(19)
(11)EP 2 606 331 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 10856221.6

(22)Date of filing:  19.08.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01D 11/24  (2006.01)
G01N 21/78  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2010/050898
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/023888 (23.02.2012 Gazette  2012/08)

(54)

GAS SENSOR HOUSING

GASSENSORGEHÄUSE

BOÎTIER DE DÉTECTEUR DE GAZ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.06.2013 Bulletin 2013/26

(73)Proprietor: Inficon AB
581 02 Linköping (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • ENQUIST, Fredrik
    S-583 36 Linköping (SE)
  • HEBO, Peter
    S-595 51 Mjölby (SE)

(74)Representative: Valea AB 
Teknikringen 10
583 30 Linköping
583 30 Linköping (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 452 853
EP-A2- 0 607 756
JP-A- 2008 164 583
US-A- 3 828 527
US-A- 5 039 492
EP-A1- 2 182 497
GB-A- 983 669
JP-A- 2010 122 100
US-A- 4 892 383
US-A- 5 121 627
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a gas sensor housing. In addition, the present invention relates to a test gas detection system comprising the gas sensor housing according to the invention and a leak testing system comprising the gas sensor housing according to the invention.

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0002] In leakage testing and leak detection using tracer gas, an object that is to be tested for leakage is filled with a gas or gas mixture, which contains at least one constituent detectable by means of a leakage detector. This leakage detector translates the presence of the traceable constituent, normally referred to as the tracer gas, into a digital, electrical, acoustic or optical signal.

    [0003] Tracer gas is often used both to detect the presence and size of a leak and to locate a leak once detected. This is done by using the detector to register an increased content of the traceable substance in the vicinity of or in direct proximity to the leak.

    [0004] For the detector to be able to register the leakage, at least a proportion of the tracer gas escaping must come into direct contact with the gas-sensitive sensor of the leakage detector. Currently two main principles are known for delivering the escaping tracer gas to the gas-sensitive sensor of the detector:
    1. a) A suction pipe with a nozzle (often referred to as a sniffer) is applied between the leakage site and the gas sensitive sensor. When the inlet orifice of the suction pipe is sufficiently close to the leakage site, tracer gas is sucked in from the leakage site and delivered through the suction pipe to close vicinity of the sensor sensitive to the tracer gas such that it may reach the sensor primarily by diffusion, whereupon the detector is arranged to emit a signal, e.g. optical and/or acoustic to alert an operator of a leakage.
    2. b) The gas-sensitive sensor is located so close to the leakage site that the tracer gas can reach the sensor sensitive to the tracer gas, primarily by diffusion, whereupon the detector is arranged to emit a signal, e.g. optical and/or acoustic to alert an operator of a leakage.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] Today sensor chips or beads are commonly mounted in standard housings, such as e.g. TO18, which is commonly used for housing transistors or other microelectronic devices. Another commonly used housing type is in the style first used by Figaro Engineering Inc. for its TGS 821 - Special Sensor for Hydrogen Gas, which housing type is today used by many manufacturers of sensors.

    [0006] Common for all sensor housings are that they are made to mechanically protect the sensing elements thereof against e.g. mechanical impact, dust and thermal shock.

    [0007] In gas sensors gas may reach the sensor through directing a flow of sample gas onto an active surface of the sensing element. Although such a procedure ensures rapid establishment of the correct gas concentration on the active surface of the sensor, there is a significant risk that changes in flow or temperature may give rise to false readings.

    [0008] Directing a gas flow onto the active surface also leads to an increased risk of particle contamination. It is therefore common that the sensing element is arranged to communicate with the ambient gas through diffusion only. A common way of doing this is to arrange a fine filter, such as a sintered disk or PTFE membrane in front of the sensing element. Such a fine filter is also commonly called diffusion membrane.

    [0009] The diffusion principle is very robust but still suffers from a few drawbacks, such as slower establishment of the correct gas mixture on the active surface.

    [0010] In one example application, manual leak detection, the sensor is often brought into close vicinity of the suspected leakage point or simply swept over a surface to be checked for leakage. It is evident that for such a use a high speed of response is beneficial.

