(19)
(11)EP 2 505 266 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/12

(21)Application number: 10833259.4

(22)Date of filing:  25.11.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B05B 1/02  (2006.01)
B65D 83/40  (2006.01)
B05B 9/04  (2006.01)
B65D 83/44  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2010/071001
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/065413 (03.06.2011 Gazette  2011/22)

(54)

SPRAY NOZZLE AND AEROSOL PRODUCT

SPRÜHDÜSE UND AEROSOLPRODUKT

BUSE DE PULVÉRISATION ET PRODUIT D'AÉROSOL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.11.2009 JP 2009268164
29.01.2010 JP 2010019726
27.07.2010 JP 2010168378

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.10.2012 Bulletin 2012/40

(73)Proprietor: Daizo Corporation
Osaka-shi Osaka 552-0013 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • TAKAHASHI, Tomoyuki
    Sashima-gun Ibaraki 306-0314 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hancox, Jonathan Christopher et al
Brookes IP Windsor House 6-10 Mount Ephraim Road
Tunbridge Wells Kent TN1 1EE
Tunbridge Wells Kent TN1 1EE (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 738 831
DE-A1- 2 440 909
JP-A- 61 054 248
JP-A- 2001 205 145
JP-A- 2003 226 382
JP-A- 2008 162 642
JP-U- 63 196 766
US-A- 5 178 325
WO-A1-97/30619
JP-A- 10 151 380
JP-A- 2000 325 834
JP-A- 2002 301 403
JP-A- 2007 007 495
JP-U- H0 614 081
JP-Y2- 53 026 414
US-A1- 2009 266 923
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a spray nozzle and an aerosol product as disclosed e.g. in document DE 24 40 909 A1.

    Description of Background Art



    [0002] In a commonly used aerosol product, a spray pattern becomes an approximate conical shape, when a content passing through the passage in a spray button is sprayed directly from a spray nozzle, (spraying by a straight button, not having a mechanical break-up mechanism). For example, if spraying is performed to a paper placed at a predetermined distance from a spray nozzle, the sprayed content adheres to the paper in the shape of an approximate circle. And, the diameter of the circle becomes large in proportion to the distance from the nozzle hole. On the other hand, in the case of spraying an insecticide to a net window, and in the case used for a paint spraying, there may be a case that the pattern other than a circle is desired for spraying. On the other hand, in the case of spraying an insecticide to a net window, and in the case used for a paint spraying, there may be a case that the pattern other than a circle is desired for spraying. Heretofore, nozzles of various modified spray patterns used for such cases have been proposed.

    [0003] For example, Patent Document 1 is that in which a pair of column- like protrusions is provided in the both sides of a nozzle hole, the expansion of a sprayed content toward right and left is regulated by these protrusions, and it is possible to obtain a vertically long spray pattern. Patent Document 2 discloses a nozzle in which a pair of pentroof planes opposedly facing in parallel spaced nearly identical with the diameter of the opening or less than two times of the diameter is formed in front of the opening of the nozzle hole. This can obtain a spray pattern of a thin and broad spreading angle by spraying through a narrow gap of the pair of pentroof planes. Also, Patent Document 3 teaches a nozzle equipped with a pair of pentroof-like protrusions above and below or right and left of a nozzle hole same as Patent Document 2.

    [0004] Patent Document 4 discloses a flat spray type gas-liquid mixing spray nozzle used for cooling a red hot steel plate and for spraying a medical agent to crops in vegetable gardens. This gas-liquid mixing spray nozzle is equipped with a bottomed cylinder-like nozzle body having an inner bottom plane of taper shaped (approximately spherical), and a slit-like orifice is cut in along the nozzle center axis from outside to connect inside and outside. The insection reaches the vicinity of the position where the tapered inner bottom plane starts, and expands at an angle of 180 degrees. In such nozzles generally, the amount of spray becomes large in three places of the center and the both sides. In Patent Document 4, uniformizing of the amount of spray is attained by forming an approximately spherical inner bottom plane in a two-stage stacked state.

    [0005] The nozzle of Patent Document 5 is a nozzle of an aerosol device nearly same as the nozzle of Paten Document 4, but the depth of insection of the slit is made rather shallow. Thereby, in the opening by the insection, the angle (contact angle) to the center of the semispherical or semicolumn-like inner bottom plane (the front end of outflow) becomes about 90 degrees. With that, it is described that the expansion of the spray angle can be set within a desired range.

    [0006] Patent Document 6 proposes to attain the uniformizing of the amount of spray by forming the external surface shape of front end of a spray nozzle into a spherical surface etc. and by reducing the depth of the slit toward a side end portion from a center portion. Patent Document 7 discloses a spray nozzle which can perform spraying softly, by arranging three spray holes vertically, and can obtain a vertically long spray pattern.

    Prior Art Documents


    Patent Documents



    [0007] 

    Patent Document 1: Japanese published Patent Document 2004-113993

    Patent Document 2: Japanese Utility Model Patent Document S42-9484

    Patent Document 3: Japanese published Patent Document 2009-178215

    Patent Document 4: Japanese published Patent Document S61-161162

    Patent Document 5: Japanese published Patent Document 2001-205145

    Patent Document 6: Japanese published Patent Document 2006-320775

    Patent Document 7: Japanese published Patent Document 2006-320857


    Disclosure of the invention


    Problems to be solved



    [0008] In a spray by a straight button, the density of a spray pattern is high in the vicinity of the center line of a nozzle hole and the density becomes low as it nears the periphery, and a density gradient is generated. The main cause of this is that a content passes through a passage in a spray button, and is sprayed from the spray hole in a direction same as the passage, where the flow of liquid and the stream of air becomes more as it nears the center portion of spray. And, in the peripheral portion, particularly in the contour portion, since the density is thin, the stream of spray receives the resistance of surrounding air, and the sprayed content deviates from the spray direction and wafts, where the wafting sprayed particle losses its directivity. Since the speed of the sprayed particles is slow, when performing a flame length test, the wafting sprayed particles are ignited, a backfiring phenomenon in which flame counter-flows to a nozzle hole side tends to be generated. Moreover, in a spray nozzle giving the publicly known modified spray pattern, even if the direction of the spray is forcibly deflected by such as surrounding the nozzle hole, since the amount of spray is small in a peripheral portion, and the density of the sprayed particles is low, the spray pattern becomes a triangular shape in cross section in side view, inevitably leading to wafting and scattering.

    [0009] The present invention is directed to provide a spray nozzle and an aerosol product, which can obtain a spray pattern of which the density difference between the center and the periphery is small, and there is no wafting and scattering in the contour portion. Further, the present invention is directed to provide a spray nozzle and an aerosol product which gives a modified spray pattern of which the density of the sprayed particles in the peripheral portion does not decrease so much.

    Means of Solving the Problem



    [0010] Claim 1 refers to a spray nozzle according to the invention. In such a spray nozzle, the spray pattern is preferable to be planar or plate-like surrounded by the approximate semi parabola and a nozzle hole center line (Claim 2). Any of spray nozzle above described is preferable to be equipped with a spray pattern composed of more than two line segments expanding outwardly from the nozzle hole center line when viewed from the front (Claim 3). In this case, the line segments are preferable to be arranged in rotation symmetry centered at the spray hole center (Claim 4). Moreover, it may be that in which the line segment is an approximate circular arc shape (Claim 5). Further, it may be that in which the line segments are straight lines or curved lines arranged in a V-character shape (Claim 6). Furthermore, it may be that in which the line segments are straight lines or curved lines arranged in a Y-character shape (Claim 7).

    [0011] Claim 8 refers to an aerosol product comprising a spray nozzle according to the invention. It is preferable that the valve is a constant amount spray valve (Claim 9).

    [0012] In the first embodiment of the spray nozzle of the present invention (Claim 1), the contour portion of the spray pattern is pulled inside by spraying, the shape along the spray direction of the spray which is drawn by the sprayed particles, stated differently, the outside trajectory of the sprayed particles sprayed by pressurization such as a pressure inside of an aerosol container and a manual pump becomes an approximate semi parabolic shape. Accordingly, the sprayed particles of outside do not expand straightly, resulting in to return inside to a certain extent while expanding, Hence, the spray density of a peripheral portion which tends usually to be thin becomes thick, a spray pattern of which the density difference between the center and the peripheral portion is small can be obtained. Further, since it is suppressed that sprayed particles whose density is thin scatter or waft in the contour portion, losing the directivity of spray, even if it is the spray of the flammable content, a backfiring phenomenon (a phenomenon in which the flame returns propagating through the sprayed particles, when spraying toward a flame) is hard to occur. Moreover, since in the spray nozzle of the present invention the expansion of spray pattern is large, a content can be effectively spread, it can be used suitably to a compact spray in which the density of the content is made thick, and the use amount of one time is made small or regulated by a constant amount valve etc.

    [0013] In such a spray nozzle, when the spray pattern is planar or plate-like surrounded by an approximately semi parabolic shape and a nozzle hole center line (Claim 2), stated differently, not only an outside plane comes close to the center side, but also become a flattened shape, the cross section of the spray pattern in a center line direction is proportional to a distance. Hence, compared with the spray of a conical shape etc. in which the cross section is proportional to square of a distance, the change (increase) of the cross section is small. Accordingly the expansion of the spray is suppressed and the density difference between the center portion and the peripheral portion becomes further small.

    [0014] In the spray nozzle which is equipped with a spray pattern composed of more than two line segments expanding outwardly from the nozzle hole center line when viewed from the front (Claim 3), the increase of the cross section of the spray along the center line is small, and the expansion of the spray is suppressed. Hence, the density difference between the outside and the center portion does not extend so much.

    [0015] In the case that the line segments are arranged in rotation symmetry centered at the nozzle hole center (Claim 4), the expansion of the spray pattern becomes symmetry interleaving the center line, the opposite side line segments pull mutually, stabilizing the spray pattern, making it possible to spray accurately to an object spray target (human body, fixed object such as a paned window, a net window, a wall, space etc.). In the case that the line segment is an approximately circular arc shape (Claim 5), the area of the spray pattern becomes large, making it easy to obtain the effect. Further, in the case that the line segments are straight lines or curved lines arranged in a V-character shape (Claim 6), since the spray pattern is pulled in a direction expanding in the V-character shape, the spray zone can be controlled such as not to spray below the V-character shape. Moreover, in the case that the line segments are straight lines or curved lines arranged in a Y-character shape (Claim 7), particularly when the arrangement of the Y-character shape is a curved line, spraying is performed like a tornado shape.

