(19)
(11)EP 2 570 675 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/46

(21)Application number: 11007433.3

(22)Date of filing:  13.09.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04D 13/02(2006.01)
F16D 27/112(2006.01)

(54)

Switchable mechanical coolant pump

Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe

Pompe réfrigérante mécanique commutable


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.03.2013 Bulletin 2013/12

(73)Proprietor: Pierburg Pump Technology GmbH
41460 Neuss (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Schneider, Jean-Christophe
    57970 Valmestroff (FR)
  • Finidori, Laurent
    57310 Bertrange (FR)
  • Genster, Albert
    45768 Marl (DE)
  • Schwander, Thomas
    41462 Neuss (DE)

(74)Representative: ter Smitten, Hans 
Ter Smitten Eberlein Rütten Patentanwälte Partnerschaftsgesellschaft Burgunderstrasse 29
40549 Düsseldorf
40549 Düsseldorf (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 669 480
DE-C1- 10 057 098
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention refers to a switchable mechanical coolant pump with a wet friction clutch actuated by an electromagnet.

    [0002] The mechanical coolant pump is driven by an internal combustion engine for which the coolant pump generates a coolant flow. The coolant pump is provided with a pulley wheel which is driven by a drive belt. The switchable mechanical coolant pump is provided with a clutch arrangement that makes it possible to switch off the coolant pump if no active cooling of the engine is necessary, for example right after a cold start of the engine.

    [0003] The friction clutch can be a dry friction clutch which is exposed to the environment, can only be cooled by air and increases the axial dimension of the dry part of the coolant pump. Alternatively, the friction clutch can be a wet friction clutch which has the disadvantage that the friction in the wet clutch environment is much lower than in a dry clutch environment.

    [0004] Therefore, much higher actuation power is needed for engaging the wet friction clutch. Preferably, the wet friction clutch is actuated by an electromagnetic arrangement which comprises an electromagnetic coil at one side and a ferromagnetic element at the other side, as disclosed in DE 100 57 098 C1. To allow high magnetic forces, expensive rare earth is needed for the ferromagnetic element.

    [0005] EP 0669480 A1 discloses a drive train clutch arrangement which allows to transfer torque from a motor fly wheel to a transmission shaft and vice versa.

    [0006] It is an object of the invention to provide a simple and cost-effective switchable mechanical coolant pump with a wet friction clutch.

    [0007] The switchable mechanical coolant pump according to the invention is provided with a pulley wheel which is fixed to one axial end of the rotatable rotor shaft so that the pulley wheel is co-rotating with the rotor shaft. The pulley wheel can directly be driven by the combustion engine, for example via a drive belt or via a gear arrangement. A pump wheel is rotatably supported at the other axial end of the rotor shaft so that the pump wheel is rotatable with respect to the rotor shaft but is not axially shiftable.

    [0008] The coolant pump is provided with a wet friction clutch which wedge-coupled and which is switched electrically by an electromagnetic actuator. The wet friction clutch comprises a clutch support being fixed to the rotor shaft in the wet pump section so that the clutch support is co-rotating with the rotor shaft and is not shiftable. The clutch support serves as an axial support for the wedge-coupling mechanism.

    [0009] A wet clutch ring is provided at the proximal side of the pump wheel, i.e. the side of the pump wheel which is facing the dry side of the coolant pump. The clutch ring is not necessarily lying in a transversal plane but is accessible from of the distal side of the pump wheel.

    [0010] A separate wet clutch disk is provided being rotatably and shiftably supported by the rotor shaft. The clutch disk is arranged axially between the clutch support and the clutch ring. The clutch disk is provided with a clutch surface facing the clutch ring of the pump wheel so that the clutch disk and the clutch ring define a wet friction clutch in the wet pump sector. The clutch disk is provided with a ferromagnetic element so that the clutch disk can be attracted by an electromagnetic field. The ferromagnetic element can be a separate element at the clutch disk body, or the clutch disk body itself can be made of ferromagnetic material.

