(19)
(11)EP 2 511 090 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 09852046.3

(22)Date of filing:  08.12.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B32B 3/12  (2006.01)
B32B 37/00  (2006.01)
B29D 99/00  (2010.01)
B32B 7/12  (2006.01)
B32B 27/12  (2006.01)
B29C 70/34  (2006.01)
B29C 70/44  (2006.01)
B32B 1/08  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2009/070538
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/070649 (16.06.2011 Gazette  2011/24)

(54)

METHOD FOR PRODUCING HOLLOW PRODUCT

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINES HOHLEN PRODUKTS

PROCÉDÉ POUR PRODUIRE UN PRODUIT CREUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.10.2012 Bulletin 2012/42

(73)Proprietor: Nippi Corporation
Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 236-8540 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • FUKUOKA Terukuni
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 236-8540 (JP)
  • HOSODA Keiichi
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 236-8540 (JP)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 1 176 548
JP-A- 9 156 000
US-A1- 2002 022 422
JP-A- 6 190 956
JP-A- 2003 071 864
US-B2- 7 138 031
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [TECHNICAL FIELD]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a manufacturing method of a hollow body product, such as a hollow body product in which a fiber-reinforced resin plate having a concave part and a flat fiber-reinforced resin plate are bonded together and integrated.

    [BACKGROUND ART]



    [0002] A hollow body product such as a pipe can be formed by using a core made of metal or rubber.

    [0003] However, some types of hollow body product, such as the one used for a landing gear door of an aircraft (see Fig. 3 (plan view) and Fig. 4 (A-A cross-sectional view)) cannot be formed by the method using a core since the core which has been used cannot be taken out.

    [0004] Nevertheless, even hollow body products like the one shown in Figs. 3 and 4 can be formed by the method if the core is made of a water-soluble material. This is because the core can be discharged from the hollow part of the product by supplying water to the inside of the hollow part through a hole connecting to the hollow part and causing the core to be dissolved in the supplied water. However, the core is necessary even in this case and the production cost is necessitated to increase correspondingly.

    [0005] Document US 7 138 031 discloses an apparatus and method for retaining composite structures, such as composite honeycomb structures, during manufacturing.

    [0006] Document US 2002/0022422 discloses a double bag vacuum infusion process.

    [SUMMARY OF INVENTION]


    [TECHNICAL PROBLEM]



    [0007] Incidentally, it is possible to produce a hollow body product like the one shown in Figs. 3 and 4 even without using a core if a particular method, bonding an upper-face plate 6 made of fiber-reinforced resin (upper-face plate having a concave part 6a) and a lower-face plate 2 made of fiber-reinforced resin (flat lower-face plate) together, is employed.

    [0008]  However, this method has gradually proved to be complicated and troublesome.

    [0009] In this method, a gas discharging process using a bagging film has to be carried out in a step for forming the upper-face plate 6 made of fiber-reinforced resin and having the concave part 6a, in a step for forming the flat lower-face plate 2 made of fiber-reinforced resin, and in a step for bonding the upper-face plate 6 and the lower-face plate 2 together. Thus, this manufacturing method has been complicated and troublesome.

    [0010] It is therefore the primary object of the present invention to provide a technique with which hollow body products can be manufactured with ease.

    [SOLUTION TO PROBLEM]



    [0011] The above object is achieved by a manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1. The method comprises:

    a film arrangement step in which a film is arranged on a fiber layer;

    a shaped member arrangement step in which a shaped member having a concave part is arranged on the film after the film arrangement step so that an opening of the concave part faces the film;

    a fiber layer/film gas discharging step in which gas existing between the fiber layer and the film is discharged;

    a film/shaped member gas discharging step in which gas existing between the film and the shaped member is discharged;

    a film/shaped member joining step in which the film and the shaped member are joined together after the film/shaped member gas discharging step; and

    a fiber layer/film joining step in which the fiber layer and the film are joined together after the fiber layer/film gas discharging step.



    [0012] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved by a manufacturing method wherein the discharging of the gas in the gas discharging steps is executed so that a condition (pressure P1 of the gas existing between the fiber layer and the film) < (pressure P2 of the gas existing between the film and the shaped member) is satisfied.

