(19)
(11)EP 2 602 140 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 11814561.4

(22)Date of filing:  29.07.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60K 1/00  (2006.01)
B60K 15/063  (2006.01)
B60K 6/40  (2007.10)
B62D 21/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/067413
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/017935 (09.02.2012 Gazette  2012/06)

(54)

REAR PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE OF VEHICLE

HECKSCHUTZSTRUKTUR EINES FAHRZEUGES

STRUCTURE DE PROTECTION ARRIÈRE DE VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 03.08.2010 JP 2010174337

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.06.2013 Bulletin 2013/24

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • SUZUKI, Akira
    Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)
  • NIINA, Yuzo
    Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)
  • SAKAGUCHI, Yoshihiro
    Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2004 127 747
JP-A- 2010 137 806
JP-A- 2006 088 871
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to rear structures of vehicles, and more particularly, to techniques for protecting a rear wheel-driving motor and a fuel tank at the time of rear-end collision.

    Background Art



    [0002] Among vehicles equipped with motors as traveling-driving power sources, there have been known types of vehicles in which rear wheels are driven by a motor or motors, such as rear-wheel-drive vehicle and four-wheel-drive vehicle. In such vehicles, the motor is generally arranged between the right and left rear wheels, in order to make the power transmission mechanism compact in size. Also, in many cases, the motor is arranged under the luggage compartment and is positioned as low as possible in order to secure space for the luggage compartment.

    [0003] Further, vehicles have been developed which are additionally equipped with an engine as a driving power source, in addition to motors, such as hybrid vehicle. In vehicles equipped with an engine, especially in passenger vehicles, a fuel tank for the engine is usually arranged under the rear seats in order to secure space for the passenger compartment. Thus, in the case of a hybrid vehicle whose rear wheels are driven by a motor, it is wise to arrange the fuel tank in front of the motor in view of effective use of space. A hybrid vehicle has been known which is laid out such that the motor and the fuel tank are arranged adjacent to each other in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle (see Patent Document 1).

    [0004] JP 2010 137806 A describes a vehicle body rear structure provided with an electric rear wheel drive device in accordance with the preamble of claim 1.

    Prior Art Documents


    Patent Documents



    [0005] Patent Document 1: Japanese Laid-open Patent Publication No. 2008-195259

    Summary of the Invention


    Problems to be Solved by the Invention



    [0006] When a vehicle in which the motor is arranged between the right and left rear wheels and the fuel tank is located in front of the motor, like the one disclosed in Patent Document 1, is run into from behind, the motor is pushed forward into contact with the fuel tank and possibly damages the fuel tank.

    [0007] Also, the motor is connected with electric power supply lines through which driving electric power is supplied from a control unit for controlling the operation of the motor. Thus, if the motor is moved when the following vehicle runs into the vehicle from behind, it is possible that the electric power supply lines connected to the motor may be cut or damaged, possibly creating a situation where the exposed electric power supply lines come into contact with the damaged fuel tank.

    [0008] The present invention was made to solve the above problem, and an object thereof is to provide a rear protection structure applied to a vehicle which is equipped with an engine and of which rear wheels are driven by a motor, and capable of protecting the motor and a fuel tank when the vehicle is run into from behind.

    Means for Solving the Problems



    [0009] To achieve the above object, the invention as recited in claim 1 provides a rear protection structure for a vehicle which is equipped with an engine and a rear wheel-driving motor each as a traveling-driving power source of the vehicle and in which the rear wheel-driving motor is arranged between right and left rear wheels of the vehicle, and a fuel tank for the engine and the rear wheel-driving motor are arranged adjacent to each other in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle, wherein a rear suspension supporting the rear wheel-driving motor has a suspension member with an octothorpe-like shape, and the rear wheel-driving motor and an electric power supply line connected to the rear wheel-driving motor are arranged within a space enclosed by the suspension member.

    [0010] In the invention as recited in claim 2, the electric power supply line is connected to the rear wheel-driving motor at a location opposite the fuel tank.