    [0011] A static electromagnet is provided which is supported by and fixed at a static pump housing or pump frame. The electromagnet is axially arranged as close as possible to the ferromagnetic element of the clutch disk. When the electromagnet is energized, i.e. activated, it axially attracts the clutch disk so that the clutch disk is pulled away from the pump wheel. As a consequence, the clutch defined by the pump wheel and the clutch disk is disengaged when the electromagnet is activated.

    [0012] The wet friction clutch further comprises a wedge-coupling mechanism defined at the distal side of the clutch disk and at the proximal side of the clutch support. The proximal side of the present pump is the side facing the pump wheel and the distal side is the side facing the pulley wheel. The wedge-coupling mechanism comprises a wedge element at the clutch disk or at the clutch support and a counter-wedge element at the clutch support or at the clutch disk. The wedge element and the counter-wedge element are axially opposed to each other so that they cooperate to generate an axial wedge force pushing the clutch disk axially into an engaged position against the clutch ring when the electromagnet is not energized and the rotor shaft is rotating.

    [0013] When the engine is running, the pulley wheel and the rotor shaft including the clutch support are rotating with a rotational speed proportional to the engine's rotational speed. When the electromagnet is energized, the ferromagnetic element of the clutch disk and the clutch disk itself are axially attracted to the clutch support. Since the clutch disk and the clutch ring of the pump wheel are not engaged, no relevant torque is transmitted from the clutch disk to the pump wheel.

    [0014] When the electromagnet is not energized, the rotation of the clutch disk is decelerated by the fluidic resistance generated by the rotating clutch disk surrounded by the coolant so that the clutch support and the clutch disk rotate with a different rotational speed. In other words, the clutch disk rotates with a differential speed with respect to the clutch support. The differential speed causes the wedge-coupling mechanism to generate an axial pushing force pushing the clutch disk axially away from the clutch support so that the clutch disk finally is pushed against and thereby engaged with the clutch ring of the pump wheel. The pump wheel now is rotated by the clutch disc which itself is rotated by the wedge-coupling mechanism. The axial coupling force depends on the inclination or the leverage effect of the wedge element and on the fluidic resistance of the rotating pump wheel and the clutch disk caused by the coolant. The higher the rotational speed of the pump wheel is, the higher is the fluidic resistance decelerating the pump wheel so that the axial pushing force generated by the which-coupling mechanism is increased with increasing rotational speed.

    [0015] The coupling force is not generated by the electromagnetic arrangement so that the electromagnet and the corresponding ferromagnetic part can be dimensioned for less performance compared to the conventional electromagnetic wet coupling arrangement. Additionally, the coupling can be realized as a wet coupling so that the axial dimension of the dry part of the coolant pump can be reduced significantly.

    [0016] The axial magnetic force generated by the energized electromagnet and effecting the ferromagnetic element of the clutch disk heads to overpower the axial force generated by the wedge-coupling mechanism. If the electromagnetic arrangement is dimensioned very compact so that the generated magnetic forces are relatively low, the clutch can only be disengaged at low rotational speed or if the coolant pump stands still. This is not necessarily a significant disadvantage because the friction clutch needs to be disengaged especially after a cold start of the engine, i.e. right after the coolant pump stood still or is rotating with a very low rotational speed. If the electromagnet fails or the magnetic field generated by the electromagnet is too weak to pull the clutch disk into a disengaged position, the friction clutch can not be disengaged anymore but remains engaged. As a consequence, the coolant pump is failsafe.

    [0017] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the wedge element is an integral wedge ramp at the clutch disk or at the clutch support. The wedge ramp is mechanically simple and can be realized very cost-effective. The counter-wedge element can be realized as an opening, as a second wedge ramp oriented in opposite direction or as a rolling element. An opening as the counter-wedge element is mechanically very simple and can be mechanically sufficient if the axial coupling force is not too high. A second wedge ramp as the counter-wedge element is also mechanically relatively simple and reduces the danger of jamming. The rolling element as the counter-wedge element reduces the friction significantly so that the reliable function of the engagement procedure and of the disengagement procedure can be guaranteed for a long time.

