(19)
(11)EP 2 474 604 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
11.07.2012 Bulletin 2012/28

(21)Application number: 11196143.9

(22)Date of filing:  30.12.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C12G 1/02  (2006.01)
C12G 3/02  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(30)Priority: 05.01.2011 IT MI20110005

(71)Applicant: Fattoria La Vialla Di Gianni, Antonio E Bandino Lo Franco - Societa' Agricola Semplice
52100 Arezzo (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • LO FRANCO, Gianni
    52100 AREZZO (IT)
  • LO FRANCO, Antonio
    52100 AREZZO (IT)
  • LO FRANCO, Bandino
    52100 AREZZO (IT)

(74)Representative: Biggi, Cristina 
Bugnion S.p.A. Viale Lancetti 17
20158 Milano
20158 Milano (IT)

  


(54)Method for making wine must and uses thereof


(57) The present invention relates to a method for preparing wine must, starting from a mixture of Tuscan grapes: Sangiovese, Aleatico and Canaiolo grapes, and comprising soaking and fermentation steps. The must obtained with the method of the invention can be used as a non-fizzy beverage, free of chemical preservatives, or it can be used as an ingredient for the preparation of food products, such as hazelnut creams and tomato sauces.


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to food products based on wine must, particularly alcoholic beverages obtained from wine must, and to methods for the preparation of such food products.

[0002] In the prior art, there are known beverages prepared starting from partially fermented wine must obtained from white or red grapes of various origin. The known beverages are normally obtained from the fermentation of grape of a single type of vine species, with the addition of carbon dioxide and preserving agents, such as sulphites.

[0003] Furthermore, the known beverages are subjected to a final filtration step before obtaining the final product ready for marketing.

[0004] Food products obtained starting from wine must are also known, the best known of which is balsamic vinegar.

[0005] The present invention proposes a non-fizzy, preservative-free and unfiltered beverage, based on must obtained by partial fermentation of a particular mixture of Tuscan grapes, giving the final product an unusual, characteristic flavour. Moreover, as it is free of preservatives, the beverage is all-natural.

[0006] The invention also relates to other food products obtained starting from the partially fermented must of the invention, such as creams and sauces.

[0007] In addition, a further object of the invention is the procedure for the preparation of the partially fermented must utilized in the food preparations of the invention. The food products that obtainable starting from the must of the invention are proposed as a valid alternative to preparations already present on the market from which they differ in taste, the absence of added carbon dioxide and preservatives.

[0008] The present invention thus relates to a method for the preparation of a wine must-based beverage comprising the following steps:
  1. a) preparing a grapes mixture containing 85% to 99% by weight of Sangiovese grapes, 0.5% to 5% by weight of Aleatico grapes and 0.5% to 15% by weight of Canaiolo grapes;
  2. b) crushing and destemming the grapes to obtain a mixture of skins and juice;
  3. c) adding to the mixture of skins and juice a pectolytic enzyme;
  4. d) soaking the mixture of skins, juice and enzyme at a temperature of 5 °C-15 °C for a period of time of 1 day to 7 days;
  5. e) racking an amount of liquid must, without skins, comprised from 20% to 40% by weight of the initial mixture mass;
  6. f) fermenting the racked juice by addition of a yeast for the period of time required to achieve an alcoholic strength comprised from 5% vol. to 10% vol. of acquired alcohol;
  7. g) finishing the fermentative process by bringing the mixture to a temperature comprised drom -5°C to 5°C.


[0009] The mixture of Tuscan grapes utilized in the method of the invention comprises preferably from 90% to 97% by weight of Sangiovese grapes, from 1% to 3% by weight of Aleatico grapes and from 2% to 7% by weight of Canaiolo grapes.

[0010] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the grapes are collected and injected with solid oxygen dioxide (about -72 °C), prior to preparation of the grape mixture. This technique allows to keep the aromas of the grape intact by saturating the environment where the raw material remains during the processing, and to carry out a rapid cooling, thereby stopping the action of unwanted yeasts. In this manner, the addition of preservatives is avoided.

