(19)
(11)EP 2 626 630 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 11830443.5

(22)Date of filing:  17.08.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F23Q 7/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/068628
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/046510 (12.04.2012 Gazette  2012/15)

(54)

METHOD FOR PRODUCING GLOW PLUG TERMINALS, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING GLOW PLUGS

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON GLÜHSTIFTKLEMMEN UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON GLÜHSTIFTEN

PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION DE BORNES DE BOUGIE DE PRÉCHAUFFAGE ET PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION DE BOUGIES DE PRÉCHAUFFAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 05.10.2010 JP 2010225599
05.10.2010 JP 2010225595

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.08.2013 Bulletin 2013/33

(73)Proprietor: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
Nagoya-shi, Aichi 467-8525 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • OKUMURA, Yuki
    Nagoya-shi Aichi 467-8525 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 180 645
JP-A- 2005 308 295
JP-A- 2009 041 837
JP-A- 2005 308 295
JP-A- 2006 250 459
JP-A- 2009 041 837
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a method of producing a pin terminal for a glow plug, and a method of producing a glow plug.

    Background Art



    [0002] Conventionally, a glow plug disclosed in Patent Reference 1 has been known. As shown in Fig. 11, the glow plug includes: a cylindrical housing 90; a heater 91 which is fixed into the housing 90, and which has a heating portion 91a projecting from the tip end of the housing 90; a rod-like inner shaft 92 which is placed in the housing 90, and in which a rear end portion projects from the rear end of the housing 90; and a pin terminal 93 which is fitted to the rear end portion of the inner shaft 92, and which is used for supplying electricity from the outside to the heating portion 91a through the inner shaft 92.

    [0003] The heater 91 is a ceramic heater which is fitted into an outer sleeve 94 that is fitted to the tip end side of the housing 90, and that is made of a conductive metal, and which allows the heating portion 91a to project from the tip ends of the housing 90 and the outer sleeve 94.

    [0004] The ceramic heater 91 is configured by: a rod-like insulating member 80 containing Si3N4 as a major component; a U-shaped heating member 81 which is embedded in the tip end side of the insulating member 80, and which contains WC as a major component; a first lead wire 82 in which one end is connected to one end of the heating member 81, and the other end is exposed from a part of the outer circumferential surface of the insulating member 80; and a second lead wire 83 in which one end is connected to the other end of the heating member 81, and the other end is exposed from another part of the outer circumferential surface of the insulating member 80. The other end of the first lead wire 82 is connected to the outer sleeve 94, that of the second lead wire 83 is connected to an electric coil 95, and the electric coil 95 is connected to the inner shaft 92. The tip end side of the insulating member 80 in which the heating member 81 is embedded functions as a heating portion 91a of the ceramic heater 91.

    [0005] The pin terminal 93 has a small-diameter portion 93a in the rear end side, and a large-diameter portion 93b in the tip end side. The end surface on the rear end side of the small-diameter portion 93a has a curved surface shape. A first flange 93c which abuts against an insulator 96 that is disposed on the rear end side of the housing 90, and that is made of an insulating material is formed on the tip end side of the large-diameter portion 93b. A second flange 93d is formed on the rear end side of the large-diameter portion 93b, and an engagement portion 93e with which an engagement convex portion 85a of a cap 97 to which electricity is supplied from the outside is engaged is formed between the first flange 93c and the second flange 93d.

    [0006] In the glow plug, the heating portion 91a of the ceramic heater 91 is located in a combustion chamber of a diesel engine by screwing a male thread 90a of the housing 90 to a cylinder head of the diesel engine. Then, the housing 90 is grounded to the cylinder head, and the cap 97 which leads to a battery is fitted to the pin terminal 93. The cap 97 is configured by a cup-shaped cap body 85, and an electric conductive member 87 which is fixed, for example, in a state where the electric conductive member extends from the inner side toward the opening side, by a fixing member 86 that is disposed in the inner side of the cap body 85. An engagement convex portion 85a which inwardly projects is formed in the opening side of the cap body 85. The electric conductive member 87 is connected to a lead wire 88 which leads to the battery.

    [0007] When the cap 97 is fitted to the pin terminal 93, the engagement convex portion 85a of the cap body 85 overrides the second flange 93d to be engaged with the engagement portion 93e. In the state, the electric conductive member 87 abuts against the surface of the small-diameter portion 93a.

    [0008] In the ceramic heater 91, therefore, a voltage is applied between: the housing 90, the outer sleeve 94, and the first lead wire 82; and the pin terminal 93, the inner shaft 92, the electric coil 95, and the second lead wire 83, and heating portion 91a generates heat by means of the heating member 81. Therefore, starting of the diesel engine is initiated.

    [0009] According to the publication, a glow plug of this kind is produced in the following manner. Namely, the housing 90, the ceramic heater 91, the inner shaft 92, and the like are first produced. Furthermore, the pin terminal 93 is produced by applying a cutting process to a workpiece made of steel. While required places of these components are electrically connected to one another, then, these components are assembled together, and a glow plug is completed.

    Prior Art Reference



    [0010] A further method for generating a pin terminal by punching is described in JP 2005 308295 A. After the pin terminal is ready, a recess is generated, which has the rear end of the inner shaft of the glow plug.

    Patent Reference



    [0011] Patent Reference 1: JP-A-2002-260827

    Summary of the Invention



    [0012] In the method of producing a glow plug, however, the pin terminal is produced only by the cutting process performed on the workpiece. Therefore, swarf is excessively wasted, the time period required for production is long, and mass production is difficult. In the conventional production method, therefore, reduction of the production cost of a pin terminal is difficult. Accordingly, also reduction of the production cost of a glow plug is difficult.

    [0013] The applicant of the present application has filed a patent application related to a method of producing a pin terminal for a glow plug, and method of producing a glow plug which can solve the problems, and obtained a patent on the production methods (Japanese Patent No. 4,241,489). In the production methods, small- and large-diameter portions, first and second flanges, and engagement portion of a pin terminal are formed by a plastic working on a workpiece.

    [0014] According to the production methods, as compared with the case where a pin terminal is produced only by applying a cutting process to a workpiece, swarf is reduced, and the time period required for production can be shortened. Therefore, mass production is facilitated. According to the production methods, therefore, reduction of the production cost of a pin terminal is realized, and consequently reduction of the production cost of a glow plug is realized.

    [0015] Also in the production methods, however, the first flange is formed in the tip end of the large-diameter portion, and the second flange is formed in the rear end side of the large-diameter portion in a similar manner as the pin terminal 93 of Fig. 11. In the pin terminal, therefore, a to-be-crimped portion which is formed to have the even outer diameter, and which is capable of being crimped is limited between the first flange and the second flange, and becomes short. In the short to-be-crimped portion, therefore, the inner shaft and the pin terminal are unlikely to be firmly coupled together. Therefore, the coupling strength between them must be ensured by employing a longish inner shaft. In the pin terminal, therefore, reduction of the material has not been sufficient, and also reduction of the weight has not been sufficient. Also in a glow plug, since such a pin terminal is employed, and a longish inner shaft is employed, reduction of the material has not been sufficient, and also reduction of the weight has not been sufficient.

    [0016] The invention has been conducted in view of the above-discussed circumstances. It is a problem to be solved to enable a high-quality and light-weight pin terminal for a glow plug, and consequently a high-quality and light-weight glow plug to be economically produced.

    [0017] In order to solve the aforementioned problem, the present invention provides a method having the features defined in claim 1. Further preferred embodiments are defined in dependent claims 2 to 8. Moreover, a method for producing a glow plug is provided. The method has the features defined in claim 9.

    [0018] Also in the production method of the invention, the small-diameter portion, large-diameter portion, flange, and engagement portion of the pin terminal are formed by applying a plastic working to a workpiece in a similar manner as the above-described production method of Japanese Patent No. 4,241,489 issued to the applicant.

    [0019] In the production method, moreover, the fourth workpiece which has the flange between the small-diameter portion and the large-diameter portion, and which does not have a flange in the tip end of the large-diameter portion is produced. When a pin terminal is produced by the production method, as compared with a conventional pin terminal which has the same total length, and in which the length from the tip end to the engagement portion is identical, therefore, the to-be-crimped portion which is formed to have the even outer diameter, and which is capable to being crimped is extended. Even when a shortish inner shaft is employed, therefore, the crimped portion which is actually crimped can be extended because of the to-be-crimped portion which is longer than a conventional one, and the inner shaft and the pin terminal are likely to be firmly coupled together.

    [0020] In the pin terminal, moreover, reduction of the material can be sufficiently performed correspondingly with the configuration where a flange is not formed in the tip end of the large-diameter portion, and also reduction of the weight can be realized. A glow plug can employ such a pin terminal, and a shortish inner shaft can be employed. Also in a glow plug, therefore, reduction of the material can be sufficiently performed, and also reduction of the weight can be attained.

    [0021] In the production method, moreover, a flange is not formed in the tip end of the large-diameter portion, and hence it is not necessary to employ a split die which is radially divided in the periphery of the large-diameter portion. According to the production method, therefore, the structure of the die is simplified, the production cost of the die can be lowered, and the durability of the die can be improved.

    [0022] According to the production method of the invention, it is possible to economically produce a high-quality and light-weight pin terminal for a glow plug, and consequently a high-quality and light-weight glow plug.

