(19)
(11)EP 2 523 670 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/15

(21)Application number: 10842943.2

(22)Date of filing:  15.01.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 33/06(2006.01)
A61P 31/04(2006.01)
A61P 17/12(2006.01)
A61P 17/00(2006.01)
A61K 45/06(2006.01)
A61K 9/00(2006.01)
A61K 31/14(2006.01)
A61K 31/70(2006.01)
A61K 33/26(2006.01)
A61K 47/20(2006.01)
A61K 31/11(2006.01)
A61P 31/00(2006.01)
A61K 31/115(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2010/050200
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/086425 (21.07.2011 Gazette  2011/29)

(54)

METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESERVOIR LAYER FOR HOOF TREATMENT AND RESERVOIR LAYER

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINER RESERVOIRSCHICHT ZUR HUFBEHANDLUNG UND RESERVOIRSCHICHT

PROCEDE DE PRODUCTION DE COUCHE RESERVOIR POUR TRAITER DES SABOTS ET COUCHE RESERVOIR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.11.2012 Bulletin 2012/47

(73)Proprietor: Ecolab INC.
St. Paul, MN 55102 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • BECKERT, Iris C.
    64823 Grob-Umstadt (DE)
  • VOGT, Petra
    40764 Langenfeld (DE)

(74)Representative: Godemeyer Blum Lenze Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB - werkpatent 
An den Gärten 7
51491 Overath
51491 Overath (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2009/053934
JP-A- 2004 501 874
US-A1- 2008 166 424
GB-A- 2 250 196
US-A1- 2004 112 611
  
  • P.K. PATIL ET AL.: 'Immune responses of goats against foot-and-mouth disease quadrivalent vaccine: comparison of double cil emulsion and aluminium hydroxidegel vaccines in eliciting immunity' VACCINE. vol. 20, no. ISSUES, 21 June 2002, pages 2781 - 2789
  • CHATTERJEE T ET AL: "Coagulation of soil suspensions containing nonionic or anionic surfactants using chitosan, polyacrylamide, and polyaluminium chloride", CHEMOSPHERE, PERGAMON PRESS, OXFORD, GB, vol. 75, no. 10, 1 June 2009 (2009-06-01), pages 1307-1314, XP026088031, ISSN: 0045-6535, DOI: 10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2009.03.012 [retrieved on 2009-04-03]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention provides a new kit or article of manufacture for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals. The present invention also relates to a reservoir layer used for the treatment and prevention of foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals. More particularly, the present invention relates to the production of a reservoir layer containing metal astringents for the treatment and prevention of diseases concerning hoofes, particularly hairy heel wart disease.

[0002] Hairy heel wart disease, also known as Papillomatus Digital Dermatitis (PDD), Digital Dermatitis (DD), strawberry heel warts, or Mortellaro disease, is an infectious disease transmitted among hoofed animals. The disease is manifested as painful skin lesions that form near the junction of the skin and hoof area. In the progressed state, the lesions can produce long hair-like skin growths (papilliforms). The effects of the disease include lameness, loss of weight and decline of general well-being. In the case of dairy cattle, the disease results in a loss of milk production. In some cases, interventive surgery may be required to protect the life of the animal. The disease etiology is recognized as a multivariate problem involving environmental, managerial, and bacterial factors. Exposure to high levels of moisture and manure is likely a significant factor to the disease. In addition, the rapid response to topical antibiotics indicates a bacteriological factor, and Treponema spirochaete has been observed in lesions linked to hairy heel wart disease.

[0003] Treatment practices for dairy cattle may vary tremendously from farm to farm. Most farms, particularly large dairy operations, may treat the cows multiple times per week to help prevent new cases of hairy heel warts and treat existing infections. Common prophylactic treatments include copper sulfate or formaldehyde with copper sulfate.

[0004] Foot baths are commonly used to apply the copper sulfate. After the cows are milked, they are directed to walk through troughs containing a solution of copper sulfate. As more cows move through a foot bath, the trough may become filled with so much soil and organic waste that active components in the foot bath become ineffective, and the trough may even become a vehicle for transferring bacteria between cows. Thus, the foot baths require a significant labor commitment as the solution in the foot bath may need to be replaced frequently. Moreover, these types of foot baths result in high volumes of copper sulfate waste, and in some cases, formaldehyde waste. Copper sulfate is becoming more expensive and the associated environmental concerns continue to increase. There is a need for a system and method of effectively treating and preventing hairy heel wart disease that eliminates the use of copper sulfate, while simultaneously reducing material costs and labor costs.

[0005] WO 2009/053934 discloses a method of treating and preventing hairy heel warts (papillomatous digitial dermatitis) in hoofed animals, wherein an aqueous solution comprising a metal astringent including at least one of iron and aluminium is applied to a lower leg and hoof area of an animal to prevent and treat hairy heel wart disease.

[0006] The object of the present invention was to provide means for application of an astringent to animals' hoofs which visibly lasts longer than a foamed composition. Further, the object of the present invention was to provide means of a continuous delivery of an astringent to animals' hoofs. In particular, the object of the present invention was to provide means of a continuous delivery of an astringent and an antimicrobial agent to animals' hoofs.

Summary



[0007] The present invention provides a kit or article of manufacture comprising as separate aqueous solutions:
  1. (a) a polymeric metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron;
  2. (b) an anionic surfactant;
wherein combining component (a) and (b) provides a reaction product of said polymeric metal astringent and said anionic surfactant in form of a precipitate comprising said metal astringent and said anionic surfactant, for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals.
In a preferred embodiment the kit or article further comprises an antimicrobial agent.

[0008] Preferably, the present invention provides a kit or article of manufacture comprising as separate compositions:
  1. (a) a first aqueous solution comprising a polymeric metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron and an
    antimicrobial agent;
  2. (b) a second aqueous solution comprising an anionic surfactant;
    wherein optionally in addition an antimicrobial agent is comprised, preferably in composition (a).


[0009] When combining composition (a) and (b), in the form of the first and second aqueous solution, a reaction product in form of a precipitate is formed comprising said metal astringent and said anionic surfactant. In a preferred embodiment the reaction product comprises an antimicrobial agent.

[0010] The present invention therefore provides means for application of an astringent to animals' hoofs which visibly lasts longer than a foamed composition. Further, means are provided for a continuous delivery of an astringent to animals' hoofs. In particular, means are provided for a continuous delivery of an astringent and optionally an antimicrobial agent to animals' hoofs.

[0011] A kit or article for use in the treatment of hoof-related diseases, particularly hairy heel warts (papillomatus digital dermatitis), includes preferably an aqueous solution having a metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron at a therapeutically effective concentration and an antimicrobial agent and a separate aqueous solution comprising an anionic surfactant.

