(19)
(11)EP 2 533 835 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/20

(21)Application number: 11706917.9

(22)Date of filing:  11.02.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61M 5/32  (2006.01)
A61M 5/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2011/050266
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/098831 (18.08.2011 Gazette  2011/33)

(54)

MEDICAL NEEDLE COVER ARRANGEMENT

SCHUTZANORDNUNG FÜR EINE MEDIZINISCHE NADEL

DISPOSITIF D'ÉTUI PROTECTEUR POUR AIGUILLE MÉDICALE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.02.2010 GB 201002327

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.12.2012 Bulletin 2012/51

(73)Proprietor: tip-top.com Ltd
Stanway Colchester Essex CO3 0LE (GB)

(72)Inventor:
  • Liversidge, Barry Peter
    Colchester, Essex CO4 5PE (GB)

(74)Representative: Dummett Copp LLP 
25 The Square Martlesham Heath
Ipswich IP5 3SL
Ipswich IP5 3SL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 502 617
EP-A1- 1 964 586
US-A- 5 858 008
EP-A1- 1 932 558
WO-A1-2009/016428
US-B1- 6 514 229
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to a medical needle cover arrangement for a soft needle cover used in association with a syringe having a medical needle projecting forwardly therefrom. In its preferred aspects, this invention concerns improvements in a soft needle cover associated with a needle safety device arranged to confer passive protection to a medical needle projecting forwardly from a single-use syringe.

    [0002] A syringe provided with a medical needle as employed in this invention is intended to be used to penetrate a human or animal body, or for other medical uses such as the penetration of a pierceable membrane of an intravenous medication system. In the following all medical uses of the syringe and needle will be described simply as the penetration of a body, even though specific embodiments may be intended for other medical uses.

    [0003] Throughout this specification the terms "forward" and "forwardly" used in relation to the syringe, needle and needle safety device refer to those ends of the components which are approached to a body when a procedure is to be performed, and the direction towards those ends. Conversely, the terms "rearward" and "rearwardly" refer to those ends of the components opposed to the forward ends and the direction away from those forward ends.

    [0004] A syringe having a needle permanently secured thereto is frequently prefilled with a liquid drug or medicament and then is used only once to perform an injection. Once used, the syringe and needle must be disposed of in a safe manner. To protect any people who might have to handle such a syringe, either before or after performing an injection, it is becoming a requirement of health and safety legislation as well as best practice to provide the needle with some kind of safety device to minimise the risk of accidental needle-stick injury. Such a safety device preferably operates on a "passive" basis - that is to say, without the need for a user to undertake any action to ensure the needle is protected.

    [0005] Typically, such a safety device may have a sleeve which is mounted on the syringe and is slidable axially between a needle protecting position and a non-protecting position. A spring may bias the sleeve forwardly relative to the syringe to the protecting position, the sleeve being moved rearwardly relative to the syringe in the course of performing an injection whereafter the sleeve moves forwardly back to its protecting position under the force of the spring at the completion of the injection. The safety device may be provided with a locking arrangement to prevent the sleeve moving rearwardly from its protecting position for a second time, after the performance of an injection.

    [0006] In the course of manufacture of a single-use syringe having a needle permanently secured to a needle hub at the forward end of the syringe barrel, it is the usual practice to fit a needle cover over the needle before the syringe is sterilised and then packaged for storage and transport, prior to filling with a liquid drug or other medicament. Such a cover is usually made of a soft elastomer such as a TPE and must be compliant with drug compatibility and stability. The rear end of the cover fits on to the needle hub and the sharp tip of the needle penetrates the material of the cover so as to be sealed thereby, but the cover does not bear on the greater part of the length of the needle so as not to remove any lubricant which is usually be applied to the needle. Thus, there is a void around the greater part of the needle, from the hub of the syringe to a location adjacent the sharp tip of the needle.

    [0007] EP1502617 and EP1964586 are examples of rigid needle shields having a soft elastomeric needle cover and a rigid outer shield for that cover, generally as described above. Furthermore, EP1932558 discloses an auto-injector comprising a resilient needle sheath and a tubular needle shield.

