(19)
(11)EP 2 521 429 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 10841068.9

(22)Date of filing:  22.12.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H05K 3/34(2006.01)
H01L 23/31(2006.01)
H01L 23/495(2006.01)
H01L 21/58(2006.01)
H01L 21/52(2006.01)
H01L 23/433(2006.01)
H01L 23/00(2006.01)
H01L 21/60(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2010/073849
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/081213 (07.07.2011 Gazette  2011/27)

(54)

METHOD FOR SOLDERING SURFACE-MOUNT COMPONENT AND SURFACE-MOUNT COMPONENT

VERFAHREN ZUM LÖTEN EINER OBERFLÄCHENMONTIERTEN KOMPONENTE UND OBERFLÄCHENMONTIERTE KOMPONENTE

PROCÉDÉ PERMETTANT DE SOUDER UN COMPOSANT POUR MONTAGE EN SURFACE ET COMPOSANT POUR MONTAGE EN SURFACE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.12.2009 JP 2009298932

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.11.2012 Bulletin 2012/45

(73)Proprietor: SENJU METAL INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
Tokyo, 120-8555 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • UESHIMA, Minoru
    Tokyo 120-8555 (JP)
  • TOYODA, Minoru
    Tokyo 120-8555 (JP)

(74)Representative: D Young & Co LLP 
120 Holborn
London EC1N 2DY
London EC1N 2DY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H11 317 487
JP-A- 2001 035 978
JP-A- 2001 284 792
JP-A- 2004 034 134
JP-A- 2005 340 268
US-A1- 2003 019 216
JP-A- 2001 035 978
JP-A- 2001 284 792
JP-A- 2002 261 104
JP-A- 2004 034 134
JP-A- 2008 238 253
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a method for soldering surface-mount component by which the surface-mount component obtained by soldering a circuit element such as a semiconductor device (Si die/SiC die) on a die pad electrode portion using a die bonding solder material is soldered to a printed circuit board or the like using a mounting solder material, and the surface-mount component.

    Background Art



    [0002] A package of semiconductor has been generally performed such that a circuit element is soldered to a die pad electrode portion (island portion) of a lead frame by die bonding and then, it is molded using resin. In a case of the circuit element such as a semiconductor device having large heat release, solder (hereinafter, referred to as "a solder material") has been used as brazing agents for the die bonding.

    [0003] As the solder material, the solder material basically made of (Sn-Pb)-based solder material has been used in the past. Among them, the solder material made of almost (Sn-Pb of 5 percent by mass)-based solder material (hereinafter, a reference to an alloy will be carried out by deleting "percent by mass"), which has a relative high melting point of about 300 degrees C., has been used. This is because a heating condition of the solder material (a mounting solder material) when mounting the surface-mount component on the printed circuit board is from 240 to 260 degrees C., and they are heated for some seconds through 100 seconds so that the die-bonding solder material is required not to be melted.

    [0004] When the circuit element operates, its temperature rises and when the circuit element does not operate, its temperature returns to the normal temperature thereof, so that any bonded portion by the solder material suffers a large temperature change. On the other hand, since the circuit element and the die pad electrode portion of the lead frame have different coefficient of thermal expansion from each other, the bonded portion by the solder material suffers any stresses repeatedly following the temperature changes based on the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion. Fatigue based on this repeated stresses may cause cracks to occur in the bonded portions by the solder material. Accordingly, accompanying the crack extension, reliability of electric connection in the bonded portion by the solder material may deteriorate.

    [0005] From these reasons, solder material in which metal, in minuscule quantities, such as Ag, In, Bi and/or Cu is contained in a composition of almost (Pb-5Sn) contains have recently been proposed.

    [0006] However, if device having a very different coefficient of thermal expansion is bonded using these as the die-bonding solder material, a stress suffered to a bonded portion by the solder becomes too heavy so that a problem such that any remarkable improvement effect on heat cycle performance cannot be seen has been arisen.

    [0007]  In addition to this, any influence of Pb, which is contained in the (Sn-Pb)-based solder material, to a human body has recently been gotten popular, so that it has become a problem that a pollution of global environment or an influence to living things by a disposal of manufactured articles containing Pb should be reduced.

    [0008] In order to reduce environmental pollution or the like, any lead-free solder material has been required. Accordingly, as the mounting solder material to be used when performing a surface mounting of surface-mount component onto a circuit board such as a printed circuit board, the lead-free (Pb-free) solder material has been recently used.

    [0009] Further, until recently, as the die-bonding solder material, which is used when bonding a semiconductor device on a die pad electrode portion of a lead frame, solder material containing lead (for example, (Sn-Pb)-based solder material containing Pb of 85% or more by mass) has been used, but use of Pb-free solder material has been required even in the die-bonding solder material.

    [0010] Here, in a case of solder material containing Pb of 85% or more by mass, they often have a solidus temperature of 260 degrees C. or more, which is a relatively high temperature, so that it has been conceivable that such a high temperature has exerted a bad influence upon the circuit element such as the semiconductor device. This is because a heating temperature to be used in a reflow furnace in this case is the solidus temperature (260 degrees C.) or more so that any soldering is performed under a condition such that any cracks occur in the bonded portion by the solder material or the die pad electrode portion or any exfoliation occurs in an interface between the lead frame and a mold.

    [0011] From these points of view, as the die-bonding solder material to be used for bonding the circuit element on the lead frame, any studies by which Pb-free solder material having low melting temperature can be used have been carried out.

    [0012] As the lead-free solder material having a lower solidus temperature than that of the solder material containing lead, (Sn-Ag)-based solder material, (Sn-Cu)-based solder material, (Sn-Sb) -based solder material and the like have been known. Among them, as the solder material having a high melting point and a higher solidus temperature than the heating temperature used in the reflow furnace, (Sn-Sb) -based solder material having high melting point has been known (see Patent Document 1).

    [0013] In the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material having the high melting point, which is disclosed in Patent Document 1, its composition ratio is devised to prevent any voids or the like from occurring in a bonded portion by the solder material having the high melting point, which has been used at a period of die bonding time, even at a heating temperature when mounting a surface-mount component (IC package) on a printed circuit board.

    Prior Art Documents


    Patent Document



    [0014] Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2001-284792. Other previously proposed arrangements are disclosed in JP 2001 284792; JP 2005 340268; JP 2008 238253; JP 2001 035978; JP2004 034134; and JP H11 317487.

    Disclosure of the Invention


    Problems to be solved by the Invention



    [0015] The solder material having high melting point, which is disclosed in Patent Document 1, however, particularly have high quantity of Sb constituent. Various kinds of experiments proved that when they have high quantity of Sb constituent, their solidus temperatures show a tendency to rise but, on the other hand, they are subject to cracks or the like so that mechanical reliability of the solder material shows a tendency to deteriorate.

    [0016] In other words, when soldering the surface-mount component on a circuit board, heat is absorbed as internal latent heat by the die-bonding solder material or the like and thus, the heat is not fully conducted to the surface-mount component and/or the mounting solder material, so that a phenomenon in which heating is insufficient is ready to occur. As a result thereof, a wettability of the mounting solder material becomes poor, which causes any voids to occur to shake reliability thereof when mounting the surface-mount component on the circuit board.

    [0017] The above-mentioned (Sn-Sb) -based solder material certainly has the solidus temperature which is lower than that of the solder material containing lead. However, since the solidus temperature is not particularly different from processing temperature (heating temperature) to be used in the reflow furnace, it is necessary to use solder material having a solidus temperature that is as low as possible, as the mounting solder material. At the same time, when using the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material, the following problems also have been raised.

    [0018] When impurities such as Cu are contained in the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material, the solidus temperature of the solder material falls down by about 10 through 20 degrees C.

    [0019] For example, the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material has the solidus temperature of 243 degrees C. while in the (Sn-Sb) -based solder material containing Cu, the solidus temperature thereof shows a tendency to fall down by about 10 degrees C.