    [0023] In the production method of the invention, in at least one of the step of deforming the end surface, the step of deforming the rear end side and the step of deforming the third workpiece, a fitting recess to which a rear end portion of an inner shaft of the glow plug is fitted is formed in an end surface of the tip end side of the pin terminal. In this case, the steps which are performed until the processing of the fourth workpiece, including molding of the fitting recess are performed by a plastic working. Also during the molding of the fitting recess, therefore, swarf is not produced.

    [0024] In this regard, in the case where the pin terminal is produced only by applying a cutting process to a workpiece, or where the formation of the fitting recess is produced by a cutting process, swarf is produced. Since there is a possibility that swarf may cause the inner shaft to be hardly fitted to the fitting recess, and that a short circuit may occur, swarf has to be removed away. However, this work for removing the swarf requires great labor. In a pin terminal which is obtained by employing a split die, furthermore, the large-diameter portion is liable to have radial burrs, and the work of surely removing the burrs in order to prevent a situation where the burrs are peeled off to cause a short circuit, from occurring similarly requires great labor. In the production method, by contrast, the amount of swarf can be made minimum, and burrs are hardly produced. Even when labor of removing swarf and burrs is not so much provided, therefore, the assembling property of the glow plug can be improved, and the short circuit caused by the pin terminal can be avoided.

    [0025] When the steps of processing from the workpiece to the fourth workpiece through the second and third workpieces are performed by a plastic working, moreover, the process time in the process from the first workpiece to the fourth workpiece can be shortened. When the plastic working is performed as described above, for example, a large number of second workpieces can be simultaneously processed to third workpieces, and then to fourth workpieces. Therefore, pin terminals are easily mass produced. Because of these, when a pin terminal is produced as described above, reduction of the production cost thereof can be further realized, and consequently reduction of the production cost of a glow plug can be further realized.

    [0026] In the production method, as described above, swarf is not produced during the molding of the fitting recess. Since, in the steps of processing from the first workpiece to the fourth workpiece, swarf due to the respective workpieces is not produced, the method can contribute to realization of further resource saving.

    [0027] In the step of deforming the end surface, a first fitting recess having a first depth may be formed in an end surface on a tip end side of the first workpiece. In the step of deforming the rear end side, a second fitting recess having a second depth which is deeper than the first depth may be formed in an end surface on a tip end side of the second workpiece. In the step of deforming the third workpiece, the fitting recess having a third depth which is deeper than the second depth may be formed in an end surface on a tip end side of the third workpiece.

    [0028] In this case, in the first to third workpieces, the fitting recess is formed respectively in a plurality of steps so that its depth becomes deeper in the sequence from the first fitting recess to the fitting recess. Therefore, even when the shape of the first fitting recess formed in the first workpiece is deformed in the other subsequent steps, for example, the shape can be corrected when the second fitting recess is formed in the second workpiece. According to the production method, therefore, the shapes of fitting recesses of produced pin terminals are easily homogenized.

    [0029] The fitting recess may be configured by a cylindrical inner circumferential surface which extends from a tip end of the large-diameter portion toward a rear end, and an upper bottom surface which is continuous to a rear end of the inner circumferential surface. The upper bottom surface may have a tapered shape in which a diameter becomes smaller toward a rear end side.

    [0030] According to the inventor's confirmation, because of affection of plastic deformation of the third workpiece in the formation of the flange, strain or the like easily occurs in the upper bottom surface of the fitting recess, and wrinkles or the like caused by the strain are easily formed in the upper bottom surface. On the other hand, a plating process is applied to a pin terminal for a glow plug from the viewpoint of, for example, protection of the surface thereof. In the case where strain occurs in the upper bottom surface, therefore, a washing solution or the like which is used in the plating process remains in the wrinkles or the like in the upper bottom surface, and therefore the quality of plating in the fitting recess is liable to be lowered. Because of affection of the remaining washing solution or the like, rust or the like is easily formed on the upper bottom surface. Because of these, the quality of a pin terminal is liable to be lowered.

    [0031] Therefore, the upper bottom surface of the fitting recess is formed into a tapered shape in which the diameter becomes smaller toward the rear end side, whereby, in the third workpiece in which the fitting recess is formed, the thickness of the circumference of the upper bottom surface is made large. Therefore, the upper bottom surface is hardly deformed even by plastic deformation in the formation of the flange, and strain or the like hardly occurs in the upper bottom surface. Therefore, a washing solution or the like hardly remains on the upper bottom surface, and plating is satisfactorily applied to the fitting recess. Moreover, also rust or the like is hardly formed on the upper bottom surface. Because of these, the quality of a pin terminal is high.

    [0032] Furthermore, it is preferable that the upper bottom surface is positioned on a tip end side of the fourth workpiece with respect to the maximum diameter position of the flange. The plastic deformation of the third workpiece in the formation of the flange is largest at the maximum diameter position of the flange. When the upper bottom surface of the fitting recess is positioned on the tip end side of the fourth workpiece with respect to the maximum diameter position of the flange, therefore, the influence of the plastic deformation on the upper bottom surface can be further reduced. Therefore, deformation of the upper bottom surface due to plastic deformation more hardly occurs, and the pin terminal has a higher quality.

    [0033] Preferably, the flange has: a first cylindrical surface which is positioned on a side of the small-diameter portion, which is larger in diameter than the small-diameter portion, and which is cylindrical; a convexly curved surface which is connected to the first cylindrical surface, and in which an axial section is arcuate, and a section in a direction perpendicular to an axis is circular; and a second cylindrical surface which is connected to the convexly curved surface, which is equal in diameter to the first cylindrical surface, and which cylindrical. Preferably, the flange has: a first disk surface which is connected to the small-diameter portion, and which extends in the direction perpendicular to the axis; a tapered surface which is connected to the first disk surface, in which a rear end side has a smaller diameter, and which is connected to the first cylindrical surface; and a second disk surface which connects the second cylindrical surface to the large-diameter portion, and which extends in the direction perpendicular to the axis.

    [0034] In these cases, the convexly curved surface or the tapered surface causes the cap to be easily fitted to the pin terminal. Moreover, the second cylindrical surface causes the cap engaged with the engagement portion to hardly slip off from the pin terminal.

    [0035] In the production method of the invention, a first die having a first cavity which can mold a rear end side of the convexly curved surface, and a second die having a second cavity which can mold a tip end side of the convexly curved surface may be used. In the first die and the second die, preferably, a parting surface between the first cavity and the second cavity is on a tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position, and a maximum diameter of the second cavity is smaller than a maximum diameter of the first cavity.

    [0036] Because of the difference between the maximum diameter of the first cavity and that of the second cavity, in the convexly curved surface formed by the first die and the second die, the side having an arc directed from the parting surface to the first cylindrical surface, and that having an arc directed from the parting surface to the second cylindrical surface are different in diameter from each other with the parting surface as the boundary. Because of the difference between the diameters, in the outer circumferential surface of the convexly curved surface, a step is formed on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position. Therefore, the cap can be engaged with the step. In a pin terminal which is produced by the above-described production method, therefore, the cap can be satisfactorily fitted.

    [0037] In the case of a pin terminal in which another engagement portion is disposed on the tip end side of the pin terminal with respect to the step, and the cap is to be engaged with the engagement portion, even when the cap is caused to be disengaged from the engagement portion by vibrations or the like, and the cap is moved in the direction along which the cap slips off from the pin terminal, the cap is caused to be engaged with the step. In such a pin terminal, namely, a state where the cap is doubly engaged by the engagement portion and the step is attained, and hence the cap can be further satisfactorily fitted.

    [0038] In the production method of the invention, moreover, the step is formed by using a diameter difference between the maximum diameter of the first cavity and the maximum diameter of the second cavity. Therefore, as compared with the case where a step is formed by performing a cutting process on the whole outer circumferential surface of the convexly curved surface, for example, production of swarf from the workpiece can be suppressed.

    [0039] Preferably, the production method of the invention further has an outer diameter finishing step of finishing the outer diameter of the fourth workpiece by performing cutting or polishing in which a cutting depth is 1 mm or less, to form the pin terminal. In this case, the fourth workpiece can be produced in a relatively rough manner, and the production of the fourth workpiece is facilitated. Then, a pin terminal with higher accuracy can be produced by performing cutting or polishing on the fourth workpiece. When the cutting depth is 1 mm or less in this case, cutting swarf or polishing swarf caused by cutting or polishing can be reduced. Therefore, resource saving and reduction of the production cost can be realized without impairing the effects of the invention.

    [0040] The method of producing a glow plug according to the invention is a method of producing a glow plug including: a cylindrical housing; a heater which is fixed into the housing, and which has a heating portion projecting from a tip end of the housing; a rod-like inner shaft which is placed in the housing, and in which a rear end portion projects from a rear end of the housing; and a pin terminal which is fitted to the rear end portion of the inner shaft, which is used for supplying electricity from an outside to the heating portion through the inner shaft, the method comprising:
    obtaining a first workpiece which has a rod-like shape, and which is made of the conductive metal;
    plastically deforming an end surface of a rear end side of the first workpiece into a curved surface shape, and setting to a second workpiece;
    plastically deforming a rear end side of the second workpiece into a small-diameter portion which is configured to be fitted to a cap for supplying electricity from an outside, and plastically deforming a tip end side of the second workpiece into a large-diameter portion which is larger in diameter than the small-diameter portion to obtain a third workpiece; and
    plastically deforming the third workpiece to form a flange between the small-diameter portion and the large-diameter portion, the flange being larger in outer diameter than the large-diameter portion, and an engagement portion formed between a position where a diameter of the flange is maximum and the large-diameter portion, an outer diameter of the engagement portion being gradually reduced toward the large-diameter portion, and the engagement portion being configured to be engaged with to obtain a fourth workpiece.

