(19)
(11)EP 2 538 996 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 11703890.1

(22)Date of filing:  16.02.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61M 5/20  (2006.01)
A61M 5/315  (2006.01)
A61M 5/46  (2006.01)
A61M 5/24  (2006.01)
A61M 5/30  (2006.01)
A61M 5/32  (2006.01)
A61M 5/48  (2006.01)
A61M 5/31  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2011/052304
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/101382 (25.08.2011 Gazette  2011/34)

(54)

AUTO-INJECTOR WITH NEEDLE SHROUD AND NEEDLE PROTECTION CAP

AUTOINJEKTOR MIT NADELSCHUTZHÜLSE UND NADELSCHUTZKAPPE

AUTO-INJECTEUR AVEC PROTECTION ET CAPUCHON D'AIGUILLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(30)Priority: 22.02.2010 EP 10154191

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.01.2013 Bulletin 2013/01

(73)Proprietor: Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH
65929 Frankfurt am Main (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • KEMP, Thomas Mark
    Ashwell SG7 5NW (GB)
  • BARROW-WILLIAMS, Timothy Donald
    St. Albans Herts AL3 5NA (GB)
  • EKMAN, Matthew
    Macclesfield Cheshire SK10 1RD (GB)

(74)Representative: Finger, Catrin et al
Liedtke & Partner Patentanwälte Gerhart-Hauptmann-Strasse 10/11
99096 Erfurt
99096 Erfurt (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-01/89613
WO-A2-2009/141650
FR-A1- 2 781 857
US-A1- 2004 000 818
WO-A2-2004/107975
FR-A1- 2 583 291
US-A- 5 137 516
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The invention relates to an auto-injector for administering a dose of a liquid medicament.

    Background of the Invention



    [0002] Administering an injection is a process which presents a number of risks and challenges for users and healthcare professionals, both mental and physical.

    [0003] Injection devices (i.e. devices capable of delivering medicaments from a medication container) typically fall into two categories - manual devices and auto-injectors.

    [0004] In a manual device - the user must provide the mechanical energy to drive the fluid through the needle. This is typically done by some form of button / plunger that has to be continuously pressed by the user during the injection. There are numerous disadvantages for the user from this approach. If the user stops pressing the button / plunger then the injection will also stop. This means that the user can deliver an underdose if the device is not used properly (i.e. the plunger is not fully pressed to its end position). Injection forces may be too high for the user, in particular if the patient is elderly or has dexterity problems.

    [0005] The extension of the button/plunger may be too great. Thus it can be inconvenient for the user to reach a fully extended button. The combination of injection force and button extension can cause trembling / shaking of the hand which in turn increases discomfort as the inserted needle moves.

    [0006] Auto-injector devices aim to make self-administration of injected therapies easier for patients. Current therapies delivered by means of self-administered injections include drugs for diabetes (both insulin and newer GLP-1 class drugs), migraine, hormone therapies, anticoagulants etc.

    [0007] Auto-injectors are devices which completely or partially replace activities involved in parenteral drug delivery from standard syringes. These activities may include removal of a protective syringe cap, insertion of a needle into a patient's skin, injection of the medicament, removal of the needle, shielding of the needle and preventing reuse of the device. This overcomes many of the disadvantages of manual devices. Forces required of the user / button extension, hand-shaking and the likelihood of delivering an incomplete dose are reduced. Triggering may be performed by numerous means, for example a trigger button or the action of the needle reaching its injection depth. In some devices the energy to deliver the fluid is provided by a spring.

    [0008] Auto-injectors may be disposable or single use devices which may only be used to deliver one dose of medicament and which have to be disposed of after use. Other types of auto-injectors may be reusable. Usually they are arranged to allow a user to load and unload a standard syringe. The reusable auto-injector may be used to perform multiple parenteral drug deliveries, where the syringe is disposed after having been spent and unloaded from the auto-injector. The syringe may be packaged with additional parts to provide additional functionality.

    [0009] US 2002/0095120 A1 discloses an automatic injection device which automatically injects a pre-measured quantity of fluid medicine when a tension spring is released. The tension spring moves an ampoule and the injection needle from a storage position to a deployed position when it is released. The content of the ampoule is thereafter expelled by the tension spring forcing a piston forward inside the ampoule. After the fluid medicine has been injected, energy stored in the tension spring is released and the injection needle is automatically retracted back to its original storage position.

    [0010] Usually the hollow needle is equipped with a protective needle shield for keeping the needle sterile and preventing it from being mechanically damaged.

    [0011] In order to prepare the auto-injector for delivering a dose the protective needle shield has to be removed from the needle. This may be done by gripping the protective needle shield and pulling it away from the needle. This will usually result in an exposed needle which is undesirable in terms of needle safety. In order to solve that problem the needle and syringe could be arranged inside a needle shroud in a manner to hide the needle when the protective needle shield is removed. However, this would require the protective needle shield to be arranged inside the needle shroud, too, making it virtually inaccessible for a user to be gripped.

    [0012] WO 2009/141650 A2 discloses an autoinjector provided with a magnetically operated "injection complete" indicator. A moveable magnet associated with the drive piston is kept at one end of a recess by a soft iron keeper until the drive piston reaches its formal position where the moveable magnet is attracted to impact a magnet on the housing to generate an audible click. Also described is a spring finger that slips behind the rear edge of the syringe boot temporarily to hold the end of the boot well clear of the housing to that it can be gripped for removal.

    [0013] US 5,137,516 discloses an administering device, in particular a self-injecting device, comprising a body for holding a container of a substance to be administered, a release mechanism, and means controlled by the release mechanism to discharge the said substance. The body is formed of two parts, one part being movable relative to the other, wherein one part has a trigger and the said release mechanism is partly actuated by the operation of a trigger of the said one part and partly actuated by movement of the other part relative to the said one part, but is only wholly actuated by both the operation of the trigger and the movement of the other part. Thus the discharge means cannot be accidentally actuated.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0014] It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an auto-injector with an improved needle protection.

    [0015] The object is achieved by an auto-injector according to claim 1.

    [0016] Preferred embodiments of the invention are given in the dependent claims.

    [0017] According to the invention, an auto-injector serves for administering a dose of a liquid medicament. The auto-injector has a distal end and a proximal end with an orifice intended to be applied against an injection site. The auto-injector comprises:
    • an elongate housing arranged to contain a syringe with a hollow needle and a stopper for sealing the syringe and displacing the medicament, wherein the syringe is slidably arranged with respect to the housing,
    • a drive means capable of, upon activation:
      • pushing the needle from a covered position into an advanced position through the orifice and past the proximal end, and
      • operating the syringe to supply the dose of medicament, and
    • activating means arranged to lock the drive means in a compressed state prior to manual operation and capable of, upon manual operation, releasing the drive means for injection.


    [0018] In the context of this specification the term "proximal" refers to the direction pointing towards the patient during an injection while the term "distal" refers to the opposite direction pointing away from the patient. When referring to the proximal and distal portion of the auto-injector their respective distal and proximal ends are those that point in the respective direction during an injection.

    [0019] In the auto-injector according to the invention a shroud is arranged at least partially inside the housing. The shroud is slidable in longitudinal direction between at least a retracted position, in which the needle is exposable and an advanced position, in which the needle is covered by the shroud. The shroud is arranged to be locked in the retracted position prior to manual operation of the activation means. Once the drive means has been released the shroud is unlocked and automatically moves towards the advanced position under load of a syringe spring. This automatic movement will happen when the auto-injector is removed from the injection site in the course of an injection or after the injection has been completed in order to hide the needle and keep the user from injuring themselves. As long as the user maintains the auto-injector pressed against the injection site during the injection cycle, the shroud will remain in the retracted position. A protective needle shield is attachable to the needle in a manner to partially protrude beyond the proximal end of the shroud through the orifice with the needle in its advanced position, which may be an "as shipped" state of the auto-injector. A syringe carrier is arranged inside the shroud for holding the syringe. The syringe carrier is slidable with respect to the shroud. The syringe carrier comprises at least one resilient snap for locking it to the shroud in order to prevent relative axial motion. The snap is arranged to be supportable from inside by the protective needle shield when attached to the needle in order to remain engaged with the shroud. The snap is inwardly biased to disengage from the shroud without support from inside in a manner to automatically disengage upon removal of the protective needle shield. Once the snap is disengaged, the syringe spring retracts the syringe carrier, the syringe and the needle into the covered position with the needle hidden inside the shroud. In the state as shipped the auto-injector is needle safe due to the protective needle shield hiding the needle. With the syringe and needle retracting immediately upon removal of the protective needle shield the auto-injector remains needle safe when armed.

    [0020] The syringe spring bears against the shroud and against the syringe carrier.

    [0021] The shroud may be slidable from the retracted position in the distal direction into an unlocking position by a small distance against the bias of at least one flexural element which may be arranged at the shroud. Furthermore, interlocking means may be arranged to allow the activating means to be operated only, when the shroud is in the unlocking position, wherein the interlocking means are arranged to prevent the activating means from being operated otherwise. Thus, a skin interlock feature is provided for making sure, the auto-injector is properly positioned against the injection site before allowing the injection to be triggered by the user.

