(19)
(11)EP 2 549 117 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/50

(21)Application number: 11756114.2

(22)Date of filing:  07.03.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04D 29/28(2006.01)
F04D 29/66(2006.01)
F04D 29/30(2006.01)
F04D 17/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/055225
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/114925 (22.09.2011 Gazette  2011/38)

(54)

FAN AND FLUID DELIVERY DEVICE

LÜFTER UND FLUIDFÖRDERVORRICHTUNG

VENTILATEUR ET DISPOSITIF DE DÉBIT DE FLUIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.03.2010 JP 2010057677
15.03.2010 JP 2010057675
15.03.2010 JP 2010057669

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.01.2013 Bulletin 2013/04

(73)Proprietor: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
Sakai City, Osaka 590-8522 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHIRAICHI, Yukishige
    Sakai City, Osaka 590-8522 (JP)
  • OHTSUKA, Masaki
    Sakai City, Osaka 590-8522 (JP)

(74)Representative: Treeby, Philip David William et al
Maucher Jenkins 26 Caxton Street
London SW1H 0RJ
London SW1H 0RJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2000 009 083
JP-A- 2006 170 043
US-A- 4 900 228
US-A1- 2007 098 571
JP-A- 2000 240 590
JP-A- 2006 329 099
US-A1- 2007 084 235
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention generally relates to a fan and a fluid feeder, and more particularly to a fan such as a centrifugal fan and a cross-flow fan and a fluid feeder provided with the centrifugal fan.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] As for a conventional fan, for example, Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2008-241188 discloses a cross-flow blower aimed at reducing separation of the flow-in air while preventing a surging phenomenon or a reverse intake phenomenon by making the distribution of flow rate uniform in the unit even when resistance is adhered on the upstream side of the blower (PTL 1). The cross-flow blower disclosed in PTL 1 has a plurality of first blades each having an outer peripheral thickness greater than an inner peripheral thickness and a plurality of second blades each having an inner peripheral thickness greater than an outer peripheral thickness. The first blades and the second blades are disposed in order in the circumferential direction. When two first blades are in succession in the circumferential direction, the second blades are arranged on opposite sides of those first blades. When two second blades are in succession in the circumferential direction, the first blades are arranged on opposite sides of those second blades.

    [0003] Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2006-170043 discloses a cross-flow fan aimed at reducing NZ noises while preventing reduction of air-blowing capacity and noise resulting from fluid oscillation (PTL 2). In the cross-flow fan disclosed in PTL 2, two or more kinds of blades having different shapes are arranged at random with a constant installation angle and installation pitch. JP 2000 240590 A (PTL 3) and US 4,900,228 A (PTL 4) disclose a fan according to the preamble of claim 1.

    CITATION LIST


    PATENT LITERATURE



    [0004] 

    PTL 1: Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2008-241188

    PTL 2: Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2006-170043

    PTL 3: JP 2000 240590 A

    PTL 4: US 4,900,228 A


    SUMMARY OF INVENTION


    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0005] In recent years, for conservation of global environment, further energy savings in home electric equipment are desired. For example, it is known that the efficiency of electric equipment such as an air conditioner and an air purifier greatly depends on the efficiency of a blower included therein. It is also known that reducing the weight of a fan blade provided as a rotating body in a blower reduces power consumption of a motor for rotatably driving the fan blade and improves the efficiency of the blower or a fluid feeder.

    [0006] However, an aerofoil employed as the shape in cross section of a fan blade is essentially assumed to be applied to the wing of an air plane and is mainly found in the field of aeronautical engineering. Therefore, an aerofoil fan blade is mainly optimized in a high Reynolds number region and is not always appropriate as the cross section of a fan blade used in a low Reynolds number region for an air conditioner, an air purifier, etc. for home use.

    [0007] When an aerofoil or double arc is employed as the cross-sectional shape of a fan blade, a thick portion exists in a range of 30 to 50% from the front edge of the fan blade. This increases the weight of the fan blade, which becomes a cause of increased friction loss during rotation. However, simply reducing the weight of a fan blade may reduce the strength of the fan blade and result in fracture or other poor quality.

    [0008] For the reasons above, in order to improve the blowing capacity of the fan and to save energy in electric equipment such as an air conditioner and an air purifier for home use, an appropriate blade cross-sectional shape has been sought for a fan blade to be used in the low Reynolds number region. A blade cross-sectional shape with a high lift-drag ratio, a small thickness and weight, and a high strength has also been sought.

    [0009] On the other hand, in a case where fan blades whose blade cross sections are in a single shape are disposed at regular pitches (intervals), the blade ends of the fan blades pass through at a constant cycle when the fan is rotated. In this case, pressure variations occur in constant cycles at an approach place where the fan blades approach a casing covering them. This causes narrow-band noise called a blade-passing sound (nZ sound: a sound having a frequency determined by a value obtained by multiplying a natural number n by the number of fan blades Z). In the case where the fan blades whose blade cross sections are in a single shape are disposed at regular pitches, almost the same air flow is generated between adjacent fan blades. In this case, turbulent noise resulting from the air flow between adjacent fan blades becomes uniform among a plurality of fan blades, causing narrow-band noise.

    [0010] In order to solve this problem, a random-pitch fan may be adopted, in which a plurality of fan blades are disposed at random. However, when a random-pitch fan is adopted, the intervals between adjacent fan blades have to be determined so as to intentionally include a large interval and a small interval departing from the optimum value based on the requested blowing performance.

    [0011] In this case, at a place where the interval between adjacent fan blades is relatively large, the air flow against the normal air flow on the blade surface may be partially formed so that the air flow between adjacent fan blades becomes unstable. As a result, low-frequency noise (abnormal sound) like a bubbling sound is produced to give users unpleasant harsh sound. Such abnormal sound is not so loud at low rotation speeds of the fan, but becomes louder at higher rotation speeds of the fan, and finally becomes so loud as to vibrate the casing of the fan as a whole.

    [0012] On the other hand, at a place where the interval between adjacent fan blades is relatively small, the flow resistance of the air flow passing through on the blade surface of the fan blade increases. As a result, the blowing capacity of the fan may be deteriorated.

    [0013] Next, the blowing capacity of the blower has to be improved in order to promote energy savings in electric equipment because the efficiency of electric equipment greatly depends on the efficiency of the blower included therein.

    [0014] Examples of the fan for use in a blower include a cross-flow fan which forms a flat outlet flow parallel to the rotation axis of the fan, and a centrifugal fan which blows air radially from the rotational center of the fan. In order to achieve a suitable blowing capacity in the blower using such a fan, a scroll shape (spiral shape) molded on the outlet side of the fan casing should be adapted to the direction of the airflow output from the fan.

    [0015] For example, in a case where the scroll shape formed in the fan casing expands radially outward with respect to the direction of the airflow, the airflow may not conform to the scroll shape on the path in the fan casing and may be separated from the surface of the fan casing formed in a scroll shape. On the other hand, in a case where the scroll shape formed in the fan casing narrows radially inward with respect to the direction of the airflow, the direction of the airflow is abruptly deflected by the surface of the fan casing formed in a scroll shape. In these cases, the blowing efficiency is reduced, and the blowing capacity of the blower cannot be improved.

    [0016] On the other hand, electric equipment such as an air conditioner and an air purifier requires quietness in operation, and it is therefore necessary to reduce noise resulting from rotation of the fan.

    [0017] However, in the case where fan blades whose blade cross sections are in a single shape are disposed at regular pitches (intervals), the blade ends of the fan blades pass through in constant cycles as the fan is rotated. In this case, pressure variations occur at a constant cycle in the inside of the fan casing. This causes narrow-band noise called a blade-passing sound (nZ sound: a sound having a frequency determined by a value obtained by multiplying a natural number n by the number of fan blades Z).

    [0018] In a cross-flow fan or a centrifugal fan, as the fan blades are rotated, the air flows in between adjacent fan blades and flows on the blade surface. Then, the air flowing on the blade surface flows out from between adjacent fan blades to be output from the fan. In order to achieve a suitable blowing capacity in the blower using such a fan, the air flow between adjacent fan blades has to be stabilized.

    [0019] On the other hand, electric equipment such as an air conditioner and an air purifier requires quietness in operation, and it is therefore necessary to reduce noise resulting from rotation of the fan.

    [0020] However, in the case where fan blades whose blade cross sections are in a single shape are disposed at regular pitches (intervals), the blade ends of the fan blades pass through at a constant cycle as the fan is rotated. In this case, pressure variations occur in constant cycles in the inside of the fan casing. This causes narrow-band noise called a blade-passing sound (nZ sound: a sound having a frequency determined by a value obtained by multiplying a natural number n by the number of fan blades Z).

