(19)
(11)EP 2 530 611 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/17

(21)Application number: 12170226.0

(22)Date of filing:  31.05.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G06F 16/9535(2019.01)
G06F 16/954(2019.01)

(54)

Methods and apparatuses for a network based on hierarchical name structure

Verfahren und Vorrichtungen für ein Netzwerk basierend auf einer hierarchischen Namenstruktur

Procédés et appareils pour réseau sur la base d'une structure de noms hiérarchiques


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.06.2011 KR 20110053457

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.12.2012 Bulletin 2012/49

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 443-742 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Bae, Young in
    443-742 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Kim, Jae Hoon
    443-742 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Jang, Myeong Wuk
    443-742 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Lee, Byoung Joon
    443-742 Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Grootscholten, Johannes A.M. et al
Arnold & Siedsma Bezuidenhoutseweg 57
2594 AC The Hague
2594 AC The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2006/050278
US-A1- 2010 162 173
US-A1- 2004 133 606
US-A1- 2011 179 040
  
  • JACOBSON G ET AL: "FOCUSING SEARCH IN HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURES WITH DIRECTORY SETS", PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1998 ACM CIKM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT. CIKM '98. BETHESDA, MD, NOV. 3 - 7, 1998; [ACM CIKM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT], NEW YORK, NY : ACM, US, vol. CONF. 7, 3 November 1998 (1998-11-03) , pages 1-09, XP000895347, DOI: 10.1145/288627.288635 ISBN: 978-1-58113-061-4
  • Anonymous: "Intranet - Wikipedia", , 19 February 2010 (2010-02-19), XP055627502, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:https://web.archive.org/web/2010021923 3459/https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intrane t [retrieved on 2019-10-01]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] This application claims priority of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2011-0053457, filed on June 2, 2011, in the Korean Intellectual Property Office.

[0002] The invention relates to a communication method and apparatus for a content requester and a content provider in a network that is based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0003] Typically an Internet protocol (IP) is used as a network layer protocol on the Internet. However, a network layer protocol that is based on a destination address may cause several issues because of the rapid development of the Internet. For example, traffic congestion may occur due to a great number of users concentrating on several nodes that have popular content.

[0004] An extension of a network may be used to handle the rapidly increasing amount of Internet use due to the increased number of users of smart phones, tablets, computers, and the like. Accordingly, a network based on a hierarchical name structure may be used.

[0005] Unlike an IP that forwards a packet based on a destination address value, for example, 75.2.35.27 within an IP header, the network based on a hierarchical name structure may instead use a hierarchical name of content. However, the network based on a hierarchical name structure may forward a content request packet to another node through a request that matches the full hierarchical name of the content. That is, a user must have the full hierarchical name of the content in order to request the content. Accordingly, a user requesting content may not be provided with the content when the user only has a fragment of, or inaccurate information about a hierarchical name. Also, transmitting of the entire hierarchical name of the content may diminish resources. JACOBSON GET AL: "FOCUSING SEARCH IN HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURES WITH DIRECTORY SETS", PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1998 ACM CIKM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT. CIKM '98. BETHESDA, MD, NOV. 3 - 7, 1998; [ACM CIKM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT], NEW YORK, NY : ACM, US, vol. CONF. 7, 3 November 1998, pages 1-09, DOI: 10.1145/288627.288635ISBN: 978-1-58113-061-4 relates to restricting keyword search to directory sets in e.g. intranet networks.

[0006] Accordingly, there is a desire for a communication method for requesting desired content and responding to the request without the constraint of using the entire hierarchical name of content. The object of the invention is solved by the features of the independent claims. Further embodiments are the subject-matter of the dependent claims.

[0007] In one aspect, there is provided a communication method for a content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure, the communication method including generating a content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request, and requesting a communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on a hierarchical name structure to search for the content by transmitting the content search request packet.

[0008] The at least one virtual community may comprise at least one of a first virtual community as a lowest level community including the communication device, a second virtual community as a higher level community than the first virtual community, and sharing information with the first virtual community and being combined with the first virtual community, and a third virtual community as a higher level community than the second virtual community, sharing information of the second virtual community, and being generated by an interconnection between the second virtual community.

[0009] The communication device may comprise content having a prefix for each of the first virtual community, the second virtual community, and the third virtual community, and comprises a hierarchical name generated based on a content name included in the at least one communication device.

[0010] The communication method may further comprise receiving, from the communication device, a first response packet comprising the hierarchical name of content requested by the content search request, generating and transmitting a content request packet requesting the communication device for the content corresponding to the content search request, and receiving a second response packet, transmitted from the communication device, comprising the content corresponding to the content search request.

[0011] The generating may comprise inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator indicating a predetermined command.

[0012] The generating may comprise inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator designating a search area based on the hierarchical name of the content.

[0013] The generating may comprise inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator designating a search area based on a name of the at least one virtual community recognized using the hierarchical name of the content, or based on a name of a member included in the at least one virtual community.

[0014] The generating may comprise inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator requesting a search for the content based on a keyword requested by the content requester.

[0015] The generating may comprise inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator requesting a search for the content based on information recognized based on metadata of the requested content.

[0016] The information recognized based on the metadata of the requested content may comprise at least one of a content type, a date on which the content is generated, a location at which the content is generated, and a request frequency for the content and accumulation information including routing information for the content, generated due to a transmission of the content.

[0017] The generating may comprise inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator generated by combining at least two of the hierarchical name of the content, a keyword requested by the content requester, and information recognized based on metadata of the requested content.

[0018] In another aspect, there is provided a communication method for a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure, the communication method including analyzing a content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request which is received from a content requester included in at least one virtual community in the network based on the hierarchical name structure, searching for the requested content based on a result of the analysis, generating a response packet comprising the entire hierarchical name of the requested content, and transmitting the response packet to the content requester.

[0019] The at least one virtual community may comprise at least one of a first virtual community as a lowest level community including the content provider, a second virtual community as a higher level community than the first virtual community, sharing information of the first virtual community and being combined with first virtual community, and a third virtual community as a higher level community than the second virtual community, sharing information the second virtual community, and being generated by an interconnection between the second virtual community.

[0020] The content provider may comprise content having a prefix for each of the first virtual community, the second virtual community, and the third virtual community, and that has a hierarchical name generated based on a content name included in the content provider.

[0021] The analyzing may comprise separating an indicator, indicating a predetermined command, inserted into the content search request packet, and analyzing the predetermined command recognized from the separated indicator.

[0022] The searching may comprise searching for the content by designating a search area based on the hierarchical name of the content.

[0023] The searching may comprise searching for the content by designating a search area based on a name of the at least one virtual community recognized using the hierarchical name of the content, or based on a name of a member included in the at least one virtual community.

[0024] The searching may comprise searching for content based on a keyword requested by the content requester.

[0025] The searching may comprise searching for the content based on information recognized based on metadata of the requested content.

[0026] The communication method may further comprise receiving a request for the content corresponding to the entire hierarchical name of the content from the content requester, and providing the requested content to the content requester.

[0027] In another aspect, there is provided a non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising a program for instructing a computer to perform the method of the content requester.

