(19)
(11)EP 2 476 997 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 12150509.3

(22)Date of filing:  09.01.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G01C 5/00(2006.01)
G01C 15/06(2006.01)

(54)

Electronic level device and level staff associated thereto

Elektronische Niveaumessvorrichtung und dazugehörige Nivellierlatte

Dispositif électronique de nivellement et barre de nivellement associée


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.01.2011 JP 2011004492

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.07.2012 Bulletin 2012/29

(73)Proprietor: Kabushiki Kaisha TOPCON
Tokyo 174-8580 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Kumagai, Kaoru
    Tokyo, 174-8580 (JP)
  • Chiba, Minoru
    Tokyo, 174-8580 (JP)
  • Abe, Jun
    Tokyo, 174-8580 (JP)

(74)Representative: Ilgart, Jean-Christophe et al
BREVALEX 95, rue d'Amsterdam
75378 Paris Cedex 8
75378 Paris Cedex 8 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 4 146 969
US-A1- 2002 028 016
US-A- 5 537 201
US-A1- 2010 134 617
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to an electronic level (leveling instrument) capable of simultaneously recognizing multiple level staffs and automatically obtaining collimation heights of the respective level staffs, and relates to the level staffs used for the electronic level.

    [0002] Conventionally, an electronic level is known which performs collimation with respect to each of level staffs, electronically reads code pattern formed on each level staff, and automatically obtains collimation heights of the level staffs (see patent application publication US 2010/134617,

    [0003] Japanese Patent Application Publication No. Hei 7-229737 and Japanese Patent No. 3795190).

    [0004] This type of electronic level has advantages of causing less reading errors and thereby reducing the surveying time.

    [0005] However, in order to obtain the collimation heights, the conventional electronic level is required to perform the collimation and read the code patterns for each of the level staffs one by one. Thus, the conventional electronic level has disadvantages of being incapable of simultaneously recognizing multiple level staffs and obtaining the collimation heights thereof.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] The present invention has been made in view of the circumstances described above, and an object of the present invention is to provide an electronic level capable of simultaneously recognizing multiple level staffs and automatically obtaining collimation heights of the respective level staffs.

    [0007] To accomplish the above object, the present invention provides an electronic level according to claim 1 and a level staff according to claim 5. In addition, optional features of the present invention are set out in the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] The accompanying drawings are included to provide further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the specification, serve to explain the principle of the invention.

    FIGS. 1A to 1C are explanatory drawings showing examples of level staffs used for an electronic level of the present invention. FIG. 1A is an explanatory drawing of a code pattern formed on an existing level staff. FIG. 1B is an explanatory drawing in which the code pattern formed on the existing level staff is enlarged five times. FIG. 1C is an explanatory drawing showing multiple level staffs respectively assigned with multiple code patterns into which the code pattern shown in FIG. 1B is divided.

    FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a schematic configuration of the electronic level.

    FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing an internal configuration of an electronic level main body.

    FIGS. 4A to 4C are explanatory views for explaining an example of a surveying work. FIG. 4A is a plan view, FIG. 4B is a side view, and FIG. 4C is a schematic view visually showing a picture image stored in a frame memory.

    FIGS. 5A to 5D are explanatory views showing examples of extraction of images of the level staffs from the picture image stored in the frame memory. FIG. 5A shows an example of a code pattern signal corresponding to a code pattern of a level staff A. FIG. 5B shows an example of a signal when there are no level staffs A, B, and H. FIG. 5C shows an example of the code pattern signal corresponding to the code pattern of the level staff B. FIG. 5D shows an example of the code pattern signal corresponding to the code pattern of the level staff H.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT


    Example


    (Level staffs used for electronic level of the invention)



    [0009] FIGS. 1A to 1C are explanatory drawings showing examples of level staffs used for an electronic level of the invention. FIG. 1A is an explanatory drawing of a code pattern formed on an existing level staff. FIG. 1B is an explanatory drawing in which the code pattern formed on the existing level staff is enlarged five times. FIG. 1C is an explanatory drawing showing multiple level staffs respectively assigned with multiple code patterns into the code pattern shown in FIG. 1B is divided.