    [0011] When moving the sensor to a leak point there is also imminent risk of mechanical impact and contamination by dirt such as e.g. dust, oil and grease.

    [0012] The housings of today commonly available sensors are typically not well suited to withstand such environments and leak detection probes are therefore normally fitted with at least one extra barrier in the probe tip for protecting the actual sensor housing. Such an extra protection barrier also adds to the delay in response of the detector.

    [0013] Today commercially available sensors usually reside in housings which are typically equipped with a number of contact pins. A leak detection probe thus typically has a matching contact socket into which the contact pins of the sensor housing are inserted.

    [0014] JP 2008 164583 discloses a device for detecting a combustible gas, comprising: a gas sensor, for establishment of a gas concentration on an active surface of the gas sensor, held by a housing body below a water-repellent filter; at least one connector element moulded into the housing body such that the respective ends thereof protrude from a bottom of the housing body and such that they reach a top of the housing body to enable connectivity to the gas sensor such that signals may be carried from the gas sensor to the connector element; a sensor envelope providing an enclosure for the housing body and having a first opening facing the top of the housing body to accommodate the water-repellent filter, and a second opening facing the bottom of the housing body to accommodate the at least one connector element that protrudes from the bottom of the housing body; means for retaining the water-repellent filter in place above the gas sensor; a spacer section providing a separation distance between the gas sensor and the water-repellent filter, and a metal-mesh provided between the spacer section and the water-repellent filter.

    [0015] JP 2010 122100 A discloses a waterproof type gas sensor having a high gas responding speed and capable of keeping high sensitivity even with respect to gas of low concentration. The waterproof type gas sensor is arranged for detecting a detection target gas, which is introduced into a gas introducing hole through a water repellent gas permeable membrane. Detection is made by a gas sensitive element arranged in the gas introducing hole. A distance between the gas permeable membrane and the gas sensitive element is set to 2 mm or below and the depth of the gas introducing hole from the gas permeable membrane is set to 2 mm or below.

    [0016] These today commercially available sensors are seldom suitable for application at the tip of a probe without any additional protection. Some sort of protective "cap" is therefore normally snapped or screwed on top of the sensor.

    [0017] In addition to increasing the total distance, such a set up results in, at least, two filter barriers with a closed volume between them. The arrangement further reduces the diffusion speed by dividing the concentration gradient in two smaller gradients, each communicating with a volume closer to the active surface.

    [0018] Usually, each of the individual filter barriers will need to be self supporting and therefore require a certain thickness. Thus, provision of one or more extra filter barriers usually renders an increase of thickness exceeding a mere aggregation of thicknesses.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0019] Thus, it is an object of the invention to provide an improved gas sensor housing enabling an increased speed of reaction for detecting the presence of gas and a shorter recovery time for enabling subsequent detection.

    [0020] This object is achieved by means of a gas sensor housing having the features of claim 1.

    [0021] The above objects are achieved thanks to the provision of a gas sensor housing, comprising: a gas sensor held by a housing body below a primary gas permeable membrane; at least one connector element moulded into the housing body such that the respective ends thereof enable connectivity to the gas sensor such that signals may be carried from the gas sensor to the connector element; a sensor envelope providing an enclosure for the housing body; means for retaining the primary gas permeable membrane in place above the gas sensor; a spacer section providing a separation distance between the gas sensor and the primary gas permeable membrane.

    [0022] A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved test gas detection system.

    [0023] This further object is achieved by means of a test gas detection system having the characteristics of claim 11.

    [0024] A still further object of the present invention is to provide an improved leak testing system.

    [0025] This still further object is achieved by means of a leak testing system having the characteristics of claim 12.

    [0026] Preferred embodiments are listed in the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0027] By way of example only, embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:

    Figure 1 is an exterior view of a gas sensor housing in accordance with the present invention.

    Figure 2 is a section through one embodiment of a gas sensor housing according to figure 1.

    Figure 3 is a section through an alternative embodiment of a gas sensor housing according to figure 1.

    Figure 4 is a section through yet an alternative embodiment of a gas sensor housing according to figure 1.

    Figure 5 is a section through still an alternative embodiment of a gas sensor housing according to figure 1, comprising an optical sensor.