    [0008] A significant problem associated with the manufacturing process for a single-use syringe is that in the course of the sterilisation and packaging steps, there is a tendency for a needle cover to be displaced from its as-fitted condition on the hub - a phenomenon known as "pop-off'. This primarily occurs on account of the changes of pressure to which the syringe and cover are subjected in the course of the cleaning and sterilising steps and the fact that the void between the needle and the cover is in effect a sealed space. The problem has been addressed by venting that space, but then there is a possibility that the sterile condition of the needle may be compromised. As a consequence, in an attempt to increase the security of the attachment of a needle cover to the hub of a syringe, it is the usual practice to provide at least one formation on the hub of the syringe and a corresponding formation at the rear end of the needle cover to co-operate with the formation on the hub, mechanically to hold the cover on the hub. For example, an upstanding rib may be formed around the hub, the needle cover having an in-turned flange at its rear end and which is fitted over the rib to engage therebehind and so hold the cover on to the syringe hub.

    [0009] When a syringe and cover as described above is to be fitted with a needle safety device, it is highly advantageous for the needle safety device to have the smallest possible external dimensions and so the interior of the device must fit closely to the syringe. This can lead to a problem associated with the removal of the cover. When the cover is to be pulled off the needle, the rear end of the cover must expand sufficiently for the flange thereof to slide over the rib on the hub of the syringe, but there may be insufficient room within the needle safety device to permit this expansion of the rear end of the cover.

    [0010] It is a principal aim of the present invention to minimise the problems discussed above of providing a soft needle cover on a single-use syringe having a needle secured to the forward end thereof and in particular to minimise the phenomenon of "pop-off' associated with the manufacture of conventional prefilled single-use syringes. The invention is defined by apparatus claim 1 and method claim 10. According to one aspect of this invention, a medical needle cover arrangement comprises a syringe having a syringe barrel provided with a needle hub at the forward end thereof, a medical needle having a sharp tip mounted on the hub to project forwardly therefrom, a needle shield in the form of a sleeve configured to be fitted directly or indirectly on the syringe in an initial shielding position, wherein the needle shield is configured for sliding movement with respect to the syringe between the initial shielding position and a non-shielding position spaced axially rearwardly with respect to the syringe of the initial shielding position, the needle shield being blocked against forward movement with respect to the syringe when the shield is at the initial shielding position, and a soft needle cover overlying the needle, there being a formation on the hub and a corresponding formation at the rear end of the cover to co-operate with the formation on the hub to effect a substantially airtight seal therebetween. Such an arrangement is characterised in that a part of the needle shield engages the needle cover at a location spaced forwardly from the rear end thereof when the needle shield is in the initial shielding position to resist movement of the needle cover forwardly away from the syringe. The needle shield has at its forward end a circular opening within which is located the soft needle cover, the needle cover having a forward portion of the needle cover extending beyond the needle shield and a rearward portion of the needle cover disposed within the needle shield. The length of the needle cover from that end face of the needle cover to the engagement location with the needle shield, is such that by fitting the needle shield and needle cover to the syringe, the rearward portion of the needle cover is subjected to an axial compression force, thereby ensuring a substantially airtight seal between the resiliently urged end face of the needle cover and the hub of the syringe.

    [0011] It will be appreciated that in this invention, a seal is formed between the rear end of the soft needle cover and the forward end of the syringe by virtue of correspondingly-profiled surfaces on the syringe and cover. So long as a safety device including a shield for the needle is fitted to the syringe to provide the engagement between the cover and the shield, there is no need for the cover to be held on to the syringe hub by mechanical interengagement of formations on the syringe hub and the cover, such as an in-turned flange which engages behind a rib formed around the hub of the syringe. In this invention, the seal is formed forwardly of any rib or other formation provided on the hub of the syringe. The engagement between the cover and the shield when in the shielding position serves to prevent the cover sliding off the hub of the syringe during the manufacturing process or subsequently, by virtue of the fact that the shield is blocked against forward movement from the shielding position. The engagement of the shield and cover introduces a compressive force in the cover, between the rear end of the cover and the location where the sleeve engages the cover. This urges the rear end of the cover rearwardly, to ensure the seal is maintained between the cover rear end and the syringe hub. In view of the resilient nature of the cover, the compression of the cover will be maintained during manufacture, transport and storage of the syringe, so in turn ensuring that an effective seal is also maintained, even during the sterilisation process which usually subjects the closed space around the needle to differential pressure.

