(19)
(11)EP 2 510 129 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
28.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/09

(21)Application number: 10835555.3

(22)Date of filing:  10.12.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C22B 15/00  (2006.01)
F27D 3/18  (2006.01)
F27B 3/18  (2006.01)
C21C 5/52  (2006.01)
C22B 5/00  (2006.01)
C21C 5/46  (2006.01)
F27B 3/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/FI2010/051008
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/070239 (16.06.2011 Gazette  2011/24)

(54)

ARRANGEMENT FOR EVENING OUT POWDERY SOLID MATTER FEED OF A CONCENTRATE BURNER OF A SUSPENSION SMELTING OR SUSPENSION CONVERTING FURNACE

ANORDNUNG ZUM AUSGLEICH DER ZUFUHR EINES PULVERARTIGEN FESTSTOFFES ZU EINEM KONZENTRATBRENNER EINES SUSPENSIONSSCHMELZ- ODER SUSPENSIONSUMWANDLUNGSOFEN

AGENCEMENT POUR ÉGALISER UNE CHARGE DE MATIÈRE SOLIDE POUDREUSE D'UN BRÛLEUR DE CONCENTRÉ D'UN FOUR DE FUSION À SUSPENSION OU DE CONVERSION À SUSPENSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.12.2009 FI 20096313

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.10.2012 Bulletin 2012/42

(73)Proprietor: OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY
02230 Espoo (FI)

(72)Inventors:
  • SIPILÄ, Jussi
    02100 Espoo (FI)
  • BJÖRKLUND, Peter
    02360 Espoo (FI)
  • PELTONIEMI, Kaarle
    02970 Espoo (FI)
  • PESONEN, Lauri P.
    00130 Helsinki (FI)

(74)Representative: Boco IP Oy Ab 
Itämerenkatu 5
00180 Helsinki
00180 Helsinki (FI)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 538 395
WO-A1-00/73519
FI-B- 93 900
FI-B- 105 828
EP-A2- 1 530 005
FI-B- 63 259
FI-B- 100 889
US-A- 4 147 535
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Background of the invention



    [0001] The object of the invention is an arrangement according to the preamble of Claim 1 for feeding powdery solid matter into the concentrate burner of a suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace.

    [0002] The invention relates to the feeding equipment of powdery solid matter of a concentrate burner of a suspension smelting furnace, such as a flash smelting furnace, by means of which the feed of powdery solid matter that is fed into the reaction shaft of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace can be evenly distributed already to the concentrate burner.

    [0003] The feed of powdery solid matter, such as concentrate, slag forming agents and flue dust into the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace is carried out through the concentrate burner that is placed on top of the reaction shaft of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace. Later on in the text, the term concentrate is used exclusively, referring to all of the powdery solid matter that is fed through the concentrate burner of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace. It is extremely important for the proper operation of the concentrate burner that the concentrate and process gases are evenly mixed, when discharging from the concentrate burner into the reaction space, i.e., the upper section of the reaction shaft of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace. If this is not the case, the result is on the one hand an area of under-reacted concentrate, where there is more concentrate than the targeted process gas/concentrate ratio and, on the other hand an area of over-reacted concentrate, where there is less concentrate than the targeted process gas/concentrate ratio. Poor mixing results in poor slag quality, for example.

    [0004] Poor distribution of concentrate also has an obvious effect on the temperature profile of the reaction shaft; hot areas are generated in the suspension smelting furnace, where the autogenous lining that is formed by the concentrate, protecting the reaction shaft, is subjected to greater thermal stresses and the result may in the worst case lead to the destruction of the reaction shaft wall. It has also been indicated that dust formation is more marked when the concentrate burner does not function properly due to poor concentrate distribution.

    [0005] The patent specification WO 00/73519 discloses equipment for evening out the feed of powdery solid matter of the concentrate burner of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace.

    Short description of the invention



    [0006] The object of the invention is to further improve the even feed of powdery solid matter.

    [0007] The object of the invention is achieved by the arrangement according to independent Claim 1 for feeding powdery solid matter into a concentrate burner of a suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace.

    [0008] Preferred embodiments of the arrangement according to the invention are described in the dependent claims.

