(19)
(11)EP 2 530 335 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.03.2019 Bulletin 2019/10

(21)Application number: 11737012.2

(22)Date of filing:  26.01.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16B 2/10  (2006.01)
F16L 3/12  (2006.01)
H02G 3/30  (2006.01)
F16L 3/10  (2006.01)
B60R 16/02  (2006.01)
F16L 3/16  (2006.01)
F16B 21/08  (2006.01)
F16L 55/035  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/051401
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/093299 (04.08.2011 Gazette  2011/31)

(54)

CLAMP

KLEMME

FIXATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.01.2010 JP 2010015265

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.12.2012 Bulletin 2012/49

(73)Proprietor: Nifco Inc.
Kanagawa- 239-8560 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • OGAWA Takaya
    Kanagawa, 239-8560 (JP)

(74)Representative: Dr. Gassner & Partner mbB 
Wetterkreuz 3
91058 Erlangen
91058 Erlangen (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CH-A5- 630 160
DE-U1- 9 205 682
JP-A- 8 145 241
JP-A- 2000 002 364
DE-U- 1 987 450
JP-A- 5 215 276
JP-A- 11 013 942
JP-A- 2007 232 063
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of Technology



    [0001] The present invention relates to a clamp being capable of fixing a tube body such as a long pipe, tube, and the like, or a rod-like member such as a rod, a wire, and the like in a state of holding them.

    Background Art



    [0002] For example, a conventional clamp includes a clamp main body, an article receiving body having a semicircular concave shape, and a clip device holding the pipe and the like from a top of the concave shape, which are integrally formed by synthetic resin and the like. Then, the concave shape of the article receiving body has a diameter approximately equal to that of the tube body such as the long pipe, tube, and the like in which the article receiving body holds. In response to the diameter of the pipe and the like which will be used, the concave shape of the article receiving body has been also changed. Also, although the clip device has flexibility, there has been almost no flexible part between the clamp main body and the article receiving body having the concave shape.

    [0003] DE 19 87 450 U discloses a clamp comprising a clamp main body including a plurality of concave members forming a cylindrical body by combining together, and a fixing device for fixing the clamp to an attachment object; and an approximately arc-shaped buffer member disposed on an inner circumferential side of the concave member, wherein on the side surface of the buffer member facing the concave member, a leg portion is formed to bulge out, and on the opposite side surface, an approximately concave-shaped holding surface is provided.

    Prior Art Document


    Patent Document



    [0004] 

    Patent Document 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2005-172229

    Patent Document 2: Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2001-99357


    Summary of the Invention


    Problems to be Solved by the Invention



    [0005] The conventional clamp has disadvantages of a bad workability when a soft member is attached to a hard member, and additionally, of a low productivity. Also, there is almost no flexibility in the soft member for suppressing a vibration of the tube body and the like in which the conventional clamp holds so as to be incapable of obtaining a sufficient vibration suppression effect. Furthermore, since the conventional clamp is designed in conformity to the diameter of a predetermined tube body, it is almost impossible to divert the conventional clamp to other tube diameters.

    Means for Solving the Problems



    [0006] A clamp of the present invention has an object to solve the aforementioned problems, in that the clamp comprises the features according to claim 1.

    [0007] Further features of the clamp are defined in the dependent claims.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0008] 

    Fig. 1 is a front view showing a state wherein a clamp 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention is open.

    Fig. 2 is a bottom view showing the state wherein the clamp 10 is open.

    Fig. 3 is a side view showing the state wherein the clamp 10 is open.

    Fig. 4 is a front view showing a state wherein the clamp 10 is closed.

    Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing the state wherein the clamp 10 is open.

    Fig. 6 is an expanded perspective view of a clamp main body 13.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the clamp main body 13.

    Fig. 8 is an expanded perspective view of buffer members 14.

    Fig. 9 is a front view of the buffer members 14.

    Fig. 10 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the buffer members 14.


