(19)
(11)EP 2 588 271 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/44

(21)Application number: 11801255.8

(22)Date of filing:  01.07.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B23Q 11/00  (2006.01)
B23B 47/00  (2006.01)
B23B 45/00  (2006.01)
G21C 19/30  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2011/050896
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/002903 (05.01.2012 Gazette  2012/01)

(54)

A DEVICE TO CAPTURE PARTICLES DETACHED FROM AN OBJECT BEING PROCESSED BY A TOOL

VORRICHTUNG ZUM EINFANGEN VON LOSGELÖSTEN PARTIKELN EINES MIT EINEM WERKZEUG BEARBEITETEN GEGENSTANDES

DISPOSITIF POUR LA CAPTURE DE PARTICULES DÉTACHÉES D'UN OBJET EN COURS DE TRAITEMENT PAR UN OUTIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.07.2010 SE 1050728

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.05.2013 Bulletin 2013/19

(73)Proprietor: Westinghouse Electric Sweden AB
721 63 Västerås (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • SUONIEMI, Arto
    S-733 73 Ransta (SE)
  • EMERIUS, Magnus
    S-752 29 Uppsala (SE)

(74)Representative: Israelsson, Stefan 
Bjerkéns Patentbyrå KB P.O. Box 5366
102 49 Stockholm
102 49 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 702 713
WO-A2-2010/078604
BE-A3- 1 013 643
FR-A1- 2 617 072
GB-A- 2 443 398
WO-A1-2008/003132
AU-A1- 2005 202 845
DE-A1- 4 218 247
FR-A1- 2 795 351
JP-A- 2003 236 730
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    THE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION AND PRIOR ART



    [0001] The present invention relates to a device for capturing particles detached from an object being processed by a tool, wherein the device comprises a container having an opening to an internal space.

    [0002] During, for examples, servicing and replacement of fuel assemblies in reactor tanks, the reactor tank is open. There is thus always a risk that metal particles of different kind such as metal chips fall down into the reactor tank from works performed in connection with the reactor tank with, for example, cutting machining tools. Sometimes, works are also performed inside the reactor tank with cutting machining tools. In this case, machining tools can be brought down in the reactor tank and be attached to a wall surface in the reactor tank or the internal parts of the reactor tank by means of a suction cup device or another mechanical attachment device. After such a device has been attached to the wall surface, the brought tool can be activated in order to process the wall surface. It is here of great importance that the metal chips and similar particles formed during the work are collected in an efficient manner.

    [0003] During a subsequent operation, such small metal particles are circulated around in the reactor with the reactor water. The particles can thus achieve abrasion damage to sensitive parts of the reactor tank such as the fuel rods. The particles can essentially not leave the reactor, but they are accumulated over time in a growing number inside the reactor tank.

    [0004] However, it is known to provide reactor tanks with different types of filters in which such particles are captured. Such filters need to be emptied and there is always a risk that loose particles have time to get stuck in an inappropriate place in a reactor tank before they are captured in such a filter.

    [0005] WO 2010/078604 A2 and JP 2003-236730 A disclose devices according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0006] An object of the present invention is to provide a device that is guaranteed to capture and retain all loose particles that are formed when a tool processes a surface of an object.

    [0007] This object is achieved with the device defined in claim 1. By giving said guiding means a suitable design, substantially all formed particles may be led into the internal space of the container in which they are retained in an efficient manner by the first material. Such a first material may have a viscous or paste-like consistency. However, the first material ought to have a consistency such that the formed particles can be introduced into the material with a relatively small resistance. On the other hand, the material has to have consistency such the particles are retained by the material. Thereby, the tool with the container may also be removed from the workplace without the risk that captured particles fall out. A waxy substance with suitable properties may constitute such a first material.

    [0008] According to the present invention, the first material is hardable and that the device comprises hardening means which is configured to harden the first material such that it changes to a solid state after a machining process has been completed. When the first material is hardened, it forms a solid material body that encloses the captured particles. Thus, there is no risk that single particles fall out from the container. The risk that parts of the first material fall out from the container is thereby eliminated. The first material can be hardened when it comes in contact with hardening means such as ambient air, water, natural light, ultraviolet light, infrared light, etc. It is also possible to arrange a source in connection with the container which, for example, emits ultraviolet light against the first material when it is has to be hardened.

