(19)
(11)EP 2 468 054 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/27

(21)Application number: 10707371.0

(22)Date of filing:  04.02.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 64/00(2009.01)
H04B 17/382(2015.01)
H04W 24/08(2009.01)
H04W 84/04(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2010/050133
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/021974 (24.02.2011 Gazette  2011/08)

(54)

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR REDUCTION OF INTERFERENCE DURING POSITIONING MEASUREMENTS

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR INTERFERENZMINDERUNG BEI POSITIONSMESSUNGEN

PROCÉDÉS ET APPAREILS DE RÉDUCTION D'INTERFÉRENCE PENDANT DES MESURES DE POSITIONNEMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.08.2009 US 235834 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.06.2012 Bulletin 2012/26

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAZMI, Muhammad
    S-167 39 Bromma (SE)
  • SIOMINA, Iana
    S-170 66 Solna (SE)

(74)Representative: Zacco Sweden AB 
P.O. Box 5581
114 85 Stockholm
114 85 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 434 364
US-A1- 2005 277 425
  
  • QUALCOMM EUROPE: "On OTDOA in LTE" 3GPP DRAFT; R1-090353, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, no. Ljubljana; 20090108, 8 January 2009 (2009-01-08), pages 1-8, XP050318259 [retrieved on 2009-01-08]
  • HUAWEI: "Positioning reference signals design" 3GPP DRAFT; R1-091788, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, no. San Francisco, USA; 20090428, 28 April 2009 (2009-04-28), pages 1-7, XP050339309 [retrieved on 2009-04-28]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to interference reduction for positioning, location and location-based services.

BACKGROUND



[0002] User positioning, or identifying the geographical location of a user equipment (UE), has been widely used by a variety of services. Some services, e.g., emergency calls, are non-commercial and required by regulatory bodies, which may also impose accuracy requirements on the service. An example of this is the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the US; see FCC 99-245, "Revision of the Commission's rules to ensure compatibility with enhanced 911 emergency calling systems".

[0003] In many environments, the position of a UE can be accurately estimated by using positioning methods based on the Global Positioning System (GPS). However, GPS-based positioning may often have unsatisfactory performance in urban and/or indoor environments. A complementary positioning method could thus be provided by a wireless network. Positioning methods based on time difference of arrival measurements (TDOA) have been widely used, for example, in GSM, UMTS and cdma2000.

[0004] Positioning methods to be used in Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN) networks, sometimes referred to as Long-Term Evolution (LTE), have not yet been standardized but are actively discussed in 3GPP, where downlink user equipment (UE) assisted TDOA-based positioning (Observed TDOA, or OTDOA) is one of the possible candidates.

[0005] OTDOA is a downlink positioning method which exploits a so called multilateration technique to calculate the terminal position, based on TDOA measurements from three or more locations or sites. In general, multilateration, also known as hyperbolic positioning, is the process of locating an object based on time difference of arrival measurements conducted on signals between the object and three or more distinct locations. This implies that a UE needs to be able to hear, and correctly decode, signals from at least three different sites, e.g. three neighbouring base stations (eNodeBs).

[0006] In 3GPP it has been recognized that the hearability issue for signals, used for positioning measurements, need to be addressed to enable positioning services that meet the service requirements. Achieving the required accuracy is, in general, impossible with the, in E-UTRAN, currently standardized physical signals.

[0007] One problem with existing solutions is the low detection probability at low Signal-to-Noise Ratios (SNRs), which is common for signals from neighbouring cells due to low processing gain. Combined with the fact that their correlation properties are not sufficiently good to meet detection requirements, this results in inability to correctly decode the signal from a neighbour cell, in presence of a dominant interferer, e.g. close to the serving cell. Consequently, the positioning accuracy will be unsatisfactory.

[0008] In order to address the hearability issue and enhance positioning measurements, new physical signals, called positioning reference signals (PRS), in combination with low-interference subframes (LIS), during which no data is transmitted, have been proposed for the E-UTRAN.

[0009] For LTE, the PRS configuration, i.e. the transmission pattern; sequence, transmission; transmission bandwidth etc has been under discussion. It has however been agreed that cell-specific PRS patterns should allow a reuse factor of six, which is a likely solution for standardization to be specified in 3GPP TS 36.211. Thus, the PRS pattern can be decided to have a reuse factor of six. However, in real networks, a reuse factor of six may still not be enough for meeting the target positioning accuracy. Thus other interference mitigation techniques, particularly related to network planning, would be required to improve the hearability of signals from a sufficient number of distinct locations.

[0010] The strong-interferer problem typically occurs when measuring neighbour cells, which is necessary for positioning. In such cases it is not uncommon with a strong dominance of an interfering signal over the measured signal. Furthermore, the serving cell is not necessarily always the strongest interferer when measuring neighbour cells, for reasons that will be further explained below.

[0011] Another known approach to improve positioning measurements on neighbour cell is to apply idle-period downlink (IPDL) periods, which have been standardized for UMTS (3GPP TS 25.331, Radio Resource Control (RRC), Protocol Specification). With IPDL, base station (NodeB) transmissions are synchronously ceased for a short period. The idle periods are arranged in a predetermined pseudo-random fashion, according to higher layer parameters and the random pattern is known to all user equipments (UEs). The UEs are then required to perform measurements on neighbour cells during idle periods of the own base station.

[0012] There is no agreed solution to the identified problem yet for Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (LTE). Adopting the UMTS IPDL solution in LTE is likely to result in unnecessary large performance degradation, which may occur due to the fact that:

▪ data transmissions must be ceased over a larger bandwidth in LTE than for UMTS (i.e. up to 20 MHz in LTE);

▪ control channel transmissions are affected, since during IPDL no transmissions are allowed; and also

▪ the measurement period may become longer for cells where IPDL is applied.

A key aspect to observe is that the serving cell is not necessarily the strongest interferer to all neighbour cells. The situation when the serving cell is not the strongest interferer may occur for the following reasons:

▪ some of the neighbour cell measurements e.g. signal quality such as Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ), which may also incorporate inter-cell interference, may not necessarily lead to the selection of the best cell, when the serving cell - or serving base station - is idle or partly idle.

▪ the UE may not be connected to the best cell all the time, e.g. due to measurement inaccuracy, which can be large. For instance, Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP) absolute inaccuracy can be ± 6 dB.

▪ UE may not be connected to the best cell, due to certain radio resource management strategies: load balancing, intra/inter-RAT admission control, non-immediate handover, heterogeneous networks with selective user subscription policy, etc.

▪ in real networks, some cells may generate stronger interference, e.g. because of difference in the cell sizes.



[0013] As explained above, if there is a strong interferer, other than the serving cell, hearability will be negatively impacted and the UE may, in order to perform positioning measurements, not be able to decode signals from neighbouring cells correctly. Thus, there is a need for improved positioning accuracy and/or performance enhancements.