    [0020] Even when using Sn having a purity of 99.9% as Sn which is a main ingredient of the solder material, the remainder of 0.1% is impurity. Therefore, when the impurity contained therein is Cu, it is a matter of course that this may cause the solidus temperature thereof to fall down. JIS standard indicating the quantity of Cu constituent regulates 0.02% but it is known that even when Cu of about 0.02% is contained, the solidus temperature excessively falls down.

    [0021] Similarly, in a step of soldering semiconductor device on a die pad electrode portion (bonded portion by the solder material) of the lead frame, Cu is under the environment in which Cu is subject to elution from the lead frame and mixture into the bonded solder material, which also causes the solidus temperature of the solder material to fall down.

    [0022] For example, when the lead frame is made of Cu as its main ingredient, the lead frame is heated for a period of reflow soldering time, which causes the main ingredient of Cu to be eluted (by about 0.1 through 2% by mass) and to be mixed into the die-bonding solder material.

    [0023] When Cu or the like is eluted in the molten die-bonding solder material, the same results as those of a case where the solder material containing Cu is used are caused, which causes the solidus temperature thereof to fall down.

    [0024] If the solidus temperature thereof falls down, as described above, when soldering the surface-mount component on the circuit board, heat is absorbed by the die-bonding solder material and thus, the heat is not fully conducted to the surface-mount component and/or the mounting solder material, which causes a wettability of the mounting solder material to become poor and causes any voids to occur. Accordingly, since this deteriorates reliability thereof when mounting the surface-mount component on the circuit board, this is unsuitable for a relationship to the heating temperature of the reflow furnace.

    [0025] Thus, these inventions solve such past problems and are a method for soldering surface-mount component and the surface-mount component in which the solder material which contains any component that causes the solidus temperature thereof to fall down very little or even when containing it, contains it below a previously fixed value thereof is used as the die-bonding solder material and any component that causes the solidus temperature thereof to fall down is prevented from being eluted in a step of bonding the solder material thereto.

    [0026] Further, by soldering the surface-mount component using the die-bonding solder material and the mounting solder material, in which a difference between the solidus temperatures of the die-bonding solder material and the mounting solder material is made large, it is possible to prevent the die-bonding solder material from being melted.

    [Means for solving the Problems]



    [0027] In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a method for soldering a surface-mount component according to Claim 1 and Claim 2 is provided.

    [0028] Further, a surface-mount component according to Claim 6 and Claim 7 is provided.

    [0029] In these inventions, as the die-bonding solder material, the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material is used.

    [0030] The quantity of Cu constituent in the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material to be used is limited so as to be not more than the predetermined quantity of Cu constituent. The predetermined quantity of Cu constituent is less than 0.005% by mass. When the quantity of Cu constituent is not more than the predetermined quantity thereof, it was verified that the lowering of the solidus temperature could be avoided.

    [0031] Since the lead frame has Cu as a main ingredient thereof, the die pad electrode portion (island portion that is a bonded surface by the solder material) that is a circuit element fixing surface on which the circuit element is mounted and fixed is plated and used. Particularly, the lead frame, the die pad electrode portion of which is plated by Ni, is used. Ni plating layer prevents Cu component from being eluted when the bonding is performed using the solder material. At the same time, Ni plating layer is also formed on an electrode surface side of the circuit element.

    [0032] Thus, even when the circuit element is bonded to the lead frame using the solder material with the circuit element being mounted on the lead frame, any elution of Cu component stops, thereby avoiding the lowering of the solidus temperature.

    [0033] As the mounting solder material, the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi) -based solder material or the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material is used. By selecting the composition ratio thereof so as to become any given ones, a temperature indicating a maximum endothermic reaction (maximum endothermic reaction temperature) is 215 degrees C. or less in the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material (see Table 4) or is 210 degrees C. or less in the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material (see Table 5). As a result thereof, a minimum heating temperature on which the soldering can be carried out in the reflow furnace falls down as compared with the past one. It is to be noted that as a method of measuring the maximum endothermic reaction temperature, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurement was adapted.

    [0034] Since the solidus temperature of the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material itself to be used as the die-bonding solder material is 245 degrees C., when using the above-mentioned mounting solder material, a difference between the solidus temperatures of the die-bonding solder material and the mounting solder material expands. As a result thereof, solderability on the bonded portion by the solder material of all the surface-mount components mounted is improved so that even if a temperature profile in the circuit board enlarges, the die-bonding solder material is not melted.

    Effects of the Invention



    [0035] According to these inventions, the solidus temperature can fall down as compared with the past one and the primary solidus temperature of the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material can be held as it is, thereby consequently allowing any influence of the heating temperature to circuit elements to be avoided.

    [0036] Further, by using as the mounting solder material the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material or the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material, which have low solidus temperatures, it is possible to lower the minimum heating temperature of the reflow furnace on which the soldering can be carried out (reflowable minimal temperature) as compared with the past one and to expand the difference between the solidus temperatures of it and the die-bonding solder material.

    [0037] As a result thereof, since the solderability on the bonded portion by the solder material of all the surface mount devices mounted is improved so that even if a temperature profile in the circuit board enlarges, the die-bonding solder material is not melted, thereby allowing a bonding strength of the surface-mount component and its mechanical reliability to be enhanced.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0038] 

    [FIG. 1A] is a diagram showing an outline step when performing die boding of IC chip.

    [FIG. 1B] is a diagram showing an outline step when performing the die boding of IC chip.

    [FIG. 1C] is a diagram showing an outline step when performing the die boding of IC chip.

    [FIG. 1D] is a diagram showing an outline step when performing the die boding of IC chip.

    [FIG. 1E] is a diagram showing an outline step when performing the die boding of IC chip.

    [FIG. 2] is an enlarged photograph showing a preheated condition of particles in the solder material.

    [FIG. 3] is a photograph in which a part of FIG. 2 is further enlarged.

    [FIG. 4] is an enlarged photograph showing an imperfect fused condition of the solder material based on an insufficient heating.

    [FIG. 5] is a photograph in which a part of FIG. 4 is further enlarged.

    [FIG. 6] is an enlarged photograph showing a perfect fused condition of the solder material according to these inventions.

    [FIG. 7] is a photograph in which a part of FIG. 6 is further enlarged.


    Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention



    [0039] The following will describe embodiments according to the present inventions with reference to drawings. In the following executed examples, a case where a semiconductor device (IC chip) cut from a wafer as a circuit element is available in a surface mount configuration will be described. Accordingly, a printed circuit board is used as the circuit board.

    [Executed Example 1]



    [0040] First, a method of soldering a surface-mount component will be described with reference to FIGS. 1A through 1E but the outline explanation thereof will be described because this soldering step itself is well known one.

    [0041] As shown in FIG.1A, in the inventions, Ni plating layer 14 is formed on an electrode surface 12 constituting a die bonding surface in a semiconductor device (IC chip) 10. The Ni plating layer 14 is formed on the whole area of a die bonding surface (the whole electrode surface) . Sn plating layer or Au plating layer 16 is further formed on a top of the Ni plating layer 14. The Au plating layer 16 is formed, if necessary.

    [0042] The Sn plating layer or Au plating layer 16 may be formed on a side thereof to be soldered by the die-bonding solder material 30 (a top surface thereof) in this state, and any layer such as Cu layer or Ti layer other than Ni plating layer may lie between the IC chip 10 and the Ni plating layer 14.

    [0043] As shown in FIG.1A, a die pad electrode portion (die bonding bonded portion) 22 constituting an island portion of a lead frame 20 is a circuit element fixing portion. To a lower surface thereof, a heat sink plate 38 is attached and an upper surface 22a thereof is a die pad electrode surface. Accordingly, the die pad electrode surface 22a functions as an electrode surface for fixing the circuit element.

    [0044] Ni plating layer 24 is formed on the die pad electrode surface 22a opposing the electrode surface 12 of the IC chip 10. Au plating layer 26 is further formed on a top layer of the Ni plating layer 24. The Au plating layer 26 is formed, if necessary.