[0028] In another aspect, there is provided a content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure, the content requester including a generator configured to generate a content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request, and a requester configured to transmit a request for a search for the content to at least one communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0029] In another aspect, there is provided a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure, the content provider including an analyzer configured to analyze a content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request which is received from a content requester included in at least one virtual community in the network based on the hierarchical name structure, a searching unit configured to search for the requested content corresponding to the content search request based on a result of the analysis, and a generator configured to generate a response packet comprising the entire hierarchical name of the requested content.

[0030] Other features and aspects will be apparent from the following detailed description, the drawings, and the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0031] 

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating an example of a virtual community in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a method for a content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a method for a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating an example of searching for content based on a keyword requested by a content requester, and responding to a search request in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an example of searching for content based on information recognized based on metadata of content, and responding to a search request in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of searching for content by designating a search area using a hierarchical name of content, and responding to a search request in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating an example of a content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating an example of a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.



[0032] Throughout the drawings and the detailed description, unless otherwise described, the same drawing reference numerals will be understood to refer to the same elements, features, and structures. The relative size and depiction of these elements may be exaggerated for clarity, illustration, and convenience.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0033] The following detailed description is provided to assist the reader in gaining a comprehensive understanding of the methods, apparatuses, and/or systems described herein. Accordingly, various changes, modifications, and equivalents of the methods, apparatuses, and/or systems described herein will be suggested to those of ordinary skill in the art. Also, description of well-known functions and constructions may be omitted for increased clarity and conciseness.

[0034] FIG. 1 illustrates an example of a virtual community in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0035] A virtual community may be a hierarchical community that is formed through an invitation and a registration between users or between virtual communities in a network environment. For example, the virtual community may include a first virtual community, a second virtual community, and a third virtual community.

[0036] Referring to FIG. 1, a first virtual community may correspond to a lowest level of the virtual community, and may be a virtual community for a predetermined user including at least one communication device of the predetermined user. In some examples, the first virtual community may include a plurality of first virtual communities. In the example of FIG. 1, Jiah 111, Nara 113, Junho 115, Minsu 131, and Yuna 133 correspond to the users of the first virtual community. Each user may correspond to at least one communication device.

[0037] In this instance, the at least one communication device may include a physical and logical device, and a storage device. Within the virtual communities users may communicate with each other through their devices. For example, a content requester and/or a content provider herein may communicate through a device such as a mobile phone, a tablet, a computer, a server, an appliance, a node, and the like.

[0038] The virtual community may form another virtual community through an invitation and registration process between virtual communities, and thus, a larger virtual community may be generated.

[0039] The second virtual community may correspond to a higher level community than the first virtual community, may share information of the first virtual community, and may be generated by combining with the first virtual community. In this example, JiahHome 120 and MinsuHome 140 correspond to the second virtual community. In some examples, the second virtual community may include a plurality of second virtual communities. Also, a second virtual community may include one or more first virtual communities. In the example of FIG. 1, the second virtual community MinsuHome 140 includes two first virtual communities, Minsu 131 and Yuna 133.

[0040] The third virtual community may correspond to a higher level community than the second virtual community and the first virtual community, may share information from each of the second virtual community and the first virtual community, and may be generated through an interconnection between the second virtual communities. In the example of FIG. 1, Friends 160 corresponds to the third virtual community and is formed by an interconnection between second virtual communities JiahHome 120 and MinsuHome 140.

[0041] For example, a prefix of each virtual community may be shared through an invitation and registration process between virtual communities. The content included in each virtual community may have a hierarchical name including a prefix of the corresponding virtual community. The virtual community may generate (or form) a fourth virtual community or a fifth virtual community as a higher level community through an invitation and registration process between virtual communities. The number of hierarchies in the virtual community is not limited.

[0042] As an example, a hierarchical name of content may be "xxx.com/sait/comm/yibae/video/abc.avi," and "yibae" may correspond to a user of the first virtual community. In this example, through the hierarchical name of content, it may be known that a user named "yibae" includes a directory named video, and the corresponding directory includes content named "abc.avi." Through the hierarchical name of content, it may be known that "xxx.com" matches the fourth virtual community, "sait" matches the third virtual community, and "comm" matches the second virtual community.

[0043] That is, all hierarchies of a hierarchical name structure may correspond to a respective virtual community. For example, each of "xxx.com," "sait," and "yibae" in "ccnx://xxx.com/sait/yibae/pic.jpg" may correspond to a virtual community, and be hierarchical. In this instance, a requested range of a content search may be designated by a name of the virtual community.

[0044] A configuration of a virtual community may correspond to a hierarchical name. In some examples herein, the configuration of a virtual community may not correspond to a hierarchical name, and a prefix of a new virtual community may be provided in response to a generation of the new virtual community.

[0045] For a user to know the entire hierarchical name of content may be difficult due to the increasing number of virtual communities, and thus an increasing size in the hierarchical name. According to an aspect herein, a network based on a hierarchical name structure may employ a content search scheme using a virtual community and a hierarchical name structure. For example, if a user has information about only a portion of a full name for predetermined content, the user may use prefix information shared during formation of a virtual community to transmit a content search request packet, and to receive the corresponding response packet. In this example, the user may not have the entire hierarchical name of the content, but instead, may have a portion of the hierarchical name of the content. By transmitting the content search request packet with only a portion of the name, the content requester may receive the entire hierarchical name of the content in return.

[0046] Referring to FIG. 1, Jiah 111 invites Nara 113 and Junho 115 to form a second virtual community named JiahHome 120. Minsu 131 invites Yuna 133 to form another second virtual community named MinsuHome 140.

[0047] JiahHome 120 invites MinsuHome 140 to form a third virtual community named Friends 160. In this example, JiahHome 120 and MinsuHome 140 correspond to second virtual communities that are a relatively far apart, and Jiah 111 and Minsu 131 are connected to each other through a relatively stable connection between the two second virtual communities, that is, JiahHome 120 and MinsuHome 140. A request for content between JiahHome 120 and MinsuHome 140 may be performed through Jiah 111 and Minsu 131 because the nodes are connected to each other through a relatively stable connection.

[0048] Table 1 shown below illustrates a list and names of content stored in each aforementioned virtual community.
[Table 1]
VC3VC2VC1HIERARCHICAL NAME
Friends JiahHome   Friends/Finetree.jpg
    Friends/JiahHome/flower.jpg
  Jiah Friends/JiahHome/Jiah/picnic.jpg
  MinsuHome Nara Friends/JiahHome/Nara/drama01.avi
    Friends/JiahHome/Nara/drama02.avi
  Junho Friends/JiahHome/Junho/wind.wav
     
  Minsu Friends/M i nsuHome/M insu/teatree.avi
  Yuna Friends/MinsuHome/Yuna/sun.jpg
    Friends/MinsuHome/Yuna/project/proposal.doc


[0049] As shown in Table 1, a prefix of a third virtual community is referred to as VC3_prefix, a prefix of a second virtual community is referred to as VC2_prefix, and a prefix of a first virtual community is referred to as VC1_prefix.

[0050] Referring to Table 1, a hierarchical name of the content has a form of "<VC3_prefix>/<VC2_prefix>/<VC1_prefix>{/<directory name>}/file name", and <> may be omitted according to an input of a user or prefix information of a virtual group corresponding to a newly generated file. A hierarchical name of the content of Table 1 may not be subject to a predetermined device.