[0011] The pectolytic enzyme that is added at step b) to promote colour extraction is preferably "Uvazym Couleur" marketed by Enartis.

[0012] The enzyme is added in an amount comprised from 1 to 4 g/100 Kg of grape.

[0013] The enzyme is dissolved in water at a ratio ranging between 1:20 and 1:10, and added directly to the crushed grape mixture or to the grapes in a uniform manner, preferably during the stage when the tank is being filled or the stage of re-beating the mass.

[0014] During the soaking period, the mixture of skins and juice is re-beaten at least once to promote a uniform soaking and thus, a uniform extraction of the colour. Fermentation preferably occurs at a temperature comprised from 10 °C to 30 °C, preferably from 10 °C to 15 °C. The yeast serving for the fermentation is added to the soaked mass in an amount comprised from 10 to 50 g/hl, preferably from 15 to 40 g/hl.

[0015] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, once the fermentation is completed, the obtained juice is stored at temperatures comprised from -5 °C to 5 °C, for a period of time comprised from 15 days to 2 months, preferably from 20 days to 1 and a half month, to obtain the ripening thereof.

[0016] At the end of the ripening and partial clarification process, the juice is bottled without filtrations and additions of any additives or preserving agents.

[0017] The bottled product is preferably pasteurized to keep its features unchanged.

[0018] The present invention also relates to a beverage obtainable by the procedure hereinabove described, the beverage being a partially fermented wine juice (must). Said beverage has a low alcohol content, is red in colour, contains all of its protein parts, which is a sign of the naturalness of the procedure, is rich in the fruity aromas of red fruits (cherry, red currant, mulberry) and sweet-tasting. It can be used as a refreshing drink or to accompany desserts.

[0019] The beverage is obtained maintaining all of the organoleptic qualities of the grape without using preservatives (sulphites) and without the utilization of physical and/or chemical procedures, in order not to alter the quality thereof.

[0020] The beverage that can be obtained with the procedure of the invention is characterized by an alcoholic strength comprised from 4% vol. to 10% vol., preferably from 6% vol. to 8% vol.; an amount of sugars (expressed as the amount of glucose + fructose) comprised from 80 g/l to 100 g/l; a total acidity, expressed as tartaric acid, comprised from 4 g/l to 7 g/l; an amount of polyphenols comprised from 1200 to 2000 g/l, preferably from 1400 to 1800 g/l; an anthocyan content comprised from 200 mg/l to 450 mg/l.

[0021] In addition to its use for the preparation of the beverage described hereinabove, the must obtained with the method of the invention can also be utilized as an ingredient in other food preparations, for example hazelnut creams and tomato sauces. In this case, the must is preferably utilized as an ingredient in an amount of 15% to 30% by weight.

EXAMPLE OF THE PREPARATION OF A WINE MUST-BASED BEVERAGE



[0022] The selective harvesting of perfectly healthy grapes of the Sangiovese Toscano Variety is performed, followed by with the preparation of a mixture of grapes containing 96% of Sangiovese grapes, 1.5% of Aleatico grapes and 2.5% of Canaiolo grapes.

[0023] The grapes are dropped into a grape-receiving tank and solid carbon dioxide (-72 °C) is injected onto the grape.

[0024] The grapes are then crushed and destemmed, and the crushed grape mixture (juice and skins) is conveyed into the soaking tank, where the mass is cooled to 10° C.

[0025] The enzyme "Uvazym Couleur" is then added to the mass to promote colour extraction from the skins.

[0026] In the next three days, the temperature conditions are maintained, re-beating the mass to permit colour extraction from the skins.

[0027] On the fourth day, one proceeds with the racking (bleeding off) of the liquid must (free of skins) in an amount equal to 35% of the initial mass, transferring the juice into a fermentation vat.

[0028] The juice obtained is conditioned at 15 °C and the alcoholic fermentation is started by the Saccharomyces Bayanus yeast.

[0029] When an alcoholic strength of 7.2% vol. of acquired alcohol is achieved, the juice is transferred and conditioned at 0 °C to stop the fermentative process. The thus obtained juice is stored at low temperatures for about thirty days.

