(19)
(11)EP 2 483 263 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/29

(21)Application number: 10821040.2

(22)Date of filing:  20.09.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07D 403/00(2006.01)
A61K 31/454(2006.01)
A61P 35/00(2006.01)
A61K 31/4523(2006.01)
A61K 31/4545(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2010/049478
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/041152 (07.04.2011 Gazette  2011/14)

(54)

HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS THAT ARE ERK INHIBITORS

HETEROCYCLISCHE VERBINDUNGEN ALS ERK-HEMMER

COMPOSÉS HÉTÉROCYCLIQUES INHIBITEURS D'ERK


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2009 US 247238 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.08.2012 Bulletin 2012/32

(73)Proprietor: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Rahway, NJ 07065-0907 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHU, Hugh, Y.
    Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033 (US)
  • DESAI, Jagdish, A.
    Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033 (US)
  • COOPER, Alan, B.
    Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033 (US)
  • DOLL, Ronald, J.
    Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033 (US)

(74)Representative: Hussain, Deeba 
Merck & Co., Inc. Patent Department Hertford Road
Hoddesdon Hertfordshire EN11 9BU
Hoddesdon Hertfordshire EN11 9BU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-02/10137
US-A1- 2007 185 112
US-A1- 2007 191 604
US-A1- 2007 185 112
US-A1- 2007 191 604
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION



    [0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/247238 filed September 30, 2009.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] The processes involved in tumor growth, progression, and metastasis are mediated by signaling pathways that are activated in cancer cells. The ERK pathway plays a central role in regulating mammalian cell growth by relaying extracellular signals from ligand-bound cell surface tyrosine kinase receptors such as erbB family, PDGF, FGF, and VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase. Activation of the ERK pathway is via a cascade of phosphorylation events that begins with activation of Ras. Activation of Ras leads to the recruitment and activation of Raf, a serine-threonine kinase. Activated Raf then phosphorylates and activates MEK1/2, which then phosphorylates and activates ERK1/2. When activated, ERK1/2 phosphorylates several downstream targets involved in a multitude of cellular events including cytoskeletal changes and transcriptional activation. The ERK/MAPK pathway is one of the most important for cell proliferation, and it is believed that the ERK/MAPK pathway is frequently activated in many tumors. Ras genes, which are upstream of ERK1/2, are mutated in several cancers including colorectal, melanoma, breast and pancreatic tumors. The high Ras activity is accompanied by elevated ERK activity in many human tumors. In addition, mutations of BRAF, a serine-threonine kinase of the Raf family, are associated with increased kinase activity. Mutations in BRAF have been identified in melanomas (60%), thyroid cancers (greater than 40%) and colorectal cancers. These observations indicate that the ERK1/2 signalling pathway is an attractive pathway for anticancer therapies in a broad spectrum of human tumours.

    [0003] Therefore, a welcome contribution to the art would be small-molecules (i.e., compounds) that inhibit ERK activity (i.e., ERK1 and ERK2 activity), which small-molecules would be useful for treating a broad spectrum of cancers, such as, for example, melanoma, pancreatic cancer, thryroid cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer. Such a contribution is provided by this invention.

    [0004] US 2007/191604 describes compounds as ERK inhibitors, US 2007/185112 describes compounds as p38-alpha kinase inhibitors and WO 02/10137 describes compounds as JNK inhibitors.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] This invention provides compounds that inhibit the activity of ERK1 and/or the activity of ERK2. The compounds of this invention also inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK1 and ERK2.

    [0006] Thus, this invention provides compounds that are ERK inhibitors (i.e., ERK1 inhibitors and/or ERK2 inhibitors), said compounds being of the formula A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined below.

    [0007] This invention also provides compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined below.

    [0008] This invention also provides compounds of formula A1. This invention also provides compounds of formula 1.0. This invention also provides compounds of formulas 3.0 to 7.0. This invention also provides pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of formula A1. This invention also provides pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of formula 1.0. This invention also provides pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of formula 3.0 to 7.0. This invention also provides solvates of the compounds of formula A1. This invention also provides solvates of the compounds of formula 1.0. This invention also provides solvates of the compounds of formula 3.0 to 7.0. This invention also provides compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 and 41. This invention also provides compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 36, 39 and 41. This invention also provides compounds 34, 37, 38 and 40.

    [0009] This invention includes the compound of formula A1 (e.g., 1.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0) in all its isolated forms. The compound of formula A1 (e.g., 1.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0) is intended to encompass all forms of the compound such as, for example, any solvates, hydrates, stereoisomers, tautomers etc.

    [0010] This invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one compound of formula A1, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0011] This invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one compound of formula A1, and an effective amount of at least one other pharmaceutically active ingredient (such as, for example, a chemotherapeutic agent), and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0012] This invention also provides a method of inhibiting ERK (i.e., inhibiting the activity of ERK), such as ERK1 and/or ERK2 in a patient in need of such treatment comprising administering to said patient an effective amount of at least one compound of formula A1.

    [0013] This invention also provides a method for treating cancer in a patient in need of such treatment, said method comprising administering to said patient an effective amount of at least one of formula A1. This invention also provides a method for treating cancer in a patient in need of such treatment, said method comprising administering to said patient an effective amount of at least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent. This invention also provides a method for treating cancer in a patient in need of such treatment, said method comprising administering to said patient an effective amount of at least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one mTOR inhibitor.

    [0014] In the methods of this invention the compounds of this invention can be administered concurrently or sequentially (i.e., consecutively) with the chemotherapeutic agents, the signal transduction inhibitors, or the mTOR inhibitors.

    [0015] The methods of treating cancers described herein can optionally include the administration of an effective amount of radiation (i.e., the methods of treating cancers described herein optionally include the administration of radiation therapy).

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0016] As described herein, unless otherwise indicated, the use of a drug or compound in a specified period is per treatment cycle. For example, once a day means once per day of each day of the treatment cycle. Twice a day means twice per day each day of the treatment cycle. Once a week means one time per week during the treatment cycle. Once every three weeks means once per three weeks during the treatment cycle.

    [0017] The following abbreviations have the following meanings unless defined otherwise: ACN=Acetonitrile; AcOH=Acetic acid; DAST=(diethylamino)sulfur trifluoride; DCC=Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide; DCU=Dicyclohexylurea; DCM=Dichloromethane; DI=Deionized water; DIAD=Diisopropylazodicarboxylate; DIEA=Diisopropylethylamine; DMAP=4-Dimethylaminopyridine; DME=Dimethoxyethane; DMF=Dimethylformamide; DMFDMA=N,N-Dimethylformamide dimethylacetal; DMSO=Dimethyl sulfoxide; DTT=Dithiothreitol; EDCI=1-(3-dimethylamino-propyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride; EtOAc=Ethyl acetate; EtOH=Ethanol; HATU=N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-O-(7-Azabenzotriazol-1-yl)Uronium hexafluorophosphate; Hex=hexanes; HOBt=1-Hydroxylbenzotriazole; HPLC=High pressure liquid chromatography; LCMS=Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry; LDA=Lithium diisopropylamide; mCPBA=meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid; MeOH=Methanol; MTT=(3-[4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, Thiazolyl blue); NMR=Nuclear magnetic resonance; PFP=Pentafluorophenol; PMB=p-methoxybenzyl; Pyr=Pyridine; Rb=Round bottom flask; Rbt=Round bottom flask; RT=Room temperature; SEMCl=2-(Trimethylsily)ethoxy methyl chloride; TEA=Triethylamine; Tr=Triphenyl methane; Trt=Triphenyl methane; TrCl=Triphenyl methane chloride; THF=Tetrahydrofuran; TLC=Thin layer chromatography; TFA=Trifluoroacetic acid; and TMS=Trimethylsilyl.

    [0018] As used herein, unless otherwise specified, the following terms have the following meanings:

    "anti-cancer agent" means a drug (medicament or pharmaceutically active ingredient) for treating cancer;

    "antineoplastic agent" means a drug (medicament or pharmaceutically active ingredient) for treating cancer (i.e., a chemotherapeutic agent);

    "at least one", as used in reference to the number of compounds of this invention means for example 1-6, generally 1-4, more generally 1, 2 or 3, and usually one or two, and more usually one;

    "at least one", as used in reference to the number of chemotherapeutic agents used, means for example 1-6, generally 1-4, more generally 1, 2 or 3, and usually one or two, or one;

    "chemotherapeutic agent" means a drug (medicament or pharmaceutically active ingredient) for treating cancer (i.e., and antineeoplastic agent);

    "compound" with reference to the antineoplastic agents, includes the agents that are antibodies;

    "concurrently" means (1) simultaneously in time (e.g., at the same time); or (2) at different times during the course of a common treatment schedule;

    "consecutively" means one following the other;

    "different" as used in the phrase "different antineoplastic agents" means that the agents are not the same compound or structure; preferably, "different" as used in the phrase "different antineoplastic agents" means not from the same class of antineoplastic agents; for example, one antineoplastic agent is a taxane, and another antineoplastic agent is a platinum coordinator compound;

    "effective amount" or "therapeutically effective amount" is meant to describe an amount of compound or a composition of the present invention, or an amount of radiation, effective in treating or inhibiting the diseases or conditions described herein, and thus producing the desired therapeutic, ameliorative, inhibitory or preventative effect; thus, for example, in the methods of treating cancer described herein "effective amount" (or "therapeutically effective amount") means, for example, the amount of the compound (or drug), or radiation, that results in: (a) the reduction, alleviation or disappearance of one or more symptoms caused by the cancer, (b) the reduction of tumor size, (c) the elimination of the tumor, and/or (d) long-term disease stabilization (growth arrest) of the tumor; for example, in the treatment of lung cancer (e.g., non small cell lung cancer) a therapeutically effective amount is that amount that alleviates or eliminates cough, shortness of breath and/or pain; also, for example, an effective amount, or a therapeutically effective amount of the ERK inhibitor (i.e., a compound of this invention) is that amount which results in the reduction in ERK (ERK1 and/or ERK2) activity and phosphorylation; the reduction in ERK activity may be determined by the analysis of pharmacodynamic markers such as phosphorylated RSK1,2 and phosphorylated ERK1,2, using techniques well known in the art;

    "Ex" in the tables represents "Example";

    "one or more" has the same meaning as "at least one";

    "patient" means an animal, such as a mammal (e.g., a human being, and preferably a human being);

    "prodrug" means compounds that are rapidly transformed, for example, by hydrolysis in blood, in vivo to the parent compound, i.e., to the compounds of formula A1 or to a salt and/or to a solvate thereof; a thorough discussion is provided in T. Higuchi and V. Stella, Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems, Vol. 14 of the A.C.S. Symposium Series, and in Edward B. Roche, ed., Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, American Pharmaceutical Association and Pergamon Press, 1987, both of which are incorporated herein by reference; the scope of this invention includes Prodrugs of the novel compounds of this invention;

    sequentially-represents (1) administration of one component of the method ((a) compound of the invention, or (b) chemotherapeutic agent, signal transduction inhibitor and/or radiation therapy) followed by administration of the other component or components; after adminsitration of one component, the next component can be administered substantially immediately after the first component, or the next component can be administered after an effective time period after the first component; the effective time period is the amount of time given for realization of maximum benefit from the administration of the first component; and

    "solvate" means a physical association of a compound of this invention with one or more solvent molecules; this physical association involves varying degrees of ionic and covalent bonding, including hydrogen bonding; in certain instances the solvate will be capable of isolation, for example when one or more solvent molecules are incorporated in the crystal lattice of the crystalline solid; "solvate" encompasses both solution-phase and isolatable solvates; examples of suitable solvates include ethanolates, methanolates,; "hydrate" is a solvate wherein the solvent molecule is H2O.



    [0019] As used herein, unless otherwise specified, the following terms have the following meanings, and unless otherwise specified, the definitions of each term (i.e., moiety or substituent) apply when that term is used individually or as a component of another term (e.g., the definition of aryl is the same for aryl and for the aryl portion of arylalkyl, alkylaryl, arylalkynyl,):

    "acyl" means an H-C(O)-, alkyl-C(O)-, alkenyl-C(O)-, Alkynyl-C(O)-, cycloalkyl-C(O)-, cycloalkenyl-C(O)-, or cycloalkynyl-C(O)- group in which the various groups are as defined below (and as defined below, the alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl and cycloalkynyl moieties can be substituted); the bond to the parent moiety is through the carbonyl; preferred acyls contain a lower alkyl; Examples of suitable acyl groups include formyl, acetyl, propanoyl, 2-methylpropanoyl, butanoyl and cyclohexanoyl;

    "alkenyl" means an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) comprising at least one carbon to carbon double bond, wherein the chain can be straight or branched, and wherein said group comprises about 2 to about 15 carbon atoms; Preferred alkenyl groups comprise about 2 to about 12 carbon atoms in the chain; and more preferably about 2 to about 6 carbon atoms in the chain; branched means that one or more lower alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, or alkenyl-groups are attached to a linear alkenyl chain; "lower alkenyl" means an alkenyl group comprising about 2 to about 6 carbon atoms in the chain, and the chain can be straight or branched; the term "substituted alkenyl" means that the alkenyl group is substituted by one or more independently selected substituents, and each substituent is independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cyano, alkoxy and -S(alkyl); examples of suitable alkenyl groups include ethenyl, propenyl, n-butenyl, 3-methylbut-2-enyl, n-pentenyl, octenyl and decenyl;

    "alkoxy" means an alkyl-O- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the ether oxygen) in which the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as described below; examples of suitable alkoxy groups include methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy and heptoxy;

    "alkoxycarbonyl" means an alkyl-O-CO- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the carbonyl) wherein the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined; examples of suitable alkoxycarbonyl groups include methoxycarbonyl and ethoxycarbonyl;

    "alkyl" (including the alkyl portions of other moieties, such as trifluoroalkyl and alkyloxy) means an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) that can be straight or branched wherein said group comprises about 1 to about 20 carbon atoms in the chain; preferred alkyl groups comprise about 1 to about 12 carbon atoms in the chain; more preferred alkyl groups comprise about 1 to about 6 carbon atoms in the chain; branched means that one or more lower alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, are attached to a linear alkyl chain; "lower alkyl" means a group comprising about 1 to about 6 carbon atoms in the chain, and said chain can be straight or branched; the term "substituted alkyl" means that the alkyl group is substituted by one or more independently selected substituents, and wherein each substituent is independently selected from the group consisting of: halo, aryl, cycloalkyl, cyano, hydroxy, alkoxy, alkylthio, amino,-NH(alkyl), -NH(cycloalkyl), -N(alkyl)2, carboxy, -C(O)O-alkyl and -S(alkyl); examples of suitable alkyl groups include methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, heptyl, nonyl, decyl, fluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl and cyclopropylmethyl;

    "alkylaryl" (or alkaryl) means an alkyl-aryl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the aryl group) wherein the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, and the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below; preferred alkylaryls comprise a lower alkyl group; examples of suitable alkylaryl groups include o-tolyl, p-tolyl and xylyl;

    "alkylheteroaryl" means an alkyl-heteroaryl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the heteroaryl group) wherein the alkyl is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above and the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below;

    "alkylsulfinyl" means an alkyl-S(O)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfinyl) wherein the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined; preferred groups are those in which the alkyl group is lower alkyl;

    "alkylsulfonyl" means an alkyl-S(O2)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfonyl) wherein the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined; preferred groups are those in which the alkyl group is lower alkyl;

    "alkylthio" means an alkyl-S- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfur) wherein the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously described; examples of suitable alkylthio groups include methylthio, ethylthio, i-propylthio and heptylthio;

    "alkynyl" means an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) comprising at least one carbon to carbon triple bond, wherein the chain can be straight or branched, and wherein the group comprises about 2 to about 15 carbon atoms in the; preferred alkynyl groups comprise about 2 to about 12 carbon atoms in the chain; and more preferably about 2 to about 4 carbon atoms in the chain; Branched means that one or more lower alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, are attached to a linear alkynyl chain; "lower alkynyl" means an alkynyl group comprising about 2 to about 6 carbon atoms in the chain, and the chain can be straight or branched; examples of suitable alkynyl groups include ethynyl, propynyl, 2-butynyl, 3-methylbutynyl, n-pentynyl, and decynyl; the term "substituted alkynyl" means that the alkynyl group is substituted by one or more independently selected, and each substituent is independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl; aryl and cycloalkyl;

    "amino means a -NH2 group;

    "aralkenyl" (or arylalkenyl) means an aryl-alkenyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkenyl group) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below, and the alkenyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above; preferred aralkenyls contain a lower alkenyl group; examples of suitable aralkenyl groups include 2-phenethenyl and 2-naphthylethenyl;

    "aralkyl" (or arylalkyl) means an aryl-alkyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkyl group) wherein the aryl is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below and the alkyl is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above; preferred aralkyls comprise a lower alkyl group; examples of suitable aralkyl groups include benzyl, 2-phenethyl and naphthalenylmethyl;

    "aralkyloxy" (or arylalkyloxy) means an aralkyl-O- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the ether oxygen) wherein the aralkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously described; examples of suitable aralkyloxy groups include benzyloxy and 1- or 2-naphthalenemethoxy;

    "aralkoxycarbonyl" means an aralkyl-O-C(O)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the carbonyl) wherein the aralkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined; an example of a suitable aralkoxycarbonyl group is benzyloxycarbonyl;

    "aralkylthio" means an aralkyl-S- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfur) wherein the aralkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously described; an example of a suitable aralkylthio group is benzylthio;

    "aroyl" means an aryl-C(O)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the carbonyl) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below; examples of suitable groups include benzoyl and 1- and
    2-naphthoyl;

    "aryl" (sometimes abbreviated "ar") means an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising about 6 to about 14 carbon atoms, preferably about 6 to about 10 carbon atoms; the aryl group can be optionally substituted with one or more independently selected "ring system substituents" (defined below). Examples of suitable aryl groups include phenyl and naphthyl;

    "arylalkynyl" means an aryl-alkynyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkynyl group) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, and the alkynyl group is unsubstituted or substitutedas defined above;

    "arylaminoheteroaryl" means an aryl-amino-heteroaryl group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the heteroaryl group) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, the amino group is as defined above (i.e., a -NH- here), and the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below;

    "arylheteroaryl" means an aryl-heteroarylgroup-(i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the heteroaryl group) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, and the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below;

    "aryloxy" means an aryl-O- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the ether oxygen) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above; examples of suitable aryloxy groups include phenoxy and naphthoxy;

    "aryloxycarbonyl" means an aryl-O-C(O)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the carbonyl) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined; examples of suitable aryloxycarbonyl groups include phenoxycarbonyl and naphthoxycarbonyl;

    "arylsulfinyl" means an aryl-S(O)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfinyl) wherein aryl is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined;

    "arylsulfonyl" means an aryl-S(O2)- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfonyl) wherein aryl is unsubstituted or substituted as previously defined;

    "arylthio" means an aryl-S- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the sulfur) wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as previously described; examples of suitable arylthio groups include phenylthio and naphthylthio;

    "cycloalkenyl" means a non-aromatic mono or multicyclic ring system comprising about 3 to about 10 carbon atoms, preferably about 5 to about 10 carbon atoms that contains at least one carbon-carbon double bond; preferred cycloalkenyl rings contain about 5 to about 7 ring atoms; the cycloalkenyl can be optionally substituted with one or more independently selected "ring system substituents" (defined below); examples of suitable monocyclic cycloalkenyls include cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl, cycloheptenyl,; an example of a suitable multicyclic cycloalkenyl is norbornylenyl;

    "cycloalkyl" means a non-aromatic mono- or multicyclic ring system comprising about 3 to about 7 carbon atoms, preferably about 3 to about 6 carbon atoms; the cycloalkyl can be optionally substituted with one or more independently selected "ring system substituents" (defined below); examples of suitable monocyclic cycloalkyls include cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl; examples of suitable multicyclic cycloalkyls include 1-decalin, norbornyl, adamantyl;

    "cycloalkylalkyl" means a cycloalkyl-alkyl-group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkyl group) wherein the cycloalkyl moiety is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, and the alkyl moiety is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "halo" means fluoro, chloro, bromo, or iodo groups; preferred halos are fluoro, chloro or bromo, and more preferred are fluoro and chloro;

    "halogen" means fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine; preferred halogens are fluorine, chlorine and bromine;

    "haloalkyl" means an alkyl, as defined above, wherein one or more hydrogen atoms on the alkyl is replaced by a halo group, as defined above;

    "heteroaralkenyl" means a heteroaryl-alkenyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkenyl group) wherein the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below, and the alkenyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroaralkyl" (or heteroarylalkyl) means a heteroaryl-alkyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkyl group) in which the heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below, and the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above; preferred heteroaralkyls comprise an alkyl group that is a lower alkyl group; examples of suitable aralkyl groups include pyridylmethyl, 2-(furan-3-yl)ethyl and quinolin-3-ylmethyl;

    "heteroaralkylthio" means a heteroaralkyl-S- group wherein the heteroaralkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroaryl" means an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising about 5 to about 14 ring atoms, preferably about 5 to about 10 ring atoms, in which one or more of the ring atoms is an element other than carbon, for example nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, alone or in combination; preferred heteroaryls comprise about 5 to about 6 ring atoms; the "heteroaryl" can be optionally substituted by one or more independently selected "ring system substituents" (defined below); the prefix aza, oxa or thia before the heteroaryl root name means that at least a nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur atom, respectively, is present as a ring atom; a nitrogen atom of a heteroaryl can be optionally oxidized to the corresponding N-oxide; examples of suitable heteroaryls include pyridyl, pyrazinyl, furanyl, thienyl, pyrimidinyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, pyrazolyl, furazanyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, 1,2,4-thiadiazolyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, quinoxalinyl, phthalazinyl, imidazo[1,2-a]pyridinyl, imidazo[2,1-b]thiazolyl, benzofurazanyl, indolyl, azaindolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzothienyl, quinolinyl, imidazolyl, thienopyridyl, quinazolinyl, thienopyrimidyl, pyrrolopyridyl, imidazopyridyl, isoquinolinyl, benzoazaindolyl, 1,2,4-triazinyl, benzothiazolyl, furopyridine

    "heteroarylalkynyl" (or heteroaralkynyl) means a heteroaryl-alkynyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkynyl group) wherein the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, and the alkynyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroarylaryl" (or heteroararyl) means a heteroaryl-aryl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the aryl group) wherein the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above, and the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroarylheteroarylaryl" means a heteroaryl-heteroaryl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the last heteroaryl group) wherein each heteroaryl group is independently unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroarylsulfinyl" means a heteroaryl-SO- group wherein the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroarylsulfonyl" means a heteroaryl-SO2- group wherein the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heteroarylthio" means a heteroaryl-S- group wherein the heteroaryl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heterocyclenyl" (or heterocycloalkenyl) means a non-aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising about 3 to about 10 ring atoms, preferably about 5 to about 10 ring atoms, in which one or more of the atoms in the ring system is an element other than carbon (for example one or more heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur atom), and which contains at least one carbon-carbon double bond or carbon-nitrogen double bond; there are no adjacent oxygen and/or sulfur atoms present in the ring system; Preferred heterocyclenyl rings contain about 5 to about 6 ring atoms; the prefix aza, oxa or thia before the heterocyclenyl root name means that at least a nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur atom, respectively, is present as a ring atom; the heterocyclenyl can be optionally substituted by one or more independently selected "Ring system substituents" (defined below); the nitrogen or sulfur atom of the heterocyclenyl can be optionally oxidized to the corresponding N-oxide, S-oxide or S,S-dioxide; examples of suitable monocyclic azaheterocyclenyl groups include 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridine, 1,2-dihydropyridyl, 1,4-dihydropyridyl, 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, 1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidine, 2-pyrrolinyl, 3-pyrrolinyl, 2-imidazolinyl, 2-pyrazolinyl,; examples of suitable oxaheterocyclenyl groups include 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran, dihydrofuranyl, fluorodihydrofuranyl,; An example of a suitable multicyclic oxaheterocyclenyl group is 7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptenyl; examples of suitable monocyclic thiaheterocyclenyl rings include dihydrothiophenyl, dihydrothiopyranyl,;

    "heterocycloalkylalkyl" (or heterocyclylalkyl) means a heterocycloalkyl-alkyl- group (i.e., the bond to the parent moiety is through the alkyl group) wherein the heterocycloalkyl group (i.e., the heterocyclyl group) is unsubstituted or substituted as defined below, and the alkyl group is unsubstituted or substituted as defined above;

    "heterocyclyl" (or heterocycloalkyl) means a non-aromatic saturated monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising about 3 to about 10 ring atoms, preferably about 5 to about 10 ring atoms, in which one or more of the atoms in the ring system is an element other than carbon, for example nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, alone or in combination; there are no adjacent oxygen and/or sulfur atoms present in the ring system; preferred heterocyclyls contain about 5 to about 6 ring atoms; the prefix aza, oxa or thia before the heterocyclyl root name means that at least a nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur atom respectively is present as a ring atom; the heterocyclyl can be optionally substituted by one or more independently selected "ring system substituents" (defined below); the nitrogen or sulfur atom of the heterocyclyl can be optionally oxidized to the corresponding N-oxide, S-oxide or S,S-dioxide; examples of suitable monocyclic heterocyclyl rings include piperidyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, thiazolidinyl, 1,3-dioxolanyl, 1,4-dioxanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl, tetrahydrothiopyranyl;

    "hydroxyalkyl" means a HO-alkyl- group wherein the alkyl group is substituted or unsubstituted as defined above; preferred hydroxyalkyls comprise a lower alkyl; examples of suitable hydroxyalkyl groups include hydroxymethyl and 2-hydroxyethyl; and

    "ring system substituent" means a substituent attached to an aromatic or non-aromatic ring system that, for example, replaces an available hydrogen on the ring system; ring system substituents are each independently selected from the group consisting of: alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, aralkyl, alkylaryl, aralkenyl, heteroaralkyl, alkylheteroaryl, heteroaralkenyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, aralkoxy, acyl, aroyl, halo, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aryloxycarbonyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, heteroarylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, heteroarylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, heteroarylthio, aralkylthio, heteroaralkylthio, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclenyl, R60R65N-, R60R65N-alkyl-, R60R65NC(O)- and R60R65NSO2-, wherein R60 and R65 are each independently selected from the group consisting of: hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, and aralkyl; "Ring system substituent" also means a cyclic ring of 3 to 7 ring atoms, wherein 1-2 ring atoms can be heteroatoms, attached to an aryl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl or heterocyclenyl ring by simultaneously substituting two ring hydrogen atoms on said aryl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl or heterocyclenyl ring; examples include:

    and the like



    [0020] Lines drawn into a ring mean that the indicated bond may be attached to any of the substitutable ring carbon atoms.

    [0021] Any carbon or heteroatom with unsatisfied valences in the text, schemes, examples, structural formulae, and any Tables herein is assumed to have the hydrogen atom or atoms to satisfy the valences.

    [0022] One or more compounds of the invention may also exist as, or optionally converted to, a solvate. Preparation of solvates is generally known. Thus, for example, M. Caira et al, J. Pharmaceutical Sci., 93(3), 601-611 (2004) describe the preparation of the solvates of the antifungal fluconazole in ethyl acetate as well as from water. Similar preparations of solvates, hemisolvate, hydrates are described by E. C. van Tonder et al, AAPS PharmSciTech., 5(1), article 12 (2004); and A. L. Bingham et al, Chem. Commun., 603-604 (2001). A typical process involves dissolving the inventive compound in desired amounts of the desired solvent (organic or water or mixtures thereof) at a higher than ambient temperature, and cooling the solution at a rate sufficient to form crystals which are then isolated by standard methods. Analytical techniques such as, for example I. R. spectroscopy, show the presence of the solvent (or water) in the crystals as a solvate (or hydrate).

    [0023] The term "pharmaceutical composition" is also intended to encompass both the bulk composition and individual dosage units comprised of more than one (e.g., two) pharmaceutically active agents such as, for example, a compound of the present invention and an additional agent selected from the lists of the additional agents described herein, along with any pharmaceutically inactive excipients. The bulk composition and each individual dosage unit can contain fixed amounts of the afore-said "more than one pharmaceutically active agents". The bulk composition is material that has not yet been formed into individual dosage units. An illustrative dosage unit is an oral dosage unit such as tablets, capsules, pills. Similarly, the herein-described methods of treating a patient by administering a pharmaceutical composition of the present invention is also intended to encompass the administration of the afore-said bulk composition and individual dosage units.

    [0024] Prodrugs of the compounds of the invention are also contemplated herein. The term "prodrug", as employed herein, denotes a compound that is a drug precursor which, upon administration to a subject, undergoes chemical conversion by metabolic or chemical processes to yield a compound of formula A1 or a salt and/or solvate thereof. A discussion of prodrugs is provided in T. Higuchi and V. Stella, Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems (1987) 14 of the A.C.S. Symposium Series, and in Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, (1987) Edward B. Roche, ed., American Pharmaceutical Association and Pergamon Press, both of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto.

