(19)
(11)EP 2 527 075 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.11.2021 Bulletin 2021/47

(21)Application number: 10843872.2

(22)Date of filing:  22.01.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B23K 26/20(2014.01)
F16H 55/17(2006.01)
F16H 48/06(2006.01)
B23K 26/16(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F16H 55/17; F16H 2048/385; F16H 2048/382; Y10T 403/477; B23K 26/16; B23K 2101/008; B23K 26/28; B23K 33/006
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2010/050773
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/089706 (28.07.2011 Gazette  2011/30)

(54)

WELDED STRUCTURE AND WELDING METHOD

SCHWEISSSTRUKTUR UND SCHWEISSVERFAHREN

STRUCTURE SOUDÉE ET PROCÉDÉ DE SOUDURE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.11.2012 Bulletin 2012/48

(73)Proprietor: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-8571 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • UCHIDA, Keisuke
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • IWATANI, Shingo
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • ENDO, Takahito
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • KURAMOTO, Go
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • KAMITAKE, Jun
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • TSUNEKAWA, Hirokazu
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)

(74)Representative: D Young & Co LLP 
120 Holborn
London EC1N 2DY
London EC1N 2DY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 178 471
WO-A1-2007/085848
JP-A- 10 231 918
US-A- 5 211 327
US-A1- 2007 029 290
EP-A2- 1 719 572
JP-A- 10 113 783
JP-A- 62 038 787
US-A1- 2001 007 717
  
  • None
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to a welded structure of plural parts joined together by welding such as, for example, a differential case and a ring gear of a differential device (differential gear) of an automobile, and a welding method.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] One example of a welded structure of plural parts joined together by welding is a welded structure between, for example, a differential case and a ring gear of a differential device (hereinafter, "differential gear") of an automobile. FIG. 11 shows a conventional example of a welded structure between a conventional differential case 100 and a ring gear 102. A hypoid gear is formed in a teeth portion 102a of the ring gear 102. In the conventional example of FIG. 11, a groove 104 is provided in the joint surface between the differential case 100 and the ring gear 102. Thus, compressive stress and shear stress on weld beads 105 caused by a load applied in directions shown in the drawing in actual operation of the differential gear are less concentrated on a weld bead end 105a.

[0003] However, in a conventional example in which a helical gear is formed in a teeth portion 106a of a ring gear 106 as shown in FIG. 12, the load is applied repeatedly in directions indicated respectively by solid line arrows and broken line arrows in actual operation of the differential gear. This causes compressive stress and tensile stress to be generated repeatedly at both ends in the central axis direction of the ring gear 106 (up and down direction of the drawing) of the joint surface between the differential case 108 and the ring gear 106. In the conventional example of FIG. 12, weld beads 109 are formed only from one side in the central axis direction of the ring gear 106 of the joint surface between a differential case 108 and the ring gear 106. Therefore one end of the weld beads 109 may be repeatedly subjected to large compressive stress and tensile stress, which may result in insufficient weld strength. Even if a groove 110 is provided in the differential case 108 in its joint surface with the ring gear 106, such groove cannot provide an effect of reducing stresses applied to the end on the groove 110 side of the weld beads 109.

[0004] Patent Document 1 discloses a technique in which a flange member is disposed between a small gear wheel member and a large gear wheel member, and the flange member is joined to the large gear wheel member with the outer periphery of the flange member being in contact with the inner periphery of the large gear wheel member such that it is welded from both sides in the central axis direction of the large gear wheel member.

RELATED ART DOCUMENTS


PATENT DOCUMENTS



[0005] Patent Document 1: JP 10(1998)-231918A

[0006] EP 0178 471 A1 discusses a welded joint.

[0007] US 2001/007717 A1 discusses a structural body and friction stir welding method.

[0008] US 5 211 327 A discusses a method of welding.

[0009] EP 1 719 572 A2 discusses a process for welding a ring gear with a gear case.

[0010] US 2007/029290 A1 discusses a method for the plasma, laser or electron beam welding of identical or different materials with a tendency for excessive hardening, with copper or a copper alloy as a filler material.

[0011] Document WO2007085848 discloses a welded structure including a differential gear and a differential housing, and forms the basis for the preamble of claims 1 and 6.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



[0012] In the technique of Patent Document 1, there is a possibility that weld quality is lowered due to a large number of blow holes caused by gas that may be generated and remain inside the weld beads when welding the large gear wheel member from both sides in the central axis direction thereof. Further, there exists a non-welded portion between weld beads on both sides. When the weld (welded portion) contracts on cooling after welding, such a non-welded portion inhibits the contraction, whereby tensile stress remains at the interface between the weld beads and non-welded portion. As the weld beads on both sides are repeatedly subjected to compressive stress and tensile stress, such residual tensile stress at the interface between the weld beads and the non-welded portion may initiate cracks from this interface between the weld beads and the non-welded portion into the weld beads or thermally affected parts, therefore sufficient weld strength may not be obtained.

[0013] Accordingly, the present invention was made to solve the above problem and has an object to provide a welded structure and a welding method with which weld strength and weld quality can be improved.

MEANS OF SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



[0014] One aspect of the present invention made to solve the above problem provides a welded structure according to claim 1.

[0015] In this aspect, gas that may be generated during welding can be exhausted into the cavity, so that formation of blow holes is suppressed. Also, stress that may act to lower weld strength hardly remains at the interface of the joined portion between the first member and the second member on cooling after welding. Thus, weld strength and weld quality are improved.

[0016] In the above aspect of the present invention, it is preferable to include a through hole extending from outside into the cavity.

[0017] In this configuration, gas exhausted into the cavity during welding can escape from the through hole, so that formation of pin holes in the welded portion is prevented. The through hole also allows for observation of the inside of the cavity to check if the welded portion has been formed through to the cavity, so that weld quality is improved. Also, any water droplets due to possible condensation inside the cavity on cooling after welding can be drained from the through hole. Therefore, corrosion of the welded portion can be prevented.