    [0009] The invention is based on the fact that the concentrate feed in the discharge pipe of the powdery solid matter is divided into four parts by means of a first partition and two second partitions, so that in the discharge pipe of the powdery solid matter four discharge pipe parts are formed for the concentrate, which preferably but not necessarily extend inside the annular concentrate discharge channel of the feeding means of the powdery solid matter of the concentrate burner. In a preferred embodiment, the first partition of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe is first adapted to divide the concentrate feed into two parts, the second partitions of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe thereafter being adapted so as to divide into two parts, so that the first partition and the second partitions divide the feed into four parts.

    [0010] In a preferred embodiment, the first partition and the second partitions of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe extend inside the annular concentrate discharge channel of the concentrate burner up to the concentrate distributor in the middle of the annular concentrate discharge channel.

    [0011] In a preferred embodiment, the annular concentrate discharge channel of the concentrate burner is provided with blades, which at least partially divide the annular concentrate discharge channel into sectors. In this preferred embodiment, the first partition of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe extends inside the annular concentrate discharge channel of the powdery solid matter feeding means up to the blade that divides the annular concentrate discharge channel into sectors, so that the blade and the first partition form an integral structure. In this preferred embodiment, each second partition of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe extends inside the annular concentrate discharge channel of the powdery solid matter feeding means up to the blade that divides the annular concentrate discharge channel into sectors, so that the blade and the second partition form an integral structure.

    List of figures



    [0012] In the following, some preferred embodiments of the invention are described in detail with reference to the appended figures, wherein:

    Fig. 1 shows a basic illustration of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace and its feeding equipment;

    Fig. 2 is a vertical section of a first preferred embodiment of the feeding arrangement of the concentrate burner of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace;

    Figures 3 and 4 are a vertical section and a cross section of a structural arrangement of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe and the annular concentrate discharge channel of the powdery solid matter feeding means of the concentrate burner;

    Fig. 5 is a vertical section of a second preferred embodiment of the feeding arrangement of the concentrate burner of the suspension smelting furnace;

    Figs. 6 and 7 are a vertical section and a cross section of a structural arrangement of two powdery solid matter discharge pipes and the annular concentrate discharge channel of the powdery solid matter feeding means of the concentrate burner;

    Fig. 8 shows an alternative implementation of the structural arrangement of two powdery solid matter discharge pipes and the annular concentrate discharge channel of the powdery solid matter feeding means of the concentrate burner shown in Fig. 7, and,

    Figures 9 and 10 are a cross section and a vertical cross section of a structural arrangement of the powdery solid matter discharge pipe and the annular concentrate discharge channel of powdery solid matter feeding means of the concentrate burner.


    Detailed description of the invention



    [0013] Fig. 1 shows an example of a suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace 1, into which powdery solid matter (not shown in the figures), such as concentrate, slag forming agent and/or flue dust are fed through a concentrate burner 2.

    [0014] In Fig. 1, powdery solid matter is transferred to the upper section of the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 of the concentrate burner by means of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8, so that a powdery solid matter falls down as a continuous flow through the above-mentioned annular concentrate discharge channel 4 to the upper section of the reaction shaft 5 of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace 1. In Fig. 1, reaction gas (not shown in the figures) is conveyed through reaction gas feeding means 6 from around an annular gas discharge channel 9 to the upper section of the reaction shaft 5 in the direction of the reaction shaft 5.

    [0015] Fig. 2 shows in detail an apparatus for distributing powdery solid matter to the concentrate burner 2, where the feed of both powdery solid matter and reaction gas are carried out from one direction. Powdery solid matter is conveyed by means of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8, preferably by an air slide conveyor, to the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3. In the middle of the annular concentrate discharge channel 4, a concentrate distributor 7 is situated, the lower part of which being provided with holes (not marked with a reference number), through which dispersion gas that is fed horizontally (not shown) distributes concentrate flow outwards. The reaction gas feeding means 6 that are included in the concentrate burner 2 are connected to the annular gas discharge channel 9, which surrounds the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 and from which reaction gas is discharged to the upper section of the reaction shaft 5. The concentrate burner 2 thus comprises in its entirety the reaction gas feeding means 6, the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 and the concentrate distributor 7 that is situated in the middle.

    [0016] Fig. 5 shows another apparatus for distributing powdery solid matter to the concentrate burner 2, where, deviating from Fig. 2, the feeds of both powdery solid matter and reaction gas are carried out from two directions: by means of two reaction gas feeding means 6 and the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19.

    [0017] The object of the invention is, first, an arrangement for feeding powdery solid matter into the concentrate burner 2 of the suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace 1, which burner can be used in the type of solution of Fig. 1, 2 or 5, for example.

