(19)
(11)EP 2 587 237 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 10853414.0

(22)Date of filing:  24.12.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01N 21/65  (2006.01)
G01J 3/44  (2006.01)
G01N 21/27  (2006.01)
G01J 3/28  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2010/002159
(87)International publication number:
WO 2011/160270 (29.12.2011 Gazette  2011/52)

(54)

RAMAN SPECTRUM DETECTION SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATIC CALIBRATION DEVICE

RAMAN-SPEKTRUM-NACHWEISSYSTEM MIT VORRICHTUNG ZUR AUTOMATISCHEN KALIBRIERUNG

SYSTÈME DE DÉTECTION DE SPECTRES RAMAN AVEC DISPOSITIF D'ÉTALONNAGE AUTOMATIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.06.2010 CN 201010219542

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.05.2013 Bulletin 2013/18

(73)Proprietors:
  • Tsinghua University
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • Nuctech Company Limited
    TongFang Building, Shuangqinglu, Haidian District Beijing 100084 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHEN, Zhiqiang
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Li
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • LIU, Yinong
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • ZHAO, Ziran
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • WANG, Hongqiu
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • YU, Dongmei
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • GAI, Hongfeng
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • LI, Mingliang
    Beijing 100084 (CN)

(74)Representative: Patentanwälte Ruff, Wilhelm, Beier, Dauster & Partner mbB 
Kronenstraße 30
70174 Stuttgart
70174 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 138 816
JP-A- 2009 103 651
US-A1- 2004 160 601
US-B1- 6 621 574
CN-A- 101 614 667
US-A- 5 414 258
US-A1- 2006 038 980
US-B1- 6 621 574
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a Raman spectrum detection system and a method for automatically calibrating the Raman spectrum detection system. The present disclosure also relates to a method for detecting an object using a Raman spectrum detection system with self-calibration.

    Background Art



    [0002] Scattering occurs when light irradiates a substance. During scattering, the wavelengths of most of the scattered light do not change, and the scattering radiation without any wavelength change is called Rayleigh scattering; but the wavelengths of a small part of the scattered light will increase or decrease, and the scattering radiation with wavelength change is called Raman scattering, whose corresponding spectrum is called Raman spectrum. The Raman spectrum is a vibration spectrum of molecules. By detecting the Raman spectrum of a substance, it is possible to know what the detected substance is or which component it contains, so the Raman spectrum can be used as the "fingerprint" for identification of substances. In view of this, the Raman spectrum has important application in such fields as medicine, food security, cultural relic and jewel authentication, and security check, etc. Meanwhile, with the more and more wide application of the Raman spectrum in these fields, there is a need for a Raman spectrometer capable of fast on-site detection to be adapted for different environments of various occasions of application.

    [0003] However, the characteristics of the laser light for exciting the Raman scattering of the substance, such as frequency and power, etc., will change with the environment temperature and the time of use, thus the detected Raman spectrum will also change. In addition, with respect to a Raman spectrometer that is frequently moved, the light path structure or the like of the system may be changed because of shaking, etc. during transportation and using, resulting in changes in the excitation efficiency and the signal collection efficiency for the excited Raman light, thus the Raman spectrum might change when the system detects the same sample at different time and in different environment. Raman spectrometers for scientific research mostly use a laser having stable frequency and power as the excitation light source, and have strict requirement on the operating environment. However, a laser having stable frequency and power is expensive, which hinders the popularization of the Raman spectrometer. Even if the laser with stable frequency and power is used, the power thereof will attenuate after using for some time, which will result in uncertain results of detection.

    [0004] From US 2004/0160601 A1 such a Raman spectrum detection system is known. This system comprises an optical probe for irradiating a sample with excitation light and for collecting Raman scattered light from the sample. The system further comprises a calibration end cap with a calibration material that may be screwed to the probe for calibrating the system.

    [0005] From US 4,414,258 A a method for calibration of a fluorescence detector is known, wherein a calibration apparatus comprising a standard target is screwed to an adapter connected to an optical front end of the fluorescence detector during calibration.

    [0006] Another system of the kind is known from EP 2 138 816 A1. In the system disclosed therein, one or several Raman probes can be worked with.