    [0025] For example, if a compound of formula A1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate or solvate of the compound, contains a carboxylic acid functional group, a prodrug can comprise an ester formed by the replacement of the hydrogen atom of the acid group with a group such as, for example, (C1-C8)alkyl, (C2-C12)alkanoyloxy-methyl, 1-(alkanoyloxy)ethyl having from 4 to 9 carbon atoms, 1-methyl-1-(alkanoyloxy)-ethyl having from 5 to 10 carbon atoms, alkoxycarbonyloxymethyl having from 3 to 6 carbon atoms, 1-(alkoxycarbonyloxy)ethyl having from 4 to 7 carbon atoms, 1-methyl-1-(alkoxycarbonyloxy)ethyl having from 5 to 8 carbon atoms, N-(alkoxycarbonyl)aminomethyl having from 3 to 9 carbon atoms, 1-(N-(alkoxycarbonyl)amino)ethyl having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms, 3-phthalidyl, 4-crotonolactonyl, gamma-butyrolacton-4-yl, di-N,N-(C1-C2)alkylamino(C2-C3)alkyl (such as β-dimethylaminoethyl), carbamoyl-(C1-C2)alkyl, N,N-di (C1-C2)alkylcarbamoyl-(C1-C2)alkyl and piperidino-, pyrrolidino- or morpholino(C2-C3)alkyl.

    [0026] Similarly, if a compound of formula A1 contains an alcohol functional group, a prodrug can be formed by the replacement of the hydrogen atom of the alcohol group with a group such as, for example, (C1-C6)alkanoyloxymethyl, 1-((C1-C6)alkanoyl-oxy)ethyl, 1-methyl-1-((C1-C6)alkanoyloxy)ethyl, (C1-C6)alkoxycarbonyloxymethyl, N-(C1-C6)alkoxycarbonylamino-methyl, succinoyl, (C1-C6)alkanoyl, α-amino(C1-C4)alkanyl, arylacyl and α-aminoacyl, or α-aminoacyl-α-aminoacyl, where each α-aminoacyl group is independently selected from the naturally occurring L-amino acids, P(O)(OH)2, -P(O)(O(C1-C6)alkyl)2 or glycosyl (the radical resulting from the removal of a hydroxyl group of the hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate).

    [0027] If a compound of formula A1 incorporates an amine functional group, a prodrug can be formed by the replacement of a hydrogen atom in the amine group with a group such as, for example, R70-carbonyl, R70O-carbonyl, NR70R75-carbonyl where R70 and R75 are each independently (C1-C10)alkyl, (C3-C7) cycloalkyl, benzyl, or R70-carbonyl is a natural α-aminoacyl or natural α-aminoacyl, -C(OH)C(O)OY80 wherein Y80 is H, (C1-C6)alkyl or benzyl,-C(OY82)Y84 wherein Y82 is (C1-C4) alkyl and Y84 is (C1-C6)alkyl, carboxy (C1-C6)alkyl, amino(C1-C4)alkyl or mono-N-or di-N,N-(C1-C6)alkylaminoalkyl, -C(Y86)Y88 wherein Y86 is H or methyl and Y88 is mono-N- or di-N,N-(C1-C6)alkylamino morpholino, piperidin-1-yl or pyrrolidin-1-yl.

    [0028] This invention also includes the compounds of this invention in isolated and purified form.

    [0029] Polymorphic forms of the compounds of formula A1, and of the salts, solvates and prodrugs of the compounds of formula A1, are also described.

    [0030] Certain compounds of the invention may exist in different isomeric (e.g., enantiomers, diastereoisomers, atropisomers) forms. The invention contemplates all such isomers both in pure form and in admixture, including racemic mixtures. Enol forms are also included.

    [0031] All stereoisomers (for example, geometric isomers, optical isomers) of the present compounds (including those of the salts, solvates and prodrugs of the compounds as well as the salts and solvates of the prodrugs), such as those which may exist due to asymmetric carbons on various substituents, including enantiomeric forms (which may exist even in the absence of asymmetric carbons), rotameric forms, atropisomers, and diastereomeric forms, are contemplated within the scope of this invention. Individual stereoisomers of the compounds of the invention may, for example, be substantially free of other isomers, or may be admixed, for example, as racemates or with all other, or other selected, stereoisomers. The chiral centers of the present invention can have the S or R configuration as defined by the IUPAC 1974 Recommendations. The use of the terms "salt", "solvate" "prodrug", is intended to equally apply to the salt, solvate and prodrug of enantiomers, stereoisomers, rotamers, tautomers, racemates or prodrugs of the inventive compounds.

    [0032] Diasteromeric mixtures can be separated into their individual diastereomers on the basis of their physical chemical differences by methods well known to those skilled in the art, such as, for example, by chromatography and/or fractional crystallization. Enantiomers can be separated by converting the enantiomeric mixture into a diasteromeric mixture by reaction with an appropriate optically active compound (e.g., chiral auxiliary such as a chiral alcohol or Mosher's acid chloride), separating the diastereomers and converting (e.g., hydrolyzing) the individual diastereomers to the corresponding pure enantiomers. Also, some of the compounds of Formula (I) may be atropisomers (e.g., substituted biaryls) and are considered as part of this invention. Enantiomers can also be separated by use of chiral HPLC column.

    [0033] The compounds of formula A1 form salts that are also within the scope of this invention. Reference to a compound of formula A1 herein is understood to include reference to salts thereof, unless otherwise indicated. The term "salt(s)", as employed herein, denotes acidic salts formed with inorganic and/or organic acids, as well as basic salts formed with inorganic and/or organic bases. In addition, when a compound of formula A1 contains both a basic moiety, such as, but not limited to a pyridine or imidazole, and an acidic moiety, such as, but not limited to a carboxylic acid, zwitterions ("inner salts") may be formed and are included within the term "salt(s)" as used herein. Pharmaceutically acceptable (i.e., non-toxic, physiologically acceptable salts) are preferred. Salts of the compounds of the formula A1 may be formed, for example, by reacting a compound of formula A1 with an amount of acid or base, such as an equivalent amount, in a medium such as one in which the salt precipitates or in an aqueous medium followed by lyophilization. Acids (and bases) which are generally considered suitable for the formation of pharmaceutically useful salts from basic (or acidic) pharmaceutical compounds are discussed, for example, by S. Berge et al, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1977) 66(1) 1-19; P. Gould, International J. of Pharmaceutics (1986) 33 201-217; Anderson et al, The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry (1996), Academic Press, New York; in The Orange Book (Food & Drug Administration, Washington, D.C. on their website); and P. Heinrich Stahl, Camille G. Wermuth (Eds.), Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts: Properties, Selection, and Use, (2002) Int'l. Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, pp. 330-331. These disclosures are incorporated herein by reference thereto.

    [0034] Exemplary acid addition salts include acetates, adipates, alginates, ascorbates, aspartates, benzoates, benzenesulfonates, bisulfates, borates, butyrates, citrates, camphorates, camphorsulfonates, cyclopentanepropionates, digluconates, dodecylsulfates, ethanesulfonates, fumarates, glucoheptanoates, glycerophosphates, hemisulfates, heptanoates, hexanoates, hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, hydroiodides, 2-hydroxyethanesulfonates, lactates, maleates, methanesulfonates, methyl sulfates, 2-naphthalenesulfonates, nicotinates, nitrates, oxalates, pamoates, pectinates, persulfates, 3-phenylpropionates, phosphates, picrates, pivalates, propionates, salicylates, succinates, sulfates, sulfonates (such as those mentioned herein), tartarates, thiocyanates, toluenesulfonates (also known as tosylates,) undecanoates.

    [0035] Exemplary basic salts include ammonium salts, alkali metal salts such as sodium, lithium, and potassium salts, alkaline earth metal salts such as calcium and magnesium salts, aluminum salts, zinc salts, salts with organic bases (for example, organic amines) such as benzathines, diethylamine, dicyclohexylamines, hydrabamines (formed with N,N-bis(dehydroabietyl)ethylenediamine), N-methyl-D-glucamines, N-methyl-D-glucamides, t-butyl amines, piperazine, phenylcyclohexyl-amine, choline, tromethamine, and salts with amino acids such as arginine, lysine. Basic nitrogen-containing groups may be quarternized with agents such as lower alkyl halides (e.g. methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl chlorides, bromides and iodides), dialkyl sulfates (e.g. dimethyl, diethyl, dibutyl, and diamyl sulfates), long chain halides (e.g. decyl, lauryl, myristyl and stearyl chlorides, bromides and iodides), aralkyl halides (e.g. benzyl and phenethyl bromides), and others.

    [0036] All such acid and base salts are intended to be pharmaceutically acceptable salts within the scope of the invention and all acid and base salts are considered equivalent to the free forms of the corresponding compounds for purposes of the invention.

    [0037] Compounds of formula A1, and salts, solvates and prodrugs thereof, may exist in their tautomeric form (for example, as an amide or imino ether). All such tautomeric forms are contemplated herein as part of the present invention.

    [0038] In hetero-atom containing ring systems of this invention, there are no hydroxyl groups on carbon atoms adjacent to a N, O or S, and there are no N or S groups on carbon adjacent to another heteroatom. Thus, for example, in the ring:

    there is no -OH attached directly to carbons marked 2 and 5.

    [0039] The compounds of formula A1 may exist in different tautomeric forms, and all such forms are embraced within the scope of the invention. Also, for example, all keto-enol and imine-enamine forms of the compounds are included in the invention.

    [0040] Tautomeric forms such as, for example, the moieties:

    are considered equivalent in certain embodiments of this invention.

    [0041] The term "substituted" means that one or more hydrogens on the designated atom is replaced with a selection from the indicated group, provided that the designated atom's normal valency under the existing circumstances is not exceeded, and that the substitution results in a stable compound. Combinations of substituents and/or variables are permissible only if such combinations result in stable compounds. By "stable compound" or "stable structure" is meant a compound that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation to a useful degree of purity from a reaction mixture, and formulation into an efficacious therapeutic agent.

    [0042] The term "optionally substituted" means optional substitution with the specified groups, radicals or moieties.

    [0043] The term "purified", "in purified form" or "in isolated and purified form" for a compound refers to the physical state of said compound after being isolated from a synthetic process or natural source or combination thereof. Thus, the term "purified", "in purified form" or "in isolated and purified form" for a compound refers to the physical state of said compound after being obtained from a purification process or processes described herein or well known to the skilled artisan, in sufficient purity to be characterizable by standard analytical techniques described herein or well known to the skilled artisan.

    [0044] When a functional group in a compound is termed "protected", this means that the group is in modified form to preclude undesired side reactions at the protected site when the compound is subjected to a reaction. Suitable protecting groups will be recognized by those with ordinary skill in the art as well as by reference to standard textbooks such as, for example, T. W. Greene et al, Protective Groups in organic Synthesis (1991), Wiley, New York.

    [0045] When any variable (e.g., aryl, heterocycle, R3, etc.) occurs more than one time in any moiety or in any compound of formula A1, its definition on each occurrence is independent of its definition at every other occurrence.

    [0046] As used herein, the term "composition" is intended to encompass a product comprising the specified ingredients in the specified amounts, as well as any product which results, directly or indirectly, from combination of the specified ingredients in the specified amounts.

    [0047] Also described are isotopically-labelled compounds of the present invention which are identical to those recited herein, but for the fact that one or more atoms are replaced by an atom having an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number usually found in nature. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into compounds of the invention include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, fluorine and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 13C, 14C, 15N, 18O, 17O, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F, and 36Cl, respectively.

    [0048] Certain isotopically-labelled compounds of formula A1 (e.g., those labeled with 3H and 14C) are useful in compound and/or substrate tissue distribution assays. Tritiated (i.e., 3H) and carbon-14 (i.e., 14C) isotopes are particularly preferred for their ease of preparation and detectability. Further, substitution with heavier isotopes such as deuterium (i.e., 2H) may afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability (e.g., increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements) and hence may be preferred in some circumstances. Isotopically labelled compounds of formula A1 can generally be prepared by following procedures analogous to those disclosed in the Schemes and/or in the Examples hereinbelow, by substituting an appropriate isotopically labelled reagent for a non-isotopically labelled reagent.

    [0049] This invention provides compounds of formula A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein:

    all substituents are independently selected;

    Y1, Y2, and Y3 are each -CH=;

    z is 1;

    R35 is independently selected from H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl;

    X1 is selected from the group consisting of: =O, =S, =NOR50, -N(R50)2 (wherein each R50 is independently selected), -N(R51)C(O)R50 and -OR50; compounds with these X1 groups are represented by formulas 1.0 to 6.0 described below;

    Q is a substituent selected from the group consisting of:





    and

    Each Q1 represents a ring independently selected from the group consisting of: cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, and substituted heteroaryl, wherein said substituted rings are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: halo (e.g., Cl, F, Br) and the R10 moieties; provided that when Q1 is aryl, heteroaryl, substituted aryl or substituted heteroaryl then the carbon atoms at the ring junction (i.e., the two carbon atoms common to the fused rings) are not substituted;

    Q2 represents a ring independently selected from the group consisting of: heterocycloalkyl and substituted heterocycloalkyl wherein said substituted rings are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: halo (e.g., Cl, F, Br) and the R10 moieties;

    Z1 represents -(C(R24)2)w- wherein each R24 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, for example methyl) and F, and wherein w is 1, 2 or 3, and generally w is 1 or 2, and usually w is 1, and wherein in one example each R24 is H, and in another example w is 1, and in another example each R24 is H and w is 1, preferably w is 1 and each R24 is H (i.e., preferably Z1 is -CH2-);

    Z2 is selected from the group consisting of: -N(R44)-, -O- and -C(R46)2- (e.g., Z2 is -NH-, -O- or -CH2-);

    m is 1 to 6;

    n is 1 to 6;

    p is 0 to 6;

    t is 0, 1, or 2;

    R1 is phenyl or heteroaryl, optionally substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6)-OCF3, (7) alkyl substituted with 1 to 3 independently selected halo atoms, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) alkyl, (10) alkenyl, (11) halo, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) cycloalkyl, (21) -O-alkyl-O-R20, (22) hydroxyalkyl, (23) -N(R20)2 wherein each R20 is independently selected, (24) -alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-alkyl-OH, (26) -NH(hydroxyalkyl), and (27) oxazolidinone;
    R2 is:

    1. (1) -OR23 (e.g., -OH, -OCH3 and -O-phenyl), or
    2. (2) -S(O)t-alkyl, such as, for example, (a) -S-alkyl (i.e., t is 0) such as, for example, -S-CH3, and (b) -S(O)2-alkyl (i.e., t is 2) such as, for example, -S(O)2CH3,

    R5 is selected from

































    each R3, R4, R6 and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of:
    (1) H, (2) alkenyl (e.g., -CH2CH=CH2), (3) substituted alkenyl, (4) alkyl, (5) substituted alkyl, (6) cycloalkyl, (7) substituted cycloalkyl, (8) cycloalkylalkyl-, (9) substituted cycloalkylalkyl-, (10) heterocycloalkyl, (11) substituted heterocycloalkyl, (12) heterocycloalkylalkyl-, (13) substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl-, (14) -C(O)R10 wherein in one example R10 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6, e.g., methyl), (15) arylheteroaryl- (e.g., phenylthiadiazolyl-), (16) substituted arylheteroaryl- (e.g., substituted phenylthiadiazolyl-), (17) heteroarylaryl-, such as, for example, pyrimidinylphenyl-, pyrazinylphenyl-, pyridinylphenyl-(i.e., pyridylphenyl-), furanylphenyl-, thienylphenyl-, thiazolylphenyl-, oxadiazolylphenyl-, and pyridazinylphenyl-, (18) substituted heteroarylaryl-, such as, for example, substituted pyrimidinylphenyl-, substituted pyrazinylphenyl-, substituted pyridinylphenyl- (i.e., substituted pyridylphenyl-), substituted furanylphenyl-, substituted thienylphenyl-, substituted thiazolylphenyl-, substituted pyrimidinylphenyl, substituted oxadiazolylphenyl-, and substituted pyridazinylphenyl-, (19) aryl (e.g., phenyl), (20) substituted aryl (e.g., substituted phenyl), (21) heteroaryl (e.g., thiazolyl, thienyl, pyridyl, and pyrimidinyl), (22) substituted heteroaryl (e.g., substituted thiazolyl, substituted pyridyl and substituted pyrimidinyl), examples of substituted heteroaryl groups include, for example bromothiazolyl-, bromopyrimidinyl-, fluoropyrimidinyl-, and ethenylpyrimidinyl-, (23) heteroarylheteroaryl- (e.g., pyrimidinylpyridyl-, pyrimidinylthiazolyl-, and pyrimidinylpyrazinyl-), (24) substituted heteroarylheteroaryl- (e.g., substituted pyrimidinylpyridyl-, and substituted pyrimidinyl-pyrazinyl-), (25) arylaminoheteroaryl- (e.g., phenyl-NH-oxadiazolyl-), (26) substituted arylaminoheteroaryl- (e.g., substituted phenyl-NH-oxadiazolyl-), (27) arylalkynyl- (e.g., aryl(C2 to C4)alkynyl such as, for example phenylethynyl-), (28) substituted arylalkynyl- (e.g., substituted aryl(C2 to C4)alkynyl-, such as, for example, substituted phenylethynyl-),
    (29) heteroarylalkynyl- (e.g., heteroaryl(C2 to C4)alkynyl-, such as, for example, pyrimidinylethynyl-), (30) substituted heteroarylalkynyl- (e.g., substituted heteroaryl(C2 to C4)alkynyl-, such as, for example substituted pyrimidinylethynyl-), (31) benzoheteroaryl (i.e., a fused phenyl and heteroaryl rings), such as, for example, benzothiazole and quinoxaline;

    wherein said R3, R4, R6 and R7 substituted groups (7), (9), (11), (13), (16), (18), (20), (22), (24), (26), (28) and (30) are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, -NHR20 (e.g., -NHCH2CH3 and -NHCH3), -N(R20)2 wherein each R20 is independently selected, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, e.g., methyl, ethyl, and i-propyl), alkenyl (e.g., C2 to C6 alkenyl, such as, for example -CH=CH2), halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, and in another example F), -C(O)-NH-R28 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3), -C(O)OR28 (e.g., -C(O)OC2H5), -C(O)R28 (e.g., -C(O)CH3), and -OR20 (e.g., -OCH3);

    wherein said R3, R4, R6 and R7 substituted groups (3) and (5) are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, and in another example F), -C(O)-NH-R28 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3), -C(O)OR28 (e.g., -C(O)OC2H5), and -C(O)R28 (e.g., -C(O)CH3);
    wherein:

    in one example of said R3, R4, R6 or R7 substituted heteroarylaryl group ((18) above), said substituted heteroarylaryl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, e.g., methyl), halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, such as, for example F),

    in one example of said R3, R4, R6 or R7 substituted aryl group ((20) above), said substituted aryl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br), -C(O)-NH-R28 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3), -C(O)OR28 (e.g.,-C(O)O-C2H5), and -C(O)R28 (e.g., -C(O)CH3), and

    in one example of said R3, R4, R6 or R7 substituted heteroaryl group ((22) above), said substituted heteroaryl is substituted with 1 to 3 substitutents selected from the group consisting of: halo (e.g., Br, F, and Cl), alkenyl (e.g., C2 to C6 alkenyl, such as, for example,-CH=CH2);

    R5A is selected from the group consisting of: halo (for example, F, Cl, and Br, and in another example F), -OH, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, -CH3), -SR52, and -O-alkyl (such as, for example, -O-(C1 to C6 alkyl), also, for example, -O-(C1 to C3 alkyl), also for example, -O-(C1 to C2 alkyl), and in one example -O-CH3);

    R8 is selected from the group consisting of: H, -OH, -N(R10)2 (e.g., -NH2), -NR10C(O)R12 (e.g., -NHC(O)CH3), and alkyl (e.g., methyl);

    each R9 is independently selected from the group consisting of:halogen, -CN, -NO2, -OR10, -SR10, -N(R10)2, and R10;

    each R10 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, alkylheteroaryl-, alkylaryl-, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl-, substituted alkylaryl-, heterocycloalkenyl

    and substituted heterocycloalkenyl, and wherein:

    said R10 substituted alkyl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, -NHR20, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, and in another example F), -C(O)-NH-R26 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3, i.e., R26 is alkyl, such as methyl), -C(O)OR26 (e.g., -C(O)OC2H5, i.e., R26 is alkyl, such as ethyl), and -C(O)R26 (e.g., -C(O)CH3, i.e., R26 is alkyl, such as methyl), and

    said R10 substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl- and substituted alkylaryl- are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl) substituted with 1 to 3 independently selected halo atoms (e.g., F, Cl and Br), examples of the substituted alkyl include, but are not limited to, -CF3, -CHF2 and-CH2F,

    (8) -C(O)R38 (e.g., R38 is H or alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl or ethyl), for example, R38 is alkyl (e.g., methyl), thus, an example of -C(O)R38 is -C(O)CH3), (9) alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, e.g., methyl, ethyl, and i-propyl), (10) alkenyl (e.g., C2 to C6 alkenyl, such as, for example -CH=CH2), (11) halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, and in another example F),
    (12) -C(O)-NH-R26 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3), (13) -C(O)OR38 (e.g., R38 is H or alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl or ethyl), for example, R38 is alkyl (e.g., methyl or ethyl), thus, for example, -C(O)OR38 is -C(O)OC2H5), (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-(CH2)n-N(R38)2) (wherein (a) in one example R32 is H, (b) in another example each R30 is H, (c) in another example n is 2, (d) in another example each R38 is independently selected, (e) in another example each R38 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., methyl), (f) in another example R32 is H, each R30 is H, and each R38 is independently selected, (g) in another example R32 is H, each R30 is H, and each R38 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., methyl), (15) -S(O)tR38 (wherein in one example t is 2, and in another example R38 is alkyl (e.g., methyl or isopropyl), and in another example t is 2 and R38 is alkyl (e.g., methyl or isopropyl)), (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38 (e.g., -C(O)-NR32-R38) (wherein one example R32 is H, in another example R38 is alkyl (e.g., propyl), and in another example R32 is H and R38 is alkyl (e.g., propyl)), (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38 (e.g., -NH-C(O)-R38) (wherein in one example R32 is H, in another example R38 is alkyl (e.g., methyl), and in another example R32 is H and R38 is alkyl (e.g., methyl)),

    (wherein in one example R32 is H, in another example R38 is H, and in another example R32 is H and R38 is H), (19) -NHR20 (e.g., -NHCH3, -NHC2H5), (20) cycloalkyl (e.g., C3 to C6 cycloalkyl, such as, for example, cyclopropyl), (21) -O-alkyl-O-R20 (e.g., -O-(C1 to C6)alkyl-OR20, such as, for example, -O-CH2CH2-OCH3), (22) hydroxyalkyl (e.g., hydroxy(C1 to C6)alkyl, such as, for example, -CH2OH and -C(CH3)2OH), (23) -N(R20)2 wherein each R20 is independently selected (e.g., -N(CH3)2), (24) -alkyl-OR20 (e.g., -(C1 to C6)alkyl-OR20, such as, for example, -CH2OCH3), (25) -O-alkyl-OH (e.g., -O-(C1 to C6)alkyl-OH, such as, for example, -O-CH2-CH2-OH), (26)-NH(hydroxyalkyl) (e.g., -NH(hydroxy(C1 to C6)alkyl, such as, for example, -NH(CH2CH2OH)), and (27) oxazolidinone, such as, for example,

    R11 is selected from the group consisting of: F, -OH, -CN, -OR10, -NHNR1R10, -SR10 and heteroaryl (e.g., triazolyl, such as, for example,

    R12 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl;

    R14 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl-, heterocycloalkyl, alkylheterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl-, alkylheteroaryl- and alkylaryl-;

    R15 is selected from the group consisting of: H, -OH, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl-, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl-, alkylheteroaryl- and alkylaryl-;

    R20 represents alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl, ethyl or isopropyl);

    R23 is selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl and i-propyl), aryl (e.g., phenyl), cycloalkyl (e.g., C3 to C6 cycloalkyl, such as, for example, cyclopropyl and cyclohexyl), and cycloalkylalkyl- (e.g., C3 to C6 cycloalkylalkyl-, such as -(CH2)n-cycloalkyl, such as -(CH2)n-(C3 to C6)cycloalkyl, wherein each H of each -(CH2)n- moiety can independently be substituted with an alkyl group (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl), and wherein in one example n is 1 and the -CH2- moiety is not substituted, that is, -CH2-cycloalkyl, such as, -CH2-cyclopropyl, is an example of said cycloalkylalkyl- moiety);

    each R26 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl and ethyl);

    R28 is alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl or ethyl);

    each R30 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl, ethyl and i-propyl), and F, and wherein in one example each R30 is H;

    each R32 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl, ethyl and propyl), and wherein each R32 is generally H;

    R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl, ethyl and propyl), and -O-alkyl (e.g., -O-(C1 to C6) alkyl, such as, for example,-O-(C1 to C2) alkyl, such as, for example, -OCH3), and preferably R36 is selected from the group consisting of H and methyl, and more preferably R36 is H;

    each R38 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, alkylheteroaryl-, alkylaryl-, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl- and substituted alkylaryl-, and wherein:

    said R38 substituted alkyl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, and in another example F), -C(O)-NH-R28 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3), -C(O)OR28 (e.g., -C(O)OC2H5), and -C(O)R28 (e.g., -C(O)CH3), and

    said R38 substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl- and substituted alkylaryl- are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) -CF3,
    (8) -C(O)R26 (e.g., R26 is H or C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl or ethyl, for example, R26 is alkyl (e.g., methyl), thus, an example of -C(O)R26 is -C(O)CH3), (9) alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, e.g., methyl, ethyl, and i-propyl), (10) alkenyl (e.g., C2 to C6 alkenyl, such as, for example-CH=CH2), (11) halo (e.g., F, Cl and Br, and in another example F),
    (12) -C(O)-NH-R26 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-CH3), (13) -C(O)OR26 (e.g., R26 is H or e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl or ethyl, for example, R26 is alkyl (e.g., methyl or ethyl), thus, for example, -C(O)OR26 is -C(O)OC2H5), (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R26)2 (e.g., -C(O)-NH-(CH2)n-N(R26)2) (wherein (a) in one example R32 is H, (b) in another example each R30 is H, (c) in another example n is 2, (d) in another example each R26 is independently selected, (e) in another example each R26 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl), (f) in another example R32 is H, each R30 is H, and each R26 is independently selected, (g) in another example R32 is H, each R30 is H, and each R26 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl), (15) -S(O)tR26 (wherein in one example t is 2, and in another example R26 is methyl, and in another example t is 2 and R26 is methyl),
    (16) -C(O)N(R32)(R26) (wherein in one example R32 is H, in another example R26 is alkyl (e.g., propyl), and in another example R32 is H and R26 is alkyl (e.g., propyl)), (17) -NR32C(O)R26 (e.g., -NHC(O)R26) (wherein in one example R32 is H, in another example R26 is alkyl (e.g., methyl), and in another example R32 is H and R26 is alkyl (e.g., methyl)),

    (wherein in one example R32 is H, in another example R26 is H, and in another example R32 is H and R26 is H); and (19) -NHR20;

    R42 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example -CH3), aryl (e.g., phenyl), heteroaryl (e.g., thiazolyl and pyridyl), and cycloalkyl (e.g., C3 to C6 cycloalkyl, such as, for example, cyclopropyl);

    R44 is selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, C1 to C3 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl, ethyl and i-propyl), cycloalkyl (e.g., C3 to C6 cycloalkyl, such as, for example, cyclopropyl and cyclohexyl), and cycloalkylalkyl (e.g., (C3 to C6)cycloalky(C1 to C6)alkyl, such as, for example, (C3 to C6)cycloalky(C1 to C3)alkyl, such as, for example, (C3 to C6)cycloalky-methyl-, such as, for example, cyclopropyl-methyl- and cyclohexyl-methyl-), and in one example, R44 is H;

    Each R46 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example, C1 to C3 alkyl, such as, for example, methyl, ethyl and i-propyl), cycloalkyl (e.g., C3 to C6 cycloalkyl, such as, for example, cyclopropyl and cyclohexyl), and cycloalkylalkyl (e.g., (C3 to C6)cycloalky(C1 to C6)alkyl, such as, for example, (C3 to C6)cycloalky(C1 to C3)alkyl, such as, for example, (C3 to C6)cycloalky-methyl-, such as, for example, cyclopropyl-methyl- and cyclohexyl-methyl-), and in one example, each R46 is H;

    Each R50 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, and in another example C1 to C2 alkyl, and in another example said alkyl is methyl, and in another example said alkyl is ethyl);

    R51 is selected from the group consisting of H, and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, and in another example C1 to C2 alkyl, and in another example said alkyl is methyl, and in another example said alkyl is ethyl);

    R52 is -O-alkyl (such as, for example, -O-(C1 to C6 alkyl), also, for example, -O-(C1 to C3 alkyl), also for example, -O-(C1 to C2 alkyl), and in one example -O-CH3);

    alkenyl is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) comprising at least one carbon to carbon double bond, wherein the chain can be straight or branched, and wherein said group comprises 2 to 15 carbon atoms;

    alkyl is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) that can be straight or branched wherein said group comprises 1 to 20 carbon atoms in the chain;

    cycloalkyl is a non-aromatic mono- or multicyclic ring system comprising 3 to 7 carbon atoms;

    aryl is a monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 6 to 14 carbon atoms;

    heteroaryl is an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 5 to 14 ring atoms in which one or more of the ring atoms is an element other than carbon; and

    heterocycloalkyl is a non-aromatic saturated monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 3 to 10 ring atoms.



    [0050] One embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined for formula A1:
    Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined for formula A1. In one example R50 in formula 3.0 is H. In another example R50 in formula 3.0 is methyl.