    [0010] In FIG. 1A, reference numeral 1 denotes the existing level staff. A code pattern CP is formed on the existing level staff 1 in a height direction. The code pattern CP corresponds to an actual height level of the level staff 1. For example, the code pattern CP allows the height level of the level staff 1 to be determined from the width of each of white portions CPW in the height direction, the width of each of black portions CPB in the height direction, and the pitch PCH of each pair of the white portion CPW and the black portion CPB.

    [0011] For example, assuming that the length of the level staff 1 is 5 m, portions of the code pattern CP respectively correspond to height levels from 0 m to 5 m.

    [0012] A level staff 2 shown in FIG. 1B can be obtained by forming the exiting level staff 1 with a size enlarged five times. The overall length of the level staff 2 is 25 m, and a code pattern CP' on the level staff 2 is formed by enlarging the code pattern CP shown in FIG. 1A five times.

    [0013] The width of each white portion CPW in the height direction, the width of each black portion CPB in the height direction, and the pitch PCH of each pair of the white portion CPW and the black portion CPB in the code pattern CP' are enlarged five times of the width of each white portion CPW in the height direction, the width of each black portion CPB in the height direction, and the pitch PCH in the code pattern CP shown in FIG. 1A.

    [0014] A code pattern portion of the code pattern CP' corresponds to the actual height level of the level staff 2 having an overall length of 25 m. The level staffs obtained by dividing the level staff 2 are shown in FIG. 1C. In FIG. 1C, the level staff shown in FIG. 1B is divided every three meters.

    [0015] Eight level staffs receptively denoted by reference signs A to H and each having an overall length of three meters are formed by dividing the level staff 2 shown in FIG. 1B every three meters.

    [0016] The code patterns CP" formed respectively on the level staffs A to H indicate the height level of the code pattern CP' shown in FIG. 1B. Thus, the code patterns CP" indicating the height levels different from actual collimation heights RH of the level staffs A to H are assigned respectively to the level staffs A to H.

    (Descriptions of offset value)



    [0017] The code patterns CP" respectively assigned to the level staffs A to H indicate the height level of the code pattern CP' shown in FIG. 1B, and thus do not indicate the actual collimation heights RH of the respective level staffs A to H. In this sense, height-level measurement values RH' obtained from the code patterns CP" assigned to the level staffs A to H are offset respectively from the actual collimation heights RH of the level staffs A to H.

    [0018] Accordingly, in order to obtain the actual collimation heights RH of the level respective staffs A to H from the height-level measurement values RH' of the code patterns CP" which are obtained respectively for the level staffs A to H, offset values Of need to be subtracted respectively from the height-level measurement values RH' of the level staffs A to H.

    [0019] For example, the offset value Of for the level staff A is "0", the offset value Of for the level staff B is "3", the offset value Of for the level staff C is "6", the offset value Of for the level staff D is "9", the offset value Of for the level staff E is "12", the offset value Of for the level staff F is "15", the offset value Of for the level staff G is "18", and the offset value Of for the level staff H is "21". These offset values Of can be determined using the height-level measurement value RH' of the code patterns CP" which are obtained respectively for the level staffs A to H.

    [0020] As described above, the code pattern CP' corresponding to the actual height level of the single level staff 2 is divided into multiple pieces for the level staffs A to H, and the code patterns CP" indicating the height levels different from the actual height levels are assigned respectively to the level staffs A to H. Thus, the level staffs A to H can be identified from each other, and also the actual collimation heights RH of the respective level staffs A to H can be each obtained by subtracting the corresponding one of the offset values Of from the height-level measurement value obtained from a portion of a corresponding one of the code patterns CP" indicating the height levels different from the actual height levels of the level staffs A to H.

    (Description of electronic level)



    [0021] FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a schematic configuration of an electronic level. In FIG. 2, reference numeral 3 denotes the electronic level. The electronic level 3 is roughly formed of a leveling device 4 and an electronic level main body 5.

    [0022] As shown in FIG. 3, the electronic level main body 5 is provided with a wide-angle lens system 6, a picture image processing unit 7, a display unit 8, a storage unit 9, a transmission unit 10, and a tilt sensor 15'. Note that, the display unit 8 is used to display a captured picture image, and the display unit 8 may be omitted.

