(19)
(11)EP 2 537 640 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
07.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/36

(21)Application number: 12004488.8

(22)Date of filing:  14.06.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B25C 1/06(2006.01)
B25C 1/00(2006.01)

(54)

Electric driving tool

Werkzeug mit elektrischem Antrieb

Outil électrique


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.06.2011 JP 2011140590

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.12.2012 Bulletin 2012/52

(73)Proprietor: Max Co., Ltd.
Chuo-ku Tokyo 103-8502 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Adachi, Michiaki
    Tokyo 103-8502 (JP)
  • Kubo, Kouji
    Tokyo 103-8502 (JP)
  • Kondou, Yoshihiko
    Tokyo 103-8502 (JP)
  • Yamaguchi, Yuuji
    Tokyo 103-8502 (JP)

(74)Representative: Samson & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Widenmayerstraße 6
80538 München
80538 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2008 011 806
US-A1- 2009 179 062
US-B1- 6 955 281
US-A1- 2008 110 652
US-A1- 2009 255 972
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    <FIELD OF THE INVENTION>



    [0001] The invention relates to an electric driving tool.

    <RELATED ART>



    [0002] There is known an electric driving tool which includes a plunger normally energized downwardly by a spring and a driver fixed to this plunger, and in which the plunger is released after it is pushed up and the driver is driven by an energizing force of the spring to drive a fastener.

    [0003] In this electric driving tool, the driver waits at a given wait position when not driven.

    [0004] 

    Patent Reference 1: JP-B-02-044675

    Patent Reference 2: US4807793

    Patent Reference 3: JP-U-62-081581

    Patent Reference 4: JP-B2-3344454



    [0005] For example, in tools disclosed in Patent Reference 1 and Patent Reference 2, a driver waits at a bottom dead center position.

    [0006] In a tool disclosed in Patent Reference 3, a driver waits at a top dead center position.

    [0007] In a tool disclosed in Patent Reference 4, a driver waits near a top dead center position.

    [0008] According to the tools of Patent Reference 1 and 2, since the driver is structured to wait at the bottom dead center position, there is found a problem that, in a driving time, the driver must be moved to the top dead center, which worsens the tool's response from a trigger operation to a driving operation.

    [0009] According to the tools of Patent Reference 3, since a plunger and the driver are structured to wait at the top dead center position, when a motor rotates with poor precision, there is a possibility that, although the motor must be so rotated as to stop the driver at the top dead center position, it can be rotated in error to move the driver to its driving position. This raises a danger that the driver can drive the fastener in error. When the driver's waiting state is removed due to such unexpected malfunction, the driving operation is carried out instantaneously. Therefore, a mechanical preventive mechanism or the like is necessary.

    [0010] According to the tool of Patent Reference 4, since the driver is structured to wait near the top dead center, the response time problem does not arise and, and since the driver stays downward of its driving portion, there is not a danger that the driver may drive a fastener in error.

    [0011] However, according to the tool in which the driver is structured to wait near the top dead center position such as the tool of Patent Reference 4, the driver only contacts with a portion of the connected fasters near heads thereof. Therefore, when the residual quantity of the connected fasteners becomes small, there is a possibility that only leading end portions of the connected fasters not in contact with the driver may be pushed forward and thus these connected fasteners may be inclined obliquely within a magazine (see Fig. 11). If new connected fasteners are additionally loaded into the magazine while the connected fasteners are still inclined obliquely within the magazine, there is a possibility that the head of the last one of the obliquely inclined connected fasteners can be superimposed on the head of a leading one of the added connected fasteners, whereby a fastener storing portion cannot be closed.

    [0012] This problem can be solved by increasing a guide margin of a guide member for holding the leading end portions of the fasteners within the magazine. That is, if the guide margin of the guide member is increased, although there is a possibility that the connected fasteners, the residual quantity of which has decreased, is inclined obliquely within the magazine; even in this case, the obliquely inclined connected fasteners and the added connected fasteners can be prevented from being superimposed on each other.

    [0013] However, with such increased guide margin, a space necessary for loading the connected fasteners into the guide member or taking out them therefrom is increased. That is, when the connected fasteners are loaded into or removed from the guide member, the connected fasteners must be moved in an axial direction more greatly than the guide margin, which makes it necessary to increase a clearance for moving the fasteners in such axial direction.

