(19)
(11)EP 2 597 320 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 11809221.2

(22)Date of filing:  21.06.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F15B 15/14  (2006.01)
F15B 15/20  (2006.01)
F15B 15/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2011/076029
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/010033 (26.01.2012 Gazette  2012/04)

(54)

HYDRAULIC CYLINDER, HYDRAULIC BUFFER SYSTEM, EXCAVATOR AND CONCRETE PUMP TRUCK

HYDRAULIKZYLINDER, HYDRAULISCHES DÄMPFUNGSSYSTEM, BAGGER UND BETONMISCHER

VÉRIN HYDRAULIQUE, SYSTÈME D'AMORTISSEUR HYDRAULIQUE, EXCAVATRICE ET CAMION-POMPE À BÉTON


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.07.2010 CN 201010235138

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.05.2013 Bulletin 2013/22

(73)Proprietors:
  • Hunan Sany Intelligent Control Equipment Co., Ltd
    Hunan 410100 (CN)
  • Sany Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.
    Changsha Hunan 410100 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • YI, Xiaogang
    Hunan 410100 (CN)
  • LIU, Yongdong
    Hunan 410100 (CN)
  • CHEN, Bingbing
    Hunan 410100 (CN)

(74)Representative: Reeve, Nicholas Edward 
Reddie & Grose LLP The White Chapel Building 10 Whitechapel High Street
London E1 8QS
London E1 8QS (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-01/90585
CN-U- 201 836 140
DE-A1- 2 041 597
DE-U1- 8 413 051
JP-A- 11 132 203
CN-A- 1 896 552
CN-U- 201 836 141
DE-A1- 10 059 051
FR-A- 1 370 187
US-A- 3 507 190
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present application relates to the field of hydraulic technology, and particularly to a hydraulic cylinder. The present application also provides a hydraulic buffer system, an excavator and a concrete pump truck including the above hydraulic cylinder.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] The hydraulic cylinder is a component which is widely used in the construction machinery, and during operations, a piston is required to perform reciprocating movement continuously. When a piston rod extends to a limit position, a piston end face gives a great impact to an end cap, which may cause damages to the hydraulic cylinder. Therefore, a buffer device is required to be provided at that position in order to avoid the damages to the hydraulic cylinder caused by the above impact.

    [0003] There are great differences between the existing buffer devices due to different application situations and different sizes of the hydraulic cylinders. For small cylinders, compression springs can be employed as buffer devices directly. However, for hydraulic cylinders having a large cylinder diameter and a long stroke, if a compression spring is employed as the buffer device, it is difficult to obtain a spring with sufficient elasticity, and the spring will soon be damaged due to repeated compression. Therefore, for the hydraulic cylinder having a large cylinder diameter and a long stroke, a hydraulic buffering mechanism shown in Figure 1 is used generally.

    [0004] US 3,507,190 discloses one such buffer device. A piston type actuator is described having means for deceleration of the piston upon reaching the limit of its stroke. The deceleration means includes a spring biased snubber slidable upon the piston shaft and defining therewith a variable area orifice. The snubber, at a predetermined position of piston movement traps a quantity of working fluid placing the orifice intermediate the rapped fluid and the fluid discharge. Further movement of the piston causes the fluid through the orifice to decelerate the piston and effect movement of the snubber with respect to the shaft to vary the orifice size.

    [0005] Referring to Figure 1, a buffer device including a big buffer ring 06 and a big buffer sleeve 04 is shown, wherein the big buffer ring 06 is mounted in an intermediate annular groove arranged at a buffering position of a piston rod, and a big buffer sleeve 04 is arranged at the buffering position. A buffer inner hole 07 corresponding to the big buffer sleeve 04 is provided at an opening of the end cap 01 of the rod cavity of the cylinder, and has an inner diameter fitted with the outer diameter of the big buffer sleeve 04. When the piston rod extends out, the big buffer sleeve 04 is firstly inserted into the buffer inner hole 07 to block the oil return passage of the rod cavity in the cylinder barrel 02, and at the same time, a throttle oil channel is formed by a clearance between the big buffer sleeve 04 and the buffer inner hole 07. In this way, the piston 05 can continue to perform movement in the extending direction, but its movement is slowed down due to the damping effect of the throttle oil channel. Further, the closer the piston 05 gets to the end position of the extension movement of the piston rod 03, the longer the throttle oil channel between the big buffer sleeve 04 and the buffer inner hole 07 is, the greater the damping of the throttle oil channel is, the slower the movement of the piston 05 becomes, until the piston rod 03 extends out to reach the end position smoothly.

    [0006] Currently, the above buffering mechanism is widely used in hydraulic cylinders with a large cylinder diameter and a long stroke to provide a better buffering protection for these hydraulic cylinders.

    [0007] However, there are obvious disadvantages in the above buffering mechanism. Firstly, the above hydraulic cylinder with a large cylinder diameter and long stroke tends to work in the working conditions of heavy load and high frequency, for example, a drive cylinder used to drive a digging arm of an excavator or the like. In this case, it is required for the big buffer sleeve 04 in the above buffering mechanism to be inserted into the buffer inner hole 07 repeatedly at a high speed. However, the fit clearance between the big buffer sleeve 04 and the buffer inner hole 07 is very small actually, and the piston rod 03 is very heavy, so that the piston rod 03 is likely tilted to one side under gravity. Therefore, the hydraulic cylinder used in the above situation is prone to failure since the buffer sleeve 04 fails to be inserted into the buffer inner hole 07, so that the entire hydraulic cylinder can not operate normally.

    [0008] Another key problem in the above buffering mechanism is that, the outer diameter of the big buffer sleeve 04 must be precisely fitted with the inner diameter of the buffer inner hole 07, and otherwise the buffering effect may not be achieved. As a result, requirements for the manufacturing precision of the buffering mechanism are extremely high and it is difficult for manufacturers with ordinary production level to meet the requirements. Due to the excessive high requirements of the manufacture precision, the hydraulic cylinders with a large cylinder diameter and a long stroke become a bottleneck problem in producing excavators and other construction machinery, which severely restricts the production capacity of the various manufacturers in the downstream procedures of the production.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] An embodiment of the present invention provides a hydraulic cylinder having a buffer mechanism capable of achieving a buffering effect reliably in a large load, high frequency operating condition, and thus having a longer service life. In addition, the requirement for the manufacturing precision of the hydraulic cylinder is low, which facilitates production. The hydraulic cylinder is particularly applicable for a large cylinder diameter and a long stroke, is easy to manufacture and process, and has a good smooth buffering effect.

    [0010] An embodiment of the present invention also provides a hydraulic buffer system, an excavator and a concrete pump truck including the above hydraulic cylinder.

    [0011] The hydraulic cylinder according to the present invention includes a rod cavity end cap, a cylinder barrel, a piston rod, a piston and a rodless cavity end cap, the rod cavity end cap being provided with an oil passage, and the rodless cavity end cap being provided with an oil passage, wherein, at least one throttle oil channel is further provided, at least one buffer sleeve is provided on the piston rod, the buffer sleeve includes a first buffer sleeve located in a rod cavity and/or a second buffer sleeve located in a rodless cavity, the buffer sleeve is axially slidable along the piston rod; i.e. there are at least a first buffer sleeve located in the rod cavity and a second buffer sleeve located in the rodless cavity on the piston, the first buffer sleeve and the second buffer sleeve are axially slidable along the piston rod; the first buffer sleeve is provided with a sealing end face, and the rod cavity end cap is provided with a sealing end face, during an extending movement of the piston, the sealing end face of the first buffer sleeve is capable of contacting with the sealing end face of the rod cavity end cap to form a sealing surface, and hydraulic oil located at a side of the sealing surface close to the piston is discharged into the oil passage via the throttle oil channel; the second buffer sleeve is provided with a sealing end face, and the rodless cavity end cap is provided with a sealing end face; during a retracting movement of the piston, the sealing end face of the second buffer sleeve is capable of contacting with the sealing end face of the rodless cavity end cap to form a sealing surface, and hydraulic oil located at a side of the sealing surface close to the piston is discharged into the oil passage via the throttle oil channel. The hydraulic cylinder further comprises one or more circumferential balancing oil grooves provided on a surface of the piston rod fitted with the buffer sleeve; the cross section of the balancing oil groove is V-shaped, U-shaped, square or in any other shape.

    [0012] Preferably, the throttle oil channels are arranged linearly between the piston rod and the buffer sleeves along axial direction.