    [0016] Since an aerosol product (Claim 8). of the present invention is equipped with any of above described spray nozzle, the aerosol product exerting action and effects by each spray nozzle can be obtained. In the case that the valve is a constant amount spray valve (Claim 9), excess spraying can be prevented. Further, in the case that it is adopted together with the above described nozzle which can spray at a wide angle, since it is sprayed at the wide angle, even if being a small amount of spray, the amount of spray looks like a large amount of spray. Hence, the excess spraying is further prevented.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0017] 

    [Figure 1] Figure 1a and Figure 1b are respectively a side view and a perspective view showing one embodiment of an aerosol product together with a spray pattern thereof, Figure 1c is a cross sectional view of the spray pattern;

    [Figure 2] Figure 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the spray nozzle used in the aerosol product of Figure 1;

    [Figure 3] Figure 3a and Figure 3b are respectively a longitudinal cross sectional view and a front elevational view of the spray nozzle of Figure 2;

    [Figure 4] Figure 4 is a partial cutout view of the spray nozzle of Figure 2;

    [Figure 5] Figure 5a and Figure 5b are respectively a longitudinal cross sectional view and a front elevational view of an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figure 5c is a cross sectional view of the spray pattern obtained by the spray nozzle thereof;

    [Figure 6] Figure 6a and Figure 6b are respectively a longitudinal cross sectional view and a front elevational view of an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figure 6c is a cross sectional view of the spray pattern obtained by the spray nozzle thereof;

    [Figure 7] Figure 7a and Figure 7b are respectively a longitudinal cross sectional view and a front elevational view of an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figure 7c is a cross sectional view of the spray pattern obtained by the spray nozzle thereof;

    [Figure 8] Figure 8a and Figure 8b are respectively a longitudinal cross sectional view and a front elevational view of an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figure 8c is a cross sectional view of the spray pattern obtained by the spray nozzle thereof;

    [Figure 9] Figures 9a-f are respectively front elevational views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 10] Figures 10a-g are respectively cross sectional views showing further the other embodiment of an spray nozzle;

    [Figure 11] Figures 11a-h are respectively cross sectional views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 12] Figures 12a-e are respectively cross sectional views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figure 12f-j are respectively front elevational views of those spray nozzle;

    [Figure 13] Figures 13a-e are respectively cross sectional views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figures 13f-j are respectively front elevational views of those spray nozzle;

    [Figure 14] Figures 14a-d are respectively cross sectional views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figures 14e-h are respectively front elevational views of those spray nozzle;

    [Figure 15] Figures 15a-b are respectively cross sectional views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle, Figures 15c-d are respectively front elevational views of those spray nozzle;

    [Figure 16] Figure 16a and Figure 16b are respectively enlarged views of Figure 12a and Figure 12f;

    [Figure 17] Figure 17a and Figure 17b are respectively enlarged views of Figure 13a and Figure 13f;

    [Figure 18] Figure 18a and Figure 18b are respectively enlarged views of Figure 13e and Figure 13j;

    [Figure 19] Figure 19a and Figure 19b are respectively enlarged views of Figure 15a and Figure 15c;

    [Figure 20] Figure 20a and Figure 20b are front elevational views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle and an XX-XX line cross sectional view thereof;

    [Figure 21] Figure 21a and Figure 21b are front elevational views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle and an XXI-XXI line cross sectional view thereof;

    [Figure 22] Figure 22a and Figure 22b are front elevational views showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle and an XXII-XXII line cross sectional view thereof, Figure 22c is a cross sectional view showing further the other embodiment;

    [Figure 23] Figure 23 is a side view showing further the other embodiment of an aerosol product;

    [Figure 24] Figure 24 is a side view showing further the other embodiment of an aerosol product;

    [Figure 25] Figure 25a, Figure 25b, Figure 25c, Figure 25d, and Figure 25e are respectively a front elevational view, a longitudinal cross sectional view, an XXV-XXV line horizontal cross sectional view of Figure 25a, a perspective view, and a halved perspective view;

    [Figure 26] Figure 26a and Figure 26b are respectively a front elevational view and a longitudinal cross sectional view showing further an embodiment of the spray nozzle of the present invention;

    [Figure 27] Figure 27a and Figure 27b are respectively a front elevational view and a longitudinal cross sectional view showing further the other embodiment of the spray nozzle of the present invention;

    [Figure 28] Figure 28a and Figure 28b are respectively a front elevational view and a longitudinal cross sectional view showing further the other embodiment of the spray nozzle of the present invention;

    [Figure 29] Figure 29a, Figure 29b, Figure 29c, and Figure 29d are respectively a plain view, a side view, a cross sectional view, and a plain view before assembling showing further an other embodiment of a spray nozzle;

    [Figure 30] Figure 30 is a cross sectional view showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 31] Figure 31a and Figure 31b are respectively a plain view before assembling and a cross sectional view after assembling showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 32] Figure 32a and Figure 32b are respectively a perspective view before assembling and a cross sectional view after assembling showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 33] Figure 33a and Figure 33b are respectively a perspective view before assembling and a cross sectional view after assembling showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 34] Figure 34a and Figure 34b are respectively a perspective view before assembling and a cross sectional view after assembling showing further an other embodiment of the spray nozzle;

    [Figure 35] Figure 35 is a side cross sectional view showing further an other embodiment of the aerosol product;

    [Figure 36] Figure 36 is a schlieren photography showing the spraying condition of the nozzle of a comparative example; and

    [Figure 37] Figure 37 is a schlieren photography showing the spraying condition of the nozzle of the embodiment.


    Best mode for carrying out the invention



    [0018] An aerosol product E shown in Figure 1a is characterized in that the three dimensional shape of a spray pattern F sprayed from a nozzle (spray nozzle) 10, particularly the shape viewed from the side expresses a parabolic shape. Stated differently, the spray pattern of a conventional aerosol product equipped with a straight spray nozzle is thin immediately after spraying, and expresses an approximately conical shape, because it gradually expands as it departs from the nozzle 10. In other words, since the spray particles scatter approximately straightly, the cross sectional shape of the spray pattern becomes a circle in proportion to the distance from a nozzle, and becomes a conical pattern as the three dimensional shape. However, in the aerosol product E of Figure 1a, Figure 1b, the spray pattern F is not a conical shape, and expands in an approximately parabolic shape. The cross sectional shape of the spray pattern F may be circular, in which case, the peripheral plane becomes an approximate paraboloid of revolution. However, in this embodiment, as shown in Figure 1c, it expresses an approximate Y-character shape composed of three branches extending in three directions from a center portion at an equal interval.

    [0019] The above described nozzle 10 is attached to a push button 11 through a spacer 12. The appearance of the nozzle 10 is an approximate column shape as shown in Figure 2, and it is equipped with three slit passages 14 arranged radially at an equal interval in a front end face 10a. The slit passage 14 is cut in to the front end face 10a, and the outer periphery thereof reaches a side face 10b (refer to Figure 3a, 3b). As shown in Figure 3a and Figure 4, in the interior of the nozzle 10, an approximately column like passage 16 to make a content pass through, a convergent taper portion 17 provided in the front end of the passage 16 thereof, a small diameter nozzle hole passage 18 extending from the front end of the taper portion 17, and a slit passage 14 which connects the nozzle hole which is the opening end of the nozzle passage and an outer space are formed. These passage 16, taper portion 17, nozzle hole passage 18, and slit passage 14 are cavities or spaces formed in a physical body constituting the nozzle 10.

    [0020] The taper portion 17 is of the shape of truncated cone, the nozzle hole passage 18 is column-like in shape. The taper angle α of the taper portion 17 is usually 30-120 degrees, preferably 40-110 degrees. In addition, the taper portion 17 may be made into a circular arc shape in cross section (refer to Figure 10e), a protrusion and a groove may be provided in the inner plane thereof for controlling the flow of a content. When the taper angle α is smaller than 30 degrees, or larger than 120 degrees, the density of the center portion of the spray pattern becomes thick, the contour portion is not pulled inside, causing the cross section of side view of the spray pattern to become a triangle shape, and it becomes hard to obtain the effect of preventing wafting and scattering. Moreover, the length of the taper portion is 0.5-3 times of that of the nozzle hole passage, preferably 0.7-2.8 times. When the length of the taper portion is smaller than 0.5 times, or larger than 3 times also, the density of the center portion of the spray pattern becomes thick, the contour portion is not pulled inside, causing the cross section of side view of the spray pattern to become a triangle shape, and it becomes hard to obtain the effect of preventing wafting and scattering. In this embodiment, the slit passage 14 is a groove extending straight outwardly in a radial direction, and is opened at front end face 10a and a side face 10b. In other words, the diameter of the nozzle 10 determines the range of the slit passage 14, particularly the length.

    [0021] As shown in Figure 2, the cross sectional shape of the slit passage 14 is an approximate rectangle shape, the depth Dp is 1.2-3 times of the width B. When it is smaller than 1.2 times, the effect to make large the angle of the spray pattern is hard to obtain, and when it is larger than 3 times, the amount of an aerosol composition flowing along the slit passage 14 becomes large, the density of the both ends tends to be thick. The bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 is, as shown in Figure 3a, approximately perpendicular to the axis line of the nozzle 10, and is flat. In addition, the width B of the slit passage 14 is 0.1-1 mm, the depth Dp is the extent of 0.3-3 mm. In this embodiment, the depth Dp of the slit passage 14 is substantially constant, but the width B is taper like somewhat expanding toward the front end from the bottom face. The width of the front end is 1-3 times of the width of the bottom face, preferably 1.2-2.5 times.

    [0022] The passage 16 is opened at the back portion side in order to be connected with the container body 31 through the push button 11 and the spacer 12. The diameter df of the nozzle hole passage 18 is rather smaller than the inner diameter dt of the passage 16, df/dt=0.1-0.5, preferably 0.2-0.4. And the diameter df of the nozzle hole passage is larger than the width B of the slit passage 14. Hence, the nozzle hole is plugged by the bottom portion 19 except for the slit passage 14. In this embodiment, the bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 and a bottom face (nozzle hole) 18a of the nozzle hole passage is made to be an identical plane. Among the bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14, the portion overlapping with the nozzle hole is an opening 18b opened outside through the slit passage 14 as shown in Figure 2b.