    [0013] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved by a manufacturing method wherein the fiber layer/film joining step is conducted after or concurrently with the film/shaped member joining step.

    [0014] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method comprising: a resin impregnation step in which the fiber layer is impregnated with resin before, concurrently with, or after the fiber layer/film joining step; and a resin hardening step in which the resin in the fiber layer after the resin impregnation step is hardened before, concurrently with, or after the fiber layer/film joining step.

    [0015] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the fiber layer is a fiber-reinforced resin prepreg sheet.

    [0016] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method comprising a hardening step in which the fiber-reinforced resin prepreg sheet is hardened.

    [0017] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the film arrangement step includes: a first adhesive film arrangement step in which a first adhesive film is arranged on the fiber layer; a film arrangement step in which a film is arranged on the first adhesive film after the first adhesive film arrangement step; and a second adhesive film arrangement step in which a second adhesive film is arranged on the film after the film arrangement step.

    [0018] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the film is provided with an adhesive layer on its top and bottom.

    [0019] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein: the adhesive layer is an adhesive film, and the adhesive films are arranged on the top and bottom of the film.

    [0020] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method comprising an opening step in which space in the concave part is connected with external space and thereby opened to pressure in the external space at a stage after the film/shaped member joining step and before the fiber layer/film joining step.

    [0021] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the gas discharging step is a step in which gas in internal space covered with a bagging film is sucked out.

    [0022] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the film has enough thermal resistance to avoid being damaged by heat in the joining steps.

    [0023] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the film is substantially of the same size as the shaped member.

    [0024] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the film covers the opening of the concave part of the shaped member.

    [0025] In the above manufacturing method of a hollow body product, the object is achieved preferably by a manufacturing method wherein the shaped member has a hole formed at a position corresponding to the concave part.

    [ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF INVENTION]



    [0026] According to the present invention, hollow body products can be manufactured with ease. Especially, the hollow body products can be manufactured even without using a core.

    [0027] Further, in the production of hollow body products like the one shown in Figs. 3 and 4, it becomes possible to conduct the formation of the lower-face plate and the joining of the upper-face plate and the lower-face plate substantially in a single step. Consequently, the hollow body products can be manufactured with extreme ease and at low costs.

    [BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS]



    [0028] 

    Fig. 1 is a manufacturing process diagram of a hollow body product in accordance with the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a manufacturing process diagram of a hollow body product in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 is a plan view of the hollow body product.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the hollow body product.


    [DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS]



    [0029] The present invention provides a manufacturing method of a hollow body product. The hollow body product means, for example, a product like the one used for a landing gear door (see Fig. 3 and Fig. 4) of an aircraft.

    [0030] The manufacturing method comprises a film arrangement step in which a film is arranged on a fiber layer. In the film arrangement step, a fiber layer impregnated with resin or not impregnated with resin may either be used. A fiber-reinforced resin prepreg sheet can be taken as an example of the fiber layer impregnated with resin.

    [0031] The manufacturing method comprises a shaped member arrangement step in which a shaped member having a concave part is arranged on the film after the film arrangement step. In this step, the shaped member is arranged so that the opening of the concave part of the shaped member faces the film.

    [0032] The manufacturing method comprises a fiber layer/film gas discharging step in which gas existing between the fiber layer and the film is discharged, and a film/shaped member gas discharging step in which gas existing between the film and the shaped member is discharged. After the fiber layer/film gas discharging step is finished, the pressure of the gas existing between the fiber layer and the film equals P1. After the film/shaped member gas discharging step is finished, the pressure of the gas existing between the film and the shaped member equals P2. The gas discharging steps are executed so that P1 < P2 is satisfied.

    [0033] The manufacturing method comprises a film/shaped member joining step in which the film and the shaped member are joined together after the film/shaped member gas discharging step. The manufacturing method also comprises a fiber layer/film joining step in which the fiber layer and the film are joined together after the fiber layer/film gas discharging step. The fiber layer/film joining step is conducted after the film/shaped member joining step, or the two steps may also be conducted concurrently.