    [0051] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined for formula A1. In one example each R50 in formula 4.0 is H. In another example each R50 in formula 4.0 is the same or different alkyl. In another example each R50 in formula 4.0 is independently selected from the group consisting of methyl and ethyl. In another example of R50 in formula 4.0 each R50 is methyl. In another example of R50 in formula 4.0 each R50 is ethyl. In another example of R50 in formula 4.0, one R50 is H and the other is alkyl. In another example of R50 in formula 4.0, one R50 is H and the other is selected from the group consisting of methyl and ethyl. In another example of R50 in formula 4.0, one R50 is H and the other is methyl. In another example of R50 in formula 4.0, one R50 is H and the other is ethyl.

    [0052] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined for formula A1. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is H, and R50 is as defined for formula A1. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is H, and R50 is alkyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is H, and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is H, and R50 is H. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is H, and R50 is methyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is H, and R50 is ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is as defined for formula A1. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is alkyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is H. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is R50 is methyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is alkyl (e.g., methyl in one example, and ethyl in another example), and R50 is ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is as defined for formula A1. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is alkyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is H. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is methyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is ethyl, and R50 is as defined for formula A1. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is alkyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and ethyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is H. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is methyl. In one example R51 in formula 5.0 is methyl, and R50 is ethyl.

    [0053] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined for formula A1. In one example R50 in formula 6.0 is H.

    [0054] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 having the formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are independently selected and are as defined for formula A1.

    [0055] When R1 is a heteroaryl group, examples of said heteroaryl group include, but are not limited to,
    1. (a) unsubstituted heteroaryl (e.g., pyridyl),
    2. (b) heteroaryl substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -C(O)R38 (e.g., R38 is alkyl such as methyl), -NHR20 (e.g., -NHCH3), -OR20 (e.g., -OCH3), cycloalkyl (e.g., cyclopropyl) and halo (e.g., Cl),
    3. (c) heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of: pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, furanyl, thienyl, thiazolyl, pyridyl, pyridyl N-O, and pyrimidinyl,
    4. (d) heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of: pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, furanyl, thienyl, thiazolyl, pyridyl, pyridyl N-O, and pyrimidinyl, wherein said heteroaryl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of:-C(O)R38 (e.g., R38 is alkyl such as methyl), -NHR20 (e.g., -NHCH3), -OR20 (e.g., -OCH3), cycloalkyl (e.g., cyclopropyl) and halo (e.g., Cl),
    5. (e) heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of: thienyl substituted with -C(O)R38 (such as, for example, thienyl substituted with -C(O)CH3), thiazolyl substituted with -NHR20 such as, for example (thazolyl substituted with-NHCH3), pyridyl substituted with halo (such as, for example, pyridyl substituted with -Cl), pyridyl substituted with -OR20 (such as, for example, pyridyl substituted with methyl), and pyrimidinyl substituted with -OR20 (such as, for example, pyrimidinyl substituted with -OCH3),
    6. (f) heteroaryl substituted with 1 to 3 alkyl groups (e.g., methyl), and in one example said heteroaryl is pyridyl (i.e., R1 is pyridyl substituted with 1 to 3 alkyl groups, such as, for example, pyridyl substituted with 1 to 3 methyl groups, and in one example, said R1 group is pyridyl substituted with one methyl group, such as, for example,

    7. (g) heteroaryl substituted with 1 to 3 -O-alkyl groups (e.g., -O-C1-C3alkyl), and in one example the substituted heteroaryl is pyridyl substituted with 1 to 3 -O-alkyl groups, and in another example the substituted heteroaryl is pyridyl substituted with one -O-alkyl group, and in another example the substituted heteroaryl is pyridyl substituted with one -OCH(CH3)2 group, and in another example the substituted heteroaryl is

      and
    8. (h) heteroaryl substituted with 1 to 3 -CF3 groups, and in one example the substituted heteroaryl is pyridyl substituted with 1 to 3 -CF3 groups, and in another example the substituted heteroaryl is pyridyl substituted with one -CF3 group, and in another example the substituted heteroaryl is



    [0056] R1 is preferably phenyl.

    [0057] When R1 is a substituted aryl group, examples of said substituted aryl group include, but are not limited to, halo substituted phenyl and halo substituted naphthyl, and preferably halo substituted phenyl. Examples of said substituted aryl groups include phenyl substituted with 1 to 3 halos selected from the group consisting of: F, Br, and Cl. In one example, said substituted aryl is F-phenyl, such as p-F-phenyl.

    [0058] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that when Q1 is aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl or substituted heteroaryl the two carbon atoms common to the two fused rings are not substituted. Thus, there is no R3 and no R4 groups in 2.4 when Q1 is aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl or substituted heteroaryl. There is no R3 and no R4 groups in 2.5 when Q1 fused to the R3 and R4 positions is aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl or substituted heteroaryl. There is no R6 and no R7 groups in 2.5 when Q1 fused to the R6 and R7 positions is aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl or substituted heteroaryl.

    [0059] In one embodiment of this invention z in formula A1 is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein z is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein z is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein z is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein z is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein z is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein z is 1.

    [0060] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of A1 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is H.

    [0061] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of A1 wherein z is 1 and R36 is -OCH3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is -OCH3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is -OCH3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is -OCH3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is -OCH3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is-OCH3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein z is 1 and R36 is -OCH3.

    [0062] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0063] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0064] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0065] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0066] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0067] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0068] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0069] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0070] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0071] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0072] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0073] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0074] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0075] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0076] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0077] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0078] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0079] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0080] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0081] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0082] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0083] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0084] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0085] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0086] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0087] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0088] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0089] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0090] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of A1 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=.

    [0091] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula A1 wherein z in formula A1 is 1, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein z is 1, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein z is 1, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein z is 1, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein z is 1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein z is 1, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein z is 1, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are-CH=.

    [0092] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of A1 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is H, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=.

    [0093] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of A1 wherein z is 1, R36 is -OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is -OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is - OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is -OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is - OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is -OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 wherein z is 1, R36 is - OCH3, and Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=.

    [0094] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0095] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0096] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0097] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula A1, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0098] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0099] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0100] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0101] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 1.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0102] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0103] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0104] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0105] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 3.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0106] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0107] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0108] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0109] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 4.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0110] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0111] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0112] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0113] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 5.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0114] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0115] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0116] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0117] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 6.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0118] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, and each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H).

    [0119] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl and propyl.

    [0120] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0121] In another embodiment of the compounds of formula 7.0, Y1, Y2, and Y3 are -CH=, z is 1, each R35 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl (e.g., one R35 is H and the other is methyl, or both R35 substituents are methyl, or preferably both R35 substitutents are H), and R36 is: H.

    [0122] In another embodiment of this invention the compounds of formula A1 have the stereochemistry:



    [0123] Thus, other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the A1 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0124] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the formula 1.0 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0125] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the formula 3.0 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0126] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the formula 4.0 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0127] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the formula 5.0 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0128] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the formula 6.0 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0129] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the formula 7.0 embodiments above wherein the compounds have the stereochemistry:



    [0130] In one example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.0A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0131] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.0A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0132] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.0B1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0133] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.0B:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0134] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.0C1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0135] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.0C:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0136] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.1A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0137] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0138] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.2A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0139] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.2:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0140] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.3A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0141] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 1.3:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0142] In one example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.0A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0143] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.0A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0144] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.0B1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0145] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.0B:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0146] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.0C1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0147] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.0C:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0148] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.1A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0149] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0150] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.2A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0151] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.2:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0152] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.3A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0153] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 3.3:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0154] In one example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.0A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0155] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.0A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0156] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.0B1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0157] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.0B:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0158] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.0C1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0159] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.0C:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0160] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.1A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0161] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0162] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.2A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0163] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.2:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0164] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.3A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0165] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 4.3:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0166] In one example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.0A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0167] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.0A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0168] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.0B1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0169] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.0B:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0170] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.0C1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0171] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.0C:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0172] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.1A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0173] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0174] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.2A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0175] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.2:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0176] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.3A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0177] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 5.3:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0178] In one example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.0A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0179] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.0A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0180] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.0B1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0181] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.0B:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0182] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.0C1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0183] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.0C:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0184] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.1A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0185] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0186] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.2A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0187] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.2:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0188] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.3A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0189] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 6.3:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0190] In one example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.0A1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0191] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.0A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0192] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.0B1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0193] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.0B:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0194] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.0C1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0195] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.0C:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0196] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.1A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0197] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.1:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0198] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.2A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0199] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.2:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0200] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.3A:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0201] In another example the compounds of formula 1.0 have the formula 7.3:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein all substituents are as defined for formula A1.

    [0202] Examples of Q include, but are not limited to: moieties 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.5 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). Examples of Q also include, but are not limited to: moieties 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 and 2.5 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. Examples of Q also include, but are not limited to: moieties 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10 and 2.11 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). Examples of Q also include, but are not limited to: moieties 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10 and 2.11 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. Examples of Q include, but are not limited to moiety 2.6 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). Examples of Q also include, but are not limited to moiety 2.6 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is H. Examples of Q include, but are not limited to moiety 2.12 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). Examples of Q also include, but are not limited to moiety 2.12 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is H.

    [0203] Thus, in one example of Q, Q is moiety 2.1 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.1 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.1 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.2 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.2 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.9 or 2.10 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.4 or 2.5 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.4 or 2.5 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.6 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.7 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.7 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.7 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.8 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.8 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.8 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.9 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.9 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.9 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.20 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.10 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.10 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.11 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.11 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.11 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.12 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, such as, for example methyl). In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.12 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. In another example of Q, Q is moiety 2.12 wherein each R3, R4, and R7 is H.

    [0204] Another example of the Q substituent 2.2 is:

    (i.e., each R24 is H and w is 1).

    [0205] Another example of the Q substituent 2.2 is:

    (i.e., each R24 is H and w is 1).

    [0206] Another example of the Q substitutent 2.2 is:

    (i.e., each R24 is H and w is 1).

    [0207] An example of the Q substituent 2.3 is:

    (i.e., each R24 is H and w is 1).

    [0208] Another example of the Q substituent 2.3 is:

    (i.e., each R24 is H and w is 1).

    [0209] Another example of the Q substituent 2.3 is:

    (i.e., each R24 is H and w is 1).

    [0210] Another example of the Q substituent 2.2 is:



    [0211] Another example of the Q substituent 2.2 is:



    [0212] Another example of the Q substituent 2.2 is:



    [0213] Another example of the Q substituent 2.3 is:



    [0214] Another example of the Q substituent 2.3 is:



    [0215] Another example of the Q substituent 2.3 is:



    [0216] Another example of the Q substitutent 2.1 is the piperidine ring:

    substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from the group consisting of R3 groups, provided that said one or two substitutents are not H. In one embodiment said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups (e.g., C1 to C6 alkyl, e.g., methyl). In another embodiment there is one substituent on said piperidine ring. In another embodiment there is one substituent on said piperidine ring and said substituent is methyl.

    [0217] In one example of the Q substituent 2.6

    Q2 is heterocycloalkyl.

    [0218] When the Q substitutent comprises two Q1 rings, each Q1 ring is independently selected. Generally, the Q1 cycloalkyl rings and the Q1 substituted cycloalkyl rings comprise 5 to 7 ring carbons. In general, the heterocycloalkyl Q1 rings and the substituted heterocycloalky Q1 rings comprise 5 to 7 ring carbons and comprise 1 to 3 (generally 1 or 2, or generally 1) ring heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of: O, N and S. In general, the heteroaryl Q1 rings and the substituted heteroaryl Q1 rings comprise 5 to 7 ring carbons and comprise 1 to 3 (generally 1 or 2, or generally 1) ring heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of: O, N and S. Examples of the Q1 rings include, but are not limited to: piperidinyl, piperazinyl, pyranyl, pyrrolidinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, furanyl, thienyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and cycloheptyl. Examples of the Q1 rings also include, but are not limited to: substituted piperidinyl, substituted piperazinyl, substituted pyranyl, substituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted morpholinyl, substituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted pyridyl, substituted pyrimidinyl, substituted pyrrolyl, substituted pyrazolyl, substituted furanyl, substituted thienyl, substituted thiazolyl, substituted imidazolyl, substituted cyclopentyl, substituted cyclohexyl and substituted cycloheptyl wherein said substituted Q1 rings are substituted with 1 to 3 substitutents selected from the R10 moieties.

    [0219] In general, the heterocycloalkyl Q2 rings and the substituted heterocycloalky Q2 rings comprise 5 to 7 ring carbons and comprise a total of 1 to 3 (generally 1 or 2, or generally 1) ring heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of: O, N and S (i.e., the total number of heteroatoms in the ring, including the nitrogen common to both rings in 2.6 and 2.12, is 1 to 3).

    [0220] Examples of the Q2 rings include, but are not limited to: morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, and pyrrolidinyl. Examples of the Q2 rings also include, but are not limited to: substituted piperidinyl, substituted piperazinyl, substituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted morpholinyl, substituted thiomorpholinyl wherein said substituted Q2 rings are substituted with 1 to 3 substitutents selected from the R10 moieties.

    [0221] In one example the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0222] Another example the Q substituent 2.7 is:

    wherein R5A is halo.

    [0223] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0224] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0225] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:

    wherein R5A is alkoxy, i.e., -O-(C1 to C6)alkyl, such as, for example, -O-(C1 to C3)alkyl, or -O-(C1 to C2)alkyl.

    [0226] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0227] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:

    wherein R5A is alkyl (e.g., -(C1 to C6)alkyl, such as, for example, -(C1 to C3)alkyl, or -(C1 to C2)alkyl).

    [0228] Thus, another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0229] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0230] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0231] Another example of the Q substituent 2.7 is:



    [0232] Examples of R1 for the compounds of this invention (e.g., compounds of formulas 1.0, 1.0A1, 1.0B1, 1.0C1, 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3, 1.3A, 3.0, 3.0A1, 3.0B1, 3.0C1, 3.1, 3.1A, 3.2, 3.2A, 3.3, 3.3A, 4.0, 4.0A1, 4.0B1, 4.0C1, 4.1, 4.1A, 4.2, 4.2A, 4.3, 4.3A, 5.0, 5.0A1, 5.0B1, 5.0C1, 5.1, 5.1A, 5.2, 5.2A, 5.3, 5.3A, 6.0, 6.0A1, 6.0B1, 6.0C1, 6.1, 6.1A, 6.2, 6.2A, 6.3, 6.3A, 7.0, 7.0A1, 7.0B1, 7.0C1, 7.1, 7.1A, 7.2, 7.2A, 7.3 and 7.3A) include, but are not limited to:

































































    [0233] In one embodiment of this invention, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:













    [0234] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0235] R1, in one embodiment of this invention, is aryl (e.g., phenyl).

    [0236] R1, in one embodiment of this invention is substituted aryl, such as,



    [0237] R1, in another embodiment of this invention, is heteroaryl (e.g., in one embodiment R1 is pyridyl N-oxide, and in another embodiment R1 is pyridyl, such as

    ).

    [0238] R1, in one embodiment of this invention, is substituted heteroaryl (e.g., substituted pyridyl).

    [0239] R1, in one embodiment of this invention, is substituted heteroaryl (e.g., substituted pyridyl), such as, for example:



    [0240] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0241] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0242] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0243] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0244] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0245] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0246] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0247] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0248] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0249] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0250] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0251] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0252] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0253] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0254] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0255] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0256] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0257] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0258] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0259] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0260] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0261] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0262] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0263] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0264] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0265] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0266] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is:



    [0267] Examples of R5 for the compounds of this invention (e.g., compounds of formulas 1.0, 1.0A1, 1.0B1, 1.0C1, 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3, 1.3A, 3.0, 3.0A1, 3.0B1, 3.0C1, 3.1, 3.1A, 3.2, 3.2A, 3.3, 3.3A, 4.0, 4.0A1, 4.0B1, 4.0C1, 4.1, 4.1A, 4.2, 4.2A, 4.3, 4.3A, 5.0, 5.0A1, 5.0B1, 5.0C1, 5.1, 5.1A, 5.2, 5.2A, 5.3, 5.3A, 6.0, 6.0A1, 6.0B1, 6.0C1, 6.1, 6.1A, 6.2, 6.2A, 6.3, 6.3A, 7.0, 7.0A1, 7.0B1, 7.0C1, 7.1, 7.1A, 7.2, 7.2A, 7.3 and 7.3A) include but are not limited to:



































    [0268] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is selected from the group consisting of:







    [0269] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is selected from the group consisting of:





    [0270] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is selected from the group consisting of:







    [0271] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0272] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0273] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0274] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0275] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0276] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0277] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0278] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0279] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0280] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0281] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0282] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0283] In another embodiment of this invention, R5 is:



    [0284] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0285] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0286] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0287] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0288] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0289] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0290] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0291] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0292] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0293] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0294] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0295] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0296] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0297] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0298] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0299] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0300] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0301] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0302] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0303] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0304] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0305] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 2.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 2.0A1, 2.0A, 2.0B1, 2.0B, 2.0C1, 2.0C, 2.1A, 2.1, 2.2A, 2.2, 2.3A or 2.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0306] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 2.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 2.0A1, 2.0A, 2.0B1, 2.0B, 2.0C1, 2.0C, 2.1A, 2.1, 2.2A, 2.2, 2.3A or 2.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0307] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 2.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) wherein Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0308] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 2.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0309] R2 , in one embodiment of this invention, is -OR23 wherein R23 is alkyl, and said alkyl is methyl (i.e., R2 is -OCH3).

    [0310] R2, in another embodiment of this invention, is -OCH3. R2, in another embodiment of this invention, is -S(O)t-alkyl. R2, in another embodiment of this invention, is -S-alkyl (i.e., t is 0) such as, for example, -S-CH3. R2, in another embodiment of this invention, is -S(O)2-alkyl (i.e., t is 2) such as, for example, -S(O)2CH3. R2, in another embodiment of this invention, is -SCH3. R2, in another embodiment of this invention, is -S(O)2CH3.

    [0311] Preferably R2 is selected from the group consisting of: ethynyl, -OCH3, and -CH2OCH3.

    [0312] Additional examples of the R2 -(CH2)mR11 group include, but are not limited to -CH2OH, -CH2CN, -CH2OC2H5, -(CH2)3OCH3, -CH2F and -CH2-triazolyl, such as,



    [0313] Additional examples of R2 include, but are not limited to, -OC2H5 and -OCH(CH3)2.

    [0314] R3, in one embodiment of this invention, is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl. R3, in another embodiment of this invention, is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. R3, in another embodiment of this invention, is H.

    [0315] R4, in one embodiment of this invention, is H. R4, in another embodiment of this invention, is selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl. R4, in another embodiment of this invention, is selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0316] R6, in one embodiment of this invention, is R6 H.

    [0317] R7, in one embodiment of this invention, is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl. R7, in another embodiment of this invention, is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl. R7, in one embodiment of this invention, is H.

    [0318] R8, in one embodiment of this invention, is H.

    [0319] Y1, in one embodiment of this invention, is carbon. Y2, in one embodiment of this invention, is carbon. Y3, in one embodiment of this invention, is carbon. Y1, Y2 and Y3, in one embodiment of this invention, are carbon.

    [0320] One embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0, preferably a compound of formula 1.0C1 and more preferably a compound of formula 1.0C, (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1, and each R3, R4, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    [0321] One embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0, preferably a compound of formula 1.0C1 and more preferably a compound of formula 1.0C, (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1, and each R3, R4, and R7 is H.

    [0322] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g., -SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0323] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0324] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0325] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0326] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0327] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0328] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0329] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0330] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0331] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0332] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0333] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0334] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0335] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0336] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0337] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0338] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0339] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0340] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0341] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0342] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0343] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H.

    [0344] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.1, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0345] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds of formula 2.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3), Q is 2.7, each R3 is H, each R4 is H, each R6 is H and each R7 is H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0346] This invention provides compounds of formula 1.4:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein R1, R2 and Q
    are independently selected, and wherein:

    Q is:

    R1 is selected from the group consisting of: aryl (e.g., phenyl), substituted aryl (e.g., substituted phenyl), heteroaryl (e.g., pyridyl) and substituted heteroaryl (e.g. substituted pyridyl), and wherein said substituted heteroaryl is substituted with 1 to 3 (preferably 1) substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -OH, alkyl (e.g., C1 to C3 alkyl, and in one example methyl), alkoxy (e.g., -OCH(CH3)2), -CF3, and -O-alkylene-O-alkyl, and wherein said substituted aryl is substituted with 1 to 3 (preferably 1) substitutents selected from the group consisting of halo (and in one example F);

    R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g.,-SCH3); and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



































    [0347] This invention provides compounds of formula 1.4:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein R1, R2 and Q are independently selected, and wherein:

    Q is:

    R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    1. (a) phenyl,
    2. (b) substituted phenyl, for example, phenyl substituted with 1 to 3 independently selected halos (e.g., Cl, F and Br), such as for example, phenyl substituted with 1 to 3 independently halos (e.g., Cl, F, and Br), such as, for example, wherein R1 is p-F-phenyl,
    3. (c) heteroaryl (e.g., pyridyl), and
    4. (d) substituted heteroaryl (e.g., substituted pyridyl), wherein said substituted heteroaryl is substituted with 1 to 3 (preferably 1) substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: alkoxy (e.g., -OCH(CH3)2), alkyl (e.g., methyl), and -CF3, such as, for example, wherein R1 is

    R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g., - SCH3); and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



































    [0348] This invention provides compounds of formula 1.4:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein R1, R2 and Q are independently selected, and wherein:

    Q is:

    R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl (e.g., -OCH3) and -S-alkyl (e.g., -SCH3); and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    [0349] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the term "alkylene", as used in the substituents -O-alkylene-O-alkyl and -alkylene-O-alkyl, means a divalent saturated hydrocarbon group. Thus, an example of an alkylene moiety is -CH2-CH2-, and an example of an -O-alkylene-O-alkyl moiety is -O-(CH2)2-O-CH3, and an example of an -alkylene-O-alkyl moiety is -(CH2)2-O-CH3.

    [0350] Those skilled in the art will also appreciate that the term alkylene also includes the moiety -CH2-.

    [0351] Examples of the R1 heteroaryl group in formula 1.4 include, but are not limited to, pyridyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, furanyl, thienyl, thiazolyl, pyridyl N-O, and pyrimidinyl.

    [0352] Examples of the R1 substitued heteroaryl group in formula 1.4 include, but are not limited to, substituted pyridyl, substituted pyrrolyl, substituted pyrazolyl, substituted imidazolyl, substituted furanyl, substituted thienyl, substituted thiazolyl, substituted pyridyl N-O, and substituted pyrimidinyl.

    [0353] In one embodiment of this invention R1 is pyridyl in formula 1.4.

    [0354] In another embodiment of this invention R1 is substituted pyridyl in formula 1.4.

    [0355] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is pyridyl substituted with one substitutent.

    [0356] Unless indicated otherwise, the substitutents on the substituted R1 groups (e.g., the substituted pyridyl) in formula 1.4 are independently selected from the group consisting of: -OH, alkoxy, and-O-alkylene-O-alkyl. Examples of the alkoxy group include, for example, C1 to C6alkoxy (such as, for example, -O-CH3, -O-C2H5, and -O-CH(CH3)2). Examples of the -O-alkylene-O-alkyl group include, for example, -O-(C1-C4)alkylene-O-(C1-C6)alkyl, -O-(C1-C2)alkylene-O-(C1-C3alkyl), and-O-(CH2)2-O-CH3).

    [0357] Examples of R1 in formula 1.4 include, for example,



    [0358] In one embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is pyridyl substituted with alkoxy. In another embodiement of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is substituted with -OCH(CH3)2. In another embodiement of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is substituted with -OC2H5.

    [0359] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0360] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0361] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is substituted with -O-alkylene-O-alkyl. In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is substituted with -OCH2CH2OCH3.

    [0362] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0363] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0364] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0365] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0366] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0367] In another embodiment of this invention R1 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0368] Examples of the R2 -O-alkyl group in formula 1.4 include, for example, -0-(Ci-C6)alkyl, -O-(C1-C2)alkyl, and -OCH3.

    [0369] Examples of the R2 -S-alkyl group in formula 1.4 include, for example, -S-(C1-C6)alkyl, -S-(C1-C2)alkyl, and -SCH3.

    [0370] In one embodiment of this invention R2 in formula 1.4 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group. In another embodiment of this invention R2 in formula 1.4 is -OCH3. In another embodiment of this invention R2 in formula 1.4 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group. In another embodiment of this invention R2 in formula 1.4 is -SCH3.

    [0371] In another embodiment of this invention R5 in formula 1.4 is



    [0372] In another embodiment of this invention R5 in formula 1.4 is



    [0373] In another embodiment of this invention R5 in formula 1.4 is:



    [0374] In another embodiment of this invention R5 in formula 1.4 is



    [0375] Other embodiments of the invention are described below. The embodiments have been numbered for ease of reference.

    Embodiment No. 1 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is substituted pyridyl.

    Embodiment No. 2 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is pyridyl substituted with one substituent.

    Embodiment No. 3 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 4 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 5 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 6 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OCH(CH3)2.

    Embodiment No. 7 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein, R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OC2H5.

    Embodiment No. 8 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 9 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 10 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein z is 1, R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    wherein said -O-alkylene-O-alkyl group is -OCH2CH2OCH3.

    Embodiment No. 11 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 12 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is substituted pyridyl.

    Embodiment No. 13 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is pyridyl substituted with one substituent.

    Embodiment No. 14 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 15 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 16 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 17 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OCH(CH3)2.

    Embodiment No. 18 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OC2H5.

    Embodiment No. 19 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 20 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 21 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    wherein said -O-alkylene-O-alkyl group is -OCH2CH2OCH3.

    Embodiment No. 22 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 23 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is substituted pyridyl.

    Embodiment No. 24 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is pyridyl substituted with one substituent.

    Embodiment No. 25 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 26 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 27 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 28 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OCH(CH3)2.

    Embodiment No. 29 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OC2H5.

    Embodiment No. 30 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 31 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 32 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    wherein said -O-alkylene-O-alkyl group is -OCH2CH2OCH3.

    Embodiment No. 33 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 34 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is substituted pyridyl.

    Embodiment No. 35 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is pyridyl substituted with one substituent.

    Embodiment No. 36 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 37 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 38 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 39 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OCH(CH3)2.

    Embodiment No. 40 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    wherein said alkoxy group is -OC2H5.

    Embodiment No. 41 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 42 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 43 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    wherein said -O-alkylene-O-alkyl group is -OCH2CH2OCH3.

    Embodiment No. 44 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein R2 is -SCH3, and R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 45 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 having the formula 1.4A:

    Embodiment No. 46 is directed to any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 44 wherein the compound of formula 1.4 is a compound of formula 1.4A.

    Embodiment No. 47 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 48 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 49 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 50 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 51 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 52 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 53 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:


    Embodiment No. 54 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 55 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 56 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 57 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 58 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 59 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 60 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 61 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 62 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 63 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 64 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 65 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 66 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 67 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 68 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 69 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 70 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 71 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 72 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 73 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 74 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 75 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 76 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 77 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 78 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 79 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 80 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 81 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 82 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 83 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3, and
    3. (c) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 84 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is formula 2.1, and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 85 is directed to compounds of formula 1.4 wherein:

    1. (a) R1 is:

    2. (b) R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -SCH3 and -OCH3,
    3. (c) Q is:

      and
    4. (d) R5 is:

    Embodiment No. 86 is directed to any one of Embodiment Numbers 47 to 85 wherein the compound of formula 1.4 is a compound of formula 1.4A:

    Embodiment No. 87 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (in one example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A), wherein Q is selected from the group consisting of substituents 2.1, 2.2, 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1, 2.2C1, 2.3, 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, 2.3C1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11 and 2.12.

    Embodiment No. 88 is directed to a compound of formula 1.1 wherein Q is selected from the group consisting of substituents 2.1, 2.2, 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1, 2.2C1, 2.3, 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, 2.3C1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11 and 2.12.

    Embodiment No. 89 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 wherein Q is selected from the group consisting of substituents 2.1, 2.2, 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1, 2.2C1, 2.3, 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, 2.3C1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11 and 2.12.

    Embodiment No. 90 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein Q is selected from the group consisting of substituents 2.1, 2.2, 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1, 2.2C1, 2.3, 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, 2.3C1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11 and 2.12.

    Embodiment No. 91 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1.

    Embodiment No. 92 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1).

    Embodiment No. 93 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.3 (e.g., 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, or 2.3C1).

    Embodiment No. 94 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.4.

    Embodiment No. 95 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.5.

    Embodiment No. 96 is directed to any of compounds of formulas to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.6.

    Embodiment No. 97 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.7.

    Embodiment No. 98 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.8.

    Embodiment No. 99 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.9.

    Embodiment No. 100 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.10.

    Embodiment No. 101 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.11.

    Embodiment No. 102 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.12.

    Embodiment No. 103 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.1. Embodiment No. 104 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1). Embodiment No. 105 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.3 (e.g., 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, or 2.3C1). Embodiment No. 106 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.4. Embodiment No. 107 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.5. Embodiment No. 108 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.6. Embodiment No. 109 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.7. Embodiment No. 110 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.8. Embodiment No. 111 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.9. Embodiment No. 112 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.10. Embodiment No. 113 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.11. Embodiment No. 114 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is 2.12.

