(19)
(11)EP 2 587 695 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 11801117.0

(22)Date of filing:  28.06.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 15/00(2006.01)
H04W 88/02(2009.01)
H04L 25/03(2006.01)
H04B 7/0456(2017.01)
H04B 7/024(2017.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2011/004722
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/002711 (05.01.2012 Gazette  2012/01)

(54)

METHOD FOR ELIMINATING INTERFERENCE IN MULTI-NODE SYSTEM AND TERMINAL USING METHOD THEREOF

INTERFERENZUNTERDRÜCKUNGSVERFAHREN IN EINEM MEHRKNOTENSYSTEM UND DIESES VERFAHREN NUTZENDES ENDGERÄT

PROCÉDÉ D'ÉLIMINATION D'INTERFÉRENCE DANS UN SYSTÈME À NOEUDS MULTIPLES ET TERMINAL UTILISANT LE PROCÉDÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.06.2010 US 358945 P
28.06.2010 US 358947 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.05.2013 Bulletin 2013/18

(73)Proprietor: LG Electronics Inc.
Yeongdeungpo-gu Seoul 150-721 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHUN, Jin Young
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-749 (KR)
  • KIM, Ki Tae
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-749 (KR)
  • KIM, Su Nam
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-749 (KR)
  • KANG, Ji Won
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-749 (KR)
  • IHM, Bin Chul
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-749 (KR)
  • PARK, Sung Ho
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-749 (KR)

(74)Representative: Katérle, Axel 
Wuesthoff & Wuesthoff Patentanwälte PartG mbB Schweigerstraße 2
81541 München
81541 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 141 825
KR-A- 20090 031 082
KR-A- 20100 060 958
KR-A- 20090 026 101
KR-A- 20090 077 695
US-A1- 2010 034 146
  
  • NOKIA ET AL: "LTE Multiuser MIMO and Interference Suppression in the UE", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-072982, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Orlando, USA; 20070620, 20 June 2007 (2007-06-20), XP050106646, [retrieved on 2007-06-20]
  • TOMMI KOIVISTO: "LTE-Advanced research in 3GPP", PUBLIC CWC & VTT GIGA SEMINAR 2008, CENTRE FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS (CWC), FINLAND , 4 December 2008 (2008-12-04), pages 1-24, XP008153781, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.cwc.oulu.fi/cwc-vtt-gigasem inar08/pdf/10_Koivisto.pdf
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present invention relates to wireless communication and, more particularly, to a method of removing interference in a multi-node system and user equipment using the method.

[Background Art]



[0002] The data transfer rate of a wireless communication network is recently increasing rapidly. This is because a variety of devices, such as smart phones and tablet PCs which require Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication and a high data transfer rate, are appearing and spread. In order to satisfy the required high data transfer rate, carrier aggregation technology efficiently using larger frequency bands, cognitive radio technology, etc. and multi-antenna technology and multi-eNB cooperation technology, etc. in order to increase a data capacity within a limited frequency are recently emerging.

[0003] Furthermore, a wireless communication system is evolving into a multi-node system in which the density of accessible nodes near a user is increasing. A multi-node system may have higher system performance through cooperation between nodes. For example, if each node operates as an independent Base Station (BS), Advanced eNB (AeNB), Node-B (NB), eNode-B (eNB), or an Access Point (AP), the transmission and reception of the node are controlled by one control station, and thus the node operates likes an antenna (or antenna group) for one cell, a multi-node system can have more excellent system performance than that when nodes do not cooperate with each other. In this case, the multi-node system can be called a Distributed Antenna System (DAS).

[0004] Or a multi-node system may operate as a multi-cell system in which each node has an independent identifier (ID) and performs scheduling and handover. In a multi-cell system, if the coverages of nodes are configured to overlap with each other, this is called a multi-tier network.

[0005] EP 2 141 825 A1 relates to a method of reducing intra-cell spatial interference and a multiple antenna mobile station. According to the method, a base station provides a code book comprising a set of precoding vectors defining antenna weights of two or more transmit antennas of the base station. At least one multiple antenna mobile station is informed about a subset of one or more precoding vectors selected from the code book associated with the base station. The mobile station comprises two or more receive antennas. The mobile station determines receive antenna weights associated with the two or more receive antennas based on the subset of one or more precoding vectors. The at least one multiple antenna mobile station applies the determined receive antenna weights to its associated receive antenna of the two or more receive antennas for performing intra-cell spatial interference rejection combining.

[0006] KR 2009 0077695 A relates to a multiple input multiple output communication system for feed-forwarding an interference vector indicator. The goal is to express an interference vector well while reducing the number of bits for the interference vector indicator and exactly predict probability included in a precoding matrix by vectors included in a codebook. A communication method of a base station in a multiple input multiple output communication system comprises the following steps. A precoding vector indicator shows a target precoding vector. The precoding vector indicator is generated. Vectors included in a codebook configure a mapping table of one bit or among bits for an interference vector indicator showing at least one remaining precoding vector. The interference vector indicator shows at least one remaining precoding vector in consideration of probability included in a precoding matrix. The interference vector indicator is produced by using the mapping table.