    [0018] The arrangement comprises the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8.

    [0019] Alternatively, the arrangement can have both the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19.

    [0020] The concentrate burner comprises reaction gas feeding means 6, powdery solid matter feeding means 3 and the concentrate distributor 7.

    [0021] The first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 are provided with a first partition 10, which divides the powdery solid matter feed for dividing the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 into two essentially similar discharge pipe parts 11.

    [0022] The powdery solid matter feeding means 3 of the concentrate burner 2 comprise an annular concentrate discharge channel 4 that surrounds the concentrate distributor 7 of the concentrate burner 2.

    [0023] The first partition 10 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 extends preferably, but not necessarily, inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3, as shown in Figs. 4 and 7.

    [0024] Each discharge pipe part 11 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 is at least partially divided into two discharge pipe portions 15 by a second partition 13, so that four discharge pipe portions 12 are formed in the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19.

    [0025] The second partitions 13 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 extend preferably, but not necessarily, inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3, as shown in Figs. 4 and 7.

    [0026] In Figs. 4 and 7, the first partition 10 extends inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 up to the concentrate distributor 7 or to the close proximity of the concentrate distributor 7 or nearly into contact with the concentrate distributor 7.

    [0027] In Figs. 4 and 7, the second partition 13 extends inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 up to the concentrate distributor 7 or to the close proximity of the concentrate distributor 7 or nearly into contact with the concentrate distributor 7.

    [0028] In Figs. 4, 7 and 8, the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 is provided with blades 14, which divide the powdery solid matter feed and which at least partially divide the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 into sectors 15. In Fig. 4, each discharge pipe portion 12 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 ends in a respective sector 18 of the annular concentrate discharge channel 4. In Figs. 7 and 8, each discharge pipe portion 12 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and each discharge pipe portion 12 of the second first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 ends in a respective sector 15 of the annular concentrate discharge channel 4.

    [0029] The first partition 10 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the first partition 10 of the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 extend preferably, but not necessarily, inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 up to the blade 14 that divides the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 into sectors 15, so that the blade 14 and the first partition 10 form an integral structure.

    [0030] Each second partition 13 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and each second partition 13 of the possible second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 extend preferably, but not necessarily, inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 up to the blade that divides the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 into sectors 15, so that the blade 14 and at least one second partition 13 form an integral structure.

    [0031] In Fig. 4, the first partition 10 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 extends throughout the length of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second partitions 13 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 extend over a portion of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 only, in other words, not throughout the length of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8.

    [0032] In Figs. 7 and 8, the first partition 10 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 extends throughout the length of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the first partition 10 of the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 17 extends throughout the length of the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19, but the second partitions 13 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 17 only extend over a portion of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and only over a portion of the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19, respectively, in other words, not over the entire length of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 or the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 17. For example, in the arrangement of Fig. 4, the first partition 13 of the first powdery solid matter discharge opening 8 is first adapted to divide the powdery solid matter feed into two parts, which the second partitions 13 of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 are thereafter adapted to divide into two parts, so that the first partition 10 and the second partitions 13 divide the powdery solid matter feed into four parts.

    [0033] At least one discharge pipe portion 12 can be provided with a temperature sensor 16 for sensing a clogging in the discharge pipe portion 12 on the basis of the temperature of the discharge pipe portion 12. Sensing the clogging by the temperature sensor 16 may, for example, be based on the fact that the temperature of the clogged discharge pipe portion 12 decreases, because the temperature of the concentrate in it decreases.

    [0034] At least one discharge pipe portion 12 can be provided with additional gas feeding means (not shown). For example, additional gas feeding means can be used for feeding pressurized gas, such as pressurized air into the discharge pipe portion 12, for example, for removing the observed clogging or, e.g., for feeding air into the discharge pipe portion 12 for creating a suspension of air and powdery solid matter.

    [0035] At least one discharge pipe portion 12 comprises preferably, but not necessarily, an essentially vertical collision plate 17 next to the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3, which essentially vertical collision plate 17 the powdery solid matter is adapted to collide with and which is thus adapted to reduce the speed of the powdery solid matter. The arrangement comprises preferably, but not necessarily, at least one vertical collision plate 17, which at least partly consists of blade 14 dividing the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 into sectors 15. The arrangement comprises preferably, but not necessarily, at least one vertical collision plate 17, the lower edge of which is designed 18 so as to distribute powdery solid matter evenly in the annular concentrate discharge channel 4.