    [0012] As with a conventional soft needle cover, the sharp tip of the needle may be received in the material of the cover so as to be sealed thereby. In addition, this confers further protection to the sharp tip of the needle in the various stages of the manufacture of the syringe, its sterilisation, packaging, subsequent unpacking for filling, filling and re-packaging.

    [0013] This invention is not restricted to any particular kind of safety device for use with the syringe, so long as the safety device is connectable (or has been connected) directly or indirectly to the syringe and engages the soft cover for the needle, to hold the rear end of the cover to the syringe hub. The shield is in the form of a sleeve mounted directly or indirectly on the syringe for sliding movement over the syringe barrel, between the shielding position and a non-shielding position spaced axially rearwardly (with respect to the syringe) of the shielding position. A spring may urge the sleeve forwardly with respect to the barrel to the shielding position such that the needle will be protected after use. The cover may serve to prevent the sleeve sliding rearwardly until the cover has been stripped away from the device, preparing the syringe for use. A single piece sleeve may be employed or the sleeve may comprise two or more sleeves which may telescope, especially in the case of a relatively long needle.

    [0014] According to various other aspects of this invention, there is provided an assembly of a single-use syringe having a hub at the forward end thereof, a medical needle projecting forwardly from the syringe hub, a soft needle cover overlying the needle and having a rear end in engagement with the syringe hub, a shield mounted on the syringe for rearward axial movement with respect to the needle from an initial shielding position to a non-shielding position, the shield being blocked against forward movement with respect to the syringe from the initial shielding position and being adapted to engage the cover forwardly of the rear end thereof to resist movement of the cover forwardly away from the syringe, wherein a seal is formed between the cover rear end and the syringe hub, and one or more of:
    1. (a) the forward movement of the cover is resisted solely by the engagement of the cover with the sleeve;
    2. (b) the seal is formed without mechanical interlocking of the cover rear end and the hub;
    3. (c) the seal is formed between substantially radial, conical or arcuate interengaging surfaces of the cover rear end and hub.
    This invention extends to a method of effecting a seal between a soft needle cover and a needle hub from which a needle projects forwardly forming a part of a single-use syringe using a medical needle cover arrangement according to the first aspect of the invention, the method comprising fitting, directly or indirectly, a needle shield in the form of a sleeve on the syringe in an initial shielding position; locating the soft needle cover within the circular opening of the needle shield such that a forward portion of the needle cover extends beyond the needle shield (19) and a rearward portion of the needle cover is disposed within the needle shield; and forming a substantially airtight seal between the end face of the needle cover and the hub of the syringe by subjecting the rearward portion of the needle cover to an axial compression force.

    [0015] By way of example only, certain specific embodiments of soft cover sealing arrangements of this invention will now be described in detail, reference being made to the accompanying drawings in which:-

    Figures 1 and 2 show a first embodiment of syringe and co-operating soft needle cover, Figure 1 being a cut away isometric drawing showing a safety device carrying the soft needle cover before assembly to a syringe and Figure 2 showing the safety device fitted to the syringe;

    Figures 3 to 5 are axial section views through the first embodiment, with Figure 3 corresponding to Figure 1, Figure 4 to Figure 2 and Figure 5 showing the cover stripped away from the safety device;

    Figures 6A, 6B, 7A and 7B are respectively axial sections and isometric views showing alternative interengaging faces between a soft needle cover and the hub (or nose) of a syringe;

    Figures 8A, 8B, 9A and 9B correspond to Figures 6A, 6B, 7A and 7B but show another possibility for interengaging faces between a soft needle cover and the hub of a syringe; and Figures 10A, 10B, 11A and 11B correspond to Figures 6A, 6B, 7A and 7B but show yet another possibility for interengaging faces between a soft cover and the hub of a syringe.



    [0016] Referring initially to Figures 1 to 5, there is shown a syringe 10 having a needle 11 staked-in to the nose 12 of the syringe, and a safety device 13 to confer protection on the needle. The precise details of the safety device and its operation, particularly as concerns the possible locking of the safety device sleeve after performing an injection, form no part of this invention and will not be described in detail here. It is to be understood that this invention is not limited to the use of any particular safety device.