[0051] For example, "Friends/finetree.jpg" indicates a "VC3_prefix/file name," and "Friends/MinsuHome/Yuna/project/proposal.doc" indicates a "VC3_prefix/VC2_prefix/VC1_prefix/directory name/file name."

[0052] In Table 1, "Friends/finetree.jpg" and "Friends/JiahHome/flower.jpg" are included in a communication device of Jiah 111 corresponding to an invitation sender, and other contents are stored in a communication device of the corresponding first virtual group (that is, the corresponding user).

[0053] In this example, "Friends/finetree.jpg" and "Friends/JiahHome/flower.jpg" may be stored in another communication device of Jiah 111. For example, a communication device may have a single storage device, may have a plurality of logical and physical storage devices, and the like.

[0054] FIG. 2 illustrates an example of a method for a content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure. Hereinafter, a content requester or a content provider may be a communication device that corresponds to a member included in at least one virtual community in the network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0055] Referring to FIG. 2, in 210, the content requester generates a content search request packet including at least a portion of a hierarchical name of a content corresponding to a content search request. For example, the portion of the hierarchical name of the content may include some of the hierarchical name of the content, but not the entire hierarchical name of the content. For example, the hierarchical name may include a name of a photo, without including the names of the directories (i.e. respective virtual communities) which are included in the entire hierarchical name.

[0056] In this example, the content requester may generate the content search request packet by inserting an indicator that indicates a predetermined command into the content search request packet. For example, the indicator may be a command marker inserted into a hierarchical name of content, a field, a flag, a search, and the like inserted into a content search request packet, and the like.

[0057] As an example, the predetermined command may designate a search area based on a hierarchical name of content, or designate a search area based on a name of the at least one virtual community recognized based on the hierarchical name of the content or based on a name of a member included in the at least one virtual community. As another example, the predetermined command may request a search for the content based on a keyword requested by the content requester, or request a search for the content based on information recognized based on metadata of the content.

[0058] The information recognized based on metadata of the content may include at least one of content characteristic information, for example, a content type, a date on which the content is generated, a location at which the content is generated, and a request frequency for the content. The information recognized based on the metadata may also include accumulation information including routing information for the content, generated due to a transmission of the content.

[0059] The content requester may generate the content search request packet by inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, thereby designating an attribute and/or a keyword for content to be searched for by the content provider (which may be referred to as a content responder), or thereby designating a search area. For example, the content requester may insert an indicator generated by combining at least two hierarchical names of the content, a keyword requested by the content requester, and information recognized based on metadata of the content. The command marker is described below as an example of the indicator.

[0060] A command marker corresponding to a search of content including a predetermined keyword requested by the content requester may be "keyword.M," and a command marker corresponding to a search of document content including a predetermined keyword may be "document.M." In this example, a command marker for searching for the content including the predetermined keyword requested by the content requester and for searching for the document content may be generated by combining "keyword.M" and "document.M" to form "keyword&document.M."

[0061] Referring again to FIG. 2, in 220, the content requester requests at least one communication device included in at least one virtual community to search for the content by transmitting the content search request packet.

[0062] For example, the at least one virtual community may include a first virtual community, a second virtual community, and a third virtual community. The first virtual community may correspond to a lowest level of the virtual community, and may be a virtual community for a predetermined user including at least one communication device of the predetermined user.

[0063] The second virtual community may correspond to a higher level community than the first virtual community, may share information of the first virtual community, and may be generated by combining with the first virtual community. The third virtual community may correspond to a higher level community than the second virtual community and the first virtual community, may share information of the second virtual community and the first virtual community, and may be generated through an interconnection between the second virtual communities.

[0064] The at least one communication device may include content having a prefix for each of the first virtual community, the second virtual community, and the third virtual community. The content may have a hierarchical name generated based on a content name included in the at least one communication device.

[0065] In 230, the content requester receives a first response packet including the hierarchical name of the content corresponding to the content search request. In this example the at least one communication device included in the network may transmit the first response packet to the content requester.

[0066] In 240, the content requester generates a content request packet requesting the at least one communication device for the content corresponding to the content search request, based on the first response packet.

[0067] In 250, the content requester receives a second response packet, transmitted from the at least one communication device, including the content corresponding to the content search request in response to the content request packet.

[0068] FIG. 3 illustrates an example of a method for a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure. The content provider may be a communication device which corresponds to a member of a virtual community.

[0069] Referring to FIG. 3, in 310, the content provider receives a content search request packet from a communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on the hierarchical name structure. An example of the at least one virtual community is described with reference to FIG. 2. The content search request packet may include at least a portion of a hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request.

[0070] In 320, the content provider analyzes the content search request packet. For example, the content provider may separate an indicator, indicating a predetermined command, which is inserted into the content search request packet. The indicator may include a command marker, a field, a flag, a search, and the like inserted into the content search request packet. The content provider may analyze a request of the content search request packet by analyzing a predetermined command recognized from the separated indicator, that is, the command marker, the field, the flag, the search, and the like.

[0071] In 330, the content provider searches for content corresponding to the content search request based on a result of analyzing the predetermined command recognized from the separated indicator. For example, the content provider may search for the content by designating a search area based on the hierarchical name of the content, or search for the content based on a predetermined keyword requested by a content requester.

[0072] An example of searching for the content based on a predetermined keyword requested by the content requester and responding to a content request performed by the content provider is described with reference to FIG. 4.

[0073] The content provider may search for the content based on information recognized based on metadata of the at least one content. An example of searching for the content based on information recognized based on metadata is described with reference to FIG. 5.

[0074] In 330, the content provider searches for the content based on the analysis. For example, the content provider may search for the content by designating a search area based on a name of the at least one virtual community recognized using the hierarchical name of the content, or based on a name of a member included in the at least one virtual community. An example of searching for the content by designating a search area using the hierarchical name of the content, and responding to a content request is described with reference to FIG. 6.

[0075] The content provider may provide a response. For example, the response may include a full name including a name of a virtual community or a full routable name of content suitable for a request received from the content search request packet.

[0076] In 340, the content provider generates a response packet including a full hierarchical name of the requested content according to a result of the search, and in 350, transmits the response packet including the full hierarchical name to the content requester.

[0077] In the examples of FIGS. 2 and 3, a user may request the content via a communication device which corresponds to the content requester.

[0078] FIG. 4 illustrates an example of searching for content based on a keyword requested by a content requester, and responding to a search request performed by a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0079] Referring to FIG. 4, Jiah 410 and Minsu 440, among Jiah 410, Nara 420, Junho 430 and Minsu 440, respond to a search request from Yuna 450. In this example, Yuna 450 corresponds to a content requester, and Jiah 410 and Minsu 440 correspond to content providers. Hereinafter, in FIG. 4 through FIG. 6, a solid line indicates a path through which a content search request packet is transmitted, and a dotted line indicates a path through which a response packet is transmitted.

[0080] Yuna 450 may transmit a content search request packet 401 (which may be referred to as an Interest) that requests a search for a content having a keyword "tree." In this example, Yuna 450 may transmit the content search request packet 401 to a "Friends" domain. The content search request packet 401 may be delivered to a communication device of Jiah 410 through a communication device of Minsu 440 which is connected to Yuna 450. In this example, a keyword may correspond to information matching a portion of a full hierarchical name of the content.