    Best Modes of Carrying out the Invention



    [0009] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be explained in detail with reference to drawings. Fig. 1 is a front view showing a state wherein a clamp 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention is open. Also, Fig. 2 is a bottom view showing the state wherein the clamp 10 is open. Also, Fig. 3 is a side view showing the state wherein the clamp 10 is open. Also, Fig. 4 is a front view showing a state wherein the clamp 10 is closed. Also, Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing the state wherein the clamp 10 is open. Also, Fig. 6 is an expanded perspective view of a clamp main body 13. Also, Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the clamp main body 13.

    [0010] The clamp 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention is structured by the clamp main body 13 including two concave members 11 which form a cylindrical body by combining together; a fixing device 12 provided in one concave member 11 for fixing the clamp 10 to an attachment object such as, for example, a vehicle and the like; and approximately arc-like buffer members 14 respectively disposed detachably on inner circumferential sides 11a of the concave members 11.

    [0011] As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the clamp main body 13 comprises two pieces of the concave members 11 whose one end is connected by a hinge 15, and engaging devices 16 and 17 provided on the other end of the respective concave members 11. Also, in the hinge 15, hard resin is formed in a thin-walled and curved-surface shape, and is structured so as to increase a flexibility. The concave members 11 are formed by hard synthetic resin such as, for example, polyacetal resin (POM), polyamide resin (PA), and the like, and there is formed a pair of attachment holes 18 passing through for attaching the buffer members 14. The attachment holes 18 are provided in the center of a width size W of the concave members 11. In a portion clamped by a pair of attachment holes 18 in the respective inner circumferential sides 11a of the two concave members 11, there is provided an approximately flat planar portion.

    [0012] As shown in Figs. 1 to 7, the engaging device 16 is provided in an end portion on a side opposite to the hinge 15 in one of the two concave members 11, and includes a base end portion 16a, and an engaging piece 16b which is provided to stand from the base end portion, and can elastically deform. In a top portion of the engaging piece 16b, there is formed an engaging projection 16c whose cross-sectional surface has an approximately triangular shape. The base end portion 16a and the engaging piece 16b are formed to be approximately equal to the width size W of the concave members 11. Also, in an end portion in a width direction of the engaging piece 16b, there are formed lateral misalignment preventing projections 19a and 19b. When the two concave members 11 are combined, the lateral misalignment preventing projections 19a and 19b abut against an end portion of a guide piece 17a of the engaging device 17 provided in the end portion of the other concave member 11 so as to prevent a portion engaged by the engaging devices 16 and 17 in the two concave members 11 from being misaligned in a lateral direction (the width direction) .

    [0013] The engaging device 17 is provided in the end portion on the side opposite to the hinge 15 in the other of the two concave members 11, and includes the guide piece 17a and an elastically deformable engaging piece 17b which are provided to project approximately in a parallel manner with a predetermined interval. In a top portion of the engaging piece 17b, there is formed an engaging projection 17c whose cross-sectional surface has the approximately triangular shape. When the engaging projection 16c and the engaging projection 17c are engaged by rotating the two concave members 11 at the center of the hinge 15, an engaging step portion 16d of the engaging projection 16c and an engaging step portion 17d of the engaging projection 17c mutually abut.

    [0014] The fixing device 12 is attached to one of the two concave members 11. The fixing device 12 has a cylinder body whose cross-sectional surface has an oval shape, and engaging pieces 20 are formed on both ends in the width direction by cutting and rising. Also, the engaging pieces 20 can elastically deform, and include engaging step portions 20a on an outside, and one portion protrudes from an outer circumferential surface of the cylinder body of the fixing device 12.