    [0018] Preferably, the wedge ramp is not linear but follows a curve which is optimized for its function especially in the initial and the final phase of the engagement movement and the disengagement movement because the final phases are critical with respect to jamming. Therefore, the inclination of the wedge ramp in the initial sector and in the final sector of the wedge ramp should be adapted for high engagement and disengagement forces, respectively, to avoid the jamming especially in the initial disengagement or in the initial engagement phase.

    [0019] According to a second preferred embodiment of the invention, the wedge element is not realized as some kind of ramp but is realized by a lever whereby the counter wedge element is a lever catch or a second lever hinge. The pivotal movement of the lever is restricted insofar as the lever can not be pivoted completely into the transversal plane and cannot be pivoted into an completely axial position. Preferably the pivot range is limited to a range of 10° to 80° relative to the transversal plane. When the engagement phase begins, the free end of the lever is engaged with the lever catch of the opposite part, for example of the clutch disk. The lever is turned into a more axial position so that the clutch disk is pushed away and is moved into its engaged position against the backside of the pump wheel. The lever arrangement avoids any danger of jamming, and is therefore is very reliable.

    [0020] Three embodiments of the invention are described with reference to the enclosed drawings, wherein

    figure 1 shows a first embodiment of the mechanical coolant pump with a wedge-coupling mechanism comprising an integral wedge ramp and a rolling element as a counter-wedge element,

    figure 2 shows a second embodiment of the coolant pump with a wedge-coupling mechanism comprising an integral wedge ramp and a corresponding opening as a counter-wedge element, and

    figure 3 shows a detail of a third embodiment of the coolant pump with a wedge-coupling mechanism comprising a lever and a lever catch.



    [0021] Figures 1 and 2 show two embodiments of a switchable mechanical coolant pump 10;10' in a longitudinal cross section. The coolant pumps 10; 10' are suitable to be assembled to an internal combustion engine and to be driven by the internal combustion engine via a drive belt driving the pulley wheel 12. The coolant pump 10; 10' pumps a coolant in a coolant circuit for cooling the combustion engine.

    [0022] The coolant pump 10; 10' is provided with a metal housing 14 which supports a bearing module 44. The bearing module 44 supports the rotatable rotor shaft 16 which is provided with the pulley wheel 12 co-rotating with the rotor shaft 16. The pulley wheel 12 and the rotor shaft 16 always rotate with a rotational speed which is proportional to the rotational speed of the driving engine. The pulley wheel 12 is provided at the distal end of the rotor shaft 16.

    [0023] At the opposed proximal end of the rotor shaft 16 a pump wheel 18 is provided being rotatable but axially not shiftable with respect to the rotor shaft 16. The pump wheel 18 basically comprises a circular base plate 19 and pump blades 17 axially projecting from the base plate 19 in proximal direction. The distal side of the pump wheel 18 is provided with a clutch ring 30 adjacent to the outer circumference of the base plate 19.

    [0024] The rotor shaft 16 supports a clutch support 26 which is fixed to the rotor shaft 16 so that the clutch support 26 is co-rotating with the rotor shaft 16. The clutch support 26 extends radially from the rotor shaft 16 and serves as an axial support for one side of a wedge-coupling mechanism 22;22'. Finally, the rotor shaft 16 supports a clutch disk 20 which is freely rotatable and shiftable with respect to the rotor shaft 16. The clutch disk 20 is provided with a friction surface at its proximal side, whereby the frictional surface is adapted to cooperate with the clutch ring 30 of the pump wheel 18, the friction surface and the clutch ring 30 thereby defining a frictional clutch surface pair. The base plate of the clutch disk 20 is made of ferromagnetic steel.

    [0025] The housing 14 and a shaft seal 42 separate a dry section 13 from a wet section 15 of the coolant pump 10; 10'. In the wet section 15 the coolant is present and fills every gap. The housing 14 supports a static electromagnet 24 which is realized as a circular ring coil in the wet section 15 and radially surrounds the clutch support 26. The electromagnet 24 is controlled by an electronic cooling control module (not shown) and axially attracts the clutch disk 20 when the electromagnet 24 is energized with electric energy by the cooling control module.

