that it comprises a block (14) with the lower front stiffly stabilized with respect to the tool or blade holder head (16) and the upper front coupled with the lower front of the tool holder (28) provided with abutment and centring elements defined by an appendix (34) and by a further appendix (36) formed starting from the lower front of said tool holder and respectively according to a vertical direction and a horizontal direction, with said appendixes developed starting from opposite ends of the lower front of the tool holder (28), said appendix (34) and further appendix (36) showing, respectively, a through hole (38) and a further through hole (40), formed according to a horizontal direction and a vertical direction, said holes being apt to house coupling elements with the block (14) defined by a pin (50) inserted in the hole (38) and by a screw or pivot (56) inserted in the further hole (40), said pin (50) being partially inserted in a duct (42) of the block (14) built coaxially to the hole (38) of the appendix (34) of the tool holder (28), and being provided with a first channel or passage (52) and a second channel or passage (54) reciprocally communicating and orthogonal, with the first passage (52) communicating with a channel (39) formed in the tool holder (28) and the second passage (54) put in communication with the duct (42) of the block (14), inside said block (14) and perpendicularly thereto, there being arranged a connector (44) provided with a through axial hole and a cross hole reciprocally communicating, partially inserted in a further duct (46) formed in the support (15), with the cross hole communicating with the duct (42) of the block (14) and the axial hole communicating with the further duct (46), thus comprising mechanical means for quick coupling/centring and extraction and with translatory movement between a tool or blade holder head (16) and a tool holder (28) and means for a direct and quick feed of compressed air.
     
    2. The tool change device according to claim 1, characterised in that the screw or pivot (56) is inserted in a through hole (48) coaxial to the further hole (40) of the further appendix (36) of the tool holder (28).
     
    3. The tool change device according to Claim 2, characterised in that the block (14) at the bottom is stiffly constrained respect to a support (15) of the tool (16) whereto is stabilized a protection casing (20) partially covering a blade (18) actuated in rotation through the friction action exerted by a counter-blade (22) operated by an electric motor, said blade is stabilized to the support (15) through bars (24) and to the protection casing (20) by means of a plate (25).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Werkzeugwechselvorrichtung (12) für eine Bearbeitungsvorrichtung (10) von Schermaschinen, insbesondere länglicher Bauart, die zum Bearbeiten von Papier, Karton, Kunststoff-Folien, verschiedenen zusammengefügten Materialien, Aluminium, Gewebe, Vliesstoff, Glasfaser, Kohlefaser und dergleichen geeignet sind,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    - die Werkzeugwechselvorrichtung einen Block (14) umfasst, bei dem die untere Vorderseite in Bezug auf das Werkzeug oder einen Schneldklingen-Haltekopf (16) nicht beweglich angebracht und die obere Vorderseite mit der unteren Vorderseite des Werkzeughalters (28) zusammengefügt ist,

    - die untere Vorderseite des Werkzeughalters (28) Anschlag- und Zentrierelemente aufweist, die durch einen Ansatz (34) und einen weiteren Ansatz (36) bestimmt sind,

    - die ausgehend von der unteren Vorderseite des Werkzeughalters und jeweils gemäß einer vertikalen Richtung und einer horizontalen Richtung ausgebildet sind, wobei

    - diese Ansätze sich ausgehend von gegenüberliegenden Enden der unteren Vorderseite des Werkzeughalters (28) erstrecken,

    - wobei der Ansatz (34) und der weitere Ansatz (36) jeweils ein Durchgangsloch (38) und ein weiteres Durchgangsloch (40) aufweisen, die gemäß einer horizontalen Richtung und einer vertikalen Richtung ausgebildet sind,

    - wobei die Löcher dafür geeignet sind, Elemente zur Verbindung mit dem Block (14) unterzubringen, wobei diese durch einen Stift (50), der in dem Loch (38) eingesetzt ist, und durch eine Schraube oder einen Drehzapfen (56), die bzw. der in dem weiteren Loch (40) eingesetzt ist, bestimmt sind,

    - wobei der Stift (50) teilweise in einer Führung (42) des Blocks (14) eingesetzt ist, die in Bezug auf das Loch (38) des Ansatzes (34) des Werkzeughalters (28) koaxial ausgebildet ist, und

    - der Stift einen ersten Kanal oder Durchgang (52) und einen zweiten wechselseitig verbundenen und senkrechten Kanal oder Durchgang (54) aufweist, wobei

    - der erste Durchgang (52) mit einem Kanal (39) verbunden ist, der in dem Werkzeughalter (28) ausgebildet ist, und

    - der zweite Durchgang (54) innerhalb des Blocks (14) und senkrecht zu diesem mit der Führung (42) des Blocks (14) verbunden ist,