    [0041] The glow plug which is obtained by the production method of the invention includes a pin terminal including the features of claim 1 above. The glow plug which is obtained by the production method is light weight and economical, and its durability is enhanced because the inner shaft and the pin terminal are fastened to each other with a crimping area which is larger than a conventional one owing to the extended crimped portion. Therefore, its durability is enhanced.

    [0042] In the glow plug, as compared with a conventional glow plug, a portion of the inner shaft which projects from the rear end of the housing can be shortened, and the whole inner shaft can be shortened. Therefore, reduction of the weight of the glow plug can be realized.

    [0043] According to the production method of the invention, therefore, a high-quality and light-weight glow plug can be economically produced.

    Effects of the Invention



    [0044] According to the production method of the invention, a high-quality and light-weight pin terminal for a glow plug or glow plug can be economically produced.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0045] 

    Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a glow plug of an embodiment.

    Figs. 2A and 2B relate to the glow plug of the embodiment, and is a partial cutaway sectional view and partial enlarged view showing a pin terminal which has not been assembled, Fig. 2A is a partial cutaway sectional view showing the entire pin terminal, and Fig. 2B is a partial enlarged view showing a convexly curved surface.

    Fig. 3 relates to the glow plug of the embodiment, and is an enlarged sectional view showing a state of fitting of the pin terminal and a cap.

    Figs. 4A to 4E relate a production method of the embodiment, and is side views of a workpiece when each step is ended.

    Fig. 5 relates the production method of the embodiment, and is a sectional view showing a second step.

    Fig. 6 relates the production method of the embodiment, and is a sectional view showing a third step.

    Fig. 7 relates the production method of the embodiment, and is a sectional view showing a fourth step.

    Fig. 8 relates the production method of the embodiment, and is a sectional view showing a first die and a second die.

    Fig. 9 relates the production method of the embodiment, and is a perspective view showing a punch.

    Fig. 10 relates the production method of the embodiment, and is a sectional view showing an outer diameter finishing step.

    Fig. 11 is a partial cutaway sectional view of a conventional glow plug, etc.


    DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENT



    [0046] Hereinafter, an embodiment in which the invention is embodied will be described with reference to the drawings.

    [0047] As shown in Fig. 1, a glow plug of the embodiment includes: a metal shell 3 which is a cylindrical housing; a heater 5 which is fixed into the metal shell 3, and which has a heating portion 5a projecting from the tip end of the metal shell 3; a rod-like inner shaft 7 which is placed in the metal shell 3, and in which a rear end portion projects from the rear end of the metal shell 3; and a pin terminal 10 which is fitted to the rear end portion of the inner shaft 7, and which is used for supplying electricity from the outside to the heating portion 5a through the inner shaft 7.

    [0048] The heater 5 has a heating tube 11 in which the tip end is closed, which has a tubular shape extending in the axial direction, and which is fixed in an electricity suppliable manner to the interior of the metal shell 3 in a state where a tip end portion of the own projects from the tip end side of the metal shell 3. In the inner shaft 7, the tip end of its own is positioned in the heating tube 11, and the rear end of its own projects from the rear end of the metal shell 3. Insulating powder 12 containing MgO as a major component, and a heating coil 13 are accommodated in the heating tube 11. In the heating coil 13, a tip end portion is joined to the tip end side of the heating tube 11, and a rear end portion is joined to a tip end portion of the inner shaft 7. The heater 5 is configured by the heating tube 11, the insulating powder 12, and the heating coil 13. The tip end side of the heating tube 11 in which the heating coil 13 is accommodated together with the insulating powder 12 is the heating portion 5a of the heater 5.

    [0049] An insulating member 15 configured by a rubber packing is fixed to a middle portion of the outer circumferential surface of the inner shaft 7. The heating tube 11 is fixed in an insulating state to the inner shaft 7 by crimping the opening end of the heating tube 11 in the periphery of the insulating member 15.

    [0050] A large-diameter hole 3b which has the largest diameter in a shaft hole 3a is formed in the rear end side of the metal shell 3. An O-ring 17 and an annular insulator 19 made of an insulating material are placed on a rear-end-directed step between the shaft hole 3a and the large-diameter hole 3b. The inner shaft 7 is passed through the inner circumferences of the O-ring 17 and the annular insulator 19.

    [0051] As shown in Fig. 2A, the pin terminal 10 has a small-diameter portion 10a in the rear end side, and a large-diameter portion 10b in the tip end side. The small-diameter portion 10a has a shaft-like shape which extends in the axial direction. A curved surface 10c is formed on the outer circumference of the end surface of the rear end side of the small-diameter portion 10a. A flange 10d is formed between the small-diameter portion 10a and the large-diameter portion 10b. The small-diameter portion 10a and the large-diameter portion 10b are separated from each other by the flange 10d.

    [0052] The flange 10d has a first cylindrical surface 21, a convexly curved surface 22, and a second cylindrical surface 23. The first cylindrical surface 21 is positioned on the side of the small-diameter portion 10a, and has a cylindrical shape which is larger in diameter than the small-diameter portion 10a. The convexly curved surface 22 is connected to the first cylindrical surface 21, the axial section is arcuate, and a section in a direction perpendicular to the axis is circular. The second cylindrical surface 23 is connected to the convexly curved surface 22, and has a cylindrical shape which is equal in diameter to the first cylindrical surface 21.

    [0053] The flange lOd further has a first disk surface 21a, a tapered surface 20, and a second disk surface 23a. The first disk surface 21a is connected to the small-diameter portion 10a, and extends in the direction perpendicular to the axis. The tapered surface 20 is connected in the tip end side to the first cylindrical surface 21, and in the rear end side to the first disk surface 21a. The tapered surface 20 is formed so that the rear end side has a smaller diameter. The second disk surface 23a connects the second cylindrical surface 23 to the large-diameter portion 10b, and extends in the direction perpendicular to the axis. The connecting portion between the second disk surface 23a and the large-diameter portion 10b has an arcuate shape. Therefore, the second disk surface 23a and the large-diameter portion 10b are smoothly connected to each other.

    [0054] As shown in Fig. 2B, the convexly curved surface 22 is configured, with a place which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP of the flange 10d, as the boundary, by: a first arc 22a that is directed from the place which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP, toward the first cylindrical surface 21; and a second arc 22b that is directed from the place which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP, toward the second cylindrical surface 23. Namely, the side having the first arc 22a is the rear end side of the convexly curved surface 22, and that having the second arc 22b is the tip end side of the convexly curved surface 22. A step 22c is formed in the boundary between the first arc 22a and the second arc 22b, namely, in the outer circumferential surface of the convexly curved surface 22 in the place which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP. The formation of the step 22c will be described later in detail.

    [0055] As shown in Fig. 2A, the large-diameter portion 10b is disposed integrally with the tip end of the small-diameter portion 10a, and formed so that it is larger in outer diameter than the small-diameter portion 10a, and smaller in outer diameter than the flange 10d. In the large-diameter portion 10b, an engagement portion 10e is formed so that the outer diameter is gradually reduced toward the large-diameter portion 10b, between the second cylindrical surface 23 of the flange 10d and the large-diameter portion 10b. The above-described step 22c is positioned in the engagement portion 10e. In the large-diameter portion 10b of the pin terminal 10 before assembly, the outer circumferential surface excluding the engagement portion 10e, i.e., the straight portion functions as a to-be-crimped portion 10f. The engagement portion 10e is requested to be between the maximum diameter position MP of the flange 10d and the large-diameter portion 10b, and not limited between the second cylindrical surface 23 and the large-diameter portion 10b, and may be one portion of the convexly curved surface 22 which is on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP, or in the second cylindrical surface 23 or the second disk surface 23a.

    [0056] Furthermore, a fitting recess 25 to which the inner shaft 7 is fitted is formed in the end surface of the tip end side of the large-diameter portion 10b. The fitting recess 25 is configured in the pin terminal 10 by an inner circumferential surface 251 which extends from the tip end of the large-diameter portion 10b toward the rear end, and an upper bottom surface 252 which is continuous to the rear end of the inner circumferential surface 251, and which is positioned radially inside the flange 10d. The upper bottom surface 252 has a tapered shape in which the diameter becomes smaller as advancing from the front end side of the pin terminal 10 toward the rear end side. The upper bottom surface 252 is positioned inside the pin terminal 10, and on the side of the front end with respect to the maximum diameter position MP of the flange 10d, more specifically in a place in the pin terminal 10 and corresponding to the second cylindrical surface 23.

    [0057] As shown in Fig. 3, a cap 97a to which an electric current is to be supplied from the outside is attached to the pin terminal 10. The cap 97a has a cup-shaped cap body 970, and an electric conductive member 87a which is fixed to the inner side of the cap body 970. The cap body 970 is made of a resin. An engaged portion 971 is formed inside the opening side of the cap body 970. By contrast, the electric conductive member 87a is connected to a lead wire 88a which leads to a battery that is not shown.

    [0058] In relation to production of the glow plug, the pin terminal 10 is produced by the following steps.