[0012] The metal astringent includes aluminium or iron, and mixtures thereof and is present at least as polymeric species. The metal may include a mixture of monomeric and polymeric species. The polymeric species may be in the form of a polymeric concentrate, such as, for example, polyaluminum chloride or polyferric sulfate. Alternatively, the polymeric species may be formed by partially neutralizing a metal salt. The aqueous solution comprising the metal astringent and optionally the antimicrobial agent is combined with an aqueous solution comprising an anionic surfactant which results in rapid formation of a precipitate which is applied to the lower leg and hoof area of an animal using any known application technique, including, foot baths, foams and spray applications. In preferred embodiments, the two aqueous solutions of the kit of the present invention are mixed and applied using an automated dispensing system. The aqueous solution may include additional components, such as thickeners, to enhance the performance of the metal astringent or contribute additional functionality.

[0013] Without being bound to a theory it is believed that the polymeric metal astringent having positive charge due to the metal ions, forms a precipitate by salt formation with the negatively charged anionic surfactant. The reaction product may further contain additional positively or negatively charged counterions. The present inventors found that the precipitate is formed in that way that also other components such as the antimicrobial agent is trapped in the matrix of the precipitate. By that a layer is formed for application of an astringent to animals' hoofs which visible lasts longer than a foamed composition, and which sticks to the hoof and lower leg for an extended time-period. Further, this layer may be considered to represent a reservoir layer which sticks to the hoof and lower leg for an extended time-period and allows continuous delivery of the metal astringent and optionally the antimicrobial agent. The effects of the treatment by using the present invention last longer than if the metal astringent and the antimicrobial agent are applied in form of a foam which is removed, washed off or inactivated by the normal activity of the animal more rapidly than the sticky reservoir layer of the present invention.

[0014] In the present invention the polymeric metal astringent includes at least one of iron and aluminium. Further preferred the polymeric metal astringent comprises at least one of polyaluminum chloride, polyaluminum sulfate, polyaluminum chlorosulfate, polyaluminum silicate sulphate, polyaluminum acetate, polyferric chloride, polyferric sulphate, poly-alumino-ferric sulphate and mixtures thereof.

[0015] As mentioned above, the aqueous solution comprising the polymeric metal astringent may also contain an antimicrobial agent. The antimicrobial agent preferably comprises at least one of quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC), phenolics, peracids, hydrogen peroxide, acidified sodium chlorite, hypochlorous acid, iodine, chlorhexidine, aldehyde-based germicides such as formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, alcohols and fatty acids.

[0016] In a preferred embodiment the antimicrobial agent is an aldehyde such as formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde. It is particularly preferred that the antimicrobial agent is glutaraldehyde. Further preferred, if glutaraldehyde is used as antimicrobial agent a suitable stabilizer, preferably an alcohol, further preferred isopropanol is also comprised for stabilizing said glutaraldehyde.

[0017] As anionic surfactant any anionic surfactant may be used which reacts with the polymeric metal astringent and thereby forms a precipitate. In a preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant may include, C1-C18 alkyl carboxylates, sulfates, and sulfonates. In preferred embodiments, the anionic surfactant are C1-C18 alkyl aryl carboxylates, sulfates, or sulfonates. Representative anionic surfactant include, sodium cumene sulfonate, sodium toluene sulfonate, sodium xylene sulfonate, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium olefin sulfonate, and mixtures thereof. Further anionic surfactant may include polyoxyethylene or polyoxypropylene C8-C18 alkyl ether sulfate, preferably polyoxyethylene or polyoxypropylene C10-C16 alkyl ether sulfate, further preferred polyoxyethylene or polyoxypropylene C12-C14 alkyl ether sulfate.

[0018] Therefore, according to a preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is at least one of C1-C18 alkyl carboxylates, sulfates, and sulfonates; C1-C18 alkyl aryl carboxylates, sulfates, or sulfonates; sodium cumene sulfonate, sodium toluene sulfonate, sodium xylene sulfonate, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium olefin sulfonate; C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulfate with 1-5 EO, C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulphate having 1-5 PO; C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulphate having 1-5 EO PO and mixtures thereof.

[0019] In another preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is C1-C18 alkyl sulfonate or C1-C18 alkyl aryl sulfonate.

[0020] In a further preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulfate with 1-5 EO PO. In a further preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is C10-C16 fatty alcohol ether sulfate with 1-5 EO PO, preferably the anionic surfactant is C12-C14 fatty alcohol ether sulfate with 1-5 EO PO; still further preferred the anionic surfactant is C12-C14 alkyl ether sulfate with 1-3 EO PO; most preferred the anionic surfactant is C12-C14 alkyl ether sulfate with 1-3 EO (lauryl ether sulfate). In further preferred embodiments the anionic surfactant may be C8-C18 fatty alcohol polyglycol sulfate, C10-C16 fatty alcohol polyglycol sulfate, or C12-C14 fatty alcohol polyglycol sulfate.

[0021] That is in a preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is having the formula CH3(CH2)mCH2(OC2H4)n-OSO3-M+, wherein m is from 6 to 16, n is from 1 to 5 and M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+. Preferably m is from 8 to 14, n is from 1 to 5, M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+. Further preferred m is from 10 to 12; n is from 1 to 5, M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+.

[0022] In another preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is having the formula CH3(CH2)mCH2(OC2H4)n-OSO3- M+, wherein m is from 6 to 16, n is from 1 to 3 and M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+. Preferably m is from 8 to 14, n is from 1 to 3, M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+. Further preferred m is from 10 to 12; n is from 1 to 3, M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+.

[0023] In a further particularly preferred embodiment the anionic surfactant is having the formula CH3(CH2)mCH2(OC2H4)n-OSO3-M+, wherein m is from 10 to 12; n is 2 or 3, M+ is alkali metal ion such as Na+.

[0024] In a further embodiment of the present invention the separate compositions (a) and (b) each are provided as concentrate aqueous solutions having the following concentrations:
  1. (a) in said first aqueous solution: said polymeric metal astringent from 1 to 60 weight-%;
  2. (b) in said second aqueous solution: said anionic surfactant from 1 to 40 weight-%. wherein optionally an antimicrobial agent is present in a concentration of from 1 to 30 weight-%, preferably in (a).


[0025] In a further embodiment of the present invention the separate compositions (a) and (b) each are provided as concentrate aqueous solutions having the following concentrations:
  1. (a) in said first aqueous solution: said polymeric metal astringent from 5 to 50 weight-%;
  2. (b) in said second aqueous solution: said anionic surfactant from 1 to 20 weight-%. wherein optionally an antimicrobial agent is present in a concentration of from 1 to 30 weight-%, preferably in (a).