    [0011] In the invention as recited in claim 3, the rear wheel-driving motor is supplied with electric power via the electric power supply line from a control unit for controlling operation of the rear wheel-driving motor, the control unit is arranged above the rear wheel-driving motor, and the electric power supply line is connected to the control unit at a location within the space enclosed by the suspension member.

    Advantageous Effects of the Invention



    [0012] According to the invention of claim 1, the rear wheel-driving motor and the electric power supply line connected to the rear wheel-driving motor are arranged within the space enclosing by the suspension member having an octothorpe-like shape. Thus, when the vehicle is run into from behind or another vehicle runs into a side portion of the vehicle near the rear wheel, the rear wheel-driving motor and the electric power supply line are protected by the suspension member having relatively high rigidity. Also, the rear wheel-driving motor supported by the suspension member is restrained from moving at the time of rear-end collision. Thus, where the fuel tank is arranged in front of the motor, for example, the rear wheel-driving motor and the electric power supply line are prevented from coming into contact with the fuel tank, whereby the fuel tank can be protected.

    [0013] According to the invention of claim 2, the electric power supply line is connected to the rear wheel-driving motor at a location opposite the fuel tank, and accordingly, even if the rear wheel-driving motor or the fuel tank is moved forward at the time of rear-end collision, the electric power supply line can be reliably prevented from coming into contact with the fuel tank.

    [0014] According to the invention of claim 3, the electric power supply line is connected to the control unit at a location within the space enclosed by the suspension member. Since the electric power supply line, inclusive of its connecting portion connected to the control unit, is located within the space enclosed by the suspension member, it is possible to prevent the connecting portion of the electric power supply line from undergoing shear fracture at the time of rear-end collision or lateral collision.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0015] 

    FIG. 1 is a side view illustrating the arrangement of traveling-driving devices of a vehicle according to one embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a plan view illustrating the structure of a rear section of the vehicle according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is a rear view illustrating the structure of the rear section of the vehicle according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 4 is a right side view illustrating the arrangement of high-voltage lines according to the embodiment of the present invention.


    Mode for Carrying out the Invention



    [0016] An embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

    [0017] FIG. 1 is a side view illustrating the arrangement of traveling-driving devices of a vehicle according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0018] As illustrated in FIG. 1, a vehicle 1 to which a motor protection structure according to the embodiment of the present invention is applied is a four-wheel-drive hybrid vehicle equipped with an engine 3 for driving front wheels 2a and 2b, a front wheel-driving motor 4, and a rear wheel-driving motor 5.

    [0019] The engine 3, the front wheel-driving motor 4, and a generator 6, which is driven by the engine 3 to generate electricity, are arranged between the left and right front wheels 2a and 2b of the vehicle. A front motor control unit 7 for controlling the operation of the front wheel-driving motor 4 is arranged above the front wheel-driving motor 4.

    [0020] The rear wheel-driving motor 5 is arranged between left and right rear wheels 10a and 10b of the vehicle 1. The rear wheel-driving motor 5 is combined with a speed reducer 5a into a unit and is capable of driving the left and right rear wheels 10a and 10b through a drive shaft 11. A rear motor control unit 12 for controlling the operation of the rear wheel-driving motor 5 is arranged above the rear wheel-driving motor.

    [0021] A motor-driving battery 15, which is a driving power source for the front wheel- and rear wheel-driving motors 4 and 5, is arranged under a floor 14 of a passenger compartment 13. The motor-driving battery 15 is connected to the front wheel-driving motor 4 through the front motor control unit 7, and is also connected to the rear wheel-driving motor 5 through the rear motor control unit 12. The front and rear motor control units 7 and 12 are each constituted by an inverter, a battery charger, a DC-DC converter and the like and configured to boost the electric power supplied from the motor-driving battery 15 and supply the boosted electric power to the corresponding one of the front wheel- and rear wheel-driving motors 4 and 5 to control the operation of the motor 4, 5. Also, when the vehicle is decelerating, the front and rear motor control units 7 and 12 regenerate electric power by means of the front wheel- and rear wheel-driving motors 4 and 5, respectively, so that the motor-driving battery 15 may be charged with the regenerated electric power. Further, the motor-driving battery 15 can be charged with the electric power generated by the generator 6, which is driven by the engine 3.