[0014] US2005277425 (A1) discloses a controller for detecting interfering base stations of a user terminal and to provide information on suppression of downlink transmission for the interfering base stations and to suppress downlink transmission by controlling downlink transmission power of the interfering base stations at predetermined time intervals on the basis of the provided information from the controller when the user terminal receives downlink control channel transmission from the serving base station.

[0015] HUAWEI, "Positioning reference signals design", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-091788, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, (20090428), no. San Francisco, USA; 20090428, pages 1 - 7, XP050339309, discloses a positioning reference signal design for LTE and OTDOA, based on reference signals transmitted in designated subframes. It is also e.g. disclosed a new set of position reference signals (PRS) that can replace CRS and be used for positioning measurements.

SUMMARY



[0016] In view of the above, an object according to embodiments of the present invention is to alleviate at least some of the problems mentioned above, such as supporting positioning in a context with interference reduction.

[0017] Thus, according to an aspect of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a method in a network node according to claim 1.

[0018] According to further aspect of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a network node according to claim 8

[0019] Determining the level of reduction of transmission activity based on rating of most interfering cells, which rating has been made with respect to accuracy of positioning measurements, provides reduction of interference particularly for assisting a user equipment performing positioning measurements. Thus embodiments herein support positioning in a context with interference reduction.

[0020] An advantage of some embodiments herein is also that positioning measurement performance and accuracy for user equipments can be increased due to improvement of interference coordination or interference reduction.

[0021] Yet another advantage of some embodiments herein is that positioning measurements can be performed/done faster, i.e. during a shorter time period.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0022] 

Figure 1 is a diagram illustrating a part of a cellular wireless communications system wherein the embodiments of the present invention may be implemented.

Figure 2 is a block diagram illustrating a radio network node according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 3 is a block diagram illustrating a network node according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 4A illustrates a signalling scheme according to an exemplary embodiment of present invention.

Figure 4B illustrates a signalling scheme according to another exemplary embodiment of present invention.

Figure 5 is a flowchart illustrating main method steps performed by a radio network node according to embodiments of the present invention.

Figure 6 is a flowchart illustrating main method steps performed by a network node according to embodiments of the present invention.

Figure 7 is a block diagram illustrating a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 8 is a flowchart illustrating method steps performed by a user equipment according to embodiments of the present invention.


ABBREVIATIONS



[0023] 
CRS
Cell-specific Reference Signal
eNodeB
evolved NodeB
eSMLC
Enhanced Serving Mobile Location Center
E-UTRAN
Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network
IPDL
Idle Period Downlink
LTE
Long-Term Evolution
OTDOA
Observed Time Difference of Arrival
PRS
Positioning Reference Signal
RSRP
Reference Signal Received Power
RSRQ
Reference Signal Received Quality
SNR
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
SMLC
Serving Mobile Location Center
TDOA
Time Difference of Arrival
UE
User Equipment
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0024] According to embodiments described below, the wireless communications system/network is able to temporarily reduce the transmission activity of one or more interfering cells, which may be different from the serving cell, in order to assist an individual user equipment, or a group of user equipments, in performing positioning measurements with sufficient accuracy. This requires communication and signalling between the radio network nodes, as will be explained in more detail below.

[0025] Reducing transmission activity of e.g. downlink signals could mean, for example, not transmitting or reducing power of one or more positioning reference signal (PRS) in positioning subframes in a specified set of resource blocks (RBs) or over an entire set of RBs. Transmission activity could also be reduced only for certain downlink channels e.g. only for the broadcast channel. Thus, in an embodiment, a method in a radio network node or in a network node is provided comprising determining one or more strongest interfering cells, which may be different than the serving cell, and reducing the transmission activity in the determined cells to facilitate positioning measurements.

[0026] An exemplary procedure comprises three main aspects, which will also be described in more detail below, namely:
  • methods for determining interfering cells;
  • signalling mechanism for reducing transmission activity in interfering cells; and
  • measurement procedure under reduced transmission activity.


[0027] Figure 1 illustrates a part of an exemplary cellular wireless communications system/network 100 such as LTE in which embodiments of the present invention may be implemented. A cell is being denoted 110, a base station (eNodeB) covering/serving the cell 110 is denoted 130 and a user equipment (UE) is denoted 120 in Figure 1. Note that in Figure 1, the number of base stations, the number of cells and the number of user equipments (UEs) are exemplary only i.e. the exemplary embodiments of the present invention are not restricted to any particular number of base stations and/or cells and/or UEs etc.

[0028] The UE 120 in the serving cell 110A needs to perform positioning measurements/calculations on measurement signals of cells 110B-110E in the neighbourhood of the serving cell 110A. It should however be noted that the cells 110B-110E are not necessarily strictly adjacent cells. The positioning calculations may be performed by a positioning node 140 in the cellular wireless communications system 100 and the positioning node 140 may be an integral part of an eNodeB, as a functional entity/node, or it may be a separate node in the network. It should be mentioned that the connection between eNodeBs 130A-130E and the positioning node 140 can be logical i.e. the connection is not necessarily physical. As an example, in LTE there could exist at least one node between positioning node 140 and eNodeBs 130A-130E and that a positioning protocol can operate transparently to that at least one node, so positioning node 140 and eNodeBs 130A-130E can be logically connected via that protocol.

[0029] Figure 2 is a block diagram of exemplary components of a radio network node 130 also denoted below eNodeB 130. As illustrated, eNodeB 130 includes antennas 210, 211, receivers or receiving circuit/unit 220, transmitters or transmitting circuits/unit 250, a processing system 230, and an interface 240.

[0030] The antennas 210, 211 include one or more directional and/or omni-directional antennas. The receiver 220 and the transmitter 250 are associated with antennas 210, 211 and include transceiver circuitry for transmitting and/or receiving symbol sequences in a network, such as network described in Figure 1, via antennas 210, 211.

[0031] The processing system 230 controls the operation of the eNodeB 130, and the processing system 230 also processes information received via transmitters/receivers 250, 220 and interface 240. As illustrated, the processing system 230 includes processing circuit/unit or processing logic 231 and a memory circuit/unit 235. It will be appreciated that processing system 230 may include additional and/or different components than illustrated in Figure 2. For instance, processing logic 231 may include a processor, microprocessor, an ASIC, FPGA, or the like. The processing logic 231 processes information received via transmitter 250 and receiver 220 and interface 240. The processing may include, for example, data conversion, forward error correction (FEC), rate adaptation, spreading/dispreading, quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulation, etc. In addition, processing logic 231 may generate control messages and/or data messages and cause those control messages and/or data messages to be transmitted via transmitter 250, receiver 220 and/or interface 240. Processing logic 231 may also process control messages and/or data messages received from transmitter 250, receiver 220 and/or interface 240. Memory unit/circuit 235 may include a RAM (Random Access Memory), a ROM (Random Only Memory), and/or another type of memory, such as a hard drive, to store data and instructions that may be used by processing logic 231.