    [0023]  The wide-angle lens system 6 is roughly formed of an objective lens portion 11 and a two-dimensional imaging element 12 such as a CCD or a CMOS. The two-dimensional imaging element 12 is provided near the focal point of the wide-angle lens system 6. The two-dimensional imaging element 12 is inclined to the vertical direction from the collimation optical axis O. A subject picture image is imaged on the two-dimensional imaging element 12 in a reduced manner, and the focal depth of the wide-angle lens system 6 is almost infinitely large.

    [0024] The picture image processing unit 7 includes a frame memory FM, a CPU 13, an extraction part 14, a height-level measurement value calculation part 15, a collimation height calculation part 16, and a distance calculation part 17.

    [0025] The CPU 13 has a function of controlling the display unit 8, the storage unit 9, the transmission unit 10, the two-dimensional imaging element 12, the frame memory FM, the extraction part 14, the height-level measurement value calculation part 15, the collimation height calculation part 16, and the distance calculation part 17.

    [0026] Moreover, the CPU 13 has a function of setting a reference position LH (see FIG. 4C) in the picture image by using a tilt signal from the tilt sensor 15'.

    [0027] Specifically, when the electronic level main body 5 is horizontally leveled by the leveling device 4, the collimation optical axis O is maintained horizontal and the collimation optical axis O is set at the reference position at a picture image center O'.

    [0028] When an imaging switch SW1 is turned on, pieces of pixel data accumulated in the two-dimensional imaging element 12 are sequentially read and outputted to the frame memory FM. The picture images are thus stored in the frame memory FM.

    [0029] Next, the CPU 13 reads the pixel data stored in the frame memory FM and outputs the pixel data to the extraction part 14.

    [0030] The extraction part 14 has a function of extracting images of the respective multiple level staffs from the picture image stored in the frame memory FM.

    [0031] The height-level measurement value calculation part 15 has a function of obtaining the height-level measurement value RH' indicated by a portion (portion corresponding to the reference position LH (see FIG. 4C)) of the code pattern CP" in each of the images of the multiple level staffs extracted by the extraction part 14 the portion of the code pattern CP" located at the collimation optical axis O of the wide-angle lens system 6.

    [0032] The collimation height calculation part 16 has a function of obtaining the actual collimation heights RH of the respective level staffs by obtaining the offset values Of used to obtain the actual collimation heights RH of the level staffs A to H respectively from the height-level measurement values RH' obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part 15, and by subtracting the offset values Of respectively from the height-level measurement values RH' obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part 15.

    [0033] The distance calculation part 17 has a function of obtaining distances LA to LH from the machine center of the electronic level main body 5 respectively to the level staffs A to H in the following way. For each of the level staffs A to H, the distance calculation part 17 obtains a level staff length 1 between an upper stadia line provided above the collimation optical axis O and a lower stadia line provided below the collimation optical axis O from the difference between an upper height-level measurement value obtained from a code pattern portion corresponding to the upper stadia line and a lower height-level measurement value obtained from a code pattern portion corresponding to the lower stadia line, and then multiplies the obtained level staff length 1 by a stadia multiplier α.



    [0034] The storage unit 9 has a function of storing pieces of data on the actual collimation heights RH obtained respectively for the level staffs A to H, and also of storing pieces of data on the distances (LA to LH) obtained respectively for the level staffs A to H.

    [0035] The transmission unit 10 has a function of transmitting the data on the collimation heights RH and the data on the distances (LA to LH) stored in the storage unit 9 to reception devices 18 provided respectively in the level staffs A to H, on the basis of the control of the CPU 13, when a transmission switch SW2 is turned on.

    [0036] As shown in FIG. 2, each of the reception devices 18 has a display unit 19 configured to display corresponding ones of collimation heights RH and distances (LA to LH). The transmission unit 10 transmits the data on the collimation height RH and the data on the distance (LA to LH) to the reception devices 18 by using publicly known radio communication means. Then, the reception device 18 of each of the level staffs A to H displays one of the collimation heights RH and one of the distances LA to LH which correspond to the level staff.

    (Example of surveying work)



    [0037] FIGS. 4A to 4C are explanatory views for explaining an example of a surveying work. FIG. 4A is a plan view, FIG. 4B is a side view, and FIG. 4C is a schematic view visually showing a captured picture image stored in the frame memory FM.