    [0017] The nose of the syringe serves as a hub for the needle and defines a rearwardly facing shoulder 14 and forwardly of that shoulder the nose is given a generally conical profile which defines an engagement face 15. Centrally of the nose, a small mass of adhesive 16 serves to lock the needle 11 in a bore 17 extending through the nose 12. The safety device 13 includes a carrier 18 for a protective sleeve 19, slidable rearwardly with respect to the needle 11, when an injection is to be performed. The carrier has a bore 20 for the nose of the syringe, an inwardly directed rib 21 being formed in the bore for engagement behind the shoulder 14 when the safety device is fitted to the syringe 10 so as to hold that safety device to the syringe.

    [0018] The protective sleeve 19 has at its forward end a circular opening 22 within which is located a soft rubber cover 23, the cover having a forward portion 24 extending beyond the sleeve and a rearward portion 25 disposed within the sleeve. A bore 26 extends into the cover from the rearward end thereof, for a distance less than the exposed length of the needle 11 projecting from the nose 12 of the syringe 10. The external surface of the cover has a step 27 partway between its ends, which engages the internal surface of the sleeve at the forward end, to retain the cover within the sleeve unless the forward portion 24 is pulled with a sufficient force to release the cover from the sleeve.

    [0019] The rearward end face 28 of the cover around the bore 20 has a profile complementary to that of the conical engagement face 15 of the nose of the sleeve. The length of the cover, from that end face to the step 27 is such that on fitting the safety device to the syringe, as shown in Figures 2 and 4, the cover end face 28 engages with the syringe nose engagement face 15 and is resiliently urged into engagement therewith by pushing the safety device fully home on the nose of the syringe. Thus, the rearward portion 25 of the cover is subjected to axial compression by the fitting of the safety device to the syringe, ensuring a substantially airtight seal between the cover and the nose of the syringe, as shown in Figures 2 and 4.

    [0020] As shown, the sharp tip of the needle is sealed by penetrating to a small extent the soft rubber cover. This serves to prevent the possibility of drug leakage from the needle but by having only the tip of the needle in the cover, lubricant provided on the needle to assist easy penetration of a body will not be wiped away by the cover. Further, the interengagement of the cover end face 28 with the syringe nose engagement face 15 effects a seal which ensures the needle remains sterile, so long as the assembly of the components has been undertaken in sterile conditions.

    [0021] When the syringe and safety device are to be used, the forward portion 24 of the cover 23 is grasped and pulled away from the safety device 13 and syringe 10 (Figure 5). The cover compresses radially to a sufficient extent to allow the step 27 to pass through the circular opening 22 at the forward end of the sleeve and then may be discarded, with the syringe and safety device ready for performing an injection.

    [0022] Figures 6A, 6B, 7A and 7B show a second embodiment generally similar to that described above but in these drawings, the safety device itself is not shown. The syringe nose engagement face 30 and the cover end face 31 have relatively shallow conical profiles, with a conical angle of about 30°. This may give a tighter seal than that of the first embodiment, with a reduced compressive force.

    [0023] Figures 8A, 8B, 9A and 9B show another embodiment where there is a generally rounded profile 33 at the nose of the syringe and a correspondingly rounded concave profile 34 within the cover end face. These matching profiles may provide a substantially airtight hermetic seal between the cover and the syringe. Figures 10A, 10B, 11A and 11B show yet another embodiment, this utilising a syringe nose defining a concave recess 36 having a central boss 37 within which the needle is carried and the cover has a profile at its rear end adapted to receive the central boss, the outer surface of the cover at its rear end being profiled to effect a seal to the recess 36.

    [0024] With all of the above arrangements, the rearward portion 25 of the cover is subjected to a compressive force as the safety device is fitted on to the syringe by virtue of the interengagement of the step 27 with the internal forward end of the sleeve. As mentioned, other designs of safety device may be employed, with the cover being modified as appropriate to ensure that the rearward portion of the cover is subjected to a compressive force to maintain the rear end face thereof in sealing engagement with a corresponding engagement face of the syringe.