    [0009] According to a advantageous embodiment of the present invention, said hardening means comprises supply of a hardening material which is mixed with the first material in the internal space such that a hardening of the first material is obtained. In this case, a hardable material is supplied which preferably reacts chemically with the first material such that it hardens and forms a rigid material body. Advantageously, the first material has the property that it is hardened a certain time after the materials have been mixed. As long as the machining process continues, the first material should have a consistency that allows it to capture the particles formed during the machining process. As soon as the machining process is completed, the hardening ought to take place as soon as possible. The hardening ought to proceed before the container is removed from the object. According to another embodiment of the present invention, the device comprises a connection for supply of the first material to the internal space container. With such a connection, the container may be first arranged in a working position in relation to an object to be processed before the first material is supplied to the container. This is particularly an advantage when the work should be done in hard to reach spaces and when possible material in the internal space risks to fall out on the way to the working position. In this case, the device may also comprise a connection for supply of the hardening material to the internal space of the container. By supplying these materials to the internal space simultaneously, a good mixing effect may be obtained. However, the internal space may be provided with a mixing device of a suitable kind ensuring that the materials are mixed in an appropriate manner.

    [0010] According to another embodiment of the present invention, the first material is burnable in a hardened state. In certain cases, one wishes to examine the particles detached at the machining processes. In this case, one can heat up the solid material body which encloses the metal particles to a temperature at which the material body is burned. Thereby, the contained metal particles may be released and studied. Alternatively, the first material may have a lower melting point than the detached particles from said object which are retained inside the first material. As a non-hardening first material, such as a waxy substance, is used this may be an alternative to release contained particles.

    [0011] According to an embodiment of the present invention, said guiding means comprises a contact portion with a contact surface in connection with the tool opening which is configured to abut a surface of an object processed by the tool. Thereby, a close contact may be obtained between the container and the object which prevents that the first material leaks out from the container during a machining process. Advantageously, the contact surface of the container has a design such that it extends completely around a machining portion of the tool which is in contact with and processes a surface of the object. With such a contact portion, the inlet opening to the container may completely enclose the machining portion of the tool and prevent the particles from the machining process are led in other directions than into the internal space of the container. The contact portion may comprise a control surface located internally of the contact surface which is configured to lead detached particles to the internal space. Thereby, the introduction of the formed particles to the internal space inside the container is facilitated.

    [0012] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the device comprises spring means configured to hold the container with a resilient force against a surface of the object when the tool performs a machining process. Thereby, a closed connection between the container and the object is maintained substantially independent of the position of the tool. At least part of the tool may be in contact with the first material inside the internal space of the container. In this case, the motions of the tool may provide mixing motions that facilitate the hardening of the first material. The container may have a second opening and the tool extends into the internal space of the container via the second opening. Advantageously, such a second opening is arranged on an opposite side of the container in relation to the inlet opening such that an elongated tool may extend across the container.

    [0013] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the device comprises a shift mechanism configured to provide a shifting motion of the tool from an active position to an inactive position after a machining process has been completed such that the first material can come in contact with possible remaining particles in the area which has been in contact with the tool. When a machining process has been completed, there may be loose particles between the machining portion of the tool and the surface of the object. In order to seharden that such particles are also are received in the first material, the tool is thus shifted at a distance from the object when work has been completed. Thereby, a first material with a viscous consistency may penetrate into a depression or the like accomplished by tool and to capture possible loose particles. In this case, the first material obtains a cast of the machined surface. Thereby, information may be obtained about the geometry of the machined surface. Alternatively, an image of the machined surface may be performed with a following container arranged around the machined surface whereupon a material is supplied which is formed after the machined surface.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0014] In the following, a preferred embodiment of the invention is described as an example with reference to the attached drawing, on which:
    Fig 1
    shows a tool for mechanical machining according to the present invention.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION



    [0015] Fig. 1 shows part of an apparatus for mechanical machining. The apparatus comprises a mechanical machining tool 1, which in this case is a cutter. Alternatively, the machining tool is designed for drilling, grinding, sanding, etc.

    [0016] Advantageously, the device may be carried by a suction cup device or the like for performing repair work inside a reactor tank. The suction cup device may be brought down in the reactor tank and positioning the device in connection with a wall surface where a mechanical maching is to be performed. At a mechanical machining, metal particles are inevitably released in the form of chips or the like. It is of great importance that such metal particles are collected in an efficient manner such that they will not be left in the reactor tank where they may cause abrasion damage to sensitive parts of the reactor tank such as fuel rods.

