(19)
(11)EP 2 568 749 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
31.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/05

(21)Application number: 11290397.6

(22)Date of filing:  06.09.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 36/00(2009.01)
H04W 88/00(2009.01)
H04W 24/02(2009.01)
H04W 36/24(2009.01)

(54)

Method of providing communication over a mobile communication network

Verfahren zur Bereitstellung von Kommunikation über ein mobiles Kommunikationsnetzwerk

Procédé pour la fourniture de communication dans un réseau de communication mobile


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.03.2013 Bulletin 2013/11

(73)Proprietor: ALCATEL LUCENT
92100 Boulogne-Billancourt (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Bakker, Hajo
    71735 Eberdingen (DE)
  • Doetsch, Uwe
    74392 Freudental (DE)
  • Klein, Siegfried
    70469 Stuttgart (DE)
  • Weber, Andreas
    74251 Lehrensteinsfeld (DE)

(74)Representative: Wetzel, Emmanuelle 
Nokia Solutions and Networks GmbH & Co. KG Intellectual Property Business Group
70430 Stuttgart
70430 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/023234
US-A1- 2010 020 710
US-A1- 2009 129 291
US-A1- 2010 103 845
  
  • ERICSSON: "Neighbour Relations and X2 Self-configuration for Relay Nodes", 3GPP DRAFT; R3-102200, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG3, no. Madrid, Spain; 20100823, 15 August 2010 (2010-08-15), XP050453076, [retrieved on 2010-08-15]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communication networks and, more specifically, to a method of providing communication over a communication network comprising two or more fixed nodes and one or more mobile relay nodes.

Background



[0002] In a mobile communication network, in particular in a Mobile LTE Relay communication network, the air-interface of the network - which is the E-UTRAN part (evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access network) of the LTE network - comprises networks nodes, called eNBs, E-UTRAN NodeBs, operating each a fixed radio cell for serving user equipments, UE, located within the coverage area of the respective radio cell.

[0003] For the reasons of coverage extension, the E-UTRAN supports a relaying by mobile relay nodes wirelessly connected to an eNB serving the mobile relay node, the eNB therefore is called Donor eNB, DeNB, via a modified version of the E-UTRAN radio interface which is called Un interface.

[0004] For the user equipments served by the mobile radio cell operated by the mobile relay node, the mobile relay node appears as a mobile base station. Therefore the user equipments need to know the physical cell ID assigned to the mobile radio cell operated by the mobile relay node for sending and receiving communication via the mobile relay node over the mobile communication network.

[0005] Document US 2010/103845 A1 describes methodologies that facilitate performing intra-cluster and inter-cluster reselection for relay eNBs.

[0006] Document WO 2011/023234 A1 shows a method of allocating a Physical Cell Identity (PCI) and/or Tracking Area (TA) parameters to an added access node.

[0007] Document US 2010/020710 A1 shows systems and methodologies are described that facilitate providing physical cell identifier (PCI) assignment.

Summary



[0008] The objective of the present invention is to improve communication over a mobile communication network. The objective of the present invention is achieved by a method, a fixed node and a mobile relay node according to the independent claims. By dynamically assigning a physical cell ID to a mobile relay node, the present invention aims to overcome the problem of the restriction of the number of active mobile relay nodes and of the number of mobile radio cells operated by the mobile relay nodes respectively within a mobile communication network as the result of a limited number of available physical cell IDs. This is, as the total number of physical cell IDs in a mobile communication network is restricted, once all available physical cell IDs are assigned, a new mobile radio cell operated by a mobile relay node can not be assigned with a physical cell ID which would uniquely identify the mobile radio cell operated by said mobile relay node within the mobile communication network. This means said mobile radio cell operated by the mobile relay node can not be active in the mobile communication network or in case one of the already assigned physical cell IDs might be assigned to another fixed radio cell operated by a fixed node or to another mobile radio cell operated by a mobile relay node, there will be a confusion and/or collision situation due to the same physical cell ID assigned to two or even more radio cells, fixed radio cells and/or mobile radio cells, in particular the two cells being direct neighbour cells and in the case that a radio cell has two neighbour cells with identical physical cell IDs. Even if the same physical cell ID would be assigned to cells which are not adjacent to each other, but rather being in a quite distance, the confusion and/ or collision situation might be attenuated, but still not solved.

[0009] Due to the dynamic assignment of the physical cell IDs, the fixed node can serve a huge number of mobile relay nodes as the fixed node controls the allocation of the physical cell IDs required for mobility of the mobile relay nodes. Furthermore, full user equipment mobility can be provided both in the direction from the mobile relay node towards the macro cell, i.e. the radio cell of the fixed node, and from the macro cell towards the mobile relay node. The fixed node may be for example a DeNB, the mobile relay node may be a mobile relay within a car and user equipment may be a mobile phone, a tablet computer or any device being able to communicate via mobile communication.

[0010] With the solution of the present invention, a handover towards the fixed node, i.e. the user equipment is leaving the mobile relay node, i.e. a car, can be carried out according to the 3GPP specification, i.e. there is no impact on standard user equipments. The same applies for handover towards the mobile relay, when user equipment, i.e. a mobile phone, e.g., is leaving the coverage area of the fixed node, i.e. the DeNB, e.g., and is afterwards served by the mobile relay node, i.e. of the car, e.g..

[0011] Further advantages of the present invention are achieved by the embodiments of the invention indicated by the dependent claims.

Brief Description of the Figures



[0012] The features and advantages of the present invention will be more completely understood by reference to the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1
depicts an overall view of the structure of a mobile communication network;
Fig. 2
is a block diagram showing a physical cell ID assignment in a mobile communication network before a handover is provided;
Fig. 3
is a block diagram showing a physical cell ID assignment in a mobile communication network after a handover is provided; and
Fig. 4
is a flow diagram showing the communication procedure for physical cell ID assignment and handover within a communication network

Description of Embodiments



[0013] Fig. 1 shows a mobile communication network 1 comprising the air-interface part 1a of the network and other network nodes 1b which are in particular access nodes of the network. The air-interface part comprises fixed nodes 2a, 2b and one or more mobile relay nodes 7 of which only one is depicted in fig. 1. Furthermore, fig. 1 shows user equipments 4 served by the network nodes 2a, 2b and 7. The user equipments 4 may be mobile phones, laptop computers or other devices able to communicate by mobile communication.