    - wobei ein Verbindungselement (44) angeordnet ist, das eine durchgehende axiale Bohrung und eine wechselseitig kommunizierende Querbohrung aufweist und

    - in einer weiteren Führung (46) teilweise eingesetzt ist, die in dem Träger (15) ausgebildet ist,
    wobei die Querbohrung mit der Führung (42) des Blocks (14) verbunden ist und die durchgehende axiale Bohrung mit der weiteren Führung (46) verbunden ist, somit umfassend:

    - mechanische Mittel zur Schnellkupplung / Zentrierung und Extraktion sowie mit Translationsbewegung zwischen einem Werkzeug oder Schneidklingen-Haltekopf (16) und einem Werkzeughalter (28) und Mittel für eine direkte und schnelle Zuführung von Druckluft.


     
    2. Werkzeugwechselvorrichtung (12) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schraube oder der Drehzapfen (56) in einem Durchgangsloch (48) eingesetzt ist, das in Bezug auf das weitere Loch (40) des weiteren Ansatzes (36) des Werkzeughalters (28) koaxial vorgesehen ist.
     
    3. Werkzeugwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Block (14) an der Unterseite in Bezug auf einen Träger (15) des Werkzeugs (16) unbeweglich befestigt ist, am Träger (15) ein Schutzgehäuse (20) angebracht ist, das eine Klinge (18) teilweise bedeckt, die in Rotation durch die Reibwirkung betätigt ist, die von einem Gegenmesser (22) ausgeübt wird, das durch einen Elektromotor betrieben ist, wobei durch Stäbe (24) die Klinge am Träger (15) stabilisiert ist und mittels einer Platte (25) die Klinge am Schutzgehäuse (20) stabilisiert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de changement d'outil (12) pour unité de coupe (10) de machines à découper, en particulier pour celle de machines du type longitudinal destinées à découper du papier, du carton, des films plastiques, des matériaux divers assemblés, tels que aluminium, tissu, non-tissé, fibre de verre, fibre de carbone et similaires,
    caractérisé par la présence d'un bloc (14) dont la face inférieure est solidement stabilisée par rapport à la tête d'outil ou porte-lame (16) et dont la face supérieure est accouplée à la face inférieure du porte-outil (28) par des éléments de butée et de centrage réalisés sous la forme d'un premier (34) et d'un second (36) prolongements de la face inférieure du porte-outil qui sont orientés l'un (34) verticalement et l'autre (36) horizontalement, respectivement à partir des extrémités opposées de la face inférieure du porte-outil (28), et parmi lesquels le premier (34) de ces prolongements présente un trou débouchant horizontal (38) tandis que le second (36) présente un trou débouchant vertical (40),
    lesquels trous sont aptes à recevoir des éléments de couplage au bloc (14) qui sont réalisés sous la forme d'un ergot (50) s'insérant dans le trou horizontal (38) et d'un boulon ou tourillon (56) s'insérant dans le trou vertical (40), ledit ergot (50) étant pour partie introduit dans un conduit (42) du bloc (14) agencé coaxialement au trou horizontal (38) du premier prolongement (34) du porte-outil (28) tandis que ledit conduit (42) est doté d'un premier canal ou passage (52) et d'un second canal ou passage (54) qui sont agencés de manière orthogonale l'un à l'autre et en communication l'un avec l'autre, le premier passage (52) communiquant par ailleurs avec un canal (39) formé dans le porte-outil (28) alors que le second passage (54) communique avec le conduit (42) du bloc (14),
    et caractérisé par le fait qu'à l'intérieur dudit bloc (14) et perpendiculairement à ce dernier, il est disposé un raccord (44) présentant un trou débouchant axial et un trou transversal communiquant entre eux, ledit raccord (44) étant pour partie inséré dans un autre conduit (46) formé dans le support (15) de sorte le trou transversal communique avec le conduit (42) du bloc (14) et que le trou axial communique avec le second conduit (46),
    ledit dispositif de changement d'outil (12) comprenant ainsi des moyens mécaniques d'accouplement avec centrage et de retrait rapides avec déplacement en translation entre une tête (16) d'outil ou porte-lame et un porte-outil (28), et comprenant par ailleurs des moyens d'alimentation directe et rapide en air comprimé.
     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit boulon ou tourillon (56) est inséré dans un trou débouchant (48) coaxial au second trou (40) du second prolongement (36) du porte-outil (28).
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que la partie basse dudit bloc (14) est maintenue solidement par rapport à un support (15) de l'outil (16) sur lequel est stabilisé un carter de protection (20) qui couvre pour partie une lame (18) mise en rotation par la friction d'une contre-lame (22) actionnée par un moteur électrique, ladite lame (18) étant fixée au support (15) par le biais de tiges (24) et au carter de protection (20) au moyen d'une plaque (25).
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description