    [0017] The apparatus comprises a schematically shown house 2. The house comprises an opening 2a, such that an end of the tool 1 can be arranged inside the house 2. An opposite end of the tool 1 comprises a machining portion 1a which is configured to process a surface 3a of an object 3 inside, for example, a reactor tank. The house 2 contains a schematically disclosed drive mechanism 4 for operation of the tool 1. The drive mechanism 4 is, in this case, configured to provide a rotary motion to the tool 1. A schematically shown shift mechanism 5 is configured to bring the tool in an axial direction between an active position and an inactive position.

    [0018] The apparatus comprises a device to capture detached particles 3b when the object 3 is processed by the tool 1. The device comprises a container 6 which has an internal space 7. An inlet opening 8 to the internal space 7 of the container is arranged in connection with the machining portion 1a of the tool. The tool 1 extends into the container 6 via an opening 6a and a small piece out of the container 6 at the inlet opening 8. A spring member 9 allows a resilient axial motion of the container 6 in relation to the tool 1. The container 6 has a contact portion 10 in connection with the inlet opening of the 8. The contact portion 10 has a contact surface 10a that is configured to abut the surface 3a of the object when the object 3 is processed by the tool 1. The contact surface 10a is designed such that it extends completely around the machining portion 1a of the tool. The contact portion 10 comprises a guiding surface 10b located internally of the contact surface 10a. The guiding surface 10b is configured to lead detached particles 3b into the internal space 7.

    [0019] The container 6 comprises a first connection for supply of a first material 13 to the internal space 7. The first material has a slightly viscous consistency or paste-like consistency. The connection comprises a line 11 leading the first material 13 from a first storage container 12 to the internal space 7 of the tank 6 by means of a first feeding member 14. The container 6 comprises a second connection for supply of a second material 17 to the internal space 7. The second connection comprises a line 15 leading a second material from a second storage container 16 to the internal space 7 of the container 6 by means of a second feeding member 18. The second material is a hardable material which, when it is mixed with the first material, provides a chemical reaction such that the first material 13 hardens and changes to a solid state. The first material 13 hardens and changes to the solid state a certain time after the materials have been mixed. An exhaust pipe 19 for water is connected to the container 6.

    [0020] When a mechanical machining of an object 3 in, for example, a reactor tank is to be performed, the apparatus is connected to a suction cup device or similar attachable device. The suction cup device is brought down in the reactor tank to a determined position in relation to the object 3. The suction cups of the suction cup device are attached to the surface 3a of the object such that the tool obtains a desired position in relation to the object 3 to be processed. The suction cup device may be controlled by an operator standing on the side of a reactor basin or on a bridge extending over the reactor basin. The reactor basin and the reactor tank are filled with reactor water. Thereafter, the operator activates the apparatus such that the house 2 is moved to a machining position in relation to the surface 3a of the object. The spring member 9 presses, in this position, the contact surface 10a of the container 6 against the surface of the object 3 with a suitable spring force. The contact portion 10 of the container 6 forms in the machining position a sealed connection between the container 6 and the surface 3a of the object.

    [0021] The first feeding member 14 is activated such that the first material 13 is fed into the internal space 7 of the container 6. Simultaneously, the second feeding member 18 is activated, which fed the second material 17 into the internal space 7 of the container 6. The second hardening material 17 is usually fed in a much smaller amount than the first material. Existing water inside the inner space is evacuated through the evacuation pipe 19 in connection with the fed of the two materials 13, 17. Advantageously, the evacuation pipe 19 is translucent. Thereby, it is possible to detect when the supplied materials 13, 17 begin to penetrate into the evacuation pipe 19 by means of a camera on the suction cup device. Thereby, all the water inside the container 6 has probably been evacuated. When the two materials 13, 17 are led into the internal space 7, they provide, in most cases, a good mix. Alternatively, the device may comprise a mixing body which mixes the first material 13 and the second material 17. The close contact between the contact surface 10b and the surface 3a of the object sehardens that the supplied materials 13, 17 are maintained inside the container 6.