[0014] In an exemplary embodiment, the mobile communication network 1 is a LTE network of which the air-interface part of the network 1a is implemented with E-UTRAN network components. In case of a LTE network, the fixed nodes 2a, 2b of the E-UTRAN part 1a of the network 1 are E-UTRAN nodeBs, eNBs, wherein an eNB which is serving a mobile relay node 7 is called Donor eNB, DeNB.

[0015] In an exemplary embodiment, mobile relay nodes 7 may be a mobile relay within a car, a train or a bus.

[0016] In an exemplary embodiment, the network nodes 1b may be mobile management entities, MME, and/or serving gateways, S-GW. A MME is a key control node for the access network, e.g. the LTE access network, and a S-GW is an access gateway.

[0017] As shown in fig. 1, each fixed node 2a, 2b operates a fixed radio cell 3a, 3b for serving one or more user equipments 4 via a first radio interface 5a, 5b and for serving one or more of the mobile relay nodes 7 via a second radio interface 8a, 8b. The mobile relay nodes 7 operate each a mobile radio cell 9 for serving one or more user equipments 4 via a third radio interface 10. In fig. 1 only one mobile relay node 7 is depicted. To each radio cell, i.e. both to each of the fixed radio cells 3a, 3b and to each of the mobile radio cells 9 a physical cell ID (6a, 6b, 6c ... 6N) is assigned identifying the radio cell operated by the respective node.

[0018] In the exemplary embodiment depicted in fig. 1, the physical cell ID 6a is assigned to the fixed radio cell 3a and identifies the fixed radio cell 3a operated by the fixed node 2a, the physical cell ID 6b is assigned to the fixed radio cell 3b and identifies the fixed radio cell 3b operated by fixed node 2b and the physical cell ID 6c is assigned to the mobile radio cell 9 and identifies the mobile radio cell 9 operated by the mobile relay node 7. Each physical cell ID is selected out of a set of N physical cell IDs (6a, 6b, 6c ... 6N). The number of physical cell IDs available in the mobile communication network is restricted.

[0019] In an exemplary embodiment, wherein the mobile communication network is a LTE communication network, the number N of the physical cell IDs is restricted to 504.

[0020] Therefore, an assignment of a predefined physical cell ID for each mobile radio cell which is persistent for a longer time during the movement of the mobile relay node operating said mobile radio cell is not possible as more mobile radio cells operated by the mobile relay nodes than the available number of physical cell IDs, e.g. for the LTE network 504, should be served which would not be possible, if a physical cell ID was assigned once for ever and could therefore not be re-used after release of the mobile radio cell operated by the mobile relay node. A mobile relay node can be for example a mobile relay within a car, so that the mobile relay node is changing the local position of the mobile radio cell operated by said mobile relay node as the car is changing its local position. In addition, there is a 3GPP requirement that neighbour cells of a source cell should not have the same physical cell ID; otherwise a handover might fail as the wrong target cell might be addressed by the source cell.

[0021] The assignment of a physical cell ID out of the set of N physical cell IDs is therefore made dynamically. This means a physical cell ID is not assigned to a mobile radio cell once for ever, but the assignment is made in a way that the N available physical cell IDs are used, released and re-used in a way to achieve the usage of the physical cell IDs in an effective way taken in consideration which physical cell IDs are currently used, i.e. still used or not used anymore so as the respective physical cell IDs can be released and re-used when needed. In addition, a confusion or collision due to same physical cell IDs assigned to radio cells being neighbour cells or adjacent cells should be avoided accordingly.

[0022] This method depicts a new concept to re-use physical cell IDs in an advanced manner, i.e. a physical cell ID is assigned out of the set of N, for the exemplary LTE network: N = 504, physical cell IDs, dynamically. This dynamic assignment of a physical cell ID is a new task of the fixed node serving the mobile relay node, e.g. in case of the exemplary LTE network, the DeNB serving the mobile relay node, which has not yet been described by 3GPP.

[0023] The dynamic assignment of the physical cell ID will be more completely understood with reference to figs. 2-4, where the same reference signs refer to corresponding components, partly already shown in fig. 1.

[0024] In a preferred embodiment, a mobile relay node 7 (fig. 2) measures the signal strength of a serving fixed radio cell 3a and the signal strength of surrounding fixed radio cells, for example of the surrounding fixed radio cell 3b. If the signal strength of one of the surrounding fixed radio cells, for example the signal strength of the fixed radio cell 3b, exceeds the signal strength of the fixed radio cell 3a, the mobile relay node 7 sends a handover request 11 (fig. 4) to the serving fixed node 2a. The serving fixed node 2a executes a handover acceptance procedure 12 (fig. 4) by sending the handover request 11 to the fixed node 2b operating the fixed radio cell 3b of which the signal strength is measured to be exceeding the signal strength of the serving fixed radio cell 3a. The fixed node 2b is therefore defined as the target fixed node 2b, i.e. the fixed node to which a handover is intended to be performed. If by the target fixed node 2b the handover request is accepted 12 (fig. 4), the handover 13 (figs.2, 3) is performed from the serving fixed node 2a to the target fixed node 2b by selecting a new physical cell ID 6d (fig. 3) of the set of N physical cell IDs and assigning 14 (figs. 3, 4) the selected physical cell ID 6d to the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7, whereby the new physical cell ID 6d replaces the old physical cell ID 6c (fig. 2, 3).

[0025] In a preferred embodiment, the serving fixed node 2a is a DeNB, the target fixed node 2b is also a DeNB of a LTE communication network and the mobile relay node 7 is a mobile relay within a car, a train or a bus, e.g..

