(19)
(11)EP 2 526 749 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 11705056.7

(22)Date of filing:  20.01.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H05K 9/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2011/000105
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/090788 (28.07.2011 Gazette  2011/30)

(54)

RF INTERFERENCE SUPPRESSOR

HF-INTERFERENZ-UNTERDRÜCKER

FILTRE ANTI-PARASITES RF


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.01.2010 US 336351 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.11.2012 Bulletin 2012/48

(73)Proprietor: InterDigital Madison Patent Holdings
75017 Paris (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • MUTERSPAUGH, Max Ward
    Westfield, Indiana 46074 (US)
  • TESTIN, William John
    Indianapolis, Indiana 46236 (US)
  • RITTER, Darin Bradley
    Indianapolis, Indiana 46240 (US)
  • HUNT, Mickey Jay
    Camby, Indiana 46113 (US)

(74)Representative: Frese Patent - Patentanwälte 
Fitzner & Frese PartGmbB Hüttenallee 237b
47800 Krefeld
47800 Krefeld (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 598 944
GB-A- 2 270 206
US-A1- 2006 041 919
US-B1- 6 407 932
EP-A1- 1 740 028
JP-A- H11 231 974
US-A1- 2008 077 968
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 61/336,351 filed on January 21, 2010.

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0002] The present principles relate to satellite receivers. More particularly, it relates to an RF interference suppressor for satellite receivers.

    BACKGROUND



    [0003] In previous satellite receivers, a down-converted signal in the frequency band from 950 to 2150 MHz was sent from an outdoor antenna and converter to one or more receivers in a consumer's residence by means of a coaxial cable. This required some protection from outside interfering signals, but not of a high degree. Some systems also employed a "B band" from 250 to 750 MHz, but all of these signals received a great deal of amplification in the outdoor unit such that ingress into the coaxial cable and/or receiver was controlled to a satisfactory level by normal suppression and shielding techniques.

    [0004] A need now exists for a new satellite receiver employing a special communication channel having unique and very good suppression capabilities of undesired RF energies for high volume applications. Previous satellite receivers do not have a secondary communications channel and therefore, do not require the higher degree of suppression.

    [0005] EP 1 740 028 A1 describes a printed circuit board with RF connector. The connector is mounted to the printed circuit board on a top layer. A signal wire is inserted in a hole in the printed circuit board.

    [0006] A shield is mounted on the bottom layer of the printed circuit board and an compasses the ending of the signal wire.

    [0007] JP 11231974 A concerns a tuner board for computer. The tuner board comprises a printed circuit board and two connectors with terminals. The terminals are electrically connected to printed wiring formed on the surface of the printed boards.

    [0008] Document US 2006/041919 A1 discloses a cable modem module device, cable modem device, and broadcast receiving device comprising a circuit board that packages an analog signal processing section and an digital signal processing section. The analog signal processing section comprises a circuit board on which, an RF coaxial connector is installed. The circuit board is housed in a shield case formed of an material which has an effect of shielding unwanted irradiation of an electromagnetic wave such as a metal, for example. The shield case is formed of: a frame shaped metal case which covers four faces at the periphery of the circuit board; a first cover which covers one opening of this tetrahedron shaped metal case; and a second cover which covers the other opening of the metal case.

    [0009] Document US 6 407 932 B1 discloses an electromagnetic interference shield and ground cage, used within fiber optic data communications transceivers for example, and, in particular, to an electromagnetic interference shield that significantly improves the electromagnetic interference (EMI) susceptibility of an optical receiver, for example, and which also serves as a low impedance ground cage for the optical transceiver. The electromagnetic interference shield and ground cage 10 has a top wall, the two side walls, and a back wall having a rectangular configuration and a front wall having a semi-circular shape. The respective edge of the top wall is connected to each of the other walls to form an enclosure having a parallelepiped-configuration, i.e., a box-shape.

    SUMMARY



    [0010] According to the invention an assembly according to claim 1 is provided.