    [0034] The fiber layer existing under the film does not have to be impregnated with resin in the film arrangement step. However, the fiber layer is desired to be impregnated with resin in a certain step. The resin impregnation step may be executed before the fiber layer/film joining step, for example. The resin impregnation step may also be executed concurrently with the fiber layer/film joining step or after the fiber layer/film joining step. The stage especially suitable for the resin impregnation step is immediately before, concurrently with, or immediately after the fiber layer/film joining step. More preferably, the resin impregnation step is executed at one of the above stages that is before the completion of the film/shaped member joining step. The resin which has infiltrated into the fiber layer is hardened at some point. The point of the hardening of the resin can be, for example, before, concurrently with, or after the fiber layer/film joining step. Preferably, the process is executed so that the hardening of the infiltrated resin proceeds in the fiber layer/film joining step (so that the hardening of the resin and the joining proceed in parallel in a concurrent manner). For example, the resin which has infiltrated into the fiber layer is hardened by heating, and meanwhile, the film and the fiber layer impregnated with the resin (fiber-reinforced resin plate) are bonded together and integrated. The same goes for the case where the fiber-reinforced resin prepreg sheet is used.

    [0035] If the film to be arranged on the fiber layer in the film arrangement step has also an adhesive property, just using the film having such a feature is enough for the bonding. However, the adhesive property is generally achieved by using a thermosetting resin or a light-curable resin (hardened by ultraviolet rays or an electron beam). Even though the use of a film having its own adhesive property is enough for the bonding, the degree of freedom of film selection is lowered by such a restriction. Therefore, a technique separately preparing an adhesive film is desirable. For example, it is preferable to arrange a first adhesive film on the fiber layer, arrange a film on the first adhesive film, and arrange a second adhesive film on the film. Of course, it is also possible to prepare a laminated film, including an adhesive layer (adhesive film), a film and an adhesive layer (adhesive film) stacked up in this order, and arrange the laminated film on the fiber layer.

    [0036] In the present invention, the pressure of the gas existing between the film and the shaped member is reduced by the aforementioned gas discharging step to P2 (the degree of vacuum: - 722 Torr, for example). Thus, the pressure P2 is maintained in the film/shaped member joining step. However, the pressure P2 does not have to be maintained after the completion of the film/shaped member joining step or from a stage at which the joining step has proceeded to some extent (from a stage before the completion of the joining step). It is rather desirable at this stage to release the negative pressure in the space inside the concave part of the shaped member to the atmospheric pressure, since this allows substantially uniform force to act on the whole area of the film.

    [0037] The gas discharging step is carried out by covering the shaped member with a bagging film and then sucking out (drawing, discharging) the gas existing in the internal space covered with the bagging film.

    [0038] In the following, the present invention will be described in detail by taking some examples.

    [0039] Fig. 1 is a manufacturing process diagram of a hollow body product (see Figs. 3 and 4) in accordance with the present invention.

    [0040] First, fiber 2a (material constituting a fiber-reinforced resin plate 2) was arranged on a base (jig) 1 (see Fig. 1(a)).

    [0041] The fiber 2a is used for securing high rigidity. Fiber having a tensional elastic modulus of 100 GPa or higher is desirable. While the upper limit of the tensional elastic modulus is not particularly restricted, the tensional elastic modulus should be not greater than 1000 GPa, for example, in consideration of the compressive strength, etc. Fiber having a tensional elastic modulus of approximately 200 - 850 GPa is especially desirable. For example, carbon fiber can be used as the fiber 2a. To achieve high rigidity and light weight, carbon fiber having a high specific modulus (the ratio between the elastic modulus and the density) is especially desirable. The carbon fiber may be implemented by polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fiber, pitch-based carbon fiber, cellulosic carbon fiber, or vapor deposition carbon fiber using hydrocarbons, for example. Graphite fiber may also be used. Among these materials, PAN-based carbon fiber, excelling in the balance between the rigidity and the price, is especially desirable. The fiber 2a may also be implemented by glass fiber, organic high elasticity modulus fiber (polyester fiber, acrylic fiber, polyolefin fiber, vinylon fiber, polyamide fiber, "Kevlar" (polyaramide fiber from E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), etc.), alumina fiber, silicon carbide fiber, boron fiber, silicon carbide fiber, etc. The fiber 2a may be fiber stretched in one direction. However, the fiber 2a is desired to have two or more directions of fibers. Thus, the fiber 2a in the present invention is desired to be a fabric (fabric made of fibers). For example, a fabric such as a plain weave, a twill weave, a leno weave or a satin weave is preferably employed. In this embodiment, the fiber 2a is implemented by a fabric made of PAN-based carbon fiber.