[0032] As will be exemplified and described in more details, the eNodeB 130 or generally the radio network node 130, according to embodiments of the present invention, is configured to enable reduction of interference in a wireless communication system, in order to assist a UE in performing positioning measurements. For that purpose and according to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the radio network node 130, which can be anyone of eNodeBs 130A-130E of Figure 1, serving a cell, is configured, by means of the receiving circuit 220 to receive, from at least one UE it serves, information comprising a set of signal quality measurements in e.g. a measurement report. The signal quality measurements relate to at least one signal of at least one interfering cell. The processing logic 231 is configured to process the received information to determine, for at least one interfering cell, a level of interference. After determination of the at least one level of interference, a rating selection circuit 232 of the radio network node 130 is configured to select a set of most interfering cells. The rating selecting circuit 232 is shown, in Figure 2, as part of the processing logic 230 although not necessarily i.e. the rating circuit 232 may instead be connected to the processing logic 230. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the rating selection circuit 232 is further configured to rate the set of most interfering cells by their importance with respect to accuracy of the positioning measurements performed by the UE. The rating is based on the set of signal quality measurements for each interfering cell. Additional details on the rating operation will be described later.

[0033] When the set of most interfering cells has been determined, an interference and reduction determination circuit/unit 233 of the radio network node 130 is configured to determine, for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells, a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals to be executed at a specific time and for a determined duration by the radio network nodes serving the at least one interfering cell. For this purpose, the radio network node 130 comprises a transmit reduction unit/circuit 234 which is configured to transmit, via transmitting circuit 250, reduction instructions comprising the information on level of reduction of transmission activity of the downlink signals to the radio network nodes serving the at least one interfering cell. According to a further embodiment of the present invention, the reduction instructions are transmitted, by means of the transmit reduction circuit 234 via transmitting circuit 250, to a network node i.e. the positioning node 140 of Figure 1, enabling the positioning node 140 to instruct the radio network node or radio network nodes serving the at least one interfering cell to reduce transmission activity of the downlink signals or of downlink channels comprising the downlink signals.

[0034] Referring back to Figure 2, interface 240 may include one or more line cards that allow the radio network node or eNodeB 130 to transmit data to and receive data from other devices over wired and/or wireless connections. As illustrated, interface 240 includes an S1 interface 242 that allows eNodeB 130 to communicate, for example, with a MME/GW (Mobility Management Entity/GateWay), and an X2 interface 244 that allows eNodeB 130 to communicate with other eNodeBs. Both the S1 and the X2 interfaces are standard interfaces.

[0035] It should be noted that eNodeB 130 may perform operations in response to processing logic 231 executing software instructions contained in a computer-readable medium, such as memory 235. A computer-readable medium may be defined as one or more physical and/or logical memory devices. The software instructions may be read into memory 235 from another computer-readable medium or from another device via interface 240. The software instructions contained in memory 235 may cause processing logic 231 to perform processes described herein. Furthermore, hardwired circuitry may be used in place of, or in combination with, software instructions to implement processes described herein.

[0036] Referring to Figure 3 there is illustrated an exemplary implementation of previously mentioned positioning node 140 or generally network node 140. The positioning node 140 is implemented as a separate and stand-alone hardware node, however, the positioning node 140 may be implemented as an integral part of eNodeB 130 of Figure 2 or as a functional node in any, for the purpose, suitable node.

[0037] As illustrated, positioning node 140 includes a transceiver unit/circuit 305, processing unit/circuit 310, denoted below processing logic, a memory circuit 315, input circuit 320, output circuit 325, and a bus 330.

[0038] Transceiver circuit 305 is shown including a transmitting circuit that may convert signals from processing logic 310 to signals suitable for S1/X2 interface or other suitable interface. The transceiver circuit 305 also includes a receiving circuit that may convert received signals to baseband signals. Transceiver circuit 305 may include a transceiver to perform functions of both a transmitter and a receiver. The transceiver circuit 305 is configured to transmit data to and receive data from other devices over wired and/or wireless connections. The transceiver circuit 305 of the positioning node 140 is connectable to the S1/X2 interface for transmission and/or reception of signals which can be control signals as well as data signals or a combination thereof. The S1 interface allows the positioning node 140 to communicate, for example, with the MME/GW, and the X2 interface allows positioning node 140 to communicate with eNodeBs.

[0039] Processing logic 310 may include a processor, microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA), or the like. Processing logic 310 controls the operation of positioning node 140.

[0040] Memory circuit 315 may include a RAM, ROM, and/or another type of memory, such as a hard drive, to store data and instructions to be used by processing circuit 310. Input circuit or input device(s) 320 may include mechanisms for entry of data into positioning node 140. Bus 330 is shown interconnecting the various components of positioning node 140 to permit the components to communicate with one another.

[0041] In embodiments according to the present invention, the positioning node 140 i.e. network node 140 is configured to enable reduction of interference in wireless system, in order to assist a UE in performing positioning measurements, the UE being served by a radio network node i.e. eNodeB 130 according to previously described embodiments of the present invention in conjunction with Figure 2. For enabling reduction of interference and according to embodiments of the present invention, the network node 140 is configured, by means of receiving circuit of transceiver unit 305, to receive from the radio network node 130 a message comprising information relating to a level of interference of at least one interfering cell. The processing logic 310 is configured to process the received information. After processing of the information, a rating selection circuit 332 of the network node 140 is configured to select a set of most interfering cells. The rating selecting circuit 332 is shown, in Figure 3, as part of the processing logic 310 although not necessarily i.e. the rating circuit 332 may be connected to the processing logic 310. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the rating selection circuit 332 is further configured to rate the set of most interfering cells by their importance with respect to accuracy of the positioning measurements performed by the UE. The rating is based on information in the received message. Additional details on the rating operation will be described later. When the set of most interfering cells has been determined, an interference & reduction determination circuit/unit 333 of the network node 140 is configured to determine, for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells, a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals to be executed at a specific time and for a determined duration by the at least one radio network node serving the at least one interfering cell. For this purpose, the network node 140 comprises a transmit reduction unit/circuit 334 which is configured to transmit a message comprising information relating to time and duration of transmission activity to the at least one radio network node serving the at least one interfering cell. This will enable the radio network node(s) to reduce transmission activity of the downlink signals at the indicated time and duration.

[0042] In order to further explain the embodiments of the present invention, a simplified signalling scheme is described below in conjunction with Figure 4A. In this exemplary scheme, it is considered the case where the radio network node i.e. eNodeB 130A, in accordance with previously described embodiments of the present invention, is enabled to reduce interference in a wireless communication system in order to assist a UE 120 in performing positioning measurements.

[0043] In Figure 4A, UE 120 is considered served by eNodeB 130A. For easier understanding of this signalling scheme only a single UE, UE 120, is assumed served by eNodeB 130A, even though in real networks, a eNodeB will generally serve a plurality of UEs.