    [0038] In this example, as shown in FIG. 4A, descriptions are given of the case where the collimation heights RH of the respective three level staffs A, B, and H are to be obtained. It is assumed that the level staff A is set up at a measurement point in a close distance from the electronic level 3, the level staff B is set up at a measurement point in a far distance from the electronic level 3, and the level staff H is set up at a measurement point in a intermediate distance from the electronic level 3.

    [0039] Moreover, as shown in FIG. 4B, it is assumed that the height level of a ground surface where the level staff B at the measurement point in the far distance is set up is lower than the height level of a ground surface where the level staff A at the measurement point in the close distance is set up. It is also assumed that the height level of a ground surface where the level staff H at the measurement point in the intermediate distance is set up is higher than the height level of the ground surface where the level staff A at the measurement point in the close distance is set up.

    [0040]  When the level staffs A, B, and H having a positional relationship as shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B are simultaneously imaged, a picture image schematically shown in FIG. 4C is obtained.

    [0041] In FIG. 4C, reference sign A' denotes an image corresponding to the level staff A, reference sign B' denotes an image corresponding to the level staff B, and reference sign H' denotes an image corresponding to the level staff H.

    [0042] As shown in FIG. 4C, the image A' is displayed in a large size in the picture image since the level staff A exists in the close distance, the image B' is displayed in a small size in the picture image since the level staff B exists in the far distance, and the image H' is displayed in an intermediate size between the size of the image A' and the size of the image B' in the picture image since the level staff H is at the intermediate position between the close distance and the far distance.

    [0043] Each of the image A', image B', and image H' is an image including the code pattern CP", and is thus a pattern image of a black and white pattern.

    [0044] Although images of objects other than the level staffs A, B, and H are displayed in the picture image shown in FIG. 4C, these images are omitted from the picture image for the convenience of explanation.

    [0045] The extraction part 14 reads pieces of pixel data Gi from i=1st to i=m-th for each of rows j of pixels (Gij), and determines whether the pieces of pixel data Gi includes a code pattern signal CPS in which white levels and black levels are repeated.

    [0046] If the row j includes an image corresponding to the code pattern CP", the code pattern signal CPS shown in FIG. 5A is obtained, for example. If the row J includes no image corresponding to the code pattern CP", no code pattern signal CPS is obtained as shown in FIG. 5B.

    [0047] The extraction part 14 repeats this process for each of the rows j of the pixels (Gij) from j=1st to j=n-th.

    [0048] FIG. 5A shows, for example, the code pattern signal CPS of j=2. The level staff A is at the position in the close distance from the electronic level 3, and the lateral width of the image A' thereof is thereby large. Thus, similar code pattern signals CPS are repeatedly obtained for several rows of j=3, j=4, and the like among the rows j of the pixels (Gij).

    [0049] On the other hand, for example, the level staff B is at the position in the far distance from the electronic level 3, and the lateral width of the image B' thereof is thereby small. Thus, similar code pattern signals CPS are repeatedly obtained for only a few times in the rows j of the pixels (Gij).

    [0050] Moreover, since the level staff B is in the far distance, the code pattern signal CPS corresponding to the image B' of the level staff B has a smaller pitch of each pair of a white level and a black level, as shown in FIG. 5C. Note that, FIG. 5D shows the code pattern signal CPS corresponding to the code pattern CP" of the image H'.

    [0051] The process of reading the pieces of pixel data Gi from i=1st to i=m-th is repeated for each of rows j of the pixels (Gij) from j=1 to j=n, and thus the image A', the image B', and the image H' are extracted.

    [0052] After extracting the image A', the image B', and the image H', the extraction part 14 outputs the code pattern signals CPS corresponding to the code patterns CP" of the image A', the image B', and the image H' to the height-level measurement value calculation part 15 and the distance calculation part 17.

    [0053] The height-level measurement value calculation part 15 calculates the height-level measurement value RH' of each of the level staffs by using the widths CPB' of the black levels, the widths CPW' of the white levels, and the pitch PCH' of each pair of the white level and the black level in a code pattern signal CPS' corresponding to a portion of the code pattern CP" which is within a range between an upper stadia equivalent line LHU and a lower stadia equivalent line LHL respectively above and below a horizontal line (reference position) LH including the collimation optical axis (picture image center O') O shown in FIGS. 4A to 4C.