[0007] 3GPP document R1-072982 titled "LTE Multiuser MIMO and Interference Suppression in the UE" describes that both unitary precoding and zero forcing (ZF) precoding utilize quantized channel information at the node B. It is stated that due to the quantization and other impairments such as limited feedback granularity in the frequency domain and feedback delay, neither the unitary precoding nor the ZF precoding can achieve perfect user separation. Based on simulation results, it is concluded that it would be beneficial to be able to suppress interference caused by the other scheduled users especially if receive antenna diversity is considered. It is held that furthermore the downlink signalling should be designed to support UEs in acquiring the required information.

[0008] The presentation titled "LTE-Advanced research in 3GPP" by Tommi Koivisto for the GIGA seminar '08 provides general technical information on LTE, presents LTE-Advanced requirements set by 3GPP and discusses technologies under investigation for fulfilling these requirements.

[0009] There is a need for a method of removing interference that can be used in this multi-node system and user equipment using the method.

[Disclosure]


[Technical Problem]



[0010] There is provided a method of removing interference in a multi-node system and user equipment using the method.

[Technical Solution]



[0011] A method of removing interference, performed by first User Equipment (UE), in a multi-node system as defined by independent claim 1 is provided. Specific embodiments are defined by the dependent claims.

[0012] The interference signal may be the product of the second signal to which the second precoding matrix has been applied and a channel matrix between the node and the first UE.

[0013] The information on the second precoding matrix may include a precoding row vector for a transmit antenna, exerting interference on the first UE, in the second precoding matrix applied to the second signal by the node.

[0014] A method of removing interference, performed by first User Equipment (UE), in a multi-node system according to another aspect of the present disclosure may include the steps of receiving, from a node, a first signal to which a first precoding matrix has been applied and removing an interference signal included in the first signal, wherein the interference signal includes a second signal for second UE to which a second precoding matrix has been applied, and a precoding row vector for an transmit antenna of the node that sends a signal, exerting interference on the first UE, in the second precoding matrix includes a predefined and fixed value.

[0015] The first UE may obtain a reception filter that minimizes the interference signal using precoding row vectors including the predefined and fixed value.

[0016] The method may further include the steps of obtaining a precoding matrix that maximizes the first signal based on the reception filter and a channel matrix between the node and the first UE and feeding the precoding matrix that maximizes the first signal back to the node.

[0017] The antenna configuration information may include information on an antenna index, frequency band, or time for a transmit antenna that does not send a signal, from among the transmit antennas that send signals exerting interference on the first UE.

[0018] The antenna configuration information may be broadcast.

[0019] A User equipment according to further yet another aspect of the present disclosure as defined by independent claim 5 is provided.

[Advantageous Effects]



[0020] In a multi-node system, an interference signal that acts on user equipment can be effectively removed. Accordingly, the quality of communication can be improved, and reliable communication is possible. While several embodiments and/or examples have been disclosed in this description, the subject matter for which protection is sought is strictly and solely limited to those embodiments and/ or examples encompassed by the scope of the appended claims. Embodiments and/or examples mentioned in the description that do not fall under the scope of the claims are useful for understanding the invention.

[Brief Description of the Drawings]



[0021] 

FIG. 1 shows an example of a multi-node system.

FIG. 2 shows a multi-node system, for example, a multi-tier network.

FIG. 3 shows an example of inter-cell interference in a multi-node system.

FIG. 4 shows a method of UE removing interference in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 shows a method of UE removing interference in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 6 shows a method of UE removing interference in accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a block diagram showing an eNB and UE.


[Mode for Invention]



[0022] The following technology can be used in a variety of wireless communication systems, such as Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA), Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA), and Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA). CDMA can be implemented using radio technology, such as Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA) or CDMA2000. TDMA can be implemented using radio technology, such as Global System for Mobile communications (GSM)/General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)/Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE). OFDMA can be implemented using radio technology, such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 (Wi-Fi), IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX), IEEE 802.20, or Evolved UTRA (E-UTRA). IEEE 802.16m is the evolution of IEEE 802.16e, and it provides backward compatibility with systems based on IEEE 802.16e. UTRA is part of a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) is part of an Evolved UMTS (E-UMTS) using Evolved-UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA), and 3GPP LTE adopts OFDMA in downlink and adopts SC-FDMA in uplink. LTE-Advance (LTE-A) is the evolution of LTE.

[0023] FIG. 1 shows an example of a multi-node system.

[0024] Referring to FIG. 1, the multi-node system includes an eNB and a plurality of nodes.

[0025] In FIG. 1, the nodes indicated by antenna nodes may be antennas or an antenna group that are distributed and disposed within a cell, but not limited thereto. That is, the node may be a macro eNB, a pico PeNB (PeNB), a home eNB (HeNB), a Remote Radio Head (RRH), a Remote Radio Unit (RRU), a relay or the like. The node is also called a point.

[0026] In a multi-node system, the transmission and reception of each node are managed by one eNB controller, and thus the node can operate like part of one cell. In this case, the multi-node system can be seen as a Distributed Antenna System (DAS) that forms one cell. In the DAS, nodes are disposed so that they are spaced apart from one another unlike in a case where the antennas of an eNB are disposed at the center of a cell in a conventional Centralized Antenna System (CAS).

[0027] In a multi-node system, if nodes have respective IDs and perform scheduling and the handover, this can be seen as a multi-cell (e.g., macro cell/femto cell/pico cell) system. In this multi-cell system, if the coverages of nodes are configured to overlap with each other, this is called a multi-tier network.