    [0023] As shown in Figure 3a, an extended line P of inside plane of the taper portion 17 intersects at the taper angle α within the nozzle hole passage 18.

    [0024] Accordingly, among the contents (aerosol composition) passing through the passage 16, the contents flowing in the vicinity of the passage inner wall converges along the taper portion 17, and joins together with the contents flowing in the center portion of the passage 16, the flow velocity thereof increasing in the nozzle hole passage 16. And, it enters into the slit passage 14 while expanding from just before the slit passage 14, and expands in the longitudinal direction of the slit passage 14 smoothly, and is sprayed in the spray pattern expanding thinly at uniform density flatly in three directions as shown in Figure 1c. Then, depending on the spray velocity, when the component in a radially outward direction along the slit passage 14 is large, it is sprayed in a parabolic shape of a large degree of curvature (small curvature radius), and when the forward component is large, it is sprayed in a relatively slender parabolic shape. When the forward speed of spray particles is large, and the spraying is performed at uniform density, since the air of the vicinity of the nozzle hole is engulfed, it is easy to obtain the parabolic shape spray pattern.

    [0025] As shown in Figure 1a, the nozzle 10 is fitted tightly to a mating hole 21 formed in the spacer 12. The spacer 12 is fitted air-tightly to a connecting hole 22 formed in the front face of the push button 11. The aerosol product E comprises a cylindrical container body 31, an aerosol valve 32 attached to the upper end thereof, an operation member 20 fitted to the stem of the aerosol valve, and an aerosol composition charged in the container body 31. The operation member 20 comprises the above described push button 11, the spacer 12 attached to the push button, and the nozzle 10 fitted and fixed to the front end of the spacer. As any of the container body 31, the aerosol valve 32, and the aerosol composition, that which is publicly known can be used.

    [0026] The aerosol composition charged in the container body 31 is composed of a concentrate solution in which active ingredients for spraying into atmosphere such as deodorant component, perfume material, insecticidal component, active ingredients for spraying to a fixed surface such as cleaning component, water shedding component, active ingredients for spraying to human body such as ingredient for harmful insect avoidance, antiperspirants, antipruritic component, perfume material are added in a solvent such as ethanol, purified water, kerosene, and a propellant such as liquefied petroleum gas, liquefied gas such as dimethyl ether, hydrofluoroolefin, and compressed gas such as nitrogen gas, carbon dioxide gas. In order to spray with uniform density in mist form at a wide angle for easily obtaining the effect of the nozzle of the present invention, when using liquefied gas as the propellant, it is preferable to use that which contains 30-90 weight %, particularly 40-80 weight % thereof in an aerosol composition. In addition, when using compressed gas as the propellant, it is preferable to pressurize so as to make the pressure in a container to be 0.3-0.8 MPa. Additionally, when combining surface activating agent and water, and spraying in the aspect of spray foam, it is preferable to adopt that in which the liquefied gas is contained 5-40 weight %, particularly 10-30 weight %. When spraying in the aspect of spray foam, since it forms foam on a surface to be coated such as glass and tile, it is easy to check the foam forming the shape of character. Moreover, since the contour portion is pulled inside, wafting and scattering can be prevented, preventing a user from sucking it.

    [0027] The operation method is same as a conventional aerosol product such as to bear by hand the container body 31, and to push down the upper end of the push button 11. Thereby, the aerosol composition in the container body 31 passes through the stem of the aerosol valve 32, and passes through the spacer 12 from the push button 11, and is sprayed in a mist form via the passage 16, the taper portion 17, the nozzle hole passage 18. And, the sprayed particles are sprayed forward while the spray direction is regulated by the slit passage 14. At this time, in the shape of the spray pattern F, as described above, the shape is of a semi parabolic shape, and the cross sectional shape or the shape viewed from the front is an approximate Y-character shape such that the shape of the slit passage 14 is expanded (refer to Figure 1c). In other words, every sheet has the shape of a contour surrounded by a center line C and a semi parabolic shape H of outer diameter, expressing a plate-like shape having a predetermined thickness. And, as a whole, it has a configuration in which the three sheets of the plate-like spray are arranged around the center line radially. In addition, usually, the parabola is not exactly line symmetry to the center line C, and is of the shape slacking downward by the influence of gravity.

    [0028] In the sprayed particles sprayed from the nozzle 10, the contour portion of the spray pattern never expand outside linearly, the sprayed particles of the contour portion expand while returning to the center somewhat. Hence, the spray pattern in which the density difference between the center portion and the peripheral portion is small can be obtained. Further, as shown in Figure 1c, since the sprayed particles expand while maintaining a thin plate-like spray pattern, the density difference between the center portion and the peripheral portion is small. Moreover, in the outside of the parabola, usually, sprayed particles running off the flow of the spray pattern waft, but in this embodiment, the contour portion is pulled in toward the center side, wafting spray particles are few. Hence, even when the spray velocity is slow, the backfiring phenomenon is hard to occur.

    [0029] A nozzle 34 shown in Figure 5a and Figure 5b, is substantially same as the nozzle 10 of Figure 3a and Figure 3b excepting that the slit passage 14 formed in the front face is of an X-character shape or is of a cross shape. To be more precise, it includes the column-like passage 16, the convergent taper portion 17 provided in the front end of the passage 16, the small diameter nozzle hole passage 18 extending from the front end of the taper portion 17, and the slit passage 14 connecting the nozzle hole which is the opening end of the nozzle hole thereof and outside. The slit passage 14 is of a cross shape as shown in Figure 5b.

    [0030] The spray pattern sprayed from an aerosol product using the nozzle 34 is also, same as the case of Figure 1a, surrounded by a center line and a semi parabolic shape of the outer periphery, and expresses a plate-like shape having a predetermined thickness, being a configuration in which the four plates are arranged around the center line in the shape of a cross (refer to Figure 5c). In this nozzle 34, the density difference between the center portion and the peripheral portion is small. Moreover, in the case of a coating spray, the coating of a modified pattern is possible by one time of spraying. The nozzle 10 of Figure 1a is also same in this point.

    [0031] A nozzle 36 shown in Figure 6a and Figure 6b is same as the nozzle 10 of Figure 2a, Figure 2b excepting that the slit passage 14 formed in the front face is of the shape of an approximately straight line and is deep. To be more precise, it is equipped with the column-like passage 16, the convergent taper portion 17 provided in the front end of the passage 16, the small diameter nozzle hole passage 18 extending from the front end of the taper portion 17, and the slit passage 14 connecting the nozzle hole which is the opening end of the nozzle hole thereof and an outer space. The slit passage 14 is of a straight line shape as shown in Figure 6b. This can be viewed that one pair of slit passages 14, 14 is arranged symmetrically to the center C of the nozzle. Further, as shown in Figure 6a, the depth Dp of the slit passage 14 is equal to the length of the nozzle hole passage 18, and is rather deep compared with the case of Figure 3a.

    [0032] The spray pattern sprayed from an aerosol product using the nozzle 36 is also, same as the case of Figure 1a, surrounded by a center line and a semi parabolic shape of the outer periphery, and expresses a plate-like shape having a predetermined thickness, being a configuration in which those plates are arranged interleaving the center line (refer to F of Figure 6c). In the spray by this nozzle 36 also, the density difference between the center portion and the peripheral portion is small. Moreover, since it is of a flat plate-like shape, by moving up and down, or rotating the aerosol product, many different kinds of coating effects can be also brought. Moreover, by the depth Dp of the slit passage 14 being deep, since the scattering effect by the slit passage becomes strong, the expansion of the spray pattern becomes large, but the density of the peripheral portion and the center portion of the spray pattern becomes thin.

    [0033] A nozzle 38 shown in Figure 7a, Figure 7b is substantially identical with the nozzle 36 of Figure 6a, Figure 6b excepting that the depth Dp of the slit passage 14 is shallow. Since in this nozzle the scattering effect by the slit passage becomes week, the expansion of the spray pattern becomes small, but the density difference between the periphery and the center portion is also small.

    [0034] In a nozzle 40 shown in Figure 8a, the angle θ of a bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 to the center line C is 90 degrees or more, particularly of the extent of 100 -120 degrees. Hence, the angle 2θ which is composed by the bottom face 14a of the right and left slit passages 14 is larger than 180 degrees, for example, 200-240 degrees. If this nozzle 40 is used, when an aerosol composition is sprayed forward, surrounding air intrudes through the slit passage 14. Accordingly, the spray pattern F expands in a large way engulfing surrounding air into the slit passage, the direction of spray changing. In this nozzle also, the density difference between the center portion and the peripheral portion of the spray pattern F is small, further, the spray pattern becomes large. In addition, three or more than four slit passages 14 may be provided radially around the center line C.

    [0035] In the above described embodiment, the shape of the slit passage is made to be an aggregate of straight lines extending radially at an equal interval from the center of the nozzle in a front elevational view, but other shapes can be adopted as the nozzle of Figure 9a-f. In a nozzle 41 shown in Figure 9a, the configuration is made so that right and left slit passages 41a, 41b extending inversely mutually from the center are smoothly continued at the center. The right and left slit passages 41a, 41b are connected so as to be overlapped with the nozzle hole passage 18 at the center portion, and curve in a circular arc shape so as to shift right side as it proceeds outwardly from the center. The spray particles which are sprayed passing through such slit passages 41a, 41b become the spray pattern of a large wave form which is the direct expansion of the slit passage of the wave form in front. Further, since it sprays outwardly swirling in some degree like a tornado, it exerts an effect to expand far. Hence, it has a merit that the spreading property is excellent.

    [0036] In the nozzle 41 of Figure 9a, that in which two circular arc shape slit passages are combined is adopted, but as a nozzle 42 shown in Figure 9b, that in which three circular arc shape slit passages 42a, 42b, 42c are combined so as to be like a propeller may be adopted. This is excellent in the spreading property, because it swirls more easily than the nozzle of Figure 9a.

    [0037] A nozzle 43 of Figure 9c uses a pattern in which four line segment-like slit passages 43a, 43b, 43c, 43d are arranged like a fylfot. The center portion of any of each slit passage 43a-d is overlapped with the nozzle passage 18, and is connected with the interior of the nozzle hole passage thereof. Such nozzle 43 exerts nearly identical effects with the nozzle 34 equipped with the cross shape slit passage of Figure 5, although the size of the parabola becomes small, since the sprayed particles expand while swirling somewhat, it has a merit to expand far.