[0081] The communication devices receiving the content search request packet 401 may verify a search request corresponding to "keyword.M" that requests a predetermined domain, for example, "Friends" for a search using a predetermined keyword, for example, "tree" by analyzing the content search request packet 401. The communication devices may generate a response packet 405 including a full hierarchical name of content by processing the search request.

[0082] For example, if the communication device of Jiah 410 has "finetree.jpg," the communication device of Jiah 410 may respond to the content search request packet 401. Thus, the communication device of Jiah 410 may transmit, to Yuna 450, the response packet 405 that includes "/Friends/finetree.jpg" which corresponds to the full hierarchical name of the requested content including only the partial name "tree". As another example, if Minsu 440 has "teatree.jpg," Minsu 440 may transmit the response packet 405 including a hierarchical name of content in response to the content search request packet 401.

[0083] Thereafter, Yuna 450 receiving the response packet 405 may transmit a content request packet to a position of "/Friends/finetree.jpg" or to a position of "/Friends/MinsuHome/Minsu/teatree.jpg" corresponding to a hierarchical name of content included in the response packet 405, and may receive a response packet including content (or data) in response to the content request packet.

[0084] In the "keyword.M" used in the content search request packet 401, ".M" denotes a command marker corresponding to an example of an indicator indicating a predetermined command, and may be inserted into a hierarchical name included in the content search request packet 401. Accordingly, if a communication device receiving the content search request packet 401 identifies an indicator, for example, the command marker ".M" by analyzing a hierarchical name of content, the communication device may perform a predetermined command, for example, a keyword search.

[0085] The content requester Yuna 450 may include a predetermined keyword, for example, "tree" in the content search request packet 401 after an indicator, for example, the command marker ".M" indicating a predetermined command, and may transmit the content search request packet 401. A communication device receiving the content search request packet 401 may perform a command defined by the corresponding indicator "keyword.M" when constructing a list packet or a response list. As a result of performing the command, a hierarchical name of content including the predetermined keyword "tree" may be included in the response packet 405, and may be transmitted.

[0086] The foregoing describes an example of indicating a search request using a command marker. As another example, in addition to the command marker, a field and a flag that may indicate a predetermined command (or condition), or various indicators that may perform a similar function may be used for the content search request packet 401 to indicate the search request. Accordingly, the content requester may use an indicator in a search request to indicate a predetermined command (or condition), and the content provider may transmit a response result according to the predetermined command.

[0087] In the example in which the field or the flag is used as an indicator that indicates the predetermined command (or condition), and the command marker is not included in the content search request packet 401, the content provider may perform a search according to the indicator with reference to the field or the flag included in the content search request packet 401, and may respond to the search request.

[0088] FIG. 5 illustrates an example of searching for content based on information recognized based on metadata of content, and responding to a search request performed by a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure. Referring to the example of FIG. 5, Jiah 510 responds to a search request from Minsu 540.

[0089] Minsu 540 may transmit a content search request packet 501 requesting all of the corresponding contents based on a content type, for example, "music" included in information recognized by metadata of content in a domain, for example, a "Friends" domain. For example, content corresponding to the content type "music" may include a content associated with a music file such as .wav, .mp3, .wma, and the like.

[0090] In this example, Jiah 510, Nara 520, Junho 530, and Yuna 550 receive the content search request packet 501 transmitted from Minsu 540. Jiah 510 has content "wind.wav." In the example of FIG. 5, Jiah 510 may recognize that .wav is associated with the content type "music" based on metadata. Accordingly, Jiah 510 may search for content including the .wav file. As a result, Jiah 510 recognizes "wind.wav". Accordingly, Jiah 510 may transmit a response packet 505 in response to the content search request packet 501 including the requested content.

[0091] For example, the information recognized based on metadata of content may include at least one of a content type, a date on which the content is generated, a location at which the content is generated, and a request frequency for the content and accumulation information including routing information for the content, generated due to a transmission of the content.

[0092] When content is searched for based on information recognized by metadata of the content, an item corresponding to a content type may be defined in the metadata of the content, or may be expressed as a portion of a hierarchical name of the content.

[0093] In the example of searching for content based on metadata, the metadata of the content may include information excluded from a full name of the content. A range or an expression scheme may vary depending on a scheme of constructing a virtual community.

[0094] FIG. 6 illustrates an example of searching for content by designating a search area using a hierarchical name of content, and responding to a search request in a network based on a hierarchical name structure. Referring to FIG. 6, Jiah 610, Nara 620, and Junho 630 respond to a search request of Nara 620.

[0095] Nara 620 may generate and transmit a content search request packet 601 including "/Friends/JiahHome/search.M/" to request a search for all contents of "JiahHome" within a domain "Friends." For example, the content search request packet 601 transmitted by Nara 620 may be transmitted to an entire community, Friend 160, which corresponds to the third virtual community illustrated in FIG. 1. A communication device (or member) having a content including "Friends/JiahHome" in a full hierarchical name of a content among communication devices (or members) included in the third virtual community may respond to the corresponding content search request.

[0096] Referring to FIG. 6, the communication devices corresponding to Jiah 610, Nara 620, and Junho 630 each have contents corresponding to "Friends/JiahHome." Accordingly, each of Jiah 610, Nara 620, and Junho 630 may transmit a response packet 605 in response to the content search request packet 601.

[0097] Here, Nara 620 has two corresponding contents as illustrated in Table 1. When a provider includes a plurality of requested contents such as Nara 620, Nara 620 may respond in a form of "/Friends/JiahHome/search.M/1/Friends/JiahHome/Nara/drama01.avi/2/Friends/JiahHome/N ara/drama02.avi." That is, if a response involves several content lists, they may be separated using a separator, for example, /1/.../2/, and the like.

[0098] As another example, if Nara 620 has two communication devices, for example, a communication device 1 and a communication device 2, and "drama01.avi" is stored on the communication device 1, and "drama02.avi" is stored on the communication device 2, the response packet 605 may include two responses of "/Friends/JiahHome/search.M/Friends/JiahHome/Nara/drama01.avi" generated from the communication device 1 and "/Friends/JiahHome/search.M/Friends/JiahHome/Nara/drama02.avi" generated from the communication device 2.

[0099] As another example, if a communication device has two storage devices and another communication device has no storage device among communication devices of Nara 620, two responses may occur.

[0100] Referring to Table 1, contents of JiahHome corresponding to the second virtual community and Friends 160 corresponding to the third virtual community are stored in a communication device of the Jiah 610. Accordingly, a single response may occur from the communication device of the Jiah 610.

[0101] According to various searching schemes described herein, a search request for searching for content including a predetermined keyword in a predetermined virtual community, or a search request for searching for document content including a predetermined keyword, and the like, may be given. In response one or more of the searching schemes may be used, or a combination of the searching schemes may be used. Further, content may be searched for within a predetermined range.