[0026] Fig. 3 shows the situation after the handover procedure 13 has been effected. After handover 13 of the mobile relay node 7 from the "old" serving fixed node 2a to the "new" fixed node, i.e. the target fixed node 2b, the new physical cell ID 6d is assigned to the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7. Before the handover procedure 13, the mobile relay node 7 operated the mobile radio cell 9a (fig. 2) for serving the user equipments 4. After the handover procedure 13, the mobile relay node 7 operates the mobile radio cell 9b for serving the user equipments 4 (fig. 3).

[0027] In a preferred embodiment, the selected physical cell ID 6d is assigned to the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7 by transmitting the new physical cell ID 6d from the "old" serving fixed node 2a or from the "new" target fixed node 2b to the mobile relay node 7 and by switching from an old physical cell ID 6c to the new physical cell ID 6d by using the new physical cell ID 6d by the mobile relay node 7 to identify the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7 (figs. 3, 4). Fig. 3 shows for exemplary reasons the embodiment of the assignment 14 of the new physical cell ID 6d to the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7 by, i.e. from, the target fixed node 2b.

[0028] In a preferred embodiment, the target fixed node 2b transmits the new physical cell ID 6d of the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7 by means of a RRC message, = radio resource control message, to the mobile relay node 7 via a UEif, UEif = user equipment interface, of the second radio interface 8b (fig. 3).

[0029] In a preferred embodiment, the target fixed node 2b transmits the new physical cell ID 6d of the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7 by means of a X2 message to the mobile relay node 7 via a Un interface of the second radio interface 8b (fig. 3).

[0030] In a preferred embodiment, the Un interface is a modified version of the E-UTRAN radio interface of a LTE communication network.

[0031] In a preferred embodiment, the mobile relay node 7 switches immediately from an old physical cell ID 6c to the new physical cell ID 6d by using the new physical cell ID 6d to identify the mobile radio cell 9b which is operated by the mobile relay node 7. In this case, the user equipment 4 detects that the mobile radio cell 9b which is identified by the new physical cell ID 6d is the strongest radio cell and sends out a handover request 15 (fig. 4) to the mobile relay node 7 operating the mobile radio cell 9b identified by the new physical cell ID 6d.In order to achieve that the user equipments 4 can continue to be served by said mobile relay node 7, the new physical cell ID 6d has to be transmitted to the user equipments 4 so that they can connect to the "new" mobile radio cell 9b identified by the new physical cell ID 6d. Therefore following the handover request 15 of the user equipments 4, a handover procedure 13 is executed to the mobile radio cell 9b identified by the new physical cell ID 6d so that the communication from the user equipments 4 via the mobile relay node 7 operating the mobile radio cell 9b and further to and over the communication network 1 can be provided.

[0032] In a preferred embodiment, after the mobile relay node 7 has switched from the old physical cell ID 6c to the new physical cell ID 6d by using the new physical cell ID 6d to identify the mobile radio cell 9b operated by said mobile relay node 7, the user equipment 4 detects that the old physical cell ID 6c is not longer transmitted, whereby the user equipment 4 suffers a radio link failure. After the user equipment 4 detects the radio link failure, a RRC connection re-establishment request 16a of the user equipment 4 which has been served by the mobile radio cell 9a identified by the old physical cell ID 6c is sent from said user equipment 4 to the mobile relay node 7 via the third radio interface 10 (figs. 3, 4). The RRC connection re-establishment request 16a includes the old physical cell ID 6c. As the mobile relay node 7 still knows the user equipment context, the communication can be resumed, i.e. there will be no call drop. Accordingly, a RRC connection re-establishment message 16b is sent from the mobile relay node 7 to the user equipment 4 via the third radio interface 10 (figs. 3, 4).

[0033] In a preferred embodiment, after the mobile relay node 7 has switched from the old physical cell ID 6c to the new physical cell ID 6d by using the new physical cell ID 6d to identify the mobile radio cell 9b operated by the mobile relay node 7, the mobile relay node 7 sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message 17 to all active user equipments 4 served by the mobile radio cell 9a identified by the old physical cell ID 6c, i.e. served by the mobile relay node 7 while operating the mobile radio cell 9a identified by the old physical cell ID 6c via the third radio interface 10 (figs 3, 4). The RRC connection reconfiguration message 17 forces the user equipments 4 to connect to the mobile radio cell 9b identified by the new physical cell ID 6d.

[0034] In a preferred embodiment, the RRC connection reconfiguration message 17 is sent to the user equipments 4 before the physical cell ID is switched from the old physical cell ID 6c to the new physical cell ID 6d and a handover timer of the user equipment 4 is triggered based on the reception of the RRC connection reconfiguration message 17. The user equipment 4 is connected to the mobile radio cell 9b identified by the new physical cell ID 6d as soon as the handover timer expires or as long as the handover timer is still running.

[0035] In a preferred embodiment, the mobile relay node 7 switches at a specific time stamp from the old physical cell ID 6c to the new physical cell ID 6d by using the new physical cell ID 6d to identify the mobile radio cell 9b operated by said mobile relay node 7. In this embodiment, the mobile relay node 7 transmits a broadcast message 18 comprising the new physical cell ID 6d and the time stamp towards the user equipment 4 served by the mobile radio cell 9a identified by the old physical cell ID 6c via the third radio interface 10 (figs 3, 4). At the specific time stamp the physical cell ID changes and the user equipment 4 uses the new physical cell ID 6d instead of the old physical cell ID 6c, in particular for being served by the mobile relay node 7.

[0036] In a preferred embodiment, a fixed node 2a of the two or more fixed nodes provides an internal list which stores information about a physical cell ID 6a of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a fixed radio cell 3a operated by the fixed node 2a and information about a physical cell ID 6b of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a surrounding fixed radio cell 3b operated by a surrounding fixed node 2b, and/or information about a physical cell ID 6c of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a mobile radio cell 9 operated by a mobile relay node 7, in particular a mobile relay node 7 served by the fixed node 2a. The fixed node 2a selects a physical cell ID of the set of N physical cell IDs which according to the internal list is not yet currently assigned.

[0037] In a preferred embodiment, the fixed node 2a,receives from a surrounding fixed node 2b information about a physical cell ID 6b of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a surrounding fixed radio cell 3b operated by the surrounding fixed node 2b and/or information about a physical cell ID 6c of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a surrounding mobile radio cell 9 operated by a surrounding mobile relay node 7 served by the surrounding fixed node 2b, and updates the internal list by means of the received information.