[0026] In a further embodiment of the present invention the separate compositions (a) and (b) each are provided as concentrate aqueous solutions having the following concentrations:
  1. (a) in said first aqueous solution: said polymeric metal astringent from 10 to 30 weight-%;
  2. (b) in said second aqueous solution: said anionic surfactant from 2 to 15 weight-%. wherein optionally an antimicrobial agent is present in a concentration of from 1 to 15 weight-%, preferably in (a).


[0027] The above mentioned concentrates (a) and (b) are diluted by a factor of 20 to 100 to obtain use solutions which then are combined. This means the use solutions of (a) and (b) contain 1 to 5 % of the respective concentrate.

[0028] As mentioned above, after combining components (a) and (b) a reaction product in form of precipitate is formed which comprises besides said polymeric metal astringent and said anionic surfactant optionally an antimicrobial agent. Preferably the mixture is dispensed as a foam in which the precipitate is formed as soon as said polymeric metal astringent and said anionic surfactant are combined. This precipitate sticks to a surface, for example when the cows walk through such foam containing the precipitate, on the hoofes and lower leg area of the animal. The precipitate sticks to the hoofes and lower leg area and forms a layer which contains said polymeric metal astringent and said anionic surfactant forming a matrix in which optionally an antimicrobial agent and/or further ingredients may be trapped. As long as metal astringent and optionally the antimicrobial agent and possibly further ingredients contained in the precipitate (i.e. said layer on the hoofes and lower leg of the animal) are able to diffuse from said precipitate or said layer to the hoof or skin of the animal, said layer represents a reservoir layer for continuous delivery of said agents.

[0029] The present invention also refers to a paste or gel comprising a reaction product of a polymeric metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron and an anionic surfactant in the form of a precipitate for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals. The paste or gel preferably further comprises an antimicrobial agent. This paste or gel is useful to be applied to the hoofes and lower leg area for forming said reservoir layer for continuous delivery of the metal astringent and optionally an antimicrobial agent and/or possibly further ingredients contained in said paste or gel. As mentioned above the polymeric metal astringent and the anionic surfactant forms a precipitate which is contained in said paste or gel.

[0030] Therefore, the present invention also provides a reservoir layer comprising a reaction product of a polymeric metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron and an anionic surfactant in the form of a precipitate for use of said precipitate in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals. In a preferred embodiment the reservoir layer is further comprising an antimicrobial agent.

[0031] Preferably the reservoir layer comprises said polymeric metal astringent in a concentration of from 10 to 30 weight %, which represents a metal content of 1 to 10 weight %, said anionic surfactant of from 2 to 15 weight % and optionally and antimicrobial agent from 1 to 15 weight % of the wet weight of the reservoir layer. Also disclosed is a method for preparing a reservoir layer comprising a reaction product of a polymeric metal astringent and an anionic surfactant by combining a polymeric metal astringent and an anionic surfactant. In a preferred embodiment the reservoir layer comprises an antimicrobial agent. Preferably, the reservoir layer comprising the metal astringent and the anionic surfactant is prepared by combining a first aqueous solution comprising a polymeric metal astringent and optionally an antimicrobial agent, and a second aqueous solution comprising an anionic surfactant.

[0032] The method comprises formation of a precipitate upon combining said components, preferably by combining said first and said second aqueous solution. Further preferred a propellant is added in order to provide a foam which is containing the precipitate.

[0033] Further, the method preferably comprises the application of the resulting precipitate onto the hoof and/or lower leg of hoofed animals for the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals.

[0034] The present invention also provides a kit, an article or a composition for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals comprising the kit or article according to the present invention, the paste or gel according to the present invention, the reservoir layer according to the present invention or the reservoir layer prepared by the method according to the present invention.

[0035] Further, the present invention provides a composition for use in a method for preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals wherein a reaction product of a polymeric metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron and an anionic surfactant in the form of a precipitate is applied. The reaction product optionally comprises an antimicrobial agent. Further, the reaction product is in form of a precipitate which is formed by combining a polymeric metal astringent, and an, anionic surfactant. In a preferred method for preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals the precipitate is formed by combining the following separate compositions:
  1. (a) a first aqueous solution comprising a polymeric metal astringent and optionally an antimicrobial agent;
  2. (b) a second aqueous solution comprising an anionic surfactant.


[0036] In a preferred method the precipitate is applied onto the hoofes or lower leg of the respective animal.

[0037] Preferably, the method is for preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof related diseases, particularly hairy heel warts (papillomatus digital dermatitis).

Detailed Description



[0038] A kit or article of manufacture and method is described herein for use in treating and preventing hoof related diseases in cows and other hoofed animals or ungulates, including sheep, pigs horses and camels, particularly hairy heel warts (papillomatus digital dermatitis. The kit or article of manufacture includes at least two different components to be mixed. This system of at least two components a) and b) contain: a) a polymeric astringent metal salt, in an aqueous solution and b) an anionic surfactant, in an aqueous solution. The astringent metal salt of aluminum and/or iron, is present in a therapeutically effective amount in the aqueous use solution. According to the present invention the metal astringent is present in its polymeric form. Under some conditions, the astringent metal may form a mixture of polymeric and monomeric species.

[0039] Astringent agents promote a precipitation of proteins on a skin's surface and may be used to stop or slow down bleeding and promote drying out of lesions. This disclosure focuses on trivalent metal ion astringents, particularly aluminum and iron, for the treatment and prevention of hairy heel wart disease. The polycationic metal ions likely promote cross linking and precipitation of proteins through ionic interactions. This cross linking may toughen the skin against the macerating effects of moisture and manure that may be the prelude to new infections, as well as promote the drying up and inactivation of existing lesions. Thus, the chemistry of these metal ions is well-suited for both the treatment and prevention of hairy heel wart disease. In preferred embodiments, the astringent metals comprise salts in which the metal ion and the corresponding ligand are only weakly associated in the aqueous solution. Metal hydrates are formed that can then be partially neutralized to form metal hydroxide poloxocations with high polycationic states.

[0040] The metal astringent agents are derived from aluminum, iron and combinations of aluminum and iron. Aluminum astringent agents include, aluminum behenate, aluminum benzoate, aluminum bromohydrate, aluminum chloride, aluminum chlorohydrate (also known as polyaluminum chloride), aluminum dichlorohydrate, aluminum sesquichlorohydrate, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum citrate, aluminum formate, aluminum glycolate, aluminum glycinate, aluminum lactate, aluminum nitrate, aluminum phosphate, sodium aluminum phosphate, aluminum propionate, aluminum subpropionate, aluminum stearate, aluminum sulfate, ammonium, potassium aluminum sulfate, sodium aluminum sulfate, aluminum acetate (Burow's solution), aluminum subacetate, aluminum chlorohydrex polyethylene glycol, aluminum chlorohydrex propylene glycol, aluminum dichlorohydrex polyethylene glycol, aluminum dichlorohydrex propylene glycol, aluminum sesquichloroghydrex polyethylene glycol, aluminum sesquichlorohydrex propylene glycol, aluminum zirconium octachlorohydrate, aluminum zirconium octachlorohydrex gly, aluminum zirconium pentachlorohydrate, aluminum zirconium pentachlorohydrex gly, aluminum zirconium tetrachlorohydrate, aluminum zirconium tetrachlorhydrex gly, aluminum zirconium trichlorhydrate, aluminum trichlorohydrex gly, polyaluminum sulfate, polyaluminum sulfate chloride, polyaluminum ferrisulfate, polyaluminum ferrisulfate chloride, polyaluminum ferrichloride, polyaluminum sulfate silicate, and mixtures thereof.