    [0038] A nozzle 44 of Figure 9d is that in which slit passages 44a, 44b, 44c are constituted by remaining three slits excepting a downward passage among the cross shaped slit of the nozzle 34 of Figure 5.

    [0039] In a nozzle 45 of Figure 9e, slit passages 45a, 45b compose a V-character shape extending in two directions making the nozzle hole passage 18 to be a base point. In this configuration, spraying is performed upward from the nozzle passage passing through the two slit passages. Hence, this is preferable to be adopted when downward spraying is not desired. Thus, the spray pattern can be controlled by making the slit passage open upward only, or open downward only.

    [0040] A nozzle 45c of Figure 9f is that in which V-character shaped slit passages 45a, 45b are curved in some degree in the same direction, further, the one pair of upper and lower V-character shaped slits are arranged in approximate rotation symmetry in regard to the nozzle hole passage 18. The spray pattern obtained by this nozzle 45c is such that spraying is performed respectively in the two directions to which the V-character faces. And, since the slit passages 45a, 45b are curved, the sprayed particles expand, while swirling in some degree, it has a merit of expanding far.

    [0041] Figure 10a, Figure 10b, Figure 10c, and Figure 10d are those in which the taper angle α of the taper portion 17 is changed. The taper angle α of a nozzle 46 of Figure 10a is 60 degrees, in a nozzle 47 of Figure 10b, 90 degrees, in a nozzle 48 of Figure 10c, 120 degrees, in a nozzle 49 of Figure 10d, 30 degrees are adopted. When the taper angle α of the taper portion 17 is narrower than 30 degrees, the spray pattern is wide, but since the density in the center portion becomes high and the density gradient becomes large, the contour portion of the spray pattern tends to be a moderate parabola being near linear (refer to Table 1). Moreover, when the taper angle α of the taper portion 17 is wider than 120 degrees, the spray pattern becomes narrow, and since the density of the center portion becomes high and the density gradient becomes large, the contour portion of the spray pattern tends to be a moderate parabola being near linear.
    [Table 1]
     Angle α (degree) of Taper portionDensity DifferenceSpray Pattern
    Figure 10a 60 None Parabola
    Figure 10b 90 None Parabola
    Figure 10c 120 Being somewhat dense in the center portion Moderate parabola
    Figure 10d 30 Being somewhat dense in the center portion Moderate parabola


    [0042] About the density difference, the density in the center portion and the peripheral portion is compared, when 50 weight % of ethanol, 50 weight % of liquefied petroleum gas are charged as the content and sprayed on a paper reactive with ethanol. About the spray pattern, the cross section of the spray pattern is evaluated by spraying the content, the spray being irradiated with a laser.

    [0043] On the other hand, nozzles 50, 51, 52 of Figures 10a-g are all equipped with the taper portion (or shoulder portion) 17 of which the cross section is like a circular arc. The taper portion 17 in the nozzle 50 of Figure 10e has a semi-elliptical cross section, the curvature becomes large as it becomes the nozzle 51 of Figure 10f, the nozzle 52 of Figure 10g. In addition, in the nozzle 52 of Figure 10g, the curvature R is 1.5 mm. If the curvature of the taper portion is small, the spray pattern becomes a moderate parabola being near linear (refer to Table 2).
    [Table 2]
     Shape of Taper portionDensity DifferenceSpray Pattern
    Figure 10e Semi-ellipse (Curvature small) Being dense in the center portion Moderate Parabola
    Figure 10f Semi-sphere None Parabola
    Figure 10g Semi-ellipse (Curvature large) None Parabola


    [0044] Nozzles 53-56 of Figures 11a-d are four kinds of nozzles of which the length and the inner diameter of the nozzle hole passage 18 are changed. The other portions (the inner diameter of the passage is 3.0 mm, the angle of the taper portion is 60 degrees, the length of the taper portion is 2.0 mm, the width of the front end of the slit passage is 0.45 mm, the width of the bottom face is 0.3 mm, the depth of the slit passage is 0.6 mm) are substantially identical mutually. In the nozzle 53 of Figure 11a, the diameter of the nozzle hole passage 18 is 0.85 mm, the length is 1.45 mm. In the nozzle 54 of Figure 11b, the diameter of the nozzle hole passage 18 is 0.85 mm, the length is 0.75 mm. In the nozzle 55 of Figure 11c, the diameter of the nozzle hole passage 18 is 0.85 mm, the length is 2.95 mm. In the nozzle 56 of Figure 11d, the diameter of the nozzle hole passage 18 is 0.4 mm, the length is 1.05 mm. When the ratio of the length of the taper portion and the nozzle hole passage are small, the contour portion of the spray pattern becomes a moderate parabola being near linear. Moreover, also when the ratio of the diameter of the nozzle hole passage and the passage are small, the contour portion of the spray pattern becomes a moderate parabola being near linear (refer to Table 3).
    [Table 3]
     Length ratio of taper portion/nozzle hole passageInner diameter ratio of nozzle hole passage/passageDensity differenceSpray pattern
    Figure 11a 1.38 0.28 None Parabola
    Figure 11b 2.67 0.28 None Parabola
    Figure 11c 0.68 0.28 Being somewhat dense in the center portion Moderate Parabola
    Figure 11d 1.90 0.13 Being somewhat dense in the center portion Moderate Parabola


    [0045] Nozzles 57-60 of Figures 11e-h show four kinds of nozzles in which the angle of the bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 is changed. The other portions are identical with Figure 11a. In the nozzle 57 of Figure 11e, the slit passage 14 is not angled and is made to be 180 degrees. In the nozzle 58 of Figure 11f, the angle of the upper and lower slit passage is 216 degrees, in the nozzle 59 of Figure 11g, 240 degrees, in the nozzle 60 of Figure 11h, 270 degrees are adopted respectively. When the angle of the slit passage 14 becomes large, the amount of air engulfed from a surrounding area increases, and the spray pattern becomes large. In addition, if the angle becomes 270 degrees, the spray pattern becomes a moderate parabola (refer to Table 4).
    [Table 4]
     Angle (degree) of bottom face of the slit passageDensity DifferenceSpray Pattern
    Figure 11e 180 None Parabola
    Figure 11f 216 None Parabola
    Figure 11g 240 None Parabola
    Figure 11h 270 None Moderate Parabola


    [0046] Nozzles 61-64 of Figures 12a-d have an approximately column like configuration, and is characterized in that a center line Cf of the nozzle hole passage 18 is decentered toward downside from the center line of the nozzle. Thereby, the taper portion 17 smoothly connecting the passage 16 and the nozzle passage 18 of which the diameter is smaller than it is made to be a decentered configuration. The reason why the nozzle hole passage 18 is made to decenter is that, as known from Figures 12f-i, the shape of the slit passage 14 viewed from the front is curved in a large way or inflected.

    [0047] In a nozzle 61 of Figure 12a, as known from Figure 12f, the slit passage 14 expresses an approximate U-character shape, and does not pass through the vicinity of the center. And, as shown in Figure 16a, Figure 16b, the nozzle hole passage 18 is provided in the center of right and left of the bilaterally symmetric slit passage 14. The end portion (upper end of Figure 12f) of the slit passage 14 is opened in the outer peripheral surface of the nozzle 61.

    [0048] A nozzle 62 of Figure 12b is, as known from Figure 12g, equipped with one laterally-facing slit passage 14h of which the both ends are opened in the outer peripheral surface of the nozzle 61, and three longitudinal slit passages 14v1, 14v2, 14v3 of which the lower end is connected with the laterally- facing slit passage 14h, and the upper end is opened in the outer peripheral surface of the nozzle. Thereby, the spray pattern expresses approximately the shape of "mountain" or "E". And, in the lower end of the central longitudinally facing slit passage 14v2, a main nozzle hole passage 18 is opened. And, a sub nozzle hole passage 18c is opened in a somewhat upper portion than the lower end of the right and left longitudinally facing slit passages 14v1, 14v3. Further, in an upper side than the laterally facing slit passage 14h, in other words, in an area where the longitudinally facing slit passages 14v1-3 are provided, the front face of the nozzle 61 backs away as it goes upward. The gradient plane is substantially flat.

    [0049] In this nozzle 62, since the main nozzle hole passage 18 is provided in the lower end of the central longitudinally facing slit passage 14v2, those slit passages 14v2, 14h extend straightly to outside from the nozzle hole passage 18, and are not inflected strongly in the middle. Thereby, it is possible to spray outside smoothly through both of the longitudinally facing central slit passage 14v2 and the laterally facing slit passage 14h. On the other hand, the right and left longitudinally facing slit passages 14v1, 14v3 are inflected to the laterally facing slit passage 14h, but since there is the sub nozzle hole passage 18c, the spray through those is smooth. In this nozzle 62, since the upper portion of the front face of the nozzle 62 is inclined so as to back away, the length of the sub nozzle hole passage 18c extending from the middle of the taper portion 17 to outside becomes short, and since the position of the nozzle hole is not lined up in the direction of the flow within the nozzle, the sprayed object from the main nozzle hole passage 18 and the sub nozzle hole passage 18c are partitioned not interfering mutually, the spray pattern of desired shape can be obtained.

    [0050] A nozzle 63 of Figure 12c, Figure 12h is equipped with one laterally facing slit passage 14h of which the both ends are opened in the outer peripheral surface of the nozzle 63, and a longitudinally facing slit passage 14v of which the lower end is connected to the laterally facing slit passage 14h and the upper end is opened in the outer peripheral surface. Stated differently, the right and left longitudinally facing slit passages 14v1, 14v3 are omitted from the nozzle 61 of Figure 12b, making it as a T-character like slit passage. The nozzle hole passage 18 is opened in a position where the both slit passages 14h, 14v intersect.

    [0051] In a nozzle 64 of Figure 12d, Figure 12i, the slit passage 14 is like a V-character shape. Compared with the nozzle 45 of Figure 9e, in the nozzle 45 of Figure 9e, the lower end of the V-character is approximately in the center of the nozzle, but in the nozzle 64 of Figure 12d, it is decentered downward from the center of the nozzle, where the angle composed by the two line segments is about 60 degrees, which is the different point. Hence, "V" is arranged nearly the center of the front face of the nozzle, forming the shape near a V-character of alphabet. Other points are substantially identical. The nozzle hole passage 18 is opened at the position where two line segments intersect.