    [0011] These and other aspects, features and advantages of the present principles will become apparent from the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments, which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] The present principles may be better understood in accordance with the following exemplary figures, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a plan view of a printed circuit board (PCB) having an F-connector to which the present invention can be applied;

    FIG. 2 is a plan view of the RF interference suppressor according to an embodiment of the invention;

    FIG. 3 is a plan view of the underside of a PC board showing the center conductor connection of the F-connector;

    FIG. 4 is an underside view of a PC board showing the RF interference suppressor installed according to an embodiment of the invention;

    FIG. 5 is cross-sectional view of the RF interference suppressor installed on a PCB according to an embodiment of the invention;

    FIG. 6 is a top view of a PC board showing an RF interference suppressor shield surrounding the RF circuitry according to an embodiment of the invention;

    FIG. 7 is a top view of the PC board showing a cover added to the RF interference suppressor shield shown in Figure 5 according to an embodiment of the invention;

    FIGS. 8A and 8B are top and bottom views, respectively, of an exemplary PC board having two F-connectors;

    FIGS. 9A and 9B are top and bottom views, respectively, of a dual RF interference suppressor according to an embodiment of the invention; and

    FIGS. 10A and 10B are top and bottom vies of the PC board showing the dual RF interference suppressor installed according to an embodiment of the invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0013] The present invention is directed to RF interference suppression in satellite receivers.

    [0014] The present description illustrates the present principles.

    [0015] All examples and conditional language recited herein are intended for pedagogical purposes to aid the reader in understanding the present principles and are to be construed as being without limitation to such specifically recited examples and conditions.

    [0016] Reference in the specification to "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" of the present principles, as well as other variations thereof, means that a particular feature, structure, characteristic, and so forth described in connection with the embodiment is included in at least one embodiment of the present principles. Thus, the appearances of the phrase "in one embodiment" or "in an embodiment", as well any other variations, appearing in various places throughout the specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment.

    [0017] A new satellite receiver system has been introduced employing MOCA (Multimedia of Coax Alliance) in a band of frequencies between 475 and 650 MHz. This allows new functionality by providing two-way communication between two or more satellite receivers in the same household. Such communication provides the exchange of both video signals as well as control functions. Such a system uses the same coaxial cable system as used to distribute the satellite signals from the outdoor unit. This includes signal splitters that divide and weaken the signals, both from the outdoor antenna/converter as well as the signals in the MOCA band among the satellite receivers.

    [0018] As a result of these new satellite systems and the implementation of MOCA, it becomes very important that potentially interfering signals are not allowed to propagate from the satellite receivers to the system. To this end, any spurious RF energy must not be allowed to enter the coaxial cable system from the individual satellite receivers. The specification from the satellite service provider for this new system employing MOCA is three (3) orders of magnitude lower than previous products. In addition, the satellite receiver has many high level clocks and high speed digital signals that must be isolated from the F-connector that connects to the coaxial cable distribution system. It is also necessary to prevent ingress of signals from external sources such as broadcast television, cell phones, etc.

    [0019] After conducting some investigation, it has been determined that a great deal of interference is due to an exposed center pin/conductor 14 on the input F-connector 12 on the underside of the PC board (PCB) 10. This is shown in Figure 1. The bottom of the board 10 can be covered with a grounded copper foil 16 except for the center pin 14 of the F-connector 12.

    [0020] As shown in FIG. 3, the construction of the F-connector 12 is such that the center pin 14 must go through the PC board 10 and have a solder connection on the underside thereof. This small point of connection must be shielded to prevent pick-up of spurious signals from the high speed digital portions of the receiver that were generated from the Double Data Rate synchronous dynamic random access memory (DDR) and other components on the bottom side of the PCB 10 and reflected off the inside of the metal enclosure of the satellite receiver and picked up on the center pin 14 of the F-connector 12 that protrudes through the PCB 10.

    [0021] In addition, a component of the currents from the digital portions of the receiver can be present in the ground plane surrounding the pin 14. Thus the suppressor of the present invention provides a Faraday shield around the center pin to reduce reflected pickup as well as preventing a current differential across the ground plane surrounding the center pin. The Faraday shielding also reduces a source of ingress from outside interference such as broadcast television and cell phones.