    [0013] Preferably, when the piston rod extends to an end of a stroke, the first buffer sleeve keeps a distance from an end point of its sliding towards the piston.

    [0014] Preferably, when the piston rod retracts to an end of a stroke, the second buffer sleeve keeps a distance from an end point of its sliding towards the piston.

    [0015] Preferably, when the sealing end face of the second buffer sleeve comes into contact with the sealing end face of the rodless cavity end cap to form the a sealing surface, an area of the second buffer sleeve subjected to an axial action of hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is larger than an area of the second buffer sleeve subjected to an axial action of hydraulic oil in the oil passage.

    [0016] Preferably, the sealing end face of the first buffer sleeve comes into contact with the sealing end face of the rod cavity end cap to form a face seal or a line seal.

    [0017] Preferably, the sealing end face of the second buffer sleeve comes into contact with the sealing end face of the rodless cavity end cap to form a face seal or a line seal.

    [0018] Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the throttle oil channel becomes smaller as the buffer sleeve slides on the piston rod towards the piston.

    [0019] Preferably, an elastic element for returning the buffer sleeve is provided inside a cavity of the cylinder barrel.

    [0020] Preferably, the throttle oil channel is a throttle oil groove linearly arranged on an external surface of the piston rod along an axial direction, and the cross-sectional area of the throttle oil channel decreases gradually towards the piston.

    [0021] Preferably, the throttle oil channel is formed by a throttle inclined surface linearly arranged in a sliding region between the buffer sleeve and the piston rod along an axial direction.

    [0022] Preferably, the throttle oil channel includes: an oil channel arranged inside the piston rod and extending in the axial direction; and a plurality of throttle orifices arranged on the external surface of the piston rod along the axial direction being in communication with the oil channel.

    [0023] Preferably, the aperture diameters of the throttle orifices become smaller gradually towards the piston.

    [0024] Preferably, the throttle oil channel includes a first segment of throttle oil channel located at an inlet end thereof, and a second segment of throttle oil channel located at an outlet end thereof. The first segment of throttle oil channel is a throttle oil groove arranged on a surface of the piston rod, and the second segment of throttle oil channel is an oil channel arranged inside the piston rod or the buffer sleeve.

    [0025] Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the first segment of throttle oil channel becomes smaller gradually towards the piston.

    [0026] Preferably, the piston rod includes a piston rod body and a transition sleeve. The transition sleeve is mounted on the piston rod body, and the buffer sleeve is arranged on the transition sleeve. The throttle oil channel is arranged on the transition sleeve.

    [0027] Preferably, the piston rod includes a piston rod body and a buffer shaft. The piston rod body and the buffer shaft are connected with each other. The second buffer sleeve is arranged on the buffer shaft, and the throttle oil channel is arranged on the buffer shaft.

    [0028] The device associated with the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the present invention may be a piston rod including a piston rod body segment in the rod cavity and a buffer shaft segment in the rodless cavity after being assembled. Both the piston rod body segment and the buffer shaft segment are provided with throttle oil channels extending linearly in the axial direction.

    [0029] Preferably, the cross-sectional area of each of the throttle oil channels increases gradually from a side of the throttle oil channel close to the piston to the other side of throttle oil channel.

    [0030] Preferably, a shaft shoulder for limiting the buffer sleeve is provided on the piston rod body.

    [0031] Preferably, a stop shoulder groove used for a stop shoulder for limiting the second buffer sleeve is provided at a tail end of the buffer shaft segment of the piston rod located in the rodless cavity.

    [0032] The beneficial effects of the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the present invention are as follows.

    [0033] Firstly, the buffer sleeve is provided with a sealing end face, and the rodless cavity end cap and/or the rod cavity end cap are/is provided with a sealing end face. The two sealing end faces come into contact with each other to form a seal. The hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity and/or in the rod cavity is discharged into the oil passage via the throttle oil channel arranged on the buffer sleeve or on the piston rod. Therefore, the enclosed hydraulic oil generates an appropriate buffering pressure that acts on the oil discharging side of the piston, to counteract the inertial force of the piston so as to achieve the purpose of decelerating and braking. The throttle buffering of the mechanism is extremely smooth and reliable, so that the buffering mechanism is avoided from the mechanical failures. In the preferred embodiment, the flowing area of the throttle oil channel is variable, which achieves the purpose of throttle-varied buffering. The cooperation between the buffer sleeve, the piston rod and the throttle oil channel achieves the function of a variable throttle valve.

    [0034] Secondly, when the piston rod retracts to the end of the stroke, the second buffer sleeve does not reach the end position and can still slide towards the piston by a certain distance. When the piston rod extends out, oil enters the oil passage A, and under the action of the hydraulic oil, the second buffer sleeve is pushed to slide towards the piston so as to compress a return spring, so that the sealing end face of the second buffer sleeve moves away from the sealing end face of the rodless cavity end cap. The oil passage A comes into direct communication with the rodless cavity, and the hydraulic oil enters into the rodless cavity and pushes the piston to move leftwards. The second buffer sleeve cooperates with the rodless cavity end cap to function as a check valve. In this way, the oil can enter the rodless cavity rapidly so as to push the piston to move. If the second buffer sleeve doesn't have the function of a check valve and the oil can not enter the rodless cavity rapidly, the piston rod is actuated to extend out slowly, even that the piston rod fails to perform the extending movement.

    [0035] When the piston rod extends to the end of the stroke, the first buffer sleeve does not reach the end position, and can still slide towards the piston by a certain distance. When the piston rod retracts back, oil enters the oil passage B, and under the action of the hydraulic oil, the first buffer sleeve is pushed to slide towards the piston so as to compress a return spring, so that the sealing end face of the first buffer sleeve moves away from the sealing end face of the rod cavity end cap. The oil passage B comes into direct communication with the rod cavity, and the hydraulic oil enters into the rod cavity and pushes the piston to move. The first buffer sleeve cooperates with the rod cavity end cap to function as a check valve. In this way, the oil can enter the rod cavity rapidly so as to push the piston to move. If the first buffer sleeve doesn't have the function of a check valve, and the oil can not enter the rod cavity rapidly, the piston rod is actuated to retract slowly, even that the piston rod fails to perform the retracting movement.

    [0036] Thirdly, in a hydraulic cylinder with a large cylinder diameter and a long stroke, it is very difficult merely by ways of spring force to form a reliable sealing surface between the buffer sleeve and the rodless cavity end cap, and this method is also not be the most preferred way. In the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the present invention, when the piston rod retracts to a position being at a set distance from the end of the stroke, the rodless cavity end cap comes into contact with the second buffer sleeve, and the hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is enclosed in the set oil cavity, causing an increased pressure of the hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity. Since the areas of the two sides of the second buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil are different, i.e., the area of the second buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is larger than the area of the second buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the oil passage A, pressure difference is generated between both sides of the second buffer sleeve. Under the action of the hydraulic oil, the second buffer sleeve is pushed to press against the rodless cavity end cap so as to form a seal. Thus, a reliable sealing surface is formed between the second buffer sleeve and the rodless cavity end cap. The hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is discharged into the oil passage A via the throttle oil channel, therefore solving the problem that it is difficult to form a sealing surface.

    [0037] When the piston rod 3 extends to a position being at a set distance from an end of the stroke, the rod cavity end cap comes into contact with the first buffer sleeve, and the hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is enclosed in the set oil cavity, resulting in an increased pressure of the hydraulic oil in the rod cavity. Since the areas of the two sides of the first buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil are different, i.e. the area of the first buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is larger than the area of the first buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the oil passage B, pressure difference is generated between both sides of the first buffer sleeve. Under the action of the hydraulic oil, the first buffer sleeve is pushed to press against the rod cavity end cap so as to form a seal. Thus, a reliable sealing surface is formed between the first buffer sleeve and the rod cavity end cap. The hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is discharged into the oil passage B via the throttle oil channel, therefore solving the problem that it is difficult to form a sealing surface.

    [0038] Fourthly, a return spring is provided between the buffer sleeve and the piston, which may, on the one hand, actuate the piston rod rapidly when retracting, and on the other hand, facilitate the buffering and returning between the buffer sleeve and the rod cavity and/or rodless cavity, and also facilitate the sealing.

    [0039] Fifthly, multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves are provided on the surfaces of the buffer sleeve and the piston rod fitted with each other so as to improve the service life of the buffer sleeve and the piston rod.

    [0040] Sixthly, throttle oil channels are designed as tapered linear throttle oil channels or formed by throttle inclined surfaces, so that the movement of the piston rod and the piston can be slowed down smoothly without too high transient pressure by variable throttling. This kind of structure is manufactured easily, has excellent buffering effect, as well as long service life.