    Embodiment No. 115 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 116 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 117 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 118 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 119 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1, 2.2, 2.3A, 2.3B, and 2.3C, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 120 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0, preferably a compound of formula 1.0C1 and more preferably a compound of formula 1.0C, (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 121 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 122 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 123 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0, preferably a compound of formula 1.0C1 and more preferably a compound of formula 1.0C, (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 124 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 125 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 126 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0, preferably a compound of formula 1.0C1 and more preferably a compound of formula 1.0C, (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) wherein substituent Q is 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 127 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.1, and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 128 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 129 is directed to a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.1, 1.1A, 1.2, 1.2A, 1.3 or 1.3A) (and in one example formula 1.0C1, and in another example formula 1.0C, and in another example formula 1.4, and in another example formula 1.4A) wherein substituent Q is 2.3 (e.g., 2.3A, 2.3B, 2.3C, 2.3A1, 2.3B1, or 2.3C1), and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 130 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 131 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 132 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 133 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1).

    Embodiment No. 134 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 135 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 136 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 137 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7.

    Embodiment No. 138 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 139 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 140 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 141 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moiety 2.1, and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 142 is directed to a compound of formula 1.2 or 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moiety 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 143 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 144 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 145 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 146 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1).

    Embodiment No. 147 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 148 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 149 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moieties 2.1 and 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 150 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7.

    Embodiment No. 151 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 152 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl.

    Embodiment No. 153 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is moiety 2.7, and each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 154 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moiety 2.1, and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 155 is directed to a compound of formula 1.3 wherein substituent Q is selected from the group consisting of: moiety 2.2 (e.g., 2.2A, 2.2B, 2.2C, 2.2A1, 2.2B1 or 2.2C1), and: (1) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl, or (2) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and methyl, or (3) each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H.

    Embodiment No. 157 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is phenyl.

    Embodiment No. 158 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is substituted phenyl.

    Embodiment No. 159 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is heteroaryl (e.g., pyridyl, such as

    ).

    Embodiment No. 160 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is substituted heteroaryl (e.g., substituted pyridyl).

    Embodiment No. 161 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is pyridyl substituted with cycloalkyl (e.g., cyclopropyl).

    Embodiment No. 162 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is pyridyl substituted with cyclopropyl.

    Embodiment No. 163 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 164 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is phenyl substituted with halo.

    Embodiment No. 165 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is phenyl substituted with F.

    Embodiment No. 166 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is p-F-phenyl.

    Embodiment No. 167 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is pyridyl substituted with -CF3.

    Embodiment No. 168 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 169 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is pyridyl substituted with alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 170 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is pyridyl substituted with methyl.

    Embodiment No. 171 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 155, wherein R1 is:

    Embodiment No. 172 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of:

































    Embodiment No. 173 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87-156 wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of:



    Embodiment No. 174 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 174 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of:

    Embodiment No. 175 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is

    Embodiment No. 176 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is

    Embodiment No. 177 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is

    Embodiment No. 178 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is

    Embodiment No. 179 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is

    Embodiment No. 180 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 and 87 to 156 wherein R5 is

    Embodiment No. 181 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment 87 to 156 wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of the R1 groups of any one of Embodiment Nos. 156 to 171 and wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of the R5 groups in any one of Embodiment Nos. 172 to 180.

    Embodiment No. 187 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 wherein R2 is H instead of the R2 group that is defined in Embodiment Numbers 1 to 44.

    Embodiment No. 188 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 1-46 wherein R2 is H instead of the R2 group that is defined in Embodiment Numbers 1 to 44, and R5 is as defined in any one of Embodiment Numbers 172 to 180.

    Embodiment No. 187 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87-171 wherein R2 is -OR23 wherein R23 is alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 188 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87-171 wherein R2 is -OR23 wherein R23 is alkyl, and R5 is as defined in any one of Embodiment Numbers 172 to 180.

    Embodiment No. 189 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87-171 wherein R2 is -OR23 wherein R23 is alkyl.

    Embodiment No. 190 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87-171 wherein R2 is -OR23 wherein R23 is alkyl, and R5 is as defined in any one of Embodiment Numbers 172 to 180.

    Embodiment No. 191 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 171 wherein R2 is -OCH3.

    Embodiment No. 192 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos. 87 to 171 wherein R2 is -OCH3, and R5 is as defined in any one of Embodiment Numbers 172 to 180.

    Embodiment No. 201 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos.1 to 200 wherein R3 is -CH3, provided that, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, Embodiment No. 201 does not apply to any previous embodiment wherein R3 has already been limited to H.

    Embodiment No. 202 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos.1 to 200 wherein R4 is -CH3, provided that, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, Embodiment No. 202 does not apply to any previous embodiment wherein R4 has already been limited to H.

    Embodiment No. 203 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos.1 to 200 wherein R6 is -CH3, provided that, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, Embodiment No. 203 does not apply to any previous embodiment wherein R6 has already been limited to H, or wherein R6 is absent from the formula (e.g., when Q is 2.6).

    Embodiment No. 204 is directed to a compound of any one of Embodiment Nos.1 to 200 wherein R7 is -CH3, provided that, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, Embodiment No. 204 does not apply to any previous embodiment wherein R7 has already been limited to H.

    Embodiment No. 205 is directed to a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 and 41. For example, a compound selected from the group consisting of: 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 36, 39 and 41.



    [0376] The language "as described in any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 46" means that the embodiment being described is applicable to each one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 46. For example, another embodiment of this invention is directed to compounds described in Embodiment No. 1 wherein R5 in formula 1.4 is as described in any one of the paragraphs below. In another example, another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds described in Embodiment No.2 wherein R5 in formula 1.4 is as described in any one of the paragraphs below, etc.

    [0377] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4 as described in any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 46 wherein R5 in formula 1.4 is selected from the group consisting of:















    [0378] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4 as described in any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 46 wherein R5 in formula 1.4 is selected from the group consisting of:









    and



    [0379] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4 as described in any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 46 wherein R5 in formula 1.4 is selected from the group consisting of:









    [0380] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4 as described in any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 46 wherein R5 in formula 1.4 is selected from the group consisting of:









    [0381] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4A:

    wherein:

    R1 and R2 are as defined in any one of embodiment numbers 47 to 85,

    Q is:

    and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:















    [0382] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4A:

    wherein:

    R2 is a -O-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Q is:

    and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:















    [0383] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to compounds of formula 1.4A:

    wherein:

    R2 is a -S-(C1-C2)alkyl group, and R1 is:

    Q is:

    and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:















    [0384] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above (for example, any one of embodiment numbers 1 to 86, or any one of the embodiments following embodiment number 87) wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are deuterium.

    [0385] Representative compounds of this invention include, but are not limited to:

































    and

    R50 in compounds 34, 37, 38 and 40 is as defined for formula A1.

    [0386] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 7. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 9. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 14. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 16. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 18. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 20. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 22. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 24. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 29. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 31. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 32. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 34. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 36. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 37. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 38. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 39. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 40. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 41.

    [0387] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 7. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 9. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 14. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 16. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 18. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 20. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 22. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 24. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 29. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 31. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 32. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 34. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 36. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 37. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 38. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 39. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 40. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of compound 41.

    [0388] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 7. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 9. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to solvate of compound 14. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 16. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 18. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 20. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 22. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 24. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 29. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 31. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 32. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 34. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 36. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 37. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 38. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 39. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 40. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a solvate of compound 41.

    [0389] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 7 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 7 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 7 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 9 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 9 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 9 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 14 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 14 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 14 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 16 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 16 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 16 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 18 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 18 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 18 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 20 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 20 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 20 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 22 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 22 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 22 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 24 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 24 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 24 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 29 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 29 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 29 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 31 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 31 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 31 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 32 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 32 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 32 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 34 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 34 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 34 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 36 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 36 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 36 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 37 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 37 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 37 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 38 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 38 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 38 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 39 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 39 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 39 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 40 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 40 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 40 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 41 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 41 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to compound 41 in isolated form.

    [0390] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0B1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0B. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0C1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.0C. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.1A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.2A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.2. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.3A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 1.3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0B1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0B. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0C1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.0C. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.1A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.2A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.2. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.3A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 3.3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0B1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0B. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0C1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.0C. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.1A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.2A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.2. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.3A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 4.3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0B1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0B. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0C1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.0C. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.1A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.2A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.2. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.3A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 5.3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0B1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0B. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0C1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.0C. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.1A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.2A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.2. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.3A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 6.3. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0A1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0B1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0B. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0C1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.0C. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.1A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.1. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.2A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.2. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.3A. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula 7.3.

    [0391] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula A1 in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula A1 in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula A1 in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3) in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 3.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3) in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3) in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 5.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3) in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3) in isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) in pure and isolated form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 7.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) in pure form. Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compounds of formula 7.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3) in isolated form.

    [0392] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one compound (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) of formula A1 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0393] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of a compound of formula A1 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0394] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 and an effective amount of at least one other (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) pharmaceutically active ingredient (such as, for example, a chemotherapeutic agent), and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0395] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of a compound of formula A1 and an effective amount of at least one other (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) pharmaceutically active ingredient (such as, for example, a chemotherapeutic agent), and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0396] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one compound (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) of formula A1, at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) chemotherapeutic agent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0397] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of a compound of formula A1, a chemotherapeutic agent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0398] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to pharmaceutical compositions wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3).

    [0399] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to pharmaceutical compositions wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 3.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3).

    [0400] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to pharmaceutical compositions wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 4.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3).

    [0401] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to pharmaceutical compositions wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3).

    [0402] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to pharmaceutical compositions wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3).

    [0403] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to pharmaceutical compositions wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3).

    [0404] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 7 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0405] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 9 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0406] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 14 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0407] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 16 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0408] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 18 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0409] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 20 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0410] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 22 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0411] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 24 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0412] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound 29 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0413] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41) and an effective amount of at least one other (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) pharmaceutically active ingredient (such as, for example, a chemotherapeutic agent), and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0414] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), and an effective amount of at least one other (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) pharmaceutically active ingredient (such as, for example, a chemotherapeutic agent), and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0415] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) chemotherapeutic agent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0416] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), a chemotherapeutic agent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0417] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 for use in treating cancer.

    [0418] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1 for use in treating cancer.

    [0419] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41) for use in treating cancer.

    [0420] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound compound selected from the group consisting of compounds compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41) for use in treating cancer.

    [0421] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 for use in treating cancer.

    [0422] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound selected from the group consisting of compounds compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41) for use in treating cancer.

    [0423] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and an effective amount of at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.

    [0424] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, and an effective amount of at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.

    [0425] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), and an effective amount of at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.

    [0426] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), and an effective amount of at least one (1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.

    [0427] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.

    [0428] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), in combination with an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.

    [0429] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer.

    [0430] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41) in combination with at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer.

    [0431] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer.

    [0432] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41) in combination with at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer.

    [0433] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of a compound of formula A1, in combination with at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer.

    [0434] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41 (and in one example 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, and 41), in combination with at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer.

    [0435] In any of the uses of treating cancer described herein, unless stated otherwise, the uses can optionally include the administration of an effective amount of one or more (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agents. The chemotherapeutic agents can be administered currently or sequentially with the compounds of this invention.

    [0436] The uses of treating cancer described herein include uses wherein a combination of drugs (i.e., compounds, or pharmaceutically active ingredients, or pharmaceutical compositions) are used (i.e., the methods of treating cancer of this invention include combination therapies). Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the drugs are generally administered individually as a pharmaceutical composition. The use of a pharmaceutical composition comprising more than one drug is within the scope of this invention.

    [0437] In any of the uses of treating cancer described herein, unless stated otherwise, the methods can optionally include the administration of an effective amount of radiation therapy. The radiation thereapy can be administered prior to, during, or after the treatment cycle with the compounds of this invention and optional antineoplastic agents. For radiation therapy, γ-radiation is preferred.

    [0438] Examples of cancers which may be treated by the uses of this invention include, but are not limited to: (A) lung cancer (e.g., lung adenocarcinoma and non small cell lung cancer), (B) pancreatic cancers (e.g., pancreatic carcinoma such as, for example, exocrine pancreatic carcinoma), (C) colon cancers (e.g., colorectal carcinomas, such as, for example, colon adenocarcinoma and colon adenoma), (D) myeloid leukemias (for example, acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), CML, and CMML), (E) thyroid cancer, (F) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), (G) bladder carcinoma, (H) epidermal carcinoma, (I) melanoma, (J) breast cancer, (K) prostate cancer, (L) head and neck cancers (e.g., squamous cell cancer of the head and neck), (M) ovarian cancer, (N) brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), (O) cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), (P) sarcomas, (Q) tetracarcinomas, (R) nuroblastomas, (S) kidney carcinomas, (T) hepatomas, (U) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, (V) multiple myeloma, and (W) anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.

    [0439] The compounds of this invention inhibit the activity of ERK1 and ERK2 Thus, this invention further provides one or more (e.g., one) compounds of this invention for use in inhibiting ERK. The administration of the compounds of this invention to patients, to inhibit ERK1 and/or ERK2, is useful in the treatment of cancer.

    [0440] Thus, one embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 for use in inhibiting ERK (i.e., inhibiting the activity of ERK). Another embodiment of this invention is directed at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 for use in inhibiting ERK1 (i.e., inhibiting the activity of ERK1). Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 for use in inhibiting ERK2 (i.e., inhibiting the activity of ERK2). Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 for use in inhibiting ERK1 and ERK2 (i.e., inhibiting the activity of ERK1 and ERK2).

    [0441] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of inhibiting ERK, ERK1 and ERK2 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3).

    [0442] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of inhibiting ERK, ERK1 and ERK2 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 3.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3).

    [0443] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of inhibiting ERK, ERK1 and ERK2 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3).

    [0444] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of inhibiting ERK, ERK1 and ERK2 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 5.0 (e.g., anyone of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3).

    [0445] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of inhibiting ERK, ERK1 and ERK2 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3).

    [0446] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of inhibiting ERK, ERK1 and ERK2 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3).

    [0447] The compounds of this invention can be combined with MTOR inhibitors.

    [0448] Thus, any of the uses of this invention can optionally include the administration of an effective amount of one or more (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1) MTOR inhibitors. The MTOR inhibitors can be administered currently or sequentially with the compounds of the invention and with the optional chemotherapeutic agents.

    [0449] Examples of mTOR inhibitors include but are not limited to: those disclosed in: US 2007/0112005 (which describes fused bicyclic mTOR inhibitors useful in treatment of cancer), WO 2007/087395 (which describes unsaturated mTOR inhibitors useful in treatment of cancer), WO 2006/090169 (which describes 2,4-diamineo-pyrido-pyrmidine derivatives and their use as mTOR inhibitors), WO 2007/066099 (which describes pyrimidine derivatives useful as mTOR kinase inhibitors for anticancer), US 2005/0222171 (which describes pyrazolo[1,5 a]pyrimidin-7-yl amine derivatives to treat protein kinase dependent diseases), WO 2005/070431 (which describes pyrazolo[1,5 a]pyrimidin-7-yl amine derivatives to treat protein kinase dependent diseases), WO 2007/0570431 (which describes pyrazolo[1,5 a]pyrimidin-7-yl amine derivatives to treat protein kinase dependent diseases), WO 2007/009773 (which describes pyrazolo[1,5 a]pyrimidin-7-yl amine derivatives to treat protein kinase dependent diseases), US 2002/0041880 (which describes pyrazolo[1,5 a]pyrimidin-7-yl derivatives to inhibit kinase insert domain-containing receptor to block angiogenesis), and U.S. 7,091,213 (which describes AP23573 (deforolimus)).

    [0450] mTOR ihibitors also include compounds of the formula:

    (wherein R, R1 and R2 are as defined in this paragraph) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, ester, or prodrug thereof, wherein: R is independently selected from the group consisting of halo, hydroxyl, amino, -CN, H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, alkoxy, -C(=O)alkyl, heteroaryl and aryl, wherein each of said heteroaryl and aryl can be unsubstituted or substituted with one or more alkyl and halo; R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, spiroheterocycloalkyl, heterocyclenyl, -NR3R4, cycloalkyl, heteroaryl, aryl, alkyl, alkynyl, heterocyclenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heteroarylalkynyl, spiroheterocycloalkylalkyl, -N-heteroaryl, -alkyl-NH-heterocyclyl and arylalkyl, wherein each of said heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, spiroheterocycloalkyl, heterocyclenyl, cycloalkyl, heteroaryl, aryl, alkyl, alkynyl, heterocyclenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heteroarylalkynyl, -N-heteroaryl and arylalkyl can be unsubstituted or substituted with one or moieties independently selected from the group X; X is alkoxyl, alkyl, -C(O)alkyl, -C(O)-hydroxyalkyl, -C(O)2alkyl, -C(O)2H, hydroxyalkyl, -S(O)2alkyl, hydroxyl, heterocycloalkyl, -NH-heterocycloalkyl, -trihaloalkyl, -dihaloalkyl, -monohaloalkyl, -N-S(O)2-alkyl, -C(O)-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)2H, -alkyl(CO)N(CH3)-O-CH3, -alkyl(CO)-heteroaryl, -alkyl-C(O)-NH2, -NH2, heteroaryl, -alkyl-CN, -C(O)2-arylalkyl, halo, carboxyesteralkyl, -C(O)-NH2, -alkyl-C(O)2alkyl, heteroarylalkyl, -C(O)-heteroaryl, -C(O)-alkyl-O-alkyl, -alkyl(CO)NS(O)2-cycloalkyl, -alkyl(CO)N-S(O)2-CF3, -N-alkyl, -SO2-cycloalkyl, -alkyl(CO)NS(O)2-alkyl, -alkyl-C(O)-N(alkyl)2, -alkyl-NS(O)2-alkyl, alkyl(CO)NS(O)2-cycloaklyl, -CO-CO2H, -C(O)2-alkyl-aryl, -SO2-CF3 or -C(O)H, wherein each of said heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or -C(O)-heteroaryl can be unsubstituted or substituted with one or more alkyl; R2 is heteroaryl or aryl, wherein each of said heteroaryl or aryl can be unsubstituted or independently substituted with one or more moieties independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, alkoxyl, -CN, aryloxyl, aryl, halo, hydroxyl, -C(CH3)2CN, trifluromethyl, difluromethyl, monofluromethyl, heterocycloalkyl, and arylalkyl; R3 is cycloalkyl or heteroaryl, wherein each of said cycloalkyl or heteroaryl can be unsubstituted or substituted with one or more moieties independently selected from the group consisting of X; and R4 is H, as described in U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 61/168093, now filed as PCT/US10/030350 on April 8, 2010, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto.

    [0451] Examples of mTOR inhibitors also include compounds of the formula:

    (wherein Q, R1, R2, R3 and R4 are as defined in this paragraph) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts, solvates, prodrugs, esters, and stereoisomers thereof, wherein; Q3 is N or C(H); R1 is H, halo, -NR5R6, -OR7, -SR8, -CN, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, cycloalkylalkyl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl, wherein said cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, cycloalkylalkyl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl of R1 is unsubstituted or substituted with one more moieties, which can be the same or different, each moiety being selected from the group consisting of consisting of halogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, -CF3, -CN, -C(O)OH, -(CH2)x-C(O)OH,
    -OCF3, -OR7, -C(O)R10, -NR5R6, -C(O2)-alkyl, -C(O)NR5R6, -SR8, and -S(O2)R7; R2 is selected from the group consisting of heterocyclyl, spiroheterocyclyl, heterocyclenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, aryl, heterocyclylalkyl, spiroheterocyclylalkyl, heterocyclenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, arylalkyl, -O-heterocyclyl, -S-heterocyclyl, -S(O)-heterocyclyl, S(O)2-heterocyclyl, -N(R9)-heterocyclyl, and -alkyl-N(R9)-heterocyclyl, wherein said heterocyclyl, spiroheterocyclyl, heterocyclenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, aryl, heterocyclylalkyl, spiroheterocyclylalkyl, heterocyclenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, arylalkyl, -O-heterocyclyl, -S-heterocyclyl, -S(O)-heterocyclyl, -S(O)2-heterocyclyl, -N(R9)-heterocyclyl, or-alkyl-N(R9)-heterocyclyl is unsubstituted or substituted with one to four moieties, which can be the same or different, each moiety being selected from group X; X is alkyl, halo, -CN, -NR5R6, SR8, -OR7, -C(O)alkyl, -trihaloalkyl, -dihaloalkyl, -monohaloalkyl, -C(O)2alkyl, -C(O)2H, hydroxyalkyl, -S(O)2R8, hydroxyl, -alkyl-C(O)2H, -alkyl(CO)N(CH3)-O-CH3, -C(O)2-alkyl, -alkyl-C(O)-NH2, -alkyl-CN, -C(O)-NR5R6, -alkyl-C(O)2alkyl, -C(O)-hydroxyalkyl, -C(O)-alkyl-O-alkyl, -alkyl(CO)N(H)-S(O)2-cycloalkyl, -alkyl(CO)N(H)-S(O)2-CF3, -alkyl(CO)N(H)-S(O)2-alkyl, -alkyl-C(O)-N(alkyl)2, -alkyl-N(H)-S(O)2-alkyl, -alkyl(CO)N(H)-S(O)2-cycloalkyl, -C(O)-CO2H, -C(O)-CH(OH)-CH3, -C(O)CH(OH)CH2OH, -C(O)2-alkyl-aryl, -SO2-CF3, or -C(O)H, or X is cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, -NH-heterocyclyl, -C(O)-heteroaryl, wherein each of said cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, -NH-heterocyclyl, -C(O)-heteroaryl of X is unsubstituted or substituted with one or more moieties, which can be the same or different, each moiety being selected from the group consisting of halogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, -CF3, -CN, -C(O)OH, -SO3H, -P(O)(OH)2, -(CH2)x-C(O)OH,-OCF3, -OR7, -C(O)R10, -NR5R6, -C(O2)-alkyl, -C(O)NR5R6, -SR8, and -S(O2)R7; R3 is H, halogen, alkenyl, alkynyl, -CF3, -C(O)R10, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, heterocycloalkenyl, arylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heterocycloalkenylalkyl, wherein each of said aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, heterocycloalkenyl, arylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heterocycloalkenylalkyl of R3 is unsubstituted or substituted with one or more moieties which can be the same or different, each moiety being selected from the group consisting of Y, halogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, -CF3, -CN, -C(O)OH,-(CH2)x-C(O)OH, -OCF3, -OR7, -C(O)R10, -NR5R6, -C(O2)-alkyl, -C(O)NR5R6, -SR8, and -S(O2)R7; Y is aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, or heterocycloalkenyl, wherein each of said cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, or heterocycloalkenyl of Y is unsubstituted or substituted with one more moieties, which can be the same or different, each moiety being selected from the group consisting of consisting of halogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, -CF3, -CN, -C(O)OH, -(CH2)x-C(O)OH,-OCF3, -OR7, -C(O)R10, -NR5R6, -C(O2)-alkyl, -C(O)NR5R6, -SR8, and -S(O2)R7; R4 is H, halo, -NR5R6, -OR7, -OR8, -SR9, -CN, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl, cycloalkylalkyl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl; each occurrence of R5 is independently H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl; each occurrence of R6 is independently H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl, or R5 and R6 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a heterocyclyl ring; each occurrence of R7 is independently H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl; each occurrence of R8 is independently H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl; each occurrence of R9 is independently H or alkyl; R10 is alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl; and x is an integer from 1 to 4; as described in U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/222529 filed on July 2, 2009, now filed as PCT/US2010/040604 filed on June 30, 2010, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto (Q3 in the formula above is substituent Q in Provisional Application No. 61/222529).

    [0452] In an embodiment, the cancer is lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias (e.g., acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)), thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers (e.g., squamous cell cancer of the head and neck), ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.

    [0453] In an embodiment, the cancer is selected from the group consisting of: melanoma, pancreatic cancer, thryroid cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer.

    [0454] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 (e.g., formula 1.4 or 1.4A) in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents) for use in treating breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0455] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents) for use in treating breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0456] Other embodiments of this invention are directed at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents), and in combination with an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0457] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents), and in combination with an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0458] The uses of treating breast cancer described herein include the treatment of hormone-dependent metastatic and advanced breast cancer, adjuvant therapy for hormone-dependent primary and early breast cancer, the treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ, and the treatment of inflammatory breast cancer in situ.

    [0459] The uses of treating hormone-dependent breast cancer can also be used to prevent breast cancer in patients having a high risk of developing breast cancer.

    [0460] Thus, other embodiment of this invention are directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents) for use in preventing breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0461] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents) for use in preventing breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0462] Other embodimenst of this invention are directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents), and in combination with an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in preventing breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0463] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 in combination with hormonal therapies (i.e., antihormonal agents), and in combination with an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, 1 or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent for use in preventing breast cancer (i.e., post-menopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer).

    [0464] In an embodiment, the cancer is brain cancer (e.g., glioma, such as glioma blastoma multiforme).

    [0465] In an embodiment, the cancer is brain cancer (e.g., glioma, such as glioma blastoma multiforme) and the compound of formula A1 is used in combination with temozolomide.

    [0466] In an embodiment, the cancer is bladder cancer.

    [0467] Thus, this invention includes:
    1. 1. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating cancer;
    2. 2. At least one compound of formula A1 in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer;
    3. 3. A compound of formula A1 in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent, and an effective amount of radiation therapy for use in treating cancer;
    4. 4. At least one compound of formula A1, and therapeutically effective amounts of at least one chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) epidermal growth factor (EGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (5) vascular endolithial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules, (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (9) epothilones, (10) topoisomerase inhibitors, (11) vinca alkaloids, (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of □V□3 integrins, (13) folate antagonists, (14) ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors, (15) anthracyclines, (16) biologics; (17) inhibitors of angiogenesis and/or suppressors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) such as thalidomide (or related imid), (18) Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors, (19) MEK1 and/or MEK 2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (20) IGF-1 and IGF-2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (21) small molecule inhibitors of RAF and BRAF kinases, (22) small molecule inhibitors of cell cycle dependent kinases such as CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6, (23) alkylating agents, and (24) farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors for use in treating cancer;
    5. 5. At least one compound of formula A1 in combination with at least one signal transduction inhibitor for use in treating cancer;
    6. 6. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating cancer in a patient in need of such treatment, said cancer being selected from the group consisting of: lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer, myeloid leukemias, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome, bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, ovarian cancer, brain cancers, cancers of mesenchymal origin, sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma;
    7. 7. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating cancer, wherein said cancer is selected from the group consisting of: melanoma, pancreatic cancer, thryroid cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer;
    8. 8. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer, wherein said cancer is selected from the group consisting of: melanoma, pancreatic cancer, thryroid cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer;
    9. 9. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating melanoma;
    10. 10. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating melanoma;
    11. 11. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating pancreatic cancer;
    12. 12. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating pancreatic cancer;
    13. 13. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating thyroid cancer;
    14. 14. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating thyroid cancer;
    15. 15. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating colorectal cancer;
    16. 16. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating colorectal cancer;
    17. 17. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating lung cancer;
    18. 18. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating lung cancer;
    19. 19. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating breast cancer;
    20. 20. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating breast cancer;
    21. 21. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating ovarian cancer;
    22. 22. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating ovarian cancer;
    23. 23. At least one compound of formula A1 in combination with antihormonal agents for use in treating hormone-dependent breast cancer;
    24. 24. At least one compound of formula A1 in combination with antihormonal agents, and in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating hormone-dependent breast cancer;
    25. 25. At least one compound of formula A1 in combination with antihormonal agents for use in treating hormone-dependent breast cancer;
    26. 26. At least one compound of formula A1 in combination with antihormonal agents, and in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating hormone-dependent breast cancer;
    27. 27. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating brain cancer;
    28. 28. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating brain cancer;
    29. 29. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of a chemotherapeutic agent wherein said chemotherapeutic agent is temozolomide for use in treating brain cancer;
    30. 30. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating prostate cancer;
    31. 31. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating prostate cancer;
    32. 32. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating myelodysplastic syndrome;
    33. 33. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating myelodysplastic syndrome;
    34. 34. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating myeloid leukemias;
    35. 35. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating myeloid leukemias;
    36. 36. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating acute myelogenous leukemia;
    37. 37. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating acute myelogenous leukemia;
    38. 38. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating chronic myelomonocytic leukemia;
    39. 39. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating chronic myelomonocytic leukemia;
    40. 40. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating chronic myelogenous leukemia;
    41. 41. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating chronic myelogenous leukemia;
    42. 42. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating bladder cancer;
    43. 43. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating bladder cancer;
    44. 44. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating non-Hodgkin's lymphoma;
    45. 45. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating non-Hodgkin's lymphoma;
    46. 46. At least one compound of formula A1 for use in treating multiple myeloma; and
    47. 47. At least one compound of formula A1, in combination with an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating multiple myeloma.


    [0468] Chemotherapeutic agents (antineoplastic agent) include but are not limited to: microtubule affecting agents, alkylating agents, antimetabolites, natural products and their derivatives, hormones and steroids (including synthetic analogs), and synthetics.

    [0469] Examples of alkylating agents (including nitrogen mustards, ethylenimine derivatives, alkyl sulfonates, nitrosoureas and triazenes) include: Uracil mustard, Chlormethine, Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®), Ifosfamide, Melphalan, Chlorambucil, Pipobroman, Triethylene-melamine, Triethylenethiophosphoramine, Busulfan, Carmustine, Lomustine, Streptozocin, Dacarbazine, and Temozolomide.

    [0470] Examples of antimetabolites (including folic acid antagonists, pyrimidine analogs, purine analogs and adenosine deaminase inhibitors) include: Methotrexate, 5-Fluorouracil, Floxuridine, Cytarabine, 6-Mercaptopurine, 6-Thioguanine, Fludarabine phosphate, Pentostatine, and Gemcitabine.