    [0036] The arrangement may comprise at least one discharge pipe portion 12 that is provided with a vertical collision plate 17 having an upper plate section 20 for reducing the velocity of powdery solid matter, wherein the upper plate section 20 is perpendicular to the discharge pipe portion 12, and having a lower plate section 21 for evenly distributing powdey solid matter in the annular concentrate discharge channel 4, wherein the lower plate section 21 is turned about a vertical line in relation to the upper plate section 20 so that the lower plate section 21 lies within a plane parallel with a plane tangential to the pipe 22 of the concentrate distributor 7 that is arranged inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4.

    [0037] The arrangement may comprise at least one discharge pipe portion 12 that is provided with a vertical collision plate 17 having an upper plate section 20 that is perpendicular to the discharge pipe portion 12 and having a lower plate section 21 that is turned about a vertical line in relation to the upper plate section 20 so that the lower plate section 21 is tangential to the pipe 22 of the concentrate distributor 7 that is arranged inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4. In figure 9 the two pipe portions 12 in the middle are provided with a vertical collision plate 17 of this kind.

    [0038] The arrangement may comprise at least one discharge pipe portion 12 that is provided with a vertical collision plate 17 having an upper plate section 20 that is perpendicular to the discharge pipe portion 12 and having a lower plate section 23 that is turned and curved about a vertical line in relation to the upper plate section 20 so that the lower plate section 21 is co-centric with the pipe 23 surrounding the annular concentrate discharge channel 4. In figure 9 the two outermost pipe portions 12 are provided with a vertical collision plate 17 of this kind.

    [0039] Figs. 5-8 show an arrangement which in addition to the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 comprises a second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 for feeding powdery solid matter into the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 of the concentrate burner 2. As shown in Figs. 7 and 8, the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 is also provided with a first partition 10 for dividing the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe into two essentially similar discharge pipe parts 11. The first partition 10 of the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 can extend in a similar manner inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3, and each discharge pipe part 11 of the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 is at least partly divided into two discharge pipe portions 12 by a second partition 13, and the second partitions 13 can extend inside the annular concentrate discharge channel 4 of the powdery solid matter feeding means 3.

    [0040] Figs. 5 and 6 show an arrangement where the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 are connected at an essentially same height to the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 of the concentrate burner 2. However, it is also possible that the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 are connected at different heights to the powdery solid matter feeding means 3 of the concentrate burner 2.

    [0041] Fig. 7 shows an arrangement where the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19 are connected diametrally to the powdery solid matter feeding means 3.

    [0042] Fig. 8 shows an arrangement where the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe 8 is adapted at an angle with respect to the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe 19.

    [0043] It is obvious to those skilled in the art that with technology improving, the basic idea of the invention can be implemented in various ways. Thus, the invention and its embodiments are not limited to the examples described above but they may vary within the claims.


    Claims

    1. An arrangement for feeding powdery solid matter into a concentrate burner (2) of a suspension smelting or suspension converting furnace (1),
    whereby the concentrate burner (2) comprises reaction gas feeding means (6), powdery solid matter feeding means (3) and a concentrate distributor (7);
    the arrangement comprising a first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) for feeding powdery solid matter into the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) of the concentrate burner (2);
    whereby the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) is provided with a first partition (10), which divides the solid matter, for dividing the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) into two essentially similar discharge pipe parts (11); and
    whereby the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) of the concentrate burner (2) comprise an annular concentrate discharge channel (4) that surrounds the concentrate distributor (7) of the concentrate burner,
    characterized
    in that each discharge pipe part (11) of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) is at least partly divided into two discharge pipe portions (12) by a second partition (13), and
    in that at least one discharge pipe portion (12) comprises an essentially vertical collision plate (17) next to the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3), powdery solid matter being adapted so as to collide with the essentially vertical collision plate (17) and the essentially vertical collision plate (17) being adapted so as to reduce the speed of powdery solid matter,
    by comprising at least one discharge pipe portion (12) that is provided with a vertical collision plate (17),
    by the vertical collision plate (17) having an upper plate section (20) for reducing the velocity of powdery solid matter, wherein the upper plate section (20) is perpendicular to the discharge pipe portion (12), and
    by the vertical collision plate (17) having a lower plate section (21) for evenly distributing powdery solid matter in the annular concentrate discharge channel (4), wherein the lower plate section (21) is turned about a vertical line in relation to the upper plate section (20) so that the lower plate section (21) lies within a plane parallel with a plane tangential to the pipe (22) of the concentrate distributor (7) that is arranged inside the annular concentrate discharge channel (4).
     