[0018] In the above aspect of the present invention, preferably, the first member is an annular member whose radial direction coincides with the first direction, the welded structure includes a press-fit portion on one of an inner peripheral surface of the first member and an abutment surface of the first member joint portion of the second member that abuts against the inner peripheral surface for allowing press-fit to be made with a press-fit interference between the inner peripheral surface and the abutment surface.

[0019] In this configuration, the second member is press-fitted into the first member, or, the first member is press-fitted into the second member. Thus, the first member and the second member are maintained in their positions during welding. Therefore, weld distortion can be reduced.

[0020] In the above aspect of the present invention, preferably, the cavity includes a first cavity and a second cavity, the first cavity and the second cavity are arranged respectively on both sides of the press-fit portion in the second direction.

[0021] In this configuration, when performing welding, for example laser welding, from both ends in the second direction of the joint surface, i.e., from two directions, the irradiated laser beam is interrupted by the press-fit portion. Therefore the welded portion already formed by a laser beam irradiated from one side can be prevented from being re-heated by a laser beam irradiated from the other side. Also, even when welding is performed simultaneously from the above-noted two directions, the laser beams irradiated from the two directions do not interfere with each other.

[0022] In accordance with the invention, the cavity is formed by a groove provided at least to one of the first member and the second member.

[0023] Accordingly, the tolerable amount of gas exhausted into the cavity can readily be adjusted by adjustment of the groove depth.

[0024] In accordance with the invention, the second member is made of a material that generates more gas when molten than the first member, and the welded portion is formed along a direction inclined toward the first member side relative to the joint surface.

[0025] Accordingly, the melting amount of the second member that generates more gas when molten can be reduced during welding, so that formation of blow holes is suppressed.

[0026] In the above aspect of the present invention, preferably, the first member is a ring gear of a differential gear, and the second member is a differential case which is a housing member of the differential gear.

[0027] Accordingly, stress applied to the welded portion caused by an external force on the ring gear in actual operation of the differential gear is reduced, and also, formation of blow holes in the welded portion can be suppressed. Thus, weld strength and weld quality of the welded portion between the differential case and the ring gear are improved.

[0028] According to another aspect, the present invention provides a welding method according to claim 6.

[0029] In this aspect of the present invention, preferably, the first member or the second member is formed with a through hole extending from outside into the cavity.

[0030] In the above aspect of the present invention, preferably, the first member is formed in an annular form such that its radial direction coincides with the first direction, the first member joint portion of the second member is formed with an abutment surface to be abutted against an inner peripheral surface of the first member, and the first member and the second member are press-fitted to each other with a press-fit interference between the inner peripheral surface and the abutment surface.

EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



[0031] With the welded structure and the welding method according to the present invention, weld strength and weld quality can be improved.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0032] 

FIG. 1 is a plan view of a welded structure between a differential case and a ring gear;

FIG. 2 is a cross section along A-A in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a welded portion between the differential case and the ring gear in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a state where compressive stress occurs in a concentrated manner in a non-welded portion;

FIG. 5 is a view showing a state of a protruded portion during welding;

FIG. 6 is a view showing a state where the ring gear is positioned with a positioning jig;

FIG. 7 is a view showing a second embodiment;

FIG. 8 is a view showing a third embodiment;

FIG. 9 is a view showing a fourth embodiment;

FIG. 10 is a view showing a fifth embodiment;

FIG. 11 is a view showing a conventional example using a ring gear of a hypoid gear; and

FIG. 12 is a view showing a conventional example using a ring gear of a helical gear.


MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



[0033] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In this embodiment, a welded structure between a differential case and a ring gear in a differential gear will be described as one example.

<Example 1>



[0034] First, the overall welded structure of this example will be described.

[0035] FIG. 1 is a plan view of a welded structure between a differential case 10 and a ring gear 12. The differential case 10 is shown partially, i.e., only the vicinity of its joint portion to the ring gear 12 is shown.

[0036] As shown in FIG. 1, the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 are joined by welding, with the differential case 10 being inserted into the inner periphery of the annular ring gear 12. First weld beads 14, which are the weld or welded portion formed when joining the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 by welding, are formed in an annular shape along the inner periphery of the ring gear 12. Here, the differential case 10 is one example of a "second member" in the claims. The ring gear 12 is one example of a "first member" in the claims. In this example, welding is performed from two directions on both sides of the ring gear 12 with respect to the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 (direction perpendicular to the paper plane of FIG. 1, direction orthogonal to the radial direction of the ring gear 12). As will be described later, second weld beads 38 (see FIG. 3) which are the weld or welded portion on the side opposite to the side shown in FIG. 1 are formed in an annular shape along the inner periphery of the ring gear 12 similarly to the first weld beads 14.

[0037] The differential case 10 is a housing member accommodating therein components for transmitting power (such as a pinion shaft, a pinion gear, a side gear) to a drive shaft (not shown). The ring gear 12 is a gear wheel member meshing with a drive pinion (not shown) that transmits power from an engine (not shown). The differential case 10 is made of cast iron, while the ring gear 12 is made of steel.

[0038] FIG. 2 is a cross section along A-A in FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the joint portion between the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 in FIG. 2.

[0039] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 are aligned in the radial direction (a first direction) of the ring gear 12. The central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 is a direction (a third direction) orthogonal to the radial direction of the ring gear 12. In this example, the direction (a second direction) in which the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are formed in a joint surface 25 coincides with the direction (the third direction, or the central axis S direction) orthogonal to the radial direction of the ring gear 12.

[0040] The differential case 10 is provided with a gear joint portion 22 which will be joined to the ring gear 12. Here, the gear joint portion 22 is one example of a "first member joint portion" in the claims, and one part of the differential case 10. Namely, the "first member joint portion" in the claims is one part of the "second member". The ring gear 12 is provided with a case joint portion 20 which will be joined to the differential case 10. Here, the case joint portion 20 is one example of a "second member joint portion" in the claims, and one part of the ring gear 12. Namely, the "second member joint portion" in the claims is one part of the "first member". In the joint surface 25 where the case joint portion 20 and the gear joint portion 22 are joined together, the first weld beads 14 are formed from one end 27a, while the second weld beads 38 are formed from the other end 27b, of both ends in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12.

