(19)
(11)EP 2 626 158 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
14.08.2013 Bulletin 2013/33

(21)Application number: 11830419.5

(22)Date of filing:  14.07.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B23C 5/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/066117
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/046485 (12.04.2012 Gazette  2012/15)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.10.2010 JP 2010226874

(71)Applicant: Daishowa Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
Osaka 579-8013 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • OGATA Tatsuya
    HigashiOsaka-shi Osaka 579-8013 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hofmann, Andreas 
Richter Werdermann Gerbaulet Hofmann Patentanwälte Postfach 33 02 11
80062 München
80062 München (DE)

  


(54)INSERT


(57) The present invention provides an insert which can have a rake angle set corresponding to the hardness of a material to be cut and which can minimize a rise in the material cost even if the strength of a cutting edge section is increased. The insert has a polygonal shape and includes a cutting edge portion 3 on at least one side of the polygonal shape. The cutting edge portion 3 includes: a rake face 12 having a protrusion formed on one of opposite surfaces in the thickness direction; a flank face 11 having a recess formed on a surface intersecting with the one surface in the thickness direction; and a recessed cutting edge 4 which is formed between the rake face 12 and the flank face 11.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to an insert which has a polygonal shape and includes a cutting edge portion on at least one side of the polygonal shape.

Background Art



[0002] As one type of conventional inserts, there is an insert that is formed into a flat plate shape with its opposite surfaces in the thickness direction being flat and has a rake face formed on one of the flat surfaces (see Patent Document 1, for example).

Citation List


Patent Document



[0003] Patent Document 1: JP 2000-71107A

Disclosure of the Invention



[0004] In the conventional insert, the rake face is formed on the same level as the flat surface of the insert or formed as a groove thereon. Therefore, if it is intended to obtain a rake angle corresponding to the hardness of a material to be cut, etc., the fixed posture itself of the insert with respect to a rotary cutting tool has to be set as appropriate. Also, with the rake face formed of the flat surface of the insert, in order to enhance the strength of a cutting edge portion, the entire thickness of the insert must be increased. This causes a drawback of increasing the material cost particularly when the insert is formed of sintered metal, etc.
Moreover, in the conventional insert, one cutting edge portion is formed for one insert. This increases the frequency of insert replacement during working.
The present invention was made in view of the situation described above, and it is an object thereof to provide an insert that can have a rake angle set corresponding to a material to be cut while keeping its fixed posture with respect to a rotary cutting tool constant and moreover can have enhanced use efficiency.

[0005] The first feature configuration of the insert of the present invention is that the insert has a polygonal shape, the insert comprising: a cutting edge portion which is provided on at least one side of the polygonal shape,
and the cutting edge portion having a rake face having a protrusion formed on one of opposite surfaces in the thickness direction; a flank face having a recess formed on a surface intersecting with the one surface in the thickness direction; and a recessed cutting edge that is formed between the rake face and the flank face.

[0006] By forming the rake face in a shape having a protrusion as in the above configuration, a predetermined rake angle can be obtained without the necessity of fixing the insert at an angle with respect to the rotary cutting tool.
Also, since the protrusion for formation of the rake face is formed with the thickness of the protrusion added to the thickness of the insert, the strength of the cutting edge portion formed across the protrusion is enhanced.
Moreover, since the cutting edge portion is formed on each side of the insert having a polygonal shape, one insert can be used repeatedly by the number of cutting edge portions. As a result, the work efficiency of the cutting work improves, permitting reduction in work cost.

[0007] The second feature configuration of the present invention is that the rake face may be formed to have cutting edge portions of various sizes layered in a shape of contour lines.

[0008] With the above configuration, any of recessed cutting edges having different curvatures can be formed for one protrusion. For example, various types of cutting edges equal in rake angle can be obtained by grinding the protrusion using grinding tools different in curvature. Therefore, cutting edge portions having the same curvature, or cutting edge portions having different curvatures, can be formed on the sides of the polygon. Thus, with this configuration, an insert excellent in cost performance can be obtained.

[0009] The third feature configuration of the present invention is that the flank face may be a recessed face extending from the cutting edge portion toward the other surface in the thickness direction, and may be formed so that the cross-sectional shape of the recessed face perpendicular to the thickness direction is equal at any position from the cutting edge portion toward the other surface, or so that the cross-sectional shape of the recessed face perpendicular to the thickness direction is smaller in the curvature of the recess as the position is closer to the other surface from the cutting edge portion.