    [0045] The die-bonding solder material 30 is then supplied onto the top layer of the die pad electrode surface 22a. In this example, since the Au plating layer 26 is formed on the top layer thereof, the die-bonding solder material 30 is applied to an upper layer of the Au plating layer 26 (solder paste processing). As the die-bonding solder material 30, the solder material having high melting point, which will be described later, is used.

    [0046] Here, since the lead frame 20 has a main ingredient of Cu, in this invention, Ni plating layer 24 covers the die pad electrode surface 22a of the lead frame 20.

    [0047] Covering of the Ni plating layer 24 makes it difficult to elute Cu even if the lead frame 20 is heated during a soldering step of IC chip 10 to elute Cu and prevents Cu, if Cu is eluted, from being mixed into the die-bonding solder material 30.

    [0048] When the eluted Cu is mixed into the die-bonding solder material 30, the solidus temperature (in this example, 245 degrees C., which will be described later) of this die-bonding solder material 30 itself falls down. An experiment verified that they fell down to about 229 through 236 degrees C. Using the Ni plating plate 24 enables the solidus temperature of the die-bonding solder material 30 itself to be kept on 245 degrees C.

    [0049] As shown in FIG. 1B, the electrode surface 12 of the IC chip 10 is mounted and provisionally fixed on a surface of the attached die-bonding solder material 30 which has a high melting point so as to be faced to each other. They then are conveyed into an oven reflow furnace (not shown) and are subjected to any heating process. By this heating process, Au plating layers 16 and 26 are melted as shown in FIG. 1C.

    [0050] When soldering it on the die pad electrode surface 22a using the die-bonding solder material 30, the circuit element shown in FIG. 1C is completed. In fact, inner terminal portions (internal electrode portions) 34a of leads 34 and the IC chip 10, which constitute this circuit element, are bonded (using wire bonding) by electrode wires 44 and then, the IC chip 10 and the lead frame 20, which have been bonded using the wire bonding, are molded by resin 42 to obtain a well-known surface-mount component 50 shown in FIG. 1D.

    [0051] As the surface-mount component 50, small outline package (SOP), quad flat non-lead (QFN), quad flat package (QFP) and the like are conceivable.

    [0052] The surface-mount component 50 is mounted on the printed circuit board 60 functioning as the circuit board, as shown in FIG. 1E. Accordingly, a board terminal portion (land) 62 formed on the printed circuit board 60 and outer terminal portions 34b of the leads 34 are soldered using Pb-free mounting solder material 70 to complete the mounting process.

    [0053] It is to be noted that plating with Sn, Sn-Bi, Sn-Cu, Sn-Ag and the like is previously conducted throughout the leads 34 constituting the lead frame 20.

    [0054] The above-mentioned mounting process is carried out in the oven reflow furnace. As the mounting solder material 70, the solder material having lower solidus and liquidus temperatures than those of (Sn-Ag-Cu)-based solder material which has been used in the past, is used, which will be described later.

    [0055] The following will describe the die-bonding solder material 30 and the mounting solder material 70, which are used in the inventions.

    [0056] In the inventions, as the die-bonding solder material 30, the solder material which contains any component that causes the solidus temperature thereof to fall down very little or even when containing it, contain it below a previously fixed value thereof are used and any component that causes the solidus temperature thereof to fall down is prevented from being eluted in a step of bonding the solder material thereto.

    [0057] The surface-mount component is soldered using the die-bonding solder material 30 and the mounting solder material 70, in which a difference between the solidus temperatures of the die-bonding solder material 30 and the mounting solder material 70 is expanded. The following will be described with reference to Table 1.
    1. Table 1
    Die-Bonding Solder MaterialDie Bonding Bonded Portion Melting of Die-Bonding Solder Material
    CompositionSolidus Temp. (°C)Liquidus Temp. (°C)Melting Rate Under 245°C (%)ElectrodeSolidus Temp (°C)Liquidus Temp. (°C)Melting Late Under 245°C (%)Reflowable Smallest Temp.Reflow Temp., 250°CReflow Temp., 255°C
    Melting Rate (%)Success or FailureMelting Rate(%)Success or Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Ag Plating 229 261 50% or More 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Cu 236 268 50% or More 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Ni Plating 245 268 12 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.1Cu 236 268 47 Cu 236 268 50% or More 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.1Cu 236 268 47 Ni Plating 239 268 47 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.05Cu 239 268 27.5 Ni Plating 239 268 27.5 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-1 0Sb-0.02Cu 239 268 18 Ni Plating 239 268 18 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.001Cu 245 268 12 Cu 236 268 50% or More 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.01Cu 245 268 15 Ni Plating 239 268 15 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.005Cu 245 268 13.5 Ni Plating 245 268 13.5 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.001Cu 245 268 12 Ni Plating 245 268 12 230°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    <Mounting Solder Material:M705>


    [0058] Table 1 shows unsuitable examples in order to compare them with those of the inventions. As the mounting solder material 70, (Sn-3Ag-0.5Cu) -based alloy solder material of M705 specification which has been used in the past are exemplified. The solidus temperature thereof is 217 degrees C. and the liquidus temperature thereof is 220 degrees C.

    [0059] On the other hand, as the die-bonding solder material 30, (Sn-Sb) -based solder material which has a main ingredient of Sn as shown in Table 1 is used.

    [0060] In Table 1, as the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material, two species of the solder materials, which contain Cu and no Cu, are shown. The (Sn-10Sb) -based solder material contains any impurities of 0.1% by mass or less. The solidus temperature of the (Sn-10Sb) -based solder material itself is 245 degrees C. and the liquidus temperature thereof is 268 degrees C.

    [0061] Table 1 shows composition ratios of the die-bonding solder material 30, the solidus and liquidus temperatures and melting rate of the die-bonding solder material 30 itself under 245 degrees C., on these composition ratios. Further, the solidus and liquidus temperatures and melting rate thereof under 245 degrees C., on the die pad electrode portion 22 which is a bonded portion, show experimented values with a case where the die pad electrode portion 22 is not plated and a case where the die pad electrode portion 22 is plated being separated from each other.

    [0062] When changing the heating temperature of the reflow furnace, how the melting state in the die pad electrode portion 22 does change is indicated by success or failure (suitability or unsuitability) . Here, on the success or failure of melting of the die-bonding solder material 30 in the die pad electrode portion 22, it was decided as the failure when even 1% by mass thereof is melted.

    [0063] The minimum heating temperature of the reflow furnace (reflowable minimal temperature) was set so as to become a higher temperature by about 10 degrees C. than the liquidus temperature of the mounting solder material 70 and success or failure was verified by the experiments at the heating temperatures higher than the reflowable minimal temperature by 20 and 25 degrees C.

    [0064] As Table 1, in cases of (Sn-10Sb)-based solder material, the melting rates of the die-bonding solder material 30 itself under 245 degrees C. was 12%. In cases where Sb of 10% by mass or less was contained, as shown in Table 1, the solidus temperatures of the die pad electrode portions 22 fell down to 245 degrees C. or less. These values were changed by the plating layers on the die pad electrode portions 22 but they were lower than the solidus temperature of the die-bonding solder material 30 itself.

