(19)
(11)EP 2 460 508 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
06.06.2012 Bulletin 2012/23

(21)Application number: 11193242.2

(22)Date of filing:  25.06.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 8/34  (2006.01)
A61Q 5/12  (2006.01)
A61K 8/41  (2006.01)
A61K 8/04  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 25.06.2008 US 133002 P

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
09770971.1 / 2293765

(71)Applicant: The Procter & Gamble Company
Cincinnati, OH 45202 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Yang, Jian-Zhong
    Kobe, Hyogo 658-0032 (JP)
  • Okada, Toshiyuki
    Kobe, Hyogo 658-0064 (JP)

(74)Representative: Marollé, Patrick Pierre Pascal et al
Procter & Gamble Service GmbH Patent Department Berliner Allee 65
64295 Darmstadt
64295 Darmstadt (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 13-12-2011 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)Hair conditioning composition having higher yield point and higher conversion rate of fatty compound to gel matrix


(57) Disclosed is a hair conditioning composition comprising: (a) a cationic surfactant; (b) a high melting point fatty compound; and (c) an aqueous carrier; wherein the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and the aqueous carrier form a gel matrix; wherein the composition has from about 90% to about 100% of a conversion rate of the high melting point fatty compound to the gel matrix; and wherein the composition has a yield point of about 33Pa or more. Also disclosed is a method of manufacturing of hair conditioning composition. The compositions of the present invention, and the compositions made by the method of the present invention, provide improved conditioning benefits, especially, improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing.


Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION



[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/133002, filed June 25, 2008.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0002] The present invention relates to a hair conditioning composition comprising: (a) a cationic surfactant; (b) a high melting point fatty compound; and (c) an aqueous carrier; wherein the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and the aqueous carrier form a gel matrix; wherein the composition has from about 90% to about 100% of a conversion rate of the high melting point fatty compound to the gel matrix; and wherein the composition has a yield point of about 33Pa or more. The present invention also relates to a method of manufacturing of hair conditioning composition. The compositions of the present invention, and the compositions made by the method of the present invention, provide improved conditioning benefits, especially, improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0003] A variety of approaches have been developed to condition the hair. A common method of providing conditioning benefit is through the use of conditioning agents such as cationic surfactants and polymers, high melting point fatty compounds, low melting point oils, silicone compounds, and mixtures thereof. Most of these conditioning agents are known to provide various conditioning benefits. For example, some cationic surfactants, when used together with some high melting point fatty compounds and aqueous carrier, are believed to provide a gel matrix which is suitable for providing a variety of conditioning benefits such as slippery feel during the application to wet hair and softness and moisturized feel on dry hair.

[0004] For example, WO 2006/044209 discloses a hair conditioning composition comprising by weight: (a) from about 0.1% to about 10% of a cationic surfactant; (b) from about 2.5% to about 15% by weight of the composition of a high melting point fatty compound; and (c) and an aqueous carrier; wherein the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and the aqueous carrier form a lamellar gel matrix; wherein the d-spacing of the lamellar layers is in the range of 33nm or less; and wherein the composition has a yield stress of about 30Pa or more at 26.7°C. This hair conditioning compositions are said to provide improved conditioning benefits, especially improved slippery feel during the application to wet hair. WO 2006/044209 also describes that; preferably, the composition of the present invention comprises, by weight of the hair care composition, from about 60% to about 99% of a gel matrix including lamellar gel matrix. WO 2006/044209 also describes that; in highly preferred composition, the DSC profile shows a single peak having a peak top temperature of about 67°C to about 73°C, at about 8 mJ/mg, and no peaks larger than 2 mJ/mg from 40°C to about 65°C as the peaks showing at a temperature of from 40°C to 55°C mean the existence of high melting fatty compounds and/or cationic surfactants which are not incorporated into the gel matrix.

[0005] However, there remains a need for hair conditioning compositions which provide improved conditioning benefits, especially, improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing. Such wet conditioning benefits after rinsing include, for example, reduced friction of wet hair after rinsing and/or easiness to comb wet hair after rinsing.

[0006] Additionally, there may exist a need for hair conditioning compositions which provide an improved product appearance, i.e., richer, thicker, and/or more concentrated product appearance, and which consumer may feel higher conditioning benefits from its appearance.

[0007] Based on the foregoing, there remains a need for conditioning compositions which provide improved conditioning benefits, especially, improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing. Additionally, there may exist a need for conditioning compositions which provide an improved product appearance.

[0008] None of the existing art provides all of the advantages and benefits of the present invention.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0009] The present invention is directed to a hair conditioning composition comprising:
  1. (a) a cationic surfactant;
  2. (b) a high melting point fatty compound; and
  3. (c) an aqueous carrier;
wherein the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and the aqueous carrier form a gel matrix; wherein the composition has from about 90% to about 100% of a conversion rate of the high melting point fatty compound to the gel matrix; and wherein the composition has a yield point of about 33Pa or more.

[0010] The present invention is also directed to a method of manufacturing a hair conditioning composition,
wherein the composition comprises a cationic surfactant, a high melting point fatty compound, and an aqueous carrier;
wherein a total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from about 7.0% to about 15% by weight of the composition;
wherein the method comprises the steps:
  1. (1) preparing a premix comprising the cationic surfactants and the high melting point fatty compounds, wherein the temperature of the premix is higher than a melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and
  2. (2) preparing an aqueous carrier, wherein the temperature of the aqueous carrier is below the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and
  3. (3) mixing the premix with the aqueous carrier and forming gel matrix.


[0011] The compositions of the present invention, and the compositions made by the method of the present invention, provide improved conditioning benefits, especially, improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing.

[0012] These and other features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become better understood from a reading of the following description, and appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0013] While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the invention, it is believed that the invention will be better understood from the following description of the accompanying figure in which:

Fig. 1 illustrates an embodiment of d-spacing measurement of the lamellar gel matrix comprising lamella bilayers 1 and water 2.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0014] While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the invention, it is believed that the present invention will be better understood from the following description.

[0015] Herein, "comprising" means that other steps and other ingredients which do not affect the end result can be added. This term encompasses the terms "consisting of" and "consisting essentially of".