[0028] FIG. 2 shows a multi-node system, for example, a multi-tier network.

[0029] Referring to FIG. 2, the multi-tier network can have a form in which the coverages of a macro eNB and a pico cell eNB (PeNB) overlap with each other. Here, the macro eNB and the PeNB can use their own IDs.

[0030] The PeNB distinguishes a registered user ad a non-registered user from each other and can allow only a registered user to access thereto. If only a registered user is permitted to access the PeNB, the PeNB is called a Closed Subscriber Group (CSG) PeNB. If common users are permitted to access the PeNB, the PeNB is called an Open Subscriber Group (OSG) PeNB. The two methods may be mixed and operated.

[0031] If a PeNB operates in the CSG method, UE not UE registered with the PeNB can experience strong interference. For example, if UE 2 communicating with a macro eNB is UE not registered with a PeNB and the UE 2 moves to the coverage of the PeNB, a signal transmitted by the PeNB exerts strong interference on the UE 2.

[0032] FIG. 3 shows an example of inter-cell interference in a multi-node system.

[0033] Referring to FIG. 3, UE 1 can receive signals from eNBs 1, 2, 3, and 4, and the UE 2 can receive signals from eNBs 1, 2, 5, and 6. Here, the eNBs 3 and 4 are sufficiently spaced apart from the UE 2, and thus the signals transmitted to the UE 1 may not exert interference on the UE 2. Furthermore, the eNBs 5 and 6 are sufficiently spaced apart from the UE 1, and thus the signals transmitted to the UE 2 may not exert interference on the UE 1. The eNBs 1 and 2 can multiplex the signal for the UE 1 and the signal for the UE 2 within the same radio resource region and send the multiplexed signal. The same radio resource region means a resource region on the time frequency that is formed of the same frequency band and time interval. In this case, the UE 1 may experience interference due to the signals transmitted from the eNBs 1 and 2 to the UE 2. Furthermore, the UE 2 may experience interference due to the signals transmitted from the eNBs 1 and 2 to the UE 1.

[0034] In order to solve this interference problem, a variety of methods are being discussed in standards, such as LTE-A and IEEE 802.16m. A method that is strongly taken into consideration is to divide radio resources that can be used by cells so that different cells use different radio resources. For example, each cell uses a different frequency, time, or code using Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM), Time Division Multiplexing (TDM), Code Division Multiplexing (CDM), etc. Or, a method of avoiding inter-cell interference through downlink power control is also taken into consideration. However, the methods are to limit resources that can be used by cells and are disadvantageous in low system efficiency, a scheduling limit, etc.

[0035] Accordingly, there is a need for a more effective method of removing interference for UE which experiences interference when receiving signals from a plurality of eNB (or distributed antennas).

[0036] First, in a multi-node system, interference experienced by UE is described mathematically.

[0037] It is assumed that the case of FIG. 3 is commonly extended and thus B1 eNBs are present near the UE 1 and B2 eNBs are present near the UE 2. It is assumed that the total number of transmit antennas through which the B1 eNBs send data to the UE 1 is NTx1 (>= B1) and NTx1_INT (<= NTx1) transmit antennas from among the NTx1 transmit antennas send signal signals to another UE not the UE 1, for example, the UE 2 within the same radio resource region. Then, the signals transmitted from the NTx1_INT transmit antennas to the UE 2 can function as interference signals to the UE 1.

[0038] It is also assumed that the total number of transmit antennas through which the B2 eNBs send data to the UE 2 is NTx2 (>= B2) and NTX2_INT (<= NTx2) transmit antennas from among the NTx2 transmit antennas also send signals to another UE not the UE 2, for example, the UE 1 within the same radio resource region. Then, the signals transmitted from the NTx2_INT transmit antennas to the UE 1 can function as interference signals to the UE 2.

[0039] If the number of receive antennas of the UE 1 is NRx1, a reception signal r1 received by the UE 1 is given as in the following equation.



[0040] In Equation 1, H is a channel matrix between the UE 1 and the transmit antennas of the B1 eNBs and can be represented by H=[h1h2...hNTx1]. Here, H may be a matrix having an NRx1xNTx1 size. W is a precoding matrix having a precoding row vector as an element. W can be represented as in the following equation.



[0041] In Equation 2, W may be a matrix having an NTx1xNr1 size.

[0042] Furthermore, in Equation 1, s is a transmission data value, and s may be a vector having an Nr1x1 size. Here, Nr1 is the number of independent data streams transmitted to the UE 1, that is, the number of transmission ranks. I1 is an interference signal, and n1 is a noise signal.

[0043] Assuming that the number of receive antennas of the UE 2 is NRx2, a reception signal r2 received by the UE 2 can be represented as in the following equation.



[0044] In Equation 3, G is a channel matrix between the UE 2 and the transmit antennas of the B2 eNBs and can be indicated by G = [g1g2...gNTx2]. Here, G may be a matrix having an NRx2xNTx2 size. V is a precoding matrix having a precoding row vector as an element. V can be represented as in the following equation.



[0045] In Equation 4, V may be a matrix having an NTx2 x Nr2 size.

[0046] Furthermore, in Equation 4, x may be a vector having an Nr2 x 1 size as a transmission data value. Here, Nr2 is the number of independent data streams transmitted to the UE 2, that is, the number of transmission ranks. I2 is an interference signal, and n2 is a noise signal.