[0038] In a preferred embodiment, the mobile relay node 7 stores information about physical cell IDs of the surrounding fixed and/or mobile radio cells and sends said information to the serving fixed node and/or the target fixed node for update of the internal list by means of the received information.

[0039] In a preferred embodiment, the serving fixed node will add the selected physical cell ID to its internal list, also the mobile relay node will update its internal list with the physical cell ID of the serving fixed radio cell. A handover request from the mobile relay node towards the radio cell operated by the serving fixed node and vice versa is possible from now on, i.e. the standard handover messages via the X2 interface can be exchanged.

[0040] In a preferred embodiment, the serving fixed node will send the complete list of all physical cell IDs related to its fixed neighbours to enable as well a handover towards other fixed neighbours, e.g. the mobile relay node is located at a cell border towards a second radio cell or a radio cell of a second serving fixed node and the received signal is stronger than the signal of the radio cell operated by the serving fixed node.

[0041] In a preferred embodiment, the serving fixed node sends the complete list of all physical cell IDs related to mobile radio cells operated by mobile relay nodes to enable as well a handover between the mobile relay nodes. Update of the list, after a handover towards other radio cell, might also be possible.

[0042] In a preferred implementation of all embodiments, the mobile communication network is a LTE communication network, the two or more serving fixed nodes are DeNBs and the mobile relay node is a mobile relay within a car, a bus or a train.


Claims

1. A method of providing communication over a mobile communication network (1) comprising two or more fixed nodes (2a, 2b) each operating a fixed radio cell (3a, 3b) for serving one or more user equipments (4) via a first radio interface (5a, 5b), wherein each of the fixed radio cells (3a, 3b) is identified by a physical cell ID (6a, 6b), selected out of a set of N physical cell IDs, and one or more mobile relay nodes (7) served by the two or more fixed nodes (2a, 2b) via a second radio interface (8a, 8b), the one or more mobile relay nodes (7) each operating a mobile radio cell (9) for serving one or more user equipments (4) via a third radio interface (10), wherein each of the mobile radio cells (9) is identified by a physical cell ID (6c) selected out of the set of N physical cell IDs, the method comprising the steps of:

dynamically assigning a physical cell ID (6c) of the set of N physical cell IDs to the one or more mobile radio cells (9),

measuring a signal strength of a serving fixed radio cell (3a) and a signal strength of surrounding fixed radio cells (3b) by a mobile relay node (7),

if the signal strength of a surrounding fixed radio cell (3b) exceeds the signal strength of the serving fixed radio cell (3a), sending a handover request (11) to the serving fixed node (2a) by the mobile relay node (7) and executing a handover acceptance procedure (12) between the serving fixed node (2a) and a target fixed node (2b),

if the handover (13) is accepted, then

assigning a new physical cell ID (6d) of the set of N physical cell IDs to a mobile radio cell (9b) operated by the mobile relay node (7),

transmitting the new physical cell ID (6d) from the serving fixed node (2a) or the target fixed node (2b) to the mobile relay node (7) and

switching from an old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) by using the new physical cell ID (6d) by the mobile relay node (7) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7).


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the steps of:

providing by a fixed node (2a) of the two or more fixed nodes an internal list which stores information about a physical cell ID (6a) of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a fixed radio cell (3a) operated by the fixed node (2a), and information about a physical cell ID (6b) of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a surrounding fixed radio cell (3b) operated by a surrounding fixed node (2b), and/or information about a physical cell ID (6c) of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a mobile radio cell (9) operated by a mobile relay node (7), in particular a mobile relay node (7) served by the fixed node (2a), and

wherein the step of dynamically assigning the physical cell ID (6c) comprises the step of selecting by the fixed node (2a) a physical cell ID of the set of N physical cell IDs which according to the internal list is not yet currently assigned.


 
3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the steps of:

receiving by the fixed node (2a) from a surrounding fixed node (2b) information about a physical cell ID (6b) of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a surrounding fixed radio cell (3b) operated by the surrounding fixed node (2b) and/or information about a physical cell ID (6c) of the set of N physical cell IDs currently assigned to a surrounding mobile radio cell (9) operated by a surrounding mobile relay node (7) served by the surrounding fixed node (2b), and

updating the internal list by means of the received information.


 
4. The method according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the steps of:

storing, by the mobile relay node (7), information about physical cell IDs of the surrounding fixed and/or mobile radio cells,

sending the information to the fixed node (2a) and updating the internal list by means of the received information.


 
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the new physical cell ID (6d) of the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7) is transmitted from the target fixed node (2b) by means of a RRC message to the mobile relay node (7) via a UEif interface of the second radio interface (8b).
 
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the new physical cell ID (6d) of the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7) is transmitted from the target fixed node (2b) by means of a X2 message to the mobile relay node (7) via a Un interface of the second radio interface (8b).
 
7. The method according to claim 1 comprising the steps of:

switching from an old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) by using the new physical cell ID (6d) by the mobile relay node (7) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7),

detecting by the user equipment (4) that the mobile radio cell (9b) identified by the new physical cell ID (6d) is the strongest radio cell,

sending by the user equipment (4) a handover request (15) to the mobile relay node (7) operating the mobile radio cell (9b) identified by the new physical cell ID (6d) and executing a handover procedure to the mobile radio cell (9b) identified by the new physical cell ID (6d).


 
8. The method according to claim 1 comprising the steps of:

switching from an old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) by using the new physical cell ID (6d) by the mobile relay node (7) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7),

detecting by the user equipment (4) that the old physical cell ID (6c) is not longer transmitted, whereby the user equipment (4) suffers a radio link failure,

after detection of the radio link failure transmitting a RRC connection re-establishment request (16a) by the user equipment (4) to the mobile relay node (7), and

transmitting a RRC connection re-establishment message (16b) from the mobile relay node (7) to the user equipment (4) via the third radio interface (10).