    [0041] Seventhly, in order to facilitate incorporating multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and throttle oil channels with high precision into the piston rod, a transition sleeve is additionally provided on the piston rod, and the multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and throttle oil channels are manufactured on the transition sleeve; or the piston rod can be divided into two segments to manufacture, the segment located in the rodless cavity can be manufactured separately and connected to the piston rod body by threading and the like.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0042] 

    Figure 1 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder in the prior art;

    Figure 2 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a first embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 3 is a structural schematic view of a piston rod part in Figure 2;

    Figure 4 is a view taken along line A-A of Figure 3;

    Figure 5 is a view taken along line C-C of Figure 3;

    Figure 6 is a view taken along line B-B of Figure 3;

    Figure 7 is a structural schematic view of a buffer sleeve part in Figure 2;

    Figure 8 is a structural schematic view of the hydraulic cylinder in Figure 2 with a first buffer sleeve being in a buffering state;

    Figure 9 is a structural schematic view of the hydraulic cylinder in Figure 2 with the first buffer sleeve being in a buffering end state;

    Figure 10 is a structural schematic view of the hydraulic cylinder in Figure 2 with a second buffer sleeve being in a buffering state;

    Figure 11 is a structural schematic view of the hydraulic cylinder in Figure 2 with the second buffer sleeve being in a buffering end state;

    Figure 12 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a second embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 13 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a third embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 14 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a fourth embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 15 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a fifth embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 16 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a sixth embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 17 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a seventh embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 18 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a eighth embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 19 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a ninth embodiment of the present application;

    Figure 20 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to a tenth embodiment of the present application; and

    Figure 21 is a structural schematic view of a hydraulic cylinder according to an eleventh embodiment of the present application.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0043] In order that the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention can be better understood by those skilled in the art, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments hereinafter.

    [0044] Reference is made to the first embodiment of Figures 2 to 11, which includes a rod cavity end cap 1, a cylinder barrel 2, a piston rod 3, a piston 6 and a rodless cavity end cap 12. The rod cavity end cap 1 is provided with an oil passage B, and the rodless cavity end cap 12 is provided with an oil passage A. The cavity of the cylinder barrel 2 is divided into a rod cavity and a rodless cavity by the piston rod 3 and the piston 6. The oil passages A and B are in communication with an oil circuit of the hydraulic system, and both are axial oil passages arranged in the hydraulic cylinder. The oil passage B includes an oil passage hole arranged in the rod cavity end cap 1 and an oil passage formed by a clearance between the piston rod 3 and the rod cavity end cap 1. The oil passage B extends to a sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1.

    [0045] The oil passage B includes the oil passage hole arranged in the rod cavity end cap 1, and the oil passage formed by a clearance between the piston rod 3 and the rod cavity end cap 1. The oil passage B extends to a sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1. The oil passage B and the oil passage A can also be connected with each other directly. The oil passage A extends to a sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12. A cavity for accommodating a buffer shaft 3b at a tail end of the piston rod 3 is provided in the rodless cavity end cap 12. The oil passage B and the oil passage A can also be connected with each other directly.

    [0046] A first buffer sleeve 4 located in the rod cavity and a second buffer sleeve 11 located in the rodless cavity are provided on the piston rod 3, and both are axially slidable along the piston rod 3. An axial throttle oil channel 301a is provided between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the piston rod 3, and an axial throttle oil channel 301b is provided between the second buffer sleeve 11 and the piston rod 3. The throttle oil channels 301a and 301b can be implemented in various ways, the cross-section of which can be U-shaped, V-shaped, square or in any other shape.

    [0047] The first buffer sleeve 4 is provided with a sealing end face 401 for sealing, and the rod cavity end cap 1 is provided with a sealing end face 101 cooperating with the sealing end face 401 to achieve sealing. The sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 can come into contact with the sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1 to form a seal, which can break the direct communication between the oil passage B and the rod cavity entirely. The direct communication between the oil passage B and the rod cavity can also be broken partially.

    [0048] The second buffer sleeve 11 is provided with a sealing end face 111 for sealing, and the rodless cavity end cap 12 is provided with a sealing end face 121 cooperating with the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 to achieve sealing. The sealing end face 111 of the buffer sleeve 11 can come into contact with the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12 to form a seal, which can break the direct communication between the oil passage A and the rodless cavity entirely. The direct communication between the oil passage A and the rodless cavity can also be broken partially.

    [0049] The sealing formed by the contact between the sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 and the sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1 may be face sealing or line sealing. For example, in the first embodiment, the sealing end face 401 contacts the sealing end face 101 to form a plane seal; and in the sixth embodiment, as shown in Figure 16, a line sealing ring is provided on the sealing end face 401, and configured to contact the sealing end face 101 to form a line seal. In the seventh embodiment, as shown in Figure 17, the sealing end face 101 is a conical surface, and the sealing end face 401 contacts the sealing end face 101 to form a line seal. In the eighth embodiment, as shown in Figure 18, both the sealing end face 401 and the sealing end face 101 are conical surfaces, and the two conical surfaces contact with each other to form a face seal. In addition to the above, other ways are also possible, for example, a curved face seal, or the like.

    [0050] Similarly, the sealing formed by the contact between the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 and the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12 can be face sealing or line sealing. For example, in the first embodiment, the sealing end face 111 contacts the sealing end face 121 to form a face seal; and in the ninth embodiment, as shown in Figure 19, a line sealing ring is provided on the sealing end face 111, and configured to contact the sealing end face 121 to form a line seal. In the tenth embodiment, as shown in Figure 20, both the sealing end face 111 and the sealing end face 121 are conical surfaces, and the two conical surfaces contact with each other to form a face seal. In the eleventh embodiment, as shown in Figure 21, the sealing end face 121 is a conical surface, the sealing end face 111 contacts the sealing end face 121 to form a line seal.

    [0051] When the piston rod 3 extends to a position being at a set distance from an end of the stroke, the rod cavity end cap 1 comes into contact with the first buffer sleeve 4, and the hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is enclosed in the set oil cavity, resulting in an increased pressure of the hydraulic oil in the rod cavity. Since the areas of the two sides of the buffer sleeve subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil are different, i.e. the area of the first buffer sleeve 4 subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is larger than the area of the first buffer sleeve 4 subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the oil passage B, pressure difference is generated between both sides of the first buffer sleeve 4. Under the action of the hydraulic oil, the first buffer sleeve 4 is pushed to press against the rod cavity end cap 1 so as to form a seal. Thus, a reliable sealing surface is formed between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the rod cavity end cap 1. The hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is discharged into the oil passage B via the throttle oil channel 301a, therefore solving the difficulty in forming a sealing surface.

    [0052] Similarly, when the piston rod 3 retracts back to a position being at a set distance from the other end of the stroke, the rodless cavity end cap 12 comes into contact with the second buffer sleeve 11, and the hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is enclosed in the set oil cavity, resulting in an increased pressure of the hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity. Since the areas of the two sides of the second buffer sleeve 11 subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil are different, i.e., the area of the second buffer sleeve 11 subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is larger than the area of the second buffer sleeve 11 subjected to the axial action of the hydraulic oil in the oil passage A, pressure difference is generated between both sides of the second buffer sleeve 11. Under the action of the hydraulic oil, the second buffer sleeve 11 is pushed to press against the rodless cavity end cap 12 so as to form a seal. Thus, a reliable sealing surface is formed between the second buffer sleeve 11 and the rodless cavity end cap 12. The hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is discharged into the oil passage A via the throttle oil channel 301b, therefore solving the difficulty in forming a sealing surface.

    [0053] After the sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 comes into contact with the sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1 to form a seal, the direct communication between the oil passage B and the rod cavity is broken entirely. The direct communication between the oil passage B and the rod cavity can also be broken partially. The hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is discharged into the oil passage B via the throttle oil channel 301a. Since the oil discharging quantity of the throttle oil channel 301a is rather small, the enclosed hydraulic oil generates an appropriate buffering pressure that acts on the oil discharging side of the piston 6 to counteract the inertial force of the piston, so as to achieve the purpose of decelerating or braking. The throttle buffering is extremely smooth and reliable, thereby avoiding the buffering mechanism from mechanical failures.