    [0021] An object of the present invention is therefore to solve the problem above and to provide a fan with excellent blowing capacity while preventing noise and a fluid feeder provided with the fan.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0022] According to the present invention there is provided a fan comprising a plurality of blade portions arranged spaced apart from each other in a circumferential direction, each blade portion having an inner edge portion disposed on an inner peripheral side thereof and an outer edge portion disposed on an outer peripheral side thereof, wherein said blade portion has a blade surface extending between said inner edge portion and said outer edge portion and including a pressure surface disposed on a rotational direction side of the fan and a suction surface disposed on a back side of said pressure surface, as the fan is rotated, a fluid flow is produced on said blade surface to flow between said inner edge portion and said outer edge portion, when cut along a plane orthogonal to a rotation axis of the fan, said blade portion has a blade cross section having concave portions formed at said pressure surface and said suction surface, a plurality of said blade portions include a first blade portion and a second blade portion having blade cross sections of different shapes, characterized in that the inner edge portions of the blade portions are disposed at a same inner diameter; and the blade portions have a uniform cross-section in the axial direction of an axis of rotation of the fan.

    [0023] According to such a configuration of the fan, during rotation of the fan, an air flow is produced to flow in from one of the inner edge portion and the outer edge portion, pass through on the blade surface, and flow out from the other of the inner edge portion and the outer edge portion. Here, a vortex of air flow (secondary flow) is generated in the concave portion, whereby the air flow (main flow) passing through on the blade surface flows along the outside of the vortex generated in the concave portion. Accordingly, the blade portion exhibits like a thick blade as if the thickness of the blade cross section is increased by the amount of formation of the vortex. As a result, the blowing capacity of the fan can be improved.

    [0024] In the present invention, a plurality of blade portions include a first blade portion and a second blade portion having blade cross sections of different shapes. The static pressure distribution at the pressure surface and the suction surface of each blade portion is affected by the shape of the blade cross section. Therefore, in this configuration, the air flow between the adjacent blade portions and the air flow that flows in/out between the adjacent blade portions vary among the blade portions. Accordingly, noise can be reduced.

    [0025] Preferably, the first blade portion and the second blade portion are different from each other in positions of the concave portions. According to such a configuration of the fan, the shape of the blade cross section can be varied by changing the positions of the concave portions.

    [0026] Preferably, the first blade portion and the second blade portion are different from each other in number of the concave portions. According to such a configuration of the fan, the shape of the blade cross section can be varied by changing the number of the concave portions.

    [0027] Preferably, the first blade portion and the second blade portion are different from each other in shape of the concave portions. According to such a configuration of the fan, the shape of the blade cross section can be varied by changing the shape of the concave portion.

    [0028] Preferably, a plurality of blade portions are arranged such that an angle of a line connecting the rotation axis of the fan with the outer edge portion is equal between the adjacent blade portions.

    [0029] According to such a configuration of the fan, although the outer edge portions of the blade portions pass through in constant cycles as the fan is rotated, the air flow that flows in/out between the adjacent blade portions is varied among blade portions, thereby preventing noise. In addition, because of reduction of noise, the interval between the adjacent blade portions can be set to an optimum value based on the blowing capacity required for the fan. Accordingly, the air flow between the blade portions can be stabilized, thereby preventing abnormal sound. An increase in ventilation resistance to the air flow between the blade portions can be prevented, thereby increasing the blowing capacity of the fan.

    [0030] Preferably, a plurality of blade portions are arranged such that an angle of a line connecting the rotation axis of the fan with a centroid of the blade cross section of the blade portion is equal between the adjacent blade portions.

    [0031] According to such a configuration of the fan, although turbulence noise caused by the air flow between the adjacent blade portions is uniform among a plurality of blade portions, the air flow between the adjacent blade portions is varied among the blade portions, thereby preventing noise. Because of reduction of noise, the interval between the adjacent blade portions can be set to an optimum value based on the blowing capacity required for the fan. Accordingly, the air flow between the blade portions can be stabilized, thereby preventing abnormal sound. An increase in ventilation resistance to the air flow between the blade portions can be prevented, thereby increasing the blowing capacity of the fan.

    [0032] Preferably, plural kinds of the blade portions having blade cross sections of different shapes are arranged to be placed in an irregular order. According to such a configuration of the fan, the air flow between the adjacent blade portions and the air flow that flows in/out between the adjacent blade portions can be varied more effectively among a plurality of blade portions.

    [0033] Preferably, the concave portion formed at the pressure surface forms a convex portion at the suction surface, and the concave portion formed at the suction surface forms a convex portion at the pressure surface. According to such a configuration of the fan, the shape of the blade cross section having the concave portions at the pressure surface and the suction surface can be obtained with a simple configuration.

    [0034] Preferably, the blade portion has a blade cross section having a constant thickness between the inner edge portion and the outer edge portion. According to such a configuration of the fan, even when the blade portion having a blade cross section of a constant thickness is used, the blowing capacity of the fan can be improved.

    [0035] Preferably, the blade portion has flection portions at which a center line of the blade cross section between the pressure surface and the suction surface is flexed at different points. The concave portions are formed of the flection portions. According to such a configuration of the fan, the strength of the blade portion can be increased by forming the flection portions.

    [0036] An inside space is formed inside a plurality of blade portions arranged in the circumferential direction, and an outside space is formed outside thereof. Preferably, the fan described above is a centrifugal fan that outputs fluid from the inside space to the outside space. According to such a configuration of the fan, the blowing capacity of the centrifugal fan can be improved while noise can be prevented effectively.

    [0037] An inside space is formed inside a plurality of blade portions arranged in the circumferential direction, and an outside space is formed outside thereof. Preferably, the fan described above is a cross-flow fan that takes in fluid to the inside space from the outside space on one side with respect to the rotation axis, as viewed from a direction of the rotation axis of the fan, and outputs the taken-in fluid to the outside space on the other side with respect to the rotation axis. According to such a configuration of the fan, the blowing capacity of the cross-flow fan can be improved while noise can be prevented effectively.

    [0038] The fan described above is formed of resin. A molding die which does not form part of the present invention is used to mold the fan. The molding die configured in this manner can produce a resin fan.

    [0039] A fluid feeder according to an aspect of the present invention includes a blower configured with the fan described above and a driving motor coupled to the fan to rotate a plurality of blade portions. The fluid feeder configured in this manner can reduce power consumption of the driving motor while keeping the blowing capacity high.

    ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF INVENTION



    [0040] As described above, the present invention provides a fan with excellent blowing capacity while preventing noise and a fluid feeder provided with the fan.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0041] 

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a centrifugal fan according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the centrifugal fan taken along a line II-II in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a diagram schematically showing a phenomenon that occurs on a blade surface of a fan blade in the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the fan blade for use in the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 5 is a diagram schematically illustrating an arrangement of fan blades in the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 6 is a diagram schematically illustrating a modification of the arrangement of fan blades shown in Fig. 5.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a molding die for use in production of the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a blower using the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the blower taken along a line IX-IX in Fig. 8.

    Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view of an air purifier using the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a first modification of plural kinds of fan blades in Fig. 4.

    Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view showing a second modification of plural kinds of fan blades in Fig. 4.

    Fig. 13 is a side view of a cross-flow fan according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 14 is a cross-sectional perspective view of the cross-flow fan taken along a line XIV-XIV in Fig. 13.

    Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional view of an air conditioner using the cross-flow fan shown in Fig. 13.

    Fig. 16 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing the proximity of an outlet port of the air conditioner in Fig. 15.

    Fig. 17 is a cross-sectional view of an air flow produced in the proximity of the outlet port of the air conditioner in Fig. 15.

    Fig. 18 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a phenomenon that occurs on the blade surface of the fan blade in an upstream region shown in Fig. 16.

    Fig. 19 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a phenomenon that occurs on the blade surface of the fan blade in a downstream region shown in Fig. 16.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0042] Embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the figures. In the following, the same or corresponding members in the figures are denoted with the same reference numerals.

    [First Embodiment]



    [0043] In the present embodiment, first of all, a structure of a centrifugal fan to which a fan according to the present invention is applied will be described. Next, a structure of a molding die, which does not form part of the present invention, for use in production of the centrifugal fan, and structures of a blower and an air purifier using the centrifugal fan will be described.

    (Description of Structure of Centrifugal Fan)



    [0044] Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a centrifugal fan in a first embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the centrifugal fan taken along a line II-II in Fig. 1.

    [0045] Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a centrifugal fan 10 in the present embodiment has a plurality of fan blades 21. Centrifugal fan 10 has an approximately cylindrical appearance as a whole. A plurality of fan blades 21 are disposed on a circumferential surface of the approximately cylindrical shape. Centrifugal fan 10 is integrally formed from resin. Centrifugal fan 10 rotates in the direction shown by arrow 103 around an imaginary center axis 101 shown in Fig. 1.