    [0007] US 6,621,574 B1 describes a Raman spectroscopy apparatus comprising a sliding assembly positioned within a light path system of the apparatus, the sliding assembly comprising an aperture to be placed in the light path when a sample is to be measured and a reference material to be placed in the light path for calibration. The sliding assembly may be manually operated or automatically moved by means of positioning motors under manual or computer control.

    Summary of the Disclosure



    [0008] Therefore, the object of the present disclosure is to provide a Raman spectrum detection system and a method for eliminating influences on the detected Raman spectrum caused by changes in the system performance resulted from changes in the environment factors and key components.

    [0009] The present invention is directed to a Raman spectrum detection system as defined in claim 1 and to a method of identifying an object as defined in claim 9. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

    Description of the Drawings



    [0010] 

    Fig. 1 illustrates schematically the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Fig. 2 illustrates schematically an exemplary control device of the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Fig. 3a illustrates schematically an exemplary configuration of the external light path system of the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Fig. 3b illustrates schematically another exemplary configuration of the external light path system of the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Fig. 4 illustrates schematically an exemplary automatic calibration device of the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.


    Detailed Description



    [0011] Fig. 1 illustrates the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, said Raman spectrum detection system being represented, as a whole, by reference sign 10 in Fig. 1

    [0012] According to the invention, the Raman spectrum detection system 10 comprises a control device 11, a light source 12, an external light path system 14, a light detection device 13 and a calibration device 15 having a standard sample.

    [0013] The light source 12 emits, under the control of the control device 11, excitation light that excites the detected object to emit Raman light. In principle, any light source capable of providing excitation light having narrow linewidth, stable frequency and power can be used in the present disclosure. In one embodiment, the light source 12 uses a laser with a central wavelength of 785nm and emitting collimated parallel light. Of course, a laser having other wavelengths can also be used, for example, a laser having a central wavelength of 532nm. In this case, the external light path system 14 and the light detection device 13 will be adjusted according to the excitation wavelength.

    [0014] The excitation light emitted by the light source 12 irradiates on the detected object via the external light path system 14, thereby exciting the detected object to emit Raman light. Said Raman light is collected and transmitted to the light detection device 13 by the external light path system 14. In one embodiment, the external light path system 14 is an optical fiber probe. The light source 12 and the light detection device 13, in this case, may have optical fiber interfaces. In another embodiment, the external light path system 14 is implemented in the form of free space coupling. In this case, the light source 12 outputs collimated parallel light, and the light detection device may have no optical fiber interface.

    [0015] The light detection device 13 receives the Raman light of the detected object collected by the external light path system 14 and detects said Raman light under the control of the control device 11. In one embodiment, the light detection device 13 is a spectrometer, which separates Raman, light of different frequencies and acquires signal intensities of Raman light of different frequencies, thereby obtaining Raman spectrum data of the detected object. In another embodiment, said spectrometer has a photoelectric detector which will be described in detail below.

    [0016] The light detection device 13 transmits the obtained Raman spectrum data of the detected object to the control device 11. In one embodiment, the control device 11 may be a single-chip microcomputer, while in another embodiment, the control device 11 may be a general-purpose computer or a computer for industrial use. The control device 11 has an operating system, software and a standard Raman spectrum database installed, and analyzes and processes the Raman spectrum data transmitted from the light detection device 13. Specifically, the control device 11 uses the standard Raman spectrum data base and a pre-installed pattern identification algorithm to determine whether the received Raman spectrum data is the same as or similar with the Raman spectrum data of prohibited articles such as drugs, exploder, etc. If it is, it will be determined that the detected object is a prohibited article or contains prohibited articles. In this case, the control device 11 can display the result of identification on a display connected to the control device 11 and can send alarm signals through an alarm also connected to the control device 11, said alarm signals being in the form of sound, light, or vibration. On the contrary, if it is determined that the detected object is not a prohibited article or does not contain any prohibited articles, the control device 11 can also display the result of identification on the display and sends a signal of safety through an indicator light also connected to the control device 11. The display may be a touch screen.

    [0017] In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the control device 11 also has a calibration unit, which is shown in Fig. 2 as 110. The calibration unit 110 can automatically calculate calibration parameters of the system based on a standard sample, so that the control device 11 can take said calibration parameters into account while analyzing and processing the Raman spectrum data of the detected object. This will be described below in detail.