    [0022] After the container 6 has been filled with the first material 13 and the second material 17, the drive mechanism 4 is activated such that the tool 1 obtains a rotary motion. In this case, the rotary machining portion 1a provides a depression 3c in the surface 3a of the object. The materials cut away by the machining portion 1a form particles 3b in the form of metal chips. Usually, the rotary machining portion 1a gives the detached particles 3b a motion in at least one direction. The inclined guiding surfaces 10b help to guide the particles 3b into the inner space 7 which are not directly led into the internal space 7. Possibly, the tool 1 provides motions in the supplied materials 13, 17 resulting in that the detached particles 3b are gradually led further into the internal space 7. Such motions in the materials 13, 17 also promote a good mixing between the supplied materials 13, 17. The first material 13 and the second 17 has a consistency such that they have the ability to receive and retain detached particles led into the internal space 7. They have thus a consistency that is so loose such that the particles 3b relatively easily penetrate into the material 13, 17. They have also a consistency that is so solid, such that the particles 3b substantially are retained inside the materials 13, 17 in existing positions i.e. they will not fall down in the materials 13, 17 by its own weight.

    [0023] When the machining process is completed, the drive mechanism 4 stops the drive of the tool 1. The shift mechanism 5 moves the tool 1 to an inactive position inside the container such that the machining portion 1a is shifted some distance from the surface 3a of the object. Thereby, the mixture of the two materials 13, 17 may come into contact with possible loose particles 3b which are located in connection with the depression 3c created by the tool. After the two materials 13, 17 have been mixed in the internal space 7 of the container 6, a hardening of the first material take place after a certain time. Thereby, the first material 13 is transferred to a solid state. With knowledge of the hardening time of the first material, the operator 13 knows how long time the machining process maximum may take up. When the machining process is completed, the operator must wait until the first material 13 has hardened before the container 6 is released from the surface 3a of the object. When the first material has hardened 13, it forms a solid continuous material body enclosing the captured particles 13b during the machining process. In this case, the solid body obtains a cast of the pit 3c. Thus, information may be obtained about the geometry of the pit 3c.

    [0024] The apparatus is shifted from the machining position and the contact portion 10 is removed from the surface 3b of the object. Since the supplied materials now consist of a solid material body, there is no risk that the particles 3b or parts of the material come loose and fall down in the reactor tank. Suction cup device is lifted up from the reactor basin and the container 6 with the tool is released from the apparatus. The container 6 with the tool 1 may thereafter be applied in an oven or similar heat source where they are heated up to a suitable temperature which may be about 300 ° C. In this case, the solid material body has the property that it is burnable at this temperature. When the solid material body has been burned, the tool can be released from the container 6 and the metal particles 3b collected. Hereby, the material particles 3b may be examined and their radioactive radiation 3 can, for example, be measured.

    [0025] The present invention is not restricted to the above described embodiments in the drawings but may be varied freely within the scope of the claims. In this case, a hardable material is supplied in order to provide a hardening of the first material. However, it is possible to use a first material that hardens without add of a hardening material. The first material may have the property that it hardens when it comes in contact with air, water or ambient light. The first material can also be hardened by the exposure to, for example, ultraviolet light from a source arranged in connection with to the container. In the example above, the internal space of the container is filled with suitable materials after the tool has been applied in a machining position. However, it is possible to fill the container with a first material and possibly hardening material before the apparatus is applied in a machining position.


    Claims

    1. A device for capturing detached particles (3b) from an object (3) being processed by a tool (1), wherein the device comprises a container (6) having an inlet opening (8) to an internal space (7), guiding means (10, 10a) configured to lead particles (3), which are detached during a machining process, into the inner space (7) of the container (6) via the inlet opening (8), wherein the inner space (7) contains a first material (13) having a consistency such that it has the ability to receive and retain detached particles (3b), which are led into the inner space (7) during the machining process characterized in that the first material (13) is hardable and that the device comprises hardening means (17) which is configured to harden the first material (13) such that it changes to a solid state after a machining process has been completed.
     
    2. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that said hardening means comprises the supply of a hardening material (17) which is mixed with the first material (13) in the inner space (7) such that a hardening of the first material (13) is obtained.
     
    3. A device according to claim 2, characterized in that the first material (13) has the property that it is hardened a certain time after the materials have been mixed.
     
    4. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device comprises a connection (11) for supply of the first material to the inner space (7) of the container (6).
     
    5. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device comprises a connection (15) for supply of the hardening material (17) to the inner space (7) of the container (6).
     