 
9. The method according to claim 1 comprising the steps of:

switching from an old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) by using the new physical cell ID (6d) by the mobile relay node (7) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7) and

sending a RRC connection reconfiguration message (17) to all active user equipments (4) served by the mobile radio cell (9a) identified by the old physical cell ID (6c), the RRC connection reconfiguration message (17) forcing the user equipments (4) to connect to the mobile radio cell (9b) identified by the new physical cell ID (6d).


 
10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the method comprises the steps of:

sending the RRC connection reconfiguration message (17) before switching from the old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d),

triggering a handover timer of the user equipment (4) based on the reception of said RRC connection reconfiguration message (17) and

connecting the user equipment (4) to the mobile radio cell (9b) identified by the new physical cell ID (6d) as soon as the handover timer expires or as long as the handover timer is still running.


 
11. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the steps of:

switching at a specific time stamp from an old physical cell 3D (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) by using the new physical cell ID (6d) by the mobile relay node (7) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7) and

transmitting a broadcast message (18) comprising the new physical cell ID (6d) and the time stamp towards the user equipment (4) served by the mobile radio cell (9a) identified by the old physical cell ID (6c).


 
12. A fixed node (2a, 2b) comprising a first communication unit adapted to operate a fixed radio cell (3a, 3b) for serving one or more user equipments (4) via a first radio interface (5a, 5b), the fixed radio cell (3a, 3b) being identified by a physical cell ID (6a, 6b) selected out of a set of N physical cell IDs, a second communication unit adapted to serve one or more mobile relay nodes (7) via a second radio interface (8a, 8b) and a control unit adapted to dynamically assign a physical cell ID (6c, 6d) of the set of N physical cell IDs to the one or more mobile radio cells (9), if - based on measurements by a mobile relay node (7) of a signal strength of the fixed radio cell (3a) and a signal strength of surrounding fixed radio cells (3b) - the signal strength of a surrounding fixed radio cell (3b) exceeds the signal strength of the fixed radio cell (3a), receive a handover request (11) from the mobile relay node (7) and execute a handover acceptance procedure (12) between the fixed node (2a) and a target fixed node (2b), if the handover (13) is accepted, then assign a new physical cell ID (6d) of the set of N physical cell IDs to a mobile radio cell (9b) operated by the mobile relay node (7), transmit the new physical cell ID (6d) to the mobile relay node (7) thereby causing the mobile relay node (7) to switch from an old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) by using by the mobile relay node (7) the new physical cell ID (6d) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b) operated by said mobile relay node (7).
 
13. A mobile relay node (7) comprising a first communication unit adapted to operate a mobile radio cell (9) for serving one or more user equipments (4) via a third radio interface (10), wherein the mobile radio cell (9) is identified by a physical cell ID (6c) selected out of a set of N physical cell IDs, a second communication unit adapted to communicate via a second radio interface (8a, 8b) with one or more fixed nodes (2a, 2b) each operating a fixed radio cell (3a, 3b) for serving one or more user equipments (4) via a first radio interface (5a, 5b), wherein each of the fixed radio cells (3a, 3b) is identified by a physical cell ID (6a, 6b) selected out of the set of N physical cell IDs, and a control unit adapted to measure a signal strength of a serving fixed radio cell (3a) and a signal strength of surrounding fixed radio cells (3b), if the signal strength of a surrounding fixed radio cell (3b) exceeds the signal strength of the serving fixed radio cell (3a), send a handover request (11) to the serving fixed node (2a) thereby initiating a handover acceptance procedure (12) between the serving fixed node (2a) and a target fixed node (2b), if the handover (13) is accepted by the target fixed node (2a), and - on assignment of a physical cell ID of the set of N physical cell IDs as new physical cell ID (6d) of the mobile radio cell (9) - receive the new physical cell ID (6d) from the serving fixed node (2a) or the target fixed node (2b), switch from an old physical cell ID (6c) to the new physical cell ID (6d) and use the new physical cell ID (6d) to identify the mobile radio cell (9b).
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Bereitstellen einer Kommunikation über ein mobiles Kommunikationsnetzwerk (1), das zwei oder mehrere feste Knoten (2a, 2b) umfasst, die jeweils eine feste Funkzelle (3a, 3b) zum Bedienen eines oder mehrerer Teilnehmergeräte (4) über eine erste Funkschnittstelle (5a, 5b) betreiben, wobei jede der festen Funkzellen (3a, 3b) durch eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6a, 6b) identifiziert wird, die aus einem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs gewählt wird, und einen oder mehrere mobile Vermittlungsknoten (7), die von den zwei oder mehreren festen Knoten (2a, 2b) über eine zweite Funkschnittstelle (8a, 8b) bedient werden, wobei der eine oder die mehreren mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) jeweils eine mobile Funkzelle (9) zum Bedienen eines oder mehrerer Teilnehmergeräte (4) über eine dritte Funkschnittstelle (10) betreiben, wobei jede der mobilen Funkzellen (9) durch eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6c) identifiziert wird, die aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs gewählt wird, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

dynamisches Zuweisen einer physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs zu der einen oder den mehreren mobilen Funkzellen (9),

Messen einer Signalstärke einer bedienenden festen Funkzelle (3a) und einer Signalstärke von umgebenden festen Funkzellen (3b) durch einen mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7),

wenn die Signalstärke einer umgebenden festen Funkzelle (3b) die Signalstärke der bedienenden festen Funkzelle (3a) übersteigt, Senden einer Handover-Anfrage (11) durch den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) an den bedienenden festen Knoten (2a) und Ausführen eines Handover-Annahmeablaufs (12) zwischen dem bedienenden festen Knoten (2a) und einem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b),

wenn das Handover (13) angenommen wird, dann

Zuweisen einer neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs zu einer mobilen Funkzelle (9b), die von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird,

Übertragen der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) von dem bedienenden festen Knoten (2a) oder dem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b) an den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) und

Umschalten von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) durch Verwenden der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren, die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Bereitstellen, durch einen festen Knoten (2a) von den zwei oder mehreren festen Knoten, einer internen Liste, die Informationen speichert über eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6a) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs, die aktuell einer festen Funkzelle (3a) zugewiesen ist, die von dem festen Knoten (2a) betrieben wird, und Informationen über eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6b) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs, die aktuell einer umgebenden festen Funkzelle (3b) zugewiesen ist, die von einem umgebenden festen Knoten (2b) betrieben wird, und/oder Informationen über eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6c) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs, die aktuell einer mobilen Funkzelle (9) zugewiesen ist, die von einem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, insbesondere einem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), der von dem festen Knoten (2a) bedient wird, und

wobei der Schritt des dynamischen Zuweisens der physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) den Schritt des Auswählens, durch den festen Knoten (2a), einer physikalischen Zellen-ID aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs umfasst, die gemäß der internen Liste aktuell noch nicht zugewiesen ist.