[0102] In this example, a content requester may define an indicator such as a new command marker, a new flag, and the like. As an example, "/keyword&VC.M/", "/keyword&document.M/," and the like, may be defined as the new command marker, and "/doAND/", "/doOR/," and the like that limit a predetermined condition when a search is performed using several keywords may be given as the new flag. It should be appreciated that the new command marker or the new flag may be modified as desired.

[0103] Using aforementioned schemes, even though an entire prefix of content is not fully provided, the content may be searched for by designating a predetermined word or even a combination of one or more letters and/or characters included in a name of the content. If a predetermined attribute of content is provided, the content may be searched for using metadata, and it may be possible to request a content search and receive a response by designating a search area of the content based on a name of a virtual community, and a name of a member in the community having a hierarchical structure.

[0104] FIG. 7 illustrates an example of a content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0105] Referring to FIG. 7, content requester 700 includes a first generator 710 and a requester 730. The content requester 700 may further include a second generator 750 and a receiver 770.

[0106] The first generator 710 may generate a content search request packet including at least a portion of a hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request. For example, the first generator 710 may generate the content search request packet by inserting an indicator indicating a predetermined command into the content search request packet. The indicator may include a command marker, a field, a flag, and the like.

[0107] The requester 730 may request a search for the content by at least one communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on a hierarchical name structure by transmitting the content search request packet.

[0108] The receiver 770 may receive, from the at least one communication device, a first response packet including the hierarchical name of content corresponding to the content search request.

[0109] The second generator 750 may generate a content request packet requesting the at least one communication device for the content corresponding to the content search request based on the first response packet received by the receiver 770.

[0110] The receiver 770 may further receive a second response packet, transmitted from the at least one communication device, including the content corresponding to the content search request in response to the content request packet.

[0111] FIG. 8 illustrates an example of a content provider in a network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0112] The content provider 800 includes a receiver 810, an analyzer 830, a searching unit 850, a generator 870, and a transmitter 890.

[0113] The receiver 810 may receive a content search request packet from at least one communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on a hierarchical name structure.

[0114] The analyzer 830 may analyze the content search request packet. For example, the content search request packet may include at least a portion of a hierarchical name of at least one content corresponding to a content search request. The analyzer 830 may identify the portion of the hierarchical name.

[0115] The searching unit 850 may search for the at least one content corresponding to the content search request based on a result of the analysis.

[0116] The generator 870 may generate a response packet including the hierarchical name of the at least one content.

[0117] The transmitter 890 may transmit, to a content requester, the response packet generated in the generator 870.

[0118] According to various examples herein, by performing a content search using a virtual community in a network based on the hierarchical name structure, it is possible to request a content, search for the content, and respond to the request using only a portion of the content name or a content attribute.

[0119] According to various examples herein, by inserting an indicator into a content search request packet, it is possible to designate an attribute or a keyword for a desired content, or designate a search area.

[0120] According to various examples herein, content may be easily retrieved using a network characteristic without a separate index server that manages full name information of the content.

[0121] Program instructions to perform a method described herein, or one or more operations thereof, may be recorded, stored, or fixed in one or more computer-readable storage media. The program instructions may be implemented by a computer. For example, the computer may cause a processor to execute the program instructions. The media may include, alone or in combination with the program instructions, data files, data structures, and the like. Examples of computer-readable storage media include magnetic media, such as hard disks, floppy disks, and magnetic tape; optical media such as CD ROM disks and DVDs; magneto-optical media, such as optical disks; and hardware devices that are specially configured to store and perform program instructions, such as read-only memory (ROM), random access memory (RAM), flash memory, and the like. Examples of program instructions include machine code, such as produced by a compiler, and files containing higher level code that may be executed by the computer using an interpreter. The program instructions, that is, software, may be distributed over network coupled computer systems so that the software is stored and executed in a distributed fashion. For example, the software and data may be stored by one or more computer readable storage mediums. Also, functional programs, codes, and code segments for accomplishing the example embodiments disclosed herein can be easily construed by programmers skilled in the art to which the embodiments pertain based on and using the flow diagrams and block diagrams of the figures and their corresponding descriptions as provided herein. Also, the described unit to perform an operation or a method may be hardware, software, or some combination of hardware and software. For example, the unit may be a software package running on a computer or the computer on which that software is running.

[0122] As a non-exhaustive illustration only, a terminal/device/unit described herein may refer to mobile devices such as a cellular phone, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a digital camera, a portable game console, and an MP3 player, a portable/personal multimedia player (PMP), a handheld e-book, a portable laptop PC, a global positioning system (GPS) navigation, a tablet, a sensor, and devices such as a desktop PC, a high definition television (HDTV), an optical disc player, a setup box, a home appliance, and the like that are capable of wireless communication or network communication consistent with that which is disclosed herein.

[0123] A computing system or a computer may include a microprocessor that is electrically connected with a bus, a user interface, and a memory controller. It may further include a flash memory device. The flash memory device may store N-bit data via the memory controller. The N-bit data is processed or will be processed by the microprocessor and N may be 1 or an integer greater than 1. Where the computing system or computer is a mobile apparatus, a battery may be additionally provided to supply operation voltage of the computing system or computer. It will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that the computing system or computer may further include an application chipset, a camera image processor (CIS), a mobile Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM), and the like. The memory controller and the flash memory device may constitute a solid state drive/disk (SSD) that uses a non-volatile memory to store data.

[0124] A number of examples have been described above. Nevertheless, it should be understood that various modifications may be made. For example, suitable results may be achieved if the described techniques are performed in a different order and/or if components in a described system, architecture, device, or circuit are combined in a different manner and/or replaced or supplemented by other components or their equivalents. Accordingly, other implementations are within the scope of the following claims.


Claims

1. A communication method for a content requester in a virtual community in a network based on a hierarchical name structure the community being formed through an invitation and a registration between users or between virtual communities in said network, the communication method comprising:

generating a content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request (210); and

requesting a communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on the hierarchical name structure to search for the content by transmitting the content search request packet (220)

wherein the generating a content search request package comprises inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator at least one of indicating a predetermined command; and designating a search area based on the hierarchical name of the content; and designating a search area based on a name of the at least one virtual community recognized using the hierarchical name of the content, or based on a name of a member included in the at least one virtual community; and requesting a search for the content based on a keyword requested by the content requester

receiving, from the communication device, a first response packet comprising the hierarchical name of content requested by the content search request (230);

generating and transmitting a content request packet requesting the communication device for the content corresponding to the content search request (240); and

receiving a second response packet, transmitted from the communication device, comprising the content corresponding to the content search request (250), and

wherein a prefix of each virtual community is shared through the invitation and the registration, and the hierarchical name includes the shared prefix.


 
2. The communication method of claim 1, wherein the at least one virtual community comprises at least one of:

a first virtual community (111, 113, 115, 131, 133) as a lowest level community including the communication device,

a second virtual community (120, 140) as a higher level community than the first virtual community, and sharing information with the first virtual community and being combined with the first virtual community, and

a third virtual community (160) as a higher level community than the second virtual community, sharing information of the second virtual community, and being generated by an interconnection between the second virtual community,

wherein the hierarchical name structure comprises hierarchies corresponding to said first, second and third virtual community, wherein the communication device comprises content having a hierarchical name including a prefix for the first virtual community, and/or for the second virtual community, and/or the third virtual community, and a file name of the content.