    [0052] In a nozzle 65 of Figure 12e, Figure 12j, the main nozzle hole passage 18 is provided in the approximate center of the nozzle, the oblique slit passage 14 connected with the main nozzle hole passage 18 is formed in the front face of the nozzle 65. Further, from the middle of the interior taper portion 17, a sub nozzle hole passage 18c is formed apart in some degree from the main nozzle hole passage 18. Those sub nozzle hole passages 18c are connected with the laterally extending upper and lower slit passages 14h, 14h in the front face of the nozzle. Thereby, since the position of the slit passage is not lined up, the spray object from each slit passage is partitioned not interfering mutually, making the spray pattern sprayed from this nozzle 65 to be an approximate Z-character shape. In addition, the upper portion and the lower portion of the front face of the nozzle 65 is made to be a flat gradient plane 65a nearly identical with the taper angle of the taper plane so as not to make the sub nozzle hole passage 18c long.
    The center portion of the front face of the nozzle 65 is made to be a flat plane 65b perpendicular to the axis. The flat plane 65b is, as shown in Figure 12j, is provided in the both sides of the oblique slit passage 14 with a certain width. The ridge line of the border of the flat plane 65b and the gradient plane 65a is in parallel to the oblique slit passage 14, the gradient plane 65a backs away along a perpendicular direction to those ridge lines.

    [0053] A nozzle 66 of Figure 13a, Figure 13f has the nozzle passage 18 of an approximate circular conical surface shape. Such circular conical surface shape nozzle hole passage 18 is formed of a concave portion 66a of a conical shape expanding toward the front end formed in the front face of the nozzle 66, and a plugging member 66b like a circular conic body arranged so as to form a gap between itself and the inner face of the concave portion thereof. In order to hold the plugging member 66b, as shown in Figure 17a, Figure 17b in detail, by connecting branches 66c of right and left two places, the plugging member 66b and the other portion of the nozzle are connected. By a 3D printer of synthetic resin or by solid fabrication, the plugging member 66b can be shape-formed integrally with other portions, but when in mass production, it is manufactured as a separate part, and is integrated using an adhesive etc. This nozzle 66 can spray in the pattern of an approximate circle or an "O" character shape of alphabet.

    [0054] In a nozzle 67 shown in Figure 13b, Figure 13g, the front face is formed to be taper-like, the slit passage 14 is formed in a vertical direction along the taper plane. The angle of the taper plane is made to be nearly identical with the taper angle of the taper portion 17 continuing to the interior passage 16. The slit passage 14 is linear vertically viewed from the front. This is nearly same as the nozzle 36 of Figure 6a, b, the nozzle 38 of Figure 7a, b, or the nozzle 40 of Figures 8a-c. Moreover, the point that the bottom face of the slit passage 14 is inclined so as to back away is same as the nozzle 40 of Figures 8a-c. However, in the nozzle 40 of Figures 8a-c, the depth of the slit passage 14 becomes deep gradually as it goes toward outside, in the nozzle 67 of Figure 13b, Figure 13g, the front face is made to be taper-like, where the depth of the slit passage 14 is nearly uniform.

    [0055] A nozzle 68 shown in Figure 13c, Figure 13h is that in which the main oblique slit passage 14 of nozzle 65 of Figure 12e, Figure 12j is made to be a longitudinally facing slit passage 14v. Stated differently, the sub nozzle hole passage 18c extending forward from the middle of the taper portion 17 is formed to be a pair in parallel to the center axis being apart from the center axis. Those sub nozzle hole passages 18c are opened at the center of right and left of the upper and lower slit passages 14h, 14h extending laterally in the nozzle front face. And, between the centers of the upper and lower slit passages 14h, 14h is connected by the slit passage 14v. The front end of the main nozzle hole passage 18 is opened outside at the upper and lower center of the slit passage 14v of a longitudinal direction. Thereby, the spray pattern sprayed from this nozzle 64 becomes an approximate H-character shape. In addition, so as not to make the sub nozzle hole passage 18c long, the upper side and the lower side is made to be a backing away gradient plane excepting the flat portion of the front face of the nozzle. The angle of the gradient plane is substantially identical with the taper angle of the taper portion 17 of the internal cavity.

    [0056] In a nozzle 69 of Figure 13d, Figure 13j, a pair of the nozzle hole passages 18d is formed, being decentered vertically from the center of the nozzle. On the other hand, in the front face side of the nozzle, a cylindrical concave portion 69a is formed, inside of the concave portion thereof, a circular plate-like plugging member 69b is arranged through a gap between itself and the inner face of the concave portion. This circular ring-like gap serves as the slit passage 14. And, the front end of the above described nozzle passage 18d is almost plugged with the plugging member 69b, but is connected at a part. This can spray with an approximately circular spray pattern.

    [0057] A nozzle 70 of Figure 13e, Figure 13j is nearly same as the nozzle 65 of Figure 12e, but the front face is formed of a central circular flat portion and a circular truncated cone portion around thereof. The taper angle of the circular truncated cone is nearly identical with the taper angle of the interior taper portion. As found from Figure 18a, Figure 18b, the main slit passage formed to be oblique and the horizontal sub nozzle hole passage 18c are cut in from the front face side of the nozzle, and do not reach the outer peripheral surface of the nozzle, when viewed from the front. The spray pattern of this nozzle 70 viewed from the front is of a Z-character shape.

    [0058] A nozzle 71 shown in Figure 14a, Figure 14b is nearly same as the nozzle 10 shown in Figures 2-4, excepting that the front face is made to be a gradual sweepback angle. The taper angle of the front face is more gradual than the taper angle of the interior taper portion 17. In concert with the front face taper angle, the bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 is made to back away at an identical angle. In this nozzle 71, since the momentum of spouting forward is diminished by the momentum of spouting forward, the contour becomes the spray pattern of a moderate circular arc or a parabola, when viewed from the side.

    [0059] A nozzle 72 shown in Figure 14b Figure 14f is nearly same as the nozzle shown in Figures 2-4 excepting that the bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 backs away toward outside. The configuration that the bottom face 14a of the slit passage 14 is made to back away toward outside is substantially identical with Figure 8a, Figure 8c. This nozzle is of an approximate Y-character shape, when viewed from the front, and of a moderate parabola, when viewed from the side.

    [0060] A nozzle 74 of Figure 14c, Figure 14g is that in which a horizontal slit passage 14h which connects mutually the middle of two line segments constituting a V-character with regard to the slit passage 14 of a V-character shape of Figure 65 of Figure 12d, and a sub nozzle hole passage 18c opened at the center of the horizontal slit passage 14 are provided. The slit passage of the nozzle 74 viewed from the front expresses an approximate "A" character, it can spray with the spray pattern of A-character shape.

    [0061] A nozzle 75 of Figure 14d, Figure 14h is that in which the horizontal slit passage 14h connected with the intersection portion of two line segments constituting a V-character shape with regard to the slit passage 14 of the V-character shape of the nozzle 65 of Figure 12d is provided. The slit passage of this nozzle 75 viewed from the front expresses a "K" character shape, it can spray with the spray pattern of a K-character shape.

    [0062] In s nozzle 78 shown in Figure 15a, Figure 15c, a cylindrical small diameter portion 78a is provided in a front end, a step portion 78b is formed in an outer periphery of somewhat back portion from the front end (refer to Figure 19a, b). And, four pairs of passage walls 78c are stood up above and below, right and left from the outer periphery of the small diameter portion 78a over the step portion 78b. They can be two pairs, three pairs, or five pairs or more. The gap of those passage walls 78c are arranged radially. Further, in the small diameter portion 78a, the slit passage 14 connected with the gap of the passage wall 78c is engraved. The slit passage 14 does not reach the taper portion 17 and stops at the middle of the nozzle hole passage 18. The front end of the nozzle hole passage 18 is plugged by a plugging member 78d. With this nozzle 78, the spray pattern becomes an approximately cross shape when viewed from the front, but since it is spouted outside in the perimeter direction, while the front side spout is suppressed, the parabolic shape of the spray pattern of side view becomes further moderate. Further, since there is a space between the passage walls 78c mutually, when spouting from the slit passage 14, surrounding air of the nozzle 78 is easily engulfed, making the parabolic shape of the spray pattern becomes more moderate.

    [0063] A nozzle 80 shown in Figure 15b, Figure 15d is formed into an approximate N-character shape consisting of a horizontal passage 80a whose slit passage is short, an upward passage 80b extending upwardly from the one end thereof, and a downward passage 80c extending downwardly from another end.

    [0064] A nozzle 81 shown in Figure 20a, Figure 20b is nearly identical with the nozzle 80 of Figure 19a, Figure 19b in the point that the slit passage 14 extends radially in four directions, but it differs in the point that the end portion of the inside of radial direction comes to further inside than the inner perimeter surface of the nozzle hole passage 18. Stated differently, in the nozzle 80 of Figure 19a, Figure 19b, the end portion of inside of radial direction of the slit passage 14 is in a position nearly identical with the position of the inner face of the nozzle hole passage 16. Hence, the slit passage 14 and the nozzle hole passage 16 are opened outwardly in an approximately radial direction, and the opening thereof cannot be seen from the front. Hence, the forward spout is suppressed, and the spout is performed mainly radially.

    [0065] Compared with this, in a nozzle 81 of Figure 20a, Figure 20b, the insection of the slit passage 14 enters into inside in a radial direction from the inner face of the nozzle hole passage 18. Hence, the slit passage 14 and the nozzle hole passage 16 are connected with outside not only by the outward opening 78e in a radial direction but also by the opening 78f facing the front side. In addition, a plugging member 78d of the front end of the nozzle hole passage 18 is smaller than the nozzle hole passage 16, but it is linked with a small diameter portion 78a at four places of corners. Since the spray pattern of the nozzle 81 extends not only to four directions of the outer peripheral direction, but spouts in the front side direction, the spray pattern becomes nearly the continuing shape of a cross.