[0041] As stated above, it is preferred to use an aluminum agent where the ligand (for example, chloride) weakly binds to the metal when the astringent is in an aqueous solution. Preferred aluminum astringent agents include, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, sodium aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, aluminum acetate, aluminum subacetate, aluminum lactate, or any polyaluminum species. Aqueous concentrates of aluminum sulfate and various polyaluminum salts are commonly used in the water treatment industry and are commercially available.

[0042] Iron astringent agents include, ferric chloride, ferric ammonium citrate, ferric ammonium sulfate, ferric sulfate, ferric subsulfate (Monsel's solution), ferric citrate, ferric lactate, ferric nitrate, ferric orthophosphate, ferric phosphate, ferric pyrophosphate, ferric tartrate, polyferric chloride, polyferric sulfate, and mixtures thereof. Preferred iron astringent agents include, but are not limited to, ferric chloride, ferric sulfate, ferric subsulfate, polyferric chloride, polyferric sulfate, and mixtures thereof.

[0043] An appropriate concentration of the metal astringent in the aqueous solution (use solution) is from 0.01 to 10 weight percent, and a preferred concentration is from 0.1 to 5.0 weight percent. This measure to quantify the metal astringent in the aqueous solution considers the concentration of the astringent agent (i.e. the metal and the ligand that it binds to; for example, aluminum acetate or aluminum sulfate). An appropriate concentration of the metal content in the aqueous solution (use solution) is from 0.01 to 1.5 weight percent. As an example, a concentrated aqueous solution containing 24 weight percent of polyaluminum chloride (dialuminum chloride pentahydroxide (Al2ClH10O5)) has an aluminum content of approximately 7 weight percent and the respective use solution (dilution by 1:100) has an aluminium content of approximately 0.07 weight percent. As described below, in preferred embodiments, the aqueous solution is prepared by diluting a concentrate of the metal astringent. The concentrate may be in the form of a powder, a tablet, dispersion or liquid.

[0044] In the present invention the metal astringent in the aqueous solution comprises polymeric species. The polymeric species also may be referred to as polynuclear or metal hydroxide poloxocations. Reference is made to Casey, W.H., Large Aqueous Aluminum Hydroxide Molecules, Chemical Reviews, 2005, vol. 106, pp. 1-16 for additional background on polymeric species. In aqueous solutions, aluminum may form hydrates and polyaluminum species. These polyaluminum species, such as polyaluminum chloride, polyaluminum sulfate, and polyaluminum chlorosulfate, are used for water treatment in order to provide the greatest efficiency to coagulate and settle out suspended materials in drinking water. These highly cationic complexes may also promote greater protein precipitation due to a greater number of ionic sites for interaction. These polymeric systems comprise a plurality of polymer species depending on the manufacturing process and an age of the polymeric system. The system may include well characterized species such as, for example, AI137+ tridecamer AI12(OH)24AlO4(H2O)127+ and Al3018+ (Al2O8Al28(OH)56(H2O)2618+), which are identifiable using techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and x-ray crystallography.

[0045] In one embodiment, the polyaluminum species may be formed by increasing the pH and partially neutralizing an aqueous solution of an aluminum salt. Increasing the basicity of the aqueous solution results in a greater percentage of the polyaluminum species. However, if the conditions of the aqueous solution are too basic, poorly soluble aluminum hydroxide is formed. In a preferred embodiment, a pH level of the aqueous solution is between 4.0 and 6.0, in order to maximize a percentage of polyaluminum species in the aqueous solution.

[0046] Whereas, the precipitate formed by combining the polymeric metal astringent and the anionic surfactant is stable at a pH from approximately pH 4.4 to pH 12.

[0047] In a preferred embodiment dialuminum chloride pentahydroxide is used as metal astringent in this invention. Besides that, other commonly recognized aluminum astringents are aluminum sulfate and aluminum acetate. Aluminum acetate is reported in the Code of Federal Regulations as being an astringent active ingredient at concentrations ranging between 0.13 and 0.5 percent, whereas aluminum sulfate is reported at concentrations of 46 to 63 percent. (See 21 C.F.R. 347.) As such, aluminum acetate (i.e. Burow's solution) likely has a greater weight efficiency than aluminum sulfate. While not wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that aluminum acetate may more easily form these polyaluminum species, compared to aluminum sulfate, and thus a lower concentration of aluminum acetate may be sufficient as an astringent. However, it is recognized that aluminum sulfate, at certain conditions, may also form polyaluminum species.

[0048] Partially neutralized solutions of aluminum may be described and classified by the molar ratio of hydroxide [OH] and aluminum [Al] (i.e. R is equal to [OH]/[Al]). For purposes here, a maximum value of R is generally less than three since at R equal to three a precipitate of Al(OH)3 forms. A suitable range of R is between approximately 0.2 and 2.7, in order to maintain an aqueous solution, and a preferred range of R is between approximately 1.0 and 2.5. At these ratios, at least some of the aluminum species in the aqueous solution is polymeric or polynuclear.

[0049] Many polyaluminum products may be described by an R value and/or a basicity percentage [(R/3)*100%]. For example, a coagulant of polyaluminum chloride used in the water treatment industry has a basicity of approximately 83-84 percent and an R value of approximately 2.49-2.52. An alternative composition of polyaluminum chloride has a basicity of approximately 50 percent and an R value equal to approximately 1.5. Similarly, a coagulant of polyaluminum chlorosulfate has a basicity of approximately 50 percent and an R value of approximately 1.5.

[0050] An aqueous solution containing polyaluminum may be formed using at least two different methods. In one embodiment, a polyaluminum concentrate, such as, for example, polyaluminum chloride (aluminum chlorohydrate), may be diluted to form an aqueous solution of polyaluminum. In an alternative embodiment, as described above, an aluminum salt may be diluted and combined with an alkalinity source to form the polyaluminum species in situ. Reference is made to U.S. Patent No. 5,348,721 and U.S. Patent No. 5,985,234, both of which disclose the formation of polyaluminum chlorosulfates for use in water treatment. Also see U.S. Patent No. 4,284,611 and U.S. Patent No. 6,036,935 for additional background on the formation of polyaluminum solutions.