    [0046] Centrifugal fan 10 is a fan using a plurality of rotating fan blades 21 to output air taken in from the radially inner side to the radially outer side. Centrifugal fan 10 is a fan using a centrifugal force to output the air from the rotational center side of the fan to the radial direction thereof. Centrifugal fan 10 is a sirocco fan. Centrifugal fan 10 is used with rotation speeds in a low Reynolds number region applied to fans for home electric equipment, etc.

    [0047] Centrifugal fan 10 further has peripheral frames 13 serving as supports. Peripheral frames 13 are formed to annually extend around center axis 101.
    Peripheral frames 13 are disposed spaced apart from each other in the axial direction of center axis 101. A boss portion 16 for coupling centrifugal fan 10 to a driving motor is integrally formed with one of peripheral frames 13 with a disk portion 14 interposed therebetween.

    [0048] A plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction around center axis 101. A plurality of fan blades 21 are supported by peripheral frames 13 at opposite ends thereof in the axial direction of center axis 101. Fan blade 21 is provided to stand on one peripheral frame 13 and formed to extend along the axial direction of center axis 101 toward the other peripheral frame 13.

    [0049] Fan blade 21 has an inner edge portion 26 and an outer edge portion 27. Inner edge portion 26 is disposed at an end portion on the inner peripheral side of fan blade 21. Outer edge portion 27 is disposed at an end portion on the outer peripheral side of fan blade 21. Fan blade 21 is formed to be inclined in the circumferential direction around center axis 101 from inner edge portion 26 toward outer edge portion 27. Fan blade 21 is formed to be inclined in the rotational direction of centrifugal fan 10 from inner edge portion 26 toward outer edge portion 27.

    [0050] Fan blade 21 has a blade surface 23 including a pressure surface 25 and a suction surface 24. Pressure surface 25 is disposed on the rotational direction side of centrifugal fan 10. Suction surface 24 is disposed on the back side of pressure surface 25. During rotation of centrifugal fan 10, as an air flow is produced on blade surface 23, a pressure distribution is generated in such a manner that pressure is relatively large at pressure surface 25 and is relatively small at suction surface 24. Fan blade 21 has a shape generally curved between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27 so as to be concave on the pressure surface 25 side and be convex on the suction surface 24 side.

    [0051] Fig. 2 shows a blade cross section of fan blade 21 cut along a plane orthogonal to center axis 101 serving as the rotation axis of centrifugal fan 10.

    [0052] Fan blade 21 is formed to have a uniform blade cross section when cut anywhere in the axial direction of center axis 101. Fan blade 21 is formed to have a thin blade cross section between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. Fan blade 21 is formed to have a generally constant thickness (the length between pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24) between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27.

    [0053] Fan blade 21 has such a blade cross section in that a concave portion 57 is formed at pressure surface 25 of blade surface 23 and a concave portion 56 is formed at suction surface 24 of blade surface 23. A plurality of concave portions 56, 57 are formed at at least one of pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24.

    [0054] In the present embodiment, a plurality of concave portions 57 (concave portions 57p, 57q) are formed at pressure surface 25. Convex portions 52 (convex portions 52p, 52q, 52r) are further formed at pressure surface 25. Convex portion 52 is formed to protrude toward the rotational direction of centrifugal fan 10. Concave portion 57 is formed by a valley portion between convex portions 52 disposed adjacent to each other. For example, concave portion 57p is formed by a valley portion between convex portion 52p and convex portion 52q. Concave portions 57 and convex portions 52 are formed to be alternate in the direction in which inner edge portion 26 is connected with outer edge portion 27. Concave portion 57 has an approximately U-shaped cross section.

    [0055] A plurality of convex portions 51 (convex portions 51p, 51q) are further formed at suction surface 24. Convex portion 51 is formed to protrude toward the direction opposite to the rotational direction of cross-flow fan 100. Concave portion 56 is formed by a valley portion between convex portions 51 disposed adjacent to each other. For example, concave portion 56 is formed by a valley portion between convex portion 51p and convex portion 51q. Concave portion 56 and convex portions 57 are formed to be alternately aligned in the direction in which inner edge portion 26 is connected with outer edge portion 27. Concave portion 56 has an approximately U-shaped cross-sectional shape.

    [0056] Concave portion 57 and convex portion 51 are formed at front and back corresponding positions of pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24, respectively. Convex portion 52 and concave portion 56 are formed at front and back corresponding positions of pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24, respectively. In the present embodiment, concave portion 57 formed at pressure surface 25 forms convex portion 51 at suction surface 24, and concave portion 56 formed at suction surface 24 forms convex portion 52 at pressure surface 25. The concave portion and the convex portion formed at the front and the back correspondingly at pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24 have a shape equal to each other.

    [0057] Concave portions 57, 56 are shaped like a groove extending along the axial direction of center axis 101. The groove portion formed of each concave portion 57, 56 is formed to continuously extend between one end and the other end of fan blade 21 in the axial direction of center axis 101. The groove portion formed of each concave portion 57, 56 is formed to linearly extend between one end and the other end of fan blade 21 in the axial direction of center axis 101.

    [0058] In the present embodiment, the number of concave portions 57 formed at pressure surface 25 is greater than the number of concave portions 56 formed at suction surface 24.

    [0059] Fig. 2 shows a center line 106 in the thickness direction (the direction in which pressure surface 25 is connected with suction surface 24) of the blade cross section of fan blade 21. Fan blade 21 has flection portions 41 at which center line 106 of the blade cross section of fan blade 21 is flexed at different points between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. Concave portions 56, 57 are formed by flection portions 41.

    [0060] In the present embodiment, fan blade 21 has flection portions 41 at three points between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. Fan blade 21 has flection portions 41A arranged in the proximity of inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27, respectively, and a flection portion 41B arranged at the blade midpoint between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. Flection portion 41A forms concave portion 57 at pressure surface 25 and convex portion 51 at suction surface 24. Flection portion 41B forms convex portion 52 at pressure surface 25 and concave portion 56 at suction surface 24.

    [0061] In such a configuration, concave portions 57 are formed in the proximity of inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27, and concave portion 56 is formed at the blade midpoint between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. Fan blade 21 has an approximately W-shaped blade cross-sectional shape.

    [0062] Flection portions 41 are flexed such that the depth T of concave portions 56, 57 is greater than the thickness t of fan blade 21 at at least one point. Flection portions 41 are formed such that the bending direction is alternately opposite in the direction in which inner edge portion 26 is connected with outer edge portion 27. Flection portion 41 is formed to be bent so as to be rounded. Flection portion 41 may be formed to be bent to form a corner.

    [0063] Fig. 3 is a diagram schematically showing a phenomenon that occurs on the blade surface in the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1. Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, when centrifugal fan 10 is rotated, as shown by an arrow 102 in Fig. 1, an air flow is produced between adjacent fan blades 21 to flow in from inner edge portion 26, pass through on blade surface 23, and flow out from outer edge portion 27. Here, vortexes 32 (secondary flow) of air flow are generated in concave portions 56, 57 formed at blade surface 23, so that an air flow 31 (main flow) passing through on fan blade 23 flows along the outside of vortexes 32 produced in concave portions 56, 57.

    [0064] Accordingly, although having a thin blade cross section, fan blade 21 exhibits a behavior like a thick blade as if the blade cross section is increased in thickness by the depth of concave portions 56, 57 at which vortexes 32 are formed. As a result, the lift produced in the proximity of inner edge portion 26 having concave portions 56, 57 can be significantly increased.

    [0065] Furthermore, the flection structure of flection portions 41 can improve the strength of fan blade 21. As a result, the reliability in the strength of the fan can be improved although centrifugal fan 10 is a resin fan having a thin blade cross section. The improvement in strength can reduce the thickness of fan blade 21 accordingly. Therefore, the weight of centrifugal fan 10 can be reduced and the cost thereof can be reduced.

    [0066] For the reasons above, centrifugal fan 10 having a blade cross section with a high lift-drag ratio, with a small thickness and weight, and with a high strength can be implemented.

    [0067] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the fan blade for use in the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1. The figure shows the cross section of the fan blade shown in Fig. 2. Referring to Fig. 3, in centrifugal fan 10 in the present embodiment, a plurality of fan blades 21 are comprised of plural kinds of fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, and 21E. Fan blades 21A to 21E have blade cross sections having different shapes. A plurality of fan blades are provided for each of fan blades 21A to 21E.

    [0068] The shapes of fan blades 21A to 21E will be described in more specific details. Fan blades 21A to 21E all have an approximately W-shape blade cross section but are different in positions where concave portions 56 and 57 are formed. Giving attention to the position where concave portion 56 is formed, concave portion 56 is formed at a position close to inner edge portion 26 in fan blade 21A, and then, concave portion 56 is formed further away from inner edge portion 26 and closer to outer edge portion 27 in order of fan blades 21B, 21C, and 21D. Then, in fan blade 21E, concave portion 56 is formed at a position close to outer edge portion 27. Concave portion 57p and concave portion 57q are also formed further away from inner edge portion 26 and closer to outer edge portion 27 in order from fan blade 21A to fan blades 21B, 21C, 21D, and 21E.