    [0054] Similarly, the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 comes into contact with the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12 to form a seal, and the direct communication between the oil passage A and the rodless cavity is broken entirely. The direct communication between the oil passage A and the rodless cavity can also be broken partially. The hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is discharged into the oil passage A via the throttle oil channel 301b. Since the oil discharging quantity of the throttle oil channel 301b is rather small, the enclosed hydraulic oil generates an appropriate buffering pressure that acts on the oil discharging side of the piston 6 to counteract the inertial force of the piston, so as to achieve the purpose of decelerating or braking. The throttle buffering is extremely smooth and reliable, thereby avoiding the buffering mechanism from mechanical failures.

    [0055] For the structure of the throttle oil channel 301a or 301b, if the cross-sectional area of the throttle oil channel 301a or 301b (i.e. the flowing area) is constant during the buffering process of the hydraulic cylinder, the throttle oil channel 301a or 301b is referred to as a constant throttle oil channel; and if the flowing area is variable automatically during the buffering process of the hydraulic cylinder, the throttle oil channel 301a or 301b is referred to as a variable throttle oil channel. There are various forms to be selected as set forth below.

    [0056] In the first embodiment of the present application, the throttle oil channels 301a, 301b are arranged in the sliding regions between the piston rod 3 and the first buffer sleeve 4, the second buffer sleeve 11 (i.e. the throttle oil channel 301a is arranged in the sliding region between the piston rod 3 and the first buffer sleeve 4, and the throttle oil channel 301b is arranged in the sliding region between the piston rod 3 and the second buffer sleeve 11). The throttle oil channels 301a, 301b are tapered linear throttle oil grooves, with the depth of the throttle oil grooves decreasing gradually towards the piston 6. Four throttle oil grooves are evenly distributed on the external surface of the piston rod 3 to achieve a throttling-varied smooth buffering effect.

    [0057] In the first embodiment of the present application (as shown in Figure 11), the throttle oil channels 301a, 301b are formed by throttle inclined surfaces arranged on the piston rod 3 respectively. The throttle inclined surface rises gradually towards the piston, i.e. the cross-sectional area of the throttle inclined surface decreases gradually towards the piston, so as to achieve a throttling-varied smooth buffering effect.

    [0058] In the fourth embodiment of the present application (as shown in Figure 14), a transition sleeve 304 is provided in the sliding region between the piston rod 3 and the first buffer sleeve 4. The throttle oil channel 301a arranged on the transition sleeve 304 includes a first segment of throttle oil channel 3012 located at an inlet end of the transition sleeve 304, and a second segment of throttle oil channel 3011 located at an outlet end of the transition sleeve 304. The first segment of throttle oil channel 3012 is a tapered linear throttle oil groove arranged on the transition sleeve 304, with the depth of the oil groove decreasing towards the piston 6; and the second segment of throttle oil channel 3011 is an oil passage arranged inside the transition sleeve 304, thereby achieving a throttling-varied smooth buffering effect.

    [0059] In the fifth embodiment of the present application (as shown in Figure 15), a transition sleeve 304 is provided in the sliding region between the piston rod 3 and the first buffer sleeve 4. The throttle oil channel 301a arranged on the transition sleeve 304 includes an oil channel 3013 arranged inside the transition sleeve 304 and extending in the axial direction, and multiple throttle orifices 3014 arranged on the external surface of the transition sleeve 304 along the axial direction of the transition sleeve 304 and being in communication with the oil channel 3013. When the first buffer sleeve 4 slides towards the piston 6, the number of the throttle orifices 3014 that are covered by the first buffer sleeve 4 increases gradually, so that the flowing area of the throttle oil channel 301a decreases gradually, thereby achieving a throttling-varied smooth buffering effect. The aperture diameter of the throttle orifices 3014 can also decrease gradually towards the piston 6, so as to achieve the purpose of a constant deceleration.

    [0060] In addition to the above illustrative embodiments, the throttle oil channels 301a, 301b may also be constant throttle oil channel and may be arranged on the first buffer sleeve 4 and the second buffer sleeve 11 respectively. The cross-sectional areas of the throttle oil channels 301a and 301b gradually decrease in depth and/or in width towards the piston. In the embodiments of the present application, the throttle oil channels 301a, 301b are arranged in the areas where the first buffer sleeve 4, the second buffer sleeve 11 are slidable with respect to the piston rod 3, and the throttle oil channels 301a, 301b are tapered linear throttle oil grooves, with the depth of the throttle oil grooves decreasing towards the piston 6. Compared with the helical throttle oil channel with variable depth, the throttle oil channels 301a and 301b are processed at a lower cost. Since the processing of the helical throttle oil channel with variable depth is extremely difficult, the processing cost is rather higher, and the processing precision of the helix depth is beyond control, therefore failing to achieve the ideal buffering effect. It is easy to process the tapered linear throttle oil groove and to control the processing precision of the taper, and the ideal buffering effect can be achieved. The first embodiment of the present application is the most preferred embodiment.

    [0061] When the piston rod 3 extends out to the end of the stroke, the first buffer sleeve 4 does not reach the end position, and can still slide towards the piston by a certain distance L1. When the piston rod 3 retracts, oil enters the oil passage B; under the action of the hydraulic oil, the first buffer sleeve 4 is pushed to slide towards the piston 6 so as to compress a return spring 5; thus the sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 moves away from the sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1, so that the oil passage B comes into direct communication with the rod cavity; and the hydraulic oil enters into the rod cavity and pushes the piston 6 to move. During the retracting movement of the piston rod 3, the first buffer sleeve 4 cooperates with the rod cavity end cap 1 to function as a check valve. The first buffer sleeve 4 keeps a distance L1 from the end point of its sliding towards the piston 6. The larger the distance L1 is, the longer the distance between the sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 and the sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity end cap 1 is, the more the flow of the hydraulic oil entering into the rod cavity is. The smaller the distance L1 is, the shorter the distance between the sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 and the sealing end face 101 of the end cap 1 of the rod cavity is, the less the flow of the hydraulic oil entering into the rod cavity is. The distance L1 must allow the oil passage B to be in direct communication with the rod cavity.

    [0062] When the piston rod 3 retracts to the end of the stroke, the second buffer sleeve 11 does not reach the end position, and can still slide towards the piston by a certain distance L2. When the piston rod 3 extends out, oil enters the oil passage A; under the action of the hydraulic oil, the second buffer sleeve 11 is pushed to slide towards the piston 6 so as to compress a return spring 7; thus the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 moves away from the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12, so that the oil passage A comes into direct communication with the rodless cavity; and the hydraulic oil enters into the rodless cavity and pushes the piston 6 to move. During the extending movement of the piston rod 3, the second buffer sleeve 11 cooperates with the rodless cavity end cap 12 to function as a check valve. The second buffer sleeve 11 keeps a distance L2 from the end point of its sliding towards the piston 6. The larger the distance L2 is, the longer the distance between the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 and the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12 is, the more the flow of the hydraulic oil entering into the rodless cavity is. The smaller the distance L2 is, the shorter the distance between the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 and the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap 12 is, the less the flow of the hydraulic oil entering into the rodless cavity is. The distance L2 must be sufficient to allow the oil passage A to be in direct communication with the rodless cavity.

    [0063] In order to enable the smooth slide of the first buffer sleeve 4 and the second buffer sleeve 11 on the piston rod 3 so as to assure the service life and the performance, multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves 302a, 302b are provided between the two buffer sleeves and the piston rod 3, i.e. multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves 302a are provided between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the piston rod 3, and multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves 302b are provided between the second buffer sleeve 11 and the piston rod 3. The balancing oil grooves 302a, 302b are provided on the external surface of the piston rod 3. Alternatively, the balancing oil grooves 302a, 302b may be arranged on the internal surfaces of the first buffer sleeve 4 and the second buffer sleeve 11, i.e. the balancing oil grooves 302a are arranged on the internal surface of the first buffer sleeve 4, and the balancing oil grooves 302b are provided on the internal surface of the second buffer sleeve 11. External surfaces of the piston rod 3 fitted with the first and second buffer sleeves 4, 11 can be treated with chromium plating so as to improve the hardness and the surface quality.

    [0064] In order to reliably locate the first buffer sleeve 4, a shaft shoulder 303 for locating the first buffer sleeve 4 is provided on the piston rod 3. A return spring 5 is provided between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the piston 6 in order to ensure the significant buffering effect of the hydraulic cylinder and a quick return of the piston 6. One end of the return spring 5 abuts against the piston 6 and the other end abuts against the first buffer sleeve 4. The return spring 5 is adapted to return and buffer the first buffer sleeve 4. When the hydraulic cylinder is out of the buffer state, the first buffer sleeve 4 abuts against the shaft shoulder 303 under the applied force of the return spring 5. The shaft shoulder 303 is provided with an oil discharging groove D which is in communication with the throttle oil channel 301a. In order to locate the first buffer sleeve 4 on the piston rod 3, structures such as a retainer ring may also be arranged on the piston rod 3.