    [0014] Thus, when the response performance and safety are taken into account, the driver may preferably be made to wait at an intermediate position between the top and bottom dead centers. However, when the driver is made to wait at the intermediate position between the top and bottom dead centers, there is a problem that the connected fasteners the quantity of which is decreased may be inclined obliquely within the magazine. To solve this problem, the guide margin of the guide member may be increased. But, this raises a problem that the size and weight of the whole driving tool are increased.

    [0015] US 6,955,281 B1 discloses an electric driving tool according to the features of the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0016] An embodiment of the invention relates to an electric driving tool which can maintain its response performance and safety and also can prevent connected fasteners from inclining obliquely within a magazine without increasing a guide margin of a guide member as claimed in claim 1.

    [0017] While the invention is defined in the independent claim, further aspects of the invention are set forth in the dependent claim, the drawings and the following description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0018] 

    Fig. 1 is a section view of an electric driving tool of an embodiment, with a driver existing at a top dead center position.

    Fig. 2 is a block diagram of an inputs and outputs of the electric driving tool of the embodiment.

    Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged section view of the electric driving tool of the embodiment, with the driver existing at a first wait position.

    Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged section view of the electric driving tool of the embodiment, with the driver existing at a second wait position.

    Fig. 5 is a partially enlarged section view of the electric driving tool of the embodiment, with new connected fasteners added.

    Fig. 6 is an explanatory view of the residual quantity detecting portion of the electric driving tool of the embodiment.

    Figs. 7A and 7B are explanatory views of the electric driving tool of the embodiment, showing how the residual quantity detecting portion operates.

    Fig. 8 is a flow chart of a main processing to be executed in the embodiment.

    Fig. 9 is a flow chart of a fastener injection processing to be executed in the embodiment.

    Figs. 10A and 10B are explanatory views, showing how to mount connected fasteners onto a guide member according to the embodiment.

    Fig. 11 is a partially enlarged section view of a conventional electric driving tool, showing a state where, with connected fasteners inclined, new connected fasteners are added.

    Fig. 12 is an explanatory view of the conventional electric driving tool, showing a state where the guide margin of a guide member is increased in order to prevent the connected fasteners from inclining obliquely.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0019] Description will be given below of an embodiment of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0020] An electronic driving tool 10 of the embodiment is a spring drive type electric driving tool which is driven by a spring force and is structured to drive out fasteners. The driving tool 10, as shown in Fig. 1, includes, within a housing 11, a plunger 22 normally energized downwardly by a spring 23 constituting an energizing mechanism, a driver 21 fixed to the plunger 22, a drive mechanism 170 which pushes up and then releases the plunger 22 to thereby drive the driver 21 using an energizing force of the spring 23.

    [0021] In a lower portion of the housing 11, there is disposed a magazine 12 in which connected fasteners A to be driven out by the driver 21 are accommodated. A pusher 31 disposed within the magazine 12 is used to sequentially supply leading ones of the connected fasteners A in the magazine 12 toward the driver 21.

    [0022] A nose portion 15 is provided at a front end side of the magazine 12. The leading one of the connected fasteners A in the magazine 12 is supplied to the nose portion 15 by the pusher 31. That is, since the pusher 31 is normally energized by a spring (not shown) toward the nose portion 15, the connected fasteners A are pressed toward the nose portion 15 by this energizing force, whereby, whenever the leading faster is driven, a next leading faster can be supplied to the nose portion 15.

    [0023] The leading fastener supplied to the nose portion 15 is driven by the driver 21 from an injection port 16 formed in the leading end of the nose portion 15. Since the driver 21 of the embodiment is fixed to the plunger 22, when the plunger 22 is operated, the driver 21 slides toward the injection port 16 to thereby drive out a fastener supplied to the nose portion 15 from the injection port 16.

    [0024] The plunger 22 is disposed within the housing 11 and is slidable vertically along the fastener injection direction. The plunger 22 includes in its side portion an engaging portion (not shown) to be engaged with the drive mechanism 170.

    [0025] The drive mechanism 170 for pushing up the plunger 22 against the energizing force of the spring 23 includes multiple gears (not shown) for pushing up the plunger 22 and a motor 17 for rotating the gears.