    [0015] Also, a plurality of abutting pieces 21 is provided to stand from a circumference of the fixing device 12 in the concave member 11 wherein the fixing device 12 is attached. The abutting pieces 21 are provided to obliquely extend from an outer circumference of a flat portion clamped by a pair of the attachment holes 18 of the concave members 11, and ends of the abutting pieces 21 include columnar portions 21a. Therefore, even if an abutting angle of the abutting pieces 21 changes, the abutting pieces 21 always abut against the attachment object of the clamp 10 on one portion of a circle.

    [0016] Fig. 8 is an expanded perspective view of the buffer members 14. Also, Fig. 9 is a front view of the buffer members 14. Also, Fig. 10 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the buffer members 14.

    [0017] The buffer members 14 are formed by soft synthetic resin such as, for example, thermoplastic elastomer (TPE), olefinic elastomer (TPO), and the like, and are formed in an approximately arc shape as a whole. The buffer members 14 are provided to respectively correspond to the two concave members 11, and are disposed on the inner circumferential sides 11a of the respective concave members 11 detachably from the concave members 11. Also, inside (sides opposite to the sides facing the concave members 11) the buffer members 14, there are provided approximately concave-like holding surfaces 22. Also, on surfaces on the sides facing the concave members 11 in the buffer members 14, there are formed to bulge out leg portions 23. Also, the buffer members 14 include attaching-and-detaching projections 24 formed to protrude outwardly from outside bottom portions of the leg portions 23.

    [0018] Also, the buffer members 14 include a pair of projections 25 provided to extend toward the sides opposite to the concave members 11 from inner bottom surfaces of the leg portions 23 toward inner circumferential sides of the holding surfaces 22. The projections 25 are formed to protrude from imaginary inner circumferential surfaces (a surface shown by assigning a symbol "K" in Fig. 9) of the approximately concave-like holding surfaces 22. Therefore, when a long body such as a pipe and the like is held by the clamp 10, the projections 25 and the holding surfaces 22 of the buffer members 14 abut against the long body with two phases so as to be capable of reliably holding the long bodies with various diameters. Moreover, ends of the projections 25 are formed such that both ends 25a are formed in an arc shape, and also that central portions 25b are flatly formed lower than both ends 25a. Also, in the holding surfaces 22 of the buffer members 14, there are provided openings, and the projections 25 are provided to extend from bottom portions inside depressed portions 26 depressed on sides of the concave members 11 from the openings. Also, the buffer members 14 contact with the concave members 11 of the clamp main body 13 through the leg portions 23 formed in the center in a width H direction, so that the buffer members 14 can deform corresponding to not only a deflection in a radial direction of the long body such as the pipe and the like, but also deflections in an arrow X direction and an arrow Y direction shown in Fig. 8. Incidentally, in the clamp 10, the buffer members 14 attached to the respective two concave members 11 are respectively formed in the same shape.

    [0019] The depressed portions 26 formed in the buffer members 14 include notches 27 between the depressed portions 26 and the holding surfaces 22 so as to make it harder to mutually contact the buffer members 14 and the projections 25 when the buffer members 14 and the projections 25 deflect. The attaching-and-detaching projections 24 are formed in an approximately wedge shape as a whole, and include engaging step portions 24a in a predetermined position from outside bottom surfaces of the leg portions 23. Also, the attaching-and-detaching projections 24 have a size which can be easily gripped by one's fingers at an assembly time.

    [0020] Next, an assembly procedure of the clamp 10 will be explained. First, the clamp main body 13 is molded by hard resin, and the buffer members 14 are molded by soft resin with separate molds, respectively. The buffer members 14 are attached to the concave members 11 of the clamp main body 13. At that time, the attaching-and-detaching projections 24 of the buffer members 14 are inserted to pass through the attachment holes 18 formed in the concave members 11. The attaching-and-detaching projections 24 molded by the soft resin easily deform, and are pulled out of the attachment holes 18, and the engaging step portions 24a are engaged with and fixed to outer circumferential walls of the concave members 11. Also, the attaching-and-detaching projections 24 have the size which can be easily gripped by one's fingers, so that an assembly operation of the buffer members 14 into the concave members 11 is easy. Two pieces of the buffer members 14 are used relative to one piece of the clamp main body 13, and also regarding the buffer members 14, the same shape can be used so as to be capable of reducing the number of components.