    [0054] Pieces of data on the height-level measurement values RH' for the respective level staffs are outputted to the collimation height calculation part 16. The collimation height calculation part 16 obtains the offset value Of to be subtracted from each of the height-level measurement values RH'. The collimation height calculation part 16 determines the offset value Of by judging which one of the following ranges the value of the obtained height-level measurement value RH' is included in: a range of "0 to less than 3"; a range of "3 to less than 6"; a range of "6 to less than 9"; a range of "9 to less than 12"; a range of "12 to less than 15", a range of "15 to less than 18"; a range of "18 to less than 21"; and a range of "21 to less than 24".

    [0055] Moreover, by judging which one of the aforementioned ranges the value of the obtained height-level measurement value RH' is included in, the level staff among the multiple level staffs A to H to which the obtained height-level measurement value RH' corresponds can be identified.

    [0056] The collimation height calculation part 16 obtains the actual collimation height RH by subtracting the offset value Of from the height-level measurement value RH' obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part 15.

    [0057] In other words, RH=RH'-Of.

    [0058] Pieces of data on the actual collimation heights RH of the level staffs A to H are outputted to the storage unit 9, and are stored respectively in storage regions of the unit 9 for the level staffs A to H.

    [0059] Here, the pieces of data on the collimation heights RH corresponding to the level staffs A, B, and H are stored respectively in the corresponding storage regions of the storage unit 9.

    [0060] The distance calculation part 17 obtains the level staff length 1 between the upper and lower stadia equivalent lines for each of the level staffs from the difference between an upper height-level measurement value RH" and an lower height-level measurement value RH", the upper height-level measurement value RH" obtained from a portion of the code pattern CP" existing on the stadia equivalent line LHU, the lower height-level measurement value RH" obtained from a portion of the code pattern CP" existing on the stadia equivalent line LHL. Then, as described above, the distance calculation part 17 obtains the distance L from the machine center of the electronic level 3 to each of the level staffs A, B, and H.

    [0061] Pieces of data on the distances L to the level staffs A to H which are obtained by the distance calculation part 17 are sent to the storage unit 9, and are stored respectively in the storage regions of the storage unit 9 for the level staffs A to H.

    [0062] When the transmission switch SW2 is operated, the CPU 13 causes the data on the collimation heights RH and the data on the distances L which are stored in the storage unit 9 to be outputted to the transmission unit 10, and the transmission unit 10 transmits the data on the collimation heights RH and the of data on the distances L to the reception devices 18 of the level staffs A to H, on the basis of channels allocated respectively to the level staffs A to H.

    [0063] As described above, in the example, descriptions have been given of the case where the code pattern corresponding to the actual height level of the single level staff is divided into multiple pieces and the code patterns indicating the height levels different from the actual height collimation heights are assigned respectively to the multiple level staffs.

    [0064] An example of the present disclosure may employ a configuration including: a wide-angle lens system having a two-dimensional imaging element configured to form thereon a picture image including images respectively of multiple level staffs assigned with identifiable code patterns allowing the measurement of height level and respectively indicating height levels different from each other; an extraction part configured to extract the images of the multiple level staffs from the picture image; a height-level measurement value calculation part configured to obtain a height-level measurement value indicated by a portion of the code pattern in each of the images of the multiple level staffs extracted by the extraction part, the portion of the code pattern located at a collimation optical axis of the wide-angle lens system; and a collimation height calculation part configured to obtain the actual collimation heights of the respective level staffs by obtaining offset values used to obtain the actual collimation heights of the level staffs respectively from the height-level measurement values obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part, and by subtracting the offset values respectively from the height-level measurement values obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part.

    [0065] An example of the present disclosure may employ a configuration including: a wide-angle lens having a two-dimensional imaging element configured to form thereon a picture image including an image of a level staff assigned with a code pattern; an extraction part configured to extract the image of the level staff from the picture image; a height-level measurement value calculation part configured to obtain a height-level measurement value indicated by a portion of the code pattern in the image of the level staff extracted by the extraction part, the portion of the code pattern located at a position located at a collimation optical axis of the wide-angle lens system; and a calculation part configured to calculate a collimation height from the height-level measurement value.

    [0066] According to the embodiment of the present invention, the electronic level and the level staff allow the multiple level staffs to be simultaneously recognized and allow the collimation heights of the respective level staffs to be automatically detected.