    [0022] A fuel tank 17 for the engine 3 is arranged under rear seats 16 of the vehicle 1. The fuel tank 17 is located behind the motor-driving battery 15 and in front of the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and is positioned at nearly the same level, or the same height, as the rear wheel-driving motor 5.

    [0023] FIGS. 2 and 3 schematically illustrate the structure of a rear section of the vehicle, more particularly, a rear suspension 19, wherein FIG. 2 is a plan view and FIG. 3 is a rear view. FIG. 4 is a side view illustrating the arrangement of high-voltage lines 40.

    [0024] According to this embodiment, as illustrated in FIGS. 2 to 4, the rear suspension 19 of the vehicle 1 is a multi-link suspension including a suspension member 21 supported on the vehicle body by rubber bushings 20, upper links 22a and 22b, lower links 23a and 23b, trailing arms 24a and 24b, toe control links 25a and 25b, and coil springs 26a and 26b and dampers 27a and 27b arranged between the vehicle body and the respective lower links 23a and 23b.

    [0025] The suspension member 21 supporting the links 22a, 22b, 23a, 23b, 25a and 25b is constituted by left and right side members 30a and 30b extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle and spaced from each other in the lateral or width direction of the vehicle, a first rear cross member 31 connecting front portions of the left and right side members 30a and 30b to each other and extending in the width direction of the vehicle, and a second rear cross member 32 connecting rear portions of the left and right side members 30a and 30b to each other and extending in the width direction of the vehicle. These members 30a, 30b, 31 and 32 have high rigidity and form an octothorpe-like shape, or a crosshatch-like shape, of the suspension member 21. Thus, the suspension member 21 has a space 33 formed therein and surrounded by the left and right side members 30a and 30b and the first and second rear cross members 31 and 32.

    [0026] The suspension member 21 supports the rear wheel-driving motor 5. Specifically, the second rear cross member 32 of the suspension member 21 is located under the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and supports a rear lower portion of the rear wheel-driving motor 5. The first rear cross member 31 of the suspension member 21 is set up in front of the rear wheel-driving motor 5, extends in the width direction of the vehicle so as to separate the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and the fuel tank 17 from each other, and supports a front portion of the rear wheel-driving motor 5.

    [0027] The rear motor control unit 12, which controls the supply of driving electric power to the rear wheel-driving motor 5, is generally in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped and arranged above the left and right side members 30a and 30b so as to extend in the width direction of the vehicle. The high-voltage lines 40 (electric power supply lines) for supplying electric power from the rear motor control unit 12 to the rear wheel-driving motor are located in their entirety within the space 33 enclosed by the suspension member 21. Specifically, the high-voltage lines 40, inclusive of connecting portions 40a and 40b at their opposite ends, are located within the space 33 surrounded by the left and right side members 30a and 30b and the first and second rear cross members 31 and 32. The connecting portions 40a where the high-voltage lines 40 are connected to the rear motor control unit 12 are located between the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and the right side member 30b and connected to a lower surface of the rear motor control unit 12. The connecting portions 40b where the high-voltage lines 40 are connected to the rear wheel-driving motor 5 are located on a rear surface of the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and connected to the motor 5 at a location in front of a rear end face 32a of the second rear cross member 32. The high-voltage lines 40 connected to the rear wheel-driving motor 5 through the connecting portions 40b extend behind the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and in front of the rear end face 32a of the second rear cross member 32 to the right of the vehicle, then extend upward and forward between the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and the right side member 30b, and are connected to the rear motor control unit 12.