    [0065] In order to reliably limit the second buffer sleeve 11, a stop shoulder for limiting the second buffer sleeve 11 is provided at the tail end of the piston rod 3. The stop shoulder includes a key 10, a key cap 8 and a retainer ring 9. The key 10 is of two-semicircular ring structure, and is assembled in a corresponding stop shoulder groove at the tail end of the piston rod 3. The key cap 8 is located between the key 10 and the retainer ring 9 and is adapted to fix the key 10. The retainer ring 9 is adapted to locate the key cap 8. The cross section of the key 10 is of an "L" shape, and an oil discharging groove E is arranged on the external surface of the key 10. The cross section of the key cap is of a square shape. The second buffer sleeve 11 and the hydraulic oil apply a very large force to the key 10. In order to prevent the applied force from causing damages to the key cap 8 and the retainer ring 9, the cross section of the key 10 is designed into an "L" shape, and the cross section of the key cap 8 is designed into a square shape, so that an applied force is transmitted onto the piston rod 3 via the key 10 of 'L" shape. Therefore, the problem that the second buffer sleeve 11 and the hydraulic oil exert a very large force on the key 10 to cause damages to the key cap 8 and the retainer ring 9 is solved.

    [0066] The piston 6 may be connected to the piston rod 3 by means of threading. For example, the piston 6 is fixed on the undercut of the piston rod 3 via a screw 13, and is sealed against the piston rod 3 via a stationary sealing-ring. The rod cavity end cap 1 and the cylinder barrel 2 are connected by means of bolting, while the rodless cavity end cap 12 and the cylinder barrel 2 are connected by welding. Various ways may be selected to connect the rod cavity end cap 1 and the rodless cavity end cap 12 with the cylinder barrel 2. For example, both the rod cavity end cap 1 and the rodless cavity end cap 12 can be connected to the cylinder barrel 2 by means of welding or bolting or threading, or they can be produced as an integrated structure as well.

    [0067] Seals between the cylinder barrel 2 and the rod cavity end cap 1, as well as between the cylinder barrel 2 and the rodless cavity end cap 12 can be achieved via a sealing part (K08-D) being of an O-ring adding Glyd-ring form. The rod cavity end cap 1 is provided with a stop shoulder 102 adapted to limit a leftward movement of the piston 6; and the rodless cavity end cap 12 is provided with a stop shoulder adapted to limit a rightward movement of the piston 6.

    [0068] The working process of the hydraulic cylinder is described as follows: when the piston rod 3 extends out, the piston 6 moves leftwards; when the piston rod 3 is at an end position of the retraction stroke, the second buffer sleeve 11 and the rodless cavity end cap 12 are in a contact sealed state; in order that the rodless cavity can be fed with oil rapidly, the piston rod 3 is pushed to perform the extending movement. There's still a distance L2 between the second buffer sleeve 11 and the end point of its sliding towards the piston 6; and under the action of the hydraulic oil, the second buffer sleeve 11 compresses a spring 7 and slides towards the piston 6. Therefore, the sealing end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 moves away from the sealing end face 121 of the rodless cavity 12. At this moment, the second buffer sleeve 11 cooperates with the rodless cavity end cap 12 to function as a check valve.

    [0069] Hydraulic oil enters into the rodless cavity and pushes the piston 6 to move leftwards. The hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is discharged via the oil passage B; when the piston rod 3 extends to a position away from the end of the stroke by a certain distance, the end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 comes into contact with the end face 101 of the rod cavity to form a seal, breaking the direct communication between the oil passage B and the rod cavity entirely or partially. Hydraulic oil within the rod cavity is discharged through a throttle oil channel 301a and an oil discharging groove D to the oil passage B, with the throttle oil channel 301a being between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the piston rod 3. Since the oil discharging quantity of the throttle oil channel 301a is rather small, an appropriate buffer pressure being generated in the enclosed hydraulic oil is applied on the oil discharging side of the piston 6, to counteract with the inertial force of the piston. Thus, the hydraulic cylinder starts to enter into a buffer state in the left side. As the piston rod 3 further extends out, the piston 6 keeps on moving leftwards; the first buffer sleeve 4 slides rightwards with respect to the piston rod 3, so that the flowing area of the throttle oil channel 301a between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the piston rod 3 decreases gradually; the oil discharging quantity decreases as well; the buffer pressure generated in the rod cavity and applied on the oil discharging side of the piston 6 increases gradually; and the movement of the piston 6 is slowed down, thus achieving the object of decelerating and braking and realizing the effect of smooth buffering deceleration. When the left end face of the piston 6 abuts against the stop shoulder 102 of the rod cavity end cap 1, the piston 6 does not move leftwards any more, and the piston rod 3 extends to the end of the stroke. Thus, the whole buffer process is over.

    [0070] When the piston rod 3 retracts back, the piston 6 moves rightwards. When the piston rod 3 is at an end position of the extending stroke, the first buffer sleeve 4 and the rod cavity end cap 1 are in a contact sealed state; and in order that the rod cavity can be fed with oil rapidly, the piston rod 3 is pushed to perform the retracting movement. There's still a distance L1 between the first buffer sleeve 4 and the end point of its sliding towards the piston 6; and under the action of the hydraulic oil, the first buffer sleeve 4 compresses a spring 5 and slides towards the piston 6. Therefore, the sealing end face 401 of the first buffer sleeve 4 moves away from the sealing end face 101 of the rod cavity 1. At this moment, the first buffer sleeve 4 cooperates with the rod cavity end cap 1 to function as a check valve during the retracting process of the piston rod 3.

    [0071] The hydraulic oil enters into the rod cavity through the oil passage B and pushes the piston 6 to move rightwards, and the piston rod 3 retracts back. The hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is discharged through the oil passage A; when the piston rod 3 retracts to a position away from the end of the stroke by a certain distance, the end face 111 of the second buffer sleeve 11 comes into contact with the end face 121 of the rodless cavity end cap to form a seal, breaking the direct communication between the oil passage A and the rodless cavity entirely or partially. Hydraulic oil within the rodless cavity is discharged through an throttle oil channel 301b and an oil discharging groove E to the oil passage A, with the throttle oil channel 301b being between the second buffer sleeve 11 and the piston rod 3. Since the oil discharging quantity of the throttle oil channel 301b is rather small, an appropriate buffer pressure generated in the enclosed hydraulic oil is applied on the oil discharging side of the piston 6, to counteract with the inertial force of the piston. Thus, the hydraulic cylinder starts to enter into a buffer state. As the piston rod 3 further retracts back, the piston 6 keeps on moving rightwards, the second buffer sleeve 11 slides leftwards with respect to the piston rod 3, so that the flowing area of the throttle oil channel 301b between the second buffer sleeve 11 and the piston rod 3 decreases gradually; the oil discharging quantity decreases as well; the buffer pressure generated in the rodless cavity and applied on the oil discharging side of the piston 6 increases gradually; and the movement of the piston 6 is slowed down, thus achieving the object of decelerating and braking and realizing the effect of smooth buffering deceleration. When the right end face of the piston 6 abuts against the stop shoulder of the rodless cavity end cap 12, the piston 6 does not move rightwards any more, and the piston rod 3 retracts to the end of the stroke. Thus, the whole buffer process is over.

    [0072] Reference is made to the second embodiment of the Figure 12, which is a modification based on the above first embodiment. The third embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that: a transition sleeve 304 is mounted at a position where the piston rod 3 is fitted with the first buffer sleeve 4, and the transition sleeve 304 is fitted with the first buffer sleeve 4. Multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and tapered linear throttle oil grooves are provided on the external surface of the transition sleeve 304, and the external surface of the transition sleeve 304 fitted with the first buffer sleeve 4 can be treated with chromium plating so as to improve the hardness and the surface quality.

