(19)
(11)EP 2 547 907 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/47

(21)Application number: 11710626.0

(22)Date of filing:  16.03.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04B 9/135  (2006.01)
F04B 7/00  (2006.01)
F04B 53/10  (2006.01)
F04B 39/08  (2006.01)
F04B 43/073  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2011/028623
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/116061 (22.09.2011 Gazette  2011/38)

(54)

OVER-CENTER LINKAGE

EXZENTERVERBINDUNG

TRINGLERIE DÉCENTRÉE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.03.2010 GB 201004604

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.01.2013 Bulletin 2013/04

(73)Proprietor: Finishing Brands Holdings Inc.
Minneapolis, MN 55413 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • ROGERS, John Anthony
    Bournemouth BH11 9RG (GB)

(74)Representative: Liesegang, Eva 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 780 574
US-A- 326 545
DE-A1-102006 015 675
US-A- 5 664 940
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to diaphragm pumps and in particular to compressed air driven double diaphragm pumps according to the first part of claim 1 as disclosed in US 5 664 940 A.

    [0002] Compressed air driven double diaphragm pumps are known. Such pumps are commonly used in paint spraying applications. Typically these pumps comprise twin air regulators which independently control the pump and spray gun pressures, plus an outlet fluid filter/bypass pressure dump assembly along with a filtered inlet for providing clean and filtered fluid to the spray gun. The contents of the fluid material container can be constantly replenished whilst the pump is in operation, enabling all of the spray material to be used without waste thereby minimising down time and facilitating quick and simple colour change operations.

    [0003] The construction of a typical prior art valve is illustrated and further described in Figure 1 below.

    [0004] In this prior art design, changeover of the pump is achieved through poppet valves which are alternately operated by a washer located on the inside of twin diaphragms. When operated, a poppet valve is configured to effect a change in position of a control valve to reverse the direction of the pump by pressurising and exhausting the inner diaphragm chambers alternately.

    [0005] The prior art design is for the most part effective; however the inventors have identified some areas for improvement. For example, variations in manufacturing tolerances can result in the seals applying excessive friction to the valve which can cause unwanted positioning mid stroke, stopping the pump from operating. In this situation it becomes necessary to reset the pump. Resetting requires manual intervention and a consequent down time of the pump.

    [0006] The present invention provides a novel and alternative mechanism for effecting changeover of the pump. The proposed mechanism provides an effective and more reliable pump without compromise on manufacturing and running costs.

    [0007] In accordance with the present invention there is provided a compressed air driven double diaphragm pump including a twin pair of diaphragm chambers and a changeover mechanism configured alternately to pressurise and exhaust the two diaphragm chambers, the changeover mechanism comprising a shaft slidably mounted through aligned apertures in opposing surfaces of the twin diaphragm chambers, means for driving the shaft to move axially in forward and reverse directions, a valve comprising a fixed valve plate having a plurality of ports in fluid communication with the twin diaphragm chambers and a valve closure component slidably mounted with respect to the fixed valve plate for selectively closing one or more of the ports, an arm pivotably mounted with respect to the valve and engaging with the shaft, the fixed valve plate hingedly linking with the arm and resilient biasing means associated with the hinged link for biasing the position of the valve closure component to off centre of the valve plate, wherein the arm comprises a substantially U shaped frame pivotally fixed on two opposing surfaces of the valve plate and slots provided in parallel extensions of the frame, a hinge received in the slots and connecting with a pair of linear tension springs which in turn are secured to the frame adjacent its pivot point.

    [0008] In use the shaft is driven to move axially. As the shaft moves, it carries the arm causing it to pivot about the pivot point adjacent the valve thereby pushing the valve closure component along the valve plate. The resilient biasing means ensure continuing close contact between the valve plate and valve closure component. As the valve closure component travels across the valve plate it opens ports communicating with one of the twin diaphragms and closes ports communicating with the other diaphragm. Reverse movement of the shaft brings about the opposite. The mechanism thus switches pressurisation and exhaustion between the diaphragms changing direction of the pump.

    [0009] An advantage of the present invention is that it permits an easily retrofittable module to be provided which can be installed or removed form the pump for maintenance or repair without the need for disassembly of any major components of the pump. In accordance with an aspect of the invention such a module is provided independently of the pump.

    [0010] The prior art arrangement and an embodiment of the invention are now described.

    Figure 1 shows a double diaphragm pump using poppet valves as is known from the prior art and described briefly above;

    Figure 2 shows a section through one embodiment of the present invention with the valve in a first position;

    Figure 3 shows a section through the embodiment of with the valve in a second position;

    Figure 4 shows an alternative section view of the embodiment of Figures 2 and 3;

    Figure 5 shows change over mechanism of the embodiment of Figures 2 to 4 in closer detail.