    [0065] In conclusion, in a case of (Sn-10Sb) -based solder material, even when adjusting the quantity of a constituent of Cu contained in the die-bonding solder material 30, it was verified that a melting occurred in the die pad electrode portions 22. Therefore, the solder materials shown in Table 1 are not approved so as to be suitable combinations.
    2. Table 2
    Die-Bonding Solder MaterialDie Bonding Bonded Portion Melting of Die-Bonding Solder Material
    CompositionSolidus Temp. (°C)Liquidus Temp. (°C)Melting Rate Under 245°C (%)ElectrodeSolidus Temp. (°C)Liquidus Temp. (°C)Melting Late Under 245°C (%)Reflowable Smallest Temp.Reflow Temp., 240°CReflow Temp., 245°C
    Melting Rate (%)Success or FailureMelting Rate (%)Success or Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Ag Plating 229 261 50% or Morel 220°C 50% or Morel Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Cu 236 268 50% or More 220°C 30%1 Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Ni Plating 239 268 12 220°C 0 Success 12 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.1Cu 236 268 47 Cu 245 268 50% or Morel 220°C 30% Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.1Cu 236 268 47 Ni Plating 239 268 47 220°C 7.5 Failure 47 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.05Cu 239 268 27.5 Ni Plating 239 268 27.5 220°C 4% Failure 27.5 Failure
    Sr-10Sb-0.02Cu 239 268 18 Ni Plating 239 268 18 220°C 1 Failure 18 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.001Cu 245 268 12 Cu 236 268 50% or More 220°C 30%1 Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.01Cu 245 268 15 Ni Plating 245 268 15 220°C 0 Success 15 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.005Cu 245 268 13.5 Ni Plating 245 268 13.5 220°C 0 Success 13.5 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.001Cu 245 268 12 Ni Plating 245 268 12 220°C 0 Success 12 Failure
    < Mounting Solder Material: Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi>


    [0066] Table 2 shows the experiments for presenting an explanation of the inventions.

    [0067] In Table 2, there shows a case where as the die-bonding solder material 30, (Sn-10Sb)-based solder material was used and as the mounting solder material 70, (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based soldering material was used.

    [0068] When Sb of 10% by mass or less was contained in the die-bonding solder material 30, it did not satisfy 245 degrees C. as the solidus temperature thereof and its solidus temperature was 245 degrees C. or less. On the other hand, when Sb of 13% by mass or more was contained, the solder material is made hard so that it was subject to any cracks, thereby causing the mechanical reliability of the solder material after the solidification thereof to deteriorate. Therefore, Sb of 10 through 13% by mass is preferably contained and in order to prevent any cracks from occurring and maintain the mechanical reliability, Sb of 10 through 11% by mass is contained according to the invention.

    [0069] Further, a purity of Sn which is a main ingredient of the solder material is preferably 99. 9% by mass or more, according to the invention the quantity of a constituent of Cu contained in the impurities less than 0.005% by mass. This is because when the percentage of a constituent of Cu is increased, the natural solidus temperature (245 degrees C.) fall down to that extent.

    [0070] As the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi) -based solder material used as the mounting solder material, the solder material containing Ag of 3 through 3.4% by mass, Cu of 0.5 through 1.1% by mass, Bi of 3 through 7% by mass and the remainder of Sn is shown. When an addition of Ag is increased, there is a suspicious that the solidus temperature rises. Therefore, it is preferably about 3.0% by mass.

    [0071] Since Cu also causes the solidus temperature to fall down, its addition within a range of 0.55 through 0.85% by mass is preferable. Since Bi also causes the solidus temperature to fall down, which is similar to Cu, and causes the mechanical strength to deteriorate, it is preferably added within a range of 3 through 5% by mass. In this example, (Sn-3Ag-0.8Cu-3Bi)-based solder material was used.

    [0072] When using the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi) -based mounting solder material 70, to which Bi is added, the solidus temperature thereof is 205 degrees C. and the liquidus temperature thereof is 215 degrees C. so that these solidus and liquidus temperatures can be made lower than those of the solder material of M705 specification.

    [0073] On the other hand, as shown in Table 2, these solidus and liquidus temperatures of the die-bonding solder material 30 itself were respectively unchanged by adding Cu and when the plating material of the die pad electrode portion 22 was Ni, the melting rates of the die pad electrode portion 22 under 245 degrees C. were about 12 through 15%. When, however, the temperature of the reflow furnace was within a range of 220 through 240 degrees C., the melting rates of the die pad electrode portion 22 under 245 degrees C. were made 0%.

    [0074] Here, setting of the smallest reflow furnace temperature so as to be 220 degrees C. is because the liquidus temperature when using the mounting solder material 70 which has the above-mentioned composition ratios is 215 degrees C. which is low. It is to be noted that when the temperature of the reflow furnace smallest temperature rises up to 245 degrees C., the melting rate in the die pad electrode portions 22 under 245 degrees C. becomes 12 through 15%.

    [0075] As a result thereof, when using the lead frame 20 with Ni plating layer on the die pad electrode surface 22a, using the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material as the mounting solder material 70, and using (Sn-10Sb)-based solder material as the mounting solder material 30 in which the quantity of a constituent of Cu contained in the impurities of 0.1% by mass or less is limited so as to be 0.01% by mass or less, satisfactory results are given when the heating temperature of the reflow furnace is up to 240 degrees C.

    [0076] Here, the die-bonding solder material 30 in the die pad electrode portions 22 was determined so as to be failure even if 1% thereof was melted, which was similar to the case of Table 1.

    [0077] For caution's sake, the (Sn-10Sb)-based solder materials, which have been used in the past, are still shown in Table 2. Further, combinations in which Cu of 0.02% by mass or more is contained are also shown therein as comparison examples.
    3. Table 3
    Die-Bonding Solder MaterialDie Bonding Bonded Portion Melting of Die-Bonding Solder Material
    CompositionSolidus Temp. (°C)Liquidus Temp. (°C)Melting Rate Under 245°C (%)ElectrodeSolidus Temp. (°C)Liquidus Temp. (°C)Melting Rate Under 245°C (%)Reflowable Smallest Temp.Reflow Temp., 235°CReflow Temp., 240°C
    Melting Rate (%)Success or FailureMelting Rate (%)Success or Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Ag Plating 229 261 50% or More 215°C 50% or More Failure 50% or More Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Cu 236 268 50% or More 215°C 0 Success 30% Failure
    Sn-10Sb 245 268 12 Ni Plating 245 268 12 215°C 0 Success 0 Success
    Sn-10Sb-0.1Cu 236 268 47 Cu 236 268 50% or More 215°C 0 Success 30% Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.1Cu 236 268 47 Ni Plating 239 268 47 215°C 0 Success 7.5 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.05Cu 239 268 27.5 Ni Plating 239 268 27.5 215°C 0 Success 4% Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.02Cu 239 268 18 Ni Plating 239 268 18 215°C 0 Success 1 Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.001Cu 245 268 12 Cu 236 268 50% or More 215°C 0 Success 30% Failure
    Sn-10Sb-0.01Cu 245 268 15 Ni Plating 239 268 15 215°C 0 Success 0 Success
    Sn-10Sb-0.005Cu 245 268 13.5 Ni Plating 245 268 13.5 215°C 0 Success 0 Success
    Sn-10Sb-0.001Cu 245 268 12 Ni Plating 245 268 12 215°C 0 Success 0 Success
    < Mounting Solder Material: Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In>


    [0078] Table 3 shows a preferable embodiment of this invention.

    [0079] The embodiment of Table 3 is a case where (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In) -based solder material was used in which In is added to the components shown in Table 2 as the mounting solder material 70.

    [0080] When Bi is within a range of 2 through 5% by mass, In of 3 through 5% by mass is added. The suitable addition is such that when Bi is 3% by mass, In is 3 through 4% by mass; When Bi is 4% by mass, In is preferably 3% by mass. In acts so that the liquidus temperature falls down. In this embodiment, (Sn-3Ag-0.8Cu-2Bi-5In)-based solder material was used.

    [0081] When using (Sn-3Ag-0.5Cu-3Bi-3In)-based solder material, into which In is further added, as the mounting solder material 70, the solidus temperature thereof was 189 degrees C. and the liquidus temperature thereof was 210 degrees C., which allowed them to further fall down than those of a case of addition of Bi. Of course, both of the solidus temperature thereof and the liquidus temperature thereof can fall down below those of the solder material of M705 specification.

    [0082] The die-bonding solder material 30 is (Sn-10Sb)-based solder material, in which the quantity of a constituent of Cu contained in the impurities of less than 0.005% by mass, which is similar to those of Table 2. For caution's sake, data of the die-bonding solder material 30 which contains Cu of 0.02% by mass or more are shown therein, which is similar to Table 2.

    [0083] Containing Cu did not cause the solidus temperature and the liquidus temperature of the die-bonding solder material 30 to be changed, which were respectively 245 degrees C. and 268 degrees C., and this was similar to those of Table 2.