 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Empfangen, durch den festen Knoten (2a), von einem umgebenden festen Knoten (2b) von Informationen über eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6b) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs, die aktuell einer umgebenden festen Funkzelle (3b) zugewiesen ist, die von dem umgebenden festen Knoten (2b) betrieben wird, und/oder Informationen über eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6c) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs, die aktuell einer umgebenden mobilen Funkzelle (9) zugewiesen ist, die von einem umgebenden mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, der von dem umgebenden festen Knoten (2b) bedient wird, und

Aktualisieren der internen Liste mittels der empfangenen Informationen.


 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Speichern, durch den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), von Informationen über physikalische Zellen-IDs von den umgebenden festen und/oder mobilen Funkzellen,

Senden der Informationen an den festen Knoten (2a) und Aktualisieren der internen Liste mittels der empfangenen Informationen.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) der mobilen Funkzelle (9b), die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, von dem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b) mittels einer RRC-Nachricht an den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) über eine UEif-Schnittstelle der zweiten Funkschnittstelle (8b) übertragen wird.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) der mobilen Funkzelle (9b), die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, von dem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b) mittels einer X2-Nachricht an den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) über eine Un-Schnittstelle der zweiten Funkschnittstelle (8b) übertragen wird.
 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, umfassend folgende Schritte:

Umschalten von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) durch Verwenden der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren, die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird,

Erkennen durch das Teilnehmergerät (4), dass die mobile Funkzelle (9b), die von der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) identifiziert wird, die stärkste Funkzelle ist,

Senden, durch das Teilnehmergerät (4), einer Handover-Anfrage (15) an den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), der die mobile Funkzelle (9b) betreibt, die von der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) identifiziert wird, und Ausführen eines Handover-Ablaufs an die mobile Funkzelle (9b), die von der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) identifiziert wird.


 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, umfassend folgende Schritte:

Umschalten von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) durch Verwenden der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren, die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird,

Erkennen durch das Teilnehmergerät (4), dass die alte physikalische Zellen-ID (6c) nicht mehr übertragen wird, wonach das Teilnehmergerät (4) einen Funkverbindungsausfall erleidet,

nach Erkennen des Funkverbindungsausfalls, Übertragen einer RRC-Verbindungswiederaufbauanfrage (16a) durch das Teilnehmergerät (4) an den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), und

Übertragen einer RRC-Verbindungswiederaufbaunachricht (16b) von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) an das Teilnehmergerät (4) über die dritte Funkschnittstelle (10).


 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, umfassend folgende Schritte:

Umschalten von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) durch Verwenden der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren, die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, und

Senden einer RRC-Verbindungsneukonfigurationsnachricht (17) an alle aktiven Teilnehmergeräte (4), die von der mobilen Funkzelle (9a) bedient werden, die durch die alte physikalische Zellen-ID (6c) identifiziert wird, wobei die RRC-Verbindungsneukonfigurationsnachricht (17) die Teilnehmergeräte (4) zwingt, sich mit der mobilen Funkzelle (9b) zu verbinden, die durch die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) identifiziert wird.


 
10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Senden der RRC-Verbindungsneukonfigurationsnachricht (17) vor dem Umschalten von der alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d),

Auslösen eines Handover-Timers des Teilnehmergeräts (4) basierend auf dem Empfang der besagten RRC-Verbindungsneukonfigurationsnachricht (17) und

Verbinden des Teilnehmergeräts (4) mit der mobilen Funkzelle (9b), die durch die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) identifiziert wird, sobald der Handover-Timer abläuft oder solange der Handover-Timer noch läuft.


 
11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Umschalten, bei einem spezifischen Zeitstempel, von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) durch den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren, die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, und

Übertragen einer Rundsendenachricht (18), die die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) und den Zeitstempel umfasst, an das Teilnehmergerät (4), das von der mobilen Funkzelle (9a) bedient wird, die durch die alte physikalische Zellen-ID (6c) identifiziert wird.


 
12. Fester Knoten (2a, 2b), umfassend eine erste Kommunikationseinheit, die angepasst ist zum Betreiben einer festen Funkzelle (3a, 3b), um ein oder mehrere Teilnehmergeräte (4) über eine erste Funkschnittstelle (5a, 5b) zu bedienen, wobei die feste Funkzelle (3a, 3b) identifiziert wird durch eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6a, 6b), die aus einem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs gewählt wird, eine zweite Kommunikationseinheit, die angepasst ist zum Bedienen von einem oder mehreren mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) über eine zweite Funkschnittstelle (8a, 8b), und eine Steuereinheit, die angepasst ist zum dynamischen Zuweisen einer physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c, 6d) aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs zu der einen oder den mehreren mobilen Funkzellen (9), wenn - basierend auf Messungen, durch einen mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), von einer Signalstärke der festen Funkzelle (3a) und einer Signalstärke von umgebenden festen Funkzellen (3b) - die Signalstärke einer umgebenden festen Funkzelle (3b) die Signalstärke der festen Funkzelle (3a) übersteigt, Empfangen einer Handover-Anfrage (11) von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) und Ausführen eines Handover-Annahmeablaufs (12) zwischen dem festen Knoten (2a) und einem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b), wenn das Handover (13) angenommen wird, dann Zuweisen einer neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) aus einem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs zu einer mobilen Funkzelle (9b), die von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird, Übertragen der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) an den mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7), dabei wird der mobile Vermittlungsknoten (7) veranlasst, von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) umzuschalten, indem von dem mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) verwendet wird, um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren, die von dem besagten mobilen Vermittlungsknoten (7) betrieben wird.
 