    [0011] As can be seen from Figure 1, a prior art pump includes a pair of poppet valves (1), each directionally controlling pressurisation and exhaustion of one of a twin pair of diaphragms (2). The diaphragms are linked by a slidably mounted shaft (3) configured to move axially in a forward and reverse direction as the diaphragms (2) inflate and deflate. A washer (4) located in between the diaphragms (2) alternately operates the poppet valves (1).

    [0012] When operated each poppet valve (1) provides a pneumatic signal to the outside of a piston (5). This causes the control valve (6) to change position and reverse the direction of the pump by pressurising and exhausting the inner diaphragm chamber (7) with which the poppet valve (1) is associated. As the poppet valves (1) are alternately operated, the diaphragm chambers (7) are alternately pressurised and exhausted.

    [0013] The signal produced by the poppet valves (1) are only present while being depressed, the air operating the piston (5) is exhausted by the clearance between the end cap (8) and pin (9) once the poppet valve (1) is closed.

    [0014] As discussed above, variation in tolerances can cause the seals (10) to apply excessive friction to the control valve (6), which can cause the control valve (6) to be positioned mid stroke and cause the pump to stop. This can be reset by manual intervention using the pin (9).

    [0015] Figure 2 shows a first view of an embodiment of a pump in accordance with the invention. The Figure shows only the detail of the novel changeover mechanism of the pump. Other features of the pump are as known from the prior art.

    [0016] The novel mechanism comprises a shaft (21) slidably mounted through aligned apertures (22) in opposing surfaces of the twin diaphragm chambers (23). At the centre of the shaft (21) between the two diaphragm chambers (23) is provided an annular notch (24) in to which is located an arm (25) extending from a U shaped frame (26). The U shaped frame (26) is pivotally mounted atop a valve plate (27) by means of a pivot (see Figure 5 reference (34)) which includes multiple ports (28). Positioned against a surface of the valve plate (27) is a valve closure component (29) which is configured to slide across the surface selectively obstructing the multiple ports (28).

    [0017] The valve closure component (29) is held in place by a wire pusher or similar wire form fastener (30) hingedly mounted in slots (31) provided in parallel extension of the U shaped frame (26). Linear tension springs (32) connect the hinged peg (30) with U shaped frame (26) adjacent the pivot point. The springs (32) bias the position of the valve closure component (29) against the valve plate (27) in an off centre position.

    [0018] Figure 3 shows the embodiment of Figure 2 after switching of the pump has occurred. As can be seen shaft (21) has travelled axially in a direction from the left toward the right diaphragm chamber (23). Movement of the shaft (21) cause the notch (24) to drag the arm (25) causing rotation of the U shaped frame (26) about the pivot and consequentially sliding of the valve closure component (29) across the valve plate (27) opening ports (28) to the left of the figure and closing ports (28) to the right of the Figure. This results in exhaustion of the chamber (23) to the right of the Figure and pressurisation of the chamber (23) to the left of the Figure.

    [0019] Figure 4 shows the embodiment of Figures 2 and 3 better illustrating the valve closure member (29), wire pusher (30), U shaped frame (26) and springs (32).

    [0020] Figure 5 provides a closer view of the components detailed in Figure 4 from another perspective. As can be seen the wire pusher (30) locates securely in a slot (33) provided in the rear of the valve closure component (29) thereby to retain the component against the valve plate (27).


    Claims

    1. A compressed air driven double diaphragm pump including a twin pair of diaphragm chambers and a changeover mechanism configured alternately to pressurise and exhaust the two diaphragm chambers (23), the changeover mechanism comprising a shaft (21) slidably mounted through aligned apertures (22) in opposing surfaces of the twin diaphragm chambers (23), means for driving the shaft (21) to move axially in forward and reverse directions, a valve comprising a fixed valve plate (27) having a plurality of ports (28) in fluid communication with the twin diaphragm chambers (23) and a valve closure component (29) slidably mounted with respect to the fixed valve plate (27) for selectively closing one or more of the ports (28), an arm (25), pivotably mounted with respect to the valve and engaging with the shaft (21), the fixed valve plate (27) hingedly linking with the arm (25) and resilient biasing means (32) associated with the hinged link for biasing the position of the valve closure component (29) to off centre of the valve plate (27), wherein
    the arm (25) comprises a substantially U shaped frame (26) pivotally mounted in relation to two opposing surfaces of the fixed valve plate (27) and characterized in that
    slots (31) are provided in parallel extensions of the frame (26), a hinge wire pusher or fastener (30) is received in the slots (31) and connects with a pair of linear tension springs (32) which in turn are secured to the frame (26) adjacent its pivot point (34), the wire pusher or fastener (30) holding the valve closure component (29) against the fixed valve plate (27).
     