    <First step>



    [0059] As shown in Fig. 4A, first, a rod member 30 in which φD', which has a circular section, and which is made of a steel material that is an electric conductive metal is prepared. The rod member 30 is cut in the axis-perpendicular direction to obtain a first workpiece 31 having a predetermined length, as shown in Fig. 4B.

    <Second step>



    [0060] As shown in Fig. 5, an end-surface adjustment die 50 having a cavity 50a is prepared. The inner diameter of the cavity 50a is φD, and slightly larger than φD'. The inner diameter φD is substantially equal to the outer diameter of the large-diameter portion 10b of the pin terminal 10 shown in Fig. 2A.

    [0061] As shown in Fig. 5, a curved surface 50e is formed in the upper end of the cavity 50a. A kickout pin 50b is disposed in the upper end of the cavity 50a, and a punch 50c is disposed in the lower end of the cavity 50a so as to be pressable in the cavity 50a. A convex portion 50d having a first height is disposed in the upper end surface of the punch 50c. The first height is a height corresponding to a first depth.

    [0062] Then, the first workpiece 31 is conveyed into the cavity 50a of the end-surface adjustment die 50, and the first workpiece 31 is pressed by the punch 50c. In the first workpiece 31, therefore, the end surface on the rear end side is pressingly contacted with the kickout pin 50b and the curved surface 50e to be adjusted, and plastic worked.

    [0063] As shown in Fig. 4C, in this way, the first workpiece 31 is formed into a second workpiece 32 which has a curved surface 32a in the end surface on the rear end side. Even when, in preparation of the first workpiece 31, covexo-concave portions are formed in the end surface on the rear end side or the end surface is inclined, therefore, the covexo-concave portions are not expanded by an extruding process or the like, and the obtained second workpiece 32 is not unintentionally deformed. In the end surface on the tip end side of the second workpiece 32, a first fitting recess 25a having the first depth is formed by the above-described convex portion 50d.

    [0064] Thereafter, the punch 50c is lowered, and the second workpiece 32 is taken out from the end-surface adjustment die 50 by the kickout pin 50b.

    <Third step>



    [0065] As shown in Fig. 6, then, an extrusion die 51 having a cavity 51a in which the upper side has a smaller diameter is prepared.

    [0066] A curved surface 51e is formed in the upper end of the cavity 51a. A kickout pin 51b is disposed in the upper end of the cavity 51a, and a punch 51c is disposed in the lower end of the cavity 51a so as to be pressable in the cavity 51a. A convex portion 51d having a second height which is larger than the first height is disposed in the upper end surface of the punch 51c. The second height is a height corresponding to a second depth.

    [0067] Then, the second workpiece 32 is conveyed into the cavity 51a of the extrusion die 51 so that the curved surface 32a is in the upper side, and the second workpiece 32 is pressed by the punch 51c. In the second workpiece 32, therefore, the end surface on the rear end side is again pressingly contacted with the kickout pin 51b and the curved surface 51e to be adjusted, and plastic worked.

    [0068] As shown in Fig. 4D, in this way, the second workpiece 32 is formed into a third workpiece 33 in which the rear end side is reduced in diameter. In the third workpiece 33, the rear end side is formed into a small-diameter portion 33a of φd, and the tip end side is formed into a large-diameter portion 33b which remains to have φD that is larger than φd. The end surface of the small-diameter portion 33a is formed into the curved surface 10c which is the shape of a product, by causing the curved surface 32a to have a smaller diameter. In the end surface of the tip end side of the third workpiece 33, a second fitting recess 25b having the second depth which is larger than the first depth is formed by the above-described convex portion 51d. Thereafter, the punch 51c is lowered, and the third workpiece 33 is taken out from the extrusion die 51 by the kickout pin 51b.

    <Fourth step>



    [0069] In the fourth step, as shown in Fig. 7, a flange molding die 52 including a first die 52a and a second die 52b is prepared. The second die 52b is urged toward the first die 52a by a press spring 52f.

    [0070] As shown in Fig. 8, a first cavity 52c matching with the small-diameter portion 10a shown in Fig. 2A, and the tapered surface 20, first cylindrical surface 21, and first arc 22a of the convexly curved surface 22 in the flange 10d is formed in the first die 52a. Namely, the rear end side starting from the first arc 22a of the flange lOd can be molded by the first cavity 52c. The first cavity 52c is formed so that, when the third workpiece 33 shown Fig. 4D is placed, the upper end of the small-diameter portion 33a is placed in the first die 52a. A curved surface 52i is formed in the upper end of the first cavity 52c.

    [0071] On the other hand, a second cavity 52e matching with the second cylindrical surface 23 of the flange 10d shown in Fig. 2A, the second arc 22b in the convexly curved surface 22, and the large-diameter portion 10b is formed in the second die 52b. Namely, the tip end side starting from the second arc 22b of the flange 10d can be molded by the second cavity 52e.

    [0072] As described above, in the pin terminal 10, here, the first arc 22a and the second arc 22b are formed on both sides, respectively, with a place which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP of the flange lOd, as the boundary (see Fig. 2B). In the first die 52a and the second die 52b, as shown in Fig. 8, namely, die divided surfaces 52j, 52k for the first cavity 52c and the second cavity 52e are positioned on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP.

    [0073] A first circular hole 521 matching with the side of the first arc 22a is formed in the die divided surface 52j in the first die 52a. Similarly, a second circular hole 522 matching with the side of the second arc 22b is formed in the die divided surface 52k in the second die 52b. The maximum diameter N of the second circular hole 522 is smaller than the maximum diameter M of the first circular hole 521.

    [0074] As shown in Fig. 7, a kickout pin 52d is disposed in the upper end of the first cavity 52c. On the other hand, a punch 52g is disposed in the lower end of the second cavity 52e so as to be pressable in the second cavity 52e. As shown in Fig. 9, a convex portion 52h having a third height which is larger than the second height is disposed in the upper end surface of the punch 52g. The third height is a height corresponding to a third depth, and more specifically a height from the tip end side of the third workpiece 33 to a position corresponding to the second cylindrical surface 23 of the flange 10d. The convex portion 52h has a tapered shape in which the diameter is reduced toward its upper end surface 520. A knurling process is performed on the upper end surface 520 of the convex portion 52h.

    [0075] As shown in Fig. 7, the third workpiece 33 is conveyed into the first and second cavities 52c, 52e of the first die 52a and the second die 52b so that the small-diameter portion 33a is in the upper side, namely on the side of the first die 52a, and the third workpiece 33 is pressed by the punch 52g. In the third workpiece 33, therefore, the end surface on the rear end side is pressingly contacted with the kickout pin 52d and the curved surface 52i to be adjusted, and plastically worked. As shown in Fig. 4E, in this way, the third workpiece 33 is formed into a fourth workpiece 34.

    [0076] In the fourth workpiece 34, the rear end side is a small-diameter portion 34a which is identical with the small-diameter portion 33a of the third workpiece 33. Moreover, the flange 10d is formed between a large-diameter portion 34b which is identical with the large-diameter portion 33b of the third workpiece 33, and the small-diameter portion 34a. At this time, because of the difference between the maximum diameter M of the first circular hole 521 in the first cavity 52c and the maximum diameter N of the second circular hole 522 in the second cavity 52e, the step 22c is formed in the outer circumferential surface which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP of the flange 10d. The step 22c has a shape declining toward the tip end side of the convexly curved surface 22 (the tip end side of the fourth workpiece 34). On the other hand, the end surface of the small-diameter portion 34a remains to be the curved surface 10c. In the end surface of the tip end side of the fourth workpiece 34, a third fitting recess 25c having the third depth which is larger than the second depth is formed by the above-described convex portion 52h.

    [0077] Thereafter, the punch 52g and the second die 52b are lowered, and the fourth workpiece 34 is taken out from the flange molding die 52 by the kickout pin 52d. The small-diameter portion 34a formed in the fourth workpiece 34 corresponds to the small-diameter portion 10a shown in Fig. 2A. Similarly, the large-diameter portion 34b formed in the fourth workpiece 34 corresponds to the large-diameter portion 10b shown in Fig. 2A, and the third fitting recess 25c corresponds to the fitting recess 25 shown in Fig. 2A.

    <Outer diameter finishing step>



    [0078] In the outer diameter finishing step, an outer diameter finishing apparatus 54 including a stationary die 54a and a cutter 54b as shown in Fig. 10 is prepared.

    [0079] A cavity 54c for accommodating the small-diameter portion 34a of the fourth workpiece 34 is formed in the stationary die 54a. A curved surface 54f is formed in the upper end of the cavity 54c. A kickout pin 54d is disposed in the upper end of the cavity 54c. The cutter 54b is formed into a cylindrical shape, and disposed so as to be vertically movable. The cutter 54b has a blade portion 54e in the outer circumference of the tip end, so that the outer circumferential side of the flange 10d of the fourth workpiece 34 is cut by the blade portion 54e.

    [0080] Then, the fourth workpiece 34 is conveyed into the cavity 54c of the stationary die 54a so that the small-diameter portion 34a is in the upper side, and the cutter 54b cuts away the outer circumferential side of the flange 10d of the fourth workpiece 34. At this time, the cutting degree with respect to the outer circumferential side of the flange 10d is φ1 mm or less. Therefore, the outer diameter of the flange 10d can be made constant, and its roundness can be enhanced. After the cutting process on the outer circumferential side of the flange 10d of the fourth workpiece 34 is ended, the fourth workpiece 34 is taken out from the stationary die 54a by the kickout pin 52d. Finally, a plating process is applied to the fourth workpiece 34 by a known method. In this way, the pin terminal 10 shown in Fig. 2A is obtained.