    2. An arrangement according to Claim 1, characterized in that the first partition (10) extends into the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3).
     
    3. An arrangement according to Claim 2, characterized in that the first partition (10) extends into the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) up to the concentrate distributor (7).
     
    4. An arrangement according to any of Claims 1-3, characterized in that the second partitions (13) extend into the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3).
     
    5. An arrangement according to Claim 4, characterized in that the second partitions (13) extend into the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) up to the concentrate distributor (7).
     
    6. An arrangement according to any of Claims 1-5, characterized in that the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) is provided with blades (14), which divide solid matter and which at least partly divide the annular concentrate channel (4) into sectors (15).
     
    7. An arrangement according to Claim 6, characterized in that the first partition (10) extends into the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) and up to the blade (14), which divides the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) into sectors (15), so that the blade (14) and the first partition (10) form an integral structure.
     
    8. An arrangement according to Claim 6 or 7, characterized in that each second partition (13) extends into the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) and up to the blade (14), which divides the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) into sectors (15), so that the blade (14) and each one of the first partitions (10) form an integral structure.
     
    9. An arrangement according to any of Claims 6-8, characterized in that each discharge pipe portion (12) ends in a respective sector (15) of the annular concentrate discharge channel (4).
     
    10. An arrangement according to any of Claims 1-9, characterized in that the second partitions (13) extend over a portion of the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) only.
     
    11. An arrangement according to Claim 1, characterized in comprising at least one vertical collision plate (17), which is formed of the blade (14) that divides the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) into sectors (15).
     
    12. An arrangement according to Claim 1 or 11, characterized in comprising at least one vertical collision plate (17), the lower edge of which is formed (18) so as to divide the powdery solid matter evenly in the annular concentrate discharge channel (4).
     
    13. An arrangement according to Claim 1, characterized
    by comprising at least one discharge pipe portion (12) that is provided with a vertical collision plate (17) having a lower plate section (21) that is turned about a vertical line in relation to the upper plate section (20) so that the lower plate section (21) is tangential to the pipe (22) of the concentrate distributor (7) that is arranged inside the annular concentrate discharge channel (4).
     
    14. An arrangement according to Claim 1 or 13, characterized
    by comprising at least one discharge pipe portion (12) that is provided with a vertical collision plate (17) having a lower plate section (23) that is turned and curved about a vertical line in relation to the upper plate section (20) so that the lower plate section (21) is co-centric with the pipe (23) surrounding the annular concentrate discharge channel (4).
     
    15. An arrangement according to any of Claims 1-14, characterized in that at least one discharge pipe portion (12) is provided with a temperature sensor (16) for sensing a clogging in the discharge pipe portion (12).
     
    16. An arrangement according to any of Claims 1-15, characterized in that at least one discharge pipe portion (12) is provided with additional gas feeding means.
     
    17. An arrangement according to any of Claims 1-16, characterized in
    comprising additionally a second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) for feeding powdery solid matter into the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) of the concentrate burner (2);
    that the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) is provided with a first partition (10), which divides solid matter, for dividing the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) into two essentially similar discharge pipe parts (11); and
    that each discharge pipe part (11) of the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) is at least partly divided into two discharge pipe portions (12) by a second partition (13).
     
    18. An arrangement according to Claim 17, characterized in that the first partition (10) or the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) extends inside the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3).
     
    19. An arrangement according to Claim 17 or 18, characterized in that the second partitions (13) extend inside the annular concentrate discharge channel (4) of the powdery solid matter feeding means (3).
     
    20. An arrangement according to any of Claims 17-19, characterized in that the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) are connected at an essentially same height to the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) of the concentrate burner (2).
     
    21. An arrangement according to any of Claims 17-19, characterized in that the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) are connected at different heights to the powdery solid matter feeding means (3) of the concentrate burner (2).
     
    22. An arrangement according to any of Claims 17-21, characterized in that the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) is adapted at an angle with respect to the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19).
     