[0051] Similar to aluminum, iron may also form a mixture of monomeric and polymeric species in an aqueous solution, under certain conditions. Commercially available coagulants used in drinking water include polyferric chloride and polyferric sulfate. As also described above for aluminum, a polyferric species may be formed by partially neutralizing a ferric salt. See U.S. Patent No. 5,785,862 and U.S. Patent No. 5,916,447, which both describe the formation of polymeric iron for the water treatment industry.

[0052] Solutions of iron may also be classified by the molar ratio of hydroxide [OH] and iron (i.e. R is equal to [OH]/[Fe]). A suitable R range for aqueous solutions containing iron is between approximately 0.1 and 0.5, and a preferred value is approximately 0.3. As stated above, an example of a commercially available product is polyferric sulfate having an R value of 0.3 and a basicity of approximately 10 percent.

[0053] An aqueous solution also may be a mixture of polyaluminum, polyferric species, and poly-alumino-ferric species.

[0054] In most cases, the metal astringent in an aqueous solution is a mixture of monomeric and polymeric species. The quantification of aluminum and iron species can be measured using the standard ferron assay. For example, three classes of aluminum species, Ala for monomeric aluminum, Alb for medium sized polyaluminum species, and Alc for large polyaluminum species, are quantified based on the reaction time with the ferron dye. The ferron dye is believed to react rapidly and irreversibly with the monomeric metal, whereas polymeric forms of the metal take longer to react depending on their size. The standard convention is to quantify Ala (monomeric aluminum) by the reaction that occurs in the initial 3 minutes, Alb (medium sized polymeric species) by the reaction that occurs between 3 minutes and 30 minutes, and Alc (large polymeric species) by the difference between the total aluminum content and Ala + Alb. Reference is made to D. R. Parker, P.M. Bertsch, Identification and Quantification of the AIn Tridecamer Polycation Using Ferron, Environ. Sci. Technol. 1992, vol. 26, pp. 908-914 for additional background on using the ferron assay for speciation of a metal. For our purposes, polyaluminum is defined by Alb and Alc. Other techniques that may be used to classify the speciation of the metal include nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography, and x-ray crystallography. Total aluminum content can be determined by atomic adsorption or inductively coupled plasma. Reference is made to Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater 20th Edition, ed. Clesceri L.S., Greenberg A.E., Eaton A.D. American Public Health Association, 1998, Washington DC.

[0055] In some embodiments, aluminum and iron may be used in combination in an aqueous solution, and both the aluminum and the iron may form polymeric species. The pH of the aqueous solution is preferably between approximately 4.0 and 6.0 to optimize formation of the polyaluminum and polyferric species, which are believed to be a significant contributor to the astringent affect of the metals. The aqueous solution may be classified based on a weight percent of the aluminum and/or iron that is in polymeric form, based on results from the ferron assay. A suitable amount of the polymeric species, which includes aluminum, iron and mixtures thereof, is equal to or greater than approximately 10 weight percent of the total metal in the solution. A preferred range of the polymeric species is between approximately 25 and 95 weight percent of the total metal, and more preferably between approximately 50 and 95 weight percent.

[0056] As discussed above, aluminum forms polynuclear or polymeric species in an aqueous solution, under specific conditions. At a pH of 4.1, the aluminum acetate (Burow's solution) most likely contained a mixture of polymeric and monomeric aluminum species. It is believed that the polyaluminum species are responsible, in part, for the performance of the aluminum acetate in treating the lesions.

CONCENTRATES AND OPTIONAL COMPONENTS



[0057] In some embodiments, the aqueous solution (a) containing the polymeric metal astringent is formed from one or more concentrates to be diluted with water near the time of use, i.e. before being combined with the anionic surfactant. The concentrate may be in the form of a solid powder, tablet, dispersion or liquid. The metal astringent concentrate may be used alone or in combination with other components. For example, the aqueous solution may be formed by a combination of two concentrates that are mixed together and diluted with water. In that case, a first concentrate may contain the metal astringent and a second concentrate may contain an antimicrobial agent and optionally one or more further components.

[0058] Examples of further components include, surfactants (cationic or non-ionic), skin conditioners and buffering agents, as discussed further below. In some cases it may be preferred to use a two concentrate system for preparing the aqueous solution containing the polymeric metal astringent, if for example some of the materials do not have long-term compatibility when mixed together. Also, a two-concentrate system provides greater flexibility to use different formulations of enhancing components, as desired or as necessary. In preferred embodiments, the first concentrate of the metal astringent is highly concentrated such that the user is able to use small quantities to form the aqueous solution. In preferred embodiments, the first concentrate is a liquid for ease of use.

[0059] In some embodiments, the aqueous solution containing the polymeric metal astringent (a) also contains a surfactant (cationic or non-ionic), which enables the aqueous solution to wet and spread over the skin by reducing the surface tension of the aqueous composition. Antimicrobial surfactants may be used to achieve the reduced surface tension while also offering antimicrobial properties. Cationic or non-ionic surfactants may be used as such surfactants since they are compatible with the highly cationic astringent salts. A suitable concentration of the surfactant in the aqueous solution is between approximately 0.05 and 1.0 weight percent. Once the aqueous solution (a) is brought into contact with the aqueous solution (b) comprising the anionic surfactant a precipitate is formed.

[0060] In some embodiments, the aqueous solution (a) or (b) or both includes a thickener to increase viscosity and retain a greater quantity of liquid on the skin's surface. Thickeners, or thickening agents, may include, cellulosic thickeners (such as hydroxyethylcellulose, xanthan gum, and carboxymethylcellulose), surfactant thickened systems, associative thickeners, clays and silicas. When a thickener is present, the composition may possess thixotropic properties of increased viscosity with decreasing shear. This may reduce misting effects with spraying or increase solution retention on the surface.

[0061] In some embodiments, the aqueous solution is thickened by a surfactant thickened system comprising a combination of surfactant components to impart rod-like micelle properties (thickening via dilution). Reference is made to U.S. Patent No. 6,630,434, which is assigned to Ecolab Inc., the assignee of this application. Here a low viscosity aqueous composition is described which provides increasing viscosity upon dilution which provides a high viscosity diluted composition.