[0047] If mutual signals exert interference on the UE 1 and the UE 2, I1 in Equation 1 can be represented as in the following equation.



[0048] That is, a result obtained by multiplying the signals, transmitted from the NTx1_INT transmit antennas to the UE 2 by applying precoding to the signals, by the channel matrix between the UE 1 and the NTx1_INT transmit antennas becomes an interference signal for the UE 1. Referring to Equation 5, in order for the UE1 to remove interference, a reception filter C1 satisfying the following equation has only to be calculated and applied.



[0049] That is, the UE 1 can remove or minimize the interference signal I1 by applying a proper reception filter C1.

[0050] Furthermore, in Equation 3, I2 can be represented as in the following equation.



[0051] That is, a result obtained by multiplying the signals from the NTx2_INT transmit antennas transmitted to the UE 1 by applying precoding to the signals, by the channel matrix between the UE 2 and the NTx2_INT transmit antennas becomes an interference signal in the UE 2. Referring to Equation 7, in order for the UE 2 to remove interference, a reception filter C1 satisfying the following equation has only to be calculated and applied.



[0052] That is, the UE 2 can remove or minimize the interference signal I2 by applying a proper reception filter C2.

[0053] However, in order for the UE 1 to calculate the reception filter C1 as in Equation 6, the UE 1 have to know H and [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T. Furthermore, in order for the UE 2 to calculate C2 as in Equation 8, the UE 2 have to know G and [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T.

[0054] The UE 1 can estimate H through a reference signal, but cannot estimate [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T. The UE 2 can estimate G through a reference signal, but cannot estimate [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T. Accordingly, there is a problem in that the reception filters C1 and C2 cannot be calculated.

[0055] In the present invention, in order to solve the problem, an eNB or a network can provide [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T and/or [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T to UE. The value may be fed back from counterpart UE to the eNB or the network. Or, [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T and/or [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T may have been predefined by the eNB or the network. This is described in detail below. In the following description, reference may be made to the above-described mathematical models. If the symbols used in the mathematical models are used in the following description, the symbols have the same means in the mathematical models.

[Embodiment 1]



[0056] FIG. 4 shows a method of UE removing interference in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

[0057] Referring to FIG. 4, a BS sends a reference signal to UE 1 and UE 2 (S101). The reference signal is a signal already known to the BS and the UE and is a signal used to measure a channel. The reference signal may also be called another terminology, such as a midamble or a pilot.

[0058] The UE 1 estimates a channel matrix H with the BS using the reference signal (S102-1). The UE 1 detects a preferred precoding matrix using the estimated channel matrix H as a premise (S103-1). The UE 1 feeds precoding matrix information indicative of the detected precoding matrix back to the BS (S104-1).

[0059] Likewise, the UE 2 estimates a channel matrix G with the BS using the reference signal (S102-2). The UE 2 detects a preferred precoding matrix using the estimated channel matrix G as a premise (S103-2) and feeds precoding matrix information back to the BS (S104-2).

[0060] The BS determines a precoding matrix W to be applied to the UE 1 and a precoding matrix V to be applied to the UE 2 (S105). The precoding matrix W may be the same as or different from the precoding matrix indicated by the precoding matrix information fed back by the UE 1. Likewise, the precoding matrix V may be the same as or different from the precoding matrix indicated by the precoding matrix information fed back by the UE 2.

[0061] The BS sends information on the precoding matrix V to the UE 1 (S106-1) and sends information on the precoding matrix W to the UE 2 (S106-2). That is, the BS provides each UE with information on a precoding matrix that is applied to different UE that functions as interference. For example, the BS may inform the UE 1 of [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T and inform the UE 2 of

[0062] [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T.

[0063] Next, the BS sends, to the UE 1, data to which the precoding matrix W has been applied (S107-1) and sends, to the UE 2, data to which the precoding matrix V has bee applied (S107-2).

[0064] The UE 1 can determine a reception filter C1 in accordance with Equation 6, and the UE 2 can determine a reception filter C2 in accordance with Equation 8.

[0065] As described above, the BS informs UE of a precoding matrix that is applied to another UE functioning as interference. Thus, each UE can obtain a reception filter and can remove or minimize an interference signal by applying the obtained reception filter.

[Embodiment 2]



[0066] FIG. 5 shows a method of UE removing interference in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.

[0067] Referring to FIG. 5, the UE determines a reception filter for removing interference by using a predefined precoding matrix for transmit antennas that send interference signals (S201).

[0068] A BS can use a predefined precoding matrix/vector for transmit antennas that generate interference signals, from among the transmit antennas that send the signals to the UE. For example, the BS can multiplex signals for UE 1 and UE 2, respectively, within the same radio resource region through NTx1_INT transmit antennas, from among a total of NTx1 transmit antennas that send signals to the UE 1, and sends the multiplexed signal. In this case, the signals transmitted to the UE 2 through the NTx1_INT transmit antennas generate interference to the UE 1.

[0069] If a precoding matrix W applied to the signals transmitted to the UE 1 is the same as Equation 2 and a precoding matrix V applied to the signals transmitted to the UE 2 is the same as Equation 4, a predefined matrix/vector is used as the precoding matrix/vector [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T. that is applied to the signals for the UE 2 in the NTx1_INT transmit antennas.