    [0081] On the other hand, as shown in Fig. 1, the metal shell 3, the heating tube 11, the insulating member 15, the heating coil 13, the inner shaft 7, the O-ring 17, the insulator 19, and the like are prepared. While electrically connecting required places of these components to one another, these components and the pin terminal 10 are assembled together by a known method. In this case, in the rear end side of the insulator 19, the to-be-crimped portion 10f (see Fig. 2A) of the pin terminal 10 is actually crimped in a state where the rear end portion of the inner shaft 7 is fitted to the fitting recess 25. As shown in Fig. 1, therefore, the inner shaft 7 and the pin terminal 10 are joined together. Furthermore, a crimped portion 10g is formed on the outer circumferential surface of the large-diameter portion 10b. In this way, the glow plug is completed.

    [0082] In the thus obtained glow plug, the heating portion 5a of the heater 5 is located in a combustion chamber of a diesel engine by screwing a male thread 3c of the metal shell 3 to a cylinder head of the diesel engine. Then, the metal shell 3 is grounded to the cylinder head, and the cap 97a shown in Fig. 3 is fitted to the pin terminal 10.

    [0083] When the cap 97a is pressingly put on the pin terminal 10 from the direction of the arrow shown in the figure, a state is attained where the engaged portion 971 is engaged with the engagement portion 10e and the cap 97a is fitted to the pin terminal 10. In this state, the electric conductive member 87a is connected to the small-diameter portion 10a, thereby allowing electricity to be supplied to the pin terminal 10 through the electric conductive member 87a, and consequently to the glow plug.

    [0084] Therefore, a voltage is applied between the metal shell 3, and the pin terminal 10 and the inner shaft 7, and the heating portion 5a in the heater 5 is heated by the heating coil 13. Therefore, starting of the diesel engine is initiated.

    [0085] In the method of producing a glow plug of the embodiment, when the pin terminal 10 is to be produced, as described above, the fourth workpiece which has the flange 10d between the small-diameter portion 10a and the large-diameter portion 10b, and in which a flange is not formed in the tip end of the large-diameter portion 10b is produced. In the pin terminal 10 which is obtained by the production method, as compared with a conventional pin terminal which has the same total length, and in which the length from the tip end to the engagement portion 10e is identical, therefore, the to-be-crimped portion 10f (the above-described straight portion) which is formed to have the even outer diameter, and which is capable of being crimped is extended. In a glow plug which is obtained by the production method, therefore, the shortish inner shaft 7 can be employed as compared with a conventional glow plug. Even in such a case, the crimped portion 10g which is actually crimped is extended because of the to-be-crimped portion 10f which is longer than a conventional one, and the inner shaft 7 and the pin terminal 10 are easily firmly coupled together. Moreover, the extended crimped portion 10g enables the inner shaft 7 and the pin terminal 10 to be fastened to each other with a crimping area which is larger than a conventional one. Therefore, the durability of the glow plug is enhanced.

    [0086] In the pin terminal 10 disposed in the glow plug, the material can be sufficiently reduced by an amount corresponding to the non-formation of a flange in the tip end of the large-diameter portion 10b, and also reduction of the weight is attained. Since the shortish inner shaft 7 can be employed as described above, reduction of the material can be sufficiently performed, and also reduction of the weight can be attained.

    [0087] In the pin terminal 10 which is obtained by the production method, a flange is not formed in the tip end of the large-diameter portion 10b, and hence it is not necessary to employ a split die which is radially divided in the periphery of the large-diameter portion 10b, in the production of the pin terminal 10. According to the production method, therefore, the structure of the die is simplified, the production cost of the die can be lowered, and the durability of the die can be improved.

    [0088] According to the production method of the embodiment, therefore, it is possible to economically produce the high-quality and light-weight pin terminal 10 for a glow plug, and consequently a high-quality and light-weight glow plug.

    [0089] In the production method for the pin terminal 10, particularly, all the steps of processing the workpiece 30 made of a conductive metal from the first workpiece 31 to the fourth workpiece 34, including the formation of the fitting recess 25 are performed by a plastic working. In the production method, in the production of the pin terminal 10, therefore, swarf is not produced in the first to fourth workpieces 31 to 34. In the production method, therefore, the amount of swarf in the production of the pin terminal 10 can be made minimum. Furthermore, a split die is not used as described above, and hence burrs are hardly produced in the first to fourth workpieces 31 to 34. Because of these, even when countermeasures for removing swarf and burrs are not so taken in the pin terminal 10, the assemblability of the glow plug is improved, and it is possible to avoid occurrence of a short circuit caused by the pin terminal 10.

    [0090] When the process steps from the first workpiece to the fourth workpiece through the second and third workpieces are performed by a plastic working as described above, also the process time in the process from the first workpiece 31 to the fourth workpiece 34 can be shortened. When a plastic working is performed as described above, it is possible that many second workpieces 32 can be simultaneously processed to respective third workpieces 33 and consequently fourth workpieces 34. Therefore, pin terminals 10 are easily mass produced. Because of these, when the pin terminal 10 is produced as described above, reduction of the production cost thereof can be further realized, and consequently reduction of the production cost of a glow plug can be further realized.

    [0091] In this case, in the steps of processing from the first workpiece 31 to the fourth workpiece 34, swarf due to the respective workpieces 32 to 34 is not produced, and hence the method can contribute to realization of further resource saving.

    [0092] In the production method, when the pin terminal 10 is to be produced, the first fitting recess 25a having the first depth is formed in the end surface on the tip end side of the first workpiece 31 in the second step, and the second fitting recess 25b having the second depth which is deeper than the first depth is formed in the end surface on the tip end side of the second workpiece 32 in the third step. In the fourth step, then, the fitting recess 25 (the third fitting recess 25c) having the third depth which is deeper than the second depth is formed in the end surface on the tip end side of the third workpiece 33.

    [0093] In the production method, as described above, the fitting recess 25 is formed in the second to fourth workpieces 32 to 34 in the plurality of steps so that its depth becomes deeper in the sequence from the first fitting recess 25a to the fitting recess 25 (the third fitting recess 25c). In the production method, therefore, even when the shape of the first fitting recess 25a formed in the first workpiece 31 is changed in the other subsequent steps, for example, the shape can be corrected when the second fitting recess 25b is formed in the second workpiece 32. According to the production method, therefore, the shapes of the fitting recesses 25 of produced pin terminals 10 are easily homogenized. The qualities of glow plugs are easily homogenized.

    [0094] When the molding of the fitting recess 25 is divided into the plurality of steps as described above, the convex portions 50d, 51d, 52h which are disposed respectively in the punches 50c, 51c, 52g can have the first to third heights corresponding to the first to third depths, respectively. In the respective pressings of the second to fourth workpieces 32 to 34 by the punches 50c, 51c, 52g, therefore, the burdens on the convex portions 50d, 51d, 52h can be reduced. Therefore, the durabilities of the punches 50c, 51c, 52g can be enhanced.

    [0095] As shown in Fig. 2A, here, the fitting recess 25 in the pin terminal 10 is configured by the cylindrical inner circumferential surface 251 which extends from the tip end of the large-diameter portion 10b toward the rear end, and the upper bottom surface 252 which is continuous to the rear end of the inner circumferential surface 251. As shown in Fig. 9, the convex portion 52h of the punch 52g has the tapered shape in which the diameter becomes smaller toward the upper end surface 520. Therefore, the upper bottom surface 252 of the formed fitting recess 25 has the tapered shape in which the diameter becomes smaller toward the rear end side of the pin terminal 10. The fitting recess 25 has the third depth. Therefore, the upper bottom surface 252 is positioned in the place in the pin terminal 10 and corresponding to the second cylindrical surface 23.

    [0096] In the fourth step for obtaining the pin terminal 10, in the third workpiece 33 in which the third fitting recess 25c is formed, namely, the thickness of the circumference of the upper bottom surface 252 is made large. Therefore, the upper bottom surface (corresponding to the upper bottom surface 252 of the fitting recess 25) of the third fitting recess 25c is hardly deformed even by plastic deformation in the formation of the flange 10d, and strain or the like hardly occurs in the upper bottom surface 252. Although the plastic deformation of the third workpiece 33 is largest at the maximum diameter position MP of the flange 10d, the upper bottom surface 252 is positioned at the place which is on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP of the flange 10d, and, in the obtained fourth workpiece 34, deformation of the upper bottom surface 252 due to plastic deformation therefore hardly occurs. In the fourth workpiece 34, because of these, strain or wrinkles or the like caused by the strain hardly occur in the upper bottom surface 252, and a washing solution or the like which is used in the plating process hardly remains in the upper bottom surface 252. In the pin terminal 10, therefore, a state where plating is satisfactorily applied to the fitting recess 25 is attained. In the pin terminal 10, moreover, also rust or the like is hardly formed on the upper bottom surface 252.

    [0097] Furthermore, a knurling process is performed on the upper end surface 520 of the convex portion 52h of the punch 52g. During the pressurization on the third workpiece 33 by the punch 52g, therefore, the convex portion 52h hardly slips in the second fitting recess 25b, and the third fitting recess 25c can be satisfactorily formed. Because of these, the quality of the pin terminal 10 is high.