    [0022] As shown in Figures 2, 4 and 5-7, the RF shield 20 includes a metal cover 22 with short sides or sidewalls 23 placed over the center pin connection on the underside of the PC board. This requires connection on all four sides which involves using tabs 26 on three sides (See Fig. 7) including the large metal mounting tab to accommodate the F connector at the edge of the PC board. However, this mounting tab proved to be too large for soldering in the high volume production process, but such a connection proved necessary for proper interference suppression.

    [0023] An improved solution, according to the invention, is to extend the metal cover 22 and bend a portion or F-connector tab 24 with an appropriate hole 25 such that it could fit over the threaded part of the F-connector 12. This is shown in Figures 2, 4, 6 and 8. It was then determined that this worked even better than the first solution. Upon further investigation, it was found that the gap between the F-connector body 13 and the inner shield wall provided a path for interference. The inner shield 30 is shown in figures 6 and 7, and is generally used to further contain/shield the RF circuit components mounted on the PCB. Suppression requires that not only that the gap be covered, but that a good connection be formed from the F-connector to the inner shield on all sides of the opening. This process extended the coverage of the Faraday shield over the F connector as well as the area surrounding the center pin.

    [0024] As shown in Figures 4 and 5, the hole 25 in portion 24 of RF shield or suppressor 20 is fitted over the F connector 12 and the tabs 26 of the sides 23 are soldered to the bottom of the PC board. The PC board 10 and suppressor assembly is then inserted into the metal case 40 of the satellite receiver with the F connector protruding through a close fitting hole 42 (See Figure 5). A nut 44 is then put on the F connector 12 and tightened such that the portion 24 of the suppressor is pressed against the inner shield 30, the outer metal case 40 and the F connector body 13. This forms a structure such that any radiated interference is prevented from direct ingress. It also provides a very low impedance connection so that currents flowing in the metal case do not induce interference in the inner shield and associated circuitry connected to the F-connector.

    [0025] The unique construction and assembly of the metal RF interference suppressor allows the use of a standard F connector, existing designs for the inner shield and metal case, and allows standard factory assembly techniques to be used. The details including provisions for high volume production are shown in Figure 5.

    [0026] One difficulty of using existing F connectors is that they rely on a nut 42 on the outside of the case 40 jack panel to be tightened that mechanically cinches up the components of the inner shield, the suppressor shield, the F-connector and case wall to provide a complete seal. The tightening of the F connector nut 42 would impart a large axial force on the bottom and side portions of the shield which would cause the solder tabs 26 to shear from the solder pads on the PC board.

    [0027] This invention solves this problem with two (2) important features. First, the F-connector tab 24 has an offset 28 that starts just below the bottom edge of the PC board 10. This allows the F-connector tab 24 to bend and be displaced relative to the bottom 22 of the shield. Second, the F connector tab 24 is separated from the side walls 23 of the shield and the side walls of the shield are flush with the edge of the PC board. This prevents the side walls of the shield from being loaded by contact with the inside wall of the case frame or metal case 40, and further allows the tab to be compressed between the inner shield and the outer metal casing when the nut is secured onto the threaded portion of the F-connector on the outside of the metal casing of the satellite receiver.

    [0028] Another problem solved by the present invention is the securing of the shield 20 in place before and during the solder tabs 26 are soldered. To solve this, the shield design includes a small barbed tab latch 27 that opposes the F connector tab 24 and allows for positive retention within the PC board 10 and therefore consistent and accurate placement. The tab on the F-connector has a thickness of 1.8 +0.0 - 0.1 mm which fits into a small PC board slot having the a width of 1.90 ± 0.125 mm, which results in a tight fit.

    [0029] Figure 5 shows various gaps A-E which are defined as follows:
    1. A = F-connector shoulder to frame gap which is nominally .05 mm;
    2. B = thickness of the shield wall 28, measuring between 0.25 mm, and 0.5 mm;
    3. C = the PC Board edge to the frame gap which is nominally 0.5 mm;
    4. D = the PC Board slot side for mounting the body of the F-connector to the PC Board which is 1.90 ± 0.125 mm; and
    5. E = the F-connector body tab size which is 1.8 +0.0 - 0.1 mm, inserted into the slot D.