    [0018] In addition, the Raman spectrum detection system 10 may further comprise a sample chamber for holding the detected object so as to eliminate the influence of the ambient stray light. The Raman spectrum detection system 10 may further comprise a chargeable battery for supplying the Raman spectrum detection system 10 with power in the case of no external power supply and charging in the case of an external power supply.

    [0019] Fig. 2 illustrates in detail the control device 11 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0020] In this embodiment, the control device 11 uses a control circuit board having, for example, an arm chip, which is pre-installed with a WinCE operating system. The control device 11 receives instructions and parameters from an input peripheral, sends control signals to the light source 12 and the light detection device 13, and receives the spectrum data from the light detection device 13. After identifying the spectrum data, the control device 11 transmits the result of identification to the display and sends alarm signal where necessary. In one embodiment, the input peripheral may be a pushbutton, a switch or a keyboard, which sets the parameters of components of the Raman spectrum detection system 10 by inputting instructions to the control device 11, and transmits operation instructions to the Raman spectrum detection system 10.

    [0021] In one embodiment, the control device 11 may also have a power supply unit 111 and a data transmission unit 112 as required. The power supply unit 111 is used to convert the external power supply into the power supply needed by the Raman spectrum detection system 10. The power supply unit 111 can also charge the optional battery, which supplies power to the Raman spectrum detection system 10 when there is no external power supply. The data transmission unit 112 is used to receive data input into the Raman spectrum detection system 10 from the outside, and can transmit said data. Said data transmission unit 112 may be a serial interface, a parallel interface, a USB interface, a network interface or a wireless network interface, such as a Bluetooth.

    [0022] By means of said data transmission unit 112, the Raman spectrum detection systems 10 of the embodiments of the present disclosure and a control center can form a network system for detection. Said control center realizes system database updating and parameter setting, etc. by means of the network communication function of the Raman spectrum detection systems 10. The Raman spectrum detection systems 10 of the embodiments of the present disclosure can transmit the detected data and results to the control center via the network, or export data to a U-disk or other storage devices via the data transmission unit 112, or print the result of detection with a printer connected to the data transmission unit 112.

    [0023] Fig. 3a shows schematically an exemplary configuration of the external light path system 14 of the Raman spectrum detection system 11 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0024] In this exemplary configuration, the external light path system 14 is implemented in the form of a free space coupling. Said external light path system 14 comprises a reflector 140, an excitation light narrow-band filter 141, a dichroic mirror 142, a long pass filter 143, a collecting lens 144 and a converging lens 145. The excitation light emitted by the light source 12 that is formed as the laser shown in Fig. 1 is reflected by the reflector 140, and is then reflected by the dichroic mirror 142 after passing through the excitation light narrow-band filter 141. The reflected light is focused, by the collecting lens 144, onto, for example, the detected object placed in the sample chamber. The signal light thereby excited from the detected object is collected by the same collecting lens 144, and is focused onto the light detection device 13, for example, onto the slit of the spectrometer, by the converging lens 145 after passing through the dichroic mirror 142 and the long pass filter 143, thus entering the light detection device 13.

    [0025] In this example, the excitation light narrow-band filter 141 is used to filter the stray light except for the excitation wavelength in the laser light, the stray light coming mainly from the spontaneous radiation of the laser. The central wavelength of said filter 141 is the same as that of the selected laser. If the stray light of the selected laser does not influence the detection of the Raman spectrum, the excitation light narrow-band filter 141 may not be used.

    [0026] In this example, the dichroic mirror 142 reflects the excitation light, filters the Rayleigh scattering light having the same wavelength as the excitation light in the signal light, and allows transmission of the Raman light having a wavelength longer than that of the excitation light. The dichroic mirror 142 is preferably a filter having an incident angle of 45 degrees. Of course, the dichroic mirror 142 may also be a filter having other incident angles, for example, about 5 degrees, and when light is incident at said angles, light having the same wavelength with that of the excitation light should be allowed to be reflected and light having a wavelength longer than that of the excitation light should be allowed to be transmitted.