    [0028] In this embodiment, the rear wheel-driving motor 5 is arranged in the space 33 enclosed by the high-rigidity suspension member 21 as stated above, and accordingly, it is possible to prevent the rear wheel-driving motor 5 from being damaged when the following vehicle runs into the vehicle from behind or when a vehicle runs into a side portion of the vehicle near the rear wheel. In particular, the first rear cross member 31 is arranged such that the rear wheel-driving motor 5 and the fuel tank 17, which are arranged adjacent to each other in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, are set apart from each other by the first rear cross member 31. Thus, even if the rear wheel-driving motor 5 is pushed forward at the time of rear-end collision, the first rear cross member 31 stops the rear wheel-driving motor 5 from coming into contact with the fuel tank 17, whereby damage to the fuel tank 17 can be prevented.

    [0029] The high-voltage lines 40 connecting the rear motor control unit 12 to the rear wheel-driving motor 5 are also located in the space 33 enclosed by the high-rigidity suspension member 21, and therefore, it is possible to prevent the high-voltage lines 40 from being damaged at the time of rear-end collision or lateral collision.

    [0030] Further, the high-voltage lines 40 are connected to the rear portion of the rear wheel-driving motor 5 located opposite the fuel tank 17. Thus, even if the rear wheel-driving motor 5 is moved forward at the time of collision and the high-voltage lines 40 are damaged and exposed, the high-voltage lines 40 are less liable to come into direct contact with the fuel tank 17 for structural reasons, so that the fuel in the fuel tank 17 is unlikely to catch fire.

    [0031] Also, the connecting portions 40a connecting the high-voltage lines 40 to the rear motor control unit 12 are located, together with the high-voltage lines 40 themselves, within the space 33 enclosed by the suspension member 21. It is therefore possible to prevent the connecting portions 40a from undergoing shear fracture at the time of rear-end collision or lateral collision.

    [0032] Although in the above embodiment, the fuel tank 17 is arranged in front of the rear wheel-driving motor 5, the invention is also applicable to a vehicle in which the fuel tank 17 is arranged behind the rear wheel-driving motor 5.

    [0033] Also, in the above embodiment, the present invention is applied to the vehicle equipped with the multi-link rear suspension 19 but can also be applied to any vehicle insofar as the rear suspension has a space formed therein and surrounded by high-rigidity members.

    [0034] Further, in the foregoing embodiment, the present invention is applied to the four-wheel-drive hybrid vehicle equipped with the front wheel-driving motor 4 and the rear wheel-driving motor 5. However, the type of vehicle to which the present invention is applicable is not limited to such a type alone, and the invention may be applied, for example, to vehicles in which the rear wheel-driving motor and the engine are arranged adjacent to each other in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, such as a hybrid vehicle of which the rear wheels alone are driven by a motor.

    Explanation of Reference Signs



    [0035] 
    1:
    vehicle
    5:
    rear wheel-driving motor
    12:
    rear motor control unit
    17:
    fuel tank
    19:
    rear suspension
    21:
    suspension member
    31:
    first rear cross member
    32:
    second rear cross member
    40:
    high-voltage line
    40a, 40b:
    connecting portion



    Claims

    1. A rear protection structure for a vehicle (1) which is equipped with an engine (3) and a rear wheel-driving motor (5) each as a traveling-driving power source of the vehicle (1) and in which the rear wheel-driving motor (5) is arranged between right and left rear wheels (10a, 10b) of the vehicle (1), and a fuel tank (17) for the engine (3) and the rear wheel-driving motor (5) are arranged adjacent to each other in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle (1), wherein:

    a rear suspension (19) supporting the rear wheel-driving motor (5) has a suspension member (21) with an octothorpe-like shape formed by right and left side members (30a, 30b) extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle (5) and spaced from each other in a width direction of the vehicle (5), a first rear cross member (31) connecting front portions of the right and left side members (30a, 30b) to each other and extending in a width direction of the vehicle (1), and a second rear cross member (32) connecting rear portions of the right and left side members (30a, 30b) to each other and extending in the width direction of the vehicle (1),