    [0021] Next, by using the clamp 10 structured as mentioned above, a case wherein a tube body such as a long pipe, a tube, and the like is disposed inside an engine compartment of an automobile, will be explained. First, the fixing device 12 of the clamp 10 is directly attached by insertion to an attachment hole formed in the vehicle and not shown in the figures. When the fixing device 12 is attached by insertion to the attachment hole, after the engaging pieces 20 elastically deform and move backward once, the engaging pieces 20 move forward again, and the engaging step portions 20a engage with a thickness portion of the vehicle, so that the clamp 10 is fixed to the vehicle. Also, the columnar portions 21a of the ends of the abutting pieces 21 formed around the fixing device 12 abut against a wall surface of the vehicle, so that the abutting pieces 21 can hold a posture of the clamp 10. Namely, since the abutting pieces 21 elastically deform, even in a case where the pipe and the like which has been held vibrates, a holding state of the clamp 10 itself cannot become unstable.

    [0022] After the clamp 10 is fixed, the pipe and the like are placed on the holding surfaces 22 of the opened buffer members 14, and then the concave members 11 are closed so as to lock the engaging devices 16 and 17. The engaging projection 16c of the engaging device 16 is inserted between the engaging projection 17c and the guide piece 17a of the engaging device 17 so as to engage with the engaging projection 17c. Then, as shown in Fig. 4, two pieces of the concave members 11 and 11 are combined and structure the cylindrical body, and also the holding surfaces 22 of the buffer members 14 are oppositely disposed so as to hold the pipe as well. At that time, the projections 25 and the holding surfaces 22 respectively abut against a pipe surface independently, to thereby increase an acceptable range of a pipe diameter to be held. Also, only by changing a size and a shape of the buffer members 14 without changing the clamp main body 13, the clamp 10 can correspond to the various pipe diameters.

    [0023] Moreover, in the clamp 10 according to the present embodiment, in a case wherein the fixed pipe vibrates due to a vibration of the automobile and the like, since the pipe is held by four pieces of the elastically deformable projections 25 and two pieces of the buffer members 14, the generated vibration can be effectively attenuated. Also, since the projections 25 are provided to extend from the inner bottom surfaces of the depressed portions of the leg portions 23 formed to bulge out, at a time of deformation, it is difficult to be affected by the deformation of the buffer members 14. Therefore, based on an elastic coefficient in which the projections 25 and the buffer members 14 differ, the projections 25 can correspond to a different vibration property. The buffer members 14 molded by the soft resin are attached by insertion to the concave members (the clamp main body 13) through the leg portions 23 so as to be capable of increasing a deformation range, and of improving an attenuation performance. Also, the leg portions 23 are provided in the center in the width H direction of the buffer members 14, so that the buffer members 14 allow the pipe held by the buffer members 14 to move in a pitching direction or a yawing direction. Therefore, the acceptable range wherein the tube body such as the long pipe, the tube, and the like holds, expands. Also, as shown in Fig. 8, a soft material can exert the flexibility more by bending than by compressing so as to be capable of improving the acceptable range of a tube diameter by using a bending deformation, and also a vibration suppression effect improves.

    [0024] Also, in the engaging devices 16 and 17, when the engaging piece 16b and the engaging piece 17b are engaged, a movement in the lateral (width) direction is blocked by the lateral misalignment preventing projections 19a and 19b, so that once the engaging piece 16b and the engaging piece 17b are locked, they cannot come off, and there is no possibility that the pipe and the like will drop while the automobile is moving. Moreover, in the ends of the projections 25, both ends 25a are formed in the arc shape, and also the central portions 25b are flatly formed lower than both ends 25a so as to increase an abutting property against the pipe and the like.