    [0069] As representatively illustrated in fan blade 21A in Fig. 4, assuming that a suction surface 24' extends smoothly from the top of convex portion 52 toward the top of convex portion 51 above concave portion 56, preferably, fan blades 21A to 21E are formed such that the respective suction surfaces 24' of the fan blades have different profiles between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27 in the cross sections shown in Fig. 4.

    [0070] Fig. 5 is a diagram schematically illustrating an arrangement of fan blades in the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1. Referring to Fig. 5, fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, and 21E are arranged in an irregular (random) order in the circumferential direction around center axis 101. To be more specific, fan blades 21A to 21E are arranged so as not be repeatedly placed in a regular order (for example, fan blades 21A → 21B → 21C → 21D → 21E → 21A → 21B → 21C → 21D → 21E → 21A → 21B...).

    [0071] In the example shown in Fig. 5, fan blades 21C, 21E, 21A, 21D, 21B, 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, 21E, 21B, 21D, 21A, 21C, 21E are placed in order clockwise around center axis 101.

    [0072] In the example above, five kinds of fan blades 21A to 21E make one set, and different sets of fan blades 21A to 21E placed in different orders are disposed in order. However, the configuration is not limited thereto. For example, a plurality of fan blades may be prepared for each of fan blades 21A to 21E, and fan blades selected therefrom as appropriate may be placed in order. As long as fan blades 21A to 21E are arranged without a regularity as a whole, fan blades of a particular kind may be placed in succession. The number of each of fan blades 21A to 21E for use in centrifugal fan 10 may not be completely equal. All of fan blades 21 for use in centrifugal fan 10 may have blade cross-sectional shapes different from each other. Preferably, at least three kinds, more preferably, at least four kinds of fan blades 21 are used.

    [0073] In centrifugal fan 10 in the present embodiment, a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged such that an angle α of a line connecting center axis 101 with outer edge portion 27 of each fan blade 21 is equal between adjacent fan blades 21. A plurality of fan blades 21 may be arranged such that the angle of a line connecting center axis 101 with inner edge portion 26 of each fan blade 21 is equal between adjacent fan blades 21.

    [0074] Fig. 6 is a diagram schematically illustrating a modification of the arrangement of the fan blades shown in Fig. 5. The arrangement in Fig. 6 is the same as that in Fig. 5 in that plural kinds of fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, and 21E having blade cross sections of different shapes are placed in an irregular order. In this modification, a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged such that an angle β of a line connecting center axis 101 with the centroid of the blade cross section of each fan blade 21 is equal between adjacent fan blades 21. The centroid of the blade cross section of fan blade 21 corresponds to the barycenter of the blade cross section and is obtained by dividing the first moment of area of the blade cross section by the sectional area of the entire blade cross section.

    [0075] A plurality of fan blades 21 may be arranged so as to satisfy both the arrangement manner shown in Fig. 5 and the arrangement manner shown in Fig. 6.

    [0076] Referring to Fig. 4 to Fig. 6, as described above, in centrifugal fan 10, the blade cross sections differ among a plurality of fan blades 21 because fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, and 21E different in positions of concave portions 56 and 57 are used. Since the shape of blade cross section of fan blade 21 affects the static pressure distribution on pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24 during rotation of centrifugal fan 10, the air flow between adjacent fan blades 21 and the air flow that flows in/out between adjacent fan blades 21 through outer edge portion 27 and inner edge portion 26 vary among fan blades 21.

    [0077] On the other hand, in the example shown in Fig. 5, a plurality of fan blades 21 are disposed such that the angle α of the line connecting center axis 101 with outer edge portion 27 of each fan blade 21 is equal between adjacent fan blades 21. Even in this case, the air flow that flows in/out between adjacent fan blades 21 varies among fan blades 21 to cause a disturbance in the air flow in the approach place where outer edge portion 27 of fan blade 21 approaches the fan casing. Accordingly, the timing of pressure variation when outer edge portion 27 of fan blade 21 passes through the approach place can be brought out of constant cycles. As a result, the narrow-band noise resulting from the blade-passing sound (nZ sound) can be reduced to the permissible level.

    [0078] In the example shown in Fig. 6, a plurality of fan blades 21 are disposed such that the angle β of the line connecting center axis 101 with the centroid of blade cross section of each fan blade 21 is equal between adjacent fan blades 21. Even in this case, the air flow between adjacent fan blades 21 differs among fan blades 21 thereby reducing the narrow-band noise resulting from the air flow between fan blades 21 to the permissible level.

    [0079] Because of the reduction of narrow-band noise as described above, in both examples shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the interval between adjacent fan blades 21 can be set to an optimum value based on the blowing capacity required for centrifugal fan 10. Accordingly, a phenomenon such as a backflow partially produced in the air flow between adjacent fan blades 21 can be prevented, thereby stabilizing the air flow between fan blades 21. As a result, low-frequency noise (abnormal sound) can be prevented while the blowing capacity is increased. Furthermore, a phenomenon such as a significant increase of ventilation resistance to the air flow among fan blades 21 can be prevented, thereby increasing the blowing capacity.

    [0080] Centrifugal fan 10 is applied to equipment having a large pressure loss of airflow exerted on the fan, when compared with a cross-flow fan described later. In this case, a backflow of airflow between adjacent fan blades 21 is more likely to be produced. Therefore, the structure of the present invention capable of preventing such a phenomenon is applied more effectively to centrifugal fan 10.

    [0081] The structure of centrifugal fan 10 according to the first embodiment of the present invention described above is summarized as follows. Centrifugal fan 10 in the present embodiment includes fan blades 21 serving as a plurality of blade portions arranged spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction. Fan blade 21 has inner edge portion 26 disposed on the inner peripheral side and outer edge portion 27 disposed on the outer peripheral side. Fan blade 21 has blade surface 23 extending between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. Blade surface 23 includes pressure surface 25 disposed on the rotational direction side of the fan and suction surface 24 disposed on the back side of pressure surface 25. As the fan is rotated, an airflow is produced on blade surface 23 as a fluid flow flowing between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. When cut along the plane orthogonal to center axis 101 serving as the rotation axis of the fan, fan blade 21 has a blade cross section having concave portions 56 and 57 formed at pressure surface 25 and suction surface 24. A plurality of fan blades 21 include fan blades 21A to 21E having blade cross sections of different shapes.

    (Description of Structures of Molding Die, Blower, and Air Purifier)



    [0082] Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a molding die, which does not form part of the present invention, for use in production of the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1. Referring to Fig. 7, a molding die 110 has a stationary die 114 and a movable die 112. Stationary die 114 and movable die 112 define a cavity 116 which has approximately the same shape as centrifugal fan 10 and into which flowable resin is injected.

    [0083] Molding die 110 may be provided with a not-shown heater for increasing the flowability of resin injected into cavity 116. The installation of such a heater is particularly effective, for example, when synthetic resin with an increased strength, such as glass-fiber-filled AS resin (acrylonitrile-styrene copolymer), is used.

    [0084] Cross-flow fan 100 in a third embodiment described later is also produced with a molding die having a similar structure as molding die 110 in Fig. 7.

    [0085] Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a blower using the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1. Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the blower taken along a line IX-IX in Fig. 8. Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, a blower 120 has a driving motor 128, centrifugal fan 10, and a casing 129 inside an outer casing 126.

    [0086] The output shaft of driving motor 128 is coupled to boss portion 16 molded integrally with centrifugal fan 10. Casing 129 has a guide wall 129a. Guide wall 129a is formed by an approximately 3/4 arc disposed on the periphery of centrifugal fan 10. Guide wall 129a guides an airflow generated by rotation of fan blades 21 to the rotational direction of fan blades 21 while increasing the speed of the airflow.

    [0087] Casing 129 has an intake portion 130 and an outlet portion 127. Intake portion 130 is formed to be positioned on an extension of center axis 101. Outlet portion 127 is formed to be open to one side of the tangent direction of guide wall 129a from part of guide wall 129a. Outlet portion 127 is shaped like a prismatic cylinder protruding from part of guide wall 129a to one side of the tangent direction of guide wall 129a.

    [0088] Driven by driving motor 128, centrifugal fan 10 rotates in the direction shown by arrow 103. Here, air is taken in from intake portion 130 to the inside of casing 129 and is output from a radially inside space 131 to a radially outside space 132 of centrifugal fan 10. The air output to radially outside space 132 circumferentially flows in the direction shown by arrow 104 and is blown to the outside through outlet portion 127.