[0062] Cationic surfactants may include, nitrogen containing amines, trialkylamines, amines having one or two alkyl groups and correspondingly two or one alkylene oxide groups, preferably ethylene oxide groups. Commonly available quaternary ammonium compounds can be used wherein the quaternary ammonium compound is made from aliphatic amines, aromatic amines or alkyl substituted aromatic amine substituents and trialkylamine oxides. Preferred quaternary ammonium surfactants include, C12-C18 alkyl trimethyl ammonium salts, C12-C18 alkylpyridinium salts of chloride, bromide, iodide, sulfate, and methosulfate. Typical examples include, myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, cetylpyridinium chloride, stearyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, tallow trimethyl ammonium chloride, and mixtures thereof. Preferred amine oxide surfactants include C12-C18 alkyl dimethyl amine oxides and N,N-bis(2- hydroxyethyl) C12-C18 alkyl amine oxides. Representative materials include, lauryl dimethyl amine oxide, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) cocamine oxide, myristyl dimethyl amine oxide, cetyl dimethyl amine oxide, oleyl dimethyl amine oxide, stearyl dimethyl amine oxide, tallow dimethyl amine oxide, N,N-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) lauryl amine oxide, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) myristyl amine oxide, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) myristyl amine oxide, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) myristyl amine oxide, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) cetyl amine oxide, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) tallow amine oxide, and mixtures thereof. Preferred amine surfactants include, C12-C18 alkyl dimethyl amines, N,N- bis(2-hydroxyethyl) C12-C18 alkyl amines, and N,N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl) C12-C18 alkyl amines. Typical examples include, but are not limited to, lauryl dimethyl amine, myristyl dimethyl amine, cetyl dimethyl amine, oleyl dimethyl amine, stearyl dimethyl amine, tallow dimethyl amine, N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl) myristyl amine, N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl) cetyl amine, N, N-bis (hydroxy ethyl) oleyl amine, N,N- bis(hydroxypropyl) oleyl amine, N,N-bis(hydroxypropyl) tallow amine, and mixtures thereof.

[0063] The aqueous solution may also optionally comprise additional components configured to improve the performance of the metal astringent or to contribute additional functionality to the end product. For example, the composition may include skin conditioners, such as glycerin, propylene glycol, sorbitol, lanolin, derivates of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-lanolin and polypropylene glycol (PPG)- lanolin, aloe vera, and allantoin, to promote skin health and healing. Buffering agents may be used to adjust pH and control the speciation of the metal astringents. Buffers may include organic acids, such as monocarboxylates, phosophoric acid, carbonates, and similar products. The pH may be adjusted by adding alkalinity such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. Film forming polymers may be used in the aqueous solution to hold residual active materials on the skin surface. The film forming polymers may include polyethylene glycol resins, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylates, polyvinyl pyrrolidinone, polyurethanes and corresponding copolymers.

[0064] Colorants selected from generally recognized dyes and pigments employed in food, drug and cosmetic formulations may be part of the composition. Organic astringents such as witch hazel, tannins and tea tree oil may be used as well. Any of these optional components may be used in various combinations depending on the desired features of a particular product.

[0065] As stated above, the aqueous solution comprising the polymeric metal astringent (a) may be formed by combining at least two concentrates together and diluting with water. A first concentrate may contain the metal astringent and optionally at least one of further optional components described above. A second concentrate may include at least an antimicrobial agent and optionally at least one of further optional components described above.

[0066] The other mandatory component (b) comprising the anionic surfactant may be provided as a solid or preferably as aqueous concentrate.

[0067] The concentrates are sold as a kit, comprising at least two components: (a) a concentrate containing the polymeric metal astringent and (b) a concentrate containing the anionic surfactant. The kit may include instructions for diluting the concentrates to prepare aqueous use solutions and to combine the aqueous solutions made from (a) and (b) to form the precipitate according to the present invention. The instructions may also include instructions for forming a solution having a specific concentration of the metal and/or instructions to adjust a pH level of the aqueous solution to control speciation of the metal. In another example, the instructions may include instructions on forming a foam solution having a specific foam density.

Examples


Example 1: Formation of a precipitate with an anionic surfactant (Texapon®NSO) and chemical analysis thereof



[0068] 50 ml of an aqueous solution (a) containing approximately 31.5 weight % polyaluminium chloride (dialuminum chloride pentahydroxide), 7 % glutaraldehyde was mixed with 10 g Texapon®NSO (C12-C14 alkyl ether sulfate with 2 mole EO). Before mixing the aluminium content of the aqueous solution (a) was about 9.5 weight %. Upon combination a white solid was immediately formed which separated from the clear solution. The white precipitate was analyzed with respect to its contents of glutaraldehyde, Texapon®NSO. The content of polyaluminium chloride was analyzed by the content of Alions by XRF. The results are shown in table 1.
Table 1: Analysis of the precipitate
compoundtheoretical values based on the formulationquantified values
Texapon®NSO 16.6 % 12.1 %
glutaraldehyde 5.8 % 3.7
A1 7.9 % 8.4


[0069] The experiment shows that by combining polyaluminum chloride with an anionic surfactant (here C12-C14 alkyl ether sulfate with 2 mole EO) a precipitate is formed which also contains the antimicrobial agent glutaraldehyde in significant amounts.

Example 2: Formation of a precipitate with an anionic surfactant (sulfonate)



[0070] 50 ml of an aqueous solution (a) containing 10 % polyaluminium chloride and 7 % glutaraldehyde was mixed with 50 ml of an aqueous solution (b) containing 10 weight % dodecylbenzenesulphonic acid. Before mixing the aluminium content of the aqueous solution (a) was about 3 weight %. Upon mixing a white solid immediately was formed which separated from the clear solution.

[0071] This experiment confirmed that the precipitate observed was due to combination of anionic surfactants with polyaluminium chloride.

Comparative example 3: Formation of a precipitate with a cationic surfactant (Barquat®DM-50)



[0072] 50 ml of an aqueous solution (a) containing 10 % polyaluminium chloride, 7 % glutaraldehyde was mixed with 50 ml of an aqueous solution (b) containing 10 weight % N-alkyl(C12-C16)-N-benzyl-N,N-dimethylammonium chloride (Barquat®DM-50). The mixture remained clear and no precipitate was formed. This experiment confirmed that the precipitate observed was due to combination of anionic surfactants with polyaluminium chloride and that the addition of cationic surfactants did not achieve this effect.

Example 4: Application of the composition of the present invention to lower legs and hoofes



[0073] The composition of the present invention was applied as a foam to the lower legs and hoofes of cows. For this a 5 % use solution (a) prepared from a concentrate containing 30% polyaluminum chloride and 7 % glutaraldehyde and a 5 % use solution (b) prepared from a concentrate containing 7 % by weight Texapon®NSO (C12-C14 alkyl ether sulfate with 2 mole EO) was combined and foamed. A foam was formed that contained a precipitate. The foam was filled in a tub through which the cows walked. The foam sticked very well and remained about 1 to 2 days on the cow's lower leg and hoofes. Apart from the long lasting active foam on the lower leg and hoofes, it was observed that the foam broke down on the leg to form a rather strong and dry layer on the skin and the claw horn which lasted for about 1 to two days. This layer had the consistency of a soft, air permeable barrier which did not hinder the joints or induce tension on the subjacent skin. The barrier forming layer turned out to be useful to dry the skin and to protect the leg from soiling. The fresh and active foam disinfected the claw, delivered astringency to the skin and provided a horn hardening effect as well as a longer lasting protective layer.