    [0022] At least one resilient latch may be arranged on the shroud for engaging in a respective recess of the housing when the shroud is translated into its advanced position. Thus, post-injection needle safety is improved since the shroud cannot be pushed in distal direction again after the end of an injection cycle. In both cases, when the auto-injector is removed from the injection site during injection or after delivering the full dose the needle is covered and is needle safe.

    [0023] In a preferred embodiment a gearbox is arranged for converting a first translation into a second translation. The gearbox comprises a drive collar connectable to the translative drive means, the drive collar prevented from rotating with respect to a ground of the drive means, which may be a housing or chassis or a grounding member fixed thereto. A drive sleeve is rotatably arranged at least partially inside the drive collar, engaged to the drive collar by a first screw thread and prevented from translating relative to the ground. A plunger is arranged at least partially inside the drive sleeve, engaged to the drive sleeve by a second screw thread and prevented from rotating. The plunger is the component for outputting the second translation. The gearbox is arranged between the drive means and the syringe or the stopper in order to adapt the force of the compression spring to the requirements of an injection.

    [0024] The gearbox can modify, i.e. both reduce and amplify the distance and force of the second translation relative to the first translation.

    [0025] The drive means of the auto-injector is preferably arranged as a compression spring grounded at a distal end in a grounding member fixed to the housing, wherein a proximal end of the compression spring bears against the drive collar.

    [0026] When applied in an auto-injector with a compression spring as the drive means, the gearbox can be used to modify an amount of spring force that is transmitted to a syringe or a stopper of the syringe.

    [0027] Thus the spring force may be softened at the beginning of an injection cycle when the spring force is highest in order to reduce impact loads experienced by components within the auto-injector. When applied directly to a glass syringe, the risk of breaking the glass by impact is remarkably reduced. Furthermore, user discomfort related to high impact loads is reduced. The dispense characteristics of the auto-injector may be varied, e.g. in order to provide a rapid needle insertion, which is believed to offer benefits in terms of reducing the amount of pain felt by the patient. Furthermore, by adapting the transmitted force the dose may be delivered more steadily and the repeatability of the time required for the injection cycle is improved. Otherwise, if the cycle times are highly variable between different auto-injectors of the same type, the user may be confused and make errors when delivering the injection. The force available from the drive means may be modified for particular operations of the device, e.g. steps in the operational cycle, such as operating a latch mechanism to trigger needle retraction, may require a higher force, so the gearbox may be tailored to deliver the required force. Particularly with a compression spring used as the drive means the spring force decays with increasing extension of the spring. The gearbox may be adapted to compensate that decay. This may be used to eliminate the compromise between achieving a high end of dose load and minimizing the initial spring load. A dose delivery flow rate may be kept constant.

    [0028] The first screw thread and the second screw thread are like-handed, i.e. both right-handed or both left-handed.

    [0029] In an alternative embodiment the drive sleeve may have an internal screw thread engaged with the plunger and the drive collar may have an internal screw thread engaged with the drive sleeve.

    [0030] The modification of the second translation (output) force and travel relative to the first translation (input) is preferably achieved by varying a pitch angle of the first screw thread and/or the second screw thread over the length of the respective screw thread.

    [0031] The first screw thread and/or the second screw thread may comprise a cam track in one of the engaged components and a ball or a follower in the other one of the engaged components. A ball held in a pocket in the respective component is preferred for its lower friction compared to a follower or peg. The screw threads may likewise have multiple parallel cam tracks, i.e. multi-start threads in order to distribute load to the respective number of followers or balls so the individual point load for each follower or ball is reduced thereby improving the stability of the mechanism and the smoothness of the transmission.

    [0032] In one embodiment of the invention a number of teeth are circumferentially arranged on an external surface of the drive sleeve. A section of the shroud has internal splines for engaging with the teeth in order to prevent rotation of the drive sleeve when the shroud is in its advanced position. Another section of the shroud proximally adjacent to the splined section is arranged to allow rotation of the drive sleeve. This feature allows for immediately stopping delivery of the medicament upon removal of the auto-injector from the injection site prior to full dose delivery. This avoids continued displacement of medicament from the syringe after removing the auto-injector from the injection site.

    [0033] In an alternative embodiment of the invention, a transmission arrangement for controlling a force of the drive means is provided instead of the gearbox between the drive means and the syringe and/or the stopper.

    [0034] The transmission arrangement comprises a drive collar connectable to a translative drive means and prevented from rotating with respect to a ground of the drive means which may be the housing or a chassis or a grounding member fixed thereto. A flange face of the drive collar bears against a mating flange face of a friction collar. The friction collar is slidable in longitudinal direction and rotationally constrained by engagement in a cam track. Another flange face of the friction collar bears against a mating flange face of a plunger. The plunger is slidable in longitudinal direction and prevented from rotating.

    [0035] The plunger is the component for outputting the translation modified by the transmission arrangement.

    [0036] Rotation of the friction collar is defined by a pitch angle of the cam track. The load on the friction collar is coupled to the rotationally fixed, axially free plunger. The force of the drive means acting on both mating surfaces of the friction collar towards the drive collar and towards the plunger introduces a friction force opposing rotation. As the friction collar axially translates, it is forced to rotate by any section of the cam track that is not parallel with a longitudinal axis. The friction collar will only rotate if the friction force between the mating surfaces of the drive collar and the plunger is overcome. The torque to overcome this friction force is generated by the contact force between the cam follower and the cam track, in which the cam follower is engaged. The contact force is generated by the spring force of the drive spring. A degree of coupling between the spring force and the contact force is defined by the respective pitch angle of the cam track. By an appropriate modification to the cam track angle, the amount of spring force required to overcome the friction force can be modified. For instance, increasing the cam angle requires more of the spring force to be reacted through the cam track, thereby reducing the force of the translation. The friction force is zero in straight sections of the cam track in parallel with a longitudinal axis of the overall arrangement. With any non-zero pitch angle the friction force is introduced.

    [0037] When applied in an auto-injector with a compression spring as the drive means, the transmission arrangement can be used to modify an amount of spring force that is transmitted to a syringe or a stopper of the syringe.

    [0038] Thus the spring force may be softened at the beginning of an injection cycle when the spring force is highest in order to reduce impact loads experienced by components within the auto-injector. When applied directly to a glass syringe, the risk of breaking the glass by impact is remarkably reduced. Furthermore, user discomfort related to high impact loads is reduced. The dispense characteristics of the auto-injector may be varied, e.g. in order to provide a rapid needle insertion, which is believed to offer benefits in terms of reducing the amount of pain felt by the patient. Furthermore, by adapting the transmitted force the dose may be delivered more steadily and the repeatability of the time required for the injection cycle is improved. Otherwise, if the cycle times are highly variable between different auto-injectors of the same type, the user may be confused and make errors when delivering the injection. The force available from the drive means may be modified for particular operations of the device, e.g. steps in the operational cycle, such as operating a latch mechanism to trigger needle retraction, may require a higher force, so the transmission arrangement may be tailored to deliver the required force. Particularly with a compression spring used as the drive means the spring force decays with increasing extension of the spring. The transmission arrangement may be adapted to compensate that decay by a pitch angle converging towards a straight, longitudinal section of the cam track, so at the end of the movement the full force of the compression spring is available. Thus a dose delivery flow rate may be kept constant.

    [0039] The drive means may be a compression spring arranged over a shaft of a grounding member. The drive collar and the friction collar may be arranged in series with the compression spring and grounding member. The cam track may be arranged in an external surface of the shaft the pin and a cam follower for engaging in the cam track may be arranged on the friction collar.

    [0040] Preferably the pitch angle of the cam track is varied over its length in order to achieve the desired force of the translation.

    [0041] There may be more than one cam track on the ground member shaft, the different cam tracks with different pitch angle profiles, so the force control may be customized by selecting one of the cam tracks for engaging with the friction collar.

    [0042] Instead of the planar flange faces the plunger, drive collar and friction collar may have profiled or curved flange faces. In this case, rotation of the friction collar would introduce additional force control by the varying angles of the mating faces. At the same time the distance travelled by the plunger may be amplified or reduced by modifying an overall length of the drive collar, friction collar and plunger when the friction collar is rotated.

    [0043] The friction collar and the shaft of the grounding member may be arranged to provide a ratchet feature to generate an audible user feedback when the friction collar advances. Small raised features can be spaced in the cam track over which the follower has to pass. These features can be profiled such that they induce vibration into the device as the dose is delivered.

    [0044] In a preferred embodiment the plunger may comprise at least a hollow portion arranged for fitting onto the ground member shaft. Thus, the shaft serves for centring all components. The hollow portion may have apertures in order to avoid the generation of a vacuum in the hollow portion when the plunger is being pushed off the shaft during the translation.

    [0045] The hollow portion of the plunger may comprise an internal cam follower for engaging in one of the straight, longitudinal sections of the cam track, thus preventing rotation of the plunger.