    [0028] Still other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood, however, that the drawings are designed solely for purposes of illustration and not as a definition of the limits of the invention, for which reference should be made to the appended claims. It should be further understood that the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale and that, unless otherwise indicated, they are merely intended to conceptually illustrate the structures and procedures described herein. The same reference numerals will be used for illustrating corresponding features in the different drawings.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0029] The present invention is based on that in accordance with Fick's second law of diffusion, the time needed to establish a certain concentration on an active surface of a gas sensor is proportional to the square of the distance between the active surface and an external surface of a diffusion membrane.



    [0030] Where
    φ
    is the concentration in mol/m3
    t
    is the time in s
    D
    is the diffusion coefficient in m2/s
    x
    is the diffusion distance in m


    [0031] Fick's first law shows that the gas flow through the diffusion membrane is proportional to the concentration gradient across the membrane.



    [0032] Where
    J
    is the flow in mol/(m2s)


    [0033] These two basic properties of diffusion have been found to slow down the response time and recovery time of the today known sensors. The recovery time of the today known sensors lies in the size order of 60-70 seconds. Note that although some detectors today state recovery times of 1-10 seconds, this is an instrument level and usually correspond to t90%. The instruments accelerate the reset such that they will display zero a substantial time before the actual sensor has recovered.

    [0034] It has thus been realized that in accordance with Fick's laws it should be advantageous to minimize the diffusion distance and the internal volume behind the diffusion membrane.

    [0035] Thus, when integrating a gas sensor in a manual or other probe requiring an extra protection barrier it is desirable to minimize the distance that the gas to be detected will have to diffuse to reach the active surface.

    [0036] In figure 1 is shown an exterior view of a gas sensor housing 1 in accordance with the present invention. The gas sensor housing 1 has a primary gas permeable membrane 2, or diffusion membrane 2, through which gas to be detected will need to diffuse. This primary gas permeable membrane 2 may e.g. as shown be held in place by an inwardly protruding edge 6 of a sensor envelope 9, which e.g. may be a metal envelope. Alternatively the primary gas permeable membrane 2 may be held in place through gluing or welding. A pair of connector elements 10 protrudes from the bottom of the gas sensor housing 1.

    [0037] Figure 2 illustrates a section through a first embodiment of a gas sensor housing according to figure 1. A gas sensor 3 is held by a housing body 11 below the primary gas permeable membrane 2. The housing body 11 may be moulded from thermoplastic material, such as a thermoplastic material at least partially comprising Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK), in order to provide for a low cost of production. PEEK has excellent thermal and mechanical properties for temperatures up to about 250°C.

    [0038] Two connector elements 10 are moulded into the housing body 11 such that the respective ends thereof protrude from the bottom of the housing body 11 and such that they reach the top of the housing body 11, enabling connectivity to the gas sensor 3. Connector leads 5 connect the connector elements 10 with the gas sensor 3, such that electrical signals may be carried from the gas sensor 3 to the connector elements 10. The connector leads 5 may be precious metal alloy wire leads 5 and may further be welded to the connector elements 10.

    [0039] The sensor envelope 9 provides an enclosure for the housing body 11 and retains the primary gas permeable membrane 2 in place above the gas sensor 3 through the inwardly protruding edge 6. The inwardly protruding edge 6 of the sensor envelope 9 thus restricts movement of the primary gas permeable membrane 2 away from the housing body 11. An annular spacer section 7 integrally formed with the housing body 11 and at least partially encircling the gas sensor 3 provides for a separation distance X between the gas sensor 3 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, which separation distance X also provides the necessary space for accommodating the connector leads 5. As mentioned above, in alternative embodiments, the primary gas permeable membrane 2 may be held in place through being glued or welded to either one of or to both of the sensor envelope 9 and the annular spacer section 7.

    [0040] As shown in figure 2, the gas sensor 3 may rest in a recessed section 8 of the housing body 11. In an alternative embodiment the gas sensor 3 may of course rest on a non-recessed planar surface of the housing body 11, even if such an arrangement would be less advantageous as the volume of the space created between the housing body 11 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2 would be larger than in the embodiment shown in figure 2.