    [0030] As described in the above exemplary embodiment, the invention can be used on a single F-connector design of the satellite receiver. In accordance with other embodiments, the present invention can be implemented using a single interference suppressor having a plurality of apertures for an electronic device in which multiple side-by-side F connectors 212 are employed. Figures 8a and 8b show the top and bottom of a PC Board 210, respectively, having two (2) F-connectors side by side. Figures 9a and 9b show the top and bottom of an exemplary single RF interference suppressor 200 having two holes and a length configured to receive and shield the two side by side F-connectors. Figures 10a and 10b show the top and bottom views with the single interference suppressor accommodating two side by side F-connectors.

    [0031] Although the illustrative embodiments have been described herein with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is to be understood that the present principles is not limited to those precise embodiments, and that various changes and modifications may be effected therein by one of ordinary skill in the pertinent art.


    Claims

    1. An assembly comprising:

    a satellite receiver having a printed circuit board (10) contained within a metal case (40) and at least one F-connector (12) connected to the printed circuit board (10) and extending out of the metal case (40); and

    an RF interference suppressor having a metal shield (20) mounted on an underside of the printed circuit board (10) so as to enclose a point of connection of a center connector (14) of the at least one F-connector (12) to the PC board (10), the metal shield (20) comprises

    a bottom (22),

    three sides (23) extending transversely from the bottom 22),
    and

    a tab (24) extending upward from the bottom and having an aperture (25) configured to fit around a threaded portion of the at least one F-connector (12), characterized in that the tab (24) further comprises an offset (28) positioned at a base of the tab (24) and starting below the bottom edge of the PC board (10) such that said tab (24) is displaced relative to the bottom of the shield (20), the tab (24) being separated from the three sides (23).


     
    2. The assembly of claim 1, further comprising positioning means integrated into the shield (20) and configured to secure a position of the shield (20) to the underside of the PC board (10) before soldering.
     
    3. The assembly of claim 2, wherein said positioning means comprises a tab latch (27) positioned on one of said three sides (23) opposing said tab.
     
    4. The assembly of claim 1, wherein said three sides(23) are connected to each other.
     
    5. The assembly of claim 1, wherein each of said three sides (23) further comprises a solder tab (26) extending there from and configured to be soldered to the PC board (10).
     
    6. The assembly of claim 1, wherein said tab (24) is configured to be positioned between a shoulder of the F-connector (12) and the metal case (40) of the satellite receiver.
     
    7. The assembly of claim 6, wherein said tab (24) is sandwiched between the shoulder of the F-connector (12) and the metal case (40) when a nut (44) is secured onto the threaded end of the F-connector (12) from outside the metal case (40).
     
    8. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the satellite receiver has more than one F-connector (12) connected to the printed circuit board (10) and extending out of the metal case (40).
     
    9. The assembly of claim 8, wherein the tab has more than one aperture (25) each configured to fit around the threaded portion of each one of the more than one F-connectors (12).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anordnung, die umfasst:

    einen Satellitenempfänger mit einer Leiterplatte (10), die in einem Metallgehäuse (40) enthalten ist, und mit mindestens einem F-Steckverbinder (12), der mit der Leiterplatte (10) verbunden ist und aus dem Metallgehäuse (40) herausragt; und

    eine HF-Störsperre mit einer Metallabschirmung (20), die in der Weise auf einer Unterseite der Leiterplatte (10) montiert ist, dass sie einen Verbindungspunkt eines Mittenverbinders (14) des mindestens einen F-Steckverbinders (12) mit der PC-Platine (10) einschließt, wobei die Metallabschirmung (20) umfasst:

    einen Boden (22),

    drei Seiten (23), die seitlich von dem Boden (22) ausgehen, und

    eine Lasche (24), die von dem Boden nach oben ausgeht und eine Öffnung (25) aufweist, die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie um einen Gewindeabschnitt des mindestens

    einen F-Steckverbinders (12) passt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Lasche (24) ferner einen Versatz (28) umfasst, der an einem Fuß der Lasche (24) positioniert ist und in der Weise unter dem unteren Rand der PC-Platine (10) beginnt, dass die Lasche (24) relativ zu dem Boden der Abschirmung (20) verlagert ist, wobei die Lasche (24) von den drei Seiten (23) getrennt ist.