    [0027] In this example, a long pass filter 143 is preferably used to further filter the Rayleigh scattered light in the signal light. The long pass filter 143 has a high reflectivity for the excitation light wavelength, and has a high transmissivity for light having a wavelength longer than that of the excitation light. The long pass filter may also be replaced by a notch filter, which has a high reflectivity only for light of the wavelength of the excitation light and has a high transmissivity for light of other wavelengths, and the incident angle thereof depends on the operating requirements.

    [0028] In this example, the collecting lens 144 is preferably a quartz convex lens, which focuses the excitation light onto the detected object, and collects the signal light emitted by the detected object. The quartz convex lens has a minor fluorescent effect so as not to interfere the signal light of the detected object.

    [0029] In this example, the converging lens 145 is preferably an achromatic lens. The converging lens focuses the signal light onto the light detection device 13, for example, onto the slit of the spectrometer, and the ratio of the focal length thereof to the clear aperture (f/D) is preferably matching the numerical aperture (F#) of the spectrometer to achieve maximum utilization of the signal light.

    [0030] Fig. 3b shows schematically another exemplary configuration of the external light path system of the Raman spectrum detection system according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0031] The configuration of said example differs from that shown in Fig. 3a in that it uses a notch filter 146 to replace the dichroic mirror 142 and the long pass filter 143 of Fig. 3a. The notch filter 146 is preferably a filter having an incident angle of about 10 degrees.

    [0032] In the embodiment of the present disclosure, the light detection device 13 is a spectrometer. In the exemplary configurations shown in Figs. 3a and 3b, the spectrum range of the spectrometer must match the selected excitation light wavelength and be able to cover the Raman spectrum range of the detected object. For example, if the excitation light of 785nm is selected to detect the Raman peak within 200-2000cm-1 of an detected object, then the spectrum range measurable by the spectrometer must cover 797nm-932nm; if the excitation light of 532nm is selected to detect the Raman peak within 200-2000cm-1 of the same detected object, then the spectrum range measurable by the spectrometer must cover 537nm-596nm. In this embodiment, the spectrometer has a photoelectric detector. Said photoelectric detector is preferably a linear array detector or an area array detector, such as a CCD, and the widths of the grating and the slit are selected to enable an identification of the Raman peak of the detected object and a good signal intensity.

    [0033] Fig. 4 shows schematically an exemplary automatic calibration device 15 of the Raman spectrum detection system 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0034] Said automatic calibration device 15 is, for example, a movable baffle with standard sample coated thereon. Said movable baffle is connected to one end of a spring, and the other end of the spring is fixed, for example, onto the housing of the Raman spectrum detection system 10.

    [0035] Before detection, the Raman spectrum detection system 10 is in an idle state. At this time, the movable baffle having a standard sample coated thereon is located in the light exit of the system, and the spring is in a balanced position. If an instruction of calibration is input via the input peripheral, then the control device 11 of the Raman spectrum detection system 10 controls the light source 12 to emit light, and the emitted excitation light is irradiated on the standard sample through the external light path system 14. Then the external light path system 14 collects the Raman signal light emitted by the standard sample and transmit it to the light detection device 13 that is formed as a spectrometer. The light detection device 13 detects the light signal to obtain the Raman spectrum data, and transmits said data to the control device 11. The control device 11 analyzes said data to obtain the calibration parameters so as to calibrate other components of the Raman spectrum detection system 10.

    [0036] In one embodiment, the light detection device 13 detects the Raman spectrum of the standard sample and transmits it to the calibration unit 110 of the control device 11. Said calibration unit 110 automatically identifies the position and strength of the Raman peak of the standard sample, and calculates the differences between the detected peak position and the peak position of the Raman peak of the pre-stored standard sample, which is just the frequency difference between the Raman peak and the real peak of the detected object at the time, and is called frequency calibration value herein. The real frequency of the Raman peak of the detected object can be obtained by subtracting said frequency calibration value from the frequency of the Raman peak of the detected object, thereby realizing the calibration of the Raman peak frequency. The calibration unit 110 also calculates the ratio between the measured peak strength value and the pre-stored peak strength value, which is just the ratio between the Raman peak strength and the real peak strength of the detected object at the time and is called the strength calibration value herein. The real peak strength of the Raman peak of the detected object can be obtained by dividing the Raman peak strength of the detected object by said strength calibration value, thereby realizing the calibration of the Raman peak strength.