    [0026] The coolant pump 10;10' is provided with a wet friction clutch 40;40' which comprises the friction clutch surface pair, the electromagnet 24 and a wedge-coupling mechanism 22; 22'.

    [0027] The wedge-coupling mechanism 22 of the first embodiment of figure 1 comprises three wedge element 36 realized as three integral wedge ramps at the distal side 21 of the clutch disk 20 and comprises three corresponding counter-wedge elements 38 realized as cylindrical rolling elements rotating around a radial rotation axis. The wedge elements 36 as well as the corresponding counter-wedge elements 38 are symmetrically arranged with an angular distance of 120° to each other. The wedge elements 36 are integral parts of the clutch disk 20 and are provided with a non-linear inclination with respect to the transversal plane. The local inclination of the wedge element 36 can be in the first section relatively low, in the middle section relatively high and in the end section relatively low again. The effective axial height of the wedge elements 36 is higher than the maximum axial gap between the clutch disk 20 and the pump wheel 18 so that the clutch disk 20 can only be rotated in a range of 120° with respect to the pump wheel 18.

    [0028] If the electromagnet 24 is not energized and the pulley wheel 12, the rotor shaft 16 and the clutch support 26 are rotating with a rotational speed proportional to the engine's rotational speed, the clutch disk 20 is pulled by the wedge-coupling mechanism 22 with the same rotational speed, whereby rotation of the clutch disk 20 is slightly braked by the fluidic resistance of the clutch disk 20 rotating in the coolant. The slight braking of the clutch disk 20 with respect to the clutch support 26 causes the counter-wedge element 38 to engage the wedge element 36 so that the clutch disk 20 is axially pushed into the proximal direction towards the pump wheel 18 until the friction surfaces of the clutch disk 20 and the pump wheel 18 get in contact thereby engaging the clutch disk 20. As soon as the clutch disk 20 is engaged, the pump wheel 18 is co-rotating with the clutch disk 20, whereby a significant increase of the fluidic resistance is generated by the pump wheel 18 rotating in the coolant. The higher the fluidic resistance is, the higher is the axial coupling force generated by the wedge-coupling mechanism 22.

    [0029] If the friction clutch 40 should be disengaged, the electromagnet 24 is energized so that the ferromagnetic clutch disk 20 is attracted by the electromagnet 24 in axial distal direction. The axial magnetic force effecting the clutch disk 20 is so high that the axial proximal force generated by the wedge-coupling mechanism 22 can be overpowered at least at low rotational speeds. However, the magnetic force generated by the electromagnet 24 and the clutch disk 20 is at least high enough to attract the clutch disk 20 with a high reliability when the rotational speed of the rotor shaft 16 is zero so that the friction clutch 40 can be disengaged before the engine is started. When the cold engine is started, the warming process is shortened significantly if the coolant pump is switched off as long as the coolant has not working temperature. Therefore, it can be sufficient for most applications if the friction clutch 40 only can be disengaged reliably when the rotor shaft 16 is standing still.

    [0030] In the second embodiment of the coolant pump 10' shown in figure 2, the friction clutch 40', and in particular the wedge-coupling mechanism 22', is constructed simple and does not comprise a rolling element. The clutch support 26' is provided with three integrated wedge elements 60 formed as integral wedge ramps. The counter-wedge elements 62 are three corresponding circular openings in the clutch disk 20' so that the wedge elements 60 and the respective edges of the corresponding openings define the wedge-coupling mechanism 22'. The opening edges can be inclined or radiused to reduce friction. The clutch support 26' is provided with an axial preload spring 64 which pushes the clutch disk 20' into the engaged position. The preload spring 64 improves the liability of the clutch engagement, especially at low rotational speeds, and provides an automatic engagement of the frictional clutch when the rotor shaft 16 stands still.