     
    2. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner ein Positioniermittel umfasst, das in die Abschirmung (20) integriert ist und dafür konfiguriert ist, vor dem Löten eine Position der Abschirmung (20) zu der Unterseite der PC-Platine (10) sicherzustellen.
     
    3. Anordnung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Positioniermittel eine Laschenzunge (27) umfasst, die auf einer der drei Seiten (23), die der Lasche gegenüberliegen, positioniert ist.
     
    4. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die drei Seiten (23) miteinander verbunden sind.
     
    5. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei jede der drei Seiten (23) ferner eine Lötfahne (26) umfasst, die davon ausgeht und dafür konfiguriert ist, an die PC-Platine (10) gelötet zu werden.
     
    6. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lasche (24) dafür konfiguriert ist, zwischen einer Schulter des F-Steckverbinders (12) und dem Metallgehäuse (40) des Satellitenempfängers positioniert zu werden.
     
    7. Anordnung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Lasche (24) zwischen der Schulter des F-Steckverbinders (12) und dem Metallgehäuse (40) aufgenommen ist, wenn auf dem Gewindeende des F-Steckverbinders (12) von außerhalb des Metallgehäuses (40) eine Mutter (44) gesichert ist.
     
    8. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Satellitenempfänger mehr als einen F-Steckverbinder (12) aufweist, der mit der Leiterplatte (10) verbunden ist und aus dem Metallgehäuse (40) herausragt.
     
    9. Anordnung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Lasche mehr als eine Öffnung (25) aufweist, die jeweils so konfiguriert ist, dass sie um den Gewindeabschnitt jedes des mehr als einen F-Steckverbinders (12) passt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble comprenant :

    un récepteur satellite doté d'une carte de circuits imprimés (10) contenue dans un boîtier métallique (40) et d'au moins un connecteur F (12) connecté à la carte de circuits imprimés (10) et dépassant du boîtier métallique (40) ; et

    un filtre anti-parasites RF doté d'une protection métallique (20) montée sur le dessous de la carte de circuits imprimés (10) de manière à entourer un point de connexion d'un connecteur central (14) de l'au moins un connecteur F (12) avec la carte de circuits imprimés (10), la protection métallique (20) comprenant une partie inférieure (22), trois côtés (23) s'étendant transversalement à partir de la partie inférieure (22) et une patte (24) s'étendant vers le haut à partir de la partie inférieure et présentant une ouverture (25) configurée pour s'engager autour d'une partie filetée de l'au moins un connecteur F (12), caractérisé en ce que la patte (24) comprend en outre une pièce de décalage (28) positionné à la base de la patte (24) et démarrant sous la partie inférieure de la carte de circuits imprimés (10), de telle sorte que ladite patte (24) est décalée par rapport à la partie inférieure de la protection (20), la patte (24) étant séparée des trois côtés (23).


     
    2. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un moyen de positionnement intégré à la protection (20) et configuré pour maintenir une position de la protection (20) sur le dessous de la carte de circuits imprimés (10) avant le soudage.
     
    3. Ensemble selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit moyen de positionnement comprend une attache de patte (27) positionnée sur l'un desdits trois côtés (23) opposés à ladite patte.
     
    4. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits trois côtés (23) sont connectés entre eux.
     
    5. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacun desdits trois côtés (23) comprend en outre une patte à souder (26) dépassant à cet endroit et configurée pour être soudée à la carte de circuits imprimés (10).
     
    6. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite patte (24) est configurée pour être positionnée entre un épaulement du connecteur F (12) et le boîtier métallique (40) du récepteur satellite.
     
    7. Ensemble selon la revendication 6, dans lequel ladite patte (24) est placée entre l'épaulement du connecteur F (12) et le boîtier métallique (40) lorsqu'un écrou (44) est vissé sur l'extrémité filetée du connecteur F (12) depuis l'extérieur du boîtier métallique (40).
     
    8. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le récepteur satellite comprend plusieurs connecteurs F (12) connectés à la carte de circuits imprimés (10) et dépassant du boîtier métallique (40).
     
    9. Ensemble selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la patte comporte plusieurs ouvertures (25), configurées chacune pour s'engager autour de la partie filetée de chacun des connecteurs F (12).
     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description