    [0073] In the first embodiment, multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and tapered linear throttle oil grooves are processed on the piston rod 3 directly. Since the piston rod 3 has a large diameter and a long stroke, there are high precision requirements for processing the multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and tapered linear throttle oil grooves, and the processing is extremely difficult. In the third embodiment, it is relatively easy to process multiple circumferential evenly-distributed balancing oil grooves and tapered linear throttle oil grooves at a high precision on the transition sleeve 304. Reference is made to the third embodiment in Figure 13, which is a modification based on the above first embodiment. The fourth embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that: the piston rod 3 includes a piston rod body 3a and a buffer shaft 3b, and the piston rod body 3a and the buffer shaft 3b are connected by threading and then fixed via a screw 15. The buffer shaft 3b is fitted with the buffer sleeve 11, and a shaft shoulder for limiting the buffer sleeve 11 is provided at a tail end of the buffer shaft 3b. Since the buffer shaft 3b has a short length, it is relatively easy to process multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and tapered linear throttle oil grooves at a high precision on the buffer shaft 3b. The piston rod body 3a and the buffer shaft 3b may be connected together in various ways, for example, by threading, welding, bolting, and the like, as descried herein.

    [0074] In the above embodiments, if there is a need for buffering in the rod cavity of the hydraulic cylinder, a buffer sleeve can be arranged only in the rod cavity; if there is a need for buffering in the rodless cavity of the hydraulic cylinder, a buffer sleeve can be arranged only in the rodless cavity; if there is a need for buffering in both the rod cavity and the rodless cavity, buffer sleeves can be arranged in the rod cavity and the rodless cavity respectively. Two or more buffer sleeves may also be arranged in one cavity, depending on actual demands. Multiple circumferential balancing oil grooves and multiple throttle oil channels extending axially may also be arranged on the internal surface of the buffer sleeves, and the cross-sectional area of the throttle oil channel may be constant.

    [0075] In the above embodiments, a return spring may be provided between the buffer sleeves and the piston, and may also not to be provided, because the buffer sleeve comes into contact with the rod cavity end cap to form a seal under the action of the hydraulic oil.

    [0076] In the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the invention, in addition to the above embodiments, the throttle oil channel can also be arranged on the rod cavity end cap, the rodless cavity end cap, the buffer sleeve and the piston rod. All such modifications are within the scope of protection of the present application.

    [0077] When the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the present invention is employed in a hydraulic buffer system to replace the existing oil cylinder, the embodiment of the hydraulic buffer system of the present application can be achieved.

    [0078] When the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the present invention is employed in an excavator, the embodiment of the excavator of the present application can be achieved.

    [0079] When the hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the present invention is employed in a concrete pump truck, the embodiment of the concrete pump truck of the present application can be achieved. The hydraulic cylinder according to the present invention may also be employed in construction machinery of other types.

    [0080] Although the embodiments of the present application is are disclosed above by the preferred embodiments, these preferred embodiments are not intended to limit the application. Anyone skilled in the art can make possible variations and modifications without departing from the teaching of the present application, and the scope of protection of the present invention defined by the claims.


    Claims

    1. A hydraulic cylinder comprising a rod cavity end cap (1), a cylinder barrel (2), a piston rod (3), a piston (6) and a rodless cavity end cap (12), the rod cavity end cap (1) being provided with an oil passage (B), and the rodless cavity end cap (12) being provided with an oil passage (A), wherein,
    at least two throttle oil channels (301a, 301b) are further provided, and at least two buffer sleeves are provided on the piston rod (3), the at least two buffer sleeves comprise a first buffer sleeve (4) located in a rod cavity and a second buffer sleeve (11) located in a rodless cavity, the buffer sleeves (4, 11) are axially slidable along the piston rod (3);
    the first buffer sleeve (4) is provided with a sealing end face (401), and the rod cavity end cap (1) is provided with a sealing end face (101); during an extending movement of the piston, the sealing end face (401) of the first buffer sleeve is capable of contacting with the sealing end face (101) of the rod cavity end cap (1) to form a sealing surface, and hydraulic oil located at a side of the sealing surface close to the piston is discharged into the oil passage (B) via the throttle oil channel (301a);
    the second buffer sleeve (11) is provided with a sealing end face (111), and the rodless cavity end cap (12) is provided with a sealing end face (121); during a retracting movement of the piston, the sealing end face (121) of the second buffer sleeve is capable of contacting with the sealing end face (121) of the rodless cavity end cap (12) to form a sealing surface, and hydraulic oil located at a side of the sealing surface close to the piston is discharged into the oil passage (A) via the throttle oil channel (301b), characterised in that the hydraulic cylinder further comprises one or more circumferential balancing oil grooves (302a, 302b) provided on a surface of the piston rod (3) fitted with the buffer sleeve (4, 11); the cross section of the balancing oil groove (302a, 302b) is V-shaped, U-shaped, square or in any other shape.
     
    2. The hydraulic cylinder according to claim 1, wherein the throttle oil channels (301a, 301b) are arranged linearly between the piston rod (3) and the buffer sleeves (4, 11) along the axial direction.
     
    3. The hydraulic cylinder according to claim 1, wherein
    when the piston rod (3) extends to an end of a stroke, the first buffer sleeve (4) keeps a distance (L1) from an end point of its sliding towards the piston (6); and/or
    when the piston rod (3) retracts to an end of a stroke, the second buffer sleeve (11) keeps a distance (L2) from an end point of its sliding towards the piston (6).
     
    4. The hydraulic cylinder according to claim 1, wherein
    when the sealing end face (401) of the first buffer sleeve (4) comes into contact with the sealing end face (101) of the rod cavity end cap (1) to form the a sealing surface, an area of the first buffer sleeve (4) subjected to an axial action of hydraulic oil in the rod cavity is larger than an area of the first buffer sleeve (4) subjected to an axial action of hydraulic oil in the oil passage (B); and/or
    when the sealing end face (111) of the second buffer sleeve (11) comes into contact with the sealing end face (121) of the rodless cavity end cap (12) to form the sealing surface, an area of the second buffer sleeve (11) subjected to an axial action of hydraulic oil in the rodless cavity is larger than an area of the second buffer sleeve (11) subjected to an axial action of hydraulic oil in the oil passage (A).
     
    5. The hydraulic cylinder according to claim 1, wherein
    the sealing end face (401) of the first buffer sleeve (4) comes into contact with the sealing end face (101) of the rod cavity end cap (12) to form a face seal or a line seal; and/or
    the sealing end face (111) of the second buffer sleeve (11) comes into contact with the sealing end face (121) of the rodless cavity end cap (12) to form a face seal or a line seal.
     
    6. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the cross-sectional area of the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) becomes smaller as the buffer sleeve (4, 11) slides on the piston rod (3) towards the piston (6); and/or
    an elastic element (5, 7) for returning the buffer sleeve (4, 11) is provided inside a cavity of the cylinder barrel (2).
     
    7. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) is a throttle oil groove linearly arranged on an external surface of the piston rod (3) along an axial direction, and the cross-sectional area of the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) decreases gradually towards the piston (6).
     
    8. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) is formed by a throttle inclined surface linearly arranged in a sliding region between the buffer sleeve (4, 11) and the piston rod (3) along an axial direction.
     
    9. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) comprises: an oil channel (3013) arranged inside the piston rod (3) and extending in the axial direction; and a plurality of throttle orifices (3014) arranged on the external surface of the piston rod (3) along the axial direction being in communication with the oil channel (3013).
     
    10. The hydraulic cylinder according to claim 9, wherein the aperture diameters of the throttle orifices (3014) become smaller gradually towards the piston (6).
     
    11. The hydraulic oil cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) comprises a first segment of throttle oil channel (3012) located at an inlet end thereof, and a second segment of throttle oil channel (3011) located at an outlet end thereof, the first segment of throttle oil channel (3012) is a throttle oil groove arranged on a surface of the piston rod (3), the second segment of throttle oil channel (3012) is an oil channel arranged inside the piston rod (3) or the buffer sleeve (4, 11).
     
    12. The hydraulic cylinder according to claim 11, wherein the cross-sectional area of the first segment of throttle oil channel (3012) becomes smaller gradually towards the piston (6).
     
    13. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the piston rod (3) comprises a piston rod body and a transition sleeve (304), the transition sleeve (304) is mounted on the piston rod body, and the buffer sleeve (4, 11) is arranged on the transition sleeve (304), the throttle oil channel (301a, 301b) is arranged on the transition sleeve (304).
     
    14. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the piston rod (3) comprises a piston rod body (3a) and a buffer shaft (3b), the piston rod body (3a) and the buffer shaft (3b) are connected with each other, the second buffer sleeve (11) is arranged on the buffer shaft (3b), and the throttle oil channel (301b) is arranged on the buffer shaft (3b).
     