    [0041] In the present invention it is envisaged to minimize the volume of the space created between the housing body 11 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, i.e. the separation distance X between the gas sensor 3 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, even further. This is possible by introducing a secondary gas permeable membrane 4 between the annular spacer section 7 of the housing body 11 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2. Through applying a secondary gas permeable membrane 4 which has electrically insulating properties it is possible to reduce the separation distance X even further, as the secondary gas permeable membrane 4 ensures that the connector leads 5 do not contact the possibly electrically conductive primary gas permeable membrane 2.

    [0042] Such a secondary gas permeable membrane 4 may e.g. be made at least partially from Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or similar halogenated hydrocarbon polymer. Suitable membranes are e.g. provided by Millipore Corporation. Such PTFE membranes provide excellent electrical insulation properties, and have excellent thermal and mechanical properties for temperatures up to about 250°C.

    [0043] In embodiments of the present invention where a secondary diffusion membrane 4 is applied it is possible to exchange the primary diffusion membrane 2 with a more open structure, such as a metal mesh. In this case the metal mesh only serves the purpose of retaining and mechanically protecting the second diffusion membrane 4. This is advantageous as a metal mesh often may be made thinner than the commonly used sintered discs.

    [0044] An alternative embodiment of a gas sensor housing 1 in accordance with the present invention is shown in figure 3, which illustrates a section through this alternative embodiment of the gas sensor housing according to figure 1. As in the first embodiment, a gas sensor 3 is held by a housing body 11 below a primary gas permeable membrane 2.

    [0045] The two connector elements 10 are as in the first embodiment moulded into the housing body 11 such that the respective ends thereof protrude from the bottom of the housing body 11 and such that they reach the top of the housing body 11, enabling connectivity to the gas sensor 3. The connector leads 5, as in the first embodiment, connect the connector elements 10 with the gas sensor 3, such that electrical signals may be carried from the gas sensor 3 to the connector elements 10.

    [0046] As in the first embodiment, the sensor envelope 9 provides an enclosure for the housing body 11 and retains the primary gas permeable membrane 2 in place above the gas sensor 3 through the inwardly protruding edge 6. The inwardly protruding edge 6 of the sensor envelope 9 thus restricts movement of the primary gas permeable membrane 2 away from the housing body 11. Alternatively, as described earlier, the primary gas permeable membrane 2 may be held in place through gluing or welding.

    [0047] However, differentiating this alternative embodiment according to figure 3 from the embodiment of figure 1, is the fact that the annular spacer section 7, which at least partially encircles the gas sensor 3 and provide for the separation distance X between the gas sensor 3 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, in this alternative embodiment according to figure 3 is not integrally formed with the housing body 11 but rather a separate entity arranged between the housing body 11 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2. A yet further alternative embodiment is shown in figure 4. The embodiment according to figure 4 differs from the embodiments according to figures 2 and 3 in that the spacer section 7, which at least partially encircles the gas sensor 3 and provide for the separation distance X between the gas sensor 3 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, in this yet further alternative embodiment according to figure 4 is integrally formed with the sensor envelope 9. In still alternative embodiments, the primary gas permeable membrane 2 may, as indicated above, be held in place through being glued or welded to either one of or to both of the sensor envelope 9 and the annular spacer section 7.

    [0048] As shown in figure 3, the gas sensor 3 may, as in the first embodiment, rest in a recessed section 8 of the housing body 11, or in a further alternative embodiment the gas sensor 3 may of course rest on a non-recessed planar surface of the housing body 11, even if such an arrangement would be less advantageous as the volume of the space created between the housing body 11 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2 would be larger than in the embodiment shown in figure 3.

    [0049] In the present invention it is envisaged to minimize the volume of the space created between the housing body 11 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, i.e. the separation distance X between the gas sensor 3 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2, even further. This is, as in the first embodiment, possible by introducing a secondary gas permeable membrane 4 between the annular spacer section 7 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2. Through applying a secondary gas permeable membrane 4 which has electrically insulating properties it is possible to reduce the separation distance X even further, as the secondary gas permeable membrane 4 ensures that the connector leads 5 do not contact the possibly electrically conductive primary gas permeable membrane 2.