    [0089] Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view of an air purifier using the centrifugal fan in Fig. 1. Referring to Fig. 10, an air purifier 140 has a housing 144, a blower 150, a duct 145, and an HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air Filter) filter 141.

    [0090] Housing 144 has a rear wall 144a and a top wall 144b. Housing 144 has an intake port 142 for sucking the air in the room in which air purifier 140 is installed. Intake port 142 is formed at rear wall 144a. Housing 144 further has an outlet port 143 discharging the purified air to the inside of the room. Outlet port 143 is formed at top wall 144b. Air purifier 140 is generally installed against a wall such that rear wall 144a is opposed to a wall in the room.

    [0091] Filter 141 is disposed to face intake port 142 in the inside of housing 144. The air introduced to the inside of housing 144 through intake port 142 passes through filter 141. The foreign matters in the air are thus removed.

    [0092] Blower 150 is provided to suck the room air to the inside of housing 144 and to output the air purified by filter 141 to the room through outlet port 143. Blower 150 has centrifugal fan 10, a casing 152, and a driving motor 151. Casing 152 has a guide wall 152a. Casing 152 has an intake portion 153 and an outlet portion 154.

    [0093] Duct 145 is provided above blower 150 and is provided as an air channel for guiding the purified air from casing 152 to outlet port 143. Duct 145 has a prismatic cylindrical shape with its lower end connecting to outlet portion 154 and with its upper end open. Duct 145 is formed to guide the purified air blown from outlet portion 154 to a laminar flow toward outlet port 143.

    [0094] In air purifier 140 having such a configuration, blower 150 is driven to rotate fan blades 21 to cause the room air to be taken in from intake port 142 to the inside of housing 144. Here, an airflow is generated between intake port 142 and outlet port 143, and foreign matters such as dust included in the intake air are removed by filter 141.

    [0095] The purified air obtained by passage through filter 141 is taken in to the inside of casing 152. Here, the purified air taken in to the inside of casing 152 forms a laminar flow through guide wall 152a around fan blades 21. The air in the form of a laminar flow is guided to outlet portion 154 along guide wall 152a and blown from outlet portion 154 to the inside of duct 145. The air is discharged from outlet port 143 toward the external space.

    [0096] Although an air purifier has been described by way of example in this embodiment, the centrifugal fan in the present invention is also applicable to a fluid feeding device such as, for example, an air conditioner, a humidifier, a cooling device, and a ventilating device.

    [0097] In centrifugal fan 10 according to the first embodiment of the present invention as described above, because of concave portions 56 and 57 formed in fan blades 21, the lift caused by rotation of fan blades 21 can be greatly increased in the low Reynolds number region applied to fans in home electric equipment. The use of fan blades 21A to 21E having blade cross sections of different shapes can reduce the narrow-band noise produced by rotation of the fan. Therefore, the blowing capacity of centrifugal fan 10 can be increased while noise is prevented.

    [0098] In air purifier 140 according to the present embodiment, the use of centrifugal fan 10 having an excellent blowing capacity reduces power consumption of driving motor 151 and provides air purifier 140 that can contribute to energy savings. The use of centrifugal fan 10 with reduced noise also provides a quiet air purifier 140.

    [Second Embodiment]



    [0099] In the present embodiment, variations of plural kinds of fan blades shown in Fig. 4 will be described.

    [0100] Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a first modification of plural kinds of fan blades in Fig. 4. Referring to Fig. 11, in this modification, a plurality of fan blades 21 are comprised of plural kinds of fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, and 21D having blade cross sections of different shapes.

    [0101] The shapes of fan blades 21A to 21D will be described in more specific details. Fan blades 21A to 21D are different from each other in number of concave portions 56, 57. Fan blade 21A has one concave portion 56 and two concave portions 57. Fan blade 21B has two concave portions 56 and three concave portions 57. Fan blade 21C has three concave portions 56 and four concave portions 57. Fan blade 21D has four concave portions 56 and five concave portions 57.

    [0102] Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view showing a second modification of plural kinds of fan blades in Fig. 4. Referring to Fig. 12, in this modification, a plurality of fan blades 21 are comprised of plural kinds of fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, and 21D having blade cross sections of different shapes. Each fan blade of fan blades 21A to 21D is formed to be bent to form a corner at different points between inner edge portion 26 and outer edge portion 27. The corner portion may be slightly rounded in consideration of a process of removing fan blade 21 from a die for resin molding.

    [0103] The shapes of fan blades 21A to 21D will be described in more specific details. Fan blades 21A to 21D are different from each other in position and number of concave portions 56 and 57 and in shape of concave portions 56 and 57. Fan blade 21A has three concave portions 56 and four concave portions 57. Fan blades 21B to 21D each have two concave portions 56 and three concave portions 57. Basically, concave portions 56 and 57 formed in fan blades 21A to 21D each have a triangular shape, two sides of which define a concave shape. However, one concave portion 56 formed in fan blade 21B and one concave portion 57 formed in fan blade 21C each have a rectangular shape, three sides of which define a concave shape.

    [0104] As shown in Fig. 11 and Fig. 12, the position, number, and shape of concave portions 56 and 57 are varied to readily provide plural kinds of fan blades 21 having different shapes.

    [0105] The centrifugal fan in the second embodiment of the present invention configured in this manner achieves the effects as described in the first embodiment similarly.

    [Third Embodiment]



    [0106] In the present embodiment, a structure of a cross-flow fan to which a fan in the present invention is applied will be described. Next, a structure of an air conditioner using the cross-flow fan will be described. The cross-flow fan in the present embodiment partially has a structure similar to that of centrifugal fan 10 in the first embodiment. In the following, a description of the overlapping structure will not be repeated.

    (Description of Structure of Cross-flow Fan)



    [0107] Fig. 13 is a side view of a cross-flow fan in a third embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 14 is a cross-sectional perspective view of the cross-flow fan taken along a line XIV-XIV in Fig. 13.

    [0108] Referring to Fig. 13 and Fig. 14, a cross-flow fan 100 in the present embodiment has a plurality of fan blades 21. Cross-flow fan 100 has an approximately cylindrical appearance as a whole. A plurality of fan blades 21 are disposed on a circumferential surface of the approximately cylindrical shape. Cross-flow fan 100 is integrally formed from resin. Cross-flow fan 100 rotates in the direction shown by arrow 103 around an imaginary center axis 101 shown in the figures.

    [0109] Cross-flow fan 100 is a fan using a plurality of rotating fan blades 21 to output air in a direction orthogonal to center axis 101 serving as the rotation axis. As viewed from the axial direction of center axis 101, cross-flow fan 100 takes in air from an outside space on one side with respect to center axis 101 to an inside space of the fan and outputs the intake air to the outside space on the other side with respect to center axis 101. Cross-flow fan 100 forms an air flow that flows in the direction crossing center axis 101 in a flat plane orthogonal to center axis 101. Cross-flow fan 100 forms an outlet flow in the form of a flat plane parallel to center axis 101.

    [0110] Cross-flow fan 100 is used with rotation speeds in the low Reynolds number region applied to fans for home electric equipment, etc.

    [0111] Cross-flow fan 100 is configured such that a plurality of impellers 12 aligned in the axial direction of center axis 101 are combined. In each impeller 12, a plurality of fan blades 21 are provided to be circumferentially spaced apart from each other around center axis 101.

    [0112] Cross-flow fan 100 further has a peripheral frame 13 serving as a support. Peripheral frame 13 has a ring shape annularly extending around center axis 101. Peripheral frame 13 has an end surface 13a and an end surface 13b. End surface 13a is formed to face one direction along the axial direction of center axis 101. End surface 13b is disposed on the back side of end surface 13a and is formed to face the other direction along the axial direction of center axis 101.

    [0113] Peripheral frame 13 is provided to be interposed between impellers 12 adjacent to each other in the axial direction of center axis 101.

    [0114] Giving attention to impeller 12A and impeller 12B in Fig. 13 disposed adjacent to each other, a plurality of fan blades 21 provided in impeller 12A are provided to stand on end surface 13a and are formed to extend like plates along the axial direction of center axis 101. A plurality of fan blades 21 provided in impeller 12B are provided to stand on end surface 13b and are formed to extend like plates along the axial direction of center axis 101.

    [0115] A plurality of fan blades 21 have a structure similar to that of fan blades 21 described in the first embodiment (concave portions 56 and 57 are formed; plural kinds of fan blades 21A to 21E have blade cross sections of different shapes; and fan blades 21A to 21E are arranged in an irregular order).

    [0116] Cross-flow fan 100 in the present embodiment, however, differs from centrifugal fan 10 in the first embodiment in that a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged at random pitches. The random pitches are realized by disposing a plurality of fan blades 21 at irregular intervals according to random-number normal distribution. A plurality of impellers 12 are configured such that the arrangement of fan blades 21 is the same. In other words, the intervals at which a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged and the order in which fan blades 21 are arranged at such intervals in each impeller 12 are equal among impellers 12.