[0044] Referring to Figure 4A, the UE 120 performs measurement(s) on suitable downlink signals and sends a measurement report 410A its serving eNodeB 130A. The information in the measurement report comprises a set of signal quality measurements related to at least one signal of at least one interfering cell (not shown), which can be anyone of cells 110A-110E (of Figure 1) or some of cells 110A-110E or all of cells 110A-110E. Each cell 110A-11E is, as previously described in conjunction with Figure 1, served by a respective eNodeB 130A-130E. It is clear from Figure 1 that cells 110B-110E are neighbouring cells to serving cell 110A. Referring back to Figure 4A, the eNodeB 130A determines, based on the information in the received report, a level of interference for the at least one interfering cell and selects a set of most interfering cells. The eNodeB 130A then determines for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals and transmits, to each eNodeB 130B-130E serving an interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells, a message 425A comprising information on level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals used for positioning measurements. Message 425A can be viewed as a request for transmission activity reduction as indicated in Figure 4A. This enables the eNodeBs 130B-130E that receive the message 425A to perform or coordinate interference reduction/coordination. In Figure 4A, a network node corresponding to a positioning node 140 is also depicted. This positioning node 140 is, as previously described and according to an embodiment of the present invention, may also configured to receive, from eNodeB 130A, the message 425A comprising information on level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals used for positioning measurements, as illustrated in dashed arrow in Figure 4A. Note however, that since in this illustrative exemplary embodiment, the eNodeB 130A is responsible in sending message 425A to the other eNodeBs 130B-130E, the positioning node 140 does not necessarily receive message 425A. Additional details on how the serving cell 110A or the serving eNodeB 130 processes the set of most interfering cells will be described later.

[0045] Figure 4B illustrates a simplified signalling scheme wherein the positioning node 140 is enabled to reduce interference in a wireless communication system in order to assist UE 120 in performing positioning measurements, in accordance with previously described embodiments of the present invention. Similarly to the scheme described in conjunction with Figure 4A, UE 120 is also here considered served by eNodeB 130A. Furthermore and for easier understanding of this scenario only a single UE 120 is assumed served by eNodeB 130A, even though in real networks, a eNodeB will generally serve a plurality of UEs.

[0046] The UE 120 performs measurement(s) on suitable downlink signals and sends a measurement report 410B to the serving eNodeB 130A, as previously described. The eNodeB 130A then determines a level of interference for at least one interfering cell and transmits, to the positioning node 140, a message 410C comprising information relating to a level of interference for the at least one interfering cell. It should be noted that the positioning node 140 is not restricted to receiving the message comprising information relating to a level of interference from only eNodeB 130 i.e. the positioning node 140 can receive, from each eNodeB 130B-130E a message comprising information relating to a level of interference. However, for easier understanding of the signalling scheme of Figure 4B, only a single message 410C is received by positioning node 140 from eNodeB 130A.

[0047] When the positioning node 140 receives message 410C, the positioning node 140 selects a set of most interfering cells and determines for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals. It should be mentioned that the positioning 140 may, instead of or in combination with the eNodeB 130A, determine the set of most interfering cells. Referring back to Figure 4B, the positioning node 140 transmits to each eNodeB 130A-130E serving an interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells, a message 425B comprising information on level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals used for positioning measurements. Also in this scheme, message 425B can be viewed as a request for transmission activity reduction as indicated in Figure 4B. This enables the eNodeBs 130A-130E that receive the message 425B or the request to perform or coordinate interference reduction/coordination.

[0048] As described earlier and above, the set of one or more strongest interfering cells is determined. The serving eNodeB or the serving cell currently serving the UE or UEs is not necessarily the strongest interferer. Also described earlier and above is that the eNodeB or the positioning node is configured to reduce the transmission activity in the determined cells to facilitate positioning measurements. Thus, in the following will be described, as part of the exemplary embodiments of the present invention:
  • an approach by which a serving cell or a serving eNodeB is not necessarily interpreted as the strongest interferer for a UE. Therefore, in this case, the UEs are not forced to perform positioning measurements for neighbouring cells while the serving cell is idle;
  • an algorithm and metrics for indicating strong interferers in the context of positioning;
  • two algorithms, one distributed and one centralized for interference coordination for positioning; and
  • communication between radio network nodes i.e. base stations or eNodeBs, or between base stations and a network node i.e. a positioning node or positioning server, to support distributed interference coordination for positioning. A positioning node can be an enhanced Serving Mobile Location Center (eSMLC).


[0049] As previously described in conjunction with Figures 4A-4B, each UE performs a set of signal quality measurements for the serving cell and interfering/neighbour cells and reports to the serving radio network node. The measurements are performed, for example, on a suitable pilot signal or cell-specific reference signals. Existing procedure and methods, according to standard protocol, for performing measurements and reporting them to the network can be reused. For example, in LTE, the UE could measure reference signal received power (RSRP) or reference signal received quality (RSRQ) in LTE. The reports can, for instance, be based on an absolute signal quality, or a relative signal quality, e.g., with respect to the strongest interferer or the serving cell. According to standard protocol, these types of measurements i.e. absolute signal quality and relative signal quality can be reported by the UE. In other words, the exemplary embodiments of the present invention can make use of the already defined signal quality measurements. Let the set of signal quality measurements, also denoted here metrics, for UEi be defined as



[0050] Where qni,j is the signal quality of a cell with cell ID = ni,j measured by UEi, such that j=0 corresponds to the serving cell of UEi, j=1,... ,Ni is the j-th neighbour of UEi, and Ni is the number of neighbour cells measured by UEi.

[0051] The list of the cells to be measured is communicated to the UE by the network as a part of the assistance data. The network which can be the network depicted in Figure 1, can also reuse the traditional measurement reports sent by the UE for mobility purposes.

[0052] Let now Ωi be the set of cells that have a strong negative impact on positioning accuracy for UEi. The set Ωi can be defined, for example, by one of the following approaches:
  • select a predefined number of strongest interferers i.e. a subset of cells {ni,j,j=0,...,Ni} of the given size with the largest qni,j values. Note that one strongest interferer is then a special case; or
  • select interferers with the signal quality satisfying qni,jγ, where γ is a given threshold. Note here that Ωi can be empty if no cell has a signal quality above the threshold.


[0053] Different UEs may have different sets of selected interferers. The decision, of which cells or radio network nodes or eNodeBs in the network should reduce their transmission activity, at what time and for how long, may be made by a Radio Resource Management (RRM) algorithm i.e. it can be up to the RRM algorithm to decide which cells in the network should reduce their transmission activity, at what time and for how long.