    [0050] For an optimal performance it is preferable to use the above proposed gas sensor housings 1 of the different proposed embodiments with gas sensors 3 being planar chip gas sensors 3. Thin film gas sensors 3 have been found to provide excellent performance through providing for more rapid diffusion and recovery as compared to other types of sensors. The recovery time for thin film gas sensors 3 lies in the size order of 10 seconds, as compared to today commonly used sensors the recovery times of which usually lie in the size order of 60-70 seconds.

    [0051] In a still further alternative embodiment according to figure 5 is shown a section through a gas sensor housing according to figure 1. However, in this embodiment an optical gas sensor 3 is held by the housing body 11 below the primary gas permeable membrane 2. The housing body 11 may, as before, be moulded from thermoplastic material, such as a thermoplastic material at least partially comprising Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK).

    [0052] A connector element 10 is provided by a fiber optic conductor with a cladding 12, which connector elements 10 is moulded into the housing body 11 such that an end thereof is accessible near the bottom of the housing body 11 and such it reaches the gas sensor 3, such that optical signals (dotted arrows 13) may be carried to and from the gas sensor 3.

    [0053] The sensor envelope 9 provides an enclosure for the housing body 11 and retains the primary gas permeable membrane 2 in place above the gas sensor 3 through the inwardly protruding edge 6. The inwardly protruding edge 6 of the sensor envelope 9 thus restricts movement of the primary gas permeable membrane 2 away from the housing body 11. Alternatively, as described earlier, the primary gas permeable membrane 2 may be held in place through gluing or welding. An annular spacer section 7 integrally formed with the housing body 11 and at least partially encircling the gas sensor 3 provides for a separation distance X between the gas sensor 3 and the primary gas permeable membrane 2. Alternatively, the separation distance X may of course be provided in accordance with the figure 3 or figure 4 embodiments. In yet further alternative embodiments, the primary gas permeable membrane 2 may, as indicated above, be held in place through being glued or welded to either one of or to both of the sensor envelope 9 and the annular spacer section 7.

    [0054] As an example, an optical gas sensor sensitive to hydrogen (H2) may be achieved through coating a Bragg-filter/screen or a mirror with Palladium (Pd) whereby a change in optical properties (diffraction) will occur as gas is absorbed. Other examples include materials that change color when exposed to a certain or certain gases, and thereby the reflection and/or absorption of light of a certain wavelength.

    [0055] The present invention further relates to a test gas detection system comprising a gas sensor housing 1 according to any one of the above described embodiments.

    [0056] The present invention further relates to a leak testing system comprising a gas sensor housing 1 according to any one of the above described embodiments.

    [0057] Such test gas detection systems and leak testing systems typically comprises a gas sensor contained in a housing, an optical or electric conductor carrying signals from the sensor to evaluation circuitry, an instrument comprising: the evaluation circuitry; human-machine interfaces and machine-machine interfaces. In the case where the system is intended for manual operation it is also common that the system comprises a handle on which the sensor and sometimes also the evaluation circuitry or even the complete instrument is mounted.

    [0058] Modifications to embodiments of the invention described in the foregoing are possible without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the accompanying claims.

    [0059] Expressions such as "including", "comprising", "incorporating", "consisting of", "have", "is" used to describe and claim the present invention are intended to be construed in a non-exclusive manner, namely allowing for items, components or elements not explicitly described also to be present. Reference to the singular is also to be construed to relate to the plural and vice versa.

    [0060] Numerals included within parentheses in the accompanying claims are intended to assist understanding of the claims and should not be construed in any way to limit subject matter claimed by these claims.

    [0061] It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the claims appended hereto.