    6. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first material (13) is burnable in a hardened state.
     
    7. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first material (13) has a lower melting point than the detached particles (3b) from said object (3), which are retained inside the first material (13).
     
    8. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said guiding means comprises a contact portion (10) with a contact surface (10a) in connection with the inlet opening (8) which is configured to abut a surface (3a) of an object (3) being processed by the tool (1).
     
    9. A device according to claim 8, characterized in that the contact surface (10a) of the container has a design such that it extends completely around a working portion (1a) of the tool which is in contact with and processes a surface (3a) of the object (3).
     
    10. A device according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that the contact portion (10) comprises a guiding surface (10b) located internally of the contact surface 10a, which is configured to lead the detached particles (3b) to the internal space (7).
     
    11. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device comprises resilient means (9) configured to hold the container (6) with a resilient force against a surface (3a) of the object (3) when the tool (1) performs a machining process.
     
    12. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least part of the tool (1) is in contact with the first material (13) inside the inner space (7) of the container (6).
     
    13. A device according to claim 12, characterized in that the container (6) has a second opening (6a) and that the tool (1) extends into the inner space (7) of the container (6) via the second opening (6a).
     
    14. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device comprises a shift mechanism that is configured to provide a shifting motion of the tool from active position to an inactive position after a machining process has been completed such that the first material (13) is able to come into contact with possible remaining particles (3b) in that area (3c) that has been in contact with the tool (1).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung zum Einfangen von losgelösten Partikeln (3b) eines mit einem Werkzeug (1) bearbeiteten Gegenstands (3), wobei die Vorrichtung einen Behälter (6) mit einer Eintrittsöffnung (8) in einen Innenraum (7) umfasst, ein Führungsmittel (10, 10a), das so ausgelegt ist, dass es Partikel (3), die sich während eines maschinellen Bearbeitungsvorgangs losgelöst haben, über die Eintrittsöffnung (8) in den Innenraum (7) des Behälters (6) leitet, wobei der Innenraum (7) ein erstes Material (13) mit einer derartigen Konsistenz enthält, dass es die Möglichkeit zum Aufnehmen und Festhalten losgelöster Partikel (3b) hat, die während des maschinellen Bearbeitungsvorgangs in den Innenraum (7) geleitet werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Material (13) härtbar ist und dass die Vorrichtung ein Härtungsmittel (17) umfasst, das so ausgelegt ist, dass es nach Abschluss eines maschinellen Bearbeitungsvorgangs das erste Material (13) in einen festen Zustand wechseln lässt.
     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Härtungsmittel die Zufuhr eines Härtungsmaterials (17) umfasst, das mit dem ersten Material (13) im Innenraum (7) gemischt wird, sodass eine Härtung des ersten Materials (13) erhalten wird.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Material (13) die Eigenschaft aufweist, dass es eine bestimmte Zeit nach dem Mischen der Materialien gehärtet ist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung einen Anschluss (11) zur Zufuhr des ersten Materials zum Innenraum (7) des Behälters (6) umfasst.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung einen Anschluss (15) zur Zufuhr des Härtungsmaterials (17) zum Innenraum (7) des Behälters (6) umfasst.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Material (13) in einem gehärteten Zustand verbrennbar ist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Material (13) einen niedrigeren Schmelzpunkt als die losgelösten Partikel (3b) des Gegenstands (3) aufweist, die in dem ersten Material (13) festgehalten sind.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Führungsmittel einen Kontaktabschnitt (10) mit einer Kontaktfläche (10a) in Verbindung mit der Eintrittsöffnung (8) umfasst, die so ausgelegt ist, dass sie an eine Fläche (3a) eines Gegenstands (3) angrenzt, die mit dem Werkzeug (1) bearbeitet wird.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kontaktfläche (10a) des Behälters derart ausgestaltet ist, dass sie vollständig um einen Arbeitsabschnitt (1a) des Werkzeugs herum verläuft, der eine Fläche (3a) des Gegenstands (3) berührt und bearbeitet.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kontaktabschnitt (10) eine Führungsfläche (10b) umfasst, die zu der Kontaktfläche (10a) innen liegt und so ausgelegt ist, dass sie die losgelösten Partikel (3b) zum Innenraum (7) leitet.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung elastische Mittel (9) umfasst, die so ausgelegt sind, dass der Behälter (6) mit einer Federkraft gegen eine Fläche (3a) des Gegenstands (3) gehalten wird, wenn das Werkzeug (1) einen maschinellen Bearbeitungsvorgang durchführt.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zumindest ein Teil des Werkzeugs (1) das erste Material (13) im Innenraum (7) des Behälters (6) berührt.
     