    the fuel tank (17) is arranged in front of the rear wheel-driving motor (5) with respect to the vehicle (1),

    the first rear cross member (31) is set up in front of the rear wheel-driving motor (5) so as to separate the rear wheel-driving motor (5) and the fuel tank (17) from each other, characterized in that:
    the rear wheel-driving motor (5) and an electric power supply line (40) connected to the rear wheel-driving motor (5) are arranged within a space (33) enclosed by the suspension member (21), and the electric power supply line (40) is provided on a rear surface of the rear wheel-driving motor (5) located opposite the fuel tank (17) with respect to the longitudinal direction of the vehicle (1) and is connected to the rear wheel-driving motor (5) at a location in front of a rear end face (32a) of the second rear cross member (32).


     
    2. The rear protection structure according to claim 1, wherein:

    the second rear cross member (32) is located under the rear wheel-driving motor (5) and supports a rear lower portion of the rear wheel-driving motor (5), and

    a connecting portion (40b) where the electric power supply line (40) is connected to the rear wheel-driving motor (5) is located in front of a rear end face (32) of the second rear cross member (32).


     
    3. The rear protection structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein:

    the rear wheel-driving motor (5) is supplied with electric power via the electric power supply line (40) from a rear motor control unit (12) in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped and which is arranged above the right and left side members (30a, 30b) so as to extend in the width direction of the vehicle (5) and which is configured to control operation of the rear wheel-driving motor (5), and

    the electric power supply line (40) is connected to the rear motor control unit (12) at a location within the space (33) enclosed by the suspension member (21).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Heckschutzstruktur für ein Fahrzeug (1), das mit einem Motor (3) und einem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) ausgestattet ist, die jeweils als Fahrt-Antriebsenergiequelle des Fahrzeugs (1) dienen, und in der der Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) zwischen dem rechten und linken Hinterrad (10a, 10b) des Fahrzeugs (1) angeordnet ist und ein Kraftstofftank (17) für den Motor (3) und der Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) nebeneinander in Längsrichtung des Fahrzeugs (1) angeordnet sind, wobei
    eine hintere Aufhängung (19), die den Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) trägt, ein Aufhängungselement (21) mit einem durch ein rechtes und ein linkes Seitenelement (30a, 30b) gebildeten Doppelkreuz aufweist, die sich in Längsrichtung des Fahrzeugs (5) erstrecken und in einer Breitenrichtung des Fahrzeugs (5) voneinander beabstandet sind, wobei ein erstes hinteres Querelement (31) Vorderteile des rechten und linken Seitenelements (30a, 30b) miteinander verbindet und sich in einer Breitenrichtung des Fahrzeugs (1) erstreckt und ein zweites hinteres Querelement (32) Hinterteile des rechten und linken Seitenelements (30a, 30b) miteinander verbindet und sich in der Breitenrichtung des Fahrzeugs (1) erstreckt, der Kraftstofftank (17) in Bezug auf das Fahrzeug (1) vor dem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) angeordnet ist,
    das erste hintere Querelement (31) vor dem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) installiert ist, um den Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) und den Kraftstofftank (17) voneinander zu trennen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    der Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) und eine mit dem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) verbundene Stromversorgungsleitung (40) in einem von dem Aufhängungselement (21) umschlossenen Raum (33) angeordnet sind und die Stromversorgungsleitung (40) auf einer Rückseite des Hinterradantriebsmotors (5) vorgesehen ist, die sich in Bezug auf die Längsrichtung des Fahrzeugs (1) gegenüber dem Kraftstofftank (17) befindet und mit dem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) an einer Stelle vor einer hinteren Endfläche (32a) des zweiten hinteren Querelements (32) verbunden ist.
     