[0016] All percentages, parts and ratios are based upon the total weight of the compositions of the present invention, unless otherwise specified. All such weights as they pertain to listed ingredients are based on the active level and, therefore, do not include carriers or by-products that may be included in commercially available materials.

[0017] Herein, "mixtures" is meant to include a simple combination of materials and any compounds that may result from their combination.

COMPOSITION



[0018] The hair conditioning composition of the present invention comprising:
  1. (a) a cationic surfactant;
  2. (b) a high melting point fatty compound; and
  3. (c) an aqueous carrier;
wherein the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and the aqueous carrier form a gel matrix; wherein the composition has from about 90% to about 100% of a conversion rate of the high melting point fatty compound to the gel matrix; and wherein the composition has a yield point of about 33Pa or more.

[0019] It has been found that by the inventors of the present invention that; by having the above specific conversion rate and the above specific yield point, the hair conditioning compositions deliver improved conditioning benefits, especially improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing, compared to compositions having a smaller conversion rate and/or smaller yield point.

[0020] Additionally, it has been also found that by the inventors of the present invention that; by having the above specific conversion rate and the specific yield point, the conditioning composition of the present invention may provide an improved product appearance, i.e., richer, thicker, and/or more concentrated product appearance.

[0021] For forming the composition of the present invention, it is preferred to prepare the composition by the method described below under the title "METHOD OF MANUFACTURING". For forming the composition of the present invention, it is also preferred that the total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from about 7.0%, as described below under the title "METHOD OF MANUFACTURING".

GEL MATRIX



[0022] The composition of the present invention comprises a gel matrix including lamella gel matrix. The gel matrix comprises the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and an aqueous carrier. The gel matrix is suitable for providing various conditioning benefits, such as slippery feel during the application to wet hair and softness and moisturized feel on dry hair.

[0023] In view of providing improved wet conditioning benefits, the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound are contained at a level such that the weight ratio of the cationic surfactant to the high melting point fatty compound is in the range of, preferably from about 1:1 to about 1:10, more preferably from about 1:1 to about 1:4, still more preferably from about 1:2 to about 1:4.

[0024] Preferably, in view of stability of the gel matrix, the composition of the present invention is substantially free of anionic surfactants and anionic polymers. In the present invention, "the composition being substantially free of anionic surfactants and anionic polymers" means that: the composition is free of anionic surfactants and anionic polymers; or, if the composition contains anionic surfactants and anionic polymers, the level of such anionic surfactants and anionic polymers is very low. In the present invention, the total level of such anionic surfactants and anionic polymers, if included, 1% or less, preferably 0.5% or less, more preferably 0.1% or less by weight of the composition. Most preferably, the total level of such anionic surfactants and anionic polymers is 0% by weight of the composition.

CONVERSION RATE OF HIGH MELTING POINT FATTY COMPOUND TO GEL MATRIX



[0025] The composition of the present invention has a conversion rate of the high melting point fatty compound to gel matrix, such rate being in the range of from about 90% to about 100%, preferably from about 95% to about 100%, more preferably above 99% (excluding 99%) to about 100%, in view of providing wet conditioning benefits before rinsing such as spreadability, and also providing wet conditioning benefits after rinsing_and improved dry conditioning benefits.

[0026] Such conversion rate is measured by the following equation:



[0027] Such delta H is detected by differential scanning calorimetry (hereinafter referred to as "DSC") measurement of the composition. Thermal events obtained by DSC measurement describe chemical and physical changes of the scanned sample that involve an enthalpy change or energy gradient when the temperature of the sample is fluctuated. As such, the phase behavior and interaction among components of hair conditioning compositions of the present invention may be understood by their DSC curves. DSC measurement of compositions of the present invention is conducted by Seiko DSC 6000 instrument available from Seiko Instruments Inc. In a typical measurement procedure, a sample is prepared by sealing an appropriate amount of the composition into a container made for DSC measurement and sealed. The weight of the sample is recorded. A blank sample i.e.; an unsealed sample of the same container is also prepared. The sample and blank sample are placed inside the instrument, and run under a measurement condition of from about -50 °C to about 130 °C at a heating rate of from about 1 °C/minute to about 10 °C/minute. The area of the peaks as identified are calculated and divided by the weight of the sample to obtain the enthalpy change in mJ/mg. The position of the peaks is identified by the peak top position.

[0028] In the compositions of the present invention, the DSC curve shows a endothermic peak of, preferably larger than about 3 mJ/mg, more preferably from about 4 mJ/mg, still more preferably from about 5mJ, and preferably to about 10 mJ/mg, and such peak having a peak top temperature of from about 67°C to about 75°C which indicates the existence of a gel matrix.

[0029] The DSC curve of the compositions of the present invention shows, preferably no peaks larger than 2.5mJ/mg, more preferably no peaks larger than 2mJ/mg, still more preferably no peaks larger than 1mJ/mg, at a temperature of from 40 °C to 55 °C, preferably from 40°C to about 65°C, as the peaks having peak top temperatures at such temperature range mean the existence of high melting fatty compounds and/or cationic surfactants which are not incorporated into the gel matrix. It is believed that a composition formed predominantly with such a gel matrix shows a relatively stable phase behavior during the temperature range of from about 40 °C to about 55 °C, preferably from 40°C to about 65°C.

YIELD POINT



[0030] The composition of the present invention has a yield point of about 33Pa or more preferably about 35Pa or more, more preferably 40Pa or more, in view of providing improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing, and improved dry conditioning. The above yield point may be also preferred in view of providing richer, thicker, and/or more concentrated product appearance. Preferably, the yield point is up to about 80Pa, more preferably up to about 75Pa, still more preferably up to about 70Pa, in view of spreadability and product appearance.

[0031] The yield point of the present invention is measured by dynamic oscillation stress sweep at 1 Hz frequency and 25°C, by means of a rheometer available from TA Instruments with a mode name of AR2000 using 40mm diameter parallel type geometry having gap of 1000µm.