[0070] Likewise, signals for the UE 1 and the UE 2, respectively, can be multiplexed within the same radio resource region through NTx2_INT transmit antennas, from among a total of NTx2 transmit antennas through which signals are transmitted to the UE 2, and can be then transmitted. In this case, the signals transmitted to the UE 1 through the NTx2_INT transmit antennas generate interference to the UE 2. Here, the BS uses a predefined matrix/vector as a precoding matrix/vector [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T that is applied to the signals for the UE 1 in the NTx2_INT transmit antennas.

[0071] As described above, if the BS applies the predefined precoding matrix/vector to transmit antennas that send interference signals, the UE 1 and/or the UE 2 can previously know a precoding matrix/vector applied to the transmit antennas that send the interference signals. Accordingly, the UE 1 and/or the UE 2 can find a reception filter that minimizes interference in accordance with Equation 6 and Equation 8.

[0072] The UE calculates a precoding matrix that maximizes an absolute value of the product of the reception filter, the channel matrix, and the precoding matrix on the basis of the reception filter (S202).

[0073] For example, the UE 1 the precoding matrix/vector W that maximizes |C1HW|. Likewise, the UE 2 calculates the precoding matrix/vector V that maximizes |C2GV|. Here, W is calculated within the limits in which [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T has a predefined and fixed value, and V is calculated within the limits in which [v1v2...vNTx1_INT]T has a predefined and fixed value.

[0074] The UE feeds precoding matrix information back to the BS (S203).

[Embodiment 3]



[0075] In Embodiment 1, a BS has to signal information on precoding matrices. In Embodiment 2, a precoding row vector applied to transmit antennas that send interference signals has to be limited in a precoding matrix. As a result, there may be limits to the precoding matrices W and V.

[0076] In order to solve this problem, UE can find a reception filter satisfying the following equation irrespective of a precoding matrix applied by a BS.





[0077] In accordance with Equations 9 and 10, since the reception filters C1 and C2 are not related to precoding matrices applied by a BS, each UE can calculate a reception filter although the UE does not receive information on the precoding matrix.

[0078] The UE 1 calculates the precoding matrix/vector W that maximizes |C1HW| on the basis of this reception filter. Likewise, the UE 2 calculates the precoding matrix/vector V that maximizes |C2GV| on the basis of this reception filter. The UEs 1 and 2 can feed the calculated precoding matrices/vectors W and V back to the BS.

[0079] In accordance with a rank nullity-theorem, however, '(the number of ranks of A) + (the number of null spaces of A) = M' is satisfied for a matrix A having an N x M size. Accordingly, if M is greater than the number of ranks of A, x that satisfies Ax = 0, that is, a null space is present. In accordance with this rank nullity-theorem, in order for a C1 value satisfying Equation 9 to be present, a condition that a null space of NRx1 - NTx1_INT is necessary is required. This condition is equivalent to the following equation.



[0080] That is, the number of receive antennas of the UE 1 has to be greater than the number of transmit antennas that exerts interference on the UE 1. Likewise, the UE 2 has to include the number of receive antennas that satisfies the following equation.



[0081] For example, if the number of receive antennas of UE is 4, the number of transmit antennas that exerts interference has to be 3 or less. If the number of receive antennas of UE is 2, Equation 11 and Equation 12 are satisfied when the number of transmit antennas is 1 or less.

[0082] Accordingly, if each UE satisfies conditions, such as Equation 11 and Equation 12, the UE can find its own reception filter for removing interference using Equation 9 or Equation 10 without additional signaling informing a precoding matrix.

[0083] However, there may be a case where some of a plurality of UEs does not satisfy the conditions, such as Equation 11 and Equation 12. For example, UE 1 satisfies conditions, such as Equations 11 and 12, but UE 2 may not satisfy the conditions. In this case, the UE 1 having the number of receive antennas greater than the number of transmit antennas that exerts interference can find its own reception filter and a proper precoding matrix W in accordance with Equation 9 (or Equation 10). Next, the UE 1 can feed the precoding matrix W back to a BS. The BS sends information on the feedback precoding matrix W to the UE 2. When information on the feedback precoding matrix W is signaled by the BS, the UE 2 can know the precoding matrix W applied to a signal transmitted from the BS to the UE 1, more particularly, [w1w2...wNTx2_INT]T and thus can find its own reception filter C2 according to Equation 8.

[0084] That is, when there are two UEs which exert interference on each other, if one of the UEs has the number of receive antennas greater than the number of transmit antennas that exert interference, the other UE can minimize interference although it has the number of receive antennas smaller than the number of transmit antennas that exerts interference.

[0085] FIG. 6 shows a method of UE removing interference in accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention.

[0086] A BS can reduce the number of transmit antennas that exert interference if the number of receive antennas of UE does not satisfy the condition of Equation 11 or Equation 12. That is, 1) the BS may not allow a transmit antenna that exerts interference to send an interference signal using a specific resource region, or 2) a transmit antenna that exerts interference may not send any signal. The specific resource region may be a resource region in which UE affected by interference receives its own signal. In this case, it is said that a corresponding transmit antenna is set in an off state.