    [0031] In figure 3, another alternative embodiment of the wedge-coupling mechanism 22" is shown, wherein the clutch support 54 is provided with three pivoting levers 50 defining the wedge elements which are supported at the clutch support 54 by respective hinges 56. The pivot range of each lever 50 is restricted by respective a lever stops 57,58 of the clutch support 54 to a range of 50° to 85° with respect to a transversal plane. The free proximal lever heads 51 of the levers 50 engage corresponding lever catches 52 which are formed as longitudinal abutments orientated in a circumferential direction in the clutch disk 20". When the electromagnet is not energized and the rotor shaft is rotating, the lever heads 51 glide into the corresponding lever catches 52 and are pivoted into a more axial orientation thereby pushing the clutch disk 20" against the pump wheel. This wedge-coupling mechanism 22" provides high axial clutch engagement forces and relatively low actuation forces, and therefore provides high and long-term mechanical reliability.


    Claims

    1. Switchable mechanical coolant pump (10) comprising
    a pulley wheel (12) co-rotating with and supported by a rotatable rotor shaft (16), the pulley wheel (12) being directly drivable by a combustion engine,
    a pump wheel (18) rotatably supported at the rotor shaft (16),
    an electrically switched wedge-coupled wet friction clutch (40) with

    a clutch support (26) being fixed to the rotor shaft (16),

    a clutch ring (30) at the proximal side of the pump wheel (18), and

    a separate clutch disk (20) rotatably and shiftably supported by the rotor shaft (16), the clutch disk (20) comprising a ferromagnetic element (21) and being arranged axially between the clutch support (26) and the clutch ring (30),

    a static electromagnet (24) axially pulling the clutch disk (20) to the clutch support (26) into a disengaged position when energized, the switchable mechanical coolant pump being characterised in that it further comprises

    a wedge coupling mechanism (22) defined at the proximal side of the clutch disk (20) and the distal side of the clutch support (26), the wedge coupling mechanism (22) comprising:

    a wedge element (36) at the clutch disk (20) or at the clutch support, and

    a counter-wedge element (38) at the clutch support (26) or at the clutch disk,

    the wedge element (36) and the counter-wedge element (38) generating an axial wedge force axially pushing the clutch disk (20) into an engaged position against the clutch ring (30) when the electromagnet (24) is not energized and the rotor shaft (16) is rotating.


     
    2. Switchable mechanical coolant pump (10) of claim 1, whereby the wedge element (36) is an integral wedge ramp.
     
    3. Switchable mechanical coolant pump (10) of claim 2, whereby the integral wedge ramp (36) is not linear.
     
    4. Switchable mechanical coolant pump (10) of one of the preceding claims, whereby counter-wedge element (38) is a rolling element.
     
    5. Switchable mechanical coolant pump (10) of one of the preceding claims, whereby the wedge element (50) is a lever and the counter-wedge element is a lever catch (52) or a lever hinge.
     
    6. Switchable mechanical coolant pump (10) of one of the preceding claims, whereby a preload spring (64) is provided pushing the clutch disk (20) into the engaged position.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe (10) mit
    einer Riemenscheibe (12), die mit einer drehbaren Rotorwelle (16) dreht und von dieser gestützt ist, wobei die Riemenscheibe (12) direkt von einem Verbrennungsmotor antreibbar ist,
    einem Pumpenrad (18), das drehbar auf der Rotorwelle (16) gestützt ist, eine
    r elektrisch umgeschalteten keilgekoppelten Nasskupplung (40) mit

    einem Kupplungsträger (26), der an der Rotorwelle (16) angebracht ist,

    einem Kupplungsring (30) auf der proximalen Seite des Pumpenrades (18), und

    einer separaten Kupplungsscheibe (20), die drehbar und verschiebbar von der Rotorwelle (116) gestützt ist, wobei die Kupplungsscheibe (20) ein ferromagnetisches Element (21) aufweist und axial zwischen dem Kupplungsträger (26) und dem Kupplungsring (30) angeordnet ist,