    [0046] In order to interlock the activation means or trigger button with the shroud at least one snap arm may be distally arranged at the drive collar in a manner to be engageable behind a shoulder on the grounding member in order to prevent expansion of the drive means. The snap arm may be disengageable from the shoulder by being pushed outward by a respective resilient extension of a trigger button. The resilient extension may be arranged to be flexed outward by pushing the trigger button in proximal direction thereby moving the resilient extension along a tapering surface of the grounding member which forces the resilient extension outwards. The shroud may be arranged to prevent at least one of the resilient extensions from flexing outwards when the shroud is its retracted position. At least one distal recess may be arranged in the shroud for allowing a respective resilient extension to be flexed outwards through the recess or aperture when the shroud is in an unlocking position.

    [0047] The syringe spring may be arranged to bear against an internal shoulder in the shroud between a distal portion and a proximal portion and against a rear flange of the syringe carrier.

    [0048] An intermediary component may be arranged for forwarding translation of the plunger to the syringe in order to first advance the syringe and needle while avoiding load onto the stopper thus avoiding wet injection, i.e. medicament leaking out of the needle's tip before the needle is fully inserted into the injection site. The intermediary component is furthermore arranged to be decoupled from the syringe when the needle has reached a predefined injection depth. At the same time the translation is coupled to the stopper in order to inject the dose.

    [0049] The term "medicament", as used herein, means a pharmaceutical formulation containing at least one pharmaceutically active compound,
    wherein in one embodiment the pharmaceutically active compound has a molecular weight up to 1500 Da and/or is a peptide, a proteine, a polysaccharide, a vaccine, a DNA, a RNA, a antibody, an enzyme, an antibody, a hormone or an oligonucleotide, or a mixture of the above-mentioned pharmaceutically active compound,
    wherein in a further embodiment the pharmaceutically active compound is useful for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of diabetes mellitus or complications associated with diabetes mellitus such as diabetic retinopathy, thromboembolism disorders such as deep vein or pulmonary thromboembolism, acute coronary syndrome (ACS), angina, myocardial infarction, cancer, macular degeneration, inflammation, hay fever, atherosclerosis and/or rheumatoid arthritis,
    wherein in a further embodiment the pharmaceutically active compound comprises at least one peptide for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of diabetes mellitus or complications associated with diabetes mellitus such as diabetic retinopathy,
    wherein in a further embodiment the pharmaceutically active compound comprises at least one human insulin or a human insulin analogue or derivative, glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) or an analogue or derivative thereof, or exedin-3 or exedin-4 or an analogue or derivative of exedin-3 or exedin-4.

    [0050] Insulin analogues are for example Gly(A21), Arg(B31), Arg(B32) human insulin; Lys(B3), Glu(B29) human insulin; Lys(B28), Pro(B29) human insulin; Asp(B28) human insulin; human insulin, wherein proline in position B28 is replaced by Asp, Lys, Leu, Val or Ala and wherein in position B29 Lys may be replaced by Pro; Ala(B26) human insulin; Des(B28-B30) human insulin; Des(B27) human insulin and Des(B30) human insulin.

    [0051] Insulin derivates are for example B29-N-myristoyl-des(B30) human insulin; B29-N-palmitoyl-des(B30) human insulin; B29-N-myristoyl human insulin; B29-N-palmitoyl human insulin; B28-N-myristoyl LysB28ProB29 human insulin; B28-N-palmitoyl-LysB28ProB29 human insulin; B30-N-myristoyl-ThrB29LysB30 human insulin; B30-N-palmitoyl- ThrB29LysB30 human insulin; B29-N-(N-palmitoyl-Y-glutamyl)-des(B30) human insulin; B29-N-(N-lithocholyl-Y-glutamyl)-des(B30) human insulin; B29-N-(ω-carboxyheptadecanoyl)-des(B30) human insulin and B29-N-(ω-carboxyheptadecanoyl) human insulin.

    [0052] Exendin-4 for example means Exendin-4(1-39), a peptide of the sequence H-His-Gly-Glu-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Leu-Ser-Lys-Gln-Met-Glu-Glu-Glu-Ala-Val-Arg-Leu-Phe-Ile-Glu-Trp-Leu-Lys-Asn-Gly-Gly-Pro-Ser-Ser-Gly-Ala-Pro-Pro-Pro-Ser-NH2.

    [0053] Exendin-4 derivatives are for example selected from the following list of compounds:

    H-(Lys)4-des Pro36, des Pro37 Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-(Lys)5-des Pro36, des Pro37 Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    des Pro36 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14, IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Trp(O2)25, IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14 Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14 Trp(O2)25, IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39); or

    des Pro36 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14, IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Trp(O2)25, IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14 Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    des Pro36 [Met(O)14 Trp(O2)25, IsoAsp28] Exendin-4(1-39),
    wherein the group -Lys6-NH2 may be bound to the C-terminus of the Exendin-4 derivative;

    or an Exendin-4 derivative of the sequence
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-Lys6-NH2,
    des Asp28 Pro36, Pro37, Pro38Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro38 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-Lys6-NH2,
    H-des Asp28 Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Trp(O2)25] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,

    des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-Lys6-NH2,
    des Met(O)14 Asp28 Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-desPro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5 des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-Lys6-des Pro36 [Met(O)14, Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-Lys6-NH2,
    H-des Asp28 Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Trp(O2)25] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-NH2,
    des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-(Lys)6-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(S1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2,
    H-Asn-(Glu)5-des Pro36, Pro37, Pro38 [Met(O)14, Trp(O2)25, Asp28] Exendin-4(1-39)-(Lys)6-NH2;

    or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate of any one of the afore-mentioned Exedin-4 derivative.

    [0054] Hormones are for example hypophysis hormones or hypothalamus hormones or regulatory active peptides and their antagonists as listed in Rote Liste, ed. 2008, Chapter 50, such as Gonadotropine (Follitropin, Lutropin, Choriongonadotropin, Menotropin), Somatropine (Somatropin), Desmopressin, Terlipressin, Gonadorelin, Triptorelin, Leuprorelin, Buserelin, Nafarelin, Goserelin.

    [0055] A polysaccharide is for example a glucosaminoglycane, a hyaluronic acid, a heparin, a low molecular weight heparin or an ultra low molecular weight heparin or a derivative thereof, or a sulphated, e.g. a poly-sulphated form of the above-mentioned polysaccharides, and/or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. An example of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of a poly-sulphated low molecular weight heparin is enoxaparin sodium.

    [0056] Pharmaceutically acceptable salts are for example acid addition salts and basic salts. Acid addition salts are e.g. HCI or HBr salts. Basic salts are e.g. salts having a cation selected from alkali or alkaline, e.g. Na+, or K+, or Ca2+, or an ammonium ion N+(R1)(R2)(R3)(R4), wherein R1 to R4 independently of each other mean: hydrogen, an optionally substituted C1-C6-alkyl group, an optionally substituted C2-C6-alkenyl group, an optionally substituted C6-C10-aryl group, or an optionally substituted C6-C10-heteroaryl group. Further examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts are described in "Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences" 17. ed. Alfonso R. Gennaro (Ed.), Mark Publishing Company, Easton, Pa., U.S.A., 1985 and in Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Technology.

    [0057] Pharmaceutically acceptable solvates are for example hydrates.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0058] The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description given hereinbelow and the accompanying drawings which are given by way of illustration only, and thus, are not limitive of the present invention, and wherein:
    Figure 1
    is longitudinal sections in two section planes of an auto-injector with force control in an as shipped state,
    Figure 2
    is the auto-injector during removal of a protective needle shield,
    Figure 3
    is the auto-injector with a syringe carrier delatching from a shroud following the removal of the protective needle shield,
    Figure 4
    is the auto-injector with the syringe carrier, syringe and a needle being retracted into the shroud after delatching,
    Figure 5
    is the auto-injector during deactivation of an interlock by pressing the shroud against an injection site,
    Figure 6
    is the auto-injector during needle insertion into the injection site,
    Figure 7
    is the auto-injector during removal from the injection site in the course of an injection,
    Figure 8
    is the auto-injector near the end of the injection,
    Figure 9
    is the auto-injector withdrawn from the injection site after having completed the injection, wherein the shroud extends to cover the needle,
    Figure 10
    is the auto-injector with the shroud locking into the housing,
    Figure 11
    is a lateral view of a detail of an alternative embodiment of an auto-injector with force control with a friction collar,
    Figure 12
    are three cross sections of the detail of figure 11, and
    Figure 13
    is a longitudinal section of the detail of figure 11.


    [0059] Corresponding parts are marked with the same reference symbols in all figures.

    Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments



    [0060] Figure 1 shows two longitudinal sections in two section planes of an auto-injector 1 with force control in an as shipped state. The auto-injector 1 comprises an elongate housing 2, an essentially tubular shroud 3 arranged inside the housing 2 and slidable in longitudinal direction with respect to the housing 2. A distal portion 3.1 of the shroud has an external diameter selected to fit into the housing 2. The distal portion 3.1 extends essentially through the entire housing 2 to the distal end D. The biggest part of the distal portion 3.1 consists of two longitudinal extensions rather than a tube shape in order to allow other parts of the auto-injector 1 to engage in the housing 2 for preventing relative rotation. This could alternatively be achieved by a tubular distal portion 3.1 with longitudinal slots. A proximal portion 3.2 of the shroud 3 has a reduced diameter compared to the distal portion 3.1 for slidably accommodating a syringe carrier 4. The syringe carrier 4 holds a syringe 5 and supports it at its proximal end in order to avoid stress to its finger flanges 5.1. A hollow injection needle 6 is attached to the proximal end of the syringe 5. A stopper 7 serves for sealing the distal end of the syringe 5. A liquid medicament M stored in the syringe 5 may be displaced through the needle 6 by pushing the stopper 7 in proximal direction P by means of a plunger 8. In the as shipped state the syringe 5 and syringe carrier 4 are locked in position thus providing a clearance between the plunger 8 and the stopper 7. Although the needle 6 protrudes beyond the proximal end P of the auto-injector 1, needle stick injuries are avoided by a protective needle shield 9 attached to the needle 6 in the as shipped state. The syringe carrier 4 is biased in distal direction D with respect to the shroud 3 by means of a syringe spring 10 bearing against a shoulder 3.3 in the shroud 3 and against a rear flange 4.1 in the syringe carrier 4. The shoulder 3.3 is defined between the distal portion 3.1 and the proximal portion 3.2. The rear flange 4.1 is arranged at the distal end of the syringe carrier 4. A drive spring 11 is arranged near the distal end D of the auto-injector 1 inside the shroud 3. The drive spring 11 is preferably arranged as a compression spring. The distal end of the drive spring 11 is grounded in the housing 2 or in a grounding member 12 fixed to the housing 2. The proximal end of the drive spring 11 bears against a drive collar 13 which is arranged inside the drive spring 11, rotationally fixed by splines 2.4 in the housing 2 but translatable in longitudinal direction. Inside the drive collar 13 a drive sleeve 14 is arranged which in turn is arranged around the plunger 8. The drive sleeve 14 is rotationally free and axially fixed by distally bearing against the grounding member 12 and proximally bearing against a second bulkhead 2.2. The plunger 8 is rotationally fixed and axially free. The drive collar 13 is engaged with the drive sleeve 14 by a first screw thread 15. The drive sleeve 14 is engaged with the plunger 8 by a second screw thread 16. Hence, when the drive collar 13 is pushed in proximal direction P by the drive spring 11, the drive sleeve 14 is caused to rotate which causes axial movement of the plunger 8. The first screw thread 15 and the second screw thread 16 are like-handed. By varying the pitch of the two screw threads 15, 16 a ratio of translation of the drive collar 13 and the plunger 8 is changed and hence the transmitted force is amplified or reduced.

    [0061] The screw threads 15, 16 may have cam tracks and followers or ball bearings.

    [0062] A syringe viewing window 17 for inspecting the syringe contents is provided in the proximal portion 3.2 of the shroud 3.

    [0063] A housing cap 18 and a trigger button 19 are arranged at the distal end D of the auto-injector 1.

    [0064] In the shipped state in figure 1, the drive spring's 11 preload on the drive collar 13 is statically resolved through distal snap arms 13.1 of the drive collar 13 which are engaged behind a shoulder 12.1 in the grounding member 12. The syringe carrier 4 is prevented from moving in proximal direction P by the rear flange 4.1 bearing against a first bulkhead 2.1 provided in the housing 2. Withdrawal of the shroud 3 into the housing 2 is resisted by flexural elements 3.4 on the shroud 3 acting against the first bulkhead 2.1 of the housing 2 from the proximal side (see figure 1c for details). Extension of the shroud 3 in proximal direction P is prevented by inward protrusions 3.5 contacting the drive collar 13. The syringe carrier 4 is locked to the shroud 3 by at least two snaps 4.2.

    [0065] The protective needle shield 9 is interlocked to the syringe carrier 4. For this purpose the syringe carrier 4 has a pair of resilient snaps 4.2 extending proximally beyond the section of the syringe carrier 4 supporting the proximal end of the syringe 5. In the state as shipped these snaps 4.2 are snapped into corresponding recesses provided in the proximal portion 3.2 of the shroud 3 thus preventing relative axial translation between the shroud 3 and the syringe carrier 4. The snaps 4.2 are kept from flexing inwards and disengaging from the recesses by the protective needle shield 9. The protective needle shield 9 protrudes beyond the proximal end of the shroud 3 through an orifice.

    [0066] In order to arm the auto-injector 1 the protruding part of the protective needle shield 9 is gripped by a user and pulled off the syringe 5 and needle 6 in proximal direction P (see fig. 2). Once the protective needle shield 9 has been removed the snaps 4.2 are no longer supported inwardly and disengage from the recesses 3.6 (see fig. 3). Preferably the snaps 4.2 are biased to relax inwards when not supported. In an alternative embodiment the snaps 4.2 and the shroud 3 may have angled mating surfaces for moving the snaps 4.2 inward thus disengaging them from the recesses 3.6 under the force from the syringe spring 10 when the snaps 4.2 are not supported inwardly. In this case the snaps 4.2 do not have to be biased inwardly.

    [0067] Now delatched from the shroud 3 the syringe carrier 4 together with the syringe 5 and the needle 6 are translated in distal direction D due to the load of the syringe spring 10 (see fig. 4). Thus the needle 6 is hidden inside the shroud 3 and the user protected from accidental needle stick injuries.

    [0068] In the next operating step the user places the proximal end P of the auto-injector 1 against an injection site, e.g. a patient's skin. When contacting the injection site the shroud 3 is depressed and translates by a small distance in distal direction D into the housing 2 (see fig. 5) against the load of the flexural elements 3.4. As the shroud 3 translates apertures in the shroud 3 move from a blocking position against trigger button resilient extensions 19.1, thus unlocking the trigger button 19.

    [0069] The trigger button 19 comprises a number of resilient extensions 19.1 facing the grounding member 12. The grounding member 12 has a tapering surface 12.2 facing the trigger button 19. The resilient extensions 19.1 are at least partially arranged inside the snap arms 13.1 of the drive collar 13. When the trigger button 19 is pushed in proximal direction P the resilient extensions 19.1 contact the tapering surface 12.2 and are splayed apart. Consequently, the resilient snap arms 13.1 are also splayed apart and disengaged from the shoulder 12.1 of the grounding member 12. Thus, the drive collar 13 is no longer axially restricted and will be released in the proximal direction P by the drive spring 11.

    [0070] Before the shroud 3 is depressed (figs. 1 to 4) the distal portion 3.1 of the shroud 3 prevents the trigger button's 19 resilient extensions 19.1 from splaying out. As the shroud 3 is depressed (fig. 5) it travels in distal direction D to such an extend that the resilient extensions 19.1 meet respective distal recesses 3.7 thus allowing the resilient extensions 19.1 to be splayed apart (see fig. 5c for details). At the same time the syringe spring 10 is partially compressed by depressing the shroud 3.

    [0071] When the trigger button 19 is pressed and the drive collar 13 is delatched from the grounding member 12 the force of the drive spring 11 translates the drive collar 13 in proximal direction P (see fig. 6). Rotation of the drive collar 13 is prevented by splined engagement in the housing 2. The drive sleeve 14 is forced to rotate by engagement to the drive collar 13 through the first screw thread 15. The plunger 8 extends towards the stopper 7 by engagement to the drive sleeve 14 through the second screw thread 16. The first screw thread 15 may comprise an external, right-handed screw thread in the drive sleeve 14 engaged with a ball located in a pocket on the internal surface of the drive collar 13. The second screw thread 16 may comprise an external right-handed screw thread in the plunger 8 engaged with a ball located in a pocket on the internal surface of the drive sleeve 14. Alternatively, both screw threads 15, 16 may be left-handed. Rotation of the plunger 8 is prevented by splined engagement in the grounding member 12. This may be achieved by corresponding non-circular cross sections, e.g. square cross sections.

    [0072] The gear ratio of the gear box comprising the drive collar 13, the first screw thread 15, the drive sleeve 14 and the second screw thread 16 is defined by the pitch angles of the two screw threads 15, 16. If the pitch angle of the drive sleeve 14 is greater than that of the plunger 8, the gear ration will be greater than 1, i.e. the gear box acts as a distance multiplier. Conversely, when the plunger 8 pitch angle is greater than that of the drive sleeve 14, the gear ratio will be less than 1, i.e. the gear box acts as a force multiplier.

    [0073] In an alternative embodiment the drive sleeve 14 may have an internal screw thread engaged with the plunger 8 and the drive collar 13 may have an internal screw thread engaged with the drive sleeve 14.