    [0117] A plurality of impellers 12 are stacked such that a displacement angle θ is formed between adjacent impellers 12 as viewed from the axial direction of center axis 101. For example, attention is given to impeller 12A, impeller 12B, and impeller 12C in Fig. 13 disposed adjacent to each other in the order of appearance. Impeller 12B is stacked on impeller 12A so as to be displaced about center axis 101 by displacement angle θ from the position where all of fan blades 21 in impellers 12A and 12B overlap in the axial direction of center axis 101. Impeller 12C is stacked on impeller 12B so as to be displaced about center axis 101 by displacement angle θ (2θ when viewed from impeller 12A) from the position where all of fan blades 21 in impellers 12B and 12C overlap in the axial direction of center axis 101.

    [0118] The reason for providing displacement angle θ is as follows. The positions of fan blades 21 in different impellers 12 are intentionally displaced in the axial direction of center axis 101, so that the blade passing sounds (nZ sounds) generated in impellers 12 can counteract each other to be weakened.

    (Description of Structure of Air Conditioner)



    [0119] Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional view of an air conditioner using the cross-flow fan shown in Fig. 13. Referring to Fig. 15, an air conditioner 210 is configured with an indoor unit 220 installed in a room and provided with an indoor heat exchanger 229 and a not-shown outdoor unit installed in the outside of the room and provided with an outdoor heat exchanger and a compressor. Indoor unit 220 and the outdoor unit are connected by piping for circulating refrigerant gas between indoor heat exchanger 229 and the outdoor heat exchanger.

    [0120] Indoor unit 220 has a blower 215. Blower 215 is configured to include cross-flow fan 100, a not-shown driving motor for rotating cross-flow fan 100, and a casing 222 for producing a prescribed airflow with rotation of cross-flow fan 100.

    [0121] Casing 222 has a cabinet 222A and a front panel 222B. Cabinet 222A is supported on a wall surface in the room. Front panel 222B is removably attached to cabinet 222A. An outlet port 225 is formed in a gap between a lower end portion of front panel 222B and a lower end portion of cabinet 222A. Outlet port 225 is formed in an approximately rectangular shape extending in the width direction of indoor unit 220 and is provided to be directed forward and downward. On the top surface of front panel 222B, a grid-like intake port 224 is formed.

    [0122] At a position opposing front panel 222B, an air filter 228 is provided for collecting and removing dust included in the intake air from intake port 224. A not-shown air filter cleaner is provided in a space formed between front panel 222B and air filter 228. The air filter cleaner automatically removes dust accumulated in air filter 228.

    [0123] In the inside of casing 222, an air flow channel 226 is formed, through which air is circulated from intake port 224 toward outlet port 225. Outlet port 225 is provided with a vertical louver 232 that can change the blowing angle in the left and right directions and a plurality of horizontal louvers 231 that can change the blowing angle in the up and down directions to a forward-upward direction, a horizontal direction, a forward-downward direction, and an immediately downward direction.

    [0124] Indoor heat exchanger 229 is arranged between cross-flow fan 100 and air filter 228 on a path of air flow channel 226. Indoor heat exchanger 229 has not-shown serpentine refrigerant pipes arranged side by side in a plurality of layers in the up and down directions and in a plurality of columns in the front and back directions. Indoor heat exchanger 229 is connected to the compressor of the outdoor unit installed in the outdoor, and the compressor is driven to operate a refrigeration cycle. Through the operation of the refrigeration cycle, indoor heat exchanger 229 is cooled to a temperature lower than the ambient temperature during cooling operation, and indoor heat exchanger 229 is heated to a temperature higher than the ambient temperature during heating operation.

    [0125] Fig. 16 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing the proximity of the outlet port of the air conditioner in Fig. 15. Referring to Fig. 15 and Fig. 16, casing 222 has a front wall portion 251 and a rear wall portion 252. Front wall portion 251 and rear wall portion 252 are disposed to face each other at a distance from each other.

    [0126] On a path of air flow channel 226, cross-flow fan 100 is disposed to be positioned between front wall portion 251 and rear wall portion 252. A protrusion portion 253 is formed at front wall portion 251 to protrude toward the radially outer surface of cross-flow fan 100 so as to decrease the gap between cross-flow fan 100 and front wall portion 251. A protrusion portion 254 is formed at rear wall portion 252 to protrude toward the radially outer surface of cross-flow fan 100 so as to decrease the gap between cross-flow fan 100 and rear wall portion 252.

    [0127] Casing 222 has an upper guide portion 256 and a lower guide portion 257. Air flow channel 226 is defined by upper guide portion 256 and lower guide portion 257 on the downstream side of air flow from cross-flow fan 100.

    [0128] Upper guide portion 256 and lower guide portion 257 are continuous from front wall portion 251 and rear wall portion 252, respectively, and extend toward outlet port 225. Upper guide portion 256 and lower guide portion 257 are formed to curve the air output by cross-flow fan 100 with upper guide portion 256 on the inner peripheral side and with lower guide portion 257 on the outer peripheral side, and to guide the air forward and downward. Upper guide portion 256 and lower guide portion 257 are formed such that the cross section of air flow channel 226 increases from cross-flow fan 100 toward outlet port 225.

    [0129] In the present embodiment, front wall portion 251 and upper guide portion 256 are integrally formed with front panel 222B. Rear wall portion 252 and lower guide portion 257 are integrally formed with cabinet 222A.

    [0130] In the first embodiment, a phenomenon caused by a disturbance in the airflow in the place where outer edge portion 27 of fan blade 21 approaches the fan casing has been described. In air conditioner 210, the approach place corresponds to a space where front wall portion 251 of casing 222 faces fan blade 21.

    [0131] Fig. 17 is a cross-sectional view of an air flow produced in the proximity of the outlet port of the air conditioner in Fig. 15. Referring to Fig. 15 to Fig. 17, on the path on air flow channel 226, an upstream outside space 246 is formed to be positioned upstream of air flow from cross-flow fan 100, an inside space 247 is formed to be positioned in the inside of cross-flow fan 100 (the inner peripheral side of a plurality of fan blades 21 circumferentially arranged), and a downstream outside space 248 is formed to be positioned downstream of air flow from cross-flow fan 100.

    [0132] During rotation of cross-flow fan 100, at an upstream region 241 of air flow channel 226 with respect to protrusion portions 253, 254 as a boundary, an air flow 261 is formed to pass through on blade surface 23 of fan blade 21 from upstream outside space 246 toward inside space 247. At a downstream region 242 of air flow channel 226 with respect to protrusion portions 253, 254 as a boundary, air flow 261 is formed to pass through on blade surface 23 of fan blade 21 from inside space 247 toward downstream outside space 248. Here, at a position adjacent to front wall portion 251, a forced vortex 262 of air flow is formed.

    [0133] Fig. 18 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a phenomenon that occurs on the blade surface of the fan blade in the upstream region shown in Fig. 16.

    [0134] Referring to Fig. 18, when an air flow directed from upstream outside space 246 toward inside space 247 is formed at upstream region 241 in Fig. 16, an air flow is produced on blade surface 23 of fan blade 21 to flow in from outer edge portion 27, pass through on blade surface 23, and flow out from inner edge portion 26. Here, a clockwise vortex 63 of air flow (secondary flow) is formed in concave portion 57 formed at pressure surface 25, and a counterclockwise vortex 62 of air flow is generated in concave portion 56 formed at suction surface 24. Accordingly, an air flow 61 (main flow) passing through on blade surface 23 flows along the outside of vortexes 63, 62 produced in concave portions 57, 56.

    [0135] Fig. 19 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a phenomenon that occurs on the blade surface of the fan blade in the downstream region shown in Fig. 16.

    [0136] Referring to Fig. 19, when an air flow directed from inside space 247 toward downstream outside space 248 is formed in downstream region 242 in Fig. 16, an air flow is produced on blade surface 23 of fan blade 21 to flow in from inner edge portion 26, pass through on blade surface 23, and flow out from outer edge portion 27. Here, a counterclockwise vortex 68 of air flow (secondary flow) is formed in concave portion 57 formed at pressure surface 25, and a clockwise vortex 67 of air flow is generated in concave portion 56 formed at suction surface 24. Accordingly, an air flow 66 (main flow) passing through on blade surface 23 flows along the outside of vortexes 68, 67 produced in concave portions 57, 56.

    [0137] In other words, in cross-flow fan 100, when fan blade 21 moves from upstream region 241 to downstream region 242, the direction of air flow on blade surface 23 is reversed, and the rotational directions of the vortexes produced in concave portions 57, 56 are also reversed accordingly.