[0054] A method for determining which cells should reduce their transmission activity comprises the following steps, according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention:
  • UE performs signal quality measurements on the serving and neighbour cells i.e. on the serving radio network node and neighbouring radio network nodes.
  • UE reports the measurements to the serving cell.
  • The serving cell collects the measurement reports from own UEs and calculates the elements of set Qi for each UEi.
  • The serving cell creates a subset Ωi of strong interferers for each UEi.
  • The serving cell processes the sets Ωi from all user equipments it serves, or from a subset of user equipments, for example those user equipments showing the worst performance, and rates all the interferers by their importance with respect to positioning accuracy. Different mechanism could be used to calculate the rating factors. For example strong interferers of UEs with the worst positioning performance may get larger weights. For instance, if a certain UE does not report a high enough signal quality for at least three other cells, then the radio network node may conclude that the UE has bad positioning performance, since measurements from at least three cells are required to perform positioning. The strongest interferer or interferers of that UE could then be rated higher.
  • For a given cell k, let rk,c be the importance factor of cell c, where c is the ID of a cell that appears in the set Ωi for at least one UEi served be the cell k. Let Rk be the set of rates selected in cell k and IDk is the set of the corresponding cell IDs. The set (Rk, IDk) are then used to decide which cells will reduce their transmission activity during the next positioning occasion. It should be noted that during the positioning occasion a set of signals such as positioning reference signals (PRS), which are used by the UE to perform positioning measurement, e.g. time difference of arrival of signals, are transmitted by the radio network node. In one exemplary embodiment, each factor rk,c can take on one of two values: no or full allowed transmission activity. That is to say, if the corresponding cell with idc is considered to be an important interferer with respect to cell k, then rk,c would be set to 0, indicating that cell k requests that there should be no transmission in the cell with idc. In another embodiment rk,c can take on multiple values, corresponding to multiple levels of transmission activity, e.g. no transmission activity, low transmission activity, medium transmission activity and normal or full transmission activity. In a further exemplary embodiment the set includes another set Ck indicating the set of channels or carriers which should operate at lower activity or whose activity level could be specified, e.g. c0 means that the broadcast channel should be transmitted with low activity. In this exemplary embodiment, the set (Rk, IDk, Ck) would be used to decide which cell should reduce transmission activity, and on which channel or channels the activity should be reduced. This could be useful in cases where special data, such as System Information (SI), from cell k interferes with UEi.


[0055] The above algorithm can be implemented in the radio network node in accordance with embodiments of the present invention, such as eNodeB 130 previously described and illustrated, or in a network node according to previously described embodiments of the present invention, such as the positioning node 140, e.g. SMLC server or eSMLC server. In the latter case the measurement reports are to be signalled or forwarded to the SMLC server by the radio network node i.e. by the eNodeB 130. Yet another possibility is that both radio network node 130 and positioning node 140 are involved in determining, the interfering cells. For example in this case the positioning node can configure the radio network node with some parameters for determining the interfering cells. The determination can be done in the radio network node.

[0056] Once the positioning node i.e. the network node or the radio network node, has determined the interfering cell or cells using the mechanism described above, the next step is to reduce the transmission activity, if required, in one or more of the determined interfering cells. The radio network node or the network node then transmits a message comprising information relating to the level of interference and the at least one interfering cell to the other radio network node or nodes, thereby enabling the second network node to perform interference coordination. In order to be able to transmits the message signalling over interfaces between the nodes is required. This could be done using either a distributed or a centralized approach which are described below.

[0057] In a distributed approach, a set of information which would enable the reduction of transmission activity in the interfering cells is directly exchanged between the radio network nodes. For example, the information to be exchanged between a pair of radio network nodes can be the set (Rk, IDk) or the set (Rk, IDk, Ck) described earlier. For example, information is exchanged only between pairs of radio network nodes within a certain range of each other, in order to avoid flooding. Then in response to and based on the exchanged information each radio network node can locally decide whether to reduce its transmission activity or not. In an embodiment, a radio network node decides to reduce its transmission activity in cell i if within a certain time limit it has not received any set (Rk, IDk) with

Where ε could either be a network controlled parameter i.e. signalled by the network or predefined in the standard. For instance, assume that the set Rk comprises the values ({0, ID1}, {0.5, ID2},{0.5, ID3}). The set Ri comprises the values ({1, ID1}, {0, ID2},{0.5, ID3}). When calculating Rk - Rj, the radio network node performs element-wise subtraction for the elements corresponding to the same cell, i.e. Rk - Ri = ({0-1, ID1}, {0.5-0, ID2}, {0.5-0.5, ID3}) = ({-1, ID1}, {0.5, ID2}, {0, ID3}). Thus, if ε = 0.3, then the radio network node will reduce its transmission activity in cell ID2, but not in any of the other cells.

[0058] In an embodiment, the positive decision can be made with a certain probability, which is increasing after a negative decision in cells that are identified by other cells as a strong interferer. Stated another way, if the radio network node makes a decision not to lower its transmission activity, e.g. because at that moment Rk - Ri < ε for all sets Rk, then the probability increases that at the next decision instance or at the next occasion, it will decide to lower its transmission activity.

[0059] This mechanism can be used in LTE where information can be exchanged between the radio network nodes i.e. eNodeBs over the X2 interface. The method is particularly applicable in case the determination of the interfering cells is done by the serving eNodeB. Note that the distributed approach can in principle also be used in case the determination of interfering cells is done by the positioning or location server. In this case the eNodeB have to be first configured by the positioning or location server. In one embodiment, the UEs are also instructed about the cells over which they shall perform positioning measurements and during which time period e.g. while the transmission activity on the interfering cells is lowered.

[0060] As previously described, a centralized mechanism can be used. In the centralized mechanism the network node, i.e. the positioning node, such as an SMLC server, directly signals the one or more interfering cells instructing them to reduce their transmission activities. The interfering cells can, as previously described, be the serving cell and/or one or more neighbouring cells. Either the positioning node has a full set of information of the interfering cell i.e. which cells are interfering or it acquires this information from the radio network nodes i.e. from the eNodeBs. For instance, in the latter case the radio network nodes transmit information about their rated neighbour cells and the corresponding rates, i.e. cell k would transmit (Rk, IDk) or (Rk, IDk, Ck), to a coordinating unit i.e. the positioning node e.g. SMLC server. The coordinating unit in turn decides which cells should reduce their transmission activity and informs the corresponding cells. The determination of which cells should reduce transmission activity may be performed in an analogous manner to the distributed embodiment described earlier. The UEs are also instructed about the cells over which they shall perform positioning measurements and during the time period when the transmission activity on the interfering cells is lowered.

[0061] Hitherto, exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been described in relation to a radio network node and a network node respectively. Before describing embodiments of the present invention concerning a UE; a procedure relating the UE and to positioning measurements in the UE when transmission activity is reduced, the main steps performed by the radio network node and the network node respectively are hereinafter summarized in conjunction with Figure 5 and Figure 6.