    Claims

    1. A medical needle cover arrangement comprising:

    - a syringe (10) having a syringe barrel provided with a needle hub (12) at the forward end thereof;

    - a medical needle (11) having a sharp tip mounted on the hub (12) to project forwardly therefrom;

    - a needle shield (19) in the form of a sleeve configured to be fitted directly or indirectly on the syringe (10) in an initial shielding position, wherein the needle shield (19) is configured for sliding movement with respect to the syringe (10) between the initial shielding position and a non-shielding position spaced axially rearwardly with respect to the syringe (10) of the initial shielding position, the needle shield (19) being blocked against forward movement with respect to the syringe (10) when the needle shield (19) is at the initial shielding position;

    - a soft needle cover (23) overlying the needle (11), there being a profile on a rearward end face of the needle cover (23) and a complementary or matching profile on the hub (12) to effect a substantially airtight seal therebetween,

    characterised in that:

    - the needle shield (19) is configured to engage the needle cover (23) at a location (27) spaced forwardly from the rear end thereof to resist movement of the needle cover (23) forwardly away from the syringe (10);

    wherein the needle shield (19) has at its forward end a circular opening (22) within which is located the soft needle cover (23), the needle cover (23) having a forward portion (24) of the needle cover (23) extending beyond the needle shield (19) and a rearward portion (25) of the needle cover (23) disposed within the needle shield (19); and
    the length of the needle cover (23) from that end face of the needle cover (23) to the engagement location (27) with the needle shield (19), is such that by fitting the needle shield (19) and needle cover (23) to the syringe (10), the rearward portion (25) of the needle cover (23) is subjected to an axial compression force, thereby ensuring a substantially airtight seal between the resiliently urged end face (28) of the needle cover (23) and the hub (12) of the syringe (10).
     
    2. A cover arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein the formation on the hub (12) comprises a nose (12) at the forward end thereof having a nose engagement face (15,30,33,36) at the forward end of the nose, and the corresponding formation at the rear end (28) of the needle cover (23) is a profile (28,31,34) at the rear end (28) of the needle cover (23).
     
    3. A cover arrangement as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the needle cover (23) has a step therearound, the engagement with the needle shield (19) at the location (27) spaced forwardly from the rear end of the needle cover (23) being formed by a part of the needle shield (19) engaging said step.
     
    4. A cover arrangement as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the needle (11) is secured in a bore of the hub (12) at the forward end of the syringe (10).
     
    5. A cover arrangement as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the hub (12) comprises an outwardly directed formation having a rearwardly facing shoulder (14) and the rear end (28) of the needle cover (23) engages the forward end of the formation.
     
    6. A cover arrangement as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the forward end of the needle hub (12) is generally convex (33) or conical (15) and the rear end (28) of the needle cover (23) is generally concave (36) or conically recessed (31).
     
    7. A cover arrangement as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the sharp tip of the needle (11) is received in the material of the needle cover (23) so as to be sealed thereby.
     
    8. A cover arrangement as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the needle shield (19) is a part of a needle safety device (13) mounted on the syringe (10).
     
    9. A cover arrangement as claimed in claim 8, wherein the needle safety device (13) has a carrier (18) attached to the forward end of the syringe (10), interengagement means being provided on the needle shield (19) and on the carrier (18) to block the needle shield (19) against forward movement with respect to the syringe (10).
     
    10. A method of effecting a seal between a soft needle cover (23) and a needle hub (12) from which a needle (11) projects forwardly forming a part of a single-use syringe (10) using a medical needle cover arrangement as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, the method comprising:

    - fitting, directly or indirectly, a needle shield (19) of the medical needle cover arrangement on the syringe (10) in an initial shielding position, the needle shield (19) being in form of a sleeve;

    - locating the soft needle cover (23) within the circular opening (22) of the needle shield (19) such that a forward portion (24) of the needle cover (23) extends beyond the needle shield (19) and a rearward portion (25) of the needle cover (23) is disposed within the needle shield (19); and

    - forming a substantially airtight seal between the end face (28) of the needle cover (23) and the hub (12) of the syringe (10) by subjecting the rearward portion (25) of the needle cover (23) to an axial compression force.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schutzanordnung für eine medizinische Nadel, umfassend:

    - eine Spritze (10) mit einem Spritzenrohr, welches mit einem Nadelanschluss (12) an dessen vorderem Ende versehen ist;

    - eine medizinische Nadel (11) mit einer scharfen Spitze, die am Anschluss (12) montiert ist, und diesem gegenüber nach vorne vorsteht;

    - eine Nadelabschirmung (19) in Form einer Hülse, welche so konfiguriert ist, dass sie direkt oder indirekt auf der Spritze (10) in einer Anfangsabschirmungsposition montiert werden kann, wobei die Nadelabschirmung (19) so konfiguriert ist, dass sie bezüglich der Spritze (10) zwischen der Anfangsabschirmungsposition und einer Nichtabschirmungsposition verschoben werden kann, die von der Anfangsabschirmungsposition relativ zur Spritze (10) in axialer Richtung in Rückwärtsrichtung beabstandet ist, wobei die Nadelabschirmung (19) gegen eine Vorwärtsbewegung relativ zur Spritze (10) blockiert ist, wenn die Nadelabschirmung (19) sich in der Anfangsabschirmungsposition befindet;

    - ein weicher Nadelschutz (23), der über der Nadel (11) liegt, wobei es eine Profilierung an einer rückwärtigen Stirnseite des Nadelschutzes (23) und eine komplementäre oder passende Profilierung am Anschluss (12) gibt, um zwischen diesen eine im Wesentlichen luftdichte Abdichtung zu bewirken,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass:

    die Nadelabschirmung (19) so konfiguriert ist, dass sie mit dem Nadelschutz (23) an einer Stelle (27) zusammen greift, die von dessen rückwärtigem Ende nach vorne hin beabstandet ist, um einer Bewegung des Nadelschutzes (23) in Vorwärtsrichtung weg von der Spritze (10) entgegenzuwirken;

    wobei die Nadelabschirmung (19) an ihrem vorderen Ende eine kreisförmige Öffnung (22) aufweist, innerhalb welcher sich der weiche Nadelschutz (23) befindet, wobei der Nadelschutz (23) einen vorderen Abschnitt (24) des Nadelschutzes (23) aufweist, der sich über die Nadelabschirmung (19) hinaus erstreckt, und einen hinteren Abschnitt (25) des Nadelschutzes (23) aufweist, der innerhalb der Nadelabschirmung (19) angeordnet ist; und

    wobei die Länge des Nadelschutzes (23) von dieser Stirnseite des Nadelschutzes (23) zur Eingriffsstellung (27) mit der Nadelabschirmung (19) so gewählt ist, dass durch Anbringen der Nadelabschirmung (19) und des Nadelschutzes (23) an der Spritze (10) der rückwärtige Abschnitt (25) des Nadelschutzes (23) einer axialen Kompressionskraft unterzogen wird, wodurch eine im Wesentlichen luftdichte Abdichtung zwischen der elastisch beaufschlagten Stirnseite (28) des Nadelschutzes (23) und dem Anschluss (12) der Spritze (10) sichergestellt wird.


     
    2. Schutzanordnung nach Anspruch 1,
    bei welcher die Formation am Anschluss (12) eine Nase (12) an dessen vorderem Ende umfasst, welche eine Naseneingriffsfläche (15, 30, 33, 36) am vorderen Ende der Nase aufweist, und wobei die entsprechende Formation am rückwärtigen Ende (28) des Nadelschutzes (23) ein Profil (28, 31, 34) am rückwärtigen Ende (28) des Nadelschutzes (23) ist.
     
    3. Schutzanordnung nach einem der vorigen Ansprüche,
    bei welcher der Nadelschutz (23) eine hierum ausgebildete Stufe aufweist, wobei der Eingriff mit der Nadelabschirmung (19) an der Stelle (27), die vom rückwärtigen Ende des Nadelschutzes (23) in Vorwärtsrichtung beabstandet ist, durch einen Teil der Nadelabschirmung (19) ausgebildet ist, welcher mit der Stufe zusammen greift.
     
    4. Schutzanordnung nach einem der vorigen Ansprüche,
    bei welcher die Nadel (11) in einer Bohrung des Anschlusses (12) am vorderen Ende der Spritze (10) befestigt ist.
     