    [0037] During real detection, the detected object is placed at the light exit of the system, for example, at the sample chamber. The detected object pushes away the standard sample, so that the spring is compressed. At this time, the Raman spectrum detection system 10 is in a detecting state and detects the detected object according to the generally known detecting procedure of the Raman spectrometer.

    [0038] Upon completion of the detection, the detected object is taken away from the light exit of the system. The compressed spring restores to its original shape at this time and pushes back the baffle coated with the standard sample, then the Raman spectrum detection system 10 returns to the idle state.

    [0039] From descriptions of the embodiments of the present disclosure, those skilled in the art could understand that the disclosed Raman spectrum detection system 10 has a fast automatic calibration function, thus lowering the requirements of the Raman spectrometer, especially the portable Raman spectrometer, on the laser used as the light source, and effectively reducing the cost of the apparatus. Moreover, said automatic calibration function improves the accuracy of detection, improves the adaptability of the Raman spectrometer to the environment, and broadens the range of application of the Raman spectrometer.

    [0040] It should be understood that the embodiments illustrated and described herein are only for explaining the principle of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A Raman spectrum detection system (10), comprising:

    a light source (12) for emitting excitation light that excites an object to be identified to emit Raman light;

    a light path system (14) for irradiating light emitted from the light source (12) on the object and collecting the Raman light emitted by the object;

    a light detection device (13) for receiving the Raman light collected by the light path system (14) and detecting said Raman light to obtain spectrum data thereof;

    a control device (11) for controlling the light source (12) to provide the excitation light, controlling the light detection device (13) to detect the Raman light, receiving the spectrum data output from the light detection device, and analyzing said spectrum data to identify the object; and

    an automatic calibration device (15) for automatically calibrating the Raman spectrum detection system (10),

    wherein the automatic calibration device (15) comprises a standard sample, and the automatic calibration device is arranged at the light exit of the light path system (14) such that the standard sample receives light from the light path system and the light path system collects the Raman light from the standard sample, wherein the automatic calibration device (15) is configured such that the standard sample is pushed away by the object during the detection and is automatically restored to the light exit when the object is taken away.


     
    2. The Raman spectrum detection system according to claim 1, wherein the automatic calibration device (15) comprises a restoring and fixing unit for the standard sample.
     
    3. The Raman spectrum detection system according to claim 2, wherein the restoring and fixing unit is a spring.
     
    4. The Raman spectrum detection system according to claim 2, wherein the control device (11) further comprises a calibration unit (110) for determining current characteristics of the system (10) by analyzing the Raman spectrum data of the standard sample received from the light detection device (13), and calibrating the Raman spectrum data of the object based on said current characteristics.
     
    5. The Raman spectrum detection system according to claim 1, wherein the light path system (14) comprises:

    a reflector (140), which reflects the excitation light from the light source (12);

    a filter (142, 146) which reflects the excitation light reflected by the reflector (140) and allows transmission of the Raman light having a wavelength longer than that of said excitation light;

    a collecting lens (144) which focuses the excitation light from the filter (142, 146) onto the object and collects the Raman light emitted by the object; and

    a converging lens (145), which focuses the Raman light collected by the lens (144) onto the light detection device (13).


     
    6. The Raman spectrum detection system according to claim 5, wherein the filter is a dichroic mirror (142) or a notch filter (146).
     
    7. The Raman spectrum detection system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising an alarm device for receiving the result of identification from the control device (11) and outputting a prompt or alarm.
     
    8. The Raman spectrum detection system according to claim 4, wherein the characteristics include frequency and power of the light source (12) and excitation efficiency and signal collection efficiency of the light path system (14).
     