    [0026] When a trigger 14 serving as an operation mechanism is operated, the drive mechanism 170 starts to operate. Specifically, when a control unit 100 (to be discussed later) receives an operation signal of the trigger 14, the control unit 100 starts an operation of the motor 17. When the motor 17 starts its operation, the multiple gears connected to a drive shaft of the motor 17 are rotated. When rotated, the gears push up the plunger 22. As the gears are rotated further, when the plunger 22 and driver 21 reach a top dead center, an engagement between the gears and plunger 22 is removed to release the plunger 22, whereby the driver 21 is driven downwardly by the energizing force of the spring 23 to execute an injection processing.

    [0027] That is, as the trigger 14 is pulled, the drive mechanism 170 operates to rotate the gears, thereby pushing up the plunger 22 engaged with the gears. Since the engagement between the gears and plunger 22 is removed when the plunger 22 and driver 21 reach the top dead center, the plunger 22 is moved by the energizing force of the spring 23 and the driver 21 connected to the plunger 22 slides toward the injection port 16 to drive out the fasteners.

    [0028] Here, as shown in Fig. 2, within the driving tool 10, there is provided the control unit 100 including a CPU, a RAM and the like, while this control unit 100 controls the driving of the motor 17 according to an input signal from the trigger 14 or a micro switch.

    [0029] The control unit 100 controls various input devices and output devices by the CPU reading programs stored in the ROM.

    (Input device)



    [0030] The control unit 100 includes, as its input devices, as shown in Fig. 2, a top dead center detecting portion 41, a contact detecting portion 42, a trigger detecting portion 43 and a residual quantity detecting portion 44. Here, the input devices shown in Fig. 2 are not limitative but other input devices may also be employed.

    (Top dead center detecting portion 41)



    [0031] The top dead center detecting portion 41 is used to detect that the plunger 22 and driver 21 reach the top dead center position and, specifically, as shown in Fig. 1, it is a top dead center detecting switch to be depressed by the plunger 22. The top dead center detecting portion 41, when the plunger 22 having moved to the top dead center position depresses the switch, outputs a top dead center detecting signal to the control unit 100.

    (Contact detecting portion 42)



    [0032] The contact detecting portion 42 is used to detect that the leading end of the nose portion 15 is pressed against a driven member and, specifically, it is a contact detecting switch to be depressed by a contact arm 18. The contact detecting portion 42, when the contact arm 18 is pressed against the driven member to depress the switch, outputs a contact detecting signal to the control unit 100. On receiving the contact detecting signal, the control unit 100 detects that driving preparation has been completed.

    [0033] Here, the contact arm 18 is a member which is energized downwardly in the leading end of the nose portion 15 and is slidable upwardly. Therefore, when the contact arm 18 is pressed against the driven member, it slides upwardly to depress the contact detecting switch. When the contact detecting switch is depressed, the contact detecting portion 42 outputs a contact detecting signal to the control unit 100. Since the control unit 100 drives the driver 21 only when it receives the contact detecting signal (when the driving preparation is completed), the fasteners can be driven safely.

    (Trigger detecting portion 43)



    [0034] The trigger detecting portion 43 is used to detect the operation of the trigger 14 and, specifically, as shown in Fig. 1, it is a trigger detecting switch disposed upwardly of the trigger 14. The trigger detecting portion 43, when the trigger 14 is operated to depress the switch, outputs a trigger detecting signal to the control unit 100.

    (Residual quantity detecting portion 44)



    [0035] The residual quantity detecting portion 44 is used to detect that the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12 has decreased and, specifically, as shown in Fig. 6, it is a residual quantity detecting switch disposed within the magazine 12. This portion 44 is fixed to the magazine 12.

    [0036] In this residual quantity detecting portion 44, as shown in Figs. 7A and 7B, when the pusher 31 is moved toward the nose portion 15 due to the decreased residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12, an oscillatory member 44a pivotally supported by the oscillation shaft 44b of the residual quantity detecting portion 44 is oscillated by a contact piece 31a provided on the pusher 31, thereby depressing a switch for a button 44c. Therefore, when the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12 has decreased to a predetermined quantity, the contact piece 31a depresses the switch, thereby being able to detect that the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A has decreased to a given quantity.