[0087] If a BS sets a specific transmit antenna in the off state, the BS can inform UE of antenna configuration information (S301). The antenna configuration information can include the index, frequency band, frame, etc. of an antenna that does not send an interference signal. If each transmit antenna is identified by a different reference signal, the index of the antenna can be provided in the form of the index of a reference signal.

[0088] For example, if some of the antennas of a femto BS are set in an off state in some frequency bands and time, UE can be informed of antenna configuration information related to the some antennas. The antenna configuration information may be broadcast or may be unicast to specific UE. Or, the antenna configuration information may be multicast to a plurality of UEs.

[0089] The UE can recognize an antenna that sends (or does not send) an interference signal using the antenna configuration information received from the BS. The UE determines a reception filter (S301). The UE can determine the reception filter in accordance with Equation 9 or Equation 10.

[0090] The UE calculates a precoding matrix based on the determined reception filter (S303) and feeds precoding matrix information back to the BS (S304).

[0091] In the embodiment, a case where a BS provides UE with antenna configuration information has been described, but other modified examples are possible.

[0092] For example, each femto BS can change and apply the number of transmit antennas that broadcast signals to UE. Here, the femto BS may inform UE of the number of transmit antennas that sends broadcast signals through NTx, that is, a system parameter. That is, the femto BS may inform UE of the number of transmit antennas through the broadcast system parameter not a signal that is unicast to specific UE.

[0093] FIG. 7 is a block diagram showing a BS and UE.

[0094] The BS 100 includes a processor 110, memory 120, and a Radio Frequency (RF) unit 130. The processor 110 implements the proposed functions, processes and/or methods. That is, the processor 110 sends a precoding matrix applied to a node or a transmit antenna that sends a signal, functioning as interference, to UE Or, the processor 110 sends antenna configuration information which indicates transmit antennas and performs a configuration so that the number of receive antennas of UE is greater than the number of transmit antennas that sends signals, functioning as interference, to the UE. The antenna configuration information can include the index, corresponding frequency band, corresponding time domain, for example, frame information, etc. of an antenna that is set in an off state so that the antenna does not send an interference signal to the UE. Furthermore, the processor 110 can perform scheduling based on feedback information transmitted by UE, for example, information on a precoding matrix preferred by the UE. The memory 120 is connected with the processor 110, and it stores various pieces of information for driving the processor 110. The RF unit 130 is connected with the processor 110, and it transmits and/or receives radio signals. The RF unit 130 can be formed of a plurality of nodes connected to the BS 100 by a wire.

[0095] The UE 200 includes a processor 210, memory 220, and an RF unit 230. The processor 210 receives information on a precoding matrix, applied to an interference signal, from a BS and removes an interference signal included in a signal transmitted to the UE 200.

[0096] If the precoding matrix applied to the interference signal is fixed and the fixed precoding matrix is known to the processor 210, an interference signal can be removed using the fixed precoding matrix. Furthermore, the processor 210 can receive antenna configuration information. If the number of transmit antennas that sends signals functioning as interference is known to be smaller than the number of receive antennas based on the antenna configuration information, the processor 210 can apply a matrix in which an absolute value is a minimum when multiplying the matrix by a channel matrix between the UE and a BS, as described in Equation 9 or Equation 10, as a reception filter. The processor 210 can obtain a preferred precoding matrix and feed the preferred precoding matrix back to the BS.

[0097] The memory 220 is connected with the processor 210, and it stores various pieces of information for driving the processor 210. The RF unit 230 is connected with the processor 210, and it transmits and/or receives radio signals.

[0098] The processor 110, 210 can include Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), other chipsets, logic circuits, data processor and/or converters for mutually converting baseband signals and radio signals. The memory 120, 220 can include Read-Only Memory (ROM), Random Access Memory (RAM), flash memory, memory cards, storage media and/or other storage devices. The RF unit 130, 230 can include one or more antennas for transmitting and/ or receiving radio signals. When the above-described embodiment is implemented in software, the above-described scheme can be implemented into a module (process, function, etc.) that performs the above function. The module can be stored in the memory 120, 220 and executed by the processor 110, 210. The memory 120, 220 can be placed inside or outside the processor 110, 210 and can be connected to the processor 110, 210 using a variety of well-known means.

[0099] The present invention may be implemented using hardware, software, or a combination of them. In hardware implementations, the present invention may be implemented using Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), Digital Signal Processors (DSPs), Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), processors, controllers, microprocessors, other electronic units, or a combination of them, which are designed to perform the above function. In software implementations, the present invention may be implemented into a module that performs the above function. The software may be stored in a memory unit and executed by the processor. The memory unit or the processor may adopt various means well known to those skilled in the art.

[0100] Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, a person having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the present invention may be modified in various ways without departing from the scope of the present invention defined in the appended claims. Accordingly, a change of future embodiments of the present invention may not deviate from the technology of the present invention.