[0010] With the above configuration, the flank face can be formed simultaneously with formation of the cutting edge by using a cylindrical rotary grinding tool, etc. having the curvature of the cutting edge to be formed, for example. This improves the manufacture efficiency of the insert. When the flank face is a recessed face the curvature of which is smaller as the position is closer to the other surface from the cutting edge portion, a larger clearance can be secured between the object to be worked on and the flank face. This ensures prevention of interference between the insert and the object to be worked on and thus permits high-quality rounding. Thus, even when the curvature of the flank face changes, the cutting edge portion and the flank face can be formed simultaneously by using a conical grinding tool, etc., for example.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0011] 

Fig.1(a) and Fig.1(b) are plan views of an insert (throwaway chip), where Fig.1(a) shows the case where four cutting edge portions have recessed cutting edges same in rounding size, and Fig.1(b) shows the case where four cutting edge portions have recessed cutting edges different in rounding size from one another.

Fig.2(a) is an enlarged plan view of a cutting edge portion, and Fig.2(b) is a cross-sectional view taken along line IIb-IIb in Fig.2(a).

Fig.3 is a perspective view showing a blank before formation of the cutting edge portions.

Fig.4 is a plan view of the blank.

Fig.5 is a side view of the blank.

Fig.6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VI-VI in Fig.4.

Fig.7(a) and Fig.7(b) show an insert fixed to a head of a rotary cutting tool, where

Fig.7(a) is a plan view and Fig.7(b) is a side view.

Fig.8 is a plan view of an insert of the second embodiment.

Fig.9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IX-IX in Fig.8.

Fig.10 is a plan view showing a state of the insert of the second embodiment having cutting edge portions newly formed.

Fig.11 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XI-XI in Fig.10.

Fig.12 is a plan view of a blank of the insert of the second embodiment before formation of the cutting edge portions.

Fig.13 is a side view of the blank of the insert of the second embodiment before formation of the cutting edge portions.

Fig.14 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XIV-XIV in Fig.12.


Description of Embodiments



[0012] Embodiments of the present invention will be described hereinafter with reference to the drawings.

[First Embodiment]



[0013] Fig.1 and Fig.2 show examples of an insert of the present invention. An insert A is fixed to a rotary cutting tool C for chamfering a corner of a material D to be cut into a round shape (curved shape) as shown in Fig.7. The insert A is formed using hard metal, etc., for example.
The insert A has a base 1 formed into a generally square shape as viewed from top. One fixation hole 2 for fixing the base 1 to the rotary cutting tool C is provided in the center of the base 1. Four cutting edge portions 3 are provided at the sides of the base 1.

[0014] Fig.1(a) shows an example where recessed cutting edges 4 same in rounding size (curvature of the curved face) are provided at the sides of the base 1. Fig.1(b) shows an example where cutting edges 4 different in rounding size from one another are formed at the sides of the base 1.
Fig.3 to Fig.6 show a blank B before formation of the cutting edge portions 3. A protrusion 5 for formation of a rake face is formed in the thickness direction of the blank B at each of the four sides thereof.

[0015] The base 1 includes flat top and back surfaces 6 and 7 parallel to each other on the top and back thereof in the thickness direction. Four planar side faces 8 are provided on the periphery of the top and back surfaces 6 and 7. The side faces 8 are slightly inclined with respect to the thickness direction of the base 1, forming, as a whole, a generally truncated cone shape that becomes narrower toward the back surface 7.

[0016] The protrusion 5 is formed at each of the sides of the top surface 6, out of the pair of top and back surfaces 6 and 7. The protrusion 5 will become a rake face 12 to be described later. The back surface 7 will come into contact with a fixing seat surface 9a of a fixing seat 9 of the rotary cutting tool C as shown in Fig.7, functioning as a chip fixed surface.

[0017] The protrusion 5 is formed into a generally conical shape as shown in Fig.3 and Fig.4. The protrusion 5 is however not in a precise conical shape. As shown in Fig.4, the cutting edge 4 having a predetermined curvature must be formed within the limited area of the protrusion 5. In comparison among expected edges for the cutting edge 4 as shown in Fig.4, the spacing between adjacent edges in the direction along a reference line X is smaller than the spacing between adjacent edges in the direction perpendicular to the reference line X. The reason for this is that, in grinding, etc. for formation of the cutting edges 4 of various sizes, it is necessary to reduce the work amount itself by reducing the grinding amount of the base 1 and also maintain the strength of the base 1 by minimizing the decrease in the volume thereof. The protrusion 5 therefore has a shape obtained by superposing such expected edges for formation of cutting edge portions in the above shapes.