    Claims

    1. A gas sensor housing (1), comprising:

    a gas sensor (3), for establishment of a gas concentration on an active surface of the gas sensor (3), held by a housing body (11) below a primary gas permeable membrane (2);

    at least one connector element (10) moulded into the housing body (11) such that the respective ends thereof protrude from a bottom of the housing body (11) and such that they reach a top of the housing body (11) to enable connectivity to the gas sensor (3) such that signals may be carried from the gas sensor (3) to the connector element (10);

    a sensor envelope (9) providing an enclosure for the housing body (11) and having a first opening facing the top of the housing body (11) to accommodate the primary gas permeable membrane (2), and a second opening facing the bottom of the housing body (11) to accommodate the at least one connector element (10) that protrudes from the bottom of the housing body (11);

    means for retaining the primary gas permeable membrane (2) in place above the gas sensor (3);

    a spacer section (7) providing a separation distance (X) between the gas sensor (3) and the primary gas permeable membrane (2), and

    a secondary gas permeable membrane (4) provided between the spacer section (7) and the primary gas permeable membrane (2), characterized in that the secondary gas permeable membrane (4) has electrically insulating properties.


     
    2. A gas sensor housing (1) according to claim 1, wherein the means for retaining the primary gas permeable membrane (2) in place above the gas sensor (3) comprises an edge (6) of the sensor envelope (9) protruding inwardly at the rim of the first opening restricting movement of the primary gas permeable membrane (2) away from the housing body (11).
     
    3. A gas sensor housing (1) according to claim 1, wherein the spacer section (7) is integrally formed with the housing body (11).
     
    4. A gas sensor housing (1) according to claim 1, wherein the spacer section (7) is a separate entity arranged between the housing body (11) and the primary gas permeable membrane (2).
     
    5. A gas sensor housing (1) according to claim 1, wherein the spacer section (7) is integrally formed with the sensor envelope (9).
     
    6. A gas sensor housing (1) according to claim 1, wherein the secondary gas permeable membrane (4) is made at least partially from Polytetrafluoroethylene or similar halogenated hydrocarbon polymer.
     
    7. A gas sensor housing (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the housing body (11) is moulded from thermoplastic material.
     
    8. A gas sensor housing (1) according to claim 7, wherein the housing body (11) is moulded from a thermoplastic material at least partially comprising Polyether Ether Ketone.
     
    9. A gas sensor housing (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the gas sensor (3) is a planar chip gas sensor (3).
     
    10. A gas sensor housing (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the gas sensor (3) is a thin film gas sensor (3).
     
    11. A test gas detection system comprising a gas sensor housing (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 10.
     
    12. A leak testing system comprising a gas sensor housing (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 10.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gassensorgehäuse (1), umfassend:

    einen Gassensor (3), zur Feststellung einer Gaskonzentration auf einer aktiven Oberfläche des Gassensors (3), der von einem Gehäusekörper (11) unterhalb einer primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) gehalten wird;

    mindestens ein Verbinderelement (10), das in den Gehäusekörper (11) so eingeformt ist, dass seine jeweiligen Enden von einem Boden des Gehäusekörpers (11) vorstehen und dass sie eine Oberseite des Gehäusekörpers (11) erreichen, um eine Anschlussfähigkeit mit dem Gassensor (3) zu ermöglichen, so dass Signale von dem Gassensor (3) zu dem Verbinderelement (10) übertragen werden können;

    eine Sensorhülle (9), die eine Umhüllung für den Gehäusekörper (11) bereitstellt und eine erste Öffnung aufweist, die der Oberseite des Gehäusekörpers (11) zugewandt ist, um die primäre gasdurchlässige Membran (2) aufzunehmen, und eine zweite Öffnung, die dem Boden des Gehäusekörpers (11) zugewandt ist, um das mindestens eine Verbinderelement (10) aufzunehmen, das vom Boden des Gehäusekörpers (11) vorsteht;

    Mittel zum Festhalten der primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) oberhalb des Gassensors (3);

    einen Abstandshalterabschnitt (7), der einen Trennungsabstand (X) zwischen dem Gassensor (3) und der primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) bereitstellt, und

    eine sekundäre gasdurchlässige Membran (4), die zwischen dem Abstandshalterabschnitt (7) und der primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) vorgesehen ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die sekundäre gasdurchlässige Membran (4) elektrisch isolierende Eigenschaften aufweist.


     
    2. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Mittel zum Festhalten der primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) oberhalb des Gassensors (3) eine Kante (6) der Sensorhülle (9) umfasst, die am Rand der ersten Öffnung nach innen vorsteht, wodurch die Bewegung der primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) vom Gehäusekörper (11) weg einschränkt ist.
     