[0032] Preferably, in view of spreadability, the composition of the present invention is substantially free of thickening polymers. In the present invention, "the composition being substantially free of thickening polymers" means that: the composition is free of thickening polymers; or, if the composition contains a thickening polymer, the level of such thickening polymer is very low. In the present invention, the level of such thickening polymers, if included, 1% or less, preferably 0.5% or less, more preferably 0.1% or less, still more preferably 0.06% by weight of the composition. Such thickening polymers include, for example, guar polymers including nonionic and cationic guar polymers, cellulose polymers including nonionic, cationic, and/or hydrophobically modified cellulose polymers such as cetyl hydroxyethylcellulose, other synthetic polymers including nonionic and cationic synthetic polymers such as polyquaternium-37.

D-SPACING



[0033] It has been surprisingly found by the inventors of the present invention that; compositions characterized by the combination of the above specific conversion rate and specific yield point provide improved wet performance, especially wet conditioning after rinsing, even if such compositions having a larger d-spacing than those of the compositions of WO 2006/044209. Such larger d-spacing herein means a d-spacing of above 33 nm (excluding 33nm). D-spacing in the present invention means a distance between two lamellar bilayers plus the width of one lamellar bilayer, in lamellar gel matrix, as shown in Fig. 1. Thus, d-spacing is defined according to the following equation:



[0034] D-spacing can be measured by using a High Flux Small Angle X-ray Scattering Instrument available from PANalytical with a tradename SAXSess, under the typical conditions of Small Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS) measurements in a q-range (q=4π/λsin(θ) wherein λ is the wavelength and θ is half the scattering angel) of 0.06<q/nm-1<27 which corresponds to 0.085<2θ/degree<40. All data are transmission-calibrated by monitoring the attenuated primary beam intensity and normalizing it into unity, so that relative intensity for different samples can be obtained. The transmission-calibration allows us to make an accurate subtraction of water contribution from the net sample scattering. D-spacing is calculated according to the following equation (which is known as Bragg's equation):

nλ=2dsin(θ), wherein n is the number of lamellar bi-layers


CATIONIC SURFACTANT



[0035] The compositions of the present invention comprise a cationic surfactant. The cationic surfactant can be included in the composition at a level from about 1%, preferably from about 1.5%, more preferably from about 1.8%, still more preferably from about 2.0%, and to about 8%, preferably to about 5%, more preferably to about 4% by weight of the composition, in view of providing the benefits of the present invention.

[0036] It is preferred in the present invention that, in view of improved wet conditioning benefits, the composition is substantially free of other cationic surfactants than those preferred in the present invention. Such "other cationic surfactant" includes, for example, tertiary amines, tertiary amine salts, and di-long alkyl cationic surfactants having two long alkyl chains, for example those having from about 12 to about 40 carbon atoms, such as dicetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride and distearyl dimethyl ammonium chloride. In the present invention, "the composition being substantially free of other cationic surfactants" means that: the composition is free of other cationic surfactants; or, if the composition contains other cationic surfactants, the level of such other cationic surfactants is very low. In the present invention, the level of such other cationic surfactants, if included, 1% or less, preferably 0.5% or less, more preferably 0.1% or less by weight of the composition. Most preferably, the level of such other cationic surfactants is 0% by weight of the composition.

Mono-long alkyl quaternized ammonium salt cationic surfactant



[0037] One of the preferred cationic surfactants of the present invention is a salt of a mono-long alkyl quaternized ammonium and an anion, wherein the anion is selected from the group consisting of halides such as chloride and bromide, C1-C4 alkyl sulfate such as methosulfate and ethosulfate, and mixtures thereof. More preferably, the anion is selected from the group consisting of halides such as chloride and mixtures thereof.

[0038] The mono-long alkyl quaternized ammonium salts useful herein are those having the formula (I):

wherein one of R71, R72, R73 and R74 is selected from an aliphatic group of from 12 to 40 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 40 carbon atoms; the remainder of R71, R72, R73 and R74 are independently selected from an aliphatic group of from 1 to about 8 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 8 carbon atoms; and X- is a salt-forming anion selected from the group consisting of halides such as chloride and bromide, C1-C4 alkyl sulfate such as methosulfate and ethosulfate, and mixtures thereof. The aliphatic groups can contain, in addition to carbon and hydrogen atoms, ether linkages, and other groups such as amino groups. The longer chain aliphatic groups, e.g., those of about 16 carbons, or higher, can be saturated or unsaturated. Preferably, one of R71, R72, R73 and R74 is selected from an alkyl group of from 16 to 40 carbon atoms, more preferably from 18 to 26 carbon atoms, still more preferably from 22 carbon atoms; and the remainder of R71, R72, R73 and R74 are independently selected from CH3, C2H5, C2H4OH, CH2C6H5, and mixtures thereof. It is believed that such mono-long alkyl quatemized ammonium salts can provide improved slippery and slick feel on wet hair, compared to multi-long alkyl quatemized ammonium salts. It is also believed that mono-long alkyl quatemized ammonium salts can provide improved hydrophobicity and smooth feel on dry hair, compared to amine or amine salt cationic surfactants.

[0039] Among them, more preferred cationic surfactants are those having a longer alkyl group, i.e., C18-22 alkyl group. Such cationic surfactants include, for example, behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, methyl sulfate or ethyl sulfate, and stearyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, methyl sulfate or ethyl sulfate. Further preferred are behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, methyl sulfate or ethyl sulfate, and still further preferred is behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride. It is believed that; cationic surfactants having a longer alkyl group provide improved deposition on the hair, thus can provide improved conditioning benefits such as improved softness on dry hair, compared to cationic surfactant having a shorter alkyl group. It is also believed that such cationic surfactants can provide reduced irritation, compared to cationic surfactants having a shorter alkyl group.

HIGH MELTING POINT FATTY COMPOUND



[0040] The high melting point fatty compound can be included in the composition at a level of from about 2%, preferably from about 4%, more preferably from about 5%, still more preferably from about 5.5%, and to about 15%, preferably to about 10% by weight of the composition, in view of providing the benefits of the present invention.

[0041] The high melting point fatty compound useful herein have a melting point of 25°C or higher, preferably 40°C or higher, more preferably 45°C or higher, still more preferably 50°C or higher, in view of stability of the gel matrix. Preferably, such melting point is up to about 90°C, more preferably up to about 80°C, still more preferably up to about 70°C, even more preferably up to about 65°C, in view of easier manufacturing and easier emulsification. In the present invention, the high melting point fatty compound can be used as a single compound or as a blend or mixture of at least two high melting point fatty compounds. When used as such blend or mixture, the above melting point means the melting point of the blend or mixture.