[0041] The ring gear 12 is formed of the case joint portion 20, a connecting portion 18, and a toothed portion 16 aligned in this order along the radial direction from the joint surface 25 toward the outer periphery of the ring gear 12. The connecting portion 18 connects to the case joint portion 20 and the toothed portion 16, i.e., couples the case joint portion 20 and the toothed portion 16. The toothed portion 16 is formed with a teeth portion 16a on its outer periphery. In this example, a helical gear is formed in the teeth portion 16a.

[0042] As shown in FIG. 3, the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10 is provided with an abutment surface 21 to be abutted against an inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 before welding the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 together. This abutment surface 21 includes a press-fit portion 24 and a first groove 26 and a second groove 28 on both sides of this press-fit portion 24.

[0043] The press-fit portion 24 is provided substantially at the center of the abutment surface 21 in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12. This press-fit portion 24 is provided for allowing the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 to make press-fit with each other with a press-fit interference (allowance) between the inner peripheral surface 12a and the abutment surface 21 when inserting the differential case 10 into the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12. Alternatively, surface portions of the abutment surface 21 located on both sides, in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12, of the first groove 26, the press-fit portion 24, and the second groove 28 may serve as the press-fit portion. The first groove 26 and the second groove 28 respectively form a first cavity 30 and a second cavity 32 between themselves and the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12. A press-fit portion may be provided in the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 instead of providing the press-fit portion 24 in the abutment surface 21 of the differential case 10.

[0044] The gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10 is formed with through holes 34 extending from outside of the differential case 10 into the first cavity 30. Another through holes may additionally be provided so as to extend through the differential case 10 from outside into the second cavity 32. Alternatively, through holes may be formed in the case joint portion 20 of the ring gear 12 instead of or in addition to the through holes in the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10.

[0045] In this example, welding is performed from two directions on both sides of the ring gear 12 in its central axis S direction, thereby forming the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38, respectively. Each of the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 is a layer of welded metal deposited in the joined portion of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10 and the case joint portion 20 of the ring gear 12 when they are joined together by welding.

[0046] The first weld beads 14 are formed between one end 27a of the joint surface 25 in the central axis S direction and the first cavity 30, while the second weld beads 38 are formed between the other end 27b of the joint surface 25 in the central axis S direction and the second cavity 32. The first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are formed along directions inclined at an angle α relative to the abutment surface 21 of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10.

[0047] The overall welded structure of this example is as described above.

[0048] Next, the characteristic features and advantageous effects of the welded structure of this example will be described.

[0049] As shown in FIG. 3, there are provided the first cavity 30 and the second cavity 32. Welding is performed such as to form the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 respectively between one end 27a of the joint surface 25 and the first cavity 30, and between the other end 27b of the joint surface 25 and the second cavity 32 (hereinafter referred to as "piercing welding"). This allows the gas generated when the differential case 10 melts during welding to be exhausted into the first cavity 30 and the second cavity 32. Therefore, by such piercing welding with the first cavity 30 and the second cavity 32, the formation of blow holes can be prevented. A tolerable amount of gas exhausted into the first cavity 30 and the second cavity 32 can be readily adjusted by adjusting the depth of the first groove 26 and the second groove 28.

[0050] Let us now assume a case where a non-welded portion 48 is provided between the first weld beads 14 and the first cavity 30. As shown in FIG. 4, as the first weld beads 14 and the surrounding thermally affected parts contract on cooling after welding, the non-welded portion 48 will inhibit the contraction in directions indicated by arrows, whereby there remains some tensile stress as indicated by arrows in first weld bead interface 61. Such residual tensile stress may cause cracks to be readily formed from the first weld bead interface 61 when a load is applied thereto in actual operation of the differential gear. On the other hand, there will be no such risk with piercing welding with which a non-welded portion 48 is not formed as in this example. Accordingly, weld strength and weld quality are improved by the piercing welding with the first cavity 30 and the second cavity 32.

[0051] Also, as shown in FIG. 3, the press-fit portion 24 is provided to the abutment surface 21 of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10. The gear joint portion 22 is inserted into the inner periphery of the ring gear 12 with the press-fit portion 24 press-fitted into the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12. Therefore, the positional relationship between the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 can be maintained before and after welding. Accordingly, weld distortion can be reduced by the provision of the press-fit portion 24.

[0052] Also, as shown in FIG. 2, the press-fit portion 24 is provided at a position further in the direction in which a laser beam 23 is irradiated. Therefore, the laser beam 23 irradiated to form the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 hits against and is interrupted by the press-fit portion 24. Accordingly, when forming weld beads on one side after forming weld beads on the other side (for example, when forming the second weld beads 38 after forming the first weld beads 14), there is no risk of re-heating the previously formed weld beads on one side with the laser beam for forming the weld beads on the other side. Thus, with the press-fit portion 24 being provided at a position further in the direction in which the laser beam 23 is irradiated, weld strength and weld quality can be improved.

[0053] When laser beams 23 are simultaneously irradiated from two directions on both sides in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 to form the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38, they do not interfere with each other since the laser beams 23 from two directions hit against and are interrupted by the press-fit portion 24. Accordingly, with the press-fit portion 24 being provided at a position further in the direction in which the laser beam 23 is irradiated, safety in the welding equipment can be improved.

[0054] In this example, welding is performed from two directions on both sides in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 to form the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38. Therefore, a molten component (such as Ni) of the weld wire 40 is contained more at a smaller weld penetration depth than at a larger weld penetration depth both in the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38, i.e., the distribution of the molten component of the weld wire 40 in the weld penetration direction is more or less equal. Accordingly, the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 have a uniform material strength against bending stress applied thereto in actual operation of the differential gear. Thus, weld strength and weld quality can be improved by performing welding from two directions on both sides in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 to form the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38.

