(19)
(11)EP 2 493 056 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 11156219.5

(22)Date of filing:  28.02.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02K 3/12(2006.01)
H02K 7/18(2006.01)

(54)

Electrical machine, in particular an electrical generator

Elektrische Maschine, insbesondere ein elektrischer Generator

Machine électrique, en particulier un générateur électrique


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.08.2012 Bulletin 2012/35

(73)Proprietor: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
80333 München (DE)

(72)Inventor:
  • Besnerais, Jean Le
    59370, Mons en Baroeul (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 166 644
EP-A1- 2 472 705
JP-A- 2009 189 078
EP-A1- 2 226 923
WO-A2-2011/006693
US-A- 4 868 970
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention concerns an electrical machine, in particular an electrical generator. The invention further concerns a wind turbine with such an electrical machine.

    [0002] Inefficiency of electrical machines comes primarily from electromagnetic losses (joule losses, iron losses,...) in which energy is dissipated as heat. In permanent magnet generators, for example, these losses mainly come from copper losses in stator conductors, resulting in high temperature in the coils of the electric machine and especially in the end-windings that extend beyond the outer edges of the stator and are surrounded by air. In the coils and in the end windings joule losses are transformed to thermal energy causing heating up the stator. The joule losses are increasing with the length of the coils and of the end-windings. The stator winding temperature must be kept low enough to avoid damaging the insulation lifetime, so an efficient cooling system is of prime importance.

    [0003] It is therefore important to minimize the winding overhang length in order to increase the machine efficiency and reduce the cooling system size. In a small machine with windings made of flexible wire, a compact end winding design is relatively easy to achieve, for example in the design proposed in US 4,868,970.

    [0004] For a large armature such as the rotor or stator of a wind turbine, the coil windings are generally quite thick and heavy owing to the physical dimensions of the generator and the high currents induced. The windings can be made of thick wire such as a multi-stranded wire, which is then wound onto the armature, usually the stator. To this end, the armature is usually made with multiple parallel slots arranged axially along the outside for accommodating the windings. Instead of wrapping the wire onto the armature, pre-shaped windings can be formed and inserted or 'dropped into' the slots of the armature. Such a pre-shaped winding generally comprises a closed loop comprising a "go" section and a "return" section held in two neighbouring stator or rotor slots. A coil comprises a plurality of such windings connected in series or parallel, and the connection is usually made at one end of the armature where the windings extend beyond the ends of the slots. As will be known to the skilled person, successive windings of a coil can be connected by allowing a strand of a multi-stranded wire to extend from one winding of a coil to the next winding of that coil, or by connecting windings of a coil to a bus bar arranged circumferentially about the stator, or in any other appropriate manner.

    [0005] A multi-phase generator has the same number of coils as phases. Here, the windings are placed in the slots such that the slots for the "go" and "return" sections of one particular winding of a coil enclose or flank a number of slots for the "go" and "return" sections of the remaining coils. The windings of the different coils must overlap in some way at the stator ends.

    [0006] Therefore different windings types are provided with different end sections designs. EP 2 226 923 A1 describes a coil design with one "bent" end and one straight end. Coils are arranged with alternate orientations on the stator so that bent ends alternate with straight ends. This design is limited to two different end winding shapes, and the total winding overhang is therefore still less than optimal. EP 2 166 644 A1 describes a design with three different coil types and three different end windings. A first winding type is a straightforward closed loop, and the end section of this winding type comprises a 180° fold. A second winding type has an end section that does not extend as far beyond the stator end as the first winding type, but makes an approximately 45° tilt before being folded back on itself. A third winding type has an end section that also does not extend as far beyond the armature end as the first winding type and makes an approximately 90° tilt before being folded back on itself. These different end-sections or overhangs allow the windings to be placed into the armature slots in a straightforward manner.

    [0007] Further, it is also known that the first and the second end sections are provided with 90° tilts and the third end section comprises no tilt.

    [0008] Both of these end section designs which allow an uncomplicated winding assembly result in an increasing overhang length that results in an undesirable decrease of the efficiency of the machine.