    [0037] The residual quantity detecting portion 44, when detecting that the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A has decreased, outputs a residual quantity detecting signal to the control unit 100.

    (Control unit 100)



    [0038] Next, description will be given below specifically of the control unit 100.

    [0039] The control unit 100 is used to control the various devices of the electric driving tool 10 and functions as a drive mechanism control portion 110.

    [0040] Here, the control unit 100 is not limited to the drive mechanism control portion 110 but may also include other means.

    (Drive mechanism control portion 110)



    [0041] The drive mechanism control portion 110 is a program for controlling the operation of the drive mechanism 170. The drive mechanism control portion 110 controls the operation of the drive mechanism 170 by controlling the number of rotations of the motor 17.

    [0042] Specifically, while a contact detecting signal is being output from the contact detecting portion 42 because the contact arm 18 is pressed against the driven member, when the trigger 14 is operated and a trigger detecting signal is output from the trigger detection portion 43, the drive mechanism control portion 110 starts the driving of the motor 17. As described above, when the motor 17 is driven, the plunger 22 is pushed up to the top dead center position and is then released, whereby the driver 21 is driven down to the bottom dead center to inject a fastener.

    [0043]  After then, by continuing the driving of the motor 17 further, the driver 21 having driven out the fastener is controlled to move upwardly from the bottom dead center position and stop at a given wait position.

    [0044] In this case, depending on whether a residual quantity detecting signal is output from the residual quantity detecting portion 44 or not, the wait positions of the plunger 22 and driver 21 are changed. That is, when the decreased residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12 is not detected, as shown in Fig. 3, the plunger 22 and driver 21 are caused to wait at their first wait position. On the other hand, when detected, as shown in Fig. 4, the plunger 22 and driver 21 are caused to wait at their second wait positions which are set downwardly of the first wait positions.

    [0045] The first wait position, as shown in Fig. 3, is a position where the plunger 22 and driver 21 wait near the top dead center position, while the leading end of the driver 21 is caused to wait upwardly of the middle position of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12. Further specifically, the distance from the driver 21 leading end to the fastener A head is equal to or less than 1/4 of the whole length of the connected fasteners A.

    [0046] The second wait position, as shown in Fig. 4, is a position where the plunger 22 and driver 21 wait near the bottom dead center position, while the leading end of the driver 21 is caused to wait downwardly of the middle position of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12. Further specifically, the distance from the driver 21 leading end to the fastener A head is equal to or more than 3/4 of the whole length of the connected fasteners A.

    [0047] Therefore, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the distance S1 from the driver leading end to the fastener head at the first wait position is shorter than the distance S2 from the driver leading end to the fastener head at the second wait position.

    (Processings of drive mechanism control portion 110)



    [0048] Next, description will be given below of a flow of processings to be executed by the drive mechanism control portion 110 of the embodiment.

    (Main processing)



    [0049] Fig. 8 is a flow chart of the main processing of the drive mechanism control portion 110.

    [0050] Firstly, in Step S101 shown in Fig. 8, the drive mechanism control portion 110 checks whether a residual quantity detecting signal is output from the residual quantity detecting portion 44 or not. When output, the processing advances to Step S102. When not, it advances to Step S103.

    [0051] In Step S102, an idle drive preventive mode is set (for example, an internal flag expressing the idle drive preventive mode is set for ON). And, the processing advances to Step S104.

    [0052] In Step S103, a normal mode is set (for example, the internal flag expressing the idle drive preventive mode is set for OFF). And, the processing advances to Step S104.

    [0053] In Step S104, it is checked whether a contact detecting signal is output from the contact detecting portion 42 and a trigger detecting signal is output from the trigger detecting portion 43 or not. When both signals are output, the processing advances to Step S105, where a fastener injection processing is executed. When neither is output, the processing goes back to Step S101.

    (Fastener injection processing)



    [0054] Fig. 9 is a flow chart of the fastener injection processing of the drive mechanism control portion 110.

    [0055] Firstly, in Step S201 shown in Fig. 9, the drive mechanism control portion 110 starts to drive the motor 17, whereby the drive mechanism 170 starts its operation. And, the processing advances to Step S202.