    23. An arrangement according to any of Claims 17-21, characterized in that the first powdery solid matter discharge pipe (8) and the second powdery solid matter discharge pipe (19) are connected diametrally to the powdery solid matter feeding means (3).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anordnung zum Eintragen eines pulverförmigem Feststoffs in einen Konzentratbrenner (2) eines Suspensionsschmelz- oder Suspensionsumwandlungsofens (1),
    wobei der Konzentratbrenner (2) Reaktionsgaseintragsmittel (6), Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) und einen Konzentratverteiler (7) umfasst;
    wobei die Anordnung ein erstes Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) zum Eintragen von pulverförmigem Feststoff in die Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) des Konzentratbrenners (2) umfasst;
    wobei das erste Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) mit einer den Feststoff teilenden ersten Trennwand (10) versehen ist, um das erste Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) in zwei im Wesentlichen ähnliche Austragsrohrteile (11) zu untergliedern; und
    wobei die Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) des Konzentratbrenners (2) einen ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) umfassen, der den Konzentratverteiler (7) des Konzentratbrenners umgibt,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass jeder Austragsrohrteil (11) des ersten Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohrs (8) durch eine zweite Trennwand (13) zumindest teilweise in zwei Austragsrohrabschnitte (12) untergliedert wird, und
    dass mindestens ein Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) eine im Wesentlichen vertikale Prallplatte (17) in der Nähe des ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanals (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) umfasst, wobei der pulverförmige Feststoff so eingerichtet ist, dass er gegen die im Wesentlichen vertikale Prallplatte (17) prallt, und die im Wesentlichen vertikale Prallplatte (17) so eingerichtet ist, dass sie die Geschwindigkeit des pulverförmigen Feststoffes reduziert,
    dass die Anordnung mindestens einen mit einer vertikalen Prallplatte (17) versehenen Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) umfasst,
    dass die vertikale Prallplatte (17) einen oberen Plattenbereich (20) zur Reduzierung der Geschwindigkeit des pulverförmigen Feststoffs aufweist, wobei der obere Plattenbereich (20) senkrecht zum Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) ist, und
    dass die vertikale Prallplatte (17) einen unteren Plattenbereich (21) zur gleichmäßigen Verteilung von pulverförmigem Feststoff im ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) aufweist, wobei der untere Plattenbereich (21) im Verhältnis zum oberen Plattenbereich (20) um eine vertikale Linie gedreht ist, so dass der untere Plattenbereich (21) in einer Ebene parallel zu einer Ebene liegt, die tangential zum Rohr (22) des Konzentratverteilers (7) verläuft, das im Inneren des ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanals (4) angeordnet ist.
     
    2. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Trennwand (10) in den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) hineinragt.
     
    3. Anordnung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Trennwand (10) in den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) bis zum Konzentratverteiler (7) hineinragt.
     
    4. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten Trennwände (13) in den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) hineinragen.
     
    5. Anordnung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten Trennwände (13) in den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) bis zum Konzentratverteiler (7) hineinragen.
     
    6. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der ringförmige Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) mit Blattelementen (14) versehen ist, die den Feststoff teilen und die den ringförmigen Konzentratkanal (4) zumindest teilweise in Sektoren (15) teilen.
     
    7. Anordnung nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Trennwand (10) in den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) hinein und bis zum Blattelement (14) ragt, die den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) in Sektoren (15) unterteilt, so dass das Blattelement (14) und die erste Trennwand (10) eine integrale Struktur bilden.
     
    8. Anordnung nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede zweite Trennwand (13) in den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) hinein und bis zum Blattelement (14) ragt, die den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) in Sektoren (15) unterteilt, so dass das Blattelement (14) und jede der ersten Trennwände (10) eine integrale Struktur bilden.
     
    9. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) in einen entsprechenden Sektor (15) des ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanals (4) mündet.
     
    10. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten Trennwände (13) sich nur über einen Teilabschnitt des ersten Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohrs (8) erstrecken.
     
    11. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie mindestens eine vertikale Prallplatte (17) umfasst, die aus dem Blattelement (14) ausgebildet ist, die den ringförmigen Konzentrationsaustragskanal (4) in Sektoren (15) unterteilt.
     
    12. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1 oder 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie mindestens eine vertikale Prallplatte (17) umfasst, deren Unterkante (18) so ausgebildet ist, dass sie den pulverförmigen Feststoff gleichmäßig im ringförmigen Konzentrationsaustragskanal (4) teilt.
     
    13. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass sie mindestens einen Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) umfasst, der mit einer vertikalen Prallplatte (17) versehen ist, die einen unteren Plattenbereich (21) aufweist, der im Verhältnis zum oberen Plattenbereich (20) um eine vertikale Linie gedreht ist, so dass der untere Plattenbereich (21) tangential zum Rohr (22) des Konzentratverteilers (7) verläuft, das im Inneren des ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanals (4) angeordnet ist.
     