    [0138] In cross-flow fan 100 in the present embodiment, fan blade 21 exhibits a behavior like a thick blade as if the blade cross section is increased in thickness because of vortexes (secondary flows) formed in concave portions 57, 56. As a result, the lift produced at fan blade 21 can be significantly increased.

    [0139] In cross-flow fan 100, fan blades 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, and 21E in Fig. 4 different in position of concave portions 56 and 57 are used. Because of this configuration, the narrow-band noise resulting from blade passing sound (nZ sound) and the narrow-band noise resulting from the air flow between fan blades 21 can be reduced. Because of the reduction of narrow-band noise in this manner, the interval between adjacent fan blades 21 can be set to an optimum value based on the blowing capacity required for cross-flow fan 100. In other words, when a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged at random pitches, variations of the random pitches can minimized.

    [0140] As shown in Fig. 13, cross-flow fan 100 is configured to include a plurality of impellers 12 aligned in the axial direction of center axis 101. Therefore, when compared with the centrifugal fan previously described, in cross-flow fan 100, a pressure loss of an air flow applied to the fan of each impeller 12 is reduced, so that a back flow of air flow is hardly produced between adjacent fan blades 21. Therefore, in the present embodiment, noise (abnormal sound) at low frequencies resulting from a back flow of air flow can be prevented even in a configuration in which a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged at random pitches.

    [0141] Cross-flow fan 100 may also be configured such that a plurality of fan blades 21 are arranged at regular pitches as shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6. Although an air conditioner has been described by way of example in this embodiment, the cross-flow fan in the present invention is also applicable to a fluid feeding device such as, for example, an air purifier, a humidifier, a cooling device, and a ventilating device.

    [0142] Cross-flow fan 100 and air conditioner 210 in the third embodiment of the present invention configured in this manner can achieve the effects described in the first embodiment similarly.

    [0143] The structures of the fans described in the first to third embodiments as described above may be combined as appropriate to configure a new fan. For example, cross-flow fan 100 in the third embodiment may be configured using the fan blades described in the second embodiment.

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0144] The present invention is mainly applied to home electric equipment having an air blowing function, such as an air purifier and an air conditioner.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE REFERENCE SIGNS



    [0145] 10 centrifugal fan, 12, 12A, 12B, 12C impeller, 13 peripheral frame, 13a, 13b end surface, 14 disk portion, 16 boss portion, 21, 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, 21E fan blade, 23 blade surface, 24 suction surface, 25 pressure surface, 26 inner edge portion, 27 outer edge portion, 31, 61 air flow, 32, 62, 63, 67, 68 vortex, 41, 41A, 41B flection portion, 51, 51p, 51q, 52, 52p, 52q convex portion, 56, 57, 57p, 57q concave portion, 100 cross-flow fan, 101 center axis, 106 center axis, 110 molding die, 112 movable die, 114 stationary die, 116 cavity, 120, 150, 215 blower, 126 outer casing, 127, 154 outlet portion, 128, 151 driving motor, 129, 152, 222 casing, 129a, 152a guide wall, 130, 153 intake portion, 131 radially inside space, 132 radially outside space, 140 air purifier, 141 filter, 142, 224 intake port, 143, 225 outlet port, 144 housing, 144a rear wall, 144b top wall, 145 duct, 210 air conditioner, 220 indoor unit, 222A, 222B cabinet, 226 air flow channel, 228 air filter, 229 indoor heat exchanger, 231 horizontal louver, 232 vertical louver, 241 upstream region, 242 downstream region, 246 upstream outside space, 247 inside space, 248 downstream outside space, 251 front wall portion, 252 rear wall portion, 253, 254 protrusion portion, 256 upper guide portion, 257 lower guide portion, 262 forced vortex.


    Claims

    1. A fan comprising a plurality of blade portions (21) arranged spaced apart from each other in a circumferential direction, each blade portion having an inner edge portion (26) disposed on an inner peripheral side thereof and an outer edge portion (27) disposed on an outer peripheral side thereof, wherein
    said blade portion (21) has a blade surface (23) extending between said inner edge portion (26) and said outer edge portion (27) and including a pressure surface (25) disposed on a rotational direction side of the fan and a suction surface (24) disposed on a back side of said pressure surface (25),
    as the fan is rotated, a fluid flow is produced on said blade surface (23) to flow between said inner edge portion (26) and said outer edge portion (27),
    when cut along a plane orthogonal to a rotation axis of the fan, said blade portion (21) has a blade cross section having concave portions (56, 57) formed at said pressure surface (25) and said suction surface (24),
    a plurality of said blade portions (21) include a first blade portion and a second blade portion having blade cross sections of different shapes, characterized in that
    the inner edge portions of the blade portions are disposed at a same inner diameter; and
    the blade portions have a uniform cross-section in the axial direction of an axis of rotation of the fan.
     
    2. The fan according to claim 1, wherein said first blade portion and said second blade portion are different from each other in positions of said concave portions (56, 57).
     
    3. The fan according to claim 1, wherein said first blade portion and said second blade portion are different from each other in number of said concave portions (56, 57).
     
    4. The fan according to claim 1, wherein said first blade portion and said second blade portion are different from each other in shape of said concave portions (56, 57).
     
    5. The fan according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of said blade portions (21) are arranged such that an angle of a line connecting the rotation axis of the fan with said outer edge portion (27) is equal between adjacent said blade portions (21).
     
    6. The fan according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of said blade portions (21) are arranged such that an angle of a line connecting the rotation axis of the fan with a centroid of the blade cross section of said blade portion (21) is equal between adjacent said blade portions (21).
     
    7. The fan according to claim 1, wherein plural kinds of said blade portions (21) having blade cross sections of different shapes are arranged to be placed in an irregular order.
     
    8. The fan according to claim 1, wherein said concave portion (57) formed at said pressure surface (25) forms a convex portion (51) at said suction surface (24), and said concave portion (56) formed at said suction surface (24) forms a convex portion (52) at said pressure surface (25).
     
    9. The fan according to claim 1, wherein said blade portion (21) has a blade cross section having a constant thickness between said inner edge portion (26) and said outer edge portion (27).
     
    10. The fan according to claim 1, wherein
    said blade portion (21) has flection portions (41) at which a center line (106) of the blade cross section between said pressure surface (25) and said suction surface (24) is flexed at different points, and
    said concave portions (56, 57) are formed of said flection portions (41).
     
    11. The fan according to claim 1, wherein
    an inside space (131) is formed inside a plurality of said blade portions (21) arranged in the circumferential direction, and an outside space (132) is formed outside thereof, and
    the fan is a centrifugal fan (10) that outputs fluid from said inside space (131) to said outside space (132).
     
    12. The fan according to claim 1, wherein
    an inside space (247) is formed inside a plurality of said blade portions (21) arranged in the circumferential direction, and an outside space (246, 248) is formed outside thereof, and
    the fan is a cross-flow fan (100) that takes in fluid to said inside space (247) from said outside space (246) on one side with respect to the rotation axis, as viewed from a direction of the rotation axis of the fan, and outputs the taken-in fluid to said outside space (248) on the other side with respect to the rotation axis.
     
    13. A fluid feeder comprising a blower (150, 215) configured with the fan (10, 100) of claim 1 and a driving motor coupled to said fan (10, 100) to rotate a plurality of said blade portions (21).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ventilator, umfassend eine Vielzahl von Schaufelabschnitten (21), die in einer Umfangsrichtung voneinander beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei jeder Schaufelabschnitt einen auf einer inneren Umrandungsseite desselben angeordneten innenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (26) und einen auf einer äußeren Umrandungsseite desselben angeordneten außenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (27) aufweist, wobei
    der Schaufelabschnitt (21) eine Schaufeloberfläche (23) aufweist, die sich zwischen dem innenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (26) und dem außenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (27) erstreckt, und eine auf einer Drehrichtungsseite des Ventilators angeordnete Druckfläche (25) und eine auf einer Rückseite der Druckfläche (25) angeordnete Saugfläche (24) umfasst,
    wenn der Ventilator gedreht wird, ein Fluidstrom auf der Schaufeloberfläche (23) erzeugt wird, um zwischen dem innenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (26) und dem außenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (27) zu strömen,
    wenn er entlang einer zur einer Drehachse des Ventilators senkrechten Ebene geschnitten wird, der Schaufelabschnitt (21) einen Schaufelquerschnitt mit an der Druckfläche (25) und der Saugfläche (24) gebildeten konkaven Abschnitten (56, 57) aufweist,
    eine Vielzahl der Schaufelabschnitte (21) einen ersten Schaufelabschnitt und einen zweiten Schaufelabschnitt mit Schaufelquerschnitten unterschiedlicher Formen umfassen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die innenliegenden Kantenabschnitte der Schaufelabschnitte an einem gleichen Innendurchmesser angeordnet sind; und
    die Schaufelabschnitte in der Axialrichtung einer Drehachse des Ventilators einen gleichförmigen Querschnitt aufweisen.
     