    [0056] In Step S202, the processing waits until a top dead center detecting signal is output from the top dead center detecting portion 41. When output, the processing advances to Step S203. Here, immediately after the top dead center detecting signal is output from the top dead center detecting portion 41, the engagement between the plunger 22 and the gears of the drive mechanism 170 is removed, whereby the fastener is injected by the driver 21.

    [0057] In Step S203, the drive mechanism control portion 110 starts to count the drive time of the motor 17 using a software counter. Then, the processing advances to Step S204.

    [0058] In Step S204, it is checked whether a current mode is the idle driving preventive mode or not (for example, an internal flag expressing the idle driving preventive mode is on or not). When yes, the processing advances to Step S205. When no (that is, when it is a normal mode), the processing advances to Step S206.

    [0059] In Step S205, the motor 17 is driven until the count of the drive time of the motor 17 by the software counter reaches a predetermined drive time for the idle driving preventive mode. And, when the predetermined drive time for the idle driving preventive mode has passed, the processing advances to Step S207, where the driving of the motor 17 is stopped to thereby end the processing.

    [0060] In Step S206, the motor 17 is driven until the count of the drive time of the motor 17 by the software counter reaches a predetermined drive time for a normal mode. And, when the predetermined drive time for a normal mode has passed, the processing advances to Step S207, where the driving of the motor 17 is stopped to thereby end the processing.

    [0061] Here, the drive time for the idle driving preventive mode is set shorter than the drive time for a normal mode. Thus, when the motor 17 is stopped after it is driven up to the drive time for a normal mode, the driver 21 and plunger 22 stop at the first stand-by position shown in Fig. 3. Also, when the motor 17 is stopped after it is driven up to the drive time for the idle driving preventive mode, the driver 21 and plunger 22 stop at the second stand-by position shown in Fig. 4.

    [0062] In the embodiment, the electric driving tool may include the plunger 22 normally energized downward by the energizing mechanism 23, the driver 21 fixed to the plunger 22, the drive mechanism 170 for pushing up and then releasing the plunger 22 to thereby drive the driver 21 using the energizing force of the energizing mechanism 23, the operation mechanism 14 for operating the drive mechanism 170, the magazine 12 with the connected fasteners loaded therein, the pusher 31 for sequentially supplying the leading ones of the connected fasteners loaded in the magazine 12 to the nose portion 15, the residual quantity detecting portion 44 for detecting the decreased residual quantity of the connected fasteners loaded in the magazine 12, and the drive mechanism control portion 110 for controlling the operation of the drive mechanism 170. The drive mechanism control portion 110, when the operation mechanism 14 is operated, controls the driver 21 having driven out the fastener to move upwardly from the bottom dead center position and stop at a given wait position. When it detects the decreased residual quantity of the connected fasteners loaded in the magazine 12, a given wait position may be set lower than one before detected.

    [0063] In this structure, when the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A is sufficient, that is, when the connected fasteners A are hard to incline obliquely within the magazine 12, the driver 21 is caused to wait at the upwardly existing first wait position, thereby reducing the response time. And, when the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A has decreased, that is, when the connected fasteners A are easy to incline obliquely within the magazine 12, the driver 21 is caused to wait at the downwardly existing second wait position, thereby preventing the connected fasteners A from inclining.

    [0064] The drive mechanism control portion 110, before the residual quantity detecting portion 44 detects the decreased residual quantity of the connected fasteners A, may allow the driver 21 to wait at the first wait position where the leading end of the driver 21 exists upwardly of the vertical-direction middle position of the connected fasteners loaded in the magazine 12. After the portion 44 detects the decreased residual quantity, the control portion 110 may allow the driver 21 to wait at the second wait position where the leading end of the driver 21 exists downwardly of the vertical-direction middle position of the connected fasteners loaded in the magazine 12.

    [0065] In this structure, enhancement in the response property for the sufficient residual quantity of the connected fasteners and prevention of the inclination of the fasteners for the decreased residual quantity of the connected fasteners can be attained positively.

    [0066] When compared with a driving tool always employing the first wait position and a driving tool always employing the second wait position, the embodiment can provide the following effects.

    [0067] That is, in the case of the driving tool always employing the first wait position, when the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12 has decreased, the connected fasteners A can tend to incline obliquely within the magazine 12. As shown in Fig. 11, when additional connected fasteners B are mounted onto the magazine 12 while the connected fasteners A are inclined obliquely within the magazine 12, there arises a problem that the head portions of the obliquely inclined connected fasteners A and those of the additional connected fasteners B are superimposed on each other, thereby failing to close a storing portion for storing the fasteners A, B.