    [0025] Thus, according to the clamp 10 with respect to the embodiment of the present invention, the clamp 10 is formed by the clamp main body 13 which forms the cylindrical body by combining the concave members 11, and also comprises the fixing device for fixing the clamp to any of the concave members 11; and the approximately arc-like buffer members 14 disposed on the inner circumferential sides of the concave members 11. The buffer members 14 include the holding surfaces 22 structured in an approximately concave shape, and are provided with the leg portions 23 formed to bulge out on side surfaces facing the concave members 11. Also, the long body is held by the buffer members 14 disposed on an inner circumference of the concave members 11 structuring the cylindrical body, so that the buffer members 14 can reliably hold even the long body with a different diameter, and there is no possibility that the long body will drop.

    [0026] Also, the buffer members 14 include the attaching-and-detaching projections 24 which can protrude from the attachment holes 18 formed in the concave members 11. Also, the attaching-and-detaching projections 24 are formed to protrude from the outside bottom portions of the leg portions 23 formed to bulge out, so that when the clamp main body 13 and the buffer members 14 are assembled, an assembly process is facilitated, and also a vibration suppression performance can be improved.

    [0027] Also, the buffer members comprise a pair of projections provided to extend from the leg portions 23 and the projections are formed to protrude from the imaginary inner circumferential surfaces of the holding surfaces 22, so that the projections of the buffer members 14 and the holding surfaces 22 abut against the long body such as the pipe and the like with two phases so as to be capable of corresponding to a plurality of tube diameters.

    [0028] Also, the buffer members 14 contact with the concave members 11 of the clamp main body 13 through the leg portions 23 formed in the center in the width direction so as to be capable of corresponding to not only the vibration in the radial direction of the long body such as the pipe and the like, but also the vibration in the pitching or the yawing direction.

    [0029] Also, a plurality of buffer members 14, which are respectively formed in the same shape, are provided so as to be capable of reducing the number of the components.

    [0030] Also, the leg portions 23 formed to bulge out include open depressed portions in the holding surfaces 22 on the inner circumferential sides, and the projections are provided to stand from the bottom surfaces of the depressed portions so as to be capable of making the deformation of the projections smooth, and of corresponding to a change of the tube diameter.

    [0031] Incidentally, the long body which the clamp 10 according to the present embodiment can hold is not limited to pipes, and the clamp 10 can easily hold tubular bodies such as tubes and the like, or rod-like members such as a rod, a wire, and the like. Also, by changing the vibration property of the buffer members 14, the buffer members 14 can correspond to various unique vibrations. Also, in the clamp 10 according to the present embodiment, a case of comprising two concave members 11 structuring the clamp main body 13 has been explained; however, the concave members 11 may be provided with three or above.

    Explanation of Symbols



    [0032] 
    10
    a clamp
    11
    concave members
    11a
    inner circumferential sides
    12
    a fixing device
    13
    a clamp main body
    14
    buffer members
    15
    a hinge
    16
    an engaging device
    16a
    a base end portion
    16b
    an engaging piece
    16c
    an engaging projection
    16d
    an engaging step portion
    17
    an engaging device
    17a
    a guide piece
    17b
    an engaging piece
    17c
    an engaging projection
    17d
    an engaging step portion
    18
    attachment holes
    19a
    a lateral misalignment preventing projection
    19b
    a lateral misalignment preventing projection
    20
    engaging pieces
    20a
    engaging step portions
    21
    abutting pieces
    21a
    columnar portions
    22
    holding surfaces
    23
    leg portions
    24
    attaching-and-detaching projections
    25
    projections
    26
    depressed portions
    27
    notches