    [0042] Subsequently, an adhesive film 3 (e.g., film made of thermosetting resin such as epoxy resin) was arranged on the fiber 2a (see Fig. 1(b)).

    [0043] The adhesive film 3 has high adhesivity to a fiber-reinforced resin plate 2 which will be explained later (fiber-reinforced resin plate including the fiber 2a impregnated with resin) and to a film 4 which will be explained later. In this embodiment, the adhesive film 3 is provided from the viewpoint of adhesivity between the fiber-reinforced resin plate 2 and the film 4. Incidentally, there may be cases where the adhesive film 3 is left out depending on the circumstances.

    [0044] Thereafter, the film 4 was arranged to cover the fiber 2a and the adhesive film 3 (see Fig. 1(c)).

    [0045] The film 4 is made of polyimide, and thus the film 4 has low gas permeability. Therefore, after conducting the vacuum suction to a degree of vacuum of approximately -760 Torr, for example, the degree of vacuum does not drop in a short period of time. Further, the film 4 is not damaged by heat in a heating step (adhesion step, resin hardening step) which will be explained later. The film 4 is resistant to high temperature of approximately 180°C, for example. Furthermore, the film 4 has high adhesivity also to the adhesive film 3. Other suitable materials for the film 4 having such features may include polyester, nylon and polyetherimide, for example.

    [0046] Incidentally, a sealant 11 is arranged between the base 1 and the film 4, that is, a hermetic structure is formed with the sealant 11. Thus, after the air in the space covered with the film 4 has been sucked out (discharged), the space covered with the film 4 is kept in a high vacuum state.

    [0047] Thereafter, an adhesive film 5 (e.g., film made of thermosetting resin such as epoxy resin) was arranged on the film 4 (see Fig. 1(d)).

    [0048]  The adhesive film 5 has high adhesivity to the film 4 and to a shaped member 6 which will be explained below.

    [0049] Subsequently, the shaped member 6 was arranged on the adhesive film 5 (see Fig. 1(e)).

    [0050] The shaped member 6 has a concave part 6a. The concave part 6a is formed from the viewpoint of improving the mechanical strength, etc. of the product to be manufactured. A hole 6b connecting to the space inside the concave part 6a is formed. The shaped member 6 is arranged so that the opening of the concave part 6a faces the film 5 (see Fig. 1(e)).

    [0051] The shaped member 6 is formed of fiber-reinforced resin, for example, to achieve high rigidity and light weight. The fiber constituting the fiber-reinforced resin may be selected from the aforementioned fibers, for example. As the resin constituting the fiber-reinforced resin (matrix resin), thermosetting resin or thermoplastic resin can be employed, for example. Specifically, epoxy resin, phenolic resin, unsaturated polyester resin, vinyl ester resin, ABS resin, polyethylene terephthalate resin, nylon resin, cyanate resin, benzoxazine resin, maleimide resin, polyimide resin, etc. can be used, for example. Preferably, thermosetting resin such as epoxy resin is used. In short, resin that is hardened by energy (e.g., heat or light (ultraviolet rays or an electron beam)) from the outside and thereby forms a three-dimensional hardened material may be used.

    [0052] 1(f)). Thereafter, the whole of the above structure was covered with a bagging film 7 (see Fig.

    [0053] Incidentally, a sealant 12 is arranged between the base 1 and the bagging film 7, that is, a hermetic structure is formed with the sealant 12. Thus, after the air in the space covered with the bagging film 7 has been sucked out (discharged), the space covered with the bagging film 7 is kept in a high vacuum state.

    [0054] Subsequently, the air in the space covered with the film 4 (the space surrounded by the base 1 and the film 4) was sucked out (discharged) through a tube 13. By this step, the degree of vacuum reached -760 Torr (displayed as gauge pressure with respect to the atmospheric pressure represented as 0). At this stage, the fiber 2a and the film 4 have not been bonded together yet. Thus, the air existing in the gap between the fiber 2a and the film 4 is also sucked and discharged.