    13. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Behälter(6) eine zweite Öffnung (6a) aufweist und dass das Werkzeug (1) über die zweite Öffnung (6a) in den Innenraum (7) des Behälters (6) verläuft.
     
    14. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung einen Verschiebemechanismus umfasst, der so ausgelegt ist, dass er nach Abschluss eines maschinellen Bearbeitungsvorgangs für eine Verschiebebewegung des Werkzeugs aus einer aktiven Stellung in eine inaktive Stellung sorgt, sodass das erste Material (13) mit möglichen verbleibenden Partikeln (3b) in diesem Bereich (3c) in Berührung kommen kann, der das Werkzeug (1) berührt hat.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif pour la capture de particules détachées (3b) d'un objet (3) en cours de traitement par un outil (1), dans lequel le dispositif comprend un contenant (6) présentant une ouverture d'admission (8) dans un espace interne (7), des moyens de guidage (10, 10a) configurés pour guider des particules (3), qui sont détachées pendant un traitement d'usinage, dans l'espace interne (7) du contenant (6) via l'ouverture d'admission (8), dans lequel l'espace interne (7) contient un premier matériau (13) présentant une consistance lui permettant de recevoir et retenir des particules détachées (3b), qui sont guidées dans l'espace interne (7) pendant le traitement d'usinage caractérisé en ce que le premier matériau (13) est durcissable et en ce que le dispositif comprend des moyens de durcissement (17) qui sont configurés pour durcir le premier matériau (13) de sorte qu'il passe à un état solide après l'exécution d'un traitement d'usinage.
     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de durcissement comprennent la fourniture d'un matériau de durcissement (17) qui est mélangé avec le premier matériau (13) dans l'espace interne (7) de sorte qu'un durcissement du premier matériau (13) soit obtenu.
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le premier matériau (13) présente la propriété de pouvoir être durci un certain temps après le mélange des matériaux.
     
    4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend un raccordement (11) pour la fourniture du premier matériau dans l'espace interne (7) du contenant (6).
     
    5. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend un raccordement (15) pour la fourniture du matériau de durcissement (17) dans l'espace interne (7) du contenant (6).
     
    6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le premier matériau (13) peut être brûlé dans un état durci.
     
    7. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le premier matériau (13) présente un point de fusion inférieur à celui des particules détachées (3b) dudit objet (3), qui sont retenues à l'intérieur du premier matériau (13).
     
    8. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de guidage comprennent une partie de contact (10) présentant une surface de contact (10a) raccordée à l'ouverture d'admission (8) qui est configurée pour être contiguë à une surface (3a) d'un objet (3) en cours de traitement par l'outil (1).
     
    9. Dispositif selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que la surface de contact (10a) du contenant présente une conception lui permettant de s'étendre complètement autour d'une partie de travail (1a) de l'outil qui est en contact avec et traite une surface (3a) de l'objet (3).
     
    10. Dispositif selon la revendication 8 ou 9, caractérisé en ce que la partie de contact (10) présente une surface de guidage (10b) située à l'intérieur de la surface de contact (10a), qui est configurée pour guider les particules détachées (3b) dans l'espace interne (7).
     
    11. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend des moyens élastiques (9) configurés pour maintenir le contenant (6) avec une force élastique contre une surface (3a) de l'objet (3) lorsque l'outil (1) exécute un traitement d'usinage.
     
    12. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une partie de l'outil (1) est en contact avec le premier matériau (13) à l'intérieur de l'espace interne (7) du contenant (6).
     
    13. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le contenant (6) présente une seconde ouverture (6a) et en ce que l'outil (1) s'étend dans l'espace interne (7) du contenant (6) via la seconde ouverture (6a).
     
    14. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend un mécanisme de commutation qui est configuré pour permettre un mouvement de commutation de l'outil d'une position active vers une position inactive après l'exécution d'un traitement d'usinage de sorte que le premier matériau (13) puisse entrer en contact avec d'éventuelles particules restantes (3b) dans la zone (3c) qui a été en contact avec l'outil (1).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description