    [0084] As the plating material of the die pad electrode portion 22 composed of Cu material, Ni material is most preferable. The solidus temperatures in the die pad electrode portion 22, the quantity of a constituent of Cu of which is 0.01% by mass or less, were the solidus temperature of 239 through 245 degrees C., which were the same as the solidus temperature (245 degrees C.) of the die-bonding solder material 30 itself or were very close to it. The liquidus temperatures in the die pad electrode portion 22 were remained unchanged, 268 degrees C.

    [0085] The melting rates of the die-bonding solder material 30 under 245 degrees C. were within a range of about 12 through about 27.5% when the quantity of a constituent of Cu was 0.01% by mass or less. By the way, when using the conventional die-bonding solder material 30 which includes a case where Cu of 0.02% by mass or more is contained, the melting rate is 50% or more.

    [0086] On the other hand, since when (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material is used as the mounting solder material 70, the liquidus temperature falls down to 210 degrees C. as described above, the minimum temperature of the reflow furnace (the smallest heating temperature) falls down so that the reflowable minimal temperature can be set to be almost 215 degrees C. Accordingly, even if temperature in the reflow furnace rises up to 230 through 235 degrees C., the experiments verified that a die-bonding solder material 30 was not melted in the die pad electrode portion 22 as shown in Table 3.

    [0087] Next, executed examples (experiments) when changing composition ratios of the mounting solder material 70 are shown in Tables 4 and 5. This was a case where as the die-bonding solder material 30, (Sn-10Sb)-based solder material was used.
    4. Table 4
     Composition (% by Mass)Melting Point(°C)Bonding Strength (N) After Heat Cycle TestSurface Condition of Solder Materials
     SnBiAgCu Solidus Temp.Maximum Endothermal Reaction Point Temp.Liquidus Temp.After 1000 Cycles
    Average ValueMinimum Value
    Executed Example1 Remainder 3 3.3 0.9   205 215 215 62 44 FIG.6
    Executed Example2 Remainder 4 3.3 0.8   202 213 213 90 58 FIG.6
    Executed Example3 Remainder 5 3.3 0.8   188 212 212 95 75 FIG.6
    Executed Example4 Remainder 6 3.3 0.9   184 211 211 95 58 FIG.6
    Executed Example5 Remainder 4 3 1.0   199 213 230 88 42 FIG.6
    Executed Example6 Remainder 5 3 1.0   188 211 230 85 49 FIG.6
    Executed Example7 Remainder 3 3 1.0 0.03Ni 199 214 214 77 45 FIG.6
    Executed Example8 Remainder 5 3 0.5 0.01 Co 199 212 212 95 60 FIG.6
    Executed Example9 Remainder 3 3 0.8 0.005Fe 188 214 212 72 40 FIG.6
    Executed Example 10 Remainder 5 3     190 214 214 68 33 FIG.6
    Executed Example11 Remainder 4 3     196 215 215 41 25 FIG.6
    Executed Example12 Remainder 5 3   0.1 Ni 190 214 214 63 38 FIG.6
    Executed Example13 Remainder 4 3   0.1Co 196 215 215 47 31 FIG.6
    Executed Example14 Remainder 5 3   0.1 Ni,0.05Co 190 214 214 68 41 FIG.6
    Executed Example 15 Remainder 5 3   0.3Ni 190 214 250 60 18 FIG.6
    Executed Example 16 Remainder 5 3   0.2Co 190 214 320 41 15 FIG.6
    Comparison Example1 Remainder 0 3 0.5   217 220 220 30 18 FIG.3
    Comparison Example2 Remainder 0 3 0.5   217 220 220 25 5 FIG.4
    Comparison Example3 Remainder 1 3.3 0.9   204 216 216 30 10 FIG.4
    Comparison Example4 Remainder 2 3.3 0.9   202 215 215 38 13 FIG.4
    Comparison Example5 Remainder 1.5 4 1.0   204 216 231 31 10 FIG.4
    Comparison Example6 Remainder 8 3 0.8   174 209 230 85 19 FIG.4


    [0088] Table 4 shows executed examples when using (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material. The executed examples 1 through 6 are executed examples in which (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi) -based solder material is used and the executed examples 7 through 9 are executed examples in which a specified metal (one species of Ni, Fe and Co) is added thereto. The executed examples 10 and 11 are executed examples in which the solder material containing no Cu is used and the executed examples 12 through 16 are executed examples in which specified metal (any one or both of Ni and Co) is/are added thereto.

    [0089] The comparison example 1 was data when using the solder material of M705 specification. They were used as reference data.

    [0090] Table 4 shows composition ratios of the solder material. Table 4 also shows a melting point at the maximum endothermal reaction point in addition to the solidus temperature and the liquidus temperature as the melting points. It further shows mechanical bonding strength and good or bad of a surface condition of the solder material. As the heating temperature of the reflow furnace, 220 degrees C. are exemplified in the executed examples 1 through 9; 230 degrees C. are exemplified in the comparison example 1; and 220 degrees C. are exemplified in the comparison examples 2 through 6.

    [0091] On the surface condition of the solder material, particles of the solder material (grained solder material) shown in FIG. 2 were used. FIG. 2 is a photograph of a preheated condition thereof in which a chip device (sample number, "000") is exemplified. By enlarging a part thereof as shown in FIG. 3, it is found out that the particles of the solder material are mixed all over the entire surface of the electrode. A predetermined amount of the particles of the solder material is heated at a temperature of the reflow furnace with them being heaped up.

    [0092] In this case, a condition in which the particles have not yet fully melted at the temperature of the reflow furnace is shown in FIG. 4 (sample number, "103") and an enlarged photograph of a part thereof is FIG. 5. It is found out that a part of the particles of the solder material has not yet fully melted.

    [0093] A condition in which the particles of the solder material have been fully melted is shown in FIG. 6 and an enlarged photograph thereof is FIG. 7. The melted condition is unsuitable such that the particles of the solder material remain on a surface thereof as shown in FIG. 4. The conditions shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 are ideal melted conditions to be searched.

    [0094] The bonding strength is measured on the basis of a heat cycle test. In this example, a chip resistance device is exemplified. Solder paste of (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material is printed and attached with a thickness of 150 µm onto a soldering pattern (1.6 mm x 1.2 mm) of the printed circuit board. The chip resistance device of (3.2 mm x 1. 6 mm x 0.6 mm) is then mounted thereon and is soldered in the reflow furnace at the heating temperature of 220 degrees C. The printed circuit board mounting the chip resistance device is then held under conditions of -55 degrees C. and +125 degrees C. for 30 minutes, respectively, as one cycle and when 1000 cycles are carried out, the bonding strength (N) is measured.

    [0095]  The bonding strength in which its mean value is high and the smallest value is shown at 20 (N) or higher is suitable, and an absolute value thereof among them is small is further suitable.

    [0096] As being clear from the executed examples 1 through 9, the solidus temperatures thereof were 210 degrees C. or less. Their liquidus temperatures were almost 215 degrees C. or less. Since the surface conditions of any of the solder materials were good (perfect melted condition shown in FIG. 6), the bonding strength thereof also showed satisfactory values. Partially, there were the executed examples, the liquidus temperatures of which exceed 220 degrees C., but the surface conditions of the solder material and the bonding strength thereof showed fully satisfactory values.