13. Mobiler Vermittlungsknoten (7), umfassend eine erste Kommunikationseinheit, die angepasst ist zum Betreiben einer mobilen Funkzelle (9), um ein oder mehrere Teilnehmergeräte (4) über eine dritte Funkschnittstelle (10) zu bedienen, wobei die mobile Funkzelle (9) identifiziert wird durch eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6c), die aus einem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs gewählt wird, eine zweite Kommunikationseinheit, die angepasst ist, um über eine zweite Funkschnittstelle (8a, 8b) mit einem oder mehreren festen Knoten (2a, 2b) zu kommunizieren, die jeweils eine feste Funkzelle (3a, 3b) betreiben, um ein oder mehrere Teilnehmergeräte (4) über eine erste Funkschnittstelle (5a, 5b) zu bedienen, wobei jede der festen Funkzellen (3a, 3b) durch eine physikalische Zellen-ID (6a, 6b) identifiziert wird, die aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs gewählt wird, und eine Steuereinheit, die angepasst ist zum Messen einer Signalstärke einer bedienenden festen Funkzelle (3a) und einer Signalstärke von umgebenden festen Funkzellen (3b), wenn die Signalstärke einer umgebenden festen Funkzelle (3b) die Signalstärke der bedienenden festen Funkzelle (3a) übersteigt, Senden einer Handover-Anfrage (11) an den bedienenden festen Knoten (2a), dabei wird ein Handover-Annahmeablauf (12) zwischen dem bedienenden festen Knoten (2a) und einem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b) gestartet, wenn das Handover (13) von dem festen Ziel-Knoten (2a) angenommen wird, und - bei Zuweisung einer physikalischen Zellen-ID aus dem Satz von N physikalischen Zellen-IDs als neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) der mobilen Funkzelle (9) - Empfangen der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d) von dem bedienenden festen Knoten (2a) oder dem festen Ziel-Knoten (2b), Umschalten von einer alten physikalischen Zellen-ID (6c) auf die neue physikalische Zellen-ID (6d) und Verwenden der neuen physikalischen Zellen-ID (6d), um die mobile Funkzelle (9b) zu identifizieren.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé pour permettre une communication sur un réseau de communication mobile (1) comprenant au moins deux noeuds fixes (2a, 2b), exploitant chacun une cellule radio fixe (3a, 3b) pour desservir un ou plusieurs équipements utilisateurs (4) par l'intermédiaire d'une première interface radio (5a, 5b), dans lequel chacune des cellules radio fixes (3a, 3b) est identifiée par un ID de cellule physique (6a, 6b), choisi parmi un ensemble de N ID de cellule physique, et un ou plusieurs noeuds relais mobiles (7) desservis par les au moins deux noeuds fixes (2a, 2b) par l'intermédiaire d'une deuxième interface radio (8a, 8b), le ou les noeud(s) relais mobile(s) (7) exploitant chacun une cellule radio mobile (9) pour desservir un ou plusieurs équipements utilisateurs (4) par l'intermédiaire d'une troisième interface radio (10), dans lequel chacune des cellules radio mobiles (9) est identifiée par un ID de cellule physique (6c) choisi parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

attribuer dynamiquement un ID de cellule physique (6c), parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique, à la/aux cellule(s) radio mobile(s) (9),

mesurer une puissance de signal d'une cellule radio fixe de desserte (3a) et une puissance de signal de cellules radio fixes environnantes (3b) au moyen d'un noeud relais mobile (7),

si la puissance de signal d'une cellule radio fixe environnante (3b) dépasse la puissance de signal de la cellule radio fixe de desserte (3a), envoyer une demande de transfert (11) au noeud fixe de desserte (2a) au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7) et exécuter une procédure d'acceptation de transfert (12) entre le noeud fixe de desserte (2a) et un noeud fixe cible (2b),

si le transfert (13) est accepté, alors

attribuer un nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique à une cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par le noeud relais mobile (7),

transmettre le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) entre le noeud fixe de desserte (2a) ou le noeud fixe cible (2b) et le noeud relais mobile (7) et

passer d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) en utilisant le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7).


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

fournir, au moyen d'un noeud fixe (2a) parmi les au moins deux noeuds fixes, une liste interne qui stocke des informations sur un ID de cellule physique (6a) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique actuellement attribué à une cellule radio fixe (3a) exploitée par le noeud fixe (2a), et des informations sur un ID de cellule physique (6b) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique actuellement attribué à une cellule radio fixe environnante (3b) exploitée par un noeud fixe environnant (2b), et/ou des informations sur un ID de cellule physique (6c) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique actuellement attribué à une cellule radio mobile (9) exploitée par un noeud relais mobile (7), en particulier un noeud relais mobile (7) desservi par le noeud fixe (2a), et

dans lequel l'étape d'attribution dynamique de l'ID de cellule physique (6c) comprend l'étape de sélection par le noeud fixe (2a) d'un ID de cellule physique parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique qui, conformément à la liste interne, n'est pas encore actuellement attribué.


 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

recevoir, par le noeud fixe (2a) à partir d'un noeud fixe environnant (2b), des informations sur un ID de cellule physique (6b) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique actuellement attribué à une cellule radio fixe environnante (3b) exploitée par le noeud fixe environnant (2b) et/ou des informations sur un ID de cellule physique (6c) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique actuellement attribué à une cellule radio mobile environnante (9) exploitée par un noeud relais mobile environnant (7) desservi par le noeud fixe environnant (2b), et

mettre à jour la liste interne au moyen des informations reçues.