    [0009] WO 2011/006693 describes a stator with a first form-wound coil with end turns bent outward in the radial direction, a second form-wound coil of exactly the same design as the first form-wound coil but with end turns bent inward in the radial direction and a third form-wound coil with straight end turns, which are essentially in line with the body sections of said third form-wound coil.

    [0010] It is an object of the invention to provide an electrical machine with an improved end section design.

    [0011] The object of the invention is achieved by the electrical machine according to claim 1, and a wind turbine with such an electrical machine according to claim 4.

    [0012] According to the invention, an electrical machine, particularly electrical generator, with an armature and a field magnet arrangement separated by a gap from each other, whereby the armature comprises a plurality of coils, each coil comprising three different winding types connected in series or parallel, wherein each coil comprises a winding of the first winding type, a winding of second winding type, and a winding of third winding type in sequence, whereby each coil comprises conductive body sections inserted in slots of the armature, whereby the body sections are joined electrically by conductive end sections, and wherein the end-sections of the winding types are different, and windings of different types are positioned in adjacent stator slots.

    [0013] The electrical machine is characterized in that, at the first end of the armature, an end section of the first winding type is essentially in line with its body sections; the angle subtended between an end section and a body section of the second winding type comprises essentially 90° in a direction away from the armature towards the field magnet arrangement, and the angle subtended between an end section and a body section of the third winding type comprises essentially -90° in a direction away from the field magnet arrangement towards the armature.

    [0014] As indicated above, an armature for a generator comprises a plurality of coils, wherein the coils are arranged or 'wound' on the armature according to such a winding arrangement. Here, the term 'wound' is used in the established sense, even though the windings of a large armature are generally too thick and heavy to be flexible. Each coil comprises conductive body sections, whereby the body sections of the coils are joined electrically by conductive end sections. These body sections are inserted in slots of the armature. The end sections are not contained in the slots but extend beyond the outer edges in the direction of the slots to a length known as the "overhang length".

    [0015] The field magnet arrangement may be understood to comprise permanent magnets, which is usually the case in generators for wind turbines.

    [0016] According to the invention, an end section of the second winding type is tilted in a direction away from the armature towards the field magnet arrangement; and an end section of the third winding type is tilted in a direction away from the field magnet arrangement towards the armature. This allows overhang length to be reduced, especially of the length of an end section of the first winding type. Accordingly the overhang can designed more compact and the efficiency of the electrical machine is increased. Furthermore, the overhang length of the electrical machine can be reduced, and therefore also the weight of the electrical machine. Also the cooling of the electrical machine can be reduced since joule losses caused in the end-windings are reduced.

    [0017] In the following, it is assumed the electrical machine is a generator and that the stator carries the armature coils.

    [0018] Further, without restricting the invention in any way, it is assumed that the field magnet arrangement comprises permanent magnets which are mounted on the rotor, although the invention would be equally applicable to a realisation in which the permanent magnets are mounted on the stator. Here, the term 'surface of the rotor' is to mean the appropriate surface of the rotor to which the permanent magnets are attached. For an electrical machine with the rotor on the outside, enclosing the stator, the permanent magnets will generally is mounted on the interior surface of the rotor to face the stator across a gap. For an electrical machine with the rotor on the inside and the stator on the outside, the permanent magnets will generally be mounted on the exterior surface of the rotor to face the stator across the gap. Permanent magnets are generally rectangular in shape and are attached along their length on the surface of the rotor in a direction parallel to the rotational axis of the rotor.

    [0019] A wind turbine according to the invention comprises a rotor with a number of rotor blades, which rotor is connected to such an electrical machine, namely generator, according to the invention. The rotor and the generator may be carried by a nacelle mounted at the upper end of a tower of the wind turbine, as usual.

    [0020] Particularly advantageous embodiments and features of the invention are given by the dependent claims, as revealed in the following description. Thereby, features revealed in the context of the electrical machine may also be realized in the context of the method of control of an electrical machine. According to the invention, at least one end section tilts by essentially 90° with respect to the body sections. Such 90° tilts are easy to fabricate by bending. Therefore the fabrication of such an electrical machine is facilitated. Furthermore, such 90° tilts allows a most compact arrangement of the end sections and the shortest overhang length with minimized overhang losses.