[0042] The high melting point fatty compound useful herein is selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohols, fatty acids, fatty alcohol derivatives, fatty acid derivatives, and mixtures thereof. It is understood by the artisan that the compounds disclosed in this section of the specification can in some instances fall into more than one classification, e.g., some fatty alcohol derivatives can also be classified as fatty acid derivatives. However, a given classification is not intended to be a limitation on that particular compound, but is done so for convenience of classification and nomenclature. Further, it is understood by the artisan that, depending on the number and position of double bonds, and length and position of the branches, certain compounds having certain required carbon atoms may have a melting point of less than the above preferred in the present invention. Such compounds of low melting point are not intended to be included in this section. Nonlimiting examples of the high melting point compounds are found in International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary, Fifth Edition, 1993, and CTFA Cosmetic Ingredient Handbook, Second Edition, 1992.

[0043] Among a variety of high melting point fatty compounds, fatty alcohols are preferably used in the composition of the present invention. The fatty alcohols useful herein are those having from about 14 to about 30 carbon atoms, preferably from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms. These fatty alcohols are saturated and can be straight or branched chain alcohols.

[0044] Preferred fatty alcohols include, for example, cetyl alcohol (having a melting point of about 56°C), stearyl alcohol (having a melting point of about 58-59°C), behenyl alcohol (having a melting point of about 71°C), and mixtures thereof. These compounds are known to have the above melting point. However, they often have lower melting points when supplied, since such supplied products are often mixtures of fatty alcohols having alkyl chain length distribution in which the main alkyl chain is cetyl, stearyl or behenyl group. In the present invention, more preferred fatty alcohols are cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol and mixtures thereof.

[0045] Commercially available high melting point fatty compounds useful herein include: cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, and behenyl alcohol having tradenames KONOL series available from Shin Nihon Rika (Osaka, Japan), and NAA series available from NOF (Tokyo, Japan); pure behenyl alcohol having tradename 1-DOCOSANOL available from WAKO (Osaka, Japan).

AQUEOUS CARRIER



[0046] The conditioning composition of the present invention comprises an aqueous carrier. The level and species of the carrier are selected according to the compatibility with other components, and other desired characteristic of the product.

[0047] The carrier useful in the present invention includes water and water solutions of lower alkyl alcohols and polyhydric alcohols. The lower alkyl alcohols useful herein are monohydric alcohols having 1 to 6 carbons, more preferably ethanol and isopropanol. The polyhydric alcohols useful herein include propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, glycerin, and propane diol.

[0048] Preferably, the aqueous carrier is substantially water. Deionized water is preferably used. Water from natural sources including mineral cations can also be used, depending on the desired characteristic of the product. Generally, the compositions of the present invention comprise from about 20% to about 99%, preferably from about 30% to about 95%, and more preferably from about 80% to about 90% water.

SILICONE COMPOUND



[0049] Preferably, the compositions of the present invention preferably contain a silicone compound. It is believed that the silicone compound can provide smoothness and softness on dry hair. The silicone compounds herein can be used at levels by weight of the composition of preferably from about 0.1% to about 20%, more preferably from about 0.5% to about 10%, still more preferably from about 1% to about 8%.

[0050] Preferably, the silicone compounds have an average particle size of from about 1microns to about 50 microns, in the composition.

[0051] The silicone compounds useful herein, as a single compound, as a blend or mixture of at least two silicone compounds, or as a blend or mixture of at least one silicone compound and at least one solvent, have a viscosity of preferably from about 1,000 to about 2,000,00mPa·s at 25°C.

[0052] The viscosity can be measured by means of a glass capillary viscometer as set forth in Dow Corning Corporate Test Method CTM0004, July 20, 1970. Suitable silicone fluids include polyalkyl siloxanes, polyaryl siloxanes, polyalkylaryl siloxanes, polyether siloxane copolymers, amino substituted silicones, quaternized silicones, and mixtures thereof. Other nonvolatile silicone compounds having conditioning properties can also be used.

[0053] Preferred polyalkyl siloxanes include, for example, polydimethylsiloxane, polydiethylsiloxane, and polymethylphenylsiloxane. Polydimethylsiloxane, which is also known as dimethicone, is especially preferred. These silicone compounds are available, for example, from the General Electric Company in their Viscasil® and TSF 451 series, and from Dow Corning in their Dow Corning SH200 series.

[0054] The above polyalkylsiloxanes are available, for example, as a mixture with silicone compounds having a lower viscosity. Such mixtures have a viscosity of preferably from about 1,000mPa·s to about 100,000mPa·s, more preferably from about 5,000mPa·s to about 50,000mPa·s. Such mixtures preferably comprise: (i) a first silicone having a viscosity of from about 100,000mPa·s to about 30,000,000mPa·s at 25°C, preferably from about 100,000mPa·s to about 20,000,000mPa·s; and (ii) a second silicone having a viscosity of from about 5mPa·s to about 10,000mPa·s at 25°C, preferably from about 5mPa·s to about 5,000mPa·s. Such mixtures useful herein include, for example, a blend of dimethicone having a viscosity of 18,000,000mPa·s and dimethicone having a viscosity of 200mPa·s available from GE Toshiba, and a blend of dimethicone having a viscosity of 18,000,000mPa·s and cyclopentasiloxane available from GE Toshiba.

[0055] The silicone compounds useful herein also include a silicone gum. The term "silicone gum", as used herein, means a polyorganosiloxane material having a viscosity at 25°C of greater than or equal to 1,000,000 centistokes. It is recognized that the silicone gums described herein can also have some overlap with the above-disclosed silicone compounds. This overlap is not intended as a limitation on any of these materials. The "silicone gums" will typically have a mass molecular weight in excess of about 200,000, generally between about 200,000 and about 1,000,000. Specific examples include polydimethylsiloxane, poly(dimethylsiloxane methylvinylsiloxane) copolymer, poly(dimethylsiloxane diphenylsiloxane methylvinylsiloxane) copolymer and mixtures thereof. The silicone gums are available, for example, as a mixture with silicone compounds having a lower viscosity. Such mixtures useful herein include, for example, Gum/Cyclomethicone blend available from Shin-Etsu.