    einem statischen Elektromagneten (24), der bei Bestromung die Kupplungsscheibe (20) axial zu dem Kupplungsträger (26) in eine Löseposition zieht,

    wobei die umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass sie ferner aufweist:

    einen Keilkopplungsmechanismus (22), der auf der proximalen Seite der Kupplungsscheibe (20) und der distalen Seite des Kupplungsträgers (26) ausgebildet ist, wobei der Keilkopplungsmechanismus (22) aufweist:

    ein Keilelement (36) an der Kupplungsscheibe (20) oder an dem Kupplungsträger, und

    ein Gegenkeilelement (38) am Kupplungsträger (26) oder an der Kupplungsscheibe,

    wobei das Keilelement (36) und das Gegenkeilelement (38) eine axiale Keilkraft erzeugen, welche die Kupplungsscheibe (20) axial in eine Eingriffsposition gegen den Kupplungsring (30) drückt, wenn der Elektromagnet (24) nicht bestromt ist und die Rotorwelle (16) dreht.


     
    2. Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe (10) nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das Keilelement (36) eine einstückige Keilrampe ist.
     
    3. Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe (10) nach Anspruch 2, bei welcher die einstückige Keilrampe (36) nicht linear ist.
     
    4. Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei welcher das Gegenkeilelement (38) ein rollendes Element ist.
     
    5. Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei welcher das Keilelement (50) ein Hebel und das Gegenkeilelement ein Hebelverschluss (52) oder ein Hebelgelenk ist.
     
    6. Umschaltbare mechanische Kühlmittelpumpe (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei welcher eine Vorspannfeder (64) vorgesehen ist, welche die Kupplungsscheibe (20) in die Eingriffsposition drückt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable avec
    une poulie (12) en rotation simultanée avec et supportée par un arbre de rotor (16) apte à être tourné, ladite poulie (12) étant apte à être entraînée par un moteur à combustion interne,
    une roue de pompe (18) supportée en rotation sur ledit arbre de rotor (16),
    un embrayage à friction humide (40) à commutation électrique, lié à cale, avec

    un support d'embrayage (26) fixé sur l'arbre de rotor (16),

    un anneau d'embrayage (30) au côté proximal de la roue de pompe (18), et

    un disque d'embrayage (20) séparé supporté de sorte qu'il puisse être tourné et déplacé par ledit arbre de rotor (16), ledit disque d'embrayage (20) comprenant un élément ferromagnétique (21) et disposé axialement entre ledit support d'embrayage (26) et ledit anneau d'embrayage (30),

    un électroaimant (24) statique attirant le disque d'embrayage (20) dans la direction axiale vers ledit support d'embrayage (26) dans une position de dégagement lorsqu'il est alimenté,

    la pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable étant caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend en outre
    un mécanisme de liaison à cale (22) formé au côté proximal du disque d'embrayage (20) et au côté distal du support d'embrayage (26), ledit mécanisme de liaison à cale (22) comprenant:

    un élément cale (36) au disque d'embrayage (20) ou au support d'embrayage (26), et

    un élément cale antagoniste (38) au support d'embrayage (26) ou au disque d'embrayage (20),

    l'élément cale (36) et l'élément cale antagoniste (38) générant une force de cale axiale poussant le disque d'embrayage (20) axialement dans une position engagée contre l'anneau d'embrayage (30) lorsque l'électroaimant (24) non est alimenté et l'arbre de rotor (16) tourne.


     
    2. Pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit élément cale (36) est une rampe de cale intégrale.
     
    3. Pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle la rampe de cale (36) intégrale est non-linéaire.
     
    4. Pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ledit élément cale antagoniste (38) est un élément roulant.
     
    5. Pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'élément cale (50) est un levier et l'élément cale antagoniste est un crochet de levier (52) ou une charnière de levier.
     
    6. Pompe (10) réfrigérante mécanique commutable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle un ressort de précontrainte (64) est prévu, qui pousse le disque d'embrayage (20) dans la position engagée.
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description