    [0021] Further, other end sections could be tilted with an angle between 0° and -90° in respect to the body sections. Accordingly the tilt is directed in a direction towards the axis of rotation forming a down-tilt. In a preferred embodiment one end section tilts by essentially -90° with respect to the body sections. This facilitates the fabrication, too, since only end sections with 90° tilts are need, whereby the end sections are simply turned by 180° to form a -90° tilt before placing them in the stator and/or rotor.

    [0022] The end sections of a coil could have any appropriate shape. A simple and easy to fabricate shape for the end section is a U-shaped end section, whereby each end of the U-shaped end section is electrically connected to a body section of that coil.

    [0023] An electrical machine with an improved efficiency can be obtained when the armature comprises at least one recess for accommodating a tilted end section. In this recess the end sections having an up-tilt are accommodated. This allows the air gap between the armature and the field magnet arrangement to be reduced and therefore the efficiency of the electrical machine can be increased.

    [0024] Other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed descriptions considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood, however, that the drawings are designed solely for the purposes of illustration and not as a definition of the limits of the invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0025] 

    Fig. 1 shows a schematic representation of a generator in a wind turbine;

    Fig. 2 shows a prior art stator segment;

    Fig. 4 shows a schematic representation of an end sections used in the prior art stator segment of Fig 2;

    Figs. 3, 5 and 6 shows schematic representations of the end sections of the windings according to the invention;

    Fig. 7 shows a schematic representation of the overhang design according to the invention;

    Fig. 8 shows a schematic representation of a first example of an electrical machine according to the invention,

    Fig. 9 shows a schematic representation of an alternative realisation of an electrical machine;

    Fig. 10 shows a schematic representation of three coil sequences for a winding according to the invention.



    [0026] In the drawings, like reference numbers refer to like objects throughout. Objects in the diagrams are not necessarily drawn to scale.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0027] Fig. 1 shows a very simplified representation of a generator 4 with an internal stator 2 and an external rotor 3 in a wind turbine 5. For the sake of simplicity, only the relevant components are indicated, and other components such as a gearbox, controller, etc. are not shown. Pressure exerted on the blades 50 of the wind turbine 5 cause the hub 51 or spinner to turn about an axis of rotation A, thus causing the external rotor 3 of the generator 4 to rotate. The external rotor 3 is formed by a field magnet arrangement with permanent magnets 12. The internal stator 2 is formed by a fixed armature, whereby about the internal stator 2 a plurality of coils (not shown in the diagram) is wound. The generator 4 operates as an induction generator, with a current being induced in the coils. The principle of operation of such a generator will be clear to the skilled person and need not be described in detail here.

    [0028] Because of the large currents (for example in the region of 200 - 500 Amps for 2 - 10 MW wind turbines), the windings must be correspondingly dimensioned. For a wind turbine stator, the windings are typically made of stacked metal bars or strips with a cross-section in the region of 20 mm x 100 mm. These metal strips are held in stator slots 6 arranged around the outside of the stator 2, which can be up to 3 m in length. Generally, because of the large dimensions (a wind turbine stator 2 can have a diameter in the region of 3 m to 7 m or more), the stator 2 generally comprises a set of stator segments 2a.

    [0029] Fig. 2 shows a segment 2a of a stator with an arrangement of windings 10', 20', 30' in a winding scheme 1' as known from prior art. Each winding 10', 20', 30' is shown as a metal strip folded to give a closed loop. Three distinct winding types W1', W2', W3' are shown. A sequence of windings 10', 20', 30' forms coils, whereby a coil sequence comprises each of the different winding types W1', W2', W3' in turn, as will be explained below. Here, the overhang length L' is defined by the foremost end of the winding 10'.