    [0066] A nozzle 82 of Figure 21a, Figure 21b is nearly identical with the nozzle 81 of Figure 20a, Figure 20b, but the slit passage 14 extends only right and left, and is not provided with a slit extending in a vertical direction. Further, there is no plugging member (reference numeral 78b of Figure 20) of the center of the front, the right and left being continued. Moreover, it is same as the nozzle 81 of Figure 20 in the point that a cylindrical small diameter portion 78a is provided, that a step portion 78b is formed in the outer periphery of somewhat back portion from the front end, and that a passage 78c which forms an extended portion of the slit passage 14 from the outer periphery of the small diameter portion 78a over the step portion 78b is stood up. Two pairs of a passage wall 78c are provided right and left. The spray pattern F by this nozzle 81 is as thin as that of Figure 23 viewed from the side, and expresses the shape of an approximate parabola viewed from the above as Figure 1b, and is flat viewed from the front (refer to Figure 6c, Figure 7c).

    [0067] A nozzle 83 of Figure 22a, Figure 22b is substantially identical with the nozzle 81 of Figures 20a, b, excepting the point that the slit passage 14 is extending radially in three directions, and the point that three pairs of the passage wall 78c forming the extended portion of those slit passages are provided radially at a 120 degrees interval. Moreover, it is substantially identical with the nozzle 36 of Figure 6a, Figure 6b and the nozzle 38 of Figure 7a, Figure 7b, excepting the point that the thickness of the slit passage 14 is rather thinner than the diameter of the cylindrical column like nozzle passage 18. In addition, since in the nozzle 83b of Figure 22b, the slit passage 14 cuts into the small diameter portion 78a deeper than the thickness of the plugging member 78d in an axial direction, there is a portion where opened outwardly in a radial direction (refer to reference numeral 78f), but as Figure 22c, the slit passage 14 may be made so as to cut in as thick as the thickness of the plugging member 78d. In that case, it is opened only in the front side (refer to reference numeral 78e), being not opened outwardly in a radial direction. Hence the front view is same as Figure 22a. In addition, in the nozzle 81 also in which four slit passages of Figure 20a, Figure 20b are provided radially, it can also be made to be opened only in the front direction, being not opened outwardly in a radial direction.

    [0068] Figure 23 shows an aerosol product E2 equipped with the nozzle 82 of Figure 21a, Figure 21b. This nozzle 82 is attached to the valve in the state that the slit passage 14 of laterally straight line faces nearly a horizontal direction. In this product, when the push button 11 is pushed, spraying is performed in the spray pattern F (refer to Figure 6c, Figure 7c) which expands in a lateral direction and do not expand in a vertical direction. The other points, particularly that the shape H of the spray pattern draws a semi parabola etc. is same as the nozzle 10 of Figure 1.

    [0069] Figure 24 shows an embodiment of an aerosol product of full volume spraying type. In the aerosol product E3, an approximately cylindrical shape holding member (shoulder cover) 86 is attached to a covered portion 85 of a mounting cup 84 firmly attached to the upper end of a container body 31. The holding member 86 is equipped with an operation piece 88 connected by a hinge (resin hinge etc.) 87, in the front end of the operation piece, an engagingly stopping protrusion 90 freely engageable and disengageable with the engagingly stopping step portion 89 provided in the inside surface of the holding member 86 is provided. In the intermediate portion of the operation piece 88, a nozzle holding portion 92 of which the lower portion is attached to the perimeter of a stem 91, and to the upper end of which the nozzle is attached is provided. The nozzle 81 is the nozzle 81 shown in Figure 20, and is equipped with the slit passage 14 of an approximate cross shape.

    [0070] When the operation piece 88 is pushed in, this can spray a content upward in the spray pattern F of an approximate cross shape. Furthermore, since the engagingly stopping protrusion 90 engages with the engagingly stopping step portion 89, if a finger pushing the operation piece 86 is taken off, the stem 89 is kept pushing. Hence, all amount of the content can be sprayed. As the content, an insecticide of fumigation type etc. can be cited. Since the planar shape of the spray pattern F thereof is an approximate cross shape, when sprayed in a rectangular parallelepiped room, if the cross shape is arranged so as to be adapted to the corner of the room, it is possible to spray the content efficiently to the corner of the room where harmful insects are easy to come into being, particularly to the corner of a ceiling.

    [0071] A nozzle 93 of Figure 25a, Figure 25b is, same as the case of the nozzle 36 of Figure 6, that in which two slit passages 14 are provided so as to be nearly in parallel mutually. Each slit passage 14 is interrupted by the plugging member 14c at a central portion. In addition, in Figure 25a, they are made to be horizontal slits separated vertically, but if the angle is changed, they become longitudinal slits separated right and left. The gap between the slit passages 14 is mutually about 1-10 mm. And, in the taper portion 17 continuing the circular column like passage 16, as shown in Figure 25c, the width of right and left becomes narrow toward the front end viewed from the horizontal direction, but as shown in Figure 25b, since they are connected to the upper and lower slits 14 viewed from side, they do not become narrow toward the front end, and extend nearly rectangular (refer to Figure 25d, Figure 25e).

    [0072] Moreover, as found from the upper side (cross section along the slit 14) of Figure 25a and Figure 25c, the inner face of the taper portion 17 is made to be narrow in the vicinity of the upper end or the lower end, and as found from the lower side (horizontal cross section along the center) of Figure 25c, it is made to be taper like in the central portion of a vertical direction. Accordingly, in this embodiment, the taper portion 17 functions as a longitudinal slit connecting the upper and the lower slit passage 14. Further, the slit passage 14 and the taper portion 17 are connected by an opening 18b, the nozzle hole passage 18 extending in the shape of nearly identical cross section such as nozzle 36 of Figure 6 is not equipped.

    [0073] If being sprayed by the nozzle 93 constituted as above, the spray pattern is two planer or plate like patterns immediately after going out of the slit passage 14, and is of the shape of approximately "II" in Roman numeral in the front view. However, the both patterns gradually come close mutually, and are integrated to be one planer or plate like pattern. This is assumed that the both attract each other because the static pressure becomes low in a spray moving at a high speed. And in the integrated pattern, the spray pattern becomes a planer spray pattern equipped with an expansion of same extent or more as the spray pattern of a lateral straight line shown in Figure 6. Moreover, the plugging member 14c plugging the central portion of the slit passage 14 prevents the spray going out of the taper portion 17 from going out straight forward. Thereby, the spray pattern tends to expand further outwardly. That which is not provide with the nozzle hole passage extending straight forward contributes also to forming of the spray pattern expanding outwardly.

    [0074] In a nozzle 94 shown in Figure 26a, Figure 26b, the taper portion 17 continuing the front end of the cylindrical passage 16 is short, the front side of which is plugged by a plugging member 95. And, one pair of upper and lower slits 14, 14 is provided from the front face over the outer peripheral surface. A bottom face 14a of the back end side of the axial direction of the slit 14 is perpendicular to the axis of the nozzle 94, but an inner bottom face 14b of the inside of radial direction becomes a gradient plane identical with or continuing with the inner face of the taper portion 17. And, it is connected with the inner cavity of the taper portion 17 in the upper portion of the inner bottom face 14b.

    [0075] If being sprayed by the nozzle 94 of Figure 26a, Figure 26b, in the vicinity of the outlet, the spray pattern is separated, but it becomes integrated soon, and a thin plate like pattern is obtained. And, since the air flow proceeding forward straightly from the vicinity of the central portion is disturbed by the plugging member 95, the density of the central portion does not become high, a spray pattern of which the density of the central portion and the peripheral portion is nearly uniform is formed. Further, since the inner bottom face 14b of the slit 14 is made to be a gradient plane facing the center toward the front end, the spray spouted from the slit is easy to proceed to the central side. In addition, the direction of the slits 14, 14 can be selected when in designing or when in attaching, such that it is not limited to be arranged vertically, but to be arranged right and left.

    [0076] A nozzle 96 shown in Figure 27a, 27b is made to be arranged so that one pair of right and left slits 14, 14 are further added to the nozzle 94 shown in Figure 26a, Figure 26b, four slits 14 as a whole are radially arranged at an equal interval, in other words, being configured to be a cross shape. If being sprayed by this nozzle 96, the pattern is separated above and below, right and left in the vicinity of the outlet, but it soon becomes integrated, obtaining a thin plate like of which the cross section is of a cross shape. In this also, it is possible to avoid the density becoming particularly dense in the center.

    [0077] A nozzle 97 shown in Figure 28a, Figure 28b is substantially identical with the nozzles 94, 96 shown in Figure 26a, Figure 27a excepting that the three slits 14 are provided radially at an equal interval. By this nozzle, a spray pattern of thin plate like of which the cross section is a Y-character shape can be obtained. In this also, it is possible to avoid the density becoming particularly dense in the center.

    [0078] A nozzle 98 shown in Figure 29a, Figure 29b consists of, as shown in Figure 29c, Figure 29d, two parts of an inner nozzle 99 and an outer nozzle 100 fitted to the outer periphery of the inner nozzle 99. The inner nozzle 99 is equipped with an external surface 101 which curves like a bombshell and a flange 102 provided in the back end outer periphery. And in the center thereof, a passage 16 to make a content pass through and the taper portion 17 same as Figure 2a etc. are formed. A squeezing passage 103 is penetrated in the front end thereof. The squeezing passage 103 is a through hole nearly same as the nozzle hole passage 18 of Figure 3 etc. In the front face of the flange 102, an annular fitting groove 104 is formed.

    [0079] The outer nozzle 100 has a cap like shape covered through the spray passage 105 of a slim gap on the perimeter of the external surface 101 of the inner nozzle 99, the back end of which is fitted to the fitting groove 104 of the flange 101 so as not to come off. And in the intermediate portion of the front end and the back end of the outer nozzle 100, one pair of the approximately circular arc shaped slit passages 14 as shown in Figure 29a, Figure 29b is formed so as to connect inside and outside. The slit passage 14 is facing outward radially to the center of the nozzle, and is inclined to the front side slightly. The front end of the outer nozzle 100 is plugged. However, various shape slit passages can be adopted as far as there is no problem in the strength and the retaining of the outer nozzle 100.