    5. Schutzanordnung nach einem der vorigen Ansprüche,
    bei welcher der Anschluss (12) eine nach außen gerichtete Formation umfasst, die eine rückwärtsgewandte Schulter (14) aufweist, und wobei das rückwärtige Ende (28) des Nadelschutzes (23) mit dem vorderen Ende der Formation zusammen greift.
     
    6. Schutzanordnung nach einem der vorigen Ansprüche,
    bei welcher das vordere Ende des Nadelanschlusses (12) im Allgemeinen konvex (33) oder konisch (15) ist und das rückwärtige Ende (28) des Nadelschutzes (23) im Allgemeinen konkav (36) oder konisch ausgespart (31) ist.
     
    7. Schutzanordnung nach einem der vorigen Ansprüche,
    bei welcher die scharfe Spitze der Nadel (11) im Material des Nadelschutzes (23) so aufgenommen ist, dass sie dadurch abgedichtet ist.
     
    8. Schutzanordnung nach einem der vorigen Ansprüche,
    bei welcher die Nadelabschirmung (19) ein Teil einer Nadelsicherheitseinrichtung (13) ist, die auf der Spritze (10) montiert ist.
     
    9. Schutzanordnung nach Anspruch 8,
    bei welcher die Nadelsicherheitseinrichtung (13) einen Träger (18) aufweist, der am vorderen Ende der Spritze (10) angebracht ist, wobei ein Interagierungsmittel auf der Nadelabschirmung (19) und dem Träger (18) vorgesehen ist, um die Nadelabschirmung (19) gegen eine Vorwärtsbewegung relativ zur Spritze (10) zu blockieren.
     
    10. Verfahren zum Bewirken einer Abdichtung zwischen einem weichen Nadelschutz (23) und einem Nadelanschluss (12), aus welchem eine Nadel (11) nach vorne vorspringt, welche einen Teil einer Einwegspritze (10) bildet, wobei eine Schutzanordnung für eine medizinische Nadel nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 9 zum Einsatz kommt, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    - Anordnen einer Nadelabschirmung (19) der Schutzanordnung für medizinische Nadeln, auf direkte oder indirekte Weise, auf einer Spritze (10) in einer Anfangsabschirmposition, wobei die Nadelabschirmung (19) in Form einer Hülse vorliegt;

    - Anordnen des weichen Nadelschutzes (23) innerhalb der kreisförmigen Öffnung (22) der Nadelabschirmung (19) derart, dass ein vorderer Abschnitt (24) des Nadelschutzes (23) sich über die Nadelabschirmung (19) hinaus erstreckt und ein hinterer Abschnitt (25) des Nadelschutzes (23) innerhalb der Nadelabschirmung (19) angeordnet wird; und

    - Ausbilden einer im Wesentlichen luftdichten Abdichtung zwischen der Stirnseite (28) des Nadelschutzes (23) und dem Anschluss (12) der Spritze (10), indem der hintere Abschnitt (25) des Nadelschutz (23) einer axialen Kompressionskraft ausgesetzt wird.


     


    Revendications

    1. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur pour aiguille médicale comprenant :

    - une seringue (10) ayant un corps de seringue comportant un raccord d'aiguille (12) à l'extrémité avant de celui-ci ;

    - une aiguille médicale (11) ayant une pointe acérée montée sur le raccord (12) pour se projeter vers l'avant à partir de celui-ci ;

    - un protecteur d'aiguille (19) sous la forme d'un manchon configuré pour être monté directement ou indirectement sur la seringue (10) dans une position de protection initiale, le protecteur d'aiguille (19) étant configuré pour un mouvement de coulissement par rapport à la seringue (10) entre la position de protection initiale et une position de non-protection espacée axialement vers l'arrière par rapport à la seringue (10) de la position de protection initiale, le protecteur d'aiguille (19) étant bloqué à l'encontre d'un mouvement vers l'avant par rapport à la seringue (10) lorsque le protecteur d'aiguille (19) se trouve à la position de protection initiale ;