    14. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1 oder 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass sie mindestens einen Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) umfasst, der mit einer vertikalen Prallplatte (17) versehen ist, die einen unteren Plattenbereich (23) aufweist, der im Verhältnis zum oberen Plattenbereich (20) um eine vertikale Linie gedreht und gekrümmt ist, so dass der untere Plattenbereich (21) konzentrisch zum Rohr (23) ist, das den ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanal (4) umgibt.
     
    15. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens ein Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) mit einem Temperatursensor (16) zum Erfassen einer Verstopfung im Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) versehen ist.
     
    16. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens ein Austragsrohrabschnitt (12) mit zusätzlichen Gaseintragsmitteln versehen ist.
     
    17. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass sie zusätzlich ein zweites Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) zum Eintragen von pulverförmigem Feststoff in die Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) des Konzentratbrenners (2) umfasst;
    dass das zweite Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) mit einer den Feststoff teilenden ersten Trennwand (10) versehen ist, um das zweite Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) in zwei im Wesentlichen ähnliche Austragsrohrteile (11) zu untergliedern; und
    dass jeder Austragsrohrteil (11) des zweiten Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohrs (19) durch eine zweite Trennwand (13) zumindest teilweise in zwei Austragsrohrabschnitte (12) untergliedert wird.
     
    18. Anordnung nach Anspruch 17, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die erste Trennwand (10) des zweiten Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohrs (19) im Innenraum des ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanals (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) erstreckt.
     
    19. Anordnung nach Anspruch 17 oder 18, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die zweiten Trennwände (13) im Innenraum des ringförmigen Konzentrataustragskanals (4) der Pulverfeststoffeintragsmittel (3) erstrecken.
     
    20. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) und das zweite Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) auf im Wesentlichen gleicher Höhe mit den Pulverfeststoffeintragsmitteln (3) des Konzentratbrenners (2) verbunden sind.
     
    21. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) und das zweite Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) auf unterschiedlichen Höhen mit den Pulverfeststoffeintragsmitteln (3) des Konzentratbrenners (2) verbunden sind.
     
    22. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 21, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) in einem Winkel zum zweiten Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) eingerichtet ist.
     
    23. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 21, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (8) und das zweite Pulverfeststoffaustragsrohr (19) diametral mit den Pulverfeststoffeintragsmitteln (3) verbunden sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Agencement pour introduire une matière solide poudreuse dans un brûleur de concentré (2) d'un four de fusion ou de conversion en suspension (1),
    dans lequel le brûleur de concentré (2) comprend des moyens d'introduction de gaz réactionnel (6), des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) et un distributeur de concentré (7);
    ledit agencement comprenant un premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) pour introduire une matière solide poudreuse dans les moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) du brûleur de concentré (2);
    ledit premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) étant pourvu d'une première cloison (10), qui divise la matière solide, pour diviser ledit premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) en deux parties de tuyau de sortie (11) essentiellement similaires; et
    lesdits moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) du brûleur de concentré (2) comprenant un canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) qui entoure le distributeur de concentré (7) du brûleur de concentré,
    caractérisé
    en ce que chaque partie de tuyau de sortie (11) du premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) est divisée, au moins partiellement, en deux portions de tuyau de sortie (12) par une deuxième cloison (13), et
    en ce qu'au moins une portion de tuyau de sortie (12) comprend une plaque de collision essentiellement verticale (17) à proximité du canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3), ladite matière solide poudreuse étant adaptée de manière à heurter la plaque de collision essentiellement verticale (17) et ladite plaque de collision essentiellement verticale (17) étant adaptée de manière à réduire la vitesse de la matière solide poudreuse,
    en ce que l'agencement comprend au moins une portion de tuyau de sortie (12) pourvue d'une plaque de collision verticale (17),
    en ce que la plaque de collision verticale (17) a un segment de plaque supérieur (20) pour réduire la vitesse de la matière solide poudreuse, ledit segment de plaque supérieur (20) étant perpendiculaire à la portion de tuyau de sortie (12), et
    en ce que la plaque de collision verticale (17) a un segment de plaque inférieur (21) pour distribuer de manière uniforme la matière solide poudreuse dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4), ledit segment de plaque inférieur (21) étant retourné autour d'une ligne verticale par rapport au segment de plaque supérieur (20) de sorte que le segment de plaque inférieur (21) soit situé dans un plan parallèle à un plan tangentiel au tuyau (22) du distributeur de concentré (7) qui est disposé à l'intérieur du canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4).
     