 
3. The communication method of any one of the previous claims, wherein the generating a content search request package comprises inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator requesting a search for the content based on information recognized based on metadata of the requested content.
 
4. The communication method of claim 3, wherein the information recognized based on the metadata of the requested content comprises at least one of a content type, a date on which the content is generated, a location at which the content is generated, and a request frequency for the content and accumulation information including routing information for the content, generated due to a transmission of the content.
 
5. The communication method of any of the previous claims, wherein the generating a content search request package comprises inserting an indicator into the content search request packet, the indicator generated by combining at least two of the hierarchical name of the content, a keyword requested by the content requester, and information recognized based on metadata of the requested content.
 
6. The communication method of any of the previous claims, further comprising analyzing the content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request which is received from a content requester included in at least one virtual community in the network based on the hierarchical name structure (310, 320);
searching for the requested content based on a result of the analysis (330);
generating a response packet comprising the entire hierarchical name of the requested content (340); and
transmitting the response packet to the content requester (350).
 
7. The communication method of any of the previous claims, wherein the at least one virtual community comprises at least one of:

a first virtual community as a lowest level community including the content provider,

a second virtual community as a higher level community than the first virtual community, sharing information of the first virtual community and being combined with first virtual community, and

a third virtual community as a higher level community than the second virtual community, sharing information the second virtual community, and being generated by an interconnection between the second virtual community, wherein the content provider comprises content having a hierarchical name comprising a prefix for the first virtual community, and/or the second virtual community, and/or the third virtual community, and a file name of the content.


 
8. The communication method of claim 6 or 7, wherein the analyzing comprises:

separating an indicator, indicating a predetermined command, inserted into the content search request packet; and

analyzing the predetermined command recognized from the separated indicator.


 
9. The communication method of any of the claims 6-8, wherein the searching comprises searching for the content
by designating a search area based on the hierarchical name of the content; and/or by designating a search area based on a name of the at least one virtual community recognized using the hierarchical name of the content, or based on a name of a member included in the at least one virtual community; and/or wherein the searching comprises: searching for content based on a keyword requested by the content requester; and/or based on information recognized based on metadata of the requested content.
 
10. The communication method of claim 9, wherein the method further comprises:

receiving a request for the content corresponding to the entire content name from the content requester; and

providing the requested content to the content requester.


 
11. A non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising a program for instructing a computer to perform the method of any of the previous claims.
 
12. A content requester in a network based on a hierarchical name structure that is formed through an invitation and a registration between users or between virtual communities in a network environment, the content requester comprising:

a generator (710) configured to generate a content search request packet comprising a portion of but not an entire hierarchical name of content corresponding to a content search request; and

a requester (730) configured to transmit a request for a search for the content to at least one communication device included in at least one virtual community in the network based on a hierarchical name structure;

a receiver configured to receive, from the communication device, a first response packet comprising the hierarchical name of content requested by the content search request (230);

the generator and the requester being further configured to generate and transmitting a content request packet requesting the communication device for the content corresponding to the content search request (240); and

the receiver being further configured to receive a second response packet, transmitted from the communication device, comprising the content corresponding to the content search request (250), and

wherein a prefix of each virtual community is shared through the invitation and the registration, and the hierarchical name includes the shared prefix.


 


Ansprüche

1. Kommunikationsverfahren für einen Inhaltsanforderer in einer virtuellen Gemeinschaft in einem auf einer hierarchischen Namensstruktur basierten Netzwerk, wobei die Gemeinschaft durch eine Einladung und eine Registrierung zwischen Benutzern oder zwischen virtuellen Gemeinschaften in dem Netzwerk gebildet wird, wobei das Kommunikationsverfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Erzeugen eines Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets, das einen Teil, aber nicht einen gesamten hierarchischen Namen des einer Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalts umfasst (210); und Anfordern, durch Übertragen des Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets, an eine in wenigstens einer virtuellen Gemeinschaft in dem auf der hierarchischen Namensstruktur basierten Netzwerk enthaltene Kommunikationsvorrichtung, nach dem Inhalt zu suchen (220),

wobei das Erzeugen eines Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets das Einfügen eines Indikators in das Inhaltssuchanforderungspaket umfasst, wobei der Indikator zu wenigstens einem der Folgenden dient: Anzeigen eines vorbestimmten Befehls; Zuweisen eines Suchbereichs basierend auf dem hierarchischen Namen des Inhalts; Zuweisen eines Suchbereichs basierend auf einem Namen der wenigstens einen virtuellen Gemeinschaft, der unter Verwendung des hierarchischen Namens des Inhalts erkannt wird, oder basierend auf dem Namen eines in der wenigstens einen virtuellen Gemeinschaft enthaltenen Mitglieds; und Anfordern einer Suche nach dem Inhalt basierend auf einem von dem Inhaltsanforderer angeforderten Suchbegriff,

Empfangen eines von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung stammenden ersten Antwortpakets, das den hierarchischen Namen des von der Inhaltssuchanforderung angeforderten Inhalts umfasst (230);

Erzeugen und Übertragen eines Inhaltsanforderungspakets, das den der Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalt bei der Kommunikationsvorrichtung anfordert (240); und

Empfangen eines zweiten Inhaltsanforderungspakets, das von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung übertragen wurde und den der Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalt umfasst (250),

wobei ein Präfix jeder virtuellen Gemeinschaft durch die Einladung und die Registrierung gemeinsam genutzt wird und der hierarchische Name das gemeinsam genutzte Präfix enthält.


 
2. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die wenigstens eine virtuelle Gemeinschaft wenigstens eine der Folgenden umfasst:

eine erste virtuelle Gemeinschaft (111, 113, 115, 131, 133) als eine Gemeinschaft der untersten Ebene, welche die Kommunikationsvorrichtung enthält,

eine zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft (120, 140) als eine Gemeinschaft höherer Ebene als die erste virtuelle Gemeinschaft, wobei die zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft Informationen mit der ersten virtuellen Gemeinschaft gemeinsam nutzt und mit der ersten virtuellen Gemeinschaft kombiniert ist, und

eine dritte virtuelle Gemeinschaft (160) als eine Gemeinschaft höherer Ebene als die zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft, wobei die dritte virtuelle Gemeinschaft Informationen mit der zweiten virtuellen Gemeinschaft gemeinsam nutzt und durch eine Verbindung zwischen der zweiten virtuellen Gemeinschaft erzeugt wird,

wobei die hierarchische Namensstruktur Hierarchien umfasst, die der ersten, zweiten und dritten virtuellen Gemeinschaft entsprechen, wobei die Kommunikationsvorrichtung Inhalt umfasst, der einen hierarchischen Namen mit einem Präfix für die erste virtuelle Gemeinschaft und/oder für die zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft und/oder für die dritte virtuelle Gemeinschaft, sowie einen Dateinamen des Inhalts aufweist.


 
3. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Erzeugen eines Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets Folgendes umfasst: Einfügen eines Indikators in das Inhaltssuchanforderungspaket, wobei der Indikator eine Suche nach dem Inhalt anfordert basierend auf Informationen, die basierend auf Metadaten des angeforderten Inhalts erkannt wurden.
 
4. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Informationen, die basierend auf Metadaten des angeforderten Inhalts erkannt wurden, wenigstens eines der Folgenden umfassen: eine Inhaltsart, ein Datum, an dem der Inhalt erzeugt wurde, einen Ort, an dem der Inhalt erzeugt wurde, und eine Anforderungshäufigkeit nach dem Inhalt sowie Akkumulationsinformationen einschließlich Routinginformationen für den Inhalt, die aufgrund einer Übertragung des Inhalts erzeugt wurden.
 
5. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Erzeugen eines Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets Folgendes umfasst: Einfügen eines Indikators in das Inhaltssuchanforderungspaket, wobei der Indikator durch Kombinieren von wenigstens zwei der Folgenden erzeugt wird: dem hierarchischen Namen des Inhalts, einem von dem Inhaltsanforderer angeforderten Suchwort, und Informationen, die basierend auf Metadaten des angeforderten Inhalts erkannt wurden.
 
6. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das weiterhin Folgendes umfasst: Analysieren des Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets, das einen Teil, aber nicht einen gesamten hierarchischen Namen des einer Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalts umfasst, welche empfangene Inhaltssuchanforderung von einem in wenigstens einer virtuellen Gemeinschaft in dem auf der hierarchischen Namensstruktur basierten Netzwerk enthaltenen Inhaltsanforderer stammt (310, 320);
Suchen nach dem angeforderten Inhalt basierend auf einem Ergebnis der Analyse (330);
Erzeugen eines Antwortpakets mit dem gesamten hierarchischen Namen des angeforderten Inhalts (340); und
Übertragen des Antwortpakets an den Inhaltsanforderer (350).
 
7. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die wenigstens eine virtuelle Gemeinschaft wenigstens eine der Folgenden umfasst:

eine einen Inhaltsanbieter enthaltende erste virtuelle Gemeinschaft als eine Gemeinschaft der untersten Ebene,

eine zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft als eine Gemeinschaft höherer Ebene als die erste virtuelle Gemeinschaft, wobei die zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft Informationen mit der ersten virtuellen Gemeinschaft gemeinsam nutzt und mit der ersten virtuellen Gemeinschaft kombiniert ist, und

eine dritte virtuelle Gemeinschaft als eine Gemeinschaft höherer Ebene als die zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft, wobei die dritte virtuelle Gemeinschaft Informationen mit der zweiten virtuellen Gemeinschaft gemeinsam nutzt und durch eine Verbindung zwischen der zweiten virtuellen Gemeinschaft erzeugt wird,

wobei der Inhaltsanbieter Inhalt umfasst, der einen hierarchischen Namen mit einem Präfix für die erste virtuelle Gemeinschaft und/oder die zweite virtuelle Gemeinschaft und/oder die dritte virtuelle Gemeinschaft, sowie einen Dateinamen des Inhalts umfasst.


 
8. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei das Analysieren Folgendes umfasst:

Trennen eines einen vorbestimmten Befehl anzeigenden Indikators, der in das Inhaltssuchanforderungspaket eingefügt ist; und

Analysieren des aus dem getrennten Indikator erkannten vorbestimmten Befehls.


 
9. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, wobei das Suchen ein Suchen nach dem Inhalt umfasst, und zwar
durch Zuweisen eines Suchbereichs basierend auf dem hierarchischen Namen des Inhalts; und/oder durch Zuweisen eines Suchbereichs basierend auf einem Namen der wenigstens einen virtuellen Gemeinschaft, der unter Verwendung des hierarchischen Namens des Inhalts erkannt wird, oder basierend auf dem Namen eines in der wenigstens einen virtuellen Gemeinschaft enthaltenen Mitglieds; und/oder wobei das Suchen Folgendes umfasst: Suchen nach Inhalt basierend auf einem von dem Inhaltsanforderer angeforderten Suchbegriff und/oder basierend auf Informationen, die basierend auf Metadaten des angeforderten Inhalts erkannt wurden.
 
10. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Verfahren weiterhin Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen einer von dem Inhaltsanforderer stammenden, dem gesamten Inhaltsnamen entsprechenden Anforderung nach dem Inhalt; und

Bereitstellen des angeforderten Inhalts an den Inhaltsanforderer.


 
11. Nicht-flüchtiges, computerlesbares Medium, das ein Programm umfasst, mit dem ein Computer angewiesen wird, das Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche durchzuführen.
 
12. Inhaltsanforderer in einem auf einer hierarchischen Namensstruktur basierten Netzwerk, das durch eine Einladung und eine Registrierung zwischen Benutzern oder zwischen virtuellen Gemeinschaften in einer Netzwerkumgebung gebildet wird, wobei der Inhaltsanforderer Folgendes umfasst:

eine Erzeugungseinrichtung (710), die konfiguriert ist zum Erzeugen eines Inhaltssuchanforderungspakets, das einen Teil, aber nicht einen gesamten hierarchischen Namen des einer Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalts umfasst;

eine Anforderungseinrichtung (730), die konfiguriert ist zum Übertragen einer Anforderung für eine Suche nach dem Inhalt an eine in wenigstens einer virtuellen Gemeinschaft in dem auf einer hierarchischen Namensstruktur basierten Netzwerk enthaltene Kommunikationsvorrichtung; und

einen Empfänger, der konfiguriert ist zum Empfangen eines von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung stammenden ersten Antwortpakets, das den hierarchischen Namen des von der Inhaltssuchanforderung angeforderten Inhalts umfasst (230);

wobei die Erzeugungseinrichtung und die Anforderungseinrichtung weiterhin konfiguriert sind zum Erzeugen und Übertragen eines Inhaltsanforderungspakets, das den der Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalt bei der Kommunikationsvorrichtung anfordert (240); und

der Empfänger weiterhin konfiguriert ist zum Empfangen eines zweiten Inhaltsanforderungspakets, das von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung übertragen wird und den der Inhaltssuchanforderung entsprechenden Inhalt umfasst (250),

wobei ein Präfix jeder virtuellen Gemeinschaft durch die Einladung und die Registrierung gemeinsam genutzt wird und der hierarchische Name das gemeinsam genutzte Präfix enthält.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé de communication appliqué à un demandeur de contenu présent dans une communauté virtuelle existant dans un réseau reposant sur une structure de noms hiérarchisée, la communauté étant formée par le biais d'une invitation et d'une inscription entre les utilisateurs ou entre les communautés virtuelles dudit réseau, le procédé de communication comprenant :

la génération d'un paquet de requête de recherche de contenu comprenant une partie mais pas l'intégralité du nom hiérarchisé du contenu correspondant à une requête de recherche de contenu (210) ;

la requête, auprès d'un appareil de communication présent dans au moins une communauté virtuelle existant dans le réseau reposant sur la structure de noms hiérarchisée, d'une recherche du contenu par transmission du paquet de requête de recherche de contenu (220),

ladite génération d'un paquet de requête de recherche de contenu comprenant l'insertion d'un indicateur dans le paquet de requête de recherche de contenu, l'indicateur ayant pour fonction d'indiquer une commande prédéterminée, de désigner une zone de recherche en fonction du nom hiérarchisé du contenu, de désigner une zone de recherche en fonction du nom de l'au moins une communauté virtuelle reconnu au moyen du nom hiérarchisé du contenu ou en fonction du nom d'un membre existant dans l'au moins une communauté virtuelle, et/ou de requérir une recherche du contenu en fonction d'un mot clé requis par le demandeur de contenu ;

la réception, en provenance de l'appareil de communication, d'un premier paquet de réponse comprenant le nom hiérarchisé du contenu requis par la requête de recherche de contenu (230) ;

la génération et l'émission d'un paquet de requête de contenu requérant, auprès de l'appareil de communication, le contenu correspondant à la requête de recherche de contenu (240) ; et

la réception d'un deuxième paquet de réponse, émis par l'appareil de communication, comprenant le contenu correspondant à la requête de recherche de contenu (250) ;

le préfixe de chaque communauté virtuelle étant partagé par le biais de l'invitation et de l'inscription, et le nom hiérarchisé comportant le préfixe partagé.