    [0067] Moreover, assume that the electronic level includes: the wide-angle lens system having a two-dimensional imaging element configured to form thereon the picture image including images respectively of the multiple level staffs assigned with the code patterns into which a code pattern corresponding to an actual height level of a single level staff is divided, the code patterns respectively indicating height levels different from the actual height level; the extraction part configured to extract the images of the multiple level staffs from the picture image; the height-level measurement value calculation part configured to obtain the height-level measurement value indicated by the portion of the code pattern in each of the images of the multiple level staffs extracted by the extraction part, the portion of the code pattern located at the collimation optical axis of the wide-angle lens system; and the collimation height calculation part configured to obtain actual collimation heights of the respective level staffs by obtaining offset values used to obtain the actual collimation heights of the level staffs respectively from the height-level measurement values obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part, and by subtracting the offset values respectively from the height-level measurement values obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part. In this configuration, since the code pattern corresponding to the actual height-level of the single level staff is enlarged and divided into multiple pieces and the divided code patterns are associated to the level staffs, the actual collimation height of the respective levels staff can be obtained by using the offset values and the height-level measurement values obtained from the code patterns associated to the level staffs. Thus, it is advantageous in that the collimation heights of the level staffs within a range from a close distance to a far distance can be automatically and simultaneously measured without having a resolution deteriorated.

    [0068] In addition, the code pattern corresponding to the actual height-level of the single level staff is divided into multiple code patterns, and the code patterns indicating the height levels different from the actual collimation heights are assigned respectively to the level staffs. Thus, the level staffs can be automatically identified from each other by using the height-level measurement values obtained by reading the code patterns assigned to the level staffs, and there is no need to provide identification marks and the like which are used to identify the level staffs. Hence, this configuration is advantageous in that the manufacturing of the level staff is facilitated.

    [0069] Furthermore, a code pattern of an existing level staff can be used. Thus, the simultaneous measurement of the level staffs can be performed without drastically changing a program used in arithmetic processing for obtaining the collimation heights.

    [0070] Disposing the two-dimensional imaging element in a manner inclined to the vertical direction from the collimation optical axis allows the blur amount in a close-distance picture image to be reduced. Thus, this configuration is advantageous in that the deterioration in the reading accuracy of the code pattern of the level staff in a close distance can be prevented.

    [0071] Although the embodiment of the present invention has been described above, the present invention is not limited thereto. It should be appreciated that variations may be made in the embodiments described by persons skilled in the art.


    Claims

    1. An electronic level comprising:

    a wide-angle lens system (6) having a two-dimensional imaging element (12) configured to form thereon a picture image including images respectively of a plurality of level staffs assigned with identifiable code patterns allowing measurement of height levels, wherein the level staffs are formed by enlarging a single level staff having a code pattern, and dividing the enlarged single level staff to divide the enlarged code pattern into a plurality of code patterns, so that the level staffs are assigned with the code patterns which indicate a height level different from an actual height level;

    an extraction part (14) configured to extract the images of the plurality of level staffs from the picture image;

    a height-level measurement value calculation part (15) configured to obtain a height-level measurement value indicated by a portion of the code pattern in each of the images of the plurality of level staffs extracted by the extraction part, the portion of the code pattern located at a collimation optical axis of the wide-angle lens system; and

    a collimation height calculation part (16) configured to obtain actual collimation heights of the respective level staffs by obtaining offset values used to obtain the actual collimation heights of the level staffs respectively from the height-level measurement values obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part, by identifying each of the level staffs from the height-level measurement value, and by subtracting the offset values respectively from the height-level measurement values obtained by the height-level measurement value calculation part.


     
    2. The electronic level according to claim 1, wherein the two-dimensional imaging element is inclined to a vertical direction from the collimation optical axis of the wide-angle lens system.
     
    3. The electronic level according to any claim 1 or 2, further comprising a distance calculation part configured to obtain a distance to each of the level staffs by:
    obtaining a level staff length between an upper stadia line provided above the collimation optical axis and a lower stadia line provide below the collimation optical axis by use of a difference between a upper height-level measurement value obtained from a code pattern portion corresponding to the upper stadia line and a lower height-level measurement value obtained from a code pattern portion corresponding to the lower stadia line; and by multiplying the obtained level staff length by a stadia multiplier.
     