    [0098] The flange 10d has the first cylindrical surface 21, the convexly curved surface 22, and the second cylindrical surface 23. The flange 10d further has the first disk surface 21a, the tapered surface 20 which is connected to the first disk surface 21a and the first cylindrical surface 21, and the second disk surface 23a which connects the second cylindrical surface 23 to the large-diameter portion 10b. In the outer circumferential surface of the convexly curved surface 22 of the flange 10d, moreover, the step 22c is formed in the place which is slightly on the tip end side with respect to the maximum diameter position MP.

    [0099] Because of these, the cap 97a is easily fitted to the pin terminal 10, and the cap 97a engaged with the engagement portion 10e hardly slips off from the pin terminal 10. Specifically, the cap 97a is attached to the pin terminal 10 while the cap 97a is pressed in the direction of the arrow shown in Fig. 3, whereby the engaged portion 971 of the cap body 970 is elastically deformed so as to expand along the first disk surface 21a and the tapered surface 20, and reaches the convexly curved surface 22. Then, the engaged portion 971 is elastically deformed so as to further expand along the first arc 22a, and reaches the maximum diameter position MP. After passing through the maximum diameter position MP, the engaged portion 971 moves along the step 22c and the second arc 22b, so that, while elastically deformed so as to be narrowed, the engaged portion reaches the engagement portion 10e through the second cylindrical surface 23. Then, the engaged portion 971 is engaged with the engagement portion 10e. In this way, the direction of attaching the cap 97a to the pin terminal 10, and the tapered surface 20 and the first arc 22a extend along each. Therefore, the cap 97a can be easily fitted to the pin terminal 10.

    [0100] On the other hand, even when the engaged portion 971 is disengaged from the engagement portion by vibrations of the diesel engine or the like, and the cap 97a is moved in the direction along which it slips off from the pin terminal 10, i.e., the direction opposite to the arrow in the figure, the engaged portion 971 is caught by the above-described step 22c, and caused in situ to be engaged with the step 22c. Even when the engaged portion 971 is elastically expandingly deformed by the movement along the second arc 22b, namely, the engaged portion 971 abuts against the step 22c to be disabled to expand larger than the second arc 22b, and cannot override the step 22c to reach toward the first arc 22a. As a result, the engaged portion 971 is engaged with the step 22c as described above. In the pin terminal 10, as described above, the state where the cap 97a is doubly engaged with the engagement portion 10e and the step 22c is attained, and hence the cap 97a can be fitted to the pin terminal 10 more satisfactorily.

    [0101] In the fourth step, moreover, the step 22c is formed by using the diameter difference between the maximum diameter M of the first circular hole 521 in the first cavity 52c and the maximum diameter N of the second circular hole 522 in the second cavity 52e. Therefore, as compared with the case where the step 22c is formed by performing a cutting process on the whole outer circumferential surface of the convexly curved surface 22, for example, production of swarf from the fourth workpiece 34 can be suppressed.

    [0102] In the production method, when the pin terminal 10 is to be produced, the outer diameter finishing step of finishing the outer diameter of the fourth workpiece by cutting with 1 mm or less in depth to form the pin terminal 10 is performed. Therefore, the fourth workpiece 34 can be produced in a relatively rough manner, so that the production of the fourth workpiece 34 is facilitated. The pin terminal 10 with higher accuracy can be produced by performing cutting on the fourth workpiece 34. In this case, when the cutting depth is 1 mm or less, the amount of swarf caused by cutting can be reduced. Therefore, resource saving and reduction of the production cost can be realized without impairing the effects of the invention.

    [0103] Although in the above the invention has been described with reference to the embodiment, the invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment. It is a matter of course that the invention can be applied while being adequately modified without departing from the spirit of the invention.

    [0104] In the glow plug, for example, a housing made of a resin may be employed in place of the metal shell 3.

    [0105] In the embodiment, the heating tube 11, the insulating powder 12, and the heating coil 13 constitute the heater 5. However, a ceramic heater may be used as the heater.

    [0106] In the outer diameter finishing step, the pin terminal 10 may be finished by polishing in place of cutting. Also in this case, the polishing extent in polishing with respect to the outer circumferential side of the flange 10d is set to φ1 mm or less. Similarly with the case of cutting, therefore, the amount of swarf caused by polishing can be reduced. In the outer diameter finishing step, a portion of the fourth workpiece 34 other than the outer circumferential side of the flange 10d may be cut or polished.

    [0107] The punches 50c, 51c may have the same configuration as the punch 52g except the lengths of the convex portions 50d, 51d. In this case, even in the case where the first fitting recess 25a or the second fitting recess 25b is to be formed, the convex portions 50d, 51d are caused to hardly slide with respect to the first and second workpieces 31, 32 by the knurling process performed on the upper end surfaces of the convex portions 50d, 51d, and the first fitting recess 25a or the second fitting recess 25b can be satisfactorily formed.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0108] The invention is applicable to a glow plug.

    Description of Reference Numerals and Signs



    [0109] 

    3 ... metal shell (housing)

    5a ... heating portion

    5 ... heater

    7 ... inner shaft

    10 ... pin terminal

    31 ... first workpiece

    32 ... second workpiece

    97 ... cap

    10a, 33a, 34a ... small-diameter portion

    10b, 33b, 34b ... large-diameter portion

    33 ... third workpiece

    10d ... flange

    MP ... maximum diameter position

    10e ... engagement portion

    34 ... fourth workpiece

    25, 25a to 25c ... fitting recess (25a ... first fitting recess, 25b ... second fitting recess, 25c ... third fitting recess)

    21 ... first cylindrical surface

    22 ... convexly curved surface

    23 ... second cylindrical surface

    21a ... first disk surface

    20 ... tapered surface

    23a ... second disk surface

    52c ... first cavity

    52a ... first die

    52e ... second cavity

    52b ... second die




    Claims

    1. A method of producing a pin terminal (10) for a glow plug the method comprising:

    obtaining a first workpiece (31) which has a rod-like shape, and which is made of the conductive metal;

    plastically deforming an end surface of a rear end side (32a) of the first workpiece (31) into a curved surface shape to obtain a second workpiece (32);

    plastically deforming a rear end side (32a) of the second workpiece (32) into a small-diameter portion (33a) which is configured to be fitted to a cap for supplying electricity from an outside, and plastically deforming a tip end side of the second workpiece (32) into a large-diameter portion (33b) which is larger in diameter than the small-diameter portion (33a) to obtain a third workpiece (33); and

    plastically deforming a flange (10d) between the small-diameter portion (33a) and the large-diameter portion (33b), the flange (10d) being larger in outer diameter than the large-diameter portion (33b), and an engagement portion (10e) formed between a position where a diameter of the flange is maximum and the large-diameter portion (33b), an outer diameter of the engagement portion being gradually reduced toward the large-diameter portion, and the engagement portion being configured to be engaged with the cap to obtain a fourth workpiece (34),

    wherein, in at least one of the step of deforming the end surface, the step of deforming the rear end side (32a) and the step of deforming the third workpiece (33), a fitting recess (25) to which a rear end portion of an inner shaft of the glow plug is fitted is formed in an end surface of the tip end side of the pin terminal (10), wherein the fitting recess (25) is formed by pressing a punch which has a convex portion.
     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein,
    in the step of deforming the end surface, a first fitting recess (25a) having a first depth is formed in an end surface on a tip end side of the first workpiece (31),
    in the step of deforming the rear end side, a second fitting recess (25b) having a second depth which is deeper than the first depth is formed in an end surface on a tip end side of the second workpiece (32), and,
    in the step of deforming the third workpiece, the fitting recess (25c) having a third depth which is deeper than the second depth is formed in an end surface on a tip end side of the third workpiece (33).
     
    3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the fitting recess (25) is configured by a cylindrical inner circumferential surface which extends from a tip end of the large-diameter portion (33b) toward a rear end, and an upper bottom surface which is continuous to a rear end of the inner circumferential surface, and
    the upper bottom surface has a tapered shape in which a diameter becomes smaller toward a rear end side.
     
    4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the upper bottom surface is positioned on a tip end side of the fourth workpiece (34) with respect to the maximum diameter position of the flange (10d).
     
    5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the flange (10d) has:

    a first cylindrical surface (21) which is positioned on a side of the small-diameter portion (33a), which is larger in diameter than the small-diameter portion (33a); a convexly curved surface (22) which is connected to the first cylindrical surface (21), and in which an axial section is arcuate, and a section in a direction perpendicular to an axis is circular; and

    a second cylindrical surface (23) which is connected to the convexly curved surface, which is equal in diameter to the first cylindrical surface (21).


     
    6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the flange (10d) has: a first disk surface (21a) which is connected to the small-diameter portion (33a), and which extends in the direction perpendicular to the axis; a tapered surface (20) which is connected to the first disk surface (21a), in which a rear end side has a smaller diameter, and which is connected to the first cylindrical surface (21); and a second disk (23a) surface which connects the second cylindrical surface (23) to the large-diameter portion (33b), and which extends in the direction perpendicular to the axis.
     