 
2. Procédé de communication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'au moins une communauté virtuelle comprend :

une première communauté virtuelle (111, 113, 115, 131, 133) qui constitue une communauté, comportant l'appareil de communication, de plus bas niveau,

une deuxième communauté virtuelle (120, 140) qui constitue une communauté de plus haut niveau que la première communauté virtuelle, qui a des informations en commun avec la première communauté virtuelle, et est combinée à la première communauté virtuelle, et/ou

une troisième communauté virtuelle (160) qui constitue une communauté de plus haut niveau que la deuxième communauté virtuelle, qui a des informations en commun avec la deuxième communauté virtuelle, et est générée par une interconnexion au sein de la deuxième communauté virtuelle ;

ladite structure de noms hiérarchisée comprenant des hiérarchies correspondant à ladite première, deuxième et troisième communauté virtuelle, ledit appareil de communication comprenant un contenu possédant un nom hiérarchisé comportant un préfixe pour la première communauté virtuelle et/ou pour la deuxième communauté virtuelle et/ou la troisième communauté virtuelle, et un nom de fichier du contenu.


 
3. Procédé de communication selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la génération d'un paquet de requête de recherche de contenu comprend l'insertion d'un indicateur dans le paquet de requête de recherche de contenu, l'indicateur requérant une recherche du contenu en fonction d'informations reconnues compte tenu de métadonnées du contenu requis.
 
4. Procédé de communication selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les informations reconnues compte tenu des métadonnées du contenu requis comprennent au moins un type d'informations parmi : le type du contenu, la date à laquelle le contenu a été généré, l'emplacement auquel le contenu a été généré, et la fréquence de requête concernant le contenu ainsi que des informations d'accumulation, dont des informations d'acheminement concernant le contenu, générées du fait d'une transmission du contenu.
 
5. Procédé de communication selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la génération d'un paquet de requête de recherche de contenu comprend l'insertion d'un indicateur dans le paquet de requête de recherche de contenu, l'indicateur étant généré par combinaison d'au moins deux éléments parmi : le nom hiérarchisé du contenu, un mot clé requis par le demandeur de contenu et des informations reconnues compte tenu de métadonnées du contenu requis.
 
6. Procédé de communication selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre l'analyse du paquet de requête de recherche de contenu comprenant une partie mais pas l'intégralité du nom hiérarchisé du contenu correspondant à une requête de recherche de contenu, qui a été reçue en provenance d'un demandeur de contenu présent dans au moins une communauté virtuelle existant dans le réseau reposant sur la structure de noms hiérarchisée (310, 320),
la recherche du contenu requis compte tenu du résultat de l'analyse (330),
la génération d'un paquet de réponse comprenant l'intégralité du nom hiérarchisé du contenu requis (340), et
la transmission du paquet de réponse au demandeur de contenu (350).
 
7. Procédé de communication selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'au moins une communauté virtuelle comprend :

une première communauté virtuelle qui constitue une communauté, comportant le fournisseur de contenu, de plus bas niveau,

une deuxième communauté virtuelle qui constitue une communauté de plus haut niveau que la première communauté virtuelle, qui a des informations en commun avec la première communauté virtuelle et qui est combinée à la première communauté virtuelle, et

une troisième communauté virtuelle qui constitue une communauté de plus haut niveau que la deuxième communauté virtuelle, qui a des informations en commun avec la deuxième communauté virtuelle, et qui est générée par une interconnexion au sein de la deuxième communauté virtuelle,

ledit fournisseur de contenu comprenant un contenu possédant un nom hiérarchisé comprenant un préfixe pour la première communauté virtuelle et/ou la deuxième communauté virtuelle et/ou la troisième communauté virtuelle, et un nom de fichier du contenu.


 
8. Procédé de communication selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel l'analyse comprend :

la séparation d'un indicateur, indiquant une commande prédéterminée, inséré dans le paquet de requête de recherche de contenu, et

l'analyse de la commande prédéterminée reconnue à partir de l'indicateur séparé.


 
9. Procédé de communication selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, dans lequel la recherche comprend une recherche du contenu par désignation d'une zone de recherche en fonction du nom hiérarchisé du contenu, et/ou par désignation d'une zone de recherche en fonction du nom de l'au moins une communauté virtuelle reconnu au moyen du nom hiérarchisé du contenu, ou en fonction du nom d'un membre existant dans l'au moins une communauté virtuelle ; et/ou dans lequel la recherche comprend : la recherche du contenu en fonction d'un mot clé requis par le demandeur de contenu et/ou en fonction d'informations reconnues compte tenu de métadonnées du contenu requis.
 
10. Procédé de communication selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre :

la réception d'une requête de contenu correspondant à l'intégralité du nom du contenu en provenance du demandeur de contenu, et

la fourniture du contenu requis au demandeur de contenu.


 
11. Support non transitoire lisible par ordinateur, comprenant un programme visant à instruire un ordinateur en vue de la réalisation du procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
 
12. Demandeur de contenu présent dans un réseau reposant sur une structure de noms hiérarchisée formé par le biais d'une invitation et d'une inscription entre les utilisateurs ou entre les communautés virtuelles existant dans un environnement en réseau, le demandeur de contenu comprenant :

un organe générateur (710) conçu pour générer un paquet de requête de recherche de contenu comprenant une partie mais pas l'intégralité du nom hiérarchisé du contenu correspondant à une requête de recherche de contenu,

un organe de requête (730) conçu pour émettre une requête de recherche du contenu auprès d'au moins un appareil de communication présent dans au moins une communauté virtuelle existant dans le réseau reposant sur une structure de noms hiérarchisée, et

un organe de réception conçu pour recevoir, en provenance de l'appareil de communication, un premier paquet de réponse comprenant le nom hiérarchisé du contenu requis par la requête de recherche de contenu (230) ;

l'organe générateur et l'organe de requête étant conçus en outre pour générer et pour émettre un paquet de requête de contenu requérant, auprès de l'appareil de communication, le contenu correspondant à la requête de recherche de contenu (240),

l'organe de réception étant conçu en outre pour recevoir un deuxième paquet de réponse, émis par l'appareil de communication, comprenant le contenu correspondant à la requête de recherche de contenu (250), et

le préfixe de chaque communauté virtuelle étant partagé par le biais de l'invitation et de l'inscription, et le nom hiérarchisé comportant le préfixe partagé.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description