    [0471] Examples of natural products and their derivatives (including vinca alkaloids, antitumor antibiotics, enzymes, lymphokines and epipodophyllotoxins) include: Vinblastine, Vincristine, Vindesine, Bleomycin, Dactinomycin, Daunorubicin, Doxorubicin, Epirubicin, Idarubicin, Paclitaxel (paclitaxel is a microtubule affecting agent and is commercially available as Taxol®), Paclitaxel derivatives (e.g. taxotere), Mithramycin, Deoxyco-formycin, Mitomycin-C, L-Asparaginase, Interferons (especially IFN-a), Etoposide, and Teniposide.

    [0472] Examples of hormones and steroids (including synthetic analogs) include: 17□-Ethinylestradiol, Diethylstilbestrol, Testosterone, Prednisone, Fluoxymesterone, Dromostanolone propionate, Testolactone, Megestrolacetate, Tamoxifen, Methylprednisolone, Methyltestosterone, Prednisolone, Triamcinolone, Chlorotrianisene, Hydroxyprogesterone, Aminoglutethimide, Estramustine, Medroxyprogesteroneacetate, Leuprolide, Flutamide, Toremifene, and Zoladex.

    [0473] Examples of synthetics (including inorganic complexes such as platinum coordination complexes): Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Hydroxyurea, Amsacrine, Procarbazine, Mitotane, Mitoxantrone, Levamisole, and Hexamethylmelamine.

    [0474] Examples of other chemotherapeutics include: Navelbene, CPT-11, Anastrazole, Letrazole, Capecitabinbe, Reloxafine, and Droloxafine.

    [0475] A microtubule affecting agent (e.g., paclitaxel, a paclitaxel derivative or a paclitaxel-like compound), as used herein, is a compound that interferes with cellular mitosis, i.e., having an anti-mitotic effect, by affecting microtubule formation and/or action. Such agents can be, for instance, microtubule stabilizing agents or agents which disrupt microtubule formation.

    [0476] Microtubule affecting agents, useful in the methods of this invention, are well known to those skilled in the art and include, but are not limited to: Allocolchicine (NSC 406042), Halichondrin B (NSC 609395), Colchicine (NSC 757), Colchicine derivatives (e.g., NSC 33410), Dolastatin 10 (NSC 376128), Maytansine (NSC 153858), Rhizoxin (NSC 332598), Paclitaxel (Taxol®, NSC 125973), Paclitaxel derivatives (e.g., Taxotere, NSC 608832), Thiocolchicine (NSC 361792), Trityl Cysteine (NSC 83265), Vinblastine Sulfate (NSC 49842), Vincristine Sulfate (NSC 67574), Epothilone A, Epothilone, Discodermolide (see Service, (1996) Science, 274:2009), Estramustine, Nocodazole, MAP4. Examples of such agents are described in, for example, Bulinski (1997) J. Cell Sci. 110:3055-3064, Panda (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:10560-10564, Muhlradt (1997) Cancer Res. 57:3344-3346, Nicolaou (1997) Nature 387:268-272, Vasquez (1997) Mol. Biol. Cell. 8:973-985, and Panda (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271:29807-29812.

    [0477] Chemotherapeutic agents with paclitaxel-like activity include, but are not limited to, paclitaxel and paclitaxel derivatives (paclitaxel-like compounds) and analogues. Paclitaxel and its derivatives (e.g. Taxol and Taxotere) are available commercially. In addition, methods of making paclitaxel and paclitaxel derivatives and analogues are well known to those of skill in the art (see, e.g., U.S. Patent Nos: 5,569,729; 5,565,478; 5,530,020; 5,527,924; 5,508,447; 5,489,589; 5,488,116; 5,484,809; 5,478,854; 5,478,736; 5,475,120; 5,468,769; 5,461,169; 5,440,057; 5,422,364; 5,411,984; 5,405,972; and 5,296,506).

    [0478] More specifically, the term "paclitaxel" as used herein refers to the drug commercially available as Taxol® (NSC number: 125973). Taxol® inhibits eukaryotic cell replication by enhancing polymerization of tubulin moieties into stabilized microtubule bundles that are unable to reorganize into the proper structures for mitosis. Of the many available chemotherapeutic drugs, paclitaxel has generated interest because of its efficacy in clinical trials against drug-refractory tumors, including ovarian and mammary gland tumors (Hawkins (1992) Oncology, 6: 17-23, Horwitz (1992) Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 13: 134-146, Rowinsky (1990) J. Natl. Canc. Inst. 82: 1247-1259).

    [0479] Additional microtubule affecting agents can be assessed using one of many such assays known in the art, e.g., a semiautomated assay which measures the tubulin-polymerizing activity of paclitaxel analogs in combination with a cellular assay to measure the potential of these compounds to block cells in mitosis (see Lopes (1997) Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 41:37-47).

    [0480] Generally, activity of a test compound is determined by contacting a cell with that compound and determining whether or not the cell cycle is disrupted, in particular, through the inhibition of a mitotic event. Such inhibition may be mediated by disruption of the mitotic apparatus, e.g., disruption of normal spindle formation. Cells in which mitosis is interrupted may be characterized by altered morphology (e.g., microtubule compaction, increased chromosome number, etc.).

    [0481] Compounds with possible tubulin polymerization activity can be screened in vitro. For example, the compounds are screened against cultured WR21 cells (derived from line 69-2 wap-ras mice) for inhibition of proliferation and/or for altered cellular morphology, in particular for microtubule compaction. In vivo screening of positive-testing compounds can then be performed using nude mice bearing the WR21 tumor cells. Detailed protocols for this screening method are described by Porter (1995) Lab. Anim. Sci., 45(2):145-150.

    [0482] Other methods of screening compounds for desired activity are well known to those of skill in the art. Typically such assays involve assays for inhibition of microtubule assembly and/or disassembly. Assays for microtubule assembly are described, for example, by Gaskin et al. (1974) J. Molec. Biol., 89: 737-758. U.S. Patent No. 5,569,720 also provides in vitro and in vivo assays for compounds with paclitaxel-like activity.

    [0483] Thus, in the uses of this invention wherein at least one chemotherapeutic agent is used, examples of said chemotherapeutic agents include those selected from the group consisting of: microtubule affecting agents, alkylating agents, antimetabolites, natural products and their derivatives, hormones and steroids (including synthetic analogs), and synthetics.

    [0484] In the uses of this invention wherein at least one chemotherapeutic agent is used, examples of said chemotherapeutic agents also include: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) epidermal growth factor (EGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (5) vascular endolithial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules, (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (9) epothilones, (10) topoisomerase inhibitors, (11) vinca alkaloids, (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of αVβ3 integrins, (13) folate antagonists, (14) ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors, (15) anthracyclines, (16) biologics; (17) inhibitors of angiogenesis and/or suppressors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) such as thalidomide (or related imid), (18) Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors, (19) MEK1 and/or MEK 2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (20) IGF-1 and IGF-2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (21) small molecule inhibitors of RAF and BRAF kinases, (22) small molecule inhibitors of cell cycle dependent kinases such as CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6, (23) alkylating agents, and (24) farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors (also know as FPT inhibitors or FTI (i.e., farnesyl transfer inhibitors)).

    [0485] In the uses of this invention wherein at least one chemotherapeutic agent is used, examples of such chemotherapeutic agents include:
    1. (1) taxanes such as paclitaxel (TAXOL®) and/or docetaxel (Taxotere®);
    2. (2) platinum coordinator compounds, such as, for example, carboplatin, cisplatin and oxaliplatin (e.g. Eloxatin);
    3. (3) EGF inhibitors that are antibodies, such as: HER2 antibodies (such as, for example trastuzumab (Herceptin®□, Genentech, Inc.), Cetuximab (Erbitux, IMC-C225, ImClone Systems), EMD 72000 (Merck KGaA), anti-EFGR monoclonal antibody ABX (Abgenix), TheraCIM-h-R3 (Center of Molecular Immunology), monoclonal antibody 425 (Merck KGaA), monoclonal antibody ICR-62 (ICR, Sutton, England); Herzyme (Elan Pharmaceutical Technologies and Ribozyme Pharmaceuticals), PKI 166 (Novartis), EKB 569 (Wyeth-Ayerst), GW 572016 (GlaxoSmithKline), CI 1033 (Pfizer Global Research and Development), trastuzmab-maytansinoid conjugate (Genentech, Inc.), mitumomab (Imclone Systems and Merck KGaA) and Melvax II (Imclone Systems and Merck KgaA);
    4. (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, such as, Tarceva (TM) (OSI-774, OSI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.), and Iressa (ZD 1839, Astra Zeneca);
    5. (5) VEGF inhibitors that are antibodies such as: bevacizumab (Genentech, Inc.), and IMC-1C11 (ImClone Systems), DC 101 (a KDR VEGF Receptor 2 from ImClone Systems);
    6. (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules such as SU 5416 (from Sugen, Inc), SU 6688 (from Sugen, Inc.), Bay 43-9006 (a dual VEGF and bRAF inhibitor from Bayer Pharmaceuticals and Onyx Pharmaceuticals);
    7. (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), such as tamoxifen, idoxifene, raloxifene, trans-2,3-dihydroraloxifene, levormeloxifene, droloxifene, MDL 103,323, and acolbifene (Schering Corp.);
    8. (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives such as 5-fluorouracil, gemcitabine, capecitabine, cytarabine (Ara-C), fludarabine (F-Ara-A), decitabine, and chlorodeoxyadenosine (Cda, 2-Cda);
    9. (9) epothilones such as BMS-247550 (Bristol-Myers Squibb), and EPO906 (Novartis Pharmaceuticals);
    10. (10) topoisomerase inhibitors such as topotecan (Glaxo SmithKline), and Camptosar (Pharmacia);
    11. (11) vinca alkaloids, such as, navelbine (Anvar and Fabre, France), vincristine and vinblastine;
    12. (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of αVβ3 integrins, such as, LM-609 (see, Clinical Cancer Research, Vol. 6, page 3056-3061, August 2000, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference thereto);
    13. (13) folate antagonists, such as Methotrexate (MTX), and Premetrexed (Alimta);
    14. (14) ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors, such as Hydroxyurea (HU);
    15. (15) anthracyclines, such as Daunorubicin, Doxorubicin (Adriamycin), and Idarubicin;
    16. (16) biologics, such as interferon (e.g., Intron-A and Roferon), pegylated interferon (e.g., Peg-Intron and Pegasys), and Rituximab (Rituxan, antibody used for the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma);
    17. (17) thalidomide (or related imid);
    18. (18) Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors, such as, for example Gleevec (STI-571), AMN-17, ONO12380, SU11248 (Sunitinib) and BMS-354825
    19. (19) MEK1 and/or MEK2 inhibitors, such as PD0325901 and Arry-142886 (AZD6244);
    20. (20) IGF-1 and IGF-2 inhibitors that are small molecules, such as, for example, NVP-AEW541;
    21. (21) small molecule inhibitors of RAF and BRAF kinases, such as, for example, BAY 43-9006 (Sorafenib);
    22. (22) small molecule inhibitors of cell cycle dependent kinases such as CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6, such as, for example, CYC202, BMS387032, and Flavopiridol;
    23. (23) alkylating agents, such as, for example, Temodar® brand of temozolomide;
    24. (24) farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors, such as, for example:
      1. (a) Sarasar® brand of lonifarnib (i.e., 4-[2-[4-(3,10-dibromo-8-chloro-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]byridin-11-yl)-1-piperidinyl)-2-oxoethyl]-1-piperidinecarboxamide, see for example, U.S. 5,874,442 issued February 23, 1999, and U.S. 6,632,455 issued October 14, 2003 the disclosures of each being incorporated herein by reference thereto),
      2. (b) Zarnestra® brand of tipifarnib (i.e., (R)-6-amino[(4-chlorophenyl)(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl]-4-(3-chlorophenyl)-1-methyl-2(1H)-quinolinone, see for example, WO 97/16443 published May 9, 1997 and U.S. 5,968,952 issued October 19, 1999, the disclosures of each being incorporated herein by reference thereto), and
      3. (c) Bristol-Myers Squibb 214662:

        (see WO97/30992 published August 28, 1997, U.S. 6,011,029 issued January 4, 2000, and U.S. 6,455,523, the disclosures of each being incorporated herein by reference thereto).


    [0486] The Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors, EGF receptor inhibitors, and HER-2 antibodies (EGF receptor inhibitors that are antibodies) described above are also known as signal transduction inhibitors. Therefore, chemotherapeutic agents, as used herein, include signal transduction inhibitors.

    [0487] Typical signal transduction inhibitors, that are chemotherapeutic agents, include but are not limited to: (i) Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors such as, for example, STI 571 (Gleevec), (ii) Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor inhibitor such as, for example, Kinase inhibitors (Iressa, OSI-774) and antibodies (Imclone: C225 [Goldstein et al. (1995), Clin Cancer Res. 1:1311-1318], and Abgenix: ABX-EGF) and (iii) HER-2/neu receptor inhibitors such as, for example, Herceptin® (trastuzumab).

    [0488] Methods for the safe and effective administration of most of these chemotherapeutic agents are known to those skilled in the art. In addition, their administration is described in the standard literature. For example, the administration of many of the chemotherapeutic agents is described in the "Physicians' Desk Reference" (PDR), e.g., 1996 edition (Medical Economics Company, Montvale, NJ 07645-1742, USA), the Physicians' Desk Reference, 56th Edition, 2002 (published by Medical Economics company, Inc. Montvale, NJ 07645-1742), the Physicians' Desk Reference, 57th Edition, 2003 (published by Thompson PDR, Montvale, NJ 07645-1742), and the Physicians' Desk Reference, 64th Edition, 2010 (published by PDR Network, LLC at Montvale, NJ, 07645-1725); the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto.

    [0489] For example, the compound of formula A1 (e.g., a pharmaceutical composition comprising the compound of formula A1; can be administered orally (e.g., as a capsule), and the chemotherapeutic agents can be administered intravenously, usually as an IV solution. The use of a pharmaceutical composition comprising more than one drug is within the scope of this invention.

    [0490] The compound of formula A1 and the chemotherapeutic agents are administered in therapeutically effective dosages to obtain clinically acceptable results, e.g., reduction or elimination of symptoms or of the tumor. Thus, the compound of formula A1 and chemotherapeutic agents can be administered concurrently or consecutively in a treatment protocol. The administration of the chemotherapeutic agents can be made according to treatment protocols already known in the art.

    [0491] In general when more than one chemotherapeutic agent is used in the uses of this invention, the chemotherapeutic agents are administered on the same day either concurrently or consecutively in their standard dosage form. For example, the chemotherapeutic agents are usually administered intravenously, preferably by an IV drip using IV solutions well known in the art (e.g., isotonic saline (0.9% NaCl) or dextrose solution (e.g., 5% dextrose)).

    [0492] When two or more chemotherapeutic agents are used, the chemotherapeutic agents are generally administered on the same day; however, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the chemotherapeutic agents can be administered on different days and in different weeks. The skilled clinician can administer the chemotherapeutic agents according to their recommended dosage schedule from the manufacturer of the agent and can adjust the schedule according to the needs of the patient, e.g., based on the patient's response to the treatment. For example, when gemcitabine is used in combination with a platinum coordinator compound, such as, for example, cisplatin, to treat lung cancer, both the gemcitabine and the cisplatin are given on the same day on day one of the treatment cycle, and then gemcitabine is given alone on day 8 and given alone again on day 15

    [0493] The compounds of this invention and chemotherapeutic agents can be administered in a treatment protocol that usually lasts one to seven weeks, and is repeated typically from 6 to 12 times. Generally the treatment protocol can last one to four weeks. Treatment protocols of one to three weeks can also be used. A treatment protocol of one to two weeks can also be used. During this treatment protocol or cycle the compounds of this invention can be administered daily while the chemotherapeutic agents can be administered one or more times a week. Generally, a compound of this invention can be administered daily (i.e., once per day), and in one embodiment twice per day, and the chemotherapeutic agent is administered once a week or once every three weeks. For example, the taxanes (e.g., Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol®) or Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®)) can be administered once a week or once every three weeks.

    [0494] However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that treatment protocols can be varied according to the needs of the patient. Thus, the combination of compounds (drugs) used in the methods of this invention can be administered in variations of the protocols described above. For example, the compounds of this invention can be administered discontinuously rather than continuously during the treatment cycle. Thus, for example, during the treatment cycle the compounds of this invention can be administered daily for a week and then discontinued for a week, with this administration repeating during the treatment cycle. Or the compounds of this invention can be administered daily for two weeks and discontinued for a week, with this administration repeating during the treatment cycle. Thus, the compounds of this invention can be administered daily for one or more weeks during the cycle and discontinued for one or more weeks during the cycle, with this pattern of administration repeating during the treatment cycle. This discontinuous treatment can also be based upon numbers of days rather than a full week. For example, daily dosing for 1 to 6 days, no dosing for 1 to 6 days with this pattern repeating during the treatment protocol. The number of days (or weeks) wherein the compounds of this invention are not dosed do not have to equal the number of days (or weeks) wherein the compounds of this invention are dosed. Usually, if a discontinuous dosing protocol is used, the number of days or weeks that the compounds of this invention are dosed is at least equal or greater than the number of days or weeks that the compounds of this invention are not dosed.

    [0495] The chemotherapeutic agent could be given by bolus or continuous infusion. The chemotherapeutic agent could be given daily to once every week, or once every two weeks, or once every three weeks, or once every four weeks during the treatment cycle. If administered daily during a treatment cycle, this daily dosing can be discontinuous over the number of weeks of the treatment cycle. For example, dosed for a week (or a number of days), no dosing for a week (or a number of days, with the pattern repeating during the treatment cycle.

    [0496] The compounds of this invention can be administered orally, preferably as a solid dosage form, and in one embodiment as a capsule, and while the total therapeutically effective daily dose can be administered in one to four, or one to two divided doses per day, generally, the therapeutically effective dose is given once or twice a day, and in one embodiment twice a day. The compounds of this invention can be administered in an amount of about 50 to about 400 mg once per day, and can be administered in an amount of about 50 to about 300 mg once per day. The compounds of this invention are generally administered in an amount of about 50 to about 350 mg twice a day, usually 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in one embodiment about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in another embodiment about 100 mg administered twice a day.

    [0497] If the patient is responding, or is stable, after completion of the therapy cycle, the therapy cycle can be repeated according to the judgment of the skilled clinician. Upon completion of the therapy cycles, the patient can be continued on the compounds of this invention at the same dose that was administered in the treatment protocol, or, if the dose was less than 200mg twice a day, the dose can be raised to 200 mg twice a day. This maintenance dose can be continued until the patient progresses or can no longer tolerate the dose (in which case the dose can be reduced and the patient can be continued on the reduced dose).

    [0498] The chemotherapeutic agents, used with the compounds of this invention, are administered in their normally prescribed dosages during the treatment cycle (i.e., the chemotherapeutic agents are administered according to the standard of practice for the administration of these drugs). For example: (a) about 30 to about 300 mg/m2 for the taxanes; (b) about 30 to about 100 mg/m2 for Cisplatin; (c) AUC of about 2 to about 8 for Carboplatin; (d) about 2 to about 4 mg/m2 for EGF inhibitors that are antibodies; (e) about 50 to about 500 mg/m2 for EGF inhibitors that are small molecules; (f) about 1 to about 10 mg/m2 for VEGF kinase inhibitors that are antibodies; (g) about 50 to about 2400 mg/m2 for VEGF inhibitors that are small molecules; (h) about 1 to about 20 mg for SERMs; (i) about 500 to about 1250 mg/m2 for the anti-tumor nucleosides 5-Fluorouracil, Gemcitabine and Capecitabine; (j) for the anti-tumor nucleoside Cytarabine (Ara-C) 100-200mg/m2/day for 7 to 10 days every 3 to 4 weeks, and high doses for refractory leukemia and lymphoma, i.e., 1 to 3 gm/m2 for one hour every 12 hours for 4-8 doses every 3 to four weeks; (k) for the anti-tumor nucleoside Fludarabine (F-ara-A) 10-25mg/m2/day every 3 to 4 weeks; (1) for the anti-tumor nucleoside Decitabine 30 to 75 mg/m2 for three days every 6 weeks for a maximum of 8 cycles; (m) for the anti-tumor nucleoside Chlorodeoxyadenosine (CdA, 2-CdA) 0.05-0.1 mg/kg/day as continuous infusion for up to 7 days every 3 to 4 weeks; (n) about 1 to about 100 mg/m2 for epothilones; (o) about 1 to about 350 mg/m2 for topoisomerase inhibitors; (p) about 1 to about 50 mg/m2 for vinca alkaloids; (q) for the folate antagonist Methotrexate (MTX) 20-60 mg/m2 by oral, IV or IM every 3 to 4 weeks, the intermediate dose regimen is 80-250 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes every 3 to 4 weeks, and the high dose regimen is 250-1000mg/m2 IV given with leucovorin every 3 to 4 weeks; (r) for the folate antagonist Premetrexed (Alimta) 300-600 mg/m2 (10 minutes IV infusion day 1) every 3 weeks; (s) for the ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor Hydroxyurea (HU) 20-50 mg/kg/day (as needed to bring blood cell counts down); (t) the platinum coordinator compound Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) 50-100 mg/m2 every 3 to 4 weeks (preferably used for solid tumors such as non-small cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer and ovarian cancer); (u) for the anthracycline daunorubicin 10-50 mg/m2/day IV for 3-5 days every 3 to 4 weeks; (v) for the anthracycline Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) 50-100 mg/m2 IV continuous infusion over 1-4 days every 3 to 4 weeks, or 10-40 mg/m2 IV weekly; (w) for the anthracycline Idarubicin 10-30 mg/m2 daily for 1-3 days as a slow IV infusion over 10-20 minutes every 3 to 4 weeks; (x) for the biologic interferon (Intron-A, Roferon) 5 to 20 million IU three times per week; (y) for the biologic pegylated interferon (Peg-intron, Pegasys) 3 to 4 micrograms/kg/day chronic sub cutaneous (until relapse or loss of activity); (z) for the biologic Rituximab (Rituxan) (antibody used for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) 200-400mg/m2 IV weekly over 4-8 weeks for 6 months; (aa) for the alkylating agent temozolomide 75 mg/m2 to 250mg/m2, for example, 150 mg/m2, or for example, 200 mg/m2, such as 200mg/m2 for 5 days; and (bb) for the MEK1 and/or MEK2 inhibitor PD0325901, 15 mg to 30 mg, for example, 15 mg daily for 21 days every 4 weeks.

    [0499] Gleevec can be used orally in an amount of about 200 to about 800 mg/day.

    [0500] Thalidomide (and related imids) can be used orally in amounts of about 200 to about 800 mg/day, and can be contiuously dosed or used until releapse or toxicity. See for example Mitsiades et al., "Apoptotic signaling induced by immunomodulatory thalidomide analoqs in human multiple myeloma cells; therapeutic implications", Blood, 99(12):4525-30, June 15, 2002, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference thereto.

    [0501] The FPT inhibitor Sarasar® (brand of lonifarnib) can be administered orally (e.g., capsule) in amounts of about 50 to about 200 mg given twice a day, or in amounts of about 75 to about 125 mg given twice a day, or in amounts of about 100 to about 200 mg given twice a day, or in an amount of about 100 mg given twice a day.

    [0502] Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol®□, for example, can be administered once per week in an amount of about 50 to about 100 mg/m2 and in another example about 60 to about 80 mg/m2. In another example Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol®) can be administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 150 to about 250 mg/m2 and in another example about 175 to about 225 mg/m2.

    [0503] In another example, Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®) can be administered once per week in an amount of about 10 to about 45 mg/m2. In another example Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®) can be administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 50 to about 100 mg/m2.

    [0504] In another example Cisplatin can be administered once per week in an amount of about 20 to about 40 mg/m2. In another example Cisplatin can be administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 60 to about 100 mg/m2.

    [0505] In another example Carboplatin can be administered once per week in an amount to provide an AUC of about 2 to about 3. In another example Carboplatin can be administered once every three weeks in an amount to provide an AUC of about 5 to about 8.

    [0506] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the uses of treating cancer embodiments wherein the compounds of formula A1 (e.g., 1.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0) and the chemotherapeutic agents are administered as a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of the compounds of formula A1, an effective amount of the chemotherapeutic agents, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0507] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the uses of treating cancer embodiments wherein a chemotherapeutic agent is used wherein the the chemotherapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of: paclitaxel, docetaxel, carboplatin, cisplatin, gemcitabine, tamoxifen, Herceptin, Cetuximab, Tarceva, Iressa, bevacizumab, navelbine, IMC-1C11, SU5416 and SU6688.

    [0508] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the uses of treating cancer embodiments wherein a chemotherapeutic agent is used wherein the the chemotherapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of: paclitaxel, docetaxel, carboplatin, cisplatin, navelbine, gemcitabine, and Herceptin.

    [0509] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the uses of treating cancer embodiments wherein a chemotherapeutic agent is used wherein the the chemotherapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of: Cyclophasphamide, 5-Fluorouracil, Temozolomide, Vincristine, Cisplatin, Carboplatin, and Gemcitabine.

    [0510] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the uses of treating cancer embodiments wherein a chemotherapeutic agent is used wherein the the chemotherapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of: Gemcitabine, Cisplatin and Carboplatin.

    [0511] Thus, another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and therapeutically effective amounts of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) epidermal growth factor (EGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (5) vascular endolithial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules, (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (9) epothilones, (10) topoisomerase inhibitors, (11) vinca alkaloids, (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of αVβ3 integrins, (13) folate antagonists, (14) ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors, (15) anthracyclines, (16) biologics; (17) inhibitors of angiogenesis and/or suppressors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) such as thalidomide (or related imid), (18) Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors, (19) MEK1 and/or MEK 2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (20) IGF-1 and IGF-2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (21) small molecule inhibitors of RAF and BRAF kinases, (22) small molecule inhibitors of cell cycle dependent kinases such as CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6, (23) alkylating agents, and (24) farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors (also know as FPT inhibitors or FTI (i.e., farnesyl transfer inhibitors)) for use in treating cancer.

    [0512] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and therapeutically effective amounts of at least two (e.g., 2 or 3, or 2, and usually 2) different antineoplastic agents selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) epidermal growth factor (EGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (5) vascular endolithial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors that are antibodies, (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules, (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (9) epothilones, (10) topoisomerase inhibitors, (11) vinca alkaloids, (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of αVβ3 integrins, (13) folate antagonists, (14) ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors, (15) anthracyclines, (16) biologics; (17) inhibitors of angiogenesis and/or suppressors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) such as thalidomide (or related imid), (18) Bcr/abl kinase inhibitors, (19) MEK1 and/or MEK 2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (20) IGF-1 and IGF-2 inhibitors that are small molecules, (21) small molecule inhibitors of RAF and BRAF kinases, (22) small molecule inhibitors of cell cycle dependent kinases such as CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6, (23) alkylating agents, and (24) farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors (also know as FPT inhibitors or FTI (i.e., farnesyl transfer inhibitors)) for use in treating cancer.

    [0513] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and an antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) EGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (2) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (3) VEGF inhibitors that are antibodies, and (4) VEGF inhibitors that are small molecules. Radiation therapy can also be used in conjunction with this above combination therapy, i.e., the above method using a combination of compounds of the invention and antineoplastic agent can also comprise the administration of a therapeutically effect amount of radiation for use in treating cancer.

    [0514] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and: (1) Gleevec and interferon to treat CML; (2) Gleevec and pegylated interferon to treat CML; (3) Gleevec to treat CML; (4) an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative (e.g., Ara-C) to treat AML; or (5) an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative (e.g., Ara-C) in combination with an anthracycline to treat AML.

    [0515] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 and: (1) a biologic (e.g., Rituxan); (2) a biologic (e.g., Rituxan) and an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative (e.g., Fludarabine); or (3) Genasense (antisense to BCL-2) for use in treating non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    [0516] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 and: (1) a proteosome inhibitor (e.g., PS-341 from Millenium); or (2) Thalidomide (or related imid) for use in treating multiple myeloma.

    [0517] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) EGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (5) VEGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules, (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators, (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (9) epothilones, (10) topoisomerase inhibitors, (11) vinca alkaloids, and (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of αVβ3 integrins for use in treating cancer.

    [0518] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) EGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (5) VEGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (6) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules, (7) estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators, (8) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (9) epothilones, (10) topoisomerase inhibitors, (11) vinca alkaloids, and (12) antibodies that are inhibitors of αVβ3 integrins for use in treating non small cell lung cancer.

    [0519] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, (3) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives, (4) topoisomerase inhibitors, and (5) vinca alkaloids for use in treating non small cell lung cancer.

    [0520] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) carboplatin, and (c) paclitaxel for use in treating non small cell lung cancer.

    [0521] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) cisplatin, and (c) gemcitabine for use in treating non small cell lung cancer.

    [0522] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) carboplatin, and (c) gemcitabine for use in treating non small cell lung cancer.

    [0523] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) Carboplatin, and (c) Docetaxel for use in treating non small cell lung cancer.

    [0524] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 (e.g., 1.1 or 1.4 or 1.4A), and (b) an antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) EGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (2) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (3) VEGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (4) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules for use in treating cancer.

    [0525] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, and (2) platinum coordinator compounds for use in treating squamous cell cancer of the head and neck.

    [0526] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (1) taxanes, (2) platinum coordinator compounds, and (3) anti-tumor nucleoside derivatives (e.g., 5-Fluorouracil) for use in treating squamous cell cancer of the head and neck.

    [0527] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) Gleevec, and (c) interferon (e.g., Intron-A) for use in treating CML.