[0018] Also, as shown in Fig.4, the reference line X for each protrusion 5 is offset by a distance e from the fixation hole 2 provided at the center of the base 1.
With this offset setting, in formation of the cutting edge 4, the spacing between the cutting edge 4 and the fixation hole 2 becomes large, and thus the size range permitted for the formation of the cutting edge 4 can be widened. Also, with the offset formation of the cutting edge 4, when the insert A is mounted on the rotary cutting tool C as shown in Fig.7(a), the radius of gyration from the rotation center of the rotary cutting tool C to the cutting edge 4 becomes short. As a result, the work reaction force exerted on the cutting edge 4 from the material D to be cut at the time of working becomes small, and thus the drive torque to be provided by the rotary cutting tool C can be reduced.

[0019] A recessed face 10 expanding from the apex Q of the protrusion 5 toward the back surface 7 is formed on each side face 8 of the base 1.
The recessed face 10 is formed from part of a predetermined conical face, for example. As shown in Fig.5, the length T of the recessed face 10 on the back surface 7 is equal to or larger than the length U of the protrusion 5 on the top surface 6. While a flank face 11 corresponding to the size of the cutting edge 4 is to be formed on the back side of the protrusion 5, the recessed face 10 is formed prior to the formation of the flank face 11 by thinning each side face 8 of the base 1.
The length T is made equal to or larger than the length U because of the convenience of a grinding tool used at the formation of the cutting edge 4, for example. To form the cutting edge 4, the side face 8 is gradually ground using a cylindrical grind stone having the curvature of the cutting edge 4, for example, with the grind stone tilted at a predetermined relief angle. The amount of grinding of the side face 8 is largest when the cutting edge 4 extending in advance to the entirety of the length U is formed. In this case, since the back surface side of the side face 8 is also ground naturally, such a portion is in advance formed into a recess shape to improve the working efficiency.

[0020] As shown in Fig.2(a) and Fig.2(b), when the cutting edge 4 is formed across the protrusion 5 of the insert A, the remaining portion of the protrusion 5 serves as the rake face 12, and the back side thereof serves as the flank face 11. The flank face 11 is formed by further grinding part of the recessed face 10. For example, the flank face 11 is formed by pressing a rotary grind stone, etc. against the recessed face 10. The portion of the protrusion 5 left non-ground serves as the rake face 12, and the recessed cutting edge 4 is formed as shown in Fig.2(a).

[0021] As shown in Fig.3, when the flank face 11 is viewed from the side of the side face 8, a cylindrical flank face 11a is formed in the center of the flank face 11, and flat flank faces 11b are formed on both sides thereof. The cylindrical flank face 11a is a portion formed by simply pressing the rotary grind stone, etc. As a result, as shown in Fig.2(a) and Fig.3, the portion of the cutting edge 4 corresponding to the cylindrical flank face 11a becomes an arc-shaped cutting edge 4a. Strictly speaking, the arc-shaped cutting edge 4a is not in a complete arc shape, but it is hereinafter referred to as the arc-shaped cutting edge for convenience sake.
The flat flank faces 11 b are formed to adjoin the cylindrical flank face 11 a as shown in Fig.2(b) and Fig.3. As a result, linear cutting edges 4b are formed on both sides of the arc-shaped cutting edge 4a. Strictly speaking, the linear cutting edges 4b are not linear because they are formed on the curved surface of the protrusion 5, but they are hereinafter referred to as the linear cutting edges 4b for convenience sake.
The flat flank faces 11 b and the linear cutting edges 4b are provided for the purpose of, in chamfering a corner of the material D to be cut, allowing a worked curved face to continue smoothly to a non-worked flat face. Such flat flank faces 11 b and the linear cutting edges 4b are formed in the following manner, for example: the cylindrical rotary grind stone is once pressed against the side face 8 and, after the ark-shaped cutting edge 4a and the cylindrical flank face 11 a are formed to a predetermined depth, the rotary grind stone is translated, from this position, in predetermined right and left directions.

[0022] By setting the outer diameter of the tool for formation of the cylindrical flank face 11 a in various ways, the cutting edges 4 having various rounding sizes can be formed using the blank B having a fixed size and shape.

[0023] Fig.7 shows a fixed structure of the insert A to a head 13 of the rotary cutting tool C. The head 13 rotates in the direction of arrow a in Fig.7 and includes the fixing seat 9 for fixing the insert A. The fixing seat 9 includes the fixing seat surface 9a with which the back surface 7 of the base 1 comes into close contact and turn stop seat surfaces 9b intersecting with each other with which two adjacent side faces 8 of the base 1 come into close contact to stop turning of the base 1. In Fig.7(a), the turn stop seat surfaces 9b are provided in postures each intersecting at an angle of 45 degrees with respect to the rotation axis Z of the head 13. The fixing seat surface 9a is provided to be in parallel with the rotation axis Z of the head 13.