    4. The electronic level according to claim 3, further comprising:

    a storage unit configured to store pieces of data on the actual collimation heights obtained respectively for the level staffs and to store pieces of data on the distance obtained respectively for the level staffs; and

    a transmission unit configured to transmit the data on the collimation height and the data on the distance stored in the storage unit to a reception device provided in each of the level staffs.


     
    5. A level staff usable with the electronic level according to claim 2, wherein the level staff is assigned with a code pattern indicating a height-level different from an actual collimation height, the code pattern being one of a plurality of code patterns into which an enlarged code pattern indicating a height level of a single level staff is divided.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektronisches Nivellier, umfassend:

    ein Weitwinkellinsensystem (6) mit einem zweidimensionalen Darstellungselement (12) daran, das zum Bilden einer Bilddarstellung mit jeweiligen Darstellungen von mehreren Nivellierlatten darauf konfiguriert ist, denen erkennbare Kodemuster zugeordnet sind, die das Messen von Höhenniveaus ermöglichen, wobei die Nivellierlatten durch Vergrößern einer einzelnen Nivellierlatte mit einem Kodemuster darauf und Unterteilen der vergrößerten einzelnen Nivellierlatte zum Unterteilen des vergrößerten Kodemusters in mehrere Kodemuster, damit den Nivellierlatten die Kodemuster zugeordnet werden, die ein von einem tatsächlichen Höhenniveau verschiedenes Höhenniveau anzeigen, hergestellt sind;

    ein Extraktionsteil (14), das zum Extrahieren der Darstellungen der mehreren Nivellierlatten aus der Bilddarstellung konfiguriert ist;

    ein Höhenniveaumesswert-Berechnungsteil (15), das zum Ermitteln eines Höhenniveaumesswerts konfiguriert ist, der von einem Teil des Kodemusters in jeder der durch den Extraktionsteil extrahierten Darstellungen der mehreren Nivellierlatten angezeigt wird, wobei der Teil des Kodemusters an einer optischen Kollimationsachse des Weitwinkellinsensystems liegt; und

    ein Kollimationshöhenberechnungsteil (16), das konfiguriert ist zum Ermitteln tatsächlicher Kollimationshöhen der jeweiligen Nivellierlatten durch Ermitteln von Fehlerwerten, die zum jeweiligen Ermitteln der tatsächlichen Kollimationshöhen der Nivellierlatten anhand der Höhenniveaumesswerte verwendet werden, die durch das Höhenniveaumesswert-Berechnungsteil ermittelt werden, durch Identifizieren von jeder der Nivellierlatten anhand des Höhenniveaumesswerts und durch jeweiliges Subtrahieren der Fehlerwerte von den Höhenniveaumesswerten, die durch das Höhenniveaumesswert-Berechnungsteil ermittelt werden.


     
    2. Elektronisches Nivellier nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zweidimensionale Darstellungselement in einer vertikalen Richtung von der optischen Kollimationsachse des Weitwinkellinsensystems geneigt ist.
     
    3. Elektronisches Nivellier nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, das ferner ein Entfernungsberechnungsteil aufweist, das konfiguriert ist zum Ermitteln einer Entfernung zu jeder der Nivellierlatten durch:
    Ermitteln einer Nivellierlattenlänge zwischen einem oberen Entfernungsmessfaden, der über der optischen Kollimationsachse bereitgestellt wird, und einem unteren Entfernungsmessfaden, der unter der optischen Kollimationsachse bereitgestellt wird, mithilfe einer Differenz zwischen einem oberen Höhenniveaumesswert, der von einem Kodemusterteil erhalten wird, der dem oberen Entfernungsmessfaden entspricht, und einem unteren Höhenniveaumesswert, der von einem Kodemusterteil erhalten wird, der dem unteren Entfernungsmessfaden entspricht; und durch Multiplizieren der ermittelten Nivellierlattenlänge mit einem Messfadenmultiplikator.
     