    2. The compressed air driven double diaphragm pump as claimed in claim 1 characterized in that the U-shaped frame (26) is mounted on the two opposing surfaces.
     
    3. The compressed air driven double diaphragm pump as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the changeover mechanism is configured as a self contained and retrofittable module.
     
    4. The compressed air driven double diaphragm pump as claimed in one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the springs (32) bias the position of the valve closure component (29) against the valve plate (27) in an off centre position.
     
    5. The compressed air driven double diaphragm pump as claimed in one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at the centre of the shaft (21) between the two diaphragm chambers (23) is provided an annular notch (24) into which is located the arm (25) extending from the U shaped frame (26).
     
    6. A method of operating a compressed air driven double diaphragm pump as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein
    the valve closure component (29) is held in place by the wire pusher or fastener (30) hingedly mounted in the slots (31) provided in the parallel extension of the U shaped frame (26), and the linear tension springs (32) bias the position of the valve closure component (29) against the valve plate (27) in an off centre position; and
    after switching of the pump, the shaft (21) travels axially in a direction from one diaphragm chamber (23) toward the other diaphragm chamber (23) and movement of the shaft (21) causes the annular notch (24) to drag the arm (25) causing rotation of the U shaped frame (26) about the pivot and consequentially sliding of the valve closure component (29) across the valve plate (27) opening ports (28) in one direction and closing ports (28) in the other direction which results in exhaustion of the chamber (23) in the one direction and pressurization of the chamber (23) in the other direction.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Druckluftbetriebene Doppelmembranpumpe, enthaltend ein Zwillingspaar von Membrankammern und einen Umschaltmechanismus, der dafür ausgelegt ist, die zwei Membrankammern (23) alternierend mit Druck zu beaufschlagen und zu entleeren, wobei der Umschaltmechanismus umfasst: eine Welle (21), die durch aufeinander ausgerichtete Öffnungen (22) in gegenüberliegenden Flächen der Zwillingsmembrankammern (23) gleitbar montiert ist, Mittel zum Antreiben der Welle (21), um diese axial in Vorwärts- und Rückwärtsrichtung zu bewegen, ein Ventil, umfassend eine feststehende Ventilplatte (27) mit mehreren Anschlüssen (28) in Fluidverbindung mit den Zwillingsmembrankammern (23) und ein in Bezug auf die feststehende Ventilplatte (27) gleitbar montiertes Ventilschließbauteil (29) zum selektiven Schließen von einem oder mehreren der Anschlüsse (28), einen Arm (25), der in Bezug auf das Ventil schwenkbar montiert ist und in Eingriff mit der Welle (21) ist, wobei die feststehende Ventilplatte (27) mit dem Arm (25) und elastischen Vorspannmitteln (32) gelenkig verbunden ist, die der Gelenkverbindung zugeordnet sind, um die Position des Ventilschließbauteils (29) zu einem außermittigen Bereich der Ventilplatte (27) vorzuspannen, wobei der Arm (25) einen im Wesentlichen V-förmigen Rahmen (26) umfasst, der in Bezug auf zwei gegenüberliegende Oberflächen der feststehenden Ventilplatte (27) schwenkbar montiert ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Schlitze (31) in parallelen Verlängerungen des Rahmens (26) vorgesehen sind und eine Gelenkdrahtschiebe- oder -befestigungsvorrichtung (30) in den Schlitzen (31) aufgenommen ist und mit einem Paar von linearen Zugfedern (32) verbunden ist, die ihrerseits benachbart zu ihrem Drehpunkt (34) am Rahmen (26) befestigt sind, wobei die Drahtschiebe- oder -befestigungsvorrichtung (30) das Ventilschließbauteil (29) an der feststehenden Ventilplatte (27) hält.
     
    2. Druckluftbetriebene Doppelmembranpumpe nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der U-förmige Rahmen (26) an den zwei gegenüberliegenden Oberflächen montiert ist.
     
    3. Druclduftbetriebene Doppelmembranpumpe nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Umschaltmechanismus als ein in sich geschlossenes und nachrüstbares Modul ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Druclduftbetriebene Doppelmembranpumpe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Federn (32) die Position des Ventilschließbauteils (29) in einer außermittigen Position gegen die Ventilplatte (27) vorspannen.
     
    5. Druckluftbetriebene Doppelmembranpumpe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in der Mitte der Welle (21) zwischen den zwei Membrankammern (23) eine ringförmige Nut (24) vorgesehen ist, in welcher der Arm (25), der sich ausgehend von dem U-förmigen Rahmen (26) erstreckt, untergebracht ist.
     