    [0055] Thereafter, the air in the space covered with the bagging film 7 (the space surrounded by the film 4 and the bagging film 7) was sucked out (discharged) through a tube 14. By this step, the degree of vacuum reached -722 Torr. At this stage, the film 4 and the shaped member 6 have not been bonded together yet. Thus, the air existing in the space in the concave part 6a is also sucked and discharged. Therefore, the degree of vacuum in the space in the concave part 6a equals -722 Torr.

    [0056] Incidentally, it is also possible to first conduct the suction (discharging) so that both the degree of vacuum in the space covered with the film 4 and the degree of vacuum in the space covered with the bagging film 7 reach -760 Torr and thereafter let the degree of vacuum in the concave part 6a fall to -722 Torr.

    [0057] The condition (pressure P1 in the space surrounded by the base 1 and the film 4) < (pressure P2 in the space surrounded by the film 4 and the bagging film 7 (i.e., the pressure in the concave part 6a)) is employed for the following reason: Suppose P1 > P2 holds, the film 4 covering (closing) the concave part 6a becomes depressed toward the concave part 6a due to the differential pressure. In this case, the film 4 has a high probability of wrinkling. The wrinkling of the film 4 can deteriorate the adhesivity. For this reason, the suction (discharging) is conducted so as to satisfy the condition P1 < P2.

    [0058] Thereafter, the above structure was heated at a prescribed temperature, by which the adhesion by the adhesive film 5 was started. In a certain time period (X hours) since the start of the heating, the film 4 and the shaped member 6 were completely bonded together and integrated.

    [0059] After the film 4 and the shaped member 6 were bonded together and integrated along the elapse of a prescribed time period (a time period shorter than the aforementioned X hours, that is, a time period that is not long enough for the perfect bonding/integration of the film 4 and the shaped member 6 but long enough for achieving the bonding/integration of the film 4 and the shaped member 6 to a level at which the peeling off of the film 4 can be avoided even when pressure acts on the film 4 due to the subsequent introduction of air into the concave part 6a) since the start of the heating, the concave part 6a was opened to the outside via the hole 6b and air was introduced into the concave part 6a. By the introduction of air, the atmospheric pressure starts acting on the whole surfaces of the fiber 2a and the film 4 from the shaped member's side. It is also possible to put the structure in a pressurized furnace and pressurize the structure to a pressure above the atmospheric pressure.

    [0060] After the introduction of air into the concave part 6a, while evacuating the space surrounded by the base 1 and the film 4 and keeping the space in a high vacuum state, the fiber 2a was impregnated with a solution of resin (matrix resin) at a prescribed temperature. The resin impregnation was conducted before the film 4 and the shaped member 6 were completely bonded together and integrated. The heating was continued at a prescribed temperature even after the resin impregnation, by which the matrix resin was hardened completely. By the heating, the resin that had infiltrated into the fiber 2a was hardened to form the fiber-reinforced resin plate 2. Along with the hardening, the bonding by the adhesive film 3 proceeded completely, by which the fiber-reinforced resin plate 2 and the film 4 were completely bonded together and integrated. Thereafter, the tubes 13 and 14 were removed (see Fig. 1(g)), by which the hollow body product (see Figs. 3 and 4) was obtained.

    [0061] Incidentally, while the fiber 2a was used in the above embodiment, there are cases where a fiber-reinforced resin prepreg is used instead of the fabric (fiber) 2a. In this case, the resin impregnation step explained in the above embodiment is left out. Thus, the heating at the prescribed temperature was conducted even after the introduction of air into the concave part 6a. By the heating, the matrix resin contained in the fiber-reinforced resin prepreg was hardened completely and the fiber-reinforced resin plate 2 was formed. Along with the hardening, the bonding by the adhesive film 3 proceeded completely, by which the fiber-reinforced resin plate 2 and the film 4 were completely bonded together and integrated. Finally, the hollow body product (see Figs. 3 and 4) was obtained.