[0074] In phase I the animals were treated every day for one week. In phase II the animals were treated 3 times a week. Phase I was directly followed by phase II without interruption. The foam containing the precipitate of the present invention was filled in a tub through which the cows walked.

[0075] A group of a total of 1045 cows were treated of which 49 animals had lesions. The total number of cows infected with digital dermatitis decreased during the treatment with the composition of the present invention in phase I from 4 to 3, whereby no new lesions occurred. Whereas the total number of cows infected with digital dermatitis during the treatment using comparative product A decreased only from 3 to 2 with no new lesion occurring; and the total number of cows infected with digital dermatitis during the treatment using comparative product B increased from 2 to 3, with 2 new lesions occurring.

[0076] Results of phase II: 5 animals newly infected with digital dermatitis were healed after phase II using the composition of the present invention. All lesions were dried, inactive and turned grayish. Only 2 cows were newly infected with digital dermatitis during phase II, which means a reduction of the rate of new infections by using the composition of the present invention.


Claims

1. A kit or article of manufacture comprising as separate aqueous solutions:

(a) a polymeric metal astringent of aluminum and/or iron;

(b) an anionic surfactant

for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals; wherein combining component (a) and (b) provides a reaction product of said polymeric metal astringent and said anionic surfactant in form of a precipitate comprising said metal astringent and said anionic surfactant, wherein said precipitate is for said use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals.
 
2. The kit or article of manufacture of claim 1, wherein further an antimicrobial agent is comprised.
 
3. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein the polymeric metal astringent comprises at least one of polyaluminum chloride, polyaluminum sulfate, polyaluminum chlorosulfate, polyaluminum silicate sulphate, polyaluminum acetate, polyferric chloride, polyferric sulphate, poly-alumino-ferric sulphate and mixtures thereof.
 
4. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the antimicrobial agent comprises at least one of quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC), phenolics, peracids, hydrogen peroxide, acidified sodium chlorite, hypochlorous acid, iodine, chlorhexidine, aldehyde-based germicides such as formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, alcohols and fatty acids.
 
5. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the antimicrobial agent is an aldehyde such as formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde.
 
6. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the anionic surfactant is at least one of C1-C18 alkyl carboxylates, sulfates, and sulfonates; C1-C18 alkyl aryl carboxylates, sulfates, or sulfonates; sodium cumene sulfonate, sodium toluene sulfonate, sodium xylene sulfonate, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium olefin sulfonate; C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulfate with 1-5 moles ethylene oxide , C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulphate having 1-5 moles propylene oxide; C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulphate having 1-5 moles ethylene oxide and propylene oxide and mixtures thereof.
 
7. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the anionic surfactant is C8-C18 fatty alcohol ether sulfate with 1-5 ethylene oxide (EO) propylene oxide (PO).
 
8. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the anionic surfactant is C1-C18 alkyl sulfonate.
 
9. The kit or article of manufacture of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the anionic surfactant is C1-C18 alkyl aryl sulfonate.
 
10. A paste or gel comprising a reaction product of a polymeric metal astringent of aluminum and/or iron and an anionic surfactant in the form of a precipitate for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals.
 
11. The paste or gel of claim 10, further comprising an antimicrobial agent.
 
12. A reservoir layer comprising a reaction product of a polymeric metal astringent of aluminum and/or iron and an anionic surfactant in the form of a precipitate for use of said precipitate in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals, comprising said polymeric metal astringent in a concentration of from 10 to 30 weight %, which represents a metal content of 1 to 10 weight %, said anionic surfactant of from 2 to 15 weight % and optionally an antimicrobial agent from 1 to 15 weight % of the wet weight of the reservoir layer.
 
13. A composition comprising a precipitate comprising a polymeric metal astringent of aluminium and/or iron and an anionic surfactant, obtained by mixing aqueous solutions (a) and (b):

(a) a polymeric metal astringent of aluminum and/or iron;

(b) an anionic surfactant,

said composition is for use in the preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of hoof or foot disease in cattle and other types of hoofed animals.
 


Ansprüche

1. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand, als getrennte wässrige Lösungen Folgendes umfassend:

(a) ein polymeres Metalladstringens von Aluminium und/oder Eisen;

(b) ein anionisches Tensid

zur Verwendung in der vorbeugenden und/oder therapeutischen Behandlung einer Huf- oder Fußkrankheit bei Rindern oder anderen Arten von Huftieren; wobei Mischen von Komponente (a) und (b) ein Umsetzungserzeugnis des polymeren Metalladstringens und des anionischen Tensids in der Form eines Niederschlags bereitstellt, der das Metalladstringens und das anionische Tensid umfasst, wobei der Niederschlag für die Verwendung in der vorbeugenden und/oder therapeutischen Anwendung von Huf- oder Fußkrankheit bei Rindern oder anderen Arten von Huftieren ist.
 
2. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach Anspruch 1, wobei es ferner einen antimikrobiellen Wirkstoff umfasst.
 
3. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei das polymere Metalladstringens wenigstens eines von Polyaluminiumchlorid, Polyaluminiumsulfat, Polyaluminiumchlorsulfat, Polyaluminiumsilicatsulfat, Polyaluminiumacetat, Eisen(III)-Chlorid, Eisen(III)-Sulfat, Eisen(III)-Aluminiumsulfat und/oder Mischungen daraus umfasst.
 
4. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der antimikrobielle Wirkstoff wenigstens eines von quartären Ammoniumverbindungen (quaternary ammonium compounds-QAC), Phenolharzen, Persäuren, Wasserstoffperoxid, sauer gemachtem Natriumchlorit, hypochloriger Säure, lod, Chlorhexidin, Germiziden auf Basis von Aldehyd, wie etwa Formaldehyd, Glutaraldehyd, Alkoholen und Fettsäuren, umfasst.
 
5. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei der antimikrobielle Wirkstoff ein Aldehyd, wie etwa Formaldehyd oder Glutaraldehyd ist.
 
6. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das anionische Tensid eines von C1-C18-Alkycarboxylaten, Sulfaten und Sulfonaten ist; C1-C18-Alkylarylcarboxylaten, Sulfaten oder Sulfonaten ist; Natriumcumolsulfonat, Natriumtoluensulfonat, Natriumxylensulfonat, Natriumdodecylbenzolsulfonat, Natriumlaurylsulfat, Natriumalkensulfonat ist; C8-C18-Fettalkohlethersulfat mit 1-5 Molen an Ethylenoxid, C8-C18-Fettalkohlethersulfat mit 1-5 Molen an Propylenoxid ist; C8-C18-Fettalkohlethersulfat mit 1-5 Molen an Ethylenoxid und Propylenoxid und Mischungen daraus ist.
 
7. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das anionische Tensid C8-C18-Fettalkoholethersulfat mit 1-5 Ethylenoxid (EO) Propylenoxid (PO) ist.
 
8. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das anionische Tensid C1-C18-Alkylsulfonat ist.
 
9. Kit oder Herstellungsgegenstand nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das anionische Tensid C1-C18-Alkylarylsulfonat ist.
 
10. Paste oder Gel, umfassend ein Umsetzungserzeugnis eines polymeren Metalladstringens von Aluminium und/oder Eisen und eines anionischen Tensids in der Form eines Niederschlags zur Verwendung in der vorbeugenden und/oder therapeutischen Behandlung einer Huf- oder Fußkrankheit bei Rindern und anderen Arten von Huftieren.
 
11. Paste oder Gel nach Anspruch 10, ferner einen antimikrobiellen Wirkstoff umfassend.
 
12. Reservoirschicht, umfassend ein Umsetzungsprodukt eines polymeren Metalladstringens von Aluminium und/oder Eisen und eines anionischen Tensids in der Form eines Niederschlags zur Verwendung in der vorbeugenden und/oder therapeutischen Behandlung einer Huf- oder Fußkrankheit bei Rindern und anderen Arten von Huftieren, das polymere Metalladstringens in einer Konzentration von 10 bis 30 Gew.-%, was einen Metallgehalt von 1 bis 10 Gew.-% darstellt, das anionische Tensid von 2 bis 15 Gew.-% und optional einen antimikrobiellen Wirkstoff von 1 bis 15 Gew.-% des Nassgewichts der Reservoirschicht umfassend.
 
13. Zusammensetzung, die einen Niederschlag umfasst, der ein polymeres Metalladstringens von Aluminium und/oder Eisen und ein anionisches Tensid umfasst, erhalten durch das Mischen der wässrigen Lösungen (a) und (b):

(a) ein polymeres Metalladstringens von Aluminium und/oder Eisen;

(b) ein anionisches Tensid,

wobei die Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung in der vorbeugenden und/oder therapeutischen Behandlung der Huf- oder Fußkrankheit bei Rindern und anderen Arten von Huftieren ist.
 


Revendications

1. Kit ou article de fabrication comprenant comme solutions aqueuses séparées :

(a) un astringent métallique polymère d'aluminium et/ou de fer ;

(b) un tensioactif anionique

à utiliser dans le traitement préventif et/ou thérapeutique de maladie du sabot ou du pied chez les bovins et d'autres types d'ongulés ; la combinaison du composant (a) et du composant (b) donnant un produit de réaction dudit astringent métallique polymère et dudit tensioactif anionique sous la forme d'un précipité comprenant ledit astringent métallique et ledit tensioactif anionique, ledit précipité étant destiné à ladite utilisation dans le traitement préventif et/ou thérapeutique de maladie du sabot ou du pied chez les bovins et d'autres types d'ongulés.
 
2. Kit ou article de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un agent antimicrobien est en outre compris.
 
3. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel l'astringent métallique polymère comprend au moins un des éléments parmi le chlorure de polyaluminium, le sulfate de polyaluminium, le chlorosulfate de polyaluminium, le silicate sulfate de polyaluminium, l'acétate de polyaluminium, le chlorure polyferrique, le sulfate polyferrique, le sulfate poly-alumino-ferrique et leurs mélanges.
 
4. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel l'agent antimicrobien comprend au moins un élément parmi les composés d'ammonium quaternaire (QAC), les dérivés phénoliques, les peracides, le peroxyde d'hydrogène, le chlorite de sodium acidifié, l'acide hypochloreux, l'iode, la chlorhexidine, les germicides à base d'aldéhyde comme le formaldéhyde, le glutaraldéhyde, les alcools et les acides gras.
 
5. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel l'agent antimicrobien est un aldéhyde tel que le formaldéhyde ou le glutaraldéhyde.
 
6. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le tensioactif anionique est au moins un élément parmi les carboxylates, sulfates et sulfonates d'alkyle en C1-C18 ; les carboxylates, sulfates ou sulfonates d'alkylaryle en C1-C18 ; le cumène-sulfonate de sodium, le toluène-suffonate de sodium, le xylène-sulfonate de sodium, le dodécylbenzène-sulfonate de sodium, le lauryl-sulfate de sodium, l'oléfine-sulfonate de sodium ; le sulfate d'éther d'alcool gras en C8-C18 ayant 1 à 5 moles d'oxyde d'éthylène, le sulfate d'éther d'alcool gras en C6-C18 ayant 1 à 5 moles d'oxyde de propylène ; le sulfate d'éther d'alcool gras en C8-C18 ayant de 1 à 5 moles d'oxyde d'éthylène et d'oxyde de propylène et leurs mélanges.
 
7. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le tensioactif anionique est un sulfate d'éther d'alcool gras en C8-C18 ayant 1 à 5 moles d'oxyde d'éthylène (EO) et d'oxyde de propylène (PO).
 
8. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le tensioactif anionique est un sulfonate d'alkyle en C1-C18.
 
9. Kit ou article de fabrication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le tensioactif anionique est un sulfonate d'alkylaryle en C1-C18.
 
10. Pâte ou gel comprenant un produit de réaction d'un astringent métallique polymère d'aluminium et/ou de fer et d'un tensioactif anionique sous la forme d'un précipité à utiliser dans le traitement préventif et/ou thérapeutique de la maladie du sabot ou du pied chez les bovins et d'autres types d'ongulés.
 
11. Pâte ou gel selon la revendication 10, comprenant en outre un agent antimicrobien.
 
12. Couche réservoir comprenant un produit de réaction d'un astringent métallique polymère d'aluminium et/ou de fer et d'un tensioactif anionique sous la forme d'un précipité à utiliser dans le traitement préventif et/ou thérapeutique de la maladie du sabot ou du pied chez les bovins et d'autres types d'ongulés, comprenant ledit astringent métallique polymère dans une concentration comprise entre 10 et 30 % en poids, ce qui représente une teneur en métal comprise entre 1 et 10 % en poids, ledit tensioactif anionique compris entre 2 et 15 % en poids et facultativement un agent antimicrobien compris entre 1 et 15 % en poids du poids humide de la couche réservoir.
 
13. Composition comprenant un précipité comprenant un astringent métallique polymère d'aluminium et/ou de fer et un tensioactif anionique, obtenu par mélange des solutions aqueuses (a) et (b) :

(a) un astringent métallique polymère d'aluminium et/ou de fer ;

(b) un tensioactif anionique,

ladite composition est destinée à être utilisée dans le traitement préventif et/ou thérapeutique de la maladie du sabot ou du pied chez les bovins et d'autres types d'ongulés.
 






Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description