    - un étui protecteur d'aiguille souple (23) recouvrant l'aiguille (11), sachant qu'il y a un profil sur une face d'extrémité arrière de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) et un profil complémentaire ou apparié sur le raccord (12) pour réaliser un joint sensiblement étanche à l'air entre eux,

    caractérisé par le fait que :

    le protecteur d'aiguille (19) est configuré pour engager l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) à un emplacement (27) espacé vers l'avant à partir de l'extrémité arrière de celui-ci pour résister au mouvement de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) vers l'avant à l'opposé de la seringue (10) ;

    le protecteur d'aiguille (19) ayant, à l'extrémité avant de celui-ci, une ouverture circulaire (22) à l'intérieur de laquelle est situé l'étui protecteur d'aiguille souple (23), l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) ayant une partie avant (24) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) s'étendant au-delà du protecteur d'aiguille (19) et une partie arrière (25) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) disposée à l'intérieur du protecteur d'aiguille (19) ; et

    la longueur de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) allant de cette face d'extrémité de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) à l'emplacement d'engagement (27) avec le protecteur d'aiguille (19) est telle qu'en montant le protecteur d'aiguille (19) et l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) sur la seringue (10), la partie arrière (25) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) est soumise à une force de compression axiale, assurant par là un joint sensiblement étanche à l'air entre la face d'extrémité sollicitée élastiquement (28) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) et le raccord (12) de la seringue (10).


     
    2. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la formation sur le raccord (12) comprend un nez (12) à l'extrémité avant de celle-ci, ayant une face d'engagement de nez (15, 30, 33, 36) à l'extrémité avant du nez, et la formation correspondante à l'extrémité arrière (28) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) est un profil (28, 31, 34) à l'extrémité arrière (28) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23).
     
    3. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) a un gradin autour de celui-ci, l'engagement avec le protecteur d'aiguille (19) à l'emplacement (27) espacé vers l'avant à partir de l'extrémité arrière de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) étant formé par une partie du protecteur d'aiguille (19) engageant ledit gradin.
     
    4. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'aiguille (11) est fixée dans un alésage du raccord (12) à l'extrémité avant de la seringue (10).
     
    5. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le raccord (12) comprend une formation dirigée vers l'extérieur ayant un épaulement (14) tourné vers l'arrière, et l'extrémité arrière (28) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) engage l'extrémité avant de la formation.
     
    6. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'extrémité avant du raccord d'aiguille (12) est généralement convexe (33) ou conique (15), et l'extrémité arrière (28) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) est généralement concave (36) ou à cavité conique (31).
     
    7. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la pointe acérée de l'aiguille (11) est reçue dans le matériau de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) de façon à être scellée par celui-ci.
     
    8. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le protecteur d'aiguille (19) fait partie d'un dispositif de sécurité d'aiguille (13) monté sur la seringue (10).
     
    9. - Dispositif d'étui protecteur selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le dispositif de sécurité d'aiguille (13) a un support (18) fixé à l'extrémité avant de la seringue (10), des moyens d'engagement mutuel étant disposés sur le protecteur d'aiguille (19) et sur le support (18) pour bloquer le protecteur d'aiguille (19) à l'encontre d'un mouvement vers l'avant par rapport à la seringue (10).
     
    10. - Procédé pour réaliser un joint entre un étui protecteur d'aiguille souple (23) et un raccord d'aiguille (12) à partir duquel une aiguille (11) se projette vers l'avant formant une partie d'une seringue à usage unique (10) à l'aide d'un dispositif d'étui protecteur d'aiguille médicale selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, le procédé comprenant :

    - monter, directement ou indirectement, un protecteur d'aiguille (19) du dispositif d'étui protecteur d'aiguille médicale sur la seringue (10) dans une position de protection initiale, le protecteur d'aiguille (19) étant sous la forme d'un manchon ;

    - placer l'étui protecteur d'aiguille souple (23) à l'intérieur de l'ouverture circulaire (22) du protecteur d'aiguille (19) de telle sorte qu'une partie avant (24) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) s'étend au-delà du protecteur d'aiguille (19) et qu'une partie arrière (25) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) est disposée à l'intérieur du protecteur d'aiguille (19) ; et

    - former un joint sensiblement étanche à l'air entre la face d'extrémité (28) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) et le raccord (12) de la seringue (10) en soumettant la partie arrière (25) de l'étui protecteur d'aiguille (23) à une force de compression axiale.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description