    3. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Abstandshalterabschnitt (7) mit dem Gehäusekörper (11) einstückig ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Abstandshalterabschnitt (7) eine separate Einheit ist, die zwischen dem Gehäusekörper (11) und der primären gasdurchlässigen Membran (2) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Abstandshalterabschnitt (7) mit der Sensorhülle (9) einstückig ausgebildet ist.
     
    6. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die sekundäre gasdurchlässige Membran (4) zumindest teilweise aus Polytetrafluorethylen oder einem ähnlichen halogenierten Kohlenwasserstoff-Polymer hergestellt ist.
     
    7. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei der Gehäusekörper (11) aus thermoplastischem Material geformt ist.
     
    8. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Gehäusekörper (11) aus einem thermoplastischen Material geformt ist, das zumindest teilweise Polyetheretherketon enthält.
     
    9. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei der Gassensor (3) ein planarer Chip-Gassensor (3) ist.
     
    10. Gassensorgehäuse (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei der Gassensor (3) ein Dünnfilm-Gassensor (3) ist.
     
    11. Testgasdetektionssystem, umfassend ein Gassensorgehäuse (1), nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10.
     
    12. Lecktestsystem, umfassend ein Gassensorgehäuse (1), nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10.
     


    Revendications

    1. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1), comprenant :

    un détecteur de gaz (3), destiné à établir une concentration de gaz sur une surface active du détecteur de gaz (3), maintenu par un corps de boîtier (11) en-dessous d'une membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2)

    au moins un élément de connexion (10) moulé dans le corps de boîtier (11) de sorte que les extrémités respectives de celui-ci font saillie à partir d'un fond du corps de boîtier (11) et de sorte qu'ils atteignent un haut du corps de boîtier (11) pour assurer la connectivité au détecteur de gaz (3) de sorte que des signaux peuvent être acheminés à partir du détecteur de gaz (3) vers l'élément de connexion (10) ;

    une enveloppe de détecteur (9) fournissant une enceinte pour le corps de boîtier (11) et présentant au moins une première ouverture faisant face au haut du corps de boîtier (11) pour loger la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2), et une seconde ouverture faisant face au fond du corps de boîtier (11) pour loger l'au moins un élément de connexion (10) qui fait saillie à partir du fond du corps de boîtier (11) ;

    des moyens pour maintenir la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2) en place au-dessus du détecteur de gaz (3) ;

    une section d'espacement (7) fournissant une distance de séparation (X) entre le détecteur de gaz (3) et la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2), et

    une membrane secondaire perméable aux gaz (4) fournie entre la section d'espacement (7) et la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2), caractérisé en ce que la membrane secondaire perméable aux gaz (4) présente des propriétés d'isolation électrique.


     
    2. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les moyens pour maintenir la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2) en place au-dessus du détecteur de gaz (3) comprend un bord (6) de l'enveloppe de détecteur (9) faisant saillie vers l'intérieur au niveau d'un rebord de la première ouverture limitant le mouvement de la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2) loin du corps de boîtier (11).
     
    3. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la section d'espacement (7) est formée intégralement avec le corps de boîtier (11).
     
    4. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la section d'espacement (7) est une entité séparée agencée entre le corps de boîtier (11) et la membrane primaire perméable aux gaz (2).
     
    5. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la section d'espacement (7) est formée intégralement avec l'enveloppe de détecteur (9).
     
    6. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la membrane secondaire perméable aux gaz (4) est faite au moins en partie à partir de polytétrafluoroéthylène ou d'un polymère hydrocarboné halogéné similaire.
     
    7. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel le corps de boîtier (11) est moulé à partir d'un matériau thermoplastique.
     
    8. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le corps de boîtier (11) est moulé à partir d'un matériau thermoplastique comprenant au moins en partie du polyétheréthercétone.
     
    9. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel détecteur de gaz (3) est un détecteur de gaz (3) à puce plate.
     
    10. Boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel le détecteur de gaz (3) est un détecteur de gaz (3) à film mince.
     
    11. Système de détection de gaz de référence comprenant un boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
     
    12. Système de test de fuites comprenant un boîtier de détecteur de gaz (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description