    [0528] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) Gleevec; and (c) pegylated interferon (e.g., Peg-Intron, and Pegasys) for use in treating CML.

    [0529] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1 and (b) Gleevec for use in treating CML.

    [0530] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative (e.g., Cytarabine (i.e., Ara-C)) for use in treating AML.

    [0531] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative (e.g., Cytarabine (i.e., Ara-C)), and (c) an anthracycline for use in treating AML.

    [0532] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) Rituximab (Rituxan) for use in treating non-Hodgkin's lymphom.

    [0533] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, (b) Rituximab (Rituxan), and (c) an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative (e.g., Fludarabine (i.e., F-ara-A) for use in treating non-Hodgkin's lymphom.

    [0534] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) Genasense (antisense to BCL-2) for use in treating non-Hodgkin's lymphom.

    [0535] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) a proteosome inhibitor (e.g., PS-341 (Millenium)) for use in treating multiple myeloma.

    [0536] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) Thalidomide or related imid for use in treating multiple myeloma.

    [0537] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (a) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, and (b) Thalidomide for use in treating multiple myeloma.

    [0538] Another embodiement of this invention is directed to: (1) an effective amount of at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 1, and usually 1) compound of formula A1, in combination with (2) at least one (e.g., 1, 2 or 3, or 1 or 2, or 2, or 1) antineoplastic agent, microtubule affecting agent and/or radiation therapy for use in treating cancer.

    [0539] In one example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol®□ is administered once per week in an amount of about 50 to about 100 mg/m2, and in another example about 60 to about 80 mg/m2, and (3) Carboplatin is administered once per week in an amount to provide an AUC of about 2 to about 3.

    [0540] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and yet in another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol® is administered once per week in an amount of about 50 to about 100 mg/m2, and in another example about 60 to about 80 mg/m2, and (3) Cisplatin is administered once per week in an amount of about 20 to about 40 mg/m2.

    [0541] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®) is administered once per week in an amount of about 10 to about 45 mg/m2, and (3) Carboplatin is administered once per week in an amount to provide an AUC of about 2 to about 3.

    [0542] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®) is administered once per week in an amount of about 10 to about 45 mg/m2, and (3) Cisplatin is administered once per week in an amount of about 20 to about 40 mg/m2.

    [0543] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol® is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 150 to about 250 mg/m2, and in another example about 175 to about 225 mg/m2, and in yet another example 175 mg/m2, and (3) Carboplatin is administered once every three weeks in an amount to provide an AUC of about 5 to about 8, and in another example 6.

    [0544] In another example of treating non small cell lung cancer: (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol® is administered once every three weeks in an amount of 175 mg/m2, and (3) Carboplatin is administered once every three weeks in an amount to provide an AUC of 6.

    [0545] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol® is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 150 to about 250 mg/m2, and in another example about 175 to about 225 mg/m2, and (3) Cisplatin is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 60 to about 100 mg/m2.

    [0546] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere® is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 50 to about 100 mg/m2, and (3) Carboplatin is administered once every three weeks in an amount to provide an AUC of about 5 to about 8.

    [0547] In another example (e.g., treating non small cell lung cancer): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere® is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 50 to about 100 mg/m2, and (3) Cisplatin is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 60 to about 100 mg/m2.

    [0548] In another example for treating non small cell lung cancer using the compounds of formula 1.0, Docetaxel and Carboplatin: (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, (2) Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®□ is administered once every three weeks in an amount of about 75 mg/m2, and (3) Carboplatin is administered once every three weeks in an amount to provide an AUC of about 6.

    [0549] In another example of the treatments of non-small cell lung cancer described above the Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®□ and Cisplatin, the Docetaxel (e.g., Taxotere®□ and Carboplatin, the Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol®□ and Carboplatin, or the Paclitaxel (e.g., Taxol®□ and Cisplatin are administered on the same day.

    [0550] In another example (e.g., CML): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 100 mg to about 200 mg administered twice a day, (2) Gleevec is administered in an amount of about 400 to about 800 mg/day orally, and (3) interferon (Intron-A) is administered in an amount of about 5 to about 20 million IU three times per week.

    [0551] In another example (e.g., CML): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 100 mg to about 200 mg administered twice a day, (2) Gleevec is administered in an amount of about 400 to about 800 mg/day orally, and (3) pegylated interferon (Peg-Intron or Pegasys) is administered in an amount of about 3 to about 6 micrograms/kg/day.

    [0552] In another example (e.g., non-Hodgkin's lymphoma): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, and (2) Genasense (antisense to BCL-2) is administered as a continuous IV infusion at a dose of about 2 to about 5 mg/kg/day (e.g., 3 mg/kg/day) for 5 to 7 days every 3 to 4 weeks.

    [0553] In another example (e.g., multiple myeloma): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, and (2) the proteosome inhibitor (e.g., PS-341 - Millenium) is administered in an amount of about 1.5mg/m2 twice weekly for two consecutive weeks with a one week rest period.

    [0554] In another example (e.g., multiple myeloma): (1) the compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 50 mg to about 200 mg twice a day, and in another example about 75 mg to about 125 mg administered twice a day, and in yet another example about 100 mg administered twice a day, and (2) the Thalidomide (or related imid) is administered orally in an amount of about 200 to about 800 mg/day, with dosing being continuous until relapse or toxicity.

    [0555] In one embodiment of the uses of treating cancer of this invention, the chemotherapeutic agents are selected from the group consisting of: paclitaxel, docetaxel, carboplatin, cisplatin, gemcitabine, tamoxifen, Herceptin, Cetuximab, Tarceva, Iressa, bevacizumab, navelbine, IMC-1C11, SU5416 and SU6688.

    [0556] In another embodiment of the uses of treating cancer of this invention, the chemotherapeutic agents are selected from the group consisting of: paclitaxel, docetaxel, carboplatin, cisplatin, navelbine, gemcitabine, and Herceptin.

    [0557] Thus, one embodiment of this invention is directed to the compound of formula A1, a taxane, and a platinum coordination compound for use in treating cancer.

    [0558] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compound of formula A1, a taxane, and a platinum coordination compound for use in treating cancer, wherein said compound of formula 1.0 is administered every day, said taxane is administered once per week per cycle, and said platinum coordinator compound is administered once per week per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to four weeks per cycle.

    [0559] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compound of formula A1, a taxane, and a platinum coordination compound for use in treating cancer, wherein said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said taxane is administered once every three weeks per cycle, and said platinum coordinator compound is administered once every three weeks per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to three weeks per cycle.

    [0560] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compound of formula A1, paclitaxel, and carboplatin for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment, said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said paclitaxel is administered once per week per cycle, and said carboplatin is administered once per week per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to four weeks per cycle.

    [0561] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to the compound of formula A1, paclitaxel, and carboplatin for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment, said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said paclitaxel is administered once every three weeks per cycle, and said carboplatin is administered once every three weeks per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to three weeks per cycle.

    [0562] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a use for treating non small cell lung cancer in a patient in need of such treatment comprising administering daily a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of formula A1, administering a therapeutically effective amount of carboplatin once a week per cycle, and administering a therapeutically effective amount of paclitaxel once a week per cycle, wherein the treatment is given for one to four weeks per cycle. In another embodiment said compound of formula A1 is administered twice per day. In another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered on the same day, and in another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered consecutively, and in another embodiment said carboplatin is administered after said paclitaxel.

    [0563] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a use for treating non small cell lung cancer in a patient in need of such treatment comprising administering daily a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula A1, administering a therapeutically effective amount of carboplatin once every three weeks per cycle, and administering a therapeutically effective amount of paclitaxel once every three weeks per cycle, wherein the treatment is given for one to three weeks. In another embodiment compound of formula A1 is administered twice per day. In another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered on the same day, and in another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered consecutively, and in another embodiment said carboplatin is administered after said paclitaxel.

    [0564] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a use for treating non small cell lung cancer in a patient in need of such treatment comprising administering about 50 to about 200 mg of a compound of formula A1 twice a day, administering carboplatin once per week per cycle in an amount to provide an AUC of about 2 to about 8 (and in another embodiment about 2 to about 3), and administering once per week per cycle about 60 to about 300 mg/m2 (and in another embodiment about 50 to 100mg/m2, and in yet another embodiment about 60 to about 80 mg/m2) of paclitaxel, wherein the treatment is given for one to four weeks per cycle. In another embodiment said compound of formula A1 is administered in amount of about 75 to about 125 mg twice a day, and in another embodiment about 100 mg twice a day. In another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered on the same day, and in another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered consecutively, and in another embodiment said carboplatin is administered after said paclitaxel.

    [0565] In another embodiment, this invention is directed to a use for treating non small cell lung cancer in a patient in need of such treatment comprising administering about 50 to about 200 mg of a compound of formula A1 twice a day, administering carboplatin once every three weeks per cycle in an amount to provide an AUC of about 2 to about 8 (in another embodiment about 5 to about 8, and in another embodiment 6), and administering once every three weeks per cycle about 150 to about 250 mg/m2 (and in another embodiment about 175 to about 225 mg/m2, and in another embodiment 175 mg/m2) of paclitaxel, wherein the treatment is given for one to three weeks. In another embodiment said compound of formula A1 is administered in an amount of about 75 to about 125 mg twice a day, and in another embodiment about 100 mg twice a day. In another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered on the same day, and in another embodiment said carboplatin and said paclitaxel are administered consecutively, and in another embodiment said carboplatin is administered after said paclitaxel.

    [0566] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to uses of treating cancer as described in the above embodiments (i.e., the embodiments directed to treating cancer and to treating non small cell lung cancer with a taxane and platinum coordinator compound) except that in place of paclitaxel and carboplatin the taxanes and platinum coordinator compounds used together in the methods are: (1) docetaxel (Taxotere®) and cisplatin; (2) paclitaxel and cisplatin; and (3) docetaxel and carboplatin. In another embodiment of the methods of this invention cisplatin is used in amounts of about 30 to about 100 mg/m2. In another embodiment of the methods of this invention docetaxel is used in amounts of about 30 to about 100 mg/m2.

    [0567] In another embodiment this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, a taxane, and an EGF inhibitor that is an antibody for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment the taxane used is paclitaxel, and the EGF inhibitor is a HER2 antibody (in one embodiment Herceptin) or Cetuximab, and in another embodiment Herceptin is used. The length of treatment, and the amounts and administration of said compound of formula A1 and the taxane are as described in the embodiments above. The EGF inhibitor that is an antibody is administered once a week per cycle, and in another embodiment is administered on the same day as the taxane, and in another embodiment is administered consecutively with the taxane. For example, Herceptin is administered in a loading dose of about 3 to about 5 mg/m2 (in another embodiment about 4 mg/m2), and then is administered in a maintenance dose of about 2 mg/m2 once per week per cycle for the remainder of the treatment cycle (usually the cycle is 1 to 4 weeks). In one embodiment the cancer treated is breast cancer.

    [0568] In another embodiment this invention is directed to: (1) a compound of formula A1, (2) a taxane, and (3) an antineoplastic agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) an EGF inhibitor that is a small molecule, (b) a VEGF inhibitor that is an antibody, and (c) a VEGF kinase inhibitor that is a small molecule for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment, the taxane paclitaxel or docetaxel is used. In another embodiment the antineoplastic agent is selected from the group consisting of: tarceva, Iressa, bevacizumab, SU5416, SU6688 and BAY 43-9006. The length of treatment, and the amounts and administration of said compound of formula A1 and the taxane are as described in the embodiments above. The VEGF kinase inhibitor that is an antibody is usually given once per week per cycle. The EGF and VEGF inhibitors that are small molecules are usually given daily per cycle. In another embodiment, the VEGF inhibitor that is an antibody is given on the same day as the taxane, and in another embodiment is administered concurrently with the taxane. In another embodiment, when the EGF inhibitor that is a small molecule or the VEGF inhibitor that is a small molecule is administered on the same day as the taxane, the administration is concurrently with the taxane. The EGF or VEGF kinase inhibitor is generally administered in an amount of about 10 to about 500 mg/m2.

    [0569] In another embodiment this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative, and a platinum coordination compound for use in treating cancer.

    [0570] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a use of treating cancer comprising administering to a patient in need of such treatment therapeutically effective amounts of a compound of formula A1, an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative, and a platinum coordination compound, wherein said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said anti-tumor nucleoside derivative is administered once per week per cycle, and said platinum coordinator compound is administered once per week per cycle. Although the treatment can be for one to four weeks per cycle, in one embodiment the treatment is for one to seven weeks per cycle.

    [0571] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a use of treating cancer comprising administering to a patient in need of such treatment therapeutically effective amounts of a compound of formula A1, an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative, and a platinum coordination compound, wherein said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said an anti-tumor nucleoside derivative is administered once per week per cycle, and said platinum coordinator compound is administered once every three weeks per cycle. Although the treatment can be for one to four weeks per cycle, in one embodiment the treatment is for one to seven weeks per cycle.

    [0572] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, gemcitabine, and cisplatin for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment, said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said gemcitabine is administered once per week per cycle, and said cisplatin is administered once per week per cycle. In one embodiment the treatment is for one to seven weeks per cycle.

    [0573] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, gemcitabine, and cisplatin for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment, said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said gemcitabine is administered once per week per cycle, and said cisplatin is administered once every three weeks per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to seven weeks.

    [0574] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, gemcitabine, and carboplatin for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said gemcitabine is administered once per week per cycle, and said carboplatin is administered once per week per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to seven weeks per cycle.

    [0575] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1, gemcitabine, and carboplatin for use in treating cancer. In another embodiment said compound of formula A1 is administered every day, said gemcitabine is administered once per week per cycle, and said carboplatin is administered once every three weeks per cycle. In another embodiment the treatment is for one to seven weeks per cycle.

    [0576] In the above embodiments using gemcitabine, the compound of formula A1 and the platinum coordinator compound are administered as described above for the embodiments using taxanes. Gemcitabine is administered in an amount of about 500 to about 1250 mg/m2. In one embodiment the gemcitabine is administered on the same day as the platinum coordinator compound, and in another embodiment consecutively with the platinum coordinator compound, and in another embodiment the gemcitabine is administered after the platinum coordinator compound.

    [0577] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a compound of formula A1 and an antineoplastic agent selected from: (1) EGF inhibitors that are antibodies, (2) EGF inhibitors that are small molecules, (3) VEGF inhibitors that are antibodies, and (4) VEGF kinase inhibitors that are small molecules all as described above for use in treating cancer. The treatment is for one to seven weeks per cycle, and generally for one to four weeks per cycle. The compound of formula A1 is administered in the same manner as described above for the other embodiments of this invention. The small molecule antineoplastic agents are usually administered daily, and the antibody antineoplastic agents are usually administered once per week per cycle. In one embodiment the antineoplastic agents are selected from the group consisting of: Herceptin, Cetuximab, Tarceva, Iressa, bevacizumab, IMC-1C11, SU5416, SU6688 and BAY 43-9006.

    [0578] In the embodiments of this invention wherein a platinum coordinator compound is used as well as at least one other antineoplastic agent, and these drugs are administered consecutively, the platinum coordinator compound is generally administered after the other antineoplastic agents have been administered.

    [0579] Other embodiments of this invention include the administration of a therapeutically effective amount of radiation to the patient in addition to the administration of a compound of formula A1 and antineoplastic agents in the embodiments described above. Radiation is administered according to techniques and protocols well know to those skilled in the art.

    [0580] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising at least two different chemotherapeutic agents and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for intravenous administration. Preferably the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is an isotonic saline solution (0.9% NaCl) or a dextrose solution (e.g., 5% dextrose).

    [0581] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of formula A1 and at least two different antineoplastic agents and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for intravenous administration. Preferably the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is an isotonic saline solution (0.9% NaCl) or a dextrose solution (e.g., 5% dextrose).

    [0582] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of formula A1 and at least one antineoplastic agent and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for intravenous administration. Preferably the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is an isotonic saline solution (0.9% NaCl) or a dextrose solution (e.g., 5% dextrose).

    [0583] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to the use of a combination of at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and drugs for the treatment of breast cancer, i.e., this invention is directed to a combination therapy for the treatment of breast cancer. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the compounds of formula 1.0 and drugs are generally administered as individual pharmaceutical compositions. The use of a pharmaceutical composition comprising more than one drug is within the scope of this invention.

    [0584] Thus, another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and a therapeutically effective amount of at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors, (b) antiestrogens, and (c) LHRH analogues for use in treating (or preventing) breast cancer (i.e., postmenopausal and premenopausal breast cancer, e.g., hormone-dependent breast cancer); and said treatment optionally including the administration of at least one chemotherapeutic agent.

    [0585] The compound of formula A1 is preferably administered orally, and in one embodiment is administered in capsule form.

    [0586] Examples of aromatase inhibitors include but are not limited to: Anastrozole (e.g., Arimidex), Letrozole (e.g., Femara), Exemestane (Aromasin), Fadrozole and Formestane (e.g., Lentaron).

    [0587] Examples of antiestrogens include but are not limited to: Tamoxifen (e.g., Nolvadex), Fulvestrant (e.g., Faslodex), Raloxifene (e.g., Evista), and Acolbifene.

    [0588] Examples of LHRH analogues include but are not limited to: Goserelin (e.g., Zoladex) and Leuprolide (e.g., Leuprolide Acetate, such as Lupron or Lupron Depot).

    [0589] Examples of chemotherapeutic agents include but are not limited to: Trastuzumab (e.g., Herceptin), Gefitinib (e.g., Iressa), Erlotinib (e.g., Erlotinib HCl, such as Tarceva), Bevacizumab (e.g., Avastin), Cetuximab (e.g., Erbitux), and Bortezomib (e.g., Velcade).

    [0590] Preferably, when more than one antihormonal agent is used, each agent is selected from a different category of agent. For example, one agent is an aromatase inhibitor (e.g., Anastrozole, Letrozole, or Exemestane) and one agent is an antiestrogen (e.g., Tamoxifen or Fulvestrant).

    [0591] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors, (b) antiestrogens, and (c) LHRH analogues; and administering an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0592] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors, (b) antiestrogens, and (c) LHRH analogues for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0593] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors, and (b) antiestrogens for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0594] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors and (b) antiestrogens; and at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0595] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and at least one aromatase inhibitor for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0596] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, at least one aromatase inhibitor, and at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0597] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; and (2) at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors that are selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane, (b) antiestrogens that are selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and (c) LHRH analogues that are selected from the group consisting of: Goserelin and Leuprolide; and administering an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0598] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; and (2) at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors that are selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane, (b) antiestrogens that are selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and (c) LHRH analogues that are selected from the group consisting of: Goserelin and Leuprolide for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0599] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; and (2) at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors that are selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane, and (b) antiestrogens that are selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0600] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; and (2) at least one antihormonal agent selected from the group consisting of: (a) aromatase inhibitors that are selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane, (b) antiestrogens that are selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene; and administering an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agents are selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0601] Another embodiment of this invention is directed: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; and (2) at least one aromatase inhibitor selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0602] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; (2) at least one aromatase inhibitor that is selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane; and (3) administering an effective amount of at least one chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0603] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; (2) at least one aromatase inhibitor; and (3) at least one LHRH analogue for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0604] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; (2) at least one antiestrogen; and (3) at least one LHRH analogue for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0605] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; (2) at least one aromatase inhibitor that is selected from the group consisting of Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Fadrozole and Formestane; and (3) at least one LHRH analogue that is selected from the group consisting of: Goserelin and Leuprolide for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0606] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to: (1) at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1; (2) at least one antiestrogen that is selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene; and (3) at least one LHRH analogue that is selected from the group consisting of: Goserelin and Leuprolide for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0607] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Anastrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0608] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Letrazole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0609] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Exemestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0610] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Fadrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0611] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Formestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0612] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0613] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0614] Another embodiment of this invention is at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Raloxifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0615] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0616] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Goserelin for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0617] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and and Leuprolide for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0618] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, and an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0619] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, and an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0620] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, and an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0621] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, and an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0622] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, and an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0623] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0624] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0625] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0626] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0627] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0628] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0629] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0630] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0631] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0632] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0633] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0634] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0635] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0636] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0637] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0638] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Tamoxifen, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0639] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to a at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fulvestrant, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0640] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Raloxifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0641] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Acolbifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0642] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0643] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolein, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0644] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0645] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0646] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0647] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0648] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, an antiestrogen selected from the group consisting of: Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, and Acolbifene, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0649] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, Tamoxifen, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0650] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, Tamoxifen, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0651] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, Tamoxifen, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0652] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, Tamoxifen, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0653] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, Tamoxifen, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0654] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, Fulvestrant, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0655] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, Fulvestrant, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0656] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, Fulvestrant, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0657] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Fadrozole, Fulvestrant, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0658] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Formestane, Fulvestrant, and a chemotherapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of: Trastuzumab, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Bevacizumab, Cetuximab, and Bortezomib for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0659] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0660] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0661] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin, and Raloxifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0662] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0663] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0664] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0665] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide, and Raloxifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0666] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide and Acolbifene for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0667] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Anastrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0668] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Letrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0669] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Exemestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0670] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Fadrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0671] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Goserelin and Formestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0672] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide and Anastrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0673] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide and Letrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0674] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide and Exemestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0675] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide and Fadrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0676] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Leuprolide and Formestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0677] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Anastrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0678] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Letrozole for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0679] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Exemestane for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0680] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0681] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1 and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0682] Another embodiment of this invention is directed at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0683] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0684] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, and Fulvestrant for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0685] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Anastrozole, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0686] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Letrozole, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0687] Another embodiment of this invention is directed to at least one (e.g., one) compound of formula A1, Exemestane, and Tamoxifen for use in treating or preventing breast cancer.

    [0688] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any of the above described embodiments for the treatment of Breast Cancer wherein the chemotherapeutic agent is Trastuzumab.

    [0689] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any of the above described embodiments for the treatment or prevention of Breast Cancer wherein the use is directed to the treatment of breast cancer.

    [0690] The compound of formula A1, antihormonal agents and chemotherapeutic agents can be administered concurrently or sequentially.

    [0691] The antihormonal agents and optional chemotherapeutic agents are administered according to their protocols, dosage amounts, and dosage forms that are well know to those skilled in the art (e.g., the Physician's Desk Reference or published literature). For example, for Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Raloxifene, Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane, Leuprolide and Goserelin, see the Physician's Desk Reference, 59th Edition, 2005, published by Thomas PDR at Montvale, N.J. 07645-1742, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference thereto.

    [0692] In general, in the embodiments directed to the uses of treating Breast Cancer: (1) the compound of formula A1 can be administered daily (e.g., once per day, and in one embodiment twice a day), (2) the aromatase inhibitors can be administered in accordance with the known protocol for the aromatase inhibitor used (e.g., once per day), (3) the antiestrogens can be administered in accordance with the known protocol for the antiestrogen used (e.g., from once a day to once a month), (4) the LHRH analogue can be administered in accordance with the known protocol for the LHRH analogue used (e.g., once a month to once every three months), and (5) the chemotherapeutic agent can be administered in accordance with the known protocol for the chemotherapeutic agent used (e.g., from once a day to once a week).

    [0693] Radiation therapy, if administered in the above treatments for breast cancer, is generally administered according to known protocols before administration of the compound of formula A1, antihormonal agents and optional chemotherapeutic agents.

    [0694] Treatment according to the uses of treating breast cancer is continuous (i.e., a continuous dosing schedule is followed). The treatment is continued until there is a complete response, or until the skilled clinician determines that the patient is not benefiting from the treatment (for example, when there is disease progression).

    [0695] The continuous treatment protocol for breast cancer can be changed to a discontinuous treatment schedule if, in the judgment of the skilled clinician, the patient would benefit from a discontinuous treatment schedule with one or more of the administered drugs. For example, the compound of formula A1 can be given using a discontinous treatment schedule while the remaining drugs used in the treatment are given as described herein. An example of a discontinuous treatment protocol for the compound of formula A1 is a repeating cycle of three weeks with the compound of formula A1 followed by one week without the compound of formula A1.

    [0696] After a complete response is achieved with the breast cancer treatment, maintenance therapy with the compound of formula A1 can be continued using the dosing described in the methods of this invention. Maintenance therapy can also include administration of the antihormonal agents using the dosing described in the methods of this invention. Maintenance therapy can just be with the antihormonal agents. For example, after a complete response is achieved, an aromatase inhibitor (e.g., Anastrozole, Letrozole or Exemestane) can be continued for up to five years. Or, for example, an antiestrogen, e.g., Tamoxifen, may be used for up to five years after a complete response is achieved. Or, for example, an antiestrogen (e.g., Tamoxifen) can be used for up to five years after a complete response is achieved followed by the use of an aromatase inhibitor (e.g., Anastrozole, Letrozole or Exemestane) for up to five years.

    [0697] In the embodiments directed to the treatment of breast cancer described above, the compound of formula A1 is administered continuously in a total daily dose of about 100 mg to about 600 mg. Usually this amount is administered in divided doses, and in one embodiment this amount is administered twice a day. In one embodiment the compound of formula A1 is dosed twice a day in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose. In another embodiment the compound of formula A1 is dosed twice a day in an amount of about 100 mg to about 200 mg per dose. Examples include the compound of formula A1 being dosed twice a day at 100 mg per dose. Examples also include the compound of formula A1 being dosed twice a day at 200 mg per dose.

    [0698] Anastrozole is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 0.5 to about 10 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 1.0 mg per dose.

    [0699] Letrozole is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 1.0 to about 10 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 2.5 mg per dose.

    [0700] Exemestane is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 10 to about 50 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 25 mg per dose.

    [0701] Fadrozole is administered p.o. and is dosed twice a day in amounts of about 0.5 to about 10 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 2.0 mg per dose.

    [0702] Formestane is administered i.m. and is dosed once every two weeks in amounts of about 100 to about 500 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 250 mg per dose.

    [0703] Tamoxifen is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 10 to about 100 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 20 mg per dose.

    [0704] Fulvestrant is administered i.m. and is dosed once a month in amounts of about 100 to about 1000 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 250 mg per dose.

    [0705] Raloxifene is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 10 to about 120 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 60 mg per dose.

    [0706] Acolbifene is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 5 to about 20 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 20 mg per dose.

    [0707] Goserelin is administered s.c. and is dosed once a month, or once every three months, in amounts of about 2 to about 20 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 3.6 mg per dose when administered once a month, and in another embodiment in an amount of about 10.8 mg per dose when administered once every three months.

    [0708] Leuprolide is administered s.c. and is dosed once a month, or once every three months, in amounts of about 2 to about 20 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 3.75 mg per dose when administered once a month, and in another embodiment in an amount of about 11.25 mg per dose when administered once every three months.

    [0709] Trastuzumab is administered by i.v. and is dosed once a week in amounts of about 2 to about 20 mpk per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 2 mpk per dose. Trastuzumab is generally initially administered in a loading dose that is generally twice the dose of the weekly dose. Thus, for example, a 4 mpk loading dose is administered and then dosing is 2 mpk per dose per week.

    [0710] Gefitinib is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 100 to about 1000 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 250 mg per dose.

    [0711] Erlotinib is administered p.o. and is dosed once a day in amounts of about 100 to about 500 mg per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 150 mg per dose.

    [0712] Bevacizumab is administered i.v. and is dosed once every two weeks in amounts of about 2.5 to about 15 mg per kilogram of body weight per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 10 mg per kilogram per dose.

    [0713] Cetuximab is administered i.v. and is dosed once a week in amounts of about 200 to about 500 mg per meter squared dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 250 mg per meter squared per dose.

    [0714] Bortezomib is administered i.v. and is dosed twice a week for 2 weeks followed by a 10 day rest period (21 day treatment cycle) for a maximum of 8 treatment cycles in amounts of about 1.0 to about 2.5 mg per meter squared per dose, and in one embodiment in an amount of about 1.3 mg per meter squared per dose.

    [0715] Thus in one embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Anastrozole p.o. in an amount of about 0.5 to about 10 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0716] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Anastrozole in an amount of about 1.0 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0717] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Letrozole p.o. in an amount of about 1.0 to about 10 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0718] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Letrozole p.o. in an amount of about 2.5 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0719] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Exemestane p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 50 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0720] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Exemestane in an amount of about 25 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0721] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 100 to about 1000 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0722] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 orally in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 250 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0723] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 100 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0724] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, and (2) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 20 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0725] In other embodiments of the invention breast cancer is treated in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises the administration of the compound of formula A1, one of the aromatase inhibitors (e.g., Anastrozole, Letrozole, or Exemestane, and in one embodiment Anastrozole), and one of the antiestrogens (e.g., Fulvestrant or Tamoxifen), wherein the compound of formula A1, aromatase inhibitor and antiestrogen are administered in the dosages described above.

    [0726] Thus, for example in another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Anastrozole p.o. in an amount of about 0.5 to about 10 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 100 to about 1000 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0727] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Anastrozole p.o. in an amount of about 1.0 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 250 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0728] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Letrozole p.o in an amount of about 1.0 to about 10 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Fulvestrant in an amount of about 100 to about 1000 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0729] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Letrozole p.o. in an amount of about 2.5 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 250 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0730] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Exemestane p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 50 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 100 to about 1000 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0731] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Exemestane p.o. in an amount of about 25 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Fulvestrant i.m. in an amount of about 250 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a month.