    [0030] Figures 3, 5, 6 and 7 show schematic representations of the end sections 10C, 20C, 30C of the different winding types W1, W2, W3 according to embodiments of the invention. The end sections 10C, 20C, 30C protrude in contrast to the body sections 10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B beyond the slot 6. The length of the end section 10C in the direction of the body sections 10A, 10B parallel to the axis of rotation A defines the overhang length L. For the sake of clarity, each winding is shown on its own, but it is to be understood that windings of different types will be positioned in adjacent stator slots 6 as shown in Fig. 2. The first winding type W1 is essentially a straightforward closed loop W1, and the first end section 10C of this winding type W1 is essentially simply folded back onto itself with a zero-tilt angle. A second winding type W2 has a second end section 20C that does not extend as far beyond the stator end as the first winding type W1. The second end section 20C is tilted away from the axis of rotation, by an up-tilt angle of approximately 90° before being folded back onto itself. According to the embodiment shown in Figs. 7 and 8 this winding type W2 according to Fig. 6 replaces the winding type W2 according to Fig. 4 which is used in the stator according to Fig. 2. A third winding type W3 has a third end section 30C that also does not extend as far beyond the stator end as the first winding type W1. The third end section 30C is tilted towards the axis of rotation by a down-tilt angle of approximately 90° tilt before being folded back on itself. These different end-sections or overhangs 10C, 20C, 30C allow the windings 10, 20, 30 to be placed or dropped into the slots 6 in a straightforward manner. For example, the stator 2 can be wound by first inserting all windings of the third type W3, then all windings of the second type W2, and finally all windings of the first type W1. Because of the winding end geometries, the windings can be inserted without having to lift or move the previously placed windings. The windings of a particular coil are then electrically connected in a predefined sequence, as will be described with the aid of Fig. 10, for example by joining a conductor of a winding 10, 20, and 30 to a bus-bar.

    [0031] Also, Fig. 7 shows an example of a second end section 20C for an electrical machine 4 as shown in Fig. 8.

    [0032] In Fig. 8 a first example of a partial cross-section of an electrical machine 4 is shown, for example for a generator of a wind turbine 5. The electrical machine 4 comprises an external rotor 3 surrounding the stator 2.

    [0033] The external rotor 3 has an essentially cylindrical shape. A plurality of permanent magnets 12 are arranged on a surface of the rotor 3 facing the outer surface of the stator 2. Accordingly the permanent magnets 12 are arranged at a distance d from the axis of rotation A of the rotor 3.

    [0034] The stator 2 has a smaller diameter than the rotor 3. The body sections 10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B of the windings are inserted in the slots 6 of the stator 2 in a direction essentially parallel to the axis of rotation A. Therefore the body sections 10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B of the windings are essentially parallel to the axis of rotation as well as being parallel to each other.

    [0035] To accommodate the second end sections 20C that are tilted outward away from the axis of rotation A, recesses 11 are provided at each end 7, 8 of the rotor 3. This allows the air gap between the stator 2 and the rotor 3 to be kept small as possible to decrease air gap losses.

    [0036] Such an electrical machine 4 can be fabricated by assembling the stator segments within the rotor 3, which can easily have a diameter of several meters.

    [0037] An alternative electrical machine 4' is shown in Fig. 9. Here, the rotor 3 is provided with only a recess 11 at the first end 7 for accommodating the upwardly tilted end sections 20C. On the opposite end 8 of the electrical machine the end sections 10C, 30C, 20C' all tilt downwards, i.e. towards the axis of rotation A. Therefore, at the second end 8 no recess is necessary. Accordingly, the second winding arrangement comprise to different overhang designs at each end 7, 8. This results in a smaller radius of the stator 2 at the second end 8 as at the first end 7. This allows the stator 2 to be first assembled with all windings, which is then inserted into the rotor 3 by simply pushing it through an opening at one end of the rotor 3. A brake disk 52 can then be bolted onto the rotor 3 once the stator 2 is inside. Accordingly, an assembly of stator elements within the rotor 3 or an assembly of the rotor 3 around the completed stator 2 is not necessary.