    Claims

    1. A clamp (10) for holding elongated tubular bodies, comprising:

    a clamp main body (13) including a plurality of concave members (11) forming a cylindrical body by combining together, and a fixing device (12) provided in any one of the plurality of concave members (11) for fixing the clamp (10) to an attachment object; and

    an approximately arc-shaped buffer member (14) disposed on an inner circumferential side of each concave member (11),

    wherein on the side surface of each buffer member (14) facing the concave member (11), a pair of leg portions (23) is formed to bulge out, and on the opposite side surface of each buffer member (14), an approximately concave-shaped holding surface (22) is provided,

    characterized in that each buffer member (14) includes a pair of projections (25) provided to extend toward the sides opposite to the concave members (11) from inner bottom surfaces of the leg portions (23) toward inner circumferential sides of the holding surfaces (22), wherein the projections (25) are formed to protrude from imaginary inner circumferential surfaces (K) of the approximately concave-shaped holding surfaces (22), wherein, in use, the projections (25) and the holding surfaces (22) of each buffer member (14) abut independently from each other against the elongated tubular body to be held, so as to be capable of reliably holding elongated tubular bodies having various diameters.


     
    2. A clamp (10) according to claim 1, wherein each buffer member (14) includes an attaching-and-detaching projection (24) formed to protrude from an outside bottom portion of each leg portion (23), and by inserting each attaching-and-detaching projection (24) to pass through an attachment hole (18) formed in the concave member (11) from the inner circumferential side of the concave member (11), each buffer member (14) is fixed to the concave member (11).
     
    3. A clamp (10) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein each buffer member (14) contacts the concave member (11) of the clamp main body (13) through the leg portion (23) formed in the center in a width direction (H).
     
    4. A clamp (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein each buffer member (14) is formed to have the same shape.
     
    5. A clamp (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a pair of openings is provided in the holding surface (22) of each buffer member (14), and a bottom portion of a depressed portion (26) depressed toward the concave member (11) from each opening forms the inner bottom surface of each leg portion (23), from which each projection (25) extends.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Klemme (10) zum Halten von länglichen rohrförmigen Körpern, umfassend:

    einen Klemmenhauptkörper (13), der eine Mehrzahl von konkaven Elementen (11) einschließt, die durch Kombinieren einen zylindrischen Körper bilden,

    und eine Befestigungsvorrichtung (12), die in einem der Mehrzahl von konkaven Elementen (11) zum Befestigen der Klemme (10) an einem Befestigungsobjekt bereitgestellt ist; und

    ein annähernd bogenförmiges Pufferelement (14), das auf einer inneren Umfangsseite eines jeden konkaven Elements (11) angeordnet ist, wobei auf der dem konkaven Element (11) zugewandten Seitenfläche jedes Pufferelements (14) ein Paar von Schenkelabschnitten (23) zum Vorwölben ausgebildet ist, und auf der gegenüberliegenden Seitenfläche jedes Pufferelements (14) eine annähernd konkav geformte Haltefläche (22) bereitgestellt ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    jedes Pufferelement (14) ein Paar Vorsprünge (25) einschließt, die bereitgestellt sind, um sich von den inneren Bodenflächen der Schenkelabschnitte (23) in Richtung der den konkaven Elementen (11) gegenüberliegenden Seiten zu den inneren Umfangsseiten der Halteflächen (22) zu erstrecken, wobei die Vorsprünge (25) so ausgebildet sind, dass sie von imaginären inneren Umfangsflächen (K) der annähernd konkav geformten Halteflächen (22) vorstehen, wobei im Gebrauch die Vorsprünge (25) und die Halteflächen (22) eines jeden Pufferelements (14) unabhängig voneinander an dem zu haltenden länglichen rohrförmigen Körper anliegen,
    um in der Lage zu sein, längliche Rohrkörper mit unterschiedlichen Durchmessern zuverlässig zu halten.
     
    2. Klemme (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei jedes Pufferelement (14) einen Befestigungs- und Lösungsvorsprung (24) einschließt, der so ausgebildet ist, dass er von einem äußeren Bodenabschnitt eines jeden Schenkelabschnitts (23) emporsteht, und durch Einführen eines jeden Befestigungs- und Lösungsvorsprungs (24) durch ein Befestigungsloch (18) hindurch, das in dem konkaven Element (11) von der inneren Umfangsseite des konkaven Elements (11) ausgebildet ist, jedes Pufferelement (14) an dem konkaven Element (11) befestigt wird.
     