    7. The method according to any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein a first die (52a) having a first cavity (52c) which can mold a rear end side of the convexly curved surface (22), and a second die (52b) having a second cavity (52e) which can mold a tip end side of the convexly curved surface (22) are used, and,
    in the first die (52a) and the second die (52b), a parting surface (52j) between the first cavity (52a) and the second cavity (52b) is on a tip end side of the pin terminal (10) with respect to the maximum diameter position, and a maximum diameter of the second cavity (52e) is smaller than a maximum diameter of the first cavity (52c).
     
    8. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 7,further comprising finishing the fourth workpiece (34) by performing cutting or polishing the outer diameter of the fourth workpiece by 1 mm or less, to form the pin terminal (10).
     
    9. A method of producing a glow plug including:
    a cylindrical housing (3); a heater (5) which is fixed into the housing (3), and which has a heating portion (5a) projecting from a tip end of the housing (3); a rod-like inner shaft (7) which is placed in the housing (3), and in which a rear end portion projects from a rear end of the housing (3); and a pin terminal (10) which is fitted to the rear end portion of the inner shaft (7), which is used for supplying electricity from an outside to the heating portion (5a) through the inner shaft (7), the method comprising:
    obtaining a first workpiece (31) which has a rod-like shape, and which is made of the conductive metal;

    plastically deforming an end surface (32a) of a rear end side of the first workpiece (31) into a curved surface shape, and setting to a second workpiece (32);

    plastically deforming a rear end side of the second workpiece (32) into a small-diameter portion (33a) which is configured to be fitted to a cap for supplying electricity from an outside, and plastically deforming a tip end side of the second workpiece (32) into a large-diameter portion (33b) which is larger in diameter than the small-diameter portion to obtain a third workpiece (33); and

    plastically deforming the third workpiece to form a flange (10d) between the small-diameter portion (33a) and the large-diameter portion (33b), the flange being larger in outer diameter than the large-diameter portion (33b), and an engagement portion formed between a position where a diameter of the flange (10d) is maximum and the large-diameter portion (33b), an outer diameter of the engagement portion being gradually reduced toward the large-diameter portion, and the engagement portion being configured to be engaged with to obtain a fourth workpiece (34) wherein, in at least one of the second step, the third step, and the fourth step, a fitting recess (25) to which the rear end portion of the inner shaft (7) is fitted is formed in a n end surface of the tip end side of the pin terminal (10), wherein the fitting recess (25) is formed by pressing a punch which has a convex portion.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Stiftanschlusses (10) für eine Glühkerze, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Erhalten eines ersten Werkstücks (31), das eine stabförmige Form aufweist und aus dem leitenden Metall hergestellt ist;

    plastisches Verformen einer Endfläche einer hinteren Endseite (32a) des ersten Werkstücks (31) zu einer gekrümmte Oberflächenform, um ein zweites Werkstück (32) zu erhalten;

    plastisches Verformen einer hinteren Endseite (32a) des zweiten Werkstücks (32) zu einem Abschnitt (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser, der konfiguriert ist, um an einer Kappe zum Zuführen von Strom von außen angebracht zu werden, und
    plastisches Verformen einer Spitzenendseite des zweiten Werkstücks (32) zu einem Abschnitt (33b) mit großem Durchmesser, der im Durchmesser größer als der Abschnitt (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser ist, um ein drittes Werkstück (33) zu erhalten; und

    plastisches Verformen eines Flansches (10d) zwischen dem Abschnitt mit kleinem Durchmesser (33a) und dem Abschnitt mit großem Durchmesser (33b), wobei der Flansch (10d) im Außendurchmesser größer als der Abschnitt mit großem Durchmesser (33b) ist, und eines Eingriffsabschnitts (10e), der zwischen einer Position, in der ein Durchmesser des Flansches maximal ist, und dem Abschnitt mit großem Durchmesser (33b) ausgebildet ist, wobei ein Außendurchmesser des Eingriffsabschnitts allmählich in Richtung des Abschnitts mit großem Durchmesser reduziert wird, und wobei der Eingriffsabschnitt konfiguriert ist, um mit der Kappe in Eingriff zu kommen, um ein viertes Werkstück (34) zu erhalten,

    wobei in mindestens einem des Schrittes zum Verformen der Endfläche, des Schrittes zum Verformen der hinteren Endseite (32a), und des Schrittes zum Verformen des dritten Werkstücks (33), eine Passaussparung (25), an der ein hinterer Endabschnitt eines Innenschaftes der Glühkerze befestigt ist, in einer Endfläche der Spitzenendseite des Stiftanschlusses (10) ausgebildet wird, wobei die Passaussparung (25) durch Pressen eines Stempels mit einem konvexen Abschnitt gebildet wird.
     
    2. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei,
    in dem Schritt des Verformens der Endfläche eine erste Passaussparung (25a) mit einer ersten Tiefe in einer Endfläche auf einer Spitzenendseite des ersten Werkstücks (31) gebildet wird,
    in dem Schritt des Verformens der hinteren Endseite eine zweite Passungsaussparung (25b) mit einer zweiten Tiefe, die tiefer ist als die erste Tiefe, in einer Endfläche auf einer Spitzenendseite des zweiten Werkstücks (32) gebildet wird, und,
    in dem Schritt des Verformens des dritten Werkstücks, wobei die Passungsaussparung (25c) mit einer dritten Tiefe, die tiefer ist als die zweite Tiefe, in einer Endfläche auf einer Spitzenendseite des dritten Werkstücks (33) ausgebildet ist.
     
    3. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Passaussparung (25) durch eine zylindrische Innenumfangsfläche, die sich von einem Spitzenende des Abschnitts mit großem Durchmesser (33b) zu einem hinteren Ende erstreckt, und eine obere Bodenfläche, die kontinuierlich zu einem hinteren Ende der Innenumfangsfläche ist, konfiguriert wird, und
    die obere Bodenfläche eine konische Form aufweist, in der ein Durchmesser zu einer hinteren Endseite hin kleiner wird.
     
    4. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei die obere Bodenfläche auf einer Spitzenendseite des vierten Werkstücks (34) positionier ist, in Bezug auf die Position des Flansches (10d) mit maximalem Durchmesser.
     
    5. Das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei der Flansch (10d) aufweist:

    eine erste zylindrische Oberfläche (21), die auf einer Seite des Abschnitts (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser positioniert ist, die einen größeren Durchmesser als der Abschnitt (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser hat; eine konvex gekrümmte Oberfläche (22), die mit der ersten zylindrischen Oberfläche (21) verbunden ist und in der ein axialer Abschnitt gebogen ist, und ein Abschnitt in einer Richtung senkrecht zu einer Achse kreisförmig ist; und

    eine zweite zylindrische Oberfläche (23), die mit der konvex gekrümmten Oberfläche verbunden ist, die im Durchmesser gleich dem der ersten zylindrischen Oberfläche (21) ist.


     
    6. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Flansch (10d) aufweist: eine erste Scheibenoberfläche (21a), die mit dem Abschnitt (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser verbunden ist und sich in der Richtung senkrecht zur Achse erstreckt; eine konische Oberfläche (20), die mit der ersten Scheibenoberfläche (21a) verbunden ist, bei der eine hintere Endseite einen kleineren Durchmesser aufweist und die mit der ersten zylindrischen Oberfläche (21) verbunden ist; und eine zweite Scheibenoberfläche (23a), die die zweite zylindrische Oberfläche (23) mit dem Abschnitt (33b) mit großem Durchmesser verbindet und die sich in der Richtung senkrecht zur Achse erstreckt.
     
    7. Das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 6, wobei eine erste Matrize (52a) mit einem ersten Hohlraum (52c), der eine hintere Endseite der konvex gekrümmten Oberfläche (22) formen kann, und eine zweite Matrize (52b) mit einem zweiten Hohlraum (52e), der eine Spitzenendseite der konvex gekrümmten Oberfläche (22) formen kann, verwendet werden, und,
    in der ersten Matrize (52a) und der zweiten Matrize (52b) eine Trennfläche (52j) zwischen dem ersten Hohlraum (52a) und dem zweiten Hohlraum (52b) auf einer Spitzenendseite des Stiftanschlusses (10) in Bezug auf die Position des maximalen Durchmessers liegt und ein maximaler Durchmesser des zweiten Hohlraums (52e) kleiner als ein maximaler Durchmesser des ersten Hohlraums (52c) ist.
     
    8. Das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, ferner umfassend das Fertigstellen des vierten Werkstücks (34) durch Ausführen des Schneidens oder Polierens des Außendurchmessers des vierten Werkstücks um 1 mm oder weniger, um den Stiftanschluss (10) zu bilden.
     