Claims

1. A method of removing interference, performed by a first User Equipment, UE, (200) in a multi-node system, the method comprising:

receiving (S301) antenna configuration information from a Base Station, BS, (100);

receiving a first signal that is transmitted using a first precoding matrix from at least one node controlled by the BS (100); and

removing an interference signal from the first signal,

wherein the interference signal comprises a signal transmitted from the at least one node to a second UE by applying a second precoding matrix to a second signal,

wherein the antenna configuration information informs the first UE (200) about interfering antennas of the at least one node,

wherein when a number of receive antennas of the first UE (200) is greater than a number of the interfering antennas that send signals exerting interference on the first UE (200) according to the antenna configuration information, a reception filter for the first signal and the first precoding matrix are calculated (S302, S303),

wherein the reception filter for the first signal is calculated (S302) as a matrix which minimizes an absolute value of a multiplication of the matrix and an interfering antenna channel matrix between the receive antennas of the first UE (200) and the interfering antennas of the at least one node, and

wherein the first precoding matrix is calculated (S303) as a further matrix which maximizes an absolute value of a multiplication of the reception filter, the antenna channel matrix between the receive antennas of the first UE (200) and the antennas of the at least one node that send data to the first UE and the further matrix.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the antenna configuration information comprises information on an antenna index, frequency band, or time for an interfering antenna that does not send a signal, from among the interfering antennas that send signals exerting interference on the first UE (200).
 
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the antenna configuration information is broadcast.
 
4. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
feeding (S203, S304) the precoding matrix back to the BS (100).
 
5. A User equipment, UE, (200) comprising:

a Radio Frequency, RF, unit (230) configured to transmit and receive radio signals; and

a processor (210) connected with the RF unit (230),

wherein the processor (210) is configured for:

receiving (S301) antenna configuration information from a Base Station, BS, (100);

receiving a first signal that is transmitted using a first precoding matrix from at least one node controlled by the BS (100); and

removing an interference signal from the first signal,

wherein the interference signal comprises a signal transmitted from the at least one node to a second UE by applying a second precoding matrix to a second signal,

wherein the antenna configuration information informs the UE (200) about interfering antennas of the at least one node,

wherein when a number of receive antennas of the UE (200) is greater than a number of interfering antennas that send signals exerting interference on the UE (200) according to the antenna configuration information, a reception filter for the first signal and the first precoding matrix are calculated (S302, S303),

wherein the reception filter for the first signal is calculated (S302) as a matrix which minimizes an absolute value of a multiplication of the matrix and an interfering antenna channel matrix between the receive antennas of the first UE (200) and the interfering antennas of the at least one node, and

wherein the first precoding matrix is calculated (S303) as a further matrix which maximizes an absolute value of a multiplication of the reception filter, the antenna channel matrix between the receive antennas of the first UE (200) and the antennas of the at least one node that send data to the first UE and the further matrix.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Beseitigen von Störungen, das von einem ersten Benutzergerät, UE, (200), in einem Mehrknotensystem durchgeführt wird, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Empfangen (S301) einer Antennenkonfigurationsinformation von einer Basisstation, BS, (100);

Empfangen eines ersten Signals, das unter Verwendung einer ersten Vorcodierungsmatrix übertragen wird, von mindestens einem Knoten, der von der BS (100) gesteuert wird; und

Beseitigen eines Störsignals aus dem ersten Signal,

wobei das Störsignal ein Signal umfasst, das von dem mindestens einen Knoten an ein zweites UE durch Anwenden einer zweiten Vorcodierungsmatrix auf ein zweites Signal übertragen wird,

wobei die Antennenkonfigurationsinformation das erste UE (200) über Störantennen des mindestens einen Knotens informiert,

wobei, wenn eine Anzahl von Empfangsantennen des ersten UE (200) höher als eine Anzahl der Störantennen, die Signale senden, die eine Störung auf das erste UE (200) ausüben, gemäß der Antennenkonfigurationsinformation ist, ein Empfangsfilter für das erste Signal und die erste Vorcodierungsmatrix berechnet werden (S302, S303),

wobei das Empfangsfilter für das erste Signal als eine Matrix berechnet wird (S302), die einen absoluten Wert einer Multiplikation der Matrix und einer Störantennenkanalmatrix zwischen den Empfangsantennen des ersten UE (200) und den Störantennen des mindestens einen Knotens minimiert, und

wobei die erste Vorcodierungsmatrix als eine weitere Matrix berechnet wird (S303), die einen absoluten Wert einer Multiplikation des Empfangsfilters, der Antennenkanalmatrix zwischen den Empfangsantennen des ersten UE (200) und den Antennen des mindestens einen Knotens, die Daten an das erste UE und die weitere Matrix senden, maximiert.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Antennenkonfigurationsinformation eine Information zu einem Antennenindex, einem Frequenzband oder einer Zeit für eine Störantenne, die kein Signal sendet, von den Störantennen, die Signale senden, die eine Störung auf das erste UE (200) ausüben, umfasst.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Antennenkonfigurationsinformation rundgesendet wird.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, weiterhin umfassend:
Führen (S203, S304) der Vorcodierungsmatrix zurück zu der BS (100).
 