[0056] Silicone compounds useful herein also include amino substituted materials. Preferred aminosilicones include, for example, those which conform to the general formula (I):

         (R1)aG3-a-Si-(-OSiG2)n-(-OSiGb(R1)2-b)m-O-SiG3-a(R1)a

wherein G is hydrogen, phenyl, hydroxy, or C1-C8 alkyl, preferably methyl; a is 0 or an integer having a value from 1 to 3, preferably 1; b is 0, 1 or 2, preferably 1; n is a number from 0 to 1,999; m is an integer from 0 to 1,999; the sum of n and m is a number from 1 to 2,000; a and m are not both 0; R1 is a monovalent radical conforming to the general formula CqH2qL, wherein q is an integer having a value from 2 to 8 and L is selected from the following groups: -N(R2)CH2-CH2-N(R2)2; -N(R2)2; -N(R2)3A ; -N(R2)CH2-CH2-NR2H2A ; wherein R2 is hydrogen, phenyl, benzyl, or a saturated hydrocarbon radical, preferably an alkyl radical from about C1 to about C20; A is a halide ion.

[0057] Highly preferred amino silicones are those corresponding to formula (I) wherein m=0, a=1, q=3, G=methyl, n is preferably from about 1500 to about 1700, more preferably about 1600; and L is -N(CH3)2 or -NH2, more preferably -NH2. Another highly preferred amino silicones are those corresponding to formula (I) wherein m=0, a=1, q=3, G=methyl, n is preferably from about 400 to about 600, more preferably about 500; and L is -N(CH3)2 or - NH2, more preferably -NH2. Such highly preferred amino silicones can be called as terminal aminosilicones, as one or both ends of the silicone chain are terminated by nitrogen containing group.

[0058] The above aminosilicones, when incorporated into the composition, can be mixed with solvent having a lower viscosity. Such solvents include, for example, polar or non-polar, volatile or non-volatile oils. Such oils include, for example, silicone oils, hydrocarbons, and esters. Among such a variety of solvents, preferred are those selected from the group consisting of non-polar, volatile hydrocarbons, volatile cyclic silicones, non-volatile linear silicones, and mixtures thereof. The non-volatile linear silicones useful herein are those having a viscosity of from about 1 to about 20,000 centistokes, preferably from about 20 to about 10,000 centistokes at 25°C. Among the preferred solvents, highly preferred are non-polar, volatile hydrocarbons, especially non-polar, volatile isoparaffins, in view of reducing the viscosity of the aminosilicones and providing improved hair conditioning benefits such as reduced friction on dry hair. Such mixtures have a viscosity of preferably from about 1,000mPa·s to about 100,000mPa.s, more preferably from about 5,000mPa·s to about 50,000mPa·s.

[0059] Other suitable alkylamino substituted silicone compounds include those having alkylamino substitutions as pendant groups of a silicone backbone. Highly preferred are those known as "amodimethicone". Commercially available amodimethicones useful herein include, for example, BY16-872 available from Dow Coming.

[0060] The silicone compounds may further be incorporated in the present composition in the form of an emulsion, wherein the emulsion is made my mechanical mixing, or in the stage of synthesis through emulsion polymerization, with or without the aid of a surfactant selected from anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, and mixtures thereof.

ADDITIONAL COMPONENTS



[0061] The composition of the present invention may include other additional components, which may be selected by the artisan according to the desired characteristics of the final product and which are suitable for rendering the composition more cosmetically or aesthetically acceptable or to provide them with additional usage benefits. Such other additional components generally are used individually at levels of from about 0.001% to about 10%, preferably up to about 5% by weight of the composition.

[0062] A wide variety of other additional components can be formulated into the present compositions. These include: other conditioning agents such as hydrolysed collagen with tradename Peptein 2000 available from Hormel, vitamin E with tradename Emix-d available from Eisai, panthenol available from Roche, panthenyl ethyl ether available from Roche, hydrolysed keratin, proteins, plant extracts, and nutrients; preservatives such as benzyl alcohol, methyl paraben, propyl paraben and imidazolidinyl urea; pH adjusting agents, such as citric acid, sodium citrate, succinic acid, phosphoric acid, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate; coloring agents, such as any of the FD&C or D&C dyes; perfumes; and sequestering agents, such as disodium ethylenediamine tetra-acetate; ultraviolet and infrared screening and absorbing agents such as benzophenones; and antidandruff agents such as zinc pyrithione.

Low melting point oil



[0063] Low melting point oils useful herein are those having a melting point of less than 25°C. The low melting point oil useful herein is selected from the group consisting of: hydrocarbon having from 10 to about 40 carbon atoms; unsaturated fatty alcohols having from about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms such as oleyl alcohol; unsaturated fatty acids having from about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms; fatty acid derivatives; fatty alcohol derivatives; ester oils such as pentaerythritol ester oils including pentaerythritol tetraisostearate, trimethylol ester oils, citrate ester oils, and glyceryl ester oils; poly α-olefin oils such as polydecenes; and mixtures thereof.

PRODUCT FORMS



[0064] The conditioning compositions of the present invention can be in the form of rinse-off products or leave-on products, and can be formulated in a wide variety of product forms, including but not limited to creams, gels, emulsions, mousses and sprays. The conditioning composition of the present invention is especially suitable for rinse-off hair conditioner.

METHOD OF USE



[0065] The conditioning composition of the present invention is preferably used for a method of conditioning hair, the method comprising following steps:

(i) after shampooing hair, applying to the hair an effective amount of the conditioning composition for conditioning the hair; and

(ii) then rinsing the hair.



[0066] Effective amount herein is, for example, from about 0.1ml to about 2ml per 10g of hair, preferably from about 0.2 ml to about 1.5ml per 10g of hair.