    3. Klemme (10) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei jedes Pufferelement (14) das konkave Element (11) des Klemmenhauptkörpers (13) durch den in der Mitte in Breitenrichtung (H) ausgebildeten Schenkelabschnitt (23) kontaktiert.
     
    4. Klemme (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei alle Pufferelemente (14) so ausgebildet sind, dass sie die gleiche Form aufweisen.
     
    5. Klemme (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei ein Paar von Öffnungen in der Haltefläche (22) jedes Pufferelements (14) bereitgestellt ist, und ein Bodenabschnitt eines tiefer gelegten Abschnitts (26), der von jeder Öffnung aus in Richtung des konkaven Elements (11) tiefer gelegt ist, die innere Bodenfläche eines jeden Schenkelabschnitts (23) bildet, von dem aus sich jeder Vorsprung (25) erstreckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Attache (10) pour maintenir des corps tubulaires allongés comprenant :

    un corps principal d'attache (13) comportant une pluralité d'éléments concaves (11) formant un corps cylindrique en les combinant, et un dispositif de fixation (12) prévu dans une quelconque pluralité d'éléments concaves (11) pour la fixation de l'attache (10) à un objet de fixation ; et

    un élément tampon (14) approximativement en forme d'arc disposé sur un côté circonférentiel interne de chaque élément concave (11),

    en ce que sur la surface latérale de chaque élément tampon (14) face à l'élément concave (11), une paire de parties de pattes (23) est formée pour faire saillie, et sur la surface latérale opposée de chaque élément tampon (14), une surface de maintien (22) approximativement de forme concave est ménagée,

    caractérisée en ce que
    chaque élément tampon (14) comporte une paire de parties saillantes (25) ménagée pour s'étendre vers les côtés opposés aux éléments concaves (11) à partir des surfaces inférieures internes des parties de pattes (23) vers des côtés circonférentiels internes des surfaces de maintien (22), en ce que les parties saillantes (25) sont formées de manière à dépasser des surfaces circonférentielles internes imaginaires (K) des surfaces de maintien (22) approximativement de forme concave, en ce que, utilisées, les parties saillantes (25) et les surfaces de maintien (22) de chaque élément tampon (14) viennent en butée indépendamment l'une de l'autre contre le corps tubulaire allongé à maintenir de manière à pouvoir maintenir en toute sécurité des corps tubulaires allongés présentant des diamètres différents.
     
    2. Attache (10) selon la revendication 1, en ce que chaque élément tampon (14) comporte une partie saillante d'accrochage et de décrochage (24) formée pour faire saillie à partir d'une partie inférieure externe de chaque partie de patte (23), et en insérant chaque partie saillante d'accrochage et de décrochage (24) pour traverser un trou de fixation (18) formé dans l'élément concave (11) à partir du côté circonférentiel interne de l'élément concave (11), chaque élément tampon (14) est fixé à l'élément concave (11).
     
    3. Attache (10) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, en ce que chaque élément tampon (14) entre en contact avec l'élément concave (11) du corps principal d'attache (13) par la partie de patte (23) formée au centre dans un sens de la largeur (H).
     
    4. Attache (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, en ce que chaque élément tampon (14) est formé de manière à avoir la même forme.
     
    5. Attache (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, en ce qu'une parie d'ouvertures est ménagée dans la surface de maintien (22) de chaque élément tampon (14), et une partie inférieure d'une partie enfoncée (26) enfoncée vers l'élément concave (11) à partir de chaque ouverture forme la surface inférieure interne de chaque partie de patte (23) à partir de laquelle chaque partie saillante (25) s'étend.
     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description