    [0062] While the adhesive films 3 and 5 are of the same type in the above embodiment, it is also possible to use an adhesive film having a higher curing temperature than the adhesive film 5 as the adhesive film 3. In this case, it is possible to first complete the hardening/bonding of the adhesive film 5 by heating the film at a temperature T1 and thereafter complete the hardening/bonding of the adhesive film 3 by heating the film at a temperature T2 (T2 > T1). After the completion of the bonding/integration of the film 4 and the shaped member 6, the resin impregnation may be carried out after opening the hole 6b for the connection to the outside.

    [0063] While the film 4 and the shaped member 6 are substantially of the same size in the above embodiment, the film 4 may also be implemented by a film that barely covers the opening of the concave part 6a (see Fig. 2). In this case, the adhesive film 3 may also be implemented by a film substantially in the same size as the film 4. In this case, however, the degree of vacuum between the fiber 2a and the film 4, 4 is set higher than that in the concave part 6a by arranging a bagging film 9.

    [REFERENCE CHARACTER LIST]



    [0064] 
    1
    base
    2a
    fabric (fiber)
    2
    fiber-reinforced resin plate
    3
    adhesive film
    4
    film
    5
    adhesive film
    6
    shaped member
    6a
    concave part
    6b
    hole
    7
    bagging film
    11, 12
    sealant
    13, 14
    tube



    Claims

    1. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product, comprising:

    a film arrangement step in which a film (4) is arranged on a fiber layer (2a);

    a shaped member arrangement step in which a shaped member (6) having a concave part (6a) is arranged on the film (4) after the film arrangement step so that an opening of the concave part faces the film (4);

    a step of covering the shaped member (6) with a bagging film (7);

    a fiber layer/film gas discharging step in which gas existing between the fiber layer (2a) and the film (4) is discharged;

    a film/shaped member gas discharging step in which gas existing between the film (4) and the shaped member (6) is discharged;

    a film/shaped member joining step in which the film (4) and the shaped member (6) are joined together after the film/shaped member gas discharging step; and

    a fiber layer/film joining step in which the fiber layer (2a) and the film (4) are joined together after the fiber layer/film gas discharging step,

    wherein the discharging of the gas in the gas discharging steps is executed so that a condition that the pressure P1 of the gas existing between the fiber layer (2a) and the film (4) is lower than the pressure P2 of the gas existing between the film (4) and the bagging film (7) is satisfied, and

    wherein the fiber layer/film joining step is conducted after or concurrently with the film/shaped member joining step.


     
    2. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, comprising:

    a resin impregnation step in which the fiber layer (2a) is impregnated with resin before,

    concurrently with, or after the fiber layer/film joining step; and

    a resin hardening step in which the resin in the fiber layer (2a) after the resin impregnation step is hardened before, concurrently with, or after the fiber layer/film joining step.


     
    3. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the fiber layer (2a) is a fiber-reinforced resin prepreg sheet.
     
    4. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 3, comprising a hardening step in which the fiber-reinforced resin prepreg sheet is hardened.
     
    5. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the film arrangement step includes:

    a first adhesive film arrangement step in which a first adhesive film (3) is arranged on the fiber layer (2a);

    a film arrangement step in which the film (4) is arranged on the first adhesive film (3) after the first adhesive film arrangement step; and

    a second adhesive film arrangement step in which a second adhesive film (5) is arranged on the film (4) after the film arrangement step.


     
    6. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the film (4) is provided with an adhesive layer on its top and bottom.
     
    7. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 6, wherein:

    the adhesive layer is an adhesive film, and

    the adhesive films (3, 5) are arranged on the top and bottom of the film.


     
    8. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, comprising an opening step in which space in the concave part is connected with the external space and thereby opened to pressure in the external space at a stage after the film/shaped member joining step and before the fiber layer/film joining step.
     
    9. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the gas discharging step is a step in which gas in the internal space covered with the bagging film (7) is sucked out.
     
    10. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the film (4) has enough thermal resistance to avoid being damaged by heat in the joining steps.
     
    11. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the film (4) is substantially of the same size as the shaped member (6).
     
    12. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the film (4) covers the opening of the concave part (6a) of the shaped member (6).
     