[0062] Referring to Figure 5, there is depicted the main steps performed by a radio network node e.g. eNodeB in accordance with the previously exemplary embodiments of the present invention. The main steps performed by the radio network node comprise:
  • S510: Receiving, from at least one UE served by the radio network node, information comprising a set of signal quality measurements related to at least one signal of at least one interfering cell. The information is received in a measurement report as indicated in S510;
  • S520: selecting a set of most interfering cells; and
  • S530: determining a level of reduction by determining, for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells, a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals, to be executed at a specific time and for a determined duration by a radio network node serving said at least one interfering cell.


[0063] A detailed description on how steps S510, 520 and S530 are performed and by what means of the radio network node have already been thoroughly described and are therefore not repeated unnecessarily. The additional involved functions and steps performed by the radio network node, according to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, such as rating etc. have also already been described and are therefore not repeated again.

[0064] Referring to Figure 6, there is depicted the main steps performed by a network node e.g. positioning node in accordance with the previously exemplary embodiments of the present invention. The main steps performed by the radio network node comprise:
  • S610: Receiving, from a radio network node serving at least one UE, a message comprising information related to a level of interference of at least one interfering cell;
  • S620: selecting a set of most interfering cells; and
  • S630: determining a level of reduction by determining, for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells, a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals, to be executed at a specific time and for a determined duration by a radio network node serving said at least one interfering cell.


[0065] A detailed description on how steps S610, 620 and S630 are performed and by what means of the network node have already been thoroughly described and are therefore not repeated unnecessarily. The additional involved functions and steps performed by the network node, according to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, such as rating etc. have also already been described and are therefore not repeated again.

[0066] Referring now to Figure 7, there is illustrated a block diagram of exemplary components of a user equipment, UE 120. As illustrated, the UE comprises an antenna 785, a transceiver circuit/unit 750, processing logic circuit/unit 760, a memory circuit/unit 765, an input device(s) circuit/unit 770, an output device(s) circuit/unit 775, and a bus 780 to which the circuit/units 785, 750, 760, 770 and 775 are connected.

[0067] Antenna 785 includes one or more antennas to transmit and/or receive radio frequency (RF) signals over the air interface. Antenna 785 may, for example, receive RF signals from transceiver circuit 750 and transmit the RF signals over the air interface to radio network nodes i.e. radio base stations e.g. eNodeBs and receive RF signals over the air interface from radio base stations and provide the RF signals to transceiver circuit 750.

[0068] Transceiver circuit 750 may include, although not shown, for example, a transmitter that may convert baseband signals from processing logic circuit 760 to RF signals and/or a receiver that may convert RF signals to baseband signals. Alternatively, transceiver circuit 750 includes a transceiver to perform functions of both a transmitter and a receiver. Transceiver 750 connects to antenna 785 for transmission and/or reception of the RF signals.

[0069] Processing logic circuit 760 includes a processor, microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA), or the like. Processing logic 560 controls the operation of UE 120 and its components.

[0070] Memory circuit 765 includes a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (ROM), and/or another type of memory to store data and instructions that may be used by processing logic 760. Input device(s) 770 include mechanisms for entry of data into UE 120. For example, input device(s) 770 may include input mechanisms, such as a microphone, input elements, a display, etc. Output device(s) 775 includes mechanisms for outputting data in audio, video and/or hard copy format. For example, output device(s) 775 may include a speaker, a display, etc.

[0071] Although Figure 7 shows exemplary components of UE 120, in other implementations, UE 120 may contain fewer, different, or additional components than depicted in Figure 7. The terminology UE includes, but should not be limited to, a mobile station, a fixed or mobile subscriber unit, a pager, a cellular telephone, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a computer, or any other type of user device capable of operating in a wireless communication.

[0072] According to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the UE 120 further comprises, as shown in Figure 7, a measurement or measuring circuit 766, a detection or determination circuit/unit 761 and a switching circuit/unit 762. The detection circuit 761 and the switching circuit 762 are shown as integral part of the processing logic 760. However this is not necessary. For example, the detection circuit 761 and/or the switching circuit 762 can instead be connected to the processing logic circuit 760.

[0073] According to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the UE 120 which is served by a radio network node i.e. eNodeB accordance to previously described embodiments, is configured to perform positioning measurements on at least three interfering cells or on at least three interfering radio network nodes serving the at least three cells. Again, the serving radio network may or may not be one of the interfering radio network nodes. In order to perform the positioning measurements, the UE 120 is configured, by means of measuring circuit 766, to measure a reference signal from the interfering cells. The reference signal can be positioning reference signal (PRS) and/or cell-specific reference signal (CRS) as previously described. The detection circuit 762 is then configured to detect, for each interfering cell, an absence of a PRS indicative of a reduction in transmission activity from the interfering cells. The switching circuit 762 is configured to switch from measuring positioning measurements on PRS to measure on a CRS for each interfering cell and the measuring circuit 766 is configured to measure on CRS for each interference cell.

[0074] It should be mentioned that in state of the art solutions, when PRS are not transmitted in a neighbour cell due to reduced transmission activity, the UE will not perform positioning measurement such as time difference of arrival or reference signal time difference from the cells with reduced activity. Furthermore, the positioning subframes are designed to have low interference, e.g. data transmissions are not allowed in general while CRS signals are still transmitted. According to this embodiment the UEs could choose to measure on CRS without waiting for the next positioning occasion. Hence the UE, according to the exemplary embodiments of the present invention, upon detection of the absence of PRS, i.e. when transmission activity is reduced in a neighbour cell, performs positioning measurement over CRS. The UE therefore switches between PRS and CRS for collecting measurement samples depending upon their availability. The aggregated measurement can be averaged of the measurement samples based on PRS, when they are present, and the measurement samples based on CRS, when PRS are absent. This way measurement accuracy can be improved and/or measurement can be done/performed over short or shorter time. The exemplary embodiments of the present invention thus allow improvement in the positioning measurement performance and improvement in accuracy. In addition the UE:s power consumption as well as complexity are reduced since the UE can detect cells easily and the positioning measurements can be done in a short time.

[0075] Referring to Figure 8, there is depicted a summary of main steps performed by UE in accordance with the above described exemplary embodiments of the present invention. The main steps performed by the UE comprise:
  • S810: Measuring a reference signal from the interfering cells and for each interfering cell,
  • S820: detecting an absence of a positioning reference signal (i.e. PRS), indicative of a reduction in transmission activity from the interfering cells; and
  • S830: switching measurement mode i.e. switching from measuring positioning measurements on PRS to
  • S840: measuring on a CRS for each interfering cell.


[0076] Throughout this disclosure, the word "comprise" or "comprising" has been used in a non-limiting sense, i.e. meaning "consist at least of". Although specific terms may be employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation. In particular, it should be noted that although terminology from 3GPP LTE has been used in this disclosure to exemplify the invention, this should not be seen as limiting the scope of the invention to only the aforementioned system. Other wireless systems, including LTE-A (or LTE-Advanced), UMTS, WiMax, and wireless LAN, may also benefit from exploiting the ideas covered within this disclosure.