    [0038] The upper part of Fig. 10 shows a schematic representation of three coil sequences S1, S2, S3 for a winding scheme 1 according to the invention. The order in which the windings are connected are given by the sequences S1, S2, S3 shown in the lower part of the diagram. The first coil winding sequence S1 for the first coil C1 comprises a winding of the first winding type W1, a winding of second winding type W2 and a winding of third winding type W3 in sequence. This pattern repeats for the entire first coil C1. The second coil winding sequence S2 for the second coil C2 comprises a winding of the second winding type W2, a winding of third winding type W3 and a winding of first winding type W1 in sequence. This pattern repeats for the entire second coil C2. The third coil winding sequence S3 for the third coil C3 comprises a winding of the third winding type W3, a winding of first winding type W1 and a winding of second winding type W2 in sequence, and this pattern repeats for the entire third coil C3. In the upper part of the diagram, the arrows indicate the current flow direction in the different coils C1, C2, C3 (so that the 'go' winding sections of the first and third coils C1, C3 occupy slots on either side of the slot containing the 'return' winding section of the second coil C2; while the 'return' winding sections of the first and third coils C1, C3 occupy slots on either side of the slot containing the 'go' winding section of Lhe second coil C2). Since each coil C1, C2, C3 comprises a sequence S1, S2, S3 in which the winding types W1, W2, W3 appear essentially equally often, the overall lengths of the coils C1, C2, C3 are also essentially equal. In this way, the winding arrangement reduces or effectively eliminates load imbalances while at the same time reducing the amount of metal required for the windings. Although the windings are indicated here as closed loops, the windings of the winding scheme 1 could equally well be realised to be open at both ends, and the connections could be made by bus-bars at both ends of the stator. The second winding type W2 comprises end sections 20C both tilted outwards, i. e. away from the axis of rotation A as shown in Figure 6.

    [0039] Although the present invention has been disclosed in the form of preferred embodiments and variations thereon, it will be understood that numerous additional modifications and variations could be made thereto without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, the hub of the wind turbine can turn a drive shaft connected to a gearbox, which can be realised to turn the stator of a generator at a speed that is more suitable for generating electricity for a power grid. For the sake of clarity, it is to be understood that the use of "a" or "an" throughout this application does not exclude a plurality, and "comprising" does not exclude other steps or elements.


    Claims

    1. An electrical machine (4), in particular an electrical generator, with an armature (2) and a field magnet arrangement (3) separated by a gap from each other, whereby the armature (2) has a first end (7) and a second end (8) and comprises a plurality of coils (C1, C2, C3), each coil (C1, C2, C3) comprising three different winding types (W1, W2, W3) connected in series or parallel, wherein each coil comprises a winding of the first winding type (W1), a winding of second winding type (W2) and a winding of third winding type (W3) in sequence,
    whereby each coil (C1, C2, C3) comprises conductive body sections (10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B) inserted in slots (6) of the armature (2), whereby the body sections (10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B) are joined electrically by conductive end sections (10C, 20C, 30C), and wherein the end-sections (10C, 20C, 30C) of the winding types (W1, W2, W3) are different, and windings of different types (W1, W2, W3) are positioned in adjacent stator slots (6),
    characterized in that,
    at the first end (7) of the armature (2),
    the end section (10C) of the first winding type (W1) is essentially in line with its body sections (10A, 10B);
    the angle subtended between an end section (20C) and a body section (20A, 20B) of the second winding type (W2) comprises essentially 90° in a direction away from the armature (2) towards the field magnet arrangement (3)
    and
    the angle subtended between the end section (30C) and the body section (30A, 30B) of the third winding type (W3) comprises essentially -90° in a direction away from the field magnet arrangement (3) towards the armature (2).
     
    2. An electrical machine (4) according to claim 1, wherein the field magnet arrangement (3) comprises at least one recess (11) for accommodating a tilted end section (20C).
     
    3. An electrical machine (4) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the field magnet arrangement (3) is an external rotor and the armature (2) is an internal stator.
     