[0030] At the end of the ripening and partial clarification process, it is bottled without filtrations and additions of any additives or preserving agents.

[0031] The bottled product is then pasteurized to keep its properties unchanged.

ANALYSIS OF THE BEVERAGE



[0032] 

Alcoholic Strength by Distillation % vol.: 7.23

Sugars (glucose + fructose) g/l: 95.00

pH 3.32

Total Acidity in Tartaric Acid g/l: 5.64

Net Volatile Acidity in Acetic Acid g/l: 0.25

Free Sulphur Dioxide mg/l: 0

Total Sulphur Dioxide (distillation method) mg/l: 8

Overpressure atm/20 °C: 0.8

L-Malic Acid g/l: 1.200

Total polyphenols mg/l: 1.500

Free anthocyans mg/l: 350




Claims

1. A method for preparing wine must comprising the steps of:

h) preparing a grapes mixture containing 85% to 99% by weight of Sangiovese grapes, 0.5% to 5% by weight of Aleatico grapes and 0.5% to 15% by weight of Canaiolo grapes;

i) crushing and destemming the grapes to obtain a mixture of skins and juice;

j) adding to the mixture of skins and juice a pectolytic enzyme;

k) soaking the mixture of skins, juice and enzyme at a temperature of 5 °C-15 °C for a period of time of 1 day to 7 days;

l) racking an amount of liquid must, without skins, comprised from 20% to 40% by weight of the initial mixture mass;

m) fermenting the racked juice by addition of a yeast for the period of time required to achieve an alcoholic strength comprised from 5% vol. to 10% vol. of acquired alcohol;

n) finishing the fermentative process by bringing the mixture to a temperature comprised drom -5 °C to 5 °C.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said grape mixture comprises from 90% to 97% by weight of Sangiovese grapes, from 1% to 3% by weight of Aleatico grapes and from 2% to 7% by weight of Canaiolo grapes.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said pectolytic enzyme is "Uvazym Couleur" marketed by Enartis.
 
4. The method according to any one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein said enzyme is added in an amount comprised from 1 to 4 g/100 kg of grape.
 
5. The method according to any one of the claims 1 to 4, wherein during the soaking period, the mixture of skins and juice is re-beaten at least once.
 
6. The method according to any one of the claims 1 to 5, wherein said yeast is Saccharomyces Bayanus.
 
7. The method according to any one of the claims 1 to 6, wherein said yeast is added to the soaked mass in an amount comprised from 10 to 50 g/hl, preferably from 15 to 40 g/hl.
 
8. The method according to any one of the claims 1 to 7, wherein said fermentation occurs at a temperature comprised from 10 °C to 30 °C, preferably from 10 °C to 15 °C.
 
9. The method according to any one of the claims 1 to 8, further comprising a step of storing the juice obtained from fermentation at temperatures comprised from -5 °C to 5 °C, for a time comprised from 15 days to 2 months, preferably from 20 days to 1 and a half months, to obtain the ripening thereof.
 
10. The method according to claim 9, further comprising a step of bottling said juice without filtrations and additions of any additives or preserving agents.
 
11. The method according to claim 10, wherein said bottled juice is pasteurized to keep its properties unchanged.
 
12. A wine must obtainable by the method according to any one of the claims 1 to 11, characterized by an alcoholic strength comprised from 4% vol. to 10% vol., preferably from 6% vol. to 8% vol.; an amount of sugars comprised from 80 g/l to 100 g/l; a total acidity, expressed as tartaric acid, comprised from 4g/l to 7g/l;
an amount of polyphenols comprised from 1200 to 2000 g/l, preferably from 1400 to 1800 g/l; an anthocyan content comprised from 200 mg/l to 450 mg/l.
 
13. Use of the wine must according to claim 12 as a non-fizzy and alcoholic, refreshing drink, or as an ingredient in food preparations, preferably hazelnut creams and tomato sauces (ketchup).
 
14. Use according to claim 13, wherein said ingredient is used in an amount comprised from 15% to 30% by weight.