[0055] Also, the distribution of heat input can be made uniform during welding along the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 in portions where the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 will be formed. Therefore, weld distortion can be suppressed by performing welding from two directions on both sides in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12.

[0056] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, welding is performed to form the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 along directions inclined at an angle α relative to the abutment surface 21 of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10 toward the ring gear 12 side (hereinafter referred to as "inclined welding"). Therefore, the melting amount of the differential case 10 (made of cast iron) that produces more gas when molten than the ring gear 12 (made of steel) during welding can be reduced, whereby the amount of generated gas can be reduced. Accordingly, the formation of blow holes can be suppressed by performing the inclined welding.

[0057] Also, in the event of rupture of the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38, the ring gear 12 will be caught in the differential case 10 and not come off, so that the ring gear 12 is prevented from dropping out.

[0058] Further, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, through holes 34 are provided to extend through the differential case 10 from outside into the first cavity 30. Therefore, by observing the reflection light of the laser beam 23 in the first groove 26 during welding through the through holes 34, it can be determined whether or not piercing welding has been successfully done wherein the first weld beads 14 are formed through to the first cavity 30. Accordingly, weld quality can certainly be improved by the provision of the through holes 34.

[0059] Gas accumulated inside the first cavity 30 escapes from the through holes 34 so that expansion of gas inside the first cavity 30 can hardly occur, whereby formation of pinholes in the first weld beads 14 can be prevented. Also, any water droplets generated by possible condensation inside the first cavity 30 on cooling after welding can be drained from the through holes 34, so that corrosion of the first weld beads 14 can be prevented. Thus, weld quality is improved by the provision of the through holes 34. Similar effects could be achieved with respect to the second weld beads 38 if through holes are provided in the differential case 10 to extend from outside into the second cavity 32.

[0060] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12, the dimension of the connecting portion 18 is denoted by ta, the dimension between the end face 20a and the end face 20b of the case joint portion 20 is denoted by tb, and the dimension of the toothed portion 16 is denoted by tc.

[0061] In the differential gear having the welded structure between the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 of this example, a thrust load (external force) is applied to the toothed portion 16 in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 (direction indicated by a thick arrow in FIG. 2) by power transmission from a drive pinion (not shown) in actual operation. When a bending moment is applied in directions indicated by thin arrows in FIG. 2 because of such a thrust load, the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are subjected to compressive stress or tensile stress.

[0062] In this example, dimensions are to be ta < tb. Therefore, the case joint portion 20 has an increased modulus of section and improved bending rigidity. Because of this, despite the thrust load acting in the central axis S direction, the compressive stress and tensile stress applied to the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are reduced. Thus, by making the dimensions to be ta < tb, weld strength between the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 is improved.

[0063] Because the dimensions are made to be ta < tb, as shown in FIG. 3, the case joint portion 20 of the ring gear 12 has a protruded portion 42 extending out from the connecting portion 18 in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12. In this protruded portion 42, the radial dimension of the ring gear 12 is small and an opposite surface to the joint surface 25 in the radial direction of the ring gear 12 is open or exposed. Therefore, this protruded portion 42 has a small heat capacity and low rigidity. In welding at the joint surface 25, therefore, as the temperature in the protruded portion 42 rises and its Young's module lowers, the protruded portion 42 can readily deform with expansion thereof as indicated by a broken line in a direction of an arrow in FIG. 5.

[0064] The protruded portion 42 can also deform with contraction thereof as the temperature falls on cooling after welding. Therefore, formation of cracks in the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 and their thermally affected parts can be suppressed during welding and on cooling after welding. Thus, by making the dimensions to be ta < tb, weld quality is improved. The radial dimension of the ring gear 12 in its protruded portion 42 may be made as small as possible to further reduce its heat capacity and to lower the rigidity.

[0065] Further, with the modulus of section of the case joint portion 20 being increased, weld strength can be secured without making the penetration depth of the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 very large. Heat input during welding is thereby reduced. Thus, by making the dimensions to be ta < tb, weld distortion and welding equipment cost can be reduced.

[0066] Also, the dimensions are made to be tb < tc as shown in FIG. 2. By making the dimension tb of the case joint portion 20 smaller, the weight of the ring gear 12 is reduced. Also, the case joint portion 20 has a smaller cross-sectional area, so that stirring resistance between lubricating oil (not shown) filling up around the ring gear 12 and the ring gear 12 generated when the ring gear 12 rotates around the central axis S in actual operation of the differential gear can be reduced.

[0067] Also, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12, the dimension between the end face 22a and the end face 22b of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10 is denoted by td. In this example, the dimensions are made to be tb < td. Thereby, a step 44 is formed respectively between the end face 20a of the case joint portion 20 of the ring gear 12 and the end face 22a of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10, and between the end face 20b of the case joint portion 20 of the ring gear 12 and the end face 22b of the gear joint portion 22 of the differential case 10. Therefore, when welding the ring gear 12 and the differential case 10 together with their inner peripheral surface 12a and the abutment surface 21 abutted on each other, the weld wire 40 can be conformed (contacted) to the portions of these steps 44 as shown in FIG. 5 so that the weld wire 40 will not be displaced further toward the differential case 10. Thus, by making the dimensions to be tb < td, displacement of the weld wire 40 during welding can be prevented.

[0068] Further, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the end faces 20a and 20b in the central axis S direction of the case joint portion 20 of the ring gear 12 are formed flat along the radial direction of the ring gear 12. Therefore, the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 can be accurately positioned by placing a positioning jig 46 for the ring gear 12 in contact with one or both of the end faces 20a and 20b. FIG. 6 shows an example where the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 are positioned with the positioning jig 46 placed in contact with the end face 20a. Either the end face 20a alone, or the end face 20b alone, may be formed flat along the radial direction of the ring gear 12. By forming at least one of the end faces 20a and 20b flat along the radial direction of the ring gear 12 in this manner, the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 can be accurately positioned using the positioning jig 46.

<Example 2>



[0069] There could be Example 2 as shown in FIG. 7.