    [0080] In this nozzle 98, after assembling, a spraying passage 105 consisting of the gap of the both sides between the external surface 101 of the inner nozzle 99 and the internal surface of the outer nozzle 100 is formed as shown in Figure 29c. The gap is, for example, about 0.1-2 mm, when the width is larger than that, the flow velocity becomes low, resulting in a small spray pattern, and when the width is narrower than that, the amount of spray is suppressed, resulting in a small spray pattern. In the backward than the slit passage 14, the spray passage 105 may be not necessary to be provided, the outer nozzle 100 may be firmly contacted to the external surface 101 of the inner nozzle 99. In this nozzle 98, the content supplied from the center passage 16 spouts from the squeezing passage 103 of the front end of the inner nozzle 99, and passes through the spray passage 105 between the external surface 101 of the inner nozzle 99 and the internal surface of the outer nozzle 100, and is sprayed outside from the slit passage 14. Since the spray passage 105 is smooth, it does not almost disturb the passage of the content. In this nozzle 98, by flowing the content in a direction in reverse to the direction toward outside with the spray passage 105, it is possible to spray softly to outside. The spray pattern spouted from each spray passage 14 does not influence each other. Accordingly, as is the case of the nozzle 93 of Figures 25a-e, the spray patterns do not gradually come close to become one sheet of the spray pattern. And, in this embodiment, two sheets of plate like spray pattern of the shape of "II" of Roman numeral of which the number is same as the number of the slit passage 14 can be obtained. The number of the slit passage 14 may be three or four or more.

    [0081] Instead of providing the spray passage 105 in the whole of the external surface 101, about one to six groove like spray passages may be formed in the external surface 101 of the inner nozzle 98 or the inner surface of the outer nozzle 100. However, when the whole or the large part of the gap of the external surface 101 and the internal surface is made to be the spray passage 105, since there is no limit in the shape of the slit passage 14, there is a merit that the outer nozzle equipped with a slit passage 14 of which the shape is different variously according to usage can be selected to spray by a desired pattern. Since this nozzle consisting of two parts can be manufactured by every part, it is easy to manufacture. Particularly when it is made to be a molded part of resin, the die of injection molding becomes simple. Moreover when the outer nozzle 100 is made to be freely detachable and attachable, it is possible to change the size of the gap of the spray passage and the shape of the slit passage 14 by only replacing the outer nozzle 100. Further, even if a narrow spray passage is clogged up by a foreign material when in use, the foreign material can be easily cleared away.

    [0082] In a nozzle 98a shown in Figure 30, the squeezing passage (reference numeral 103 of Figure 29c) is not provided in the front end of the inner nozzle 99, while the front end of the taper portion 17 is plugged with a plugging member 95, a slit like passage 95a reaching the surface from the taper portion 17 so as to surround the plugging member 95 is formed. The other configurations are same as the nozzle 98 of Figures 29a-d in the point that the spray passage consisting of a narrow curved plane shaped gap of fitting portion of the inner nozzle 99 and the outer nozzle 100 is formed, and that the slit passage 14 is formed in the outer nozzle 100, In the aerosol product using this nozzle 98a, a content supplied to the passage 16 of the center of the nozzle enters the taper portion 17, further, expands outwardly radially from the slit like passage 95a, turns around, passes through the gap of the inner nozzle 99 and the outer nozzle 100, and is sprayed outside from the slit passage 14.

    [0083] In addition, the number of the slit like passage 95a of the inner nozzle 99 and the number of the slit passage 14 of the outer nozzle 100 may by three or more, such as 3-8. In this case, if the number of the slit passage 14 is adapted to that of the slit like passage 95a, the flow becomes smooth. However, the both sides may be different. The slit like passage 95a can be regarded as a part of the spray passage.

    [0084] A nozzle 106 shown in Figure 31a, Figure 31b consists of two parts of a nozzle body 108 equipped with a circular column like empty space 107 in the front end, and an outer nozzle 109 fitted in the empty space 107, those gaps forming a spray passage 105. The nozzle body 108 has, as shown in Figure 31b, the passage 16, the taper portion 17 and a squeezing passage 103, in the front end side of which, the three slit passages 14 connecting the empty space 107 and outside is provided radially at an equal interval. It may be two or four or more.

    [0085] The outer nozzle 109 is equipped with a base portion 110 fitted and fixed to the vicinity of the inner bottom of the empty space 107 of the nozzle body 108, a plugging portion 111 plugging the front end opening of the empty space 107 by contacting the front end of the nozzle body 108, and a circular column portion 112 between them. The outer diameter of the circular column portion 112 is somewhat smaller than the inner diameter of the empty space 107, the spray passage 105 consisting of the cylindrical gap between the both is formed when assembled. In the base portion 110, an introducing hole 113 which connects the squeezing passage 103 and the spray passage 105 is formed.

    [0086] In this nozzle 106, a circular column like concave portion 115 of which the diameter is larger than the squeezing passage 103 is formed in the lower face (left side of Figure 31b) 114 of the base portion 110, the above described introducing hole 113 is formed so as to connect the concave portion 115 and the upper surface (right side of Figure 31b) 116 of the base portion 110. In this embodiment, the upper surface 116 of the base portion 110 and the inner bottom face of the concave portion 115 is made to be taper like respectively, the introducing hole 113 is made to be of the configuration of cutout formed in the upper surface 116. The number of the introducing hole 113 may be one or may be the same number as the slit passage 14.

    [0087] In this nozzle 106, the content passed through the squeezing passage 103 of the nozzle body 108 enters the doughnut like spray passage 105 from the introducing hole 113 of the outer nozzle 109, and is sprayed radially from the spray passage 14 of the side face of the nozzle body 108. In addition, when the number of the introducing hole 113 is made to be the same number as the slit passage 14, and the both sides are assembled so as to be suited to each other, it is not necessary to provide a gap between the inner surface of the empty space 107 and the outer surface of a circular column portion 112.
    However, by making almost whole of the cylindrical gap as the nozzle passage 105, there is a merit that it can spray like a tornado form, since the content flows to the front end side, while whirling round in the spray passage 105. Moreover, by making it to be two parts, manufacturing thereof becomes easy. When making the outer nozzle 109 to be freely detachable and attachable, there is a merit that such as the size of the gap of the spray passage 105 can be changed easily.

    [0088] A nozzle 118 shown in Figure 32a, Figure 32b consists of a circular column like inner nozzle 119 and a bottomed cylinder like outer nozzle 120 covered on the outer periphery thereof. The front end surface of the inner nozzle 119 is not closely attached to the inner bottom face of the outer nozzle 120, and a gap 121 serving as the spray passage is provided. Thus, the spray passage is made to be approximately perpendicular to the center line of the nozzle, and to be of the shape of various configuration, provided that it is a thin gap of mutual surface, other than the surface curving like a bombshell as the nozzle 98 of Figure 29, and the cylindrical surface which is centered at the center line of the nozzle such as the nozzle 106 of Figure 31. Further, the spray passage made up of narrow planar gap and the groove like or slit like spray passage may be combined.

    [0089] In the inner nozzle 119, the passage 16, the taper portion 17, and the squeezing passage 103 are formed. And in the vicinity of the front face of the outer nozzle 120, the slit passage 14 connecting the interior portion and the exterior portion is formed. In this embodiment, the slit passage 14 is, as shown in Figure 31a, provided in three places radially excepting the center. Moreover, the bottom face of the slit passage 14 is, as shown in Figure 31b, inclined toward the front end facing the center side. However, it may be rectangular, equipped with bottom faces in parallel and perpendicular to the axis, being not inclined as Figure 22b, Figure 22c etc. In this nozzle 118, the content going out of the squeezing passage 103 passes through a gap 121, and expands outwardly, spouts from the slit passage 14.

    [0090] This nozzle 118 can obtain a spray pattern same as that of the nozzle 83 of Figures 22a-c, since the direction of the content is changed 90 degrees by colliding against the inner bottom face of the outer nozzle 120, and reaches the slit passage 14 passing through the gap 121. Moreover, since it is of two parts, the manufacture is easy. Further, if the outer nozzle 120 is made to be freely detachable and attachable, by replacing the outer nozzle 120, the slit passage of various configurations can be obtained making it possible to change the spray pattern according thereto,

    [0091] A nozzle 122 shown in Figure 33a, Figure 33b is same as the nozzle 118 shown in Figure 32a, Figure 32b, excepting that three slit grooves 123 reaching the outer peripheral surface from the squeezing passage 103 are radially formed in the front face of the inner nozzle 119. As the outer nozzle 120, the outer nozzle 120 of Figure 32a, Figure 32b can be used. The slit groove 123 of the inner nozzle 119 is assembled so as to be shifted slightly around the center axis with regard to the slit passage 14 of the outer nozzle 120, but it is assembled so as to be connected. The front face of the inner nozzle 119 may be closely contacted with the inner bottom face of the outer nozzle 120. In this nozzle 122, the content going out from the squeezing passage 103 proceeds outwardly along the slit groove 123, the direction of which is changed obliquely by colliding with the wall of the outer nozzle 120 and is spouted outside from the slit passage 14. This nozzle 122 also has a merit same as the nozzle 116 of Figure 32a, Figure 32b, further, since it can spray in an oblique direction, the spray pattern becomes a tornado shape. The tornado condition can be adjusted by making the outer nozzle 120 rotatable to the inner nozzle 119.

    [0092] A nozzle 124 shown in Figure 34a, Figure 34b is same as the nozzle 118 of Figure 32a, Figure 32b excepting that the shape of the slit passage 14 of the outer nozzle 120 is made to be U-character like same as the nozzle 61 of Figure 16b. In this nozzle 124, between the squeezing passage 103 and the slit passage 14 is connected by a gap 121 expanding planarly. Hence most of the portion of the U-character shaped slit passage 14 is connected with the gap 121. Further, the front face of the squeezing passage 103 is plugged. Hence, a uniform U-character shaped spray pattern compared with the nozzle 61 of Figure 16a, Figure 16b can be obtained. The inner nozzle 119 can be in common use with the inner nozzle 119 of the nozzle 118 of Figure 32a, Figure 32b.

    [0093] In an aerosol product 130 of Figure 35, an aerosol container 131 is equipped with a constant amount spray mechanism. The other configuration is substantially same as the aerosol product E of Figure 1. The aerosol container 131 consists of a pressure-resistant container 132 and a valve 133 attached to the opening of the pressure-resistant container. The pressure-resistant container 132 is equipped with a bottom portion 132a, a barrel portion 132b, a shoulder portion 132c, and a neck portion 132d of which the upper end extends cylindrically, and is that in which an annular protrusion 132e protruding toward inside is formed in the neck portion.