    9. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Glühkerze, mit:
    einem zylindrischen Gehäuse (3); einem Heizer (5), die in dem Gehäuse (3) befestigt ist und einen Heizabschnitt (5a) aufweist, der von einem Spitzenende des Gehäuses (3) vorsteht; einem stabförmigen Innenschaft (7), der in dem Gehäuse (3) angeordnet ist und von dem ein hinterer Endabschnitt von einem hinteren Ende des Gehäuses (3) vorsteht; und einem Stiftanschluss (10), die an dem hinteren Endabschnitt des Innenschafts (7) angebracht ist, der zum Zuführen von Elektrizität von außen zu dem Heizabschnitt (5a) durch den Inneschaft (7) verwendet wird, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Erhalten eines ersten Werkstücks (31), das eine stabförmige Form aufweist und aus dem leitenden Metall hergestellt ist;

    plastisches Verformen einer Endfläche einer hinteren Endseite (32a) des ersten Werkstücks (31) zu einer gekrümmte Oberflächenform und Einstellen auf ein zweites Werkstück (32);

    plastisches Verformen einer hinteren Endseite des zweiten Werkstücks (32) zu einem Abschnitt (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser, der konfiguriert ist, um an einer Kappe zum Zuführen von Strom von außen angebracht zu werden, und

    plastisches Verformen einer Spitzenendseite des zweiten Werkstücks (32) zu einem Abschnitt (33b) mit großem Durchmesser, der im Durchmesser größer als der Abschnitt (33a) mit kleinem Durchmesser ist, um ein drittes Werkstück (33) zu erhalten; und

    plastisches Verformen des dritten Werkstückes (33) um einen Flansches (10d) zu formen zwischen dem Abschnitt mit kleinem Durchmesser (33a) und dem Abschnitt mit großem Durchmesser (33b), wobei der Flansch (10d) im Außendurchmesser größer als der Abschnitt mit großem Durchmesser (33b) ist, und einen Eingriffsabschnitts (10e) zu formen, der zwischen einer Position, in der ein Durchmesser des Flansches maximal ist, und dem Abschnitt mit großem Durchmesser (33b) ausgebildet ist, wobei ein Außendurchmesser des Eingriffsabschnitts allmählich in Richtung des Abschnitts mit großem Durchmesser reduziert wird, und wobei der Eingriffsabschnitt konfiguriert ist, um in Eingriff zu kommen, um ein viertes Werkstück (34) zu erhalten, wobei in mindestens einem des zweiten Schrittes, des dritten Schrittes und des vierten Schrittes, eine Passaussparung (25), an der ein hinterer Endabschnitt des Innenschaftes befestigt ist, in einer Endfläche der Spitzenendseite des Stiftanschlusses (10) ausgebildet wird, wobei die Passaussparung (25) durch Pressen eines Stempels mit einem konvexen Abschnitt gebildet wird.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé pour produire une borne à broche (10) pour une bougie de préchauffage, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    obtenir une première pièce (31) qui a une forme de tige et qui est réalisée à partir d'un métal conducteur ;

    déformer plastiquement une surface d'extrémité d'un côté de l'extrémité arrière (32a) de la première pièce (31) en une forme de surface incurvée pour obtenir une deuxième pièce (32) ;

    déformer plastiquement un côté d'extrémité arrière (32a) de la deuxième pièce (32) en une partie de petit diamètre (33a) qui est configurée pour être montée sur un capuchon afin de fournir l'électricité depuis l'extérieur, et déformer plastiquement un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la deuxième pièce (32) en une partie de grand diamètre (33b) qui est supérieure, du point de vue du diamètre, à la partie de petit diamètre (33a) pour obtenir une troisième pièce (33) ; et

    déformer plastiquement une bride (10d) entre la partie de petit diamètre (33a) et la partie de grand diamètre (33b), la bride (10d) étant supérieure, du point de vue du diamètre externe, à la partie de grand diamètre (33b), et une partie de mise en prise (10e) formée entre une position dans laquelle un diamètre de la bride est maximum et la partie de grand diamètre (33b), un diamètre externe de la partie de mise en prise étant progressivement réduit vers la partie de grand diamètre, et la partie de mise en prise étant configurée pour être mise en prise avec le capuchon afin d'obtenir une quatrième pièce (34),

    dans lequel, à au moins une étape parmi l'étape de déformation de la surface d'extrémité, l'étape de déformation du côté d'extrémité arrière (32a) et l'étape de déformation de la troisième pièce (33), un évidement de montage (25) dans lequel une partie d'extrémité arrière d'une tige interne de la bougie de préchauffage est montée, est formé dans une surface d'extrémité du côté d'extrémité de pointe de la borne à broche (10), dans lequel l'évidement de montage (25) est formé en comprimant un poinçon qui a une partie convexe.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    à l'étape de déformation de la surface d'extrémité, un premier évidement de montage (25a) ayant une première profondeur est formé dans une surface d'extrémité sur un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la première pièce (31),

    à l'étape de déformation du côté d'extrémité arrière, un second évidement de montage (25b) ayant une deuxième profondeur qui est plus profonde que la première profondeur est formé dans une surface d'extrémité sur un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la deuxième pièce (32), et

    à l'étape de déformation de la troisième pièce, l'évidement de montage (25c) ayant une troisième profondeur qui est plus profonde que la deuxième profondeur, est formé dans une surface d'extrémité sur un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la troisième pièce (33).


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'évidement de montage (25) est configuré par une surface circonférentielle interne cylindrique qui s'étend à partir d'une extrémité de pointe de la partie de grand diamètre (33b) vers une extrémité arrière, et une surface de fond supérieure qui est continue jusqu'à une extrémité arrière de la surface circonférentielle interne, et
    la surface de fond supérieure a une forme progressivement rétrécie dans laquelle un diamètre se rétrécit vers un côté d'extrémité arrière.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la surface de fond supérieure est positionnée sur un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la quatrième pièce (34) par rapport à la position de diamètre maximum de la bride (10d).
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la bride (10d) a :

    une première surface cylindrique (21) qui est positionnée sur un côté de la partie de petit diamètre (33a) qui est plus grande du point de vue du diamètre que la partie de petit diamètre (33a) ; une surface incurvée de manière convexe (22) qui est raccordée à la première surface cylindrique (21) et dans laquelle une section axiale est arquée, et une section dans une direction perpendiculaire à un axe est circulaire ; et

    une seconde surface cylindrique (23) qui est raccordée à la surface incurvée de manière convexe qui est égale du point de vue du diamètre à la première surface cylindrique (21).


     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la bride (10d) a : une première surface de disque (21a) qui est raccordée à la partie de petit diamètre (33a) et qui s'étend dans la direction perpendiculaire à l'axe ; une surface progressivement rétrécie (20) qui est raccordée à la première surface de disque (21a), dans laquelle un côté d'extrémité arrière a un plus petit diamètre, et qui est raccordée à la première surface cylindrique (21) ; et une seconde surface de disque (23a) qui raccorde la seconde surface cylindrique (23) à la partie de grand diamètre (33b), et qui s'étend dans la direction perpendiculaire à l'axe.
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 6, dans lequel une première matrice (52a) ayant une première cavité (52c) qui peut mouler un côté d'extrémité arrière de la surface incurvée de manière convexe (22) et une seconde matrice (52b) ayant une seconde cavité (52e) qui peut mouler un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la surface incurvée de manière convexe (22) sont utilisées, et
    dans la première matrice (52a) et la seconde matrice (52b), une surface de séparation (52j) entre la première cavité (52a) et la seconde cavité (52b) est sur un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la borne à broche (10) par rapport à la position de diamètre maximum, et un diamètre maximum de la seconde cavité (52e) est inférieur à un diamètre maximum de la première cavité (52c).
     
    8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, comprenant en outre l'étape pour finir la quatrième pièce (34) en réalisant la coupe ou le polissage du diamètre externe de la quatrième pièce de 1 mm ou moins, afin de former la borne à broche (10).
     
    9. Procédé pour produire une bougie de préchauffage comprenant :
    un boîtier cylindrique (3) ; un dispositif de chauffage (5) qui est fixé dans le boîtier (3) et qui a une partie chauffante (5a) faisant saillie d'une extrémité de pointe du boîtier (3) ; une tige interne en forme de tige (7) qui est placée dans le boîtier (3) et dans lequel une partie d'extrémité arrière fait saillie d'une extrémité arrière du boîtier (3) ; et une borne à broche (10) qui est montée sur la partie d'extrémité arrière de la tige interne (7) qui est utilisée pour fournir l'électricité de l'extérieur à la partie chauffante (5a) par le biais de la tige interne (7), le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    obtenir une première pièce (31) qui a une forme de tige, et qui est réalisée à partir d'un métal conducteur ;

    déformer plastiquement une surface d'extrémité (32a) d'un côté d'extrémité arrière de la première pièce (31) en une forme de surface incurvée, et régler sur une deuxième pièce (32) ;

    déformer plastiquement un côté d'extrémité arrière de la deuxième pièce (32) dans une partie de petit diamètre (33a) qui est configurée pour être montée sur un capuchon afin de fournir l'électricité depuis un extérieur, et déformer plastiquement un côté d'extrémité de pointe de la deuxième pièce (32) dans une partie de grand diamètre (33b) qui est plus grande du point de vue du diamètre que la partie de petit diamètre afin d'obtenir une troisième pièce (33) ; et

    déformer plastiquement la troisième pièce pour former une bride (10d) entre la partie de petit diamètre (33a) et la partie de grand diamètre (33b), la bride étant supérieure du point de vue du diamètre externe que la partie de grand diamètre (33b), et une partie de mise en prise formée entre une position dans laquelle un diamètre de la bride (10d) est maximum et la partie de grand diamètre (33b), un diamètre externe de la partie de mise en prise étant progressivement réduit vers la partie de grand diamètre, et la partie de mise en prise étant configurée pour être mise en prise afin d'obtenir une quatrième pièce (34), dans lequel, à au moins une étape parmi la deuxième étape, la troisième étape et la quatrième étape, un évidement de montage (25) dans lequel la partie d'extrémité arrière de la tige interne (7) est montée, est formé dans une surface d'extrémité du côté d'extrémité de pointe de la borne à broche (10), dans lequel l'évidement de montage (25) est formé en comprimant un poinçon qui a une partie convexe.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description