    [0097] Although the comparison examples 2 through 6 might show contents that exceeded those of the comparison example 1, they were inferior to the executed examples 1 through 9 in the surface conditions of the solder material (their partially unmelted condition) and the bonding strength. Therefore, as (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material, it is said that the composition ratios included within the range as described above are suitable.
    5. Table 5
     Composition (by Mass%)Melting Point (°C)Bonding Strength (N) After Heat Cycle TestSurface Condition of Solder Materials
     SnInBiAgCuSolidus Temp.Maximum Endothermal Reaction Point Temp.Liquidus Temp.After 1000 Cycles
    Average ValueMinimum Value
    Executed Example17 Remainder 3 3 3 0.5 189 210 210 54 24 FIG.6
    Executed Example18 Remainder 3 4 3 0.8 184 208 213 60 30 FIG.6
    Executed Example19 Remainder 3 5 3 0.6 184 206 206 50 22 FIG.6
    Executed Example20 Remainder 4 2 3 0.8 191 210 215 66 33 FIG.6
    Executed Example21 Remainder 4 2 3 1 191 210 217 61 29 FIG.6
    Executed Example22 Remainder 4 3 3 0.8 188 209 215 77 31 FIG.6
    Executed Example23 Remainder 4 4 3 0.5 179 207 207 81 28 FIG.6
    Executed Example24 Remainder 5 2 3 0.8 196 208 214 53 36 FIG.6
    Executed Example25 Remainder 3 4 3   184 210 210 51 22 FIG.6
    Executed Example26 Remainder 4 4 3   175 200 208 68 21 FIG.6
    Executed Example27 Remainder 5 2 3   192 206 206 48 30 FIG.6
    Comparison Example1 Remainder 0 3 0.5   217 220 220 30 18 FIG.6
    Comparison Example7 Remainder 3 0.5 3 0.5 202 213 213 25 11 FIG.4
    Comparison Example8 Remainder 3 7 3 0.4 165 204 204 45 13 FIG.6
    Comparison Example9 Remainder 4 0.5 3 0.5 202 212 212 39 13 FIG.4
    Comparison Example10 Remainder 4 5 3 0.8 173 205 213 62 17 FIG.6
    Comparison Example11 Remainder 4 7 0.5 0.8 158 203 203 45 8 FIG.4
    Comparison Example12 Remainder 5 1 3 1 199 209 216 67 19 FIG.4
    Comparison Example 13 Remainder 5 4 3 0.5 178 205 205 32 13 FIG.6
    Comparison Example14 Remainder 0 0 3 0.5 217 220 220 (Not Bonded) FIG.4


    [0098] Table 5 shows experimented examples (executed examples) when using (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material. The comparison example 1 shows data when using the solder material of M705 specification and they are used as reference data.

    [0099] Table 5 showed composition ratios of the solder material, a melting point at the maximum endothermal reaction point in addition to the solidus temperature and the liquidus temperature as the melting points, mechanical bonding strength and good or bad of a surface condition of the solder material, which were similar to Table 4. The surface conditions of the solder material were similar to any of FIGS. 3 through 6. The experiments of mechanical bonding strength were also similar to those of Table 4. However, the heating temperature of the reflow furnace was changed to 215 degrees C. to be experimented.

    [0100] The solder material to be reference was alloy solder material of M705 specification, which was similar to a case of Table 4, and various kinds of properties of this solder material were used as the reference data.

    [0101] As being clear from the executed examples 17 through 24, their solidus temperatures were below 200 degrees C. Their liquidus temperatures ware almost 215 degrees C. Since the surface conditions of the solder material were all good (their perfect melted conditions shown in FIGS. 6 and 7), the bonding strength thereof showed suitable values. Although there was an executed example partially in which the liquidus temperature exceeded 215 degrees C., the surface condition of the solder material thereof was good and the mechanical bonding strength thereof showed suitable value.

    [0102] It is determined that although there are examples having the contents which exceed those of the comparison example 1, they are inferior to the executed examples 17 through 24 in the surface condition of the solder material (a condition in which a part thereof is not melted) and the bonding strength. Therefore, it is said that the composition ratios included in the above-mentioned region are available for the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material.

    [0103] Accordingly, as being clear from the examined results of Tables 1 through 5, in this inventions,
    1. (1) the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material, which is shown as composition ratios in Tables 2 or blow, or the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material, which is shown as composition ratios in Tables 3 or blow, is suitable for the mounting solder material 70.
    2. (2) The (Sn-Sb)-based solder material in which the quantity of a constituent of Cu contained in impurities is less than 0.005% by mass.
      It has found in this case that Ni materials are preferable as plating materials to be used in the die pad electrode portions 22 and the heating temperature of the reflow furnace is preferably set so as to be 245 degrees C. or less, preferably, 240 degrees C or less.
    3. (3) It is to be noted that when the above-mentioned (Sn-Sb) -based solder material is used as the die-bonding solder material 30, P may be added thereinto. When further adding P, in minuscule quantities, into the above-mentioned (Sn-Sb) -based solder material, this leads to any improvement in wettability and voidness.
    4. (4) Further, at least one element of Ni, Fe and Co may be added into the (Sn-Sb) -based solder material of the above-mentioned (3). In place of P, at least one element of Ni, Fe and Co may be added thereinto.


    [0104] Adding at least one element of Ni, Fe and Co is because it prevents Ni plating layer 14 or 24 from being melted during a step of bonding by the solder material and prevents reaction amount of Ni plating generated during the bonding by the solder material from being brought up.

    [0105] At least one element of Ni, Fe and Co within a range of a total amount of 0.01 through 0.1% by mass is added thereinto. When they are separately added by themselves (one kind of species is added), it is preferable that Ni is 0.1% by mass, Fe is 0.05% by mass or Co is 0.05% by mass. As a combination of these components, a combination of Ni and Co or Ni, Fe and Co is conceivable.

    [0106] Thereafter, this applicant has diligently studied, so that it found that in order to attain the problem such that the die-bonding solder material could be prevented from being melted by soldering the surface-mount component using the die-bonding solder material and the mounting solder material, which had a difference between the solidus temperatures thereof, the problem could be attained even if there was no Cu constituent. The results therefor were shown in the executed examples 10 through 16 in Table 4 and the executed examples 25 through 27 in Table 5.

    [0107] Although the executed examples 15 and 16 in Table 4 have apparently seen so as to be no problem, there were many voids in them so that they were consequently determined so as to be failed. As a result thereof, the results similar to the executed examples 1 through 9 were obtained by (Sn- (4-5) Bi-3Ag) -based soldering material or by adding any of or both of Ni of 0.02 through 0.1% by weight and/or Co of 01 through 0.1% by mass or/and Co of 0.01 through 0.1% by mass into (Sn-(4∼5)Bi-3Ag)-based solder material.

    [0108] Further, as shown in the executed examples 25 through 27 in Table 5, even in a case of (Sn-(3∼5)In-(2∼4)Bi-3Ag)-based solder material, the results similar to the executed examples 10 through 16 were obtained. An amount of the added Ag may be within a range from 2.8 to 3.3% by mass.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0109] These inventions are applicable to a series of steps of manufacturing a surface-mount component in which a semiconductor device (IC chip) is subjected to a die bonding, the semiconductor device subjected to the die bonding is packaged and then, it is surface-mounted on a printed circuit board or the like, and the surface-mount component manufactured by these steps of manufacturing it.

    Description of Codes



    [0110] 10...Semiconductor Device (IC chip); 14, 24...Ni plating Layer; 16, 26...Au plating Layer; 20... Lead Frame; 22... Die Pad Electrode Portion (Island Portion); 34...Lead Portion; 34a...Inner Terminal Portion; 34b...Outer Terminal Portion; 30...Die-Bonding Solder Material; 38...Heat Sink Plate; 40...Electrode Wire; 50...Surface Mount Component; 60...Printed Circuit Board; 62...Board Terminal Portion (Land); and 70... Mounting Solder Material.


    Claims

    1. A method for soldering a surface-mount component (50) wherein
    a surface-mount component is formed by soldering a circuit element (10) having an electrode surface (12) on which a Ni plating layer (14) is formed on a die pad electrode surface (22a) of a lead frame (20) on which another Ni plating layer (24) is formed, using (Sn-Sb)-based solder (30) material which contains 10% through 11% by mass of Sb and a remainder of Sn with impurities including less than 0.005% by mass of Cu, the surface-mount component further comprising a lead portion (34b) being soldered on a board terminal portion (62) of a circuit board (60) using (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder (70) material which contains 3 through 3.5% by mass of Ag, 0.5 through 1.0% by mass of Cu, 3 through 7% by mass of Bi and the remainder of Sn, as the mounting solder material with the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material being applied on the terminal portion.
     