    4. Elektronisches Nivellier nach Anspruch 3, das ferner aufweist:

    eine Speichereinheit, die konfiguriert ist zum Speichern von einzelnen Daten über die jeweils für die Nivellierlatten ermittelten tatsächlichen Kollimationshöhen und zum Speichern von einzelnen Daten über die jeweils für die Nivellierlatten ermittelte Entfernung; und

    eine Übertragungseinheit, die konfiguriert ist zum Übertragen der Daten über die Kollimationshöhe und der Daten über die Entfernung, die in der Speichereinheit gespeichert werden, an eine Empfangsvorrichtung, die in jeder der Nivellierlatten bereitgestellt ist.


     
    5. Messlatte zur Verwendung mit dem elektronischen Nivellier nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Messlatte ein Kodemuster zugeordnet ist, das ein von einer tatsächlichen Kollimationshöhe verschiedenes Höhenniveau anzeigt, wobei das Kodemuster eines von mehreren Kodemustern ist, in die ein vergrößertes Kodemuster, das ein Höhenniveau einer einzelnen Nivellierlatte anzeigt, unterteilt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Niveau électronique comprenant :

    un système d'objectif grand-angle (6) ayant un élément d'imagerie bidimensionnel (12) configuré pour former dessus une image photographique comportant des images respectivement d'une pluralité de mires de niveau auxquelles sont attribués des motifs de code identifiables permettant une mesure de niveaux de hauteur, dans lequel les mires de niveau sont formées en agrandissant une mire de niveau unique ayant un motif de code, et en divisant la mire de niveau unique agrandie pour diviser le motif de code agrandi en une pluralité de motifs de code, de sorte que les mires de niveau se voient attribuer les motifs de code qui indiquent un niveau de hauteur différent d'un niveau de hauteur actuel ;

    une partie d'extraction (14) configurée pour extraire les images de la pluralité de mires de niveau à partir de l'image photographique ;

    une partie de calcul de valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur (15) configurée pour obtenir une valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur indiquée par une portion du motif de code dans chacune des images de la pluralité de mires de niveau extraites par la partie d'extraction, la portion du motif de code étant située au niveau d'un axe optique de collimation du système d'objectif grand-angle ; et

    une partie de calcul de hauteur de collimation (16) configurée pour obtenir des hauteurs de collimation réelles des mires de niveau respectives en obtenant des valeurs de décalage utilisées pour obtenir les hauteurs de collimation réelles des mires de niveau respectivement à partir des valeurs de mesure de niveau de hauteur obtenues par la partie de calcul de valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur, en identifiant chacune des mires de niveau à partir de la valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur, et en soustrayant les valeurs de décalage respectivement des valeurs de mesure de niveau de hauteur obtenues par la partie de calcul de valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur.


     
    2. Niveau électronique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément d'imagerie bidimensionnel est incliné à une direction verticale par rapport à l'axe optique de collimation du système d'objectif grand-angle.
     
    3. Niveau électronique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre une partie de calcul de distance configurée pour obtenir une distance jusqu'à chacune des mires de niveau en :
    obtenant d'une longueur de mire de niveau entre un trait stadimétrique supérieur prévu au-dessus de l'axe optique de collimation et un trait stadimétrique inférieur prévu en dessous de l'axe optique de collimation en utilisant une différence entre une valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur supérieure obtenue à partir d'une portion de motif de code correspondant au trait stadimétrique supérieur et une valeur de mesure de niveau de hauteur inférieure obtenue à partir d'une portion de motif de code correspondant au trait stadimétrique inférieur; et en multipliant la longueur de mire de niveau obtenue par un multiplicateur stadimétrique.
     
    4. Niveau électronique selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre :

    une unité de stockage configurée pour stocker des éléments de données sur les hauteurs de collimation réelles obtenues respectivement pour les mires de niveau et pour stocker des éléments de données sur la distance obtenue respectivement pour les mires de niveau ; et

    une unité de transmission configurée pour transmettre les données sur la hauteur de collimation et les données sur la distance stockées dans l'unité de stockage à un dispositif de réception prévu dans chacune des mires de niveau.


     
    5. Mire de niveau utilisable avec le niveau électronique selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle la mire de niveau se voit attribuer un motif de code indiquant un niveau de hauteur différent d'une hauteur de collimation réelle, le motif de code étant l'un d'une pluralité de motifs de code en lesquels un motif de code agrandi indiquant un niveau de hauteur d'une mire de niveau unique est divisé.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description