[0070] Example 2 is different from Example 1 in that no press-fit portion 24 is formed in the differential case 10. It is also different from Example 1 in that the differential case 10 is formed with a groove 51 in the abutment surface 21 so that it includes a cavity 52 formed between this groove 51 and the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12. The cavity 52 has a larger cross-sectional area than the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the first cavity 30 and the second cavity 32 of Example 1. Therefore, more gas that may be generated when the differential case 10 melts during welding can be exhausted into the cavity 52. Thus, according to Example 2, the formation of blow holes can be more reliably suppressed because of the increased tolerable amount of gas that can be exhausted into the cavity 52. Also, because no press-fit portion 24 is provided, the number of mechanical machining processes is reduced, and the production cost can be reduced.

[0071] In Example 2, the gear joint portion 22 before welding is provided with abutment surfaces 53 and 55 on both sides of the groove 51 to be abutted against the case joint portion 20. When inserting the differential case 10 into the inner periphery of the ring gear 12 before welding, it is preferable to press fit the differential case 10 into the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 using at least one of the abutment surfaces 53 and 55.

[0072] There could also be a modified example where no through holes 34 are provided, if, due to the increased tolerable amount of gas that can be exhausted into the cavity 52, pin hole defects of the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 caused by expansion of gas inside the cavity 52 are unlikely to occur.

<Example 3>



[0073] There could be Example 3 as shown in FIG. 8.

[0074] In Example 3, a groove 54 is provided in the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 in addition to the groove 51 in Example 2. Thus it includes a cavity 56 formed between the grooves 51 and 54. This cavity 56 has a larger cross-sectional area than that of the cavity 52 of Example 2. Therefore, more gas that may be generated when the differential case 10 melts during welding can be exhausted into the cavity 56. Thus, the formation of blow holes can be even more reliably suppressed because of the increased tolerable amount of gas that can be exhausted into the cavity 56 by the provision of the groove 54 in the ring gear 12.

[0075] Because of the large tolerable amount of gas that can be exhausted into the cavity 56, pin hole defects caused by expansion of gas inside the cavity 56 are unlikely to occur in the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38. Therefore, the necessity to provide the through holes extending from the cavity 56 to outside of the differential case 10 is lowered.

[0076] As with Example 2, when inserting the differential case 10 into the inner periphery of the ring gear 12 before welding, it is preferable to press fit the differential case 10 into the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 using at least one of the abutment surfaces 53 and 55.

[0077] The previously described step 44 may be formed between the gear joint portion 22 and the case joint portion 20 as required. The inclined welding may also be performed.

<Example 4>



[0078] There could be Example 4 as shown in FIG. 9.

[0079] In Example 4, the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 is split into parts which are respectively positioned differently in the radial direction. In this example, the inner peripheral surface 12a forms the joint surface 25 where the case joint portion 20 and the gear joint portion 22 are joined together.

[0080] While the direction (a second direction) in which the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are formed in the joint surface 25 coincided with the direction (a third direction, central axis S direction) orthogonally intersecting the radial direction of the ring gear 12 in the previously described Examples 1 to 3, the direction (the second direction) in which the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are formed in the joint surface 25 does not coincide with the direction (the third direction, central axis S direction) orthogonally intersecting the radial direction of the ring gear 12 in Examples 4 and 5 described below.

[0081] With the respective parts of the split inner peripheral surface 12a being at different positions in the radial direction, and with the abutment surfaces 53 and 55 of the differential case 10 matched with the positions of the inner peripheral surface 12a as shown in FIG. 9, the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are at different positions respectively in the radial direction of the ring gear 12. Thereby, a laser beam 23 irradiated in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 during welding hits against and is interrupted by the differential case 10 or the ring gear 12. Therefore, the laser beam 23 irradiated to form weld beads on one side does not irradiate and re-heat the weld beads formed on the other side. Accordingly, weld strength and weld quality can be improved.

[0082] Even when the laser welding is performed simultaneously from two directions on both sides of the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12, the laser beams 23 irradiated from two directions do not interfere with each other. Therefore, safety of the welding equipment is improved. Also, since there is no need to perform inclined welding, the welding equipment can be made simple and the production cost can be reduced.

[0083] In the event of rupture of the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38, the ring gear 12 will be caught in the differential case 10 and not come off, so that the ring gear 12 is prevented from dropping out.

[0084] Further, the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 are butted against each other in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 at a butted portion 58. Thereby they have an increased strength against the thrust load.

[0085] In this example, dimensions are made to be ta < tb1, where tb1 represents the dimension of the case joint portion 20 in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12. Thereby, as with Examples 1 to 3, weld strength and weld quality between the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 are improved, and weld distortion and welding equipment cost can be reduced.

[0086] By making the dimensions to be tb1 < tc, as with Examples 1 to 3, the ring gear 12 can be made more lightweight, and stirring resistance can be reduced.

[0087] As with Examples 2 and 3, when inserting the differential case 10 into the inner periphery of the ring gear 12 before welding, it is preferable to press fit the differential case 10 into the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 using at least one of the abutment surfaces 53 and 55.

[0088] Depending on the needs, through holes extending from the first cavity 30 to outside, or through holes extending from the second cavity 32 to outside may be provided in the differential case 10. Also, the previously described step 44 may be provided between the gear joint portion 22 and the case joint portion 20 as required.

<Example 5>



[0089] There could be Example 5 as shown in FIG. 10.

[0090] In Example 5, the joint surface 25 where the case joint portion 20 and the gear joint portion 22 are joined together consists of a surface formed of the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 and the end face 20b of the case joint portion 20 (surface formed by connecting a plurality of surfaces oriented in different directions). The second weld beads 38 are formed along the end face 20b of the case joint portion 20 so that the second weld beads 38 are formed substantially in the radial direction of the ring gear 12. Thereby, weld strength is improved even when, for example, a thrust load is unevenly applied to the upper side in the drawing as shown in FIG. 10 of the toothed portion 16 by power transmission from the drive pinion (not shown) in actual operation of the differential gear.