5. Benutzergerät, UE, (200), umfassend:

eine Funkfrequenzeinheit, RF-Einheit, (230), die dazu konfiguriert ist, Funksignale zu übertragen und zu empfangen; und

einen Prozessor (210), der mit der RF-Einheit (230) verbunden ist,

wobei der Prozessor (210) konfiguriert ist zum:

Empfangen (S301) einer Antennenkonfigurationsinformation von einer Basisstation, BS, (100);

Empfangen eines ersten Signals, das unter Verwendung einer ersten Vorcodierungsmatrix übertragen wird, von mindestens einem Knoten, der von der BS (100) gesteuert wird; und

Beseitigen eines Störsignals aus dem ersten Signal,

wobei das Störsignal ein Signal umfasst, das von dem mindestens einen Knoten an ein zweites UE durch Anwenden einer zweiten Vorcodierungsmatrix auf ein zweites Signal übertragen wird,

wobei die Antennenkonfigurationsinformation das UE (200) über Störantennen des mindestens einen Knotens informiert,

wobei, wenn eine Anzahl von Empfangsantennen des UE (200) höher als eine Anzahl von Störantennen, die Signale senden, die eine Störung auf das UE (200) ausüben, gemäß der Antennenkonfigurationsinformation ist, ein Empfangsfilter für das erste Signal und die erste Vorcodierungsmatrix berechnet werden (S302, S303),

wobei das Empfangsfilter für das erste Signal als eine Matrix berechnet wird (S302), die einen absoluten Wert einer Multiplikation der Matrix und einer Störantennenkanalmatrix zwischen den Empfangsantennen des ersten UE (200) und den Störantennen des mindestens einen Knotens minimiert, und

wobei die erste Vorcodierungsmatrix als eine weitere Matrix berechnet wird (S303), die einen absoluten Wert einer Multiplikation des Empfangsfilters, der Antennenkanalmatrix zwischen den Empfangsantennen des ersten UE (200) und den Antennen des mindestens einen Knotens, die Daten an das erste UE und die weitere Matrix senden, maximiert.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé d'élimination de brouillage, réalisé par un premier équipement utilisateur, UE, (200) dans un système multi-nœud, le procédé comprenant :

recevoir (S301) des informations de configuration d'antenne en provenance d'une station de base, BS, (100) ;

recevoir un premier signal qui est transmis à l'aide d'une première matrice de précodage à partir d'au moins un nœud commandé par la BS (100) ; et

éliminer un signal de brouillage à partir du premier signal,

dans lequel le signal de brouillage comprend un signal transmis à partir de l'au moins un nœud à un second UE par application d'une seconde matrice de précodage à un second signal,

dans lequel les informations de configuration d'antenne informent le premier UE (200) à propos d'antennes brouilleuses de l'au moins un nœud,

dans lequel, lorsqu'un nombre d'antennes de réception du premier UE (200) est supérieur à un nombre des antennes brouilleuses qui envoient des signaux exerçant un brouillage sur le premier UE (200) selon les informations de configuration d'antenne, un filtre de réception pour le premier signal et la première matrice de précodage sont calculés (S302, S303),

dans lequel le filtre de réception pour le premier signal est calculé (S302) en tant que matrice qui rend minimale une valeur absolue d'une multiplication de la matrice et d'une matrice de canal d'antennes brouilleuses entre les antennes de réception du premier UE (200) et les antennes brouilleuses de l'au moins un nœud, et

dans lequel la première matrice de précodage est calculée (S303) en tant que matrice supplémentaire qui rend maximale une valeur absolue d'une multiplication du filtre de réception, de la matrice de canal d'antennes entre les antennes de réception du premier UE (200) et les antennes de l'au moins un nœud qui envoient des données au premier UE et de la matrice supplémentaire.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les informations de configuration d'antenne comprennent des informations sur un indice d'antenne, une bande de fréquences ou un temps pour une antenne brouilleuse qui n'envoie pas un signal, parmi les antennes brouilleuses qui envoient des signaux exerçant un brouillage sur le premier UE (200).
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les informations de configuration d'antenne sont diffusées.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
fournir (S203, S304) la matrice de précodage en retour à la BS (100).
 
5. Équipement utilisateur, UE, (200) comprenant :

une unité radiofréquence, RF, (230) configurée pour transmettre et recevoir des signaux radio ; et

un processeur (210) connecté à l'unité RF (230),

dans lequel le processeur (210) est configuré pour :

recevoir (S301) des informations de configuration d'antenne en provenance d'une station de base, BS, (100) ;

recevoir un premier signal qui est transmis à l'aide d'une première matrice de précodage à partir d'au moins un nœud commandé par la BS (100) ; et

éliminer un signal de brouillage à partir du premier signal,

dans lequel le signal de brouillage comprend un signal transmis à partir de l'au moins un nœud à un second UE par application d'une seconde matrice de précodage à un second signal,

dans lequel les informations de configuration d'antenne informent l'UE (200) à propos d'antennes brouilleuses de l'au moins un nœud,

dans lequel, lorsqu'un nombre d'antennes de réception de l'UE (200) est supérieur à un nombre d'antennes brouilleuses qui envoient des signaux exerçant un brouillage sur l'UE (200) selon les informations de configuration d'antenne, un filtre de réception pour le premier signal et la première matrice de précodage sont calculés (S302, S303),

dans lequel le filtre de réception pour le premier signal est calculé (S302) en tant que matrice qui rend minimale une valeur absolue d'une multiplication de la matrice et d'une matrice de canal d'antennes brouilleuses entre les antennes de réception du premier UE (200) et les antennes brouilleuses de l'au moins un nœud, et

dans lequel la première matrice de précodage est calculée (S303) en tant que matrice supplémentaire qui rend maximale une valeur absolue d'une multiplication du filtre de réception, de la matrice de canal d'antennes entre les antennes de réception du premier UE (200) et les antennes de l'au moins un nœud qui envoient des données au premier UE et de la matrice supplémentaire.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description