Claims

1. A method in a network node (130A; 140) for supporting reduction of interference from at least one interfering cell (110A-E) in a wireless communications system (100), in order to assist a user equipment (120) in performing positioning measurements, the method comprising:

- receiving (S510), from a user equipment (120) being served by the network node (130A; 140) being a radio network node (130A), information comprising a set of signal quality measurements related to at least one signal of at least one interfering cell (110A-E), or receiving (S610), from another radio network node (130A) serving a user equipment (120), a message comprising information relating to a level of interference of at least one interfering cell (110A-E);

- selecting (S520), from said at least one interfering cell (110A-E), a set of most interfering cells;

- rating, based on said set of signal quality measurements or on said message, the interfering cells of the selected set by their importance with respect to accuracy of positioning measurements performed by the user equipment (120); and

- determining (S530), for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells and based on said rating, a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals, to be executed at a specific time and for a determined duration by a radio network node (130A-E) serving the interfering cell (110A-E).


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the network node is said radio network node (130A) and the method further comprises,

- reducing transmission activity, based on said determined level, by not transmitting, by partly transmitting or by reducing the transmitted power of one or more downlink channels comprising downlink signals.


 
3. The method according to claim 2 wherein the one or more downlink channels comprise a set of positioning reference signals.
 
4. The method according to claim 3 wherein the one or more downlink channels comprise a data channel.
 
5. The method according to claim 3 wherein the one or more downlink channels comprise a set of pilot channels, such as common or dedicated reference signals.
 
6. The method according to any one of claims 1-5, wherein the specific time is a time for a positioning occasion and the determined duration is a duration of the positioning occasion.
 
7. The method according to any preceding claim further comprising,

- reducing, based on said determined level, transmission activity of downlink signals used for positioning measurements, at the specific time and for the determined duration.


 
8. A network node (130A; 140) for supporting reduction of interference from at least one interfering cell (110A-E) in a wireless communications system (100), in order to assist a user equipment (120) in performing positioning measurements, comprising:

- a receiving circuit (220; 305), configured to receive, from a user equipment (120) being served by the network node (130A; 140) being a radio network node (130A), information comprising a set of signal quality measurements related to at least one signal of at least one interfering cell (110A-E), or configured to receive (S610), from another radio network node (130A) serving a user equipment (120), a message comprising information relating to a level of interference of at least one interfering cell (110A-E);

- a selection circuit (232; 332) configured to select, from said at least one interfering cell (110A-E), a set of most interfering cells; wherein the network node (130A; 140) further comprises,

- a rating circuit (232; 332), configured to rate, based on said set of signal quality measurements or on said message, the interfering cells of the selected set by their importance with respect to accuracy of positioning measurements performed by the user equipment (120), and

- a determination circuit (233; 333) configured to determine, for each interfering cell in the set of most interfering cells and based on said rating, a level of reduction of transmission activity of downlink signals, to be executed at a specific time and for a determined duration by a radio network node (130A-E) serving the interfering cell (110A-E).


 
9. The radio network node (130A; 140) according to claim 8, wherein the specific time is a time for a positioning occasion and the determined duration is a duration of the positioning occasion.
 
10. The radio network node (130A; 140) according to any of claims 8-9, wherein the network node (130A; 140) is said radio network node (130A) and is further comprising:

- a reduction circuit (234) configured to, based on said determined level, reduce transmission activity at the specific time and for the determined duration.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren in einem Netzknoten (130A; 140) zum Unterstützen von Interferenzminderung von zumindest einer interferierenden Zelle (110A-E) in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem (100), um einem Benutzergerät (120) beim Durchführen von Positionierungsmessungen behilflich zu sein, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

- Empfangen (S510), von einem Benutzergerät (120), das durch den Netzknoten (130A; 140), der ein Funknetzknoten (130A) ist, bedient wird, von Informationen umfassend eine Reihe von Signalqualitätsmessungen in Bezug auf zumindest ein Signal zumindest einer interferierenden Zelle (110A-E), oder Empfangen (S610), von einem anderen Funknetzknoten (130A), der ein Benutzergerät (120) bedient, einer Nachricht umfassend Informationen in Bezug auf eine Stufe von Interferenz der zumindest einer interferierenden Zelle (110A-E) ;

- Auswählen (S520), aus der zumindest einen interferierenden Zelle (110A-E), einer Reihe von am meisten interferierenden Zellen;

- Bewerten, basierend auf der Reihe von Signalqualitätsmessungen oder auf der Nachricht, der interferierenden Zellen der ausgewählten Reihe nach deren Wichtigkeit in Bezug auf Genauigkeit von Positionierungsmessungen, die durch das Benutzergerät (120) durchgeführt werden; und

- Festlegen (S530), für jede interferierende Zelle in der Reihe von am meisten interferierenden Zellen und basierend auf der Bewertung, einer Stufe von Minderung von Übertragungsaktivität von Downlink-Signalen, auszuführen zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt und für eine festgelegte Dauer durch einen Funknetzknoten (130A-E), der die interferierende Zelle (110A-E) bedient.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,
wobei der Netzknoten der Funknetzknoten (130A) ist und das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

- Mindern von Übertragungsaktivität, basierend auf der festgelegten Stufe, durch Nichtübertragen, durch teilweises Übertragen oder durch Mindern der übertragenen Leistung eines oder mehrerer Downlink-Kanäle, die Downlink-Signale umfassen.


 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Downlink-Kanäle eine Reihe von Positionierungsreferenzsignalen umfassen.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Downlink-Kanäle einen Datenkanal umfassen.
 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Downlink-Kanäle eine Reihe von Pilotkanälen, wie etwa gemeinsame oder dedizierte Referenzsignale, umfassen.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, wobei der bestimmte Zeitpunkt ein Zeitpunkt für ein Positionierungsereignis ist und die festgelegte Dauer eine Dauer des Positionierungsereignisses ist.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, ferner umfassend:

- Mindern, basierend auf der festgelegten Stufe, von Übertragungsaktivität von Downlink-Signalen, die für Positionierungsmessungen verwendet werden, zu dem bestimmten Zeitpunkt und für die festgelegte Dauer.