    [0732] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Anastrozole p.o. in an amount of about 0.5 to about 10 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 100 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0733] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Anastrozole p.o. in an amount of about 1.0 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 20 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0734] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Letrozole p.o. in an amount of about 1.0 to about 10 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 100 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0735] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Letrozole p.o. in an amount of about 2.5 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 20 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0736] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 50 mg to about 300 mg per dose wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Exemestane p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 50 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 10 to about 100 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0737] In another embodiment of this invention breast cancer is treated (or prevented) in a patient in need of such treatment wherein said treatment comprises administering to said patient: (1) the compound of formula A1 p.o. in an amount of about 100 to 200 mg per dose, wherein each dose is administered twice a day, (2) Exemestane p.o. in an amount of about 25 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day, and (3) Tamoxifen p.o. in an amount of about 20 mg per dose wherein each dose is given once a day.

    [0738] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that when other combinations of antihormonal agents are used, the individual antihormonal agent is used in the amounts specified above for that individual antihormonal agent.

    [0739] Other embodiments of the treatment of Breast Cancer are directed to the uses of treating Breast Cancer described above wherein the compound of formula A1 is dosed twice a day in an amount of about 100 mg per dose.

    [0740] Other embodiments of the treatment of Breast Cancer are directed to the uses of treating Breast Cancer described above wherein the compound of formula A1 is dosed twice a day in an amount of about 200 mg per dose.

    [0741] Other embodiments of the treatment of Breast Cancer are directed to the uses of treating Breast Cancer described above wherein a chemotherapeutic agent is administered in addition to the compound of formula A1 and antihormonal agent (or antihormonal agents). In these embodiments the dosage ranges of the compound of formula A1 and antihormonal agents are as those described above in the combination therapies, or those described above for the individual compound of formula A1 and antihormonal agents, and the dosages of the chemotherapeutic agents are those described above for the individual chemotherapeutic agent. The dosages for the chemotherapeutic agents are well known in the art.

    [0742] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the methods of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.0 (e.g., 1.0A1, 1.0A, 1.0B1, 1.0B, 1.0C1, 1.0C, 1.1A, 1.1, 1.2A, 1.2, 1.3A or 1.3).

    [0743] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the uses of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 3.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 3.0A1, 3.0A, 3.0B1, 3.0B, 3.0C1, 3.0C, 3.1A, 3.1, 3.2A, 3.2, 3.3A or 3.3).

    [0744] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the methods of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 4.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 4.0A1, 4.0A, 4.0B1, 4.0B, 4.0C1, 4.0C, 4.1A, 4.1, 4.2A, 4.2, 4.3A or 4.3).

    [0745] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the methods of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 5.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 5.0A1, 5.0A, 5.0B1, 5.0B, 5.0C1, 5.0C, 5.1A, 5.1, 5.2A, 5.2, 5.3A or 5.3).

    [0746] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the methods of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 6.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 6.0A1, 6.0A, 6.0B1, 6.0B, 6.0C1, 6.0C, 6.1A, 6.1, 6.2A, 6.2, 6.3A or 6.3).

    [0747] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the methods of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 7.0 (e.g., any one of the formulas 7.0A1, 7.0A, 7.0B1, 7.0B, 7.0C1, 7.0C, 7.1A, 7.1, 7.2A, 7.2, 7.3A or 7.3).

    [0748] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the embodiments above directed to uses of treating cancer, any one of the embodiments above directed to the methods of treating lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (e.g., colorectal cancer), myeloid leukemias, AML, CML, CMML, thyroid cancer, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), bladder carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancers, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, ovarian cancer, brain cancers (e.g., gliomas, such as glioma blastoma multiforme), cancers of mesenchymal origin (e.g., fibrosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas), sarcomas, tetracarcinomas, nuroblastomas, kidney carcinomas, hepatomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and any one of the embodiments above directed to methods of preventing breast cancer, and any one of the embodiments above directed to treating or preventing breast cancer, wherein the compound of formula a1 is selected from the group consisting of compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24 and 29.

    [0749] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of formula A1 (e.g., 1.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 or 7.0) and at least one antihormonal agent and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of formula A1 (e.g., 1.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 or 7.0), at least one antihormonal agent, at least one chemotherapeutic agent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of formula A1 (e.g., 1.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 or 7.0), at least one chemotherapeutic agent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

    [0750] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the pharmaceutical composition embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.1. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the pharmaceutical composition embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.2. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the pharmaceutical composition embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.3. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the pharmaceutical composition embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.4. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the pharmaceutical composition embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.4A.

    [0751] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the pharmaceutical composition embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 205.

    [0752] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the usess of treatment embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.1. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the methods of treatment embodiments using compounds of formula A10 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.2. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the methods of treatment embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.3. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the methods of treatment embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.4. Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the methods of treatment embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of formula 1.4A.

    [0753] Other embodiments of this invention are directed to any one of the uses of treatment embodiments using compounds of formula A1 wherein the compound of formula A1 is a compound of any one of Embodiment Numbers 1 to 205.

    [0754] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the compounds (drugs) used in the uses of this invention are available to the skilled clinician in pharmaceutical compositions (dosage forms) from the manufacturer and are used in those compositions. So, the recitation of the compound or class of compounds in the above described methods can be replaced with a recitation of a pharmaceutical composition comprising the particular compound or class of compounds. For example, the embodiment directed to a method of treating cancer comprising administering to a patient in need of such treatment therapeutically effective amounts of the compound of formula A1, a taxane, and a platinum coordination compound, includes within its scope a method of treating cancer comprising administering to a patient in need of such treatment therapeutically effective amounts of a pharmaceutical composition comprising the compound of formula A1, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a taxane, and a pharmaceutical composition comprising a platinum coordination compound.

    [0755] Those skilled in the art will recognize that the actual dosages and protocols for administration employed in the methods of this invention may be varied according to the judgment of the skilled clinician. The actual dosage employed may be varied depending upon the requirements of the patient and the severity of the condition being treated. Determination of the proper dosage for a particular situation is within the skill of the art. A determination to vary the dosages and protocols for administration may be made after the skilled clinician takes into account such factors as the patient's age, condition and size, as well as the severity of the cancer being treated and the response of the patient to the treatment.

    [0756] The amount and frequency of administration of the compound of formula 1.0 and the chemotherapeutic agents will be regulated according to the judgment of the attending clinician (physician) considering such factors as age, condition and size of the patient as well as severity of the cancer being treated.

    [0757] The chemotherapeutic agent can be administered according to therapeutic protocols well known in the art. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the administration of the chemotherapeutic agent can be varied depending on the cancer being treated and the known effects of the chemotherapeutic agent on that disease. Also, in accordance with the knowledge of the skilled clinician, the therapeutic protocols (e.g., dosage amounts and times of administration) can be varied in view of the observed effects of the administered therapeutic agents on the patient, and in view of the observed responses of the cancer to the administered therapeutic agents.

    [0758] The initial administration can be made according to established protocols known in the art, and then, based upon the observed effects, the dosage, modes of administration and times of administration can be modified by the skilled clinician.

    [0759] The particular choice of chemotherapeutic agent will depend upon the diagnosis of the attending physicians and their judgement of the condition of the patient and the appropriate treatment protocol.

    [0760] The determination of the order of administration, and the number of repetitions of administration of the chemotherapeutic agent during a treatment protocol, is well within the knowledge of the skilled physician after evaluation of the cancer being treated and the condition of the patient.

    [0761] Thus, in accordance with experience and knowledge, the practicing physician can modify each protocol for the administration of a chemotherapeutic agent according to the individual patient's needs, as the treatment proceeds. All such modifications are within the scope of the present invention.

    [0762] The particular choice of antihormonal agents, optional chemotherapeutic agents and optional radiation will depend upon the diagnosis of the attending physicians and their judgment of the condition of the patient and the appropriate treatment protocol.

    [0763] The determination of the order of administration, and the number of repetitions of administration of the antihormonal agents, optional chemotherapeutic agents and optional radiation during a treatment protocol, is well within the knowledge of the skilled physician after evaluation of the breast cancer being treated and the condition of the patient.

    [0764] Thus, in accordance with experience and knowledge, the practicing physician can modify each protocol for the administration of antihormonal agents, optional chemotherapeutic agents and optional radiation according to the individual patient's needs, as the treatment proceeds. All such modifications are within the scope of the present invention.

    [0765] The attending clinician, in judging whether treatment is effective at the dosage administered, will consider the general well-being of the patient as well as more definite signs such as relief of cancer-related symptoms (e.g., pain, cough (for lung cancer), and shortness of breath (for lung cancer)), inhibition of tumor growth, actual shrinkage of the tumor, or inhibition of metastasis. Size of the tumor can be measured by standard methods such as radiological studies, e.g., CAT or MRI scan, and successive measurements can be used to judge whether or not growth of the tumor has been retarded or even reversed. Relief of disease-related symptoms such as pain, and improvement in overall condition can also be used to help judge effectiveness of treatment.

    EXAMPLES



    [0766] The compounds of the invention can be made according to the processes described below, and by the procedures described in US 2007/0191604 published August 16, 2007, US 2009/0118284 published May 7, 2009, and PCT/US2009/034447 filed February 19, 2009, the disclosures of each being incorporated herein by reference thereto, by using the appropriate reagents.

    [0767] The LCMS conditions are: (1) column: C-18 reverse phase, 5um, 4.6 x 50 mm, (2) MS:PE Sciex API-150EX, and (3) HPLC: Shimadzu LC-10 ADvp, 1ml/min, linerar gradient 10% acetonitirle in water to 95% acetonitrile in water, both contain 0.05% TFA


    Example 1


    Synthesis of ethyl 1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylate (3)



    [0768] 



    [0769] Commercial available compound 1 (4.71g, 30 mmol) was dissolved in DMF (30 mL). To this was added K2CO3 (8.3g, 60 mmol) and 2 (4.92g, 30 mmol). The resulting mixture was heated at 90 °C for 4 days. It was then concentrated, partitioned between CH2Cl2 and H2O. The separated organic layer was washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The resulting crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 4:1 then 2:1 hexanes/ethyl acetate) to yield 3 as a light brown oil (6.17 g, 86%).

    Synthesis of lithium 1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylate (4)



    [0770] 



    [0771] To a methanol (30 mL) solution of 3 (3.6 g, 15 mmol) was added LiOH solution ( 1.0 M, 15 mL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred overnight and then concentrated to yield a solid as 4.

    Synthesis of 2-chloro-1-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethanone (5)



    [0772] 



    [0773] TMSCl (5 mL) was added to THF (40 mL) suspension of above crude 4 (ca. 15 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min before concentrated to dryness in vacuo. After under high vac for 30 min, the resulting solid was recharged with THF (40 mL) with a few drop of DMF. Oxalyl chloride (2 mL) was added. After stirring at room tempearutre for 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was again concentrated to dryness in vacuo and placed under high vac for 30 min. The resulting solid was dissolved in THF (40 mL) and cooled to 0 °C. TMSCHN2 (2N, 30 mL) was added in dropwised. After addition, the reaction was allowed to rise to room temperature naturally and stirred over night before careful addition of HCl in Et2O (IN, 100 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 hrs. It was then concentrated to dryness and partition between ethyl acetate and sat. NaHCO3. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The resulting crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 4:1 hexanes/ethyl acetate) to yield 5 as an oil (2.6 g, 71%).

    Synthesis of (S)-N-(3-(2-methylpyridin-4-yl)-1H-indazol-5-yl)-3-(methylthio)-1-(2-oxo-2-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxamide (7)



    [0774] 



    [0775] (S)-N-(3-(2-methylpyridin-4-yl)-1H-indazol-5-yl)-3-(methylthio)pyrrolidine-3-carboxamide 6 (176 mg, 0.2 mmol) and 2-chloro-1-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethanone 5 (52 mg, 0.2 mmol) was mixed in DMF (2 mL) together with triethylamine (0.1 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at 45 °C for 3 hrs before concentrated to dryness in vacuo. The resulting crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 2% to 4% NH3/MeOH (2 N) in CH2Cl2) to yield 7 as a light yellow solid (89 mg, 77%). LCMS M+1 = 576.3 retention time = 1.73 min.

    Example 2


    Synthesis of (S)-N-(3-(6-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-1H-indazol-5-yl)-3-methoxy-1-(2-oxo-2-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxamide (9)



    [0776] 



    [0777] Compound 9 was synthesized following the same procedure as above substituting starting material 6 with compound 8. LCMS M+1 = 604, retention time = 2.25 min.

    Example 3


    Synthesis of ethyl 1-(5-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylate (11)



    [0778] 



    [0779] To a stirred solution of 10 (3.05g, 12.9 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) 1 (5.97 mL, 38.7 mmol) and DIPEA (8.5 mL, 51.7 mmol) was added. The clear mixture was heated at 80 °C overnight before concentrated to a small volume and partitioned between ethyl acetate and brine. The separated organic layer was dried and concentrated to dryness. The resulting crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 15% to 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to yield 11 as a brown solid (4.5 g, 84%).

    Synthesis of lithium 1-(5-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylate (12)



    [0780] 



    [0781] To the stirred solution of 11 (2.5 g, 8 mmol) in MeOH (25 mL) was added LiOH.H2O (0.5 g, 12 mmol). The mixture was heated at reflux for 4 hrs. It was then cooled down and concentrated to dryness in vacuo to yield a solid (2.32 g).



    [0782] TMSCl (2.02 mL, 16 mmol) was added to THF (40 mL) suspension of above crude 12 (ca. 8 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min before concentrated to dryness in vacuo. After under high vac for 30 min, the resulting solid was recharged with THF (50 mL) with a few drop of DMF. Oxalyl chloride (1.35 mL) was added. After stirring at room tempearutre overnight, the reaction mixture was again concentrated to dryness in vacuo and placed under high vac for 30 min. The resulting solid was dissolved in THF (50 mL) and cooled to 0 °C. TMSCHN2 (2N, 16 mL) was added in dropwised. After addition, the reaction was allowed to rise to room temperature naturally and stirred over night before careful addition of HCl in Et2O (IN, 53 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 hrs. It was then concentrated to dryness and partition between ethyl acetate and sat. NaHCO3. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The resulting crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 1:1 then 1:3 hexanes/ethyl acetate) to yield 13 as a white solid (0.95 g, 38%).



    [0783] To the mixture of 13 (41 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DMF (3.0 mL) was added 8 (40 mg, 0.1 mmol) followed by triethyl amine (0.07 mL). The reaction was heated at 45 °C for 2 hrs before concentrated to dryness in vacuo. The resulting crude was purified by prep TLC (eluting with 9% NH3/MeOH (2 N) in CH2Cl2) to yield a yellow solid (42 mg, 63 %). LCMS M+1 = 676.4, retention time = 2.37 mins.

    Example 4



    [0784] 

    Compound 16 was prepared from compound 15 by following procedures similar to those of Example 3. LCMS M+1 = 702.4, retention time 2.56 mins

    Example 5



    [0785] 

    Compound 18 was prepared from compound 17 by following procedures similar to those of Example 3. LCMS M+1 = 648.4, retention time 1.94 mins

    Example 6



    [0786] 

    Compound 20 was prepared from compound 19 by following procedures similar to those of Example 3. LCMS M+1 = 651.4, retention time 2.53 mins

    Example 7



    [0787] 



    Compound 22 was prepared from compound 21 by following procedures similar to those of Example 3. LCMS M+1 = 618.3, retention time 1.89 mins

    Example 8



    [0788] 

    Compound 24 was prepared from compound 23 by following procedures similar to those of Example 3. LCMS M+1 = 692.4, retention time 2.35 mins

    Example 9



    [0789] 



    [0790] To a DMF (40 mL) solution of 1 (3.14 g, 20 mmol) and 25 (4.76g, 20 mmol) was added K3PO4 (8.0g, 37.7 mmol), Cs2CO3 (6.0g, 18.5 mmol), CuI (0.95 g, 5 mmol) and 2-acetylcyclohexanone (2.1g, 15 mmol). The mixture was heated at 80 °C for 3 days before concentrated to a small volume in vacuo. The remaining was partitioned between ethyl acetate and H2O, washed with brine, dried and concentrated to dryness. The crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 2% to 4% NH3/MeOH (2 N) in CH2Cl2) to yield 27 as a light yellow solid (1.23 g, 20%).



    [0791] Compound 28 was synthesized according to above procedure starting from 27. LCMS M+1 = 319.2, retention 2.23 mins.





    [0792] A mixture of 8 (41 mg, 0.1 mmol), triethyl amine (0.1 mL) and 28 (50 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was heated at 45 °C for 3 hrs before concentrated to dryness in vacuo. The crude was purified on silica gel column (eluting with 2% to 5% NH3/MeOH (2 N) in CH2Cl2) to yield 29 as a light yellow solid (27 mg, 40%). LCMS M+1 = 678.4, retention time 2.53 mins.

    Example 10



    [0793] 



    [0794] If one were to react 7 (Example 1) with TrCl and NaH then one would obtain 30.

    Example 11


    Synthesis of (3S)-1-(2-hydroxy-2-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethyl)-N-(3-(2-methylpyridin-4-yl)-1H-indazol-5-yl)-3-(methylthio)pyrrolidine-3-carboxamide (31)



    [0795] 



    [0796] To a solution of 7 (17 mg, 0.03 mmol) (Example 1) in MeOH (3 mL) was added NaBH4 (20 mg, 0.5 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hrs before it was concentrated to dryness. The residue was purified on a prep TLC plate eluting with 10% ammonia /MeOH (2 M) in CH2Cl2 to yield a yellow solid 31 (10 mg, 59%). LCMS M+1 = 578.3 retention time = 1.70 min.

    Example 12


    Synthsis of (3S)-1-(2-hydroxy-2-(1-(5-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethyl)-3-methoxy-N-(3-(pyridin-4-yl)-1H-indazol-5-yl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxamide (32)



    [0797] 



    [0798] 32 was prepared from 22 (Example 7) as an off-white solid following procedures similar to those in Example 11. LCMS M+1 = 620.3 retention time = 1.73 min.

    Example 13



    [0799] 



    [0800] If one were to react 30 (Example 10) with NaBH4 in MeOH then one would obtain 33.

    Example 14



    [0801] 



    [0802] If one were to react 33 (Example 13) with NaH and R50X (wherein X is Cl, Br, I, or OTf, and R50 is as defined for formula A1) followed by deprotection of Tr group (TFA, CH2Cl2), one would obtain 34.

    Example 15



    [0803] 



    [0804] If one were to react 33 Example 13) with MsCl and triethyl amine followed by NaN3 displacement then one would obtain 35.

    Example 16



    [0805] 



    [0806] If one were to react 35 (Example 15) with H2 and transition metal catalysts (for example Pd/C) followed by deprotection of Tr group (TFA, CH2Cl2) then one would obtain 36.

    Example 17



    [0807] 



    [0808] If one were to subject 36 (Example 16) to amide coupling conditions (for example, R50COOH (wherein R50 is as defined for formula A1), triethyl amine and HATU), then one would obtain 37.

    Example 18



    [0809] 



    [0810] If one were to react 30 (Example 10) through reductive aminations with NH(R50)2 (wherein R50 is as defined for formula A1) followed by deprotection of Tr group (TFA, CH2Cl2) then one would obtain 38.

    Example 19


    Synthesis of (S)-1-(2-(hydroxyimino)-2-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)ethyl)-N-(3-(2-methylpyridin-4-yl)-1H-indazol-5-yl)-3-(methylthio)pyrrolidine-3-carboxamide 7b



    [0811] 



    [0812] To a solution of 7 (15 mg, 0.026 mmol) (Example 1) and pyridine (10 uL) in EtOH (1 mL) was added NH2OH-HCl (4 mg). The resulting mixture was heated at 90 °C for 1 day before it was cooled and concentrated to dryness. The residue was purified on a silica gel column eluting with 2% to 6% ammonia /MeOH (2 M) in CH2Cl2 to yield a white solid 7b (7.2 mg, 47%). LCMS M+1 = 591.3, retention time = 1.67 min.

    Example 20



    [0813] 



    [0814] If one were to substitute NH2OR50 (wherein R50 is as defined for formula A1) for NH2OH-HCl in Example 19, then one would obtain 40.

    Example 21



    [0815] 



    [0816] If one were to react 30 (Example 10) with Lawesson's reagent and follow with deprotection of Tr group (TFA, CH2Cl2) then one would obtain 41.

    ASSAYS


    Coupled ERK2 Assay:



    [0817] Activity of compounds against inactive ERK2 is tested in a coupled MEK1/ERK2 IMAP assay as follows: Compounds are diluted to 25x final test concentration in 100% DMSO. 14µl of kinase buffer (10mM Tris.HCl pH 7.2, 10mM MgCl2, 0.01% Tween-20, ImM DTT) containing 0.4ng unphosphorylated Mouse ERK2 protein is added to each well of a black 384-well assay plate. 1µl of 25x compound is added to each well and incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes to allow an opportunity for the compound to bind to the inactive enzyme. DMSO concentration during initial incubation is 6.7%. ERK2 activity is determined to be insensitive to DMSO concentrations up to 20%. ERK2 is then activated and it's kinase activity is measured by the addition of 10µl kinase buffer with the following components (final concentration per reaction): 2ng active (phosphorylated) human MEK1 protein and 4µM (total) ERK2 IMAP substrate peptides (3.9µM unlabeled IPTTPITTTYFFFK-CONH2 and 100nM IPTTPITTTYFFFK(5-carboxyfluorescein)-CONH2) and 30µM ATP. DMSO concentration during ERK activation was 4%. After one hour, reactions are terminated by addition of 60µl IMAP detections beads in binding buffer (Molecular Devices). Binding is allowed to equilibrate for 30 minutes before reading the plate on an LJL Analyst Fluorescence Polarization plate reader. Compound inhibition is calculated relative to DMSO and fully inhibited standards. Active compounds is reconfirmed in an independent assay.

    Active ERK2 Assay:



    [0818] Activated ERK2 activity was also determined in the IMAP assay format using the procedure outlined above. 1µl of 25x compound was added to 14µl of kinase buffer containing 0.25ng fully phosphorylated, active Mouse ERK2 protein. Following a 30 minute incubation, the reactions were initiated by addition of 10µl of kinase buffer containing 1µM ERK2 IMAP substrate peptide (0.9µM unlabeled IPTTPITTTYFFFK-CONH2 and 100nM IPTTPITTTYFFFK(5-carboxyfluorescein)-CONH2) and 30µM ATP. Reactions proceeded for 30 minutes before termination by addition of 60µl IMAP detection beads in binding buffer. Plates were read as above after 30 minute binding equilibration. Active compounds were reconfirmed in an independent assay.

    Soft Agar Assay:



    [0819] Anchorage-independent growth is a characteristic of tumorigenic cell lines. Human tumor cells can be suspended in growth medium containing 0.3% agarose and an indicated concentration of a farnesyl transferase inhibitor. The solution can be overlayed onto growth medium solidified with 0.6% agarose containing the same concentration of ERK1 and ERK2 inhibitor as the top layer. After the top layer is solidified, plates can be incubated for 10-16 days at 37°C under 5% CO2 to allow colony outgrowth. After incubation, the colonies can be stained by overlaying the agar with a solution of MTT (3-[4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, Thiazolyl blue) (1 mg/mL in PBS). Colonies can be counted and the IC50's can be determined.

    The AUC (Protocol of Cassette Accelerating Rapid Rat screen (CARRS))


    Animal dosing and sample collection



    [0820] Male Sprague-Dawley rats (Charles River, Co.) are pre-cannulated (femoral artery) in order to facilitate precise blood sampling times, and to reduce the stress on the animals caused by serial bleedings. Following an overnight fast, two rats are dosed orally with one compound at a dose of 10 mg/kg in a 5-mL/kg dose volume. Blood is collected into heparin-containing tubes serially from each animal at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 h post-dosing and is centrifuged to generate plasma. Approximately 100 µL of plasma are collected at the individual time points. The plasma samples are stored at -20 °C until analysis.

    Plasma sample and standard curve preparation



    [0821] A set of 12 rat plasma samples is generated for each NCE (i.e. 6 timepoints and n = 2 rats). These 12 samples are pooled across the two rats at each timepoint to provide 6 pooled samples (one sample per time point) for each NCE. The pooled samples are assayed as cassettes of six (36 samples total) to provide data on the six compounds. The 50-µL aliquots of the 36 plasma samples are placed into individual wells of a 96-well plate. An additional compound (often a structural analog of the test compounds) is selected as the internal standard. A mini-calibration curve is prepared (three points plus a zero) for each compound assayed. Drug-free rat plasma is measured into 1-mL aliquots and each aliquot is spiked with known concentrations of the compounds to generate standards of the desired concentrations. The concentrations of the standards are chosen to bracket the expected concentration of the pooled samples based on historical data from previous studies on other compounds. For this work, the standards are set to contain concentrations of 25, 250 and 2500 ng NCE/mL plasma. The plasma standards are precipitated in duplicate along with the samples. Protein precipitation occurrs after addition of 150 µL of acetonitrile containing the internal standard at a concentration of 1 ng/mL into each sample well using the Tomtec Quadra 96 system. The precipitated samples and standards are vortexed and centrifuged in the 96-well plate. Approximately 50-100 µL of the supernatant are removed and placed into a fresh 96-well plate using the Tomtec Quadra 96 system. A volume of 5-10 µL of the supernatant is used for analysis by HPLC-MS/MS. The mini-standard curve is run in duplicate, once before and once after the samples. Thus, a total of 14 study samples plus standards are analyzed per compound. In addition, solvent blanks are injected before and after each set of 14 and after the highest calibration standard for each compound; therefore, a total of 103 injections are made into each HPLC system for each set of six compounds. Multiple solvent blank injections could be made from a single well. Twelve solvent blank wells are designated in each 96-well plate. Thus, one batch (cassette) of six NCEs is prepared and assayed using one 96-well plate format.

    HPLC-MS/MS analysis



    [0822] All the compounds were analyzed using selected reaction monitoring (SRM) methods with LC/MS/MS instruments. Once the method development had been completed, the assay was quickly set up using a standard injection sequence template for the CARRS assay.

    [0823] The compounds 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29 and 32 had an AERK2 IC50 in the range of 1 nM to 51 nM.

    [0824] For preparing pharmaceutical compositions from the compounds described by this invention, inert, pharmaceutically acceptable carriers can be either solid or liquid. Solid form preparations include powders, tablets, dispersible granules, capsules, cachets and suppositories. The powders and tablets may be comprised of from about 5 to about 95 percent active ingredient. Suitable solid carriers are known in the art, e.g. magnesium carbonate, magnesium stearate, talc, sugar or lactose. Tablets, powders, cachets and capsules can be used as solid dosage forms suitable for oral administration. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and methods of manufacture for various compositions may be found in A. Gennaro (ed.), Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 20th Edition, (2000), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

    [0825] Liquid form preparations include solutions, suspensions and emulsions. As an example may be mentioned water or water-propylene glycol solutions for parenteral injection or addition of sweeteners and opacifiers for oral solutions, suspensions and emulsions. Liquid form preparations may also include solutions for intranasal administration. Aerosol preparations suitable for inhalation may include solutions and solids in powder form, which may be in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, such as an inert compressed gas, e.g. nitrogen. Also included are solid form preparations which are intended to be converted, shortly before use, to liquid form preparations for either oral or parenteral administration. Such liquid forms include solutions, suspensions and emulsions. The compounds of the invention may also be deliverable transdermally. The transdermal compositions can take the form of creams, lotions, aerosols and/or emulsions and can be included in a transdermal patch of the matrix or reservoir type as are conventional in the art for this purpose.

    [0826] Preferably the compound is administered orally.

    [0827] Preferably, the pharmaceutical preparation is in a unit dosage form. In such form, the preparations subdivided into suitably sized unit doses containing appropriate quantities of the active component, e.g., an effective amount to achieve the desired purpose.

    [0828] The quantity of active compound in a unit dose of preparation may be varied or adjusted from about 0.01 mg to about 1000 mg, preferably from about 0.01 mg to about 750 mg, more preferably from about 0.01 mg to about 500 mg, and most preferably from about 0.01 mg to about 250 mg according to the particular application.

    [0829] The actual dosage employed may be varied depending upon the requirements of the patient and the severity of the condition being treated. Determination of the proper dosage regimen for a particular situation is within the skill in the art. For convenience, the total daily dosage may be divided and administered in portions during the day as required.

    [0830] The amount and frequency of administration of the compounds of the invention and/or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof will be regulated according to the judgment of the attending clinician considering such factors as age, condition and size of the patient as well as severity of the symptoms being treated. A typical recommended daily dosage regimen for oral administration can range from about 0.04 mg/day to about 4000 mg/day, in two to four divided doses.