    6. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer druckluftbetriebenen Doppelmembranpumpe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei
    das Ventilschließbauteil (29) durch die Drahtschiebe- oder -befestigungsvorrichtung (30), die gelenkig in den Schlitzen (31) montiert ist, die in den parallelen Verlängerungen des U-förmigen Rahmens (26) vorgesehen sind, an ihrem Platz gehalten wird, und wobei die linearen Zugfedern (32) die Position des Ventilschließbauteils (29) in einer außermittigen Position gegen die Ventilplatte (27) vorspannen; und
    wobei sich nach dem Schalten der Pumpe die Welle (21) axial in einer Richtung von einer Membrankammer (23) zur anderen Membrankammer (23) hin bewegt und die Bewegung der Welle (21) bewirkt, dass die ringförmige Nut (24) den Arm (25) zieht, was eine Drehung des U-förmigen Rahmens (26) um den Drehpunkt und in der Folge ein Gleiten des Ventilschließbauteils (29) über die Ventilplatte (27) bewirkt, wobei die Anschlüsse (28) in einer Richtung geöffnet werden und die Anschlüsse (28) in der anderen Richtung geschlossen werden, was zu einer Entleerung der Kammer (23) in der einen Richtung und zu einer Druckbeaufschlagung der Kammer (23) in der anderen Richtung führt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pompe à double membrane entraînée par air comprimé comprenant une paire jumelée de chambres de membrane et un mécanisme de changement configuré, de manière alternée, pour mettre sous pression et évacuer les deux chambres de membrane (23), le mécanisme de changement comprenant un arbre (21), monté, de manière coulissante, dans des ouvertures alignées (22) dans des surfaces opposées des chambres de membrane jumelles (23), des moyens pour entraîner l'arbre (21) à se déplacer axialement dans les directions avant et arrière, une valve comprenant une plaque de valve fixe (27) ayant une pluralité d'orifices (28) en communication de fluide avec les chambres de membrane jumelles (23) et un composant de fermeture de valve (29) monté, de manière coulissante par rapport à la plaque de valve fixe (27) pour fermer sélectivement un ou plusieurs des orifices (28), un bras (25) monté, de manière pivotante, par rapport à la valve et se mettant en prise avec l'arbre (21), la plaque de valve fixe (27) reliant, par charnière, le bras (25) et des moyens de sollicitation résilients (32) associés avec la liaison articulée pour solliciter la position du composant de fermeture de valve (29) pour le décentrage de la plaque de valve (27), dans laquelle :
    le bras (25) comprend un bâti sensiblement en forme de U (26) monté, de manière pivotante, par rapport aux deux surfaces opposées de la plaque de valve fixe (27) et caractérisée en ce que :
    des fentes (31) sont prévues dans des extensions parallèles du bâti (26), un poussoir ou fixation de fil de charnière (30) est reçu(e) dans les fentes (31) et se raccorde avec une paire de ressorts de tension linéaires (32) qui sont fixés à leur tour, au bâti (26) de manière adjacente à son point de pivot (34), le poussoir ou fixation de fil (30) maintenant le composant de fermeture de valve (29) contre la plaque de valve fixe (27).
     
    2. Pompe à double membrane entraînée par air comprimé selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le bâti en forme de U (26) est monté sur deux surfaces opposées.
     
    3. Pompe à double membrane entraînée par air comprimé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisée en ce que le mécanisme de changement est configuré come un module autonome et adaptable aux systèmes existants.
     
    4. Pompe à double membrane entraînée par air comprimé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que les ressorts (32) sollicitent la position du composant de fermeture de valve (29) contre la plaque de valve (27) dans une position de décentrage.
     
    5. Pompe à double membrane entraînée par air comprimé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'au niveau du centre de l'arbre (21) entre les deux chambres de membrane (23), on prévoit une encoche annulaire (24) dans laquelle est positionné le bras (25) s'étendant à partir du bâti en forme de U (26).
     
    6. Procédé pour actionner une pompe à double membrane entraînée par air comprimé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel :

    le composant de fermeture de valve (29) est maintenu en place par le poussoir ou fixation de fil (30) monté (e), par charnière, dans les fentes (31) prévues dans l'extension parallèle du bâti en forme de U (26), et les ressorts de tension linéaires (32) sollicitent la position du composant de fermeture de valve (29) contre la plaque de valve (27) dans une position de décentrage ; et

    après la commutation de la pompe, l'arbre (21) se déplace axialement dans une direction allant d'une chambre de membrane (29) vers l'autre chambre de membrane (23) et le déplacement de l'arbre (21) amène l'encoche annulaire (24) à trainer le bras (25) provoquant la rotation du bâti en forme de U (26) autour du pivot et par conséquent le coulissement du composant de fermeture de valve (29) d'un côté à l'autre de la plaque de valve (27) ouvrant les orifices (28) dans une direction et fermant les orifices (28) dans l'autre direction, ce qui se traduit par l'évacuation de la chambre (23) dans une direction et la mise sous pression de la chambre (23) dans l'autre direction.


     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description