    [0074] As the plunger 8 travels forward it meets the stopper 7 and applies a force on it which is resolved through the syringe spring 10. The counteracting force of the syringe spring 10 during compression has to be greater than a counteracting force of the stopper 7 due to friction between the stopper 7 and the inner wall of the syringe 5 and due to the hydrostatic resistance of the liquid medicament M to be displaced through the hollow needle 6. As the syringe spring 10 is compressed the syringe carrier 4 travels in proximal direction P together with the syringe 5 and the needle 6. Hence, the needle 6 is inserted into the injection site. The injection depth is set by the rear flange 4.1 of the syringe carrier 4 contacting the first bulkhead 2.1.

    [0075] When the rear flange 4.1 hits the first bulkhead 2.1 the force of the plunger 8 pushes the stopper 7 in proximal direction P thus displacing the liquid medicament M from the syringe 5 through the needle 6 and into the injection site. During injection of the medicament M, the pitch angles of the screw threads 15, 16 may vary in order to adapt the mechanical advantage of the gearbox.

    [0076] Figures 7a and 7c show the auto-injector 1 during removal from the injection site in the course of an injection cycle. If this happens, the shroud 3 will extend to cover the needle 6 under load of the syringe spring 10. In parallel, internal splines 3.8 on the distal part 3.1 of the shroud 3 engage in teeth 14.1 on the outer surface of the drive sleeve 14. This prevents further rotation of the drive sleeve 14 and hence expansion of the plunger 8 and further emptying of the syringe 5. Figure 7b shows the drive sleeve 14 and the shroud 3 during injection with the shroud 3 persistently pressed against the injection site. Hence, the splines 3.8 and teeth 14.1 do not engage and the drive sleeve 14 continues rotating. By contrast, figure 7c shows the drive sleeve 14 and the shroud 3 during removal of the auto-injector 1 from the injection site in the course of an injection cycle. The shroud 3 is translated in proximal direction P to an extent bringing the teeth 14.1 and the splines 3.8 into engagement.

    [0077] Even though the forward extension of the shroud 3 is limited by the position of the drive collar 13, the auto-injector 1 is configured to provide needle safety at all stages of the operational cycle:
    With a transmission ratio of 1 or less as illustrated, as the needle is inserted into the injection site, the drive collar 13 moves in sync with the syringe 5. Therefore, given that the needle 6 is initially fully covered when the shroud 3 is fully extended and the needle 6 moves in sync with the drive collar 13, the needle can not protrude a greater distance from the shroud 3 than the distance permitted by the drive collar 13 and the inward protrusions 3.5. If the transmission ratio were greater than 1, the design may be modified to position the needle 6 further from the proximal end of the shroud 3 to ensure needle safety at all stages of the injection.

    [0078] In figure 8 the stopper 7 has reached the end of the syringe 5 and the dose is fully delivered. The auto-injector 1 is sized so that this occurs prior to the drive collar 13 and/or plunger 8 reaching end-of-travel on their respective screw threads 15, 16, in particular before a flange 13.2 of the drive collar 13 contacts a flange 14.2 of the drive sleeve 14. The end of dose may be indicated to the user by an elapsed time (e.g. ten seconds), visible inspection through the syringe viewing window 17, or audible detection of movement of a ratchet engaged between any two parts with relative motion, for example the housing 2 and the drive sleeve 14.

    [0079] When the dose has been fully delivered the user may remove the auto-injector 1 from the injection site thus extracting the needle 6. As the auto-injector 1 is removed, the shroud 3 extends under bias of the syringe spring 10 (see fig. 9).

    [0080] When the shroud 3 is at least almost fully extended, resilient latches 3.9 in the distal portion 3.1 of the shroud 3 snap into respective recesses 2.3 arranged in the housing 2 thus preventing the shroud 3 from being pushed in distal direction D again, so post injection needle safety is provided (fig. 10). This applies for both cases, when the auto-injector 1 is removed from the injection site during injection (fig. 7a) or after delivering the full dose (fig. 8).

    [0081] The syringe carrier 4 has lateral apertures corresponding to the syringe viewing window 17 in order to allow visual inspection of the syringe 5.

    [0082] In another embodiment the gearbox as shown in the preceding figures comprising the drive collar 13, the first screw thread 15, the drive sleeve 14 and the second screw thread 16 may be replaced by a rotary friction element shown in figures 11 to 13. The rotary friction element comprises a friction collar 20. In this embodiment the drive spring 11 bears against the drive collar 13 which in turn pushes against the friction collar 20 in sync with the plunger 8. At predetermined times the friction collar 20 is forced to rotate by its engagement in a cam track 12.3 provided in the grounding member 12. For this purpose the friction collar 20 has a cam follower 20.1.

    [0083] As in the gearbox (fig. 1) the drive collar 13 is rotationally fixed and axially free. The friction collar 20 in contrast is axially free and rotationally constrained by friction and by the cam track 12.3. The plunger 8 comprises a hollow distal portion 8.1 fitting onto a shaft of the grounding member 12 and a proximal portion 8.2 with a reduced diameter. The cross sections of both the hollow distal portion 8.1 and the shaft of the grounding member 12 may be designed to prevent rotation of the plunger 8. For instance the plunger 8 may have a cam follower running in a straight section of the cam track 12.3. Rotation of the friction collar 20 is defined by the cam track 12.3. The load on the friction collar 20 is coupled to the rotationally fixed, axially free plunger 8 which applies a force to the stopper 7. The compressive force of the drive spring 11 acting on both mating surfaces of the friction collar 20 towards the drive collar 13 and towards the plunger 8 introduces a friction force opposing rotation. As the friction collar 20 axially translates, it is forced to rotate by any section of the cam track 12.3 that is not parallel with the longitudinal axis of the auto-injector 1. The friction collar 20 will only rotate if the friction force between the mating surfaces of the drive collar 13 and the plunger 8 is overcome. The torque to overcome this friction force is generated by the contact force between the cam follower 20.1 and the cam track 12.3, in which the cam follower 20.1 is engaged. The contact force is generated by the spring force of the drive spring 11. A degree of coupling between the spring force and the contact force is defined by the respective angle of the cam track 12.3. By an appropriate modification to the cam track angle, the amount of spring force required to overcome the friction force can be modified. For instance, increasing the cam angle requires more of the spring force to be reacted through the cam track 12.3, thereby reducing the force applied to the stopper 7.

    [0084] In an alternative embodiment an intermediary component may be provided for first coupling the plunger 8 to the syringe carrier 4 or the syringe 5 directly without acting on the stopper 7 until the needle 6 has reached its injection depth. The plunger 8 would then be decoupled from the syringe 5 or syringe carrier 4 by the intermediary component and instead be coupled to the stopper 7 in order to displace the medicament M from the syringe 5. Thus, wet injection is avoided, i.e. the medicament is not leaking out of the needle tip before the needle is inserted. The intermediary component may be a transfer sleeve or an additional feature at the syringe carrier 4. The transfer sleeve and plunger 8 would be initially coupled and translate together. However, when the syringe carrier 4 nears the end of its travel during needle insertion, the transfer sleeve would decouple from the plunger. From this point forwards, the plunger 8 load would be transferred directly to the stopper 7. This decoupling arrangement may be embodied in any suitable auto-injector arrangement. For example, the transfer sleeve could be clipped to the plunger by some clips. Near the end of travel the clips could find some place to splay or be pushed away from the plunger 8 in order to decouple the plunger 8 from the transfer sleeve.

    List of References



    [0085] 
    1
    auto-injector
    2
    housing
    2.1
    first bulkhead
    2.2
    second bulkhead
    2.3
    recess
    2.4
    spline
    3
    shroud
    3.1
    distal portion
    3.2
    proximal portion
    3.3
    shoulder
    3.4
    flexural element
    3.5
    inward protrusion
    3.6
    recess
    3.7
    distal recess
    3.8
    spline
    3.9
    latch
    4
    syringe carrier
    4.1
    rear flange
    4.2
    snap
    5
    syringe
    5.1
    finger flange
    6
    needle
    7
    stopper
    8
    plunger
    8.1
    distal portion
    8.2
    proximal portion
    9
    protective needle shield
    10
    syringe spring
    11
    drive spring
    12
    grounding member
    12.1
    shoulder
    12.2
    tapering surface
    12.3
    cam track
    13
    drive collar
    13.1
    snap arm
    13.2
    flange
    14
    drive sleeve
    14.1
    tooth
    14.2
    flange
    15
    first screw thread
    16
    second screw thread
    17
    syringe viewing window
    18
    housing cap
    19
    trigger button
    19.1
    resilient extension
    20
    friction collar
    20.1
    cam follower
    D
    distal end, distal direction
    M
    medicament
    P
    proximal end, proximal direction



    Claims

    1. Auto-injector (1) for administering a dose of a liquid medicament (M), the auto-injector (1) having a distal end (P) and a proximal end (D) with an orifice intended to be applied against an injection site and comprising:

    - an elongate housing (2) containing a syringe (5) with a hollow needle (6) and a stopper (7) for sealing the syringe (5) and displacing the medicament (M), wherein the syringe (5) is slidably arranged with respect to the housing (2),

    - a drive means (11) in the shape of a drive spring (11) capable of, upon activation:

    - pushing the needle (6) from a covered position into an advanced position through the orifice and past the proximal end (P), and

    - operating the syringe (5) to supply the dose of medicament (M), and

    - activating means (19) locking the drive means (11) in a compressed state prior to manual operation and capable of, upon manual operation, releasing the drive means (11) for injection,

    - a shroud (3),

    - a protective needle shield (9) attached to the needle (6) in a manner to partially protrude beyond the proximal end of the shroud (3) through the orifice with the needle (6) in its advanced position,

    - a syringe carrier (4) arranged inside the shroud (3) for holding the syringe (5), the syringe carrier (4) slidable with respect to the shroud (3),

    wherein the drive means (11) bears against a drive collar (13) that moves in sync with the syringe (5), the shroud (3) is arranged at least partially inside the housing (2), the shroud (3) slidable in longitudinal direction between at least a retracted position, in which the needle (6) is exposable and an advanced position, in which the needle (6) is covered by the shroud (3), wherein extension of the shroud (3) in proximal direction is prevented by protrusions contacting the drive collar (13), wherein the shroud (3) is locked in the retracted position prior to manual operation of the activation means (19), wherein the syringe carrier (4) comprises at least one resilient snap (4.2) for locking it to the shroud (3) in order to prevent relative axial motion, wherein the snap (4.2) is supported from inside by the protective needle shield (9) when attached to the needle (6) in order to remain engaged with the shroud (3) and wherein the snap (4.2) is inwardly biased to disengage from the shroud (3) without support from inside in a manner to automatically disengage upon removal of the protective needle shield (9) thus allowing the syringe (5) and needle (6) to be retracted into the covered position under load of the syringe spring (10), wherein the syringe spring (10) bears against the shroud (3) and against the syringe carrier (4) and wherein the shroud (3) is unlocked when the drive means (11) has been released and automatically moves towards the advanced position under load of a syringe spring (10) when the auto-injector (1) is removed from the injection site in the course of an injection or after the injection has been completed.
     
    2. Auto-injector (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the shroud (3) is slidable from the retracted position in distal direction (D) into an unlocking position by a small distance against the bias of at least one flexural element (3.4), wherein interlocking means comprising distal recesses (3.7) in the shroud (3) and resilient extensions (19.1) on the trigger button (19) are arranged to allow the activating means (19) to be operated only, when the shroud (3) is in the unlocking position such that the resilient extensions (19.1) meet the distal recesses (3.7) thus allowing the resilient extensions (19.1) to be splayed apart, wherein the interlocking means are arranged to prevent the activating means (19) from being operated otherwise by a distal portion (3.1) of the shroud (3) preventing the resilient extensions (19.1) from splaying out.
     
    3. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 1 or 2, characterized in that at least one resilient latch (3.9) is arranged at the shroud (3) for engaging in a respective recess (2.3) of the housing (2) when the shroud (3) is translated into its advanced position.
     
    4. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 1 to 3, characterized in that a gearbox for converting a first translation of the drive means into a second translation of a plunger is arranged between the drive means (11) and the syringe (5) or the stopper (7), the gearbox comprising a drive collar (13) connectable to the drive means (11) and prevented from rotating with respect to a ground (12) of the drive means (11), a drive sleeve (14) rotatably arranged at least partially inside the drive collar (13), engaged to the drive collar (13) by a first screw thread (15) and prevented from translating, wherein the plunger (8) is arranged at least partially inside the drive sleeve (14), engaged to the drive sleeve (14) by a second screw thread (16) and prevented from rotating.
     
    5. Auto-injector (1) according claim 4, characterized in that a pitch angle of the first screw thread (15) and/or the second screw thread (16) vary/varies over the length of the respective screw thread (15, 16).
     
    6. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 4 or 5, characterized in that the first screw thread (15) and/or the second screw thread (16) comprise a cam track in one of the engaged components (13, 14, 8) and a ball or a follower in the other one of the engaged components (13, 14, 8).
     
    7. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 1 to 6, characterized in that teeth (14.1) are circumferentially arranged on an external surface of the drive sleeve (14), wherein a section of the shroud (3) has internal splines (3.8) for engaging with the teeth (14.1) in order to prevent rotation of the drive sleeve (14) when the shroud (3) is in its advanced position, wherein another section of the shroud (3) proximally adjacent to the splined section is arranged to allow rotation of the drive sleeve (14).
     
    8. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 1 to 3, characterized in that a transmission arrangement for controlling a force of the translation of the drive means is arranged between the drive means (11) and the syringe (5) or the stopper (7), the transmission arrangement comprising a drive collar (13) connectable to the translative drive means (11) and prevented from rotating with respect to a ground (12) of the drive means (11), a flange face of the drive collar (13) bearing against a mating flange face of a friction collar (20), the friction collar (20) slidable in longitudinal direction and rotationally constrained by engagement in a cam track (12.3), another flange face of the friction collar (20) bearing against a mating flange face of a plunger (8), the plunger (8) slidable in longitudinal direction and prevented from rotating.
     
    9. Auto-injector (1) according to claim 8, characterized in that the drive means (11) is a compression spring (11) arranged on a pin of a grounding member (12), wherein the drive collar (13) and the friction collar (20) are arranged in series with the compression spring (11) on the pin, wherein the cam track (12.3) is arranged in the pin and wherein a cam follower (20.1) for engaging in the cam track (12.3) is arranged at the friction collar (20).
     
    10. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 8 or 9, characterized in that a pitch angle of the cam track (12.3) is varied over its length.
     
    11. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 8 to 10, characterized in that the cam track (12.3) comprises at least one straight, longitudinal section.
     
    12. Auto-injector (1) arrangement according to one of the claims 8 to 11, characterized in that the plunger (8) comprises at least a hollow portion (8.1) arranged for fitting onto the pin.
     
    13. Auto-injector (1) according to claim 12, characterized in that the plunger (8) comprises a cam follower for engaging in one of the straight, longitudinal sections of the cam track (12.3).
     
    14. Auto-injector (1) according to one of the claims 4 to 13, characterized in that at least one snap arm (13.1) is distally arranged at the drive collar (13) in a manner to be engageable behind a shoulder (12.1) on the grounding member (12) in order to prevent expansion of the drive means (11), the snap arm (13.1) disengageable from the shoulder (12.1) by being pushed outward by a respective resilient extension (19.1) of a trigger button (19), the resilient extension (19.1) arranged to be flexed outward by pushing the trigger button (19) in proximal direction (P) thereby moving the resilient extension (19.1) along a tapering surface (12.2) of the grounding member (12), wherein the shroud (3) is arranged to prevent at least one of the resilient extensions (19.1) from flexing outwards when in the retracted position and wherein at least one distal recess (3.7) is arranged in the shroud (3) for allowing a respective resilient extension (19.1) to be flexed outwards when the shroud (3) is in its unlocking position.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Autoinjektor (1) zur Verabreichung einer Dosis eines flüssigen Medikaments (M), wobei der Autoinjektor (1) ein distales Ende (P) und ein proximales Ende (D) mit einer an einer Injektionsstelle anzulegenden Öffnung hat, aufweisend:

    - ein längserstrecktes Gehäuse (2), das eine Spritze (5) mit einer hohlen Nadel (6) und einem Stopfen (7) zum Abdichten der Spritze (5) und Verdrängen des Medikaments (M) enthält, wobei die Spritze (5) bezüglich des Gehäuses (2) verschiebbar angeordnet ist,

    - ein Antriebsmittel (11) in der Form einer Antriebsfeder (11), die in der Lage ist, bei Aktivierung:

    - die Nadel (6) aus einer abgedeckten Position durch die Öffnung und an dem proximalen Ende (P) vorbei in eine vorgeschobene Position zu schieben und

    - die Spritze (5) zu betätigen, um die Dosis Medikament (M) zuzuführen, und

    - ein Aktivierungsmittel (19), das das Antriebsmittel (11) in einem komprimierten Zustand vor manueller Betätigung verriegelt und in der Lage ist, das Antriebsmittel (11) bei manueller Betätigung für die Injektion freizugeben,

    - eine Hülle (3),

    - einen Nadelschutz (9), der so an der Nadel (6) angebracht ist, dass er teilweise über das proximale Ende der Hülle (3) hinaus durch die Öffnung vorragt, wenn die Nadel (6) in ihrer vorgeschobenen Position ist,