    Claims

    1. A compound of formula 1.0:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein:

    Y1, Y2, and Y3 are each-CH=;

    z is 1;

    R35 is independently selected from H, methyl, ethyl, i-propyl and propyl;

    X1 is selected from the group consisting of: =O, =S, =NOR50, -N(R50)2 (wherein each R50 is independently selected), -N(R51)C(O)R50 and -OR50;

    Q is a substituent selected from the group consisting of:





    and

    Each Q1 represents a ring independently selected from the group consisting of: cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, and substituted heteroaryl, wherein said substituted rings are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: halo and the R10 moieties; provided that when Q1 is aryl, heteroaryl, substituted aryl or substituted heteroaryl then the carbon atoms at the ring junction are not substituted;

    Q2 represents a ring independently selected from the group consisting of: heterocycloalkyl and substituted heterocycloalkyl wherein said substituted rings are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: halo and the R10 moieties;

    Z1 represents -(C(R24)2)w- wherein each R24 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl and F, and wherein w is 1, 2 or 3;

    Z2 is selected from the group consisting of: -N(R44)-, -O- and -C(R46)2-;

    m is 1 to 6;

    n is 1 to 6;

    p is 0 to 6;

    t is 0, 1, or 2;

    R1 is phenyl or heteroaryl, optionally substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) - OCF3, (7) alkyl substituted with 1 to 3 independently selected halo atoms, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) alkyl, (10) alkenyl, (11) halo, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) cycloalkyl, (21) -O-alkyl-O-R20, (22) hydroxyalkyl, (23) -N(R20)2 wherein each R20 is independently selected, (24) -alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-alkyl-OH,
    (26) -NH(hydroxyalkyl), and (27) oxazolidinone;

    R2 is

    - OR23 or

    - S(O)t-alkyl;

    R5 is selected from

































    each R3, R4, R6 and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of:
    (1) H, (2) alkenyl, (3) substituted alkenyl, (4) alkyl, (5) substituted alkyl, (6) cycloalkyl, (7) substituted cycloalkyl, (8) cycloalkylalkyl-, (9) substituted cycloalkylalkyl-, (10) heterocycloalkyl, (11) substituted heterocycloalkyl, (12) heterocycloalkylalkyl-, (13) substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl-, (14) -C(O)R10, (15) arylheteroaryl-, (16) substituted arylheteroaryl-, (17) heteroarylaryl-, (18) substituted heteroarylaryl-, (19) aryl, (20) substituted aryl, (21) heteroaryl, (22) substituted heteroaryl, (23) heteroarylheteroaryl-, (24) substituted heteroarylheteroaryl-, (25) arylaminoheteroaryl-, (26) substituted arylaminoheteroaryl-, (27) arylalkynyl-, (28) substituted arylalkynyl-, (29) heteroarylalkynyl-, (30) substituted heteroarylalkynyl-, and (31) benzoheteroaryl;

    wherein said R3, R4, R6 and R7 substituted groups (7), (9), (11), (13), (16), (18), (20), (22), (24), (26), (28) and (30) are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, -NHR20, -N(R20)2 wherein each R20 is independently selected, alkyl, alkenyl, halo, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28, -C(O)R28, and -OR20;

    wherein said R3, R4, R6 and R7 substituted groups (3) and (5) are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, halo, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28, and -C(O)R28;

    R5A is selected from the group consisting of: halo, -OH, alkyl, -SR52, -O-alkyl;

    R8 is selected from the group consisting of: H, -OH, -N(R10)2, -NR10C(O)R12, and alkyl;

    each R9 is independently selected from the group consisting of:halogen, -CN, -NO2, -OR10, -SR10, -N(R10)2, and R10;

    each R10 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, alkylheteroaryl-, alkylaryl-, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl-, substituted alkylaryl-, heterocycloalkenyl, and substituted heterocycloalkenyl, and wherein:

    said R10 substituted alkyl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, -NHR20, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, -C(O)-NH-R26, -C(O)OR26, and -C(O)R26, and

    said R10 substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl- and substituted alkylaryl- are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) alkyl substituted with 1 to 3 independently selected halo atoms, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) alkyl, (10) alkenyl, (11) halo, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) - C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) cycloalkyl, (21) -O-alkyl-O-R20, (22) hydroxyalkyl, (23) -N(R20)2 wherein each R20 is independently selected, (24) -alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-alkyl-OH,
    (26) -NH(hydroxyalkyl), and (27) oxazolidinone;

    R11 is selected from the group consisting of: F, -OH, -CN, -OR10, -NHNR1R10, -SR10 and heteroaryl;

    R12 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl;

    R14 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl-, heterocycloalkyl, alkylheterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl-, alkylheteroaryl- and alkylaryl-;

    R15 is selected from the group consisting of: H, -OH, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl-, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl-, alkylheteroaryl- and alkylaryl-;

    R20 represents alkyl;

    R23 is selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkylalkyl-;

    each R26 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl;

    R28 is alkyl;

    each R30 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, and F;

    each R32 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl;

    R36 is selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, and -O-alkyl;

    each R38 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, alkylheteroaryl-, alkylaryl-, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl- and substituted alkylaryl-, and wherein:

    said R38 substituted alkyl is substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: -NH2, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, halo, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28, and -C(O)R28, and

    said R38 substituted aryl, substituted arylalkyl, substituted heteroaryl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkylalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituted alkylheteroaryl- and substituted alkylaryl- are substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) -CF3, (8) -C(O)R26, (9) alkyl, (10) alkenyl, (11) halo, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR26, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R26)2, (15) -S(O)tR26, (16) -C(O)N(R32)(R26), (17) -NR32C(O)R26,

    and (19) -NHR20;

    R42 is selected from the group consisting of: alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, and cycloalkyl;

    R44 is selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkylalkyl;

    Each R46 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkylalkyl;

    Each R50 is independently selected from the group consisting of H and alkyl;

    R51 is selected from the group consisting of H and alkyl;

    R52 is -O-alkyl;

    alkenyl is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) comprising at least one carbon to carbon double bond, wherein the chain can be straight or branched, and wherein said group comprises 2 to 15 carbon atoms;

    alkyl is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (chain) that can be straight or branched wherein said group comprises 1 to 20 carbon atoms in the chain;

    cycloalkyl is a non-aromatic mono- or multicyclic ring system comprising 3 to 7 carbon atoms;

    aryl is a monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 6 to 14 carbon atoms;

    heteroaryl is an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 5 to 14 ring atoms in which one or more of the ring atoms is an element other than carbon; and

    heterocycloalkyl is a non-aromatic saturated monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 3 to 10 ring atoms.


     
    2. The compound of Claim 1 wherein Q is 2.1.
     
    3. The compound of Claim 1 wherein Z1 is -CH2-.
     
    4. The compound of Claim 1 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of: H and alkyl.
     
    5. The compound of Claim 4 wherein each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H; Q is 2.1; and the compound of formula 1.0 is:


     
    6. The compound of any previous Claim wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of:































































    and
    wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of:


































     
    7. The compound of Claim 6 wherein: Q is 2.1; each R3, R4, R6, and R7 is H; and the compound of formula 1.0 is:


     
    8. The compound of Claim 7 wherein: R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    and
    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:


     
    9. The compound of Claim 1 wherein said compound is a compound of formula 1.4:

    or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts, or solvates thereof, wherein R1, R2 and Q are independently selected, and wherein:

    Q is:

    R1 is selected from the group consisting of:

    R2 is selected from the group consisting of: -O-alkyl and -S-alkyl; and

    R5 is selected from the group consisting of:


     
    10. The compound of any previous Claim wherein R2 is -OCH3.
     
    11. The compound of any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein R2 is -SCH3.
     
    12. The compound of Claim 1 selected from the group consisting of: 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, and 41:

































    and


     
    13. A pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one compound of any one of claims 1 to 12, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
     
    14. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 12, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in therapy.
     
    15. A compound of any one of claims 1 to 12 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in the treatment of cancer.
     
    16. A combination comprising a compound of any one of claims 1-12, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one chemotherapeutic agent for use in treating cancer.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Verbindung der Formel 1.0:

    oder die pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Salze davon, wobei:

    Y1, Y2 und Y3 jeweils -CH= sind,

    z 1 ist,

    R35 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus H, Methyl, Ethyl, i-Propyl und Propyl,

    X1 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: =O, =S, =NOR50, -N(R50)2 (wobei jedes R50 unabhängig ausgewählt ist), -N(R51)C(O)R50 und -OR50,

    Q ein Substituent ist, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:





    und

    jedes Q1 einen Ring bedeutet, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Cycloalkyl, substituiertem Cycloalkyl, Heterocycloalkyl, substituiertem Heterocycloalkyl, Aryl, substituiertem Aryl, Heteroaryl und substituiertem Heteroaryl, wobei die substituierten Ringe substituiert sind mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Halogen und den R10-Resten, mit der Maßgabe, dass wenn Q1 Aryl, Heteroaryl, substituiertes Aryl oder substituiertes Heteroaryl ist, die Kohlenstoffatome am Ringverknüpfungspunkt dann nicht substituiert sind,

    Q2 einen Ring bedeutet, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Heterocycloalkyl und substituiertem Heterocycloalkyl, wobei die substituierten Ringe substituiert sind mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Halogen und den R10-Resten,

    Z1-(C(R24)2)w- bedeutet, wobei jedes R24 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl und F, und wobei w 1, 2 oder 3 ist,

    Z2 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: -N(R44)-, -O- und -C(R46)2-,

    m 1 bis 6 ist,

    n 1 bis 6 ist,

    p 0 bis 6 ist,

    t 0, 1 oder 2 ist,

    R1 Phenyl oder Heteroaryl ist, gegebenenfalls substituiert mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) Alkyl, substituiert mit 1 bis 3 unabhängig ausgewählten Halogenatomen, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) Alkyl, (10) Alkenyl, (11) Halogen, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) Cycloalkyl, (21) -O-Alkyl-O-R20, (22) Hydroxyalkyl, (23) -N(R20)2, wobei jedes R20 unabhängig ausgewählt ist, (24) -Alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-Alkyl-OH, (26) -NH(Hydroxyalkyl) und (27) Oxazolidinon,

    R2 -OR23 oder
    -S(O)t-Alkyl ist,

    R5 ausgewählt ist aus

































    jedes R3, R4, R6 und R7 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: (1) H, (2) Alkenyl, (3) substituiertem Alkenyl, (4) Alkyl, (5) substituiertem Alkyl, (6) Cycloalkyl, (7) substituiertem Cycloalkyl, (8) Cycloalkylalkyl-, (9) substituiertem Cycloalkylalkyl-, (10) Heterocycloalkyl, (11) substituiertem Heterocycloalkyl, (12) Heterocycloalkylalkyl-, (13) substituiertem Heterocycloalkylalkyl-, (14) -C(O)R10, (15) Arylheteroaryl-, (16) substituiertem Arylheteroaryl-, (17) Heteroarylaryl-, (18) substituiertem Heteroarylaryl-, (19) Aryl, (20) substituiertem Aryl, (21) Heteroaryl, (22) substituiertem Heteroaryl, (23) Heteroarylheteroaryl-, (24) substituiertem Heteroarylheteroaryl-, (25) Arylaminoheteroaryl-, (26) substituiertem Arylaminoheteroaryl-, (27) Arylalkinyl-, (28) substituiertem Arylalkinyl-, (29) Heteroarylalkinyl-, (30) substituiertem Heteroarylalkinyl- und (31) Benzoheteroaryl,

    wobei die substituierten Gruppen (7), (9), (11), (13), (16), (18), (20), (22), (24), (26), (28) und (30) von R3, R4, R6 und R7 substituiert sind mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: -NH2, -NHR20, -N(R20)2, wobei jedes R20 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus Alkyl, Alkenyl, Halogen, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28, -C(O)R28 und -OR20,

    wobei die substituierten Gruppen (3) und (5) von R3, R4, R6 und R7 substituiert sind mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: -NH2, Halogen, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28 und -C(O)R28,

    R5A ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Halogen, -OH, Alkyl, -SR52, -O-Alkyl,

    R8 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, -OH, -N(R10)2, -NR10C(O)R12 und Alkyl,

    jedes R9 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Halogen, -CN, -NO2, -OR10, -SR10, -N(R10)2 und R10,

    jedes R10 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl, Aryl, Arylalkyl, Heteroaryl, Heteroarylalkyl, Cycloalkyl, Cycloalkylalkyl, Heterocycloalkyl, Heterocycloalkylalkyl, Alkylheteroaryl-, Alkylaryl-, substituiertem Alkyl, substituiertem Aryl, substituiertem Arylalkyl, substituiertem Heteroaryl, substituiertem Heteroarylalkyl, substituiertem Cycloalkyl, substituiertem Cycloalkylalkyl, substituiertem Heterocycloalkyl, substituiertem Heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituiertem Alkylheteroaryl-, substituiertem Alkylaryl-, Heterocycloalkenyl und substituiertem Heterocycloalkenyl, und wobei:

    das substituierte Alkyl von R10 substituiert ist mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: -NH2, -NHR20, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, -C(O)-NH-R26, -C(O)OR26 und -C(O)R26, und

    das substituierte Aryl, substituierte Arylalkyl, substituierte Heteroaryl, substituierte Heteroarylalkyl, substituierte Cycloalkyl, substituierte Cycloalkylalkyl, substituierte Heterocycloalkyl, substituierte Heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituierte Alkylheteroaryl- und substituierte Alkylaryl- von R10 substituiert sind mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) Alkyl, substituiert mit 1 bis 3 unabhängig ausgewählten Halogenatomen, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) Alkyl, (10) Alkenyl, (11) Halogen, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) Cycloalkyl, (21) -O-Alkyl-O-R20, (22) Hydroxyalkyl, (23) -N(R20)2, wobei jedes R20 unabhängig ausgewählt ist, (24) -Alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-Alkyl-OH, (26) -NH(Hydroxyalkyl) und (27) Oxazolidinon,

    R11 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: F, -OH, -CN, -OR10, -NHNR1R10, -SR10 und Heteroaryl,

    R12 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Alkyl, Aryl, Heteroaryl, Cycloalkyl, Cycloalkylalkyl, Heterocycloalkyl und Heterocycloalkylalkyl,

    R14 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Alkyl, Aryl, Heteroaryl, Cycloalkyl, Cycloalkylalkyl-, Heterocycloalkyl, Alkylheterocycloalkyl, Heterocycloalkylalkyl-, Alkylheteroaryl- und Alkylaryl-,

    R15 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, -OH, Alkyl, Aryl, Heteroaryl, Cycloalkyl, Cycloalkylalkyl-, Heterocycloalkyl und Heterocycloalkylalkyl-, Alkylheteroaryl- und Alkylaryl-,

    R20 Alkyl bedeutet,

    R23 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl, Aryl, Cycloalkyl und Cycloalkylalkyl-,

    jedes R26 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H und Alkyl,

    R28 Alkyl ist,

    jedes R30 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl und F,

    jedes R32 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H und Alkyl,

    R36 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl und -O-Alkyl,

    jedes R38 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl, Aryl, Arylalkyl, Heteroaryl, Heteroarylalkyl, Cycloalkyl, Cycloalkylalkyl, Heterocycloalkyl, Heterocycloalkylalkyl, Alkylheteroaryl-, Alkylaryl-, substituiertem Alkyl, substituiertem Aryl, substituiertem Arylalkyl, substituiertem Heteroaryl, substituiertem Heteroarylalkyl, substituiertem Cycloalkyl, substituiertem Cycloalkylalkyl, substituiertem Heterocycloalkyl, substituiertem Heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituiertem Alkylheteroaryl- und substituiertem Alkylaryl-, und wobei:

    das substituierte Alkyl von R38 substituiert ist mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: -NH2, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, Halogen, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28 und -C(O)R28, und

    das substituierte Alkyl, substituierte Arylalkyl, substituierte Heteroaryl, substituierte Heteroarylalkyl, substituierte Cycloalkyl, substituierte Cycloalkylalkyl, substituierte Heterocycloalkyl, substituierte Heterocycloalkylalkyl, substituierte Alkylheteroaryl- und substituierte Alkylaryl- von R38 substituiert sind mit 1 bis 3 Substituenten, unabhängig ausgewählt aus (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) -CF3, (8) -C(O)R26, (9) Alkyl, (10) Alkenyl, (11) Halogen, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR26, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R26)2, (15) -S(O)tR26, (16) -C(O)-NR32(R26), (17) -NR32-C(O)R26,

    und (19) -NHR20,

    R42 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: Alkyl, Aryl, Heteroaryl und Cycloalkyl,

    R44 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl, Cycloalkyl und Cycloalkylalkyl,

    jedes R46 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H, Alkyl, Cycloalkyl und Cycloalkylalkyl,

    jedes R50 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus H und Alkyl,

    R51 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus H und Alkyl,

    R52 -O-Alkyl ist,

    Alkenyl eine aliphatische Kohlenwasserstoffgruppe (Kette) ist, die wenigstens eine Kohlenstoff-Kohlenstoff-Doppelbindung umfasst, wobei die Kette gerade oder verzweigt sein kann, und wobei die Gruppe 2 bis 15 Kohlenstoffatome umfasst,

    Alkyl eine aliphatische Kohlenwasserstoffgruppe (Kette) ist, die gerade oder verzweigt sein kann, wobei die Gruppe 1 bis 20 Kohlenstoffatome in der Kette umfasst,

    Cycloalkyl ein nichtaromatisches mono- oder multicyclisches Ringsystem ist, das 3 bis 7 Kohlenstoffatome umfasst,

    Aryl ein monocyclisches oder multicyclisches Ringsystem ist, das 6 bis 14 Kohlenstoffatome umfasst,

    Heteroaryl ein aromatisches monocyclisches oder multicyclisches Ringsystem ist, das 5 bis 14 Ringatome umfasst, wobei eines oder mehrere der Ringatome ein Element anders als Kohlenstoff ist/sind, und

    Heterocycloalkyl ein nichtaromatisches gesättigtes monocyclisches oder multicyclisches Ringsystem ist, das 3 bis 10 Ringatome umfasst.


     
    2. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei Q 2.1 ist.
     
    3. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei Z1 -CH2- ist.
     
    4. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei jedes R3, R4, R6 und R7 unabhängig ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: H und Alkyl.
     
    5. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 4, wobei jedes R3, R4, R6 und R7 H ist, Q 2.1 ist, und die Verbindung der Formel 1.0 ist:


     
    6. Die Verbindung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei R1 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:































































    und
    wobei R5 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:


































     
    7. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 6, wobei: Q 2.1 ist, jedes R3, R4, R6 und R7 H ist, und die Verbindung der Formel 1.0 ist:


     
    8. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 7, wobei: R1 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:

    und
    R5 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:


     
    9. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung eine Verbindung der Formel 1.4 ist:

    oder die pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Salze oder Solvate davon, wobei R1, R2 und Q unabhängig ausgewählt sind, und wobei:

    Q ist:

    R1 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:

    R2 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: -O-Alkyl und -S-Alkyl, und

    R5 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:


     
    10. Die Verbindung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei R2 -OCH3 ist.
     
    11. Die Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei R2-SCH3 ist.
     
    12. Die Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus: 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 und 41:

































    und


     
    13. Eine pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung, die wenigstens eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12 oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon und einen pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Träger umfasst.
     
    14. Eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12 oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon zur Verwendung in der Therapie.
     
    15. Eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12 oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung von Krebs.
     
    16. Eine Kombination, umfassend eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-12 oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon und wenigstens ein chemotherapeutisches Mittel, zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung von Krebs.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composé de formule 1.0:

    ou sels pharmaceutiquement acceptables de celui-ci, dans lequel:

    Y1, Y2 et Y3 sont chacun -CH=;

    z est 1;

    R35 est indépendamment choisi parmi H, méthyle, éthyle, i-propyle et propyle;

    X1 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: =O, =S, =NOR50, -N(R50)2 (où chaque R50 est choisi indépendamment), -N(R51)C(O)R50 et -OR50;

    Q est un substituant choisi dans le groupe constitué par:





    et

    Chaque Q1 représente un noyau indépendamment choisi dans le groupe constitué par: cycloalkyle, cycloalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkyle, hétérocycloalkyle substitué, aryle, aryle substitué, hétéroaryle et hétéroaryle substitué, lesdits noyaux substitués sont substitués par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: halogéno et les groupements R10; étant entendu que lorsque Q1 est aryle, hétéroaryle, aryle substitué ou hétéroaryle substitué alors les atomes de carbone à la jonction du noyau ne sont pas substitués;

    Q2 représente un noyau indépendamment choisi dans le groupe constitué par: hétérocycloalkyle et hétérocycloalkyle substitué, lesdits noyaux substitués sont substitués par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: halogéno et les groupements R10;

    Z1 représente -(C(R24)2)w- où chaque R24 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle et F, et où w est 1, 2 ou 3;

    Z2 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: -N(R44)-, -O- et -C(R46)2-;

    m est 1 à 6;

    n est 1 à 6;

    p est 0 à 6;

    t est 0, 1, ou 2;

    R1 est phényle ou hétéroaryle, facultativement substitué par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) alkyle substitué par 1 à 3 atomes d'halogène choisis indépendamment, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) alkyle, (10) alcényle, (11) halogéno, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) cycloalkyle, (21) -O-alkyl-O-R20, (22) hydroxyalkyle, (23) -N(R20)2, où chaque R20 est choisi indépendamment, (24) -alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-alkyl-OH, (26) -NH(hydroxyalkyle) et (27) oxazolidinone;

    R2 est

    - OR23 ou

    - S(O)t-alkyle;

    R5 est choisi parmi

































    chaque R3, R4, R6 et R7 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: (1) H, (2) alcényle, (3) alcényle substitué, (4) alkyle, (5) alkyle substitué, (6) cycloalkyle, (7) cycloalkyle substitué, (8) cycloalkylalkyl-, (9) cycloalkylalkyl- substitué, (10) hétérocycloalkyle, (11) hétérocycloalkyle substitué, (12) hétérocycloalkylalkyl-, (13) hétérocycloalkylalkyl- substitué, (14) -C(O)R10, (15) arylhétéroaryl-, (16) arylhétéroaryl-substitué, (17) hétéroarylaryl-, (18) hétéroarylaryl- substitué, (19) aryle, (20) aryle substitué, (21) hétéroaryle, (22) hétéroaryle substitué, (23) hétéroarylhétéroaryl-, (24) hétéroarylhétéroaryl- substitué, (25) arylaminohétéroaryl-, (26) arylaminohétéroaryl-substitué, (27) arylalcynyl-, (28) arylalcynyl- substitué, (29) hétéroarylalcynyl-, (30) hétéroarylalcynyl- substitué et (31) benzohétéroaryle;

    lesquels groupes R3, R4, R6 et R7 substitués (7), (9), (11), (13), (16), (18), (20), (22), (24), (26), (28) et (30) sont substitués par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: -NH2, -NHR20, -N(R20)2 où chaque R20 est choisi indépendamment, alkyle, alcényle, halogéno, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28, -C(O)R28 et -OR20;

    où lesdits groupes R3, R4, R6 et R7 substitués (3) et (5) sont substitués par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: -NH2, halogéno, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28 et -C(O)R28;

    R5A est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: halogéno, -OH, alkyle, -SR52, -O-alkyle;

    R8 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: H, -OH, -N(R10)2, -NR10C(O)R12 et alkyle;

    chaque R9 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: halogène, -CN, -NO2, -OR10, -SR10, -N(R10)2 et R10;

    chaque R10 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle, aryle, arylalkyle, hétéroaryle, hétéroarylalkyle, cycloalkyle, cycloalkylalkyle, hétérocycloalkyle, hétérocycloalkylalkyle, alkylhétéroaryl-, alkylaryl-, alkyle substitué, aryle substitué, arylalkyle substitué, hétéroaryle substitué, hétéroarylalkyle substitué, cycloalkyle substitué, cycloalkylalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkylalkyle substitué, alkylhétéroaryl- substitué, alkylaryl- substitué, hétérocycloalcényle et hétérocycloalcényle substitué, et où:

    ledit R10 alkyle substitué est substitué par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: -NH2, -NHR20, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, -C(O)-NH-R26, -C(O)OR26 et -C(O)R26, et

    lesdits R10 aryle substitué, arylalkyle substitué, hétéroaryle substitué, hétéroarylalkyle substitué, cycloalkyle substitué, cycloalkylalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkylalkyle substitué, alkylhétéroaryl- substitué et alkylaryl- substitué sont substitués par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) alkyle substitué par 1 à 3 atomes d'halogène choisis indépendamment, (8) -C(O)R38, (9) alkyle, (10) alcényle, (11) halogéno, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR38, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R38)2, (15) -S(O)tR38, (16) -C(O)-NR32-R38, (17) -NR32-C(O)-R38,

    (19) -NHR20, (20) cycloalkyle, (21) -O-alkyl-O-R20, (22) hydroxyalkyle, (23) -N(R20)2 où chaque R20 est choisi indépendamment, (24) -alkyl-OR20, (25) -O-alkyl-OH, (26) -NH(hydroxyalkyle) et (27) oxazolidinone;

    R11 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: F, -OH, -CN, -OR10, -NHNR1R10, -SR10 et hétéroaryle;

    R12 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: alkyle, aryle, hétéroaryle, cycloalkyle, cycloalkylalkyle, hétérocycloalkyle et hétérocycloalkylalkyle;

    R14 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: alkyle, aryle, hétéroaryle, cycloalkyle, cycloalkylalkyl-, hétérocycloalkyle, alkylhétérocycloalkyle, hétérocycloalkylalkyl-, alkylhétéroaryl- et alkylaryl-;

    R15 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: H, -OH, alkyle, aryle, hétéroaryle, cycloalkyle, cycloalkylalkyl-, hétérocycloalkyle et hétérocycloalkylalkyl-, alkylhétéroaryl- et alkylaryl-;

    R20 représente alkyle;

    R23 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle, aryle, cycloalkyle et cycloalkylalkyl- ;

    chaque R26 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H et alkyle;

    R28 est alkyle;

    chaque R30 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle et F;

    chaque R32 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H et alkyle;

    R36 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle et -O-alkyle;

    chaque R38 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle, aryle, arylalkyle, hétéroaryle, hétéroarylalkyle, cycloalkyle, cycloalkylalkyle, hétérocycloalkyle, hétérocycloalkylalkyle, alkylhétéroaryl-, alkylaryl-, alkyle substitué, aryle substitué, arylalkyle substitué, hétéroaryle substitué, hétéroarylalkyle substitué, cycloalkyle substitué, cycloalkylalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkylalkyle substitué, alkylhétéroaryl- substitué et alkylaryl- substitué, et où:

    ledit R38 alkyle substitué est substitué par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: -NH2, -NO2, -CN, -OR26, halogéno, -C(O)-NH-R28, -C(O)OR28 et -C(O)R28, et

    lesdits R38 aryle substitué, arylalkyle substitué, hétéroaryle substitué, hétéroarylalkyle substitué, cycloalkyle substitué, cycloalkylalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkyle substitué, hétérocycloalkylalkyle substitué, alkylhétéroaryl- substitué et alkylaryl- substitué sont substitués par 1 à 3 substituants indépendamment choisis dans le groupe constitué par: (1) -NH2, (2) -NO2, (3) -CN, (4) -OH, (5) -OR20, (6) -OCF3, (7) -CF3, (8) -C(O)R26, (9) alkyle, (10) alcényle, (11) halogéno, (12) -C(O)-NH-R26, (13) -C(O)OR26, (14) -C(O)-NR32-(C(R30)2)n-N(R26)2, (15) -S(O)tR26, (16) -C(O)N(R32)(R26), (17) -NR32C(O)R26,

    et (19) -NHR20;
    R42 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: alkyle, aryle, hétéroaryle et cycloalkyle;

    R44 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle, cycloalkyle et cycloalkylalkyle;

    Chaque R46 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H, alkyle, cycloalkyle et cycloalkylalkyle;

    Chaque R50 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par H et alkyle;

    R51 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par H et alkyle;

    R52 est -O-alkyle;

    alcényle est un groupe hydrocarboné aliphatique (chaîne) comprenant au moins une liaison carbone à carbone double, dans lequel la chaîne peut être linéaire ou ramifiée, et lequel groupe comprenant 2 à 15 atomes de carbone;

    alkyle est un groupe hydrocarboné aliphatique (chaîne) qui peut être linéaire ou ramifié, lequel groupe comprend 1 à 20 atomes de carbone dans la chaîne;

    cycloalkyle est un système à noyau mono- ou multicyclique non aromatique comprenant 3 à 7 atomes de carbone;

    aryle est un système à noyau monocyclique ou multicyclique comprenant 6 à 14 atomes de carbone;

    hétéroaryle est un système à noyau monocyclique ou multicyclique aromatique comprenant 5 à 14 atomes cycliques dont un ou plusieurs des atomes cycliques est un élément autre que le carbone; et

    hétérocycloalkyle est un système à noyau monocyclique ou multicyclique saturé non aromatique comprenant 3 à 10 atomes cycliques.


     
    2. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel Q est 2.1.
     
    3. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel Z1 est -CH2-.
     
    4. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque R3, R4, R6 et R7 est choisi indépendamment dans le groupe constitué par: H et alkyle.
     
    5. Composé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel chaque R3, R4, R6 et R7 est H; Q est 2.1; et le composé de formule 1.0 est:


     
    6. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel R1 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par:































































    et
    où R5 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par:


































     
    7. Composé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel: Q est 2.1; chaque R3, R4, R6 et R7 est H; et le composé de formule 1.0 est:


     
    8. Composé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel: R1 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par:

    et
    R5 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par:


     
    9. Composé selon la revendication 1, lequel composé est un composé de formule 1.4:

    ou les sels ou solvates pharmaceutiquement acceptables de celui-ci, dans lesquels R1, R2 et Q sont choisis indépendamment, et dans lequel:

    Q est:

    R1 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par:

    R2 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par: -O-alkyle et -S-alkyle; et

    R5 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par:


     
    10. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel R2 est -OCH3.
     
    11. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel R2 est -SCH3.
     
    12. Composé selon la revendication 1, choisi dans le groupe constitué par: 7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 et 41:

































    et


     
    13. Composition pharmaceutique comprenant au moins un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci et un véhicule pharmaceutiquement acceptable.
     
    14. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, ou sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci, pour l'utilisation en thérapie.
     
    15. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, ou sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci, pour l'utilisation dans le traitement d'un cancer.
     
    16. Combinaison comprenant un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci et au moins un agent chimiothérapeutique, pour l'utilisation dans le traitement d'un cancer.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description