[0024] The fixing seat surface 9a has a fixation internal screw hole 14 formed with its axis being orthogonal to the fixing seat surface 9a. A fixing bolt 15 is inserted into the fixation hole 2 of the base 1 and engaged with the fixation internal screw hole 14 to fix the insert A. In the fixed state, two side faces 8 protrude from the head 13 outward in the radial direction of the head 13. In this way, the material D to be cut can be chamfered by either the cutting edge 4 facing toward the bottom of the head 13 or the cutting edge 4 facing toward the top thereof.

[0025] A head 15a of the fixing bolt 15 has a truncated cone shape. The fixation internal screw hole 14 and the fixation hole 2 are made eccentric to each other. When the fixing bolt 15 is screwed into the fixation internal screw hole 14, the truncated cone portion of the head 15a abuts against the slope of the fixation hole 2, pressing the insert A toward the turn stop seat surfaces 9b.

[0026] Note that, in chamfering a corner of the material D to be cut using the insert member of the present invention, the rake angles in all areas of the cutting edge 4 are not the same with respect to the material D to be cut. For example, from Fig.7(a), it is found that the distance between the cutting edge 4 and the rotation axis Z of the head 13 continuously changes as the position on the cutting edge 4 changes. Further, when the position of the rotation axis Z is viewed along the direction of the plane of the insert A as shown in Fig.7(b), it is found that the position of the cutting edge 4 and the position of the rotation axis Z is offset from each other. Therefore, in chamfering the material D to be cut by the cutting edge 4, the rake angle is different depending on the position on the cutting edge 4. Thus, in formation of the protrusion 5, it may be better to devise the shape of the protrusion 5 in advance depending on where the cutting edge 4 is located with respect to the rotation axis Z.

[Second Embodiment]



[0027] Fig.8 to Fig.11 show an insert A of another embodiment.
In this embodiment, a plurality of protrusions 5 for formation of the rake face are provided for each side of the base 1. For example, an outer protrusion 51 and an inner protrusion 52 are provided as the protrusion 5, and a step 16 is provided therebetween. Fig.8 and Fig.9 show an example of forming the cutting edge 4 across the outer protrusion 51, and Fig.10 and Fig.11 show an example of forming the cutting edge 4 across the inner protrusion 52. Two or more protrusions may be provided.

[0028] Segmenting the protrusion in advance into different regions for formation of the cutting edge 4 as described above is convenient because such regions serve as a guide when the user works on the blank to form the cutting edge 4. For example, this not only makes it easy to select the curvature of the cutting edge 4, but also permits formation of the cutting edge 4 at a proper position with the contour lines serving as a guide when a grinding tool is pressed against the insert A.

[Third Embodiment]



[0029] Fig.12 to Fig.14 show an insert A before formation of the cutting edges 4.
In this embodiment, the step 16 between the outer protrusion 51 and the inner protrusion 52 is formed from the top surface 6 of the base 1 itself. Therefore, the difference in the height from the top surface 6 between the outer protrusion 51 and the inner protrusion 52 is small.
The insert A of this embodiment is formed by casting and sintering, for example. The recess between the outer protrusion 51 and the inner protrusion 52 may be formed simultaneously with casting, etc., or only the recess may be formed by grinding, etc. after formation of the blank material for the insert A.

[Other Embodiments]



[0030] In the above embodiments, cutting edges having a single round (part of a circle) shape were described, but the cutting edges are not limited to this shape. For example, recessed cutting edges formed by combining a plurality of round shapes may be formed.

Industrial Applicability



[0031] The present invention is widely applicable to inserts provided with a cutting edge portion on at least one side of a polygonal shape.


Claims

1. An insert which has a polygonal shape, the insert comprising: a cutting edge portion which is provided on at least one side of the polygonal shape, and the cutting edge portion having a rake face having a protrusion formed on one of opposite surfaces in the thickness direction; a flank face having a recess formed on a surface intersecting with the one surface in the thickness direction; and a recessed cutting edge that is formed between the rake face and the flank face.
 
2. The insert according to claim 1, wherein the rake face is formed to have cutting edge portions of various sizes layered in a shape of contour lines.
 
3. The insert according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the flank face is a recessed face extending from the cutting edge portion toward the other surface in the thickness direction, and is formed so that the cross-sectional shape of the recessed face perpendicular to the thickness direction is equal at any position from the cutting edge portion toward the other surface, or so that the cross-sectional shape of the recessed face perpendicular to the thickness direction is smaller in the curvature of the recess as the position is closer to the other surface from the cutting edge portion.
 




Drawing





































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description