    [0068] To solve this problem, the guide margin C' of the guide member 12a to be fixed to the lower portion of the magazine 12 must be increased in order to prevent the connected fasteners A with the residual quantity thereof decreased from inclining obliquely (see Fig. 12). However, in the case of the increased guide margin C', it is necessary to increase a clearance D' between the magazine 12 and housing 11 for mounting the connected fasteners A into the guide groove 12b or removing them therefrom. That is, when mounting the connected fasteners A onto the guide member 12a or removing them therefrom, the connected fasteners A must be moved in the axial direction more greatly at least than the guide margin C', which makes it necessary to increase the clearance D' for moving the fasteners A in the axial direction. When the clearance D' between the magazine 12 and housing 11 is increased, an extra space is necessary, which results in the increased size and weight of the driving tool.

    [0069]  However, in the electric driving tool 10 of the embodiment, when the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12 has decreased, since the driver 21 waits near the bottom dead center position, the leading one of the connected fasteners A is supported by the driver 21 almost over the whole length thereof, whereby the connected fasteners A are prevented from inclining obliquely within the magazine 12. Therefore, as shown in Figs. 10A and 10B, the guide margin C of the guide member 12a need not be increased. When the guide margin C can be reduced, the clearance D between the magazine 12 and housing 11 for mounting the connected fasteners A into the guide groove 12b can be reduced, thereby being able to reduce the size and weight of the driving tool.

    [0070] Also, in the case of the driving tool always employing the second wait position, the time necessary from the injection operation to the actual injection of the fastener is long, which worsens the response property of the driving tool.

    [0071] However, in the electric driving tool 10 of the embodiment, since the driver 21 waits near the top dead center position until the residual quantity of the connected fasteners A loaded in the magazine 12 decreases, the deterioration of the response property can be minimized.

    [0072] In the above embodiment, by operating the trigger 14, the drive mechanism 170 is operated to control the driver 21 to move to a given position and wait there. However, using the contact arm 18 or other operation mechanism such as a switch, the driver 21 may also be controlled to move to a given position and wait there.

    [0073] In the embodiment, the elastic spring 23 is used as the energizing mechanism. However, there may also be used other energizing device such as an air spring and an oil pressure spring which can energize the plunger downwardly.

    [Description of Reference Numerals and Signs]



    [0074] 

    10: Electric driving tool

    11: Housing

    12: Magazine

    12a: Guide member

    12b: Guide groove

    13: Grip

    14: Trigger

    15: Nose portion

    16: Injection port

    17: Motor

    18: Contact arm

    21: Driver

    22: Plunger

    23: Spring

    31: Pusher

    31a: Contact piece

    41: Top dead center detecting portion

    42: Contact detecting portion

    43: Trigger detecting portion

    44: Residual quantity detecting portion

    44a: Oscillatory member

    44b: Oscillation shaft

    44c: Button

    100: Control unit

    110: Drive mechanism control portion

    A: Connected fasteners

    B: Additional connected fasteners

    S1: Distance from driver leading end to fastener head at first wait position

    S2: Distance from driver leading end to fastener head at second wait position

    C: Guide margin

    D: Clearance between magazine and housing

    C': Conventional guide margin

    D': Conventional clearance between magazine and housing




    Claims

    1. An electric driving tool comprising:

    a plunger (22) normally energized downward by an energizing mechanism (23);

    a driver (21) fixed to the plunger (22);

    a drive mechanism (170) adapted to push up and thereafter release the plunger (22) so as to drive the driver (21) using an energizing force of the energizing mechanism (23);

    an operation mechanism (14) adapted to operate the drive mechanism (170);

    a magazine (12) in which connected fasteners are loaded;

    a pusher (31) adapted to sequentially supply leading ones of the connected fasteners in the magazine (12) to a nose portion (15);

    a residual quantity detecting portion (44) adapted to detect a decrease of a residual quantity of the connected fasteners in the magazine (12); and

    a drive mechanism control portion (110) adapted to control an operation of the drive mechanism (170),