    13. A manufacturing method of a hollow body product according to claim 1, wherein the shaped member (6) has a hole (6b) formed at a position corresponding to the concave part (6a).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts, das aufweist:

    einen Folienanordnungsschritt, in dem eine Folie (4) auf einer Faserschicht (2a) angeordnet wird;

    einen Formbauteil-Anordnungsschritt, in dem ein Formbauteil (6) mit einem konkaven Teil (6a) auf der Folie (4) nach dem Folienanordnungsschritt so angeordnet wird, dass eine Öffnung des konkaven Teils zur Folie (4) weist;

    einen Schritt des Abdeckens des Formbauteils (6) mit einer Vakuumfolie (7);

    einen Faserschicht/Folie-Gasabgabeschritt, in dem zwischen der Faserschicht (2a) und der Folie (4) vorhandenes Gas abgegeben wird;

    einen Folie/Formbauteil-Gasabgabeschritt, in dem zwischen der Folie (4) und dem Formbauteil (6) vorhandenes Gas abgegeben wird;

    einen Folie/Formbauteil-Verbindungsschritt, in dem die Folie (4) und das Formbauteil (6) nach dem Folie/Formbauteil-Gasabgabeschritt miteinander verbunden werden; und

    einen Faserschicht/Folie-Verbindungsschritt, in dem die Faserschicht (2a) und die Folie (4) nach dem Faserschicht/Folie-Gasabgabeschritt miteinander verbunden werden,

    wobei das Abgeben des Gases in den Gasabgabeschritten so durchgeführt wird, dass eine Bedingung erfüllt ist, dass der Druck P1 des zwischen der Faserschicht (2a) und der Folie (4) vorhandenen Gases niedriger als der Druck P2 des zwischen der Folie (4) und der Vakuumfolie (7) vorhandenen Gases ist, und

    wobei der Faserschicht/Folie-Verbindungsschritt nach oder zeitgleich mit dem Folie/Formbauteil-Verbindungsschritt durchgeführt wird.


     
    2. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, das aufweist:

    einen Harzimprägnierungsschritt, in dem die Faserschicht (2a) vor, zeitgleich mit oder nach dem Faserschicht/Folie-Verbindungsschritt mit Harz imprägniert wird; und

    einen Harzhärtungsschritt, in dem das Harz in der Faserschicht (2a) nach dem Harzimprägnierungsschritt vor, zeitgleich mit oder nach dem Faserschicht/Folie-Verbindungsschritt gehärtet wird.


     
    3. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Faserschicht (2a) eine faserverstärkte Harz-Prepreg-Bahn ist.
     
    4. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 3 mit einem Härtungsschritt, in dem die faserverstärkte Harz-Prepreg-Bahn gehärtet wird.
     
    5. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Folienanordnungsschritt aufweist:

    einen ersten Klebefilm-Anordnungsschritt, in dem ein erster Klebefilm (3) auf der Faserschicht (2a) angeordnet wird;

    einen Folienanordnungsschritt, in dem die Folie (4) auf dem ersten Klebefilm (3) nach dem ersten Klebefilm-Anordnungsschritt angeordnet wird; und

    einen zweiten Klebefilm-Anordnungsschritt, in dem ein zweiter Klebefilm (5) auf der Folie (4) nach dem Folienanordnungsschritt angeordnet wird.


     
    6. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Folie (4) mit einer Klebeschicht auf ihrer Ober- und Unterseite versehen ist.
     
    7. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 6, wobei:

    die Klebeschicht ein Klebefilm ist und

    die Klebefilme (3, 5) auf der Ober- und Unterseite der Folie angeordnet werden.


     
    8. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1 mit einem Öffnungsschritt, in dem ein Raum im konkaven Teil mit dem Außenraum verbunden und dadurch für Druck im Außenraum in einer Stufe nach dem Folie/Formteil-Verbindungsschritt und vor dem Faserschicht/Folie-Verbindungsschritt geöffnet wird.
     
    9. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Gasabgabeschritt ein Schritt ist, in dem Gas in dem mit der Vakuumfolie (7) abgedeckten Innenraum abgesaugt wird.
     
    10. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Folie (4) ausreichend wärmebeständig ist, um nicht durch Wärme in den Verbindungsschritten beschädigt zu werden.
     
    11. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Folie (4) im Wesentlichen die gleiche Größe wie das Formbauteil (6) hat.
     
    12. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Folie (4) die Öffnung des konkaven Teils (6a) des Formbauteils (6) abdeckt.
     