    2. A method for soldering a surface-mount component (50) wherein
    a surface-mount component is formed by soldering a circuit element (10) having an electrode surface (12) on which a Ni plating layer (14) is formed on a die pad electrode surface (22a) of a lead frame (20) on which another Ni plating layer (24) is formed, using (Sn-Sb)-based solder (30) material which contains 10% through 11% by mass of Sb and a remainder of Sn with impurities including less than 0.005% by mass of Cu, the surface-mount component comprising a lead portion (34b) being soldered on a board terminal portion (62) of a circuit board (60) using (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder (70) material which contains 2.8 through 3.3% by mass of Ag, 0.5 through 1.0% by mass of Cu, 2 through 5% by mass of Bi, 3 through 5% by mass of In and the remainder of Sn, as the mounting solder material with the (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material being applied on the terminal portion.
     
    3. The method for soldering a surface-mount component according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material contains a mechanical strength improvement component containing P and/or at least one element of Ni, Co and Fe.
     
    4. The method for soldering a surface-mount component according to Claim 3, wherein the above-mentioned P to be added is within a range of 0.0001 through 0.01% by mass and the above-mentioned Ni, Co and/or Fe to be added is within a range of 0.01 through 0.1% by mass.
     
    5. The method for soldering a surface-mount component according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the lead portion of the lead frame to be used in the surface-mount component is covered by a Sn plating layer or a Sn-Bi plating layer.
     
    6. A surface-mount component (50) wherein the surface-mount component comprises:

    a lead frame (20) including a die pad electrode surface (22a) with a Ni plating layer (24) formed thereon on which a circuit element (10)having an electrode surface (12)with another Ni plating layer (14) formed thereon is mounted and a lead portion (34b) bonded to a board terminal portion (62) of a circuit board (60);

    the circuit element bonded to the die pad electrode surface through a (Sn-Sb)-based solder (30) material, the (Sn-Sb) -based solder material containing 10% through 11% by mass of Sb and a remainder of Sn with impurities including less than 0.005% by mass of Cu; and

    the lead portion bonded to the board terminal portion of the circuit board through (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-based solder material which contains 3 through 3.5% by mass of Ag, 0.5 through 1.0% by mass of Cu, 3 through 7% by mass of Bi, and the remainder of Sn.


     
    7. A surface-mount component (50) wherein the surface-mount component comprises:

    a lead frame (20) including a die pad electrode surface (22a) with a Ni plating layer (24) formed thereon on which a circuit element (10) having an electrode surface (12) with another Ni plating layer (14) formed thereon is mounted and a lead portion (34b) bonded to a board terminal portion (62) of a circuit board (60),

    the circuit element bonded to the die pad electrode surface through a (Sn-Sb)-based solder material, the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material containing 10% through 11% by mass of Sb and a remainder of Sn with impurities including less than 0.005% by mass of Cu; and

    the lead portion bonded to the board terminal portion of the circuit board through (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-based solder material which contains 2.8 through 3.3% by mass of Ag, 0.5 through 1.0% by mass of Cu, 2 through 5% by mass of Bi, 3 through 5% by mass of In and the remainder of Sn.


     
    8. The surface-mount component according to Claim 6 or 7, wherein the (Sn-Sb)-based solder material contains a mechanical strength improvement component containing P and/or at least one element of Ni, Co and Fe.
     
    9. The surface-mount component according to Claim 8, wherein the above-mentioned P to be added is within a range of 0.0001 through 0. 01% by mass and the above-mentioned Ni, Co and/or Fe is within a range of 0.01 through 0.1% by mass.
     
    10. The surface-mount component according to Claim 6 or 7, wherein the lead portion of the lead frame to be used in the surface-mount component is covered by a Sn plating layer or a Sn-Bi plating layer.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Löten einer oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente (50), wobei
    eine oberflächenmontierbare Komponente, gebildet ist durch Löten eines Schaltungselements (10) mit einer Elektrodenoberfläche (12), auf der eine Ni-Plattierungsschicht (14) gebildet ist, auf einer Chipkontaktelektrodenoberfläche (22a) eines Leiterrahmens (20), auf dem eine weitere Ni-Plattierungsschicht (24) gebildet ist, unter Verwendung von Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis (30), das 10 Masse-% bis 11 Masse-% Sb und als Rest Sn enthält, mit Verunreinigungen, die weniger als 0,005 Masse-% Cu enthalten, gebildet wird, wobei die oberflächenmontierbare Komponente ferner einen Leiterabschnitt (34b) umfasst, der unter Verwendung von Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-Basis (70), das 3 bis 3,5 Masse-% Ag, 0,5 bis 1,0 Masse-% Cu, 3 bis 7 Masse-% Bi und als Rest Sn enthält, als das Montagelötmaterial auf einen Plattenanschlussteil (62) einer Leiterplatte (60) gelötet wird, wobei das Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-Basis auf den Anschlussteil aufgebracht wird.
     
    2. Verfahren zum Löten einer oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente (50), wobei
    eine oberflächenmontierbare Komponente, gebildet ist durch Löten eines Schaltungselements (10) mit einer Elektrodenoberfläche (12), auf der eine Ni-Plattierungsschicht (14) gebildet ist, auf einer Chipkontaktelektrodenoberfläche (22a) eines Leiterrahmens (20) gebildet ist, auf dem eine weitere Ni-Plattierungsschicht (24), unter Verwendung von Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis (30), das 10 Masse-% bis 11 Masse-% Sb und als Rest Sn enthält, mit Verunreinigungen, die weniger als 0,005 Masse-% Cu enthalten, gebildet wird, wobei die oberflächenmontierbare Komponente einen Leiterabschnitt (34b) umfasst, der unter Verwendung von Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-Basis (70), das 2,8 bis 3,3 Masse-% Ag, 0,5 bis 1,0 Masse-% Cu, 2 bis 5 Masse-% Bi, 3 bis 5 Masse-% In und als Rest Sn enthält, als das Montagelötmaterial auf einen Plattenanschlussteil (62) einer Leiterplatte (60) gelötet wird, wobei das Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-Basis auf den Anschlussteil aufgebracht wird.
     
    3. Verfahren zum Löten einer oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis eine die mechanische Festigkeit verbessernde Komponente enthält, die P und/oder wenigstens ein Element von Ni, Co und Fe enthält.
     
    4. Verfahren zum Löten einer oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei das obengenannte, zuzugebende P in einem Bereich von 0,0001 bis 0,01 Masse-% vorliegt und das obengenannte zuzugebende Ni, Co und/oder Fe in einem Bereich von 0,01 bis 0,1 Masse-% vorliegt.
     
    5. Verfahren zum Löten einer oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Leiterabschnitt des Leiterrahmens, der in der oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente verwendet werden soll, von einer Sn-Plattierungsschicht oder einer Sn-Bi-Plattierungsschicht bedeckt ist.
     
    6. Oberflächenmontierbare Komponente (50), wobei die oberflächenmontierbare Komponente umfasst:

    einen Leiterrahmen (20), der eine Chipkontaktelektrodenoberfläche (22a) mit einer darauf gebildeten Ni-Plattierungsschicht (24) aufweist, auf der ein Schaltungselement (10) mit einer Elektrodenoberfläche (12) mit einer weiteren Ni-Plattierungsschicht (14) darauf gebildet montiert ist, und ein Leiterabschnitt (34b) an einen Plattenanschlussteil (62) einer Leiterplatte (60) gebunden ist;

    wobei das Schaltungselement durch ein Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis (30) an die Chipkontaktelektrodenoberfläche gebunden ist, wobei das Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis 10 Masse-% bis 11 Masse-% Sb und als Rest Sn enthält, mit Verunreinigungen, die weniger als 0,005 Masse-% Cu enthalten; und

    der Leiterabschnitt durch Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi)-Basis, das 3 bis 3,5 Masse-% Ag, 0,5 bis 1,0 Masse-% Cu, 3 bis 7 Masse-% Bi und als Rest Sn enthält, an den Plattenanschlussteil der Leiterplatte gebunden ist.