    2. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich der erste Schaufelabschnitt und der zweite Schaufelabschnitt in den Lagen der konkaven Abschnitte (56, 57) voneinander unterscheiden.
     
    3. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich der erste Schaufelabschnitt und der zweite Schaufelabschnitt in der Zahl der konkaven Abschnitte (56, 57) voneinander unterscheiden.
     
    4. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich der erste Schaufelabschnitt und der zweite Schaufelabschnitt in der Form der konkaven Abschnitte (56, 57) voneinander unterscheiden.
     
    5. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Vielzahl der Schaufelabschnitte (21) derart angeordnet sind, dass ein Winkel einer die Drehachse des Ventilators mit dem außenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (27) verbindenden Linie zwischen benachbarten Schaufelabschnitten (21) gleich ist.
     
    6. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Vielzahl der Schaufelabschnitte (21) derart angeordnet sind, dass ein Winkel einer die Drehachse des Ventilators mit einem Zentroid des Schaufelquerschnitts des Schaufelabschnitts (21) verbindenden Linie zwischen benachbarten Schaufelabschnitten (21) gleich ist.
     
    7. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei mehrere Arten der Schaufelabschnitte (21) mit Schaufelquerschnitten unterschiedlicher Formen dazu angeordnet sind, in einer unregelmäßigen Reihenfolge platziert zu sein.
     
    8. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei der an der Druckfläche (25) gebildete konkave Abschnitt (57) einen konvexen Abschnitt (51) an der Saugfläche (24) bildet und der an der Saugfläche (24) gebildete konkave Abschnitt (56) einen konvexen Abschnitt (52) an der Druckfläche (25) bildet.
     
    9. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schaufelabschnitt (21) einen Schaufelquerschnitt mit konstanter Dicke zwischen dem innenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (26) und dem außenliegenden Kantenabschnitt (27) aufweist.
     
    10. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    der Schaufelabschnitt (21) Krümmungsabschnitte (41) aufweist, an denen eine Mittellinie (106) des Schaufelquerschnitts zwischen der Druckfläche (25) und der Saugfläche (24) an unterschiedlichen Stellen gekrümmt ist, und

    die konkaven Abschnitte (56, 57) aus den Krümmungsabschnitten (41) gebildet sind.


     
    11. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    ein innenliegender Raum (131) innerhalb einer Vielzahl der in der Umfangsrichtung angeordneten Schaufelabschnitte (21) gebildet ist und ein außenliegender Raum (132) außerhalb davon gebildet ist, und

    es sich bei dem Ventilator um einen Zentrifugalventilator (10) handelt, der Fluid aus dem innenliegenden Raum (131) in den außenliegenden Raum (132) ausgibt.


     
    12. Ventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    ein innenliegender Raum (247) innerhalb einer Vielzahl der in der Umfangsrichtung angeordneten Schaufelabschnitte (21) gebildet ist und ein außenliegender Raum (246, 248) außerhalb davon gebildet ist, und

    es sich bei dem Ventilator um einen Querstromventilator (100) handelt, der bei Betrachtung aus einer Richtung der Drehachse des Ventilators auf einer Seite in Bezug auf die Drehachse Fluid aus dem außenliegenden Raum (246) in den innenliegenden Raum (247) einsaugt und das eingesaugte Fluid auf der in Bezug auf die Drehachse anderen Seite in den außenliegenden Raum (248) ausgibt.


     
    13. Fluidzuführvorrichtung, umfassend ein Gebläse (150, 215), das mit dem Ventilator (10, 100) nach Anspruch 1 und einem an den Ventilator (10, 100) gekoppelten Antriebsmotor konfiguriert ist, um eine Vielzahl der Schaufelabschnitte (21) zu drehen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ventilateur comportant une pluralité de parties formant pale (21) agencées de manière espacée les unes par rapport aux autres dans une direction allant dans le sens de la circonférence, chaque partie formant pale ayant une partie formant bord intérieur (26) disposée sur un côté périphérique intérieur de celle-ci et une partie formant bord extérieur (27) disposée sur un côté périphérique extérieur de celle-ci, dans lequel
    ladite partie formant pale (21) a une surface de pale (23) s'étendant entre ladite partie formant bord intérieur (26) et ladite partie formant bord extérieur (27) et comprenant une surface en pression (25) disposée dans une direction allant dans le sens de la rotation du ventilateur et une surface en dépression (24) disposée sur un côté arrière de ladite surface en pression (25),
    alors que le ventilateur est en rotation, un écoulement de fluide est produit sur ladite surface de pale (23) à des fins d'écoulement entre ladite partie formant bord intérieur (26) et ladite partie formant bord extérieur (27),
    quand elle est coupée le long d'un plan orthogonal par rapport à un axe de rotation du ventilateur, ladite partie formant pale (21) a une coupe transversale de pale ayant des parties concaves (56, 57) formées au niveau de ladite surface en pression (25) et de ladite surface en dépression (24),
    une pluralité desdites parties formant pale (21) comprennent une première partie formant pale et une deuxième partie formant pale ayant des coupes transversales de pale de différentes formes, caractérisé en ce que
    les parties formant bord intérieur des parties formant pale sont disposées au niveau d'un même diamètre intérieur ; et
    les parties formant pale ont une coupe transversale uniforme dans la direction axiale d'un axe de rotation du ventilateur.
     
    2. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite première partie formant pale et ladite deuxième partie formant pale sont différentes l'une de l'autre en termes de positions desdites parties concaves (56, 57).
     
    3. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite première partie formant pale et ladite deuxième partie formant pale sont différentes l'une de l'autre en termes de nombre desdites parties concaves (56, 57).
     
    4. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite première partie formant pale et ladite deuxième partie formant pale sont différentes l'une de l'autre en termes de forme desdites parties concaves (56, 57).
     
    5. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une pluralité desdites parties formant pale (21) sont agencées de telle sorte qu'un angle d'une ligne raccordant l'axe de rotation du ventilateur à ladite partie formant bord extérieur (27) est égal entre desdites parties formant pale adjacentes (21).
     
    6. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une pluralité desdites parties formant pale (21) sont agencées de telle sorte qu'un angle d'une ligne raccordant l'axe de rotation du ventilateur à un point milieu de la coupe transversale de pale de ladite partie formant pale (21) est égal entre desdites parties formant pale adjacentes (21).
     
    7. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel plusieurs sortes desdites parties formant pale (21) ayant des coupes transversales de pale de différentes formes sont agencées pour être placées dans un ordre irrégulier.
     
    8. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite partie concave (57) formée au niveau de ladite surface en pression (25) forme une partie convexe (51) au niveau de ladite surface en dépression (24), et ladite partie concave (56) formée au niveau de ladite surface en dépression (24) forme une partie convexe (52) au niveau de ladite surface en pression (25).
     
    9. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite partie formant pale (21) a une coupe transversale de pale ayant une épaisseur constante entre ladite partie formant bord intérieur (26) et ladite partie formant bord extérieur (27).
     
    10. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    ladite partie formant pale (21) a des parties de flexion (41) au niveau desquelles une ligne centrale (106) de la coupe transversale de pale entre ladite surface en pression (25) et ladite surface en dépression (24) est fléchie au niveau de différents points, et
    lesdites parties concaves (56, 57) sont formées à partir desdites parties de flexion (41).
     
    11. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    un espace intérieur (131) est formé à l'intérieur d'une pluralité desdites parties formant pale (21) agencées dans la direction allant dans le sens de la circonférence, et un espace extérieur (132) est formé à l'extérieur de cette pluralité, et
    le ventilateur est un ventilateur centrifuge (10) qui distribue un fluide en provenance dudit espace intérieur (131) jusqu'audit espace extérieur (132).
     
    12. Ventilateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    un espace intérieur (247) est formé à l'intérieur d'une pluralité desdites parties formant pale (21) agencées dans la direction allant dans le sens de la circonférence, et un espace extérieur (246, 248) est formé à l'extérieur de cette pluralité, et
    le ventilateur est un ventilateur tangentiel (100) qui aspire le fluide jusqu'audit espace intérieur (247) en provenance dudit espace extérieur (246) sur un côté par rapport à l'axe de rotation, tel que vu depuis une direction de l'axe de rotation du ventilateur, et distribue le fluide aspiré jusqu'audit espace extérieur (248) sur l'autre côté par rapport à l'axe de rotation.
     
    13. Dispositif d'alimentation en fluide comportant une soufflante (150, 215) configuré avec le ventilateur (10, 100) selon la revendication 1 et un moteur d'entraînement accouplé audit ventilateur (10, 100) à des fins de rotation d'une pluralité desdites parties formant pale (21).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description