[0091] In the case where such bending stress as described above is unevenly applied to the lower side of the drawing, weld strength may be improved by inverting the directions in which the first weld beads 14 and the second weld beads 38 are formed from those of the example of FIG. 10.

[0092] Also, the laser beam 23 irradiated to form weld beads on one side does not re-heat the weld beads already formed on the other side during welding. Accordingly, weld quality can be improved. Moreover, even when the laser welding is performed from two directions on both sides of the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12, the laser beams 23 irradiated from two directions do not interfere with each other. Therefore, safety of the welding equipment can be improved.

[0093] In this example, dimensions are made to be ta < tb2, where tb2 represents the dimension of the case joint portion 20 in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12. Thereby, as with Examples 1 to 4, weld strength and weld quality between the differential case 10 and the ring gear 12 are improved, and weld distortion and welding equipment cost can be reduced.

[0094] By making the dimensions to be tb2 < tc, as with Examples 1 to 4, the ring gear 12 can be made more lightweight, and stirring resistance can be reduced.

[0095] When inserting the differential case 10 into the inner periphery of the ring gear 12 before welding, it is preferable to press fit the differential case 10 into the inner peripheral surface 12a of the ring gear 12 using the abutment surface 53.

[0096] A cavity 60 is formed between the groove 59 in the abutment surface 21 and the inner peripheral surface 12a. Depending on the needs, through holes extending from this cavity 60 to outside may be formed in the differential case 10.

[0097] It will be appreciated that the foregoing embodiments are given for illustrative purposes only and not to be construed as limiting the present invention but rather the subject matter of the invention can be variously modified and altered without departing from its scope.

[0098] While the welded structure between a differential case and a ring gear of a differential gear was described as one example in the foregoing Examples, the present invention is not limited to this example. For example, the invention is applicable to a welded structure between other annular parts and components inserted into the inner peripheral surface of annular parts, or a welded structure between bar-like members or plate-like members.

[0099] As long as the weight of the ring gear 12 and stirring resistance between the ring gear 12 and lubricating oil (not shown) when the ring gear 12 rotates are within a permissible range, the dimension tb of the case joint portion 20 in the central axis S direction of the ring gear 12 may be made larger than the dimension tc of the toothed portion 16 (tb > tc).

DESCRIPTION OF THE REFERENCE SIGNS



[0100] 
10
Differential case
12
Ring gear
12a
Inner peripheral surface
14
First weld bead
16
Toothed portion
16a
Teeth portion
18
Connecting portion
20
Case joint portion
20a
End face
20b
End face
21
Abutment surface
22
Gear joint portion
22a
End face
22b
End face
23
Laser beam
24
Press-fit portion
25
Joint surface
27a
End face
27b
End face
30
First cavity
32
Second cavity
34
Through hole
38
Second weld bead
40
Weld wire
42
Protruded portion
44
Step
46
Positioning jig
52
Cavity
53
Abutment surface
55
Abutment surface
56
Cavity
60
Cavity
61
First weld bead interface
α
Angle
S
Center axis



Claims

1. A welded structure of a first member (12) and a second member (10) joined together by welding,

wherein the first member (12) includes a second member joint portion (20) joined to the second member (10),

the second member (10) includes a first member joint portion (22) joined to the first member (12),

when the first member (12) and the second member (10) are aligned along a first direction and a second direction is a direction intersecting the first direction,

the welded structure includes a cavity (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) formed between the first member joint portion (22) and the second member joint portion (20),

a welded portion (14, 38) formed between the cavity (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) and each end in the second direction of a joint surface (25) where the first member joint portion (22) and the second member joint portion (20) are joined together,

the cavity (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) is formed by a groove (26, 28; 51; 54; 59) provided at least to one of the first member (12) and the second member (10),

characterized in that:

the second member (10) is made of a material that generates more gas when molten than the first member (12), and

the welded portion (14, 38) is formed along a direction inclined toward the first member (12) side relative to the joint surface (25), so as to reduce the melting amount of the second member (10).


 
2. The welded structure according to claim 1 includes a through hole (34) extending from outside into the cavity (30, 32; 52).
 
3. The welded structure according to claim 1 or 2,

wherein the first member (12) is an annular member whose radial direction coincides with the first direction,

the welded structure includes a press-fit portion (24) on one of an inner peripheral surface (12a) of the first member (12) and an abutment surface (21; 53, 55) of the first member joint portion (22) of the second member (10) that abuts against the inner peripheral surface (12a) for allowing press-fit to be made with a press-fit interference between the inner peripheral surface (12a) and the abutment surface (21; 53, 55).


 
4. The welded structure according to claim 3,

wherein the cavity includes a first cavity (30) and a second cavity (32),

the first cavity (30) and the second cavity (32) are arranged respectively on both sides of the press-fit portion (24) in the second direction.


 
5. The welded structure according to one of claims 1 to 4,

wherein the first member is a ring gear (12) of a differential gear, and

the second member is a differential case (10) which is a housing member of the differential gear.


 
6. A welding method for joining a first member (12) and a second member (10) together by welding,

wherein, when the first member (12) and the second member (10) are aligned along a first direction, and a second direction is a direction intersecting the first direction, for joining together a second member joint portion (20) provided to the first member (12) to be joined to the second member (10) and a first member joint portion (22) provided to the second member (10) to be joined to the first member (12),

a cavity (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) is formed between the first member joint portion and the second member joint portion,

welding is performed from both ends of a joint surface (25) where the first member joint portion (22) and the second member joint portion (20) are joined together in the second direction so as to form welds between both ends of the joint surface (25) in the second direction and the cavity (30, 32; 52; 56; 60),

the cavity (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) is formed by a groove (26, 28; 51; 54; 59) provided at least to one of the first member (12) and the second member (10),

characterized in that:

the second member (10) is made of a material that generates more gas when molten than the first member (12), and

the welded portion (14, 38) is formed along a direction inclined toward the first member (12) side relative to the joint surface (25), so as to reduce the melting amount of the second member (10).