    15. The hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a shaft shoulder for limiting the buffer sleeve (4) is provided on the piston rod; and/or a stop shoulder for limiting the buffer sleeve (11) is provided at a tail end of the piston rod located in the rodless cavity.
     
    16. A hydraulic buffer system, comprising the hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 15.
     
    17. An excavator, comprising the hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 15.
     
    18. A concrete pump truck, comprising the hydraulic cylinder according to any one of claims 1 to 15.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Hydraulikzylinder, der eine Endkappe für den Kolbenstangenhohlraum (1), ein Zylinderrohr (2), eine Kolbenstange (3), einen Kolben (6) und eine Endkappe für einen kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum (12) umfasst, wobei die Endkappe für den Kolbenstangenhohlraum (1) mit einem Ölkanal (B) versehen ist und die Endkappe für den kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum (12) mit einem Ölkanal (A) versehen ist, wobei ferner mindestens zwei Drosselölkanäle (301a,301b) vorgesehen sind, und auf der Kolbenstange (3) mindestens zwei Dämpfungshülsen vorgesehen sind, wobei die mindestens zwei Dämpfungshülsen eine erste Dämpfungshülse (4), die sich in einem Kolbenstangenhohlraum befindet, und eine zweite Dämpfungshülse (11), die sich in einem kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum befindet, umfasst, wobei die Dämpfungshülsen (4, 11) axial entlang der Kolbenstange (3) verschiebbar sind;
    wobei die erste Dämpfungshülse (4) mit einer abdichtenden Endfläche (401) versehen ist, und die Endkappe für den Kolbenstangehohlraum (1) mit einer abdichtenden Endfläche (101) versehen ist;
    wobei während einer Ausfahrbewegung des Kolbens die abdichtende Endfläche (401) der ersten Dämpfungshülse in der Lage ist, die abdichtende Endfläche (101) der Endkappe für den Kolbenstangehohlraum (1) zu kontaktieren, um eine abdichtende Oberfläche zu bilden und Hydrauliköl, das sich an einer Seite der abdichtenden Oberfläche in der Nähe des Kolbens befindet, über den Drosselölkanal (301a) in den Ölkanal (B) abgelassen wird;
    wobei die zweite Dämpfungshülse (11) mit einer abdichtenden Endfläche (111) versehen ist, und die Endkappe für den kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum (12) mit einer abdichtenden Endfläche (121) versehen ist;
    wobei während einer Rückzugsbewegung des Kolbens die abdichtende Endfläche (121) der zweiten Dämpfungshülse in der Lage ist, die abdichtende Endfläche (121) der Endkappe für den kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum (12) zu kontaktieren, um eine abdichtende Oberfläche zu bilden und Hydrauliköl, das sich an einer Seite der abdichtenden Oberfläche in der Nähe des Kolbens befindet, über den Drosselölkanal (301b) in den Ölkanal (A) abgelassen wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hydraulikzylinder ferner eine oder mehrere umlaufende Ausgleichsölnuten (302a, 302b) umfasst, die auf einer Oberfläche der Kolbenstange (3) vorgesehen sind, die mit der Dämpfungshülse (4, 11) versehen ist;
    wobei der Querschnitt der Ausgleichsölnut (302a, 302b) V-förmig, U-förmig, quadratisch oder in einer anderen Form vorliegt.
     
    2. Hydraulikzylinder nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Drosselölkanäle (301a, 301b) in axialer Richtung linear zwischen der Kolbenstange (3) und den Dämpfungshülsen (4, 11) angeordnet sind.
     
    3. Hydraulikzylinder nach Anspruch 1, wobei wenn sich die Kolbenstange (3) zu einem Ende eines Hubs erstreckt, die erste Dämpfungshülse (4) einen Abstand (L1) von einem Endpunkt ihres Gleitens in Richtung des Kolbens (6) einhält; und/oder
    wenn sich die Kolbenstange (3) zu einem Ende eines Hubs zurückzieht, die zweite Dämpfungshülse (11) einen Abstand (L2) von einem Endpunkt ihres Gleitens in Richtung des Kolbens (6) einhält.
     
    4. Hydraulikzylinder nach Anspruch 1, wobei wenn die abdichtende Endfläche (401) der ersten Dämpfungshülse (4) mit der abdichtenden Endfläche (101) der Endkappe für den Kolbenstangehohlraum (1) in Kontakt kommt, um eine abdichtende Oberfläche zu bilden, ein Bereich der ersten Dämpfungshülse (4), der einer axialen Einwirkung von Hydrauliköl in dem Kolbenstangenhohlraum ausgesetzt ist, größer als ein Bereich der ersten Dämpfungshülse (4) ist, der einer axialen Einwirkung von Hydrauliköl in dem Ölkanal (B) ausgesetzt ist; und/oder
    wenn die abdichtende Endfläche (111) der zweiten Dämpfungshülse (11) mit der abdichtenden Endfläche (121) der Endkappe für den kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum (12) in Kontakt kommt, um die abdichtende Oberfläche zu bilden, ein Bereich der zweiten Dämpfungshülse (11), der einer axialen Einwirkung von Hydrauliköl in dem kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum ausgesetzt ist, größer als ein Bereich der zweiten Dämpfungshülse (11) ist, der einer axialen Einwirkung von Hydrauliköl in dem Ölkanal (A) ausgesetzt ist.
     
    5. Hydraulikzylinder nach Anspruch 1, wobei die abdichtende Endfläche (401) der ersten Dämpfungshülse (4) mit der abdichtenden Endfläche (101) der Endkappe für den Kolbenstangehohlraum (12) in Kontakt kommt, um eine Flächendichtung oder eine Leitungsdichtung zu bilden; und/oder
    die abdichtende Endfläche (111) der zweiten Dämpfungshülse (11) mit der abdichtenden Endfläche (121) der Endkappe für den kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum (12) in Kontakt kommt, um eine Flächendichtung oder eine Leitungsdichtung zu bilden.
     
    6. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Querschnittsbereich des Drosselölkanals (301a, 301b) im Verlauf des Gleitens der Dämpfungshülse (4, 11) auf der Kolbenstange (3) in Richtung des Kolbens (6) kleiner; und/oder
    in einem Hohlraum des Zylinderrohrs (2) ein elastisches Element (5, 7) zum Zurückführen der Dämpfungshülse (4, 11) vorgesehen ist.
     
    7. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Drosselölkanal (301a, 301b) eine Drosselölnut ist, die linear auf einer Außenfläche der Kolbenstange (3) entlang einer Axialrichtung angeordnet ist, und der Querschnittsbereich des Drosselölkanals (301a, 301b) in Richtung des Kolbens (6) allmählich abnimmt.
     
    8. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Drosselölkanal (301a, 301b) durch eine in einem Gleitbereich zwischen der Dämpfungshülse (4, 11) und der Kolbenstange (3) entlang einer axialen Richtung linear angeordneten Drosselschrägfläche gebildet wird.
     
    9. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Drosselölkanal (301a, 301b) umfasst:

    einen Ölkanal (3013), der innerhalb der Kolbenstange (3) angeordnet ist und sich in axialer Richtung erstreckt; und

    eine Vielzahl von Drosselöffnungen (3014), die auf der Außenfläche der Kolbenstange (3) entlang der axialen Richtung angeordnet sind und mit dem Ölkanal (3013) in Verbindung stehen.


     
    10. Hydraulikzylinder nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Öffnungsdurchmesser der Drosselöffnungen (3014) zum Kolben (6) hin allmählich kleiner werden.
     
    11. Hydraulikölzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Drosselölkanal (301a, 301b) ein erstes Segment des Drosselölkanals (3012), das an einem Einlassende davon angeordnet ist, und ein zweites Segment des Drosselölkanals (3011), das an einem Auslassende davon angeordnet ist, umfasst, wobei das erste Segment des Drosselölkanals (3012) eine Drosselölnut ist, die auf einer Oberfläche der Kolbenstange (3) angeordnet ist, und das zweite Segment des Drosselölkanals (3012) ein Ölkanal ist, der innerhalb der Kolbenstange (3) oder der Dämpfungshülse (4, 11) angeordnet ist.
     
    12. Hydraulikzylinder nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Querschnittsbereich des ersten Abschnitts des Drosselölkanals (3012) zum Kolben (6) hin allmählich kleiner wird.
     
    13. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Kolbenstange (3) einen Kolbenstangenkörper und eine Übergangshülse (304) umfasst, wobei die Übergangshülse (304) am Kolbenstangenkörper gelagert ist und die Dämpfungshülse (4, 11) auf der Übergangshülse (304) angeordnet ist, und der Drosselölkanal (301a, 301b) auf der Übergangshülse (304) angeordnet ist.
     