    2. Agencement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la première cloison (10) s'étend dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3).
     
    3. Agencement selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que la première cloison (10) s'étend dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) jusqu'au distributeur de concentré (7).
     
    4. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes cloisons (13) s'étendent dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3).
     
    5. Agencement selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes cloisons (13) s'étendent dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) jusqu'au distributeur de concentré (7).
     
    6. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé en ce que le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) est pourvu de lames (14) qui divisent la matière solide et qui divisent en secteurs (15) le canal annulaire de concentré (4) au moins partiellement.
     
    7. Agencement selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que la première cloison (10) s'étend dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) et jusqu'à la lame (14) qui divise en secteurs (15) le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) de sorte que la lame (14) et la première cloison (10) forment une structure intégrale.
     
    8. Agencement selon la revendication 6 ou 7, caractérisé en ce que chaque deuxième cloison (13) s'étend dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) et jusqu'à la lame (14) qui divise en secteurs (15) le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) de sorte que la lame (14) et chacune des premières cloisons (10) forment une structure intégrale.
     
    9. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 6 à 8, caractérisé en ce que chaque portion de tuyau de sortie (12) se termine dans un secteur (15) correspondant du canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4).
     
    10. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes cloisons (13) ne s'étendent que sur une partie du premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8).
     
    11. Agencement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend au moins une plaque de collision verticale (17) qui est constituée de la lame (14) qui divise en secteurs (15) le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4).
     
    12. Agencement selon la revendication 1 ou 11, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend au moins une plaque de collision verticale (17) dont le bord inférieur (18) est formé de manière à diviser la matière solide poudreuse de manière uniforme dans le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4).
     
    13. Agencement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce
    qu'il comprend au moins une portion de tuyau de sortie (12) qui est prévue d'une plaque de collision verticale (17) ayant un segment de plaque inférieur (21) retourné autour d'une ligne verticale par rapport au segment de plaque supérieur (20) de sorte que le segment de plaque inférieur (21) soit tangentiel au tuyau (22) du distributeur de concentré (7) qui est disposé à l'intérieur du canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4).
     
    14. Agencement selon la revendication 1 ou 13, caractérisé en ce
    qu'il comprend au moins une portion de tuyau de sortie (12) qui est prévue d'une plaque de collision verticale (17) ayant un segment de plaque inférieur (23) retourné et courbé autour d'une ligne verticale par rapport au segment de plaque supérieur (20) de sorte que le segment de plaque inférieur (21) soit concentrique au tuyau (23) entourant le canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4).
     
    15. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 14, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une portion de tuyau de sortie (12) est munie d'un capteur de température (16) pour détecter une obstruction dans la portion de tuyau de sortie (12).
     
    16. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 15, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une portion de tuyau de sortie (12) est munie de moyens d'introduction de gaz supplémentaires.
     
    17. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 16, caractérisé en ce
    qu'il comprend également un deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) pour introduire une matière solide poudreuse dans les moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) du brûleur de concentré (2);
    que le deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) est pourvu d'une première cloison (10), qui divise la matière solide, pour diviser le deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) en deux parties de tuyau de sortie (11) essentiellement similaires; et
    que chaque partie de tuyau de sortie (11) du deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) est divisée, au moins partiellement, en deux portions de tuyau de sortie (12) par une deuxième cloison (13).
     
    18. Agencement selon la revendication 17, caractérisé en ce que la première cloison (10) du deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) s'étend à l'intérieur du canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3).
     
    19. Agencement selon la revendication 17 ou 18, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes cloisons (13) s'étendent à l'intérieur du canal annulaire de sortie de concentré (4) des moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3).
     
    20. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 17 à 19, caractérisé en ce que le premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) et le deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) sont liés aux moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) du brûleur de concentré (2) à une hauteur essentiellement identique.
     
    21. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 17 à 19, caractérisé en ce que le premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) et le deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) sont liés aux moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3) du brûleur de concentré (2) à des hauteurs différentes.
     
    22. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 17 à 21, caractérisé en ce que le premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) est disposé à un angle par rapport au deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19).
     
    23. Agencement selon l'une des revendications 17 à 21, caractérisé en ce que le premier tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (8) et le deuxième tuyau de sortie de matière solide poudreuse (19) sont diamétralement liés aux moyens d'introduction de matière solide poudreuse (3).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description