[0067] The conditioning composition of the present invention provides improved conditioning benefits, especially improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing. The conditioning composition of the present invention may also provide improved product appearance to consumer. Thus, a reduced dosage of the conditioning composition of the present invention may provide the same level of conditioning benefits as those of a full dosage of conventional conditioner compositions. Such reduced dosage herein is, for example, from about 0.3ml to about 0.7ml per 10g of hair.

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING



[0068] The present invention is also directed to a method of manufacturing a hair conditioning composition,
wherein the composition comprises a cationic surfactant, a high melting point fatty compound, and an aqueous carrier;
wherein a total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from about 7.0% to about 15% by weight of the composition;
wherein the method comprises the steps:
  1. (1) preparing a premix (hereinafter, can be referred to as oil phase) comprising the cationic surfactants and the high melting point fatty compounds, wherein the temperature of the premix is higher than a melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and
  2. (2) preparing an aqueous carrier (hereinafter, can be referred to as aqueous phase), wherein the temperature of the aqueous carrier is below the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and
  3. (3) mixing the premix with the aqueous carrier and forming gel matrix.


[0069] Preferably, the method further comprises the step of adding additional ingredients such as silicone compounds, perfumes, preservatives, if included, to the gel matrix.

[0070] Preferably, the premix has a temperature of from about 25°C, more preferably from about 40°C, still more preferably from about 50°C, even more preferably from about 55°C, further preferably from about 65°C, and to about 150°C, more preferably to about 95°C, still more preferably to about 90°C, even more preferably to about 85°C, when mixing it with the aqueous carrier.

[0071] Preferably, the aqueous carrier has a temperature of from about 10°C, more preferably from about 15°C, still more preferably from about 20°C, and to about 65°C, more preferably to about 55°C, still more preferably to about 52°C, when mixing it with the premix. Preferably, the temperature of the aqueous carrier, when mixing it with the premix, is at least about 5°C lower than, more preferably at least about 10°C lower than the temperature of the premix. Preferably, the temperature of the aqueous carrier, when mixing it with the premix, is from about 2°C to about 60°C lower than, more preferably from about 2°C to about 40°C lower than, still more preferably from about 2°C to about 30°C lower than the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds.

[0072] Preferably, the premix and the aqueous carrier are mixed by using a high shear homogenizer. Such high shear homogenizers useful herein include, for example: Sonolator ® available from Sonic Corporation, Manton Gaulin type homogenizer available from the APV Manton Corporation, the Microfluidizer available from Microfluidics Corporation, Becomix ® available from A. Berents Gmbh&Co..

[0073] Preferably, the total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from about 7.0%, preferably from about 7.5%, more preferably from about 8.0% by weight of the composition, in view of providing the benefits of the present invention, and to about 15%, preferably to about 14%, more preferably to about 13%, still more preferably to about 10% by weight of the composition, in view of spreadability and product appearance.

[0074] Preferably, the mixing step (3) comprises the following detailed steps: (3-1) feeding either of the oil phase or the aqueous phase into a high shear field having an energy density of about 1.0x102 J/m3 or more; (3-2) feeding the other phase directly to the field; and (3-3) forming an emulsion. Preferably, the method further requires at least one of the following: the mixing step (3) is conducted by using a homogenizer having a rotating member; the surfactant is a mono-alkyl cationic surfactant and the composition is substantially free of di-alkyl cationic surfactants; and the surfactant is a cationic surfactant and the oil phase contains from 0 to about 50% of the aqueous carrier by weight of the oil phase, preferably the oil phase is substantially free of water.

EXAMPLES



[0075] The following examples further describe and demonstrate embodiments within the scope of the present invention. The examples are given solely for the purpose of illustration and are not to be construed as limitations of the present invention, as many variations thereof are possible without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Where applicable, ingredients are identified by chemical or CTFA name, or otherwise defined below.

Compositions (wt%)



[0076] 
ComponentsEx.1Ex.2Ex.3Ex.4Ex. iEx. iiEx. iii
Behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride 2.3 2.8 3.4 - 2.8 2.8 1.8
Behenyl trimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate - - - 2.8 - - -
Cetyl alcohol 1.5 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.2
Stearyl alcohol 3.7 4.7 5.5 4.6 4.7 4.7 2.9
Aminosilicone * 1 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Isopropanol - 0.6 - 0.6 - - -
Dipropylene glycol - - 0.7 - - - -
Cetyl hydroxyethyl cellulose *2 - - - - 0.5 - -
Disodium EDTA 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
Preservatives 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Perfume 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35
Panthenol 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Panthenyl ethyl ether 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Deionized Water q. s. to 100%

Definitions of Components



[0077] 

*1 Aminosilicone: Available from GE having a viscosity 10,000mPa·s, and having following formula (I):

         (R1)aG3-a-Si-(-OSiG2)n-(-OSiGb(R1)2-b)m-O-SiG3-a(R1)a     (I)

wherein G is methyl; a is an integer of 1; b is 0, 1 or 2, preferably 1; n is a number from 400 to about 600; m is an integer of 0; R1 is a monovalent radical conforming to the general formula CqH2qL, wherein q is an integer of 3 and L is -NH2

*2 Cetyl hydroxyethyl cellulose: Polysurf available from Hurcules Inc.


Method of Preparation



[0078] The conditioning compositions of "Ex. 1" through "Ex. 4" and the composition of "Ex. iii" are suitably made as follows:

Cationic surfactants and high melting point fatty compounds are mixed and heated to from about 65°C to about 90°C to form a premix. Separately, water is prepared at from about 25°C to about 52°C. In Becomix® direct injection rotor-stator homogenizer, the premix is injected to a high shear field having an energy density of from 1.0x104 J/m3 to 1.0x107 J/m3 where the water is already present. A gel matrix is formed. If included, silicone compounds, perfumes, preservatives are added to the gel matrix with agitation. Then the composition is cooled down to room temperature.



[0079] The conditioning compositions of "Ex. i" and "Ex. ii" as shown above can be prepared by any conventional method well known in the art. They are suitably made as follows:

If included, polymers are added to water with agitation. Cationic surfactants and high melting point fatty compounds are added to water with agitation, and heated to about 80°C. The mixture is cooled down to about 55°C and gel matrix is formed. If included, silicone compounds, perfumes, preservatives are added to the gel matrix with agitation. Then the mixture is cooled down to room temperature.