    14. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Kolbenstange (3) einen Kolbenstangenkörper (3a) und eine Dämpfungswelle (3b) umfasst, wobei der Kolbenstangenkörper (3a) und die Dämpfungswelle (3b) miteinander verbunden sind, die zweite Dämpfungshülse (11) auf der Dämpfungswelle (3b) angeordnet ist, und der Drosselölkanal (301b) auf der Dämpfungswelle (3b) angeordnet ist.
     
    15. Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei auf der Kolbenstange eine Wellenschulter zur Begrenzung der Dämpfungshülse (4) vorgesehen ist; und/oder
    an einem im kolbenstangenlosen Hohlraum befindlichen hinteren Ende der Kolbenstange eine Anschlagschulter zur Begrenzung der Dämpfungshülse (11) vorgesehen ist.
     
    16. Hydraulisches Dämpfungssystem, das den Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15 umfasst.
     
    17. Bagger, der den Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15 umfasst.
     
    18. Betonpumpenfahrzeug, der den Hydraulikzylinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15 umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Vérin hydraulique comprenant un capuchon d'extrémité de cavité à tige (1), un corps de vérin (2), une tige de piston (3), un piston (6) et un capuchon d'extrémité de cavité sans tige (12), le capuchon d'extrémité de cavité à tige (1) comportant un passage d'huile (B), et le capuchon d'extrémité de cavité sans tige (12) comportant un passage d'huile (A), dans lequel au moins deux conduits d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) sont en outre prévus, et au moins deux manchons d'amortisseur sont prévus sur la tige de piston (3), les au moins deux manchons d'amortisseur comprenant un premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) se trouvant dans une cavité à tige et un second manchon d'amortisseur (11) se trouvant dans une cavité sans tige, les manchons d'amortisseur (4, 11) pouvant coulisser axialement le long de la tige de piston (3) ;
    le premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) comportant une face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (401), et le capuchon d'extrémité de cavité à tige (1) comportant une face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (101);
    la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (401) du premier manchon d'amortisseur étant capable, pendant un mouvement d'extension du piston, d'entrer en contact avec la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (101) du capuchon d'extrémité de cavité à tige (1) pour former une surface d'étanchéité, et l'huile hydraulique qui se trouve sur un côté de la surface d'étanchéité à proximité du piston étant évacuée dans le passage d'huile (B) par l'intermédiaire du conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a) ;
    le second manchon d'amortisseur (11) comportant une face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (111), et le capuchon d'extrémité de cavité sans tige (12) comportant une face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (121) ;
    la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (121) du second manchon d'amortisseur étant capable, pendant un mouvement de rétraction du piston, d'entrer en contact avec la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (121) du capuchon d'extrémité de cavité sans tige (12) pour former une surface d'étanchéité, et l'huile hydraulique qui se troue sur un côté de la surface d'étanchéité à proximité du piston étant évacuée dans le passage d'huile (A) par l'intermédiaire du conduit d'huile à étranglement (301b), caractérisé en ce que le vérin hydraulique comprend en outre au moins une rainure d'huile d'équilibrage circonférentielle (302a, 302b) prévue sur la surface de la tige de piston (3) munie du manchon d'amortisseur (4, 11) ;
    la section transversale de la rainure d'huile d'équilibrage (302a, 302b) étant en V, en U, carrée ou de toute autre forme.
     
    2. Vérin hydraulique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les conduits d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) sont disposés linéairement entre la tige de piston (3) et les manchons d'amortisseur (4, 11) suivant la direction axiale.
     
    3. Vérin hydraulique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, lorsque la tige de piston (3) s'étend jusqu'à la fin d'une course, le premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) maintient une distance (L1) d'un point final de son coulissement vers le piston (6) ; et/ou
    lorsque la tige de piston (3) se rétracte jusqu'à la fin d'une course, le second manchon d'amortisseur (11) maintient une distance (L2) d'un point final de son coulissement vers le piston (6).
     
    4. Vérin hydraulique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, lorsque la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (401) du premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) entre en contact avec la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (101) du capuchon d'extrémité de cavité à tige (1) pour former la surface d'étanchéité, une zone du premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) soumise à une action axiale de l'huile hydraulique dans la cavité à tige est supérieure à une zone du premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) soumise à une action axiale de l'huile hydraulique dans le passage d'huile (B) ; et/ou
    lorsque la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (111) du second manchon d'amortisseur (11) entre en contact avec la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (121) du capuchon d'extrémité de cavité sans tige (12) pour former la surface d'étanchéité, une zone du second manchon d'amortisseur (11) soumise à une action axiale de l'huile hydraulique dans la cavité sans tige est supérieure à une zone du second manchon d'amortisseur (11) soumise à une action axiale de l'huile hydraulique dans le passage d'huile (A).
     
    5. Vérin hydraulique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (401) du premier manchon d'amortisseur (4) entre en contact avec la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (101) du capuchon d'extrémité de cavité à tige (12) pour former un joint de surface ou un joint de ligne ; et/ou
    la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (111) du second manchon d'amortisseur (11) entre en contact avec la face d'extrémité d'étanchéité (121) du capuchon d'extrémité de cavité sans tige (12) pour former un joint de surface ou un joint de ligne.
     
    6. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la section transversale du conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) devient plus petite au fur et à mesure que le manchon d'amortisseur (4, 11) coulisse sur la tige de piston (3) vers le piston (6) ; et/ou
    un élément élastique (5, 7) destiné à renvoyer le manchon d'amortisseur (4, 11) est prévu à l'intérieur d'une cavité du corps de vérin (2).
     
    7. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) est une rainure d'huile à étranglement disposée linéairement sur une surface externe de la tige de piston (3) suivant une direction axiale, et la section transversale du conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) diminue progressivement vers le piston (6).
     
    8. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) est formé par une surface inclinée d'étranglement linéairement disposée dans une région de coulissement entre le manchon d'amortisseur (4, 11) et la tige de piston (3) suivant une direction axiale.
     
    9. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) comprend :

    un conduit d'huile (3013) disposé à l'intérieur de la tige de piston (3) et s'étendant dans la direction axiale ; et

    une pluralité d'orifices d'étranglement (3014) disposés sur la surface externe de la tige de piston (3) suivant la direction axiale étant en communication avec le conduit d'huile (3013).


     
    10. Vérin hydraulique selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les diamètres d'ouverture des orifices d'étranglement (3014) diminuent progressivement vers le piston (6).
     
    11. Vérin d'huile hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) comprend un premier segment de conduit d'huile à étranglement (3012) se trouvant à une extrémité d'entrée de celui-ci, et un second segment de conduit d'huile à étranglement (3011) se trouvant à une extrémité de sortie de celui-ci, le premier segment de conduit d'huile à étranglement (3012) étant une rainure d'huile à étranglement disposée sur une surface de la tige de piston (3), le second segment du conduit d'huile à étranglement (3012) étant un conduit d'huile disposé dans la tige de piston (3) ou le manchon d'amortisseur (4, 11).
     
    12. Vérin hydraulique selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la zone de section transversale du premier segment de conduit d'huile à étranglement (3012) diminue progressivement vers le piston (6).
     
    13. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la tige de piston (3) comprend un corps de tige de piston et un manchon de transition (304), le manchon de transition (304) étant monté sur le corps de tige de piston, et le manchon d'amortisseur (4, 11) étant disposé sur le manchon de transition (304), le conduit d'huile à étranglement (301a, 301b) étant disposé sur le manchon de transition (304).
     
    14. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la tige de piston (3) comprend un corps de tige de piston (3a) et un arbre d'amortisseur (3b), le corps de tige de piston (3a) et l'arbre d'amortisseur (3b) étant reliés, le second manchon d'amortisseur (11) étant disposé sur l'arbre d'amortisseur (3b), et le conduit d'huile à étranglement (301b) étant disposé sur l'arbre d'amortisseur (3b).
     
    15. Vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel un épaulement d'arbre destiné à limiter le manchon d'amortisseur (4) est prévu sur la tige de piston ; et/ou
    un épaulement de butée destiné à limiter le manchon d'amortisseur (11) est prévu à une extrémité arrière de la tige de piston se trouvant dans la cavité sans tige.
     
    16. Système d'amortisseur hydraulique, comprenant le vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 15.
     
    17. Excavatrice comprenant le vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 15.
     
    18. Camion-pompe à béton comprenant le vérin hydraulique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 15.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description