    characterized in that the drive mechanism control portion (110) is adapted to control the drive mechanism (170) such that the plunger (22) is pushed up to a top dead center position from a given wait position and is released to drive the drive (21) down to a bottom dead center position by the energizing force of the energizing mechanism in accordance with an operation of the operation mechanism (14),

    wherein the driver (21) having driven out the fastener moves upwardly from the bottom dead center position so as to stop at the wait position, and

    wherein the drive mechanism control portion (110) is adapted to set the wait position of the driver (21) in a condition that the residual quantity detecting portion (44) detects the decrease of the residual quantity of the connected fasteners to be lower than a wait position of the driver (21) in a condition before the residual quantity detecting portion (44) detects the decrease of the residual quantity of the connected fasteners.


     
    2. The electric driving tool according to Claim 1, wherein the drive mechanism control portion (110) is adapted to control the drive mechanism (170) such that:

    the driver (21) waits at a first wait position where the driver (21) waits near the top dead center position and where a leading end of the driver (21) exists upwardly of a middle position of the connected fasteners in a vertical direction in the condition before the residual quantity detecting portion (44) detects the decrease of the residual quantity of the connected fasteners; and

    the driver (21) waits at a second wait position where the driver (21) waits near the bottom dead center and where the leading end of the driver (21) exists downwardly of said middle position of the connected fasteners in the condition after the residual quantity detecting portion (44) detects the decrease of the residual quantity of the connected fasteners.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrisch angetriebenes Werkzeug umfassend:

    einen Kolben (22), der normalerweise über einen Energiezufuhrmechanismus (23), nach unten gerichtet unter Spannung steht;

    ein Antriebsmittel (21), das an dem Kolben (22) befestigt ist;

    einen Antriebsmechanismus (170), der ausgelegt ist, um den Kolben (22) hochzutreiben und hiernach freizugeben, um so das Antriebsmittel (21) unter Verwendung einer Energiezufuhrkraft des Energiezufuhrmechanismus (23) anzutreiben;

    einen Betätigungsmechanismus (14), der ausgelegt ist, um den Antriebsmechanismus (170) zu betreiben;

    ein Magazin (12), in das miteinander verbundene Befestigungsmittel geladen sind;

    einen Schieber (31), der ausgelegt ist, um nacheinander führende von den miteinander verbundenen Befestigungsmitteln in dem Magazin (12) zu einem Nasenbereich (15) zuzuführen;

    einen Restmengenerfassungsbereich (44), der ausgelegt ist, um eine Abnahme einer Restmenge von den verbundenen Befestigungsmitteln in dem Magazin (12) zu erfassen; und

    einen Antriebsmechanismus-Steuerbereich (110), der ausgelegt ist, um einen Betrieb des Antriebsmechanismus (120) zu steuern,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Antriebsmechanismus-Steuerbereich (110) ausgelegt ist, um den Antriebsmechanismus (170) derart zu steuern, dass der Kolben (22) von einer vorgegebenen Warteposition zu einer oberen Umkehrpunktposition hochgetrieben wird und freigegeben wird, um das Antriebsmittel (21) nach unten zu einer unteren Umkehrpunktposition über die Energiezufuhrkraft des Energiezufuhrmechanismus in Übereinstimmung mit einem Betrieb des Betätigungsmechanismus (14) anzutreiben,

    wobei das Antriebsmittel (21), das das Befestigungsmittel ausgetrieben hat, sich von der unteren Umkehrpunktposition nach oben bewegt, um in der Warteposition zu stoppen, und

    wobei der Antriebsmechanismus-Steuerbereich (110) ausgelegt ist, um die Warteposition des Antriebsmittels (21) in einen Zustand einzustellen, so dass der Restmengen-Erfassungsbereich (44) die Abnahme der Restmenge der miteinander verbundenen Befestigungsmittel erfasst, um niedriger zu sein als in einer Warteposition des Antriebsmittels (21) in einem Zustand, bevor der Restmengen-Erfassungsbereich (44) die Abnahme der Restmenge der miteinander verbundenen Befestigungsmittel erfasst.