    [0094] The valve 133 consists of a housing 136 engagingly stopped by being inserted into the opening of the pressure-resistant container 132, a stem 137 provided so as to be vertically movable within the housing, a spring 138 energizing the stem upward, a ring like seal member 139 engagingly stopped to the lower portion of the housing, a ring like stem rubber 140 engagingly stopped to the upper portion of the housing, a cap 141 for valve which firmly fixes the whole of the valve to the pressure-resistant container 132, and a dip tube 142 attached to the lower end of the housing. In this valve 133, a space constituted by the housing 136 and the seal member 139 serves as a constant amount chamber.

    [0095] The housing 136 consists of a tubular housing body 146, an upper member 147 closing the upper end thereof, and a lower member 148 closing the lower end thereof. In the housing body 146, a stem rubber engagingly stopping portion 146a to engagingly stop the stem rubber 140 is formed in the upper end, a seal member engagingly stopping portion 146b to engagingly stop the seal member 139 is formed in the lower end, and a lower member connecting portion 146c to connect the lower member 148 is formed in the lower end. The upper member 147 consists of a tubular housing engagingly stopping portion 147a to engagingly stop the housing body so as to cover the housing body, and a flange portion 147b formed in the upper side face thereof. The housing engagingly stopping portion 147a has a raised bottom, a center hole 147c is formed in the center thereof to make the stem pass through. The lower member 148 has a body connecting portion 148a fitted to the upper end housing body and a dip tube connecting portion 148b which connects with the lower end dip tube.

    [0096] Since being constituted as described above, the stem rubber 140 is engagingly stopped by the housing body 146 and the upper member 147, the seal member 139 is engagingly stopped by the housing body 146 and the lower member 148. The flange portion 147b of the upper member 147 of the valve 133 is inserted so as to contact the cylindrical neck portion 132d of the pressure-resistant container, by crimping the lower portion of the cap 141 for valve to an annular concave portion 132e of the outer periphery of the annular protrusion 132 of the pressure-resistant container, the valve 133 and the pressure-resistant container 132 are firmly fixed. In this embodiment, a seal member is provided between the flange 147b and the neck portion 132d. However, if it is possible to seal tightly between them, the seal member may be omitted.

    [0097] In the valve 133, by pushing down the stem 137, the front end of the stem 137 plugs the center hole of the seal member 139. Thereby the connection between the housing 136 and the interior of the pressure-resistant container 132 is shut. Hence after the aerosol composition A within the housing 136 is sprayed, the spray is stopped completely. A different point lies in that, in a usual valve, spray continues while being pushed (for example, the valve 32 of Figure 1). Hence, it is preferable for performing an accurate constant amount spray.

    [0098] Since this aerosol product 130 is also equipped with the operation member (spray member) 20 same as the aerosol product E of Figure 1, even if only a constant amount of spray is performed, since it is sprayed efficiently, at least broadly in one direction, a user can view or securely perceive the sprayed object thereof.

    Embodiment



    [0099] Next, the effect of the spray nozzle of the present invention is described citing an embodiment and a comparative example. Figure 36 is a schlieren photograph showing a spray pattern sprayed by a conventional nozzle (Figure 3 of Patent Document 1), Figure 37 is a schlieren photograph sprayed by the nozzle 40 of Figure 8. In addition, the diameter of the spray passage of the nozzle 40 of Figure 8 is 0.85 mm, the width of the slit passage is 0.45 mm, the depth is 0.6 mm. The both nozzles are attached to an identical container, and the schlieren photograph is photographed. The results are shown in Figure 36, Figure 37. As found by comparing Figure 36 and Figure 37, in the spray pattern of the comparative example, the component spraying forward is strong, the parabola of the shape is comparatively sharp. In other words, expansion to the periphery is small. On the other hand, in the spray pattern of the nozzle of the embodiment, the component to expand in the circumferential direction is strong, the parabola of the shape is moderate.


    Claims

    1. A spray nozzle of which a contour portion of a spray pattern is pulled inside by spraying, a shape along a spray direction of the spray pattern being formed into an approximately semi parabolic shape, wherein the spray nozzle comprises:

    a passage (16) inside thereof for content to pass through;

    a convergent taper portion or a gradient portion (17) provided in the front end of the passage (16); characterized in that the spray nozzle further comprises:

    a plurality of slit passages (14) which each open part of the taper portion or the gradient portion (17) to connect a nozzle hole and an outer space;

    wherein a part of the front end of the nozzle hole is plugged and wherein the slit passages (14) extend radially.


     
    2. A spray nozzle according to Claim 1, wherein the spray pattern is planar or plate-like surrounded by the approximately semi parabolic shape and a nozzle hole center line.
     
    3. A spray nozzle according to Claim 1 or 2, which is equipped with the spray pattern composed of more than two line segments expanding outwardly from a nozzle hole center line when viewed from a front.
     
    4. A spray nozzle according to Claim 3, wherein the line segments are arranged in rotation symmetry centered at a nozzle hole center.
     
    5. A spray nozzle according to Claim 3 or 4, wherein the line segment is an approximately circular arc shape.
     
    6. A spray nozzle according to Claim 3, wherein the line segments are straight lines or curved lines arranged in a V-character shape.
     
    7. A spray nozzle according to Claim 4, wherein the line segments are straight lines or curved lines arranged in a Y-character shape.
     
    8. A spray nozzle according to Claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the spray pattern is of parallel two planes when immediately after spraying, and then both sides are integrated into one plane by coming close.
     
    9. An aerosol product (E) equipped with a container body (31), a valve (32) provided on the upper end of the container body (31), and a spray nozzle according to any of Claims 1-8 attached to the valve.
     
    10. An aerosol product according to Claim 9, wherein the valve (32) is a constant amount spray valve.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Sprühdüse, von der ein Konturabschnitt eines Sprühbildes durch Sprühen nach innen gezogen wird, wobei eine Form entlang einer Sprührichtung des Sprühbildes in eine annähernde Halbparabolform ausgebildet wird, wobei die Sprühdüse Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Durchgang (16) in derselben, durch den Inhalt strömen kann,

    einen konvergierenden kegelförmigen Abschnitt oder einen geneigten Abschnitt (17), der in dem vorderen Ende des Durchgangs (16) bereitgestellt ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Sprühdüse ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Vielzahl von Schlitzdurchgängen (14), die jeweils einen Teil des kegelförmigen Abschnitts oder des geneigten Abschnitts (17) öffnen, um eine Düsenöffnung und einen Außenraum zu verbinden,

    wobei ein Teil des vorderen Endes der Düsenöffnung verstöpselt ist und wobei sich die Schlitzdurchgänge (14) radial erstrecken.


     
    2. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Sprühbild von der annähernden Halbparabolform und einer Mittellinie der Düsenöffnung planar oder scheibenförmig umgeben ist.
     
    3. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, die mit dem Sprühbild ausgestattet ist, das aus mehr als zwei Liniensegmenten besteht, die sich von vorne gesehen von einer Mittellinie der Düsenöffnung nach außen erweitern.
     
    4. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Liniensegmente drehsymmetrisch zentriert an einem Düsenöffnungsmittelpunkt angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei das Liniensegment eine annähernde Kreisbogenform aufweist.
     
    6. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Liniensegmente gerade Linien oder gekrümmte Linien sind, die in einer V-Form angeordnet sind.
     
    7. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Liniensegmente gerade Linien oder gekrümmte Linien sind, die in einer Y-Form angeordnet sind.
     
    8. Sprühdüse nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, wobei das Sprühbild unmittelbar nach dem Sprühen aus zwei parallelen Ebenen besteht und dann beide Seiten durch Annäherung in eine Ebene integriert sind.
     
    9. Aerosolprodukt (E), das mit einem Behälterkörper (31), einem an dem oberen Ende des Behälterkörpers (31) bereitgestellten Ventil (32) und einer Sprühdüse nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8 ausgestattet ist, die an dem Ventil angebracht ist.
     
    10. Aerosolprodukt nach Anspruch 9, wobei es sich bei dem Ventil (32) um ein eine konstante Menge sprühendes Ventil handelt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Buse de pulvérisation dont une partie de contour d'un motif de pulvérisation est ramenée à l'intérieur lors de la pulvérisation, une forme le long d'une direction de pulvérisation du motif de pulvérisation étant façonnée en une forme approximativement semi-parabolique, où la buse de pulvérisation comprend :

    un passage (16) à l'intérieur de celle-ci destiné à ce qu'un contenu le traverse ;

    une partie de cône convergent ou une partie en pente (17) prévue dans l'extrémité avant du passage (16) ; caractérisée en ce que la buse de pulvérisation comprend en outre :

    une pluralité de passages en fente (14) lesquels ouvrent chacun une portion de la partie de cône ou de la partie en pente (17) de sorte à relier un orifice de buse et un espace extérieur ;

    où une partie de l'extrémité avant de l'orifice de buse est obturée et où les passages en fente (14) s'étendent radialement.


     
    2. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le motif de pulvérisation est planaire ou semblable à une plaque entourée par la forme approximativement semi-parabolique et une ligne centrale d'orifice de buse.
     
    3. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 1 ou 2, laquelle est dotée du motif de pulvérisation composé de plus de deux segments de ligne s'étendant vers l'extérieur depuis une ligne centrale d'orifice de buse lorsqu'il est observé depuis l'avant.
     
    4. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle les segments de ligne sont agencés en symétrie de rotation centrée sur un centre d'orifice de buse.
     
    5. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 3 ou 4, dans laquelle le segment de ligne est une forme d'arc approximativement circulaire.
     
    6. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle les segments de ligne sont des lignes droites ou des lignes courbes agencées selon une forme de lettre V.
     
    7. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle les segments de ligne sont des lignes droites ou des lignes courbes agencées selon une forme de lettre Y.
     
    8. Buse de pulvérisation selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans laquelle le motif de pulvérisation est constitué de deux plans parallèles immédiatement après pulvérisation, puis les deux côtés sont intégrés en un seul plan en se rapprochant.
     
    9. Produit d'aérosol (E) doté d'un corps de contenant (31), d'une vanne (32) prévue sur l'extrémité supérieure du corps de contenant (31), et d'une buse de pulvérisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8 attachée à la vanne.
     
    10. Produit d'aérosol selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la vanne (32) est une vanne de pulvérisation de quantité constante.
     




    Drawing














































































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description