 
8. Netzknoten (130A; 140) zum Unterstützen von Interferenzminderung zumindest einer interferierenden Zelle (110A-E) in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem (100), um einem Benutzergerät (120) beim Durchführen von Positionierungsmessungen behilflich zu sein, umfassend:

- eine Empfangsschaltung (220; 305), die dazu konfiguriert ist, von einem Benutzergerät (120), das durch den Netzknoten (130A; 140), der ein Funknetzknoten (130A) ist, bedient wird, Informationen umfassend eine Reihe von Signalqualitätsmessungen in Bezug auf zumindest ein Signal zumindest einer interferierenden Zelle (110A-E) zu empfangen, oder dazu konfiguriert ist, von einem anderen Funknetzknoten (130A), der ein Benutzergerät (120) bedient, eine Nachricht umfassend Informationen in Bezug auf eine Stufe von Interferenz zumindest einer interferierenden Zelle (110A-E) zu empfangen (S610);

- eine Auswahlschaltung (232; 332), die dazu konfiguriert ist, aus der zumindest einen interferierenden Zelle (110A-E) eine Reihe von am meisten interferierenden Zellen auszuwählen;

wobei
der Netzknoten (130A; 140) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

- eine Bewertungsschaltung (232; 332), die dazu konfiguriert ist, basierend auf der Reihe von Signalqualitätsmessungen oder auf der Nachricht, die interferierenden Zellen der ausgewählten Reihe nach deren Wichtigkeit in Bezug auf Genauigkeit von Positionierungsmessungen, die durch das Benutzergerät (120) durchgeführt werden, zu bewerten, und

- eine Festlegungsschaltung (233; 333), die dazu konfiguriert ist, für jede interferierende Zelle in der Reihe von am meisten interferierenden Zellen und basierend auf der Bewertung, eine Stufe von Minderung von Übertragungsaktivität von Downlink-Signalen, auszuführen zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt und für eine festgelegte Dauer durch einen Funknetzknoten (130A-E), der die interferierende Zelle (110A-E) bedient, festzulegen.


 
9. Funknetzknoten (130A; 140) nach Anspruch 8, wobei der bestimmte Zeitpunkt ein Zeitpunkt für ein Positionierungsereignis ist und die festgelegte Dauer eine Dauer des Positionierungsereignisses ist.
 
10. Funknetzknoten (130A; 140) nach einem der Ansprüche 8-9, wobei der Netzknoten (130A; 140) der Funknetzknoten (130A) ist und ferner Folgendes umfasst:

- eine Minderungsschaltung (234), die dazu konfiguriert ist, basierend auf der festgelegten Stufe Übertragungsaktivität zu dem bestimmten Zeitpunkt und für die festgelegte Dauer zu mindern.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé dans un noeud de réseau (130A ; 140) pour prendre en charge une réduction d'interférences en provenance d'au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E) dans un système de communication sans fil (100), afin d'aider un équipement d'utilisateur (120) à réaliser des mesures de positionnement, le procédé comprenant :

- la réception (S510), depuis un équipement d'utilisateur (120) étant desservi par le noeud de réseau (130A ; 140) étant un noeud de réseau radio (130A), d'informations comprenant un ensemble de mesures de qualité de signal relatives à au moins un signal d'au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E), ou la réception (S610), depuis un autre noeud de réseau radio (130A) desservant un équipement d'utilisateur (120), d'un message comprenant des informations relatives à un niveau d'interférences d'au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E) ;

- la sélection (S520), parmi ladite au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E), d'un ensemble de cellules les plus interférentes ;

- le classement, sur la base dudit ensemble de mesures de qualité de signal ou dudit message, des cellules interférentes de l'ensemble sélectionné selon leur importance en ce qui concerne une précision de mesures de positionnement réalisées par l'équipement d'utilisateur (120) ; et

- la détermination (S530), pour chaque cellule interférente dans l'ensemble de cellules les plus interférentes et sur la base dudit classement, d'un niveau de réduction d'activité d'émission de signaux de liaison descendante, à exécuter à un temps spécifique et pendant une durée déterminée par un noeud de réseau radio (130A-E) desservant la cellule interférente (110A-E) .


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1,
dans lequel le noeud de réseau est ledit noeud de réseau radio (130A) et le procédé comprend en outre

- la réduction d'une activité d'émission, sur la base dudit niveau déterminé, par une non-émission, par une émission partielle ou par une réduction de puissance émise d'un ou de plusieurs canaux de liaison descendante comprenant des signaux de liaison descendante.


 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2 dans lequel les un ou plusieurs canaux de liaison descendante comprennent un ensemble de signaux de référence de positionnement.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 3 dans lequel les un ou plusieurs canaux de liaison descendante comprennent un canal de données.
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 3 dans lequel les un ou plusieurs canaux de liaison descendante comprennent un ensemble de canaux pilotes, tels que des signaux de référence communs ou dédiés.
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le temps spécifique est un temps pour une occasion de positionnement et la durée déterminée est une durée de l'occasion de positionnement.
 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre

- la réduction, sur la base dudit niveau déterminé, d'une activité d'émission de signaux de liaison descendante utilisés pour des mesures de positionnement, au temps spécifique et pendant la durée déterminée.


 
8. Noeud de réseau (130A ; 140) pour prendre en charge une réduction d'interférences en provenance d'au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E) dans un système de communication sans fil (100), afin d'aider un équipement d'utilisateur (120) à réaliser des mesures de positionnement, comprenant :

- un circuit de réception (220 ; 305), configuré pour recevoir, d'un équipement d'utilisateur (120) étant desservi par le noeud de réseau (130A ; 140) étant un noeud de réseau radio (130A), des informations comprenant un ensemble de mesures de qualité de signal relatives à au moins un signal d'au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E), ou configuré pour recevoir (S610), d'un autre noeud de réseau radio (130A) desservant un équipement d'utilisateur (120), un message comprenant des informations relatives à un niveau d'interférences d'au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E) ;

- un circuit de sélection (232 ; 332) configuré pour sélectionner, parmi ladite au moins une cellule interférente (110A-E), un ensemble de cellules les plus interférentes ; dans lequel le noeud de réseau (130A ; 140) comprend en outre

- un circuit de classement (232 ; 332), configuré pour classer, sur la base dudit ensemble de mesures de qualité de signal ou dudit message, les cellules interférentes de l'ensemble sélectionné selon leur importance en ce qui concerne une précision de mesures de positionnement réalisées par l'équipement d'utilisateur (120), et

- un circuit de détermination (233 ; 333) configuré pour déterminer, pour chaque cellule interférente dans l'ensemble de cellules les plus interférentes et sur la base dudit classement, un niveau de réduction d'activité d'émission de signaux de liaison descendante, à exécuter à un temps spécifique et pendant une durée déterminée par un noeud de réseau radio (130A-E) desservant la cellule interférente (110A-E) .


 
9. Noeud de réseau radio (130A ; 140) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le temps spécifique est un temps pour une occasion de positionnement et la durée déterminée est une durée de l'occasion de positionnement.
 
10. Noeud de réseau radio (130A ; 140) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 9, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (130A ; 140) est ledit noeud de réseau radio (130A) et comprend en outre :

- un circuit de réduction (234) configuré pour, sur la base dudit niveau déterminé, réduire une activité d'émission au temps spécifique et pendant la durée déterminée.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description