 
7. The welding method according to claim 6,
wherein the first member (12) or the second member (10) is formed with a through hole (34) extending from outside into the cavity (30, 32; 52).
 
8. The welding method according to claim 6 or 7,
wherein the first member (12) is formed in an annular form such that its radial direction coincides with the first direction, the first member joint portion (22) of the second member (10) is formed with an abutment surface (21; 53, 55) to be abutted against an inner peripheral surface (12a) of the first member (12), and the first member (12) and the second member (10) are press-fitted to each other with a press-fit interference between the inner peripheral surface (12a) and the abutment surface (21; 53, 55).
 


Ansprüche

1. Geschweißte Struktur aus einem ersten Element (12) und einem zweiten Element (10), die durch Schweißen miteinander verbunden sind,

wobei das erste Element (12) einen Verbindungsabschnitt (20) zu dem zweiten Element aufweist, der mit dem zweiten Element (10) verbunden ist,

das zweite Element (10) einen Verbindungsabschnitt (22) zu dem ersten Element aufweist, der mit dem ersten Element (12) verbunden ist,

wenn das erste Element (12) und das zweite Element (10) entlang einer ersten Richtung ausgerichtet sind und eine zweite Richtung eine Richtung ist, die die erste Richtung schneidet,

die geschweißte Struktur einen Hohlraum (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) aufweist, der zwischen dem Verbindungsabschnitt (22) zu dem ersten Element und dem Verbindungsabschnitt (20) zu dem zweiten Element gebildet ist,

ein geschweißter Abschnitt (14, 38) zwischen dem Hohlraum (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) und den Enden einer Verbindungsfläche (25), in der der Verbindungsabschnitt (22) zu dem ersten Element und der Verbindungsabschnitt (20) zu dem zweiten Element miteinander verbunden sind, in der zweiten Richtung gebildet ist,

der Hohlraum (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) von einer Nut (26, 28; 51; 54; 59) gebildet wird, die an wenigstens einem von dem ersten Element (12) und dem zweiten Element (10) gebildet ist,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

das zweite Element (10) aus einem Material besteht, das, wenn geschmolzen, mehr Gas erzeugt als das erste Element (12) und

der geschweißte Abschnitt (14, 38) entlang einer Richtung gebildet ist, die, bezogen auf die Verbindungsfläche (25), in Richtung zu der Seite des ersten Elements (12) geneigt ist, um die Schmelzmenge des zweiten Elements (10) zu verringern.


 
2. Geschweißte Struktur gemäß Anspruch 1, die ein Durchgangsloch (34) aufweist, das von außen in den Hohlraum (30, 32; 52) verläuft.
 
3. Geschweißte Struktur gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2,

wobei das erste Element (12) ein ringförmiges Element ist, dessen radiale Richtung mit der ersten Richtung zusammenfällt,

die geschweißte Struktur einen Presspassabschnitt (24) an einem von einer inneren Umfangsfläche (12a) des ersten Elements (12) und einer Anschlagfläche (21; 53, 55) des Verbindungsabschnitts (22) zu dem ersten Element des zweiten Elements (10), die gegen die innere Umfangsfläche (12a) anstößt, aufweist, um die Bildung einer Presspassung mit einem Presspasseingriff zwischen der inneren Umfangsfläche (12a) und der Anschlagfläche (21; 53, 55) zu erlauben.


 
4. Geschweißte Struktur gemäß Anspruch 3,

wobei der Hohlraum einen ersten Hohlraum (30) und einen zweiten Hohlraum (32) einschließt,

der erste Hohlraum (30) und der zweite Hohlraum (32) an den beiden Seiten des Presspassabschnitts (24) in der zweiten Richtung angeordnet sind.


 
5. Geschweißte Struktur gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,

wobei das erste Element ein Zahnkranz (12) eines Differentialgetriebes ist und

das zweite Element ein Differentialgehäuse (10) ist, das ein Gehäuseelement des Differentialgetriebes ist.


 
6. Schweißverfahren zum Verbinden eines ersten Elements (12) und eines zweiten Elements (10) durch Schweißen,

wobei, wenn das erste Element (12) und das zweite Element (10) entlang einer ersten Richtung ausgerichtet sind und eine zweite Richtung eine Richtung ist, die die erste Richtung schneidet, um einen Verbindungsabschnitt (20) zu dem zweiten Element, der an dem ersten Element (12) bereitgestellt ist und mit dem zweiten Element (10) verbunden werden soll, und einen Verbindungsabschnitt (22) zu dem ersten Element, der an dem zweiten Element (10) bereitgestellt ist und mit dem ersten Element (12) verbunden werden soll, miteinander zu verbinden,

ein Hohlraum (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) zwischen dem Verbindungsabschnitt zu dem ersten Element und dem Verbindungsabschnitt zu dem zweiten Element gebildet ist,

Schweißen von beiden Enden einer Verbindungsfläche (25) durchgeführt wird, an der der Verbindungsabschnitt (22) zu dem ersten Element und der Verbindungsabschnitt (20) zu dem zweiten Element in der zweiten Richtung miteinander verbunden werden, um Schweißstellen zwischen beiden Enden der Verbindungsfläche (25) in der zweiten Richtung und dem Hohlraum (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) zu bilden,

der Hohlraum (30, 32; 52; 56; 60) von einer Nut (26, 28; 51; 54; 59) gebildet wird, die an wenigstens einem von dem ersten Element (12) und dem zweiten Element (10) gebildet ist,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

das zweite Element (10) aus einem Material besteht, das, wenn geschmolzen, mehr Gas erzeugt als das erste Element (12) und

der geschweißte Abschnitt (14, 38) entlang einer Richtung gebildet wird, die, bezogen auf die Verbindungsfläche (25), in Richtung zu der Seite des ersten Elements (12) geneigt ist, um die Schmelzmenge des zweiten Elements (10) zu verringern.