    - einen in der Hülle (3) angeordneten Spritzenträger (4) zum Halten der Spritze (5), wobei der Spritzenträger (4) bezüglich der Hülle (3) verschiebbar ist,

    wobei
    das Antriebsmittel (11) an einem Antriebsbund (13) anliegt, der sich synchron mit der Spritze (5) bewegt, die Hülle (3) zumindest teilweise in dem Gehäuse (2) angeordnet ist, wobei die Hülle (3) in Längsrichtung zwischen zumindest einer zurückgezogenen Position, in der die Nadel (6) freilegbar ist, und einer vorgeschobenen Position, in der die Nadel (6) von der Hülle (3) abgedeckt ist, verschiebbar ist, wobei Ausziehen der Hülle (3) in proximale Richtung durch den Antriebsbund (13) kontaktierende Vorsprünge verhindert wird, wobei die Hülle (3) vor der manuellen Betätigung des Aktivierungsmittels (19) in der zurückgezogenen Position verriegelt ist, wobei der Spritzenträger (4) zumindest einen federnden Schnapper (4.2) aufweist, um ihn an der Hülle (3) zu verriegeln, um eine axiale Relativbewegung zu verhindern, wobei der Schnapper (4.2) von innen durch den Nadelschutz (9) gestützt wird, wenn dieser an der Nadel (6) angebracht ist, um mit der Hülle (3) in Eingriff zu bleiben, und wobei der Schnapper (4.2) nach innen vorgespannt ist, so dass er ohne Stützung von innen so aus der Hülle (3) ausrückt, dass er beim Entfernen des Nadelschutzes (9) automatisch ausrückt, so dass gestattet wird, dass die Spritze (5) und die Nadel (6) unter der Belastung der Spritzenfeder (10) in die abgedeckte Position zurückgezogen werden, wobei die Spritzenfeder (10) an der Hülle (3) und an dem Spritzenträger (4) anliegt und wobei die Hülle (3) entriegelt wird, wenn das Antriebsmittel (11) freigegeben worden ist, und sich unter der Belastung einer Spritzenfeder (10) automatisch zu der vorgeschobenen Position hin bewegt, wenn der Autoinjektor (1) im Verlauf einer Injektion oder nach dem Abschluss der Injektion von der Injektionsstelle entfernt wird.
     
    2. Autoinjektor (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Hülle (3) über eine kurze Strecke gegen die Vorspannung von zumindest einem Biegeelement (3.4) aus der zurückgezogenen Position in distale Richtung (D) in eine Entriegelungsposition verschiebbar ist, wobei Sperrmittel, die distale Aussparungen (3.7) in der Hülle (3) und federnde Verlängerungen (19.1) an dem Auslöseknopf (19) aufweisen, angeordnet sind, um eine Betätigung des Aktivierungsmittels (19) nur dann zu gestatten, wenn die Hülle (3) in der Entriegelungsposition ist, so dass die federnden Verlängerungen (19.1) die distalen Aussparungen (3.7) kontaktieren, wodurch die federnden Verlängerungen (19.1) auseinandergespreizt werden, wobei die Sperrmittel so angeordnet sind, dass sie verhindern, dass das Aktivierungsmittel (19) auf andere Art durch einen distalen, das Ausspreizen der federnden Verlängerungen (19.1) verhindernden Abschnitt (3.1) der Hülle (3) betätigt wird.
     
    3. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zumindest ein federnder Riegel (3.9) an der Hülle (3) angeordnet ist, um in einer jeweiligen Aussparung (2.3) des Gehäuses (2) in Eingriff zu gelangen, wenn die Hülle (3) in ihre vorgeschobene Position translatiert wird.
     
    4. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Getriebe zum Konvertieren einer ersten Translation des Antriebsmittels in eine zweite Translation eines Kolbens zwischen dem Antriebsmittel (11) und der Spritze (5) oder dem Stopfen (7) angeordnet ist, wobei das Getriebe einen Antriebsbund (13), der mit dem Antriebsmittel (11) verbindbar ist und an einer Drehung bezüglich eines Grunds (12) des Antriebsmittels (11) gehindert wird, eine Antriebshülse (14) aufweist, die zumindest teilweise in dem Antriebsbund (13) drehbar angeordnet ist, über ein erstes Schraubengewinde (15) mit dem Antriebsbund (13) in Eingriff steht und an einer Translation gehindert wird, wobei der Kolben (8) zumindest teilweise in der Antriebshülse (14) angeordnet ist, über ein zweites Schraubengewinde (16) mit der Antriebshülse (14) in Eingriff steht und an einer Drehung gehindert wird.
     
    5. Autoinjektor (1) nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Steigungswinkel des ersten Schraubengewindes (15) und/oder des zweiten Schraubengewindes (16) über die Länge des jeweiligen Schraubengewindes (15, 16) hinweg variiert.
     
    6. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 4 oder 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Schraubengewinde (15) und/oder das zweite Schraubengewinde (16) eine Nockenbahn in einer der in Eingriff stehenden Komponenten (13, 14, 8) und eine Kugel oder einen Stößel in der anderen der in Eingriff stehenden Komponenten (13, 14, 8) aufweisen.
     
    7. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Zähne (14.1) umfangsmäßig an einer Außenfläche der Antriebshülse (14) angeordnet sind, wobei ein Abschnitt der Hülle (3) innere Keilnuten (3.8) hat, um mit den Zähnen (14.1) in Eingriff zu gelangen, um eine Drehung der Antriebshülse (14) zu verhindern, wenn die Hülle (3) in ihrer vorgeschobenen Position ist, wobei ein anderer Abschnitt der Hülle (3), der dem Keilnutabschnitt proximal benachbart ist, so angeordnet ist, dass er eine Drehung der Antriebshülse (14) gestattet.
     
    8. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Kraftübertragungsanordnung zur Steuerung einer Kraft der Translation des Antriebsmittels zwischen dem Antriebsmittel (11) und der Spritze (5) oder dem Stopfen (7) angeordnet ist, wobei die Kraftübertragungsanordnung einen Antriebsbund (13) aufweist, der mit dem translativen Antriebsmittel (11) verbindbar ist und an einer Drehung bezüglich eines Grunds (12) des Antriebsmittels (11) gehindert wird, wobei eine Flanschfläche des Antriebsbunds (13) an einer entsprechenden Flanschfläche eines Reibbunds (20) anliegt, wobei der Reibbund (20) in Längsrichtung verschiebbar und durch Eingriff in einer Nockenbahn (12.3) gegen Drehung gesichert festgehalten ist, wobei eine weitere Flanschfläche des Reibbunds (20) an einer entsprechenden Flanschfläche eines Kolbens (8) anliegt, wobei der Kolben (8) in Längsrichtung verschiebbar ist und an einer Drehung gehindert wird.
     
    9. Autoinjektor (1) nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Antriebsmittel (11) eine Druckfeder (11) ist, die an einem Stift eines Grundglieds (12) angeordnet ist, wobei der Antriebsbund (13) und der Reibbund (20) in Reihe mit der Druckfeder (11) an dem Stift angeordnet sind, wobei die Nockenbahn (12.3) in dem Stift angeordnet ist und wobei ein Nockenstößel (20.1) zum Eingriff in der Nockenbahn (12.3) an dem Reibbund (20) angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 8 oder 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Steigungswinkel der Nockenbahn (12.3) über ihre Länge hinweg variiert.
     
    11. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Nockenbahn (12.3) zumindest einen geraden Längsabschnitt aufweist.
     
    12. Autoinjektor (1) Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kolben (8) zumindest einen hohlen Abschnitt (8.1) aufweist, der so angeordnet ist, dass er auf den Stift passt.
     
    13. Autoinjektor (1) nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kolben (8) einen Nockenstößel zum Eingriff in einem der geraden Längsabschnitte der Nockenbahn (12.3) aufweist.
     
    14. Autoinjektor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zumindest ein Schnapparm (13.1) distal so an dem Antriebsbund (13) angeordnet ist, dass er hinter einer Schulter (12.1) an dem Grundglied (12) in Eingriff nehmbar ist, um eine Expansion des Antriebsmittels (11) zu verhindern, wobei der Schnapparm (13.1) außer Eingriff mit der Schulter (12.1) bringbar ist, indem er durch eine jeweilige federnde Verlängerung (19.1) eines Auslöserknopfs (19) nach außen geschoben wird, wobei die federnde Verlängerung (19.1) dazu angeordnet ist, nach außen gebogen zu werden, indem der Auslöserknopf (19) in die proximale Richtung (P) geschoben wird, wodurch die federnde Verlängerung (19.1) entlang einer sich verjüngenden Fläche (12.2) des Grundglieds (12) bewegt wird, wobei die Hülle (3) dazu angeordnet ist, zu verhindern, dass sich zumindest eine der federnden Verlängerungen (19.1) nach außen biegt, wenn sie in der zurückgezogenen Position ist, und wobei zumindest eine distale Aussparung (3.7) in der Hülle (3) angeordnet ist, um zu gestatten, dass eine jeweilige federnde Verlängerung (19.1) nach außen gebogen wird, wenn die Hülle (3) in ihrer Entriegelungsposition ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Auto-injecteur (1) pour administrer une dose d'un médicament liquide (M), l'auto-injecteur (1) ayant une extrémité distale (P) et une extrémité proximale (D) avec un orifice destiné à être appliqué contre un site d'injection et comprenant :

    - un boîtier allongé (2) contenant une seringue (5) avec une aiguille creuse (6) et un bouchon (7) pour sceller la seringue (5) et déplacer le médicament (M), la seringue (5) étant disposée de manière à pouvoir coulisser par rapport au boîtier (2),

    - un moyen d'entraînement (11) ayant la forme d'un ressort d'entraînement (11) qui, lors de son activation, est capable :