Properties and Conditioning benefits



[0080] With respect to the above compositions of Ex. 1-4 and Ex. i-iii, the yield stress and the conversion rate are measured by the methods described above. For some of the compositions, d-spacing is also measured by the method described above. Such properties of the compositions are shown in below Table 1.

[0081] With respect to the above compositions of Ex. 1-4 and Ex. i-iii, conditioning benefits are evaluated by the following methods. Results of the evaluation are also shown in below Table 1.

Wet conditioning before rinsing



[0082] Wet conditioning before rinsing is evaluated by hair friction force measured by an instrument named Texture Analyzer (TA XT Plus, Texture Technologies, Scarsdale, NY, USA). 1g of the composition is applied to 10g of hair sample. After spreading the composition on the hair sample and before rinsing it, friction force (g) between the hair sample and a polyurethane pad is measured by the above instrument.
  1. A: Above 5% (excluding 5%) to 10% reduction of Friction force, compared to Control
  2. B: Up to 5% (including 5%) reduction of Friction force, compared to Control
  3. C: Control or Equal to Control
  4. D: Increased Friction force, compared to Control

Wet conditioning after rinsing



[0083] Wet conditioning after rinsing is evaluated by hair friction force measured by an instrument named Texture Analyzer (TA XT Plus, Texture Technologies, Scarsdale, NY, USA). 1g of the composition is applied to 10g of hair sample. After spreading the composition on the hair sample, rinsing it with warm water for 30 seconds. Then, friction force (g) between the hair sample and a polyurethane pad is measured by the above instrument.
  1. A: Above 5% (excluding 5%) to 10% reduction of Friction force, compared to Control
  2. B: Up to 5% (including 5%) reduction of Friction force, compared to Control
  3. C: Control or Equal to Control
  4. D: Increased Friction force, compared to Control

Dry conditioning



[0084] Dry conditioning performance is evaluated by hair friction force measured by an instrument named Instron Tester (Instron 5542, Instron, Inc,; Canton, Mass., USA). 2g of the composition is applied to 20g of hair sample. After spreading the composition on the hair sample, rinsing it with warm water for 30 seconds, and the hair sample is left to dry over night. The friction force (g) between the hair surface and a urethane pad along the hair is measured.
  1. A: Above 5% (excluding 5%) to 10% reduction of Friction force, compared to Control
  2. B: Up to 5% (including 5%) reduction of Friction force, compared to Control
  3. C: Control or Equal to Control
  4. D: Increased Friction force, compared to Control

Product appearance



[0085] The product appearance is evaluated by 6 panelists, when dispensing 0.4ml of a conditioner product from a package.
  1. A: From 3 to 6 panelists answered that the product had a thick product appearance and perceived positive impression from its appearance.
  2. B: From 1 to 2 panelists answered that the product has a thick product appearance and perceived positive impression from its appearance.
  3. C: Control
Table 1
 Ex.1Ex.2Ex.3Ex.4Ex. iEx. iiEx. iii
Yield point 37 47 52 50 >33 25 16
Conversion rate of High melting point fatty compounds to Gel matrix 100 100 100 100 < 90 55 100
D-spacing > 50 > 50 - - - 29 > 50
Wet conditioning before rinsing A A A A D C B
Wet conditioning after rinsing A A A A D C C
Dry conditioning B A A B D C C
Product appearance A A B - - C -


[0086] The embodiments disclosed and represented by the previous "Ex. 1" through "Ex. 4" are hair conditioning compositions of the present invention which are particularly useful for rinse-off use. Such embodiments have many advantages. For example, they provide improved conditioning benefits, especially improved wet conditioning benefits after rinsing and improved dry conditioning, while maintaining wet conditioning benefit before rinsing.

CLAUSES



[0087] Clause 1: A hair conditioning composition comprising: (a) a cationic surfactant; (b) a high melting point fatty compound; and (c) an aqueous carrier; wherein the cationic surfactant, the high melting point fatty compound, and the aqueous carrier form a gel matrix; wherein the composition has from about 90% to about 100% of a conversion rate of the high melting point fatty compound to the gel matrix; and wherein the composition has a yield point of about 33Pa or more.

[0088] Clause 2: The hair conditioning composition of clause 1 wherein the composition has from about 95% to about 100% of the conversion rate.

[0089] Clause 3: The hair conditioning composition of clause 1 wherein the composition has a yield point of from about 35Pa or more.

[0090] Clause 4: The hair conditioning composition of clause 1 wherein the cationic surfactant is a salt of a mono-long alkyl quatemized ammonium and an anion has the formula (I):

wherein one of R71, R72, R73 and R74 is selected from an aliphatic group of from 16 to 30 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 30 carbon atoms; the remainder of R71, R72, R73 and R74 are independently selected from an aliphatic group of from 1 to about 8 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 8 carbon atoms; and X- is a salt-forming anion selected from the group consisting of halides, Cl-C4 alkyl sulfates and mixtures thereof.

[0091] Clause 5: The hair conditioning composition of clause 4 wherein the anion is selected from halides.

[0092] Clause 6: The hair conditioning composition of clause 1 wherein the composition is substantially free of anionic surfactants and anionic polymers.

[0093] Clause 7: The hair conditioning composition of clause 1 wherein the weight ratio of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is within the range of from about 1:1 to about 1:4.

[0094] Clause 8: The hair conditioning composition of clause 7 wherein the total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is present in the composition at a level of 7.0% or more.

[0095] Clause 9: A method of manufacturing a hair conditioning composition, wherein the composition comprises a cationic surfactant, a high melting point fatty compound, and an aqueous carrier; wherein a total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from about 7.0% to about 15% by weight of the composition; wherein the method comprises the steps: (1) preparing a premix comprising the cationic surfactants and the high melting point fatty compounds, wherein the temperature of the premix is higher than a melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and (2) preparing an aqueous carrier, wherein the temperature of the aqueous carrier is below the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and (3) mixing the premix with the aqueous carrier and forming gel matrix.

[0096] Clause 10: The method of manufacturing of clause 9, wherein the temperature of the aqueous carrier is from 2°C to 60°C lower than the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds.