 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 2, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

stocker, au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7), des informations sur des ID de cellule physique des cellules radio fixes et/ou mobiles environnantes,

envoyer les informations au noeud fixe (2a) et mettre à jour la liste interne au moyen des informations reçues.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) de la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7) est transmis entre le noeud fixe cible (2b) au moyen d'un message RRC et le noeud relais mobile (7) par l'intermédiaire d'une interface UEif de la deuxième interface radio (8b).
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) de la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7) est transmis entre le noeud fixe cible (2b) au moyen d'un message X2 et le noeud relais mobile (7) par l'intermédiaire d'une interface Un de la deuxième interface radio (8b).
 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant les étapes suivantes :

passer d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) en utilisant le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7),

détecter, au moyen de l'équipement utilisateur (4), que la cellule radio mobile (9b) identifiée par le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) est la cellule radio la plus forte,

envoyer, au moyen de l'équipement utilisateur (4), une demande de transfert (15) au noeud relais mobile (7) exploitant la cellule radio mobile (9b) identifiée par le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) et exécuter une procédure de transfert sur la cellule radio mobile (9b) identifiée par le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d).


 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant les étapes suivantes :

passer d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) en utilisant le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7), détecter, au moyen de l'équipement utilisateur (4), que l'ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) n'est plus transmis, l'équipement utilisateur (4) subissant ainsi un échec de liaison radio,

après la détection de l'échec de liaison radio, transmettre une demande de rétablissement de connexion RRC (16a), au moyen de l'équipement utilisateur (4), au noeud relais mobile (7), et

transmettre un message de rétablissement de connexion RRC (16b) entre le noeud relais mobile (7) et l'équipement utilisateur (4) par l'intermédiaire de la troisième interface radio (10).


 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant les étapes suivantes :

passer d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) en utilisant le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7) et

envoyer un message de reconfiguration de connexion RRC (17) à tous les équipements utilisateurs actifs (4) desservis par la cellule radio mobile (9a) identifiée par l'ancien ID de cellule physique (6c), le message de reconfiguration de connexion RRC (17) forçant les équipements utilisateurs (4) à se connecter à la cellule radio mobile (9b) identifiée par le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d).


 
10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

envoyer le message de reconfiguration de connexion RRC (17) avant de passer de l'ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d),

déclencher un minuteur de transfert de l'équipement utilisateur (4) sur la base de la réception dudit message de reconfiguration de connexion RRC (17) et

connecter l'équipement utilisateur (4) à la cellule radio mobile (9b) identifiée par le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) dès que le minuteur de transfert expire ou tant que le minuteur de transfert fonctionne.


 
11. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

passer, à une estampille temporelle spécifique, d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) en utilisant le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7) et

transmettre un message de diffusion (18), comprenant le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) et l'estampille temporelle, vers l'équipement utilisateur (4) desservi par la cellule radio mobile (9a) identifiée par l'ancien ID de cellule physique (6c).


 
12. Noeud fixe (2a, 2b) comprenant une première unité de communication adaptée pour exploiter une cellule radio fixe (3a, 3b) pour desservir un ou plusieurs équipements utilisateurs (4) par l'intermédiaire d'une première interface radio (5a, 5b), la cellule radio fixe (3a, 3b) étant identifiée par un ID de cellule physique (6a, 6b) choisi parmi un ensemble de N ID de cellule physique, une deuxième unité de communication adaptée pour desservir un ou plusieurs noeuds relais mobiles (7) par l'intermédiaire d'une deuxième interface radio (8a, 8b) et une unité de commande adaptée pour attribuer dynamiquement un ID de cellule physique (6c, 6d) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique à la/aux cellule(s) radio mobile(s) (9), si, sur la base de mesures par un noeud relais mobile (7) d'une puissance de signal de la cellule radio fixe (3a) et d'une puissance de signal de cellules radio fixes environnantes (3b), la puissance de signal d'une cellule radio fixe environnante (3b) dépasse la puissance de signal de la cellule radio fixe (3a), recevoir une demande de transfert (11) provenant du noeud relais mobile (7) et exécuter une procédure d'acceptation de transfert (12) entre le noeud fixe (2a) et un noeud fixe cible (2b), si le transfert (13) est accepté, alors attribuer un nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique à une cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par le noeud relais mobile (7), transmettre le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) au noeud relais mobile (7) entraînant ainsi le passage d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) par le noeud relais mobile (7) en utilisant, au moyen du noeud relais mobile (7), le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b) exploitée par ledit noeud relais mobile (7).
 
13. Noeud relais mobile (7) comprenant une première unité de communication adaptée pour exploiter une cellule radio mobile (9) pour desservir un ou plusieurs équipements utilisateurs (4) par l'intermédiaire d'une troisième interface radio (10), dans lequel la cellule radio mobile (9) est identifiée par un ID de cellule physique (6c) choisi parmi un ensemble de N ID de cellule physique, une deuxième unité de communication adaptée pour communiquer par l'intermédiaire d'une deuxième interface radio (8a, 8b) avec un ou plusieurs noeuds fixes (2a, 2b), chacun exploitant une cellule radio fixe (3a, 3b) pour desservir un ou plusieurs équipements utilisateurs (4) par l'intermédiaire d'une première interface radio (5a, 5b), dans lequel chacune des cellules radio fixes (3a, 3b) est identifiée par un ID de cellule physique (6a, 6b) choisi parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique, et une unité de commande adaptée pour mesurer une puissance de signal d'une cellule radio fixe de desserte (3a) et une puissance de signal de cellules radio fixes environnantes (3b), si la puissance de signal d'une cellule radio fixe environnante (3b) dépasse la puissance de signal de la cellule radio fixe de desserte (3a), envoyer une demande de transfert (11) au noeud fixe de desserte (2a) initiant ainsi une procédure d'acceptation de transfert (12) entre le noeud fixe de desserte (2a) et un noeud fixe cible (2b), si le transfert (13) est accepté par le noeud fixe cible (2a), et, au moment d'attribuer un ID de cellule physique parmi l'ensemble de N ID de cellule physique comme nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) de la cellule radio mobile (9), recevoir le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) provenant du noeud fixe de desserte (2a) ou du noeud fixe cible (2b), passer d'un ancien ID de cellule physique (6c) au nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) et utiliser le nouvel ID de cellule physique (6d) pour identifier la cellule radio mobile (9b).
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description