    9. A method for identifying an object using the Raman spectrum detection system (10) according to claim 1, comprising the steps of automatically calibrating the Raman spectrum detection system (10) using the automatic calibration device (15) with the standard sample; pushing away the standard sample with the object to be identified; controlling the light source to irradiate the object to excite the object to emit Raman light;
    detecting the Raman light to obtain spectrum data of said Raman light; analyzing said spectrum data to identify said object; and restoring the standard sample automatically after the object is taken away.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem (10), umfassend:

    eine Lichtquelle (12) zum Emittieren von Anregungslicht, das ein zu identifizierendes Objekt zum Emittieren von Raman-Licht anregt,

    ein Lichtwegsystem (14) zum Einstrahlen von aus der Lichtquelle (12) emittiertem Licht auf das Objekt und Sammeln des vom Objekt emittierten Raman-Lichts,

    eine Lichtdetektionseinrichtung (13) zum Empfangen des vom Lichtwegsystem (14) gesammelten Raman-Lichts und Detektieren dieses Raman-Lichts, um seine Spektraldaten zu ermitteln,

    eine Steuerungseinrichtung (11) zum Ansteuern der Lichtquelle (12), so dass sie das Anregungslicht bereitstellt, Ansteuern der Lichtdetektionseinrichtung (13), so dass sie das Raman-Licht detektiert, Empfangen der von der Lichtdetektionseinrichtung ausgegebenen Spektraldaten und Analysieren dieser Spektraldaten, um das Objekt zu identifizieren, sowie

    eine automatische Kalibrierungseinrichtung (15) zum automatischen Kalibrieren des Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystems (10),

    wobei die automatische Kalibrierungseinrichtung (15) eine Standardprobe umfasst und die automatische Kalibrierungseinrichtung am Lichtaustritt des Lichtwegsystems (14) derart angeordnet ist, dass die Standardprobe Licht vom Lichtwegsystem empfängt und das Lichtwegsystem das Raman-Licht von der Standardprobe sammelt,

    wobei die automatische Kalibrierungseinrichtung (15) derart konfiguriert ist, dass die Standardprobe vom Objekt während der Detektion weggeschoben wird und automatisch an den Lichtaustritt zurückgestellt wird, wenn das Objekt entnommen ist.


     
    2. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die automatische Kalibrierungseinrichtung (15) eine Rückstell- und Fixiereinheit für die Standardprobe umfasst.
     
    3. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Rückstell- und Fixiereinheit als Feder ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Steuerungseinrichtung (11) weiter eine Kalibrierungseinheit (110) zum Bestimmen vorliegender Eigenschaften des Systems (10) durch Analysieren der Raman-Spektraldaten der Standardprobe, die von der Lichtdetektionseinrichtung (13) erhalten wurden, und Kalibrieren der Raman-Spektraldaten des Objekts auf Basis der genannten vorliegenden Eigenschaften umfasst.
     
    5. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Lichtwegsystem (14) umfasst:

    einen Reflektor (140), der das Anregungslicht von der Lichtquelle (12) reflektiert,

    einen Filter (142, 146), der das vom Reflektor (140) reflektierte Anregungslicht reflektiert und eine Transmission des Raman-Lichts ermöglicht, das eine längere Wellenlänge aufweist als das Anregungslicht,

    eine Sammellinse (144), die das Anregungslicht vom Filter (142, 146) auf das Objekt fokussiert und das vom Objekt emittierte Raman-Licht sammelt, und

    eine Konvexlinse (145), die das von der Linse (144) gesammelte Raman-Licht auf die Lichtdetektionseinrichtung (13) fokussiert.


     
    6. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Filter als dichroitischer Spiegel (142) oder als Kerbfilter (146) ausgebildet ist.
     
    7. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, weiter umfassend eine Alarmeinrichtung zum Empfangen des Ergebnisses der Identifizierung von der Steuerungseinrichtung (11) und Ausgeben einer Aufforderung oder eines Alarms.
     
    8. Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Eigenschaften Frequenz und Leistung der Lichtquelle (12) sowie Anregungseffizienz und Signalsammeleffizienz des Lichtwegsystems (14) beinhalten.
     
    9. Verfahren zum Identifizieren eines Objekts mit dem Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystem (10) nach Anspruch 1, umfassend die Schritte:

    automatisches Kalibrieren des Raman-Spektrum-Nachweissystems (10) unter Verwendung der automatischen Kalibrierungseinrichtung (15) mit der Standardprobe,

    Wegschieben der Standardprobe mit dem zu identifizierenden Objekt,

    Ansteuern der Lichtquelle zum Bestrahlen des Objekts, so dass das Objekt zum Emittieren von Raman-Licht angeregt wird,