    13. Herstellungsverfahren eines Hohlkörperprodukts nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Formbauteil (6) ein Loch (6b) hat, das an einer Position gebildet ist, die dem konkaven Teil (6a) entspricht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux, comprenant :

    une étape d'agencement de film dans laquelle un film (4) est agencé sur une couche de fibres (2a) ;

    une étape d'agencement d'élément façonné dans laquelle un élément façonné (6) ayant une partie concave (6a) est agencé sur le film (4) après l'étape d'agencement de film de sorte qu'une ouverture de la partie concave est face au film (4) ;

    une étape de couverture de l'élément façonné (6) avec un film d'ensachage (7) ;

    une étape d'évacuation de gaz de couche de fibres/film dans laquelle le gaz présent entre la couche de fibres (2a) et le film (4) est évacué ;

    une étape d'évacuation de gaz de film/élément façonné dans laquelle un gaz présent entre le film (4) et l'élément façonné (6) est évacué ;

    une étape de liaison de film/élément façonné dans laquelle le film (4) et l'élément façonné (6) sont joints l'un à l'autre après l'étape d'évacuation de gaz de film/élément façonné ; et

    une étape de liaison de couche de fibres/film dans laquelle la couche de fibres (2a) et le film (4) sont joints l'un à l'autre après l'étape d'évacuation de gaz de couche de fibres/film,

    dans lequel l'évacuation du gaz dans les étapes d'évacuation de gaz est exécutée de sorte qu'une condition selon laquelle la pression P1 du gaz présent entre la couche de fibres (2a) et le film (4) est inférieure à la pression P2 du gaz présent entre le film (4) et le film d'ensachage (7) est satisfaite, et

    dans lequel l'étape de liaison de couche de fibres/film est réalisée après ou en même temps que l'étape de liaison de film/élément façonné.


     
    2. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, comprenant :

    une étape d'imprégnation de résine dans laquelle la couche de fibres (2a) est imprégnée de résine avant, en même temps que, ou après l'étape de liaison de couche de fibres/film ; et

    une étape de durcissement de résine dans laquelle la résine dans la couche de fibres (2a) après l'étape d'imprégnation de résine est durcie avant, en même temps que, ou après l'étape de liaison de couche de fibres/film.


     
    3. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la couche de fibres (2a) est une feuille de préimprégné en résine renforcée par des fibres.
     
    4. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 3, comprenant une étape de durcissement dans laquelle la feuille de préimprégné en résine renforcée par des fibres est durcie.
     
    5. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape d'agencement de film inclut :

    une étape d'agencement de premier film adhésif dans laquelle un premier film adhésif (3) est agencé sur la couche de fibres (2a) ;

    une étape d'agencement de film dans laquelle le film (4) est agencé sur le premier film adhésif (3) après l'étape d'agencement de premier film adhésif ; et

    une étape d'agencement de second film adhésif dans laquelle un second film adhésif (5) est agencé sur le film (4) après l'étape d'agencement de film.


     
    6. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le film (4) est doté d'une couche adhésive sur ses parties supérieure et inférieure.
     
    7. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 6, dans lequel :

    la couche adhésive est un film adhésif ; et

    les films adhésifs (3, 5) sont agencés sur les parties supérieure et inférieure du film.


     
    8. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, comprenant une étape d'ouverture dans laquelle un espace dans la partie concave est connecté à l'espace externe et ainsi ouvert à la pression dans l'espace externe à un stade après l'étape de liaison de film/élément façonné et avant l'étape de liaison de couche de fibres/film.
     
    9. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape d'évacuation de gaz est une étape dans laquelle le gaz dans l'espace interne recouvert du film d'ensachage (7) est aspiré.
     
    10. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le film (4) a une résistance thermique suffisante pour éviter d'être endommagé par la chaleur dans les étapes de liaison.
     
    11. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le film (4) est sensiblement de la même taille que l'élément façonné (6).
     
    12. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le film (4) recouvre l'ouverture de la partie concave (6a) de l'élément façonné (6).
     
    13. Procédé de fabrication d'un produit à corps creux selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément façonné (6) a un trou (6b) formé au niveau d'une position correspondant à la partie concave (6a).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description