[0097] Clause 11: The method of manufacturing of clause 9, wherein the total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from about 7.5% to about 15% by weight of the composition.

[0098] Clause 12: The method of manufacturing of clause 9, wherein the premix and the aqueous carrier is mixed by a high shear homogenizer.

[0099] Clause 13: A method of conditioning hair, the method comprising following steps: (i) after shampooing hair, applying to the hair an effective amount of the conditioning composition of clause 1 for conditioning the hair; and (ii) then rinsing the hair.

[0100] Clause 14: The method of conditioning hair of clause 13, wherein the effective amount is a reduced dosage of from about 0.3ml to about 0.7ml per 10g of hair.

[0101] The dimensions and values disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, a dimension disclosed as "40 mm" is intended to mean "about 40 mm.

[0102] Every document cited herein, including any cross referenced or related patent or application, is hereby incorporated herein by reference in its entirety unless expressly excluded or otherwise limited. The citation of any document is not an admission that it is prior art with respect to any invention disclosed or claimed herein or that it alone, or in any combination with any other reference or references, teaches, suggests or discloses any such invention. Further, to the extent that any meaning or definition of a term in this document conflicts with any meaning or definition of the same term in a document incorporated by reference, the meaning or definition assigned to that term in this document shall govern.

[0103] While particular embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it would be obvious to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. It is therefore intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this invention.


Claims

1. A method of manufacturing a hair conditioning composition,
wherein the composition comprises a cationic surfactant, a high melting point fatty compound having a melting point of 25°C or higher, and an aqueous carrier;
wherein a total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from 7.0% to 15% by weight of the composition;
wherein the method comprises the steps:

(1) preparing a premix (oil phase) comprising the cationic surfactants and the high melting point fatty compounds, wherein the temperature of the premix is higher than a melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and

(2) preparing an aqueous carrier (aqueous phase), wherein the temperature of the aqueous carrier is below the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds; and

(3) mixing the premix with the aqueous carrier and forming gel matrix;

wherein the mixing step (3) comprises the steps:

(3-1) feeding either of the oil phase or the aqueous phase into a high shear field having an energy density of 1.0x102 J/m3 or more;

(3-2) feeding the other phase directly to the field; and

(3-3) forming an emulsion.


 
2. The method of manufacturing of claim 1, wherein the mixing step (3) is conducted by using a homogenizer having a rotating member.
 
3. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the surfactant is a mono-alkyl cationic surfactant and the composition is substantially free of di-alkyl cationic surfactants.
 
4. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the surfactant is a cationic surfactant and the oil phase contains from 0 to 50% of the aqueous carrier by weight of the oil phase, preferably wherein the surfactant is a cationic surfactant and the oil phase is substantially free of water.
 
5. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the premix has a temperature of from 25°C, preferably from 40°C, more preferably from 50°C, still more preferably from 55°C, even more preferably from 65°C; and to 150°C, preferably to 95°C, more preferably to 90°C, still more preferably to 85°C; when mixing it with the aqueous carrier.
 
6. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the aqueous carrier has a temperature of from 10°C, preferably from 15°C, more preferably from 20°C; and to 65°C, preferably to 55°C, more preferably to 52°C; when mixing it with the premix.
 
7. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the temperature of the aqueous phase, when mixing it with the premix, is at least 5°C lower than, preferably at least 10°C lower than, the temperature of the premix.
 
8. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the temperature of the aqueous carrier, when mixing it with the premix, is from 2°C to 60°C lower than, preferably from 2°C to 40°C lower than, more preferably from 2°C to 30°C lower then, the melting point of the high melting point fatty compounds.
 
9. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the total amount of the cationic surfactant and the high melting point fatty compound is from 7.5%, preferably from 8.0%, by weight of the composition; and to 15%, preferably to 14%, more preferably to 13%, still more preferably to 10%, by weight of the composition.
 
10. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the high shear field has an energy density of from 1.0x104 J/m3 to 1.0x107 J/m3.
 
11. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim 1, wherein the premix and the aqueous carrier are mixed by a high shear homogenizer, preferably by using a high shear homogenizer being a direct injection rotor-stator homogenizer.
 
12. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the high melting point fatty compound has a melting point of 40°C or higher, preferably 45°C or higher, more preferably 50°C or higher; and up to 90°C, preferably up to 80°C, more preferably up to 70°C, still more preferably up to 65°C.
 
13. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the cationic surfactant is a salt of a mono-long alkyl quatemized ammonium and an anion, wherein the anion is selected from the group consisting of halides, C1-C4 alkyl sulfate, and mixtures thereof.
 
14. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein cationic surfactant is a salt of a mono-long alkyl quatemized ammonium and an anion has the formula (I):

wherein one of R71, R72, R73 and R74 is selected from an aliphatic group of from 16 to 30 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 30 carbon atoms; the remainder of R71, R72, R73 and R74 are independently selected from an aliphatic group of from 1 to about 8 carbon atoms or an aromatic, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group having up to about 8 carbon atoms; and X- is a salt-forming anion selected from the group consisting of halides, C1-C4 alkyl sulfates and mixtures thereof; preferably wherein the cationic surfactants include behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, methyl sulfate or ethyl sulfate, and stearyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, methyl sulfate or ethyl sulfate; more preferably the cationic surfactants include behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, methyl sulfate or ethyl sulfate; still more preferably the cationic surfactants include behenyl trimethyl ammonium chloride.
 
15. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the high melting point fatty compound is selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohols, fatty acids, fatty alcohols derivatives, fatty acid derivatives, and mixtures thereof; preferably wherein the fatty compounds are fatty alcohols; more preferably wherein the fatty compounds are fatty alcohols having from 14 to 30 carbon atoms; still more preferably wherein the fatty compounds are fatty alcohols having from 16 to 22 carbon atoms; even more preferably wherein the fatty compounds is selected from the group of cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, behenyl alcohol, and mixtures thereof.
 
16. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the aqueous carrier includes water and water solutions of lower alkyl alcohols and polyhydric alcohols; preferably wherein the aqueous carrier is substantially water.
 
17. The method of manufacturing of any preceding claim, wherein the composition contain a silicone compound, and/or a low melting point oil.
 

















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description