    Detektieren des Raman-Lichts, um Spektraldaten dieses Raman-Lichts zu ermitteln,

    Analysieren dieser Spektraldaten, um das Objekt zu identifizieren,

    automatisches Zurückstellen der Standardprobe, nachdem das Objekt entnommen ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Système de détection de spectre Raman (10), comprenant :

    une source de lumière (12) pour émettre de la lumière d'excitation qui excite un objet à identifier pour qu'il émette de la lumière Raman ;

    un système de chemin lumineux (14) pour irradier l'objet avec la lumière émise depuis la source de lumière (12) et collecter la lumière Raman émise par l'objet ;

    un dispositif de détection de lumière (13) pour recevoir la lumière Raman collectée par le système de chemin lumineux (14) et détecter ladite lumière Raman pour obtenir des données spectrales de celle-ci ;

    un dispositif de commande (11) pour commander la source de lumière (12) pour qu'elle délivre la lumière d'excitation, commander le dispositif de détection de lumière (13) pour qu'il détecte la lumière Raman, recevoir les données spectrales délivrées depuis le dispositif de détection de lumière, et analyser lesdites données spectrales pour identifier l'objet ; et

    un dispositif d'étalonnage automatique (15) pour étalonner automatiquement le système de détection de spectre Raman (10),

    dans lequel le dispositif d'étalonnage automatique (15) comprend un échantillon étalon, et le dispositif d'étalonnage automatique est disposé à la sortie de lumière du système de chemin lumineux (14) de telle sorte que l'échantillon étalon reçoit la lumière provenant du système de chemin lumineux et le système de chemin lumineux collecte la lumière Raman provenant de l'échantillon étalon,

    dans lequel le dispositif d'étalonnage automatique (15) est configuré de telle sorte que l'échantillon étalon est repoussé par l'objet pendant la détection et est remis automatiquement en place à la sortie de lumière quand l'objet est retiré.


     
    2. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif d'étalonnage automatique (15) comprend une unité de remise en place et de fixation pour l'échantillon étalon.
     
    3. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'unité de remise en place et de fixation est un ressort.
     
    4. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le dispositif de commande (11) comprend en outre une unité d'étalonnage (110) pour déterminer des caractéristiques en cours du système (10) en analysant les données spectrales Raman de l'échantillon étalon reçues depuis le dispositif de détection de lumière (13), et étalonner les données spectrales Raman de l'objet sur la base desdites caractéristiques en cours.
     
    5. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le système de chemin lumineux (14) comprend :

    un réflecteur (140), qui réfléchit la lumière d'excitation provenant de la source de lumière (12) ;

    un filtre (142, 146) qui réfléchit la lumière d'excitation réfléchie par le réflecteur (140) et autorise la transmission de la lumière Raman ayant une longueur d'onde plus longue que celle de ladite lumière d'excitation ;

    une lentille de collecte (144) qui focalise la lumière d'excitation provenant du filtre (142, 146) sur l'objet et collecte la lumière Raman émise par l'objet ; et

    une lentille convergente (145), qui focalise la lumière Raman collectée par la lentille (144) sur le dispositif de détection de lumière (13).


     
    6. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le filtre est un miroir dichroïque (142) ou un filtre à encoche (146).
     
    7. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant en outre un dispositif d'alarme pour recevoir le résultat d'identification provenant du dispositif de commande (11) et délivrer une invite ou une alarme.
     
    8. Système de détection de spectre Raman selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les caractéristiques comportent une fréquence et une puissance de la source de lumière (12) et une efficacité d'excitation et une efficacité de collecte du signal du système de chemin lumineux (14).
     
    9. Procédé d'identification d'un objet au moyen du système de détection de spectre Raman (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant les étapes consistant à
    étalonner automatiquement le système de détection de spectre Raman (10) en utilisant le dispositif d'étalonnage automatique (15) avec l'échantillon étalon ;
    repousser l'échantillon étalon avec l'objet à identifier ;
    commander la source de lumière pour qu'elle irradie l'objet pour exciter l'objet pour qu'il émette de la lumière Raman ;
    détecter la lumière Raman pour obtenir des données spectrales de ladite lumière Raman ;
    analyser lesdites données spectrales pour identifier ledit objet ; et
    remettre automatiquement en place l'échantillon étalon après que l'objet a été retiré.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description