     
    7. Oberflächenmontierbare Komponente (50), wobei die oberflächenmontierbare Komponente umfasst:

    einen Leiterrahmen (20), der eine Chipkontaktelektrodenoberfläche (22a) mit einer darauf gebildeten Ni-Plattierungsschicht (24) aufweist, auf der ein Schaltungselement (10) mit einer Elektrodenoberfläche (12) mit einer weiteren Ni-Plattierungsschicht (14) darauf gebildet montiert ist, und ein Leiterabschnitt (34b) an einen Plattenanschlussteil (62) einer Leiterplatte (60) gebunden ist;

    wobei das Schaltungselement durch ein Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis an die Chipkontaktelektrodenoberfläche gebunden ist, wobei das Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis 10 Masse-% bis 11 Masse-% Sb und als Rest Sn enthält, mit Verunreinigungen, die weniger als 0,005 Masse-% Cu enthalten; und

    der Leiterabschnitt durch Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In)-Basis, das 2,8 bis 3,3 Masse-% Ag, 0,5 bis 1,0 Masse-% Cu, 2 bis 5 Masse-% Bi, 3 bis 5 Masse-% In und als Rest Sn enthält, an den Plattenanschlussteil der Leiterplatte gebunden ist.


     
    8. Oberflächenmontierbare Komponente gemäß Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei das Lötmaterial auf (Sn-Sb)-Basis eine die mechanische Festigkeit verbessernde Komponente enthält, die P enthält und/oder wenigstens ein Element von Ni, Co und Fe.
     
    9. Oberflächenmontierbare Komponente gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei das obengenannte, zuzugebende P in einem Bereich von 0,0001 bis 0,01 Masse-% vorliegt und das obengenannte zuzugebende Ni, Co und/oder Fe in einem Bereich von 0,01 bis 0,1 Masse-% vorliegt.
     
    10. Oberflächenmontierbare Komponente gemäß Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei der Leiterabschnitt des Leiterrahmens, der in der oberflächenmontierbaren Komponente verwendet werden soll, von einer Sn-Plattierungsschicht oder einer Sn-Bi-Plattierungsschicht bedeckt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé pour le brasage d'un composant pour montage en surface (50)
    dans lequel
    un composant pour montage en surface est formé par brasage d'un élément (10) de circuit ayant une surface (12) d'électrode sur laquelle une couche de placage de Ni (14) est formée sur une surface (22a) d'électrode de plage d'accueil d'une grille de connexion (20) sur laquelle une autre couche de placage de Ni (24) est formée, à l'aide d'un matériau de brasure à base de Sn-Sb (30) qui contient 10 % à 11 % en masse de Sb et le reste de Sn avec des impuretés renfermant moins de 0,005 % en masse de Cu, le composant pour montage en surface comprenant en outre une partie de connexion (34b) qui est brasée sur une partie borne de carte (62) d'une carte de circuit imprimé (60) à l'aide d'un matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi (70) qui contient 3 à 3,5 % en masse d'Ag, 0,5 à 1,0 % en masse de Cu, 3 à 7 % en masse de Bi et le reste de Sn, alors que le matériau de brasage de montage avec le matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi est en train d'être appliqué sur la partie borne.
     
    2. Procédé pour le brasage d'un composant pour montage en surface (50)
    dans lequel
    un composant pour montage en surface est formé par brasage d'un élément (10) de circuit ayant une surface (12) d'électrode sur laquelle une couche de placage de Ni (14) est formée sur une surface (22a) d'électrode de plage d'accueil d'une grille de connexion (20) sur laquelle une autre couche de placage de Ni (24) est formée, à l'aide d'un matériau de brasure à base de Sn-Sb (30) qui contient 10 % à 11 % en masse de Sb et le reste de Sn avec des impuretés renfermant moins de 0,005 % en masse de Cu, le composant pour montage en surface comprenant une partie de connexion (34b) qui est brasée sur une partie borne de carte (62) d'une carte de circuit imprimé (60) à l'aide d'un matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In (70) qui contient 2,8 à 3,3 % en masse d'Ag, 0,5 à 1,0 % en masse de Cu, 2 à 5 % en masse de Bi, 3 à 5 % en masse d'In et le reste de Sn, alors que le matériau de brasage de montage avec le matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In est en train d'être appliqué sur la partie borne.
     
    3. Procédé pour le brasage d'un composant pour montage en surface selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Sb contient un composant d'amélioration de la résistance mécanique contenant du P et/ou au moins un élément parmi Ni, Co et Fe.
     
    4. Procédé pour le brasage d'un composant pour montage en surface selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le P susmentionné à ajouter est dans une plage de 0,0001 à 0,01 % en masse et le Ni, Co et/ou Fe à ajouter susmentionné est dans une plage de 0,01 à 0,1 % en masse.
     
    5. Procédé pour le brasage d'un composant pour montage en surface selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la partie de connexion de la grille de connexion à utiliser dans le composant pour montage en surface est recouverte d'une couche de placage de Sn ou d'une couche de placage de Sn-Bi.
     
    6. Composant pour montage en surface (50), le composant pour montage en surface comprenant :

    une grille de connexion (20) renfermant une surface (22a) d'électrode de plage d'accueil sur laquelle est formée une couche de placage de Ni (24) sur laquelle un élément (10) de circuit ayant une surface (12) d'électrode sur laquelle est formée une autre couche de placage de Ni (14) est monté et une partie de connexion (34b) fixée à une partie borne de carte (62) d'une carte de circuit imprimé (60) ;

    l'élément de circuit étant fixé à la surface d'électrode de plage d'accueil grâce à un matériau de brasure à base de Sn-Sb (30), le matériau de brasure à base de Sn-Sb contenant 10 % à 11 % en masse de Sb et le reste de Sn avec des impuretés renfermant moins de 0,005 % en masse de Cu ; et

    la partie de connexion étant fixée à la partie borne de carte de la carte de circuit imprimé grâce à un matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi qui contient 3 à 3,5 % en masse d'Ag, 0,5 à 1,0 % en masse de Cu, 3 à 7 % en masse de Bi et le reste de Sn.


     
    7. Composant pour montage en surface (50), le composant pour montage en surface comprenant :

    une grille de connexion (20) renfermant une surface (22a) d'électrode de plage d'accueil sur laquelle est formée une couche de placage de Ni (24) sur laquelle un élément (10) de circuit ayant une surface (12) d'électrode sur laquelle est formée une autre couche de placage de Ni (14) est monté et une partie de connexion (34b) fixée à une partie borne de carte (62) d'une carte de circuit imprimé (60),

    l'élément de circuit étant fixé à la surface d'électrode de plage d'accueil grâce à un matériau de brasure à base de Sn-Sb, le matériau de brasure à base de Sn-Sb contenant 10 % à 11 % en masse de Sb et le reste de Sn avec des impuretés renfermant moins de 0,005 % en masse de Cu ; et

    la partie de connexion étant fixée à la partie borne de carte de la carte de circuit imprimé grâce à un matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi-In qui contient 2,8 à 3,3 % en masse d'Ag, 0,5 à 1,0 % en masse de Cu, 2 à 5 % en masse de Bi, 3 à 5 % en masse d'In et le reste de Sn.


     
    8. Composant pour montage en surface selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel le matériau de brasage à base de Sn-Sb contient un composant d'amélioration de la résistance mécanique contenant du P et/ou au moins un élément parmi Ni, Co et Fe.
     
    9. Composant pour montage en surface selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le P à ajouter susmentionné est dans une plage de 0,0001 à 0,01 % en masse et le Ni, Co et/ou Fe susmentionné est dans une plage de 0,01 à 0,1 % en masse.
     
    10. Composant pour montage en surface selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel la partie de connexion de la grille de connexion à utiliser dans le composant pour montage en surface est recouverte d'une couche de placage de Sn ou d'une couche de placage de Sn-Bi.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description