    2. Heckschutzstruktur nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    sich das zweite hintere Querelement (32) unter dem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) befindet und einen hinteren unteren Teil des Hinterradantriebsmotors (5) trägt, und

    ein Verbindungsteil (40b), an dem die Stromversorgungsleitung (40) mit dem Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) verbunden ist, sich vor einer hinteren Endfläche (32a) des zweiten hinteren Querelements (32) befindet.


     
    3. Heckschutzstruktur nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei:

    der Hinterradantriebsmotor (5) über die Stromversorgungsleitung (40) aus einer hinteren Motorsteuereinheit (12) in Form eines rechteckigen Quaders mit Strom versorgt wird, wobei die Einheit über dem rechten und linken Seitenteil (30a, 30b) angeordnet ist, um sich in Breitenrichtung des Fahrzeugs (5) zu erstrecken, und zur Steuerung des Betriebs des Hinterradantriebsmotors (5) ausgebildet ist, und

    die Stromversorgungsleitung (40) an einer Stelle in dem vom Aufhängungselement (21) umschlossenen Raum (33) mit der hinteren Motorsteuereinheit (12) verbunden ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Structure de protection arrière pour un véhicule (1) qui est équipé d'un moteur (3) et d'un moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) chacun comme source d'entraînement d'avance du véhicule (1) et dans lequel le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) est agencé entre des roues arrière droite et gauche (10a, 10b) du véhicule (1), et un réservoir de carburant (17) pour le moteur (3) et le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) sont agencés de manière adjacente l'un à l'autre dans une direction longitudinale du véhicule (1), dans laquelle :

    une suspension arrière (19) supportant le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) présente un élément de suspension (21) avec une forme en croisillon formée par des éléments latéraux droit et gauche (30a, 30b) s'étendant dans la direction longitudinale du véhicule (5) et espacés l'un de l'autre dans une direction de largeur du véhicule (5), un premier élément transversal arrière (31) raccordant des portions avant des éléments latéraux droit et gauche (30a, 30b) l'une à l'autre et s'étendant dans une direction de largeur du véhicule (1), et un second élément transversal arrière (32) raccordant des portions arrière des éléments latéraux droit et gauche (30a, 30b) l'une à l'autre et s'étendant dans la direction de largeur du véhicule (1),

    le réservoir de carburant (17) est agencé en face du moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) par rapport au véhicule (1),

    le premier élément transversal arrière (31) est mis en place en face du moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) de sorte à séparer le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) et le réservoir de carburant (17) l'un de l'autre, caractérisée en ce que :
    le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) et une ligne d'alimentation en énergie électrique (40) raccordée au moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) sont agencés dans un espace (33) enfermé par l'élément de suspension (21), et la ligne d'alimentation en énergie électrique (40) est prévue sur une surface arrière du moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) situé à l'opposé du réservoir de carburant (17) par rapport à la direction longitudinale du véhicule (1) et est raccordée au moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) à un emplacement en face d'une face d'extrémité arrière (32a) du second élément transversal arrière (32).


     
    2. Structure de protection arrière selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle :

    le second élément transversal arrière (32) est situé sous le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) et supporte une portion inférieure arrière du moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5), et

    une portion de raccordement (40b) où la ligne d'alimentation en énergie électrique (40) est raccordée au moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) est située en face d'une face d'extrémité arrière (32a) du second élément transversal arrière (32).


     
    3. Structure de protection arrière selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle :

    le moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5) est alimenté en énergie électrique via la ligne d'alimentation en énergie électrique (40) d'une unité de commande de moteur arrière (12) qui est sous la forme d'un parallélépipède rectangulaire et qui est agencé au-dessus des éléments latéraux droite et gauche (30a, 30b) de sorte à s'étendre dans la direction de largeur du véhicule (5) et qui est configuré pour commander le fonctionnement du moteur d'entraînement de roues arrière (5), et

    la ligne d'alimentation en énergie électrique (40) est raccordée à l'unité de commande de moteur arrière (12) à un emplacement dans l'espace (33) enfermé par l'élément de suspension (21).


     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description