 
7. Schweißverfahren gemäß Anspruch 6,
wobei das erste Element (12) oder das zweite Element (10) mit einem Durchgangsloch (34) gebildet ist, das von außen in den Hohlraum (30, 32; 52) verläuft.
 
8. Schweißverfahren gemäß Anspruch 6 oder 7,
wobei das erste Element (12) in einer ringförmigen Form gebildet ist, so dass seine radiale Richtung mit der ersten Richtung zusammenfällt, der Verbindungsabschnitt (22) zu dem ersten Element des zweiten Elements (10) mit einer Anschlagfläche (21; 53, 55) gebildet ist, die an einer inneren Umfangsfläche (12a) des ersten Elements (12) anstoßen soll, und das erste Element (12) und das zweite Element (10) mit einem Presspasseingriff zwischen der inneren Umfangsfläche (12a) und der Anschlagfläche (21; 53, 55) aneinander pressgepasst werden.
 


Revendications

1. Structure soudée d'un premier élément (12) et d'un deuxième élément (10) assemblés par soudage,

dans laquelle le premier élément (12) comporte une partie d'assemblage de deuxième élément (20) assemblée au deuxième élément (10),

le deuxième élément (10) comporte une partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) assemblée au premier élément (12),

quand le premier élément (12) et le deuxième élément (10) sont alignés le long d'une première direction, et une deuxième direction est une direction croisant la première direction,

la structure soudée comporte une cavité (30, 32 ; 52 ; 56 ; 60) formée entre la partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) et la partie d'assemblage de deuxième élément (20),

une partie soudée (14, 38) formée entre la cavité (30, 32 ; 52 ; 56 ; 60) et chaque extrémité dans la deuxième direction d'une surface de joint (25) où la partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) et la partie d'assemblage de deuxième élément (20) sont assemblées,

la cavité (30, 32 ; 52 ; 56 ; 60) est formée par une rainure (26, 28 ; 51 ; 54 ; 59) ménagée dans le premier élément (12) et/ou le deuxième élément (10),

caractérisée en ce que :

le deuxième élément (10) est constitué d'un matériau qui génère plus de gaz lorsqu'il fondu que le premier élément (12), et

la partie soudée (14, 38) est formée le long d'une direction inclinée vers le côté du premier élément (12) par rapport à la surface de joint (25), de manière à réduire la quantité de fusion du deuxième élément (10).


 
2. Structure soudée selon la revendication 1 qui comporte un trou débouchant (34) s'étendant depuis l'extérieur jusqu'à l'intérieur de la cavité (30, 32 ; 52) .
 
3. Structure soudée selon la revendication 1 ou 2,

dans laquelle le premier élément (12) est un élément annulaire dont une direction radiale coïncide avec la première direction,

la structure soudée comporte une partie d'emmanchement à force (24) sur une surface périphérique interne (12a) du premier élément (12) ou une surface de butée (21 ; 53, 55) de la partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) du deuxième élément (10) qui bute contre la surface périphérique interne (12a) pour permettre de réaliser un emmanchement à force avec un ajustement serré entre la surface périphérique interne (12a) et la surface de butée (21 ; 53, 55).


 
4. Structure soudée selon la revendication 3,

dans laquelle la cavité comporte une première cavité (30) et une deuxième cavité (32),

la première cavité (30) et la deuxième cavité (32) sont respectivement disposées sur les deux côtés de la partie d'emmanchement à force (24) dans la deuxième direction.


 
5. Structure soudée selon une des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle le premier élément est une couronne (12) d'un engrenage différentiel, et
le deuxième élément est un carter de différentiel (10) qui est un élément d'accueil de l'engrenage différentiel.
 
6. Procédé de soudage destiné à assembler un premier élément (12) et un deuxième élément (10) par soudage,

dans lequel, quand le premier élément (12) et le deuxième élément (10) sont alignés le long d'une première direction, et une deuxième direction est une direction croisant la première direction, pour assembler une partie d'assemblage de deuxième élément (20) formée sur le premier élément (12) devant être assemblée au deuxième élément (10) et une partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) formée sur le deuxième élément (10) devant être assemblée au premier élément (12),

une cavité (30, 32 ; 52 ; 56 ; 60) est formée entre la partie d'assemblage de premier élément et la partie d'assemblage de deuxième élément,

un soudage est effectué depuis les deux extrémités d'une surface de joint (25) où la partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) et la partie d'assemblage de deuxième élément (20) sont assemblées dans la deuxième direction de manière à former des soudures entre les deux extrémités de la surface de joint (25) dans la deuxième direction et la cavité (30, 32 ; 52 ; 56 ; 60),

la cavité (30, 32 ; 52 ; 56 ; 60) est formée par une rainure (26, 28 ; 51 ; 54 ; 59) ménagée dans le premier élément (12) et/ou le deuxième élément (10),

caractérisé en ce que :

le deuxième élément (10) est constitué d'un matériau qui génère plus de gaz lorsqu'il fondu que le premier élément (12), et

la partie soudée (14, 38) est formée le long d'une direction inclinée vers le côté du premier élément (12) par rapport à la surface de joint (25), de manière à réduire la quantité de fusion du deuxième élément (10).


 
7. Procédé de soudage selon la revendication 6,
dans lequel le premier élément (12) ou le deuxième élément (10) est formé avec un trou débouchant (34) s'étendant depuis l'extérieur jusqu'à l'intérieur de la cavité (30, 32 ; 52).
 
8. Procédé de soudage selon la revendication 6 ou 7,
dans lequel le premier élément (12) est formé dans une forme annulaire de telle sorte que sa direction radiale coïncide avec la première direction, la partie d'assemblage de premier élément (22) du deuxième élément (10) est formée avec une surface de butée (21 ; 53, 55) que l'on doit faire buter contre une surface périphérique interne (12a) du premier élément (12), et le premier élément (12) et le deuxième élément (10) sont emmanchés à force l'un à l'autre avec un ajustement serré entre la surface périphérique interne (12a) et la surface de butée (21 ; 53, 55).
 




Drawing









































Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description