    4. A wind turbine (5) comprising an electrical machine (4) according to any of claims 1 to 3.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrische Maschine (4), insbesondere elektrischer Generator, mit einem Anker (2) und einer Feldmagnetanordnung (3), die durch einen Spalt voneinander getrennt sind, wobei der Anker (2) ein erstes Ende (7) und ein zweites Ende (8) aufweist und mehrere Spulen (C1, C2, C3) umfasst, wobei jede Spule (C1, C2, C3) drei unterschiedliche Wicklungsarten (W1, W2, W3) umfasst, die in Reihe oder parallel verbunden sind, wobei jede Spule eine Wicklung der ersten Wicklungsart (Wl), eine Wicklung der zweiten Wicklungsart (W2) und eine Wicklung der dritten Wicklungsart (W3) in Folge umfasst,
    wobei jede Spule (C1, C2, C3) in Schlitze (6) des Ankers (2) eingesetzte leitende Körperabschnitte (10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B) umfasst, wobei die Körperabschnitte (10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B) durch leitende Endabschnitte (10C, 20C, 30C) elektrisch gekoppelt sind, und wobei die Endabschnitte (10C, 20C, 30C) der Wicklungsarten (W1, W2, W3) unterschiedlich sind, und Wicklungen unterschiedlicher Arten (W1, W2, W3) in benachbarten Statorschlitzen (6) angeordnet sind,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    an dem ersten Ende (7) des Ankers (2) der Endabschnitt (10C) der ersten Wicklungsart (W1) im Wesentlichen mit seinen Körperabschnitten (10A, 10B) fluchtet;
    der Mittelpunktswinkel zwischen einem Endabschnitt (20C) und einem Körperabschnitt (20A, 20B) der zweiten Wicklungsart (W2) im Wesentlichen 90° in einer Richtung weg von dem Anker (2) hin zu der Feldmagnetanordnung (3) umfasst
    und
    der Mittelpunktswinkel zwischen dem Endabschnitt (30C) und dem Körperabschnitt (30A, 30B) der dritten Wicklungsart (W3) im Wesentlichen -90° in einer Richtung weg von der Feldmagnetanordnung (2) hin zu dem Anker (3) umfasst.
     
    2. Elektrische Maschine (4) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Feldmagnetanordnung (3) mindestens eine Vertiefung (11) zum Aufnehmen eines geneigten Endabschnitts (20C) umfasst.
     
    3. Elektrische Maschine (4) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Feldmagnetanordnung (3) ein externer Rotor ist und der Anker (2) ein interner Stator ist.
     
    4. Windturbine (5), umfassend eine elektrische Maschine (4) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3.
     


    Revendications

    1. Machine (4) électrique, en particulier génératrice électrique, ayant une armature (2) et un agencement (3) à champ magnétique séparés par un entrefer l'un de l'autre, l'armature (2) ayant une première extrémité (7) et une seconde extrémité (8) et comprenant une pluralité de bobines (C1, C2, C3), chaque bobine (C1, C2, C3) comprenant trois types (W1, W2, W3) d'enroulement différents, connectés en série ou en parallèle, chaque bobine comprenant un enroulement du premier type (W1) d'enroulement, un enroulement du deuxième type (W2) d'enroulement et un enroulement du troisième type (W3) d'enroulement en séquence,
    dans laquelle chaque bobine (C1, C2, C3) comprend des parties (10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B) conductrices de corps, insérées dans des encoches (6) de l'armature (2), les parties (10A, 10B, 20A, 20B, 30A, 30B) de corps étant réunies électriquement par des parties (10C, 20C, 30C) d'extrémité conductrices et des parties (10C, 20C, 30C) d'extrémité des types (W1, W2, W3) d'enroulement étant différentes et des enroulements de type (W1, W2, W3) différents étant placés dans des encoches (6) voisines de stator,
    caractérisée en ce que,
    à la première extrémité (7) de l'armature (2), la partie (10C) d'extrémité du premier type (W1) d'enroulement est essentiellement en ligne avec ses parties (10A, 10B) de corps ;
    l'angle sous-tendu entre une partie (20C) d'extrémité et une partie (20A, 20B) de corps du deuxième type (W2) d'enroulement est sensiblement de 90° dans une direction s'éloignant de l'armature (2) en allant vers l'agencement (3) à champ magnétique
    et
    l'angle sous-tendu entre la partie (30C) d'extrémité et la partie (30A, 30B) de corps du troisième type (W3) d'enroulement est sensiblement de -90° dans une direction s'éloignant de l'agencement (3) à champ magnétique en allant vers l'armature (2).
     
    2. Machine (4) électrique suivant la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'agencement (3) à champ magnétique comprend au moins un chambrage (11) pour loger une partie (20C ) d'extrémité inclinée .
     
    3. Machine (4) électrique suivant l'une des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'agencement (3) à champ magnétique est un rotor extérieur et l'armature (2) est un stator intérieur.
     
    4. Eolienne (5) comprenant une machine (4) électrique suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3.
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description