    - de pousser l'aiguille (6) depuis une position couverte jusqu'à une position avancée à travers l'orifice et au-delà de l'extrémité proximale (P), et

    - de faire fonctionner la seringue (5) pour fournir la dose de médicament (M), et

    - un moyen d'activation (19) verrouillant le moyen d'entraînement (11) dans un état comprimé avant l'actionnement manuel et qui, lors de son actionnement manuel, est capable de libérer le moyen d'entraînement (11) en vue de l'injection,

    - une protection (3),

    - un capuchon d'aiguille de protection (9) attaché à l'aiguille (6) de manière à faire saillie en partie au-delà de l'extrémité proximale de la protection (3) à travers l'orifice, l'aiguille (6) étant dans sa position avancée,

    - un porte-seringue (4) disposé à l'intérieur de la protection (3) pour retenir la seringue (5), le porte-seringue (4) pouvant coulisser par rapport à la protection (3),

    le moyen d'entraînement (11) pressant contre un collier d'entraînement (13) qui se déplace de manière synchronisée avec la seringue (5), la protection (3) étant disposée au moins en partie à l'intérieur du boîtier (2), la protection (3) pouvant coulisser dans la direction longitudinale entre au moins une position rentrée dans laquelle l'aiguille (6) peut être exposée et une position avancée dans laquelle l'aiguille (6) est couverte par la protection (3), l'extension de la protection (3) dans la direction proximale étant empêchée par des saillies venant en contact avec le collier d'entraînement (13), la protection (3) étant verrouillée dans la position rentrée avant l'actionnement manuel du moyen d'activation (19), le porte-seringue (4) comprenant au moins un encliquetage élastique (4.2) pour le verrouiller à la protection (3) afin d'empêcher un mouvement axial relatif, l'encliquetage (4.2) étant supporté depuis l'intérieur par le capuchon d'aiguille de protection (9) lorsqu'il est attaché à l'aiguille (6) afin de rester en prise avec la protection (3) et l'encliquetage (4.2) étant sollicité vers l'intérieur pour se désengager de la protection (3) sans support depuis l'intérieur de manière à se désengager automatiquement lors du retrait du capuchon d'aiguille de protection (9) pour ainsi permettre à la seringue (5) et à l'aiguille (6) d'être rentrées dans la position couverte sous l'effet de la charge du ressort de seringue (10), le ressort de seringue (10) pressant contre la protection (3) et contre le porte-seringue (4) et la protection (3) étant déverrouillée lorsque le moyen d'entraînement (11) a été libéré et se déplaçant automatiquement vers la position avancée sous l'effet de la charge d'un ressort de seringue (10) lorsque l'auto-injecteur (1) est retiré du site d'injection au cours d'une injection ou après que l'injection a été effectuée.
     
    2. Auto-injecteur (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la protection (3) peut coulisser depuis la position rentrée dans la direction distale (D) jusqu'à une position de déverrouillage sur une petite distance à l'encontre de la sollicitation d'au moins un élément de flexion (3.4), des moyens d'emboîtement, comprenant des renfoncements distaux (3.7) dans la protection (3) et des extensions élastiques (19.1) sur le bouton de déclenchement (19), étant prévus pour permettre l'actionnement du moyen d'activation (19) uniquement lorsque la protection (3) est dans la position de déverrouillage de telle sorte que les extensions élastiques (19.1) viennent en contact avec les renfoncements distaux (3.7) pour ainsi permettre aux extensions élastiques (19.1) d'être écartées, les moyens d'emboîtement étant prévus pour empêcher l'actionnement du moyen d'activation (19) d'une autre manière par une portion distale (3.1) de la protection (3) empêchant l'écartement des extensions élastiques (19.1).
     
    3. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 1 et 2, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins un verrou élastique (3.9) est prévu au niveau de la protection (3) pour s'engager dans un renfoncement respectif (2.3) du boîtier (2) lorsque la protection (3) est déplacée en translation dans sa position avancée.
     
    4. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce qu'une boîte de vitesses pour convertir une première translation du moyen d'entraînement en une deuxième translation d'un plongeur est disposée entre le moyen d'entraînement (11) et la seringue (5) ou le bouchon (7), la boîte de vitesses comprenant un collier d'entraînement (13) pouvant être connecté au moyen d'entraînement (11) et ne pouvant pas tourner par rapport à une base (12) du moyen d'entraînement (11), un manchon d'entraînement (14) disposé de manière à pouvoir tourner au moins en partie à l'intérieur du collier d'entraînement (13), en prise avec le collier d'entraînement (13) par le biais d'un premier filetage de vis (15) et ne pouvant pas se déplacer en translation, le plongeur (8) étant disposé au moins en partie à l'intérieur du manchon d'entraînement (14), étant en prise avec le manchon d'entraînement (14) par un deuxième filetage de vis (16) et ne pouvant pas tourner.
     
    5. Auto-injecteur (1) selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce qu'un angle de pas du premier filetage de vis (15) et/ou du deuxième filetage de vis (16) varie sur la longueur du filetage de vis respectif (15, 16).
     
    6. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 4 et 5, caractérisé en ce que le premier filetage de vis (15) et/ou le deuxième filetage de vis (16) comprennent une piste de came dans l'un des composants en prise (13, 14, 8) et une bille ou un suiveur dans l'autre des composants en prise (13, 14, 8).
     
    7. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que des dents (14.1) sont disposées sur la circonférence sur une surface externe du manchon d'entraînement (14), une section de la protection (3) présentant des cannelures internes (3.8) destinées à venir en prise avec les dents (14.1) afin d'empêcher la rotation du manchon d'entraînement (14) lorsque la protection (3) est dans sa position avancée, une autre section de la protection (3) adjacente en position proximale à la section cannelée étant prévue pour permettre la rotation du manchon d'entraînement (14).
     
    8. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce qu'un agencement de transmission pour contrôler une force de la translation du moyen d'entraînement est disposé entre le moyen d'entraînement (11) et la seringue (5) ou le bouchon (7), l'agencement de transmission comprenant un collier d'entraînement (13) pouvant être connecté au moyen d'entraînement en translation (11) et ne pouvant pas tourner par rapport à une base (12) du moyen d'entraînement (11), une face de bride du collier d'entraînement (13) pressant contre une face de bride correspondante d'un collier de friction (20), le collier de friction (20) pouvant coulisser dans la direction longitudinale et étant retenu en rotation par engagement dans une piste de came (12.3), une autre face de bride du collier de friction (20) pressant contre une face de bride correspondante d'un plongeur (8), le plongeur (8) pouvant coulisser dans la direction longitudinale et ne pouvant pas tourner.
     
    9. Auto-injecteur (1) selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que le moyen d'entraînement (11) est un ressort de compression (11) disposé sur une broche d'un organe formant base (12), le collier d'entraînement (13) et le collier de friction (20) étant disposés en série avec le ressort de compression (11) sur la broche, la piste de came (12.3) étant disposée dans la broche et un suiveur de came (20.1) destiné à venir en prise dans la piste de came (12.3) étant disposé au niveau du collier de friction (20).
     
    10. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 8 et 9, caractérisé en ce qu'un angle de pas de la piste de came (12.3) varie sur sa longueur.
     
    11. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 8 à 10, caractérisé en ce que la piste de came (12.3) comprend au moins une section longitudinale droite.
     
    12. Auto-injecteur (1) agencement selon l'une des revendications 8 à 11, caractérisé en ce que le plongeur (8) comprend au moins une portion creuse (8.1) prévue pour s'ajuster sur la broche.
     
    13. Auto-injecteur (1) selon la revendication 12, caractérisé en ce que le plongeur (8) comprend un suiveur de came destiné à venir en prise dans l'une des sections longitudinales droites de la piste de came (12.3).
     
    14. Auto-injecteur (1) selon l'une des revendications 4 à 13, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins un bras d'encliquetage (13.1) est disposé distalement au niveau du collier d'entraînement (13) de manière à pouvoir être mis en prise derrière un épaulement (12.1) sur l'organe formant base (12) afin d'empêcher l'expansion du moyen d'entraînement (11), le bras d'encliquetage (13.1) pouvant être désengagé de l'épaulement (12.1) en étant poussé vers l'extérieur par une extension élastique respective (19.1) d'un bouton de déclenchement (19), l'extension élastique (19.1) étant prévue pour être fléchie vers l'extérieur en poussant le bouton de déclenchement (19) dans la direction proximale (P) pour ainsi déplacer l'extension élastique (19.1) le long d'une surface se rétrécissant (12.2) de l'organe formant base (12), la protection (3) étant prévue pour empêcher qu'au moins l'une des extensions élastiques (19.1) ne fléchisse vers l'extérieur lorsqu'elle est dans la position rentrée et au moins un renfoncement distal (3.7) étant disposé dans la protection (3) pour permettre à une extension élastique respective (19.1) d'être fléchie vers l'extérieur lorsque la protection (3) est dans sa position de déverrouillage.
     




    Drawing






























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description