     
    2. Elektrisch angetriebenes Werkzeug gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem der Antriebsmechanismus-Steuerbereich (110) ausgelegt ist, um den Antriebsmechanismus (170) derart zu steuern, so dass:

    das Antriebsmittel (21) in einer ersten Warteposition wartet, an der das Antriebsmittel (21) nahe zu der oberen Umkehrpunktposition wartet und wo ein Führungsende des Antriebsmittels (21) sich nach oben gerichtet zu einer mittleren Position der miteinander verbundenen Befestigungsmittel in einer vertikalen Richtung befindet, in dem Zustand bevor der Restmengen-Erfassungsbereich (44) die Abnahme der Restmenge der miteinander verbundenen Befestigungsmittel erfasst; und

    das Antriebsmittel (21) an einer zweiten Warteposition wartet, an der das Antriebsmittel (21) nahe zu dem unteren Umkehrpunkt wartet, und wo das Führungsende des Antriebsmittels (21) sich nach unten gerichtet zu der mittleren Position der verbundenen Befestigungsmittel befindet, in dem Zustand nachdem der Restmengen-Erfassungsbereich (44) die Abnahme der Restmenge der miteinander verbundenen Befestigungsmittel erfasst.


     


    Revendications

    1. Outil d'entraînement électrique comprenant :

    un piston plongeur (22) normalement excité vers le bas par un mécanisme d'excitation (23) ;

    un dispositif d'entraînement (21) fixé au piston plongeur (22) ;

    un mécanisme d'entraînement (170) adapté pour pousser et ensuite libérer le piston plongeur (22) afin d'entraîner le dispositif d'entraînement (21) à l'aide d'une force d'excitation du mécanisme d'excitation (23) ;

    un mécanisme de commande (14) adapté pour commander le mécanisme d'entraînement (170) ;

    un magasin (12) dans lequel sont chargées des fixations raccordées ;

    un poussoir (31) adapté pour amener de manière séquentielle les fixations d'attaque des fixations raccordées dans le magasin (12) jusqu'à une partie de nez (15) ;

    une partie de détection de quantité résiduelle (44) adaptée pour détecter une diminution d'une quantité résiduelle des fixations raccordées dans le magasin (12) ; et

    une partie de contrôle de mécanisme d'entraînement (110) adaptée pour contrôler un fonctionnement du mécanisme d'entraînement (170),

    caractérisé en ce que la partie de contrôle de mécanisme d'entraînement (110) est adaptée pour contrôler le mécanisme d'entraînement (170) de sorte que le piston plongeur (22) est poussé vers une position de point mort haut à partir d'une position d'attente donnée et est libéré pour entraîner le dispositif d'entraînement (21) vers le bas jusqu'à une position de point mort bas par la force d'excitation du mécanisme d'excitation selon un fonctionnement du mécanisme de commande (14),

    dans lequel le dispositif d'entraînement (21) ayant entraîné la fixation, se déplace vers le haut à partir de la position de point mort bas afin de s'arrêter à la position d'attente, et

    dans lequel la partie de contrôle de mécanisme d'entraînement (110) est adaptée pour régler la position d'attente du dispositif d'entraînement (21) dans une condition dans laquelle la partie de détection de quantité résiduelle (44) détecte la diminution de la quantité résiduelle des fixations raccordées comme étant inférieure à une position d'attente du dispositif d'entraînement (21) dans une condition avant que la partie de détection de quantité résiduelle (44) détecte la diminution de la quantité résiduelle des fixations raccordées.


     
    2. Outil d'entrainement électrique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de contrôle de mécanisme d'entraînement (110) est adaptée pour contrôler le mécanisme d'entraînement (170) de sorte que :

    le dispositif d'entraînement (21) attend dans une première position d'attente dans laquelle le dispositif d'entraînement (21) attend à proximité de la position de point mort haut et où une extrémité d'attaque du dispositif d'entraînement (21) existe vers le haut d'une position centrale des fixations raccordées dans une direction verticale dans la condition avant que la partie de détection de quantité résiduelle (44) ne détecte la diminution de quantité résiduelle des fixations raccordées ; et

    le dispositif d'entraînement (21) attend dans une seconde position d'attente dans laquelle le dispositif d'entraînement (21) attend à proximité du point mort bas et où l'extrémité d'attaque du dispositif d'entraînement (21) existe vers le bas de la position centrale des fixations raccordées dans la condition après que la partie de détection de quantité résiduelle (44) a détecté la diminution de quantité résiduelle des fixations raccordées.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description